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made clear

  • 1 ante

        ante adv. and praep.    [ANT-].    I. Adv., of space, before, in front, forwards: ante aut post pugnandi ordo, L.: positum ante pullum Sustulit, served, H.: non ante, sed retro.—Usu. of time, before, previously: nonne oportuit Praescisse me ante, T.: fructus ante actae vitae: ante feci mentionem: ut ante dixi: ut saepe ante fecerant: non filius ante pudicus, hitherto, Iu.: multis ante saeculis, many centuries earlier: paucis ante diebus: biennio ante: paulo ante, a little while ago: ante aliquanto: tanto ante praedixeras.—Followed by quam, sooner than, before: ante quam ad sententiam redeo, dicam, etc.: memini Catonem anno ante quam est mortuus disserere: ante quam veniat in Pontum, mittet, etc.: ante... Ararim Parthus bibet... Quam... labatur, etc., V.: qui (sol) ante quam se abderet, vidit, etc.: ante vero quam sit ea res adlata: nullum ante finem pugnae quam morientes fecerunt, L. — Rarely with a subst: neque ignari sumus ante malorum, earlier ills, V.: prodere patriam ante satellitibus, to those who had been, etc., L.—    II. Praep. with acc, before. —In space: ante ostium: ante fores, H.: ante aras, V. — Of persons: causam ante eum dicere, plead before his bar: ante ipsum Serapim: ante ora patrum, V.: ante oculos vestros: togati ante pedes, as servants, Iu.: equitatum ante se mittit, Cs.: ante signa progressus, L.—Fig.: pone illum ante oculos viam, recall: omnia sunt posita ante oculos, made clear. — Of esteem or rank, before: facundiā Graecos ante Romanos fuisse, S.: me ante Alexandrum... esse, superior to, L.: Iulus Ante annos animum gerens, superior to, V.: ante alios gratus erat tibi, more than, O.: (virgo) longe ante alios insignis specie, L.: felix ante alias virgo, V.: ante omnīs furor est insignis equarum, V.: longe ante alios acceptissimus militum animis, L.: maestitia ante omnia insignis, above all things, L.: dulces ante omnia Musae, V. — In time, before: ante brumam, T.: ante lucem venire: ante noctem, H.: ante lucernas, Iu.: ante me sententias dicere, S.: tot annis ante civitatem datam: ante id tempus duces erant, until, N.: neque umquam ante hunc diem, never till now, T.: iam ante Socratem, before the time of: qui honos togato habitus ante me est nemini, before my time: Ante Iovem, V.: ante Helenam, H.: per hunc castissimum ante regiam iniuriam sanguinem iuro, L.: ante mare et terras, O.: ante cibum, H.: Hoc discunt omnes ante alpha et beta, before learning ABC, Iu.: ante istum praetorem, before his praetorship: ante hanc urbem conditam, before the founding of this city: ante Epaminondam natum, N.: ante te cognitum, S.: ante conditam condendamve urbem, i. e. built or planned, L.—Poet., with gerund: (equi) ante domandum, before they are broken, V. — Esp. in phrases: factus est (consul) bis, primum ante tempus, before the lawful age: Filius ante diem patrios inquirit in annos, before the destined time, O.: Sed misera ante diem, prematurely, V.: dies ante paucos, a few days sooner, L.: nobis ante quadrennium amissus est, four years ago, Ta.— Ante diem (abbrev. a. d.) with an ordinal number denotes the day of the month, reckoned inclusively, e. g., ante diem quintum (a. d. V.) Kalendas Aprilīs means, by our reckoning, the fourth day before the calends of April: ante diem XIII. Kalendas Ianuarias, the 20th of Dec.: ante diem quartum idūs Martias, the 3d day before the Ides of March, the 12th of March, L. — The entire phrase, as the name of the day, may be preceded by a praep: in ante diem quartum Kal. Dec. distulit: caedem te optimatium contulisse in ante diem V. Kal. Nov., to the 28th of Oct.
    * * *
    I
    before, previously, first, before this, earlier; in front/advance of; forwards
    II
    in front/presence of, in view; before (space/time/degree); over against, facing

    Latin-English dictionary > ante

  • 2 argumentum

    argūmentum, i, n. [arguo].
    I.
    A.. The means by which an assertion or assumption may be made clear, proved, an argument, evidence, proof (and in particular, that which rests upon facts, while ratio is that which depends upon reasoning):

    argumentum est ratio, quae rei dubiae facit fidem,

    Cic. Top. 2, 7: quid est argumentum? Probabile inventum ad faciendam fidem, id. Part. Or. 2:

    argumentum est ratio probationem praestans, quā colligitur aliquid per aliud, et quae, quod est dubium, per id quod dubium non est, confirmat,

    Quint. 5, 10, 11:

    de eā re signa atque argumenta paucis verbis eloquar,

    Plaut. Am. 5, 1, 35; 1, 1, 267; id. Rud. 4, 3, 84; id. Truc. 2, 6, 26 al.:

    commemorando Argumenta fidem dictis conradere,

    Lucr. 1, 401; so id. 1, 417:

    argumenta multa et firma ad probandum,

    Cic. Brut. 78, 272:

    aliquid exemplis magis quam argumentis refellere,

    id. de Or. 1, 19, 88:

    argumento esse,

    Liv. 5, 44; 39, 51:

    litterae ad senatum missae argumentum fuere, etc.,

    id. 8, 30:

    In argumentum fidei retentum pallium ostendit marito,

    Vulg. Gen. 39, 16; ib. Act. 1, 3:

    inopia fecerat eam (rem parvam) argumentum ingens caritatis,

    Liv. 5, 47:

    libertatis argumentum,

    Tac. G. 25:

    Est fides argumentum non apparentium,

    Vulg. Heb. 11, 22:

    addit pro argumento,

    Suet. Calig. 8:

    velut argumentum rursus conditae urbis,

    id. ib. 16:

    levibus utrimque argumentis,

    id. Galb. 7 et saep.—
    B.
    A sign by which any thing is known, a mark, token, evidence:

    animi laeti Argumenta,

    signs, indications, Ov. M. 4, 762:

    voti potentis,

    id. ib. 8, 745: unguentarii myrrham digerunt haud difficulter odoris atque pinguetudinis argumentis, according to the indications of smell, etc., Plin. 12, 15, 35, § 68:

    caelum quidem haud dubie caelati argumenti dicimus,

    id. 2, 4, 3, § 8:

    amoris hoc est argumentum, non malignitatis,

    Petr. 137, 8:

    argumenta viri, i. e. indicia,

    Juv. 9, 85 al. —
    II.
    The matter which lies at the basis of any written or artistic representation, contents, subject, theme, argument, hupothesis:

    Argumentum plura significat. Nam et fabulae ad actum scaenicarum compositae argumenta dicuntur: et orationum Ciceronis velut thema ipse exponens Pedianus, argumentum, inquit, tale est: quo apparet omnem ad scribendum destinatam materiam ita appellari,

    Quint. 5, 10, 9 and 10.
    A.
    Of every kind of representation in writing.
    1.
    Lit.:

    argumentum est ficta res, quae tamen fieri potuit,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 19; id. Att. 15, 4, 3:

    tabulae novae, quid habent argumenti, nisi ut, etc.,

    what is their drift? what do they mean? id. Off. 2, 23, 84:

    epistulae,

    id. Att. 10, 13; 9, 10; 1, 19.
    a.
    But esp. freq., the subject-matter of a poem or fictitious writing, the subject, contents:

    post argumentum hujus eloquar tragoediae,

    Plaut. Am. prol. 51; cf. id. ib. 96; so id. Trin. 3, 2, 81:

    argumentum narrare,

    Ter. And. prol. 6:

    fabulae,

    id. Ad. prol. 22:

    Livius Andronicus ab saturis ausus est primus argumento fabulam serere,

    i. e. a scenic representation of a subject in its connection, Liv. 7, 2:

    spectaculum, quo argumenta inferorum explicarentur,

    Suet. Calig. 57.—Hence,
    b.
    Meton. ( part for the whole), a poem in gen.:

    explicare argumenti exitum,

    Cic. N. D. 1, 20, 53:

    hoc argumento se describi sentiat,

    Phaedr. 4, 8; so id. 4, 16; 5, 3; cf. Enn. ap. Gell. 2, 29 fin.:

    sumque argumenti conditor ipse mei,

    I am myself the subject of my poem, Ov. Tr. 5, 1, 10.—
    2.
    Trop., intrinsic worth, reality, truth:

    haec tota fabella... quam est sine argumento,

    without value, reality, Cic. Cael. 27:

    non sine argumento maledicere,

    not without some reason, id. ib. 3 fin.
    B.
    The subject of artistic representations ( sculpture, painting, embroidery. etc.):

    ex ebore diligentissime perfecta argumenta erant in valvis,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 56:

    (cratera) fabricaverat Alcon Hyleus, et longo caelaverat argumento,

    Ov. M. 13, 684; cf. id. ib. 2, 5 sq.:

    vetus in telā deducitur argumentum,

    id. ib. 6, 69; Verg. A. 7, 791:

    Parrhasii tabulae,

    Suet. Tib. 44.— In philos. lang., a conclusion, a syllogism:

    Nam concludi non potest nisi iis, quae ad concludendum sumpta erunt, ita probatis ut falsa ejusdem modi nulla possint esse,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 14, 44 al.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > argumentum

  • 3 illucesco

    illūcesco or illūcisco ( inl-), luxi, 3, v. inch. n. and a. [in-lucesco].
    I.
    Neutr., of the day or of the sun, to grow light, begin to shine, to break, dawn (most freq. in the tempp. perff.).
    A.
    Lit.
    1.
    Illucescet ille aliquando dies, cum tu, etc., Cic. Mil. 26, 69:

    qui (dies) ut illuxit, mortui sunt reperti,

    id. Tusc. 1, 47, 114:

    ne hic tibi dies inluxit lucrificabilis,

    Plaut. Pers. 4, 7, 2; cf.: pro di immortales, quis hic illuxit dies? Cic. Fragm. ap. Quint. 9, 4, 76; Ov. M. 7, 431:

    dies (alicui),

    Cic. Pis. 15, 34; id. Phil. 1, 12, 30; id. Ac. 2, 22, 69; id. Div. 1, 24, 50: ea nocte, cui illuxit dies caedis, on which arose the day, etc., Suet. Caes. 81:

    cum tertio die sol illuxisset,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 38, 96:

    cum illucescerent elementa mundi,

    Ambros. in Luc. 5, 5.—
    2.
    Impers.: illuxit, it was light, day had dawned (very rare; not in Cic.; perh. not in Cæs.; for in B. C. 1, 23, 1, luxit is the better reading;

    v. Oud. ad loc.): ubi illuxit,

    Liv. 1, 28, 2; 2, 65, 1; 7, 14, 9.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    cum populo Romano vox et auctoritas consulis repente in tantis tenebris illuxerit,

    Cic. Agr. 1, 8, 24:

    clarissimum deinde Homeri illuxit ingenium,

    Vell. 1, 5, 1. — Impers.:

    apud quem si illuxerit, non universa pretia in patrimonium tuum processisse,

    shall be made clear, apparent, Cod. Just. 5, 71, 10.—
    II.
    Act., to shine upon, give light to (Plautin.):

    (nox) ut mortales illucescas luce clara et candida,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 3, 49:

    scelestiorem nullum alterum,

    id. Bacch. 2, 3, 22.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > illucesco

  • 4 illucisco

    illūcesco or illūcisco ( inl-), luxi, 3, v. inch. n. and a. [in-lucesco].
    I.
    Neutr., of the day or of the sun, to grow light, begin to shine, to break, dawn (most freq. in the tempp. perff.).
    A.
    Lit.
    1.
    Illucescet ille aliquando dies, cum tu, etc., Cic. Mil. 26, 69:

    qui (dies) ut illuxit, mortui sunt reperti,

    id. Tusc. 1, 47, 114:

    ne hic tibi dies inluxit lucrificabilis,

    Plaut. Pers. 4, 7, 2; cf.: pro di immortales, quis hic illuxit dies? Cic. Fragm. ap. Quint. 9, 4, 76; Ov. M. 7, 431:

    dies (alicui),

    Cic. Pis. 15, 34; id. Phil. 1, 12, 30; id. Ac. 2, 22, 69; id. Div. 1, 24, 50: ea nocte, cui illuxit dies caedis, on which arose the day, etc., Suet. Caes. 81:

    cum tertio die sol illuxisset,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 38, 96:

    cum illucescerent elementa mundi,

    Ambros. in Luc. 5, 5.—
    2.
    Impers.: illuxit, it was light, day had dawned (very rare; not in Cic.; perh. not in Cæs.; for in B. C. 1, 23, 1, luxit is the better reading;

    v. Oud. ad loc.): ubi illuxit,

    Liv. 1, 28, 2; 2, 65, 1; 7, 14, 9.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    cum populo Romano vox et auctoritas consulis repente in tantis tenebris illuxerit,

    Cic. Agr. 1, 8, 24:

    clarissimum deinde Homeri illuxit ingenium,

    Vell. 1, 5, 1. — Impers.:

    apud quem si illuxerit, non universa pretia in patrimonium tuum processisse,

    shall be made clear, apparent, Cod. Just. 5, 71, 10.—
    II.
    Act., to shine upon, give light to (Plautin.):

    (nox) ut mortales illucescas luce clara et candida,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 3, 49:

    scelestiorem nullum alterum,

    id. Bacch. 2, 3, 22.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > illucisco

  • 5 inlucesco

    illūcesco or illūcisco ( inl-), luxi, 3, v. inch. n. and a. [in-lucesco].
    I.
    Neutr., of the day or of the sun, to grow light, begin to shine, to break, dawn (most freq. in the tempp. perff.).
    A.
    Lit.
    1.
    Illucescet ille aliquando dies, cum tu, etc., Cic. Mil. 26, 69:

    qui (dies) ut illuxit, mortui sunt reperti,

    id. Tusc. 1, 47, 114:

    ne hic tibi dies inluxit lucrificabilis,

    Plaut. Pers. 4, 7, 2; cf.: pro di immortales, quis hic illuxit dies? Cic. Fragm. ap. Quint. 9, 4, 76; Ov. M. 7, 431:

    dies (alicui),

    Cic. Pis. 15, 34; id. Phil. 1, 12, 30; id. Ac. 2, 22, 69; id. Div. 1, 24, 50: ea nocte, cui illuxit dies caedis, on which arose the day, etc., Suet. Caes. 81:

    cum tertio die sol illuxisset,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 38, 96:

    cum illucescerent elementa mundi,

    Ambros. in Luc. 5, 5.—
    2.
    Impers.: illuxit, it was light, day had dawned (very rare; not in Cic.; perh. not in Cæs.; for in B. C. 1, 23, 1, luxit is the better reading;

    v. Oud. ad loc.): ubi illuxit,

    Liv. 1, 28, 2; 2, 65, 1; 7, 14, 9.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    cum populo Romano vox et auctoritas consulis repente in tantis tenebris illuxerit,

    Cic. Agr. 1, 8, 24:

    clarissimum deinde Homeri illuxit ingenium,

    Vell. 1, 5, 1. — Impers.:

    apud quem si illuxerit, non universa pretia in patrimonium tuum processisse,

    shall be made clear, apparent, Cod. Just. 5, 71, 10.—
    II.
    Act., to shine upon, give light to (Plautin.):

    (nox) ut mortales illucescas luce clara et candida,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 3, 49:

    scelestiorem nullum alterum,

    id. Bacch. 2, 3, 22.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > inlucesco

  • 6 albēns

        albēns ntis, adj.    [P. of albeo], whitening, white: spumae, O.: tempora canis, O.: ossa, Ta.
    * * *
    (gen.), albentis ADJ
    white, light, bleached; made/covered in white; pale, pallid; bright, clear

    Latin-English dictionary > albēns

  • 7 caveō

        caveō (imper. cave for cavē, T., H., O., Pr.), cāvī, cautus, ēre    [1 CAV-], to be on one's guard, take care, take heed, beware, guard against, avoid: Faciet, nisi caveo, T.: erunt (molesti) nisi cavetis. Cautum est, inquit: non fuisse difficile cavere, to take precautions, Cs.: cum animum attendisset ad cavendum, N.: metues, doctusque cavebis, H.— Cave, look out! be careful! T., H.: ab istoc cavendum intellego, T.: ab eruptionibus, Cs.: caveo ab homine impuro: monent, ut ipsis ab invidiā caveatur, L.: sibi cavit loco, i. e. got out of the way, T.: caves, ne videat, etc., T.: cavet ne emat ab invito: cavere necubi hosti oportunus fieret, S.: ne sim spernenda, Exemplo caveo, am warned by, O.: cavendum est, ne, etc.: non admissum... venio, sed cautum ne admittant, to prevent, L.: quod ut ne accidat cavendum est. — Beware of, take care not, be sure you do not: cave dixeris, T.: cave faxis Te quicquam indignum, H.: cave sis mentiaris: cave roget te, H.: armis concurrant arma cavete, V.: caveri foedere, ut, etc., that provision should be made: cavisse deos ut libertas defendi posset, L.—With acc, to guard against, be aware of, beware of, provide against, keep clear of: tu, quod cavere possis, stultum admitterest, T.: cur hoc non caves?: cavebat Pompeius omnia, ne, etc.: vallum, Cs.: hunc tu caveto, H.: hoc caverat mens provida, had prevented, H.: Fata cavens, V.: cavenda est etiam gloriae cupiditas: Quid quisque vitet, numquam homini satis Cautum est, H.: in quibus cave vereri (i. e. noli): caveret id petere a populo R., quod, etc., S.: occursare capro caveto, V.: commisisse cavet, quod, etc., H. —In law, to take care for, provide, order, decree, dispose of, stipulate: cum ita caverent, si: altera (lex) ipsis sepulcris cavet: de quibus (agris) foedere cautum est: sibi se privatim nihil cavere, to stipulate, L.: si cautum esset eos testimonium non esse dicturos. — With ab, to make oneself secure, procure bail, take surety: obsidibus inter se, Cs.: nisi prius a te cavero, ne quis amplius, etc.: ab sese caveat neminem esse acturum, etc., take security: quid ita Flavio sibi cavere non venit in mentem.—To make secure, give security, guarantee, C.: (civitates) obsidibus de pecuniā cavent, Cs.: quoniam obsidibus cavere inter se non possint, Cs.—With dat, to keep from, protect, have a care for, make safe, take care of: quod regi amico cavet, non reprehendo: melius ei cavere volo, quam ipse aliis solet: aliis cavit, non cavet ipsi sibi, O.
    * * *
    cavere, cavi, cautus V
    beware, avoid, take precautions/defensive action; give/get surety; stipulate

    Latin-English dictionary > caveō

  • 8 sub-moveō (summ-)

        sub-moveō (summ-) mōvī    ( subj pluperf. summōsses, H.), mōtus, ēre, to put out of the way, drive back, drive off, send away, remove: hostīs ex mūro, Cs.: statione hostium lembos, L.: submotā contione, dismissed: submotis velut in aliam insulam hostibus, Ta.: Maris litora, i. e. remove (by moles), H.: Hic spelunca fuit vasto submota recessu, i. e. hidden, V.: Silva summovet ignīs, i. e. keeps off, O.—Of a crowd, to clear away, remove, make room: turbam, L.: summoto populo, L.: lictor apparuit, summoto incesserunt, after room had been made, L.: summoto aditus, access after the lictors had made room, L.—Poet.: neque Summovet lictor miseros tumultūs Mentis, H.— Fig., to put away, keep, withdraw, withhold, remove: a bello Antiochum et Ptolemaeum reges, i. e. induce to abandon, L.: magnitudine poenae a maleficio summoveri: summotus pudor, H.—To banish: ad Histrum, O.: patriā, O.

    Latin-English dictionary > sub-moveō (summ-)

  • 9 acuo

    ăcŭo, ui, ūtum, 3, v. a. ( part. fut. acuturus, not used) [cf. 2. acer], to make sharp or pointed, to sharpen, whet.
    I.
    Lit.:

    ne stridorem quidem serrae audiunt, cum acuitur,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 40; so,

    ferrum,

    Verg. A. 8, 386; Hor. C. 1, 2, 21:

    enses,

    Ov. M. 15, 776:

    gladium,

    Vulg. Deut. 32, 41:

    sagittas,

    id. Jer. 51, 11.— Poet.:

    fulmen,

    Lucr. 6, 278:

    dentes,

    Hor. C. 3, 20, 10; cf. Tib. 4, 3, 3.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    First, of the tongue, qs. to whet, i. e. to sharpen, exercise, improve:

    acuere linguam exercitatione dicendi,

    Cic. Brut. 97:

    linguam causis,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 3, 23; so Vulg. Psa. 139, 4; so in gen.: se, to exercise one's self, to make one's self ready:

    acueram me ad exagitandam hanc ejus legationem,

    Cic. Att. 2, 7: mentem, ingenium, prudentiam, etc.; to sharpen:

    multa, quae acuant mentem, multa quae obtundant,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 33; so id. Brut. 33; id. Phil. 2, 17; id. de Or. 1, 20.—
    B.
    Acuere aliquem (with or without ad aliquid), to spur on, incite, stir up, arouse:

    ad crudelitatem,

    Cic. Lig. 4; id. Fam. 15, 21:

    illos sat aetas acuet,

    Ter. Ad. 5, 3, 49; Cic. Rosc. Am. 33, 110:

    ita duae res, quae languorem afferunt ceteris, illum acuebant, otium et solitudo,

    id. Off. 3, 1; Liv. 28, 19:

    curis acuens mortalia corda,

    Verg. G. 1, 123:

    auditisque lupos acuunt balatibus agni,

    id. ib. 4, 435:

    quam Juno his acuit verbis,

    id. A. 7, 330.—
    C.
    Aliquid, to rouse up, kindle, excite (mostly poet.):

    saevus in armis Aeneas acuit Martem et se suscitat irā,

    Verg. A. 12, 108:

    iram,

    Vulg. Sap. 5, 21:

    studia,

    Val. Max. 2, 2, no. 3.—
    D.
    In gramm.: acuere syllabam, to give an acute accent to (opp. gravem ponere), Quint. 1, 5, 22; cf. Prisc. Op. Min. 159 Lind.: accentus acutus ideo inventus est, quod acuat sive elevet syllabam.—Hence, ăcūtus, a, um, P.a., sharpened, made pointed; hence,
    A.
    Lit., sharp, pointed ( acer denotes natural sharpness, etc.: acutus, that produced by exertion, skill, etc.: sermo acer, impassioned, passionate; sermo acutus, pointed, acute discourse):

    vide ut sit acutus culter probe,

    Plaut. Mil. 5, 4:

    ferrum,

    Hor. A. P. 304:

    cuspis,

    Verg. A. 5, 208:

    gladius,

    Vulg. Psa. 56, 5:

    carex,

    Verg. G. 3, 231; elementa, i. e. pointed, jagged atoms (opp. to perplexa, connected), Lucr. 2, 463:

    nasus,

    Plaut. Cap. 3, 4, 114:

    oculi,

    of a pointed shape, id. Ps. 4, 7, 121:

    aures,

    pointed, Hor. C. 2, 19, 4:

    saxa,

    id. ib. 3, 27, 61; so Verg. A. 1, 45.—
    2.
    Transf.
    a.
    Of the senses themselves, sharp, keen:

    oculos acrīs atque cicutos,

    Cic. Planc. 66:

    nares,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 29; Cels. 2, 6.—
    b.
    Of objects affecting the senses, sharp, acute; of the voice, soprano or treble: inde loci lituus sonitus effudit acutos, Enn. ap. Paul. ex Fest. p. 116 Müll. (Ann. v. 522 ed. Vahl.):

    hinnitu,

    Verg. G. 3, 94:

    voces,

    id. Cir. 107; Ov. M. 3, 224:

    stridore,

    Hor. C. 1, 34, 15:

    vocem ab acutissimo sono usque ad gravissimum sonum recipiunt,

    from the highest treble to the lowest base, Cic. de Or. 1, 59, 251; cf. ib. 3, 57, 216; Somn. Scip. 5; Rep. 6, 18.—
    c.
    In gen., of things affecting the body, of either heat or cold from their similar effects, keen, sharp, violent, severe:

    sol,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 17:

    radii solis,

    Ov. H. 4, 159:

    gelu,

    Hor. C. 1, 9, 4; cf. Lucr. 1, 495; Verg. G. 1, 93; so,

    febris,

    Cels. 2, 4:

    morbus,

    id. 3 (opp. longus), rapid.— Subst. with gen.:

    acuta belli,

    violent, severe misfortunes of war, Hor. C. 4, 4, 76 (= graves belli molestias).—
    B.
    Fig.
    1.
    Of intellectual qualities, acute, clear-sighted, intelligent, sagacious (very freq.):

    Antisthenes homo acutus magis quam eruditus,

    Cic. Att. 12, 37; so id. de Or. 1, 51; id. N. D. 1, 16; Nep. Dion. 8, 1:

    homo ingenio prudentiāque acutissimus,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 39:

    acutae sententiae,

    id. Opt. Gen. Or. 2, 5:

    motus animorum ad excogitandum acuti,

    id. Or. 1, 113:

    studia,

    id. Gen. 50:

    conclusiones,

    Quint. 2, 20, 5.—
    2.
    In gramm.: accentus acutus, the acute accent (opp. gravis), Prisc. p. 159, ed. Lindem.— Comp. Plin. 13, 1, 2.— Adv.: ăcūte, sharply, keenly, acutely:. cernere, Lucr. 4, 804; ib. 811:

    conlecta,

    Cic. Deiot. 33:

    excogitat,

    id. Verr. 4, 147:

    respondeo,

    id. Cael. 17:

    scribo,

    id. Verr. 3, 20; so, ăcūtum:

    cernis,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 26:

    resonarent,

    ib. 8, 41: and, ăcūta: canis ululat, Enn. ap. Fest. p. 9 Müll. (Ann. 346 Vahl.).— Comp., Cic. Inv. 2, 16.— Sup., Cic. Off. 1, 44; id. Verr. 3, 20.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > acuo

  • 10 acuta

    ăcŭo, ui, ūtum, 3, v. a. ( part. fut. acuturus, not used) [cf. 2. acer], to make sharp or pointed, to sharpen, whet.
    I.
    Lit.:

    ne stridorem quidem serrae audiunt, cum acuitur,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 40; so,

    ferrum,

    Verg. A. 8, 386; Hor. C. 1, 2, 21:

    enses,

    Ov. M. 15, 776:

    gladium,

    Vulg. Deut. 32, 41:

    sagittas,

    id. Jer. 51, 11.— Poet.:

    fulmen,

    Lucr. 6, 278:

    dentes,

    Hor. C. 3, 20, 10; cf. Tib. 4, 3, 3.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    First, of the tongue, qs. to whet, i. e. to sharpen, exercise, improve:

    acuere linguam exercitatione dicendi,

    Cic. Brut. 97:

    linguam causis,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 3, 23; so Vulg. Psa. 139, 4; so in gen.: se, to exercise one's self, to make one's self ready:

    acueram me ad exagitandam hanc ejus legationem,

    Cic. Att. 2, 7: mentem, ingenium, prudentiam, etc.; to sharpen:

    multa, quae acuant mentem, multa quae obtundant,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 33; so id. Brut. 33; id. Phil. 2, 17; id. de Or. 1, 20.—
    B.
    Acuere aliquem (with or without ad aliquid), to spur on, incite, stir up, arouse:

    ad crudelitatem,

    Cic. Lig. 4; id. Fam. 15, 21:

    illos sat aetas acuet,

    Ter. Ad. 5, 3, 49; Cic. Rosc. Am. 33, 110:

    ita duae res, quae languorem afferunt ceteris, illum acuebant, otium et solitudo,

    id. Off. 3, 1; Liv. 28, 19:

    curis acuens mortalia corda,

    Verg. G. 1, 123:

    auditisque lupos acuunt balatibus agni,

    id. ib. 4, 435:

    quam Juno his acuit verbis,

    id. A. 7, 330.—
    C.
    Aliquid, to rouse up, kindle, excite (mostly poet.):

    saevus in armis Aeneas acuit Martem et se suscitat irā,

    Verg. A. 12, 108:

    iram,

    Vulg. Sap. 5, 21:

    studia,

    Val. Max. 2, 2, no. 3.—
    D.
    In gramm.: acuere syllabam, to give an acute accent to (opp. gravem ponere), Quint. 1, 5, 22; cf. Prisc. Op. Min. 159 Lind.: accentus acutus ideo inventus est, quod acuat sive elevet syllabam.—Hence, ăcūtus, a, um, P.a., sharpened, made pointed; hence,
    A.
    Lit., sharp, pointed ( acer denotes natural sharpness, etc.: acutus, that produced by exertion, skill, etc.: sermo acer, impassioned, passionate; sermo acutus, pointed, acute discourse):

    vide ut sit acutus culter probe,

    Plaut. Mil. 5, 4:

    ferrum,

    Hor. A. P. 304:

    cuspis,

    Verg. A. 5, 208:

    gladius,

    Vulg. Psa. 56, 5:

    carex,

    Verg. G. 3, 231; elementa, i. e. pointed, jagged atoms (opp. to perplexa, connected), Lucr. 2, 463:

    nasus,

    Plaut. Cap. 3, 4, 114:

    oculi,

    of a pointed shape, id. Ps. 4, 7, 121:

    aures,

    pointed, Hor. C. 2, 19, 4:

    saxa,

    id. ib. 3, 27, 61; so Verg. A. 1, 45.—
    2.
    Transf.
    a.
    Of the senses themselves, sharp, keen:

    oculos acrīs atque cicutos,

    Cic. Planc. 66:

    nares,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 29; Cels. 2, 6.—
    b.
    Of objects affecting the senses, sharp, acute; of the voice, soprano or treble: inde loci lituus sonitus effudit acutos, Enn. ap. Paul. ex Fest. p. 116 Müll. (Ann. v. 522 ed. Vahl.):

    hinnitu,

    Verg. G. 3, 94:

    voces,

    id. Cir. 107; Ov. M. 3, 224:

    stridore,

    Hor. C. 1, 34, 15:

    vocem ab acutissimo sono usque ad gravissimum sonum recipiunt,

    from the highest treble to the lowest base, Cic. de Or. 1, 59, 251; cf. ib. 3, 57, 216; Somn. Scip. 5; Rep. 6, 18.—
    c.
    In gen., of things affecting the body, of either heat or cold from their similar effects, keen, sharp, violent, severe:

    sol,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 17:

    radii solis,

    Ov. H. 4, 159:

    gelu,

    Hor. C. 1, 9, 4; cf. Lucr. 1, 495; Verg. G. 1, 93; so,

    febris,

    Cels. 2, 4:

    morbus,

    id. 3 (opp. longus), rapid.— Subst. with gen.:

    acuta belli,

    violent, severe misfortunes of war, Hor. C. 4, 4, 76 (= graves belli molestias).—
    B.
    Fig.
    1.
    Of intellectual qualities, acute, clear-sighted, intelligent, sagacious (very freq.):

    Antisthenes homo acutus magis quam eruditus,

    Cic. Att. 12, 37; so id. de Or. 1, 51; id. N. D. 1, 16; Nep. Dion. 8, 1:

    homo ingenio prudentiāque acutissimus,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 39:

    acutae sententiae,

    id. Opt. Gen. Or. 2, 5:

    motus animorum ad excogitandum acuti,

    id. Or. 1, 113:

    studia,

    id. Gen. 50:

    conclusiones,

    Quint. 2, 20, 5.—
    2.
    In gramm.: accentus acutus, the acute accent (opp. gravis), Prisc. p. 159, ed. Lindem.— Comp. Plin. 13, 1, 2.— Adv.: ăcūte, sharply, keenly, acutely:. cernere, Lucr. 4, 804; ib. 811:

    conlecta,

    Cic. Deiot. 33:

    excogitat,

    id. Verr. 4, 147:

    respondeo,

    id. Cael. 17:

    scribo,

    id. Verr. 3, 20; so, ăcūtum:

    cernis,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 26:

    resonarent,

    ib. 8, 41: and, ăcūta: canis ululat, Enn. ap. Fest. p. 9 Müll. (Ann. 346 Vahl.).— Comp., Cic. Inv. 2, 16.— Sup., Cic. Off. 1, 44; id. Verr. 3, 20.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > acuta

  • 11 candida

    candĭdus, a, um, adj. [candeo], of a shining, dazzling white, white, clear, bright (opp. niger, a glistening black; while albus is a lustreless white, opp. ater, a lustreless black; cf. Serv. ad Verg. G. 3, 82; lsid. Orig. 12, 1, 51; Doed. Syn. III. p. 193 sq.) (class., and in the poets very freq.; in Cic. rare).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.
    1.
    Of shining objects, bright:

    stella splendens candida,

    Plaut. Rud. prol. 3:

    sidera,

    Lucr. 5, 1209:

    luna,

    Verg. A. 7, 8:

    lux clara et candida,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 3, 49; so,

    clarā loco luce,

    Lucr. 5, 777:

    stellae,

    Hor. C. 3, 15, 6:

    color candidus Saturni,

    Plin. 2, 18, 16, § 79:

    flamma,

    Val. Fl. 8, 247:

    Taurus (the constellation),

    Verg. G. 1, 217:

    dies,

    Ov. Tr. 2, 142: aqua, Mart, 6, 42, 19: lacte, Varr. ap. Non. p. 483, 6; cf. id. ib. p. 169, 14.—
    2.
    Hence, an epithet of the gods or persons transformed to gods:

    Cupido,

    radiant, Cat. 68, 134:

    Liber,

    Tib. 3, 6, 1:

    Bassareus,

    Hor. C. 1, 18, 11 (cf. id. ib. 1, 2, 31):

    Daphnis,

    Verg. E. 5, 56 Wagn.—
    3.
    Of birds, animals, etc., white:

    anser,

    Lucr. 4, 685:

    avis,

    i. e. the stork, Verg. G. 2, 320; cf. Ov. M. 6, 96:

    ales, i. e. cygnus,

    Auct. Aetn. 88:

    candidior cygnis,

    Verg. E. 7, 38:

    aries,

    id. G. 3, 387:

    agnus,

    Tib. 2, 5, 38:

    equi,

    Tac. G. 10.—
    4.
    Of the dazzling whiteness of snow:

    altā nive candidum Soracte,

    Hor. C. 1, 9, 1; 3, 25, 10; Ov. H. 16, 250; id. M. 8, 373.—
    5.
    Of resplendent beauty of person, splendid, fair, beautiful:

    Dido,

    Verg. A. 5, 571:

    Maia,

    id. ib. 8, 138 Serv.; cf. Serv. ad Verg. E. 5, 56:

    candidus et pulcher puer,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 4:

    puella,

    Cat. 35, 8; Hor. Epod. 11, 27:

    dux,

    id. ib. 3, 9:

    Lampetie,

    Ov. M. 2, 349:

    membra,

    id. ib. 2, 607:

    cutis,

    Plin. 2, 78, 80, § 189:

    pes,

    Hor. C. 4, 1, 27:

    umeri,

    id. ib. 1, 13, 9:

    bracchia,

    Prop. 2 (3), 16, 24:

    colla,

    id. 3 (4), 17, 29:

    cervix,

    Hor. C. 3, 9, 2:

    ora,

    Ov. M. 2, 861:

    sinus,

    Tib. 1, 10, 68:

    dentes,

    Cat. 39, 1 (cf. candidulus) al.—
    6.
    Of the hair, hoary, white (more poet. than canus), Plaut. Most. 5, 2, 27:

    candidior barba,

    Verg. E. 1, 29:

    crinis,

    Val. Fl. 6, 60; cf.:

    inducto candida barba gelu,

    Ov. Tr. 3, 10, 22.—
    7.
    Of trees or plants: pōpulus, the white or silver poplar, Verg. E. 9, 41:

    lilia,

    id. ib. 6, 708; Prop. 1, 20, 38; Ov. M. 4, 355:

    folium nivei ligustri,

    id. ib. 13, 789:

    piper,

    Plin. 12, 7, 14, § 26. —
    8.
    Of textile fabrics, sails, dress, etc.:

    vela,

    Cat. 64, 235:

    tentoria,

    Ov. M. 8, 43:

    vestis,

    Liv. 9, 40, 9: toga, made brilliant by fulling (cf. Liv. 4, 25, 13;

    v. candidatus),

    Plin. 7, 34, 34, § 120; cf. Titinn. ap. Non. p. 536, 23.—So Cicero's oration: In Toga Candida, v. the fragments B. and K. vol. xi. p. 20-25; and the commentary of Asconius, Orell. vol. v. 2, p. 82 sq.— Sup.:

    candidissimus color,

    Vitr. 10, 7; cf. Varr. L. L. 8, § 17 Müll.—
    B.
    Opp. niger, Lucr. 2, 733; Verg. E. 2, 16; id. G. 3, 387; Plin. 12, 10, 42, § 92.—Prov.:

    candida de nigris et de candentibus atra facere,

    to make black white, Ov. M. 11, 315; so,

    acc. to some: nigrum in candida vertere,

    Juv. 3, 30.—
    C.
    In the neutr. absol.:

    ut candido candidius non est adversum,

    Quint. 2, 17, 35; and with a gen.:

    candidum ovi,

    the white of an egg, Plin. 29, 3, 11, § 40 (twice); cf.: album ovi, under album.—
    * D.
    Poet. and causative, of the winds, making clear, cloud-dis-pelling, purifying:

    Favonii,

    Hor. C. 3, 7, 1. —
    E.
    Also poet. for candidatus (= albatus), clothed in white:

    turba,

    Tib. 2, 1, 16:

    pompa,

    Ov. F. 2, 654; 4, 906:

    Roma, i. e. Romani,

    Mart. 8, 65, 6.—
    F.
    Candida sententia = candidi lapilli, Ov. M. 15, 47; v. the pass. in connection, and cf. albus, and calculus, II. D.—
    G.
    Candidus calculus, v. calculus, II. E.— Subst.: candĭda, ae, f., a game or play exhibited by a candidate for office (late Lat.):

    edere candidam,

    Ambros. Serm. 81.—
    II.
    Trop., pure, clear, serene, clean, spotless, etc.
    A.
    Of the voice, distinct, clear, pure, silver-toned (opp. fuscus), Quint. 11, 3, 15; Plin. 28, 6, 16, § 58; perh. also Cic. N. D. 2, 58, 146 (B. and K. with MSS. canorum; cf. Orell. N cr.).—
    B.
    Of discourse, clear, perspicuous, flowing, artless, unaffected:

    elaborant alii in puro et quasi quodam candido genere dicendi,

    Cic. Or. 16, 53. candidum et lene et speciosum dicendi genus, Quint. 10, 1, 121; Gell. 16, 19, 1.—And meton. of the orator himself:

    Messala nitidus et candidus,

    Quint. 10, 1, 113:

    dulcis et candidus et fusus Herodotus,

    id. 10, 1, 73:

    candidissimum quemque et maxime expositum,

    id. 2, 5, 19.—
    C.
    Of purity of mind, character ( poet. and in post-Aug. prose), unblemished, pure, guileless, honest, upright, sincere, fair, candid, frank, open:

    judex,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 4, 1 (integer, verax, purus, sine fuco, sine fallaciā, Schol. Crucq.):

    Maecenas,

    id. Epod. 14, 5:

    Furnius,

    id. S. 1, 10, 86:

    animae,

    id. ib. 1, 5, 41:

    pectore candidus,

    Ov. P. 4, 14, 43:

    ingenium,

    Hor. Epod. 11, 11:

    habet avunculum quo nihil verius, nihil simplicius, nihil candidius novi,

    Plin. Ep. 2, 9, 4; Vell. 2, 116, 5:

    candidissimus omnium magnorum ingeniorum aestimator,

    Sen. Suas. 6, 22:

    humanitas,

    Petr. 129, 11.—
    D.
    Of conditions of life, cheerful, joyous, happy, fortunate, prosperous, lucky:

    convivia,

    joyful, Prop. 4 (5), 6, 71:

    nox,

    id. 2 (3), 15, 1:

    omina,

    id. 4 (5), 1, 67:

    fata,

    Tib. 3, 6, 30, Ov. Tr. 3, 4, 34: dies. id. ib. 2, 142:

    pax,

    Tib. 1, 10, 45:

    natalis,

    id. 1, 7, 64; Ov. Tr. 5, 5, 14.—Hence, adv.: candĭdē.
    1.
    Acc. to I., in dazzling white' vestitus, Plaut. Cas. 4, 1, 10.—
    2.
    Acc. to II., clearly, candidly, sincerely: candide et simpliciter, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 6, 1; Quint. 12, 11, 8; Petr. 107, 13.—
    III.
    As adj. propr: Candidum Promontorium, in Zeugitana, now C. Bianco, Mel. 1, 7, 2; Plin. 5, 4, 3, § 23.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > candida

  • 12 candidus

    candĭdus, a, um, adj. [candeo], of a shining, dazzling white, white, clear, bright (opp. niger, a glistening black; while albus is a lustreless white, opp. ater, a lustreless black; cf. Serv. ad Verg. G. 3, 82; lsid. Orig. 12, 1, 51; Doed. Syn. III. p. 193 sq.) (class., and in the poets very freq.; in Cic. rare).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.
    1.
    Of shining objects, bright:

    stella splendens candida,

    Plaut. Rud. prol. 3:

    sidera,

    Lucr. 5, 1209:

    luna,

    Verg. A. 7, 8:

    lux clara et candida,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 3, 49; so,

    clarā loco luce,

    Lucr. 5, 777:

    stellae,

    Hor. C. 3, 15, 6:

    color candidus Saturni,

    Plin. 2, 18, 16, § 79:

    flamma,

    Val. Fl. 8, 247:

    Taurus (the constellation),

    Verg. G. 1, 217:

    dies,

    Ov. Tr. 2, 142: aqua, Mart, 6, 42, 19: lacte, Varr. ap. Non. p. 483, 6; cf. id. ib. p. 169, 14.—
    2.
    Hence, an epithet of the gods or persons transformed to gods:

    Cupido,

    radiant, Cat. 68, 134:

    Liber,

    Tib. 3, 6, 1:

    Bassareus,

    Hor. C. 1, 18, 11 (cf. id. ib. 1, 2, 31):

    Daphnis,

    Verg. E. 5, 56 Wagn.—
    3.
    Of birds, animals, etc., white:

    anser,

    Lucr. 4, 685:

    avis,

    i. e. the stork, Verg. G. 2, 320; cf. Ov. M. 6, 96:

    ales, i. e. cygnus,

    Auct. Aetn. 88:

    candidior cygnis,

    Verg. E. 7, 38:

    aries,

    id. G. 3, 387:

    agnus,

    Tib. 2, 5, 38:

    equi,

    Tac. G. 10.—
    4.
    Of the dazzling whiteness of snow:

    altā nive candidum Soracte,

    Hor. C. 1, 9, 1; 3, 25, 10; Ov. H. 16, 250; id. M. 8, 373.—
    5.
    Of resplendent beauty of person, splendid, fair, beautiful:

    Dido,

    Verg. A. 5, 571:

    Maia,

    id. ib. 8, 138 Serv.; cf. Serv. ad Verg. E. 5, 56:

    candidus et pulcher puer,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 4:

    puella,

    Cat. 35, 8; Hor. Epod. 11, 27:

    dux,

    id. ib. 3, 9:

    Lampetie,

    Ov. M. 2, 349:

    membra,

    id. ib. 2, 607:

    cutis,

    Plin. 2, 78, 80, § 189:

    pes,

    Hor. C. 4, 1, 27:

    umeri,

    id. ib. 1, 13, 9:

    bracchia,

    Prop. 2 (3), 16, 24:

    colla,

    id. 3 (4), 17, 29:

    cervix,

    Hor. C. 3, 9, 2:

    ora,

    Ov. M. 2, 861:

    sinus,

    Tib. 1, 10, 68:

    dentes,

    Cat. 39, 1 (cf. candidulus) al.—
    6.
    Of the hair, hoary, white (more poet. than canus), Plaut. Most. 5, 2, 27:

    candidior barba,

    Verg. E. 1, 29:

    crinis,

    Val. Fl. 6, 60; cf.:

    inducto candida barba gelu,

    Ov. Tr. 3, 10, 22.—
    7.
    Of trees or plants: pōpulus, the white or silver poplar, Verg. E. 9, 41:

    lilia,

    id. ib. 6, 708; Prop. 1, 20, 38; Ov. M. 4, 355:

    folium nivei ligustri,

    id. ib. 13, 789:

    piper,

    Plin. 12, 7, 14, § 26. —
    8.
    Of textile fabrics, sails, dress, etc.:

    vela,

    Cat. 64, 235:

    tentoria,

    Ov. M. 8, 43:

    vestis,

    Liv. 9, 40, 9: toga, made brilliant by fulling (cf. Liv. 4, 25, 13;

    v. candidatus),

    Plin. 7, 34, 34, § 120; cf. Titinn. ap. Non. p. 536, 23.—So Cicero's oration: In Toga Candida, v. the fragments B. and K. vol. xi. p. 20-25; and the commentary of Asconius, Orell. vol. v. 2, p. 82 sq.— Sup.:

    candidissimus color,

    Vitr. 10, 7; cf. Varr. L. L. 8, § 17 Müll.—
    B.
    Opp. niger, Lucr. 2, 733; Verg. E. 2, 16; id. G. 3, 387; Plin. 12, 10, 42, § 92.—Prov.:

    candida de nigris et de candentibus atra facere,

    to make black white, Ov. M. 11, 315; so,

    acc. to some: nigrum in candida vertere,

    Juv. 3, 30.—
    C.
    In the neutr. absol.:

    ut candido candidius non est adversum,

    Quint. 2, 17, 35; and with a gen.:

    candidum ovi,

    the white of an egg, Plin. 29, 3, 11, § 40 (twice); cf.: album ovi, under album.—
    * D.
    Poet. and causative, of the winds, making clear, cloud-dis-pelling, purifying:

    Favonii,

    Hor. C. 3, 7, 1. —
    E.
    Also poet. for candidatus (= albatus), clothed in white:

    turba,

    Tib. 2, 1, 16:

    pompa,

    Ov. F. 2, 654; 4, 906:

    Roma, i. e. Romani,

    Mart. 8, 65, 6.—
    F.
    Candida sententia = candidi lapilli, Ov. M. 15, 47; v. the pass. in connection, and cf. albus, and calculus, II. D.—
    G.
    Candidus calculus, v. calculus, II. E.— Subst.: candĭda, ae, f., a game or play exhibited by a candidate for office (late Lat.):

    edere candidam,

    Ambros. Serm. 81.—
    II.
    Trop., pure, clear, serene, clean, spotless, etc.
    A.
    Of the voice, distinct, clear, pure, silver-toned (opp. fuscus), Quint. 11, 3, 15; Plin. 28, 6, 16, § 58; perh. also Cic. N. D. 2, 58, 146 (B. and K. with MSS. canorum; cf. Orell. N cr.).—
    B.
    Of discourse, clear, perspicuous, flowing, artless, unaffected:

    elaborant alii in puro et quasi quodam candido genere dicendi,

    Cic. Or. 16, 53. candidum et lene et speciosum dicendi genus, Quint. 10, 1, 121; Gell. 16, 19, 1.—And meton. of the orator himself:

    Messala nitidus et candidus,

    Quint. 10, 1, 113:

    dulcis et candidus et fusus Herodotus,

    id. 10, 1, 73:

    candidissimum quemque et maxime expositum,

    id. 2, 5, 19.—
    C.
    Of purity of mind, character ( poet. and in post-Aug. prose), unblemished, pure, guileless, honest, upright, sincere, fair, candid, frank, open:

    judex,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 4, 1 (integer, verax, purus, sine fuco, sine fallaciā, Schol. Crucq.):

    Maecenas,

    id. Epod. 14, 5:

    Furnius,

    id. S. 1, 10, 86:

    animae,

    id. ib. 1, 5, 41:

    pectore candidus,

    Ov. P. 4, 14, 43:

    ingenium,

    Hor. Epod. 11, 11:

    habet avunculum quo nihil verius, nihil simplicius, nihil candidius novi,

    Plin. Ep. 2, 9, 4; Vell. 2, 116, 5:

    candidissimus omnium magnorum ingeniorum aestimator,

    Sen. Suas. 6, 22:

    humanitas,

    Petr. 129, 11.—
    D.
    Of conditions of life, cheerful, joyous, happy, fortunate, prosperous, lucky:

    convivia,

    joyful, Prop. 4 (5), 6, 71:

    nox,

    id. 2 (3), 15, 1:

    omina,

    id. 4 (5), 1, 67:

    fata,

    Tib. 3, 6, 30, Ov. Tr. 3, 4, 34: dies. id. ib. 2, 142:

    pax,

    Tib. 1, 10, 45:

    natalis,

    id. 1, 7, 64; Ov. Tr. 5, 5, 14.—Hence, adv.: candĭdē.
    1.
    Acc. to I., in dazzling white' vestitus, Plaut. Cas. 4, 1, 10.—
    2.
    Acc. to II., clearly, candidly, sincerely: candide et simpliciter, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 6, 1; Quint. 12, 11, 8; Petr. 107, 13.—
    III.
    As adj. propr: Candidum Promontorium, in Zeugitana, now C. Bianco, Mel. 1, 7, 2; Plin. 5, 4, 3, § 23.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > candidus

  • 13 exprimo

    ex-prĭmo, pressi, pressum, 3, v. a. [premo], to press or squeeze out, to force out (class.).
    I.
    Lit.:

    oleum ex malobathro,

    Plin. 12, 26, 59, § 129:

    sucum expresso semini,

    id. 20, 1, 2, § 3:

    sucum flore,

    id. 21, 19, 74, § 127:

    sucum radici,

    id. 27, 13, 109, § 136; cf.: vinum palmis, oleum sesamae (dat.), id. 6, 28, 32, § 161:

    oleum amygdalis,

    id. 13, 1, 2, § 8:

    sudorem de corpore,

    Lucr. 5, 487:

    lacrimulam oculos terendo,

    Ter. Eun. 1, 1, 23:

    si nubium conflictu ardor expressus se emiserit, id esse fulmen,

    Cic. Div. 2, 19, 44:

    liquorem per densa foramina (cribri),

    Ov. M. 12, 438; cf.:

    aquam in altum,

    Plin. 31, 3, 23, § 39:

    aquam in altitudinem,

    Vitr. 8, 7:

    quantum has (turres) quotidianus agger expresserat,

    had carried up, raised, Caes. B. G. 7, 22, 4 Oud.:

    pecuniam alicui,

    Suet. Oth. 5; id. Vesp. 4.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    With an object denoting that out of which something is pressed or squeezed, to press, squeeze, wring:

    spongiam ex oleo vel aceto,

    Cels. 5, 24 med.:

    lanam ex vino vel aceto,

    Plin. 29, 2, 9, § 31; cf.:

    Venus madidas exprimit imbre comas,

    Ov. A. A. 3, 224:

    spongiae expressae inter duas tabulas,

    Plin. 31, 11, 47, § 128:

    oleam,

    id. 12, 27, 60, § 130:

    folia rosae,

    id. 21, 18, 73, § 122:

    tuberculum,

    id. 11, 11, 12, § 29.—
    2.
    To form by pressure, to represent, form, model, portray, express (mostly poet. and in postAug. prose;

    freq. in the elder Pliny): (faber) et ungues exprimet et molles imitabitur aere capillos,

    Hor. A. P. 33; cf.:

    alicujus furorem... verecundiae ruborem,

    Plin. 34, 14, 40, § 140:

    expressa in cera ex anulo imago,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 1, 54:

    imaginem hominis gypso e facie ipsa,

    Plin. 35, 12, 44, § 153; cf.:

    effigiem de signis,

    id. ib.:

    optime Herculem Delphis et Alexandrum, etc.,

    id. 34, 8, 19, § 66 et saep.:

    vestis stricta et singulos artus exprimens,

    exhibiting, showing, Tac. G. 17:

    pulcher aspectu sit athleta, cujus lacertos exercitatio expressit,

    has well developed, made muscular, Quint. 8, 3, 10.
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    To squeeze or wring out, to extort, wrest, elicit: lex, quam ex natura ipsa arripuimus, hausimus, expressimus, qs. pressed out, Cic. Mil. 4, 10:

    utilitas expressit nomina rerum,

    has imposed, Lucr. 5, 1029: cf.:

    cum ab iis saepius quaereret, neque ullam omnino vocem exprimere posset,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 32, 3:

    expressa est Romanis necessitas obsides dandi,

    Liv. 2, 13, 4:

    confessionem concessi maris hosti,

    id. 37, 31, 5:

    confessionem cruciatu,

    Suet. Galb. 10:

    deditionem ultimā necessitate,

    Liv. 8, 2, 6:

    pecunia vi expressa et coacta,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 69, § 165:

    tu si tuis blanditiis a Sicyoniis nummulorum aliquid expresseris,

    Cic. Att. 1, 19, 9:

    risum magis quam gemitum,

    Plin. Ep. 4, 7, 7 et saep.—With ut:

    expressi, ut conficere se tabulas negaret,

    have constrained, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 47, § 112:

    expressit, ut polliceretur,

    Curt. 6, 7. —
    B.
    Transf. (acc. to I. B. 2.), to imitate, copy, represent, to portray, describe, express, esp. in words (cf. reddo):

    cum magnitudine animi tum liberalitate vitam patris et consuetudinem expresserit,

    i. e. imitated, Cic. Rab. Post. 2, 4:

    lex expressa ad naturam,

    id. Leg. 2, 5, 13:

    vitia imitatione ex aliquo expressa,

    id. de Or. 3, 12, 47:

    rem ante oculos ponit, cum exprimit omnia perspicue, ut res prope dicam manu tentari possit,

    Auct. Her. 4, 40, 62; cf. id. ib. §

    63: hanc speciem Pasiteles caelavit argento et noster expressit Archias versibus,

    Cic. Div. 1, 36, 79:

    mores alicujus oratione,

    id. de Or. 2, 43, 184:

    multas nobis imagines fortissimorum virorum expressas scriptores Graeci et Latini reliquerunt,

    id. Arch. 6, 14; cf. id. ib. 12, 30:

    in Platonis libris omnibus fere Socrates exprimitur,

    id. de Or. 3, 4, 15: Mithridaticum bellum magnum atque difficile totum ab hoc expressum est, depicted to the life, id. Arch. 9, 21; cf.:

    ut Euryalum exprimat infans,

    may resemble, Juv. 6, 81.—With rel.-clause as object:

    diligenter, quae vis subjecta sit vocibus,

    id. Fin. 2, 2, 6:

    exprimere non possum, quanto sim gaudio affectus,

    tell, express, Plin. Ep. 5, 15, 2; Vell. 2, 124, 1:

    verbis exprimere quid quis sentiat,

    Plin. Ep. 5, 16, 7:

    quod exprimere dicendo sensa possumus,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 8, 32:

    mores in scriptis exprimere,

    Suet. Vit. Ter. 4.—Of translating into another language, to render, translate:

    si modo id exprimere Latine potuero,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 43; cf. id. ib. 1, 44: katalêpsin, verbum e verbo exprimentes comprehensionem dicemus, id. Ac. 2, 10, 31:

    nec tamen exprimi verbum e verbo necesse erit,

    id. Fin. 3, 4, 15; cf.:

    verbum de verbo expressum extulit,

    Ter. Ad. prol. 11:

    fabellae Latinae ad verbum de Graecis expressae,

    Cic. Fin. 1, 2, 4; Plin. Ep. 4, 18, 1.—Of words, to pronounce, utter:

    nolo exprimi litteras putidius nolo obscurari neglegentius,

    with affected distinctness, Cic. de Or. 3, 11, 41:

    verba,

    Quint. 1, 2, 6; 9, 4, 10; 40 al.—Rarely of a personal object:

    oratorem imitando effingere atque exprimere,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 22, 90:

    moderatorem rei publicae nostris libris diligenter expressimus,

    id. Att. 8, 11, 1.—Hence, expressus, a, um, P. a., clearly exhibited, prominent, distinct, visible, manifest, clear, plain, express (syn. solidus, opp. adumbratus).
    A.
    Lit.:

    species deorum, quae nihil concreti habeat, nihil solidi, nihil expressi, nihil eminentis,

    Cic. N. D. 1, 27, 75; cf.:

    litterae lituraeque omnes assimulatae, expressae,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 77, § 189:

    corpora lacertis expressa,

    powerful, muscular, Quint. 8 praef. §

    19: protinus omnibus membris, expressus infans,

    fully formed, id. 2, 4, 6.—
    B.
    Trop.
    1.
    In gen.:

    habuit Catilina permulta maximarum non expressa signa, sed adumbrata virtutum,

    Cic. Cael. 5, 12; cf.:

    est gloria solida quaedam res et expressa, non adumbrata,

    id. Tusc. 3, 2, 3 (v. Madv. ad Cic. Fin. 5, 22, 62, p. 723 sq.):

    indicia solida et expressa,

    id. Planc. 12; cf.:

    veri juris germanaeque justitiae solida et expressa effigies,

    id. Off. 3, 17, 69:

    expressa sceleris vestigia,

    id. Rosc. Am. 22, 62:

    expressiora et illustriora,

    id. Fam. 1, 7, 9; cf. Plin. Ep. 5, 15, 3; and:

    quid expressius atque signatius in hanc causam?

    Tert. Res. Carn. 3.—
    2.
    Expressa carmina Battiadae, translated, Cat. 65, 16.—Of distinct pronunciation:

    vitia oris emendet, ut expressa sint verba, ut suis quaeque litterae sonis enuntientur,

    Quint. 1, 11, 4:

    expressior sermo,

    id. 1, 1, 37:

    expressior loquacitas generi picarum est,

    Plin. 10, 42, 59, § 118. —In a bad sense, of a too emphatic, affected pronunciation: sonus erat dulcis: litterae neque expressae neque oppressae, ne aut obscurum esset aut putidum, Cic Off. 1, 37, 133.—Hence, adv.: expressē.
    * 1.
    Lit., with pressure, strongly:

    artus expressius fricare,

    Scrib. Comp. 198.—
    2.
    Trop., expressly, distinctly, clearly:

    conscripta exempla,

    Auct. Her. 4, 7, 10:

    quod ipsum expressius Hesiodus hoc versu significavit,

    Col. 11, 1, 29.—Of pronunciation, distinctly:

    ut ea (R littera) a nullo expressius efferretur,

    Val. Max. 8, 7, 1 ext.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > exprimo

  • 14 extrico

    ex-trīco, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. ( dep. form extricor, Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 49; v. infra fin.) [tricae], to disentangle, extricate, to clear, free (rare; not in Cic.; syn.: explico, enodo, expedio, enucleo, explano).
    I.
    Lit.:

    extricata densis Cerva plagis,

    Hor. C. 3, 5, 31:

    margaritae extricatae,

    unstrung, loose, Dig. 9, 2, 27 fin.
    B.
    Transf.:

    silvestris ager facile extricatur,

    is cleared, made arable, Col. 3, 11, 3:

    mercedem aut nummos unde unde extricat,

    procures with difficulty, hunts up, Hor. S. 1, 3, 88.—
    II.
    Trop.: putas eos non citius tricas Atellanas quam id extricaturos, to unravel, clear up, Varr. ap. Non. 8, 29: de aliquo nihil, Vat. ap. Cic. Fam. 5, 10, 1:

    nihil,

    Phaedr. 4, 22, 4:

    omne genus daemoniorum,

    removes, drives out, Vulg. Tobiae, 6, 8.—In dep. form:

    extricabor aliqua ope,

    Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 49.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > extrico

  • 15 iblumino

    illūmĭno ( inl-), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [in-lumino], to light up, make light, illuminate (class.; cf. illustro).
    I.
    A.. Lit.:

    luna illuminata a sole,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 46, 119:

    puteum (sole),

    Plin. 2, 73, 75, § 183:

    tabulata gallinarum parvis fenestellis,

    Col. 8, 3, 3:

    vias igni,

    Stat. Th. 12, 575.—
    B.
    Transf., to embellish or adorn with any thing bright:

    corona aurea fulgentibus gemmis illuminata,

    Auct. Her. 4, 47, 60; Lampr. Comm. 17:

    purpura omnem vestem illuminat,

    Plin. 9, 36, 60, § 127.—
    II.
    Trop., to set in a clear light, to set off, make conspicuous (esp. freq. in rhetor. lang. of brilliant oratory):

    translatum, quod maxime tamquam stellis quibusdam notat et illuminat orationem,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 43, 170; cf. id. Or. 25, 83:

    orationem sententiis,

    id. de Or. 3, 54, 208:

    orationem translatorum nitore,

    Quint. 12, 10, 36:

    pulchritudinem rerum (claritas orationis),

    id. 2, 16, 10; 8, 3, 73:

    horum fidem Mitylenaeorum perfidia illuminavit,

    Vell. 2, 18, 3:

    nisi Thebas unum os Pindari illuminaret,

    made illustrious, id. 1, 18, 3:

    illuminata sapientia,

    Cic. Brut. 58, 213.—Hence, * illūmĭnātē ( inl-), adv., clearly, luminously:

    dicere,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 14, 53.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > iblumino

  • 16 illumino

    illūmĭno ( inl-), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [in-lumino], to light up, make light, illuminate (class.; cf. illustro).
    I.
    A.. Lit.:

    luna illuminata a sole,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 46, 119:

    puteum (sole),

    Plin. 2, 73, 75, § 183:

    tabulata gallinarum parvis fenestellis,

    Col. 8, 3, 3:

    vias igni,

    Stat. Th. 12, 575.—
    B.
    Transf., to embellish or adorn with any thing bright:

    corona aurea fulgentibus gemmis illuminata,

    Auct. Her. 4, 47, 60; Lampr. Comm. 17:

    purpura omnem vestem illuminat,

    Plin. 9, 36, 60, § 127.—
    II.
    Trop., to set in a clear light, to set off, make conspicuous (esp. freq. in rhetor. lang. of brilliant oratory):

    translatum, quod maxime tamquam stellis quibusdam notat et illuminat orationem,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 43, 170; cf. id. Or. 25, 83:

    orationem sententiis,

    id. de Or. 3, 54, 208:

    orationem translatorum nitore,

    Quint. 12, 10, 36:

    pulchritudinem rerum (claritas orationis),

    id. 2, 16, 10; 8, 3, 73:

    horum fidem Mitylenaeorum perfidia illuminavit,

    Vell. 2, 18, 3:

    nisi Thebas unum os Pindari illuminaret,

    made illustrious, id. 1, 18, 3:

    illuminata sapientia,

    Cic. Brut. 58, 213.—Hence, * illūmĭnātē ( inl-), adv., clearly, luminously:

    dicere,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 14, 53.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > illumino

  • 17 inluminate

    illūmĭno ( inl-), āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [in-lumino], to light up, make light, illuminate (class.; cf. illustro).
    I.
    A.. Lit.:

    luna illuminata a sole,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 46, 119:

    puteum (sole),

    Plin. 2, 73, 75, § 183:

    tabulata gallinarum parvis fenestellis,

    Col. 8, 3, 3:

    vias igni,

    Stat. Th. 12, 575.—
    B.
    Transf., to embellish or adorn with any thing bright:

    corona aurea fulgentibus gemmis illuminata,

    Auct. Her. 4, 47, 60; Lampr. Comm. 17:

    purpura omnem vestem illuminat,

    Plin. 9, 36, 60, § 127.—
    II.
    Trop., to set in a clear light, to set off, make conspicuous (esp. freq. in rhetor. lang. of brilliant oratory):

    translatum, quod maxime tamquam stellis quibusdam notat et illuminat orationem,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 43, 170; cf. id. Or. 25, 83:

    orationem sententiis,

    id. de Or. 3, 54, 208:

    orationem translatorum nitore,

    Quint. 12, 10, 36:

    pulchritudinem rerum (claritas orationis),

    id. 2, 16, 10; 8, 3, 73:

    horum fidem Mitylenaeorum perfidia illuminavit,

    Vell. 2, 18, 3:

    nisi Thebas unum os Pindari illuminaret,

    made illustrious, id. 1, 18, 3:

    illuminata sapientia,

    Cic. Brut. 58, 213.—Hence, * illūmĭnātē ( inl-), adv., clearly, luminously:

    dicere,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 14, 53.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > inluminate

  • 18 mergae

    mergae, ārum, f. [root marg-, to clear away; cf.: amergô, amelgô, mulgo, amurca], a two-pronged pitchfork, with which corn, when cut, was made into heaps:

    mergae furculae, quibus acervi frugum fiunt, dictae a volucribus mergis, quia, ut illi se in aquam mergunt, dum pisces persequuntur, sic messores eas in fruges demergunt, ut elevare possint manipulos, Paul. ex Fest, p. 124 Müll.: mergas datus, ut hortum fodiat,

    Plaut. Poen. 5, 2, 58:

    multi mergis, alii pectinibus spicam ipsam legunt,

    Col. 2, 21, 3.—Comically:

    si attigeris ostium, jam tibi hercle in ore fiet messio mergis pugneis,

    i. e. a rich crop of fisticuffs, Plaut. Rud. 3, 4, 58.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > mergae

  • 19 rado

    rādo, si, sum, 3, v. a., to scrape, scratch, shave, rub, or smooth; of the hair, to shave off with a razor (while tondere is to cut off with shears; mostly poet. and in post-Aug. prose; cf. scabo).
    I.
    Lit.: MVLIERES GENAS NE RADVNTO, tear, lacerate by scratching, in mourning, XII. Tab. ap. Cic. Leg. 2, 23, 59; Plin. 11, 37, 58, § 157;

    and Fest. s. v. radere, p. 227: fauces,

    to irritate, Lucr. 4, 528; Quint. 11, 3, 13 Spald.;

    11, 3, 20: terram pedibus (corvus),

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 3, 2:

    caput et supercilia,

    to shave, Cic. Rosc. Com. 7, 20 (just before, abrasa); Petr. 103:

    caput, as a token of slavery,

    Liv. 34, 52 fin.;

    in mourning,

    Suet. Calig. 5;

    and in execution of a vow made in times of peril,

    Juv. 12, 81 (cf. Petr. 103 sqq.):

    barbam,

    Suet. Aug. 79.— Transf., of the person himself:

    ut tonderetur diligenter ac raderetur,

    Suet. Caes. 45; Plin. 7, 59, 59, § 211:

    tigna,

    to smooth off, Lucr. 5, 1267:

    virgae,

    Verg. G. 2, 358; cf.

    lapides,

    to sweep the mosaic ground, Hor. S. 2, 4, 83:

    parietes,

    to scratch, Plin. 28, 4, 13, § 52:

    aream,

    i. e. to clear of bushes, Col. 2, 19; cf.:

    medicam marris ad solum,

    to weed out, Plin. 18, 16, 43, § 147:

    arva imbribus (Eurus),

    to strip, lay waste, sweep, ravage, Hor. Epod. 16, 54; cf.:

    terras (Aquilo),

    id. S. 2, 6, 25:

    nomen fastis,

    to scratch out, erase, Tac. A. 3, 17 fin.:

    margine in extremo littera rasa,

    Ov. Am. 1, 11, 22:

    tabellae rasae,

    id. A. A. 1, 437.—
    B.
    Poet., transf.
    1.
    To touch in passing, touch upon, brush along, graze; of streams:

    ripas radentia flumina rodunt,

    Lucr. 5, 256; Ov. F. 1, 242; Luc. 2, 425; Sen. Hippol. 16.—

    Of sailors: hinc altas cautes projectaque saxa Pachyni Radimus (in sailing by),

    Verg. A. 3, 700; 5, 170; 7, 10; Val. Fl. 5, 108; Luc. 5, 425; 8, 246 al.: sicco freta radere passu (with percurrere;

    of horses running past),

    Ov. M. 10, 654:

    terra rasa squamis (serpentis),

    id. ib. 3, 75:

    arva radens serpens,

    Stat. Th. 5, 525; cf. Verg. A. 5, 217:

    trajectos surculus rasit,

    crept through, Suet. Ner. 48.—
    2.
    To strip off, nip off:

    damnosa canicula quantum raderet,

    Pers. 3, 50: ista tonstrix radit, i. e. shaves her customers (sc. of their money), Mart. 2, 17, 5.—
    II.
    Trop., to grate upon, hurt, offend:

    aures delicatas radere,

    Quint. 3, 1, 3:

    teneras auriculas mordaci vero,

    Pers. 1, 107:

    pallentes mores,

    to lash, satirize, id. 5, 15.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > rado

  • 20 scilicet

    scīlĭcet, adv. [contr. from sci- (root of scire) licet; cf. vide-licet, i-licet], or scīre lĭcet, as it is freq. written in Lucr. and in archaic lang. in Liv., and sometimes in Cels.; prop., you may understand or know, = Gr. dêlonoti, and serving to imply that a statement is in itself obviously true, and is not overlooked by the speaker (cf. Madv. ad Cic. Fin. 5, 1, 3).
    I.
    Lit., it is evident, clear, plain, or manifest; of course, naturally, evidently, certainly, undoubtedly, etc. (freq. and class.; cf.: nimirum, nempe).
    (α).
    With obj.-clause on account of scire (ante-class., and several times in Sall.; cf. videlicet): Pa. Neque illa ulli homini nutet, nictet, annuat, etc. Di. Optumumst:

    Ita scilicet facturam,

    very good; of course she will do so, Plaut. As. 4, 1, 42; id. Curc. 2, 2, 13; id. Rud. 2, 3, 64; id. Ps. 4, 7, 83; Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 117; 4, 8, 15; Lucr. 2, 469; Sall. J. 4, 6; 102, 9; 113, 3; id. Fragm. 1, Orat. Phil. § 5.—
    (β).
    As a simple particle: Le. Tam ego homo sum quam tu. Me. Scilicet ita res est, that is clear enough, no one disputes that, Plaut. As. 2, 4, 83: Co. Utrum amicis hodie an inimicis tuis Daturu's cenam? Ba. Pol ego amicis scilicet, id. Ps. 3, 2, 89; id. Men. 2, 3, 41:

    nunc vivat necne, id Orcum scire oportet scilicet,

    id. Capt. 2, 2, 33:

    pol me haud paenitet Scilicet boni dimidium mihi dividere cum Jove,

    id. Am. 5, 1, 73:

    video jam illum virum cui praeficias officio et muneri. Huic scilicet, Africanus (inquit), uni paene: nam in hoc fere uno sunt cetera,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 42, 69; cf. id. ib. 1, 38, 60: quā mente esset Antonius, demonstravit: pessima scilicet et infidelissima, Nam, etc., Brut. ap. Cic. Fam. 11, 1, 1: a te litteras exspectabam: nondum scilicet;

    nam has mane rescribebam,

    not yet to be sure, Cic. Att. 13, 3, 1:

    me in dolore... maxime scilicet consolatur spes, etc.,

    id. Fam. 1, 6, 1; id. Q. Fr. 2, 6, 2:

    quid ad haec Naevius? ridet scilicet nostram amentiam, qui, etc.,

    id. Quint. 17, 55:

    ego valde suspenso animo exspecto, primum te scilicet, deinde Marionem,

    id. Fam. 16, 3, 2; id. Att. 2, 19, 4:

    videtis ut senectus sit operosa et semper agens aliquid et moliens: tale scilicet, quale cujusque studium in superiore vita fuit,

    such, naturally, id. Sen. 8, 26:

    Brutus terram osculo contigit: scilicet, quod ea communis mater omnium mortalium esset,

    evidently because, Liv. 1, 56 fin. —Often followed by sed, tamen, etc.:

    cognoscat (orator) rerum gestarum et memoriae veteris ordinem, maxime scilicet nostrae civitatis, sed etiam imperiosorum populorum et regum illustrium,

    Cic. Or. 34, 120:

    scilicet nimis hic quidem est progressus, sed ex eo ipso est conjectura facilis,

    id. de Or. 3, 23, 128; id. Q. Fr. 2, 12, 2:

    maxime scilicet in homine, sed in omni animali,

    id. Fin. 5, 20, 55:

    me species quaedam commovit, inanis scilicet, sed commovit tamen,

    id. ib. 5, 1, 3: nihil scilicet novi, ea tamen quae te ipsum probaturum esse confidam, id. ib. 1, 8, 28:

    tuli scilicet moleste, ut debui, sed tamen constitui ad te venire,

    id. Fam. 9, 23: tu interea Romae scilicet amicis praesto fuisti;

    sed tamen illud cogita, etc.,

    id. Mur. 20, 42; id. Tusc. 5, 39, 114:

    Meneclides quidam, satis exercitatus in dicendo, ut Thebanus scilicet,

    Nep. Epam. 5, 2: nota scilicet illa res, cum Decimus quidam Verginius, etc., that event is surely well known, etc., id. Rep. 2, 37, 63.—In an assertion put in the form of a question: Ch. Huc cum advenio, nulla erat. Pa. Comites secuti scilicet sunt virginem? followed her of course, Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 54.—
    (γ).
    Elliptically (only ante-class.):

    manifesta palam res indicat, inquis, in auras Aëris e terrā res omnes crescere alique, etc.... Scilicet: et nisi nos, etc.,

    to be sure, by all means, quite right, certainly, Lucr. 1, 809. —Esp. as an answer: Le. Abi ad meam sororem. St. Ibitur. Le. Et gratulator meae sorori. St. Scilicet, of course, certainly, Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 178; id. Ps. 4, 7, 82; id. Poen. 3, 2, 23; 3, 4, 25; id. Rud. 4, 3, 12; Ter. Eun. 3, 1, 11; 5, 8, 10; id. Ad. 4, 7, 11; 4, 7, 33; id. Hec. 3, 5, 17; id. Phorm. 5, 3, 9. —
    B.
    In partic., of course, to be sure, doubtless, certainly, forsooth, when an assertion that is obviously false is ironically made or accepted (class.): Si. Meum gnatum rumor est amare. Da. Id populus curat scilicet! of course people trouble themselves a great deal about that! Ter. And. 1, 2, 14 (also cited Cic. Att. 13, 34); cf.:

    scilicet is superis labor est, ea cura quietos Sollicitat,

    Verg. A. 4, 379; Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 3, 1:

    et ego id scilicet nesciebam!

    id. Fin. 2, 31, 102:

    et tu scilicet mavis numine deorum id factum quam casu arbitrari?

    id. Div. 2, 21, 47; id. Verr. 2, 1, 54, § 142:

    scilicet tibi graviorem dolorem patrui tui mors attulit quam C. Graccho fratris, et tibi acerbior ejus patrui mors est, quem numquam vidisti quam illi ejus fratris, quicum concordissime vixerat, etc.,

    id. Rab. Perd. 5, 14:

    scilicet is sum, qui existimem, Cn. Pisonem et Catilinam nihil scelerate ipsos per sese sine P. Sullā facere potuisse,

    id. Sull. 24, 67; id. Pis. 9, 19; Quint. 8, prooem. § 25; cf.:

    unde illa scilicet egregia laudatio: Tanto melior, ne ego quidem intellexi,

    id. 8, 2, 18:

    scilicet medio triennio defuerat tempus, etc.,

    Tac. A. 6, 23; 1, 8 fin.; 3, 59; 11, 24; id. Agr. 2 al.—
    II.
    Transf., in the postAug. per. sometimes, like dêlonoti in later Greek, merely as an expletory or explanatory particle, namely, to wit, that is to say:

    quaedam etiam opera sub nomine alieno, nepotum scilicet et uxoris sororisque, fecit,

    Suet. Aug. 29; id. Tib. 14:

    manente villā, qualis fuerit olim, ne quid scilicet oculorum consuetudini deperiret,

    id. Vesp. 2; so,

    ne scilicet,

    id. Gram. 4; Vulg. Gen. 2, 25 et saep.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > scilicet

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