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  • 661 כפת

    כָּפַת(cmp. preced.) to twist, tie. Tam.IV, 1 לא היו כופְתִיןוכ׳ they did not twist (tie together the four feet of) the lamb, opp. העקיד, v. עָקַר. Snh.70b (ref. to Prov. 31:1) שכְּפָתתּוֹ אמווכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. שכפאתו) his mother tied him to a post; Num. R. s. 10 כפפתו (corr. acc.). Par. III, 9 כְּפָתוּהָוכ׳ they tied her (the red heifer) with a rope Gen. R. s. 56 כל מה … עוקד … כופתוכ׳ (some ed. כובש) as much as Abraham hound Isaac …, the Lord tied (held in check) the genii of the gentiles; Yalk. Gen. 101; Yalk. Nah. 561. Gen. R. l. c. כְּפָתֵנִיוכ׳ tie me well. Macc.III, 12 כופת שתי ידיווכ׳ (some ed. כופה) one puts both his hands in stocks on the pole. Gitt.14b אומרין כְּפוֹתוּ כּוֹפְתִין when they (the officers) say, put him in stocks, they put him Succ.32a (ref. to כפת, Lev. 23:40) כָּפוּת אם היה פרוד יִכְפְּתֶנּוּ (Ms. M. omits כפות) it must be tied; if the branch is spread, one must tie it closely. Ib. כָּפוּת מכללוכ׳ ‘tied implies that it is sometimes spread, while this (the stalk) is always tied (closely pressed together). Toh. VII, 5 אפי׳ כפות, v. יָבַל. Y.Gitt.I, end, 43d; Y.Kidd.III, 64a bot. ויוסי אחי כ׳וכ׳ and (I saw) my brother J. in stocks and the lash passing over him. Midr. Till. to Ps. 2:3 (ref. to ‘their bands, Ib.) אלו שבע מצות שהן כְּפוּתִין בהן (not כתופין כתיפ׳, v. ed. Bub. note) those are the seven (Noachidic) laws by which they (the gentiles) are tied (restrained); a. e. Pi. כִּיפֵּת same. Tosef.Kel.B. Bath. II, 1. Y.Hor.III, 48b bot. מְכַפֵּת, v. כָּפַף.Part. pass. מְכוּפָּת, pl. מְכוּפָּתִין. Esth. R. to I, 6, v. כְּפָתָא. Nif. נִכְפָּת to be tied. Cant. R. to. I, 14.

    Jewish literature > כפת

  • 662 כָּפַת

    כָּפַת(cmp. preced.) to twist, tie. Tam.IV, 1 לא היו כופְתִיןוכ׳ they did not twist (tie together the four feet of) the lamb, opp. העקיד, v. עָקַר. Snh.70b (ref. to Prov. 31:1) שכְּפָתתּוֹ אמווכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. שכפאתו) his mother tied him to a post; Num. R. s. 10 כפפתו (corr. acc.). Par. III, 9 כְּפָתוּהָוכ׳ they tied her (the red heifer) with a rope Gen. R. s. 56 כל מה … עוקד … כופתוכ׳ (some ed. כובש) as much as Abraham hound Isaac …, the Lord tied (held in check) the genii of the gentiles; Yalk. Gen. 101; Yalk. Nah. 561. Gen. R. l. c. כְּפָתֵנִיוכ׳ tie me well. Macc.III, 12 כופת שתי ידיווכ׳ (some ed. כופה) one puts both his hands in stocks on the pole. Gitt.14b אומרין כְּפוֹתוּ כּוֹפְתִין when they (the officers) say, put him in stocks, they put him Succ.32a (ref. to כפת, Lev. 23:40) כָּפוּת אם היה פרוד יִכְפְּתֶנּוּ (Ms. M. omits כפות) it must be tied; if the branch is spread, one must tie it closely. Ib. כָּפוּת מכללוכ׳ ‘tied implies that it is sometimes spread, while this (the stalk) is always tied (closely pressed together). Toh. VII, 5 אפי׳ כפות, v. יָבַל. Y.Gitt.I, end, 43d; Y.Kidd.III, 64a bot. ויוסי אחי כ׳וכ׳ and (I saw) my brother J. in stocks and the lash passing over him. Midr. Till. to Ps. 2:3 (ref. to ‘their bands, Ib.) אלו שבע מצות שהן כְּפוּתִין בהן (not כתופין כתיפ׳, v. ed. Bub. note) those are the seven (Noachidic) laws by which they (the gentiles) are tied (restrained); a. e. Pi. כִּיפֵּת same. Tosef.Kel.B. Bath. II, 1. Y.Hor.III, 48b bot. מְכַפֵּת, v. כָּפַף.Part. pass. מְכוּפָּת, pl. מְכוּפָּתִין. Esth. R. to I, 6, v. כְּפָתָא. Nif. נִכְפָּת to be tied. Cant. R. to. I, 14.

    Jewish literature > כָּפַת

  • 663 כרז

    כָּרַז to call together (cmp. כְּלֵי II); to call out, announce. Tanḥ. Mishp. 19 וכשהמלאך כּוֹרֵז האדם בשלום as long as the angel cries out (‘give honor to the image of God), man is safe. Ib. (ref. to Job 33:23) אם יהא מן אותן אלף כורזוכ׳ if there be one out of the thousand (angels) crying out before him, to proclaim a mans righteousness. Esth. R. to VI, 12 כּוֹרֵז, v. כָּרוֹז. Deut. R. s. 4 והכרוזות כּוֹרְזִיןוכ׳ and the criers (angels) call out before him, Give room, v. infra. Hif. הִכְרִיז same. Tanḥ. l. c. ואחד מהם מַכְרִיו … תנווכ׳ and one of them (the angels) cries out before him, saying, Give honor ; Midr. Till. to Ps. 17; Yalk. Ps. 670 מַכְרִיזִין, v. אִיקוֹנְיָא. B. Mets.II, 1, sq. אלו חייב להַכְרִיז the following finds one must publish. Ib. 28b אבידתא מַכְרִיז the crier announces that something has been found (not defining the object), opp. to גלימא מכריז ‘a cloak (or whatever the object may be).Pes.113a שלשההקב״ה מכריז עליהםוכ׳ Ms. M. there are three persons for whose sake the Lord sends out the crier every day (to announce their praise); a. fr.

    Jewish literature > כרז

  • 664 כָּרַז

    כָּרַז to call together (cmp. כְּלֵי II); to call out, announce. Tanḥ. Mishp. 19 וכשהמלאך כּוֹרֵז האדם בשלום as long as the angel cries out (‘give honor to the image of God), man is safe. Ib. (ref. to Job 33:23) אם יהא מן אותן אלף כורזוכ׳ if there be one out of the thousand (angels) crying out before him, to proclaim a mans righteousness. Esth. R. to VI, 12 כּוֹרֵז, v. כָּרוֹז. Deut. R. s. 4 והכרוזות כּוֹרְזִיןוכ׳ and the criers (angels) call out before him, Give room, v. infra. Hif. הִכְרִיז same. Tanḥ. l. c. ואחד מהם מַכְרִיו … תנווכ׳ and one of them (the angels) cries out before him, saying, Give honor ; Midr. Till. to Ps. 17; Yalk. Ps. 670 מַכְרִיזִין, v. אִיקוֹנְיָא. B. Mets.II, 1, sq. אלו חייב להַכְרִיז the following finds one must publish. Ib. 28b אבידתא מַכְרִיז the crier announces that something has been found (not defining the object), opp. to גלימא מכריז ‘a cloak (or whatever the object may be).Pes.113a שלשההקב״ה מכריז עליהםוכ׳ Ms. M. there are three persons for whose sake the Lord sends out the crier every day (to announce their praise); a. fr.

    Jewish literature > כָּרַז

  • 665 כרכור

    כִּרְכּוּר, כִּירְ׳m. (כִּרְכֵּר) 1) circle, circuit, round about way.Pl. כִּרְכּוּרִים, רִין …, כִּירְ׳. Gen. R. s. 20; s. 45, end; s. 63; Yalk. Gen. 80; 82 כמה כ׳ כרכר בשביל להסיחוכ׳ how many circuits did the Lord make before he addressed Sarah directly (ref. to Gen. 18:13 to 15, and interpreting ויאמר, verse 15, ‘and the Lord said); Y.SotVII, beg.21b (read:) כמה כִּירְכּוּרֵי כ׳ חקב״ה מתאוה בשביל להשיח עם אותה צדקנית how many circles around circles did the Lord draw in order 2) whirl, v. כַּרְכָּר.

    Jewish literature > כרכור

  • 666 כיר׳

    כִּרְכּוּר, כִּירְ׳m. (כִּרְכֵּר) 1) circle, circuit, round about way.Pl. כִּרְכּוּרִים, רִין …, כִּירְ׳. Gen. R. s. 20; s. 45, end; s. 63; Yalk. Gen. 80; 82 כמה כ׳ כרכר בשביל להסיחוכ׳ how many circuits did the Lord make before he addressed Sarah directly (ref. to Gen. 18:13 to 15, and interpreting ויאמר, verse 15, ‘and the Lord said); Y.SotVII, beg.21b (read:) כמה כִּירְכּוּרֵי כ׳ חקב״ה מתאוה בשביל להשיח עם אותה צדקנית how many circles around circles did the Lord draw in order 2) whirl, v. כַּרְכָּר.

    Jewish literature > כיר׳

  • 667 כִּרְכּוּר

    כִּרְכּוּר, כִּירְ׳m. (כִּרְכֵּר) 1) circle, circuit, round about way.Pl. כִּרְכּוּרִים, רִין …, כִּירְ׳. Gen. R. s. 20; s. 45, end; s. 63; Yalk. Gen. 80; 82 כמה כ׳ כרכר בשביל להסיחוכ׳ how many circuits did the Lord make before he addressed Sarah directly (ref. to Gen. 18:13 to 15, and interpreting ויאמר, verse 15, ‘and the Lord said); Y.SotVII, beg.21b (read:) כמה כִּירְכּוּרֵי כ׳ חקב״ה מתאוה בשביל להשיח עם אותה צדקנית how many circles around circles did the Lord draw in order 2) whirl, v. כַּרְכָּר.

    Jewish literature > כִּרְכּוּר

  • 668 כִּירְ׳

    כִּרְכּוּר, כִּירְ׳m. (כִּרְכֵּר) 1) circle, circuit, round about way.Pl. כִּרְכּוּרִים, רִין …, כִּירְ׳. Gen. R. s. 20; s. 45, end; s. 63; Yalk. Gen. 80; 82 כמה כ׳ כרכר בשביל להסיחוכ׳ how many circuits did the Lord make before he addressed Sarah directly (ref. to Gen. 18:13 to 15, and interpreting ויאמר, verse 15, ‘and the Lord said); Y.SotVII, beg.21b (read:) כמה כִּירְכּוּרֵי כ׳ חקב״ה מתאוה בשביל להשיח עם אותה צדקנית how many circles around circles did the Lord draw in order 2) whirl, v. כַּרְכָּר.

    Jewish literature > כִּירְ׳

  • 669 כרכס

    כַּרְכַּס(b. h.) pr. n. m. Carcas, one of the seven attendants of King Ahasuerus. Esth. R. to I, 10 (interpret. by way of acrostics) (read:) ז̇ת̇ר̇ וכ̇ר̇כ̇ס ז̇נות̇ רְ֗אֵה של אותו רשע וְכָרְכֵם (the Lord said to the angel) see the profligacy of this wicked man, and tie them (like sheaves for threshing; v. Matt. K. a. l.); v. כרכסין.

    Jewish literature > כרכס

  • 670 כַּרְכַּס

    כַּרְכַּס(b. h.) pr. n. m. Carcas, one of the seven attendants of King Ahasuerus. Esth. R. to I, 10 (interpret. by way of acrostics) (read:) ז̇ת̇ר̇ וכ̇ר̇כ̇ס ז̇נות̇ רְ֗אֵה של אותו רשע וְכָרְכֵם (the Lord said to the angel) see the profligacy of this wicked man, and tie them (like sheaves for threshing; v. Matt. K. a. l.); v. כרכסין.

    Jewish literature > כַּרְכַּס

  • 671 כרכר

    כִּרְכֵּר(Pilp. of כרר, v. כָּרָה) 1) to go around, go about; (b. h. to dance). Gen. R. s. 20, a. e., v. כִּרְכּוּר. 2) to finish by designing circles, emblazon. Ḥull.25b, v. כִּרְכֵּב. 3) to form a circle in order to make an announcement. Pesik. R. s. 21 למלך שהיה עומד ומְכַרְכֵּר עלוכ׳ like a king standing and gathering a circle around him at the entrance of his palace; כך … כשעמד ומכ׳ על הר סיני so the Lord when he stood addressing a meeting on Mount Sinai.

    Jewish literature > כרכר

  • 672 כִּרְכֵּר

    כִּרְכֵּר(Pilp. of כרר, v. כָּרָה) 1) to go around, go about; (b. h. to dance). Gen. R. s. 20, a. e., v. כִּרְכּוּר. 2) to finish by designing circles, emblazon. Ḥull.25b, v. כִּרְכֵּב. 3) to form a circle in order to make an announcement. Pesik. R. s. 21 למלך שהיה עומד ומְכַרְכֵּר עלוכ׳ like a king standing and gathering a circle around him at the entrance of his palace; כך … כשעמד ומכ׳ על הר סיני so the Lord when he stood addressing a meeting on Mount Sinai.

    Jewish literature > כִּרְכֵּר

  • 673 כרע

    כָּרַע(b. h.; denom. of כֶּרַע) to bow, bend the knee. Ber.12a כשהוא כוֹרֵעַוכ׳ when bowing in prayer, one must bow at the word barukh, opp. זָקַף. Ib. 34b; Y. ib. I, 3c bot. (interch. with שחה); a. v. fr. Hif. הִכְרִיעַ 1) to cause to kneel; to subdue; to humiliate, sadden. Gen. R. s. 65; Yalk. Gen. 114 אני מַכְרִיעַ את אוהבי I shall sadden my friend. Gen. R. s. 75, beg., v. כָּרַח. Ib. s. 67 מה אני מכריעוכ׳ (Yalk. ib. 116 מַעֲכִיר) why shall I sadden my father? 2) to put the knee of the balance down; to overbalance; to outweigh. Y.Peah I, 16b bot. הזכיות מַכְרִיעוֹת the good deeds overbalance (the sins). Ab. II, 8 מַכְרִיעַ את כלם outweighs them all. B. Bath. V, 11 חייב להַכְרִיעַ לו טפח (weighing a litra of meat or more) he must allow the scale (which contains the meat) to sink one handbreadth lower than the scale of weights, i. e. he must give overweight, opp. עיין to weigh exactly. Ib. 89a שקול לי … והַכְרִיעָהּ weigh for me each litra for itself and give me the legal overweight on it; a. fr.Y.Sabb.I, 3c bot. הַכְרַע עליו כסף put money to it in the balance (bribe him). Gen. R. s. 80 כמה ממון ה׳ how much money he put in the balance (paid for it).Trnsf. to cast the deciding vote, to decide. Tosef.Ḥull.VII, 1; Ḥull.90b; Pes.83b הדעת מַכְרַעַת reason decides, v. דַּעַת. Y.Keth.II, 26b; Y.Yeb.X, 10d bot. הדעת מכרעת בעידי מיתה (not לידי) reason decides in favor of trusting the witnesses testifying to the death of a person. 3) to keep the balance; trnsf. to harmonize two contrary opinions, to compromise. Sifra introd. שני כתובים המכחישים … ויַכְרִיעַ ביניהם when two Biblical verses contradict each other, you must not draw any conclusions until a third verse is found which harmonizes them. Ib. end (ref. to Ex. 19:20 a. Deut. 4:36) הכ׳ השלישי a third passage (Ex. 20:22) harmonizes (that the Lord lowered the heavens so as to make them rest on Mount Sinai); Mekh. Yithro, Baḥod. s.9. Sifré Num. 58.Kidd.24b המַכְרִיעִים לפני חכמים the harmonizers arguing before the scholars. Sabb.39b כל מקום … ואחד מכריע הלכה כדברי המכ׳ whenever you find two scholars differing and one compromising, the practice follows the opinion of the compromiser; a. fr.v. הֶכְרַע, הַכְרָעָה.

    Jewish literature > כרע

  • 674 כָּרַע

    כָּרַע(b. h.; denom. of כֶּרַע) to bow, bend the knee. Ber.12a כשהוא כוֹרֵעַוכ׳ when bowing in prayer, one must bow at the word barukh, opp. זָקַף. Ib. 34b; Y. ib. I, 3c bot. (interch. with שחה); a. v. fr. Hif. הִכְרִיעַ 1) to cause to kneel; to subdue; to humiliate, sadden. Gen. R. s. 65; Yalk. Gen. 114 אני מַכְרִיעַ את אוהבי I shall sadden my friend. Gen. R. s. 75, beg., v. כָּרַח. Ib. s. 67 מה אני מכריעוכ׳ (Yalk. ib. 116 מַעֲכִיר) why shall I sadden my father? 2) to put the knee of the balance down; to overbalance; to outweigh. Y.Peah I, 16b bot. הזכיות מַכְרִיעוֹת the good deeds overbalance (the sins). Ab. II, 8 מַכְרִיעַ את כלם outweighs them all. B. Bath. V, 11 חייב להַכְרִיעַ לו טפח (weighing a litra of meat or more) he must allow the scale (which contains the meat) to sink one handbreadth lower than the scale of weights, i. e. he must give overweight, opp. עיין to weigh exactly. Ib. 89a שקול לי … והַכְרִיעָהּ weigh for me each litra for itself and give me the legal overweight on it; a. fr.Y.Sabb.I, 3c bot. הַכְרַע עליו כסף put money to it in the balance (bribe him). Gen. R. s. 80 כמה ממון ה׳ how much money he put in the balance (paid for it).Trnsf. to cast the deciding vote, to decide. Tosef.Ḥull.VII, 1; Ḥull.90b; Pes.83b הדעת מַכְרַעַת reason decides, v. דַּעַת. Y.Keth.II, 26b; Y.Yeb.X, 10d bot. הדעת מכרעת בעידי מיתה (not לידי) reason decides in favor of trusting the witnesses testifying to the death of a person. 3) to keep the balance; trnsf. to harmonize two contrary opinions, to compromise. Sifra introd. שני כתובים המכחישים … ויַכְרִיעַ ביניהם when two Biblical verses contradict each other, you must not draw any conclusions until a third verse is found which harmonizes them. Ib. end (ref. to Ex. 19:20 a. Deut. 4:36) הכ׳ השלישי a third passage (Ex. 20:22) harmonizes (that the Lord lowered the heavens so as to make them rest on Mount Sinai); Mekh. Yithro, Baḥod. s.9. Sifré Num. 58.Kidd.24b המַכְרִיעִים לפני חכמים the harmonizers arguing before the scholars. Sabb.39b כל מקום … ואחד מכריע הלכה כדברי המכ׳ whenever you find two scholars differing and one compromising, the practice follows the opinion of the compromiser; a. fr.v. הֶכְרַע, הַכְרָעָה.

    Jewish literature > כָּרַע

  • 675 כרת

    כָּרַת(b. h.; cmp. כָּרָה) 1) to cut. Num. R. s. 16 ונקרא אשכול … לִכְרוֹתוכ׳ and he (Abrahams ally) was named Eshkol (Cluster), on account of the cluster of grapes which the Israelites were destined to cut in his home.Esp. to cut genitals, mutilate. Bekh.33b נותק אחר כּוֹרֵת, v. נָתַק.Part. pass. כָּרוּת. Ib.; a. fr.כְּ׳ שפכה one that is mutilated at his membrum, v. שָׁפַךְ. Tosef.Yeb.XI, 2. Yeb.VIII, 2; a. fr. 2) (to draw a circle, place outside, cmp. meanings of חרם, ברי, to cut off, excommunicate, v. כָּרֵת. Y.Bicc.II, beg.64c; Y.Snh.XI, 30b צא … עונשין וכוֹרְתִים deduct twenty years up to which age the divine court neither punishes nor decrees excision. 3) to separate, divorce; to make final. Gitt.21b; Succ.24b (ref. to Deut. 24:3) ספר כּוֹרְתָהּוכ׳ the delivery of the deed divorces her and nothing else does. Ib. דבר הכּוֹרֵת בינו לבינה something (a condition) which (if fulfilled) severs definitely the connection between him and her (e. g. a condition that she will drink no wine for the next thirty days, after the lapse of which time the letter of divorce takes its effect retroactively, opp. to a condition that she will abstain from wine all the rest of her life in which case the letter of divorce cannot take effect).Part. pass. כָּרוּת definite. Y.Gitt.VII, 48d כגט כ׳ הוא it is like a final divorce (taking effect immediately); Y.B. Bath.VIII, 16c top כ׳ הוא. Y.Gitt.III, 44d top; IX, 50b bot. זה כ׳ לשמה ווה כ׳ לשמה (not זו) this letter was definitely made out for this woman, and so was the other for the other woman. Ib. III, beg.44c אלא שלא הי׳ לה כ׳ … ראשונה (strike out לה); a. fr. 3) to decide, make final. Ber.4a; Snh.16b (ref. to כְּרֵתִי as a symbolical name for the Urim and Tummim, or for the Sanhedrin) שכּוֹרְתִים את דבריהם they give definite and precise decisions; Midr. Till. to Ps. 3 כּוֹרְתֵי כריתות, v. כְּרִיתָה; a. e.כ׳ בְּרִית (v. בְּרִית) to covenant, make a firm promise. Gen. R. s. 44 כָּרַתָּ ב׳ עםוכ׳ thou hast promised to Noah that thou wilt not destroy his descendants; Yalk. Gen. 76 כָּרַתָּה.Part. pass. כָּרוּת, f. כְּרוּתָה. M. Kat. 18a, a. fr. ברית כ׳ לשפתים, v. בְּרִית. R. Hash 17b ב׳ כ׳ לי״ג מדזתוכ׳ there is a solemn insurance given that the invocation of the thirteen divine attributes (Ex. 34:6, sq.) will never be without effect (ref. to Ex. ib. 10).Trnsf. ב׳ כ׳ it is a necessity, unavoidable. Nidd.58b ב׳ כ׳ לו שכלוכ׳ whoever crushes it cannot help smelling it. Nif. נִכְרַת 1) to be cut, mutilated. Yeb.VIII, 2 (expl. כרות שפכה, Deut. 23:2) כלשנ׳ הגיד when the membrum is mutilated. Ib. 75b נִכְרְתוּ ביצים when the testicles are cut out; a. fr. 2) to be covenanted. Sot.37b שלא נִכְרְתוּ עליהוכ׳ upon which were not closed forty eight covenants; Tosef. ib. VIII, 11; a. fr. 3) to be cut off, destroyed. Y.Peah I, 15d bot. (ref. to Num. 15:31) מלמד שהנפש נִכְרָתָה ועונה בה which intimates that (the idolaters) soul is cut off (through premature death, כָּרֵת), while her guilt remains with her (unexpiated by death); Snh.64b (ref. to the emphasized expression הכרת תכ׳, Num. l. c.) הִכָּרֵת בעו״הזוכ׳ hiccareth refers to this world ; a. fr.Verbal noun הִיכָּרֵת, v. כָּרֵת. Hif. הִכְרִית to destroy, exterminate. Tanḥ. Reh 7 והַכְרִיתֵם and exterminate them. Ib. כשיַכְרִיתוכ׳ when the Lord … shall have destroyed …, you will enter. Tosef.Snh.IV, 5 להַכְרִית זרעווכ׳ to exterminate the seed of Amalek; a. fr. Pi. כֵּרֵת to doom to destruction. Arakh.15b שכבר כֵּרְתוֹוכ׳ for David has doomed him (ref. to Ps. 12:4); Yalk. Lev. 559.

    Jewish literature > כרת

  • 676 כָּרַת

    כָּרַת(b. h.; cmp. כָּרָה) 1) to cut. Num. R. s. 16 ונקרא אשכול … לִכְרוֹתוכ׳ and he (Abrahams ally) was named Eshkol (Cluster), on account of the cluster of grapes which the Israelites were destined to cut in his home.Esp. to cut genitals, mutilate. Bekh.33b נותק אחר כּוֹרֵת, v. נָתַק.Part. pass. כָּרוּת. Ib.; a. fr.כְּ׳ שפכה one that is mutilated at his membrum, v. שָׁפַךְ. Tosef.Yeb.XI, 2. Yeb.VIII, 2; a. fr. 2) (to draw a circle, place outside, cmp. meanings of חרם, ברי, to cut off, excommunicate, v. כָּרֵת. Y.Bicc.II, beg.64c; Y.Snh.XI, 30b צא … עונשין וכוֹרְתִים deduct twenty years up to which age the divine court neither punishes nor decrees excision. 3) to separate, divorce; to make final. Gitt.21b; Succ.24b (ref. to Deut. 24:3) ספר כּוֹרְתָהּוכ׳ the delivery of the deed divorces her and nothing else does. Ib. דבר הכּוֹרֵת בינו לבינה something (a condition) which (if fulfilled) severs definitely the connection between him and her (e. g. a condition that she will drink no wine for the next thirty days, after the lapse of which time the letter of divorce takes its effect retroactively, opp. to a condition that she will abstain from wine all the rest of her life in which case the letter of divorce cannot take effect).Part. pass. כָּרוּת definite. Y.Gitt.VII, 48d כגט כ׳ הוא it is like a final divorce (taking effect immediately); Y.B. Bath.VIII, 16c top כ׳ הוא. Y.Gitt.III, 44d top; IX, 50b bot. זה כ׳ לשמה ווה כ׳ לשמה (not זו) this letter was definitely made out for this woman, and so was the other for the other woman. Ib. III, beg.44c אלא שלא הי׳ לה כ׳ … ראשונה (strike out לה); a. fr. 3) to decide, make final. Ber.4a; Snh.16b (ref. to כְּרֵתִי as a symbolical name for the Urim and Tummim, or for the Sanhedrin) שכּוֹרְתִים את דבריהם they give definite and precise decisions; Midr. Till. to Ps. 3 כּוֹרְתֵי כריתות, v. כְּרִיתָה; a. e.כ׳ בְּרִית (v. בְּרִית) to covenant, make a firm promise. Gen. R. s. 44 כָּרַתָּ ב׳ עםוכ׳ thou hast promised to Noah that thou wilt not destroy his descendants; Yalk. Gen. 76 כָּרַתָּה.Part. pass. כָּרוּת, f. כְּרוּתָה. M. Kat. 18a, a. fr. ברית כ׳ לשפתים, v. בְּרִית. R. Hash 17b ב׳ כ׳ לי״ג מדזתוכ׳ there is a solemn insurance given that the invocation of the thirteen divine attributes (Ex. 34:6, sq.) will never be without effect (ref. to Ex. ib. 10).Trnsf. ב׳ כ׳ it is a necessity, unavoidable. Nidd.58b ב׳ כ׳ לו שכלוכ׳ whoever crushes it cannot help smelling it. Nif. נִכְרַת 1) to be cut, mutilated. Yeb.VIII, 2 (expl. כרות שפכה, Deut. 23:2) כלשנ׳ הגיד when the membrum is mutilated. Ib. 75b נִכְרְתוּ ביצים when the testicles are cut out; a. fr. 2) to be covenanted. Sot.37b שלא נִכְרְתוּ עליהוכ׳ upon which were not closed forty eight covenants; Tosef. ib. VIII, 11; a. fr. 3) to be cut off, destroyed. Y.Peah I, 15d bot. (ref. to Num. 15:31) מלמד שהנפש נִכְרָתָה ועונה בה which intimates that (the idolaters) soul is cut off (through premature death, כָּרֵת), while her guilt remains with her (unexpiated by death); Snh.64b (ref. to the emphasized expression הכרת תכ׳, Num. l. c.) הִכָּרֵת בעו״הזוכ׳ hiccareth refers to this world ; a. fr.Verbal noun הִיכָּרֵת, v. כָּרֵת. Hif. הִכְרִית to destroy, exterminate. Tanḥ. Reh 7 והַכְרִיתֵם and exterminate them. Ib. כשיַכְרִיתוכ׳ when the Lord … shall have destroyed …, you will enter. Tosef.Snh.IV, 5 להַכְרִית זרעווכ׳ to exterminate the seed of Amalek; a. fr. Pi. כֵּרֵת to doom to destruction. Arakh.15b שכבר כֵּרְתוֹוכ׳ for David has doomed him (ref. to Ps. 12:4); Yalk. Lev. 559.

    Jewish literature > כָּרַת

  • 677 כשדי

    כַּשְׂדִּי, כַּשְׂדִיִּיm. (b. h. כַּשְׂדִּים, pl.) Chaldean. Meg.12b כלי … כשדיי the vessel which I use (my wife) is neither …, but a Chaldean.Pl. כַּשְׂדִּים, כַּשְׂדִּיִּים. Succ.52b. Pesik. R. s. 37 כשנפרע מן הכ׳ when the Lord punished the Chaldeans (Babylonia, v. Midr. Till. to Ps. 93:1).B. Bath.15b. Lam. R. to I, 14 כ׳ קשה the Chaldean government was tyrannical (contrad. to בבל); a. e.Fem. כַּשְׂדִּית, pl. כַּשְׂדִּיּוֹת. Snh.92b.

    Jewish literature > כשדי

  • 678 כַּשְׂדִּי

    כַּשְׂדִּי, כַּשְׂדִיִּיm. (b. h. כַּשְׂדִּים, pl.) Chaldean. Meg.12b כלי … כשדיי the vessel which I use (my wife) is neither …, but a Chaldean.Pl. כַּשְׂדִּים, כַּשְׂדִּיִּים. Succ.52b. Pesik. R. s. 37 כשנפרע מן הכ׳ when the Lord punished the Chaldeans (Babylonia, v. Midr. Till. to Ps. 93:1).B. Bath.15b. Lam. R. to I, 14 כ׳ קשה the Chaldean government was tyrannical (contrad. to בבל); a. e.Fem. כַּשְׂדִּית, pl. כַּשְׂדִּיּוֹת. Snh.92b.

    Jewish literature > כַּשְׂדִּי

  • 679 כַּשְׂדִיִּי

    כַּשְׂדִּי, כַּשְׂדִיִּיm. (b. h. כַּשְׂדִּים, pl.) Chaldean. Meg.12b כלי … כשדיי the vessel which I use (my wife) is neither …, but a Chaldean.Pl. כַּשְׂדִּים, כַּשְׂדִּיִּים. Succ.52b. Pesik. R. s. 37 כשנפרע מן הכ׳ when the Lord punished the Chaldeans (Babylonia, v. Midr. Till. to Ps. 93:1).B. Bath.15b. Lam. R. to I, 14 כ׳ קשה the Chaldean government was tyrannical (contrad. to בבל); a. e.Fem. כַּשְׂדִּית, pl. כַּשְׂדִּיּוֹת. Snh.92b.

    Jewish literature > כַּשְׂדִיִּי

  • 680 כתב

    כָּתַבb. h.; v. Ges. H. Dict. s. v.) ( to join sign to sign, to compose, write; to promise in writing, to will, assign, consign. Gitt.20a וכ׳ ולא חקק it says (Deut. 24:1) ‘and he shall write but not engrave; Y. ib. II, 44b top, v. כְּתִיבָה. Macc.III, 6 (ref. to Lev. 19:28) עד שיִכְתּוֹבוכ׳ unless he writes (designs) and etches with ink, stibium or anything that marks; Sifra Kdoshim, Par. 3, ch. 6, v. כְּתוֹבֶת.Meg.9a כִּתְבוּ לי תורתוכ׳ write (translate) for me the Law Ib. 7a כִּתְבוּנִי בספר Ms. M. (ed. לדורות) write me down (record my deeds) in a book (Book of Esther). Ex. R. s. 47, beg. כְּתוֹב אתה write thou thyself. Sabb.XII, 3 הכּוֹתֵבוכ׳ he who writes two letters (on the Sabbath). Ib. 5 נתכוין לִכְתּוֹב ח״ית if he intended to write a Ḥeth.Keth.IX, 1 הכּוֹתֵב לאשתווכ׳ he who declares to his wife ; ib. 83a תניר׳ חייא האומר R. Ḥ. interpreted it, ‘he who says (verbally). Ib. 102b מאי כּוֹתְבִין אומרים ‘they write (in the Mishnah) means merely they declare. Ib. V, 1 והיא כוֹתֶבֶתוכ׳ and she may write (a receipt), I have received Pes.50b כּוֹתְבֵי ספריםוכ׳ copyists of sacred books, or Tfillin B. Bath.14b משה כ׳ ספרווכ׳ Moses is the author of his book, the chapter of Balaam, and the Book of Job; a. v. fr.Part. pass. כָּתוּב, f. כְּתוּבָה; pl. כְּתוּבִים, כְּתוּבִין; כְּתוּבוֹת. Meg.31a דבר זה כ׳ בתורהוכ׳ this is written in the Law, and repeated in the Prophets Ib. 7a כבר כ׳ אניוכ׳ I am already recorded in the chronicles of Y.Shek.VI, 49d bot. כיצד היו הלוחות כ׳ how was the writing on the tablets arranged?Gitt.54b כלס״ת … כ׳ לשמן any scroll of the Law in which the Divine names are not written with full consciousness, v. שֵׁם; a. fr.V. כָּתוּב. Nif. נִכְתָּב to be written, be reduced to writing; to be written upon. Meg.I, 8 הספרים נִכְתָּבִים בכל לשון the Biblical books may be written in (translated into) any language (v. ib. 9a); ib. לא התירו שיִכָּתְבוּוכ׳ they permitted them to be translated only into Greek. Ib. 7a נאמרה לִיכָּתֵב was indited (by the divine spirit) for the purpose of being written (as a book); Yoma 29a נתנה ליכתב (some ed. לִכְתּוֹב); a. v. fr. Hif. הִכְתִּיב 1) to cause to be written or recorded, to dictate, indite. Gen. R. s. 22 כבר הִכְתַּבְתִּי לךוכ׳ I have already ordered to be written in the Law Ruth R. to II, 14 אילו היה ראובן יודע שהק״בה מַכְתִּיב עליווכ׳ if R. had known that the Lord would cause to be written about him (Gen. 37:21) ; a. fr.Lev. R. s. 24 ג׳ פרשיותה׳ לנווכ׳ (Pesik. R. s. 15; Yalk. Ex. 307 כתכ) there are three sections that Moses indited for us in the Law. 2) to consign, enlist in the army, levy. Ex. R. s. 15 (מלך) ב״וד מַכְתִּיב לווכ׳ a human king levies soldiers for himself, strong ; Tanḥ. Hayé 3 מסביב (corr. acc.). Cant. R. to II, 8, a. e. מַכְתֶּבֶת, v. טִירוֹנְיָא.Part. pass, מוּכְתָּב recorded; levied. Kidd.IV, 5, v. אִסְטְרַטְיָא II.Tosef.B. Bath.IV, 7; B. Bath.92b; Keth.58a מ׳ למלכות levied for royal service (comment.: sentenced to death); Kidd.11a נִכְתָּב.Gen. R. s. 89 (Yalk. ib. 147 כתיב), v. סַקְרָרִין.

    Jewish literature > כתב

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