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  • 161 בְּרִיא

    בְּרִי, בְּרִיאch. sam( בָּרִי, בָּרִיא m. (b. h.; v. בָּרָא) in natural condition). Targ. Koh. 10:6.Taan.29b דב׳ מזליה when his (the Israelites) luck is good, opp. ריע מ׳ bad luck.Yoma 57a top השתא בריוכ׳ now it is sure ye are unclean (rejected by the Lord).Pl. בְּרִיֵי. Keth.60b sq. בני ב׳ strong children.Fem. בַּרְיָא, בַּרְיָיא. Targ. Y. Ex. 4:7.

    Jewish literature > בְּרִיא

  • 162 ברךְ

    בָּרַךְ(b. h.; √בר, v. ברר, ברי) 1) to cave out. Denom. בְּרֵכָה, בֶּרֶךְ; cmp. בּוּרְכָּא, בּוּרְכְּתָא. 2) (cmp. ברר) to select, point out (cmp. esp. Gen. 2:3) whence to bless (Pi.).Part. pass. בָּרוּךְ chosen, blessed, praised. הקדוש ב׳ הוא (abbr. הקב״ה) the Holy One, blessed be He. Pes.118a; a. v. fr. Ib. 104b, a. fr. פותח בב׳וכ׳ he (who prays) opens the benediction with barukh and closes with barukh (i. e. ברוך אתהה׳). Tosef.Sot.I, 10 ב׳ בכלל, v. כְּלָל; a. fr. Pi. בֵּרַךְ, בֵּירַךְ (b. h.) 1) to praise, bless, esp. to recite the due benediction. Ber.VI, 1. Ib. 5 בי׳ על היין having recited the blessing over wine Pes.X, 9 ב׳ ברכת הפסח having recited the blessing over the Paschal lamb. Ib. 5 אנחנו חייבים … לְבָרֵךְ we are bound to … praise ; a. v. fr. 2) (cmp. נקב) to blaspheme. Snh.56a עד שֶיְבָרֵךְ שם בשם until he blasphemes the Lord by His name. Ib. שבי׳ את השם בכינוי who blasphemed the Lord by an attribute.Part. Pu. מְבוֹרָךְ blessed, praiseworthy. Ber.VII, 3; a. fr. 3) to cut through, to clear virgin ground or forest. Tosef.Shebi.III, 20 ed. Zuck. (Var. מגדר); Y. ib. IV, 35b bot. מבדין; Y.Sabb.VII, 10a top המברה, v. בהי h. Tosef.Shebi.I, 6 מבורכות, v. infra. Hithpa. הִתְבָּרֵךְ, Nithpa. נִתְבָּרֵךְ to be blessed ( praised); to be increased (v. בְּרָכָה). Y.Ber.IX, 14a top ויִתְבָּרַךְ and be blessed. Y.M. Kat. I, beg. 80a if the waters were scanty ונִתְבָּרְכוּ and grew plentiful. Yeb.63a; a. fr. Hif. הִבְרִיךְ (denom. of בֶּרֶךְ or בְּרִיכָה) to form a knee, to engraft; esp. to bend a vine by drawing it into the ground and making it grow forth as an independent plant, to sink. Shebi. II, 6; R. Hash. 10b; a. fr.Tosef.Shebi.I, 6 אם היו מוּבְרָכוֹת (incorr. מבורכ׳) if they have been sunk before New Year Yeb.63a (allud. to Gen. 12:3) שתי ברכית טובות יש לי להַבְרִיךְ בך two good shoots (proselytes) have I to engraft on thee, Ruth and (B. Kam.38b … פרידותוכ׳).

    Jewish literature > ברךְ

  • 163 בָּרַךְ

    בָּרַךְ(b. h.; √בר, v. ברר, ברי) 1) to cave out. Denom. בְּרֵכָה, בֶּרֶךְ; cmp. בּוּרְכָּא, בּוּרְכְּתָא. 2) (cmp. ברר) to select, point out (cmp. esp. Gen. 2:3) whence to bless (Pi.).Part. pass. בָּרוּךְ chosen, blessed, praised. הקדוש ב׳ הוא (abbr. הקב״ה) the Holy One, blessed be He. Pes.118a; a. v. fr. Ib. 104b, a. fr. פותח בב׳וכ׳ he (who prays) opens the benediction with barukh and closes with barukh (i. e. ברוך אתהה׳). Tosef.Sot.I, 10 ב׳ בכלל, v. כְּלָל; a. fr. Pi. בֵּרַךְ, בֵּירַךְ (b. h.) 1) to praise, bless, esp. to recite the due benediction. Ber.VI, 1. Ib. 5 בי׳ על היין having recited the blessing over wine Pes.X, 9 ב׳ ברכת הפסח having recited the blessing over the Paschal lamb. Ib. 5 אנחנו חייבים … לְבָרֵךְ we are bound to … praise ; a. v. fr. 2) (cmp. נקב) to blaspheme. Snh.56a עד שֶיְבָרֵךְ שם בשם until he blasphemes the Lord by His name. Ib. שבי׳ את השם בכינוי who blasphemed the Lord by an attribute.Part. Pu. מְבוֹרָךְ blessed, praiseworthy. Ber.VII, 3; a. fr. 3) to cut through, to clear virgin ground or forest. Tosef.Shebi.III, 20 ed. Zuck. (Var. מגדר); Y. ib. IV, 35b bot. מבדין; Y.Sabb.VII, 10a top המברה, v. בהי h. Tosef.Shebi.I, 6 מבורכות, v. infra. Hithpa. הִתְבָּרֵךְ, Nithpa. נִתְבָּרֵךְ to be blessed ( praised); to be increased (v. בְּרָכָה). Y.Ber.IX, 14a top ויִתְבָּרַךְ and be blessed. Y.M. Kat. I, beg. 80a if the waters were scanty ונִתְבָּרְכוּ and grew plentiful. Yeb.63a; a. fr. Hif. הִבְרִיךְ (denom. of בֶּרֶךְ or בְּרִיכָה) to form a knee, to engraft; esp. to bend a vine by drawing it into the ground and making it grow forth as an independent plant, to sink. Shebi. II, 6; R. Hash. 10b; a. fr.Tosef.Shebi.I, 6 אם היו מוּבְרָכוֹת (incorr. מבורכ׳) if they have been sunk before New Year Yeb.63a (allud. to Gen. 12:3) שתי ברכית טובות יש לי להַבְרִיךְ בך two good shoots (proselytes) have I to engraft on thee, Ruth and (B. Kam.38b … פרידותוכ׳).

    Jewish literature > בָּרַךְ

  • 164 ברכה

    בְּרָכָהf. (b. h.; ברך) 1) blessing, bestowal of prosperity, good wishes, choice, plenty. Keth.5a הואיל … ב׳ לדגים because on it the blessing was given to the fish (Gen. 1:22, to be fruitful). Y. ib. I, beg.24d אין כתיב ב׳וכ׳ the blessing (Gen. 2:3) refers not to man but to the day.Erub.63b, a. fr. תבא עליו ב׳ blessing rest upon him (he acts rightly). Keth.103a; B. Bath. 144b בִּרְכַת הבית ברובה the blessing of a house consists in the number of inmates (every member of a household contributes to its comfort); Tosef.Keth.XII, 3 ב׳ הבית מרובה. B. Mets.42a אין הב׳ מצוייהוכ׳ blessing (unexpected supply, miraculous increase) will not take place in things which are weighed ; Taan.8b; a. fr.Pes.50b, a. fr. אינו רואה סימן ב׳ לעולם will never see a sign of prosperity; a. fr. 2) benediction, prayer to be recited on certain occasions. Ber.35a man must not taste anything בלא ב׳ without a blessing. Ib. 40b כל ב׳ שאיןוכ׳ a benediction in which the Name of the Lord is not invoked, is no benediction; a. fr.Pl. בְּרָכוֹת. 1) blessings, benedictions. Ib. 45b; a. v. fr.Sabb.115b כותבי ב׳ those who write out the formulas of prayer. 2) Brakhoth, the first treatise of the Mishnah, Talmud, a. Tosefta.Compounds: בִּרְכַת אבלים the prayer for consolation inserted in the mourners grace after meal. Keth.8b; a. fr.ב׳ ארוסין benediction preceding betrothal, v. אֵרוּסִין Ib. 7b.ב׳ הארץ that portion of the grace after meal which refers to Palestine. Ib. 8b.ב׳ הזבח the benediction before partaking of the festive offering (חֲגִיגָה) which accompanies the Paschal lamb. Pes.X, 9 (120a).ב׳ הזימון the appeal to the partakers of a meal to say grace, common prayer. Ber.45b.ב׳ חתנים benediction on performing the marriage ceremony, also inserted in the grace after wedding meals during seven days. Keth.8b.ב׳ כהנים the priestly benediction (Num. 6:24–26). Sot.VII, 6.ב׳ המזון grace after meal. Keth. l. c.ב׳ המצוות benediction on performing a divine command (of a symbolic nature). Ib. 7b.ב׳ רחבה benediction of consolation pronounced in open air on the mourners return from burial (v. הַבְרָאָה). Ib. 8b.ב׳ התורה benediction before and after reading the Law. Y.Ber.I, 3c.(For other compounds see the respective determinants. 3) blasphemy. בִּרְכַת השם. Snh.56a sq.; (Tosef.Ab. Zar. VIII (IX), 4 קיללת).

    Jewish literature > ברכה

  • 165 בְּרָכָה

    בְּרָכָהf. (b. h.; ברך) 1) blessing, bestowal of prosperity, good wishes, choice, plenty. Keth.5a הואיל … ב׳ לדגים because on it the blessing was given to the fish (Gen. 1:22, to be fruitful). Y. ib. I, beg.24d אין כתיב ב׳וכ׳ the blessing (Gen. 2:3) refers not to man but to the day.Erub.63b, a. fr. תבא עליו ב׳ blessing rest upon him (he acts rightly). Keth.103a; B. Bath. 144b בִּרְכַת הבית ברובה the blessing of a house consists in the number of inmates (every member of a household contributes to its comfort); Tosef.Keth.XII, 3 ב׳ הבית מרובה. B. Mets.42a אין הב׳ מצוייהוכ׳ blessing (unexpected supply, miraculous increase) will not take place in things which are weighed ; Taan.8b; a. fr.Pes.50b, a. fr. אינו רואה סימן ב׳ לעולם will never see a sign of prosperity; a. fr. 2) benediction, prayer to be recited on certain occasions. Ber.35a man must not taste anything בלא ב׳ without a blessing. Ib. 40b כל ב׳ שאיןוכ׳ a benediction in which the Name of the Lord is not invoked, is no benediction; a. fr.Pl. בְּרָכוֹת. 1) blessings, benedictions. Ib. 45b; a. v. fr.Sabb.115b כותבי ב׳ those who write out the formulas of prayer. 2) Brakhoth, the first treatise of the Mishnah, Talmud, a. Tosefta.Compounds: בִּרְכַת אבלים the prayer for consolation inserted in the mourners grace after meal. Keth.8b; a. fr.ב׳ ארוסין benediction preceding betrothal, v. אֵרוּסִין Ib. 7b.ב׳ הארץ that portion of the grace after meal which refers to Palestine. Ib. 8b.ב׳ הזבח the benediction before partaking of the festive offering (חֲגִיגָה) which accompanies the Paschal lamb. Pes.X, 9 (120a).ב׳ הזימון the appeal to the partakers of a meal to say grace, common prayer. Ber.45b.ב׳ חתנים benediction on performing the marriage ceremony, also inserted in the grace after wedding meals during seven days. Keth.8b.ב׳ כהנים the priestly benediction (Num. 6:24–26). Sot.VII, 6.ב׳ המזון grace after meal. Keth. l. c.ב׳ המצוות benediction on performing a divine command (of a symbolic nature). Ib. 7b.ב׳ רחבה benediction of consolation pronounced in open air on the mourners return from burial (v. הַבְרָאָה). Ib. 8b.ב׳ התורה benediction before and after reading the Law. Y.Ber.I, 3c.(For other compounds see the respective determinants. 3) blasphemy. בִּרְכַת השם. Snh.56a sq.; (Tosef.Ab. Zar. VIII (IX), 4 קיללת).

    Jewish literature > בְּרָכָה

  • 166 ברר

    בָּרַר(b. h.; √בר, contr. of באר, בור) (to clear, clean; to place outside, whence) 1) to make clear, prove, ascertain. Keth.46a (interpret. Deut. 22:17) ובוֹרְרִין את הדברוכ׳ and they make the fact as clear (bright) as a new garment.Part. pass. בָּרוּר q. v. 2) to single out, select, sift, assort. Maasr. II, 6 שאָבוֹר לי which I may select for me. Ib. בּוֹרֵר ואוכל he has a right to pick out and eat (one after the other). Kil. II, 1 יָבוֹר he must take it out entirely. Sabb.VII, 2 הבּוֹרֵר he who sifts (a labor forbidden on the Sabbath). Y. ib. VII, 10a, a. fr. משום בורר (is guilty) because it comes under the class of sifting. Bab. ib. 74a בורר ואוכלוכ׳ he may take out singly and eat, take out singly and put it down (rejecting it) ולא יִבְרוֹר but he must not assort (v. discussion ibid.). Gitt. V, 9 לא תָבוֹר she must not help her to sift the grain. Snh.45a בְּרוֹר לווכ׳ choose for the convict the most gentle method of execution; Sot.8b, a. fr.Snh.III, 1 זה בוררוכ׳ each party chooses one judge, and the two judges בּוֹרְרִיןוכ׳ elect a third. Pi. בֵּרַר, בֵּירַר 1) to prove, ascertain. Snh.23b צריך לבָרֵר the claimant must offer clear evidence. Kerith. 24a לב׳ עוון to ascertain whether or not the woman was guilty; Num. R. s. 9, v. בָּעַר. Y.Kidd.III, 63d, v. סִימְפּוֹן. Lev. R. s. 11; v. Nithpa. 2) to sift, select. Y.Ber.IX, 13c top דש זרה ובי׳ he threshed, winnowed and sifted. Y.Ned.I, beg.51a לשונות שביררו להןוכ׳ the terms (for oaths, vows) which the Mishnahs have selected (as substitutes for the real expressions of oaths); Bab. ib. 10b שבדו, v. בָּדָא. (Esth. R. to I, 22 (read:) בירר להם בלשון … רומי מלשון יוני interpreted for them (the Bible) in Latin, v. בָּדָא. The passage is defective; cmp. Y.Meg.I, 71c top. Y.Snh.X, 28a בחרו להם ביררו הברזלוכ׳, read בְּרִיּוּת, they selected (as similes for the Law) the soundness of the iron and the fixedness of the tree; cmp. Num. R. s. 14; Koh. R. to XII, 11. Hof. הוּבְרָר to be cleared up, to be decided (between two alternatives); v. בְּרֵירָה. Bets.4a (a hen is bought either for consumption or for breeding) נשחטה הובְרָרָהוכ׳ by its being killed, it appears that it was originally intended for slaughtering; Ḥull.14a. Nif. נִבְרָר to be selected. Tanḥ. Shlaḥ. 4 נִבְרְרוּ צדיקים they were righteous at the time they were selected. Nithpa. נִתְבָּרֵר 1) to desire clearness, to seek evidence, search for truth. Lev. R. s. 11 (ref. to 2 Sam. 22:26 sq.) בשעהשנ׳ על עסקיו הק״בה בירר לווכ׳ when he desired to be enlightened about his affairs (asking, ‘Whereby shall I know, Gen. 15:8), the Lord enlightened him (ib. 13). Ib. בשעהשנ׳וכ׳ (with ref. to Moses); Midr. Till. to Ps. 18:26 sq. 2) to be confirmed, established. Tanḥ. Ttsavveh 9, end (read:) נִתְבָּרְרָה כהונה בידם through them the priesthood became established. Pesik. Dibré p. 115b> (read as:) Yalk. Jer. 258 לא נ׳ … עד שעמדוכ׳ their prophecies were not fulfilled until Jer. arose.

    Jewish literature > ברר

  • 167 בָּרַר

    בָּרַר(b. h.; √בר, contr. of באר, בור) (to clear, clean; to place outside, whence) 1) to make clear, prove, ascertain. Keth.46a (interpret. Deut. 22:17) ובוֹרְרִין את הדברוכ׳ and they make the fact as clear (bright) as a new garment.Part. pass. בָּרוּר q. v. 2) to single out, select, sift, assort. Maasr. II, 6 שאָבוֹר לי which I may select for me. Ib. בּוֹרֵר ואוכל he has a right to pick out and eat (one after the other). Kil. II, 1 יָבוֹר he must take it out entirely. Sabb.VII, 2 הבּוֹרֵר he who sifts (a labor forbidden on the Sabbath). Y. ib. VII, 10a, a. fr. משום בורר (is guilty) because it comes under the class of sifting. Bab. ib. 74a בורר ואוכלוכ׳ he may take out singly and eat, take out singly and put it down (rejecting it) ולא יִבְרוֹר but he must not assort (v. discussion ibid.). Gitt. V, 9 לא תָבוֹר she must not help her to sift the grain. Snh.45a בְּרוֹר לווכ׳ choose for the convict the most gentle method of execution; Sot.8b, a. fr.Snh.III, 1 זה בוררוכ׳ each party chooses one judge, and the two judges בּוֹרְרִיןוכ׳ elect a third. Pi. בֵּרַר, בֵּירַר 1) to prove, ascertain. Snh.23b צריך לבָרֵר the claimant must offer clear evidence. Kerith. 24a לב׳ עוון to ascertain whether or not the woman was guilty; Num. R. s. 9, v. בָּעַר. Y.Kidd.III, 63d, v. סִימְפּוֹן. Lev. R. s. 11; v. Nithpa. 2) to sift, select. Y.Ber.IX, 13c top דש זרה ובי׳ he threshed, winnowed and sifted. Y.Ned.I, beg.51a לשונות שביררו להןוכ׳ the terms (for oaths, vows) which the Mishnahs have selected (as substitutes for the real expressions of oaths); Bab. ib. 10b שבדו, v. בָּדָא. (Esth. R. to I, 22 (read:) בירר להם בלשון … רומי מלשון יוני interpreted for them (the Bible) in Latin, v. בָּדָא. The passage is defective; cmp. Y.Meg.I, 71c top. Y.Snh.X, 28a בחרו להם ביררו הברזלוכ׳, read בְּרִיּוּת, they selected (as similes for the Law) the soundness of the iron and the fixedness of the tree; cmp. Num. R. s. 14; Koh. R. to XII, 11. Hof. הוּבְרָר to be cleared up, to be decided (between two alternatives); v. בְּרֵירָה. Bets.4a (a hen is bought either for consumption or for breeding) נשחטה הובְרָרָהוכ׳ by its being killed, it appears that it was originally intended for slaughtering; Ḥull.14a. Nif. נִבְרָר to be selected. Tanḥ. Shlaḥ. 4 נִבְרְרוּ צדיקים they were righteous at the time they were selected. Nithpa. נִתְבָּרֵר 1) to desire clearness, to seek evidence, search for truth. Lev. R. s. 11 (ref. to 2 Sam. 22:26 sq.) בשעהשנ׳ על עסקיו הק״בה בירר לווכ׳ when he desired to be enlightened about his affairs (asking, ‘Whereby shall I know, Gen. 15:8), the Lord enlightened him (ib. 13). Ib. בשעהשנ׳וכ׳ (with ref. to Moses); Midr. Till. to Ps. 18:26 sq. 2) to be confirmed, established. Tanḥ. Ttsavveh 9, end (read:) נִתְבָּרְרָה כהונה בידם through them the priesthood became established. Pesik. Dibré p. 115b> (read as:) Yalk. Jer. 258 לא נ׳ … עד שעמדוכ׳ their prophecies were not fulfilled until Jer. arose.

    Jewish literature > בָּרַר

  • 168 ברת I, ברתא

    בְּרַתI, בְּרַתָּא f. (v. בַּר II) daughter, child; issue; young tree. Targ. Gen. 30:21; a. fr.B. Bath. 141a ב׳ נמיוכ׳ the Lord did not suffer Abraham to be even without a daughter. M. Kat. 9b ב׳ אוכמתא Ms. M., v. אוּכָּם. Y.B. Mets.III, 8c bot. ב׳ נוקבה female issue. Lev. R. s. 25 ב׳ פחין a mean woman.ב׳ קלא = בַּת קוֹל.ב׳ שבע a species of figs. Gen. R. s. 15, end (h. בנות שבע). Y.B. Bath.II, end, 13c ב׳ שובעין חיורין white figs; a. fr. (For other compounds, v. respective determinants.Pl. בְּנָן, בְּנָאתָן, בְּנָתָן. Targ. Y. Ex. 10:9 בְּרַתָנָא our daughters. Targ. Gen. 5:4; a. fr.Keth.IV, 11 ב׳ נוקבין, v. בַּר II. Kidd.71b בְּנָתִין our daughters. B. Bath. 141a לדידי בנתןוכ׳ I prefer daughters ; a. fr.Y.Peah VII, 20a bot. ב׳ דחרובתא; Y.Sot.I, 17b top אורתא, v. כְּוַרְתָּא.

    Jewish literature > ברת I, ברתא

  • 169 בְּרַת

    בְּרַתI, בְּרַתָּא f. (v. בַּר II) daughter, child; issue; young tree. Targ. Gen. 30:21; a. fr.B. Bath. 141a ב׳ נמיוכ׳ the Lord did not suffer Abraham to be even without a daughter. M. Kat. 9b ב׳ אוכמתא Ms. M., v. אוּכָּם. Y.B. Mets.III, 8c bot. ב׳ נוקבה female issue. Lev. R. s. 25 ב׳ פחין a mean woman.ב׳ קלא = בַּת קוֹל.ב׳ שבע a species of figs. Gen. R. s. 15, end (h. בנות שבע). Y.B. Bath.II, end, 13c ב׳ שובעין חיורין white figs; a. fr. (For other compounds, v. respective determinants.Pl. בְּנָן, בְּנָאתָן, בְּנָתָן. Targ. Y. Ex. 10:9 בְּרַתָנָא our daughters. Targ. Gen. 5:4; a. fr.Keth.IV, 11 ב׳ נוקבין, v. בַּר II. Kidd.71b בְּנָתִין our daughters. B. Bath. 141a לדידי בנתןוכ׳ I prefer daughters ; a. fr.Y.Peah VII, 20a bot. ב׳ דחרובתא; Y.Sot.I, 17b top אורתא, v. כְּוַרְתָּא.

    Jewish literature > בְּרַת

  • 170 בשורה

    בְּשׂוֹרָהf. (b. h. בְּשׂרָה; בָּשַׂר) joy, glad tiding; in gen. tidings. Keth.16b כוס של ב׳ cup of joy (wine carried in the bridal procession of a virgin), v. explan. ib.Mekh. Bo. s. 12 ב׳ רעה evil prediction. Tanḥ. Ki. Thetse 4; Pesik. Zakh. p. 24a> בְּשׂוֹרַת אמו the news of his mothers death; a. e.Pl. בְּשׂוֹרוֹת. Y.Keth.II, 26b top חבית של ב׳ the keg of wine carried in the bridal procession, v. supra. Num. R. s. 14 (play on בשר Koh. 12:12; Ezek. 36:26) the Lord sends thee ב׳ טובות good tidings. Ber.IX, 2 ב׳ טובות … שמועות רעות Mish. ed. (Talm. ed. 54a ב׳ רעות, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 4) good tidings … bad news. Sabb.63a אין … ב׳ רעות no bad tidings will reach him.

    Jewish literature > בשורה

  • 171 בְּשׂוֹרָה

    בְּשׂוֹרָהf. (b. h. בְּשׂרָה; בָּשַׂר) joy, glad tiding; in gen. tidings. Keth.16b כוס של ב׳ cup of joy (wine carried in the bridal procession of a virgin), v. explan. ib.Mekh. Bo. s. 12 ב׳ רעה evil prediction. Tanḥ. Ki. Thetse 4; Pesik. Zakh. p. 24a> בְּשׂוֹרַת אמו the news of his mothers death; a. e.Pl. בְּשׂוֹרוֹת. Y.Keth.II, 26b top חבית של ב׳ the keg of wine carried in the bridal procession, v. supra. Num. R. s. 14 (play on בשר Koh. 12:12; Ezek. 36:26) the Lord sends thee ב׳ טובות good tidings. Ber.IX, 2 ב׳ טובות … שמועות רעות Mish. ed. (Talm. ed. 54a ב׳ רעות, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 4) good tidings … bad news. Sabb.63a אין … ב׳ רעות no bad tidings will reach him.

    Jewish literature > בְּשׂוֹרָה

  • 172 בתיה

    בִּתְיָה(b. h., 1 Chr. 4:18) pr. n. f. Bithiah, daughter of Pharaoh; in legend, name of Moses foster-mother. Lev. R. s. 1, a. e. (as if בַּת יָהּ daughter of the Lord, pious). Snh.31b לדזיו ליה כבר ב׳ שלם salutation to him whose splendor is like that of the son of B. (Moses).

    Jewish literature > בתיה

  • 173 בִּתְיָה

    בִּתְיָה(b. h., 1 Chr. 4:18) pr. n. f. Bithiah, daughter of Pharaoh; in legend, name of Moses foster-mother. Lev. R. s. 1, a. e. (as if בַּת יָהּ daughter of the Lord, pious). Snh.31b לדזיו ליה כבר ב׳ שלם salutation to him whose splendor is like that of the son of B. (Moses).

    Jewish literature > בִּתְיָה

  • 174 גאה

    גֵּאֶה, גֵּיאֶהm. (b. h.; preced.) lofty; ruler, lord; proud, haughty. Pes.113b דל ג׳ a proud pauper.Pl. גֵּאִים, גֵּיאִים. Gen. R. s. 63 (ref. to גיים, Gen. 25:23) שני גֵיאֵי גויםוכ׳ two rulers of nations (Rome and Israel); Ber.57b; Ab. Zar.11a אל תקרי גוים אלא גֵּיִים read the word גיים not goyim (as the Masorah intimates) but geyim (lords); (Ms. M. a. Yalk. Gen. 110 גֵּאִים). Sifra Bḥuck. Par. 2, ch. V (ref. to Lev. 26:19) אלו הג׳וכ׳ the ‘pride of your power, those are the lordly (patrons) of whom Israel is proud. Cant. R. to III, 10 ארבע ג׳ הם גאהוכ׳ there are four majestic rulers (in the animal kingdom) the ruler among birds ; Ex. R. s. 23. Ḥag.13b שמתגאה על הג׳ who is exalted (rules) over the rulers.Y.Kidd.IV, end, 66c. רובן של עבדים ג׳ most slaves (when raised to power) are overbearing; Treat. Sofrim XV, 10 נאים (corr. acc.); a. fr.V. גֵּאִים.

    Jewish literature > גאה

  • 175 גיאה

    גֵּאֶה, גֵּיאֶהm. (b. h.; preced.) lofty; ruler, lord; proud, haughty. Pes.113b דל ג׳ a proud pauper.Pl. גֵּאִים, גֵּיאִים. Gen. R. s. 63 (ref. to גיים, Gen. 25:23) שני גֵיאֵי גויםוכ׳ two rulers of nations (Rome and Israel); Ber.57b; Ab. Zar.11a אל תקרי גוים אלא גֵּיִים read the word גיים not goyim (as the Masorah intimates) but geyim (lords); (Ms. M. a. Yalk. Gen. 110 גֵּאִים). Sifra Bḥuck. Par. 2, ch. V (ref. to Lev. 26:19) אלו הג׳וכ׳ the ‘pride of your power, those are the lordly (patrons) of whom Israel is proud. Cant. R. to III, 10 ארבע ג׳ הם גאהוכ׳ there are four majestic rulers (in the animal kingdom) the ruler among birds ; Ex. R. s. 23. Ḥag.13b שמתגאה על הג׳ who is exalted (rules) over the rulers.Y.Kidd.IV, end, 66c. רובן של עבדים ג׳ most slaves (when raised to power) are overbearing; Treat. Sofrim XV, 10 נאים (corr. acc.); a. fr.V. גֵּאִים.

    Jewish literature > גיאה

  • 176 גֵּאֶה

    גֵּאֶה, גֵּיאֶהm. (b. h.; preced.) lofty; ruler, lord; proud, haughty. Pes.113b דל ג׳ a proud pauper.Pl. גֵּאִים, גֵּיאִים. Gen. R. s. 63 (ref. to גיים, Gen. 25:23) שני גֵיאֵי גויםוכ׳ two rulers of nations (Rome and Israel); Ber.57b; Ab. Zar.11a אל תקרי גוים אלא גֵּיִים read the word גיים not goyim (as the Masorah intimates) but geyim (lords); (Ms. M. a. Yalk. Gen. 110 גֵּאִים). Sifra Bḥuck. Par. 2, ch. V (ref. to Lev. 26:19) אלו הג׳וכ׳ the ‘pride of your power, those are the lordly (patrons) of whom Israel is proud. Cant. R. to III, 10 ארבע ג׳ הם גאהוכ׳ there are four majestic rulers (in the animal kingdom) the ruler among birds ; Ex. R. s. 23. Ḥag.13b שמתגאה על הג׳ who is exalted (rules) over the rulers.Y.Kidd.IV, end, 66c. רובן של עבדים ג׳ most slaves (when raised to power) are overbearing; Treat. Sofrim XV, 10 נאים (corr. acc.); a. fr.V. גֵּאִים.

    Jewish literature > גֵּאֶה

  • 177 גֵּיאֶה

    גֵּאֶה, גֵּיאֶהm. (b. h.; preced.) lofty; ruler, lord; proud, haughty. Pes.113b דל ג׳ a proud pauper.Pl. גֵּאִים, גֵּיאִים. Gen. R. s. 63 (ref. to גיים, Gen. 25:23) שני גֵיאֵי גויםוכ׳ two rulers of nations (Rome and Israel); Ber.57b; Ab. Zar.11a אל תקרי גוים אלא גֵּיִים read the word גיים not goyim (as the Masorah intimates) but geyim (lords); (Ms. M. a. Yalk. Gen. 110 גֵּאִים). Sifra Bḥuck. Par. 2, ch. V (ref. to Lev. 26:19) אלו הג׳וכ׳ the ‘pride of your power, those are the lordly (patrons) of whom Israel is proud. Cant. R. to III, 10 ארבע ג׳ הם גאהוכ׳ there are four majestic rulers (in the animal kingdom) the ruler among birds ; Ex. R. s. 23. Ḥag.13b שמתגאה על הג׳ who is exalted (rules) over the rulers.Y.Kidd.IV, end, 66c. רובן של עבדים ג׳ most slaves (when raised to power) are overbearing; Treat. Sofrim XV, 10 נאים (corr. acc.); a. fr.V. גֵּאִים.

    Jewish literature > גֵּיאֶה

  • 178 גאי

    גאי, גָּאָה(b. h.; √גא, גו, גה to rise; to be arched, caved) to rise, swell; trnsf. to be elated, proud; to be exalted, majestic. Mekh. Bshall., Shirah 2, v. infra. Tosef.M. Kat. I, 7 גּוֹאֶה, v. גָּהָה. Pi. גֵּאָה, גֵּיאָה to exalt. Mekh. l. c. גֵּאַנִּי וגֵאתִיו He (the Lord) exalted me, and I exalt him; Tanḥ. ib. 12 גֵּאַוְנִי וגֵאִיתִיו; Yalk. Ex. 242 וגואותיו (corr. acc.). Y.Taan.III, 67a top (ref. to Job 23:2–9) אני אמרתי להשפילן … לגָאוֹתָן I (the Lord) decreed to humble them (by dearth), and thouto raise them (Bab. ib. 23a הגבהתו). Hithpa. הִתְגָּאֶה, Nithpa. נִתְגָּאֶה to show ones self glorious, exalt ones self, be exalted; (in an evil sense) to be proud, boast, to lord it. Mekh. l. c. (ref. to Ex. 15:1) גָּאָה ועתיד להִתְגָּאוֹת He was glorious and will be Ib. מִתְגָּאֶה הוא על כל המִתְגָּאִים He exalts himself above all those who are boastful, שֶׁבַּמֶּה שאו״ה מתג׳ לפניווכ׳ for that with which the nations boast themselves, becomes the means of their punishment; Tanḥ. l. c.Ḥag.13b, v. גֶּאֶה. Ib. 5b פרנס המתג׳וכ׳ an officer who lords it over the community. B. Bath.98a המתג׳ בטליתוכ׳ who parades the scholars cloak. Tosef.Sot.III, 10 sq. לא נִתְגָּאוּ אלאוכ׳ became haughty only in consequence of the bounties ; Snh.109a. Ber.10b לאחר שאכל ושתה ונתג׳ זה Ms. M. (ed. לאחר שנתג׳; Yalk. Kings … זה ונתג׳; Lev. 616 לאחר שגאה) after this man has eaten and drunk and become haughty, v. גֵּאִים. Lev. R. s. 10 נתג׳ לבו עליו (Ex. R. s. 37 זחה דעתו) became overbearing.

    Jewish literature > גאי

  • 179 גאה

    גאי, גָּאָה(b. h.; √גא, גו, גה to rise; to be arched, caved) to rise, swell; trnsf. to be elated, proud; to be exalted, majestic. Mekh. Bshall., Shirah 2, v. infra. Tosef.M. Kat. I, 7 גּוֹאֶה, v. גָּהָה. Pi. גֵּאָה, גֵּיאָה to exalt. Mekh. l. c. גֵּאַנִּי וגֵאתִיו He (the Lord) exalted me, and I exalt him; Tanḥ. ib. 12 גֵּאַוְנִי וגֵאִיתִיו; Yalk. Ex. 242 וגואותיו (corr. acc.). Y.Taan.III, 67a top (ref. to Job 23:2–9) אני אמרתי להשפילן … לגָאוֹתָן I (the Lord) decreed to humble them (by dearth), and thouto raise them (Bab. ib. 23a הגבהתו). Hithpa. הִתְגָּאֶה, Nithpa. נִתְגָּאֶה to show ones self glorious, exalt ones self, be exalted; (in an evil sense) to be proud, boast, to lord it. Mekh. l. c. (ref. to Ex. 15:1) גָּאָה ועתיד להִתְגָּאוֹת He was glorious and will be Ib. מִתְגָּאֶה הוא על כל המִתְגָּאִים He exalts himself above all those who are boastful, שֶׁבַּמֶּה שאו״ה מתג׳ לפניווכ׳ for that with which the nations boast themselves, becomes the means of their punishment; Tanḥ. l. c.Ḥag.13b, v. גֶּאֶה. Ib. 5b פרנס המתג׳וכ׳ an officer who lords it over the community. B. Bath.98a המתג׳ בטליתוכ׳ who parades the scholars cloak. Tosef.Sot.III, 10 sq. לא נִתְגָּאוּ אלאוכ׳ became haughty only in consequence of the bounties ; Snh.109a. Ber.10b לאחר שאכל ושתה ונתג׳ זה Ms. M. (ed. לאחר שנתג׳; Yalk. Kings … זה ונתג׳; Lev. 616 לאחר שגאה) after this man has eaten and drunk and become haughty, v. גֵּאִים. Lev. R. s. 10 נתג׳ לבו עליו (Ex. R. s. 37 זחה דעתו) became overbearing.

    Jewish literature > גאה

  • 180 גָּאָה

    גאי, גָּאָה(b. h.; √גא, גו, גה to rise; to be arched, caved) to rise, swell; trnsf. to be elated, proud; to be exalted, majestic. Mekh. Bshall., Shirah 2, v. infra. Tosef.M. Kat. I, 7 גּוֹאֶה, v. גָּהָה. Pi. גֵּאָה, גֵּיאָה to exalt. Mekh. l. c. גֵּאַנִּי וגֵאתִיו He (the Lord) exalted me, and I exalt him; Tanḥ. ib. 12 גֵּאַוְנִי וגֵאִיתִיו; Yalk. Ex. 242 וגואותיו (corr. acc.). Y.Taan.III, 67a top (ref. to Job 23:2–9) אני אמרתי להשפילן … לגָאוֹתָן I (the Lord) decreed to humble them (by dearth), and thouto raise them (Bab. ib. 23a הגבהתו). Hithpa. הִתְגָּאֶה, Nithpa. נִתְגָּאֶה to show ones self glorious, exalt ones self, be exalted; (in an evil sense) to be proud, boast, to lord it. Mekh. l. c. (ref. to Ex. 15:1) גָּאָה ועתיד להִתְגָּאוֹת He was glorious and will be Ib. מִתְגָּאֶה הוא על כל המִתְגָּאִים He exalts himself above all those who are boastful, שֶׁבַּמֶּה שאו״ה מתג׳ לפניווכ׳ for that with which the nations boast themselves, becomes the means of their punishment; Tanḥ. l. c.Ḥag.13b, v. גֶּאֶה. Ib. 5b פרנס המתג׳וכ׳ an officer who lords it over the community. B. Bath.98a המתג׳ בטליתוכ׳ who parades the scholars cloak. Tosef.Sot.III, 10 sq. לא נִתְגָּאוּ אלאוכ׳ became haughty only in consequence of the bounties ; Snh.109a. Ber.10b לאחר שאכל ושתה ונתג׳ זה Ms. M. (ed. לאחר שנתג׳; Yalk. Kings … זה ונתג׳; Lev. 616 לאחר שגאה) after this man has eaten and drunk and become haughty, v. גֵּאִים. Lev. R. s. 10 נתג׳ לבו עליו (Ex. R. s. 37 זחה דעתו) became overbearing.

    Jewish literature > גָּאָה

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