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nithpa

  • 521 פלש II

    פָּלַשII (b. h.; cmp. פַּלְפִּל II, a. פּוּלְסָא) to roll in, cover with. Hithpa. הִתְפַּלֵּש, Nithpa. נִתְפַּלֵּש to roll ones self, cover ones self. Gitt.58a קרעתו ונִתְפַּלְּשָׁח באפר (not קרעתה) she rent it (the shirt) and rolled herself in the dust; Yalk. Jer. 276.

    Jewish literature > פלש II

  • 522 פָּלַש

    פָּלַשII (b. h.; cmp. פַּלְפִּל II, a. פּוּלְסָא) to roll in, cover with. Hithpa. הִתְפַּלֵּש, Nithpa. נִתְפַּלֵּש to roll ones self, cover ones self. Gitt.58a קרעתו ונִתְפַּלְּשָׁח באפר (not קרעתה) she rent it (the shirt) and rolled herself in the dust; Yalk. Jer. 276.

    Jewish literature > פָּלַש

  • 523 פסק

    פָּסַק(b. h. פָּשַׂק) (to separate, part, distribute, 1) to divide, split, interrupt. Taan.27b; Meg.22a פּוֹסֵק the reader divides (one verse), i. e. the first reads two verses and a half, leaving the other half to be read by his successor. Ib. לא התיר לי לִפְסוֹקוכ׳ he permitted me to cut a verse in two only in teaching the school children. Ib. 31b במשנה תורה פוסק the chapter in Deuteronomy containing the curses (Deut. 28:15–69) may be divided (to be read by two or more); a. fr.(Gen. R. s. 10 כיון שפסקה; Yalk. ib. 16 שפוסקה, v. פָּתַק.Part. pass. פָּסוּק; f. פְּסוּקָה. Ḥull.III, 3 פְּסוּקַת הגרגרת, v. גַּרְגֶּרֶת. 2) (denom. of פָּסוּק) to recite a verse. Ḥag.15a, sq. פְּסוֹק לי פְּסוּקְךָ (interch. with Chald. פסוק לי פסוקיך) recite to me thy Bible verse (recently learned). 3) (cmp. חָתַךְ, גָּזַר) to apportion, assign; to provide; to promise, agree. Keth.65a אין פּוֹסְקִין יינות לאשה in decreeing alimentation for a woman we do not provide for wine. Ib. כך תִּפְסְקוּ לבנותיכם so much (and no more) may ye grant to your daughters. Ib. 107a פוסקין מזונות לאשת איש the court assigns alimentation (from the estate) to a deserted wife. Ib. V, 8 לא פ׳ … אלאוכ׳ only R. Y. decreed barley as a part of alimentation, because he lived near Edom. Ib. פוסק לעומתןוכ׳ he must give her, v. עוּמָּה. Ib. VI, 2 הפוסק מעות לחתנו if a man agrees to pay a certain amount to his intended son-in-law (on the date of marriage). Ib. 3 פָּסְקָה להכניס … הוא פוסקוכ׳ if she promises to bring to him one thousand Denars, he must assign to her (as settlement in the Kthubah) fifteen Manehs. Tosef. ib. XIII (XII), 1 אם פָּסְקוּ לה … מה שפסקו פסקו if the court has granted her (alimentation), what they have granted, is granted. Ib. פסקה היא לעצמה (not על עצמה) if she herself has promised (to bring her husband a certain sum, and now her father refuses to give it). Ib. אבה פ׳ עליוכ׳ my father has promised for me; what can I do (if he retracts)?; Keth.XIII, 5. Y.Kidd.IV, 65c top פּוֹסְקֵי צדקה ברביםוכ׳ those who subscribe to a charity in public and refuse to pay; Taan.8b; a. v. fr. 4) to fix a price; to buy on time. Gitt.58a אפדנו בכל ממון שפוסקין עליו I will redeem him for any price that they may set on him. B. Mets.V, 7 אין פוסקין … עד שיצא השער you dare not fix a price on crops (buy on time), until the market price has been published. Ib. יצא השער פוסקין ואע״פ שאין לזה יש לזה (missing in Y. ed.) when the market price is out, you may buy, for although he (the seller) has no goods as yet, others have. Ib. פוסק עמו על הגדיש, v. גָּדִיש; a. v. fr. 5) פ׳ דברים ( to split words, to argue. Snh.44b פיסקון שפוסק דברים כלפי מעלה Gabriel is surnamed Pisḳon, because he argues with the Lord. 6) (neut. verb) to be cut off; to cease, be stopped. Sot.IX, 9 משרבו … פסקו המים המרים … הפסיקן when the faithless men became frequent, the application of the waters of jealousy ceased, and it was R. J. ben Z. that abolished them. Ib. 12 פסקו אנשי אמונה the men of faith ceased to exist. Tanḥ. Shmoth 16 אין אותה מצוה פוֹסֶקֶת מביתו that good deed shall never cease from (being practiced in) his house. Gen. R. s. 52 פסקו העוברים והשבים travellers ceased to pass by; a. v. fr. Nif. נִפְסַק to be split, cut in two, broken. Tosef.B. Kam. XI, 15; B. Kam. 119b הנ׳ במגירה chips at planing, v. גָּרַר I. Ḥull.III, 1 נשברה השדרה ונ׳ החוט שלה if the spinal column is broken and the spinal cord severed. Sabb.112a סנדל שנִפְסְקוּ שתי אזניו a sandal, both ears (loops) of which are torn off; Tosef.Kel.B. Bath. IV, 5 שנִתְפַּסְּקוּ; Kel. XXVI, 4; a. fr.Tosef.Mikv.III, 5, sq. ונפסקו, v. פָּתַק. Hif. הִפְסִיק 1) to separate, sever connection; to form a partition. Sot.38b אפי׳ מחיצה … אינה מַפְסֶקֶת ביןוכ׳ not even an iron wall forms a partition between Israel and his father in heaven (worshippers form a congregation even if separated by a partition); Pes.85b. Peah. I, 2 ואלו מַפְסִיקִין לפאה the following things form a division of fields with regard to Peah: a brook Ab. Zar.52a אתה׳ הענין the word eth (before ĕlohehem Deut. 12:2) divides the subject (so as not to allow an analogy between idolatrous utensils and the idols themselves), v. next w.; a. fr. 2) to interrupt; to cause to cease; to leave off; to pause. Ber.II, 2 בין ויאמר לאמת ויציב לא יַפְסִיק between the last portion of the Sh‘mʿa (Num. 15:37–41) and ‘Ĕmeth Vyatsib one must not pause (interrupt the prayer to greet a person). Ib. 14a במגילה מהו שיפסיק may one interrupt ones self during the reading of the Mgillah? (Ib. also פּוֹסֵק Kal. Ib. 5:1. Ex. R. s. 2 עם כל הנביאיםה׳ מלדבר … לאה׳ מימיו with all other prophets the Lord ceased from speaking at times, but with Moses he never ceased. Taan.30a סעודה המַפְסִיק בה the meal with which one ceases (the last meal before beginning to fast, called סעודה המַפְסֶקֶת). Y.Nidd.I, 49c והִפְסִיקָה שלש עונות and ceased (to have menstruation) for three periods. Meg.III, 6 אין מַפְסִיקִין בקללותוכ׳ in reading the curses (Lev. 26:14–44; Deut. 28:15–69) you must not break off, but one person must read the whole Ib. 31b מקום שמפסיקין בשבתוכ׳ where they leave off reading on Sabbath morning, there they continue in the afternoon Sot.IX, 9, v. supra. Gen. R. s. 52, beg. מה אני מפסיק צדקה מביתי shall I allow charity to cease in my house (to fall into desuetude from want of opportunity)?; a. fr. 3) to cut sprays off, trim, v. פָּסַג. 4) to dam. Tosef.Par.V (IV), 9 מפסיק ומנגב he makes a dam (cuts off the influx) and lays the cavity dry. Pi. פִּיסֵּק 1) to trim. Tosef.B. Kam. XI, 18, v. פָּסַג. 2) to interrupt.Part. pass. מְפוּסָּק; pl. מְפוּסָּקִין. Y.Pes.X, 37c; Y.Sabb.VIII, beg.11a מהו לשתותן מפ׳ how about drinking them (the four cups of the Passover evening) in pauses (sipping)?, v. פִּיסָּק. 3) to cut down, ruin; to cut to pieces. Pesik. Naḥ., p. 128a> קיצצוהו ופִיסְּקוּהוּ they cut it down and ruined it (the vineyard). Lam. R. to IV, 15 והיתה … עליהן ומְפַסַּקְתָּן the carriage passed over them and dismembered them; Pesik. Vattom., p. 133b> ומפסקתה (corr. acc.); Yalk. Is. 266 והיתה … עליה ומְפַסַּקְתָּהּ; a. e. Hithpa. הִתְפַּסֵּק, Nithpa. נִתְפַּסֵּק 1) to be severed. Tosef.Kel.B. Bath. IV, 5, v. supra. 2) (sub. בעינים, cmp. קרץ, Prov. 10:10; 6:13) to blink. Deut. R. s. 5 עשה עצמו מִתְפַּסֵּק he pretended to be blinking (Y.Sot.I, 16d bot., a. e. עבד גרמיה חשש בעייניה).

    Jewish literature > פסק

  • 524 פָּסַק

    פָּסַק(b. h. פָּשַׂק) (to separate, part, distribute, 1) to divide, split, interrupt. Taan.27b; Meg.22a פּוֹסֵק the reader divides (one verse), i. e. the first reads two verses and a half, leaving the other half to be read by his successor. Ib. לא התיר לי לִפְסוֹקוכ׳ he permitted me to cut a verse in two only in teaching the school children. Ib. 31b במשנה תורה פוסק the chapter in Deuteronomy containing the curses (Deut. 28:15–69) may be divided (to be read by two or more); a. fr.(Gen. R. s. 10 כיון שפסקה; Yalk. ib. 16 שפוסקה, v. פָּתַק.Part. pass. פָּסוּק; f. פְּסוּקָה. Ḥull.III, 3 פְּסוּקַת הגרגרת, v. גַּרְגֶּרֶת. 2) (denom. of פָּסוּק) to recite a verse. Ḥag.15a, sq. פְּסוֹק לי פְּסוּקְךָ (interch. with Chald. פסוק לי פסוקיך) recite to me thy Bible verse (recently learned). 3) (cmp. חָתַךְ, גָּזַר) to apportion, assign; to provide; to promise, agree. Keth.65a אין פּוֹסְקִין יינות לאשה in decreeing alimentation for a woman we do not provide for wine. Ib. כך תִּפְסְקוּ לבנותיכם so much (and no more) may ye grant to your daughters. Ib. 107a פוסקין מזונות לאשת איש the court assigns alimentation (from the estate) to a deserted wife. Ib. V, 8 לא פ׳ … אלאוכ׳ only R. Y. decreed barley as a part of alimentation, because he lived near Edom. Ib. פוסק לעומתןוכ׳ he must give her, v. עוּמָּה. Ib. VI, 2 הפוסק מעות לחתנו if a man agrees to pay a certain amount to his intended son-in-law (on the date of marriage). Ib. 3 פָּסְקָה להכניס … הוא פוסקוכ׳ if she promises to bring to him one thousand Denars, he must assign to her (as settlement in the Kthubah) fifteen Manehs. Tosef. ib. XIII (XII), 1 אם פָּסְקוּ לה … מה שפסקו פסקו if the court has granted her (alimentation), what they have granted, is granted. Ib. פסקה היא לעצמה (not על עצמה) if she herself has promised (to bring her husband a certain sum, and now her father refuses to give it). Ib. אבה פ׳ עליוכ׳ my father has promised for me; what can I do (if he retracts)?; Keth.XIII, 5. Y.Kidd.IV, 65c top פּוֹסְקֵי צדקה ברביםוכ׳ those who subscribe to a charity in public and refuse to pay; Taan.8b; a. v. fr. 4) to fix a price; to buy on time. Gitt.58a אפדנו בכל ממון שפוסקין עליו I will redeem him for any price that they may set on him. B. Mets.V, 7 אין פוסקין … עד שיצא השער you dare not fix a price on crops (buy on time), until the market price has been published. Ib. יצא השער פוסקין ואע״פ שאין לזה יש לזה (missing in Y. ed.) when the market price is out, you may buy, for although he (the seller) has no goods as yet, others have. Ib. פוסק עמו על הגדיש, v. גָּדִיש; a. v. fr. 5) פ׳ דברים ( to split words, to argue. Snh.44b פיסקון שפוסק דברים כלפי מעלה Gabriel is surnamed Pisḳon, because he argues with the Lord. 6) (neut. verb) to be cut off; to cease, be stopped. Sot.IX, 9 משרבו … פסקו המים המרים … הפסיקן when the faithless men became frequent, the application of the waters of jealousy ceased, and it was R. J. ben Z. that abolished them. Ib. 12 פסקו אנשי אמונה the men of faith ceased to exist. Tanḥ. Shmoth 16 אין אותה מצוה פוֹסֶקֶת מביתו that good deed shall never cease from (being practiced in) his house. Gen. R. s. 52 פסקו העוברים והשבים travellers ceased to pass by; a. v. fr. Nif. נִפְסַק to be split, cut in two, broken. Tosef.B. Kam. XI, 15; B. Kam. 119b הנ׳ במגירה chips at planing, v. גָּרַר I. Ḥull.III, 1 נשברה השדרה ונ׳ החוט שלה if the spinal column is broken and the spinal cord severed. Sabb.112a סנדל שנִפְסְקוּ שתי אזניו a sandal, both ears (loops) of which are torn off; Tosef.Kel.B. Bath. IV, 5 שנִתְפַּסְּקוּ; Kel. XXVI, 4; a. fr.Tosef.Mikv.III, 5, sq. ונפסקו, v. פָּתַק. Hif. הִפְסִיק 1) to separate, sever connection; to form a partition. Sot.38b אפי׳ מחיצה … אינה מַפְסֶקֶת ביןוכ׳ not even an iron wall forms a partition between Israel and his father in heaven (worshippers form a congregation even if separated by a partition); Pes.85b. Peah. I, 2 ואלו מַפְסִיקִין לפאה the following things form a division of fields with regard to Peah: a brook Ab. Zar.52a אתה׳ הענין the word eth (before ĕlohehem Deut. 12:2) divides the subject (so as not to allow an analogy between idolatrous utensils and the idols themselves), v. next w.; a. fr. 2) to interrupt; to cause to cease; to leave off; to pause. Ber.II, 2 בין ויאמר לאמת ויציב לא יַפְסִיק between the last portion of the Sh‘mʿa (Num. 15:37–41) and ‘Ĕmeth Vyatsib one must not pause (interrupt the prayer to greet a person). Ib. 14a במגילה מהו שיפסיק may one interrupt ones self during the reading of the Mgillah? (Ib. also פּוֹסֵק Kal. Ib. 5:1. Ex. R. s. 2 עם כל הנביאיםה׳ מלדבר … לאה׳ מימיו with all other prophets the Lord ceased from speaking at times, but with Moses he never ceased. Taan.30a סעודה המַפְסִיק בה the meal with which one ceases (the last meal before beginning to fast, called סעודה המַפְסֶקֶת). Y.Nidd.I, 49c והִפְסִיקָה שלש עונות and ceased (to have menstruation) for three periods. Meg.III, 6 אין מַפְסִיקִין בקללותוכ׳ in reading the curses (Lev. 26:14–44; Deut. 28:15–69) you must not break off, but one person must read the whole Ib. 31b מקום שמפסיקין בשבתוכ׳ where they leave off reading on Sabbath morning, there they continue in the afternoon Sot.IX, 9, v. supra. Gen. R. s. 52, beg. מה אני מפסיק צדקה מביתי shall I allow charity to cease in my house (to fall into desuetude from want of opportunity)?; a. fr. 3) to cut sprays off, trim, v. פָּסַג. 4) to dam. Tosef.Par.V (IV), 9 מפסיק ומנגב he makes a dam (cuts off the influx) and lays the cavity dry. Pi. פִּיסֵּק 1) to trim. Tosef.B. Kam. XI, 18, v. פָּסַג. 2) to interrupt.Part. pass. מְפוּסָּק; pl. מְפוּסָּקִין. Y.Pes.X, 37c; Y.Sabb.VIII, beg.11a מהו לשתותן מפ׳ how about drinking them (the four cups of the Passover evening) in pauses (sipping)?, v. פִּיסָּק. 3) to cut down, ruin; to cut to pieces. Pesik. Naḥ., p. 128a> קיצצוהו ופִיסְּקוּהוּ they cut it down and ruined it (the vineyard). Lam. R. to IV, 15 והיתה … עליהן ומְפַסַּקְתָּן the carriage passed over them and dismembered them; Pesik. Vattom., p. 133b> ומפסקתה (corr. acc.); Yalk. Is. 266 והיתה … עליה ומְפַסַּקְתָּהּ; a. e. Hithpa. הִתְפַּסֵּק, Nithpa. נִתְפַּסֵּק 1) to be severed. Tosef.Kel.B. Bath. IV, 5, v. supra. 2) (sub. בעינים, cmp. קרץ, Prov. 10:10; 6:13) to blink. Deut. R. s. 5 עשה עצמו מִתְפַּסֵּק he pretended to be blinking (Y.Sot.I, 16d bot., a. e. עבד גרמיה חשש בעייניה).

    Jewish literature > פָּסַק

  • 525 פסק

    פְּסַק, פְּסֵיקch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְפַּסֵּק, Nithpa. נִתְפַּסֵּק to be severed), 1) to cut, split, sever. Targ. Jud. 16:9. Targ. 2 Sam. 10:4; 1 Chr. 19:4; a. fr.Part. pass. פָּסִיק, פְּסִיק. Targ. O. Deut. 23:2 (h. text פצוע דכה); Y. ib. פ׳ גידא (h. text. כרות שפכה). Targ. O. Lev. 22:22 (h. text חרוץ).Ḥull.8b, v. גַּוָּוזָא I. B. Bath.21b קא פַסְקַתוכ׳ thou cuttest off (interferest with), v. חַיּוּתָא. Lev. R. s. 32, end פסקת חייוי דהאי גברא thou cuttest off (shortenest) this mans (my) life (by divulging my spurious descent); a. fr. פסיק רישיה ולא ימות ‘let his head be cut off, but let him not die, a dialectic term for an unavoidable result of an act. Sabb.75a מודהר״ש בפ׳ר׳וכ׳ R. S. (who ordinarily permits, on the Sabbath, an act which may have as a result a violation of the Sabbath law, if the latter is not intended) admits that such an act is forbidden, if the result is inevitable. 2) to separate, divide. Targ. Hos. 2:8 (ed. Lag. Af.).Pes.111a פַּסְקִינְהוּ רשות הרבים (Rashb. פְּסַקְתִּינְהוּ) the public road divides them (the two palms); a. e.Meg.2b; B. Kam.65b, v. infra Af. 3) to be interrupted; to cease. Targ. Y. Gen. 44:12 (h. text כִּלָּה). Targ. II Esth. 3:7. Targ. Deut. 5:19; a. fr.Lev. R. s. 31; Midr. Till. to Ps. 19; Yalk. ib. 673 (expl. לא נעדר, Zeph. 3:5) לא פַסְקִין they never fail. M. Kat. 4a מיא דלא פּסְקֵי water which never fails. Ib. עבידא דפַסְקָא it often fails. Ib. 18b קלא דלא פָסֵיק a continuous rumor; וכמח קלא דלא פ׳ how long must a rumor last to be called a continuous rumor? Ib. דלא פ׳ ביני ביני if it has not ceased at intervals. Gitt.69a כי היכי דפסקי … לִיפְסוֹקוכ׳ as this water ceases to run, so may the blood ofstop flowing. Sabb.30b לא פ׳ פומיה, v. גִּירְסָא I; a. fr. 4) to apportion, assign, bargain, agree, subscribe. Y.Hor.III, 48a bot. הוה חמי … פ׳ והוא פסיק לקיבליח he waited to see how much the whole assembly subscribed, and he subscribed an amount equal to the entire subscription; Lev. R. s. 5 כד הוון פַּסְקִיןוכ׳ when all people had subscribed, he Ib. פ׳ חד ליטראוכ׳ subscribed one pound of gold. Keth.65a פְּסוֹק לי מזוני give me an order for my food; פ׳ לה he did so. Ib. 63a פסקו ליהוכ׳ they made arrangements for him for six years (to remain at college). Lev. R. s. 34 אנן פּסְקִינָן פרנה we shall make up the dowry by subscription (v. פְּסַס); Yalk. ib. 665; a. fr. 5) to decide, adjudge. Targ. 1 Kings 20:40. Targ. Job 38:10; a. e.Succ.29b, a. e. קא פסיק ותני לא שנאוכ׳ the editor of the Mishnah decides and teaches; i. e. speaks absolutely, drawing no distinction whether Gitt.86b לא פְסִיקָא ליה it was not decided with him, i. e. he could not state it absolutely; a. fr. 6) to close; פ׳ סידרא to close the reading from the Pentateuch, read the Hafṭarah. Yoma 87a; a. e., v. סִדְרָא.7) (denom. of פְּסוּקָא) to recite a verse, v. preced. a. פְּסוּקָא. Af. אַפְסֵיק 1) to sever, break, burst. Targ. Nah. 1:13; a. e. 2) to separate, interpose, divide off. Targ. Hos. 2:8; a. e.Meg.2b אתא את ואַפְסְקיהוכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. ופסק, ופסיק) the eth (וְאֵת, Esth. 9:21) comes to divide the sentence (giving it the meaning) that some celebrate the fourteenth and others the fifteenth of Adar. B. Kam.65b את פַּסְקֵיה קרא with eth ( ואת, Lev. 5:25) the text separates the clause from the preceding, opp. ערביה combines it; Yalk. Lev. 479 את אַפְסְקֵיה eth separates it; ib. לאַפְסוּקֵי בין ממוןוכ׳ (not לאפסוקיה) to draw the line between sacred property and Sot.38b אריכי … לא מַפְסְקֵי tall persons in front of short ones do not form a partition (to intercept the priestly benediction pronounced upon the congregation); תיבה לא מַפְסְקָא nor does the Tebah (v. תֵּבָה) between the priests and the people form a partition. Pes.111a אַפְסְקִינְהוּ בעפרא he dammed it (the waste water poured out in the street) with dust (spread dust over it); a. fr.Keth.77b; 17a, v. infra. 3) to cut off, cause to cease. Targ. 1 Sam. 2:33; a. e. 4) to take the last meal before beginning the fast. Keth.63a לא מר א׳ ולא מר א׳ Ar. (ed. אִיפְּסִיק Ithpe.) neither father nor son partook of the last meal (before the Day of Atonement). Ithpe. אִתְפְּסַק, אִיפְּסִיק 1) to be cut, severed, broken off. Targ. Jud. 16:9. Targ. Is. 52:2; a. fr.Sabb.112a איפסיק ליה רצועה (read: אִיפְּסִיקָא) a strap of his shoe broke. Y. ib. VI, 8a bot. אי׳ סנדליהוכ׳ R. Aḥas sandal fell off (the strap was broken). Ḥull.51a; a. fr. 2) to be interposed, to divide off. Keth.17a א׳ עמודא דנוראוכ׳ a column of fire was interposed between the bier of ; וגמירי דלא אפסיקוכ׳ (read: מִפְּסִיק) and there is a tradition that such a phenomenon occurs only for one person in a generation ; ib. 77b אִפְּסִיק, מִפְּסִיק. 3) to take the last meal, v. supra.

    Jewish literature > פסק

  • 526 פסיק

    פְּסַק, פְּסֵיקch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְפַּסֵּק, Nithpa. נִתְפַּסֵּק to be severed), 1) to cut, split, sever. Targ. Jud. 16:9. Targ. 2 Sam. 10:4; 1 Chr. 19:4; a. fr.Part. pass. פָּסִיק, פְּסִיק. Targ. O. Deut. 23:2 (h. text פצוע דכה); Y. ib. פ׳ גידא (h. text. כרות שפכה). Targ. O. Lev. 22:22 (h. text חרוץ).Ḥull.8b, v. גַּוָּוזָא I. B. Bath.21b קא פַסְקַתוכ׳ thou cuttest off (interferest with), v. חַיּוּתָא. Lev. R. s. 32, end פסקת חייוי דהאי גברא thou cuttest off (shortenest) this mans (my) life (by divulging my spurious descent); a. fr. פסיק רישיה ולא ימות ‘let his head be cut off, but let him not die, a dialectic term for an unavoidable result of an act. Sabb.75a מודהר״ש בפ׳ר׳וכ׳ R. S. (who ordinarily permits, on the Sabbath, an act which may have as a result a violation of the Sabbath law, if the latter is not intended) admits that such an act is forbidden, if the result is inevitable. 2) to separate, divide. Targ. Hos. 2:8 (ed. Lag. Af.).Pes.111a פַּסְקִינְהוּ רשות הרבים (Rashb. פְּסַקְתִּינְהוּ) the public road divides them (the two palms); a. e.Meg.2b; B. Kam.65b, v. infra Af. 3) to be interrupted; to cease. Targ. Y. Gen. 44:12 (h. text כִּלָּה). Targ. II Esth. 3:7. Targ. Deut. 5:19; a. fr.Lev. R. s. 31; Midr. Till. to Ps. 19; Yalk. ib. 673 (expl. לא נעדר, Zeph. 3:5) לא פַסְקִין they never fail. M. Kat. 4a מיא דלא פּסְקֵי water which never fails. Ib. עבידא דפַסְקָא it often fails. Ib. 18b קלא דלא פָסֵיק a continuous rumor; וכמח קלא דלא פ׳ how long must a rumor last to be called a continuous rumor? Ib. דלא פ׳ ביני ביני if it has not ceased at intervals. Gitt.69a כי היכי דפסקי … לִיפְסוֹקוכ׳ as this water ceases to run, so may the blood ofstop flowing. Sabb.30b לא פ׳ פומיה, v. גִּירְסָא I; a. fr. 4) to apportion, assign, bargain, agree, subscribe. Y.Hor.III, 48a bot. הוה חמי … פ׳ והוא פסיק לקיבליח he waited to see how much the whole assembly subscribed, and he subscribed an amount equal to the entire subscription; Lev. R. s. 5 כד הוון פַּסְקִיןוכ׳ when all people had subscribed, he Ib. פ׳ חד ליטראוכ׳ subscribed one pound of gold. Keth.65a פְּסוֹק לי מזוני give me an order for my food; פ׳ לה he did so. Ib. 63a פסקו ליהוכ׳ they made arrangements for him for six years (to remain at college). Lev. R. s. 34 אנן פּסְקִינָן פרנה we shall make up the dowry by subscription (v. פְּסַס); Yalk. ib. 665; a. fr. 5) to decide, adjudge. Targ. 1 Kings 20:40. Targ. Job 38:10; a. e.Succ.29b, a. e. קא פסיק ותני לא שנאוכ׳ the editor of the Mishnah decides and teaches; i. e. speaks absolutely, drawing no distinction whether Gitt.86b לא פְסִיקָא ליה it was not decided with him, i. e. he could not state it absolutely; a. fr. 6) to close; פ׳ סידרא to close the reading from the Pentateuch, read the Hafṭarah. Yoma 87a; a. e., v. סִדְרָא.7) (denom. of פְּסוּקָא) to recite a verse, v. preced. a. פְּסוּקָא. Af. אַפְסֵיק 1) to sever, break, burst. Targ. Nah. 1:13; a. e. 2) to separate, interpose, divide off. Targ. Hos. 2:8; a. e.Meg.2b אתא את ואַפְסְקיהוכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. ופסק, ופסיק) the eth (וְאֵת, Esth. 9:21) comes to divide the sentence (giving it the meaning) that some celebrate the fourteenth and others the fifteenth of Adar. B. Kam.65b את פַּסְקֵיה קרא with eth ( ואת, Lev. 5:25) the text separates the clause from the preceding, opp. ערביה combines it; Yalk. Lev. 479 את אַפְסְקֵיה eth separates it; ib. לאַפְסוּקֵי בין ממוןוכ׳ (not לאפסוקיה) to draw the line between sacred property and Sot.38b אריכי … לא מַפְסְקֵי tall persons in front of short ones do not form a partition (to intercept the priestly benediction pronounced upon the congregation); תיבה לא מַפְסְקָא nor does the Tebah (v. תֵּבָה) between the priests and the people form a partition. Pes.111a אַפְסְקִינְהוּ בעפרא he dammed it (the waste water poured out in the street) with dust (spread dust over it); a. fr.Keth.77b; 17a, v. infra. 3) to cut off, cause to cease. Targ. 1 Sam. 2:33; a. e. 4) to take the last meal before beginning the fast. Keth.63a לא מר א׳ ולא מר א׳ Ar. (ed. אִיפְּסִיק Ithpe.) neither father nor son partook of the last meal (before the Day of Atonement). Ithpe. אִתְפְּסַק, אִיפְּסִיק 1) to be cut, severed, broken off. Targ. Jud. 16:9. Targ. Is. 52:2; a. fr.Sabb.112a איפסיק ליה רצועה (read: אִיפְּסִיקָא) a strap of his shoe broke. Y. ib. VI, 8a bot. אי׳ סנדליהוכ׳ R. Aḥas sandal fell off (the strap was broken). Ḥull.51a; a. fr. 2) to be interposed, to divide off. Keth.17a א׳ עמודא דנוראוכ׳ a column of fire was interposed between the bier of ; וגמירי דלא אפסיקוכ׳ (read: מִפְּסִיק) and there is a tradition that such a phenomenon occurs only for one person in a generation ; ib. 77b אִפְּסִיק, מִפְּסִיק. 3) to take the last meal, v. supra.

    Jewish literature > פסיק

  • 527 פְּסַק

    פְּסַק, פְּסֵיקch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְפַּסֵּק, Nithpa. נִתְפַּסֵּק to be severed), 1) to cut, split, sever. Targ. Jud. 16:9. Targ. 2 Sam. 10:4; 1 Chr. 19:4; a. fr.Part. pass. פָּסִיק, פְּסִיק. Targ. O. Deut. 23:2 (h. text פצוע דכה); Y. ib. פ׳ גידא (h. text. כרות שפכה). Targ. O. Lev. 22:22 (h. text חרוץ).Ḥull.8b, v. גַּוָּוזָא I. B. Bath.21b קא פַסְקַתוכ׳ thou cuttest off (interferest with), v. חַיּוּתָא. Lev. R. s. 32, end פסקת חייוי דהאי גברא thou cuttest off (shortenest) this mans (my) life (by divulging my spurious descent); a. fr. פסיק רישיה ולא ימות ‘let his head be cut off, but let him not die, a dialectic term for an unavoidable result of an act. Sabb.75a מודהר״ש בפ׳ר׳וכ׳ R. S. (who ordinarily permits, on the Sabbath, an act which may have as a result a violation of the Sabbath law, if the latter is not intended) admits that such an act is forbidden, if the result is inevitable. 2) to separate, divide. Targ. Hos. 2:8 (ed. Lag. Af.).Pes.111a פַּסְקִינְהוּ רשות הרבים (Rashb. פְּסַקְתִּינְהוּ) the public road divides them (the two palms); a. e.Meg.2b; B. Kam.65b, v. infra Af. 3) to be interrupted; to cease. Targ. Y. Gen. 44:12 (h. text כִּלָּה). Targ. II Esth. 3:7. Targ. Deut. 5:19; a. fr.Lev. R. s. 31; Midr. Till. to Ps. 19; Yalk. ib. 673 (expl. לא נעדר, Zeph. 3:5) לא פַסְקִין they never fail. M. Kat. 4a מיא דלא פּסְקֵי water which never fails. Ib. עבידא דפַסְקָא it often fails. Ib. 18b קלא דלא פָסֵיק a continuous rumor; וכמח קלא דלא פ׳ how long must a rumor last to be called a continuous rumor? Ib. דלא פ׳ ביני ביני if it has not ceased at intervals. Gitt.69a כי היכי דפסקי … לִיפְסוֹקוכ׳ as this water ceases to run, so may the blood ofstop flowing. Sabb.30b לא פ׳ פומיה, v. גִּירְסָא I; a. fr. 4) to apportion, assign, bargain, agree, subscribe. Y.Hor.III, 48a bot. הוה חמי … פ׳ והוא פסיק לקיבליח he waited to see how much the whole assembly subscribed, and he subscribed an amount equal to the entire subscription; Lev. R. s. 5 כד הוון פַּסְקִיןוכ׳ when all people had subscribed, he Ib. פ׳ חד ליטראוכ׳ subscribed one pound of gold. Keth.65a פְּסוֹק לי מזוני give me an order for my food; פ׳ לה he did so. Ib. 63a פסקו ליהוכ׳ they made arrangements for him for six years (to remain at college). Lev. R. s. 34 אנן פּסְקִינָן פרנה we shall make up the dowry by subscription (v. פְּסַס); Yalk. ib. 665; a. fr. 5) to decide, adjudge. Targ. 1 Kings 20:40. Targ. Job 38:10; a. e.Succ.29b, a. e. קא פסיק ותני לא שנאוכ׳ the editor of the Mishnah decides and teaches; i. e. speaks absolutely, drawing no distinction whether Gitt.86b לא פְסִיקָא ליה it was not decided with him, i. e. he could not state it absolutely; a. fr. 6) to close; פ׳ סידרא to close the reading from the Pentateuch, read the Hafṭarah. Yoma 87a; a. e., v. סִדְרָא.7) (denom. of פְּסוּקָא) to recite a verse, v. preced. a. פְּסוּקָא. Af. אַפְסֵיק 1) to sever, break, burst. Targ. Nah. 1:13; a. e. 2) to separate, interpose, divide off. Targ. Hos. 2:8; a. e.Meg.2b אתא את ואַפְסְקיהוכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. ופסק, ופסיק) the eth (וְאֵת, Esth. 9:21) comes to divide the sentence (giving it the meaning) that some celebrate the fourteenth and others the fifteenth of Adar. B. Kam.65b את פַּסְקֵיה קרא with eth ( ואת, Lev. 5:25) the text separates the clause from the preceding, opp. ערביה combines it; Yalk. Lev. 479 את אַפְסְקֵיה eth separates it; ib. לאַפְסוּקֵי בין ממוןוכ׳ (not לאפסוקיה) to draw the line between sacred property and Sot.38b אריכי … לא מַפְסְקֵי tall persons in front of short ones do not form a partition (to intercept the priestly benediction pronounced upon the congregation); תיבה לא מַפְסְקָא nor does the Tebah (v. תֵּבָה) between the priests and the people form a partition. Pes.111a אַפְסְקִינְהוּ בעפרא he dammed it (the waste water poured out in the street) with dust (spread dust over it); a. fr.Keth.77b; 17a, v. infra. 3) to cut off, cause to cease. Targ. 1 Sam. 2:33; a. e. 4) to take the last meal before beginning the fast. Keth.63a לא מר א׳ ולא מר א׳ Ar. (ed. אִיפְּסִיק Ithpe.) neither father nor son partook of the last meal (before the Day of Atonement). Ithpe. אִתְפְּסַק, אִיפְּסִיק 1) to be cut, severed, broken off. Targ. Jud. 16:9. Targ. Is. 52:2; a. fr.Sabb.112a איפסיק ליה רצועה (read: אִיפְּסִיקָא) a strap of his shoe broke. Y. ib. VI, 8a bot. אי׳ סנדליהוכ׳ R. Aḥas sandal fell off (the strap was broken). Ḥull.51a; a. fr. 2) to be interposed, to divide off. Keth.17a א׳ עמודא דנוראוכ׳ a column of fire was interposed between the bier of ; וגמירי דלא אפסיקוכ׳ (read: מִפְּסִיק) and there is a tradition that such a phenomenon occurs only for one person in a generation ; ib. 77b אִפְּסִיק, מִפְּסִיק. 3) to take the last meal, v. supra.

    Jewish literature > פְּסַק

  • 528 פְּסֵיק

    פְּסַק, פְּסֵיקch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְפַּסֵּק, Nithpa. נִתְפַּסֵּק to be severed), 1) to cut, split, sever. Targ. Jud. 16:9. Targ. 2 Sam. 10:4; 1 Chr. 19:4; a. fr.Part. pass. פָּסִיק, פְּסִיק. Targ. O. Deut. 23:2 (h. text פצוע דכה); Y. ib. פ׳ גידא (h. text. כרות שפכה). Targ. O. Lev. 22:22 (h. text חרוץ).Ḥull.8b, v. גַּוָּוזָא I. B. Bath.21b קא פַסְקַתוכ׳ thou cuttest off (interferest with), v. חַיּוּתָא. Lev. R. s. 32, end פסקת חייוי דהאי גברא thou cuttest off (shortenest) this mans (my) life (by divulging my spurious descent); a. fr. פסיק רישיה ולא ימות ‘let his head be cut off, but let him not die, a dialectic term for an unavoidable result of an act. Sabb.75a מודהר״ש בפ׳ר׳וכ׳ R. S. (who ordinarily permits, on the Sabbath, an act which may have as a result a violation of the Sabbath law, if the latter is not intended) admits that such an act is forbidden, if the result is inevitable. 2) to separate, divide. Targ. Hos. 2:8 (ed. Lag. Af.).Pes.111a פַּסְקִינְהוּ רשות הרבים (Rashb. פְּסַקְתִּינְהוּ) the public road divides them (the two palms); a. e.Meg.2b; B. Kam.65b, v. infra Af. 3) to be interrupted; to cease. Targ. Y. Gen. 44:12 (h. text כִּלָּה). Targ. II Esth. 3:7. Targ. Deut. 5:19; a. fr.Lev. R. s. 31; Midr. Till. to Ps. 19; Yalk. ib. 673 (expl. לא נעדר, Zeph. 3:5) לא פַסְקִין they never fail. M. Kat. 4a מיא דלא פּסְקֵי water which never fails. Ib. עבידא דפַסְקָא it often fails. Ib. 18b קלא דלא פָסֵיק a continuous rumor; וכמח קלא דלא פ׳ how long must a rumor last to be called a continuous rumor? Ib. דלא פ׳ ביני ביני if it has not ceased at intervals. Gitt.69a כי היכי דפסקי … לִיפְסוֹקוכ׳ as this water ceases to run, so may the blood ofstop flowing. Sabb.30b לא פ׳ פומיה, v. גִּירְסָא I; a. fr. 4) to apportion, assign, bargain, agree, subscribe. Y.Hor.III, 48a bot. הוה חמי … פ׳ והוא פסיק לקיבליח he waited to see how much the whole assembly subscribed, and he subscribed an amount equal to the entire subscription; Lev. R. s. 5 כד הוון פַּסְקִיןוכ׳ when all people had subscribed, he Ib. פ׳ חד ליטראוכ׳ subscribed one pound of gold. Keth.65a פְּסוֹק לי מזוני give me an order for my food; פ׳ לה he did so. Ib. 63a פסקו ליהוכ׳ they made arrangements for him for six years (to remain at college). Lev. R. s. 34 אנן פּסְקִינָן פרנה we shall make up the dowry by subscription (v. פְּסַס); Yalk. ib. 665; a. fr. 5) to decide, adjudge. Targ. 1 Kings 20:40. Targ. Job 38:10; a. e.Succ.29b, a. e. קא פסיק ותני לא שנאוכ׳ the editor of the Mishnah decides and teaches; i. e. speaks absolutely, drawing no distinction whether Gitt.86b לא פְסִיקָא ליה it was not decided with him, i. e. he could not state it absolutely; a. fr. 6) to close; פ׳ סידרא to close the reading from the Pentateuch, read the Hafṭarah. Yoma 87a; a. e., v. סִדְרָא.7) (denom. of פְּסוּקָא) to recite a verse, v. preced. a. פְּסוּקָא. Af. אַפְסֵיק 1) to sever, break, burst. Targ. Nah. 1:13; a. e. 2) to separate, interpose, divide off. Targ. Hos. 2:8; a. e.Meg.2b אתא את ואַפְסְקיהוכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. ופסק, ופסיק) the eth (וְאֵת, Esth. 9:21) comes to divide the sentence (giving it the meaning) that some celebrate the fourteenth and others the fifteenth of Adar. B. Kam.65b את פַּסְקֵיה קרא with eth ( ואת, Lev. 5:25) the text separates the clause from the preceding, opp. ערביה combines it; Yalk. Lev. 479 את אַפְסְקֵיה eth separates it; ib. לאַפְסוּקֵי בין ממוןוכ׳ (not לאפסוקיה) to draw the line between sacred property and Sot.38b אריכי … לא מַפְסְקֵי tall persons in front of short ones do not form a partition (to intercept the priestly benediction pronounced upon the congregation); תיבה לא מַפְסְקָא nor does the Tebah (v. תֵּבָה) between the priests and the people form a partition. Pes.111a אַפְסְקִינְהוּ בעפרא he dammed it (the waste water poured out in the street) with dust (spread dust over it); a. fr.Keth.77b; 17a, v. infra. 3) to cut off, cause to cease. Targ. 1 Sam. 2:33; a. e. 4) to take the last meal before beginning the fast. Keth.63a לא מר א׳ ולא מר א׳ Ar. (ed. אִיפְּסִיק Ithpe.) neither father nor son partook of the last meal (before the Day of Atonement). Ithpe. אִתְפְּסַק, אִיפְּסִיק 1) to be cut, severed, broken off. Targ. Jud. 16:9. Targ. Is. 52:2; a. fr.Sabb.112a איפסיק ליה רצועה (read: אִיפְּסִיקָא) a strap of his shoe broke. Y. ib. VI, 8a bot. אי׳ סנדליהוכ׳ R. Aḥas sandal fell off (the strap was broken). Ḥull.51a; a. fr. 2) to be interposed, to divide off. Keth.17a א׳ עמודא דנוראוכ׳ a column of fire was interposed between the bier of ; וגמירי דלא אפסיקוכ׳ (read: מִפְּסִיק) and there is a tradition that such a phenomenon occurs only for one person in a generation ; ib. 77b אִפְּסִיק, מִפְּסִיק. 3) to take the last meal, v. supra.

    Jewish literature > פְּסֵיק

  • 529 פצע

    פָּצַע(b. h.; cmp. preced.) 1) to split, crack or squeeze open; to wound. B. Kam.93a הכני פְּצָעֵנִי על מנת לפטור פטור (if one said to ones neighbor) strike me, wound me, with the condition that thou be free (from indemnity): he is free. Ib. הכני פצעני על מנת לפטורוכ׳ (if he said) ‘strike me, wound me, (and he is aked,) with the condition that I shall be free?, and he answers, yes. Sabb.VII, 2 הפּוֹצֵעַ שני חוטין he who divides off two threads (on the loom). Tosef. ib. VIII (IX), 21 כדי לִפְצוֹעַוכ׳ large enough to divide with it two threads (on each side) at a time. Yalk. Gen. 38 פְּצַעְתִּיו, v. פֶּצַע. Sabb.75a הצר חלזון והפּוֹצְעוֹ he who catches a snail and breaks it open (squeezes it out); Tosef. ib. VIII (IX), 2 לפצעו (corr. acc.). Sabb. l. c. שפְּצָעוֹ מת when he squeezed it out after it was dead. Y. ib. XVII, beg.16a לִפְצוֹעַ בו אגוזים to open nuts with it. Tosef.Kel.B. Kam. I, 6 פּוֹצְעִין את מוחווכ׳ (not פצעין), v. גֶּזֶר; a. fr.Part. pass. פָּצוּעַ; pl. פְּצוּעִים, פְּצוּעִין. Teb. Yom III, 6 זיתים פ׳ burst olives. Ter. X, 7 פְּצוּעֵי תרומה burst olives set aside for priests gifts; a. e.Esp. פְּצוּעַ דַּכָּא (פְּ׳ דַּכָּה) one whose testicles are crushed (forbidden to marry, Deut. 23:2). Yeb.VIII, 1. Ib. 2 איזה פ׳ ד׳ כל שנִפְצְעוּוכ׳ what is meant by ptsuʿa dakka? One whose testicles, one or both, are crushed. Ib. 75b פ׳ ד׳ בידי שמים כשר one whose testicles are crushed from a natural cause (not through human action) is permitted to marry. Ib. (ref. to Deut. l. c.) היינו דקרינן פְּצוּעַ ולא קרינן פְּצִיעַ Ar. it is therefore (to indicate human action) that the text has ptsuʿa. (one that has been mashed) and not ptsiʿa (one who is mashed); (ed. הַפָּצוּעַ פציע …, v. Rashi). Ib. פ׳ בכולן the expression ‘mashed refers to all parts of the genitals. 2) to divide the ends of a web, fringe. Men.40b, כיון שפָּצְעוּ בה שלשה (Ms. M. שצבעו, Mss. R. a. K. שבצעו, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) as soon as they had fringed three fingers lengths of it. Pi. פִּיצֵּעַ same. Y.Maasr.I, end, 49b זית שפִּיצְּעוּוכ׳ olives which they opened with unclean hands; Tosef.Toh. X, 11 שפצעו; Sabb.145a המְפַצֵּעַ בזתיסוכ׳; a. e.; v. infra Hif. Nif. נִפְצַע, Nithpa. נִתְפַּצֵּעַ to be split, squeezed open, crushed; to be wounded. Y.Taan.I, 63d top נ׳ בנו his son was wounded (or had a fracture). Yeb. l. c.; a. e.Num. R. s. 10 (ref. to Prov. 23:29) זו הזונה … נִפְצַעַתוכ׳ that is the adulteress who is wounded with wounds of love, ‘for naught, without any wound through her husband. Orl. III, 8 נִתְפַּצְּעוּ האגוזים if the nuts (in the mixture) were cracked; Tosef.Ter.V, 10. Hif. הִפְצִיעַ 1) to split. Y.Shek.VI, beg.49c מַפְצִיעַ עצים splitting wood. Snh.IX, 6 מַפְצִיעִין את מוחווכ׳; Y. ib. X, 28d bot. ומְמַצְּעִיןוכ׳, v. גֶּזֶר; a. e. 2) to branch off, spread, scatter. Yoma 28b תימור של חמה מַפְצִיעַ לכאן ולכאן the light-column of the dawn irradiates in all directions, opp. to מתמר ועולה כמקל, v. תָּמַר. Ib. 38a של הללו מפציעוכ׳ the smoke column of the frankincense prepared by them branched off in all directions. Ib. 29a, v. פָּצַל; a. e.

    Jewish literature > פצע

  • 530 פָּצַע

    פָּצַע(b. h.; cmp. preced.) 1) to split, crack or squeeze open; to wound. B. Kam.93a הכני פְּצָעֵנִי על מנת לפטור פטור (if one said to ones neighbor) strike me, wound me, with the condition that thou be free (from indemnity): he is free. Ib. הכני פצעני על מנת לפטורוכ׳ (if he said) ‘strike me, wound me, (and he is aked,) with the condition that I shall be free?, and he answers, yes. Sabb.VII, 2 הפּוֹצֵעַ שני חוטין he who divides off two threads (on the loom). Tosef. ib. VIII (IX), 21 כדי לִפְצוֹעַוכ׳ large enough to divide with it two threads (on each side) at a time. Yalk. Gen. 38 פְּצַעְתִּיו, v. פֶּצַע. Sabb.75a הצר חלזון והפּוֹצְעוֹ he who catches a snail and breaks it open (squeezes it out); Tosef. ib. VIII (IX), 2 לפצעו (corr. acc.). Sabb. l. c. שפְּצָעוֹ מת when he squeezed it out after it was dead. Y. ib. XVII, beg.16a לִפְצוֹעַ בו אגוזים to open nuts with it. Tosef.Kel.B. Kam. I, 6 פּוֹצְעִין את מוחווכ׳ (not פצעין), v. גֶּזֶר; a. fr.Part. pass. פָּצוּעַ; pl. פְּצוּעִים, פְּצוּעִין. Teb. Yom III, 6 זיתים פ׳ burst olives. Ter. X, 7 פְּצוּעֵי תרומה burst olives set aside for priests gifts; a. e.Esp. פְּצוּעַ דַּכָּא (פְּ׳ דַּכָּה) one whose testicles are crushed (forbidden to marry, Deut. 23:2). Yeb.VIII, 1. Ib. 2 איזה פ׳ ד׳ כל שנִפְצְעוּוכ׳ what is meant by ptsuʿa dakka? One whose testicles, one or both, are crushed. Ib. 75b פ׳ ד׳ בידי שמים כשר one whose testicles are crushed from a natural cause (not through human action) is permitted to marry. Ib. (ref. to Deut. l. c.) היינו דקרינן פְּצוּעַ ולא קרינן פְּצִיעַ Ar. it is therefore (to indicate human action) that the text has ptsuʿa. (one that has been mashed) and not ptsiʿa (one who is mashed); (ed. הַפָּצוּעַ פציע …, v. Rashi). Ib. פ׳ בכולן the expression ‘mashed refers to all parts of the genitals. 2) to divide the ends of a web, fringe. Men.40b, כיון שפָּצְעוּ בה שלשה (Ms. M. שצבעו, Mss. R. a. K. שבצעו, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) as soon as they had fringed three fingers lengths of it. Pi. פִּיצֵּעַ same. Y.Maasr.I, end, 49b זית שפִּיצְּעוּוכ׳ olives which they opened with unclean hands; Tosef.Toh. X, 11 שפצעו; Sabb.145a המְפַצֵּעַ בזתיסוכ׳; a. e.; v. infra Hif. Nif. נִפְצַע, Nithpa. נִתְפַּצֵּעַ to be split, squeezed open, crushed; to be wounded. Y.Taan.I, 63d top נ׳ בנו his son was wounded (or had a fracture). Yeb. l. c.; a. e.Num. R. s. 10 (ref. to Prov. 23:29) זו הזונה … נִפְצַעַתוכ׳ that is the adulteress who is wounded with wounds of love, ‘for naught, without any wound through her husband. Orl. III, 8 נִתְפַּצְּעוּ האגוזים if the nuts (in the mixture) were cracked; Tosef.Ter.V, 10. Hif. הִפְצִיעַ 1) to split. Y.Shek.VI, beg.49c מַפְצִיעַ עצים splitting wood. Snh.IX, 6 מַפְצִיעִין את מוחווכ׳; Y. ib. X, 28d bot. ומְמַצְּעִיןוכ׳, v. גֶּזֶר; a. e. 2) to branch off, spread, scatter. Yoma 28b תימור של חמה מַפְצִיעַ לכאן ולכאן the light-column of the dawn irradiates in all directions, opp. to מתמר ועולה כמקל, v. תָּמַר. Ib. 38a של הללו מפציעוכ׳ the smoke column of the frankincense prepared by them branched off in all directions. Ib. 29a, v. פָּצַל; a. e.

    Jewish literature > פָּצַע

  • 531 פקד

    פָּקַד(b. h.) (to search, examine) 1) to visit; (euphem.) to have marital connection with. Yeb.62b ואינו פוֹקְדָהּ does not visit her (in due time, v. עוֹנָה I), Ib. חייב אדם לִפְקוֹד וכו׳ a man is bound to visit his wife before going on a journey.Treat. Smaḥ. ch. VIII יוצאין … ופוֹקְדין על המתיםוכ׳ you may go out to the burial ground and call upon the dead until three days (after being placed in the sepulchral chamber), and there is no superstitious practice in that; מעשה שפְּקָדוֹ אחדוכ׳ it occurred that one visited an entombed person, and the latter (was found living and) lived twenty years thereafter; a. fr. 2) (of the Lord) to visit, remember, decree upon. Tanḥ. Vayera 14 בלשון … אני פוֹקְדָךְ with the same expression … I will remember thee (bless thee with issue). Ib. הרוני פוֹקֵד לאברהםוכ׳ I will remember Abraham (relieve him from impotence) at the same time with Abimelech (ref. to Gen. 20:17–21:1). Pesik. R. s. 43 כשבא לפקוד את חנה when the Lord came to visit Hannah; a. v. fr.Part. pass. פָּקוּד; f. פְּקוּדָה; pl. פְּקיּדִים, פְּקוּדִין; פְּקוּדִוֹת. Snh.97a עד שהראשונה פ׳ שנייהוכ׳ while the first calamity is remembered (by the Lord for delivery), the second quickly comes. 3) to count, muster; v. פָּקוּד, פְּקידָה, פִּיקּוּד. 4) (denom. of פָּקִיד, interch. with Hif.) to give in charge, entrust, deposit. Pesik. R. l. c. בעל פקדונות אני … פּוֹקֵד אצלי אני נותן לו I (the Lord) am a trustee, whatever a man deposits with me, I give back to him. Ib. נפשות פְּקַדְתֶּם אצליוכ׳ you (Abraham and Sarah) deposited souls with me (converted souls to the belief in me), I will pay you back in souls (ref. to Gen. 21:1); a. fr. 5) (denom. of פָּקִיד) to command, order. Ib. s. 42 פָּקַדְתִּי לאדםוכ׳ I gave Adam a command, and he did not do it; פקדתי למלאדוכ׳ I commissioned the angel of death, and he did (what I commanded him). Shebu.VII, 7 (45a) שבועה שלא פְּקָדָנוּ אבא we swear that our father has not left us any order (concerning this case); Y.Keth.VII, 33b פִּיקְּדָנוּ Shebu.48b מה לו שלא פְקָרַנִי אבא ושלא פקדני אחי what is the difference between the oath of an heir ‘that my father has not left me an order, and ‘that my brother ?; a. fr. Pi. פִּיקֵּד same, v. supra. Nif. נִפְקַד, Hithpa. הִתְפַּקֵּד, Nithpa. נִתְפַּקֵּד 1) to be visited, remembered, decreed upon. Gen. R. s. 53 בשעה שנִפְקְדָה … נִפְקְדוּ עמה when Sarah was visited, v. עֲקָרָה. Ib. אינו דין שתִּפָּקֵד is it not right that she should be visited? Tanḥ. Vayera 13 תהי נִפְקֶדֶת she shall be remembered. R. Hash. 11a. Pesik. R. s. 42 בדין הוא שיִפָּקֵד אבוהם it is right that Abraham be visited. Ib. שתִּתְפַּקֵּד אף היא that she be likewise visited. Lev. R. s. 29; Pesik. Baḥod., p. 150b> (quot. from Rabs New Years prayer) ובריות בו יִפָּקֵדוּ להזכירםוכ׳ and creatures are passed upon on that day to record them for life or for death; a. fr. 2) to be commanded, commissioned. Pesik. R. l. c. יש שנתפ׳ ולא עשהוכ׳ some are commanded and do not (what they are ordered to) Mekh. Bshall., Vayassa, s. 4 עשו מה שנִתְפַּקְּדוּ they did what they were commanded to do; a. e. Hif. הִפְּקִיד 1) to give in charge, deposit. B. Mets.III, 1 המַפְקִיד אצלוכ׳ if a man deposits for safe-keeping with his neighbor Ib. 36a sq. כל המפקיד על דעת אשתו ובניו הוא מפקיד he who deposits with his neighbor, does so with the presumptive condition that the latters wife and children be also trustees (and it was no breach of trust to leave the deposit in their charge). Gen. R. s. 53 עמלקה׳ אצליוכ׳ Amalek deposited with me bundles of thorns (wrong-doings) ; שרה הִפְקִידָה אצליוכ׳ Sarah deposited with me virtues and good deeds Pesik. R. s. 43; a. fr.B. Mets.35a ופרקין המפקיד הוה and our subject at college was hammafḳid (the Mishnah B. Mets. l. c. and the discussions concerning it).Part. pass. מוּפְקָד; f. מוּפְקֶדֶת B. Kam. 105a כגון שהיתה … מופ׳ ביד אחרים when his fathers bag was left in trust with other people; a. e. 2) to take charge of. Yalk. Deut. 847 הַפִקֵד לו הפקדון הזה take this object in charge for me.

    Jewish literature > פקד

  • 532 פָּקַד

    פָּקַד(b. h.) (to search, examine) 1) to visit; (euphem.) to have marital connection with. Yeb.62b ואינו פוֹקְדָהּ does not visit her (in due time, v. עוֹנָה I), Ib. חייב אדם לִפְקוֹד וכו׳ a man is bound to visit his wife before going on a journey.Treat. Smaḥ. ch. VIII יוצאין … ופוֹקְדין על המתיםוכ׳ you may go out to the burial ground and call upon the dead until three days (after being placed in the sepulchral chamber), and there is no superstitious practice in that; מעשה שפְּקָדוֹ אחדוכ׳ it occurred that one visited an entombed person, and the latter (was found living and) lived twenty years thereafter; a. fr. 2) (of the Lord) to visit, remember, decree upon. Tanḥ. Vayera 14 בלשון … אני פוֹקְדָךְ with the same expression … I will remember thee (bless thee with issue). Ib. הרוני פוֹקֵד לאברהםוכ׳ I will remember Abraham (relieve him from impotence) at the same time with Abimelech (ref. to Gen. 20:17–21:1). Pesik. R. s. 43 כשבא לפקוד את חנה when the Lord came to visit Hannah; a. v. fr.Part. pass. פָּקוּד; f. פְּקוּדָה; pl. פְּקיּדִים, פְּקוּדִין; פְּקוּדִוֹת. Snh.97a עד שהראשונה פ׳ שנייהוכ׳ while the first calamity is remembered (by the Lord for delivery), the second quickly comes. 3) to count, muster; v. פָּקוּד, פְּקידָה, פִּיקּוּד. 4) (denom. of פָּקִיד, interch. with Hif.) to give in charge, entrust, deposit. Pesik. R. l. c. בעל פקדונות אני … פּוֹקֵד אצלי אני נותן לו I (the Lord) am a trustee, whatever a man deposits with me, I give back to him. Ib. נפשות פְּקַדְתֶּם אצליוכ׳ you (Abraham and Sarah) deposited souls with me (converted souls to the belief in me), I will pay you back in souls (ref. to Gen. 21:1); a. fr. 5) (denom. of פָּקִיד) to command, order. Ib. s. 42 פָּקַדְתִּי לאדםוכ׳ I gave Adam a command, and he did not do it; פקדתי למלאדוכ׳ I commissioned the angel of death, and he did (what I commanded him). Shebu.VII, 7 (45a) שבועה שלא פְּקָדָנוּ אבא we swear that our father has not left us any order (concerning this case); Y.Keth.VII, 33b פִּיקְּדָנוּ Shebu.48b מה לו שלא פְקָרַנִי אבא ושלא פקדני אחי what is the difference between the oath of an heir ‘that my father has not left me an order, and ‘that my brother ?; a. fr. Pi. פִּיקֵּד same, v. supra. Nif. נִפְקַד, Hithpa. הִתְפַּקֵּד, Nithpa. נִתְפַּקֵּד 1) to be visited, remembered, decreed upon. Gen. R. s. 53 בשעה שנִפְקְדָה … נִפְקְדוּ עמה when Sarah was visited, v. עֲקָרָה. Ib. אינו דין שתִּפָּקֵד is it not right that she should be visited? Tanḥ. Vayera 13 תהי נִפְקֶדֶת she shall be remembered. R. Hash. 11a. Pesik. R. s. 42 בדין הוא שיִפָּקֵד אבוהם it is right that Abraham be visited. Ib. שתִּתְפַּקֵּד אף היא that she be likewise visited. Lev. R. s. 29; Pesik. Baḥod., p. 150b> (quot. from Rabs New Years prayer) ובריות בו יִפָּקֵדוּ להזכירםוכ׳ and creatures are passed upon on that day to record them for life or for death; a. fr. 2) to be commanded, commissioned. Pesik. R. l. c. יש שנתפ׳ ולא עשהוכ׳ some are commanded and do not (what they are ordered to) Mekh. Bshall., Vayassa, s. 4 עשו מה שנִתְפַּקְּדוּ they did what they were commanded to do; a. e. Hif. הִפְּקִיד 1) to give in charge, deposit. B. Mets.III, 1 המַפְקִיד אצלוכ׳ if a man deposits for safe-keeping with his neighbor Ib. 36a sq. כל המפקיד על דעת אשתו ובניו הוא מפקיד he who deposits with his neighbor, does so with the presumptive condition that the latters wife and children be also trustees (and it was no breach of trust to leave the deposit in their charge). Gen. R. s. 53 עמלקה׳ אצליוכ׳ Amalek deposited with me bundles of thorns (wrong-doings) ; שרה הִפְקִידָה אצליוכ׳ Sarah deposited with me virtues and good deeds Pesik. R. s. 43; a. fr.B. Mets.35a ופרקין המפקיד הוה and our subject at college was hammafḳid (the Mishnah B. Mets. l. c. and the discussions concerning it).Part. pass. מוּפְקָד; f. מוּפְקֶדֶת B. Kam. 105a כגון שהיתה … מופ׳ ביד אחרים when his fathers bag was left in trust with other people; a. e. 2) to take charge of. Yalk. Deut. 847 הַפִקֵד לו הפקדון הזה take this object in charge for me.

    Jewish literature > פָּקַד

  • 533 פקח

    פָּקַח(b. h.) to break through, open. Pi. פִּיקֵּחַ 1) to open. B. Bath.12b אפילו … יין מְפַקְּחוֹ even if his heart be closed like a virgin (his mind be dull), wine will open it (make it bright).Esp. (with גַּל) to open a heap of debris; to attempt to rescue a person supposed to be buried in debris. Ohol. XVI, 4 המְפקּחַ בגל he who digs among debris (not knowing certainly that a corpse is buried there). Pes.VIII, 6. Keth.15b לְפַקֵּחַ עליו את הגל as regards digging for his sake (on the Sabbath). Ib. 5a מִפַקְּהִין פיקוח נפש, v. פִּיקּוּחַ; a. fr. 2) (to have the eyes open,) to guard, watch, care. Ib. הולכין … לפקח על עסקי רביםוכ׳ we may assemble in synagogues and school houses (in theatres and circuses) in order to watch over public affairs, on the Sabbath. Sabb.150b לפקח על עסקי כלהוכ׳ to make arrangements for the reception of a bride ; Y.Ber.III, beg.5d; a. fr. Nif. נִפְקַח, Hithpa. חִתְפַּקֵּחַ, Nithpa. נִתְפַּקֵּחַ (v. פִּקֵּחַ) 1) to recover the faculty of hearing ( and speech). Gitt.II, 6. Yeb.113a. Gen. R. s. 53; a. e. 2) to recover the faculty of speech. Pesik. R. s. 42 וכל אלם נפקח and every mute was made speaking. Hif. הִפְקִיחַ to cause to escape. B. Bath.10a שינה מַפְקַחְתּוֹ, v. פָּכַח.

    Jewish literature > פקח

  • 534 פָּקַח

    פָּקַח(b. h.) to break through, open. Pi. פִּיקֵּחַ 1) to open. B. Bath.12b אפילו … יין מְפַקְּחוֹ even if his heart be closed like a virgin (his mind be dull), wine will open it (make it bright).Esp. (with גַּל) to open a heap of debris; to attempt to rescue a person supposed to be buried in debris. Ohol. XVI, 4 המְפקּחַ בגל he who digs among debris (not knowing certainly that a corpse is buried there). Pes.VIII, 6. Keth.15b לְפַקֵּחַ עליו את הגל as regards digging for his sake (on the Sabbath). Ib. 5a מִפַקְּהִין פיקוח נפש, v. פִּיקּוּחַ; a. fr. 2) (to have the eyes open,) to guard, watch, care. Ib. הולכין … לפקח על עסקי רביםוכ׳ we may assemble in synagogues and school houses (in theatres and circuses) in order to watch over public affairs, on the Sabbath. Sabb.150b לפקח על עסקי כלהוכ׳ to make arrangements for the reception of a bride ; Y.Ber.III, beg.5d; a. fr. Nif. נִפְקַח, Hithpa. חִתְפַּקֵּחַ, Nithpa. נִתְפַּקֵּחַ (v. פִּקֵּחַ) 1) to recover the faculty of hearing ( and speech). Gitt.II, 6. Yeb.113a. Gen. R. s. 53; a. e. 2) to recover the faculty of speech. Pesik. R. s. 42 וכל אלם נפקח and every mute was made speaking. Hif. הִפְקִיחַ to cause to escape. B. Bath.10a שינה מַפְקַחְתּוֹ, v. פָּכַח.

    Jewish literature > פָּקַח

  • 535 פקק

    פָּקַק 1) to split, drive into, force open. Sabb.155b ופוֹקֵק Ms. M., v. פָּקַס I.Denom. פֶּקֶק. 2) (denom. of פֶּקֶק; cmp. חָרַק a. חֶרֶק) to insert a stop-gap; to stop. Kel. III, 8 משפך … שפְּקָקוֹוכ׳ (not שפקקה) a funnel of wood or clay stopped off with pitch. Ib. XXVIII, 2 שהתקינו לָפוֹק בו את המרחץ (ed. Dehr. לפַקֵּק) (a shred) with which it was intended to fill up a gap in the bath. Y.Erub.III, end, 25b צריך לפוק he must stop it off. Tosef. ib. XI (VII), 10 פּוֹקְקִין את הביבוכ׳ you may stop off a gutter with a cloth. Y.Sabb.XVII, 16b top קנה שהתקינו להיות פּוֹקֵק בו החלון a pole (with a coil or a board attached) which has been prepared to close the sky light with it; (Tosef. ib. XIV (XV), 3 להיות פותח ונועל בו), v. פֶּקֶק. Bab. ib. 64b פוקק לה זוג בצוארהוכ׳ he may muffle the bell on an animals neck (that it should not ring), and walk with it ; a. fr.Part. pass. פָּקוּק; pl. פְּקוּקִין Ib. אע״פ שפ׳ nor should the animal be led out with a bell, even if it is muffled. Y.Ter.VIII, 45d מכוסה ואינו פ׳ if the bottle is covered but not stopped; Tosef. ib. VII, 16 (read:) מכוסין ואינן פקוקין (and correct the entire passage in conformity with Y. l. c.), v. פֶּקֶק. Pi. פִּיקֵּק same, v. supra.Tosef.Maasr.I, 5 מפקק ed. Zuck., v. פָּקַס II. Hithpa. הִתְפַּקֵּק, Nithpa. נִתְפַּקֵּק 1) to be shaken, loosened. Ber.28b שיִתְפַּקְּקוּ, v. פִּקְפֵּק. Tanḥ. Aḥăré 8 בשעה שנִתְפַּקְּקָה הכהונהוכ׳ when the priesthood in the hands of Aaron became shaky (was disputed); v. פִּקְפֵּק. 2) to be stopped. Yeb.63b מִתְפַּקְּקִין, v. פִּקְפֵּק.

    Jewish literature > פקק

  • 536 פָּקַק

    פָּקַק 1) to split, drive into, force open. Sabb.155b ופוֹקֵק Ms. M., v. פָּקַס I.Denom. פֶּקֶק. 2) (denom. of פֶּקֶק; cmp. חָרַק a. חֶרֶק) to insert a stop-gap; to stop. Kel. III, 8 משפך … שפְּקָקוֹוכ׳ (not שפקקה) a funnel of wood or clay stopped off with pitch. Ib. XXVIII, 2 שהתקינו לָפוֹק בו את המרחץ (ed. Dehr. לפַקֵּק) (a shred) with which it was intended to fill up a gap in the bath. Y.Erub.III, end, 25b צריך לפוק he must stop it off. Tosef. ib. XI (VII), 10 פּוֹקְקִין את הביבוכ׳ you may stop off a gutter with a cloth. Y.Sabb.XVII, 16b top קנה שהתקינו להיות פּוֹקֵק בו החלון a pole (with a coil or a board attached) which has been prepared to close the sky light with it; (Tosef. ib. XIV (XV), 3 להיות פותח ונועל בו), v. פֶּקֶק. Bab. ib. 64b פוקק לה זוג בצוארהוכ׳ he may muffle the bell on an animals neck (that it should not ring), and walk with it ; a. fr.Part. pass. פָּקוּק; pl. פְּקוּקִין Ib. אע״פ שפ׳ nor should the animal be led out with a bell, even if it is muffled. Y.Ter.VIII, 45d מכוסה ואינו פ׳ if the bottle is covered but not stopped; Tosef. ib. VII, 16 (read:) מכוסין ואינן פקוקין (and correct the entire passage in conformity with Y. l. c.), v. פֶּקֶק. Pi. פִּיקֵּק same, v. supra.Tosef.Maasr.I, 5 מפקק ed. Zuck., v. פָּקַס II. Hithpa. הִתְפַּקֵּק, Nithpa. נִתְפַּקֵּק 1) to be shaken, loosened. Ber.28b שיִתְפַּקְּקוּ, v. פִּקְפֵּק. Tanḥ. Aḥăré 8 בשעה שנִתְפַּקְּקָה הכהונהוכ׳ when the priesthood in the hands of Aaron became shaky (was disputed); v. פִּקְפֵּק. 2) to be stopped. Yeb.63b מִתְפַּקְּקִין, v. פִּקְפֵּק.

    Jewish literature > פָּקַק

  • 537 פקק

    פְּקַקch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְפַּקֵּק, Nithpa. נִתְפַּקֵּק to be shaken, loosened), 1) to split, make a breach. Y.Snh.II, 20b כד תִּיפּוֹק (not כל), v. פִּקְפּוּקְתָּא. 2) to stop. Targ. 2 Chr. 32:30.Y.Ter.VIII, 45d פָּקֵיק לה ומכסי לה stops the bottle and covers it. Ithpe. אִתְפְּקַק 1) to be split, chipped off. Targ. Job 30:17 מִתְפַּקְּקִין מיני ed. Lag. are chipped off me (h. text נקר), v. פַּקְפֵּק. 2) to be stopped. Targ. Ps. 31:19.

    Jewish literature > פקק

  • 538 פְּקַק

    פְּקַקch. sam( Hithpa. הִתְפַּקֵּק, Nithpa. נִתְפַּקֵּק to be shaken, loosened), 1) to split, make a breach. Y.Snh.II, 20b כד תִּיפּוֹק (not כל), v. פִּקְפּוּקְתָּא. 2) to stop. Targ. 2 Chr. 32:30.Y.Ter.VIII, 45d פָּקֵיק לה ומכסי לה stops the bottle and covers it. Ithpe. אִתְפְּקַק 1) to be split, chipped off. Targ. Job 30:17 מִתְפַּקְּקִין מיני ed. Lag. are chipped off me (h. text נקר), v. פַּקְפֵּק. 2) to be stopped. Targ. Ps. 31:19.

    Jewish literature > פְּקַק

  • 539 פרד

    פָּרַד(b. h.) 1) (to break through, run, v. פֶּרֶד II) 2) to break apart; to separate. Ukts. II, 6 הרמון שפְּרָדוֹ a pomegranate which one has cut in two (leaving the seeds in their sheathes; Maim.: שפֵּרְדוֹ, Pi., the grains of which one loosened by drying).Part. pass. פָּרוּד; f. פְּרוּדָה; pl. פְּרוּדִים, פְּרוּדִין; פְּרוּדוֹת. Succ.32a אם היה פ׳וכ׳ v. כָּפַת; Lev. R. s. 30. Toh. VIII, 8 אוכל פ׳ אינווכ׳ eatables divided into pieces are not counted together (to make up the required size for levitical cleanness). Ib. IX, 9 נמצא על גבי פ׳ (Maim. פְּירוּדִים) if the creeping thing is found on broken olives. Ib. פ׳ על גבי פ׳ pieces on top of pieces; a. fr. Nif. נִפְרָד to be separated, spread. Succ.III, 1 נִפְרְדוּ עליו if its leaves are spread, opp. to נפרצו. Hor.10b (ref. to Prov. 18:1) זה לוטשנ׳וכ׳ that means Lot, who separated himself from Abraham; a. fr. Pi. פֵּירֵד to separate, loosen. Ukts. II, 6, v. supra. Tosef.Shebi.VI, 29 מְפָרְדִין (ed. Zuck. a. oth. מְפָרְרִין), v. פֶּרֶד I. Y.B. Mets.II, 11b bot. המְפָרֵד בגרוגרות who separates dried figs; a. e. Hif. הִפְרִיד 1) to separate, estrange. Gen. R. s. 20 (ref. to Prov. 16:28) שה׳ אלופו של עולם he (the serpent) caused the friend of the world (the Divine Presence) to withdraw; (Matt. K.; estranged the prince of the world (Adam, from God)). 2) (neut. verb) to branch off. Ib. s. 16 מֵפְרִיד ‘Rashi; Yalk. Deut. 801, v. פְּרָת. Hithpa. הִתְפָּרֵד, Nithpa. נִתְפָּרֵד 1) to separate ones self; to be scattered. Midr. Till. to Ps. 92:10 יִתְפָּרְדוּ כמוץוכ׳ let them be scattered like chaff before the wind; a. e. 2) (of pomegranates) to be cut apart. Orl. III, 8 נִתְפָּרְדוּוכ׳ if the pomegranates are cut; Tosef.Ter.V, 10.

    Jewish literature > פרד

  • 540 פָּרַד

    פָּרַד(b. h.) 1) (to break through, run, v. פֶּרֶד II) 2) to break apart; to separate. Ukts. II, 6 הרמון שפְּרָדוֹ a pomegranate which one has cut in two (leaving the seeds in their sheathes; Maim.: שפֵּרְדוֹ, Pi., the grains of which one loosened by drying).Part. pass. פָּרוּד; f. פְּרוּדָה; pl. פְּרוּדִים, פְּרוּדִין; פְּרוּדוֹת. Succ.32a אם היה פ׳וכ׳ v. כָּפַת; Lev. R. s. 30. Toh. VIII, 8 אוכל פ׳ אינווכ׳ eatables divided into pieces are not counted together (to make up the required size for levitical cleanness). Ib. IX, 9 נמצא על גבי פ׳ (Maim. פְּירוּדִים) if the creeping thing is found on broken olives. Ib. פ׳ על גבי פ׳ pieces on top of pieces; a. fr. Nif. נִפְרָד to be separated, spread. Succ.III, 1 נִפְרְדוּ עליו if its leaves are spread, opp. to נפרצו. Hor.10b (ref. to Prov. 18:1) זה לוטשנ׳וכ׳ that means Lot, who separated himself from Abraham; a. fr. Pi. פֵּירֵד to separate, loosen. Ukts. II, 6, v. supra. Tosef.Shebi.VI, 29 מְפָרְדִין (ed. Zuck. a. oth. מְפָרְרִין), v. פֶּרֶד I. Y.B. Mets.II, 11b bot. המְפָרֵד בגרוגרות who separates dried figs; a. e. Hif. הִפְרִיד 1) to separate, estrange. Gen. R. s. 20 (ref. to Prov. 16:28) שה׳ אלופו של עולם he (the serpent) caused the friend of the world (the Divine Presence) to withdraw; (Matt. K.; estranged the prince of the world (Adam, from God)). 2) (neut. verb) to branch off. Ib. s. 16 מֵפְרִיד ‘Rashi; Yalk. Deut. 801, v. פְּרָת. Hithpa. הִתְפָּרֵד, Nithpa. נִתְפָּרֵד 1) to separate ones self; to be scattered. Midr. Till. to Ps. 92:10 יִתְפָּרְדוּ כמוץוכ׳ let them be scattered like chaff before the wind; a. e. 2) (of pomegranates) to be cut apart. Orl. III, 8 נִתְפָּרְדוּוכ׳ if the pomegranates are cut; Tosef.Ter.V, 10.

    Jewish literature > פָּרַד


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