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  • 801 מעלה

    מַעֲלָהf. (b. h.; preced.) 1) ascent, step. Midd. II, 3 רום מ׳ the height of every step; a. e.Pl. מַעֲלוֹת. Ib. Succ.V, 4 חמשה עשר מ׳ היורדזת … שיר המ׳ fifteen steps leading down …, corresponding to the fifteen ‘Songs of Steps (Ps. 120 to 134). Ib. 53a הני חמש עשרה מ׳ those fifteen (Songs of) Steps. Yoma 23a מ׳ האולם the steps in front of the Temple hall (Tosef. ib. I, 12 פתח); a. fr. 2) rise. Num. R. s. 15 מַעֲלָתָן של צדיקים מ׳וכ׳ the rise of the righteous is a rise without a decline; מַעֲלָתוֹ של עשו מ׳ שכולהוכ׳ Esaus (a Romans) rise is a rise which may lead to degradation; a. e. 3) degree, gradation, superiority; preference; advantage. Yoma 44a; Num. R. s. 7 הוי מה מ׳ יש ביןוכ׳ now, there is no gradation of sanctity between the interior of the Temple and the space …, except Keth.13a, a. e. מ׳ עשו ביוחסין where priestly descent is concerned, they put up a higher standard (made the law more stringent). Kidd.70b זו מ׳ יתירה יש ביןוכ׳ this is the distinction of Israelites over converts; a. fr.Pl. as ab. Yoma 44b מ׳ דאוריתא the gradations in sanctity are of Biblical origin (v. Kel. I, 8, sq.). 3) height, on high. Mekh. Mishp. s. 15 עין של מ׳ the eye of the Lord. Tanḥ. Bshall. 23 אש של מ׳ (some ed. שֶׁלְּמַ׳), v. מַטָּה.לְמַעֲלָה a) on high, in heaven. Ḥag.II, 1 (11) מה למ׳ (Ms. M. a. Y. ed. למעלן) what is on high; Gen. R. s. 1; a. fr.Freq. מַעֲלָן, לְמַעֲלָן, שֶׁלְּמַעֲלָן, מִלְּמַ׳, v. מַטָּה.b) upward, behind, beyond. Kidd.IV, 5 מן המזבח ולמ׳, v. בָּדַק; a. fr.c) (of time) further on. Pes.50b, a. fr. מן המנחה ולמ׳ from the minḥah time and onward. Ber.26b; a. fr.d) above, of superior rank. Kel. I, 2, sq. למ׳ מהם of a higher rank (in Levitical law); a. fr.

    Jewish literature > מעלה

  • 802 מַעֲלָה

    מַעֲלָהf. (b. h.; preced.) 1) ascent, step. Midd. II, 3 רום מ׳ the height of every step; a. e.Pl. מַעֲלוֹת. Ib. Succ.V, 4 חמשה עשר מ׳ היורדזת … שיר המ׳ fifteen steps leading down …, corresponding to the fifteen ‘Songs of Steps (Ps. 120 to 134). Ib. 53a הני חמש עשרה מ׳ those fifteen (Songs of) Steps. Yoma 23a מ׳ האולם the steps in front of the Temple hall (Tosef. ib. I, 12 פתח); a. fr. 2) rise. Num. R. s. 15 מַעֲלָתָן של צדיקים מ׳וכ׳ the rise of the righteous is a rise without a decline; מַעֲלָתוֹ של עשו מ׳ שכולהוכ׳ Esaus (a Romans) rise is a rise which may lead to degradation; a. e. 3) degree, gradation, superiority; preference; advantage. Yoma 44a; Num. R. s. 7 הוי מה מ׳ יש ביןוכ׳ now, there is no gradation of sanctity between the interior of the Temple and the space …, except Keth.13a, a. e. מ׳ עשו ביוחסין where priestly descent is concerned, they put up a higher standard (made the law more stringent). Kidd.70b זו מ׳ יתירה יש ביןוכ׳ this is the distinction of Israelites over converts; a. fr.Pl. as ab. Yoma 44b מ׳ דאוריתא the gradations in sanctity are of Biblical origin (v. Kel. I, 8, sq.). 3) height, on high. Mekh. Mishp. s. 15 עין של מ׳ the eye of the Lord. Tanḥ. Bshall. 23 אש של מ׳ (some ed. שֶׁלְּמַ׳), v. מַטָּה.לְמַעֲלָה a) on high, in heaven. Ḥag.II, 1 (11) מה למ׳ (Ms. M. a. Y. ed. למעלן) what is on high; Gen. R. s. 1; a. fr.Freq. מַעֲלָן, לְמַעֲלָן, שֶׁלְּמַעֲלָן, מִלְּמַ׳, v. מַטָּה.b) upward, behind, beyond. Kidd.IV, 5 מן המזבח ולמ׳, v. בָּדַק; a. fr.c) (of time) further on. Pes.50b, a. fr. מן המנחה ולמ׳ from the minḥah time and onward. Ber.26b; a. fr.d) above, of superior rank. Kel. I, 2, sq. למ׳ מהם of a higher rank (in Levitical law); a. fr.

    Jewish literature > מַעֲלָה

  • 803 מצבה

    מַצֵּבָהf. (b. h.; יָצַב) pillar, statue, monument. Sifra Kdosh. introd. (idols are named) מ׳ מפני שהם עומדים matsebah, because they are made to stand. Sifré Deut. 146 (ref. to Deut. 16:22) ומה מ׳ שאהובהוכ׳ if the erection of a pillar which was loved (of the Lord) in the fathers, is hateful in the descendants Y.Ab. Zar. IV, 44a top איזוהי מ׳, v. יְחִידִי; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > מצבה

  • 804 מַצֵּבָה

    מַצֵּבָהf. (b. h.; יָצַב) pillar, statue, monument. Sifra Kdosh. introd. (idols are named) מ׳ מפני שהם עומדים matsebah, because they are made to stand. Sifré Deut. 146 (ref. to Deut. 16:22) ומה מ׳ שאהובהוכ׳ if the erection of a pillar which was loved (of the Lord) in the fathers, is hateful in the descendants Y.Ab. Zar. IV, 44a top איזוהי מ׳, v. יְחִידִי; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > מַצֵּבָה

  • 805 מצות

    מַצּוּתf. (b. h. מַצֻּת־; נָצָה) quarrel, wrangling. Snh.74a; 79a; Keth.33a (ref. to Ex. 21:22) במ׳ שבמיתהוכ׳ the text speaks of a fight with murderous intent; Ex. R. s. 1. Y.Naz.IX, end, 58a (ref. to Ex. l. c. a. 18) והלא היא מ׳ היא מריבהוכ׳ are not matsuth and mribah the same?; Y.Snh.IX, 27a bot.; Y.B. Kam.IV, 4c top. Gen. R. s. 50 (play on מַצּוֹת, Gen. 19:3) מ׳ גדולהוכ׳ a great dispute arose (between Lot and his wife) about the salt; Yalk. ib. 84. Pesik. Vattomer, p. 133b> (ref. to נצו, Lam. 4:15) לא גלו … בעלי מ׳ להקב״ה they did not go into exile until they had become contestants against the Lord. (Not to be confounded with מַצּוֹת, pl. of מַצָּה, a. מִצְוֹת, pl. of מִצְוָה.

    Jewish literature > מצות

  • 806 מַצּוּת

    מַצּוּתf. (b. h. מַצֻּת־; נָצָה) quarrel, wrangling. Snh.74a; 79a; Keth.33a (ref. to Ex. 21:22) במ׳ שבמיתהוכ׳ the text speaks of a fight with murderous intent; Ex. R. s. 1. Y.Naz.IX, end, 58a (ref. to Ex. l. c. a. 18) והלא היא מ׳ היא מריבהוכ׳ are not matsuth and mribah the same?; Y.Snh.IX, 27a bot.; Y.B. Kam.IV, 4c top. Gen. R. s. 50 (play on מַצּוֹת, Gen. 19:3) מ׳ גדולהוכ׳ a great dispute arose (between Lot and his wife) about the salt; Yalk. ib. 84. Pesik. Vattomer, p. 133b> (ref. to נצו, Lam. 4:15) לא גלו … בעלי מ׳ להקב״ה they did not go into exile until they had become contestants against the Lord. (Not to be confounded with מַצּוֹת, pl. of מַצָּה, a. מִצְוֹת, pl. of מִצְוָה.

    Jewish literature > מַצּוּת

  • 807 מצי

    מצי, מָצָא(b. h.; cmp. מְטֵי) to reach; to find. B. Mets.I, 1 אני מְצָאתִיהָ I found it. Ib. 2a הואי אמינא מאי מצאתיה ראיתיהוכ׳ I might have thought ‘I found it meant ‘I discovered it, although he had not taken it up Ib., a. e. וּמְצָאתָהּ דאתאי ליריהוכ׳ ‘and which thou hast found (Deut. 22:3) means that it came into his possession. Gitt.IX, 10 מ׳ בה דבר ערוה he discovered in her something disgraceful (infidelity); מ׳ אחרתוכ׳ he found another woman handsomer than she; a. fr.מה מָצִינוּ ב־ … אףוכ׳ what do we find with regard to? So also, i. e. as in the case of, so Sifra Vayikra, Ndab., ch. VIII, Par. 7 מה מצינו בהקטרה … אף מליקהוכ׳ as when burning (the sacrifice on the altar) the head is separated from the trunk, so when pinching the neck of the bird the head must be severed ; a. fr.Part. pass. מָצוּי, f. מְצוּיָה; pl. מְצוּיִין; מְצוּיוֹת accessible, frequent; likely. Arakh.30b ומצא פרט למ׳ ‘and he find the means (Lev. 25:26), this excludes the case of the means being accessible, i. e. of one who had the means at the time being. B. Mets.27a (ref. to Deut. 22:3, v. supra) מי שאבודה הימנו ומ׳ אצלוכ׳ that which is lost to him but accessible to any body else; אבורה הומנו ואינה מ׳ אצלוכ׳ lost to him and inaccessible to every one else (e. g. swept away by a flood). Sabb.151b שאתה מוֹצֵא ומ׳ לךוכ׳ עשה עד do good while thou findest (an opportunity), and it is possible to thee (thou hast the means), and thou art yet in thy own power (possessest thy faculties). Snh.86a כי ימצא פרט למ׳ ‘if one be found stealing (Deut. 24:7), this excludes the case when the abducted and sold person was in his power (his own child). Ib. כמצויין בידו דמי the case is to be judged as if they (the children) had been in his possession. Gen. R. s. 85 השטר מ׳ להגבות the note can be produced for collection, i. e. evidence can be found against us. Gitt.2b אין עדים מ׳ לקיימו no witnesses are to be had to identify it. B. Mets.18a במקום שהשיירות מ׳ where caravans pass frequently. Esth. R. to I, 1, v. דִּידְכֵי. Ib. (ref. to Ps. 21:9) תהא ידך מ׳ ליפרע מאזיביך thou shalt have the opportunity of punishing thy enemies. B. Kam.4a הזיקה מ׳ the damage through it is frequent. Ib. 60a רוח מ׳ an ordinary wind, רוח שאינה מ׳ an extraordinary wind; a. v. fr. Nif. נִמְצָא to be found. Gen. R. s. 85 שנִמְצְאוּ בגניבה who are caught at a theft; a. fr.Esp. to turn out, to follow, to result. Ḥull.I, 4 נ׳ כשרוכ׳ the result is, what is legal in slaughtering is illegal in pinching. Pes.25b ונ׳ למד, v. לָמֵד II. Sifré Deut. 210 נִמְצִּינוּ למדים from which we can consequently derive.Y.Pes.V, beg.31c, a. fr. נִמְצֵאתָ אומר thou turnest out saying, i. e. the result is, consequently.אם תִּימָּצֵי (תִּמָּצֵא) לומר (abbr. את״ל) if you will say. Gitt.82b אם תמצא לומר איתאוכ׳ if you will adopt the opinion of Sabb.136a את״ל פליגיוכ׳ if you assume that they differ ; a. fr.Tosef.Ohol.IV, 12 כשתמצא לומרוכ׳ if you assume Hif. הִמְצִיא to furnish, provide with. Gen. R. l. c. נאבדו וה׳ הקב״הוכ׳ they (the tokens) had been lost, and the Lord provided others instead. Ḥag.5a (ref. to תמצאן, Deut. 31:21) עבד שרבו מַמְצִיאוכ׳ what remedy is there for a slave for whom his master invents evils and troubles? Ib. הממציא לו מעות לעניוכ׳ he who is ready to furnish the means (of bis delivery) to the poor man in distress (by which the persecutors greed is increased); (Rashi: he who has money ready for the poor man in extreme distress, instead of helping him to a livelihood in due time). Arakh.30b (ref. to Deut. 19:5) ומצא פרט לממציא את עצמו ‘and it strikes, this excludes the case of one who brings himself within the range of the missile (after it is started); Macc.8a; a. e.

    Jewish literature > מצי

  • 808 מצא

    מצי, מָצָא(b. h.; cmp. מְטֵי) to reach; to find. B. Mets.I, 1 אני מְצָאתִיהָ I found it. Ib. 2a הואי אמינא מאי מצאתיה ראיתיהוכ׳ I might have thought ‘I found it meant ‘I discovered it, although he had not taken it up Ib., a. e. וּמְצָאתָהּ דאתאי ליריהוכ׳ ‘and which thou hast found (Deut. 22:3) means that it came into his possession. Gitt.IX, 10 מ׳ בה דבר ערוה he discovered in her something disgraceful (infidelity); מ׳ אחרתוכ׳ he found another woman handsomer than she; a. fr.מה מָצִינוּ ב־ … אףוכ׳ what do we find with regard to? So also, i. e. as in the case of, so Sifra Vayikra, Ndab., ch. VIII, Par. 7 מה מצינו בהקטרה … אף מליקהוכ׳ as when burning (the sacrifice on the altar) the head is separated from the trunk, so when pinching the neck of the bird the head must be severed ; a. fr.Part. pass. מָצוּי, f. מְצוּיָה; pl. מְצוּיִין; מְצוּיוֹת accessible, frequent; likely. Arakh.30b ומצא פרט למ׳ ‘and he find the means (Lev. 25:26), this excludes the case of the means being accessible, i. e. of one who had the means at the time being. B. Mets.27a (ref. to Deut. 22:3, v. supra) מי שאבודה הימנו ומ׳ אצלוכ׳ that which is lost to him but accessible to any body else; אבורה הומנו ואינה מ׳ אצלוכ׳ lost to him and inaccessible to every one else (e. g. swept away by a flood). Sabb.151b שאתה מוֹצֵא ומ׳ לךוכ׳ עשה עד do good while thou findest (an opportunity), and it is possible to thee (thou hast the means), and thou art yet in thy own power (possessest thy faculties). Snh.86a כי ימצא פרט למ׳ ‘if one be found stealing (Deut. 24:7), this excludes the case when the abducted and sold person was in his power (his own child). Ib. כמצויין בידו דמי the case is to be judged as if they (the children) had been in his possession. Gen. R. s. 85 השטר מ׳ להגבות the note can be produced for collection, i. e. evidence can be found against us. Gitt.2b אין עדים מ׳ לקיימו no witnesses are to be had to identify it. B. Mets.18a במקום שהשיירות מ׳ where caravans pass frequently. Esth. R. to I, 1, v. דִּידְכֵי. Ib. (ref. to Ps. 21:9) תהא ידך מ׳ ליפרע מאזיביך thou shalt have the opportunity of punishing thy enemies. B. Kam.4a הזיקה מ׳ the damage through it is frequent. Ib. 60a רוח מ׳ an ordinary wind, רוח שאינה מ׳ an extraordinary wind; a. v. fr. Nif. נִמְצָא to be found. Gen. R. s. 85 שנִמְצְאוּ בגניבה who are caught at a theft; a. fr.Esp. to turn out, to follow, to result. Ḥull.I, 4 נ׳ כשרוכ׳ the result is, what is legal in slaughtering is illegal in pinching. Pes.25b ונ׳ למד, v. לָמֵד II. Sifré Deut. 210 נִמְצִּינוּ למדים from which we can consequently derive.Y.Pes.V, beg.31c, a. fr. נִמְצֵאתָ אומר thou turnest out saying, i. e. the result is, consequently.אם תִּימָּצֵי (תִּמָּצֵא) לומר (abbr. את״ל) if you will say. Gitt.82b אם תמצא לומר איתאוכ׳ if you will adopt the opinion of Sabb.136a את״ל פליגיוכ׳ if you assume that they differ ; a. fr.Tosef.Ohol.IV, 12 כשתמצא לומרוכ׳ if you assume Hif. הִמְצִיא to furnish, provide with. Gen. R. l. c. נאבדו וה׳ הקב״הוכ׳ they (the tokens) had been lost, and the Lord provided others instead. Ḥag.5a (ref. to תמצאן, Deut. 31:21) עבד שרבו מַמְצִיאוכ׳ what remedy is there for a slave for whom his master invents evils and troubles? Ib. הממציא לו מעות לעניוכ׳ he who is ready to furnish the means (of bis delivery) to the poor man in distress (by which the persecutors greed is increased); (Rashi: he who has money ready for the poor man in extreme distress, instead of helping him to a livelihood in due time). Arakh.30b (ref. to Deut. 19:5) ומצא פרט לממציא את עצמו ‘and it strikes, this excludes the case of one who brings himself within the range of the missile (after it is started); Macc.8a; a. e.

    Jewish literature > מצא

  • 809 מָצָא

    מצי, מָצָא(b. h.; cmp. מְטֵי) to reach; to find. B. Mets.I, 1 אני מְצָאתִיהָ I found it. Ib. 2a הואי אמינא מאי מצאתיה ראיתיהוכ׳ I might have thought ‘I found it meant ‘I discovered it, although he had not taken it up Ib., a. e. וּמְצָאתָהּ דאתאי ליריהוכ׳ ‘and which thou hast found (Deut. 22:3) means that it came into his possession. Gitt.IX, 10 מ׳ בה דבר ערוה he discovered in her something disgraceful (infidelity); מ׳ אחרתוכ׳ he found another woman handsomer than she; a. fr.מה מָצִינוּ ב־ … אףוכ׳ what do we find with regard to? So also, i. e. as in the case of, so Sifra Vayikra, Ndab., ch. VIII, Par. 7 מה מצינו בהקטרה … אף מליקהוכ׳ as when burning (the sacrifice on the altar) the head is separated from the trunk, so when pinching the neck of the bird the head must be severed ; a. fr.Part. pass. מָצוּי, f. מְצוּיָה; pl. מְצוּיִין; מְצוּיוֹת accessible, frequent; likely. Arakh.30b ומצא פרט למ׳ ‘and he find the means (Lev. 25:26), this excludes the case of the means being accessible, i. e. of one who had the means at the time being. B. Mets.27a (ref. to Deut. 22:3, v. supra) מי שאבודה הימנו ומ׳ אצלוכ׳ that which is lost to him but accessible to any body else; אבורה הומנו ואינה מ׳ אצלוכ׳ lost to him and inaccessible to every one else (e. g. swept away by a flood). Sabb.151b שאתה מוֹצֵא ומ׳ לךוכ׳ עשה עד do good while thou findest (an opportunity), and it is possible to thee (thou hast the means), and thou art yet in thy own power (possessest thy faculties). Snh.86a כי ימצא פרט למ׳ ‘if one be found stealing (Deut. 24:7), this excludes the case when the abducted and sold person was in his power (his own child). Ib. כמצויין בידו דמי the case is to be judged as if they (the children) had been in his possession. Gen. R. s. 85 השטר מ׳ להגבות the note can be produced for collection, i. e. evidence can be found against us. Gitt.2b אין עדים מ׳ לקיימו no witnesses are to be had to identify it. B. Mets.18a במקום שהשיירות מ׳ where caravans pass frequently. Esth. R. to I, 1, v. דִּידְכֵי. Ib. (ref. to Ps. 21:9) תהא ידך מ׳ ליפרע מאזיביך thou shalt have the opportunity of punishing thy enemies. B. Kam.4a הזיקה מ׳ the damage through it is frequent. Ib. 60a רוח מ׳ an ordinary wind, רוח שאינה מ׳ an extraordinary wind; a. v. fr. Nif. נִמְצָא to be found. Gen. R. s. 85 שנִמְצְאוּ בגניבה who are caught at a theft; a. fr.Esp. to turn out, to follow, to result. Ḥull.I, 4 נ׳ כשרוכ׳ the result is, what is legal in slaughtering is illegal in pinching. Pes.25b ונ׳ למד, v. לָמֵד II. Sifré Deut. 210 נִמְצִּינוּ למדים from which we can consequently derive.Y.Pes.V, beg.31c, a. fr. נִמְצֵאתָ אומר thou turnest out saying, i. e. the result is, consequently.אם תִּימָּצֵי (תִּמָּצֵא) לומר (abbr. את״ל) if you will say. Gitt.82b אם תמצא לומר איתאוכ׳ if you will adopt the opinion of Sabb.136a את״ל פליגיוכ׳ if you assume that they differ ; a. fr.Tosef.Ohol.IV, 12 כשתמצא לומרוכ׳ if you assume Hif. הִמְצִיא to furnish, provide with. Gen. R. l. c. נאבדו וה׳ הקב״הוכ׳ they (the tokens) had been lost, and the Lord provided others instead. Ḥag.5a (ref. to תמצאן, Deut. 31:21) עבד שרבו מַמְצִיאוכ׳ what remedy is there for a slave for whom his master invents evils and troubles? Ib. הממציא לו מעות לעניוכ׳ he who is ready to furnish the means (of bis delivery) to the poor man in distress (by which the persecutors greed is increased); (Rashi: he who has money ready for the poor man in extreme distress, instead of helping him to a livelihood in due time). Arakh.30b (ref. to Deut. 19:5) ומצא פרט לממציא את עצמו ‘and it strikes, this excludes the case of one who brings himself within the range of the missile (after it is started); Macc.8a; a. e.

    Jewish literature > מָצָא

  • 810 מצילה

    מְצִילָּהf., pl. מְצִילּוֹת (b. h. מְצַלּוֹת; צָלַל) 1) bells. Pes.50a (ref. to Zech. 14:20) כל מ׳ שתוליןוכ׳ all bells which they suspend on the horse … shall be sacred unto the Lord.( 2) (homilet.) shades. Ib.; Y. ib. III, end, 30b, v. צָלַל Hif.)

    Jewish literature > מצילה

  • 811 מְצִילָּה

    מְצִילָּהf., pl. מְצִילּוֹת (b. h. מְצַלּוֹת; צָלַל) 1) bells. Pes.50a (ref. to Zech. 14:20) כל מ׳ שתוליןוכ׳ all bells which they suspend on the horse … shall be sacred unto the Lord.( 2) (homilet.) shades. Ib.; Y. ib. III, end, 30b, v. צָלַל Hif.)

    Jewish literature > מְצִילָּה

  • 812 מקוה

    מִקְוֶהm. (b. h.; קָוָה) gathering of water, esp. the ritual bath of purification. Yoma VIII, 9 (play on מקוה hope, Jer. 17:13) מה מ׳ מטהרוכ׳ as the bath purifies the unclean, so does the Lord Ib. 31a מי מ׳ ארבעים סאה the contents of a ritual bath must be forty Sah; Num. R. s. 18. Mikv. I, 7 שוה למ׳וכ׳ has the qualification of a ritual miḳveh when gathered in a pond, contrad. to מַעְיָן; a. v. fr.Trnsf. means of purification. Kidd.64a בנות ישראל מִקְוֵה טהרהוכ׳ daughters of common Israelites are the means of purity (reinstatement to priestly status) for (the issue of) degraded priests, i. e. the daughter of an Israelite woman and a degraded priest may marry into priesthood; ib. 77a; Tosef. ib. V, 3; a. e.Pl. מִקְווֹת, מִקְוָאֹות, מִקְווָ׳. Y.Ter.IV, 43a bot. שני מקוות; Mikv. II, 3 שני מ׳וכ׳ two adjacent reservoirs one of which contains Ib. I, 1; a. fr. Miḳvaoth, name of a treatise of Mishnah and Tosefta of the Order of Tohăroth.

    Jewish literature > מקוה

  • 813 מִקְוֶה

    מִקְוֶהm. (b. h.; קָוָה) gathering of water, esp. the ritual bath of purification. Yoma VIII, 9 (play on מקוה hope, Jer. 17:13) מה מ׳ מטהרוכ׳ as the bath purifies the unclean, so does the Lord Ib. 31a מי מ׳ ארבעים סאה the contents of a ritual bath must be forty Sah; Num. R. s. 18. Mikv. I, 7 שוה למ׳וכ׳ has the qualification of a ritual miḳveh when gathered in a pond, contrad. to מַעְיָן; a. v. fr.Trnsf. means of purification. Kidd.64a בנות ישראל מִקְוֵה טהרהוכ׳ daughters of common Israelites are the means of purity (reinstatement to priestly status) for (the issue of) degraded priests, i. e. the daughter of an Israelite woman and a degraded priest may marry into priesthood; ib. 77a; Tosef. ib. V, 3; a. e.Pl. מִקְווֹת, מִקְוָאֹות, מִקְווָ׳. Y.Ter.IV, 43a bot. שני מקוות; Mikv. II, 3 שני מ׳וכ׳ two adjacent reservoirs one of which contains Ib. I, 1; a. fr. Miḳvaoth, name of a treatise of Mishnah and Tosefta of the Order of Tohăroth.

    Jewish literature > מִקְוֶה

  • 814 מקום

    מָקוֹםm. (b. h.; קוּם) 1) place. Ab. Zar.8b; Snh.14b המ׳ גורם, v. גָּרַם. Yoma 38a bot. בשמך יקראוך ובמְקוֹמְךָוכ׳ thou shalt be called by what name thou deservest, and given the place due to thee, i. e. be not afraid of human envy. Shebu.VII, 4 חזרה השבועה למְקוֹמָהּ the oath goes back to its home, expl. ib. 47a חזרה שבועה לסיני the oath goes back to Sinai, i. e. no oath is demanded and no decision rendered, the case being surrendered to him who proclaimed on Sinai, ‘thou shalt not rob; oth. opin. חזרה שבועה למחוייב לה the oath goes back to him who by right should have been asked to make oath but could not be permitted to swear on account of disqualification, i. e. he must pay; a. v. fr.כל מ׳, בכל מ׳ (abbr. כ״מ, בכ״מ) everywhere. Sabb.40b; a. fr.כל מ׳ ש־, בכ״מ wherever. Erub.81b. Meg.29a; a. fr.אותו מ׳, v. אוֹת III. 2) existence, substance; הַמָּ׳ the Existence, the Lord (cmp. מָעוֹן). Gen. R. s. 68 מפני מה מכנין שמו שלהקב״ה וקוראין אותו מ׳ in circumscribing the name of the Lord, why do we call him Maḳom? שהוא מְקוֹמוֹ של עולם ואין עולמו מקומו because He is the existence (the preserver) of the world, but His world is not His existence; Pesik. R. s. 21; a. e.Ab. Zar.40b ברוך המ׳ שמסר עולמו לשומרים blessed be the Lord who has given his world over to preservers (who has created remedies). Nidd.49b המ׳ יהיה בעזרו the Lord be with him. Ber.16b; Lev. R. s. 5, v. חֶסְרוֹן; a. v. fr.

    Jewish literature > מקום

  • 815 מָקוֹם

    מָקוֹםm. (b. h.; קוּם) 1) place. Ab. Zar.8b; Snh.14b המ׳ גורם, v. גָּרַם. Yoma 38a bot. בשמך יקראוך ובמְקוֹמְךָוכ׳ thou shalt be called by what name thou deservest, and given the place due to thee, i. e. be not afraid of human envy. Shebu.VII, 4 חזרה השבועה למְקוֹמָהּ the oath goes back to its home, expl. ib. 47a חזרה שבועה לסיני the oath goes back to Sinai, i. e. no oath is demanded and no decision rendered, the case being surrendered to him who proclaimed on Sinai, ‘thou shalt not rob; oth. opin. חזרה שבועה למחוייב לה the oath goes back to him who by right should have been asked to make oath but could not be permitted to swear on account of disqualification, i. e. he must pay; a. v. fr.כל מ׳, בכל מ׳ (abbr. כ״מ, בכ״מ) everywhere. Sabb.40b; a. fr.כל מ׳ ש־, בכ״מ wherever. Erub.81b. Meg.29a; a. fr.אותו מ׳, v. אוֹת III. 2) existence, substance; הַמָּ׳ the Existence, the Lord (cmp. מָעוֹן). Gen. R. s. 68 מפני מה מכנין שמו שלהקב״ה וקוראין אותו מ׳ in circumscribing the name of the Lord, why do we call him Maḳom? שהוא מְקוֹמוֹ של עולם ואין עולמו מקומו because He is the existence (the preserver) of the world, but His world is not His existence; Pesik. R. s. 21; a. e.Ab. Zar.40b ברוך המ׳ שמסר עולמו לשומרים blessed be the Lord who has given his world over to preservers (who has created remedies). Nidd.49b המ׳ יהיה בעזרו the Lord be with him. Ber.16b; Lev. R. s. 5, v. חֶסְרוֹן; a. v. fr.

    Jewish literature > מָקוֹם

  • 816 מר II

    מַרII m. (b. h.; מָרַר) 1) bitter. Pes.39a כל ירק מרוכ׳ every bitter herb contains a gum (won by impissation). Lev. R. s. 31 מר מזה מתחת ידווכ׳ rather something bitterer than this out of the hand of the Lord, than sweets out of thine; Yalk. Gen. 59; Gen. R. s. 33 (corr. acc.); a. fr.Y.Snh.X, 27d מר לי woe is me. Keth.69b (play on וס̇ר̇ מ̇ר̇ז̇ח̇ סרוחים, Am. 6:7) מֹרֹ וזֹחֹ נעשה שר לסרוחים he who is bitter (of soul) and distracted (through bereavement) is made the chief of those banqueting (i. e. the mourner must sit at the head at the comforting meal); M. Kat. 28b (not מרזח, Ms. M. מרוזח); Yalk. Am. 545. 2) corrosive substance; trnsf. care, worry. Sabb.30b; Pes.117a (play on מוֹר, Cant. 5:13) a student before his teacher, ואין שפתותיו נוטפות מר whose lips to not drip from care; (Cant. R. l. c. ששפתיו נוטפות מור). 3) mar, name of a bitter herb, ferula. Pes. l. c. מר ירואר, expl. מר זה הוא י׳ mar is yroar, v. יְרוֹאָר; (for. Var. lect. v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note). Fem. מָרָה, q. v.

    Jewish literature > מר II

  • 817 מַר

    מַרII m. (b. h.; מָרַר) 1) bitter. Pes.39a כל ירק מרוכ׳ every bitter herb contains a gum (won by impissation). Lev. R. s. 31 מר מזה מתחת ידווכ׳ rather something bitterer than this out of the hand of the Lord, than sweets out of thine; Yalk. Gen. 59; Gen. R. s. 33 (corr. acc.); a. fr.Y.Snh.X, 27d מר לי woe is me. Keth.69b (play on וס̇ר̇ מ̇ר̇ז̇ח̇ סרוחים, Am. 6:7) מֹרֹ וזֹחֹ נעשה שר לסרוחים he who is bitter (of soul) and distracted (through bereavement) is made the chief of those banqueting (i. e. the mourner must sit at the head at the comforting meal); M. Kat. 28b (not מרזח, Ms. M. מרוזח); Yalk. Am. 545. 2) corrosive substance; trnsf. care, worry. Sabb.30b; Pes.117a (play on מוֹר, Cant. 5:13) a student before his teacher, ואין שפתותיו נוטפות מר whose lips to not drip from care; (Cant. R. l. c. ששפתיו נוטפות מור). 3) mar, name of a bitter herb, ferula. Pes. l. c. מר ירואר, expl. מר זה הוא י׳ mar is yroar, v. יְרוֹאָר; (for. Var. lect. v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note). Fem. מָרָה, q. v.

    Jewish literature > מַר

  • 818 מר IV

    מַרIV, מָר (h. a. ch.), מָרָא I m. (pl. forms מָרֵא, מָרֵי, מָארֵי) (Arab. marua, cmp. מָרָא, to be strong; cmp. גָּבַר a. גֶּבֶר) man, lord, master; somebody; (as a title) Mar. Tosef.Shek. II, 15 מפני שמר על הכל because he was ruler, v. אֲמַרְכּוֹל; Hor.13a אמר כולא (prob. to be read מרא כולא).Lev. R. s. 31 מָרִי נח my lord Noah. Y.Peah VIII, end, 21b לא יכעוס מָרִי עלי let my lord not be angry ; a. e.Targ. Gen. 37:19. Targ. Prov. 23:2; a. fr.Snh.109b אי מר רבה … ואי מרוכ׳ if the one (Moses) is teacher (leader), thou art a pupil (subordinate), and if the other (Korah) is Ḥull.105a, a. fr. מר אמר חדא ומר אמרוכ׳ one said one thing, another another thing, but they do not differ. Yoma 20b ומר אמר לי Ms. M. (ed. ואת אמרת) and you, Sir, say to me Ib. מר ניהו רב נינח מר (Rashi מר הוא) the man (you speak of) is a teacher; sit down, Sir. B. Kam.60b אמר ליה לימא מרוכ׳ one said to him, tell us, Sir &.Ber.2a, a. fr. אמר מר it has been said (introducing a discussion on a subject previously touched upon). Y.Snh.I, 18c bot., a. e. אכן מָרָהּ דשמעתאוכ׳ in such a case the author of the rule would not have maintained it. Y.Ter.VIII, 45c הא מרי שמועתא והא מ׳ עובדא here is a master of traditions and a master of practice. Gen. R. s. 58 (expl. תושב, Gen. 23:4) מארי ביתא (= בעל הבית) owner of a house, citizen, opp. דיירא. Succ.32b, a. fr. שרי ליה מָרֵיה ל־ the Lord forgive him (he is mistaken).Ned.50a יעביד מָרָנָא עליה let our lord do with this (be contented for the present). Y.Ab. Zar. V, 44d (read:) אין את מָרָהּ דנפשך (cmp. Prov. 23:2) if thou art master over thy desire; אי נפשך מָרָתָךְ if thy desire is master over thee; Deut. R. s. 2 אנא מָרֵי דנפשי אנא I am master over my desire; a. fr.Pl. מָרֵי = בַּעֲלִים (used as sing. a. pl.; v. supra). Targ. Is. 3:12; a. fr.מָרָוָותָא, מָרָוָתָא (pl. of מָרוּתָא). Targ. Prov. 5:13 (h. text מוֹרָי). 40a כלו מ׳ בתראי the owners at second hand (of the settlement of slaves) died out; אהדרו אבני מ׳ קרמאי apply (for emancipation) to the heirs of the original owners. B. Bath.3b קטלינהו לכולהו מָרָוָתֵיה (Var. לכולהו בני מרותיה) he (Herod) killed all of his masters family. B. Kam. 103a מ׳ דכיתנא Ms. M. (ed. מָרָוָותֵיה) the owner of the flax; a. fr.Mar Samuel, Mar Ukban, v. respect, pr. nouns.Fem. מָרְתָא, מָרְתָה 1) mistress, constr. מָרַת. Targ. 1 Kings 17:17. Targ. Is. 24:2; a. fr.Gen. R. s. 52, v. בַּעֲלָה. Y. Ḥag.II, 77d מ׳ דביתא the hostess. Y.Peah VIII, 21b top (read:) הב ליה יתיר דנפשיה מָרָתֵיה give him (the poor man) more, for his appetite is his master (he is used to good living). Y. Ab. Zar. l. c., v. supra; a. fr. 2) pr. n. f. Martha. Gitt.56a; a. fr. מ׳ בת ביתוס, v. בַּיְתוֹס.M. Kat. 26b bot. אבא בר מ׳ (Ms. M. מָרַת); Yeb.120a; Sabb.121b; Yoma 84a (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 60); a. e. 3) pr. n. m. (?). Snh.5a bot. B. Bath.52a (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 8). Pes.103a top מ׳ אמר (Ms. M. 1 רב ברונא; Ms. M. 2 מרונא, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note).

    Jewish literature > מר IV

  • 819 מַר

    מַרIV, מָר (h. a. ch.), מָרָא I m. (pl. forms מָרֵא, מָרֵי, מָארֵי) (Arab. marua, cmp. מָרָא, to be strong; cmp. גָּבַר a. גֶּבֶר) man, lord, master; somebody; (as a title) Mar. Tosef.Shek. II, 15 מפני שמר על הכל because he was ruler, v. אֲמַרְכּוֹל; Hor.13a אמר כולא (prob. to be read מרא כולא).Lev. R. s. 31 מָרִי נח my lord Noah. Y.Peah VIII, end, 21b לא יכעוס מָרִי עלי let my lord not be angry ; a. e.Targ. Gen. 37:19. Targ. Prov. 23:2; a. fr.Snh.109b אי מר רבה … ואי מרוכ׳ if the one (Moses) is teacher (leader), thou art a pupil (subordinate), and if the other (Korah) is Ḥull.105a, a. fr. מר אמר חדא ומר אמרוכ׳ one said one thing, another another thing, but they do not differ. Yoma 20b ומר אמר לי Ms. M. (ed. ואת אמרת) and you, Sir, say to me Ib. מר ניהו רב נינח מר (Rashi מר הוא) the man (you speak of) is a teacher; sit down, Sir. B. Kam.60b אמר ליה לימא מרוכ׳ one said to him, tell us, Sir &.Ber.2a, a. fr. אמר מר it has been said (introducing a discussion on a subject previously touched upon). Y.Snh.I, 18c bot., a. e. אכן מָרָהּ דשמעתאוכ׳ in such a case the author of the rule would not have maintained it. Y.Ter.VIII, 45c הא מרי שמועתא והא מ׳ עובדא here is a master of traditions and a master of practice. Gen. R. s. 58 (expl. תושב, Gen. 23:4) מארי ביתא (= בעל הבית) owner of a house, citizen, opp. דיירא. Succ.32b, a. fr. שרי ליה מָרֵיה ל־ the Lord forgive him (he is mistaken).Ned.50a יעביד מָרָנָא עליה let our lord do with this (be contented for the present). Y.Ab. Zar. V, 44d (read:) אין את מָרָהּ דנפשך (cmp. Prov. 23:2) if thou art master over thy desire; אי נפשך מָרָתָךְ if thy desire is master over thee; Deut. R. s. 2 אנא מָרֵי דנפשי אנא I am master over my desire; a. fr.Pl. מָרֵי = בַּעֲלִים (used as sing. a. pl.; v. supra). Targ. Is. 3:12; a. fr.מָרָוָותָא, מָרָוָתָא (pl. of מָרוּתָא). Targ. Prov. 5:13 (h. text מוֹרָי). 40a כלו מ׳ בתראי the owners at second hand (of the settlement of slaves) died out; אהדרו אבני מ׳ קרמאי apply (for emancipation) to the heirs of the original owners. B. Bath.3b קטלינהו לכולהו מָרָוָתֵיה (Var. לכולהו בני מרותיה) he (Herod) killed all of his masters family. B. Kam. 103a מ׳ דכיתנא Ms. M. (ed. מָרָוָותֵיה) the owner of the flax; a. fr.Mar Samuel, Mar Ukban, v. respect, pr. nouns.Fem. מָרְתָא, מָרְתָה 1) mistress, constr. מָרַת. Targ. 1 Kings 17:17. Targ. Is. 24:2; a. fr.Gen. R. s. 52, v. בַּעֲלָה. Y. Ḥag.II, 77d מ׳ דביתא the hostess. Y.Peah VIII, 21b top (read:) הב ליה יתיר דנפשיה מָרָתֵיה give him (the poor man) more, for his appetite is his master (he is used to good living). Y. Ab. Zar. l. c., v. supra; a. fr. 2) pr. n. f. Martha. Gitt.56a; a. fr. מ׳ בת ביתוס, v. בַּיְתוֹס.M. Kat. 26b bot. אבא בר מ׳ (Ms. M. מָרַת); Yeb.120a; Sabb.121b; Yoma 84a (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 60); a. e. 3) pr. n. m. (?). Snh.5a bot. B. Bath.52a (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 8). Pes.103a top מ׳ אמר (Ms. M. 1 רב ברונא; Ms. M. 2 מרונא, v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note).

    Jewish literature > מַר

  • 820 מרד I

    מֶרֶדI m. (b. h.; denom. of יָרַד) (running away, running against, cmp. מַעַל, desertion, rebellion. Pes.55b אחר שלשה למִרְדָהּ after three days since her (the birds) deserting the eggs; ib. למוֹרְדָהּ. Midr. Till. to Ps. 90 בשביל המ׳ שמרדתי אניוכ׳ I beg for amnesty for the rebellion which I made. Gen. R. s. 23; s. 26 (ref. to הוחל, החל, Gen. 4:26; 6:1; 10:8) לשין מ׳ it means desertion from the Lord (cmp. חָלַל, חוּלִּין); a. fr.איגרת מ׳ a document stating a wifes, or a husbands, refusal of duties, v. מָרַד I. Keth.64a; Y. ib. V, 30b bot.; Y.Kidd.I, 59a bot.; a. fr.Pl. מְרָדִים rebellious acts, contrad. to sins of passion ( זדונות). Tosef. Yoma II, 1; Yoma 36b; Y. ib. III, 40d bot., v. פֶּשַׁע.

    Jewish literature > מרד I

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