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maintain itself

  • 1 cohaereō

        cohaereō haesī, haesus, ēre    [com- + haereo], to cling together, be united, cohere: mundus apte cohaeret. — To consist of, be composed of: alia quibus cohaererent homines. — In thought, to be consistent, agree together: Non cohaerent, T.: haec naturā cohaerentia: sermo non cohaerebit, will have no consistent meaning.—To hold together, remain, exist, maintain itself: qui ruunt nec cohaerere possunt: virtutes sine vitā beatā cohaerere non possunt. — To cling closely, adhere, be connected with, cleave to, be in contact with: dextera ligno cohaesit, O.: scopuloque adfixa cohaesit, O. —Fig., to be closely connected with, be in harmony with, be consistent with: cohaerens cum omni corpore membrum.
    * * *
    cohaerere, cohaesi, cohaesus V INTRANS
    stick/cling/hold/grow together, adhere; embrace; touch, adjoin, be in contact; be consistent/coherent; be connected/bound/joined/tied together; be in harmony

    Latin-English dictionary > cohaereō

  • 2 teneō

        teneō tenuī, —, ēre    [2 TA-], to hold, keep, have, grasp, hold fast: flabellulum, T.: facem, V. telum, L.: cruentum gladium: manu Fragmina, O.: Dextra tenet ferrum, O.: ore cibum, Ph.: Hanc teneo sinu, O.; cf. cum res non coniecturā, sed oculis ac manibus teneretur, i. e. was palpable. —Fig., to hold in mind, take in, understand, conceive, comprehend, know: rem tenes, you understand the situation, T.: teneo, I understand, T.: quae a Romanis auguribus ignorantur, a Cilicibus tenentur: quo pacto cuncta tenerem, H.—Implying possession or control, to hold, possess, be master of, control, occupy: multa hereditatibus tenebantur sine iniuriā: quae tenuit dives Achaemenes, H.: loca, L.: colles praesidiis, Cs.: terras, H.: alterum cornu, command, N.: provincias aliaque omnia, S.: rem p. opes paucorum tenere coeperunt, to control public affairs: ut res p. vi tribuniciā teneretur, should be mastered, cf. qui tenent (sc. rem p.), qui potiuntur, i. e. who are in supreme power: me Galatea tenebat, i. e. held my affections, V.: teneone te? i. e. are you restored to me? T.—Implying persistence, to hold fast, keep, occupy, watch, guard, defend, maintain, retain: legio locum non tenuit, Cs.: Capitolia celsa, V.: in manicis te sub custode, H.: Athenae tuae sempiternam in arce oleam tenere potuerunt.—Of a way or course, to hold, keep, maintain, follow up: secundissimo vento cursum, to hold one's course: vento intermisso cursum, Cs.: Quove tenetis iter? V.: tenuit tamen vestigia Bucar, L.: Aeneam... ab Siciliā classe ad Laurentem agrum tenuisse (sc. cursum), sailed, L.: medio tutissimus ibis... Inter utrumque tene, O.; cf. hic ventus adversum tenet Athenis proficiscentibus, blows the wrong way, N.—Fig., to hold fast, guard, preserve, uphold, keep, insist on: consuetudinem meam: non tenebat ornatum suum civitas: ius suum: haec duo in amicitiā, etc.: imperium in suos: silentium, L. — To hold fast, maintain, support, defend, uphold, insist: illud arcte tenent, voluptatem esse summum bonum: propositum, maintain, Cs.: suas leges: quo causae teste tenentur, H.: plebs tenuit, ne consules in proximum annum crearentur, L.: tenuere patres, ut Fabius consul crearetur, L.— Of the memory, to hold, keep: tui memoriam cum summā benevolentiā, preserve a recollection of: memoriā tenetis, res esse, etc., you remember numeros memini, si verba tenerem, recollect, V.: dicta tenere, H.—Of disposition or desire, to possess, occupy, control: quae te tanta pravitas mentis tenuerit, ut, etc., has had possession of you: magna me spes tenet: nisi forte quem perniciosa libido tenet, S.: neque irā neque gratiā teneri, to be controlled: pompā, ludis, to be fascinated: ab <*>ratore iam obsessus est ac tenetur.— To hold position, maintain oneself, stay, be posted: quā abscisae rupes erant, statio paucorum armatorum tenebat, L.: tenent Danai, quā deficit ignis, V.— To hold out, hold on, last, endure, continue, maintain itself, prevail: imber per noctem totam tenuit, L.: tenet fama, lupam, etc, L.: fama tenuit, haud plus fuisse modio, L.—Implying attainment, to reach, arrive at, attain, occupy: montes Sabini petebant et pauci tenuere, L.: portum, L.: Hesperiam, O.—Fig., to reach, gain, acquire, obtain, attain: per cursum rectum regnum tenere: virtute regnum, L.: teneri res aliter non potest: causam, O.—Implying restraint, to hold fast, hold back, hinder, restrain, detain, check, control, stay: naves, quae vento tenebantur, Cs.: classem ibi tenebat, L.: si id te non tenet, advola: Marcellum ab gerundis rebus: ne diutius teneam: tene linguam, O.: pecus omne tenendum, V.: manum, H.: quo me decet usque teneri? V.: lacrimas in morte miserā: exercitum in stativis, L.—With pron reflex., to keep back, remain, stay: castris sese, Cs.: castris se pavidus tenebat, L.: a conventu se remotum domi, N.: me ab accusando, refrain.— Fig., to hold, hold back, repress, restrain, bind, fetter: iracundiam: risum: iram, Cu.: ea, quae occurrunt, keep to themselves: Sed te, ne faceres, tenuit reverentia famae, O.—Implying constraint, to bind, hold, obligate, be binding on, control: quamquam leges eum non tenent: interdicto non teneri: ut plebi scita omnes Quirites tenerent, L.: teneri alienis foederibus, L.: poenā teneri, to be liable: testibus in re perspicuā teneri, to be convicted.— Implying comprehension, to take in, comprise, comprehend, include: haec magnos formula reges tenet. H.: ut homines deorum agnatione et gente teneantur: id quod (genus officiorum) teneatur hominum societate.
    * * *
    tenere, tenui, tentus V
    hold, keep; comprehend; possess; master; preserve; represent; support

    Latin-English dictionary > teneō

  • 3 cohaerens

    cŏ-haerĕo, haesi, haesum, 2, v. n., to cling together, to be united, either of that whose parts cling together, to cohere, or of that which cleaves to something else, to adhere.
    I.
    Of a whole as composed of parts, or of the parts of a whole, to cling together, be united, to cohere, press or crowd together.
    A.
    Lit.
    1.
    In gen.:

    mundus ita apte cohaeret, ut dissolvi nullo modo queat, nisi ab eodem a quo est colligatus,

    Cic. Univ. 5:

    omnia autem duo ad cohaerendum tertium aliquid anquirunt et quasi nodum vinculumque desiderant,

    id. ib. 4:

    neque enim materiam ipsam cohaerere potuisse, si nullā vi contineretur,

    id. Ac. 1, 6, 24:

    omni naturā cohaerente et continuatā,

    id. ib. 1, 7, 28:

    nec res ulla magis primoribus ex elementis Indupedita suis arte conexa cohaeret Quam validi ferri natura,

    Lucr. 6, 1010:

    solidā primordia... Quae minimis stipata cohaerent partibus arte,

    id. 1, 610; 2, 67:

    inter se juga velut serie cohaerentia,

    continuous, Curt. 7, 3, 21.—Of persons in a throng, etc.:

    alii extremo complexu suorum cohaerentes,

    Quint. 8, 3, 68;

    so of soldiers in line of battle: conferti et quasi cohaerentes tela vibrare non poterant,

    Curt. 3, 11, 4;

    and of two contending armies: duae quippe acies ita cohaerebant, ut armis arma pulsarent,

    id. 3, 11, 5;

    of ships: binas quadriremes Macedones inter se ita junxerant, ut prorae cohaererent,

    id. 4, 3, 14: conexis et cohaerentibus aedificiis, * Tac. G. 16.—
    2.
    Pregn., to consist in or of, be composed of; with abl. (rare):

    cum alia quibus cohaererent homines e mortali genere sumpserint, quae fragilia essent et caduca, animum esse ingeneratum a deo,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 8, 24; cf.: mundus omnibus partibus inter se congruentibus cohaeret et nititur, etc., Cic. Leg. ap. Lact. 5, 8, 10.—
    B.
    Trop.
    1.
    Of persons united by kindred, friendship, etc., to be near, close, united:

    turpes ac perniciosos, etiamsi nobis sanguine cohaereant, amputandos,

    Quint. 8, 3, 75:

    est enim mihi perjucundum quod viri optimi mihique amicissimi adeo cohaesistis ut invicem vos obligari putetis,

    Plin. Ep. 7, 7, 1.—
    2.
    Of things.
    a.
    In discourse, to belong together, be closely connected:

    quae... si suis quaeque temporibus reddere voluero, interrumpendae sunt res Asiae, quas... sicut inter se cohaerent, ita opere ipso conjungi aptius videri potest,

    Curt. 5, 1, 2.—
    b.
    In thought, to be consistent, agree together:

    em, Paululum obsoni, ipsus tristis, de inproviso nuptiae—Non cohaerent,

    i.e. cannot all be here at once, Ter. And. 2, 2, 24:

    tam eras excors, ut... non modo non cohaerentia inter se diceres, sed maxime dijuncta atque contraria,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 8, 18:

    dubitandum non est quin numquam possit utilitas cum honestate contendere. Itaque accepimus Socratem exsecrari solitum eos qui primum haec naturā cohaerentia opinione distraxissent,

    id. Off. 3, 3, 11:

    non quaero jam, verumne sit: illud dico, ea, quae dicat, praeclare inter se cohaerere,

    id. Fin. 5, 27, 79:

    animadvertisti, quam multa dicta sint, quamque, etiam si minus vera, tamen apta inter se et cohaerentia,

    id. N. D. 3, 1, 4:

    male cohaerens cogitatio,

    Quint. 10, 6, 6:

    sensus inter se juncti, atque ita cohaerentes, ne, etc.,

    id. 7, 10, 16; 9, 4, 20; 9, 4, 63:

    sermo hercule familiaris et cottidianus non cohaerebit, si verba inter nos aucupamur,

    have a consistent meaning, be intelligible, Cic. Caecin. 18, 52:

    vix diserti adulescentis cohaerebat oratio,

    id. Cael. 7, 15; and of harmony in the arrangement of words: conlocabuntur igitur verba, ut aut inter se aptissime cohaereant extrema cum primis eaque sint quam suavissimis vocibus, etc., id. Or. 44, 149:

    haec collocatio verborum... quae junctam orationem efficit, quae cohaerentem, etc.,

    id. de Or. 3, 43, 172; Quint. 9, 4, 66.—
    3.
    Pregn., to hold together, i.e. remain, exist, maintain itself:

    omnibus modis fulciendi sunt, qui ruunt nec cohaerere possunt propter magnitudinem aegritudinis,

    Cic. Tusc. 3, 25, 61:

    virtutes sine vitā beatā cohaerere non possunt, nec sine virtute vita beata,

    id. ib. 5, 28, 80:

    vix haec, si undique fulciamus, jam labefacta... nixa in omnium nostrum umeris cohaerebunt,

    id. Har. Resp. 27, 60.—
    II. A.
    Lit.
    1.
    With dat.:

    temptanti dextera flxa est Cuspide Marmaridae Corythi, lignoque cohaesit,

    Ov. M. 5, 125; 11, 76:

    nec equo mea membra cohaerent,

    id. Am. 1, 4, 9:

    scopuloque affixa cohaesit,

    id. M. 4, 553:

    fructus quamdiu solo cohaerent,

    Dig. 47, 2, 63:

    superficies... quae natura solo cohaeret,

    ib. 44, 7, 44, § 1 fin.:

    quippe turris... muris hostium propemodum cohaerebat,

    Curt. 4, 4, 11:

    experimentum marmorati est in subigendo donec rutro non cohaereat,

    Plin. 36, 23, 55, § 177:

    qui cohaerent Mesopotamiae Rhoali vocantur,

    adjoin, id. 5, 24, 21, § 87.—
    2.
    With cum and abl.:

    quidquid enim sequitur quamque rem, id cohaeret cum re necessario,

    Cic. Top. 12, 53.—
    3.
    With in and abl.:

    cohaerentis videmus in conchis (margaritas), etc.,

    Plin. 9, 35, 54, § 109.—
    4.
    Absol.:

    jamque ea (navis) quae non cohaerebat,

    i.e. which did not collide, Curt. 4, 4, 7.—
    B.
    Trop., to be closely connected with, in agreement or harmony with something else, to be consistent with:

    quod illa, quae prima dicuntur, si vehementer velis congruere et cohaerere cum causā, ex eis ducas oportet, quae post dicenda sunt,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 14, 19:

    si continget, etiam (id quod fingemus) verae alicui rei cohaereat,

    Quint. 4, 2, 89:

    ut non tamquam citharoedi prooemium adfictum aliquid, sed cohaerens cum omni corpore membrum videatur,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 80, 325:

    creditis tot gentes... non sacris, non moribus, non commercio linguae nobiscum cohaerentes, eodem proelio domitas esse, etc.,

    Curt. 6, 3, 8:

    potentia male cohaerens inter Pompeium et Caesarem,

    Vell. 2, 47, 2.—
    2.
    To be vitally connected with, to depend upon a thing; with abl.:

    sed ita legibus Sullae cohaerere statum civitatis adfirmat, ut iis solutis stare ipsa non possit,

    Quint. 11, 1, 85.—Hence,
    1.
    cŏhae-rens, entis, P. a. (cohering, i.e.), being in accord, corresponding:

    aptius et cohaerentius,

    Gell. 1, 1, 6.—
    * 2.
    cŏhaerenter, adv., continuously, uninterruptedly:

    dimicatum est,

    Flor. 2, 17, 5.—
    3.
    cŏhaesus, a, um. P. a., pressed together:

    quercus stricta denuo et cohaesa,

    Gell. 15, 16, 4.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > cohaerens

  • 4 cohaereo

    cŏ-haerĕo, haesi, haesum, 2, v. n., to cling together, to be united, either of that whose parts cling together, to cohere, or of that which cleaves to something else, to adhere.
    I.
    Of a whole as composed of parts, or of the parts of a whole, to cling together, be united, to cohere, press or crowd together.
    A.
    Lit.
    1.
    In gen.:

    mundus ita apte cohaeret, ut dissolvi nullo modo queat, nisi ab eodem a quo est colligatus,

    Cic. Univ. 5:

    omnia autem duo ad cohaerendum tertium aliquid anquirunt et quasi nodum vinculumque desiderant,

    id. ib. 4:

    neque enim materiam ipsam cohaerere potuisse, si nullā vi contineretur,

    id. Ac. 1, 6, 24:

    omni naturā cohaerente et continuatā,

    id. ib. 1, 7, 28:

    nec res ulla magis primoribus ex elementis Indupedita suis arte conexa cohaeret Quam validi ferri natura,

    Lucr. 6, 1010:

    solidā primordia... Quae minimis stipata cohaerent partibus arte,

    id. 1, 610; 2, 67:

    inter se juga velut serie cohaerentia,

    continuous, Curt. 7, 3, 21.—Of persons in a throng, etc.:

    alii extremo complexu suorum cohaerentes,

    Quint. 8, 3, 68;

    so of soldiers in line of battle: conferti et quasi cohaerentes tela vibrare non poterant,

    Curt. 3, 11, 4;

    and of two contending armies: duae quippe acies ita cohaerebant, ut armis arma pulsarent,

    id. 3, 11, 5;

    of ships: binas quadriremes Macedones inter se ita junxerant, ut prorae cohaererent,

    id. 4, 3, 14: conexis et cohaerentibus aedificiis, * Tac. G. 16.—
    2.
    Pregn., to consist in or of, be composed of; with abl. (rare):

    cum alia quibus cohaererent homines e mortali genere sumpserint, quae fragilia essent et caduca, animum esse ingeneratum a deo,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 8, 24; cf.: mundus omnibus partibus inter se congruentibus cohaeret et nititur, etc., Cic. Leg. ap. Lact. 5, 8, 10.—
    B.
    Trop.
    1.
    Of persons united by kindred, friendship, etc., to be near, close, united:

    turpes ac perniciosos, etiamsi nobis sanguine cohaereant, amputandos,

    Quint. 8, 3, 75:

    est enim mihi perjucundum quod viri optimi mihique amicissimi adeo cohaesistis ut invicem vos obligari putetis,

    Plin. Ep. 7, 7, 1.—
    2.
    Of things.
    a.
    In discourse, to belong together, be closely connected:

    quae... si suis quaeque temporibus reddere voluero, interrumpendae sunt res Asiae, quas... sicut inter se cohaerent, ita opere ipso conjungi aptius videri potest,

    Curt. 5, 1, 2.—
    b.
    In thought, to be consistent, agree together:

    em, Paululum obsoni, ipsus tristis, de inproviso nuptiae—Non cohaerent,

    i.e. cannot all be here at once, Ter. And. 2, 2, 24:

    tam eras excors, ut... non modo non cohaerentia inter se diceres, sed maxime dijuncta atque contraria,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 8, 18:

    dubitandum non est quin numquam possit utilitas cum honestate contendere. Itaque accepimus Socratem exsecrari solitum eos qui primum haec naturā cohaerentia opinione distraxissent,

    id. Off. 3, 3, 11:

    non quaero jam, verumne sit: illud dico, ea, quae dicat, praeclare inter se cohaerere,

    id. Fin. 5, 27, 79:

    animadvertisti, quam multa dicta sint, quamque, etiam si minus vera, tamen apta inter se et cohaerentia,

    id. N. D. 3, 1, 4:

    male cohaerens cogitatio,

    Quint. 10, 6, 6:

    sensus inter se juncti, atque ita cohaerentes, ne, etc.,

    id. 7, 10, 16; 9, 4, 20; 9, 4, 63:

    sermo hercule familiaris et cottidianus non cohaerebit, si verba inter nos aucupamur,

    have a consistent meaning, be intelligible, Cic. Caecin. 18, 52:

    vix diserti adulescentis cohaerebat oratio,

    id. Cael. 7, 15; and of harmony in the arrangement of words: conlocabuntur igitur verba, ut aut inter se aptissime cohaereant extrema cum primis eaque sint quam suavissimis vocibus, etc., id. Or. 44, 149:

    haec collocatio verborum... quae junctam orationem efficit, quae cohaerentem, etc.,

    id. de Or. 3, 43, 172; Quint. 9, 4, 66.—
    3.
    Pregn., to hold together, i.e. remain, exist, maintain itself:

    omnibus modis fulciendi sunt, qui ruunt nec cohaerere possunt propter magnitudinem aegritudinis,

    Cic. Tusc. 3, 25, 61:

    virtutes sine vitā beatā cohaerere non possunt, nec sine virtute vita beata,

    id. ib. 5, 28, 80:

    vix haec, si undique fulciamus, jam labefacta... nixa in omnium nostrum umeris cohaerebunt,

    id. Har. Resp. 27, 60.—
    II. A.
    Lit.
    1.
    With dat.:

    temptanti dextera flxa est Cuspide Marmaridae Corythi, lignoque cohaesit,

    Ov. M. 5, 125; 11, 76:

    nec equo mea membra cohaerent,

    id. Am. 1, 4, 9:

    scopuloque affixa cohaesit,

    id. M. 4, 553:

    fructus quamdiu solo cohaerent,

    Dig. 47, 2, 63:

    superficies... quae natura solo cohaeret,

    ib. 44, 7, 44, § 1 fin.:

    quippe turris... muris hostium propemodum cohaerebat,

    Curt. 4, 4, 11:

    experimentum marmorati est in subigendo donec rutro non cohaereat,

    Plin. 36, 23, 55, § 177:

    qui cohaerent Mesopotamiae Rhoali vocantur,

    adjoin, id. 5, 24, 21, § 87.—
    2.
    With cum and abl.:

    quidquid enim sequitur quamque rem, id cohaeret cum re necessario,

    Cic. Top. 12, 53.—
    3.
    With in and abl.:

    cohaerentis videmus in conchis (margaritas), etc.,

    Plin. 9, 35, 54, § 109.—
    4.
    Absol.:

    jamque ea (navis) quae non cohaerebat,

    i.e. which did not collide, Curt. 4, 4, 7.—
    B.
    Trop., to be closely connected with, in agreement or harmony with something else, to be consistent with:

    quod illa, quae prima dicuntur, si vehementer velis congruere et cohaerere cum causā, ex eis ducas oportet, quae post dicenda sunt,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 14, 19:

    si continget, etiam (id quod fingemus) verae alicui rei cohaereat,

    Quint. 4, 2, 89:

    ut non tamquam citharoedi prooemium adfictum aliquid, sed cohaerens cum omni corpore membrum videatur,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 80, 325:

    creditis tot gentes... non sacris, non moribus, non commercio linguae nobiscum cohaerentes, eodem proelio domitas esse, etc.,

    Curt. 6, 3, 8:

    potentia male cohaerens inter Pompeium et Caesarem,

    Vell. 2, 47, 2.—
    2.
    To be vitally connected with, to depend upon a thing; with abl.:

    sed ita legibus Sullae cohaerere statum civitatis adfirmat, ut iis solutis stare ipsa non possit,

    Quint. 11, 1, 85.—Hence,
    1.
    cŏhae-rens, entis, P. a. (cohering, i.e.), being in accord, corresponding:

    aptius et cohaerentius,

    Gell. 1, 1, 6.—
    * 2.
    cŏhaerenter, adv., continuously, uninterruptedly:

    dimicatum est,

    Flor. 2, 17, 5.—
    3.
    cŏhaesus, a, um. P. a., pressed together:

    quercus stricta denuo et cohaesa,

    Gell. 15, 16, 4.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > cohaereo

  • 5 obtineo

    ob-tĭnĕo ( opt-), tĭnŭi, tentum, 2 (old perf. OPTENVI, fifth Epit. of the Scipios; inf. pass. obtinerier, Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 19; id. Most. 3, 2, 154), v. a. and n. [teneo].
    I.
    Act. *
    A.
    To take hold of, hold:

    obtine aures, amabo,

    Plaut. Cas. 3, 5, 16.—
    B.
    To hold, have, occupy, possess; to preserve, keep, maintain, etc. (class.).
    1.
    In gen.: sancte Apollo, qui umbilicum certum terrarum obtines, Poët. ap. Cic. Div. 2, 56, 115 (Trag. Rel. p. 201 Rib.):

    suam quisque domum tum obtinebat,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 19, 48:

    armis Galliam atque Italiam,

    Liv. 30, 19:

    cum imperio Hispaniam citeriorem,

    to have as his province, to be governor in it, Cic. Fam. 1, 9, 2:

    Galliam et Italiam,

    Liv. 30, 19:

    Africam,

    Nep. Timol. 2, 4; cf.:

    ex quā insulā nummus nullus, me obtinente, erogabitur,

    during my administration, Cic. Att. 5, 21, 7: QVEI AERARIVM PROVINCIAM OBTINEBIT, who will have the administration of the public treasure, Lex Thor. § 20 Rudorff. p. 168;

    Lex de Scribis ap. Haubold, p. 85: necessitudinem cum publicanis,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 12, § 35:

    vitam et famam,

    to preserve, id. Rosc. Am. 17, 49:

    auctoritatem suam,

    to maintain, id. ib. 48, 139:

    principatum,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 3:

    regnum,

    id. ib. 1, 7:

    jus,

    to assert, maintain, Tac. A. 1, 32:

    causam,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 37, 4:

    noctem insequentem eadem caligo obtinuit,

    occupied, took up, prevailed during, Liv. 29, 27:

    quae (fama) plerosque obtinet,

    Sall. J. 17, 7:

    proverbii locum obtinet,

    i. e. is become proverbial, Cic. Tusc. 4, 16, 36:

    parentis gravitatem,

    id. Sull. 6, 19:

    numerum deorum,

    to be numbered among, id. N. D. 3, 20, 51; so,

    aliquem numerum,

    id. Brut. 47, 175; cf. id. Off. 2, 12, 43: summam opinionem [p. 1247] m scholis, Quint. 10, 5, 18:

    admirationem,

    to be admired, Plin. 34, 2, 2, § 2:

    patriae nomen,

    id. 15, 18, 19, § 69:

    firmitudinem animi,

    i. e. exhibited, Plaut. As. 2, 2, 54:

    pontem,

    would not yield, Liv. 2, 10:

    silentiam,

    to maintain, id. 1, 16.—With inf., to persist in:

    earumque artem et disciplinam obtineat colere,

    Plaut. Mil. 2, 2, 30.—
    2.
    In partic., of speech, to assert, maintain, i. e. to show, prove, demonstrate:

    possumus hoc teste... quod dicimus, obtinere?

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 71, § 168:

    duas contrarias sententias,

    id. Fin. 4, 28, 78:

    diu pugnare in iis, quae obtinere non possis,

    Quint. 6, 4, 15:

    recta apud turpes,

    id. 3, 8, 38:

    quaedam (leges) an obtineri possint,

    id. 2, 4, 39; 6, 1, 7:

    quod orator praecipue sibi obtinendum intellegit,

    id. 3, 6, 9 Spald. N. cr. (al. proponendum); cf. id. 12, 10, 53:

    si defecerint omnia, tum videndum erit, an obtineri possit, ne illud quidem recte factum,

    id. 5, 13, 24; 2, 5, 18.—
    C.
    To get possession of; to gain, acquire, obtain something (syn.: assequor, adipiscor, impetro;

    class.): quanta instrumenta habeat (homo) ad obtinendam adipiscendamque sapientiam,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 22, 59:

    impetrare et obtinere,

    Gell. 12, 14, 6; Cic. Fam. 1, 8, 5:

    malas causas semper obtinuit, in optimā concidit,

    gained, id. Att. 7, 25, 1; cf. id. Rosc. Com. 4, 10:

    jus suum contra aliquem,

    id. Quint. 9, 34:

    Romani si rem obtinuerint,

    if they gained the victory, Caes. B. G. 7, 85: voluimus quaedam;

    obtenta non sunt,

    Cic. Balb. 27, 61:

    apud eum causam obtinuit,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 37:

    aditu regis obtento,

    Just. 21, 6, 5.—Hence, to conquer, overcome (eccl. Lat.):

    melius est ut pugnemus contra eos in campestribus, et obtinebimus eos,

    Vulg. 3 Reg. 20, 23; 20, 25; id. Judith, 1, 5.—
    II.
    Neutr. (cf. teneo, II.), to maintain itself; to hold, prevail, last, stand, continue, obtain (not in Cic.):

    quod et plures tradidere auctores et fama obtinuit,

    Liv. 21, 46, 10; cf. with a subject-clause: pro vero antea obtinebat, regna atque imperia Fortunam dono dare, Sall. Rep. Ordin. init.:

    non ipsos quoque fuisse pastores obtinebit, quod? etc.,

    Varr. R. R. 2, 1, 9:

    si dissentirent, sententia plurium obtineret,

    would prevail, Dig. 42, 1, 36:

    quod merito obtinuit,

    ib. 2, 4, 4.— Absol.:

    obtinuit (sc. consuetudo),

    Dig. 1, 13, 1.—With de: quia de intercalando non obtinuerat, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 6, 5.—With ut or ne:

    his obtinuit, ut praeferretur candidato,

    Liv. 35, 10; Suet. Claud. 41:

    obtinuit, ne reus fieret,

    id. Caes. 23.—With quin, Suet. Tib. 31.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > obtineo

  • 6 optineo

    ob-tĭnĕo ( opt-), tĭnŭi, tentum, 2 (old perf. OPTENVI, fifth Epit. of the Scipios; inf. pass. obtinerier, Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 19; id. Most. 3, 2, 154), v. a. and n. [teneo].
    I.
    Act. *
    A.
    To take hold of, hold:

    obtine aures, amabo,

    Plaut. Cas. 3, 5, 16.—
    B.
    To hold, have, occupy, possess; to preserve, keep, maintain, etc. (class.).
    1.
    In gen.: sancte Apollo, qui umbilicum certum terrarum obtines, Poët. ap. Cic. Div. 2, 56, 115 (Trag. Rel. p. 201 Rib.):

    suam quisque domum tum obtinebat,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 19, 48:

    armis Galliam atque Italiam,

    Liv. 30, 19:

    cum imperio Hispaniam citeriorem,

    to have as his province, to be governor in it, Cic. Fam. 1, 9, 2:

    Galliam et Italiam,

    Liv. 30, 19:

    Africam,

    Nep. Timol. 2, 4; cf.:

    ex quā insulā nummus nullus, me obtinente, erogabitur,

    during my administration, Cic. Att. 5, 21, 7: QVEI AERARIVM PROVINCIAM OBTINEBIT, who will have the administration of the public treasure, Lex Thor. § 20 Rudorff. p. 168;

    Lex de Scribis ap. Haubold, p. 85: necessitudinem cum publicanis,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 12, § 35:

    vitam et famam,

    to preserve, id. Rosc. Am. 17, 49:

    auctoritatem suam,

    to maintain, id. ib. 48, 139:

    principatum,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 3:

    regnum,

    id. ib. 1, 7:

    jus,

    to assert, maintain, Tac. A. 1, 32:

    causam,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 37, 4:

    noctem insequentem eadem caligo obtinuit,

    occupied, took up, prevailed during, Liv. 29, 27:

    quae (fama) plerosque obtinet,

    Sall. J. 17, 7:

    proverbii locum obtinet,

    i. e. is become proverbial, Cic. Tusc. 4, 16, 36:

    parentis gravitatem,

    id. Sull. 6, 19:

    numerum deorum,

    to be numbered among, id. N. D. 3, 20, 51; so,

    aliquem numerum,

    id. Brut. 47, 175; cf. id. Off. 2, 12, 43: summam opinionem [p. 1247] m scholis, Quint. 10, 5, 18:

    admirationem,

    to be admired, Plin. 34, 2, 2, § 2:

    patriae nomen,

    id. 15, 18, 19, § 69:

    firmitudinem animi,

    i. e. exhibited, Plaut. As. 2, 2, 54:

    pontem,

    would not yield, Liv. 2, 10:

    silentiam,

    to maintain, id. 1, 16.—With inf., to persist in:

    earumque artem et disciplinam obtineat colere,

    Plaut. Mil. 2, 2, 30.—
    2.
    In partic., of speech, to assert, maintain, i. e. to show, prove, demonstrate:

    possumus hoc teste... quod dicimus, obtinere?

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 71, § 168:

    duas contrarias sententias,

    id. Fin. 4, 28, 78:

    diu pugnare in iis, quae obtinere non possis,

    Quint. 6, 4, 15:

    recta apud turpes,

    id. 3, 8, 38:

    quaedam (leges) an obtineri possint,

    id. 2, 4, 39; 6, 1, 7:

    quod orator praecipue sibi obtinendum intellegit,

    id. 3, 6, 9 Spald. N. cr. (al. proponendum); cf. id. 12, 10, 53:

    si defecerint omnia, tum videndum erit, an obtineri possit, ne illud quidem recte factum,

    id. 5, 13, 24; 2, 5, 18.—
    C.
    To get possession of; to gain, acquire, obtain something (syn.: assequor, adipiscor, impetro;

    class.): quanta instrumenta habeat (homo) ad obtinendam adipiscendamque sapientiam,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 22, 59:

    impetrare et obtinere,

    Gell. 12, 14, 6; Cic. Fam. 1, 8, 5:

    malas causas semper obtinuit, in optimā concidit,

    gained, id. Att. 7, 25, 1; cf. id. Rosc. Com. 4, 10:

    jus suum contra aliquem,

    id. Quint. 9, 34:

    Romani si rem obtinuerint,

    if they gained the victory, Caes. B. G. 7, 85: voluimus quaedam;

    obtenta non sunt,

    Cic. Balb. 27, 61:

    apud eum causam obtinuit,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 37:

    aditu regis obtento,

    Just. 21, 6, 5.—Hence, to conquer, overcome (eccl. Lat.):

    melius est ut pugnemus contra eos in campestribus, et obtinebimus eos,

    Vulg. 3 Reg. 20, 23; 20, 25; id. Judith, 1, 5.—
    II.
    Neutr. (cf. teneo, II.), to maintain itself; to hold, prevail, last, stand, continue, obtain (not in Cic.):

    quod et plures tradidere auctores et fama obtinuit,

    Liv. 21, 46, 10; cf. with a subject-clause: pro vero antea obtinebat, regna atque imperia Fortunam dono dare, Sall. Rep. Ordin. init.:

    non ipsos quoque fuisse pastores obtinebit, quod? etc.,

    Varr. R. R. 2, 1, 9:

    si dissentirent, sententia plurium obtineret,

    would prevail, Dig. 42, 1, 36:

    quod merito obtinuit,

    ib. 2, 4, 4.— Absol.:

    obtinuit (sc. consuetudo),

    Dig. 1, 13, 1.—With de: quia de intercalando non obtinuerat, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 6, 5.—With ut or ne:

    his obtinuit, ut praeferretur candidato,

    Liv. 35, 10; Suet. Claud. 41:

    obtinuit, ne reus fieret,

    id. Caes. 23.—With quin, Suet. Tib. 31.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > optineo

  • 7 teneo

    tĕnĕo, tĕnŭi, tentum, 2 ( perf. subj. tetinerim, Pac. ap. Non. 178, 15:

    tetinerit,

    Att. ib. 178, 12:

    tetinisse,

    Pac. ib. 178, 11; fut. perf. tetinero, acc. to Fest. p. 252 Müll. Another collat. form of the perf. tenivi, acc. to Charis. p. 220 P.; Diom. pp. 363 and 369 ib.), v. a. and n. [root ten-, tan-; Gr. tanumai, teinô; Sanscr. tanomi, to stretch, spread; this root appears in many derived meanings; cf. Lat.: tendo, tenuis, tener, tenor, tenus].
    I.
    Act., to hold, keep, have in the hand, in the mouth, etc.
    A.
    Lit.
    1.
    In gen.: Eu. Porrige bracchium, prehende: jam tenes? Cha. Teneo. Eu. Tene, Plaut. Merc. 5, 2, 42; cf.

    argentum,

    id. Pers. 3, 3, 9:

    cum pyxidem teneret in manu,

    Cic. Cael. 26, 63;

    for which: aliquid manu,

    Quint. 10, 7, 31; Ov. M. 11, 560; id. A. A. 1, 320; Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 34:

    aliquid dextrā,

    Ov. F. 1, 99:

    digitis,

    id. ib. 2, 102; id. M. 9, 86; 9, 522:

    lacertis,

    id. ib. 2, 100 al.:

    radicem ore,

    Cic. Div. 2, 68, 141:

    cibum ore,

    Phaedr. 1, 4, 6;

    for which: decoctum diu in ore,

    Plin. 25, 13, 105, § 166:

    aliquem in sinu,

    Ov. H. 3, 114;

    for which: aliquem sinu,

    id. ib. 13, 157:

    flabellulum,

    Ter. Eun. 3, 5, 50:

    facem,

    Verg. A. 6, 224:

    telum,

    Liv. 2, 19. — Prov.: manu tenere aliquid, to seize, grasp, or comprehend a thing which is palpable or evident: aliter leges, aliter philosophi tollunt astutias: leges, quātenus manu tenere possunt;

    philosophi, quātenus ratione et intellegentiā,

    Cic. Off. 3, 17, 68; cf.:

    cum res non conjecturā, sed oculis ac manibus teneretur,

    id. Clu. 7, 20. —
    2.
    In partic.
    a.
    With the accessory idea of possession, to hold, i. e. to be master of, have in one ' s power, possess, etc. (syn.:

    possideo, habeo): multa hereditatibus, multa emptionibus, multa dotibus tenebantur sine injuriā,

    Cic. Off. 2, 23, 81:

    quae tenuit dives Achaemenes,

    Hor. C. 2, 12, 21:

    Evander qui multis ante tempestatibus tenuerat loca,

    Liv. 1, 5:

    provinciam a praedonibus liberam,

    Cic. Imp. Pomp. 11, 32:

    colles praesidiis,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 43:

    Formiarum moenia et Lirim,

    Hor. C. 3, 17, 8:

    tenente Caesare terras,

    id. ib. 3, 14, 15:

    rem publicam,

    Cic. Mur. 39, 83; id. Sest. 19, 44:

    summam imperii,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 22:

    equitum centurias,

    Cic. Fam. 11, 16, 3:

    alterum cornu,

    to command, Nep. Pelop. 4, 3:

    provincias aliaque omnia,

    Sall. C. 39, 2: scenam, to have sole possession of. [p. 1854] rule over, Suet. Tit. 7. —

    Of the possession of the object of affection: te tenet,

    Tib. 1, 6, 35; 2, 6, 52; Verg. E. 1, 32; Ov. H. 2, 103 Ruhnk.; 15, 88; id. Am. 3, 7, 3; Phaedr. 2, 2, 4.—In colloq. lang., teneo te, I have you once more, of again seeing the beloved person:

    teneone te, Antiphila, maxime animo exoptata meo?

    Ter. Heaut. 2, 4, 27 Ruhnk.; Sen. Ben. 7, 4; Ov. H. 18, 183; cf.:

    et comitem Aenean juxta natumque tenebat Ingrediens,

    Verg. A. 8, 308.—Also like our I have you (fast, bound, etc.):

    teneo te, inquam, nam ista Academiae est propria sententia,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 48, 148; id. Quint. 20, 63.— Absol.: qui tenent (sc. rem publicam), who are in possession of the State, of public affairs:

    qui tenent, qui potiuntur,

    Cic. Att. 7, 12, 3; 2, 18, 1. —
    b.
    With the accessory idea of firmness, persistence, to hold fast, occupy; to watch, guard, defend; to maintain, retain a thing:

    legio locum non tenuit atque in proximum collem se recepit,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 44:

    montes teneri,

    id. B. G. 3, 2:

    haec noctu firmis praesidiis tenebantur,

    id. ib. 7, 69:

    Capitolia celsa tenebat,

    Verg. A. 8, 653:

    quo teneam Protea nodo?

    Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 90:

    te neque intra Claustra tenebo,

    id. C. 3, 11, 44; cf.:

    in manicis et Compedibus saevo te sub custode tenebo,

    id. Ep. 1, 16, 77: laqueis (se) sensit teneri... fugam frustra tentabat;

    at illam Lenta tenet radix exsultantemque coërcet,

    Ov. M. 11, 74 sq.; 1, 535:

    Athenae tuae sempiternam in arce oleam tenere potuerunt,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 1, 2:

    agri qui diu aquam tenent,

    Pall. Apr. 2, 4:

    classem ibi tenebat,

    Liv. 31, 46, 8: secundissimo vento cursum tenere, to hold or keep one ' s course, Cic. N. D. 3, 34, 83; cf.:

    vento intermisso cursum non tenuit,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 8; 4, 28; so,

    cursum,

    Cic. Planc. 21, 52; id. Rep. 1, 2, 3 fin.; Quint. 4, 3, 13:

    quo iter,

    Verg. A. 1, 370; Plin. Ep. 6, 16, 10:

    (lunam) fingunt cursus viam sub sole tenere,

    Lucr. 5, 714:

    tenuit tamen vestigia Bucar,

    Liv. 29, 32, 6.—
    c.
    With the accessory idea of reaching the object aimed at, to reach, attain a place:

    montes effuso cursu Sabini petebant et pauci tenuere,

    Liv. 1, 37, 4:

    regionem,

    id. 30, 25, 11:

    Tenum,

    id. 36, 21, 1:

    terram,

    id. 37, 16, 4; 37, 11, 5; 37, 13, 4;

    26, 29, 4: Hesperiam,

    Ov. F. 1, 498:

    portus,

    id. H. 18, 198; Tac. Agr. 38 fin.:

    cum quibus (navibus) Cythnum insulam tenuit,

    id. H. 2, 9.—
    d.
    With the accessory idea of movement impeded, to hold fast, hold back, hinder, restrain, detain, check, control, stay, etc.:

    naves, quae vento tenebantur,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 22:

    quid hic agatur, scire poteris ex eo, qui litteras attulit, quem diutius tenui, quia, etc.,

    Cic. Att. 11, 3, 1:

    si id te non tenet, advola,

    id. Fam. 16, 19:

    septimum jam diem Corcyrae tenebamur,

    id. ib. 16, 7 init.:

    Marcellum ab gerundis rebus valetudo adversa Nolae tenuit,

    Liv. 24, 20, 7:

    non tenebo te pluribus,

    Cic. Fam. 11, 16, 3; cf. absol.:

    ne diutius teneam,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 13, § 34: solutum (corpus) tenere, Cels. praef. med.; cf.

    ventrem,

    id. 4, 19 med.:

    tene linguam,

    Ov. F. 2, 602:

    pecus omne tenendum,

    Verg. G. 2, 371:

    vix a te videor posse tenere manus,

    Ov. Am. 1, 4, 10; so,

    manus,

    id. M. 13, 203; cf.:

    manum stomachumque teneto,

    Hor. S. 2, 7, 44:

    saeva tene cum Berecyntio Cornu tympana,

    id. C. 1, 18, 13:

    et Phoebi tenuere viam,

    i. e. impeded, closed up, Luc. 5, 136:

    quo me decet usque teneri?

    Verg. A. 5, 384:

    lacrimas,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 39; so,

    lacrimas in morte miserā non tenebamus,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 67, § 172:

    dictator exercitum in stativis tenebat,

    Liv. 6, 14, 1. —
    (β).
    Esp.: se tenere, to keep back, remain, stay:

    Sabinus castris sese tenebat,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 17; 1, 40; Liv. 2, 45, 2:

    nullā clade acceptā castris se pavidus tenebat,

    id. 3, 26, 3:

    Hasdrubal procul ab hoste intervallo tenebat se,

    id. 23, 26, 2:

    se domi a conventu remotum tenere,

    Nep. Dion, 9, 1:

    ego tamen teneo ab accusando vix me hercule: sed tamen teneo,

    restrain myself, refrain, Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 2, 2:

    nec se tenuit, quin, etc.,

    id. Ac. 2, 4, 12; cf.

    mid.: teneri non potui, quin tibi apertius illud idem his litteris declararem,

    id. Att. 15, 14, 2; Just. 6, 7, 10; cf.:

    se intra silentium tenuit,

    Plin. Ep. 4, 17, 8:

    multum me intra silentium tenui,

    id. ib. 7, 6, 6.—
    B.
    Trop.
    1.
    In gen., to hold, contain in the mind, to conceive, comprehend, know (syn.:

    percipio, intellego): nunc ego teneo, nunc scio, Quid sit hoc negotii,

    Plaut. Capt. 3, 5, 39: tenes Quorsum haec tendant quae loquor, id. Ps. 1, 2, 81:

    tenes, quid dicam?

    Ter. Heaut. 4, 3, 22:

    teneo,

    I understand, id. And. 1, 1, 59:

    teneo quid erret,

    id. 3, 2, 18; Cic. Rep. 1, 23, 37; cf.: quibus capiatur Caesar, tenes, Caecin. ap. Cic. Fam. 6, 7, 5:

    quae a Romanis auguribus ignorantur, a Cilicibus... Lyciis tenentur,

    Cic. Div. 1, 15, 25:

    quoniam ea, quae tenebatis ipsi, etiam ex me audire voluistis,

    id. Rep. 1, 46, 70:

    alicujus reconditos sensus,

    id. Sest. 10, 22:

    quo pacto cuncta tenerem,

    Hor. S. 2, 4, 8:

    et teneo melius ista,

    Mart. 4, 37, 7.—With inf.:

    nullus frugi esse homo potest, nisi qui et bene facere et male tenet,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 4, 10; Lucr. 3, 647.—
    2.
    In partic.
    a.
    To have possession of, have the mastery of, to control any thing:

    cum rem publicam opes paucorum non virtutes tenere coeperunt,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 34, 51.—
    b.
    To hold fast, guard, preserve, uphold, keep, insist (syn. servo):

    sin consuetudinem meam, quam in re publicā semper habui, tenuero,

    Cic. Phil. 1, 11, 27:

    ordinem,

    id. ib. 5, 13, 35:

    portum,

    id. Fam. 1, 9, 21:

    statum,

    id. Rep. 1, 28, 44:

    non tenebat ornatum suum civitas,

    id. ib. 1, 27, 43:

    si jus suum populi teneant,

    id. ib. 1, 32, 48:

    nec diutius umquam tenetur idem rei publicae modus,

    id. ib. 1, 44, 68:

    est boni viri, haec duo tenere in amicitiā, etc.,

    id. Lael. 18, 65:

    morem,

    id. Off. 3, 10, 44; so id. Fl. 7, 15; Verg. A. 3, 408:

    foedus,

    Cic. Balb. 15, 34:

    tenebat non modo auctoritatem, sed etiam imperium in suos,

    id. Sen. 11, 37:

    silentium,

    Liv. 1, 28, 8.—
    c.
    To hold fast, maintain, support, defend, uphold, insist:

    illud arcte tenent accurateque defendunt, voluptatem esse summum bonum,

    hold fast, maintain, Cic. Par. 1, 3, 14; cf.:

    illud, quod multos annos tenuisset,

    id. Ac. 2, 22, 71; and:

    quod idem Peripatetici non tenent,

    id. Fin. 3, 13, 44:

    propositum tenere,

    to maintain, Caes. B. C. 3, 42, 1:

    suas leges,

    Cic. Verr. 1, 4, 13:

    causam apud centumviros,

    id. Caecin. 24, 67:

    quo causae teste tenentur,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 16, 43:

    locum quendam cum aliquo,

    Cic. Brut. 21, 81.— With ne:

    plebs tenuit, ne consules in proximum annum crearentur,

    Liv. 4, 30, 16:

    ne quid ferretur ad populum, patres tenuere,

    id. 3, 29, 8; 24, 19, 7. — With ut:

    tenuere patres, ut Fabius consul crearetur,

    Liv. 2, 42, 2 Weissenb. ad loc.:

    scripseram tenuisse Varenum ut sibi evocare testes liceret,

    Plin. Ep. 6, 5, 1.—
    d.
    Of memory:

    alicujus memoriam cum summā benevolentiā tenere,

    to recollect, preserve a recollection of, Cic. Fam. 6, 2, 1.—Esp.:

    memoriā tenere: memoriā tenetis, compluris in Capitolio res de caelo esse percussas,

    you remember, Cic. Cat. 3, 8, 19; id. Fam. 1, 9, 12; Caes. B. G. 1, 14; cf.:

    memoriā teneo, C. Sulpicium Gallum, etc.,

    id. Rep. 1, 14, 21; v. memoria; so without memoria, to bear in mind, remember, recollect:

    satin' haec meministi et tenes?

    Plaut. Pers. 2, 2, 1:

    numeros memini, si verba tenerem,

    Verg. E. 9, 45:

    dicta tenere,

    Hor. A. P. 336; id. S. 2, 4, 8:

    quem (Cyrum) omnia militum tenuisse creditum est nomina,

    Quint. 11, 2, 50; 11, 2, 45.—
    e.
    To reach an object striven after, to gain, acquire, obtain, attain (syn. assequor):

    per cursum rectum regnum tenere,

    Cic. Agr. 2, 17, 44:

    Servium Tullium post hunc captivā natum, ingenio virtute regnum tenuisse,

    Liv. 4, 3, 12:

    teneri res aliter non potest,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 1, 3:

    multa tenuisse,

    Liv. 42, 11, 8:

    causam,

    Ov. M. 13, 190.—
    f.
    To hold, hold back, repress, restrain, bind, fetter, etc. (syn.:

    refreno, retineo): iracundiam teneat, avaritiam coërceat,

    Cic. Par. 5, 1, 33:

    dolorem,

    id. Att. 12, 38, 2:

    cupiditates,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 1, § 3:

    somnum,

    id. Brut. 80, 278:

    risum,

    id. Vatin. 8, 20; Hor. A. P. 5:

    iram,

    Curt. 4, 2, 5:

    ea, quae occurrant, tenere,

    to hold back, keep to themselves, Cic. de Or. 2, 54, 221.—
    g.
    Of laws, etc., to bind, hold, obligate, be binding on, control, etc.:

    quamquam leges eum non tenent,

    Cic. Phil. 11, 5, 11; cf.:

    interdicto non teneri,

    id. Caecin. 14, 41:

    voto quodam et promisso teneri,

    id. Att. 12, 18, 1:

    ut plebi scita omnes Quirites tenerent,

    Liv. 8, 12, 14; cf.:

    olim patricii dicebant se plebi scitis non teneri,

    Gai. Inst. 1, 3:

    cum velut in controverso jure esset, tenerenturne patres plebi scitis, legem tulere, ut quod tributim plebis jussisset, populum teneret,

    Liv. 3, 55, 3:

    teneri alienis foederibus,

    id. 24, 29, 11: poenā teneri, to be subject or liable to, Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 3, 5:

    testibus in re perspicuā teneri,

    to be convicted, id. Caecin. 2, 4; cf.: nemo ita in manifesto peccatu tenebatur, ut, etc., id. Verr. 2, 2, 78, § 191:

    caedis teneri,

    Quint. 5, 14, 11:

    teneri repetundarum,

    Tac. A. 11, 7 fin.:

    furti,

    Dig. 6, 1, 4:

    injuriarum,

    ib. 47, 10, 11:

    mandati,

    ib. 17, 1, 10.— Transf.:

    nisi illi ipsi, qui eas (libidines) frangere deberent, cupiditatis ejusdem tenerentur,

    Cic. Leg. 3, 13, 31 Mos. and Orell. N. cr.
    h.
    Of dispositions, desires, etc., to possess, occupy, control:

    quae te tanta pravitas mentis tenuerit, ut, etc.,

    has had possession of you, Cic. Vatin. 6, 14:

    summum me eorum (librorum) studium tenet,

    id. Att. 1, 11, 3:

    magna me spes tenet,

    id. Tusc. 1, 41, 97:

    de triumpho nulla me cupiditas umquam tenuit,

    id. Att. 7, 2, 6:

    si consilio pulso libidines iracundiaeve tenerent omnia,

    id. Rep. 1, 38, 60:

    nisi forte quem inhonesta et perniciosa libido tenet,

    Sall. J. 3, 4: neque irā neque gratiā teneri, to be controlled or influenced, Cic. N. D. 1, 17, 45; so,

    teneri desiderio,

    id. Sen. 10, 33:

    studio philosophiae,

    id. Ac. 1, 2, 4:

    magno amore,

    Verg. A. 1, 675:

    pompā, ludis atque ejusmodi spectaculis teneri,

    to be enchained, fascinated, Cic. Fin. 5, 18, 48; cf.:

    ut oculi picturā teneantur, aures cantibus,

    id. Ac. 2, 7, 20:

    is qui audit, ab oratore jam obsessus est ac tenetur,

    id. Or. 62, 210.—With ne, Ov. M. 7, 146. —
    k.
    To take in, comprise, comprehend, include:

    haec magnos formula reges, Excepto sapiente, tenet,

    Hor. S. 2, 3, 46.—More freq. pass.: teneri aliquā re, to be contained, comprised, grounded, to consist in a thing:

    ut homines deorum agnatione et gente teneantur,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 7, 23:

    id quod (genus officiorum) teneatur hominum societate,

    id. Off. 1, 45, 160:

    quae (causae) familiaritate et consuetudine tenentur,

    id. Fam. 13, 29, 1:

    dixi jam antea, ipsam rationem arandi spe magis et jucunditate quadam quam fructu atque emolumento teneri,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 98, § 227.
    II.
    Neutr. (freq. after the Aug. per.; perh. not in Cic.).
    A.
    Lit.
    1.
    To hold a position anywhere, maintain one ' s self:

    quā abscisae rupes erant, statio paucorum armatorum tenebat,

    Liv. 32, 5, 12:

    duo extra ordinem milia tenuere,

    id. 3, 62, 7:

    tenent Danai, quā deficit ignis,

    Verg. A. 2, 505.—
    2.
    For cursum tenere, to hold or take one ' s way, to sail, steer in any direction:

    Aeneam... ab Siciliā classe ad Laurentem agrum tenuisse,

    Liv. 1, 1, 4:

    Cassandream petentes, primo ad Mendin tenuere,

    Liv. 31, 45, 14:

    ad Mendaeum,

    id. 21, 49, 2:

    Diam,

    Ov. M. 3, 690:

    Creten,

    id. ib. 13, 706:

    Hesperiam,

    id. F. 1, 498:

    Ausoniam,

    id. ib. 4, 290 al.:

    medio tutissimus ibis... Inter utrumque tene,

    Ov. M. 2, 140.—
    B.
    Trop., with the accessory idea of continuance (cf. I. A. 2. b. and B. 2. b. supra), to hold out, hold on, last, endure, continue, maintain itself, prevail, etc. (cf. obtineo):

    imber per noctem totam tenuit,

    Liv. 23, 44, 6; cf.:

    incendium per duas noctes ac diem unum tenuit,

    id. 24, 47, 15:

    per aliquot dies ea consultatio tenuit,

    id. 2, 3, 5; 3, 47, 6:

    tenet fama, lupam, etc.,

    id. 1, 4, 6:

    quod nunc quoque tenet nomen,

    id. 1, 17, 6:

    fama tenuit, haud plus fuisse modio,

    id. 23, 12, 2; 21, 46, 10:

    tenuit consuetudo, quae cottidie magis invalescit, ut, etc.,

    Quint. 2, 1, 1 Spald.; so,

    consuetudo, ut, etc.,

    id. 8, 5, 2:

    nomen illud tenet,

    id. 9, 4, 47 Spald.; cf. Ov. M. 1, 712.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > teneo

  • 8 exhibeo

    ex-hĭbĕo ( ex-ibeo, v. Brix. ad Plaut. Capt. 4, 2, 37), ŭi, itum, 2, v. a. [habeo; lit., to hold out, reach out; hence],
    I.
    To hold forth, tender, present; to deliver, give up, produce (class.; syn.: praebeo, porrigo, praesto, tribuo, ministro, do, dono, dedo, etc.).
    A.
    Lit.: ait Praetor: QVEM HOMINEM DOLO MALO RETINES, EXHIBEAS.... Exhibere est in publicum producere, et videndi tangendique hominis facultatem praebere;

    proprie autem exhibere est extra secretum habere,

    Dig. 43, 29, 1 and 3, § 8: jam periculum est ne cogantur ad exhibendum formulam accipere, i. e. to acknowledge legal notice, etc. Sen. Ep. 50, 1:

    alicui omnia integra,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 25, § 63:

    exhibe librarium illud legum vestrarum,

    id. Mil. 12, 33:

    pallium,

    Petr. 15:

    tabulas testamenti,

    Suet. Vit. 14:

    rationes,

    Dig. 40, 5, 41 fin.:

    fratres exhibe,

    Cic. Fl. 15, 35; so,

    fugitivos apud magistratus,

    Dig. 11, 4, 1:

    aliquem apud acta,

    ib. 2, 4, 17:

    debitorem in judicium,

    ib. 12, 2, 28 quadringentos senatores ad ferrum, Suet. Ner. 12 et saep.:

    vias tutas,

    i. e. to make safe, Ov. Pont. 4, 5, 34:

    toros,

    i. e. to furnish, allow, id. H. 17, 194:

    exhibuit querulos ore gemente sonos,

    uttered, id. Tr. 3, 11, 54.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    To show, to display, to exhibit:

    exhibuit gemino praesignia tempora cornu,

    Ov. M. 15, 611:

    notam linguae,

    id. ib. 14, 526: exhibuit linguam paternam, displayed, i. e. used the language of her father, id. ib. 6, 213:

    faciem sucumque,

    Plin. 15, 13, 12, § 41:

    malui me tribunum omnibus exhibere quam paucis advocatum,

    Plin. Ep. 1, 23, 4:

    se ministratorem alicui,

    Suet. Vit. 17:

    se adorandum adeuntibus,

    id. Calig. 22 (but not in Cic. Sest. 50, 107, where the right reading is praebuit, v. Halm. ad h. l.).—In the latter (reflexive) sense sometimes without se:

    quid me putas populo nostro exhibiturum?

    how I shall exhibit, show myself, Cic. Ac. 1, 5, 18; cf.:

    qui vere civilem virum exhibeat,

    shows, proves himself, Quint. 12, 2, 7 Spald.; Ov. M. 6, 44:

    pro fratre hostem exhibuit,

    Just. 27, 2.—
    (β).
    To show, confer (late Lat.):

    alicui honorem,

    Aug. Serm. 46, 7.—
    2.
    To maintain, support, sustain (post-class.;

    esp. freq. in jurid. Lat.): si quis a liberis ali desideret, vel liberi, ut a parente exhibeantur,

    Dig. 25, 3, 5; so,

    aliquem,

    ib. 1, 12, 1; 3, 5, 33 al.; cf.:

    Scythas alimentis,

    Just. 9, 2:

    vitam,

    id. 11, 10; 22, 1.
    II.
    To show, exhibit, employ; to procure, occasion, cause:

    rem salvam exhibebo,

    I will set it all right, Plaut. As. 2, 4, 51: quorum virtus exhibet solidum decus, Phaedr. 4, 23, 24:

    vocis fidem,

    id. 3, 19 Epil. 9:

    munificentiam,

    Suet. Tib. 48:

    liberalitatem, clementiam, comitatem,

    id. Ner. 10; cf.:

    liberalitatem et justitiam,

    Plin. Pan. 33, 2:

    vicem spodii,

    i.e. to supply the place of, Plin. 23, 7, 63, § 125; cf.:

    vicem testamenti,

    Dig. 29, 6, 16:

    humanitatem,

    to exercise, exhibit, Plin. Ep. 5, 19, 2:

    diligentiam,

    Dig. 18, 6, 2:

    imperium,

    to exercise, Plaut. Cas. 2, 6, 57:

    alicui molestiam,

    to cause, Cic. Att. 2, 1, 2; Plaut. Pers. 2, 4, 3; id. Capt. 4, 2, 37:

    negotium hominibus,

    to produce, occasion, id. Poen. 1, 2, 30; cf.:

    qui deum nihil habere ipsum negotii (dicunt), nihil exhibere alteri,

    Cic. Off. 3, 28, 102; id. ib. 3, 31, 112:

    negotium alicui,

    Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 14; id. Most. 3, 1, 38; id. Men. 5, 9, 13; id. Pers. 2, 5, 14;

    and once reflexively: jam se exhibebit hic mihi negotium,

    will present itself, id. Rud. 2, 6, 72:

    argutias mihi,

    id. Most. 1, 1, 2:

    difficilem laborem alicui,

    Col. 5, 5, 17:

    curam alicui,

    Tib. 2, 1, 61 et saep.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > exhibeo

  • 9 exibeo

    ex-hĭbĕo ( ex-ibeo, v. Brix. ad Plaut. Capt. 4, 2, 37), ŭi, itum, 2, v. a. [habeo; lit., to hold out, reach out; hence],
    I.
    To hold forth, tender, present; to deliver, give up, produce (class.; syn.: praebeo, porrigo, praesto, tribuo, ministro, do, dono, dedo, etc.).
    A.
    Lit.: ait Praetor: QVEM HOMINEM DOLO MALO RETINES, EXHIBEAS.... Exhibere est in publicum producere, et videndi tangendique hominis facultatem praebere;

    proprie autem exhibere est extra secretum habere,

    Dig. 43, 29, 1 and 3, § 8: jam periculum est ne cogantur ad exhibendum formulam accipere, i. e. to acknowledge legal notice, etc. Sen. Ep. 50, 1:

    alicui omnia integra,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 25, § 63:

    exhibe librarium illud legum vestrarum,

    id. Mil. 12, 33:

    pallium,

    Petr. 15:

    tabulas testamenti,

    Suet. Vit. 14:

    rationes,

    Dig. 40, 5, 41 fin.:

    fratres exhibe,

    Cic. Fl. 15, 35; so,

    fugitivos apud magistratus,

    Dig. 11, 4, 1:

    aliquem apud acta,

    ib. 2, 4, 17:

    debitorem in judicium,

    ib. 12, 2, 28 quadringentos senatores ad ferrum, Suet. Ner. 12 et saep.:

    vias tutas,

    i. e. to make safe, Ov. Pont. 4, 5, 34:

    toros,

    i. e. to furnish, allow, id. H. 17, 194:

    exhibuit querulos ore gemente sonos,

    uttered, id. Tr. 3, 11, 54.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    To show, to display, to exhibit:

    exhibuit gemino praesignia tempora cornu,

    Ov. M. 15, 611:

    notam linguae,

    id. ib. 14, 526: exhibuit linguam paternam, displayed, i. e. used the language of her father, id. ib. 6, 213:

    faciem sucumque,

    Plin. 15, 13, 12, § 41:

    malui me tribunum omnibus exhibere quam paucis advocatum,

    Plin. Ep. 1, 23, 4:

    se ministratorem alicui,

    Suet. Vit. 17:

    se adorandum adeuntibus,

    id. Calig. 22 (but not in Cic. Sest. 50, 107, where the right reading is praebuit, v. Halm. ad h. l.).—In the latter (reflexive) sense sometimes without se:

    quid me putas populo nostro exhibiturum?

    how I shall exhibit, show myself, Cic. Ac. 1, 5, 18; cf.:

    qui vere civilem virum exhibeat,

    shows, proves himself, Quint. 12, 2, 7 Spald.; Ov. M. 6, 44:

    pro fratre hostem exhibuit,

    Just. 27, 2.—
    (β).
    To show, confer (late Lat.):

    alicui honorem,

    Aug. Serm. 46, 7.—
    2.
    To maintain, support, sustain (post-class.;

    esp. freq. in jurid. Lat.): si quis a liberis ali desideret, vel liberi, ut a parente exhibeantur,

    Dig. 25, 3, 5; so,

    aliquem,

    ib. 1, 12, 1; 3, 5, 33 al.; cf.:

    Scythas alimentis,

    Just. 9, 2:

    vitam,

    id. 11, 10; 22, 1.
    II.
    To show, exhibit, employ; to procure, occasion, cause:

    rem salvam exhibebo,

    I will set it all right, Plaut. As. 2, 4, 51: quorum virtus exhibet solidum decus, Phaedr. 4, 23, 24:

    vocis fidem,

    id. 3, 19 Epil. 9:

    munificentiam,

    Suet. Tib. 48:

    liberalitatem, clementiam, comitatem,

    id. Ner. 10; cf.:

    liberalitatem et justitiam,

    Plin. Pan. 33, 2:

    vicem spodii,

    i.e. to supply the place of, Plin. 23, 7, 63, § 125; cf.:

    vicem testamenti,

    Dig. 29, 6, 16:

    humanitatem,

    to exercise, exhibit, Plin. Ep. 5, 19, 2:

    diligentiam,

    Dig. 18, 6, 2:

    imperium,

    to exercise, Plaut. Cas. 2, 6, 57:

    alicui molestiam,

    to cause, Cic. Att. 2, 1, 2; Plaut. Pers. 2, 4, 3; id. Capt. 4, 2, 37:

    negotium hominibus,

    to produce, occasion, id. Poen. 1, 2, 30; cf.:

    qui deum nihil habere ipsum negotii (dicunt), nihil exhibere alteri,

    Cic. Off. 3, 28, 102; id. ib. 3, 31, 112:

    negotium alicui,

    Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 14; id. Most. 3, 1, 38; id. Men. 5, 9, 13; id. Pers. 2, 5, 14;

    and once reflexively: jam se exhibebit hic mihi negotium,

    will present itself, id. Rud. 2, 6, 72:

    argutias mihi,

    id. Most. 1, 1, 2:

    difficilem laborem alicui,

    Col. 5, 5, 17:

    curam alicui,

    Tib. 2, 1, 61 et saep.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > exibeo

  • 10 praesto

    1.
    praestō (old collat. form praestū, acc. to Curtius Valerianus in Cassiod. p. 2289 P.: qui praestu sunt, Inscr. Carina Via Appia, 1, p. 217. In later time as adj.: prae-stus, a, um:

    bonorum officio praestus fui,

    Inscr. Grut. 669, 4), adv. [dat. from praestus, a sup. form from prae, so that praesto esse alicui = to be or stand in the foremost place for or as respects one], at hand, ready, present, here; usually with esse (very freq. and class.).
    I.
    Lit.:

    ni tua propitia pax foret praesto,

    Plaut. Trin. 4, 1, 18: sed ubi est frater? Chaer. Praesto adest, Ter. Eun. 5, 8, 20; id. Heaut. 1, 1, 120; so Att. Tr. 498:

    quod adest praesto in primis placet,

    Lucr. 5, 1412; Lact. 3, 7, 10:

    sacrificiis omnibus praesto adesse,

    id. 2, 16, 10;

    more freq., praesto esse: ibi mihi praesto fuit L. Lucilius,

    Cic. Fam. 3, 5, 1:

    togulae lictoribus ad portam praesto fuerunt,

    id. Pis. 23, 55:

    tibi nulla fuit clementia praesto?

    hadst thou no compassion? Cat. 64, 137: praesto esse, to arrive, appear:

    hirundines aestivo tempore praesto sunt,

    Auct. Her. 4, 48, 61.—Without esse ( poet.):

    era, eccum praesto militem,

    Plaut. Mil. 4, 6, 1:

    ipsum adeo praesto video,

    Ter. And. 2, 5, 4; Stat. Th. 6, 643.—
    II.
    In partic: praesto esse or adire
    A.
    To be at hand, to attend or wait upon, to serve, aid:

    ero meo ut omnibus locis sine praesto,

    Plaut. Men. 5, 6, 26:

    jus civile didicit, praesto multis fuit,

    Cic. Mur. 9, 19:

    praesto esse clientem tuum?

    id. Att. 10, 8, 3:

    saluti tuae praesto esse, praesto esse virtutes ut ancillulas,

    id. Fin. 2, 21, 69; id. Fam. 4, 14, 4:

    ut ad omnia, quae tui velint, ita assim praesto, ut, etc.,

    id. ib. 4, 8, 1; id. Att. 4, 12, 1 fin.;

    also with videor,

    id. ib. 4, 12, 1 fin. —With adire:

    pauper erit praesto semper tibi, pauper adibit primus,

    will be at hand, at your service, Tib. 1, 5, 61.—
    B.
    With esse, to present one's self in a hostile manner, to resist, oppose:

    si quis mihi praesto fuerit cum armatis hominibus,

    Cic. Caecin. 30, 87:

    quaestores cum fascibus mihi praesto fuerunt,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 4, § 11.
    2.
    prae-sto, ĭti (post-class. also praestāvi), ātum or ĭtum, 1, v. n. and a.
    I.
    Neutr., to stand before or in front.
    A.
    Lit.:

    dum primae praestant acies,

    Luc. 4, 30.—
    B.
    Trop., to stand out, be superior, to distinguish one's self, to be excellent, distinguished, admirable; constr. alicui aliquā re, alicui rei, in aliquā re, or absol. (class.):

    cum virtute omnibus praestarent,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 3:

    quantum praestiterint nostri majores prudentiā ceteris gentibus,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 44, 192:

    quā re homines bestiis praestent,

    id. Inv. 1, 4, 5:

    hoc praestat amicitia propinquitati, quod, etc.,

    id. Lael. 5, 19:

    Zeuxin muliebri in corpore pingendo plurimum aliis praestare,

    id. Inv. 2, 1, 1:

    ceteris,

    id. Ac. 1, 4, 16:

    suos inter aequales longe praestitit,

    id. Brut. 64, 230:

    omnes homines, qui sese student praestare ceteris animalibus,

    Sall. C. 1, 1:

    praestare honestam mortem existimans turpi vitae,

    Nep. Chabr. 4, 3:

    quantum ceteris praestet Lucretia,

    Liv. 1, 57, 7:

    cernere, quantum eques Latinus Romano praestet,

    id. 8, 7, 7:

    quantum vel vir viro vel gens genti praestat!

    id. 31, 7, 8:

    genere militum praestare tironibus,

    id. 42, 52, 10:

    tantum Romana in bellis gloria ceteris praestat,

    Quint. 1, 10, 14:

    qui eloquentiā ceteris praestet,

    id. 2, 3, 5; 2, 16, 17; Curt. 8, 14, 13; Just. 18, 3, 14; 28, 2, 11; 44, 3, 9:

    sacro, quod praestat, peracto,

    Juv. 12, 86:

    probro atque petulantiā maxume praestabant,

    were pre-eminent, distinguished themselves, Sall. C. 37, 5:

    truculentiā caeli praestat Germania,

    Tac. A. 2, 24:

    cur alias aliis praestare videmus Pondere res rebus?

    Lucr. 1, 358.—
    2.
    Praestat, with a subjectclause, it is preferable or better:

    nimio impendiosum praestat te, quam ingratum dicier,

    it is much better, Plaut. Bacch. 3, 2, 12:

    mori milies praestitit, quam haec pati,

    it was better, Cic. Att. 14, 9, 2:

    praestare dicunt, Gallorum quam Romanorum imperia perferre,

    it is better, Caes. B. G. 1, 17:

    motos praestat componere fluctus,

    Verg. A. 1, 135; 3, 429; 6, 39.
    II.
    Act.
    A.
    To surpass, outstrip, exceed, [p. 1431] excel (not in Cic. or Cæs.; constr. usually aliquem aliquā re): qui primus in alterutrā re praestet alios, Varr. ap. Non. 502, 23; Varr. R. R. 2, 2, 10; 3, 1, 3:

    quantum Galli virtute ceteros mortales praestarent,

    Liv. 5, 36, 4:

    qui belli gloriā Gallos omnes Belgasque praestabant,

    Hirt. B. G. 8, 6:

    praestate virtute peditem, ut honore atque ordine praestatis,

    Liv. 3, 61, 7:

    ut vetustate et gradu honoris nos praestent,

    id. 7, 30, 4; 34, 34, 14; 37, 30, 2:

    praestat ingenio alius alium,

    Quint. 1, 1, 3; Val. Max. 3, 2, 21; 3, 2, ext. 7;

    7, 2, 17: honore ceteros,

    Nep. Att. 18, 5; 3, 3; id. Reg. 3, 5:

    imperatores prudentiā,

    id. Hann. 1, 1:

    eloquentiā omnes eo tempore,

    id. Epam. 6, 1.—Only aliquem, Stat. Th. 4, 838.—
    B.
    To become surety for, to answer or vouch for, to warrant, be responsible for, to take upon one's self, etc. (class.):

    ut omnes ministros imperii tui rei publicae praestare videare,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 3:

    quem tamen ego praestare non poteram,

    id. Att. 6, 3, 5:

    quanto magis arduum est alios praestare quam se, tanto laudabilius,

    Plin. Pan. 83:

    communem incertumque casum neque vitare quisquam nostrum, nec praestare ullo pacto potest,

    Cic. Fam. 5, 17, 3: simus eā mente ut nihil in vitā nobis praestandum praeter culpam putemus, that we need only answer for guilt, i. e. keep ourselves clear of guilt, id. ib. 6, 1, 4:

    impetus populi praestare nemo potest,

    no one can be held to answer for the outbreaks of the people, id. de Or. 2, 28, 124:

    periculum judicii,

    id. Mur. 2, 3:

    damnum alicui,

    id. Off. 3, 16:

    invidiam,

    id. Sest. 28, 61:

    nihil,

    to be responsible for nothing, id. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 3; cf. in pass.:

    cum id, quod ab homine non potuerit praestari, evenerit,

    what none could vouch for that it would not happen, id. Tusc. 3, 16, 34. —With ab aliquā re:

    ego tibi a vi praestare nihil possum,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 4, 3.—With de:

    quod de te sperare, de me praestare possum,

    Cic. Fam. 4, 15, 2.—With an objectclause:

    quis potest praestare, semper sapientem beatum fore, cum, etc.?

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 10, 29; cf.:

    (praedones) nullos fore, quis praestare poterat?

    id. Fl. 12, 28:

    meliorem praesto magistro Discipulum,

    Juv. 14, 212.—With ut:

    illius lacrimae praestant ut veniam culpae non abnuat Osiris,

    Juv. 6, 539.—
    C.
    In gen., to fulfil, discharge, maintain, perform, execute:

    arbitramur nos ea praestitisse, quae ratio et doctrina praescripserit,

    Cic. N. D. 1, 3, 7:

    ultima exspectato, quae ego tibi et jucunda et honesta praestabo,

    id. Fam. 7, 17, 2:

    suum munus,

    id. de Or. 2, 9, 38:

    hospitii et amicitiae jus officiumque,

    id. Fam. 14, 4, 2:

    ne quem ejus paeniteret, praestiti,

    I took care, exerted myself, Liv. 30, 30; Ov. Tr. 5, 14, 19:

    quamcumque ei fidem dederis, ego praestabo,

    I will fulfil, keep the promise, Cic. Fam. 5, 11, 2:

    fidem alicui,

    Liv. 30, 15:

    pacem cum iis populus Romanus non ab se tantum, sed ab rege etiam Masinissa praestitit,

    maintained, id. 40, 34:

    tributa,

    to pay, Juv. 3, 188:

    annua,

    id. 6, 480:

    triplicem usuram,

    id. 9, 7.— Pass.:

    promissum id benignius est ab rege quam praestitum,

    Liv. 43, 18, 11:

    mea tibi tamen benevolentia fidesque praestabitur,

    Cic. Fam. 12, 2, 3; so,

    quibus (victoribus) senatūs fides praestabitur,

    id. Phil. 14, 11, 30:

    virtus vetat spectare fortunam dum praestetur fides,

    id. Div. 2, 37, 79:

    ni praestaretur fides publica,

    Liv. 2, 28, 7.—
    2.
    In partic.
    a.
    To keep, preserve, maintain, retain:

    pueri, quibus videmur praestare rem publicam debuisse,

    Cic. Att. 10, 4, 5; Ov. M. 11, 748:

    omnes socios salvos praestare poteramus,

    Cic. Imp. Pomp. 18, 55:

    mors omnia praestat Vitalem praeter sensum calidumque vaporem,

    Lucr. 3, 214. —
    b.
    To show, exhibit, to prove, evince, manifest:

    Pomptinius praestat tibi memoriam benevolentiamque, quam debet,

    Cic. Fam. 3, 10, 3:

    neque hercule in iis ipsis rebus eam voluntatem, quam exspectaram, praestiterunt,

    id. ib. 1, 9, 5:

    virtutem,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 27:

    benevolentiam,

    Cic. Att. 11, 1, 1:

    consilium suum fidemque,

    id. de Or. 3, 33, 134. —With se, to show, prove, or behave one's self as: praesta te eum, qui, etc., show thyself such, as, etc., Cic. Fam. 1, 6, 2:

    se incolumem,

    Lucr. 3, 220:

    se invictum,

    Ov. Tr. 4, 10, 104:

    teque praesta constanter ad omne Indeclinatae munus amicitiae,

    show thyself constant, id. ib. 4, 5, 23:

    Victoria nunc quoque se praestet,

    show itself, id. ib. 2, 169: sed ne ad illam quidem artissimam innocentiae formulam praestare nos possumus, prove ourselves innocent even according to that rule, Sen. Ira, 2, 28, 1:

    juris periti consultatoribus se praestabant,

    showed themselves accessible, Dig. 1, 2, 2.— Poet.:

    vel magnum praestet Achillem,

    should show, prove, approve himself a great Achilles, Verg. A. 11, 438.—
    c.
    To show, exhibit, manifest:

    honorem debitum patri,

    Cic. Phil. 9, 5, 12:

    fratri pietatem,

    id. Brut. 33, 126:

    virtutem et diligentiam alicui,

    id. Fam. 14, 3, 2:

    frequentiam et officium alicui honores petenti,

    Hirt. B. G. 8, 50:

    obsequium,

    Sen. Q. N. 2, 59, 8:

    sedulitatem alicui rei,

    to apply, Plin. Ep. 3, 18, 6.—
    d.
    To give, offer, furnish, present, expose:

    alicui certam summam pecuniae,

    Suet. Dom. 9: cervicem, Sen. ap. Diom. p. 362 P.:

    caput fulminibus,

    to expose, Luc. 5, 770:

    Hiberus praestat nomen terris,

    id. 4, 23:

    anser praestat ex se pullos atque plumam,

    Col. 8, 13:

    cum senatui sententiam praestaret,

    gave his vote, Cic. Pis. 32, 80:

    terga hosti,

    to turn one's back to the enemy, to flee, Tac. Agr. 37:

    voluptatem perpetuam sapienti,

    to assume, Cic. Fin. 2, 27, 89.— Pass.:

    pueri, quibus id (biduum) praestabatur,

    was devoted, Quint. 1, prooem. § 7; cf.:

    corpus, cui omnia olim tamquam servo praestabantur, nunc tamquam domino parantur,

    Sen. Ep. 90, 19.—Hence, praestans, antis, P. a., pre-eminent, superior, excellent, distinguished, extraordinary.
    A.
    In gen. (class.).
    1.
    Of persons:

    omnibus praestans et ingenio et diligentiā,

    far surpassing all, Cic. Tusc. 1, 10, 22:

    usu et sapientiā praestantes,

    noted for their experience and wisdom, Nep. Timoth. 3, 2.— Comp.:

    virginibus praestantior omnibus Herse,

    superior to all, Ov. M. 2, 724.— Sup.:

    in illis artibus praestantissimus,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 50, 217:

    praestantissimi studio atque doctrinā,

    id. Ac. 1, 4, 17.—With gen.:

    o praestans animi juvenis,

    distinguished for courage, Verg. A. 12, 19:

    belli,

    Sil. 5, 92:

    armorum,

    Stat. Th. 1, 605:

    praestantissimus sapientiae,

    Tac. A. 6, 6.— Poet., with objectclause:

    quo non praestantior alter Aere ciere viros,

    whom no other excelled in rousing the men, Verg. A. 6, 164.—
    2.
    Of things, pre-eminent, excellent, remarkable, extraordinary, distinguished:

    praestanti corpore Nymphae,

    Verg. A. 1, 71:

    praestanti corpore tauri,

    id. G. 4, 550:

    formā,

    id. A. 7, 483:

    naturā excellens atque praestans,

    Cic. N. D. 1, 20, 56:

    qui a te tractatus est praestanti et singulari fide,

    id. Fam. 3, 10, 3:

    praestans prudentiā in omnibus,

    Nep. Alc. 5, 1; Cic. Tusc. 5, 13, 38:

    quid praestantius mihi potuit accidere?

    id. Vatin. 3, 8.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    Efficacious:

    medicina,

    Plin. 13, 24, 47, § 130:

    usus praestantior,

    id. 18, 13, 34, § 126:

    calamus praestantior odore,

    id. 12, 22, 48, § 105:

    sucus sapore praestantissimus,

    id. 15, 1, 2, § 5:

    praestantissima auxilia,

    id. 27, 13, 120, § 146.—
    2.
    Sup.:

    Praestantissimus,

    a title of the later emperors, Nazar. 26; Tert. Cor. Mil. 1.— Hence, adv.: praestanter, excellently, admirably (post-Aug.); sup.:

    praestantissime,

    Plin. 28, 12, 50, § 186.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > praesto

  • 11 praestu

    1.
    praestō (old collat. form praestū, acc. to Curtius Valerianus in Cassiod. p. 2289 P.: qui praestu sunt, Inscr. Carina Via Appia, 1, p. 217. In later time as adj.: prae-stus, a, um:

    bonorum officio praestus fui,

    Inscr. Grut. 669, 4), adv. [dat. from praestus, a sup. form from prae, so that praesto esse alicui = to be or stand in the foremost place for or as respects one], at hand, ready, present, here; usually with esse (very freq. and class.).
    I.
    Lit.:

    ni tua propitia pax foret praesto,

    Plaut. Trin. 4, 1, 18: sed ubi est frater? Chaer. Praesto adest, Ter. Eun. 5, 8, 20; id. Heaut. 1, 1, 120; so Att. Tr. 498:

    quod adest praesto in primis placet,

    Lucr. 5, 1412; Lact. 3, 7, 10:

    sacrificiis omnibus praesto adesse,

    id. 2, 16, 10;

    more freq., praesto esse: ibi mihi praesto fuit L. Lucilius,

    Cic. Fam. 3, 5, 1:

    togulae lictoribus ad portam praesto fuerunt,

    id. Pis. 23, 55:

    tibi nulla fuit clementia praesto?

    hadst thou no compassion? Cat. 64, 137: praesto esse, to arrive, appear:

    hirundines aestivo tempore praesto sunt,

    Auct. Her. 4, 48, 61.—Without esse ( poet.):

    era, eccum praesto militem,

    Plaut. Mil. 4, 6, 1:

    ipsum adeo praesto video,

    Ter. And. 2, 5, 4; Stat. Th. 6, 643.—
    II.
    In partic: praesto esse or adire
    A.
    To be at hand, to attend or wait upon, to serve, aid:

    ero meo ut omnibus locis sine praesto,

    Plaut. Men. 5, 6, 26:

    jus civile didicit, praesto multis fuit,

    Cic. Mur. 9, 19:

    praesto esse clientem tuum?

    id. Att. 10, 8, 3:

    saluti tuae praesto esse, praesto esse virtutes ut ancillulas,

    id. Fin. 2, 21, 69; id. Fam. 4, 14, 4:

    ut ad omnia, quae tui velint, ita assim praesto, ut, etc.,

    id. ib. 4, 8, 1; id. Att. 4, 12, 1 fin.;

    also with videor,

    id. ib. 4, 12, 1 fin. —With adire:

    pauper erit praesto semper tibi, pauper adibit primus,

    will be at hand, at your service, Tib. 1, 5, 61.—
    B.
    With esse, to present one's self in a hostile manner, to resist, oppose:

    si quis mihi praesto fuerit cum armatis hominibus,

    Cic. Caecin. 30, 87:

    quaestores cum fascibus mihi praesto fuerunt,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 4, § 11.
    2.
    prae-sto, ĭti (post-class. also praestāvi), ātum or ĭtum, 1, v. n. and a.
    I.
    Neutr., to stand before or in front.
    A.
    Lit.:

    dum primae praestant acies,

    Luc. 4, 30.—
    B.
    Trop., to stand out, be superior, to distinguish one's self, to be excellent, distinguished, admirable; constr. alicui aliquā re, alicui rei, in aliquā re, or absol. (class.):

    cum virtute omnibus praestarent,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 3:

    quantum praestiterint nostri majores prudentiā ceteris gentibus,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 44, 192:

    quā re homines bestiis praestent,

    id. Inv. 1, 4, 5:

    hoc praestat amicitia propinquitati, quod, etc.,

    id. Lael. 5, 19:

    Zeuxin muliebri in corpore pingendo plurimum aliis praestare,

    id. Inv. 2, 1, 1:

    ceteris,

    id. Ac. 1, 4, 16:

    suos inter aequales longe praestitit,

    id. Brut. 64, 230:

    omnes homines, qui sese student praestare ceteris animalibus,

    Sall. C. 1, 1:

    praestare honestam mortem existimans turpi vitae,

    Nep. Chabr. 4, 3:

    quantum ceteris praestet Lucretia,

    Liv. 1, 57, 7:

    cernere, quantum eques Latinus Romano praestet,

    id. 8, 7, 7:

    quantum vel vir viro vel gens genti praestat!

    id. 31, 7, 8:

    genere militum praestare tironibus,

    id. 42, 52, 10:

    tantum Romana in bellis gloria ceteris praestat,

    Quint. 1, 10, 14:

    qui eloquentiā ceteris praestet,

    id. 2, 3, 5; 2, 16, 17; Curt. 8, 14, 13; Just. 18, 3, 14; 28, 2, 11; 44, 3, 9:

    sacro, quod praestat, peracto,

    Juv. 12, 86:

    probro atque petulantiā maxume praestabant,

    were pre-eminent, distinguished themselves, Sall. C. 37, 5:

    truculentiā caeli praestat Germania,

    Tac. A. 2, 24:

    cur alias aliis praestare videmus Pondere res rebus?

    Lucr. 1, 358.—
    2.
    Praestat, with a subjectclause, it is preferable or better:

    nimio impendiosum praestat te, quam ingratum dicier,

    it is much better, Plaut. Bacch. 3, 2, 12:

    mori milies praestitit, quam haec pati,

    it was better, Cic. Att. 14, 9, 2:

    praestare dicunt, Gallorum quam Romanorum imperia perferre,

    it is better, Caes. B. G. 1, 17:

    motos praestat componere fluctus,

    Verg. A. 1, 135; 3, 429; 6, 39.
    II.
    Act.
    A.
    To surpass, outstrip, exceed, [p. 1431] excel (not in Cic. or Cæs.; constr. usually aliquem aliquā re): qui primus in alterutrā re praestet alios, Varr. ap. Non. 502, 23; Varr. R. R. 2, 2, 10; 3, 1, 3:

    quantum Galli virtute ceteros mortales praestarent,

    Liv. 5, 36, 4:

    qui belli gloriā Gallos omnes Belgasque praestabant,

    Hirt. B. G. 8, 6:

    praestate virtute peditem, ut honore atque ordine praestatis,

    Liv. 3, 61, 7:

    ut vetustate et gradu honoris nos praestent,

    id. 7, 30, 4; 34, 34, 14; 37, 30, 2:

    praestat ingenio alius alium,

    Quint. 1, 1, 3; Val. Max. 3, 2, 21; 3, 2, ext. 7;

    7, 2, 17: honore ceteros,

    Nep. Att. 18, 5; 3, 3; id. Reg. 3, 5:

    imperatores prudentiā,

    id. Hann. 1, 1:

    eloquentiā omnes eo tempore,

    id. Epam. 6, 1.—Only aliquem, Stat. Th. 4, 838.—
    B.
    To become surety for, to answer or vouch for, to warrant, be responsible for, to take upon one's self, etc. (class.):

    ut omnes ministros imperii tui rei publicae praestare videare,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 3:

    quem tamen ego praestare non poteram,

    id. Att. 6, 3, 5:

    quanto magis arduum est alios praestare quam se, tanto laudabilius,

    Plin. Pan. 83:

    communem incertumque casum neque vitare quisquam nostrum, nec praestare ullo pacto potest,

    Cic. Fam. 5, 17, 3: simus eā mente ut nihil in vitā nobis praestandum praeter culpam putemus, that we need only answer for guilt, i. e. keep ourselves clear of guilt, id. ib. 6, 1, 4:

    impetus populi praestare nemo potest,

    no one can be held to answer for the outbreaks of the people, id. de Or. 2, 28, 124:

    periculum judicii,

    id. Mur. 2, 3:

    damnum alicui,

    id. Off. 3, 16:

    invidiam,

    id. Sest. 28, 61:

    nihil,

    to be responsible for nothing, id. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 3; cf. in pass.:

    cum id, quod ab homine non potuerit praestari, evenerit,

    what none could vouch for that it would not happen, id. Tusc. 3, 16, 34. —With ab aliquā re:

    ego tibi a vi praestare nihil possum,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 4, 3.—With de:

    quod de te sperare, de me praestare possum,

    Cic. Fam. 4, 15, 2.—With an objectclause:

    quis potest praestare, semper sapientem beatum fore, cum, etc.?

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 10, 29; cf.:

    (praedones) nullos fore, quis praestare poterat?

    id. Fl. 12, 28:

    meliorem praesto magistro Discipulum,

    Juv. 14, 212.—With ut:

    illius lacrimae praestant ut veniam culpae non abnuat Osiris,

    Juv. 6, 539.—
    C.
    In gen., to fulfil, discharge, maintain, perform, execute:

    arbitramur nos ea praestitisse, quae ratio et doctrina praescripserit,

    Cic. N. D. 1, 3, 7:

    ultima exspectato, quae ego tibi et jucunda et honesta praestabo,

    id. Fam. 7, 17, 2:

    suum munus,

    id. de Or. 2, 9, 38:

    hospitii et amicitiae jus officiumque,

    id. Fam. 14, 4, 2:

    ne quem ejus paeniteret, praestiti,

    I took care, exerted myself, Liv. 30, 30; Ov. Tr. 5, 14, 19:

    quamcumque ei fidem dederis, ego praestabo,

    I will fulfil, keep the promise, Cic. Fam. 5, 11, 2:

    fidem alicui,

    Liv. 30, 15:

    pacem cum iis populus Romanus non ab se tantum, sed ab rege etiam Masinissa praestitit,

    maintained, id. 40, 34:

    tributa,

    to pay, Juv. 3, 188:

    annua,

    id. 6, 480:

    triplicem usuram,

    id. 9, 7.— Pass.:

    promissum id benignius est ab rege quam praestitum,

    Liv. 43, 18, 11:

    mea tibi tamen benevolentia fidesque praestabitur,

    Cic. Fam. 12, 2, 3; so,

    quibus (victoribus) senatūs fides praestabitur,

    id. Phil. 14, 11, 30:

    virtus vetat spectare fortunam dum praestetur fides,

    id. Div. 2, 37, 79:

    ni praestaretur fides publica,

    Liv. 2, 28, 7.—
    2.
    In partic.
    a.
    To keep, preserve, maintain, retain:

    pueri, quibus videmur praestare rem publicam debuisse,

    Cic. Att. 10, 4, 5; Ov. M. 11, 748:

    omnes socios salvos praestare poteramus,

    Cic. Imp. Pomp. 18, 55:

    mors omnia praestat Vitalem praeter sensum calidumque vaporem,

    Lucr. 3, 214. —
    b.
    To show, exhibit, to prove, evince, manifest:

    Pomptinius praestat tibi memoriam benevolentiamque, quam debet,

    Cic. Fam. 3, 10, 3:

    neque hercule in iis ipsis rebus eam voluntatem, quam exspectaram, praestiterunt,

    id. ib. 1, 9, 5:

    virtutem,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 27:

    benevolentiam,

    Cic. Att. 11, 1, 1:

    consilium suum fidemque,

    id. de Or. 3, 33, 134. —With se, to show, prove, or behave one's self as: praesta te eum, qui, etc., show thyself such, as, etc., Cic. Fam. 1, 6, 2:

    se incolumem,

    Lucr. 3, 220:

    se invictum,

    Ov. Tr. 4, 10, 104:

    teque praesta constanter ad omne Indeclinatae munus amicitiae,

    show thyself constant, id. ib. 4, 5, 23:

    Victoria nunc quoque se praestet,

    show itself, id. ib. 2, 169: sed ne ad illam quidem artissimam innocentiae formulam praestare nos possumus, prove ourselves innocent even according to that rule, Sen. Ira, 2, 28, 1:

    juris periti consultatoribus se praestabant,

    showed themselves accessible, Dig. 1, 2, 2.— Poet.:

    vel magnum praestet Achillem,

    should show, prove, approve himself a great Achilles, Verg. A. 11, 438.—
    c.
    To show, exhibit, manifest:

    honorem debitum patri,

    Cic. Phil. 9, 5, 12:

    fratri pietatem,

    id. Brut. 33, 126:

    virtutem et diligentiam alicui,

    id. Fam. 14, 3, 2:

    frequentiam et officium alicui honores petenti,

    Hirt. B. G. 8, 50:

    obsequium,

    Sen. Q. N. 2, 59, 8:

    sedulitatem alicui rei,

    to apply, Plin. Ep. 3, 18, 6.—
    d.
    To give, offer, furnish, present, expose:

    alicui certam summam pecuniae,

    Suet. Dom. 9: cervicem, Sen. ap. Diom. p. 362 P.:

    caput fulminibus,

    to expose, Luc. 5, 770:

    Hiberus praestat nomen terris,

    id. 4, 23:

    anser praestat ex se pullos atque plumam,

    Col. 8, 13:

    cum senatui sententiam praestaret,

    gave his vote, Cic. Pis. 32, 80:

    terga hosti,

    to turn one's back to the enemy, to flee, Tac. Agr. 37:

    voluptatem perpetuam sapienti,

    to assume, Cic. Fin. 2, 27, 89.— Pass.:

    pueri, quibus id (biduum) praestabatur,

    was devoted, Quint. 1, prooem. § 7; cf.:

    corpus, cui omnia olim tamquam servo praestabantur, nunc tamquam domino parantur,

    Sen. Ep. 90, 19.—Hence, praestans, antis, P. a., pre-eminent, superior, excellent, distinguished, extraordinary.
    A.
    In gen. (class.).
    1.
    Of persons:

    omnibus praestans et ingenio et diligentiā,

    far surpassing all, Cic. Tusc. 1, 10, 22:

    usu et sapientiā praestantes,

    noted for their experience and wisdom, Nep. Timoth. 3, 2.— Comp.:

    virginibus praestantior omnibus Herse,

    superior to all, Ov. M. 2, 724.— Sup.:

    in illis artibus praestantissimus,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 50, 217:

    praestantissimi studio atque doctrinā,

    id. Ac. 1, 4, 17.—With gen.:

    o praestans animi juvenis,

    distinguished for courage, Verg. A. 12, 19:

    belli,

    Sil. 5, 92:

    armorum,

    Stat. Th. 1, 605:

    praestantissimus sapientiae,

    Tac. A. 6, 6.— Poet., with objectclause:

    quo non praestantior alter Aere ciere viros,

    whom no other excelled in rousing the men, Verg. A. 6, 164.—
    2.
    Of things, pre-eminent, excellent, remarkable, extraordinary, distinguished:

    praestanti corpore Nymphae,

    Verg. A. 1, 71:

    praestanti corpore tauri,

    id. G. 4, 550:

    formā,

    id. A. 7, 483:

    naturā excellens atque praestans,

    Cic. N. D. 1, 20, 56:

    qui a te tractatus est praestanti et singulari fide,

    id. Fam. 3, 10, 3:

    praestans prudentiā in omnibus,

    Nep. Alc. 5, 1; Cic. Tusc. 5, 13, 38:

    quid praestantius mihi potuit accidere?

    id. Vatin. 3, 8.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    Efficacious:

    medicina,

    Plin. 13, 24, 47, § 130:

    usus praestantior,

    id. 18, 13, 34, § 126:

    calamus praestantior odore,

    id. 12, 22, 48, § 105:

    sucus sapore praestantissimus,

    id. 15, 1, 2, § 5:

    praestantissima auxilia,

    id. 27, 13, 120, § 146.—
    2.
    Sup.:

    Praestantissimus,

    a title of the later emperors, Nazar. 26; Tert. Cor. Mil. 1.— Hence, adv.: praestanter, excellently, admirably (post-Aug.); sup.:

    praestantissime,

    Plin. 28, 12, 50, § 186.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > praestu

  • 12 ab-rumpō

        ab-rumpō rūpī, ruptus, ere,    to break off, break away, tear, rend, burst, sever: angues crinibus, O.: sua quaeque puppes abrumpunt vincula ripis, break off their hawsers from the bank, V.: ingeminant abruptis nubibus ignes, from the rent clouds, V.: abruptis procellis, by the sudden outbreak of storms, V.: ad terras abrupto sidere nimbus It, i. e. breaks through the sky, V.—Fig.: (legio Martia) se prima latrocinio Antoni abrupit, first freed itself: vitam, to break the thread of life, V.: fas, to violate, V.: medium sermonem, to interrupt, V.: omnibus inter victoriam mortemve abruptis, since all but victory or death was excluded, L.: dissimulationem, to throw off the mask, Ta.

    Latin-English dictionary > ab-rumpō

  • 13 ad-fīrmō (aff-)

        ad-fīrmō (aff-) āvī, ātus, āre,    to strengthen.— Fig., to confirm, encourage: Troianis spem, L.— Meton., to confirm, maintain, aver, positively assert, give solemn assurance of: nihil: rem pro certo, L.: se plus non daturam: Cornelium id bellum gessisse, L.: de altero: ut adfirmatur, Ta.

    Latin-English dictionary > ad-fīrmō (aff-)

  • 14 adsevērō (ass-)

        adsevērō (ass-) āvī, ātus, āre    [ad + severus], to affirm, insist on, maintain, assert, aver: se ab Oppianico destitutum: ullā de re: utrum adseveratur in hoc? Is this seriously maintained?—To show, prove: originem, Ta.

    Latin-English dictionary > adsevērō (ass-)

  • 15 alō

        alō aluī, altus or alitus, ere    [1 AL-], to feed, nourish, support, sustain, maintain: altus inter arma, L.: canes ad venandum, T.: exercitum: magnum numerum equitatūs, Cs.: quos lingua periurio alebat, S.: publice ali, at the public cost, N.: amnis imbres Quem super notas aluere ripas, have filled, H.: infelix minuendo corpus alebat, i. e. nourished himself by his own flesh, O.: panico vetere ali, Cs.: ignem, Cu.: flammas, O.: staturam, Cs. — Fig., to nourish, cherish, promote, increase, strengthen: honos alit artes: in quā alta sit eloquentia: civitatem, i. e. cause to prosper, Cs.: nolo meis impensis illorum ali luxuriam, N.: Volnus venis, V.: si diutius alatur controversia, Cs.: poëtam, H.: spem sententiis: ingenium: bellum.
    * * *
    I
    alere, alui, alitus V TRANS
    feed, nourish, rear, nurse, suckle; cherish; support, maintain, develop
    II
    alere, alui, altus V TRANS
    feed, nourish, rear, nurse, suckle; cherish; support, maintain, develop

    Latin-English dictionary > alō

  • 16 cadō

        cadō cecidī, casūrus, ere    [CAD-], to fall, fall down, descend: lucrumae cadunt gaudio, T.: (apes) praecipites cadunt, V.: caelo ceciderunt sereno Fulgura, V.: a mento cadit manus, O.: de manibus arma cecidissent: vela cadunt, are furled, V.: Altius atque cadant imbres, from a greater height, V.—To fall, fall down, fall prostrate, fall over: ne ille ceciderit, has had a fall, T.: velut si prolapsus cecidisset, L.: prolapsa in volnus moribunda cecidit, L.: in pectus pronus, O.: casura moenia Troum, O.: casurae arces, V.—Of heavenly bodies, to set, go down, fall, sink: iuxta solem cadentem, V.: quā (nocte) Orion cadit, H.: oriens mediusve cadensve Phoebus, O.: primis cadentibus astris, fading, i. e. at dawn, V.—To fall off, fall away, fall out, drop off, be shed: barba, V.: Prima (folia) cadunt, H.: gregibus lanae cadunt, O.: poma ramis, O.: elapsae manibus cecidere tabellae, O.—Of a stream, to fall, empty itself: in sinum maris, L.—Of dice, to be thrown, fall, turn up: illud, quod cecidit forte, T.—Of shadows, to be thrown, fall (poet.): cadunt de montibus umbrae, V.—To fall dead, fall, die, be slain: in acie: Civili acie, O.: pauci de nostris cadunt, Cs.: plures Saguntini cadebant quam Poeni, L.: ante diem, prematurely, V.: suo Marte (i. e. suā manu), O.: iustā Morte, H.: femineo Marte, O.: a tanto viro, O.: a centurione, Ta.: In pio officio, O.: in patriā cadendum est, we must perish.—Of victims, to be slain, be offered, be sacrificed, fall (poet.): Multa tibi cadet hostia, V.: Si tener cadit haedus, H.: Victima vota cadit, O.—Of a woman, to yield, Tb. —Fig., to come, fall under, fall, be subject, be exposed: sub sensum: in conspectum, to become visible: si regnum ad servitia caderet, into servile hands, L.: sub imperium Romanorum: in deliberationem: in suspicionem alicuius, N.—To belong, be in accordance, agree, refer, be suitable, apply, fit, suit, become: non cadit in hos mores ista suspitio: cadit ergo in bonum virum mentiri?: Heu, cadit in quemquam tantum scelus? V.: sub eandem rationem.—Of time, to fall upon: in alienissimum tempus: in hanc aetatem.— To fall due: in eam diem cadere nummos.—To befall, fall to the lot of, happen, come to pass, occur, result, turn out, fall out: mihi peropportune: insperanti mihi cecidit, ut, etc.: Sunt quibus ad portas cecidit custodia sorti, V.: Ut illis... voluptas cadat, H.: verba cadentia, uttered at random, H.: verba si Graeco fonte cadent, be derived from, H.: verebar quorsum id casurum esset, how it would turn out: praeter opinionem, N.: si quid adversi caderet, L.: fortuito in melius casura, Ta.: curare Quo promissa cadent, how fulfilled, H.: Vota cadunt, are fulfilled, Tb.: tibi pro vano benigna cadant, Pr.: Quo res cumque cadent, V.: si non omnia caderent secunda, Cs.: ut inrita promissa eius caderent, L.: libertas in servitutem cadit: in hunc hominem ista suspitio: ad inritum cadens spes, turning out to be vain, L.—To lose strength, fall, perish, be overthrown, drop, decline, vanish, decay, cease: cadentem rem p. fulcire: tua laus pariter cum re p. cecidit: virtute Neronis Armenius cecidit, H.: non tibi ira cecidit, L.: animus, to fail. L.: cadere animis, to lose courage: cecidere illis animi, O.— To fail (in speaking), falter: orator cadet.—Causā cadere, to lose the cause: cadere in iudicio: Ut cecidit fortuna Phrygum, O.— Of the countenance or features: tibi tamen oculi, voltus, verba cecidissent, i. e. expressed terror.— Of words: Multa renascentur, quae iam cecidere, fallen into disuse, H.—Of theatrical representations, to fail, be condemned: cadat an recto stet fabula talo, H.—Of the wind, to abate, subside, die away: cadit Eurus, O.: venti vis omnis cecidit, L.—Of words and clauses, to be terminated, end, close: verba melius in syllabas longiores cadunt: similiter cadentia, having the same endings.
    * * *
    cadere, cecidi, casus V INTRANS
    fall, sink, drop, plummet, topple; be slain, die; end, cease, abate; decay

    Latin-English dictionary > cadō

  • 17 catapulta

        catapulta ae, f, καταπέλτησ, an engine for hurling missiles, catapult: per tabulata dispositae, L.: saxa ex catapultis, Cs.
    * * *
    catapult, an engine which shot large arrow/bolt/missile; missile itself (L+S)

    Latin-English dictionary > catapulta

  • 18 cernō

        cernō crēvī, certus, ere    [2 CER-], to separate, part, sift: in cribris omnia cavis, O. — Fig., of the sight, to distinguish, discern, make out, perceive, see: si satis cerno, T.: acutum, H.: oculis cerni, N.: quae cernere et videre non possumus: haec coram, to witness, Cs.: coram letum, V.: acies a nostris cernebatur, Cs.: Venus, nulli cernenda, invisible, O.: neque misceri omnia cerneres, S.: cernis ut insultent Rutuli? V.: cernebatur novissimos illorum premi vehementer, Cs.—To see mentally, discern, perceive, comprehend, understand: eas (res) ingenio: ea quae erant vera: amorem, T.: cerno animo acervos civium: fortis animus cernitur, shows itself.—To decide, decree, determine, resolve: quotcumque senatus creverit populusque iusserit: priusquam id sors cerneret, L.: certā sorte, after the lot was decided, L.: Ferro non auro vitam cernamus utrique: cernere ferro, V.: potius germanum amittere crevi quam tibi... deessem, Ct.: pro patriā, S.—In law, with hereditatem, formally to declare oneself heir to, accept, enter upon: quam hereditatem iam crevimus: hereditatem regni, L. — Fig.: fratris amorem cum reliquā hereditate crevisse.
    * * *
    cernere, crevi, cretus V TRANS
    sift, separate, distinguish, discern, resolve, determine; see; examine; decide

    Latin-English dictionary > cernō

  • 19 circumiciō or -iiciō

        circumiciō or -iiciō iēcī, iectus, ere    [circum + iacio], to throw around, cast about: vallum, L.: fossam verticibus iis, L.: circumiectā multitudine hominum moenibus, Cs.: quod anguis vectem circumiectus fuisset, had wound itself around: extremitatem caeli rotundo ambitu.

    Latin-English dictionary > circumiciō or -iiciō

  • 20 colō

        colō coluī, cultus, ere    [COL-], to till, tend, care for, cultivate: agrum, T.: agros, Cs.: colendi causā in agro esse: agri qui coluntur: hortos, V.: arbores, H.: fructūs, V.: fruges, O.: Pater ipse colendi, V.—To frequent, dwell in, stay in, inhabit, abide, live, dwell: colitur ea pars (urbis): urbem, V.: regnum, O.: arva gelidumque Anienem, and the banks of, V.: Rheni ripam, Ta.: anguis Stagna colit, haunts, V.: proximi Cattis Usipii colunt, Ta.: circa ripam Rhodani, L.—Fig., of the gods, to frequent, cherish, care for, protect, guard, watch over: quas condidit arces, Ipsa colat, V.: nymphis colentibus undas, O.: Iuno, quae Veios colis, L.: urbem, L.: terras hominumque genus, H. — To honor, revere, reverence, worship: Mercurium, Cs.: deos patrios: Musarum delubra: sacra: o colendi Semper et culti, H.: colebantur religiones pie, L.: numina, V.: caerimonias sepulcrorum: sacrarium summā caerimoniā, N. — To honor, esteem, love, adhere to, cherish: nos coluit maxime, T.: a quibus diligenter videmur coli: hunc virum, S.: poëtarum nomen: in amicis colendis: plebem Romanam, L.: alqm litteris, N.: nec illos arte, nec opulenter, S.—To attend to, dress, clothe, adorn, etc.: formamque augere colendo, by attire, O.—To cultivate, cherish, seek, practise, devote oneself to, follow, observe: studia: fidem rectumque, O.: ius et fas, L.: memoriam alicuius: bonos mores, S.: pietatem, T.: ius bonumque, S.: orationis genus: patrias artes, O.—To experience, live through, pass, spend: vitam illam: vitam inopem, T.
    * * *
    I
    colare, colavi, colatus V TRANS
    strain/filter (liquid), clarify; purify; remove solids by filter; wash (gold)
    II
    colere, colui, cultus V
    live in (place), inhabit; till, cultivate, promote growth; foster, maintain; honor, cherish, worship; tend, take care of; adorn, dress, decorate, embellish

    Latin-English dictionary > colō

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