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  • 541 יָדִיד

    יָדִידm. (b. h.; redupl. of ידי; cmp. דּוֹד) ( pointed out, chosen, beloved; chosen spot. Men.53a יבא י׳ בן י׳ ויבנה י׳ … ויתכפרו בו ידידים the beloved (Solomon), son of the beloved (Abraham), shall rise and build a chosen structure (Temple) to the beloved (the Lord) in the lot of the beloved (Benjamin), that in it the chosen ones (Israel) be atoned for. Y.Ber.IX, 14a bot.; Sabb.137b (benediction on circumcision) אשר קידש י׳ מבטן who sanctified the chosen one (Abraham, Is. 41:8; others: Isaac, with ref. to Gen. 22:2) from the womb.Pl. יְדִידִים, v. supra.

    Jewish literature > יָדִיד

  • 542 ידע

    יָדַע(b. h.; cmp. יָדָה) (to point out, select, love, 1) to recognize, know; to find out. Pes.87b כיון שי׳ שחטא when he was convinced that he had done wrong. Ib. ואין אתה יוֹדֵעַ אםוכ׳ and thou knowest not whether Ib. יודעהקב״ה את ישראלוכ׳ the Lord knows that Israel cannot endure the cruel persecutions of Rome (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note); Yalk. Hos. 529. Shebu.4b; ib. 5a. ונעלם מבלל שי׳ it says, ‘and it escaped his memory (Lev. 5:3)this proves that there was a time when he knew (the nature of his act, v. יְדִיעָה). Zeb.115b דבר זה … ולא יְדָעוֹוכ׳ this word (Ex. 29:43) the Lord had said to Moses, but he did not understand it, until the sons of Aaron died. Ib. כיון שי׳ … יְדוּעֵי מקום הן when Aaron learned that his sons were the chosen of the Lord (Lev. 10:3); a. v. fr.Part. pass. יָדוּעַ a) chosen. Pl. יְדוּעִים, constr. יְדוּעֵי, v. supra.b) known, special, certain. Sifra Vayikra, Ḥobah, Par. 6, ch. VIII חטא י׳ a known (discovered) sin, v. יְדִיעָה. Y.Sot.I, 16c טומאה יְדוּעָה (not ידוע) an ascertained levitical uncleanness, opp. ספק; a. fr.בְּיָדוּעַ it is sure. R. Hash. 20b בי׳ שנראהוכ׳ the moon must have been visible Succ.49b כל אדם … בי׳ שהואוכ׳ a popular man (v. חֵן) is, you may be sure, a God-fearing man; a. fr. 2) (euphem.) to have sexual intercourse with. Yeb.57a בלא יְדָעָהּ when he never had connection with her. Esth. R. to III, 7 שלא יְדָעָהּ אישוכ׳ whom no man except her husband touched; a. e. Hif. הוֹדִיעַ to make known, inform. Gen. R. s. 22, beg. (ref. to Gen. 4:1, reading יִדַּע for homiletical purposes) ה׳ דרך ארץ לכל he showed to all the way of the land (propagation, v. דֶּרֶךְ). Ḥull.V, 3 צריך להוֹדִיעַ must inform (the purchaser). Ab. IV, 22 לֵידַע להודיע ולהִוָּורַע to learn, to proclaim and to be made to feel (be thoroughly convinced). Sabb.10b צריך להוֹדִיעוֹ must inform him. Ib. לך והוֹדִיעֵם go and tell them. Ib. הנותן … צריך לה׳ לאמו he who gives bread to a child must inform his mother; a. fr. Hof. הוֹדַע to be informed, become conscious; to be made known. Shebu. I, 6 ה׳ ולאה׳ whether he became conscious (of his transgression) or not. Sifra Vayikra, Ḥobah, ch. 20, Par. 12 (ref. to Lev. 4:23; 28) אתה׳ שלהם when they become known; a. fr.B. Bath. 113b הוֹדְעָה Ms. M. (v. אָרַע II). Nif. נוֹדַע same. Hor.III, 3. Ab. IV, 22, v. supra. Shebu.9b שסופו לִיוָּדַע of which he is likely to be informed. Ḥull.9a עד שיִוָּדַע לך, v. חֲזָקָה. Nidd.IX, 5, v. infra; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְוַודַּע, Nithpa. נִתְוַודַּע 1) same. Bekh.25b עד שיִתְוַורַּע הטומאה (Nidd. l. c. עד שיודע לךוכ׳) until he ascertains the exact place of uncleanness; Pes.10a עד שתִּיוָּדַע לך Ms. M. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l.). Y.Sabb.III, 6b נתודע לווכ׳ he found it out after sunset; a. fr. 2) (v. מוֹדַע) to force ones self upon the notice of, to pretend friendship for. Ab. I, 10 אל תִּתְוַדַּע לרשות do not make thyself a partisan of the (foreign) government.

    Jewish literature > ידע

  • 543 יָדַע

    יָדַע(b. h.; cmp. יָדָה) (to point out, select, love, 1) to recognize, know; to find out. Pes.87b כיון שי׳ שחטא when he was convinced that he had done wrong. Ib. ואין אתה יוֹדֵעַ אםוכ׳ and thou knowest not whether Ib. יודעהקב״ה את ישראלוכ׳ the Lord knows that Israel cannot endure the cruel persecutions of Rome (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note); Yalk. Hos. 529. Shebu.4b; ib. 5a. ונעלם מבלל שי׳ it says, ‘and it escaped his memory (Lev. 5:3)this proves that there was a time when he knew (the nature of his act, v. יְדִיעָה). Zeb.115b דבר זה … ולא יְדָעוֹוכ׳ this word (Ex. 29:43) the Lord had said to Moses, but he did not understand it, until the sons of Aaron died. Ib. כיון שי׳ … יְדוּעֵי מקום הן when Aaron learned that his sons were the chosen of the Lord (Lev. 10:3); a. v. fr.Part. pass. יָדוּעַ a) chosen. Pl. יְדוּעִים, constr. יְדוּעֵי, v. supra.b) known, special, certain. Sifra Vayikra, Ḥobah, Par. 6, ch. VIII חטא י׳ a known (discovered) sin, v. יְדִיעָה. Y.Sot.I, 16c טומאה יְדוּעָה (not ידוע) an ascertained levitical uncleanness, opp. ספק; a. fr.בְּיָדוּעַ it is sure. R. Hash. 20b בי׳ שנראהוכ׳ the moon must have been visible Succ.49b כל אדם … בי׳ שהואוכ׳ a popular man (v. חֵן) is, you may be sure, a God-fearing man; a. fr. 2) (euphem.) to have sexual intercourse with. Yeb.57a בלא יְדָעָהּ when he never had connection with her. Esth. R. to III, 7 שלא יְדָעָהּ אישוכ׳ whom no man except her husband touched; a. e. Hif. הוֹדִיעַ to make known, inform. Gen. R. s. 22, beg. (ref. to Gen. 4:1, reading יִדַּע for homiletical purposes) ה׳ דרך ארץ לכל he showed to all the way of the land (propagation, v. דֶּרֶךְ). Ḥull.V, 3 צריך להוֹדִיעַ must inform (the purchaser). Ab. IV, 22 לֵידַע להודיע ולהִוָּורַע to learn, to proclaim and to be made to feel (be thoroughly convinced). Sabb.10b צריך להוֹדִיעוֹ must inform him. Ib. לך והוֹדִיעֵם go and tell them. Ib. הנותן … צריך לה׳ לאמו he who gives bread to a child must inform his mother; a. fr. Hof. הוֹדַע to be informed, become conscious; to be made known. Shebu. I, 6 ה׳ ולאה׳ whether he became conscious (of his transgression) or not. Sifra Vayikra, Ḥobah, ch. 20, Par. 12 (ref. to Lev. 4:23; 28) אתה׳ שלהם when they become known; a. fr.B. Bath. 113b הוֹדְעָה Ms. M. (v. אָרַע II). Nif. נוֹדַע same. Hor.III, 3. Ab. IV, 22, v. supra. Shebu.9b שסופו לִיוָּדַע of which he is likely to be informed. Ḥull.9a עד שיִוָּדַע לך, v. חֲזָקָה. Nidd.IX, 5, v. infra; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְוַודַּע, Nithpa. נִתְוַודַּע 1) same. Bekh.25b עד שיִתְוַורַּע הטומאה (Nidd. l. c. עד שיודע לךוכ׳) until he ascertains the exact place of uncleanness; Pes.10a עד שתִּיוָּדַע לך Ms. M. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l.). Y.Sabb.III, 6b נתודע לווכ׳ he found it out after sunset; a. fr. 2) (v. מוֹדַע) to force ones self upon the notice of, to pretend friendship for. Ab. I, 10 אל תִּתְוַדַּע לרשות do not make thyself a partisan of the (foreign) government.

    Jewish literature > יָדַע

  • 544 יחד

    יָחַדPi. יִחֵד, יִיחֵד (b. h.; v. אֶחָד) 1) to unite, concentrate. Y.Ber.IV, 7d bot. ותְיַיחֵד לבבינווכ׳ and concentrate our hearts (inclinations) to fear thy Name. 2) (with על) to confer a distinction, name Gen. R. s. 68 אברהם י׳ … שמו עליו on Abraham did the Lord confer His Name (Gen. 26:24, a. e.). Ib. ידע שהקב״ה מְיַחֵד שמו עליו he inferred that the Lord would confer His Name upon him (to be called ‘the God of Jacob). Mekh. Mishp. s. 20 על ישראל י׳ שמו ביותר (although the Lord of the universe) He conferred His Name particularly on Israel (v. יוֹתֵר); a. fr. 3) to declare the unity of God, to recite Shma (Deut. 6:4). Gen. R. s. 20 אנו … ומְיַחֲדִים שמווכ׳ we trust in Him and profess His unity Cant. R. to II, 16 ואני מְיַחֶדֶת שמווכ׳ and I (Israel) profess the unity of His name twice every day, (saying) Hear, O Israel ; a. fr. 4) to single out, select, designate. Snh.57a שיי׳ שפחה לעבדו who designated a handmaid (as a wife) for his slave. Lev. R. s. 12 ויי׳ אליו הדבורוכ׳ addressed the command to him exclusively (Lev. 10:8); a. e.Yoma 11b (ref. to Lev. 14:35) מי שמְיַיחֵד ביתו לווכ׳ he who devotes his household exclusively to himself, and is unwilling to lend his vessels ; Arakh.16a שמיוחד (v. infra); Yalk. Lev. 564. 5) to leave persons alone in a special room, to arrange a private meeting for. Keth.12a; Tosef. ib. I, 4; Y. ib. I, 25a bot. היו מְיַיחֲדִיןוכ׳ they used to leave bride and groom in a private room alone for a while.Part. pass. מְיוּחָד, f. מְיוּחֶדֶת; pl. מְיוּחָדִים, מְיוּחָדִין, מְיוּחָדוֹת a) especial, particular, designated; chosen, distinguished (v. יָחִיד). Snh.60a, a. e. שם המי׳ the proper Name of the Lord (Jehovah).Yoma 11a ביתך ביתך המי׳ לך thy house (Deut. 6:9; 11:20), thy house which is designated for thy personal use. Ib.b מה בית מ׳ לדירה bayith means a room designated for a dwelling, יצאו אלו שאינן מי׳ לדירה to the exclusion of those rooms (gate lodge) which are not designated for dwellings. Arakh. l. c. מי׳ לו devoted to his own exclusive use, v. supra; a. fr.Gen. R. s. 99, end (ref. to כאחד, Gen. 49:16) כמי׳ שבשבטים like the most distinguished among the tribes. Yeb.62a אני שמ׳ לדבור בכלוכ׳ I (Moses) who am singled out (must be prepared) for divine communication every hour; Ab. dR. N., II Vers., ch. II (ed. Schechter, p. 10) שאני כלי מי׳ who am a special vessel (of revelation). Meil.15a קדשים המי׳ לה׳ sanctified things which are exclusively dedicated to the Lord; Sifra Vayikra, Ḥobah, Par. 11, ch. XX.Ib. Shmini, ch. II, Par. 2 כבשים ועזים המי׳ lambs and goats which are specified (Deut. 14:4); a. fr.b) locked up with. Num. R. s. 9 בזמן שהאשה מי׳ עםוכ׳ when a wife is locked up with her husband. Hithpa. הִתְיַיחֵד, Nithpa. נִתְיַיחֵד 1) to be conferred (with על); to be especially addressed (with אל). Ex. R. s. 7 היה ראוי … להִתְיַיחֵד עליווכ׳ the divine communication was to bear his name alone. Lev. R. s. 12 נתי׳ אליו הדבור the divine communication was addressed to him especially; a. e. 2) to be alone with, to be closeted with. Kidd.IV, 12 לא יִתְיַיחֵד אדםוכ׳ a man must not be alone (even) with two women, but one woman מִתְיַיחֶדֶתוכ׳ may be alone with two men. Ab. Zar. II, 1. Tosef.Gitt.VII (V), 4; a. fr.V. יִחוּד.

    Jewish literature > יחד

  • 545 יָחַד

    יָחַדPi. יִחֵד, יִיחֵד (b. h.; v. אֶחָד) 1) to unite, concentrate. Y.Ber.IV, 7d bot. ותְיַיחֵד לבבינווכ׳ and concentrate our hearts (inclinations) to fear thy Name. 2) (with על) to confer a distinction, name Gen. R. s. 68 אברהם י׳ … שמו עליו on Abraham did the Lord confer His Name (Gen. 26:24, a. e.). Ib. ידע שהקב״ה מְיַחֵד שמו עליו he inferred that the Lord would confer His Name upon him (to be called ‘the God of Jacob). Mekh. Mishp. s. 20 על ישראל י׳ שמו ביותר (although the Lord of the universe) He conferred His Name particularly on Israel (v. יוֹתֵר); a. fr. 3) to declare the unity of God, to recite Shma (Deut. 6:4). Gen. R. s. 20 אנו … ומְיַחֲדִים שמווכ׳ we trust in Him and profess His unity Cant. R. to II, 16 ואני מְיַחֶדֶת שמווכ׳ and I (Israel) profess the unity of His name twice every day, (saying) Hear, O Israel ; a. fr. 4) to single out, select, designate. Snh.57a שיי׳ שפחה לעבדו who designated a handmaid (as a wife) for his slave. Lev. R. s. 12 ויי׳ אליו הדבורוכ׳ addressed the command to him exclusively (Lev. 10:8); a. e.Yoma 11b (ref. to Lev. 14:35) מי שמְיַיחֵד ביתו לווכ׳ he who devotes his household exclusively to himself, and is unwilling to lend his vessels ; Arakh.16a שמיוחד (v. infra); Yalk. Lev. 564. 5) to leave persons alone in a special room, to arrange a private meeting for. Keth.12a; Tosef. ib. I, 4; Y. ib. I, 25a bot. היו מְיַיחֲדִיןוכ׳ they used to leave bride and groom in a private room alone for a while.Part. pass. מְיוּחָד, f. מְיוּחֶדֶת; pl. מְיוּחָדִים, מְיוּחָדִין, מְיוּחָדוֹת a) especial, particular, designated; chosen, distinguished (v. יָחִיד). Snh.60a, a. e. שם המי׳ the proper Name of the Lord (Jehovah).Yoma 11a ביתך ביתך המי׳ לך thy house (Deut. 6:9; 11:20), thy house which is designated for thy personal use. Ib.b מה בית מ׳ לדירה bayith means a room designated for a dwelling, יצאו אלו שאינן מי׳ לדירה to the exclusion of those rooms (gate lodge) which are not designated for dwellings. Arakh. l. c. מי׳ לו devoted to his own exclusive use, v. supra; a. fr.Gen. R. s. 99, end (ref. to כאחד, Gen. 49:16) כמי׳ שבשבטים like the most distinguished among the tribes. Yeb.62a אני שמ׳ לדבור בכלוכ׳ I (Moses) who am singled out (must be prepared) for divine communication every hour; Ab. dR. N., II Vers., ch. II (ed. Schechter, p. 10) שאני כלי מי׳ who am a special vessel (of revelation). Meil.15a קדשים המי׳ לה׳ sanctified things which are exclusively dedicated to the Lord; Sifra Vayikra, Ḥobah, Par. 11, ch. XX.Ib. Shmini, ch. II, Par. 2 כבשים ועזים המי׳ lambs and goats which are specified (Deut. 14:4); a. fr.b) locked up with. Num. R. s. 9 בזמן שהאשה מי׳ עםוכ׳ when a wife is locked up with her husband. Hithpa. הִתְיַיחֵד, Nithpa. נִתְיַיחֵד 1) to be conferred (with על); to be especially addressed (with אל). Ex. R. s. 7 היה ראוי … להִתְיַיחֵד עליווכ׳ the divine communication was to bear his name alone. Lev. R. s. 12 נתי׳ אליו הדבור the divine communication was addressed to him especially; a. e. 2) to be alone with, to be closeted with. Kidd.IV, 12 לא יִתְיַיחֵד אדםוכ׳ a man must not be alone (even) with two women, but one woman מִתְיַיחֶדֶתוכ׳ may be alone with two men. Ab. Zar. II, 1. Tosef.Gitt.VII (V), 4; a. fr.V. יִחוּד.

    Jewish literature > יָחַד

  • 546 יחיד

    יָחִידm. (b. h.; יָחַד) 1) only, single, individual. Gen. R. s. 99, end (ref. to כאחד, Gen. 49:16) כִּיחִידוֹ שלוכ׳ (not כיחודו) like the Only One of the world, as He needs no help ; ib. s. 21 (ref. to כאחד, ib. III, 2 2). Ib. s. 55 זה י׳ לאמווכ׳ this one (Ishmael) is the only son of his mother, and the other (Isaac) is Taan.9a בשביל י׳ for an individuals sake, opp. רבים. Ber.9a, a. fr. י׳ ורבים הלכהוכ׳ where a single opinion is opposed to the opinion of more than one, the law follows the latter. Bets.V, 5 בור של י׳ a well belonging to an individual. Erub.46a י׳ במקום י׳ an individual opinion opposed to an individual opinion; a. v. fr.Y.Keth.VII, 31b bot. בְּיָ׳ (= בְּיִחוּד) privately.Pl. יְחִידִים, יְחִידִין. R. Hash. 17b כי׳ דמי are to be considered as individuals (in prayer); a. fr.Fem. יְחִידָה. Num. R. s. 12 בת י׳ an only daughter; a. fr.Deut. R. s. 2, end מההקב״ה … כך הנפש י׳ בגוף as the Lord is matchless in his world, so is the soul in the body; Midr. Till. to Ps. 103; Gen. R. s. 14, end שכל האברים … והיא י׳ בגוף all limbs are paired, but she (the soul) is unmatched in the body.As a noun (b. h.) יְחִידָה soul. Ib. Deut. R. l. c.; a. e. 2) select, esp. one devoted to a particularly scrupulous life. Taan.10b איזהו י׳ who is called a yaḥid? Ans. י׳ כל שראויוכ׳ whoever is worthy to be appointed manager of a community. Ib. אל יאמר אדם … להיות י׳ one must not say, I am only a student, I am not fit to lead the life of a yaḥid (it would be an assumption, v. יוֹהֲרָא); Tosef. ib. I, 7 (v. Var. in ed. Zuck. a. Rabb. D. S. to Taan. l. c.); Y.Ber.II, end, 5d כל דבר של צער … י׳ עושה in all matters of self-abnegation, whoever desires to make himself a yaḥid, may do so.Pl. as ab. Taan.I, 4; a. fr. V. יְחִידִי.

    Jewish literature > יחיד

  • 547 יָחִיד

    יָחִידm. (b. h.; יָחַד) 1) only, single, individual. Gen. R. s. 99, end (ref. to כאחד, Gen. 49:16) כִּיחִידוֹ שלוכ׳ (not כיחודו) like the Only One of the world, as He needs no help ; ib. s. 21 (ref. to כאחד, ib. III, 2 2). Ib. s. 55 זה י׳ לאמווכ׳ this one (Ishmael) is the only son of his mother, and the other (Isaac) is Taan.9a בשביל י׳ for an individuals sake, opp. רבים. Ber.9a, a. fr. י׳ ורבים הלכהוכ׳ where a single opinion is opposed to the opinion of more than one, the law follows the latter. Bets.V, 5 בור של י׳ a well belonging to an individual. Erub.46a י׳ במקום י׳ an individual opinion opposed to an individual opinion; a. v. fr.Y.Keth.VII, 31b bot. בְּיָ׳ (= בְּיִחוּד) privately.Pl. יְחִידִים, יְחִידִין. R. Hash. 17b כי׳ דמי are to be considered as individuals (in prayer); a. fr.Fem. יְחִידָה. Num. R. s. 12 בת י׳ an only daughter; a. fr.Deut. R. s. 2, end מההקב״ה … כך הנפש י׳ בגוף as the Lord is matchless in his world, so is the soul in the body; Midr. Till. to Ps. 103; Gen. R. s. 14, end שכל האברים … והיא י׳ בגוף all limbs are paired, but she (the soul) is unmatched in the body.As a noun (b. h.) יְחִידָה soul. Ib. Deut. R. l. c.; a. e. 2) select, esp. one devoted to a particularly scrupulous life. Taan.10b איזהו י׳ who is called a yaḥid? Ans. י׳ כל שראויוכ׳ whoever is worthy to be appointed manager of a community. Ib. אל יאמר אדם … להיות י׳ one must not say, I am only a student, I am not fit to lead the life of a yaḥid (it would be an assumption, v. יוֹהֲרָא); Tosef. ib. I, 7 (v. Var. in ed. Zuck. a. Rabb. D. S. to Taan. l. c.); Y.Ber.II, end, 5d כל דבר של צער … י׳ עושה in all matters of self-abnegation, whoever desires to make himself a yaḥid, may do so.Pl. as ab. Taan.I, 4; a. fr. V. יְחִידִי.

    Jewish literature > יָחִיד

  • 548 יי

    יֳיm. (abbrev. of the Tetragrammaton) Adonai, the Lord. Targ. Ps. 1:2 (ed. Lag. יהוה); a. fr.Y.Snh.X, 28a top; a. fr. (interch. in eds. with ה׳).

    Jewish literature > יי

  • 549 יֳי

    יֳיm. (abbrev. of the Tetragrammaton) Adonai, the Lord. Targ. Ps. 1:2 (ed. Lag. יהוה); a. fr.Y.Snh.X, 28a top; a. fr. (interch. in eds. with ה׳).

    Jewish literature > יֳי

  • 550 יכול

    יָכוֹל, יָכֹל(b. h.; יכל, cmp. כּוּל, כָּלַל, כִּלְכֵּל) 1) (adj.) m., יְכוֹלָה f. capable, able to sustain, enduring; 2) (verb), impf. יוּכַל, to be capable, able; one can, may; it is possible. Cant. R. to III, 6 לארי יָכֹלְתִּי … איני י׳ I overpowered the lion, and I should not overpower the dog? Ib. שר שלבם לא י׳ … ואתם יְכוֹלִים להם your guardian angel could not stand against their father (Jacob), and (you think) you could master them?יְכוֹלְנִי = י׳ אני I can. Ḥag.15a top Ms. M. (ed. יכול אני); Nidd.64b.Keth.95a מפני שי׳ לומרוכ׳ because he may plead Ib. יְכוֹלָה היא שתאמר she may plead. Ib. 43a, a. e. י׳ הרב לומרוכ׳ the master may (has a right to) say to his slave Ber.6a אין כל בריה י׳ לעמודוכ׳ no creature could stand up (exist) before the demons. Taan.30b ביָכוֹל of an able-bodied person.Yalk. Esth. 1048 שמא תוּכַל להשיאהוכ׳ canst thou give her in marriage to both of them?Midr. Till. to Ps. 45 לא יָכְלוּ להתודותוכ׳ they could not confess their sins with their mouth; a. v. fr.Esp. יָכוֹל (= יכול אני לומר or י׳ אתה לומר) I ( you) might think, argue, conclude. Sabb.64a י׳ שאני מרבהוכ׳ from the Bible text (Lev. 11:32) I might infer that ropes and cords are included; Sifra Shmini Par. 6, ch. 8; a. v. fr.כְּבְיָכוֹל as though it were possible, as it were (ref. to an allegorical or anthropomorphous expression with reference to the Lord). Mekh. Bo, Pisḥa, s.14 כל זמן … כ׳ שכינה עמהם whenever Israel is enslaved, the Divine Majesty, as it were, is with them in slavery. Ib. כ׳ אמרו ישראלוכ׳ the Israelites said, thou, as it were, hast redeemed thyself. Ib. Bshall., Shirah, s. 6 כ׳ כלפי מעלה as if referring to the Lords eye. B. Kam.79b, v. מַטָּה; a. fr.Ch. יְכִיל.

    Jewish literature > יכול

  • 551 יכל

    יָכוֹל, יָכֹל(b. h.; יכל, cmp. כּוּל, כָּלַל, כִּלְכֵּל) 1) (adj.) m., יְכוֹלָה f. capable, able to sustain, enduring; 2) (verb), impf. יוּכַל, to be capable, able; one can, may; it is possible. Cant. R. to III, 6 לארי יָכֹלְתִּי … איני י׳ I overpowered the lion, and I should not overpower the dog? Ib. שר שלבם לא י׳ … ואתם יְכוֹלִים להם your guardian angel could not stand against their father (Jacob), and (you think) you could master them?יְכוֹלְנִי = י׳ אני I can. Ḥag.15a top Ms. M. (ed. יכול אני); Nidd.64b.Keth.95a מפני שי׳ לומרוכ׳ because he may plead Ib. יְכוֹלָה היא שתאמר she may plead. Ib. 43a, a. e. י׳ הרב לומרוכ׳ the master may (has a right to) say to his slave Ber.6a אין כל בריה י׳ לעמודוכ׳ no creature could stand up (exist) before the demons. Taan.30b ביָכוֹל of an able-bodied person.Yalk. Esth. 1048 שמא תוּכַל להשיאהוכ׳ canst thou give her in marriage to both of them?Midr. Till. to Ps. 45 לא יָכְלוּ להתודותוכ׳ they could not confess their sins with their mouth; a. v. fr.Esp. יָכוֹל (= יכול אני לומר or י׳ אתה לומר) I ( you) might think, argue, conclude. Sabb.64a י׳ שאני מרבהוכ׳ from the Bible text (Lev. 11:32) I might infer that ropes and cords are included; Sifra Shmini Par. 6, ch. 8; a. v. fr.כְּבְיָכוֹל as though it were possible, as it were (ref. to an allegorical or anthropomorphous expression with reference to the Lord). Mekh. Bo, Pisḥa, s.14 כל זמן … כ׳ שכינה עמהם whenever Israel is enslaved, the Divine Majesty, as it were, is with them in slavery. Ib. כ׳ אמרו ישראלוכ׳ the Israelites said, thou, as it were, hast redeemed thyself. Ib. Bshall., Shirah, s. 6 כ׳ כלפי מעלה as if referring to the Lords eye. B. Kam.79b, v. מַטָּה; a. fr.Ch. יְכִיל.

    Jewish literature > יכל

  • 552 יָכוֹל

    יָכוֹל, יָכֹל(b. h.; יכל, cmp. כּוּל, כָּלַל, כִּלְכֵּל) 1) (adj.) m., יְכוֹלָה f. capable, able to sustain, enduring; 2) (verb), impf. יוּכַל, to be capable, able; one can, may; it is possible. Cant. R. to III, 6 לארי יָכֹלְתִּי … איני י׳ I overpowered the lion, and I should not overpower the dog? Ib. שר שלבם לא י׳ … ואתם יְכוֹלִים להם your guardian angel could not stand against their father (Jacob), and (you think) you could master them?יְכוֹלְנִי = י׳ אני I can. Ḥag.15a top Ms. M. (ed. יכול אני); Nidd.64b.Keth.95a מפני שי׳ לומרוכ׳ because he may plead Ib. יְכוֹלָה היא שתאמר she may plead. Ib. 43a, a. e. י׳ הרב לומרוכ׳ the master may (has a right to) say to his slave Ber.6a אין כל בריה י׳ לעמודוכ׳ no creature could stand up (exist) before the demons. Taan.30b ביָכוֹל of an able-bodied person.Yalk. Esth. 1048 שמא תוּכַל להשיאהוכ׳ canst thou give her in marriage to both of them?Midr. Till. to Ps. 45 לא יָכְלוּ להתודותוכ׳ they could not confess their sins with their mouth; a. v. fr.Esp. יָכוֹל (= יכול אני לומר or י׳ אתה לומר) I ( you) might think, argue, conclude. Sabb.64a י׳ שאני מרבהוכ׳ from the Bible text (Lev. 11:32) I might infer that ropes and cords are included; Sifra Shmini Par. 6, ch. 8; a. v. fr.כְּבְיָכוֹל as though it were possible, as it were (ref. to an allegorical or anthropomorphous expression with reference to the Lord). Mekh. Bo, Pisḥa, s.14 כל זמן … כ׳ שכינה עמהם whenever Israel is enslaved, the Divine Majesty, as it were, is with them in slavery. Ib. כ׳ אמרו ישראלוכ׳ the Israelites said, thou, as it were, hast redeemed thyself. Ib. Bshall., Shirah, s. 6 כ׳ כלפי מעלה as if referring to the Lords eye. B. Kam.79b, v. מַטָּה; a. fr.Ch. יְכִיל.

    Jewish literature > יָכוֹל

  • 553 יָכֹל

    יָכוֹל, יָכֹל(b. h.; יכל, cmp. כּוּל, כָּלַל, כִּלְכֵּל) 1) (adj.) m., יְכוֹלָה f. capable, able to sustain, enduring; 2) (verb), impf. יוּכַל, to be capable, able; one can, may; it is possible. Cant. R. to III, 6 לארי יָכֹלְתִּי … איני י׳ I overpowered the lion, and I should not overpower the dog? Ib. שר שלבם לא י׳ … ואתם יְכוֹלִים להם your guardian angel could not stand against their father (Jacob), and (you think) you could master them?יְכוֹלְנִי = י׳ אני I can. Ḥag.15a top Ms. M. (ed. יכול אני); Nidd.64b.Keth.95a מפני שי׳ לומרוכ׳ because he may plead Ib. יְכוֹלָה היא שתאמר she may plead. Ib. 43a, a. e. י׳ הרב לומרוכ׳ the master may (has a right to) say to his slave Ber.6a אין כל בריה י׳ לעמודוכ׳ no creature could stand up (exist) before the demons. Taan.30b ביָכוֹל of an able-bodied person.Yalk. Esth. 1048 שמא תוּכַל להשיאהוכ׳ canst thou give her in marriage to both of them?Midr. Till. to Ps. 45 לא יָכְלוּ להתודותוכ׳ they could not confess their sins with their mouth; a. v. fr.Esp. יָכוֹל (= יכול אני לומר or י׳ אתה לומר) I ( you) might think, argue, conclude. Sabb.64a י׳ שאני מרבהוכ׳ from the Bible text (Lev. 11:32) I might infer that ropes and cords are included; Sifra Shmini Par. 6, ch. 8; a. v. fr.כְּבְיָכוֹל as though it were possible, as it were (ref. to an allegorical or anthropomorphous expression with reference to the Lord). Mekh. Bo, Pisḥa, s.14 כל זמן … כ׳ שכינה עמהם whenever Israel is enslaved, the Divine Majesty, as it were, is with them in slavery. Ib. כ׳ אמרו ישראלוכ׳ the Israelites said, thou, as it were, hast redeemed thyself. Ib. Bshall., Shirah, s. 6 כ׳ כלפי מעלה as if referring to the Lords eye. B. Kam.79b, v. מַטָּה; a. fr.Ch. יְכִיל.

    Jewish literature > יָכֹל

  • 554 יכח

    יָכַח(b. h.; v. כֹּחַ) to be firm, stand, be right.Denom. נֹכַח. Hif. הוֹכִיהַ ( to place opposite, 1) to admonish, reprove. Ber.31a sq. (ref. to 1 Sam. 1:14) מכאן … שצריך להוֹכִיחוֹ from here we learn that he who sees in his neighbor something unbecoming, is bound to admonish him; Arakh.16b. Ib. הוֹכִיחוֹ … ויוֹכִיחֶנּוּ if he did admonish him and he did not heed it, he must do it again. lb תמיהני … שיודע להוכיח I wonder whether there is in this generation one who knows how to admonish; a. fr. 2) to prove, to serve as an analogy. B. Kam.6a אש תּוֹכִיחַ let the law concerning incendiary (Ex. 22:5) be taken as a standard (it being the result of human action); בור תוכיח let the law about a pit (ib. 21:33) decide (it being stationary). Kidd.7a; a. v. fr. 3) to be evidence, to show. M. Kat. 4b זיבלו מוֹכִיחַ עליו his dung shows what he is about doing; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְוַוכֵּחַ, Nithpa. נִתְוַוכֵּחַ to argue, be justified. Lev. R. s. 27 באהקב״ה לה׳וכ׳ the Lord came to argue with Israel; ib. כלום אינון יכולין לה׳ עם בוראן can they argue (successfully) with their Creator?; Num. R. s. 10, beg.; a. fr. Nif. נוֹכַח same. Cant. R. to V, 16 מי יוכל לִיוָּכֵחַוכ׳ (not לוו׳) who dares to argue with

    Jewish literature > יכח

  • 555 יָכַח

    יָכַח(b. h.; v. כֹּחַ) to be firm, stand, be right.Denom. נֹכַח. Hif. הוֹכִיהַ ( to place opposite, 1) to admonish, reprove. Ber.31a sq. (ref. to 1 Sam. 1:14) מכאן … שצריך להוֹכִיחוֹ from here we learn that he who sees in his neighbor something unbecoming, is bound to admonish him; Arakh.16b. Ib. הוֹכִיחוֹ … ויוֹכִיחֶנּוּ if he did admonish him and he did not heed it, he must do it again. lb תמיהני … שיודע להוכיח I wonder whether there is in this generation one who knows how to admonish; a. fr. 2) to prove, to serve as an analogy. B. Kam.6a אש תּוֹכִיחַ let the law concerning incendiary (Ex. 22:5) be taken as a standard (it being the result of human action); בור תוכיח let the law about a pit (ib. 21:33) decide (it being stationary). Kidd.7a; a. v. fr. 3) to be evidence, to show. M. Kat. 4b זיבלו מוֹכִיחַ עליו his dung shows what he is about doing; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְוַוכֵּחַ, Nithpa. נִתְוַוכֵּחַ to argue, be justified. Lev. R. s. 27 באהקב״ה לה׳וכ׳ the Lord came to argue with Israel; ib. כלום אינון יכולין לה׳ עם בוראן can they argue (successfully) with their Creator?; Num. R. s. 10, beg.; a. fr. Nif. נוֹכַח same. Cant. R. to V, 16 מי יוכל לִיוָּכֵחַוכ׳ (not לוו׳) who dares to argue with

    Jewish literature > יָכַח

  • 556 יסור

    יִסּוּר, יִיסּוּרm. (יָסַר) correction by example, warning example. Snh.45a (ref. to Ez. 23:48) אין לךיי׳ גדול מזה there is no severer warning than this (capital punishment, and therefore disgrace by exposure would be an unnecessary hardship). 2) Pl. יִסּוּרִים, יִסּוּרִין, יִי׳ corrections by suffering, suffering, trials, visitation. Sifré Deut. 32 חביבים י׳ לפני … על מי שיי׳ באים עליו trials are precious in the sight of the Lord, for the glory of the Lord rests upon him who is visited with trials (ref. to Deut. 8:5). Ib. הי׳ מרציםוכ׳ sufferings atone more than sacrifices. Ber.5a י׳ של אהבה visitations of (divine) love (ref. to Prov. 3:12). Ib.b חביבין עליך י׳ are the sufferings welcome to thee (as trials)?Cant. R. to II, 16 מה קשין הן הי׳ how hard to bear are sufferings!; a. v. fr.

    Jewish literature > יסור

  • 557 ייסור

    יִסּוּר, יִיסּוּרm. (יָסַר) correction by example, warning example. Snh.45a (ref. to Ez. 23:48) אין לךיי׳ גדול מזה there is no severer warning than this (capital punishment, and therefore disgrace by exposure would be an unnecessary hardship). 2) Pl. יִסּוּרִים, יִסּוּרִין, יִי׳ corrections by suffering, suffering, trials, visitation. Sifré Deut. 32 חביבים י׳ לפני … על מי שיי׳ באים עליו trials are precious in the sight of the Lord, for the glory of the Lord rests upon him who is visited with trials (ref. to Deut. 8:5). Ib. הי׳ מרציםוכ׳ sufferings atone more than sacrifices. Ber.5a י׳ של אהבה visitations of (divine) love (ref. to Prov. 3:12). Ib.b חביבין עליך י׳ are the sufferings welcome to thee (as trials)?Cant. R. to II, 16 מה קשין הן הי׳ how hard to bear are sufferings!; a. v. fr.

    Jewish literature > ייסור

  • 558 יִסּוּר

    יִסּוּר, יִיסּוּרm. (יָסַר) correction by example, warning example. Snh.45a (ref. to Ez. 23:48) אין לךיי׳ גדול מזה there is no severer warning than this (capital punishment, and therefore disgrace by exposure would be an unnecessary hardship). 2) Pl. יִסּוּרִים, יִסּוּרִין, יִי׳ corrections by suffering, suffering, trials, visitation. Sifré Deut. 32 חביבים י׳ לפני … על מי שיי׳ באים עליו trials are precious in the sight of the Lord, for the glory of the Lord rests upon him who is visited with trials (ref. to Deut. 8:5). Ib. הי׳ מרציםוכ׳ sufferings atone more than sacrifices. Ber.5a י׳ של אהבה visitations of (divine) love (ref. to Prov. 3:12). Ib.b חביבין עליך י׳ are the sufferings welcome to thee (as trials)?Cant. R. to II, 16 מה קשין הן הי׳ how hard to bear are sufferings!; a. v. fr.

    Jewish literature > יִסּוּר

  • 559 יִיסּוּר

    יִסּוּר, יִיסּוּרm. (יָסַר) correction by example, warning example. Snh.45a (ref. to Ez. 23:48) אין לךיי׳ גדול מזה there is no severer warning than this (capital punishment, and therefore disgrace by exposure would be an unnecessary hardship). 2) Pl. יִסּוּרִים, יִסּוּרִין, יִי׳ corrections by suffering, suffering, trials, visitation. Sifré Deut. 32 חביבים י׳ לפני … על מי שיי׳ באים עליו trials are precious in the sight of the Lord, for the glory of the Lord rests upon him who is visited with trials (ref. to Deut. 8:5). Ib. הי׳ מרציםוכ׳ sufferings atone more than sacrifices. Ber.5a י׳ של אהבה visitations of (divine) love (ref. to Prov. 3:12). Ib.b חביבין עליך י׳ are the sufferings welcome to thee (as trials)?Cant. R. to II, 16 מה קשין הן הי׳ how hard to bear are sufferings!; a. v. fr.

    Jewish literature > יִיסּוּר

  • 560 יסר

    יָסַר(b. h.; cmp. אָסַר) ( to tie up; cmp. חוּב. Pi. יִסֵּר, יִיסֵּר to chastise, chasten, try. Snh.39a … מְיַיסֵּר … ביסורין he (the king) punishes the prominent among them (the rebellious citizens); כךהקב״ה מי׳וכ׳ so did the Lord visit Ezekiel in order to wash away the sins of Israel. Ab. Zar.4a אֲיַסְּרֵם ביסוריןוכ׳ I would visit them with afflictions in this world, in order that their arms be strengthened Ex. R. s. 3, end המטה שתְּיַיסְּרֶנּוּ בו the staff where-with to strike him (Pharaoh); a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְיַסֵּר, Nithpa. נִתְיַסֵּר to be chastened, tried. Gen. R. s. 62 היו מִתְיַיסְּרִין בחוליוכ׳ used to be visited with bowel diseases for ten days (prior to their death), to indicate that the disease purifies (from sin); Treat. Smaḥ. ch. III. Y.Snh.X, 27d נתיי׳ בבנו הבכור he was punished with the death of his first-born son. Tanḥ. Noah 14 נתי׳ בבנו he was visited with trials through his son (being asked to sacrifice him). Ib. Vayigg. 6 נתי׳ בבנו was tried by his son (Joseph being sold); a. e.

    Jewish literature > יסר

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