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nithpa

  • 421 סְפַק

    סְפַק, סְפֵיקch. sam( Hitpa. הִסְתַּפֵּק Nithpa. נִסְתַּפֵּק to be supplied, to supply ones self), 1) to supply, furnish; to give an opportunity. Targ. Y. II Num. 24:6. Targ. Y. II Deut. 28:32. 2) to be sufficient; to have enough; to have done. Targ. 1 Kings 20:10. Targ. 1 Chr. 27:24. Targ. O. Gen. 24:19 דִּיסָפְקוּן ed. Berl. (oth. דיסַפְּקוּן, Pa.; Y. די ספְקוּן); a. fr.Targ. Lam. 2:11 ספקו בדמעןוכ׳ my eyes have done shedding tears; prob. to be read: פסקו; h. text כלו. Pa. סַפֵּיק 1) to distribute, supply. Targ. O. Deut. 2:7 סַפֶּק (ed. Berl. סוֹפֵיק Poël; Y. ed. Vien. סוּפֵיק, read: סוֹ׳). Targ. Hos. 2:7; a. fr. 2) to be sufficient. Targ. Jud. 21:14. Targ. Num. 11:22; a. e.Esp. (with ידא; interch. with Pe.) to be able, afford, Targ. Y. Lev. 14:21, sq.; 30, sq.V. מְסַפְּקָא. 3) to divide.Part. pass. מְסַפַּק, מְסַפְּקָא divided in opinion, doubtful, questionable. Targ. Lam. 5:3 מס׳ להון they are in doubt.Bets.4b ר׳ אסי סַפּוּקֵי מס׳ ליה R. A. was undecided in his opinion. Pes.117a אלמא מס׳ ליה which proves that he was undecided; a. fr.Hence: 4) to create a doubt, make doubtful, treat as doubtful. Kidd.39a (ref. to doubtful ‘Orlah fruit outside of Palestine) סַפֵּק ליוכ׳ make them doubtful for me (pluck them in my absence), and I shall eat them. Ib. מְסַפְּקוּ סַפּוּקֵי להדדי they made (the fruit) doubtful to one another (by exchanging fruit cut by the one in the absence of the other). Bekh.49a מְסַפְּקִינָן ליה we treat it as doubtful. Poël סוֹפֵיק, סוֹפָק to supply. Targ. Hos. 13:5. Targ. Deut. 2:7, v. supra. Af. אַסְפֵּיק 1) same, to supply; to be sufficient. Targ. Y. II Gen. 49:20. Targ. Josh. 17:16; a. e. 2) to divide, distribute. Targ. Job 34:37 (v. Lev. R. s. 4, quot. in preced.).

    Jewish literature > סְפַק

  • 422 סְפֵיק

    סְפַק, סְפֵיקch. sam( Hitpa. הִסְתַּפֵּק Nithpa. נִסְתַּפֵּק to be supplied, to supply ones self), 1) to supply, furnish; to give an opportunity. Targ. Y. II Num. 24:6. Targ. Y. II Deut. 28:32. 2) to be sufficient; to have enough; to have done. Targ. 1 Kings 20:10. Targ. 1 Chr. 27:24. Targ. O. Gen. 24:19 דִּיסָפְקוּן ed. Berl. (oth. דיסַפְּקוּן, Pa.; Y. די ספְקוּן); a. fr.Targ. Lam. 2:11 ספקו בדמעןוכ׳ my eyes have done shedding tears; prob. to be read: פסקו; h. text כלו. Pa. סַפֵּיק 1) to distribute, supply. Targ. O. Deut. 2:7 סַפֶּק (ed. Berl. סוֹפֵיק Poël; Y. ed. Vien. סוּפֵיק, read: סוֹ׳). Targ. Hos. 2:7; a. fr. 2) to be sufficient. Targ. Jud. 21:14. Targ. Num. 11:22; a. e.Esp. (with ידא; interch. with Pe.) to be able, afford, Targ. Y. Lev. 14:21, sq.; 30, sq.V. מְסַפְּקָא. 3) to divide.Part. pass. מְסַפַּק, מְסַפְּקָא divided in opinion, doubtful, questionable. Targ. Lam. 5:3 מס׳ להון they are in doubt.Bets.4b ר׳ אסי סַפּוּקֵי מס׳ ליה R. A. was undecided in his opinion. Pes.117a אלמא מס׳ ליה which proves that he was undecided; a. fr.Hence: 4) to create a doubt, make doubtful, treat as doubtful. Kidd.39a (ref. to doubtful ‘Orlah fruit outside of Palestine) סַפֵּק ליוכ׳ make them doubtful for me (pluck them in my absence), and I shall eat them. Ib. מְסַפְּקוּ סַפּוּקֵי להדדי they made (the fruit) doubtful to one another (by exchanging fruit cut by the one in the absence of the other). Bekh.49a מְסַפְּקִינָן ליה we treat it as doubtful. Poël סוֹפֵיק, סוֹפָק to supply. Targ. Hos. 13:5. Targ. Deut. 2:7, v. supra. Af. אַסְפֵּיק 1) same, to supply; to be sufficient. Targ. Y. II Gen. 49:20. Targ. Josh. 17:16; a. e. 2) to divide, distribute. Targ. Job 34:37 (v. Lev. R. s. 4, quot. in preced.).

    Jewish literature > סְפֵיק

  • 423 סקף

    סָקַף(Saf. of נ־קף, v. נָקַף II) to go around. Hithpa. הִסְתַּקֵּף, Nithpa. נִסְתַּקֵּף 1) to come in turn; to be arranged; to happen (cmp. סִבָּה); 2) (of persons) to turn around; (= נהפך) to change. Sifré Deut. 349 ed. Pl. נִסְתַּקְּפָה, v. סְקִיפַנְטְיָא; ed. Radwill a. oth. סקפנטיס נִיסְתַּקַּפְתָּ לו (not … טום) thou hast turned informer against him; Yalk. Deut. 954 תסקופים ניסתקפת לו (some ed. תשק׳, read נִיסתַּקְּפוּ), v. תּסְקוּפִים.

    Jewish literature > סקף

  • 424 סָקַף

    סָקַף(Saf. of נ־קף, v. נָקַף II) to go around. Hithpa. הִסְתַּקֵּף, Nithpa. נִסְתַּקֵּף 1) to come in turn; to be arranged; to happen (cmp. סִבָּה); 2) (of persons) to turn around; (= נהפך) to change. Sifré Deut. 349 ed. Pl. נִסְתַּקְּפָה, v. סְקִיפַנְטְיָא; ed. Radwill a. oth. סקפנטיס נִיסְתַּקַּפְתָּ לו (not … טום) thou hast turned informer against him; Yalk. Deut. 954 תסקופים ניסתקפת לו (some ed. תשק׳, read נִיסתַּקְּפוּ), v. תּסְקוּפִים.

    Jewish literature > סָקַף

  • 425 סקף I

    סְקַףI ch. sam( Hithpa. הִסְתַּקֵּף, Nithpa. נִסְתַּקֵּף to come in turn; to be arranged; to happen). Pa. סַקֵּף to turn over, transfer. Targ. 1 Chr. 10:14 (h. text ויסב). Ithpa. אִסְתַּקַּף, Ithpe. אִסְתְּקַף 1) to be turned; to pass over. Targ. Y. Num. 36:7 תיתקף (read תִיסְתְּקַף; h. text תִסֹּב, v. supra). 2) to be brought about; to happen. Targ. Y. Gen. 45:8. Targ. Y. Num. 5:15. Targ. Esth. 7:7; a. e. 3) to be visited with. Targ. O. Num. 11:1 כד מִסְתַּקְּפִין ביש as though an evil (mourning) had befallen them (h. text מתאננים, v. אוֹנָן). 4) to be the cause of. Targ. Y. ib. 4:18. Targ. Koh. 4:12. Ib. 16 ed. Lag. (oth. ed. לאסתפקא, corr. acc.); a. e. 5) to turn against, seek occasion (v. עִילָּה). Targ. Lam. 1:22 (h. text עולל). Targ. O. Gen. 43:18 (h. text התגולל; v. עֲקַף).

    Jewish literature > סקף I

  • 426 סְקַף

    סְקַףI ch. sam( Hithpa. הִסְתַּקֵּף, Nithpa. נִסְתַּקֵּף to come in turn; to be arranged; to happen). Pa. סַקֵּף to turn over, transfer. Targ. 1 Chr. 10:14 (h. text ויסב). Ithpa. אִסְתַּקַּף, Ithpe. אִסְתְּקַף 1) to be turned; to pass over. Targ. Y. Num. 36:7 תיתקף (read תִיסְתְּקַף; h. text תִסֹּב, v. supra). 2) to be brought about; to happen. Targ. Y. Gen. 45:8. Targ. Y. Num. 5:15. Targ. Esth. 7:7; a. e. 3) to be visited with. Targ. O. Num. 11:1 כד מִסְתַּקְּפִין ביש as though an evil (mourning) had befallen them (h. text מתאננים, v. אוֹנָן). 4) to be the cause of. Targ. Y. ib. 4:18. Targ. Koh. 4:12. Ib. 16 ed. Lag. (oth. ed. לאסתפקא, corr. acc.); a. e. 5) to turn against, seek occasion (v. עִילָּה). Targ. Lam. 1:22 (h. text עולל). Targ. O. Gen. 43:18 (h. text התגולל; v. עֲקַף).

    Jewish literature > סְקַף

  • 427 סרס I

    סָרַסI, Pi. סֵירס (cmp. הָרַס, רָסַס) to destroy, uproot; to mutilate, esp. to make impotent. Tosef.B. Bath.IV, 7 חלות דבש אינו רשאי לסָרֵסוכ׳ ed. Zuck. (oth. ed. לירש) if the honey-combs of a bee-hive are sold, the purchaser must not uproot (tear out) all of them at the same time, but must leave the outermost cakes Sot.36a סֵירְסַתָּן מלמטה it (the wasp צִרְעָה) mutilated them at their lower extremities. Cant. R. to I, 1 סֵירְסוֹ made him impotent. Kidd.25a עבד שסִרְסוֹוכ׳ a slave whom his master mutilated by injury to his testicles. Sabb.110b הרוצה שיְסָרֵסוכ׳ if one desires to emasculate a cock, let him take off his comb, and he will thereby be emasculated (without an operation). Ib. 111a במְסָרֵס אחר מסרס if one adds to the mutilation caused by another person; a. fr.B. Bath.V, 3 נוטל ג׳ נחלין ומסרס the buyer takes three broods, after which the owner may make the bees impotent of propagation; ib. 80a במה מְסָרְסָןוכ׳ by what means does one make them impotent?… By feeding them with mustard. Ib. לא חרדל מסרסןוכ׳ mustard does not make them impotent Trnsf. to disarrange, upset; to transpose, Ib. (another interpret, of ומסרס, Mish. l. c.) נוטל … בסירוס, v. סֵירוּס. Ib. 119b (ref. to Num. 27:2) סָרֵס המקרא ודרשהו invert the order in which the persons are mentioned in that verse, and interpret it. Lev. R. s. 27, beg. (ref. to Ps. 36:7) סרס המקראוכ׳ transpose the verse, and explain it: ‘thy kindness is as far above thy judgments, as the mountains are above the great deep. Ex. R. s. 5 (ref. to מי, Ex. 5:2) סרס אותו מי יםוכ׳ transpose mi and read yam, the sea made thee know the Lord; a. fr.(Lev. R. s. 12 מסרסתו, read: מְסַטַּרְתּוֹ, v. סָטַר.Part. pass. מְסוֹרָס upside down, transposed Nidd.III, 5 יצא … מס׳ if the embryo came out with its feet foremost. Num. R. s. 11 (ref. to Ex. 20:24) זה מקרא מס׳וכ׳ this verse must be interpreted by transposition, wherever I shall come and bless thee, there I shall allow my Name (the Tetragrammaton) to be pronounced. Mekh. Bshall., Vayass‘a, s. 4. Gen. R. s. 70 (ref. to Gen. 28:22) מְסוֹרֶסֶת היא הפרשה the accounts of the section are not in chronological order, opp. על הסדרוכ׳; a. e. Hithpa. הִסְתָּרֵס, Nithpa. נִסְתָּרֵס 1) to be emasculated. Sabb. 110b והוא מִסְתָּרֵסוכ׳, v. supra. Gen. R. s. 86; a. e. 2) (cmp. עָקַר) to be uprooted, removed. Snh.93b נִסְתָּרְסָהע״זוכ׳ idolatry was uprooted in their days (in the days of Hanania, Mishael). Mekh. Mishp. s. 20 (read:) שלא תִסְתָּרֵס שבת בראשית ממקומה to intimate that the weekly Sabbath is not to he removed from its place, i. e. that it must be observed also in the Sabbatical year; Yalk. Ex. 354. Mekh. l. c. שלא יִסְתָּרְסוּ שלשוכ׳ that the three festivals must not be removed from their place; Yalk. Ex. 356 שלא יסתרווכ׳ (corr. acc.).

    Jewish literature > סרס I

  • 428 סָרַס

    סָרַסI, Pi. סֵירס (cmp. הָרַס, רָסַס) to destroy, uproot; to mutilate, esp. to make impotent. Tosef.B. Bath.IV, 7 חלות דבש אינו רשאי לסָרֵסוכ׳ ed. Zuck. (oth. ed. לירש) if the honey-combs of a bee-hive are sold, the purchaser must not uproot (tear out) all of them at the same time, but must leave the outermost cakes Sot.36a סֵירְסַתָּן מלמטה it (the wasp צִרְעָה) mutilated them at their lower extremities. Cant. R. to I, 1 סֵירְסוֹ made him impotent. Kidd.25a עבד שסִרְסוֹוכ׳ a slave whom his master mutilated by injury to his testicles. Sabb.110b הרוצה שיְסָרֵסוכ׳ if one desires to emasculate a cock, let him take off his comb, and he will thereby be emasculated (without an operation). Ib. 111a במְסָרֵס אחר מסרס if one adds to the mutilation caused by another person; a. fr.B. Bath.V, 3 נוטל ג׳ נחלין ומסרס the buyer takes three broods, after which the owner may make the bees impotent of propagation; ib. 80a במה מְסָרְסָןוכ׳ by what means does one make them impotent?… By feeding them with mustard. Ib. לא חרדל מסרסןוכ׳ mustard does not make them impotent Trnsf. to disarrange, upset; to transpose, Ib. (another interpret, of ומסרס, Mish. l. c.) נוטל … בסירוס, v. סֵירוּס. Ib. 119b (ref. to Num. 27:2) סָרֵס המקרא ודרשהו invert the order in which the persons are mentioned in that verse, and interpret it. Lev. R. s. 27, beg. (ref. to Ps. 36:7) סרס המקראוכ׳ transpose the verse, and explain it: ‘thy kindness is as far above thy judgments, as the mountains are above the great deep. Ex. R. s. 5 (ref. to מי, Ex. 5:2) סרס אותו מי יםוכ׳ transpose mi and read yam, the sea made thee know the Lord; a. fr.(Lev. R. s. 12 מסרסתו, read: מְסַטַּרְתּוֹ, v. סָטַר.Part. pass. מְסוֹרָס upside down, transposed Nidd.III, 5 יצא … מס׳ if the embryo came out with its feet foremost. Num. R. s. 11 (ref. to Ex. 20:24) זה מקרא מס׳וכ׳ this verse must be interpreted by transposition, wherever I shall come and bless thee, there I shall allow my Name (the Tetragrammaton) to be pronounced. Mekh. Bshall., Vayass‘a, s. 4. Gen. R. s. 70 (ref. to Gen. 28:22) מְסוֹרֶסֶת היא הפרשה the accounts of the section are not in chronological order, opp. על הסדרוכ׳; a. e. Hithpa. הִסְתָּרֵס, Nithpa. נִסְתָּרֵס 1) to be emasculated. Sabb. 110b והוא מִסְתָּרֵסוכ׳, v. supra. Gen. R. s. 86; a. e. 2) (cmp. עָקַר) to be uprooted, removed. Snh.93b נִסְתָּרְסָהע״זוכ׳ idolatry was uprooted in their days (in the days of Hanania, Mishael). Mekh. Mishp. s. 20 (read:) שלא תִסְתָּרֵס שבת בראשית ממקומה to intimate that the weekly Sabbath is not to he removed from its place, i. e. that it must be observed also in the Sabbatical year; Yalk. Ex. 354. Mekh. l. c. שלא יִסְתָּרְסוּ שלשוכ׳ that the three festivals must not be removed from their place; Yalk. Ex. 356 שלא יסתרווכ׳ (corr. acc.).

    Jewish literature > סָרַס

  • 429 סתם

    סָתַם(b. h.; = סחתם, Saf. of חתם) 1) to stop up, close, shut. Ab. Zar. V, 3 כדי שישתום ויִסְתּוֹם ויגוב, v. נָגַב. B. Mets.VII, 5 שלא יהא … ויהא סוֹתֵם את הפתחוכ׳ that he (the laborer) must not be greedy so as to shut the door before himself (make himself objectionable to employers). Ḥull.43a, a. e. מרה שניקבה וכבד סוֹתַמְתָּהּ if the bladder of the gall is perforated, and the liver (adhering to the perforated spot) closes it up. Ib. 49b חלב טהור סותם clean fat (such as it is permitted to eat) forms a stopper (to an adjacent organ, and makes the animal so affected permitted). Pes.IV, 9 (56a) ס׳ מי גיחוןוכ׳ he stopped up the water of the upper Gihon (2 Chr. 32:3); a. fr.Part. pass. סָתוּם; f. סְתוּמָה; pl. סְתוּמִים, סְתוּמִין; סְתוּמוֹת. Yeb.71b; Nidd.30b; Lev. R. s. 14 נפתח הס׳ ונסתםוכ׳ the organ which (in the embryonic stage) was closed, opens, and that which was open, closes itself. Bets.IV, 3 בית … ס׳ a room filled with fruit which was closed up (with bricks). Y. ib. 62c bot. לפסים ס׳ pots with their lids on (not yet cut apart); Tosef. ib. III, 13; Tosef.Sabb. XVI (XVII), 13. Snh.94a (ref. to לסרבה, Is. 9:6) מפני מה כל מ״ם … וזה ס׳ why is every Mem in the middle of a word open, and this one is closed (final Mem). Meg.3a פתוחין … וס׳ בסוףוכ׳ open in the middle of words and closed at the end (v. מנצפ״ך); a. fr.Esp. פרשה סתומה a paragraph in the Torah separated from the preceding by a vacant space in the middle of the line, opp. to פתוחה a section beginning a new indented line. Gen. R. s. 96, beg., v. infra. Treat. Sofrim I, 14 איזוהי ס׳ כל שהניחוכ׳ what is a closed paragraph? When space is left ; וכמה יניח … ותהא נקראת ס׳ and how much space must be left …, in order that the paragraph may be called closed?; a. fr. 2) to conceal. Gen. R. l. c. (ref. to the section beginning with Gen. 47:28) that paragraph is closed, שס׳ ממנווכ׳ because the Lord concealed from his vision all (coming) troubles; (Yalk. ib. 154 שנסתמו ממנו, v. infra); a. e.Part. pass. as ab. concealed, not explicitly stated, opp. מפורש. Zeb.53a יִלָּמֵד ס׳ מן המפורש let that which is not explicitly stated in a law be derived (by analogy) from what is explicitly stated; Sifra Aḥăré, beg. יְלַמֵּד פתוח על הס׳ let the explicit statement throw light on the implicit. Meg.15a כל … אבותיו ס׳ a person (mentioned in the Bible) whose deeds and the deeds of whose ancestors are not stated; a. fr.Y. Bets. l. c. (in Chald. dict.) סתומה the anonymous opinion, v. סְתָמָא. Nif. נִסְתַּם, Hithpa. הִסְתַּתֵּם, Nithpa. נִסְתַּתֵּם to be closed; to be concealed; to be silenced. Gen. R. l. c. בקש … ונ׳ ממנו Jacob wanted to reveal the end of the captivity, and it was closed before him; Yalk. ib. l. c. נִסְתְּמוּ ממנו, v. supra. Cant. R. to I, 4 היה אומר … ומִסְתַּתְּמִין he said a word (of charm) over them, and they became silent (dumb). Snh.31b לעולם … עד שיִסְתַּתֵּם טענותיו (Alf. שיִסְתּוֹם; Asheri שיסתיר) he may continually bring evidence and refute, until he declares himself closed as to his pleas, i. e., until he declares that he has no more evidence to offer. Yeb.76a; Tosef. ib. X, 4, a. e. נ׳ כשר if the perforation in the membrum has closed itself again, he is considered unblemished. Kel. XIV, 8 נִסְתַּתְּמוּ נקבין if the holes have been stopped up. Snh.94a לכך נ׳ therefore the Mem was closed (the final מ was written). Sot.13b נסתתמו ממנו שעריוכ׳ the gates of wisdom were closed before him (he lost his judicial judgment); a. e. Pi. סִיתֵּם to close, Y.Snh.X, 28c bot. היו … מְסַתְּמִיןוכ׳ the ministering angels closed the windows (of heaven) that the prayer of Manasseh might not rise; Deut. R. s. 2; (Pesik. Shub., p. 162b> סוֹתְמִין).

    Jewish literature > סתם

  • 430 סָתַם

    סָתַם(b. h.; = סחתם, Saf. of חתם) 1) to stop up, close, shut. Ab. Zar. V, 3 כדי שישתום ויִסְתּוֹם ויגוב, v. נָגַב. B. Mets.VII, 5 שלא יהא … ויהא סוֹתֵם את הפתחוכ׳ that he (the laborer) must not be greedy so as to shut the door before himself (make himself objectionable to employers). Ḥull.43a, a. e. מרה שניקבה וכבד סוֹתַמְתָּהּ if the bladder of the gall is perforated, and the liver (adhering to the perforated spot) closes it up. Ib. 49b חלב טהור סותם clean fat (such as it is permitted to eat) forms a stopper (to an adjacent organ, and makes the animal so affected permitted). Pes.IV, 9 (56a) ס׳ מי גיחוןוכ׳ he stopped up the water of the upper Gihon (2 Chr. 32:3); a. fr.Part. pass. סָתוּם; f. סְתוּמָה; pl. סְתוּמִים, סְתוּמִין; סְתוּמוֹת. Yeb.71b; Nidd.30b; Lev. R. s. 14 נפתח הס׳ ונסתםוכ׳ the organ which (in the embryonic stage) was closed, opens, and that which was open, closes itself. Bets.IV, 3 בית … ס׳ a room filled with fruit which was closed up (with bricks). Y. ib. 62c bot. לפסים ס׳ pots with their lids on (not yet cut apart); Tosef. ib. III, 13; Tosef.Sabb. XVI (XVII), 13. Snh.94a (ref. to לסרבה, Is. 9:6) מפני מה כל מ״ם … וזה ס׳ why is every Mem in the middle of a word open, and this one is closed (final Mem). Meg.3a פתוחין … וס׳ בסוףוכ׳ open in the middle of words and closed at the end (v. מנצפ״ך); a. fr.Esp. פרשה סתומה a paragraph in the Torah separated from the preceding by a vacant space in the middle of the line, opp. to פתוחה a section beginning a new indented line. Gen. R. s. 96, beg., v. infra. Treat. Sofrim I, 14 איזוהי ס׳ כל שהניחוכ׳ what is a closed paragraph? When space is left ; וכמה יניח … ותהא נקראת ס׳ and how much space must be left …, in order that the paragraph may be called closed?; a. fr. 2) to conceal. Gen. R. l. c. (ref. to the section beginning with Gen. 47:28) that paragraph is closed, שס׳ ממנווכ׳ because the Lord concealed from his vision all (coming) troubles; (Yalk. ib. 154 שנסתמו ממנו, v. infra); a. e.Part. pass. as ab. concealed, not explicitly stated, opp. מפורש. Zeb.53a יִלָּמֵד ס׳ מן המפורש let that which is not explicitly stated in a law be derived (by analogy) from what is explicitly stated; Sifra Aḥăré, beg. יְלַמֵּד פתוח על הס׳ let the explicit statement throw light on the implicit. Meg.15a כל … אבותיו ס׳ a person (mentioned in the Bible) whose deeds and the deeds of whose ancestors are not stated; a. fr.Y. Bets. l. c. (in Chald. dict.) סתומה the anonymous opinion, v. סְתָמָא. Nif. נִסְתַּם, Hithpa. הִסְתַּתֵּם, Nithpa. נִסְתַּתֵּם to be closed; to be concealed; to be silenced. Gen. R. l. c. בקש … ונ׳ ממנו Jacob wanted to reveal the end of the captivity, and it was closed before him; Yalk. ib. l. c. נִסְתְּמוּ ממנו, v. supra. Cant. R. to I, 4 היה אומר … ומִסְתַּתְּמִין he said a word (of charm) over them, and they became silent (dumb). Snh.31b לעולם … עד שיִסְתַּתֵּם טענותיו (Alf. שיִסְתּוֹם; Asheri שיסתיר) he may continually bring evidence and refute, until he declares himself closed as to his pleas, i. e., until he declares that he has no more evidence to offer. Yeb.76a; Tosef. ib. X, 4, a. e. נ׳ כשר if the perforation in the membrum has closed itself again, he is considered unblemished. Kel. XIV, 8 נִסְתַּתְּמוּ נקבין if the holes have been stopped up. Snh.94a לכך נ׳ therefore the Mem was closed (the final מ was written). Sot.13b נסתתמו ממנו שעריוכ׳ the gates of wisdom were closed before him (he lost his judicial judgment); a. e. Pi. סִיתֵּם to close, Y.Snh.X, 28c bot. היו … מְסַתְּמִיןוכ׳ the ministering angels closed the windows (of heaven) that the prayer of Manasseh might not rise; Deut. R. s. 2; (Pesik. Shub., p. 162b> סוֹתְמִין).

    Jewish literature > סָתַם

  • 431 עבד

    עָבַד(b. h.) ( to work) 1) to serve, work for. Gitt.IV, 5 עוֹבֵד את רבווכ׳ works one day for his master, and one for himself; a. fr. Esp. to do priestly service. Ḥull.24b אחיו הכהנים … לַעֲבוֹדוכ׳ his brother priests allow him not to serve, until he is twenty years of age. 2) to prepare; to till the ground; to dress (hides). Gen. R. s. 22 קין עובד אדמה Cain the tiller of the ground. Y.Ab. Zar. II, 41b bot. גוי עוֹבְדָן; Tosef. ib. IV (V), 10 עוֹבְדוֹ, v. דָּבַב I; (Bab. ib. 33a עיבדן). Y.Sabb.I, 4b top נתן כלים … ומצאו עובד בווכ׳ if one gave a gentile garments to wash, and found him working at them on the Sabbath; a. fr.Part. pass. עָבוּד, pl. עֲבוּדִין dressed, v. infra. 3) (v. עֲבוֹדָה) to use esp. for idolatrous purposes; to worship. Tem.VI, 1, v. infra. Ab. Zar. III, 7 (defining אשרה) כל שעוֹבְדִין אותה a tree which is itself worshipped (not one at which idolatrous rites are performed). Ib. הואיל … הן עובדין since they worship merely the image (under the tree). Snh.VII, 6 העובדע״ז אחד העובדוכ׳ he who worships an idol, whether he goes through the regular forms of that particular worship (v. ib. 60b), or sacrifices Ab. Zar. III, 5 העכומ״ז העובדיןוכ׳ as to idolaters that worship mountains and hills (as deities), they (the territories) may be used, but what is on them is forbidden. Ib. 45b אילן … ולבסוף עֲבָדוֹ if one planted a tree and afterwards made it a subject of worship. Ib. 46a ועוֹבְדֵיהֶן בסייף and those (Jews) who worship them are put to death by the sword; Tosef. ib. VI (VII), 8. Sabb.56b אילמלי לא … ולא עָבְדוּ ישראלע״א had David not listened to evil gossip (against Mephibosheth), … Israel would not have worshipped idols (under Jeroboam). Ib. 105b עד שיאמר לו עֲבוֹדע״ז until he (the tempter) finally tells him, worship idols; Tosef.B. Kam. IX, 31. Ḥull.13b נכרים שבח״ל לאו עוֹבְדֵיע״א הן gentiles outside of Palestine must not be considered as idolaters; a. v. fr. Nif. נֶעֱבַד 1) to be prepared, dressed. Tosef. B. Kam. l. c. עורות שאינן נֶעֱבָדִין ed. Zuck. (oth. ed. עֲבוּדִין) undressed hides; a. e. 2) to be used, esp. for illicit purposes; to be worshipped. Tem. l. c. המוקצה והנ׳ the animal designated for idolatrous purposes and the one used; expl. כל שעובדין אותו whatever they may use it for ((e. g. yoking the ox, shearing the sheep for the benefit of idolatrous temples). Ib. 28a נעבדה בהן עבירה an illicit act has been done with them (by coupling them); ib. לא נֵתְעַבְּדָה בה עבירה no sinful act has been done with it (by which to unfit it for the altar). Ab. Zar.46b יש נ׳ במחובר אצל גבוה does the law forbidding the use in divine worship of objects which have been used for idolatrous purposes include things fixed in the ground? Ib. יש שינוי בנ׳ does change of form restore to legitimate use objects otherwise forbidden on account of their use in connection with idolatry? a. fr. Nithpa. נַתְעַבֵּד same, v. supra. Hif. הֶעֱבִיד to enslave, oppress. Yalk. Ex. 162 הֶעֱבִידוֹ בכלוכ׳ he (Esau) oppressed him with all sorts of troubles. Pi. עִיבֵּד to prepare, esp. to dress hides. Sabb.VII, 2 (among the labors forbidden on the Sabbath) והמְעַבֵּד את עורו dressing the hide of the deer (to fit it for parchment). Ib. 75b חייב משום מעבד is guilty of a Sabbath offence coming under the category of tanning. Gitt.54b גוילין … לא עִיבַּדְתִּין לשמן I did not prepare the parchment sheets with the proper intention; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > עבד

  • 432 עָבַד

    עָבַד(b. h.) ( to work) 1) to serve, work for. Gitt.IV, 5 עוֹבֵד את רבווכ׳ works one day for his master, and one for himself; a. fr. Esp. to do priestly service. Ḥull.24b אחיו הכהנים … לַעֲבוֹדוכ׳ his brother priests allow him not to serve, until he is twenty years of age. 2) to prepare; to till the ground; to dress (hides). Gen. R. s. 22 קין עובד אדמה Cain the tiller of the ground. Y.Ab. Zar. II, 41b bot. גוי עוֹבְדָן; Tosef. ib. IV (V), 10 עוֹבְדוֹ, v. דָּבַב I; (Bab. ib. 33a עיבדן). Y.Sabb.I, 4b top נתן כלים … ומצאו עובד בווכ׳ if one gave a gentile garments to wash, and found him working at them on the Sabbath; a. fr.Part. pass. עָבוּד, pl. עֲבוּדִין dressed, v. infra. 3) (v. עֲבוֹדָה) to use esp. for idolatrous purposes; to worship. Tem.VI, 1, v. infra. Ab. Zar. III, 7 (defining אשרה) כל שעוֹבְדִין אותה a tree which is itself worshipped (not one at which idolatrous rites are performed). Ib. הואיל … הן עובדין since they worship merely the image (under the tree). Snh.VII, 6 העובדע״ז אחד העובדוכ׳ he who worships an idol, whether he goes through the regular forms of that particular worship (v. ib. 60b), or sacrifices Ab. Zar. III, 5 העכומ״ז העובדיןוכ׳ as to idolaters that worship mountains and hills (as deities), they (the territories) may be used, but what is on them is forbidden. Ib. 45b אילן … ולבסוף עֲבָדוֹ if one planted a tree and afterwards made it a subject of worship. Ib. 46a ועוֹבְדֵיהֶן בסייף and those (Jews) who worship them are put to death by the sword; Tosef. ib. VI (VII), 8. Sabb.56b אילמלי לא … ולא עָבְדוּ ישראלע״א had David not listened to evil gossip (against Mephibosheth), … Israel would not have worshipped idols (under Jeroboam). Ib. 105b עד שיאמר לו עֲבוֹדע״ז until he (the tempter) finally tells him, worship idols; Tosef.B. Kam. IX, 31. Ḥull.13b נכרים שבח״ל לאו עוֹבְדֵיע״א הן gentiles outside of Palestine must not be considered as idolaters; a. v. fr. Nif. נֶעֱבַד 1) to be prepared, dressed. Tosef. B. Kam. l. c. עורות שאינן נֶעֱבָדִין ed. Zuck. (oth. ed. עֲבוּדִין) undressed hides; a. e. 2) to be used, esp. for illicit purposes; to be worshipped. Tem. l. c. המוקצה והנ׳ the animal designated for idolatrous purposes and the one used; expl. כל שעובדין אותו whatever they may use it for ((e. g. yoking the ox, shearing the sheep for the benefit of idolatrous temples). Ib. 28a נעבדה בהן עבירה an illicit act has been done with them (by coupling them); ib. לא נֵתְעַבְּדָה בה עבירה no sinful act has been done with it (by which to unfit it for the altar). Ab. Zar.46b יש נ׳ במחובר אצל גבוה does the law forbidding the use in divine worship of objects which have been used for idolatrous purposes include things fixed in the ground? Ib. יש שינוי בנ׳ does change of form restore to legitimate use objects otherwise forbidden on account of their use in connection with idolatry? a. fr. Nithpa. נַתְעַבֵּד same, v. supra. Hif. הֶעֱבִיד to enslave, oppress. Yalk. Ex. 162 הֶעֱבִידוֹ בכלוכ׳ he (Esau) oppressed him with all sorts of troubles. Pi. עִיבֵּד to prepare, esp. to dress hides. Sabb.VII, 2 (among the labors forbidden on the Sabbath) והמְעַבֵּד את עורו dressing the hide of the deer (to fit it for parchment). Ib. 75b חייב משום מעבד is guilty of a Sabbath offence coming under the category of tanning. Gitt.54b גוילין … לא עִיבַּדְתִּין לשמן I did not prepare the parchment sheets with the proper intention; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > עָבַד

  • 433 עבר

    עָבַר(b. h.) 1) to be thick, swell; to run over. Par. VI, 4 כדי שיַעַבְרוּ המיםוכ׳ that the water may overflow into a vessel; a. e.Ex. R. s. 15 שאני עוֹבֵר, v. עֶבְרָה. 2) (cmp. סְגֵי I a. II) to pass, to cross. Tosef.Sot.VIII, 1; Sot.33b כיצד עָבְרוּ ישראל אתוכ׳ in what manner did the Israelites cross the Jordan? Cant. R. to V, 13 עוֹבֵר הוא וחוזרוכ׳ he goes over his studies once and again ; a. fr.ע׳ את הדין to cross the line of justice, to be too severe. Midd. II, 2 כאילו עברו עליווכ׳ as if they had treated him too severely (arbitrarily). Ex. R. s. 30 כשם שאני יכול לַעֲבוֹר … ואני איני מַעֲבִירוכ׳ as I (the Lord) have power to treat the nations with rigor, but refrain from doing so, so shall you not go beyond the line of justice. Ib. עִיבְּרָה את הדין (Pi.); a. e. 3) (with על) to pass over (a sin); to forgive. Cant. R. to V, 5 (play on מור עובר, ib.) מר עובר ע׳ על מררי the bitterness passes away, he (the Lord) passes over my bitterness (sin). R. Hash. 17a (ref. To Mic. 7:18) למי נושא עון למי שעובר על פשע whose iniquity does he pardon? the iniquity of him who forgives (his neighbors) transgression; a. e. 4) to transgress, sin. Yoma 86b, a. e. כיון שע׳ אדם עבירה ושנהוכ׳ as soon as a man has committed a sin and repeated it, it becomes to him a permitted act. Ib. a, a. e. ע׳ על עשה when one has transgressed a positive law (committed a sin of omission). Ib. ע׳ על כריתותוכ׳ when one has committed sins punishable with extinction or death by a court. Erub.100a, a. fr. עובר על בלוכ׳, v. בַּל. Keth.VII, 6 העוֹבֶרֶת על דתוכ׳ if a wife offends against Mosaic or Jewish customs, v. דַּת; Y. ib. VII, 31c top נשים המְעַבְּרוֹת על הדת (Pi.); a. v. fr. 5) to pass, overtake, precede. Pes.7b כל המצות מברך עליהן עובר לעשייתן in the performance of all religious ceremonies one must say the benediction over them before doing them; מאי משמע דהאי עובר לישנא דאקדומי היא what evidence is there that this ‘ober has the meaning of precedence? Answ. by ref. to ויעבר (2 Sam. 18:23) ‘and he arrived before the Cushite. 6) to pass by, go away, be removed. Pes.III, 1 אלו עוֹבְרִין בפסח the following things must pass away (their use must be suspended) during Passover. Bets.26a, a. fr. מום עובר a transitory blemish, opp. קבוע. Ber.26a ע׳ יומו בטל קרבנו when its day is passed, the sacrifice of the day is void. Pes.II, 2 חמץ … שע׳ עליו הפסח leavened matter … over which Passover has passed (which had been in the house during Passover). Ber.IX, 3 הצועק לַשֶּׁעָבַרוכ׳ praying for what is passed (decided) is a vain prayer, e. g. if ones wife is with child, and one prays, may it be the will of God that my wife bear a male child; Y.Taan.II, 65c bot. נותן הודייה לשעבר וצועקוכ׳ one gives thanks for what is passed, and prays for what is to come. Gitt.VII, 7 כל זמן שאֱעֶבוֹר מכנגד פניךוכ׳ as soon as I shall have been out of thy sight for thirty days; Tosef. ib. VII (V), 10. Keth.17a ע׳ מלפני כלה he passed aside to make room for a bridal procession. Yoma 66a, a. e. חטאת שעָבְרָה שנתה a sin-offering whose year is passed (that is older than one year); Tem.22a שעִיבְּרָה שנתה (Pi.) whose year is completed (v. infra). Ib. 21b בכור שעברה שנתו a first-born animal older than one year; R. Hash. 5b; Zeb.29a bot. שעיברה; Tosef.Snh.III, 6 בכור שעיברה זמנו ed. Zuck. (read with Var.: שעבר). Keth.87a על שֶׁעָ׳ as regards the past, v. עָתִיד; a. v. fr.לַשֶּׁעָ׳ in former days. Gen. R. s. 47, opp. עַכְשָׁיו; a. fr. Hif. חֶעֱבִיר 1) to lead past, stroke gently. Tosef.Sabb.VII (VIII), 23 (read:) מַעֲבִירִין על גבי העין בשבת you are permitted to stroke a sore eye on the Sabbath; Y. ib. XIV, 14c bot. מעבירין על העין. Ib. הֶעֱבִירוּ עליו כלים they passed garments over it. 2) to cause to pass; to remove, displace. Keth.17a מַעֲבִירִין את המת מלפני כלהוכ׳ a funeral procession is made to make way for a bridal procession, and both of them for the king, v. supra. Gitt.57b שאין אנו מעבירין אותו באל אחר that we shall never displace him for another god; שאין מַעֲבִיר אותנווכ׳ that he will never displace us for another nation. Ex. R. s. 30 כאילו היא מעביר איקיניןוכ׳ as if he removed (defaced) the kings portrait; a. fr. 3) to go beyond. Ib. איני מעבירוכ׳, v. supra. Ib. הבריות מעבירין על הדיןוכ׳ men go beyond the line of justice (are treacherous, cruel), and they are punished; a. e. 4) to skip over; to forego, postpone.ה׳ על מדותיו, v. מִדָּה.Yoma 33a; 58b, a. fr. אין מעבירין על המצות you must not forego the occasion for performing a religious act. Erub.64b אין מעבירין על האוכלין you must not pass by eatables (and let them lie in the street); B. Mets.23a; a. fr. 5) to forego, overlook, pardon. R. Hash. 17a (ref. to Mic. 7:18) מעביר ראשון ראשין וכך היא המדה (Ms. M. על ראשוןוכ׳; v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) he pardons one sin after the other (before they are put on the scale), and such is the divine dealing. Ib. מעבירין לו על כל פשעיו all his transgressions are pardoned; a. fr. 6) to cause to forego or disregard. Erub.41b שלשה דברים מעבירין … עלוכ׳ three things make a man disregard his own sense (of right) and the sense of his Maker; a. e. Pi. עִיבֵּר 1) to be completed, full. Tem.22a, a. e., v. supra. 2) to transgress repeatedly. Y.Keth.VII, 31c top, v. supra. 3) to go beyond. Ex. R. l. c. עיברה את הדין, v. supra. Tosef.B. Kam. VI, 22 שעיברה הדליקה עד, read with Y. ib. VII, 5c. שעברה … את. 4) (v. עוּבָּר) to carry, be with young. Kidd.31b כי עִבַּרְתּוֹ אמווכ׳ while his mother was pregnant with him, his father died. Tosef.B. Kam. X, 1 ועִיבְּרָה אצלו (B. Kam.IX, 1 ונִתְעַבְּרָה) and the cow became pregnant while she was in his possession. Ḥull.58a; a. fr.Part. pass. f. מְעוּבֶּרֶת; pl. מְעוּבָּרוֹת pregnant. Yeb.XVI, 1. Ib. 36b, a. e. מע׳ חבירו a woman who is with child of another man (divorced or widowed during pregnancy). Gen. R. s. 85 מלכים אני מע׳ גיאלים אני מע׳ I am pregnant with kings, with redeemers (kings and redeemers are destined to be of my offspring). Yeb.III, 10; a. fr. 4) (v. עִיבּוּר) to extend the city limits, for the purpose of defining Sabbath distances, in cases of buildings projecting beyond the city lines (outskirts). Erub.V, 1 כיצד מְעַבְּרִיןוכ׳ (v. אָבַר), defined ib. 53a; Y. ib. V, beg.22b; Y.Ber.VII, 12c top כאשה עוברה like a pregnant woman; Tosef. ib. VI (V), 1; a. e. 6) to complement, add to, esp. to intercalate a month, (second Adar); proclaim a leap year; to complement a month (v. מָלֵא) by assigning to it an additional day (thirty days). Tosef.Snh.II, 1 שנים אומרים צריכה לְעַבֵּר if two judges say, it is necessary to intercalate a month. Ib. 2 על שלשה סימנים מעבריןוכ׳ on three indications the intercalation is decided; על שנים מעבריןוכ׳ when two of them exist, the intercalation is decreed. Ib. ואם עִיבְּרוּהָ הרי זו מעוברת but if they proclaimed it a leap-year, it remains a leap-year; a. fr.Part. pass. מְעוּבָּר; f. מְעוּבֶּרֶת. R. Hash. 19b אלול מע׳ an Elul of thirty days. Snh.11b אינה מע׳ the year is not a leap-year (the declared intercalation is invalid); a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְעַבֵּר, Nithpa. נִתְעַבֵּר 1) to swell (with anger), to become wroth. Sifré Num. 135 (expl. ויתעבר, Deut. 3:26) כאדם שאומר נ׳ בי פלוני נתמלאוכ׳ as a man says, that man (became full) got wroth with me, meaning, he was filled with wrath against me; Yalk. Deut. 818; Sifré Deut. 29 כאשה שאינה יכולה לשוח מפני עוברה ( swelled,) like a woman that cannot bend down on account of the child she is pregnant with; v. עֶבְרָה. 2) to become pregnant. Gen. R. s. 45 מביאה … נִתְעַבְּרָה she conceived on her first intercourse; אין אשה מִתְעַבֶּרֶתוכ׳ no woman conceives on ; Yeb.34a. Ib. b כדי שלא תִתְעַבֵּרוכ׳ that she may not become with child, and her beauty, v. כָּחַש. B. Kam.IX, 1 ונתעברה אצלו, v. supra; a. fr. 3) to be extended, to be consolidated into one township. Y.Erub.V, 22b bot. יכול אני … בית מעון מתעברתוכ׳ I can cause Beth Ma‘on and Tiberias to be considered one township (as regards Sabbath distances). 4) to be added to, to be proclaimed a full month (of thirty days), a leap-year (of thirteen months). Y.R. Hash. III, beg. 58c ניסן לא נ׳ מימיו Nisan was never made a full month (by decree of the court); Y.Shebi.X, beg.39b; a. e.Snh.12a ראויה … שתִּתְעַבֵּר that year ought to have been a leap-year. B. Mets. נִתְעַבְּרָה השנה נתע׳ לשוכר if the year was made a leap-year, the tenant (that rented by the year) reaps the benefit of the intercalation. R. Hash. 19b; a. fr. Nif. נֶעֱבַר (with עֲבֵרָה) to be committed. Tosef.B. Kam. X, 3 בהמה ונֶעֶבְרָה בה עבירה if one stole a beast, and some sinful act was committed on it (by which it became forbidden for any benefit); (B. Kam.IX, 2, a. fr. נעבדה … עבירה).

    Jewish literature > עבר

  • 434 עָבַר

    עָבַר(b. h.) 1) to be thick, swell; to run over. Par. VI, 4 כדי שיַעַבְרוּ המיםוכ׳ that the water may overflow into a vessel; a. e.Ex. R. s. 15 שאני עוֹבֵר, v. עֶבְרָה. 2) (cmp. סְגֵי I a. II) to pass, to cross. Tosef.Sot.VIII, 1; Sot.33b כיצד עָבְרוּ ישראל אתוכ׳ in what manner did the Israelites cross the Jordan? Cant. R. to V, 13 עוֹבֵר הוא וחוזרוכ׳ he goes over his studies once and again ; a. fr.ע׳ את הדין to cross the line of justice, to be too severe. Midd. II, 2 כאילו עברו עליווכ׳ as if they had treated him too severely (arbitrarily). Ex. R. s. 30 כשם שאני יכול לַעֲבוֹר … ואני איני מַעֲבִירוכ׳ as I (the Lord) have power to treat the nations with rigor, but refrain from doing so, so shall you not go beyond the line of justice. Ib. עִיבְּרָה את הדין (Pi.); a. e. 3) (with על) to pass over (a sin); to forgive. Cant. R. to V, 5 (play on מור עובר, ib.) מר עובר ע׳ על מררי the bitterness passes away, he (the Lord) passes over my bitterness (sin). R. Hash. 17a (ref. To Mic. 7:18) למי נושא עון למי שעובר על פשע whose iniquity does he pardon? the iniquity of him who forgives (his neighbors) transgression; a. e. 4) to transgress, sin. Yoma 86b, a. e. כיון שע׳ אדם עבירה ושנהוכ׳ as soon as a man has committed a sin and repeated it, it becomes to him a permitted act. Ib. a, a. e. ע׳ על עשה when one has transgressed a positive law (committed a sin of omission). Ib. ע׳ על כריתותוכ׳ when one has committed sins punishable with extinction or death by a court. Erub.100a, a. fr. עובר על בלוכ׳, v. בַּל. Keth.VII, 6 העוֹבֶרֶת על דתוכ׳ if a wife offends against Mosaic or Jewish customs, v. דַּת; Y. ib. VII, 31c top נשים המְעַבְּרוֹת על הדת (Pi.); a. v. fr. 5) to pass, overtake, precede. Pes.7b כל המצות מברך עליהן עובר לעשייתן in the performance of all religious ceremonies one must say the benediction over them before doing them; מאי משמע דהאי עובר לישנא דאקדומי היא what evidence is there that this ‘ober has the meaning of precedence? Answ. by ref. to ויעבר (2 Sam. 18:23) ‘and he arrived before the Cushite. 6) to pass by, go away, be removed. Pes.III, 1 אלו עוֹבְרִין בפסח the following things must pass away (their use must be suspended) during Passover. Bets.26a, a. fr. מום עובר a transitory blemish, opp. קבוע. Ber.26a ע׳ יומו בטל קרבנו when its day is passed, the sacrifice of the day is void. Pes.II, 2 חמץ … שע׳ עליו הפסח leavened matter … over which Passover has passed (which had been in the house during Passover). Ber.IX, 3 הצועק לַשֶּׁעָבַרוכ׳ praying for what is passed (decided) is a vain prayer, e. g. if ones wife is with child, and one prays, may it be the will of God that my wife bear a male child; Y.Taan.II, 65c bot. נותן הודייה לשעבר וצועקוכ׳ one gives thanks for what is passed, and prays for what is to come. Gitt.VII, 7 כל זמן שאֱעֶבוֹר מכנגד פניךוכ׳ as soon as I shall have been out of thy sight for thirty days; Tosef. ib. VII (V), 10. Keth.17a ע׳ מלפני כלה he passed aside to make room for a bridal procession. Yoma 66a, a. e. חטאת שעָבְרָה שנתה a sin-offering whose year is passed (that is older than one year); Tem.22a שעִיבְּרָה שנתה (Pi.) whose year is completed (v. infra). Ib. 21b בכור שעברה שנתו a first-born animal older than one year; R. Hash. 5b; Zeb.29a bot. שעיברה; Tosef.Snh.III, 6 בכור שעיברה זמנו ed. Zuck. (read with Var.: שעבר). Keth.87a על שֶׁעָ׳ as regards the past, v. עָתִיד; a. v. fr.לַשֶּׁעָ׳ in former days. Gen. R. s. 47, opp. עַכְשָׁיו; a. fr. Hif. חֶעֱבִיר 1) to lead past, stroke gently. Tosef.Sabb.VII (VIII), 23 (read:) מַעֲבִירִין על גבי העין בשבת you are permitted to stroke a sore eye on the Sabbath; Y. ib. XIV, 14c bot. מעבירין על העין. Ib. הֶעֱבִירוּ עליו כלים they passed garments over it. 2) to cause to pass; to remove, displace. Keth.17a מַעֲבִירִין את המת מלפני כלהוכ׳ a funeral procession is made to make way for a bridal procession, and both of them for the king, v. supra. Gitt.57b שאין אנו מעבירין אותו באל אחר that we shall never displace him for another god; שאין מַעֲבִיר אותנווכ׳ that he will never displace us for another nation. Ex. R. s. 30 כאילו היא מעביר איקיניןוכ׳ as if he removed (defaced) the kings portrait; a. fr. 3) to go beyond. Ib. איני מעבירוכ׳, v. supra. Ib. הבריות מעבירין על הדיןוכ׳ men go beyond the line of justice (are treacherous, cruel), and they are punished; a. e. 4) to skip over; to forego, postpone.ה׳ על מדותיו, v. מִדָּה.Yoma 33a; 58b, a. fr. אין מעבירין על המצות you must not forego the occasion for performing a religious act. Erub.64b אין מעבירין על האוכלין you must not pass by eatables (and let them lie in the street); B. Mets.23a; a. fr. 5) to forego, overlook, pardon. R. Hash. 17a (ref. to Mic. 7:18) מעביר ראשון ראשין וכך היא המדה (Ms. M. על ראשוןוכ׳; v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) he pardons one sin after the other (before they are put on the scale), and such is the divine dealing. Ib. מעבירין לו על כל פשעיו all his transgressions are pardoned; a. fr. 6) to cause to forego or disregard. Erub.41b שלשה דברים מעבירין … עלוכ׳ three things make a man disregard his own sense (of right) and the sense of his Maker; a. e. Pi. עִיבֵּר 1) to be completed, full. Tem.22a, a. e., v. supra. 2) to transgress repeatedly. Y.Keth.VII, 31c top, v. supra. 3) to go beyond. Ex. R. l. c. עיברה את הדין, v. supra. Tosef.B. Kam. VI, 22 שעיברה הדליקה עד, read with Y. ib. VII, 5c. שעברה … את. 4) (v. עוּבָּר) to carry, be with young. Kidd.31b כי עִבַּרְתּוֹ אמווכ׳ while his mother was pregnant with him, his father died. Tosef.B. Kam. X, 1 ועִיבְּרָה אצלו (B. Kam.IX, 1 ונִתְעַבְּרָה) and the cow became pregnant while she was in his possession. Ḥull.58a; a. fr.Part. pass. f. מְעוּבֶּרֶת; pl. מְעוּבָּרוֹת pregnant. Yeb.XVI, 1. Ib. 36b, a. e. מע׳ חבירו a woman who is with child of another man (divorced or widowed during pregnancy). Gen. R. s. 85 מלכים אני מע׳ גיאלים אני מע׳ I am pregnant with kings, with redeemers (kings and redeemers are destined to be of my offspring). Yeb.III, 10; a. fr. 4) (v. עִיבּוּר) to extend the city limits, for the purpose of defining Sabbath distances, in cases of buildings projecting beyond the city lines (outskirts). Erub.V, 1 כיצד מְעַבְּרִיןוכ׳ (v. אָבַר), defined ib. 53a; Y. ib. V, beg.22b; Y.Ber.VII, 12c top כאשה עוברה like a pregnant woman; Tosef. ib. VI (V), 1; a. e. 6) to complement, add to, esp. to intercalate a month, (second Adar); proclaim a leap year; to complement a month (v. מָלֵא) by assigning to it an additional day (thirty days). Tosef.Snh.II, 1 שנים אומרים צריכה לְעַבֵּר if two judges say, it is necessary to intercalate a month. Ib. 2 על שלשה סימנים מעבריןוכ׳ on three indications the intercalation is decided; על שנים מעבריןוכ׳ when two of them exist, the intercalation is decreed. Ib. ואם עִיבְּרוּהָ הרי זו מעוברת but if they proclaimed it a leap-year, it remains a leap-year; a. fr.Part. pass. מְעוּבָּר; f. מְעוּבֶּרֶת. R. Hash. 19b אלול מע׳ an Elul of thirty days. Snh.11b אינה מע׳ the year is not a leap-year (the declared intercalation is invalid); a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְעַבֵּר, Nithpa. נִתְעַבֵּר 1) to swell (with anger), to become wroth. Sifré Num. 135 (expl. ויתעבר, Deut. 3:26) כאדם שאומר נ׳ בי פלוני נתמלאוכ׳ as a man says, that man (became full) got wroth with me, meaning, he was filled with wrath against me; Yalk. Deut. 818; Sifré Deut. 29 כאשה שאינה יכולה לשוח מפני עוברה ( swelled,) like a woman that cannot bend down on account of the child she is pregnant with; v. עֶבְרָה. 2) to become pregnant. Gen. R. s. 45 מביאה … נִתְעַבְּרָה she conceived on her first intercourse; אין אשה מִתְעַבֶּרֶתוכ׳ no woman conceives on ; Yeb.34a. Ib. b כדי שלא תִתְעַבֵּרוכ׳ that she may not become with child, and her beauty, v. כָּחַש. B. Kam.IX, 1 ונתעברה אצלו, v. supra; a. fr. 3) to be extended, to be consolidated into one township. Y.Erub.V, 22b bot. יכול אני … בית מעון מתעברתוכ׳ I can cause Beth Ma‘on and Tiberias to be considered one township (as regards Sabbath distances). 4) to be added to, to be proclaimed a full month (of thirty days), a leap-year (of thirteen months). Y.R. Hash. III, beg. 58c ניסן לא נ׳ מימיו Nisan was never made a full month (by decree of the court); Y.Shebi.X, beg.39b; a. e.Snh.12a ראויה … שתִּתְעַבֵּר that year ought to have been a leap-year. B. Mets. נִתְעַבְּרָה השנה נתע׳ לשוכר if the year was made a leap-year, the tenant (that rented by the year) reaps the benefit of the intercalation. R. Hash. 19b; a. fr. Nif. נֶעֱבַר (with עֲבֵרָה) to be committed. Tosef.B. Kam. X, 3 בהמה ונֶעֶבְרָה בה עבירה if one stole a beast, and some sinful act was committed on it (by which it became forbidden for any benefit); (B. Kam.IX, 2, a. fr. נעבדה … עבירה).

    Jewish literature > עָבַר

  • 435 עדן

    עָדַן(b. h.) ( to turn, v. עוּד, to be round, smooth, pliant. Pi. עִידֵּן 1) to make pliant; to bend. M. Kat. 16b (play on עדינו, 2 Sam. 23:8) כשהיה … היה מְעַדֵּן עצמווכ׳ when sitting and studying the Law, he made himself pliant like a worm, opp. מקשה עצמו stiffening ones self. 2) to smooth, lubricate, to improve (the complexion); to refresh, invigorate. Cant. R. to I, 2 מה שמן מְעַדֵּן … מְעַדְּנִיםוכ׳ as oil brightens the appearance of the head and the body, so the words of the Law Pes.43a משיר … ומעדן את הבשר makes the hair fall out and improves the complexion. Y.Ber.VI, 10b top אשר … מעדנים לעַדֵּן בהןוכ׳ who created all sorts of delicacies to refresh therewith the soul Gen. R. s. 16 עִדְּנוֹ מכל אילניוכ׳ he nursed him (with fruits) of all the trees of the garden of Eden; ib. לעַדְּנוֹוכ׳ he had intended to nurse him Sabb.33b מרחצאות לעַדֵּן בהן עצמן (Ms. M. לֵעָדֵן בהן; Yalk. Ms. להִתְעַדֵּן, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) (the Romans have erected baths) for their own enjoyment (not for the benefit of the people); Ab. Zar.2b; Yalk. Is. 316. Sifré Deut. 306 כל זמן … היו מערבים ומעדנים ומפנקיםוכ׳ as long as my son does my will, humor him, nurse him and indulge him and give him to eat and to drink; Yalk. Deut. 942 היו מְעַדְּנִיןוכ׳. Sifré l. c. מה רביבים … ומעדניםוכ׳ as the rains come down on the plants and brighten them and embellish them ; Yalk. l. c; a. fr.Part. pass. מְעוּדָּן a) well-nursed, graceful. Y.Ned.IX, end, 41c (ref. to 2 Sam. 1:24) אין תכשיט … גוף מע׳ ornamentation becomes only a well-nursed (graceful) body.b) indulged, used to luxuries. Mekh. Mishp. s. 8 אם היה מרוכך מע׳ מפונק if the wounded man was delicately reared, used to comfort and luxuries; Yalk. Ex. 339. Hif. הֶעֱדִין to surround, bind, connect. Gen. R. s. 10 (ref. to Job 38:31 מעדנותוכ׳) כימה מַעֲדֶנֶתוכ׳ the Kimah binds (gives substance and shape to) the fruits; cmp. מָזַר. Hithpa. הִתְעַדֵּן, Nithpa. נִתְעַדֵּן to be made smooth, pliable; to be rejuvenated; to be nursed, recover strength. B. Bath. 120a נ׳ הבשר ונתפשטווכ׳ the body was again made smooth, the wrinkles of age were straightened out, and beauty returned ; Yalk. Ex. 165. Sabb.33b, v. supra. Ned.8b מִתְעַדְּנִין בה the righteous will be rejuvenated by it (by basking in the sun). Pesik. Haḥod., p. 102a> יִתְעַדֵּן בניוכ׳ let my son be nursed with food and drink for two or three months; יִתְעַדְּנוּ בניוכ׳ let my children be nursed ; Cant. R. to II, 5; Koh. R. to III, 11; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > עדן

  • 436 עָדַן

    עָדַן(b. h.) ( to turn, v. עוּד, to be round, smooth, pliant. Pi. עִידֵּן 1) to make pliant; to bend. M. Kat. 16b (play on עדינו, 2 Sam. 23:8) כשהיה … היה מְעַדֵּן עצמווכ׳ when sitting and studying the Law, he made himself pliant like a worm, opp. מקשה עצמו stiffening ones self. 2) to smooth, lubricate, to improve (the complexion); to refresh, invigorate. Cant. R. to I, 2 מה שמן מְעַדֵּן … מְעַדְּנִיםוכ׳ as oil brightens the appearance of the head and the body, so the words of the Law Pes.43a משיר … ומעדן את הבשר makes the hair fall out and improves the complexion. Y.Ber.VI, 10b top אשר … מעדנים לעַדֵּן בהןוכ׳ who created all sorts of delicacies to refresh therewith the soul Gen. R. s. 16 עִדְּנוֹ מכל אילניוכ׳ he nursed him (with fruits) of all the trees of the garden of Eden; ib. לעַדְּנוֹוכ׳ he had intended to nurse him Sabb.33b מרחצאות לעַדֵּן בהן עצמן (Ms. M. לֵעָדֵן בהן; Yalk. Ms. להִתְעַדֵּן, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) (the Romans have erected baths) for their own enjoyment (not for the benefit of the people); Ab. Zar.2b; Yalk. Is. 316. Sifré Deut. 306 כל זמן … היו מערבים ומעדנים ומפנקיםוכ׳ as long as my son does my will, humor him, nurse him and indulge him and give him to eat and to drink; Yalk. Deut. 942 היו מְעַדְּנִיןוכ׳. Sifré l. c. מה רביבים … ומעדניםוכ׳ as the rains come down on the plants and brighten them and embellish them ; Yalk. l. c; a. fr.Part. pass. מְעוּדָּן a) well-nursed, graceful. Y.Ned.IX, end, 41c (ref. to 2 Sam. 1:24) אין תכשיט … גוף מע׳ ornamentation becomes only a well-nursed (graceful) body.b) indulged, used to luxuries. Mekh. Mishp. s. 8 אם היה מרוכך מע׳ מפונק if the wounded man was delicately reared, used to comfort and luxuries; Yalk. Ex. 339. Hif. הֶעֱדִין to surround, bind, connect. Gen. R. s. 10 (ref. to Job 38:31 מעדנותוכ׳) כימה מַעֲדֶנֶתוכ׳ the Kimah binds (gives substance and shape to) the fruits; cmp. מָזַר. Hithpa. הִתְעַדֵּן, Nithpa. נִתְעַדֵּן to be made smooth, pliable; to be rejuvenated; to be nursed, recover strength. B. Bath. 120a נ׳ הבשר ונתפשטווכ׳ the body was again made smooth, the wrinkles of age were straightened out, and beauty returned ; Yalk. Ex. 165. Sabb.33b, v. supra. Ned.8b מִתְעַדְּנִין בה the righteous will be rejuvenated by it (by basking in the sun). Pesik. Haḥod., p. 102a> יִתְעַדֵּן בניוכ׳ let my son be nursed with food and drink for two or three months; יִתְעַדְּנוּ בניוכ׳ let my children be nursed ; Cant. R. to II, 5; Koh. R. to III, 11; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > עָדַן

  • 437 עור II

    עִוֵּרII (b. h.) to blind; to cause perversion of judgment. Sifré Deut. 144 (ref. to Deut. 16:19) כי השוחד יְעַוֵּר שאומר עלוכ׳ ‘bribe blindeth, that means, that (in old age) he will declare unclean what is clean ; Yalk. ib. 907; Keth.105a (v. Peah VIII, 9); Mekh. Mishp., s. 20 (ref. to Ex. 23:8) יעור עיני חכמים בתורה blinds the judgment of scholars of the Law. Nithpa. נִתְעַוֵּר to be blinded. Tanḥ. Aḥăré 1 נִתְעַוִּרוּ עיניו his eyes were put out.

    Jewish literature > עור II

  • 438 עִוֵּר

    עִוֵּרII (b. h.) to blind; to cause perversion of judgment. Sifré Deut. 144 (ref. to Deut. 16:19) כי השוחד יְעַוֵּר שאומר עלוכ׳ ‘bribe blindeth, that means, that (in old age) he will declare unclean what is clean ; Yalk. ib. 907; Keth.105a (v. Peah VIII, 9); Mekh. Mishp., s. 20 (ref. to Ex. 23:8) יעור עיני חכמים בתורה blinds the judgment of scholars of the Law. Nithpa. נִתְעַוֵּר to be blinded. Tanḥ. Aḥăré 1 נִתְעַוִּרוּ עיניו his eyes were put out.

    Jewish literature > עִוֵּר

  • 439 עות

    עָוַת(b. h.; v. עָוָה) to be curved, crooked. Pi. עִוֵּת, עִיֵּות 1) to pervert, wrest; to corrupt. Num. R. s. 10 מתוך כך … ומְעַוְּותִין את הדין in consequence (of drinking) they cause the Law to be forgotten, and they pervert judgment. Nidd.10b אין בודקות … מפני שמְעַוְּותוֹת אותן (not בודקין) they (the women) must not examine them (the young girls) with the fingers, because they may corrupt them (teach them unnatural gratification; Rashi: they may wound them).Koh. R. to I, 15 (ref. to מעות ib.) אם אין אדם מְעַוֵּות עצמו מדברי תורהוכ׳ as long as a person (though doing wrong) does not pervert himself through wilful misinterpretation of the Law, there is a remedy for him; משאדם מעוות נכ׳ but as soon as a person perverts himself ; a. fr.Nidd.12b (adapting Koh. l. c.) הן עִוְּתוּהָ הן תקנוה they make her crooked (the evidence on the cloths will make her unfit for marital intercourse), and they make her straight (if the evidence is favorable). 2) to offend, excite displeasure; wound the feelings of. Snh.97a יְעַיֵּת; Der. Er. Zut. ch. X יְעַוֵּות shall be offensive, v. אָמַר II. Midr. Till. to Ps. 119:78 אע״פ … מְעַוְּתִים אותיוכ׳ although the wicked insult me, I do not abandon the Law. 3) to render offensive, loathsome. Sifré Deut. 1; Yalk. ib. 792 למה אתה מְעַוֵּות עלינווכ׳ why dost thou make the Scriptures loathsome to us (by absurd interpretations)?Part. pass. מְעֻוָּת, מְעוּוָת; f. מְעוֶּוּתֶת; pl. מְעוּוָּתִים, מְעוּוָּהִין; מְעִוּוָּתוֹת, מְעֻוָּ׳ crooked, perverted, perverse. Koh. R. l. c. בעולם הזה מי שהוא מע׳וכ׳ in this world, he who is crooked may be straightened again (a sinner may amend his ways) Ex. R. s. 2, beg. (ref. to עלילות, Ps. 103:7, in contrast to Deut. 22:14) (read:) בשר ודם עלילותיו מע׳וכ׳ the ʿăliloth (machinations) of man are perverse …, but the ʿăliloth (dispositions) of the Lord are merciful; a. e. Nithpa. נִתְעַוֵּות to be curved, wrested; to be perverted; to deteriorate. Koh. R. l. c. אין קורין מעוות … ונ׳ we do not call a thing perverted, unless it was at a time straight (right), and it became curved. Ib. משנִתְעַיְּותוּ המיםוכ׳ when the waters dating from creation became deteriorated. Sot.41b נִתְעַוְּותוּ הדינין (or הדַּיָּנִין, v. Rashi a. l.) the courts became depraved. Ib. 47b נתעוותו הדינין justice became corrupt; (Tosef. ib. XIV, 3 נתקלקל הדין).

    Jewish literature > עות

  • 440 עָוַת

    עָוַת(b. h.; v. עָוָה) to be curved, crooked. Pi. עִוֵּת, עִיֵּות 1) to pervert, wrest; to corrupt. Num. R. s. 10 מתוך כך … ומְעַוְּותִין את הדין in consequence (of drinking) they cause the Law to be forgotten, and they pervert judgment. Nidd.10b אין בודקות … מפני שמְעַוְּותוֹת אותן (not בודקין) they (the women) must not examine them (the young girls) with the fingers, because they may corrupt them (teach them unnatural gratification; Rashi: they may wound them).Koh. R. to I, 15 (ref. to מעות ib.) אם אין אדם מְעַוֵּות עצמו מדברי תורהוכ׳ as long as a person (though doing wrong) does not pervert himself through wilful misinterpretation of the Law, there is a remedy for him; משאדם מעוות נכ׳ but as soon as a person perverts himself ; a. fr.Nidd.12b (adapting Koh. l. c.) הן עִוְּתוּהָ הן תקנוה they make her crooked (the evidence on the cloths will make her unfit for marital intercourse), and they make her straight (if the evidence is favorable). 2) to offend, excite displeasure; wound the feelings of. Snh.97a יְעַיֵּת; Der. Er. Zut. ch. X יְעַוֵּות shall be offensive, v. אָמַר II. Midr. Till. to Ps. 119:78 אע״פ … מְעַוְּתִים אותיוכ׳ although the wicked insult me, I do not abandon the Law. 3) to render offensive, loathsome. Sifré Deut. 1; Yalk. ib. 792 למה אתה מְעַוֵּות עלינווכ׳ why dost thou make the Scriptures loathsome to us (by absurd interpretations)?Part. pass. מְעֻוָּת, מְעוּוָת; f. מְעוֶּוּתֶת; pl. מְעוּוָּתִים, מְעוּוָּהִין; מְעִוּוָּתוֹת, מְעֻוָּ׳ crooked, perverted, perverse. Koh. R. l. c. בעולם הזה מי שהוא מע׳וכ׳ in this world, he who is crooked may be straightened again (a sinner may amend his ways) Ex. R. s. 2, beg. (ref. to עלילות, Ps. 103:7, in contrast to Deut. 22:14) (read:) בשר ודם עלילותיו מע׳וכ׳ the ʿăliloth (machinations) of man are perverse …, but the ʿăliloth (dispositions) of the Lord are merciful; a. e. Nithpa. נִתְעַוֵּות to be curved, wrested; to be perverted; to deteriorate. Koh. R. l. c. אין קורין מעוות … ונ׳ we do not call a thing perverted, unless it was at a time straight (right), and it became curved. Ib. משנִתְעַיְּותוּ המיםוכ׳ when the waters dating from creation became deteriorated. Sot.41b נִתְעַוְּותוּ הדינין (or הדַּיָּנִין, v. Rashi a. l.) the courts became depraved. Ib. 47b נתעוותו הדינין justice became corrupt; (Tosef. ib. XIV, 3 נתקלקל הדין).

    Jewish literature > עָוַת


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