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  • 561 יָסַר

    יָסַר(b. h.; cmp. אָסַר) ( to tie up; cmp. חוּב. Pi. יִסֵּר, יִיסֵּר to chastise, chasten, try. Snh.39a … מְיַיסֵּר … ביסורין he (the king) punishes the prominent among them (the rebellious citizens); כךהקב״ה מי׳וכ׳ so did the Lord visit Ezekiel in order to wash away the sins of Israel. Ab. Zar.4a אֲיַסְּרֵם ביסוריןוכ׳ I would visit them with afflictions in this world, in order that their arms be strengthened Ex. R. s. 3, end המטה שתְּיַיסְּרֶנּוּ בו the staff where-with to strike him (Pharaoh); a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְיַסֵּר, Nithpa. נִתְיַסֵּר to be chastened, tried. Gen. R. s. 62 היו מִתְיַיסְּרִין בחוליוכ׳ used to be visited with bowel diseases for ten days (prior to their death), to indicate that the disease purifies (from sin); Treat. Smaḥ. ch. III. Y.Snh.X, 27d נתיי׳ בבנו הבכור he was punished with the death of his first-born son. Tanḥ. Noah 14 נתי׳ בבנו he was visited with trials through his son (being asked to sacrifice him). Ib. Vayigg. 6 נתי׳ בבנו was tried by his son (Joseph being sold); a. e.

    Jewish literature > יָסַר

  • 562 יפע

    יָפַע(b. h.; cmp. יָפֶה), Hif. הוֹפִיעַ 1) to join, arrive (cmp. אָתָא), to come forth, appear. Gen. R. s. 12 כל א׳ וא׳ה׳ בזמנו each (part of creation) came forth in its due time (though all were created at once). 2) to bring, transfer. B. Kam.38a (ref. to Deut. 33:2) מפארןה׳ ממונםוכ׳ from (what occurred at) Paran (the gentiles refusing to receive the Law) he (the Lord) transferred their wealth to Israel. 3) to bring about, bring to light, reveal. Gen. R. s. 90; Yalk. ib. 148 (play on צ̇פ̇נ̇ת̇ פ̇ע̇נ̇ח̇) צפ̇ונ̇ות̇ הופ̇יע̇ ונ̇ח̇ותוכ׳ he reveals secrets, and it is easy to him to tell them; צ̇פ̇ונ̇ות̇ הופיע̇ בדעת מנ̇יח̇וכ׳ he brings secret things to light through his intelligence; with them he sets mankind at ease. Macc.23b; Gen. R. s. 85 בג׳ מקומותה׳רוה״ק on three occasions did the holy spirit reveal (the true state of affairs); (oth. opin. v. פּוּעַ). Koh. R. to VII, 1 (play on פועה, Ex. 1:15) שהוֹפִיעָה את מעשה אחיה she (Miriam) brought about what happened to her brother (she was the cause of Moses peculiar career). 4) to lift up, raise. Ex. R. s. 1 (play on פועה, v. supra) שהופיעה את ישראלוכ׳ she (Miriam) lifted Israel up to God.ה׳ פנים כנגד to lift ones face up against, to have the courage to rebuke. Ib. שהופיעה פ׳ … וזקפהוכ׳ she lifted her face up against Pharaoh and turned her nose up against him (in angry rebuke). Ib. שה׳ פ׳ כנגד אביה she dared to reprove her father. Y.B. Kam.IV, 4b top.

    Jewish literature > יפע

  • 563 יָפַע

    יָפַע(b. h.; cmp. יָפֶה), Hif. הוֹפִיעַ 1) to join, arrive (cmp. אָתָא), to come forth, appear. Gen. R. s. 12 כל א׳ וא׳ה׳ בזמנו each (part of creation) came forth in its due time (though all were created at once). 2) to bring, transfer. B. Kam.38a (ref. to Deut. 33:2) מפארןה׳ ממונםוכ׳ from (what occurred at) Paran (the gentiles refusing to receive the Law) he (the Lord) transferred their wealth to Israel. 3) to bring about, bring to light, reveal. Gen. R. s. 90; Yalk. ib. 148 (play on צ̇פ̇נ̇ת̇ פ̇ע̇נ̇ח̇) צפ̇ונ̇ות̇ הופ̇יע̇ ונ̇ח̇ותוכ׳ he reveals secrets, and it is easy to him to tell them; צ̇פ̇ונ̇ות̇ הופיע̇ בדעת מנ̇יח̇וכ׳ he brings secret things to light through his intelligence; with them he sets mankind at ease. Macc.23b; Gen. R. s. 85 בג׳ מקומותה׳רוה״ק on three occasions did the holy spirit reveal (the true state of affairs); (oth. opin. v. פּוּעַ). Koh. R. to VII, 1 (play on פועה, Ex. 1:15) שהוֹפִיעָה את מעשה אחיה she (Miriam) brought about what happened to her brother (she was the cause of Moses peculiar career). 4) to lift up, raise. Ex. R. s. 1 (play on פועה, v. supra) שהופיעה את ישראלוכ׳ she (Miriam) lifted Israel up to God.ה׳ פנים כנגד to lift ones face up against, to have the courage to rebuke. Ib. שהופיעה פ׳ … וזקפהוכ׳ she lifted her face up against Pharaoh and turned her nose up against him (in angry rebuke). Ib. שה׳ פ׳ כנגד אביה she dared to reprove her father. Y.B. Kam.IV, 4b top.

    Jewish literature > יָפַע

  • 564 יצא

    יָצָא(b. h.) 1) to go forth; to rise (of the sun); to go out. Gen. R. s. 39 אֵצֵא ויהיווכ׳ I shall leave (my fathers house), and they may desecrate Ib. י׳ לו מוניטון a medal was issued in his memory, v. מוֹנִיטוֹן. Ib. s. 6 בשעה שהוא יוצא when he (the sun) rises; בשעה שהיא יוֹצֵאת when she (the moon) rises. Snh.52a ארור שיָצָאת זו מחלציו (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) cursed is he from whose loins this woman went forth.Sabb.V, 1 במה … יוֹצְאָה what is an animal permitted to wear on going out (on the Sabbath)? Ib. VI, 1 לא תֵצֵאוכ׳ a woman must not wear on going out ; a. v. fr. 2) to end; to go to the end of, to live through. Y.Ber.VIII, 12b bot. כיון שיָצָת שבת when the Sabbath ended. Y.Shebi.VI, 36c top אינו יוצא שבתו ולא יָ׳וכ׳ he shall not live to the end of this week, and he did not arrive at the end of the week before he was dead; (Erub.63a הוציא שנתו, v. infra); a. e. 3) to be expended. Num. R. s. 14, end, v. הוֹצָאָה. 4) to be excluded; exempt; (rarely) to exclude, deduct. Y.Ned.II, beg.37b י׳ דבר של איסור this is to exclude a vow concerning a forbidden act; Bab. ib. 17a י׳ נשבע לבטלוכ׳ this excludes the case of one who makes oath that he will disregard a law. Y.Yeb.I, 2c top אשר תלד יָצְתָה זווכ׳ ‘whom she may bear (Deut. 25:6), herewith is excluded she (the אַיְילוֹנִית) who ; a. v. fr.Y. Ḥag.I, 76c top צֵא מהם שני ימים deduct from them two days; ib. צא שבת מהם deduct the Sabbath day.Esp. idiomatic uses: a) י׳ בן חורין, י׳ לחירות, or only י׳ to be freed. Peah III, 8; Gitt.42a. Kidd.24a יוצאבשןוכ׳ he is freed, when his master caused his loss of a tooth or an eye; a. v. fr.b) (of a wife) to be sent away, to be divorced. Keth.VII, 6 ואלו יוֹצְאוֹת שלא בכתובה the following wives have to leave without receiving their Kthubah. Ib. 7 תֵּצֵא̇ she must leave. Ib. X, 5; a. v. fr.c) י׳ ידי (or מִידֵי) to go out of the power of; to be released; to do justice to, be justified before. Shek. III, 2 לפי שאדם צריך לָצֵאת ידי הבריות … לָצֵאת ידי המקום because man must appear justified before men as well as before God; Ex. R. s. 51; a. fr.י׳ ידי חובתו, or י׳ to comply with the requirements of the law. Ber.8b. Ib. II, 1 אם כיון לבו י׳ if he read with attention, he has done his duty (which requires the reading of the Shma). Y.Shek.III, 47b bot. מהו לצאתוכ׳ is the law complied with when one uses wine ?Mekh. Bo, Pisḥa, s.6; a. v. fr.Gen. R. s. 39 לא יָצָאתָה ידי השבועה thou hast not redeemed thy oath; ib. s. 49; Lev. R. s. 10, beg.Makhsh. VI, 5; Tosef.Toh.X, 3 י׳ מידי שמן, v. מוֹחַלי׳ מידי פשוטו, v. מִקְרָא.d) י׳ מן הכלל or י׳ to be taken out of the general rule, to be specified (although being implied in the general rule). Sifra, introd. כל דבר שהיה בכלל וי׳ … לא ללמד על עצמו י׳וכ׳ whatever would have been implied in the general law and yet is specified again (in the Biblical text) in order to teach (something not mentioned before), has been specified not only to teach something new concerning the specific case, but to teach it concerning the whole class. Ib. י׳ לטעון, v. טָעַן I. Tem.I, 6 ולמה י׳ and for what purpose are tithes especially mentioned (Lev. 27:30, sq.)?; a. fr.e) כַּיּוֹצֵא ב־ like that which passes with it (in the same class), similar; in a similar way. Pes.III, 2 אם יש כי׳ בו שהחמיץ if there is a similar dough (started simultaneously with the one in question) which has begun to ferment. Ber.59b, sq. ואין לו כי׳ בו when he has no house like it; כי׳ בהם garments like them. Zeb.V, 6 המורם מהם כי׳ בהם what is taken of them for the priest, is like them (subject to the same laws). M. Kat. 16b כי׳ בדבר אתה אומרוכ׳ in a similar way (as something coming under the same category) yon read Sifré Num. 32; a. v. fr.f) י׳ שכרו בהפסדו its benefit is lost in its disadvantage; i. e. benefit and disadvantage are counterbalanced. Ab. V, 11, sq.g) (euphem.) to retire for human needs (v. Toh. X, 2). Ber.62a השכם וצֵאוכ׳ go out early in the morning Ex. R. s. 9 ואינו יוצא לנקביו and has no human needs. Ib. לא היה יוצא אלאוכ׳ he used to go out only to the water (to make believe he was a superhuman being); a. fr.h) to be proved, identified. Keth.II, 3 היה כתב ידם יוצא ממקום אחר if their signature can be identified otherwise (than by their own declaration); a. e. Hif. הוֹצִיא 1) to take out, to lead forth, bring forth; to release, discharge, send off. Ber.VI, I before eating bread one says, המוֹצִיא לחםוכ׳ (blessed be thou, O Lord) who hast brought forth bread out of the earth (v. ib. 38a as to המוציא or מוציא); ib. 37b; a. fr.Ab. Zar.41b, a. fr.; אין ספק מוציאוכ׳, v. וַדַּאי. B. Mets.37b לא זו הדרך מוֹצִיאָתוֹ מידי עבירה עדוכ׳ this is not the way that relieves him from sin (this is no full atonement), (he is not relieved) until he pays ; Yeb.XV, 7. Ib. 6, sq. אין זו דרך מוֹצִיאָתָהּוכ׳ she is not relieved from the possibility of sin, unless she is not permitted to marry again and forbidden to partake of Trumah.Ib. 36b יוֹצִיא (יוֹצִיאָהּ) בגט he dismisses her with a letter of divorce. Ib. ואם נשא יוציא and if he married her (against the law), he must dismiss her (divorce her); a. fr.Ab. II, 11, a. fr. מוֹצִיאִין את האדם מן העולם take a man out of the world, i. e. cause him to lose the true enjoyment of life. 2) to exclude. Y.Yeb.I, 2c top איילונית מטעם אחר הוֹצֵאתָהּ the aylonith thou dost (the law does) exclude for another reason (v. supra). Num. R. s. 14, end אוֹצִיא את ישראל let me exclude the Israelites, א׳ את הזקנים the elders; a. fr.להוֹצִיא (= ch. לאפוקי, v. אַפֵּק, or למעוטי, v. מעט) to the exclusion of. Succ.28a; Kidd.34a האזרח לה׳ את הנשים the native (Lev. 23:42) intimates the exemption of women (from the duty of dwelling in booths); a. v. fr. 3) to lead to the end, to live through. Erub.63a, v. supra. 4) to produce, present. Keth.XIII, 8 המוציא שטר חוב … והלהה׳וכ׳ if one produces a note of indebtedness against his neighbor, and the latter produces evidence that the claimant sold him a field (and paid him, which he would not have done, if he had a claim). Ib. 9. Ib. IX, 9 הוֹצִיאָה גט if she produces a letter of divorce; a. v. fr. 5) to spend, lay out. Ib. VIII, 5, v. הוֹצָאָה; a. fr.Esp. idiomatic uses: a) ה׳ ידי חוב־ or ה׳ (v. supra) to be the instrument of a persons complying with the law, e. g. to read a prayer and thus cause the listener to perform his duty as though he read it himself; to act in anothers behalf effectively. R. Hash. III, 5 אין מוֹצִיאִין את הרבים ידי חובתן they cannot act (blow the Shofar) in behalf of the assembled congregation. Ib. 29a אע״פ שיצא מוציא although he has done his duty (has read the prayer for himself), he may act in behalf of others. Ib. ולעצמו מוציא and can he (the half-slave and half-freedman) act in his own behalf?; a. fr.b) to collect, to claim. Keth.VIII, 1 הבעל מוציא מיד הלקוחות the husband can reclaim the property from those who bought it. B. Kam. III, 11 המוציא מחבירו עליו הראייה the claimant must produce evidence; a. v. fr.c) to utter. Arakh.5a, a. fr. אין אדם מוציא דבריו לבטלה no man utters his words for no purpose (he must have meant something).ה׳ לעז to slander, discredit. Sabb.97a, a. fr., v. לַעַז.d) to carry an object (on the Sabbath) out of a private to a public place, or from one private place to another, v. רָשוּת. Sabb.VII, 2, sq.; a. fr.e) to secrete. Sifré Num. 88 יש לך … שאין מוציאוכ׳ is there a woman-born being that does not discharge the food he eats?; a. e.f) ה׳ שבת to dismiss the Sabbath with prayer, opp. הכניס. Sabb.118b מוֹצִיאֵי שבתוכ׳ those who dismiss the Sabbath at Sepphoris.

    Jewish literature > יצא

  • 565 יָצָא

    יָצָא(b. h.) 1) to go forth; to rise (of the sun); to go out. Gen. R. s. 39 אֵצֵא ויהיווכ׳ I shall leave (my fathers house), and they may desecrate Ib. י׳ לו מוניטון a medal was issued in his memory, v. מוֹנִיטוֹן. Ib. s. 6 בשעה שהוא יוצא when he (the sun) rises; בשעה שהיא יוֹצֵאת when she (the moon) rises. Snh.52a ארור שיָצָאת זו מחלציו (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) cursed is he from whose loins this woman went forth.Sabb.V, 1 במה … יוֹצְאָה what is an animal permitted to wear on going out (on the Sabbath)? Ib. VI, 1 לא תֵצֵאוכ׳ a woman must not wear on going out ; a. v. fr. 2) to end; to go to the end of, to live through. Y.Ber.VIII, 12b bot. כיון שיָצָת שבת when the Sabbath ended. Y.Shebi.VI, 36c top אינו יוצא שבתו ולא יָ׳וכ׳ he shall not live to the end of this week, and he did not arrive at the end of the week before he was dead; (Erub.63a הוציא שנתו, v. infra); a. e. 3) to be expended. Num. R. s. 14, end, v. הוֹצָאָה. 4) to be excluded; exempt; (rarely) to exclude, deduct. Y.Ned.II, beg.37b י׳ דבר של איסור this is to exclude a vow concerning a forbidden act; Bab. ib. 17a י׳ נשבע לבטלוכ׳ this excludes the case of one who makes oath that he will disregard a law. Y.Yeb.I, 2c top אשר תלד יָצְתָה זווכ׳ ‘whom she may bear (Deut. 25:6), herewith is excluded she (the אַיְילוֹנִית) who ; a. v. fr.Y. Ḥag.I, 76c top צֵא מהם שני ימים deduct from them two days; ib. צא שבת מהם deduct the Sabbath day.Esp. idiomatic uses: a) י׳ בן חורין, י׳ לחירות, or only י׳ to be freed. Peah III, 8; Gitt.42a. Kidd.24a יוצאבשןוכ׳ he is freed, when his master caused his loss of a tooth or an eye; a. v. fr.b) (of a wife) to be sent away, to be divorced. Keth.VII, 6 ואלו יוֹצְאוֹת שלא בכתובה the following wives have to leave without receiving their Kthubah. Ib. 7 תֵּצֵא̇ she must leave. Ib. X, 5; a. v. fr.c) י׳ ידי (or מִידֵי) to go out of the power of; to be released; to do justice to, be justified before. Shek. III, 2 לפי שאדם צריך לָצֵאת ידי הבריות … לָצֵאת ידי המקום because man must appear justified before men as well as before God; Ex. R. s. 51; a. fr.י׳ ידי חובתו, or י׳ to comply with the requirements of the law. Ber.8b. Ib. II, 1 אם כיון לבו י׳ if he read with attention, he has done his duty (which requires the reading of the Shma). Y.Shek.III, 47b bot. מהו לצאתוכ׳ is the law complied with when one uses wine ?Mekh. Bo, Pisḥa, s.6; a. v. fr.Gen. R. s. 39 לא יָצָאתָה ידי השבועה thou hast not redeemed thy oath; ib. s. 49; Lev. R. s. 10, beg.Makhsh. VI, 5; Tosef.Toh.X, 3 י׳ מידי שמן, v. מוֹחַלי׳ מידי פשוטו, v. מִקְרָא.d) י׳ מן הכלל or י׳ to be taken out of the general rule, to be specified (although being implied in the general rule). Sifra, introd. כל דבר שהיה בכלל וי׳ … לא ללמד על עצמו י׳וכ׳ whatever would have been implied in the general law and yet is specified again (in the Biblical text) in order to teach (something not mentioned before), has been specified not only to teach something new concerning the specific case, but to teach it concerning the whole class. Ib. י׳ לטעון, v. טָעַן I. Tem.I, 6 ולמה י׳ and for what purpose are tithes especially mentioned (Lev. 27:30, sq.)?; a. fr.e) כַּיּוֹצֵא ב־ like that which passes with it (in the same class), similar; in a similar way. Pes.III, 2 אם יש כי׳ בו שהחמיץ if there is a similar dough (started simultaneously with the one in question) which has begun to ferment. Ber.59b, sq. ואין לו כי׳ בו when he has no house like it; כי׳ בהם garments like them. Zeb.V, 6 המורם מהם כי׳ בהם what is taken of them for the priest, is like them (subject to the same laws). M. Kat. 16b כי׳ בדבר אתה אומרוכ׳ in a similar way (as something coming under the same category) yon read Sifré Num. 32; a. v. fr.f) י׳ שכרו בהפסדו its benefit is lost in its disadvantage; i. e. benefit and disadvantage are counterbalanced. Ab. V, 11, sq.g) (euphem.) to retire for human needs (v. Toh. X, 2). Ber.62a השכם וצֵאוכ׳ go out early in the morning Ex. R. s. 9 ואינו יוצא לנקביו and has no human needs. Ib. לא היה יוצא אלאוכ׳ he used to go out only to the water (to make believe he was a superhuman being); a. fr.h) to be proved, identified. Keth.II, 3 היה כתב ידם יוצא ממקום אחר if their signature can be identified otherwise (than by their own declaration); a. e. Hif. הוֹצִיא 1) to take out, to lead forth, bring forth; to release, discharge, send off. Ber.VI, I before eating bread one says, המוֹצִיא לחםוכ׳ (blessed be thou, O Lord) who hast brought forth bread out of the earth (v. ib. 38a as to המוציא or מוציא); ib. 37b; a. fr.Ab. Zar.41b, a. fr.; אין ספק מוציאוכ׳, v. וַדַּאי. B. Mets.37b לא זו הדרך מוֹצִיאָתוֹ מידי עבירה עדוכ׳ this is not the way that relieves him from sin (this is no full atonement), (he is not relieved) until he pays ; Yeb.XV, 7. Ib. 6, sq. אין זו דרך מוֹצִיאָתָהּוכ׳ she is not relieved from the possibility of sin, unless she is not permitted to marry again and forbidden to partake of Trumah.Ib. 36b יוֹצִיא (יוֹצִיאָהּ) בגט he dismisses her with a letter of divorce. Ib. ואם נשא יוציא and if he married her (against the law), he must dismiss her (divorce her); a. fr.Ab. II, 11, a. fr. מוֹצִיאִין את האדם מן העולם take a man out of the world, i. e. cause him to lose the true enjoyment of life. 2) to exclude. Y.Yeb.I, 2c top איילונית מטעם אחר הוֹצֵאתָהּ the aylonith thou dost (the law does) exclude for another reason (v. supra). Num. R. s. 14, end אוֹצִיא את ישראל let me exclude the Israelites, א׳ את הזקנים the elders; a. fr.להוֹצִיא (= ch. לאפוקי, v. אַפֵּק, or למעוטי, v. מעט) to the exclusion of. Succ.28a; Kidd.34a האזרח לה׳ את הנשים the native (Lev. 23:42) intimates the exemption of women (from the duty of dwelling in booths); a. v. fr. 3) to lead to the end, to live through. Erub.63a, v. supra. 4) to produce, present. Keth.XIII, 8 המוציא שטר חוב … והלהה׳וכ׳ if one produces a note of indebtedness against his neighbor, and the latter produces evidence that the claimant sold him a field (and paid him, which he would not have done, if he had a claim). Ib. 9. Ib. IX, 9 הוֹצִיאָה גט if she produces a letter of divorce; a. v. fr. 5) to spend, lay out. Ib. VIII, 5, v. הוֹצָאָה; a. fr.Esp. idiomatic uses: a) ה׳ ידי חוב־ or ה׳ (v. supra) to be the instrument of a persons complying with the law, e. g. to read a prayer and thus cause the listener to perform his duty as though he read it himself; to act in anothers behalf effectively. R. Hash. III, 5 אין מוֹצִיאִין את הרבים ידי חובתן they cannot act (blow the Shofar) in behalf of the assembled congregation. Ib. 29a אע״פ שיצא מוציא although he has done his duty (has read the prayer for himself), he may act in behalf of others. Ib. ולעצמו מוציא and can he (the half-slave and half-freedman) act in his own behalf?; a. fr.b) to collect, to claim. Keth.VIII, 1 הבעל מוציא מיד הלקוחות the husband can reclaim the property from those who bought it. B. Kam. III, 11 המוציא מחבירו עליו הראייה the claimant must produce evidence; a. v. fr.c) to utter. Arakh.5a, a. fr. אין אדם מוציא דבריו לבטלה no man utters his words for no purpose (he must have meant something).ה׳ לעז to slander, discredit. Sabb.97a, a. fr., v. לַעַז.d) to carry an object (on the Sabbath) out of a private to a public place, or from one private place to another, v. רָשוּת. Sabb.VII, 2, sq.; a. fr.e) to secrete. Sifré Num. 88 יש לך … שאין מוציאוכ׳ is there a woman-born being that does not discharge the food he eats?; a. e.f) ה׳ שבת to dismiss the Sabbath with prayer, opp. הכניס. Sabb.118b מוֹצִיאֵי שבתוכ׳ those who dismiss the Sabbath at Sepphoris.

    Jewish literature > יָצָא

  • 566 יצף

    יָצַף(v. צוף) (to flow, melt, to be troubled, afraid (cmp. דאב, דאג). Pi. יִצֵּף to trouble, discourage. Tanḥ. ed. Bub. Vayera 48 (quoted in ‘Rashi to Gen. B. s. 5 6) (read:) הוא בא לְיַצֵּף אותך אבלהקב״ה יִיצֶף לנווכ׳ he (Satan) comes to discourage thee, but the Lord will look out (v. צָפָה) for us, as it is said, God will see (Gen. 22:8); (Tanḥ. Vayera 22 אל תשגיח עליו שאינו בא אלא ליעף לנו, prob. to be read: לְיַצֵּף); Pesik. R. s. 40 לְיַ׳ לך.

    Jewish literature > יצף

  • 567 יָצַף

    יָצַף(v. צוף) (to flow, melt, to be troubled, afraid (cmp. דאב, דאג). Pi. יִצֵּף to trouble, discourage. Tanḥ. ed. Bub. Vayera 48 (quoted in ‘Rashi to Gen. B. s. 5 6) (read:) הוא בא לְיַצֵּף אותך אבלהקב״ה יִיצֶף לנווכ׳ he (Satan) comes to discourage thee, but the Lord will look out (v. צָפָה) for us, as it is said, God will see (Gen. 22:8); (Tanḥ. Vayera 22 אל תשגיח עליו שאינו בא אלא ליעף לנו, prob. to be read: לְיַצֵּף); Pesik. R. s. 40 לְיַ׳ לך.

    Jewish literature > יָצַף

  • 568 יצר

    יֵצֶרm. (b. h.; preced.) (shape, formation, whence) (v. Gen. 6:5) = י׳ מחשבות the formation of thoughts, bent of mind, inclination, desire.י׳ הטוב or י׳ טוב (abbr. יה״ט or י״ט) the good nature of man, the inclination to do good; (personified) the good genius; י׳ הרע (abbrev. יצה״ר), also only י׳ the evil inclination, worldly desires; (personified) the tempter. Ber.61a מיִצְרִי, v. יוֹצֵר. Gen. R. s. 9; Koh. R. to III, 11 אילולייצה״ר לא בנהוכ׳ but for the worldly desires of man, none “would build a house Ab. II, 11 עין הרע ויצה״רוכ׳ greed, sensual passion and hatred Snh.103a; Yalk. Ps. 842 צלא ישלוט בךיצה״ר that temptation may have no power over thee. Succ.52a לעתיד … מביאו ליצה״רוכ׳ in the days to come the Lord shall bring the Tempter and slaughter him Gen. R. s. 22 מפנק את יִצְרוֹ who indulges the senses. Ib. אם בא יִצְרְךָ להשחיקך when thy inclination (Tempter) comes to lead thee to amusement. Cant. R. to VII, 8 י׳ע״ז the passion for idolatry, י׳ זנות the passion of lust. Ab. IV, 1 הכובש את יצרו who conquers his inclination; a. v. fr. Yoma 69b כובש את יצרו, read with Ms. M. כעסו.Pl. יְצָרִים. Ber.61a (ref. to וייצר, Gen. 2:7, v. יְצִירָה) שני י׳וכ׳ two natures, the good and the evil. Cant. R. l. c. שני י׳ בראוכ׳ two passions did God create in this world, v. supra. Snh.105a יסרו יצריכם chasten your passions; Yalk. Is. 302.יְצָרִים moulds, v. יְצִירִין.

    Jewish literature > יצר

  • 569 יֵצֶר

    יֵצֶרm. (b. h.; preced.) (shape, formation, whence) (v. Gen. 6:5) = י׳ מחשבות the formation of thoughts, bent of mind, inclination, desire.י׳ הטוב or י׳ טוב (abbr. יה״ט or י״ט) the good nature of man, the inclination to do good; (personified) the good genius; י׳ הרע (abbrev. יצה״ר), also only י׳ the evil inclination, worldly desires; (personified) the tempter. Ber.61a מיִצְרִי, v. יוֹצֵר. Gen. R. s. 9; Koh. R. to III, 11 אילולייצה״ר לא בנהוכ׳ but for the worldly desires of man, none “would build a house Ab. II, 11 עין הרע ויצה״רוכ׳ greed, sensual passion and hatred Snh.103a; Yalk. Ps. 842 צלא ישלוט בךיצה״ר that temptation may have no power over thee. Succ.52a לעתיד … מביאו ליצה״רוכ׳ in the days to come the Lord shall bring the Tempter and slaughter him Gen. R. s. 22 מפנק את יִצְרוֹ who indulges the senses. Ib. אם בא יִצְרְךָ להשחיקך when thy inclination (Tempter) comes to lead thee to amusement. Cant. R. to VII, 8 י׳ע״ז the passion for idolatry, י׳ זנות the passion of lust. Ab. IV, 1 הכובש את יצרו who conquers his inclination; a. v. fr. Yoma 69b כובש את יצרו, read with Ms. M. כעסו.Pl. יְצָרִים. Ber.61a (ref. to וייצר, Gen. 2:7, v. יְצִירָה) שני י׳וכ׳ two natures, the good and the evil. Cant. R. l. c. שני י׳ בראוכ׳ two passions did God create in this world, v. supra. Snh.105a יסרו יצריכם chasten your passions; Yalk. Is. 302.יְצָרִים moulds, v. יְצִירִין.

    Jewish literature > יֵצֶר

  • 570 יקר

    יְקָר, יְקָרָאch. sam( יְקָר m. (b. h.; preced. wds.) gravity, dignity, honor), 1) honor, dignity. Targ. Ex. 16:7. Targ. Ps. 87:3. Ib. 8:6 Ms. (ed. אַיְקָרָא, v. אִיקָר); a. fr.Ber.28a top מַן י׳ Ms. M. (ed. כסא דמוקרא, Ms. F. דִּיקָרָא) a vessel of honor (precious vessel). Snh.46b הספידא י׳וכ׳ are funeral ceremonies (eulogies, wailings) for the honor of the deceased or of the survivors? Ib. הנהו בני י׳ נינהו were those (the survivors of the house of Jeroboam) worthy of honors?Lev. R. s. 34 לית היא עבדא לִיקָרָךְ she acts (treats thee) not according to thy dignity; Gen. R. s. 17 לִיקַרְתָּךְ. Ib. דליתה מִיְּקָרָךְ for she is not (part) of thy dignity, i. e. not worthy of thee; Yalk. Lev. 665 דלית היא יקרך, a. דיקרך; Yalk. Is. 352 דיק׳; Y.Keth.XI, 34b bot. דאִיקְרָךְ.Ber.19a הקב״ה תבע בִּיקָרֵיה the Lord takes up the cause of his offended dignity; a. fr.Pl. יִקְרַיָּא. B. Kam. 102b bot. יִקְרַיְיכוּ, v. זִילוּתָא. 2) value, price. Targ. Ps. 49:9 אילו יהיב יקרוכ׳ Ms. (ed. Lag. ויהיב יקר; ed. ויהי יקיר) were he to pay the price for their redemption.Y.Sabb.VI, 8a bot. (in a prob. corrupted sentence) וי׳ אוף ציבחר הוה סידרה יקיר though the value (of the sandal) was but a trifle, yet order (consistency in decisions) is precious; Y.Yeb.XII, 12d top (corr. acc.).

    Jewish literature > יקר

  • 571 יקרא

    יְקָר, יְקָרָאch. sam( יְקָר m. (b. h.; preced. wds.) gravity, dignity, honor), 1) honor, dignity. Targ. Ex. 16:7. Targ. Ps. 87:3. Ib. 8:6 Ms. (ed. אַיְקָרָא, v. אִיקָר); a. fr.Ber.28a top מַן י׳ Ms. M. (ed. כסא דמוקרא, Ms. F. דִּיקָרָא) a vessel of honor (precious vessel). Snh.46b הספידא י׳וכ׳ are funeral ceremonies (eulogies, wailings) for the honor of the deceased or of the survivors? Ib. הנהו בני י׳ נינהו were those (the survivors of the house of Jeroboam) worthy of honors?Lev. R. s. 34 לית היא עבדא לִיקָרָךְ she acts (treats thee) not according to thy dignity; Gen. R. s. 17 לִיקַרְתָּךְ. Ib. דליתה מִיְּקָרָךְ for she is not (part) of thy dignity, i. e. not worthy of thee; Yalk. Lev. 665 דלית היא יקרך, a. דיקרך; Yalk. Is. 352 דיק׳; Y.Keth.XI, 34b bot. דאִיקְרָךְ.Ber.19a הקב״ה תבע בִּיקָרֵיה the Lord takes up the cause of his offended dignity; a. fr.Pl. יִקְרַיָּא. B. Kam. 102b bot. יִקְרַיְיכוּ, v. זִילוּתָא. 2) value, price. Targ. Ps. 49:9 אילו יהיב יקרוכ׳ Ms. (ed. Lag. ויהיב יקר; ed. ויהי יקיר) were he to pay the price for their redemption.Y.Sabb.VI, 8a bot. (in a prob. corrupted sentence) וי׳ אוף ציבחר הוה סידרה יקיר though the value (of the sandal) was but a trifle, yet order (consistency in decisions) is precious; Y.Yeb.XII, 12d top (corr. acc.).

    Jewish literature > יקרא

  • 572 יְקָר

    יְקָר, יְקָרָאch. sam( יְקָר m. (b. h.; preced. wds.) gravity, dignity, honor), 1) honor, dignity. Targ. Ex. 16:7. Targ. Ps. 87:3. Ib. 8:6 Ms. (ed. אַיְקָרָא, v. אִיקָר); a. fr.Ber.28a top מַן י׳ Ms. M. (ed. כסא דמוקרא, Ms. F. דִּיקָרָא) a vessel of honor (precious vessel). Snh.46b הספידא י׳וכ׳ are funeral ceremonies (eulogies, wailings) for the honor of the deceased or of the survivors? Ib. הנהו בני י׳ נינהו were those (the survivors of the house of Jeroboam) worthy of honors?Lev. R. s. 34 לית היא עבדא לִיקָרָךְ she acts (treats thee) not according to thy dignity; Gen. R. s. 17 לִיקַרְתָּךְ. Ib. דליתה מִיְּקָרָךְ for she is not (part) of thy dignity, i. e. not worthy of thee; Yalk. Lev. 665 דלית היא יקרך, a. דיקרך; Yalk. Is. 352 דיק׳; Y.Keth.XI, 34b bot. דאִיקְרָךְ.Ber.19a הקב״ה תבע בִּיקָרֵיה the Lord takes up the cause of his offended dignity; a. fr.Pl. יִקְרַיָּא. B. Kam. 102b bot. יִקְרַיְיכוּ, v. זִילוּתָא. 2) value, price. Targ. Ps. 49:9 אילו יהיב יקרוכ׳ Ms. (ed. Lag. ויהיב יקר; ed. ויהי יקיר) were he to pay the price for their redemption.Y.Sabb.VI, 8a bot. (in a prob. corrupted sentence) וי׳ אוף ציבחר הוה סידרה יקיר though the value (of the sandal) was but a trifle, yet order (consistency in decisions) is precious; Y.Yeb.XII, 12d top (corr. acc.).

    Jewish literature > יְקָר

  • 573 יְקָרָא

    יְקָר, יְקָרָאch. sam( יְקָר m. (b. h.; preced. wds.) gravity, dignity, honor), 1) honor, dignity. Targ. Ex. 16:7. Targ. Ps. 87:3. Ib. 8:6 Ms. (ed. אַיְקָרָא, v. אִיקָר); a. fr.Ber.28a top מַן י׳ Ms. M. (ed. כסא דמוקרא, Ms. F. דִּיקָרָא) a vessel of honor (precious vessel). Snh.46b הספידא י׳וכ׳ are funeral ceremonies (eulogies, wailings) for the honor of the deceased or of the survivors? Ib. הנהו בני י׳ נינהו were those (the survivors of the house of Jeroboam) worthy of honors?Lev. R. s. 34 לית היא עבדא לִיקָרָךְ she acts (treats thee) not according to thy dignity; Gen. R. s. 17 לִיקַרְתָּךְ. Ib. דליתה מִיְּקָרָךְ for she is not (part) of thy dignity, i. e. not worthy of thee; Yalk. Lev. 665 דלית היא יקרך, a. דיקרך; Yalk. Is. 352 דיק׳; Y.Keth.XI, 34b bot. דאִיקְרָךְ.Ber.19a הקב״ה תבע בִּיקָרֵיה the Lord takes up the cause of his offended dignity; a. fr.Pl. יִקְרַיָּא. B. Kam. 102b bot. יִקְרַיְיכוּ, v. זִילוּתָא. 2) value, price. Targ. Ps. 49:9 אילו יהיב יקרוכ׳ Ms. (ed. Lag. ויהיב יקר; ed. ויהי יקיר) were he to pay the price for their redemption.Y.Sabb.VI, 8a bot. (in a prob. corrupted sentence) וי׳ אוף ציבחר הוה סידרה יקיר though the value (of the sandal) was but a trifle, yet order (consistency in decisions) is precious; Y.Yeb.XII, 12d top (corr. acc.).

    Jewish literature > יְקָרָא

  • 574 ירא

    יָרֵא(b. h.) to tremble, fear; to revere; to shun. Sabb.88a (ref. to Ps. 76:9) אם יָרְאָהוכ׳ if she (the earth) trembled, how could she be at rest, ?Ber.16b ליִרְאָה את שמך so as to fear thy name.(Usu. as participle or adjective) יָרֵא m. Ned.8b (ref. to Mal. 3:20) אלו … שהן יְרֵאִין להוציאוכ׳ who are afraid to utter the name of the Lord in vain.יְרֵא חֵטא shunning sin, of careful conduct, conscientious. Ab. II, 5. Ib. 8; a. fr.יְרֵא שָׁמַיִם God-fearing, pious. Ber.8a גדול … יותר מי׳ ש׳ he who lives on the (honest) labor of his hand, stands higher than the pious man. Succ.49b, v. יָרַע; a. fr. Fem. יְרֵאָה, constr. יְרֵאַת. Lam. R. to II, 13 (play on י̇ר̇ושל̇ם̇) הבת שי̇ר̇אה ומשול̇מ̇ת לי the daughter that fears (me) and is at peace with me. Ib. כשאת יְרֵיאָה את מושלמת לי Ar. (missing in ed.) when thou art God-fearing, thou art at peace with me. Yeb.62b.Part. pass. יָראוּי. Ber.33b; Meg.25a Ms. M. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note). Nif. נוֹרָא, fut. יִוָּרֵא to be feared. Koh. R. to IX, 7; Pesik. Ulkaḥ., p. 183b>, a. e. למען תִּוָּרֵאוכ׳ (Ps. 130:4) ‘in order that thou mayest be feared, that the fear of thee be put on mankind.Part. נוֹרָא fearful, awe-inspiring. Ber. l. c. Yoma 69b לא אמר נ׳ Jeremiah did not say nora (only gadol a. gibbor, Jer. 32:18). Fem. pl. ניֹרָאוֹת awe-inspiring deeds. Ib. אתא … נכרים … איה נוֹרְאוֹתָיו came Jeremiah and said, Strangers dance on His temple ruins, where are His awful deeds?; Y.Ber.VII, 11c. Ib. לזה נאה לקרות נורא בנ׳וכ׳ (Daniel said) Him it is becoming to call awe-inspiring for the awful deeds He performed for us ; Midr. Till. to Ps. 19; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְיָירֵא, Nithpa. נִתְיָירֵא 1) to be feared, revered. Zeb.115b (ref. to Ps. 68:36) בשעה … מִתְיָירֵא ומתעלהוכ׳ when the Lord executes judgment on His saints, He is feared and praised ; Yalk. Lev. 525. 2) to be afraid. Ber.61b אי אתה מתי׳ מפניוכ׳ art thou not afraid of the (Roman) government?Midr. Till. l. c. שנכנסו … וכא נִתְיָירְאוּ the enemy entered His house and were not afraid (of the Lord). Ex. R. s. 29 אם המטרונה מִתְיָירֵאתוכ׳ if the queen is afraid, what shall the servants … do?; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > ירא

  • 575 יָרֵא

    יָרֵא(b. h.) to tremble, fear; to revere; to shun. Sabb.88a (ref. to Ps. 76:9) אם יָרְאָהוכ׳ if she (the earth) trembled, how could she be at rest, ?Ber.16b ליִרְאָה את שמך so as to fear thy name.(Usu. as participle or adjective) יָרֵא m. Ned.8b (ref. to Mal. 3:20) אלו … שהן יְרֵאִין להוציאוכ׳ who are afraid to utter the name of the Lord in vain.יְרֵא חֵטא shunning sin, of careful conduct, conscientious. Ab. II, 5. Ib. 8; a. fr.יְרֵא שָׁמַיִם God-fearing, pious. Ber.8a גדול … יותר מי׳ ש׳ he who lives on the (honest) labor of his hand, stands higher than the pious man. Succ.49b, v. יָרַע; a. fr. Fem. יְרֵאָה, constr. יְרֵאַת. Lam. R. to II, 13 (play on י̇ר̇ושל̇ם̇) הבת שי̇ר̇אה ומשול̇מ̇ת לי the daughter that fears (me) and is at peace with me. Ib. כשאת יְרֵיאָה את מושלמת לי Ar. (missing in ed.) when thou art God-fearing, thou art at peace with me. Yeb.62b.Part. pass. יָראוּי. Ber.33b; Meg.25a Ms. M. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note). Nif. נוֹרָא, fut. יִוָּרֵא to be feared. Koh. R. to IX, 7; Pesik. Ulkaḥ., p. 183b>, a. e. למען תִּוָּרֵאוכ׳ (Ps. 130:4) ‘in order that thou mayest be feared, that the fear of thee be put on mankind.Part. נוֹרָא fearful, awe-inspiring. Ber. l. c. Yoma 69b לא אמר נ׳ Jeremiah did not say nora (only gadol a. gibbor, Jer. 32:18). Fem. pl. ניֹרָאוֹת awe-inspiring deeds. Ib. אתא … נכרים … איה נוֹרְאוֹתָיו came Jeremiah and said, Strangers dance on His temple ruins, where are His awful deeds?; Y.Ber.VII, 11c. Ib. לזה נאה לקרות נורא בנ׳וכ׳ (Daniel said) Him it is becoming to call awe-inspiring for the awful deeds He performed for us ; Midr. Till. to Ps. 19; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְיָירֵא, Nithpa. נִתְיָירֵא 1) to be feared, revered. Zeb.115b (ref. to Ps. 68:36) בשעה … מִתְיָירֵא ומתעלהוכ׳ when the Lord executes judgment on His saints, He is feared and praised ; Yalk. Lev. 525. 2) to be afraid. Ber.61b אי אתה מתי׳ מפניוכ׳ art thou not afraid of the (Roman) government?Midr. Till. l. c. שנכנסו … וכא נִתְיָירְאוּ the enemy entered His house and were not afraid (of the Lord). Ex. R. s. 29 אם המטרונה מִתְיָירֵאתוכ׳ if the queen is afraid, what shall the servants … do?; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > יָרֵא

  • 576 יראה

    יִרְאָהf. (b. h.; preced.) 1) infin. of יָרֵא q. v. 2) fear. Ber.17a יִרְאָתִ־ the fear of me. Ib. ערום בי׳ cautious in religions affairs. Koh. R. to IX, 7 שתהא יִרְאָתְךָוכ׳, v. preced.עשה מִיִּ׳ (or עבד) to do good (to worship) from motives of fear, opp. מאהבה. Sot.31a; a. fr., v. אַהֲבָה.Y.Sot.V, 20c bot. פרוש י׳, v. פָּרוּש; a. v. fr.יִרְאַת שמים fear of the Lord; יִרְאַת חטא fear of sin (v. preced.). Ber.6b. Ib. 16b; a. fr. 3) object of fear, idol. Snh.106a הוציאה יִרְאָתָהּוכ׳ she took her idol out of her bosom. Pesik. Vayhi. p. 65b>; Mekh. Bo. s. 13 יִרְאָתֵנוּ our (Egyptian) deity; a. fr.Pl. יִרְאוֹת. Ib. Bshall., Vayhi, s. 1; Yalk. Ex. 230 מכל הי׳ שלהם of all their (the Egyptians) gods.

    Jewish literature > יראה

  • 577 יִרְאָה

    יִרְאָהf. (b. h.; preced.) 1) infin. of יָרֵא q. v. 2) fear. Ber.17a יִרְאָתִ־ the fear of me. Ib. ערום בי׳ cautious in religions affairs. Koh. R. to IX, 7 שתהא יִרְאָתְךָוכ׳, v. preced.עשה מִיִּ׳ (or עבד) to do good (to worship) from motives of fear, opp. מאהבה. Sot.31a; a. fr., v. אַהֲבָה.Y.Sot.V, 20c bot. פרוש י׳, v. פָּרוּש; a. v. fr.יִרְאַת שמים fear of the Lord; יִרְאַת חטא fear of sin (v. preced.). Ber.6b. Ib. 16b; a. fr. 3) object of fear, idol. Snh.106a הוציאה יִרְאָתָהּוכ׳ she took her idol out of her bosom. Pesik. Vayhi. p. 65b>; Mekh. Bo. s. 13 יִרְאָתֵנוּ our (Egyptian) deity; a. fr.Pl. יִרְאוֹת. Ib. Bshall., Vayhi, s. 1; Yalk. Ex. 230 מכל הי׳ שלהם of all their (the Egyptians) gods.

    Jewish literature > יִרְאָה

  • 578 ירחַ

    יָרֵחַf. (b. h.: ירח, cmp. ארח) ( traveller, moon. Ḥull.60b אמרה י׳וכ׳ said the Moon to the Lord; Yalk. Gen. 8. Ib. מיעטתי את הי׳. v. מָעַט. Ber.56b Ms. M. (ed. סיהרא).

    Jewish literature > ירחַ

  • 579 יָרֵחַ

    יָרֵחַf. (b. h.: ירח, cmp. ארח) ( traveller, moon. Ḥull.60b אמרה י׳וכ׳ said the Moon to the Lord; Yalk. Gen. 8. Ib. מיעטתי את הי׳. v. מָעַט. Ber.56b Ms. M. (ed. סיהרא).

    Jewish literature > יָרֵחַ

  • 580 ירמיה

    יִרְמְיָה, יִרְמְיָהוּ(b. h.) pr. n. m. Jeremiah, 1) J. the prophet. Pesik. Dibré, p. 114b> י׳ ר̇ם̇ י̇ה̇ he is named J., because in his days the Lord (Shekhinah) moved from place to place; Yalk. Jer. 257 י׳ י̇ר̇ם̇ י̇ה̇. Ib. י׳ שבימיו … א̇ר̇י̇מ̇י̇ן̇ he is called J., because in his days the Temple became deserted; Koh. R. beg., v. אֱירֶימִיאָה. Meg.14b. Snh.95a; a. v. fr. (ספר)ר׳ the Book of Jeremiah. B. Bath.14b. 2) name of several Amoraim, esp. R. J., pupil of B. Zera. Ib. 23b ועל דא אפקוה לר׳ י׳וכ׳ for this (burlesque question) they ejected R. J. from college. Ib. 135b עיילוה לר׳ י׳וכ׳ upon this (reply) they reinstated R. J.Y.M. Kat. III, 81d bot.; a. fr.V. Fr. Mbo p. 108a>; 118b>.

    Jewish literature > ירמיה

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