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nithpa

  • 541 פרד

    פְּרַדch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְפָּרֵד, Nithpa. נִתְפָּרֵד to separate ones self; to be scattered), to separate, scatter. Targ. Prov. 11:24 (ed. Wil. פָּרֵר, corr. acc.; h. text מפזר). Targ. Is. 58:6.Part. pass. פָּרִיד; f. פָּרִידָא driven off. Targ. Prov. 4:16.V. פְּרִידְתָּא. Pa. פָּרֵד same. Part. pass. מְפָרַד driven off, chased. Targ. Is. 13:14. Af. אַפְרֵד to make unsteady, bewilder. Targ. Prov. 7:10. Ithpe. אִתְפְּרַד, אִיפְּרִיד 1) to be chased off; to flee. Targ. Y. Gen. 31:40.Men.43a איפרד חזותיה (read אִיפְרְדָא) its color fled (faded). 2) to be scattered, spread. Targ. Job 41:9 (Ms. מתפרש׳).Succ.32a (expl. נפרדו, v. preced.) דאִיפְּרוּד אִפָּרוּדֵי the leaves are spread.

    Jewish literature > פרד

  • 542 פְּרַד

    פְּרַדch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְפָּרֵד, Nithpa. נִתְפָּרֵד to separate ones self; to be scattered), to separate, scatter. Targ. Prov. 11:24 (ed. Wil. פָּרֵר, corr. acc.; h. text מפזר). Targ. Is. 58:6.Part. pass. פָּרִיד; f. פָּרִידָא driven off. Targ. Prov. 4:16.V. פְּרִידְתָּא. Pa. פָּרֵד same. Part. pass. מְפָרַד driven off, chased. Targ. Is. 13:14. Af. אַפְרֵד to make unsteady, bewilder. Targ. Prov. 7:10. Ithpe. אִתְפְּרַד, אִיפְּרִיד 1) to be chased off; to flee. Targ. Y. Gen. 31:40.Men.43a איפרד חזותיה (read אִיפְרְדָא) its color fled (faded). 2) to be scattered, spread. Targ. Job 41:9 (Ms. מתפרש׳).Succ.32a (expl. נפרדו, v. preced.) דאִיפְּרוּד אִפָּרוּדֵי the leaves are spread.

    Jewish literature > פְּרַד

  • 543 פרס I, פרשׂ

    פָּרַסI, פָּרַשׂ, (b. h.) 1) to split, break, esp. (v. בָּצַע) to break bread and say grace. R. Hash. 29b לא יִפְרוֹס אדם פרוסהוכ׳ a person should not break bread and say grace for his guests, unless he dines with them אבל פּוֹרֵס הוא לבניווכ׳ but he may do so for his children and his household in order to train them in religious practice. Pes.37a; Men.78b (expl. מצה הינא) כל שפּוֹרְסָהּ ואיןוכ׳ when he breaks it apart, and no cords (of unbaked dough) can be drawn out of it; a. e.Part. pass. פָּרוּס; f. פְּרוּסָה; pl. פְּרוּסִים, פְּרוּסִין; פְּרוּסוֹת. Lev. R. s. 34 (ref. to פָּרֹס, Is. 58:7) הלא תִפְרוֹשׂ … פָרוּס כבר היא פ׳וכ׳ it does not read, ‘behold, thou shalt break, but, ‘behold broken; it (thy bread) is broken for thee, for from the beginning of the year it is decreed Y.Dem.I, 21d bot. בפ׳ when it is a broken piece of an eatable, opp. שלם. Y.Ber.VI, 10b bot. פ׳ של חטים (sub. פת) a broken loaf of wheat bread; a. fr.V. פְּרוּס, פְּרוּסָה. 2) (cmp. פָּרַץ) to break through; Part. pass. as ab. open, plain. Tosef.Kel.B. Mets. V, 4, v. סַוָּאר. 3) to spread. Meg.III, 3 (28a) ואין פּוֹרְשִׂין לתוכו מצודות nor dare you spread traps leading into it (the synagogue in ruins). Yoma III, 4 פָּרְסוּ סדיןוכ׳ (Y. ed. פָּרְשׂוּ), v. סָדִין. Num. R. s. 11 הכהנים פּוֹרְשִׂים את כפיהם the priests spread their hands (when blessing). Ex. R. s. 42 אחז … ופ׳הקב״הוכ׳ he (Moses) took hold of the divine throne, and the Lord spread his cloak over him. Ib. (ref. to ̇פּר̇ש̇ז̇, Job 26:9) פ̇׳ ר̇חום ש̇די ז̇יווכ׳ the Merciful Almighty spread the splendor of his cloud over him; ib. s. 41 פ׳ והגין עליוהקב״ה the Lord spread (his cloak) over him and protected him; a. fr.Deut. R. s. 5 היה פוֹרֵשׂ דיאטגמאוכ׳ (not דאטגמא) he spread (published) a decree wherever he conquered Part. pass. as ab. Ab. III, 16, v. מְצוּדָה; a. e.פ׳ על שמע (interch. with פ׳ את שמע) to spread a cloak over the head for the recitation of the prayers preceding the Shmʿa (Ḳaddish and Barkhu), esp. to recite the prayers for the benefit of those who have come too late for the regular service (cmp. Ber.51a פריס סודרא, quot. in next w.). Meg.IV, 3 (23b) אין פורסין על שמעוכ׳ (Mish. ed. את; Mish. Pes. פורשין, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 90) the prayers for the Shmʿa are not read aloud … with less than two persons; (Rashi: to divide the Shma (v. supra), i. e. to read parts of the prayers preceding the Shmʿa;) Y. ib. IV, 75a bot. פורסין את שמע. Ib. IV, 5 המפטיר … פורסוכ׳, v. פָּטַר. Ib. 6. Lev. R. s. 23 א״ל פְּרוֹס על שמע פ׳ they said to him, recite the prayers for the Shmʿa; he did; Cant. R. to II, 2 (mixed dict.) פְּרוֹס לן את שמע פרוס לון (read: פָּרֵיס); a. fr. Nif. נִפְרַס, Nithpa. נִתְפָּרֵס to be divided, broken. Tbul Yom III, 1, v. עָרָה II. B. Mets.VII, 7 נִתְפָּרְסוּ עיגוליו if his fig cakes were broken; a. e. Hif. הִפְרִיס 1) to assign, give a share, a present. Gen. R. s. 74 end ולא היו מַפְרִיסִיםוכ׳ Ar. (ed. מפרינים) they endowed only with their mouth, v. פָּרַן. Yalk. ib. 22 מַפְרִיס והולך, v. פְּרָת. 2) (denom. of פַּרְסָה) to part the foot, to have a parted hoof. Sifra Shmini, ch. V, Par. 4 משוסע, חזיר מפריס the swine parts its foot and is cloven-footed. Ḥull.59a אין לך דבר שמפריס פרסהוכ׳ there is no animal that parts its foot and yet is unclean, except swine; a. e.Ib. 51b ה׳ע״ג קרקע the animal, after its fall, in attempting to rise made an impression of its parted feet on the ground (an evidence of its spines being unaffected).Trnsf. to show the cloven foot (like swine, as if saying, ‘I am clean, v. Lev. R. s. 13, end), to pretend piety. Gen. R. s. 22 יצא כמפריס וכמרמהוכ׳ (some ed. מפרים, corr. acc.) he went forth like a hypocrite and as one deceiving his Creator; (Yalk. ib. 38; Lev. R. s. 10 כמַעֲרִים, v. עָרַם II). Pi. פֵּירֵס, פֵּירֵש 1) to spread. Bekh.44a (ref. to Ex. 40:19) רבינו פֵּירְשׂוֹ Moses our teacher spread it (hence he must have been ten cubits high); Sabb.92a פרשו; Yalk. Ex. 372; a. e. 2) to put a wrap on, only in פֵּירְסָה נדה she became menstruous. Keth.2a. Gen. R. s. 48; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > פרס I, פרשׂ

  • 544 פָּרַס

    פָּרַסI, פָּרַשׂ, (b. h.) 1) to split, break, esp. (v. בָּצַע) to break bread and say grace. R. Hash. 29b לא יִפְרוֹס אדם פרוסהוכ׳ a person should not break bread and say grace for his guests, unless he dines with them אבל פּוֹרֵס הוא לבניווכ׳ but he may do so for his children and his household in order to train them in religious practice. Pes.37a; Men.78b (expl. מצה הינא) כל שפּוֹרְסָהּ ואיןוכ׳ when he breaks it apart, and no cords (of unbaked dough) can be drawn out of it; a. e.Part. pass. פָּרוּס; f. פְּרוּסָה; pl. פְּרוּסִים, פְּרוּסִין; פְּרוּסוֹת. Lev. R. s. 34 (ref. to פָּרֹס, Is. 58:7) הלא תִפְרוֹשׂ … פָרוּס כבר היא פ׳וכ׳ it does not read, ‘behold, thou shalt break, but, ‘behold broken; it (thy bread) is broken for thee, for from the beginning of the year it is decreed Y.Dem.I, 21d bot. בפ׳ when it is a broken piece of an eatable, opp. שלם. Y.Ber.VI, 10b bot. פ׳ של חטים (sub. פת) a broken loaf of wheat bread; a. fr.V. פְּרוּס, פְּרוּסָה. 2) (cmp. פָּרַץ) to break through; Part. pass. as ab. open, plain. Tosef.Kel.B. Mets. V, 4, v. סַוָּאר. 3) to spread. Meg.III, 3 (28a) ואין פּוֹרְשִׂין לתוכו מצודות nor dare you spread traps leading into it (the synagogue in ruins). Yoma III, 4 פָּרְסוּ סדיןוכ׳ (Y. ed. פָּרְשׂוּ), v. סָדִין. Num. R. s. 11 הכהנים פּוֹרְשִׂים את כפיהם the priests spread their hands (when blessing). Ex. R. s. 42 אחז … ופ׳הקב״הוכ׳ he (Moses) took hold of the divine throne, and the Lord spread his cloak over him. Ib. (ref. to ̇פּר̇ש̇ז̇, Job 26:9) פ̇׳ ר̇חום ש̇די ז̇יווכ׳ the Merciful Almighty spread the splendor of his cloud over him; ib. s. 41 פ׳ והגין עליוהקב״ה the Lord spread (his cloak) over him and protected him; a. fr.Deut. R. s. 5 היה פוֹרֵשׂ דיאטגמאוכ׳ (not דאטגמא) he spread (published) a decree wherever he conquered Part. pass. as ab. Ab. III, 16, v. מְצוּדָה; a. e.פ׳ על שמע (interch. with פ׳ את שמע) to spread a cloak over the head for the recitation of the prayers preceding the Shmʿa (Ḳaddish and Barkhu), esp. to recite the prayers for the benefit of those who have come too late for the regular service (cmp. Ber.51a פריס סודרא, quot. in next w.). Meg.IV, 3 (23b) אין פורסין על שמעוכ׳ (Mish. ed. את; Mish. Pes. פורשין, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 90) the prayers for the Shmʿa are not read aloud … with less than two persons; (Rashi: to divide the Shma (v. supra), i. e. to read parts of the prayers preceding the Shmʿa;) Y. ib. IV, 75a bot. פורסין את שמע. Ib. IV, 5 המפטיר … פורסוכ׳, v. פָּטַר. Ib. 6. Lev. R. s. 23 א״ל פְּרוֹס על שמע פ׳ they said to him, recite the prayers for the Shmʿa; he did; Cant. R. to II, 2 (mixed dict.) פְּרוֹס לן את שמע פרוס לון (read: פָּרֵיס); a. fr. Nif. נִפְרַס, Nithpa. נִתְפָּרֵס to be divided, broken. Tbul Yom III, 1, v. עָרָה II. B. Mets.VII, 7 נִתְפָּרְסוּ עיגוליו if his fig cakes were broken; a. e. Hif. הִפְרִיס 1) to assign, give a share, a present. Gen. R. s. 74 end ולא היו מַפְרִיסִיםוכ׳ Ar. (ed. מפרינים) they endowed only with their mouth, v. פָּרַן. Yalk. ib. 22 מַפְרִיס והולך, v. פְּרָת. 2) (denom. of פַּרְסָה) to part the foot, to have a parted hoof. Sifra Shmini, ch. V, Par. 4 משוסע, חזיר מפריס the swine parts its foot and is cloven-footed. Ḥull.59a אין לך דבר שמפריס פרסהוכ׳ there is no animal that parts its foot and yet is unclean, except swine; a. e.Ib. 51b ה׳ע״ג קרקע the animal, after its fall, in attempting to rise made an impression of its parted feet on the ground (an evidence of its spines being unaffected).Trnsf. to show the cloven foot (like swine, as if saying, ‘I am clean, v. Lev. R. s. 13, end), to pretend piety. Gen. R. s. 22 יצא כמפריס וכמרמהוכ׳ (some ed. מפרים, corr. acc.) he went forth like a hypocrite and as one deceiving his Creator; (Yalk. ib. 38; Lev. R. s. 10 כמַעֲרִים, v. עָרַם II). Pi. פֵּירֵס, פֵּירֵש 1) to spread. Bekh.44a (ref. to Ex. 40:19) רבינו פֵּירְשׂוֹ Moses our teacher spread it (hence he must have been ten cubits high); Sabb.92a פרשו; Yalk. Ex. 372; a. e. 2) to put a wrap on, only in פֵּירְסָה נדה she became menstruous. Keth.2a. Gen. R. s. 48; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > פָּרַס

  • 545 פרסם

    פִּרְסֵם, פִּירְ׳(enlargement of פָּרַס) to spread, divulge, publish; to uncover, expose. Yoma 86b מְפַרְסְמִין, v. חָנֵף. Sot.9a היא עשתה … פִּירְסְמָהּ בגלוי she acted in secret, the Lord exposes her in public. Y.Meg.I, 70b top רבי היה מְפַרְסֵם עצמווכ׳ Rabbi used to make himself conspicuous (act ostentatiously) on two days in the year (as a protest against certain ritual restrictions). Num. R. s. 21 לפַרְסְמָןוכ׳ … כשם שהקב״ה as the Lord busies himself with the praise of the righteous in order to make them known in the world, so Ib. פנחס פִּירְסְמוֹ לשבחוכ׳ he published Phineas for praise, and Zimri for blame. Ib. ופי׳ את בתו בקלון and exposed his daughter for prostitution. Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 16 מה כלה … ואינה מְפַרְסֶמֶת עצמהוכ׳ as the bride is retired in her fathers house and does not unveil herself (show herself in public) until she is about to enter the bridal chamber …: so must a scholar be retired, and be revealed (renowned) by his good deeds; Ex. R. s. 41; a. fr.Part. pass. מְפוּרְסָם; f. מְפוּרְסֶמֶת; pl. מְפוּרְסָמִים, מְפוּרְסָמִין; מְפוּרְסָמוֹת. Ib. Lev. R. s. 32 בזמן שאינו מפ׳ when he is not generally known (as a bastard). Yalk. Ex. 391 מפ׳ במעשיו … שהיא מפ׳ well-known by his deeds, as the bride is unveiled (on her wedding day), v. supra; a. fr.Gen. R. s. 36 יצא חם … וכלב מפ׳ בתשמישו Ham came out of the ark black, and the dog disgraced by the mean way of his copulation; Y.Taan.I, end, 64d מְפוּרְצָם (Snh.108b כלב נקשר). Hithpa. הִתְפַּרְסֵם, Nithpa. נִתְפַּרְסֵם to be published, made known, exposed. Lev. R. l. c. (ref. to Lev. 6:18) במקום … כדי שלא יִתְפַּרְסְמוּ החטאים ‘in the place where the burnt offering is killed shall the sin offering be killed, … in order that the sinners be not exposed to shame. Ib. אבל אם נ׳ but if he is known (as a bastard); a. e.

    Jewish literature > פרסם

  • 546 פיר׳

    פִּרְסֵם, פִּירְ׳(enlargement of פָּרַס) to spread, divulge, publish; to uncover, expose. Yoma 86b מְפַרְסְמִין, v. חָנֵף. Sot.9a היא עשתה … פִּירְסְמָהּ בגלוי she acted in secret, the Lord exposes her in public. Y.Meg.I, 70b top רבי היה מְפַרְסֵם עצמווכ׳ Rabbi used to make himself conspicuous (act ostentatiously) on two days in the year (as a protest against certain ritual restrictions). Num. R. s. 21 לפַרְסְמָןוכ׳ … כשם שהקב״ה as the Lord busies himself with the praise of the righteous in order to make them known in the world, so Ib. פנחס פִּירְסְמוֹ לשבחוכ׳ he published Phineas for praise, and Zimri for blame. Ib. ופי׳ את בתו בקלון and exposed his daughter for prostitution. Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 16 מה כלה … ואינה מְפַרְסֶמֶת עצמהוכ׳ as the bride is retired in her fathers house and does not unveil herself (show herself in public) until she is about to enter the bridal chamber …: so must a scholar be retired, and be revealed (renowned) by his good deeds; Ex. R. s. 41; a. fr.Part. pass. מְפוּרְסָם; f. מְפוּרְסֶמֶת; pl. מְפוּרְסָמִים, מְפוּרְסָמִין; מְפוּרְסָמוֹת. Ib. Lev. R. s. 32 בזמן שאינו מפ׳ when he is not generally known (as a bastard). Yalk. Ex. 391 מפ׳ במעשיו … שהיא מפ׳ well-known by his deeds, as the bride is unveiled (on her wedding day), v. supra; a. fr.Gen. R. s. 36 יצא חם … וכלב מפ׳ בתשמישו Ham came out of the ark black, and the dog disgraced by the mean way of his copulation; Y.Taan.I, end, 64d מְפוּרְצָם (Snh.108b כלב נקשר). Hithpa. הִתְפַּרְסֵם, Nithpa. נִתְפַּרְסֵם to be published, made known, exposed. Lev. R. l. c. (ref. to Lev. 6:18) במקום … כדי שלא יִתְפַּרְסְמוּ החטאים ‘in the place where the burnt offering is killed shall the sin offering be killed, … in order that the sinners be not exposed to shame. Ib. אבל אם נ׳ but if he is known (as a bastard); a. e.

    Jewish literature > פיר׳

  • 547 פִּרְסֵם

    פִּרְסֵם, פִּירְ׳(enlargement of פָּרַס) to spread, divulge, publish; to uncover, expose. Yoma 86b מְפַרְסְמִין, v. חָנֵף. Sot.9a היא עשתה … פִּירְסְמָהּ בגלוי she acted in secret, the Lord exposes her in public. Y.Meg.I, 70b top רבי היה מְפַרְסֵם עצמווכ׳ Rabbi used to make himself conspicuous (act ostentatiously) on two days in the year (as a protest against certain ritual restrictions). Num. R. s. 21 לפַרְסְמָןוכ׳ … כשם שהקב״ה as the Lord busies himself with the praise of the righteous in order to make them known in the world, so Ib. פנחס פִּירְסְמוֹ לשבחוכ׳ he published Phineas for praise, and Zimri for blame. Ib. ופי׳ את בתו בקלון and exposed his daughter for prostitution. Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 16 מה כלה … ואינה מְפַרְסֶמֶת עצמהוכ׳ as the bride is retired in her fathers house and does not unveil herself (show herself in public) until she is about to enter the bridal chamber …: so must a scholar be retired, and be revealed (renowned) by his good deeds; Ex. R. s. 41; a. fr.Part. pass. מְפוּרְסָם; f. מְפוּרְסֶמֶת; pl. מְפוּרְסָמִים, מְפוּרְסָמִין; מְפוּרְסָמוֹת. Ib. Lev. R. s. 32 בזמן שאינו מפ׳ when he is not generally known (as a bastard). Yalk. Ex. 391 מפ׳ במעשיו … שהיא מפ׳ well-known by his deeds, as the bride is unveiled (on her wedding day), v. supra; a. fr.Gen. R. s. 36 יצא חם … וכלב מפ׳ בתשמישו Ham came out of the ark black, and the dog disgraced by the mean way of his copulation; Y.Taan.I, end, 64d מְפוּרְצָם (Snh.108b כלב נקשר). Hithpa. הִתְפַּרְסֵם, Nithpa. נִתְפַּרְסֵם to be published, made known, exposed. Lev. R. l. c. (ref. to Lev. 6:18) במקום … כדי שלא יִתְפַּרְסְמוּ החטאים ‘in the place where the burnt offering is killed shall the sin offering be killed, … in order that the sinners be not exposed to shame. Ib. אבל אם נ׳ but if he is known (as a bastard); a. e.

    Jewish literature > פִּרְסֵם

  • 548 פִּירְ׳

    פִּרְסֵם, פִּירְ׳(enlargement of פָּרַס) to spread, divulge, publish; to uncover, expose. Yoma 86b מְפַרְסְמִין, v. חָנֵף. Sot.9a היא עשתה … פִּירְסְמָהּ בגלוי she acted in secret, the Lord exposes her in public. Y.Meg.I, 70b top רבי היה מְפַרְסֵם עצמווכ׳ Rabbi used to make himself conspicuous (act ostentatiously) on two days in the year (as a protest against certain ritual restrictions). Num. R. s. 21 לפַרְסְמָןוכ׳ … כשם שהקב״ה as the Lord busies himself with the praise of the righteous in order to make them known in the world, so Ib. פנחס פִּירְסְמוֹ לשבחוכ׳ he published Phineas for praise, and Zimri for blame. Ib. ופי׳ את בתו בקלון and exposed his daughter for prostitution. Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 16 מה כלה … ואינה מְפַרְסֶמֶת עצמהוכ׳ as the bride is retired in her fathers house and does not unveil herself (show herself in public) until she is about to enter the bridal chamber …: so must a scholar be retired, and be revealed (renowned) by his good deeds; Ex. R. s. 41; a. fr.Part. pass. מְפוּרְסָם; f. מְפוּרְסֶמֶת; pl. מְפוּרְסָמִים, מְפוּרְסָמִין; מְפוּרְסָמוֹת. Ib. Lev. R. s. 32 בזמן שאינו מפ׳ when he is not generally known (as a bastard). Yalk. Ex. 391 מפ׳ במעשיו … שהיא מפ׳ well-known by his deeds, as the bride is unveiled (on her wedding day), v. supra; a. fr.Gen. R. s. 36 יצא חם … וכלב מפ׳ בתשמישו Ham came out of the ark black, and the dog disgraced by the mean way of his copulation; Y.Taan.I, end, 64d מְפוּרְצָם (Snh.108b כלב נקשר). Hithpa. הִתְפַּרְסֵם, Nithpa. נִתְפַּרְסֵם to be published, made known, exposed. Lev. R. l. c. (ref. to Lev. 6:18) במקום … כדי שלא יִתְפַּרְסְמוּ החטאים ‘in the place where the burnt offering is killed shall the sin offering be killed, … in order that the sinners be not exposed to shame. Ib. אבל אם נ׳ but if he is known (as a bastard); a. e.

    Jewish literature > פִּירְ׳

  • 549 פרק

    פָּרַק(b. h.) to break, separate; to untie, loosen; to unload. Sabb.138a וילין … ומותר לפוֹרְקוֹ it is permitted (on the Sabbath) to stretch a curtain and also to untie (remove) it. Ib. b top. Y.Shebi.III, beg.34c לא יִפְרוֹקוכ׳, v. מִשְׁפֶּלֶת (Ib. לא יַפְרִיק Hif., v. infra. Cant. R. to I, 5 טוענת ופוִרֶקֶת she loads (becomes pregnant) and unloads (delivers); a. fr.Trnsf. to redeem, deliver. Gen. R. s. 44 אני פוֹרְקָן I shall redeem them; a. e.פ׳ עול to untie the yoke, cast off an obligation. Ab. III, 5, v. עוֹל. Tosef.Sot.XIV, 4 פָּרְקוּ מהם עולוכ׳ they cast off the heavenly yoke, and made flesh and blood rule over them; a. fr.Tanḥ. Ḥuck. 25 אינן פּוֹרְקִין יראה they do not cast off the fear (of having lost the divine grace through their sins); Yalk. Num. 765 אין פורקין יראה מהם; Num. R. s. 19 אין פּוֹרְקִים ביראה (corr. acc.).Part. pass. פָּרוּק; f. פְּרוּקָה; pl. פְּרוּקִים, פְּרוּקִין, פְּרוּקוֹת. Y.B. Kam.III, 3d אחד פ׳ ואחד טעוןוכ׳ if (on meeting on the road) one animal is without a load, and the other is laden, the unladen must make room for the laden; היו שניהן … פ׳ if both are laden or both unladen. Ib. שתיהן פ׳ if both wagons are without a load; a. fr.Esp. to help to unload an animal broken down under its burden (Ex. 23:5). B. Mets. II, 10 מצוה … לִפְרוֹק, v. טָעַן II. Ib. אם רצונך לפרוק פְּרוֹק if thou desirest to unload, do so (without my assistance); a. fr. Pi. פֵּירֵק to sever, strip; to take off, release; to take apart. Shebi. II, 2 מְפָרְקִין you may release (trees in the Sabbatical year); Y. ib. 33d top מפ׳ בעלין ‘release refers to (a too luxuriant growth of) leaves. Ukts. II, 5 התחיל לְפָרֵק when he has begun to strip (vegetables). Tosef. ib. II, 13 התחיל לפרק באגוזים when he has begun to strip nuts (of their burrs). Sabb.88a ירדו … ופֵירְקוּם one hundred and twenty myriads of angels of destruction came down and took them (the crowns) off their heads. Ib. בחורב … פֵּרְקוּ (Rashi פירקו) at Horeb they loaded (angels put crowns on their heads), and at Horeb they unloaded (angels took their crowns off). Men.8a; 9b עד שלא פֵרְקָהּ before he took it (the pile of the show bread) apart Y.Yoma I, 38c top מעמירו ומְפָרְקוֹ put it (the Tabernacle) up and broke it up again; העמידו ולא פירקו put it up and did not break it up again; Num. R. s. 13, beg.; Sifra Tsav, Milluim, Par. 1 end.Y.M. Kat. I, 80b bot. מְפָרְקִין את המנעולוכ׳ you may take the shoe off the block. Y.Ab. Zar. III, 43b, v. פַּצִּים; a. fr.Sabb.95a חולב חייב משום מפרק one milking (on the Sabbath) is guilty of an act resembling unloading; Keth.60a יונק מפרק כלאחר יד releasing the cow by sucking is unloading in an unusual way (v. אַחַר). Lev. R. s. 13 עמד ופֵרְקוּם לישראל he rose and took them off the back of the gentiles, and put them on Israel.Sabb.156a לְפָרֵק to take food from before one animal and place it before another, Rashi; (Tosaf.: to empty from vessel to vessel in order to procure a thorough mixture; other defin., v. Ar. s. v..Part. pass. מְפוֹרָק a) unloaded. B. Mets.33a (ref. to Ex. l. c.) ‘under its burden, ולא מפ׳ but not when it is unloaded (and the owner requires assistance to load it again). Ib. לא מפ׳ בחנם when it is unloaded, one need not assist in loading without remuneration.b) taken apart, broken up. Tanḥ. Pkudé 11 והיה מונח ומפ׳וכ׳ and it (the Tabernacle) lay in parts (uncombined) during Hithpa. הִתְפָּרֵק, Nithpa. נִתְפָּרֵק 1) to be taken apart, broken up. Y. Yoma l. c. Sabb.XVII, 1 אע״פ שנִתְפָּרְקוּ although the doors are detached (when the piece of furniture is moved). Tosef.Kel.B. Mets. III, 2 נִתְפָּרְקָה זווכ׳ ed. Zuck. (missing in eds.) if the blades of scissors are separated, each may become unclean for itself; a. fr.Gen. R. s. 36 (ref. to Gen. 9:24) נתפ׳ יינו מעליו the load of his wine was taken from him (he became sober). 2) to be loose, movable like a link or joint (v. פֶּרֶק). Yoma 72a מִתְפָּרְקִין ואיןוכ׳ they (the bars in the ring) were movable but could not slip off. Nidd.9a (of a woman after confinement) איבריה מתפרקיןוכ׳ her limbs are loose (shaky), and her full strength does not return to her before ; Bekh.6b איבריה מתפרקין הימנה she feels as tho her limbs were dropping off. Yalk. Num. 708 תהא מִתְפָּרֶקֶת איברים איברים she shall lose limb after limb; Num. R. s. 9 מתרפקת (corr. acc.); a. e.(Yalk. Cant. 986 מתפרקות some ed., read: מתרפקות, v. רָפַק. Nif. נִפְרָק (denom. of פֶּרֶק) 1) to be out of joint, dislocated, sprained. Sabb.XXII, 6 מי שנִפְרְקָה ידווכ׳ he who sprained his arm or foot. 2) to be removed. Tosef. ib. XIII (XIV), 5 שיִפָּרְקוּ ed. Zuck. (Var. שימחו) that they be removed (cut out).(Hif. הִפְרִיק as Kal and Pi. Tosef.Ber.II, 7 שיַפְרִיק ed. Zuck. (Var. שיְפָרֵק). Y.Shebi.III, beg.34c, v. supra; prob. to be read: יְפָרֵיק.

    Jewish literature > פרק

  • 550 פָּרַק

    פָּרַק(b. h.) to break, separate; to untie, loosen; to unload. Sabb.138a וילין … ומותר לפוֹרְקוֹ it is permitted (on the Sabbath) to stretch a curtain and also to untie (remove) it. Ib. b top. Y.Shebi.III, beg.34c לא יִפְרוֹקוכ׳, v. מִשְׁפֶּלֶת (Ib. לא יַפְרִיק Hif., v. infra. Cant. R. to I, 5 טוענת ופוִרֶקֶת she loads (becomes pregnant) and unloads (delivers); a. fr.Trnsf. to redeem, deliver. Gen. R. s. 44 אני פוֹרְקָן I shall redeem them; a. e.פ׳ עול to untie the yoke, cast off an obligation. Ab. III, 5, v. עוֹל. Tosef.Sot.XIV, 4 פָּרְקוּ מהם עולוכ׳ they cast off the heavenly yoke, and made flesh and blood rule over them; a. fr.Tanḥ. Ḥuck. 25 אינן פּוֹרְקִין יראה they do not cast off the fear (of having lost the divine grace through their sins); Yalk. Num. 765 אין פורקין יראה מהם; Num. R. s. 19 אין פּוֹרְקִים ביראה (corr. acc.).Part. pass. פָּרוּק; f. פְּרוּקָה; pl. פְּרוּקִים, פְּרוּקִין, פְּרוּקוֹת. Y.B. Kam.III, 3d אחד פ׳ ואחד טעוןוכ׳ if (on meeting on the road) one animal is without a load, and the other is laden, the unladen must make room for the laden; היו שניהן … פ׳ if both are laden or both unladen. Ib. שתיהן פ׳ if both wagons are without a load; a. fr.Esp. to help to unload an animal broken down under its burden (Ex. 23:5). B. Mets. II, 10 מצוה … לִפְרוֹק, v. טָעַן II. Ib. אם רצונך לפרוק פְּרוֹק if thou desirest to unload, do so (without my assistance); a. fr. Pi. פֵּירֵק to sever, strip; to take off, release; to take apart. Shebi. II, 2 מְפָרְקִין you may release (trees in the Sabbatical year); Y. ib. 33d top מפ׳ בעלין ‘release refers to (a too luxuriant growth of) leaves. Ukts. II, 5 התחיל לְפָרֵק when he has begun to strip (vegetables). Tosef. ib. II, 13 התחיל לפרק באגוזים when he has begun to strip nuts (of their burrs). Sabb.88a ירדו … ופֵירְקוּם one hundred and twenty myriads of angels of destruction came down and took them (the crowns) off their heads. Ib. בחורב … פֵּרְקוּ (Rashi פירקו) at Horeb they loaded (angels put crowns on their heads), and at Horeb they unloaded (angels took their crowns off). Men.8a; 9b עד שלא פֵרְקָהּ before he took it (the pile of the show bread) apart Y.Yoma I, 38c top מעמירו ומְפָרְקוֹ put it (the Tabernacle) up and broke it up again; העמידו ולא פירקו put it up and did not break it up again; Num. R. s. 13, beg.; Sifra Tsav, Milluim, Par. 1 end.Y.M. Kat. I, 80b bot. מְפָרְקִין את המנעולוכ׳ you may take the shoe off the block. Y.Ab. Zar. III, 43b, v. פַּצִּים; a. fr.Sabb.95a חולב חייב משום מפרק one milking (on the Sabbath) is guilty of an act resembling unloading; Keth.60a יונק מפרק כלאחר יד releasing the cow by sucking is unloading in an unusual way (v. אַחַר). Lev. R. s. 13 עמד ופֵרְקוּם לישראל he rose and took them off the back of the gentiles, and put them on Israel.Sabb.156a לְפָרֵק to take food from before one animal and place it before another, Rashi; (Tosaf.: to empty from vessel to vessel in order to procure a thorough mixture; other defin., v. Ar. s. v..Part. pass. מְפוֹרָק a) unloaded. B. Mets.33a (ref. to Ex. l. c.) ‘under its burden, ולא מפ׳ but not when it is unloaded (and the owner requires assistance to load it again). Ib. לא מפ׳ בחנם when it is unloaded, one need not assist in loading without remuneration.b) taken apart, broken up. Tanḥ. Pkudé 11 והיה מונח ומפ׳וכ׳ and it (the Tabernacle) lay in parts (uncombined) during Hithpa. הִתְפָּרֵק, Nithpa. נִתְפָּרֵק 1) to be taken apart, broken up. Y. Yoma l. c. Sabb.XVII, 1 אע״פ שנִתְפָּרְקוּ although the doors are detached (when the piece of furniture is moved). Tosef.Kel.B. Mets. III, 2 נִתְפָּרְקָה זווכ׳ ed. Zuck. (missing in eds.) if the blades of scissors are separated, each may become unclean for itself; a. fr.Gen. R. s. 36 (ref. to Gen. 9:24) נתפ׳ יינו מעליו the load of his wine was taken from him (he became sober). 2) to be loose, movable like a link or joint (v. פֶּרֶק). Yoma 72a מִתְפָּרְקִין ואיןוכ׳ they (the bars in the ring) were movable but could not slip off. Nidd.9a (of a woman after confinement) איבריה מתפרקיןוכ׳ her limbs are loose (shaky), and her full strength does not return to her before ; Bekh.6b איבריה מתפרקין הימנה she feels as tho her limbs were dropping off. Yalk. Num. 708 תהא מִתְפָּרֶקֶת איברים איברים she shall lose limb after limb; Num. R. s. 9 מתרפקת (corr. acc.); a. e.(Yalk. Cant. 986 מתפרקות some ed., read: מתרפקות, v. רָפַק. Nif. נִפְרָק (denom. of פֶּרֶק) 1) to be out of joint, dislocated, sprained. Sabb.XXII, 6 מי שנִפְרְקָה ידווכ׳ he who sprained his arm or foot. 2) to be removed. Tosef. ib. XIII (XIV), 5 שיִפָּרְקוּ ed. Zuck. (Var. שימחו) that they be removed (cut out).(Hif. הִפְרִיק as Kal and Pi. Tosef.Ber.II, 7 שיַפְרִיק ed. Zuck. (Var. שיְפָרֵק). Y.Shebi.III, beg.34c, v. supra; prob. to be read: יְפָרֵיק.

    Jewish literature > פָּרַק

  • 551 פרש

    פָּרַש(b. h.) (to divide, separate, 1) (neut. verb) to go away, go aside, depart; to keep off. Yoma I, 5 הוא פוֹרֵש … פּוֹרְשִׁיןוכ׳ he turned aside and wept, and so did they. Y.Keth.I, 25d bot. ראו אותו פירש מציפורין they saw him come out of Sepphoris (so that he is presumably an inhabitant of Sepphoris); פירש מן הבתים they saw him leave one of the houses of Sepphoris. Num. R. s. 9 את פָּרַשְׁתְּ מדרךוכ׳ thou didst depart from the way (disregard the customs) of Israels daughters. Zeb.113a (play on פרשה, Num. 19:5) מקים שפּוֹרֶשֶׁת למיתהוכ׳ there where she departs for death, she shall be burnt. Y.M. Kat. I, 80b bot. (ref. to Lev. 13:45) כדי שתהא טומאה … פְּרוֹש: that the uncleanness itself may cry out …, ‘keep off; Y.Maas. Sh. V, beg. 55d; a. fr. 2) to pass, cross. Yalk. Prov. 946; Yalk. Num. 738 הספינות פּוֹרְשוֹת בים the ships make their way through the sea. 3) (act. verb) to separate, keep off. Num. R. s. 10 כשם שאדם פירש את עצמווכ׳ as a person keeps himself away (abstains) from the fruits of Orlah, so will those who misbehave towards their handmaids, be separated from the virtuous on the day of judgment.; a. fr.Part. pass. פָּרוּש, q. v. 4) (cmp. פָּרַט) to single out, specify, speak distinctly. Ib. (expl. יַפְלִא, Num. 6:2) כשיִפְרוֹש לנדורוכ׳ when he speaks out his vow, to the exclusion of him who thinks it in his heart; a. fr.Sifré Num. 24 עד שיפרוש לך … כדרך שפירשוכ׳ (Yalk. ib. 710 שיפרוט … שפרט), v. פָּרַט. Nif. נִפְרַש to be separated, kept away. Lev. R. s. 22 והן נִפְרָשִׁים מעבודה זרה and thus they will be kept away from idolatrous worship; a. e. Pi. פֵּירֵש 1) (neut. verb) to depart, withdraw; to abstain. Snh.82b היה לו … לפרוש ולא פי׳ Zimri might have withdrawn (from the woman), but he did not. Ib. a אם פ׳וכ׳ if Z. had withdrawn, and Phineas had slain him Pes.87b פ׳ מן האשה withdrew from contact with his wife. Gen. R. s. 20 שפֵּייְשָׁה היה מאדם that Eve was separated from Adam.Sabb.86b פירשה מן האיש the semen issued from a man.Pes.49b שנה ופ׳ קשהוכ׳ he that studied and gave it up, is the worst of all (in hostility to scholars); a. fr. 2) to go on a voyage; to cross the ocean (cmp. פָּלַג Hif.). Y.M. Kat. III, beg. 81c אסיר לפָרֵש לים הגדול it is forbidden to start on a sea voyage (during the festive week). Y.Yeb.XVI, 15d top עשיתי מְפָרֵשוכ׳ I was crossing Y.Meg.II, 73b top מְפָרְשֵׁי ימים voyagers on the sea; a. fr. 3) (act. verb) to separate. Gen. R. s. 22 אילו רצה המלך פֵּירְשָׁן ולא רצה המלך לפָרְשָׁן if the king desired it, he would separate them (the fighters), but the king does not wish to separate them; Yalk. ib. 38. 4) to specify, express clearly. Ib. א״א לפה לפָרְשוֹ no mouth can express it. Men.91a דמְפָרֵש when he (in making his vow) specified (‘sheep or ‘cattle), opp. בסתמא. Gen. R. s. 6 אנשי … פֵּירְשוּ איתו the men of the Great Assembly said it plainly. Snh.VII, 5 עד שיְפָרֵש השם until he mentions the Name expressly (uses the Tetragrammaton), opp. כִּינּוּי. Gitt.36a שיהו עדים מְפָרְשִׁין שמותיהן that witnesses must sign their full names; a. fr.Part. pass. מְפיֹרָש, f. מְפוֹרֶשֶׁת; pl. מְפוֹרָשִׁים, מְפוֹרָשִׁין; מְפוֹרָשוֹת. B. Kam.54b, a. fr. מה הפרט מפ׳, v. פְּרָט. B. Mets.94b שלישת בשואל מפ׳ that the third paragraph treats of a borrower, is explicitly stated (Ex. 22:13). Sot.38a, a. fr. שם המפ׳ the special Name (the Tetragrammaton), v. supra. Zeb.53a, v. סָתַם. Ḥag.22b ומה סתימות … מפ׳וכ׳ if your undefined teachings are so well-founded, how much more your explicit teachings; a. fr. 5) to explain, interpret, define. Ned.2b פתח … ומפרש ידות the Mishnah begins with kinnuyim …, and goes on explaining yadoth! Zeb.13a ואין לי לפרש and I am unable to explain (the reason of the distinction between receiving and sprinkling the blood); אני אֲפָרֵש I shall explain it. Ned.81a דבר זה … ולא פֵירְשוּהוּ עד שפֵּירְשוֹוכ׳ that question (Jer. 9:11) was asked of prophets and scholars, and they could not explain it, until the Lord himself explained it (ib. 12). Kat. 16b; Ber.18a לא פֵירְשוּ לך they did not interpret (the verse) to you; v. שָׁנָה. Gen. R. s. 31 ולא פ׳ and did not explain (of what material the serpent was to be made); Y.R. Hash. III, end, 59a; a. fr.Part. pass. as ab. Meg.3a, a. e. (ref. to Neh. 8:8) מפ׳ זה תרגים mforash means interpretation. Hithpa. הִתְפָּרֵש, Nithpa. נִתְפָּרֵש to be specified, defined; to be explained. Lev. R. s. 6 כל נביא שנתפ׳ a prophet; whose name is stated. Gen. R. l. c. בשלשה נ׳ ובאחד לא נ׳ in three places (in which עֲשֵׁה occurs) the command is specified, but in the fourth (Num. 21:8) it is not specified, v. supra. Yalk. Gen. 20 דבר שאינו מִתְפָּרֵש במקימווכ׳ a thing which is not defined in its original place but is defined i in another passage; a. e. Hif. הִפְרִיש 1) to separate; to set aside, dedicate. Yoma I, 1 מִפְרִישִׁין כהןוכ׳ they removed the high priest from his house to the cell Ter. IV, 1 המַפְרִיש מקצתוכ׳ he who sets aside one portion of what is due of Trumah or tithes. Num. R. s. 10 (ref. to Num. 6:11, ועשה) שיַפְרִשֵׁם הכהןוכ׳ that the priest when offering them designates them, one for a sin-offering Ib. (ref. to Prov. 23:32) מה צפעון זה מפריש … כך היין מפרישוכ׳ as the adder divides between life and death, so wine removes from the ways of life to those of death; Lev. R. s. 12 כךה׳ היין בין אדםוכ׳ so wine caused a separation between Adam and Eve; ה׳ היין בין נח לבניו לעבדות wine caused a division between Noah and his sons with regard to slavery; ה׳ היין בין אהרן ובניו למיתה wine caused a division between Aaron and his sons with regard to death; Yalk. Prov. 960. Tam.IV, 3 מן הכבד …ה׳ severed the lungs from the liver; a. fr.Part. pass. מוּפְרָש. Ned.I, 1 מוּפְרְשַׁנִי ממך I will be separated from thee (will have no dealings with thee, accept no favors); ib. 5a; a. e. 2) to go to sea. Gen. R. s. 13 היו מַפְרִישִׁין ליםוכ׳ were crossing the ocean; a. e.

    Jewish literature > פרש

  • 552 פָּרַש

    פָּרַש(b. h.) (to divide, separate, 1) (neut. verb) to go away, go aside, depart; to keep off. Yoma I, 5 הוא פוֹרֵש … פּוֹרְשִׁיןוכ׳ he turned aside and wept, and so did they. Y.Keth.I, 25d bot. ראו אותו פירש מציפורין they saw him come out of Sepphoris (so that he is presumably an inhabitant of Sepphoris); פירש מן הבתים they saw him leave one of the houses of Sepphoris. Num. R. s. 9 את פָּרַשְׁתְּ מדרךוכ׳ thou didst depart from the way (disregard the customs) of Israels daughters. Zeb.113a (play on פרשה, Num. 19:5) מקים שפּוֹרֶשֶׁת למיתהוכ׳ there where she departs for death, she shall be burnt. Y.M. Kat. I, 80b bot. (ref. to Lev. 13:45) כדי שתהא טומאה … פְּרוֹש: that the uncleanness itself may cry out …, ‘keep off; Y.Maas. Sh. V, beg. 55d; a. fr. 2) to pass, cross. Yalk. Prov. 946; Yalk. Num. 738 הספינות פּוֹרְשוֹת בים the ships make their way through the sea. 3) (act. verb) to separate, keep off. Num. R. s. 10 כשם שאדם פירש את עצמווכ׳ as a person keeps himself away (abstains) from the fruits of Orlah, so will those who misbehave towards their handmaids, be separated from the virtuous on the day of judgment.; a. fr.Part. pass. פָּרוּש, q. v. 4) (cmp. פָּרַט) to single out, specify, speak distinctly. Ib. (expl. יַפְלִא, Num. 6:2) כשיִפְרוֹש לנדורוכ׳ when he speaks out his vow, to the exclusion of him who thinks it in his heart; a. fr.Sifré Num. 24 עד שיפרוש לך … כדרך שפירשוכ׳ (Yalk. ib. 710 שיפרוט … שפרט), v. פָּרַט. Nif. נִפְרַש to be separated, kept away. Lev. R. s. 22 והן נִפְרָשִׁים מעבודה זרה and thus they will be kept away from idolatrous worship; a. e. Pi. פֵּירֵש 1) (neut. verb) to depart, withdraw; to abstain. Snh.82b היה לו … לפרוש ולא פי׳ Zimri might have withdrawn (from the woman), but he did not. Ib. a אם פ׳וכ׳ if Z. had withdrawn, and Phineas had slain him Pes.87b פ׳ מן האשה withdrew from contact with his wife. Gen. R. s. 20 שפֵּייְשָׁה היה מאדם that Eve was separated from Adam.Sabb.86b פירשה מן האיש the semen issued from a man.Pes.49b שנה ופ׳ קשהוכ׳ he that studied and gave it up, is the worst of all (in hostility to scholars); a. fr. 2) to go on a voyage; to cross the ocean (cmp. פָּלַג Hif.). Y.M. Kat. III, beg. 81c אסיר לפָרֵש לים הגדול it is forbidden to start on a sea voyage (during the festive week). Y.Yeb.XVI, 15d top עשיתי מְפָרֵשוכ׳ I was crossing Y.Meg.II, 73b top מְפָרְשֵׁי ימים voyagers on the sea; a. fr. 3) (act. verb) to separate. Gen. R. s. 22 אילו רצה המלך פֵּירְשָׁן ולא רצה המלך לפָרְשָׁן if the king desired it, he would separate them (the fighters), but the king does not wish to separate them; Yalk. ib. 38. 4) to specify, express clearly. Ib. א״א לפה לפָרְשוֹ no mouth can express it. Men.91a דמְפָרֵש when he (in making his vow) specified (‘sheep or ‘cattle), opp. בסתמא. Gen. R. s. 6 אנשי … פֵּירְשוּ איתו the men of the Great Assembly said it plainly. Snh.VII, 5 עד שיְפָרֵש השם until he mentions the Name expressly (uses the Tetragrammaton), opp. כִּינּוּי. Gitt.36a שיהו עדים מְפָרְשִׁין שמותיהן that witnesses must sign their full names; a. fr.Part. pass. מְפיֹרָש, f. מְפוֹרֶשֶׁת; pl. מְפוֹרָשִׁים, מְפוֹרָשִׁין; מְפוֹרָשוֹת. B. Kam.54b, a. fr. מה הפרט מפ׳, v. פְּרָט. B. Mets.94b שלישת בשואל מפ׳ that the third paragraph treats of a borrower, is explicitly stated (Ex. 22:13). Sot.38a, a. fr. שם המפ׳ the special Name (the Tetragrammaton), v. supra. Zeb.53a, v. סָתַם. Ḥag.22b ומה סתימות … מפ׳וכ׳ if your undefined teachings are so well-founded, how much more your explicit teachings; a. fr. 5) to explain, interpret, define. Ned.2b פתח … ומפרש ידות the Mishnah begins with kinnuyim …, and goes on explaining yadoth! Zeb.13a ואין לי לפרש and I am unable to explain (the reason of the distinction between receiving and sprinkling the blood); אני אֲפָרֵש I shall explain it. Ned.81a דבר זה … ולא פֵירְשוּהוּ עד שפֵּירְשוֹוכ׳ that question (Jer. 9:11) was asked of prophets and scholars, and they could not explain it, until the Lord himself explained it (ib. 12). Kat. 16b; Ber.18a לא פֵירְשוּ לך they did not interpret (the verse) to you; v. שָׁנָה. Gen. R. s. 31 ולא פ׳ and did not explain (of what material the serpent was to be made); Y.R. Hash. III, end, 59a; a. fr.Part. pass. as ab. Meg.3a, a. e. (ref. to Neh. 8:8) מפ׳ זה תרגים mforash means interpretation. Hithpa. הִתְפָּרֵש, Nithpa. נִתְפָּרֵש to be specified, defined; to be explained. Lev. R. s. 6 כל נביא שנתפ׳ a prophet; whose name is stated. Gen. R. l. c. בשלשה נ׳ ובאחד לא נ׳ in three places (in which עֲשֵׁה occurs) the command is specified, but in the fourth (Num. 21:8) it is not specified, v. supra. Yalk. Gen. 20 דבר שאינו מִתְפָּרֵש במקימווכ׳ a thing which is not defined in its original place but is defined i in another passage; a. e. Hif. הִפְרִיש 1) to separate; to set aside, dedicate. Yoma I, 1 מִפְרִישִׁין כהןוכ׳ they removed the high priest from his house to the cell Ter. IV, 1 המַפְרִיש מקצתוכ׳ he who sets aside one portion of what is due of Trumah or tithes. Num. R. s. 10 (ref. to Num. 6:11, ועשה) שיַפְרִשֵׁם הכהןוכ׳ that the priest when offering them designates them, one for a sin-offering Ib. (ref. to Prov. 23:32) מה צפעון זה מפריש … כך היין מפרישוכ׳ as the adder divides between life and death, so wine removes from the ways of life to those of death; Lev. R. s. 12 כךה׳ היין בין אדםוכ׳ so wine caused a separation between Adam and Eve; ה׳ היין בין נח לבניו לעבדות wine caused a division between Noah and his sons with regard to slavery; ה׳ היין בין אהרן ובניו למיתה wine caused a division between Aaron and his sons with regard to death; Yalk. Prov. 960. Tam.IV, 3 מן הכבד …ה׳ severed the lungs from the liver; a. fr.Part. pass. מוּפְרָש. Ned.I, 1 מוּפְרְשַׁנִי ממך I will be separated from thee (will have no dealings with thee, accept no favors); ib. 5a; a. e. 2) to go to sea. Gen. R. s. 13 היו מַפְרִישִׁין ליםוכ׳ were crossing the ocean; a. e.

    Jewish literature > פָּרַש

  • 553 פשט

    פָּשַׁט(b. h.) 1) to stretch, straighten. Sabb.I, 1, sq. פ׳ העני את ידווכ׳ if the recipient puts his hand forth to within (the house). Pes.118b, a. e. שפּוֹשְׁטִין, v. פַּס II. Gen. R. s. 28 לא פָשְׁטוּ ידיהם במצות they (the Sodomites) never stretched their hands forth for good deeds (charity); Lam. R. to IV, 6; Yalk. Ez. 351. Ber.3b; Snh.16a לכו פִשְׁטוּוכ׳, v. גְּדוּד. Men.I, 2 פושט את אצבעותיווכ׳ he stretches his fingers so as to reach his wrist. Lev. R. s. 2 פושטין לו יד we must reach forth our hands to him, v. כָּנָף. Keth.XIII, 5 הפוסק … ופ׳ לו את הרגל a man promises a certain amount to his intended son-in-law, and shows him the foot, i. e. refuses to give it to him; a. v. fr.Y.R. Hash. III, 58d top (ref. to פשוט, ib. III, 3) כדי שיִפְשְׁטוּוכ׳ (or שיְפַשְּׁטוּ, Pi.) (the horn is straight,) intimating that they must straighten their hearts through repentance.Part. pass. פָּשוּט, q. v. 2) to strip; (sub. בגדיו) to undress. Yoma III, 4; 6. Ib. 31b פּוֹשֵׁט … מקדש he (the high priest) undresses first and then sanctifies (washes his hands and feet). Ib. 32a כלום אדם פושט אלאוכ׳ can a man put off anything except what he has put on? Tam.I, 1; a. fr.Part. pass. פָּשוּט. Y.Yoma III, 40c bot. אחת פ׳ ואחת לבושוכ׳ whether he undresses or dresses, in either case the sanctification follows the act. 3) to make plain, to explain. Num. R. s. 18; Tanḥ. Ḥuck. 1 היה יושב ופושטוכ׳ was sitting at the gate of his town and explaining (teaching); (Gen. R. s. 10 ודורש). Ex. R. s. 47 היה למד … ופושט אותהוכ׳ he learned (the Torah) in day-time and explained it to himself at night; a. fr.Part. pass. as ab. Lev. R. s. 16 (ref. to Ps. 34:13) כל ימי … היכן הוא פ׳ all my days I have read this verse (question), but I never knew where it is answered. 4) (neut. verb) to spread, be published. Hor.3b עד שתִּפְשוֹט הוראה בכלוכ׳ until the decision is spread (adopted) in the whole congregation of Israel. Ab. Zar.36a; a. fr. Pi. פִּישֵּׁט 1) to stretch, straighten out. Y.Snh.III, 21a bot. התחיל מְפַשִּׁטוכ׳ (interch. with פישט) he began to put forth his hands and deal in fruits of the Sabbatical year. Tosef.Neg.I, 8 מְפַשְּׁטִין את קומטיווכ׳ the creases are straightened out, and then the leprous spot is examined; a. e.Tosef.Nidd.VI, 4, v. infra.Part. pass. מְפוּשָּׁט. Y.Naz.IX, 57d רגליו מְפוּשָּׁטוֹת וידווכ׳ if the corpse is found with its feet stretched and its hands on the heart, opp. קמצוץ. 2) to strip, take off. Tosef.Kel.B. Kam.IV, 17 משיְפַשֵּׁט את חלוקו (not חלוקן) from the time that the coat (the plaster of the stove) is taken off. Nif. נִפְשַׁט 1) to be straightened out, be unfolded, become flat. Kel. XXVI, 2 נ׳ טהור when it (the bag) is straightened out (so as to be a plain piece of leather, v. פָּשוּט), it is not susceptible to uncleanness. Tosef. Neg. l. c. כקמיטשנ׳ like a creased garment that has been straightened out; a. e. 2) to be stripped. Pirké dR. El. ch. XIV נ׳ עור צפורןוכ׳ the horny skin was taken from Adam, and he saw himself naked. Midr. Till. to Ps. 92, v. infra. Hif. הִפְשִׁיט 1) to strip, flay. Pes.V, 9 כיצד תולין ומַפְשִׁיטִין how did they suspend and flay (the Passover Iamb)? Ib. מי … ולהַפְשִׁיט he that could find no place where to suspend and flay. Tam.IV, 2. Pesik. R. s. 28 הִפְשִׁיטוּ את עבדיהםוכ׳ they undressed their men servants and maid servants and presented them ; a. fr. 2) to shed the skin. Pirké dR. El. l. c. שיהא מַפְשִׁיט את עורווכ׳ that it (the serpent) should shed its skin once in seven years. Midr. Till. to Ps. 92 מן העור שה׳ הנחשוכ׳ ed. Bub. (oth. ed. שנפשט) of the skin which the serpent shed the Lord made garments of honor ; Pirké dR. El. ch. XX; Yalk. Gen. 34. Hof. הוּפְשַׁט to be stripped. Zeb.XI, 3 עד שלאה׳ before the hide was taken off. Ib. 93b; a. e. Hithpa. הִתְפַּשֵּׁט, Nithpa. נִתְפַּשֵּׁט to be straightened, become even; to flatten. Ḥag.9a חיגר … ונ׳וכ׳ if he was lame on the first day and became straight Y.Yeb.I, 2d bot. עד שתִּתְפַּשֵּׁט הכף, v. כַּף; Tosef.Nidd.VI, 4 עד שתְּפַשֵּׁט אתוכ׳. B. Bath. 120a נִתְפַּשְּׁטוּ הקמטיןוכ׳ the wrinkles became even, and her beauty returned ; a. e.

    Jewish literature > פשט

  • 554 פָּשַׁט

    פָּשַׁט(b. h.) 1) to stretch, straighten. Sabb.I, 1, sq. פ׳ העני את ידווכ׳ if the recipient puts his hand forth to within (the house). Pes.118b, a. e. שפּוֹשְׁטִין, v. פַּס II. Gen. R. s. 28 לא פָשְׁטוּ ידיהם במצות they (the Sodomites) never stretched their hands forth for good deeds (charity); Lam. R. to IV, 6; Yalk. Ez. 351. Ber.3b; Snh.16a לכו פִשְׁטוּוכ׳, v. גְּדוּד. Men.I, 2 פושט את אצבעותיווכ׳ he stretches his fingers so as to reach his wrist. Lev. R. s. 2 פושטין לו יד we must reach forth our hands to him, v. כָּנָף. Keth.XIII, 5 הפוסק … ופ׳ לו את הרגל a man promises a certain amount to his intended son-in-law, and shows him the foot, i. e. refuses to give it to him; a. v. fr.Y.R. Hash. III, 58d top (ref. to פשוט, ib. III, 3) כדי שיִפְשְׁטוּוכ׳ (or שיְפַשְּׁטוּ, Pi.) (the horn is straight,) intimating that they must straighten their hearts through repentance.Part. pass. פָּשוּט, q. v. 2) to strip; (sub. בגדיו) to undress. Yoma III, 4; 6. Ib. 31b פּוֹשֵׁט … מקדש he (the high priest) undresses first and then sanctifies (washes his hands and feet). Ib. 32a כלום אדם פושט אלאוכ׳ can a man put off anything except what he has put on? Tam.I, 1; a. fr.Part. pass. פָּשוּט. Y.Yoma III, 40c bot. אחת פ׳ ואחת לבושוכ׳ whether he undresses or dresses, in either case the sanctification follows the act. 3) to make plain, to explain. Num. R. s. 18; Tanḥ. Ḥuck. 1 היה יושב ופושטוכ׳ was sitting at the gate of his town and explaining (teaching); (Gen. R. s. 10 ודורש). Ex. R. s. 47 היה למד … ופושט אותהוכ׳ he learned (the Torah) in day-time and explained it to himself at night; a. fr.Part. pass. as ab. Lev. R. s. 16 (ref. to Ps. 34:13) כל ימי … היכן הוא פ׳ all my days I have read this verse (question), but I never knew where it is answered. 4) (neut. verb) to spread, be published. Hor.3b עד שתִּפְשוֹט הוראה בכלוכ׳ until the decision is spread (adopted) in the whole congregation of Israel. Ab. Zar.36a; a. fr. Pi. פִּישֵּׁט 1) to stretch, straighten out. Y.Snh.III, 21a bot. התחיל מְפַשִּׁטוכ׳ (interch. with פישט) he began to put forth his hands and deal in fruits of the Sabbatical year. Tosef.Neg.I, 8 מְפַשְּׁטִין את קומטיווכ׳ the creases are straightened out, and then the leprous spot is examined; a. e.Tosef.Nidd.VI, 4, v. infra.Part. pass. מְפוּשָּׁט. Y.Naz.IX, 57d רגליו מְפוּשָּׁטוֹת וידווכ׳ if the corpse is found with its feet stretched and its hands on the heart, opp. קמצוץ. 2) to strip, take off. Tosef.Kel.B. Kam.IV, 17 משיְפַשֵּׁט את חלוקו (not חלוקן) from the time that the coat (the plaster of the stove) is taken off. Nif. נִפְשַׁט 1) to be straightened out, be unfolded, become flat. Kel. XXVI, 2 נ׳ טהור when it (the bag) is straightened out (so as to be a plain piece of leather, v. פָּשוּט), it is not susceptible to uncleanness. Tosef. Neg. l. c. כקמיטשנ׳ like a creased garment that has been straightened out; a. e. 2) to be stripped. Pirké dR. El. ch. XIV נ׳ עור צפורןוכ׳ the horny skin was taken from Adam, and he saw himself naked. Midr. Till. to Ps. 92, v. infra. Hif. הִפְשִׁיט 1) to strip, flay. Pes.V, 9 כיצד תולין ומַפְשִׁיטִין how did they suspend and flay (the Passover Iamb)? Ib. מי … ולהַפְשִׁיט he that could find no place where to suspend and flay. Tam.IV, 2. Pesik. R. s. 28 הִפְשִׁיטוּ את עבדיהםוכ׳ they undressed their men servants and maid servants and presented them ; a. fr. 2) to shed the skin. Pirké dR. El. l. c. שיהא מַפְשִׁיט את עורווכ׳ that it (the serpent) should shed its skin once in seven years. Midr. Till. to Ps. 92 מן העור שה׳ הנחשוכ׳ ed. Bub. (oth. ed. שנפשט) of the skin which the serpent shed the Lord made garments of honor ; Pirké dR. El. ch. XX; Yalk. Gen. 34. Hof. הוּפְשַׁט to be stripped. Zeb.XI, 3 עד שלאה׳ before the hide was taken off. Ib. 93b; a. e. Hithpa. הִתְפַּשֵּׁט, Nithpa. נִתְפַּשֵּׁט to be straightened, become even; to flatten. Ḥag.9a חיגר … ונ׳וכ׳ if he was lame on the first day and became straight Y.Yeb.I, 2d bot. עד שתִּתְפַּשֵּׁט הכף, v. כַּף; Tosef.Nidd.VI, 4 עד שתְּפַשֵּׁט אתוכ׳. B. Bath. 120a נִתְפַּשְּׁטוּ הקמטיןוכ׳ the wrinkles became even, and her beauty returned ; a. e.

    Jewish literature > פָּשַׁט

  • 555 פשר

    פָּשַׁר(to divide, to spread, 1) to melt, dissolve. Mekh. Bshall., Vayassʿa, s. 4 (expl. ונמס, Ex. 16:21, cmp. פִּשְׁפָּש III) כיון … היה פוֹשֵׁי והולךוכ׳ when the sun shone upon it (the manna), it melted and formed rivulets which ran 2) to be stale, tepid. Tanḥ. Vayesheb 4 כוס פשור (prob. to be read פּוֹשֵׁר) a cup of wine mixed with stale water. Sifra Mtsorʿa, ch. I מים פושרים stale water (from pools), opp. מים חיים. Par. VIII, 9 (מים) המלוחים והפּוֹשְׁרִים salty water and pool water.In gen. פּוֹשְׁרִים, פּוֹשְׁרִין (sub. מים) tepid liquids. Y.Sabb.XX, 17c bot., opp. צונין. Gen. R. s. 86 when his master said to him מזיג פ׳ והיו פ׳ mix the wine with tepid water, it was tepid, opp. רותחין. Ber.16b; Y. ib. II, 5b bot.; v. כָּיָה. Y.Nidd.II. beg.50c; a. fr.Y.Keth.X, end, 34a, v. Pi.Yalk. Gen. 38 ופשרתי, v. Nithpa. Hif. הִפְשִׁיר 1) to make tepid; to temper, cool. Sabb.40b מפני שמַפְשִׁיר מים שעליו because (by standing against the fire after a cold bath) he tempers (warms) the water on his body. Ib. III, 5 (41a, sq.) כדי להַפְשִׁירָן enough to temper the cold water, opp. בשביל שיחמי to get hot. Y. ib. III, 6b top מותר להַפְשִׁיר במקום שהיד שולטת you may temper (cold water, on the Sabbath) by contact with a temperature which the hand can endure. Lev. R. s. 26 (ref. to Ez. 10:7) הִפְשִׁירָן ונתנןוכ׳ he lowered the temperature of the coals and handed them to him; Yalk. Kings 220; Tanḥ. Emor 3; Midr. Sam. ch. XXIV (Yoma 77a נצטננו). Pesik. R. s. 12 (ref. to קָרְךָ, Deut. 25:18) אשר קֵירְךָ הִפְשִׁירְךָוכ׳ ‘who cooled thee, he (Amalek) made thee lukewarm, he made thee cold like water (so that others were encouraged to attack thee); a. fr. 2) (v. פְּשָׁרָה) to compromise. Y.Sot.v.20c bot. אברהם עשה … וה׳ עמו וכרות עמווכ׳ Abraham changed the evil inclination within him into good …, he compromised with it, (as we read, Neh. 9:8,) and he made a covenant with it (his heart); Y.Ber.IX, 14b bot. והפסיד אלא (corr. acc.).Tosef.Erub.XI (VIII), 11, v. infra. Nif. נִפְשַׁר to be dissolved; to be tempered. B. Kam.28b אפי׳ נִפְשָׁרָה even if the vessel fell apart (and its contents made the ground slippery). Sabb.40b לא בשביל שיבשל … שיִפָּשֵׁר not that it (the oil) be heated to boiling, but only that it be tempered (or be made more liquid). Pi. פִּישֵּׁר 1) to separate, tear loose, disengage. Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 1 את מְפַשֵּׁר אותהוכ׳ thou disengagest it (the thorn sticking to thy garments) here, and it sticks there; Pesik. R. s. 10 beg. והוא מפשר אותהוכ׳ (not אותם). Y.Sabb.VII, 10a bot. מְפַשְּׁרָןוכ׳ he may pick them (the thorns) out, … provided he does not tear the garment; Tosef.Erub.XI (VIII), 11 מפשר בידו Var. (ed. Zuck. מפשיר). Pesik. R. s. 13 עמד ופִשְּׁרוֹ הימנו he stood up and tore it (the dog) away from him. Ib. זכור היאך פִּישַּׁרְתִּי הימךוכ׳ remember how I tore the dog away from thee; a. e. 2) to temper. Lam. R. to I, 12 יום אחד היה תרון … פִּשְּׁרוֹ the glowing wrath of the Lord lasted one day; if Israel had repented, he would have cooled it off. 3) to compromise, arbitrate. Y.B. Mets.VI, 11a top באותו שיכול לפַשֵּׁר in a case of seizure for service ( אנגריא), when he might have compromised (pay a certain amount and release the seized animal). Y.Snh.I, 18b bot. שנים שפִּישְּׁרוּוכ׳ when two judges have arbitrated, the parties cannot retract. Y.Keth.X, end, 34a (read:) פי׳ מן השני חזקהוכ׳ if he compromised with the second creditor, it is taken for granted that the first creditor has a right to seize the debtors property (without regard to the claims of the second); פי׳ מן הראשון … פי׳ if he compromised with the first creditor …, he has compromised (the compromise is binding, and the second creditor cannot seize that portion of the property which the first would have had a right to claim, v. Asheri to Keth.91b). Nithpa. נִתְפַּשֵּׁר to be disentangled; trnsf. to be acquitted, pardoned. Gen. R. s. 22 עשיתי תשובה ונִתְפַּשַּׁרְתִּי I repented and was pardoned; Lev. R. s. 10; Midr. Till. to Ps. 100; Yalk. Gen. 38 ופשרתי (corr. acc.).

    Jewish literature > פשר

  • 556 פָּשַׁר

    פָּשַׁר(to divide, to spread, 1) to melt, dissolve. Mekh. Bshall., Vayassʿa, s. 4 (expl. ונמס, Ex. 16:21, cmp. פִּשְׁפָּש III) כיון … היה פוֹשֵׁי והולךוכ׳ when the sun shone upon it (the manna), it melted and formed rivulets which ran 2) to be stale, tepid. Tanḥ. Vayesheb 4 כוס פשור (prob. to be read פּוֹשֵׁר) a cup of wine mixed with stale water. Sifra Mtsorʿa, ch. I מים פושרים stale water (from pools), opp. מים חיים. Par. VIII, 9 (מים) המלוחים והפּוֹשְׁרִים salty water and pool water.In gen. פּוֹשְׁרִים, פּוֹשְׁרִין (sub. מים) tepid liquids. Y.Sabb.XX, 17c bot., opp. צונין. Gen. R. s. 86 when his master said to him מזיג פ׳ והיו פ׳ mix the wine with tepid water, it was tepid, opp. רותחין. Ber.16b; Y. ib. II, 5b bot.; v. כָּיָה. Y.Nidd.II. beg.50c; a. fr.Y.Keth.X, end, 34a, v. Pi.Yalk. Gen. 38 ופשרתי, v. Nithpa. Hif. הִפְשִׁיר 1) to make tepid; to temper, cool. Sabb.40b מפני שמַפְשִׁיר מים שעליו because (by standing against the fire after a cold bath) he tempers (warms) the water on his body. Ib. III, 5 (41a, sq.) כדי להַפְשִׁירָן enough to temper the cold water, opp. בשביל שיחמי to get hot. Y. ib. III, 6b top מותר להַפְשִׁיר במקום שהיד שולטת you may temper (cold water, on the Sabbath) by contact with a temperature which the hand can endure. Lev. R. s. 26 (ref. to Ez. 10:7) הִפְשִׁירָן ונתנןוכ׳ he lowered the temperature of the coals and handed them to him; Yalk. Kings 220; Tanḥ. Emor 3; Midr. Sam. ch. XXIV (Yoma 77a נצטננו). Pesik. R. s. 12 (ref. to קָרְךָ, Deut. 25:18) אשר קֵירְךָ הִפְשִׁירְךָוכ׳ ‘who cooled thee, he (Amalek) made thee lukewarm, he made thee cold like water (so that others were encouraged to attack thee); a. fr. 2) (v. פְּשָׁרָה) to compromise. Y.Sot.v.20c bot. אברהם עשה … וה׳ עמו וכרות עמווכ׳ Abraham changed the evil inclination within him into good …, he compromised with it, (as we read, Neh. 9:8,) and he made a covenant with it (his heart); Y.Ber.IX, 14b bot. והפסיד אלא (corr. acc.).Tosef.Erub.XI (VIII), 11, v. infra. Nif. נִפְשַׁר to be dissolved; to be tempered. B. Kam.28b אפי׳ נִפְשָׁרָה even if the vessel fell apart (and its contents made the ground slippery). Sabb.40b לא בשביל שיבשל … שיִפָּשֵׁר not that it (the oil) be heated to boiling, but only that it be tempered (or be made more liquid). Pi. פִּישֵּׁר 1) to separate, tear loose, disengage. Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 1 את מְפַשֵּׁר אותהוכ׳ thou disengagest it (the thorn sticking to thy garments) here, and it sticks there; Pesik. R. s. 10 beg. והוא מפשר אותהוכ׳ (not אותם). Y.Sabb.VII, 10a bot. מְפַשְּׁרָןוכ׳ he may pick them (the thorns) out, … provided he does not tear the garment; Tosef.Erub.XI (VIII), 11 מפשר בידו Var. (ed. Zuck. מפשיר). Pesik. R. s. 13 עמד ופִשְּׁרוֹ הימנו he stood up and tore it (the dog) away from him. Ib. זכור היאך פִּישַּׁרְתִּי הימךוכ׳ remember how I tore the dog away from thee; a. e. 2) to temper. Lam. R. to I, 12 יום אחד היה תרון … פִּשְּׁרוֹ the glowing wrath of the Lord lasted one day; if Israel had repented, he would have cooled it off. 3) to compromise, arbitrate. Y.B. Mets.VI, 11a top באותו שיכול לפַשֵּׁר in a case of seizure for service ( אנגריא), when he might have compromised (pay a certain amount and release the seized animal). Y.Snh.I, 18b bot. שנים שפִּישְּׁרוּוכ׳ when two judges have arbitrated, the parties cannot retract. Y.Keth.X, end, 34a (read:) פי׳ מן השני חזקהוכ׳ if he compromised with the second creditor, it is taken for granted that the first creditor has a right to seize the debtors property (without regard to the claims of the second); פי׳ מן הראשון … פי׳ if he compromised with the first creditor …, he has compromised (the compromise is binding, and the second creditor cannot seize that portion of the property which the first would have had a right to claim, v. Asheri to Keth.91b). Nithpa. נִתְפַּשֵּׁר to be disentangled; trnsf. to be acquitted, pardoned. Gen. R. s. 22 עשיתי תשובה ונִתְפַּשַּׁרְתִּי I repented and was pardoned; Lev. R. s. 10; Midr. Till. to Ps. 100; Yalk. Gen. 38 ופשרתי (corr. acc.).

    Jewish literature > פָּשַׁר

  • 557 פתח

    פָּתַח(b. h.) 1) to open, begin. Y.Ber.VI, end, 10d על כל … שהיה פוֹתֵהַוכ׳ over each cask as he opened it he said the benediction Sabb.104a, a. e. פּוֹתְחִין לו (Var. פְּתָחִין), v. טָמֵא I. Ib. 48a מתירין … אבל לא פותחין you may untie the neck-hole of a shirt, but not cut it open (on the Sabbath). Y.Taan.I, 64b top (ref. to Is. 45:8) כנקבה … פוֹתַחַתוכ׳ like the female that opens for the male. Ned.III, 4 לא יִפְתַּח לו בנדר he must not begin (offer his willingness) to make a vow (in order to escape robbery, v. נָדַר); a. v. fr.Part. pass. פָּתוּחַ; פְּתוּחָה; pl. פְּתוּחִים, פְּתוּחִין, פְּתוּחוֹת. Yeb.71b, a. e. נסתם הפ׳, v. סָתַם. Snh.94a, v. סָהֵם (v. מנצפ״ך). Meg.3a, פ׳ באמצע, v. סָתַם. Erub.IV, 6 שלש חצירות הפ׳ זו לזו ופ׳וכ׳ three courts opening into (communicating with) one another and into the public road; a. v. fr. פתה פתוח, v. פֶּתַח.Esp. (פרשה) פְּתוּחָה a paragraph in the Torah beginning with a new, indented line, opp. סתומה. Treat. Sofrim I, 14 איזהו פ׳ כל שלאוכ׳ what is an open paragraph? Such as does not begin at the beginning of a line, וכמה … ותהא נקראת פ׳ and how much space must one leave … for a paragraph to be called open?; a. fr.Trnsf. (to open the door to,) to introduce (into learning). Y.M. Kat. III, 83b top איזהו רבו כל שפ׳ לו תחלה who is called ones (special) teacher? He who was the first to initiate him; a. e.Esp. to open an opportunity for retracting a vow, to suggest reasons which, if known at the time, would have prevented the person from making the vow, v. חֲרָטָה. Ned.IX, 1 פותחין לאדם בכביךוכ׳ the judges offer suggestions taken from the respect due to parents (saying, if you had known that this vow cast a reflection on your father). Ib. רִפְתְּחוּ לו בכבוד המקים why not suggest to him the reverence due to the Lord (‘if you had known that he who makes a vow is considered an evil-doer)? Ib. 4 פותחין לו מן הכתובוכ׳ we offer suggestions to him from what is written in the Law, saying to him, if you had known that (in fulfilling that vow) you would transgress the law forbidding revenge ; a. fr.B. Kam.27a פ׳ בכד וסיים בחבית the Mishnah begins with kad and closes with ḥabith! Ber.10a פ׳ בה באשריוכ׳ v. סוּם I h. Gen. R. s. 84 אתה פָתֵחְתָּ תחלה בהצלתוכ׳ thou wast the first man to speak of saving life; אתה פתחת בתשובהוכ׳ thou wast the first to do repentance, … one of thy descendants shall rise and be the first (prophet) to call for repentance; a. fr.Esp. to open a lecture with a (Biblical) text. Pesik. Aḥăré, p. 170a> ר׳ לוי פ׳וכ׳ R. Levi took up the text (Ps. 75:5) Gen. R. s. 1; a. v. fr.Pesik. R. s. 33 (an editorial gloss) פ׳ בכל אלו הפרשיות the author takes his texts from all those (quoted) passages. 2) to explain, speak plainly. Shek. V, 1; Men.65a (ref. to פתחיה as identical with מרדכי) he was named Pethahia, שהיה פותח דברים ודורשןוכ׳ (not בדברים) because he explained words and interpreted them (etymologically) and knew seventy languages.Part. pass. as ab. Sifré Aḥăré, beg., v. סָתַם. Nif. נִפְתַּח 1) to be opened. Yeb.71b, a. e., v. סָתַם. R. Hash. 16b שלשה … נִפְתָּחִין בר״ה three books are opened (for recording) on the New Years Day. B. Bath. 125b, v. סוּם I, Nithpa. Pesik. R. l. c. להִיפָּתֵחַ to have ones bowels opened, v. פְּסִיעָה; a. fr.Ib. (editorial gloss) ונ׳ עוד שם בפרשתוכ׳ and furthermore this section (Is. 61:1) was used as the opening text; a. fr.Esp. to have ones eyes opened, to become seeing. Pesik. R. s. 42 בשילדה שדה כל סומא … נ׳ when Sarah gave birth, every blind person in the world was restored to sight; a. e. Pi. פִּיתֵּהֵ 1) to open. Ib. פי׳ הפילקיות he opened the prisons. Par. III, 8 ועושין … ומְפַתְּחִין בה חלונות they piled wood in the shape of a tower and opened windows in it. Zeb.88b רימונים שלא פִיתְּחוּ פיהן (Ms. K. a. R. 2 נִפְתְּהוּ; Ms. R. 1 נִתְפַּתְּחוּ, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 5) pomegranates which have not yet burst open; a. e. 2) to engrave. Y.Ab. Zar. III, 43b Pl. פי׳ בה פיתוחים if he cut designs into it. 3) to dig, break ground. Pirké dR. El. ch. XXVIII; Gen. R. s. 76 כשיצמד … יְפַתְּחוּ וישדדווכ׳ when an ox and a cow are harnessed together, they will break and harrow all valleys. Hithpa. הִתְפַּתֵּחַ, Nithpa. נִתְפַּתֵּחַ 1) to be opened, v. supra. Pesik. R. s. 31 נִתְפַּתְּחוּ בדם they (their cavities) were opened with (discharged) blood; a. e. 2) to be cut into, graven. Tosef.Sot.XV, 1; Y. ib. IX, 24b וכיון … היו מִתְפַּתְּחוֹת לפניווכ׳ and when they let it (the Shamir, v. שָׁמִיר) look at the stones, they were engraven before it like the (wax-covered) tablets Y.Kil.VII, beg.30d מתפתחת R. S. to Kil. VIII, 1, v. פִּתְפֵּת.

    Jewish literature > פתח

  • 558 פָּתַח

    פָּתַח(b. h.) 1) to open, begin. Y.Ber.VI, end, 10d על כל … שהיה פוֹתֵהַוכ׳ over each cask as he opened it he said the benediction Sabb.104a, a. e. פּוֹתְחִין לו (Var. פְּתָחִין), v. טָמֵא I. Ib. 48a מתירין … אבל לא פותחין you may untie the neck-hole of a shirt, but not cut it open (on the Sabbath). Y.Taan.I, 64b top (ref. to Is. 45:8) כנקבה … פוֹתַחַתוכ׳ like the female that opens for the male. Ned.III, 4 לא יִפְתַּח לו בנדר he must not begin (offer his willingness) to make a vow (in order to escape robbery, v. נָדַר); a. v. fr.Part. pass. פָּתוּחַ; פְּתוּחָה; pl. פְּתוּחִים, פְּתוּחִין, פְּתוּחוֹת. Yeb.71b, a. e. נסתם הפ׳, v. סָתַם. Snh.94a, v. סָהֵם (v. מנצפ״ך). Meg.3a, פ׳ באמצע, v. סָתַם. Erub.IV, 6 שלש חצירות הפ׳ זו לזו ופ׳וכ׳ three courts opening into (communicating with) one another and into the public road; a. v. fr. פתה פתוח, v. פֶּתַח.Esp. (פרשה) פְּתוּחָה a paragraph in the Torah beginning with a new, indented line, opp. סתומה. Treat. Sofrim I, 14 איזהו פ׳ כל שלאוכ׳ what is an open paragraph? Such as does not begin at the beginning of a line, וכמה … ותהא נקראת פ׳ and how much space must one leave … for a paragraph to be called open?; a. fr.Trnsf. (to open the door to,) to introduce (into learning). Y.M. Kat. III, 83b top איזהו רבו כל שפ׳ לו תחלה who is called ones (special) teacher? He who was the first to initiate him; a. e.Esp. to open an opportunity for retracting a vow, to suggest reasons which, if known at the time, would have prevented the person from making the vow, v. חֲרָטָה. Ned.IX, 1 פותחין לאדם בכביךוכ׳ the judges offer suggestions taken from the respect due to parents (saying, if you had known that this vow cast a reflection on your father). Ib. רִפְתְּחוּ לו בכבוד המקים why not suggest to him the reverence due to the Lord (‘if you had known that he who makes a vow is considered an evil-doer)? Ib. 4 פותחין לו מן הכתובוכ׳ we offer suggestions to him from what is written in the Law, saying to him, if you had known that (in fulfilling that vow) you would transgress the law forbidding revenge ; a. fr.B. Kam.27a פ׳ בכד וסיים בחבית the Mishnah begins with kad and closes with ḥabith! Ber.10a פ׳ בה באשריוכ׳ v. סוּם I h. Gen. R. s. 84 אתה פָתֵחְתָּ תחלה בהצלתוכ׳ thou wast the first man to speak of saving life; אתה פתחת בתשובהוכ׳ thou wast the first to do repentance, … one of thy descendants shall rise and be the first (prophet) to call for repentance; a. fr.Esp. to open a lecture with a (Biblical) text. Pesik. Aḥăré, p. 170a> ר׳ לוי פ׳וכ׳ R. Levi took up the text (Ps. 75:5) Gen. R. s. 1; a. v. fr.Pesik. R. s. 33 (an editorial gloss) פ׳ בכל אלו הפרשיות the author takes his texts from all those (quoted) passages. 2) to explain, speak plainly. Shek. V, 1; Men.65a (ref. to פתחיה as identical with מרדכי) he was named Pethahia, שהיה פותח דברים ודורשןוכ׳ (not בדברים) because he explained words and interpreted them (etymologically) and knew seventy languages.Part. pass. as ab. Sifré Aḥăré, beg., v. סָתַם. Nif. נִפְתַּח 1) to be opened. Yeb.71b, a. e., v. סָתַם. R. Hash. 16b שלשה … נִפְתָּחִין בר״ה three books are opened (for recording) on the New Years Day. B. Bath. 125b, v. סוּם I, Nithpa. Pesik. R. l. c. להִיפָּתֵחַ to have ones bowels opened, v. פְּסִיעָה; a. fr.Ib. (editorial gloss) ונ׳ עוד שם בפרשתוכ׳ and furthermore this section (Is. 61:1) was used as the opening text; a. fr.Esp. to have ones eyes opened, to become seeing. Pesik. R. s. 42 בשילדה שדה כל סומא … נ׳ when Sarah gave birth, every blind person in the world was restored to sight; a. e. Pi. פִּיתֵּהֵ 1) to open. Ib. פי׳ הפילקיות he opened the prisons. Par. III, 8 ועושין … ומְפַתְּחִין בה חלונות they piled wood in the shape of a tower and opened windows in it. Zeb.88b רימונים שלא פִיתְּחוּ פיהן (Ms. K. a. R. 2 נִפְתְּהוּ; Ms. R. 1 נִתְפַּתְּחוּ, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 5) pomegranates which have not yet burst open; a. e. 2) to engrave. Y.Ab. Zar. III, 43b Pl. פי׳ בה פיתוחים if he cut designs into it. 3) to dig, break ground. Pirké dR. El. ch. XXVIII; Gen. R. s. 76 כשיצמד … יְפַתְּחוּ וישדדווכ׳ when an ox and a cow are harnessed together, they will break and harrow all valleys. Hithpa. הִתְפַּתֵּחַ, Nithpa. נִתְפַּתֵּחַ 1) to be opened, v. supra. Pesik. R. s. 31 נִתְפַּתְּחוּ בדם they (their cavities) were opened with (discharged) blood; a. e. 2) to be cut into, graven. Tosef.Sot.XV, 1; Y. ib. IX, 24b וכיון … היו מִתְפַּתְּחוֹת לפניווכ׳ and when they let it (the Shamir, v. שָׁמִיר) look at the stones, they were engraven before it like the (wax-covered) tablets Y.Kil.VII, beg.30d מתפתחת R. S. to Kil. VIII, 1, v. פִּתְפֵּת.

    Jewish literature > פָּתַח

  • 559 פתח

    פְּתַחch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְפַּתֵּחַ, Nithpa. נִתְפַּתֵּחַ to be opened). Targ. Deut. 15:11. Targ. Is. 14:17; a. fr.Part. pass. פְּתִיחַ; f. פְּתִיחָא; pl. פְּתִיחִין, פְּתִיחַיָּא; פְּתִיחָן a) open. Targ. Num. 19:15. Targ. Josh. 8:17; a. fr.b) seeing, v. פְּתִיהַ.Taan.24a אתיא למִיפְתַּח … ולא מִיפְּתַחוכ׳ she came to open the door …, but it could not be opened on account of the wheat pressing against it. Gitt.69b לִיפְתַּה הביתאוכ׳ let him open a keg of wine B. Kam. 112b כגון דפָתְחוּ ליה בדיניהוכ׳ when they (the court) have opened his case (written a warrant, v. פְּתִיחָא II) and sent for him. Ned.28a מיפתח הוא דלא יפתחוכ׳ he dare not offer to make oath (in order to escape robbery), but make a vow, he may. Num. R. s. 9 תרעא דלא פתיחוכ׳, v. אָסֵי; a. fr.Ned.22a אע״ג דפ׳ … אנן לא פַתְחִינָןוכ׳ although R. Y. offered such a suggestion for retracting a vow, we must not do so; ולא פתחינן בהדאוכ׳ nor do we offer that other suggestion ; a. e. Af. אַפְתַּח same. Lam. R. to I, 1 רבתי, beg. א׳ ליה ביתיהוכ׳ he opened his house to him, and he entered. Pa. פַּתַּח same. Targ. Is. 45:1. Ib. 42:7.Part. pass. מְפַתַּח open-eyed, able to see. Lev. R. s. 22 חד סמי וחד מפ׳ (Koh. R. to V, 8 פתיח) one was blind, and the other could see. Ithpa. אִתְפַּתַּח, Ithpe. אִתְפְּתַח, אִיפְּ׳ 1) to be opened; to be released. Targ. O. Gen. 3:5; 7. Targ. Job 12:14; a. fr.Gitt.69a bot. לאִיפַּתּוּחֵיוכ׳ (Rashi לפתיחי, read: לפַתּוּחֵי Pa.) that the boil may open, let somebody blow Ib. b, v. צְפִירְתָּא; Pes.42b; a. e.Esp. to be restored to sight. Lev. R. l. c. דין דהוה סמי א׳וכ׳ he who was blind recovered sight, v. סְמֵי; Koh. R. l. c. Ib. אִיתְפַּתְּחַת the she-ass recovered ; a. e.

    Jewish literature > פתח

  • 560 פְּתַח

    פְּתַחch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְפַּתֵּחַ, Nithpa. נִתְפַּתֵּחַ to be opened). Targ. Deut. 15:11. Targ. Is. 14:17; a. fr.Part. pass. פְּתִיחַ; f. פְּתִיחָא; pl. פְּתִיחִין, פְּתִיחַיָּא; פְּתִיחָן a) open. Targ. Num. 19:15. Targ. Josh. 8:17; a. fr.b) seeing, v. פְּתִיהַ.Taan.24a אתיא למִיפְתַּח … ולא מִיפְּתַחוכ׳ she came to open the door …, but it could not be opened on account of the wheat pressing against it. Gitt.69b לִיפְתַּה הביתאוכ׳ let him open a keg of wine B. Kam. 112b כגון דפָתְחוּ ליה בדיניהוכ׳ when they (the court) have opened his case (written a warrant, v. פְּתִיחָא II) and sent for him. Ned.28a מיפתח הוא דלא יפתחוכ׳ he dare not offer to make oath (in order to escape robbery), but make a vow, he may. Num. R. s. 9 תרעא דלא פתיחוכ׳, v. אָסֵי; a. fr.Ned.22a אע״ג דפ׳ … אנן לא פַתְחִינָןוכ׳ although R. Y. offered such a suggestion for retracting a vow, we must not do so; ולא פתחינן בהדאוכ׳ nor do we offer that other suggestion ; a. e. Af. אַפְתַּח same. Lam. R. to I, 1 רבתי, beg. א׳ ליה ביתיהוכ׳ he opened his house to him, and he entered. Pa. פַּתַּח same. Targ. Is. 45:1. Ib. 42:7.Part. pass. מְפַתַּח open-eyed, able to see. Lev. R. s. 22 חד סמי וחד מפ׳ (Koh. R. to V, 8 פתיח) one was blind, and the other could see. Ithpa. אִתְפַּתַּח, Ithpe. אִתְפְּתַח, אִיפְּ׳ 1) to be opened; to be released. Targ. O. Gen. 3:5; 7. Targ. Job 12:14; a. fr.Gitt.69a bot. לאִיפַּתּוּחֵיוכ׳ (Rashi לפתיחי, read: לפַתּוּחֵי Pa.) that the boil may open, let somebody blow Ib. b, v. צְפִירְתָּא; Pes.42b; a. e.Esp. to be restored to sight. Lev. R. l. c. דין דהוה סמי א׳וכ׳ he who was blind recovered sight, v. סְמֵי; Koh. R. l. c. Ib. אִיתְפַּתְּחַת the she-ass recovered ; a. e.

    Jewish literature > פְּתַח


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