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nithpa

  • 301 כָּפַר

    כָּפַר(b. h.; cmp. כפף) 1) to bend, arch over, cover; v. כְּפוֹר, כּוֹפֶר 2) ( to pass over with ones palm, to wipe out, rub (cmp. חפף), to deny, withhold the truth by claiming ignorance; to ignore (mostly with ב of the object). B. Mets.4a הכּוֹפֵר במלוה he who denied having received a loan (and was refuted before being sworn, v. הֶיסֵּת). Ib. על מה שכ׳וכ׳ he is sworn on what he denied. Shebu.IV, 1 עד שיִכְפְּרוּ בהן בב״ד until they declare their ignorance (of the testimony) before court. Ib. 4 כָּפְרוּ שניהןוכ׳ if both witnesses pleaded ignorance at the same time. Ib. כָּפְרָה הראשונה if the first set of witnesses pleaded ignorance. Ib. VI, 3 והודה …וכ׳ בקרקעוֹת and defendant admits the debt concerning vessels, but denies it as to landed estate. Sabb.116a מכירין וכוֹפְרִין they know (true religion) and yet are disbelievers. Cant. R. to I, 14 (play On הכפר, ib.) שכ׳ באו״ה He disowned the gentiles (did not assist them), opp. הודה; a. v. fr.כ׳ בעיקר to deny the principle of religion (unity of God). B. Bath.16b; a. fr.Snh.39a א״ל כּוֹפֵר ed. (Ms. M. קיסר) an infidel said Hif. הִכְפִּיר (v. כַּפָּרָה) to say of a person, ‘May his death be an atonement for his sins! euphem. for to be angry at. Pes.69a אל תַּכְפִּירֵנִי בשעת הדין ed. (Ms. M. a. Ar. תְּכַפְּרֵנִי) do not make me an atonement (saying תהא מיתתו כפרה) at the time of judgment (differ. in comm.); Ab. Zar.46b (some eds. תכפריני). Pi. כִּיפֵּר, כִּפֵּר ( to wipe out, to forgive, atone; to procure forgiveness. Yoma 5a כאילו לא כ׳ וכפר as if he (the priest) had not procured atonement (in the proper manner), although he has procured atonement (for the person concerned); Neg. XIV, 10 כ׳ ומעלין עליו כאילו לא כ׳ he has brought atonement, but it is accounted to the officiating priest as if he had not done so. Ber.55a כל זמן … מזבח מְכַפֵּר עלוכ׳ as long as the Temple existed, the altar was the means of atonement for Israel, but now each mans table must be the means of atonement (ref. to Ez. 41:22). Tanḥ. Vayishl. 6 כשם … מְכַפֶּרֶתוכ׳ as the altar brings atonement, so does she (the chaste wife) atone for her household. Kidd.57a, a. e. מכשיר ומכפר, v. כָּשֵׁר I; a. v. frAb. Zar.46b, v. supra). Hithpa. הִתְכַּפֵּר, Nithpa. נִתְכַּפֵּר to be expiated; to be forgiven. R. Hash. 18a; Yeb.105a (ref. to 1 Sam. 3:14) בזבח … מִתְכַּפֵּרוכ׳ through sacrifice … it will not be expiated, but it may be so by the study of the Law. Shebu.12a אשם … שנִתְכַּפְּרוּ בעליו an animal dedicated for a guilt-offering … whose owner has otherwise obtained atonement; (Tem.III, 3 שכִּפְּרוּוכ׳ whose owner has procured atonement) Yoma 50b, a. e. המִתְכַּפֵּר he for whose atonement the animal is dedicated. Ib. 51b שאין הצבור מִתְכַּפְּרִין בו as the community is not to obtain forgiveness through it (the bullock); a. fr.Y.Macc.XII, 31d bot. יעשה … ויִתְכַּפֶּר לו let him repent and he shall be forgiven; Pesik. Shub. p. 158b>; Yalk. Ez. 358; Yalk. Ps. 702. Tanḥ Trum. 8 נתכ׳ להם they were forgiven; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > כָּפַר

  • 302 כרכם

    כִּרְכִּם(reduplic. of כרם) 1) to draw a circle; denom. כַּרְכּוֹם II. 2) (cmp. כְּרוּם) to paint, varnish; to polish, bronze. Kel. XV, 2 סירקן או כִרְכְּמָן if he painted or varnished the boards. Ib. XXII, 9 כופת שסירקו או כִרְכְּמוֹוכ׳ a block which one painted or varnished so as to give it a distinguishable surface. Ḥull.25b לכַרְכֵּם Ar. to polish or bronze (metal vessels), v. כִּרְכֵּב. Tosef.Kel.B. Mets. VI, 1 ואם … לכרכם עד שיְכַרְכֵּם if he intends to varnish (the leather goods), they cannot become unclean until he has varnished them. Cant. R. beg. סיתתה וכִירְכְּמָהּ he chiseled and polished the stone, v. מָרַק.כ׳ פנים ( to braze the face, to be bold, defiant (cmp. יָרַק). Ylamd. to Num. 20:8 quot. in Ar. והוא מְכרְכֵּם פניו כנגדן (some ed. Ar. מכרכס, (v. Koh. Ar. Compl. s. v.) and he (Moses) defied them; Yalk. Num. 763 נִתְכַּרְכְּמוּ פניו, v. infra.Part. pass. מְכוּרְכָּם פנים מְכוּרְכָּמוֹת; green, pale face. Gen. R. s. 99 יצאו ופניהם מכ׳ they went out pale-faced (abashed).Denom. כַּרְכּוֹם I. Nithpa. נִתְכַּרְכֵּם (denom. of כַּרְכּוֹם I, cmp. יָרַק), with פנים 1) to look saffron-like, pale, abashed, grieved. Ib. s. 20 נִתְכַּרְכְּמוּ פניו he turned pale. Y.Snh.I, 19a bot. Pesik. Par. p. 38a>; Num. R. s. 19 (some ed. נתכרמו, corr. acc.).Midr. Till. to Ps. 18:35 ופניו מִתְכַּרְכְּמִין and his (Abrahams) face turned pale (from jealousy); Yalk. Sam. 162 ופני אברהם מִתְכַּרְכְּמוֹת. 2) to become bronze-colored. Cant. R. to I, 6 נתכ׳ פניו his face was tanned (from exposure to the sun; Yalk. ib. 982 נפחם). 3) to become angry, defiant. Yalk. Num. 763, v. supra.

    Jewish literature > כרכם

  • 303 כִּרְכִּם

    כִּרְכִּם(reduplic. of כרם) 1) to draw a circle; denom. כַּרְכּוֹם II. 2) (cmp. כְּרוּם) to paint, varnish; to polish, bronze. Kel. XV, 2 סירקן או כִרְכְּמָן if he painted or varnished the boards. Ib. XXII, 9 כופת שסירקו או כִרְכְּמוֹוכ׳ a block which one painted or varnished so as to give it a distinguishable surface. Ḥull.25b לכַרְכֵּם Ar. to polish or bronze (metal vessels), v. כִּרְכֵּב. Tosef.Kel.B. Mets. VI, 1 ואם … לכרכם עד שיְכַרְכֵּם if he intends to varnish (the leather goods), they cannot become unclean until he has varnished them. Cant. R. beg. סיתתה וכִירְכְּמָהּ he chiseled and polished the stone, v. מָרַק.כ׳ פנים ( to braze the face, to be bold, defiant (cmp. יָרַק). Ylamd. to Num. 20:8 quot. in Ar. והוא מְכרְכֵּם פניו כנגדן (some ed. Ar. מכרכס, (v. Koh. Ar. Compl. s. v.) and he (Moses) defied them; Yalk. Num. 763 נִתְכַּרְכְּמוּ פניו, v. infra.Part. pass. מְכוּרְכָּם פנים מְכוּרְכָּמוֹת; green, pale face. Gen. R. s. 99 יצאו ופניהם מכ׳ they went out pale-faced (abashed).Denom. כַּרְכּוֹם I. Nithpa. נִתְכַּרְכֵּם (denom. of כַּרְכּוֹם I, cmp. יָרַק), with פנים 1) to look saffron-like, pale, abashed, grieved. Ib. s. 20 נִתְכַּרְכְּמוּ פניו he turned pale. Y.Snh.I, 19a bot. Pesik. Par. p. 38a>; Num. R. s. 19 (some ed. נתכרמו, corr. acc.).Midr. Till. to Ps. 18:35 ופניו מִתְכַּרְכְּמִין and his (Abrahams) face turned pale (from jealousy); Yalk. Sam. 162 ופני אברהם מִתְכַּרְכְּמוֹת. 2) to become bronze-colored. Cant. R. to I, 6 נתכ׳ פניו his face was tanned (from exposure to the sun; Yalk. ib. 982 נפחם). 3) to become angry, defiant. Yalk. Num. 763, v. supra.

    Jewish literature > כִּרְכִּם

  • 304 לבט

    לָבַט(b. h.; cmp. Sam. לבט = ענה, Ex. 22:21, sq.) to knock about, to send from place to place. Mekh. Bshall., Amal., s.2 שאברהם לא לְבָטוּהוּ when Abraham was to be shown the holy land (Gen. 13:14) they did not trouble him to leave his place, ומשה לְבָטוּהוּ but Moses they did put to the trouble (Deut. 3:27).Part. pass. לָבוּט, pl. לְבוּטִים outcasts. Gen. R. s. 52, beg., v. next w. Nithpa. נִתְלַבֵּט to be troubled; to go from place to place. Sifré Num. 84 they began to murmur against the king שנִתְלַבְּטוּ על דרך זו that they were troubled to make that journey (to meet him); ib. המלך … שבשבילם נתל׳וכ׳ the king had a right to complain, for he had taken all that trouble for their sake; Yalk. Num. 729 (v. Targ. Hos. 4:14 s. v. רְטַש).

    Jewish literature > לבט

  • 305 לָבַט

    לָבַט(b. h.; cmp. Sam. לבט = ענה, Ex. 22:21, sq.) to knock about, to send from place to place. Mekh. Bshall., Amal., s.2 שאברהם לא לְבָטוּהוּ when Abraham was to be shown the holy land (Gen. 13:14) they did not trouble him to leave his place, ומשה לְבָטוּהוּ but Moses they did put to the trouble (Deut. 3:27).Part. pass. לָבוּט, pl. לְבוּטִים outcasts. Gen. R. s. 52, beg., v. next w. Nithpa. נִתְלַבֵּט to be troubled; to go from place to place. Sifré Num. 84 they began to murmur against the king שנִתְלַבְּטוּ על דרך זו that they were troubled to make that journey (to meet him); ib. המלך … שבשבילם נתל׳וכ׳ the king had a right to complain, for he had taken all that trouble for their sake; Yalk. Num. 729 (v. Targ. Hos. 4:14 s. v. רְטַש).

    Jewish literature > לָבַט

  • 306 לבי

    לבי, לָבָה(contr. of להב, to be bright; cmp. לבלב, לָבַן II); Pi. לִיבָּה, לִבָּה, to blow ablaze, enkindle. B. Kam.VI, 4 (59b) בא אחר ולי׳ המְלַבֶּה חייב if a third person came (after one brought the wood and another the light), and blew the wood ablaze, he who fanned the flame is responsible; לִיבְּתָחּ הרוחוכ׳ (Y. ed. לִיבָּהוּ, Mish. Nap., Ms. H. a. R. לִבְּתוֹ, לִיבְּ׳, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 30) if the wind enkindled it, all are free. Ib. 60a לי׳ וליבתה הרוח if he blew and the wind set the fire ablaze, אם יש בְּלִבּוּיוֹ כדי ללַבּוֹתָהּ חייב if there was in his blow enough force to set it ablaze, he is guilty; Tosef. ib. VI, 22 נִיבָּה ונִיבְּתוֹ, כדי לנַבּוֹת … ed. Zuck. (Var. ל for נ).B. Kam. l. c. מאן דתני ל׳ … ומאן דתני נ׳וכ׳ he who teaches libbah is not at fault, nor is he who teaches nibbah (ref. for libbah to labbath, Ex. 3:2, for nibbah to נִיב, Is. 57:19); Y. ib. II, 5c top (ref. for nibbah to Jer. 20:9 ‘it (the word of prophecy, v. נָבָא) was in my heart like a burning fire). Bab. ib. l. c. כגון שלי׳ ברוח מצויה ולִבְּתוֹוכ׳ it means, if he blew! while there was ordinary air stirring, and then an unusual wind set in, and blew it ablaze. Ib. 59b Ib מסר לו גחלת ול׳ he placed in his charge glowing coals, and he (the irresponsible person) did the blowing, opp. to מסר לו שלהבת. Y.Sabb.III, beg.5c מְלַבֶּה עליה נעורתוכ׳ he lets hatchelled flax blaze over the hot ashes (so as to form a cover on which to place dishes for the Sabbath; Tosef. ib. III, 2 הדליקו). Nithpa. נִתְלַבֶּה to flame up. Sabb.37a קטמה ונִתְלַבְּתָה if after having covered the embers with ashes, the flames blazed up again; Y. ib. l. c. ונִתְלַבַּת.

    Jewish literature > לבי

  • 307 לבה

    לבי, לָבָה(contr. of להב, to be bright; cmp. לבלב, לָבַן II); Pi. לִיבָּה, לִבָּה, to blow ablaze, enkindle. B. Kam.VI, 4 (59b) בא אחר ולי׳ המְלַבֶּה חייב if a third person came (after one brought the wood and another the light), and blew the wood ablaze, he who fanned the flame is responsible; לִיבְּתָחּ הרוחוכ׳ (Y. ed. לִיבָּהוּ, Mish. Nap., Ms. H. a. R. לִבְּתוֹ, לִיבְּ׳, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 30) if the wind enkindled it, all are free. Ib. 60a לי׳ וליבתה הרוח if he blew and the wind set the fire ablaze, אם יש בְּלִבּוּיוֹ כדי ללַבּוֹתָהּ חייב if there was in his blow enough force to set it ablaze, he is guilty; Tosef. ib. VI, 22 נִיבָּה ונִיבְּתוֹ, כדי לנַבּוֹת … ed. Zuck. (Var. ל for נ).B. Kam. l. c. מאן דתני ל׳ … ומאן דתני נ׳וכ׳ he who teaches libbah is not at fault, nor is he who teaches nibbah (ref. for libbah to labbath, Ex. 3:2, for nibbah to נִיב, Is. 57:19); Y. ib. II, 5c top (ref. for nibbah to Jer. 20:9 ‘it (the word of prophecy, v. נָבָא) was in my heart like a burning fire). Bab. ib. l. c. כגון שלי׳ ברוח מצויה ולִבְּתוֹוכ׳ it means, if he blew! while there was ordinary air stirring, and then an unusual wind set in, and blew it ablaze. Ib. 59b Ib מסר לו גחלת ול׳ he placed in his charge glowing coals, and he (the irresponsible person) did the blowing, opp. to מסר לו שלהבת. Y.Sabb.III, beg.5c מְלַבֶּה עליה נעורתוכ׳ he lets hatchelled flax blaze over the hot ashes (so as to form a cover on which to place dishes for the Sabbath; Tosef. ib. III, 2 הדליקו). Nithpa. נִתְלַבֶּה to flame up. Sabb.37a קטמה ונִתְלַבְּתָה if after having covered the embers with ashes, the flames blazed up again; Y. ib. l. c. ונִתְלַבַּת.

    Jewish literature > לבה

  • 308 לָבָה

    לבי, לָבָה(contr. of להב, to be bright; cmp. לבלב, לָבַן II); Pi. לִיבָּה, לִבָּה, to blow ablaze, enkindle. B. Kam.VI, 4 (59b) בא אחר ולי׳ המְלַבֶּה חייב if a third person came (after one brought the wood and another the light), and blew the wood ablaze, he who fanned the flame is responsible; לִיבְּתָחּ הרוחוכ׳ (Y. ed. לִיבָּהוּ, Mish. Nap., Ms. H. a. R. לִבְּתוֹ, לִיבְּ׳, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 30) if the wind enkindled it, all are free. Ib. 60a לי׳ וליבתה הרוח if he blew and the wind set the fire ablaze, אם יש בְּלִבּוּיוֹ כדי ללַבּוֹתָהּ חייב if there was in his blow enough force to set it ablaze, he is guilty; Tosef. ib. VI, 22 נִיבָּה ונִיבְּתוֹ, כדי לנַבּוֹת … ed. Zuck. (Var. ל for נ).B. Kam. l. c. מאן דתני ל׳ … ומאן דתני נ׳וכ׳ he who teaches libbah is not at fault, nor is he who teaches nibbah (ref. for libbah to labbath, Ex. 3:2, for nibbah to נִיב, Is. 57:19); Y. ib. II, 5c top (ref. for nibbah to Jer. 20:9 ‘it (the word of prophecy, v. נָבָא) was in my heart like a burning fire). Bab. ib. l. c. כגון שלי׳ ברוח מצויה ולִבְּתוֹוכ׳ it means, if he blew! while there was ordinary air stirring, and then an unusual wind set in, and blew it ablaze. Ib. 59b Ib מסר לו גחלת ול׳ he placed in his charge glowing coals, and he (the irresponsible person) did the blowing, opp. to מסר לו שלהבת. Y.Sabb.III, beg.5c מְלַבֶּה עליה נעורתוכ׳ he lets hatchelled flax blaze over the hot ashes (so as to form a cover on which to place dishes for the Sabbath; Tosef. ib. III, 2 הדליקו). Nithpa. נִתְלַבֶּה to flame up. Sabb.37a קטמה ונִתְלַבְּתָה if after having covered the embers with ashes, the flames blazed up again; Y. ib. l. c. ונִתְלַבַּת.

    Jewish literature > לָבָה

  • 309 לבן II

    לָבַןII (cmp. לָבָה) to glisten. Pi. לִבֵּן 1) to polish, brighten; to finish. Sabb.VII, 2 הגוזז … והמְלַבְּנוֹ he who clips wool and he who cleanses it (by washing, removing clods &c); Y. ib. 10c top המלבנו ההן דמגפרוכ׳ under mlabben of the Mishnah is implied (any preparation for improving raw material, e. g.) he who pitches wood, v. אֶלִּיקָה. Ib. המיינטון חייב משום מְלַבֵּן he who cleanses amiant (v. אַמְיַינְטֹון) comes under the law forbidding polishing (on the Sabbath). Tosef.Ber.VII (VI), 2; Ber.58a; Y. ib. IX, 13c top גזז ול׳וכ׳ he (Adam) clipped (wool) and cleansed Ab. Zar. V, 12 את שדרכו … לְלַבֵּן באור יְלַבֵּןוכ׳ such utensils as are ordinarily cleansed by being put in the fire (metal spits) he must cleanse by fire.Gen. R. s. 70 (play on לָבָן, Gen. 29:5) do you know Him שהוא עתיד ללַבֵּןוכ׳ who will cleanse your sins to make them appear like snow (Is. 1:18)?; a. fr.Part. pass. מְלוּבָּן finished, polished, refined. Nidd.31a (of an embryo) מל׳ ומזורז well-formed and of strong vitality; Snh.70b; Num. R. s. 10.Ib. מל׳ ברשע finished (refined) in wickedness, v. אפדכסיס; Gen. R. s. 60; Ruth R. to II, 1; Yalk. Gen. 109.Esp. a) to glaze tiles; to heat tiles. Bets.IV, 7 (33a) אין מְלַבְּנִין אתוכ׳ you must not heat (new) tiles (on Holy Days) for roasting on them; Y. ib. IV, end, 62d מאן דאמר מלבנין בבדוקים he who says that you may heat tiles, refers to such as have been tested (to be sound under fire).b) (of metal utensils, 5. supra) to glow. Ḥull.8a ל׳ סכיןוכ׳ if one made a knife glowing hot and cut with it; a. fr.Part. pass. מְליּבָּן, f. מְלוּבֶּנֶת. Y.Yeb.XVI, 15c bot. Hithpa. הִתְלַבֵּן, Nithpa. נִתְלַבֵּן 1) to grow white, glossy, be cleansed. Ex. R. s. 23 (play on שְׁלמ֗ה֗ a. שַׂלְמָה) מה השלמה הזאת מתלכלכת וחוזרת ומִתְלַבֶּנֶת as the garment gets soiled and is cleansed again ; (Yalk. Cant. 982 מתכבסת). Ib; Cant. R. to I, 6 נ׳ גופו his tanned skin became white again, v. כִּרְכֵּם. 2) to be glowed, heated. Sabb.27b והאונין … משיִתְלַבְּנוּ bundles of flax are considered finished after they are baked; Sifra Thazr., Neg., Par. 5, ch. 13. Hif. הִלְבִּין 1) to grow white. Neg. I, 6 היו … והִלְבִּינוּ if the hair was black and turned white. Ib. IV, 4 עיקרן … וראשן מַלְבִּין if their roots are black and their tops white. Yoma VI, 8; a. fr. 2) to whiten, cleanse. Cant. R. to V, 11 להַלְבִּין כנףוכ׳ to make white one wing of a raven. Yoma. 39b the Temple is called Lebanon שמַלְבִּיןוכ׳ because it cleanses the sins Keth.59b הרוצח שיַלְבִּין את בתו he who desires to make his daughter white-complexioned (handsome); a. e.Transf. (with פנים) to put to shame, expose. Ab. III, 11 המַלְבִּין פניוכ׳ he who exposes his fellowmau to shame in public. B. Mets.59a נוח לו לאדם שיפיל … ואל וַלְבִּיןוכ׳ man should rather have himself thrown into a furnace than put his neighbor to shame. Yalk. Deut. 938 אני מלבין פניהם I should put them to shame; (Pirké dR. El. ch. 44 מגלה, v. נָּלָה). B. Mets.58b כל המלבין … כאילו שופך דמים he who puts his neighbor to public shame is considered as if he shed blood; a. fr.Y.Succ.V, 55c bot. (play on נ̇ב̇ל̇) שמל̇ב̇ין כמה מיני זמר it shames (excels) many a musical instrument.

    Jewish literature > לבן II

  • 310 לָבַן

    לָבַןII (cmp. לָבָה) to glisten. Pi. לִבֵּן 1) to polish, brighten; to finish. Sabb.VII, 2 הגוזז … והמְלַבְּנוֹ he who clips wool and he who cleanses it (by washing, removing clods &c); Y. ib. 10c top המלבנו ההן דמגפרוכ׳ under mlabben of the Mishnah is implied (any preparation for improving raw material, e. g.) he who pitches wood, v. אֶלִּיקָה. Ib. המיינטון חייב משום מְלַבֵּן he who cleanses amiant (v. אַמְיַינְטֹון) comes under the law forbidding polishing (on the Sabbath). Tosef.Ber.VII (VI), 2; Ber.58a; Y. ib. IX, 13c top גזז ול׳וכ׳ he (Adam) clipped (wool) and cleansed Ab. Zar. V, 12 את שדרכו … לְלַבֵּן באור יְלַבֵּןוכ׳ such utensils as are ordinarily cleansed by being put in the fire (metal spits) he must cleanse by fire.Gen. R. s. 70 (play on לָבָן, Gen. 29:5) do you know Him שהוא עתיד ללַבֵּןוכ׳ who will cleanse your sins to make them appear like snow (Is. 1:18)?; a. fr.Part. pass. מְלוּבָּן finished, polished, refined. Nidd.31a (of an embryo) מל׳ ומזורז well-formed and of strong vitality; Snh.70b; Num. R. s. 10.Ib. מל׳ ברשע finished (refined) in wickedness, v. אפדכסיס; Gen. R. s. 60; Ruth R. to II, 1; Yalk. Gen. 109.Esp. a) to glaze tiles; to heat tiles. Bets.IV, 7 (33a) אין מְלַבְּנִין אתוכ׳ you must not heat (new) tiles (on Holy Days) for roasting on them; Y. ib. IV, end, 62d מאן דאמר מלבנין בבדוקים he who says that you may heat tiles, refers to such as have been tested (to be sound under fire).b) (of metal utensils, 5. supra) to glow. Ḥull.8a ל׳ סכיןוכ׳ if one made a knife glowing hot and cut with it; a. fr.Part. pass. מְליּבָּן, f. מְלוּבֶּנֶת. Y.Yeb.XVI, 15c bot. Hithpa. הִתְלַבֵּן, Nithpa. נִתְלַבֵּן 1) to grow white, glossy, be cleansed. Ex. R. s. 23 (play on שְׁלמ֗ה֗ a. שַׂלְמָה) מה השלמה הזאת מתלכלכת וחוזרת ומִתְלַבֶּנֶת as the garment gets soiled and is cleansed again ; (Yalk. Cant. 982 מתכבסת). Ib; Cant. R. to I, 6 נ׳ גופו his tanned skin became white again, v. כִּרְכֵּם. 2) to be glowed, heated. Sabb.27b והאונין … משיִתְלַבְּנוּ bundles of flax are considered finished after they are baked; Sifra Thazr., Neg., Par. 5, ch. 13. Hif. הִלְבִּין 1) to grow white. Neg. I, 6 היו … והִלְבִּינוּ if the hair was black and turned white. Ib. IV, 4 עיקרן … וראשן מַלְבִּין if their roots are black and their tops white. Yoma VI, 8; a. fr. 2) to whiten, cleanse. Cant. R. to V, 11 להַלְבִּין כנףוכ׳ to make white one wing of a raven. Yoma. 39b the Temple is called Lebanon שמַלְבִּיןוכ׳ because it cleanses the sins Keth.59b הרוצח שיַלְבִּין את בתו he who desires to make his daughter white-complexioned (handsome); a. e.Transf. (with פנים) to put to shame, expose. Ab. III, 11 המַלְבִּין פניוכ׳ he who exposes his fellowmau to shame in public. B. Mets.59a נוח לו לאדם שיפיל … ואל וַלְבִּיןוכ׳ man should rather have himself thrown into a furnace than put his neighbor to shame. Yalk. Deut. 938 אני מלבין פניהם I should put them to shame; (Pirké dR. El. ch. 44 מגלה, v. נָּלָה). B. Mets.58b כל המלבין … כאילו שופך דמים he who puts his neighbor to public shame is considered as if he shed blood; a. fr.Y.Succ.V, 55c bot. (play on נ̇ב̇ל̇) שמל̇ב̇ין כמה מיני זמר it shames (excels) many a musical instrument.

    Jewish literature > לָבַן

  • 311 לוי

    לוי, לָוָה(b. h.) 1) to join, be connected, v. Piel, a. לְוָיָה. 2) (cmp. Sm. Ant. s. v. Nexum) to assume an obligation; to borrow. Shebu.41b; Keth.88a; B. Bath.6a האומר לא לָוִיתִיוכ׳ he who (being sued for a loan duly testified by witnesses) says, ‘I have not contracted any loan, is considered as admitting that he has not paid. Ḥull.84a כגון אנו לוֹוִין אוכלין (delicate persons) like ourselves may buy food on credit. B. Mets.72b אין לוֹוִין על שערוכ׳ (also לֹוִין) you must not borrow money with the choice of repaying in grain at the present price; (another defin., v. Rashi a. l.). Bets 15b לְווּ עלי make a loan on my (the Lords) account; a. v. fr.Esp. לוֹוֶה, לֹוֶה debtor, opp. to מַלְוֶה creditor. Shebu.47a מת ל׳ בחיי מ׳ if the debtor died before the creditor; a. fr.Pl. לוֹוִין. Ib. b שני מלווין ושני ל׳ two (different) creditors and two debtors. Pi. לִוָּה, לִוָּוה, לִי׳ 1) to order an escort for protection, v. לְוָיָה. Tanḥ. Bal. 12; Num. R. s. 20 ל׳ להם ענניוכ׳ He appointed the clouds of glory to escort them. Sot.46b בשביל … של׳ פרעהוכ׳ for the sake of the four steps which Pharaoh ordered his men to escort Abraham 2) to escort, to walk a distance with a departing guest; to follow. Sabb.119b שנימה״ש מְלַוִּין לווכ׳ two ministering angels escort man to his house on the Sabbath eve. Sot. l. c. כל שאינו מְלַוֶּה ומִתְלַוֶּהוכ׳ whoever omits to escort a guest or (as a guest) declines an escort, is regarded as if he had shed blood; שאילמלא לִיוּוּהוּוכ׳ for if the men of Jericho had escorted Elisha Kob. R. to V, 17 ומה מְלַוֵּהוּוכ׳ and what does escort him (to the grave)? Merits and good deeds; a. fr. Hithpa. חִתְלַוֶּה, Nithpa. נִתְלַוֶּה 1) to join the company of, to associate. Midr. Till. to Ps. 104:26 (play on לויתן, ib.) כל מי שמִתְלַוֶּה עמהן עתיד להיעשותוכ׳ whosoever joins them (the Romans) will be made sport of with them in future days. Ib. כל מי שמתלוה עמהן עתידהקב״הוכ׳ him who joins them (the scholars), the Lord will cause to rejoice with them ; Yalk. ib. 862. Gen. R. s. 63, end; Yalk. ib. 111 שנתלוה עמו קלונווכ׳ the disgrace of starvation was made his companion. Tanḥ. Vayishl. 3 להִתְלַוּוֹת לו to be his escort; a. fr. 2) to be escorted, to accept escort. Sot. l. c., v. supra. Hif. הִלְוָה 1) to escort. Ber.18a ואם הִלְוָהוּ if he does escort him (the dead). 2) to lend. span style="font-variant:small-caps;">Ex. R. s. 31 מַלְוֶה ברבית lends oh interest; מ׳ שלא ברבית without interest. Ib. שלא יַלְווּוכ׳ that they must not lend Ib. ראו כמהִ הִלְוֵיתִי ואיני … ומה הִלְוְותָה הארץוכ׳ see how much I lend (to man,) without taking interest, and what the earth lends B. Mets.V, 1 המלוה סלע בחמשהוכ׳ he who lends a Sela to get five Denars in return. Ib. 62b הַלְוֵינִי מנה lend me a Maneh.B. Kam.94b מַלְיֵי רבית (a. ברבית) those who lend on interest; B. Mets.62a; a. fr.מַלְוֶה creditor, v. supra.

    Jewish literature > לוי

  • 312 לוה

    לוי, לָוָה(b. h.) 1) to join, be connected, v. Piel, a. לְוָיָה. 2) (cmp. Sm. Ant. s. v. Nexum) to assume an obligation; to borrow. Shebu.41b; Keth.88a; B. Bath.6a האומר לא לָוִיתִיוכ׳ he who (being sued for a loan duly testified by witnesses) says, ‘I have not contracted any loan, is considered as admitting that he has not paid. Ḥull.84a כגון אנו לוֹוִין אוכלין (delicate persons) like ourselves may buy food on credit. B. Mets.72b אין לוֹוִין על שערוכ׳ (also לֹוִין) you must not borrow money with the choice of repaying in grain at the present price; (another defin., v. Rashi a. l.). Bets 15b לְווּ עלי make a loan on my (the Lords) account; a. v. fr.Esp. לוֹוֶה, לֹוֶה debtor, opp. to מַלְוֶה creditor. Shebu.47a מת ל׳ בחיי מ׳ if the debtor died before the creditor; a. fr.Pl. לוֹוִין. Ib. b שני מלווין ושני ל׳ two (different) creditors and two debtors. Pi. לִוָּה, לִוָּוה, לִי׳ 1) to order an escort for protection, v. לְוָיָה. Tanḥ. Bal. 12; Num. R. s. 20 ל׳ להם ענניוכ׳ He appointed the clouds of glory to escort them. Sot.46b בשביל … של׳ פרעהוכ׳ for the sake of the four steps which Pharaoh ordered his men to escort Abraham 2) to escort, to walk a distance with a departing guest; to follow. Sabb.119b שנימה״ש מְלַוִּין לווכ׳ two ministering angels escort man to his house on the Sabbath eve. Sot. l. c. כל שאינו מְלַוֶּה ומִתְלַוֶּהוכ׳ whoever omits to escort a guest or (as a guest) declines an escort, is regarded as if he had shed blood; שאילמלא לִיוּוּהוּוכ׳ for if the men of Jericho had escorted Elisha Kob. R. to V, 17 ומה מְלַוֵּהוּוכ׳ and what does escort him (to the grave)? Merits and good deeds; a. fr. Hithpa. חִתְלַוֶּה, Nithpa. נִתְלַוֶּה 1) to join the company of, to associate. Midr. Till. to Ps. 104:26 (play on לויתן, ib.) כל מי שמִתְלַוֶּה עמהן עתיד להיעשותוכ׳ whosoever joins them (the Romans) will be made sport of with them in future days. Ib. כל מי שמתלוה עמהן עתידהקב״הוכ׳ him who joins them (the scholars), the Lord will cause to rejoice with them ; Yalk. ib. 862. Gen. R. s. 63, end; Yalk. ib. 111 שנתלוה עמו קלונווכ׳ the disgrace of starvation was made his companion. Tanḥ. Vayishl. 3 להִתְלַוּוֹת לו to be his escort; a. fr. 2) to be escorted, to accept escort. Sot. l. c., v. supra. Hif. הִלְוָה 1) to escort. Ber.18a ואם הִלְוָהוּ if he does escort him (the dead). 2) to lend. span style="font-variant:small-caps;">Ex. R. s. 31 מַלְוֶה ברבית lends oh interest; מ׳ שלא ברבית without interest. Ib. שלא יַלְווּוכ׳ that they must not lend Ib. ראו כמהִ הִלְוֵיתִי ואיני … ומה הִלְוְותָה הארץוכ׳ see how much I lend (to man,) without taking interest, and what the earth lends B. Mets.V, 1 המלוה סלע בחמשהוכ׳ he who lends a Sela to get five Denars in return. Ib. 62b הַלְוֵינִי מנה lend me a Maneh.B. Kam.94b מַלְיֵי רבית (a. ברבית) those who lend on interest; B. Mets.62a; a. fr.מַלְוֶה creditor, v. supra.

    Jewish literature > לוה

  • 313 לָוָה

    לוי, לָוָה(b. h.) 1) to join, be connected, v. Piel, a. לְוָיָה. 2) (cmp. Sm. Ant. s. v. Nexum) to assume an obligation; to borrow. Shebu.41b; Keth.88a; B. Bath.6a האומר לא לָוִיתִיוכ׳ he who (being sued for a loan duly testified by witnesses) says, ‘I have not contracted any loan, is considered as admitting that he has not paid. Ḥull.84a כגון אנו לוֹוִין אוכלין (delicate persons) like ourselves may buy food on credit. B. Mets.72b אין לוֹוִין על שערוכ׳ (also לֹוִין) you must not borrow money with the choice of repaying in grain at the present price; (another defin., v. Rashi a. l.). Bets 15b לְווּ עלי make a loan on my (the Lords) account; a. v. fr.Esp. לוֹוֶה, לֹוֶה debtor, opp. to מַלְוֶה creditor. Shebu.47a מת ל׳ בחיי מ׳ if the debtor died before the creditor; a. fr.Pl. לוֹוִין. Ib. b שני מלווין ושני ל׳ two (different) creditors and two debtors. Pi. לִוָּה, לִוָּוה, לִי׳ 1) to order an escort for protection, v. לְוָיָה. Tanḥ. Bal. 12; Num. R. s. 20 ל׳ להם ענניוכ׳ He appointed the clouds of glory to escort them. Sot.46b בשביל … של׳ פרעהוכ׳ for the sake of the four steps which Pharaoh ordered his men to escort Abraham 2) to escort, to walk a distance with a departing guest; to follow. Sabb.119b שנימה״ש מְלַוִּין לווכ׳ two ministering angels escort man to his house on the Sabbath eve. Sot. l. c. כל שאינו מְלַוֶּה ומִתְלַוֶּהוכ׳ whoever omits to escort a guest or (as a guest) declines an escort, is regarded as if he had shed blood; שאילמלא לִיוּוּהוּוכ׳ for if the men of Jericho had escorted Elisha Kob. R. to V, 17 ומה מְלַוֵּהוּוכ׳ and what does escort him (to the grave)? Merits and good deeds; a. fr. Hithpa. חִתְלַוֶּה, Nithpa. נִתְלַוֶּה 1) to join the company of, to associate. Midr. Till. to Ps. 104:26 (play on לויתן, ib.) כל מי שמִתְלַוֶּה עמהן עתיד להיעשותוכ׳ whosoever joins them (the Romans) will be made sport of with them in future days. Ib. כל מי שמתלוה עמהן עתידהקב״הוכ׳ him who joins them (the scholars), the Lord will cause to rejoice with them ; Yalk. ib. 862. Gen. R. s. 63, end; Yalk. ib. 111 שנתלוה עמו קלונווכ׳ the disgrace of starvation was made his companion. Tanḥ. Vayishl. 3 להִתְלַוּוֹת לו to be his escort; a. fr. 2) to be escorted, to accept escort. Sot. l. c., v. supra. Hif. הִלְוָה 1) to escort. Ber.18a ואם הִלְוָהוּ if he does escort him (the dead). 2) to lend. span style="font-variant:small-caps;">Ex. R. s. 31 מַלְוֶה ברבית lends oh interest; מ׳ שלא ברבית without interest. Ib. שלא יַלְווּוכ׳ that they must not lend Ib. ראו כמהִ הִלְוֵיתִי ואיני … ומה הִלְוְותָה הארץוכ׳ see how much I lend (to man,) without taking interest, and what the earth lends B. Mets.V, 1 המלוה סלע בחמשהוכ׳ he who lends a Sela to get five Denars in return. Ib. 62b הַלְוֵינִי מנה lend me a Maneh.B. Kam.94b מַלְיֵי רבית (a. ברבית) those who lend on interest; B. Mets.62a; a. fr.מַלְוֶה creditor, v. supra.

    Jewish literature > לָוָה

  • 314 לחלחַ

    לִחְלֵחַ(redupl. of לחח, v. לַח) to moisten. Nithpa. נִתְלַחְלֵחַ to be moistened. Gen. R. s. 36 (expl. איש האדמה, Gen. 9:20) שבשבילו נִתְלַחְלְחָה האדמה since for his sake the ground became moist again (cmp. Gen. R. s. 33, end, quot. s. v. גְּרִיר). Y.Sabb.IV, 6d bot. יבישין שנִתְלַחְלְחוּ dry (plants) which have been moistened again, opp. לחין מחמת עצמן, v. לַה.

    Jewish literature > לחלחַ

  • 315 לִחְלֵחַ

    לִחְלֵחַ(redupl. of לחח, v. לַח) to moisten. Nithpa. נִתְלַחְלֵחַ to be moistened. Gen. R. s. 36 (expl. איש האדמה, Gen. 9:20) שבשבילו נִתְלַחְלְחָה האדמה since for his sake the ground became moist again (cmp. Gen. R. s. 33, end, quot. s. v. גְּרִיר). Y.Sabb.IV, 6d bot. יבישין שנִתְלַחְלְחוּ dry (plants) which have been moistened again, opp. לחין מחמת עצמן, v. לַה.

    Jewish literature > לִחְלֵחַ

  • 316 לחם II

    לָחַםII (b. h.; v. preced.) to join. Nif. נִלְחָם (cmp. use of זָוַג Nithpa.) to come in ( hostile) contact, to battle; with ל of person, to assist, battle for. Mekh. Bshall.2 (ref. to Ex. 14:14) לא … יִלָּחֵם לכם אלא לעולם ילחם כנגדןוכ׳ not only this time will he assist you, but he will always battle against your enemies. Tanḥ. Masé 6 כשהלך לחִלָּחֵם בישראל when he (Sisera) went to war against Ib. Vayera 7 (ref. בלחומו, Job 20:23) על המלחמות שהיו נִלְחָמִים עםוכ׳ for the battles which they fought against the Lord; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְלַחֵם to contest, dispute. Y.M. Kat. III, 81d top אם חברים מִתְלַחֲמִיםוכ׳ if scholars are at variance with one another, what concern is it to you? (B. Mets.59b מנצחים זה את זהוכ׳).

    Jewish literature > לחם II

  • 317 לָחַם

    לָחַםII (b. h.; v. preced.) to join. Nif. נִלְחָם (cmp. use of זָוַג Nithpa.) to come in ( hostile) contact, to battle; with ל of person, to assist, battle for. Mekh. Bshall.2 (ref. to Ex. 14:14) לא … יִלָּחֵם לכם אלא לעולם ילחם כנגדןוכ׳ not only this time will he assist you, but he will always battle against your enemies. Tanḥ. Masé 6 כשהלך לחִלָּחֵם בישראל when he (Sisera) went to war against Ib. Vayera 7 (ref. בלחומו, Job 20:23) על המלחמות שהיו נִלְחָמִים עםוכ׳ for the battles which they fought against the Lord; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְלַחֵם to contest, dispute. Y.M. Kat. III, 81d top אם חברים מִתְלַחֲמִיםוכ׳ if scholars are at variance with one another, what concern is it to you? (B. Mets.59b מנצחים זה את זהוכ׳).

    Jewish literature > לָחַם

  • 318 לכלך

    לִכְלֵךְ, לִיכְ׳(cmp. לְכַךְ) 1) (= לחלח) to moisten; to season by dipping into vinegar Ruth R. to II, 14 (v. לִכְלוּךְ) של׳ מעשיו כחומץ ממעשים רעים he (Manasseh) amended his conduct as if with vinegar (freeing it) from bad deeds.Part. pass. מְלוּכְלָךְ, f. מְלוּכְלֶכֶת; pl. מְלוּכְלָכִים; מְלוּכְלָכוֹת. Y. Ḥag.III, 78d מל׳ במשקה dipped in liquid, contrad. to מלוא משקה, opp. to נגיב. Y.Sabb.XII, 16b top אם מל׳ במשקה if the cane is saturated with oil. Ker.13a טיפה מל׳ עלוכ׳ the drop with which the nipple is moistened; a. e. 2) to soil, stain; to defile. Midr. Prov. to 21:22; Yalk. Prov. 944 (ref. to Prov. l. c.) אם … היא מְלַכְלְכוֹ בטיט if thou puttest a golden ornament on the nose of a swine, it will soil it with mud ; כךת״ח … מְלַכְלֵךְ את תורתי so does a scholar … soil his learning; (Midr. Prov. l. c. מקלקל).Part. pass. as ab. Yoma 77b היו ידיו מלוכלכותוכ׳ Ms. M. 2 (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 100) if his hands are soiled Gen. R. s. 65 הייתי משמשו בבגדים מל׳ I used to attend him in soiled (working) garments. Ex. R. s. 22, end (ref. to Job 16:17) מי שידיו מל׳ בגזלוכ׳ he whose hands are soiled with robbery, will call … but not be answered. Ib. s. 27, end מל׳ בעבירות soiled with sins. Lev. R. s. 1, v. אִסְפַּקְלַרְיָא; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְלַכְלֵךְ, Nithpa. נִתְלַכְלֵךְ 1) to be moistened, flavored. Pesik. Bshall., p. 92b> מִתְלַכְלְכִין היווכ׳ (not מתלכלין) they were perfumed with the moisture of the herbs ; v. נִּעְגֵּעַ; Yalk. Deut. 850. 2) to be soiled. Y.B. Kam.III, 3c נִתְלַכְלְכוּ כליו (not נתכלכלו; Bab. ib. 30a נטנפו) if his garments were soiled. Gen. R. s. 65 מִתְלַכְלֵךְ בעוונות defiles himself with sins. Ex. R. s. 23; Cant. R. to I, 5 מִתְלַכְלֶכֶת, v. כָּבַס. Esth. R. to II, 7 נִתְלַכְלַכְתִּי בטומאה I became soiled with impurity; a. e.

    Jewish literature > לכלך

  • 319 ליכ׳

    לִכְלֵךְ, לִיכְ׳(cmp. לְכַךְ) 1) (= לחלח) to moisten; to season by dipping into vinegar Ruth R. to II, 14 (v. לִכְלוּךְ) של׳ מעשיו כחומץ ממעשים רעים he (Manasseh) amended his conduct as if with vinegar (freeing it) from bad deeds.Part. pass. מְלוּכְלָךְ, f. מְלוּכְלֶכֶת; pl. מְלוּכְלָכִים; מְלוּכְלָכוֹת. Y. Ḥag.III, 78d מל׳ במשקה dipped in liquid, contrad. to מלוא משקה, opp. to נגיב. Y.Sabb.XII, 16b top אם מל׳ במשקה if the cane is saturated with oil. Ker.13a טיפה מל׳ עלוכ׳ the drop with which the nipple is moistened; a. e. 2) to soil, stain; to defile. Midr. Prov. to 21:22; Yalk. Prov. 944 (ref. to Prov. l. c.) אם … היא מְלַכְלְכוֹ בטיט if thou puttest a golden ornament on the nose of a swine, it will soil it with mud ; כךת״ח … מְלַכְלֵךְ את תורתי so does a scholar … soil his learning; (Midr. Prov. l. c. מקלקל).Part. pass. as ab. Yoma 77b היו ידיו מלוכלכותוכ׳ Ms. M. 2 (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 100) if his hands are soiled Gen. R. s. 65 הייתי משמשו בבגדים מל׳ I used to attend him in soiled (working) garments. Ex. R. s. 22, end (ref. to Job 16:17) מי שידיו מל׳ בגזלוכ׳ he whose hands are soiled with robbery, will call … but not be answered. Ib. s. 27, end מל׳ בעבירות soiled with sins. Lev. R. s. 1, v. אִסְפַּקְלַרְיָא; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְלַכְלֵךְ, Nithpa. נִתְלַכְלֵךְ 1) to be moistened, flavored. Pesik. Bshall., p. 92b> מִתְלַכְלְכִין היווכ׳ (not מתלכלין) they were perfumed with the moisture of the herbs ; v. נִּעְגֵּעַ; Yalk. Deut. 850. 2) to be soiled. Y.B. Kam.III, 3c נִתְלַכְלְכוּ כליו (not נתכלכלו; Bab. ib. 30a נטנפו) if his garments were soiled. Gen. R. s. 65 מִתְלַכְלֵךְ בעוונות defiles himself with sins. Ex. R. s. 23; Cant. R. to I, 5 מִתְלַכְלֶכֶת, v. כָּבַס. Esth. R. to II, 7 נִתְלַכְלַכְתִּי בטומאה I became soiled with impurity; a. e.

    Jewish literature > ליכ׳

  • 320 לִכְלֵךְ

    לִכְלֵךְ, לִיכְ׳(cmp. לְכַךְ) 1) (= לחלח) to moisten; to season by dipping into vinegar Ruth R. to II, 14 (v. לִכְלוּךְ) של׳ מעשיו כחומץ ממעשים רעים he (Manasseh) amended his conduct as if with vinegar (freeing it) from bad deeds.Part. pass. מְלוּכְלָךְ, f. מְלוּכְלֶכֶת; pl. מְלוּכְלָכִים; מְלוּכְלָכוֹת. Y. Ḥag.III, 78d מל׳ במשקה dipped in liquid, contrad. to מלוא משקה, opp. to נגיב. Y.Sabb.XII, 16b top אם מל׳ במשקה if the cane is saturated with oil. Ker.13a טיפה מל׳ עלוכ׳ the drop with which the nipple is moistened; a. e. 2) to soil, stain; to defile. Midr. Prov. to 21:22; Yalk. Prov. 944 (ref. to Prov. l. c.) אם … היא מְלַכְלְכוֹ בטיט if thou puttest a golden ornament on the nose of a swine, it will soil it with mud ; כךת״ח … מְלַכְלֵךְ את תורתי so does a scholar … soil his learning; (Midr. Prov. l. c. מקלקל).Part. pass. as ab. Yoma 77b היו ידיו מלוכלכותוכ׳ Ms. M. 2 (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 100) if his hands are soiled Gen. R. s. 65 הייתי משמשו בבגדים מל׳ I used to attend him in soiled (working) garments. Ex. R. s. 22, end (ref. to Job 16:17) מי שידיו מל׳ בגזלוכ׳ he whose hands are soiled with robbery, will call … but not be answered. Ib. s. 27, end מל׳ בעבירות soiled with sins. Lev. R. s. 1, v. אִסְפַּקְלַרְיָא; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְלַכְלֵךְ, Nithpa. נִתְלַכְלֵךְ 1) to be moistened, flavored. Pesik. Bshall., p. 92b> מִתְלַכְלְכִין היווכ׳ (not מתלכלין) they were perfumed with the moisture of the herbs ; v. נִּעְגֵּעַ; Yalk. Deut. 850. 2) to be soiled. Y.B. Kam.III, 3c נִתְלַכְלְכוּ כליו (not נתכלכלו; Bab. ib. 30a נטנפו) if his garments were soiled. Gen. R. s. 65 מִתְלַכְלֵךְ בעוונות defiles himself with sins. Ex. R. s. 23; Cant. R. to I, 5 מִתְלַכְלֶכֶת, v. כָּבַס. Esth. R. to II, 7 נִתְלַכְלַכְתִּי בטומאה I became soiled with impurity; a. e.

    Jewish literature > לִכְלֵךְ


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