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  • 361 וותר

    וָתַר, וָותַר(v. יָתַר) to be plentiful. Y.Succ.V, 55c (ref. to Jer. 2:13) הא וָותְרוּ לאלף (not וותרה) were they not numerous up to a thousand?; Cant. R. to I, 6 הא וותרו למאד (read: למֵאָה). Pi. וִיתֵּר 1) to do more than justice requires, to be liberal; to forego ones rights. Y.Ned.I, beg.39a if they had agreed על מנת לוַותֵּר to yield their rights (to allow each other the use of the entire court). B. Bath. 126a בכור … ו׳ if a first-born accepted an equal share (of a field) with his brothers, he has renounced his privilege; Y.Keth.IV, end, 29b חזקה וייתר (read: וִויתֵּר). Ib. וִיתֵּירָה (= וִיתְּרָה). B. Kam.9a ו׳ he has renounced his rights (cannot resort to his co-heirs for redress). Ruth R. to I, 8 שוִיתְּרוּ להוכ׳ they relinquished their claim on her ; a. fr. 2) to be indulgent, forgive. Y. Ḥag.I, 76c ו׳הקב״ה עלוכ׳ the Lord overlooked Israels idolatry, but did not ; Lam. R. introd. (R. Abba 2). Y.Sot.V, end, 20d שהיה מְוַותֵּר על קללתו he pardoned those who cursed him. Deut. R. s. 9 נְוַותֵּר לו עוד יוםוכ׳ (not עד) let us give him a respite of one day or two.Num. R. s. 21 לא יהא אדם מוותר על התורה man must not be more liberal than the Law; a. fr.Snh.XI, 5 (89a) המוו׳ על דברי נביא he who disobeys a prophet from mere soft-heartedness (v. 1 Kings 20:35, sq.). 3) to give additional space to a plant by removing surrounding plants, to make open space. Y.Shebi.II, 33d top מְוַותְּרִין בגפנים you may clear (in the Sabbatical year) between the grape vines; ib. מקום שנהגו לוותרוכ׳ where it is customary to clear before the festive month; Tosef. ib. I, 7 מְוַתְּרִין; ib. להתיר ed. Zuck. (read: לוַותֵּיר). Nif. הִוָּותֵר (v. נָתַר) 1) to be let loose, set free. Midr. Ptirath Mosheh אֶוָּותֵר (Jellinek Beth-ham-Midrash I, 125; v. Lattes Saggio 107). 2) to be outlawed, v. infra. Hithpa. הִתְוַתַּר, Nithpa. נִתְוַתֵּר (v. נָתַר) 1) to become loose (of bowels). 2) to be declared free, be outlawed. Cant. R. to III, 4 נִתְוַתְּרוּ מעיווכ׳ (Yalk. Is. 288 נתרזו בני מ׳) his bowels were loose that whole night. B. Kam.50a bot. יִתְוַותְּרוּ חייו Ms. M. (ed. יִוָּתְרוּ, Nif., v. supra) his life shall be let loose i. e. shall be outlawed; Ar. ed. Koh. יִתְיַתְּרוּן מעיו וחייו (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note); Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 26 יתותרון בני מעיו his bowels, v. next w.; Yalk. Ps. 648 יִוָּתְרוּ חייו his life be outlawed.

    Jewish literature > וותר

  • 362 וָתַר

    וָתַר, וָותַר(v. יָתַר) to be plentiful. Y.Succ.V, 55c (ref. to Jer. 2:13) הא וָותְרוּ לאלף (not וותרה) were they not numerous up to a thousand?; Cant. R. to I, 6 הא וותרו למאד (read: למֵאָה). Pi. וִיתֵּר 1) to do more than justice requires, to be liberal; to forego ones rights. Y.Ned.I, beg.39a if they had agreed על מנת לוַותֵּר to yield their rights (to allow each other the use of the entire court). B. Bath. 126a בכור … ו׳ if a first-born accepted an equal share (of a field) with his brothers, he has renounced his privilege; Y.Keth.IV, end, 29b חזקה וייתר (read: וִויתֵּר). Ib. וִיתֵּירָה (= וִיתְּרָה). B. Kam.9a ו׳ he has renounced his rights (cannot resort to his co-heirs for redress). Ruth R. to I, 8 שוִיתְּרוּ להוכ׳ they relinquished their claim on her ; a. fr. 2) to be indulgent, forgive. Y. Ḥag.I, 76c ו׳הקב״ה עלוכ׳ the Lord overlooked Israels idolatry, but did not ; Lam. R. introd. (R. Abba 2). Y.Sot.V, end, 20d שהיה מְוַותֵּר על קללתו he pardoned those who cursed him. Deut. R. s. 9 נְוַותֵּר לו עוד יוםוכ׳ (not עד) let us give him a respite of one day or two.Num. R. s. 21 לא יהא אדם מוותר על התורה man must not be more liberal than the Law; a. fr.Snh.XI, 5 (89a) המוו׳ על דברי נביא he who disobeys a prophet from mere soft-heartedness (v. 1 Kings 20:35, sq.). 3) to give additional space to a plant by removing surrounding plants, to make open space. Y.Shebi.II, 33d top מְוַותְּרִין בגפנים you may clear (in the Sabbatical year) between the grape vines; ib. מקום שנהגו לוותרוכ׳ where it is customary to clear before the festive month; Tosef. ib. I, 7 מְוַתְּרִין; ib. להתיר ed. Zuck. (read: לוַותֵּיר). Nif. הִוָּותֵר (v. נָתַר) 1) to be let loose, set free. Midr. Ptirath Mosheh אֶוָּותֵר (Jellinek Beth-ham-Midrash I, 125; v. Lattes Saggio 107). 2) to be outlawed, v. infra. Hithpa. הִתְוַתַּר, Nithpa. נִתְוַתֵּר (v. נָתַר) 1) to become loose (of bowels). 2) to be declared free, be outlawed. Cant. R. to III, 4 נִתְוַתְּרוּ מעיווכ׳ (Yalk. Is. 288 נתרזו בני מ׳) his bowels were loose that whole night. B. Kam.50a bot. יִתְוַותְּרוּ חייו Ms. M. (ed. יִוָּתְרוּ, Nif., v. supra) his life shall be let loose i. e. shall be outlawed; Ar. ed. Koh. יִתְיַתְּרוּן מעיו וחייו (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note); Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 26 יתותרון בני מעיו his bowels, v. next w.; Yalk. Ps. 648 יִוָּתְרוּ חייו his life be outlawed.

    Jewish literature > וָתַר

  • 363 וָותַר

    וָתַר, וָותַר(v. יָתַר) to be plentiful. Y.Succ.V, 55c (ref. to Jer. 2:13) הא וָותְרוּ לאלף (not וותרה) were they not numerous up to a thousand?; Cant. R. to I, 6 הא וותרו למאד (read: למֵאָה). Pi. וִיתֵּר 1) to do more than justice requires, to be liberal; to forego ones rights. Y.Ned.I, beg.39a if they had agreed על מנת לוַותֵּר to yield their rights (to allow each other the use of the entire court). B. Bath. 126a בכור … ו׳ if a first-born accepted an equal share (of a field) with his brothers, he has renounced his privilege; Y.Keth.IV, end, 29b חזקה וייתר (read: וִויתֵּר). Ib. וִיתֵּירָה (= וִיתְּרָה). B. Kam.9a ו׳ he has renounced his rights (cannot resort to his co-heirs for redress). Ruth R. to I, 8 שוִיתְּרוּ להוכ׳ they relinquished their claim on her ; a. fr. 2) to be indulgent, forgive. Y. Ḥag.I, 76c ו׳הקב״ה עלוכ׳ the Lord overlooked Israels idolatry, but did not ; Lam. R. introd. (R. Abba 2). Y.Sot.V, end, 20d שהיה מְוַותֵּר על קללתו he pardoned those who cursed him. Deut. R. s. 9 נְוַותֵּר לו עוד יוםוכ׳ (not עד) let us give him a respite of one day or two.Num. R. s. 21 לא יהא אדם מוותר על התורה man must not be more liberal than the Law; a. fr.Snh.XI, 5 (89a) המוו׳ על דברי נביא he who disobeys a prophet from mere soft-heartedness (v. 1 Kings 20:35, sq.). 3) to give additional space to a plant by removing surrounding plants, to make open space. Y.Shebi.II, 33d top מְוַותְּרִין בגפנים you may clear (in the Sabbatical year) between the grape vines; ib. מקום שנהגו לוותרוכ׳ where it is customary to clear before the festive month; Tosef. ib. I, 7 מְוַתְּרִין; ib. להתיר ed. Zuck. (read: לוַותֵּיר). Nif. הִוָּותֵר (v. נָתַר) 1) to be let loose, set free. Midr. Ptirath Mosheh אֶוָּותֵר (Jellinek Beth-ham-Midrash I, 125; v. Lattes Saggio 107). 2) to be outlawed, v. infra. Hithpa. הִתְוַתַּר, Nithpa. נִתְוַתֵּר (v. נָתַר) 1) to become loose (of bowels). 2) to be declared free, be outlawed. Cant. R. to III, 4 נִתְוַתְּרוּ מעיווכ׳ (Yalk. Is. 288 נתרזו בני מ׳) his bowels were loose that whole night. B. Kam.50a bot. יִתְוַותְּרוּ חייו Ms. M. (ed. יִוָּתְרוּ, Nif., v. supra) his life shall be let loose i. e. shall be outlawed; Ar. ed. Koh. יִתְיַתְּרוּן מעיו וחייו (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note); Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 26 יתותרון בני מעיו his bowels, v. next w.; Yalk. Ps. 648 יִוָּתְרוּ חייו his life be outlawed.

    Jewish literature > וָותַר

  • 364 ותר

    וְתַרPa. וַותֵּר l) to give a surplus, to profit, avail. Targ. Prov. 10:2. 2) to be indulgent, to overlook. Lev. R. s. 10, beg. אם אין את מְוַותֵּר ציבחרוכ׳ unless thou overlook something ; Gen. R. s. 49; a. e. Ithpa. אִתְוַותֵּר, אִיוַּותֵּר 1) to be loosened. Y.Bets. II, end, 62b מאן דאמר … יִתְיַתְּרוּן בני מעויוכ׳ whoever says, the Lord is lax in dealing out justice,may his bowels become relaxed; He is merely long-suffering ; Y.Shek., V, 48d; Y.Taan.II, 65b, bot.; Midr. Till. to Ps. 10:2 לִיוַותְּרוּן מעוהי; Esth. R. to III, 15; VI, 1; Yalk. ib. 1056 יִוַּותְּרוּ מ׳ Yalk. Gen. 115 יִוַּתְּרוּ. 2) to be declared free, outlawed; v. preced.

    Jewish literature > ותר

  • 365 וְתַר

    וְתַרPa. וַותֵּר l) to give a surplus, to profit, avail. Targ. Prov. 10:2. 2) to be indulgent, to overlook. Lev. R. s. 10, beg. אם אין את מְוַותֵּר ציבחרוכ׳ unless thou overlook something ; Gen. R. s. 49; a. e. Ithpa. אִתְוַותֵּר, אִיוַּותֵּר 1) to be loosened. Y.Bets. II, end, 62b מאן דאמר … יִתְיַתְּרוּן בני מעויוכ׳ whoever says, the Lord is lax in dealing out justice,may his bowels become relaxed; He is merely long-suffering ; Y.Shek., V, 48d; Y.Taan.II, 65b, bot.; Midr. Till. to Ps. 10:2 לִיוַותְּרוּן מעוהי; Esth. R. to III, 15; VI, 1; Yalk. ib. 1056 יִוַּותְּרוּ מ׳ Yalk. Gen. 115 יִוַּתְּרוּ. 2) to be declared free, outlawed; v. preced.

    Jewish literature > וְתַר

  • 366 זט

    זטprob. an abbreviation of זְרִירָךְ טַב may thy sneezing be for good. Y.Ber.VI, 10d top אסור למימר ליה זט. Ar. (explaining = ζήτω, live!); ed. ייס = יי סעדך the Lord help thee!

    Jewish literature > זט

  • 367 זיווג

    זִיוּוּג, זִוּוּגm. (זָוַג) coupling, matching, marital destiny. Gen. R. s. 68, beg. אין זִיוּוּגוֹ שלוכ׳ mans conjugal destiny is decreed by the Lord; (Yalk. Jud. 70 זֹוגֹו or זִוְגֹּו, v. זֶוֶג). Ib. יש שהוא הולך אצל זיווגווכ׳ (Yalk. זוגו) one must travel to meet her who is designated for him, to another she travels to meet him. Midr. Till. to Ps. 59 ייחדהב״ה שמו על הז׳ the Lord has His special name connected with marriage (Gen. 24:50; Jud. 14:4; Prov. 19:14); a. fr.Trnsf. a corresponding case, solace offered by pointing to a similar case (v. זָוַג). Pesik. R. s. 30 מבקשים ז׳ לירושליםוכ׳ were looking out for a similar bereavement as a solace to Jerusalem and could not find any (ref. to Lam. 2:13). Ib. the Lord said אני אהיה זִיוּוּגָךְ I will be thy partner in misery (ref. to Is. 43:14).Pl. זִיוּוּגִים, זִיוּוּגִין, זִוּוּ׳. Gen. R. l. c.; Lev. R. s. 8, beg.; a. e.

    Jewish literature > זיווג

  • 368 זווג

    זִיוּוּג, זִוּוּגm. (זָוַג) coupling, matching, marital destiny. Gen. R. s. 68, beg. אין זִיוּוּגוֹ שלוכ׳ mans conjugal destiny is decreed by the Lord; (Yalk. Jud. 70 זֹוגֹו or זִוְגֹּו, v. זֶוֶג). Ib. יש שהוא הולך אצל זיווגווכ׳ (Yalk. זוגו) one must travel to meet her who is designated for him, to another she travels to meet him. Midr. Till. to Ps. 59 ייחדהב״ה שמו על הז׳ the Lord has His special name connected with marriage (Gen. 24:50; Jud. 14:4; Prov. 19:14); a. fr.Trnsf. a corresponding case, solace offered by pointing to a similar case (v. זָוַג). Pesik. R. s. 30 מבקשים ז׳ לירושליםוכ׳ were looking out for a similar bereavement as a solace to Jerusalem and could not find any (ref. to Lam. 2:13). Ib. the Lord said אני אהיה זִיוּוּגָךְ I will be thy partner in misery (ref. to Is. 43:14).Pl. זִיוּוּגִים, זִיוּוּגִין, זִוּוּ׳. Gen. R. l. c.; Lev. R. s. 8, beg.; a. e.

    Jewish literature > זווג

  • 369 זִיוּוּג

    זִיוּוּג, זִוּוּגm. (זָוַג) coupling, matching, marital destiny. Gen. R. s. 68, beg. אין זִיוּוּגוֹ שלוכ׳ mans conjugal destiny is decreed by the Lord; (Yalk. Jud. 70 זֹוגֹו or זִוְגֹּו, v. זֶוֶג). Ib. יש שהוא הולך אצל זיווגווכ׳ (Yalk. זוגו) one must travel to meet her who is designated for him, to another she travels to meet him. Midr. Till. to Ps. 59 ייחדהב״ה שמו על הז׳ the Lord has His special name connected with marriage (Gen. 24:50; Jud. 14:4; Prov. 19:14); a. fr.Trnsf. a corresponding case, solace offered by pointing to a similar case (v. זָוַג). Pesik. R. s. 30 מבקשים ז׳ לירושליםוכ׳ were looking out for a similar bereavement as a solace to Jerusalem and could not find any (ref. to Lam. 2:13). Ib. the Lord said אני אהיה זִיוּוּגָךְ I will be thy partner in misery (ref. to Is. 43:14).Pl. זִיוּוּגִים, זִיוּוּגִין, זִוּוּ׳. Gen. R. l. c.; Lev. R. s. 8, beg.; a. e.

    Jewish literature > זִיוּוּג

  • 370 זִוּוּג

    זִיוּוּג, זִוּוּגm. (זָוַג) coupling, matching, marital destiny. Gen. R. s. 68, beg. אין זִיוּוּגוֹ שלוכ׳ mans conjugal destiny is decreed by the Lord; (Yalk. Jud. 70 זֹוגֹו or זִוְגֹּו, v. זֶוֶג). Ib. יש שהוא הולך אצל זיווגווכ׳ (Yalk. זוגו) one must travel to meet her who is designated for him, to another she travels to meet him. Midr. Till. to Ps. 59 ייחדהב״ה שמו על הז׳ the Lord has His special name connected with marriage (Gen. 24:50; Jud. 14:4; Prov. 19:14); a. fr.Trnsf. a corresponding case, solace offered by pointing to a similar case (v. זָוַג). Pesik. R. s. 30 מבקשים ז׳ לירושליםוכ׳ were looking out for a similar bereavement as a solace to Jerusalem and could not find any (ref. to Lam. 2:13). Ib. the Lord said אני אהיה זִיוּוּגָךְ I will be thy partner in misery (ref. to Is. 43:14).Pl. זִיוּוּגִים, זִיוּוּגִין, זִוּוּ׳. Gen. R. l. c.; Lev. R. s. 8, beg.; a. e.

    Jewish literature > זִוּוּג

  • 371 זכי

    זכי, זָכָה(b. h.; cmp. זָךְ) (to be pure, clear, 1) to be acquitted, be right. B. Mets. 107b זוֹכֵה בדין he will be successful in his plea before court. Ber.7b זוכה בדין (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) he will be found righteous in Divine judgment; a. fr. 2) to be found worthy of, to be privileged, to succeed. Ib. I, 5 ולא זָכִיתִיוכ׳ I did not succeed (in proving) that Ib. 5b לא … זוכה לשתיוכ׳ not every one is privileged to enjoy two tables (this world and the hereafter). Ḥag.5b תִּזְכּוּ להקבילוכ׳ you will be privileged to receive Pes.19a זָכִינוּ שאיןוכ׳ it was a good thing for us that Erub.54a ז׳ תאווהוכ׳, if one is favored, ‘thou givest him the desire of his heart (without prayer), if less favored Yeb.63a, v. נֶגֶד; a. fr. 3) to take possession, have authority; to own (cmp. קָנָה); to gain, obtain a privilege. B. Mets.I, 3 אני זָכִיתִי בה I took possession of it for myself; ז׳ בה it is his. Ib. 4 זה שהחזיק בה ז׳ בה the one that took a hold of it, is the legitimate owner. Ib. זָכְתָה לי שדי my field (in which the object lies) has taken possession for me. Y.Kidd.I, 60a top הראוי לִזְכּוֹתע״י עצמווכ׳ he who is legally qualified to acquire ownership through his own act, can obtain ownership through another person.Erub.VII, 11 (81b), a. fr. זָכִין לאדם שלא בפניו you may obtain a privilege in behalf of a person in his absence, but you cannot act in his behalf to his disadvantage; a. fr. 4) (v. Pi.) to benefit another person by ones own merit, to transfer blessing Eduy. II, 9 האב זוֹכֶה לבןוכ׳ a (good) father transmits to his son the benefits of beauty Tosef. ib. I, 14 עד הפרק זוכה לו up to the age of majority the fathers merit stands by him, מכאן ואילך זוכה לעצמו after that he lives on his own merits. 5) to deserve well of, be of service to. Lev. R. s. 34 (ref. to Ps. 41:2) הוי … היאד לִזְכּוֹת עמו reflect well how to be of real service to him. Ib. לזכות בו to deserve divine reward through him. Ib. שיהו זָכִין אלו לאלו that they may deserve well of each other (the poor being the instrumentality of bliss to the giver); a. fr. Pi. זִכָּה, זִיכָּ׳ 1) to acquit, to argue or vote for acquittal. Erub.19a יפה זִבִּיתָוכ׳ thou wast right in acquitting, in condemning. Snh.III, 5 שנים מְזַכִּין if two vote for acquittal; a. fr. 2) to obtain a privilege for, take possession in behalf of; to transfer, make an assignment to. Y. Kidd. l. c. זה זי׳ לבן דעת the one obtained a privilege for a rational being. B. Bath.VIII, 6 זי׳ בה לאחר if in his will (found on his body) he made an assignment to somebody else (as executor); a. fr. 3) to transfer divine favor, to exercise a protecting influence on. Snh.111a מְזַכֶּה את כלוכ׳ protects the entire town. Yoma 87a לא דיין שזיכין לעצטן אלא שמְזַכִּיןוכ׳ Ms. M. not only do they obtain divine grace for themselves, but they also transfer the same on their children ; a. fr. 4) to lead to righteousness, to convert, make better, purer. Ib.; Ab. V, 18, a. e. כל המזכה אתוכ׳ whoever causes a community to do good. Macc.III, 16 רצההקב״ה לזַכּותוכ׳, the Lord desired to make Israel pure; a. fr. Hithpa. הִזִדַּכֶּה, Nithpa. נִזְדַּכֶּה 1) to he acquitted, to be found not guilty. Snh.30a מדבדיהם נז׳ פליני the defendant has been acquitted by their (the courts) verdict. Y. ib. V, 22d top ובאיזו מִזְדַּכֶּה פוטרין אותו and on which-soever (of the two counts) he is found not guilty, he is acquitted; a. fr. 2) to have favorable evidence or argument offered. Ib. 23a נ׳ מפי עצמו if the defendant himself offers Ib. הרישנ׳ מפי עצמו (read מפי עדו).

    Jewish literature > זכי

  • 372 זכה

    זכי, זָכָה(b. h.; cmp. זָךְ) (to be pure, clear, 1) to be acquitted, be right. B. Mets. 107b זוֹכֵה בדין he will be successful in his plea before court. Ber.7b זוכה בדין (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) he will be found righteous in Divine judgment; a. fr. 2) to be found worthy of, to be privileged, to succeed. Ib. I, 5 ולא זָכִיתִיוכ׳ I did not succeed (in proving) that Ib. 5b לא … זוכה לשתיוכ׳ not every one is privileged to enjoy two tables (this world and the hereafter). Ḥag.5b תִּזְכּוּ להקבילוכ׳ you will be privileged to receive Pes.19a זָכִינוּ שאיןוכ׳ it was a good thing for us that Erub.54a ז׳ תאווהוכ׳, if one is favored, ‘thou givest him the desire of his heart (without prayer), if less favored Yeb.63a, v. נֶגֶד; a. fr. 3) to take possession, have authority; to own (cmp. קָנָה); to gain, obtain a privilege. B. Mets.I, 3 אני זָכִיתִי בה I took possession of it for myself; ז׳ בה it is his. Ib. 4 זה שהחזיק בה ז׳ בה the one that took a hold of it, is the legitimate owner. Ib. זָכְתָה לי שדי my field (in which the object lies) has taken possession for me. Y.Kidd.I, 60a top הראוי לִזְכּוֹתע״י עצמווכ׳ he who is legally qualified to acquire ownership through his own act, can obtain ownership through another person.Erub.VII, 11 (81b), a. fr. זָכִין לאדם שלא בפניו you may obtain a privilege in behalf of a person in his absence, but you cannot act in his behalf to his disadvantage; a. fr. 4) (v. Pi.) to benefit another person by ones own merit, to transfer blessing Eduy. II, 9 האב זוֹכֶה לבןוכ׳ a (good) father transmits to his son the benefits of beauty Tosef. ib. I, 14 עד הפרק זוכה לו up to the age of majority the fathers merit stands by him, מכאן ואילך זוכה לעצמו after that he lives on his own merits. 5) to deserve well of, be of service to. Lev. R. s. 34 (ref. to Ps. 41:2) הוי … היאד לִזְכּוֹת עמו reflect well how to be of real service to him. Ib. לזכות בו to deserve divine reward through him. Ib. שיהו זָכִין אלו לאלו that they may deserve well of each other (the poor being the instrumentality of bliss to the giver); a. fr. Pi. זִכָּה, זִיכָּ׳ 1) to acquit, to argue or vote for acquittal. Erub.19a יפה זִבִּיתָוכ׳ thou wast right in acquitting, in condemning. Snh.III, 5 שנים מְזַכִּין if two vote for acquittal; a. fr. 2) to obtain a privilege for, take possession in behalf of; to transfer, make an assignment to. Y. Kidd. l. c. זה זי׳ לבן דעת the one obtained a privilege for a rational being. B. Bath.VIII, 6 זי׳ בה לאחר if in his will (found on his body) he made an assignment to somebody else (as executor); a. fr. 3) to transfer divine favor, to exercise a protecting influence on. Snh.111a מְזַכֶּה את כלוכ׳ protects the entire town. Yoma 87a לא דיין שזיכין לעצטן אלא שמְזַכִּיןוכ׳ Ms. M. not only do they obtain divine grace for themselves, but they also transfer the same on their children ; a. fr. 4) to lead to righteousness, to convert, make better, purer. Ib.; Ab. V, 18, a. e. כל המזכה אתוכ׳ whoever causes a community to do good. Macc.III, 16 רצההקב״ה לזַכּותוכ׳, the Lord desired to make Israel pure; a. fr. Hithpa. הִזִדַּכֶּה, Nithpa. נִזְדַּכֶּה 1) to he acquitted, to be found not guilty. Snh.30a מדבדיהם נז׳ פליני the defendant has been acquitted by their (the courts) verdict. Y. ib. V, 22d top ובאיזו מִזְדַּכֶּה פוטרין אותו and on which-soever (of the two counts) he is found not guilty, he is acquitted; a. fr. 2) to have favorable evidence or argument offered. Ib. 23a נ׳ מפי עצמו if the defendant himself offers Ib. הרישנ׳ מפי עצמו (read מפי עדו).

    Jewish literature > זכה

  • 373 זָכָה

    זכי, זָכָה(b. h.; cmp. זָךְ) (to be pure, clear, 1) to be acquitted, be right. B. Mets. 107b זוֹכֵה בדין he will be successful in his plea before court. Ber.7b זוכה בדין (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note) he will be found righteous in Divine judgment; a. fr. 2) to be found worthy of, to be privileged, to succeed. Ib. I, 5 ולא זָכִיתִיוכ׳ I did not succeed (in proving) that Ib. 5b לא … זוכה לשתיוכ׳ not every one is privileged to enjoy two tables (this world and the hereafter). Ḥag.5b תִּזְכּוּ להקבילוכ׳ you will be privileged to receive Pes.19a זָכִינוּ שאיןוכ׳ it was a good thing for us that Erub.54a ז׳ תאווהוכ׳, if one is favored, ‘thou givest him the desire of his heart (without prayer), if less favored Yeb.63a, v. נֶגֶד; a. fr. 3) to take possession, have authority; to own (cmp. קָנָה); to gain, obtain a privilege. B. Mets.I, 3 אני זָכִיתִי בה I took possession of it for myself; ז׳ בה it is his. Ib. 4 זה שהחזיק בה ז׳ בה the one that took a hold of it, is the legitimate owner. Ib. זָכְתָה לי שדי my field (in which the object lies) has taken possession for me. Y.Kidd.I, 60a top הראוי לִזְכּוֹתע״י עצמווכ׳ he who is legally qualified to acquire ownership through his own act, can obtain ownership through another person.Erub.VII, 11 (81b), a. fr. זָכִין לאדם שלא בפניו you may obtain a privilege in behalf of a person in his absence, but you cannot act in his behalf to his disadvantage; a. fr. 4) (v. Pi.) to benefit another person by ones own merit, to transfer blessing Eduy. II, 9 האב זוֹכֶה לבןוכ׳ a (good) father transmits to his son the benefits of beauty Tosef. ib. I, 14 עד הפרק זוכה לו up to the age of majority the fathers merit stands by him, מכאן ואילך זוכה לעצמו after that he lives on his own merits. 5) to deserve well of, be of service to. Lev. R. s. 34 (ref. to Ps. 41:2) הוי … היאד לִזְכּוֹת עמו reflect well how to be of real service to him. Ib. לזכות בו to deserve divine reward through him. Ib. שיהו זָכִין אלו לאלו that they may deserve well of each other (the poor being the instrumentality of bliss to the giver); a. fr. Pi. זִכָּה, זִיכָּ׳ 1) to acquit, to argue or vote for acquittal. Erub.19a יפה זִבִּיתָוכ׳ thou wast right in acquitting, in condemning. Snh.III, 5 שנים מְזַכִּין if two vote for acquittal; a. fr. 2) to obtain a privilege for, take possession in behalf of; to transfer, make an assignment to. Y. Kidd. l. c. זה זי׳ לבן דעת the one obtained a privilege for a rational being. B. Bath.VIII, 6 זי׳ בה לאחר if in his will (found on his body) he made an assignment to somebody else (as executor); a. fr. 3) to transfer divine favor, to exercise a protecting influence on. Snh.111a מְזַכֶּה את כלוכ׳ protects the entire town. Yoma 87a לא דיין שזיכין לעצטן אלא שמְזַכִּיןוכ׳ Ms. M. not only do they obtain divine grace for themselves, but they also transfer the same on their children ; a. fr. 4) to lead to righteousness, to convert, make better, purer. Ib.; Ab. V, 18, a. e. כל המזכה אתוכ׳ whoever causes a community to do good. Macc.III, 16 רצההקב״ה לזַכּותוכ׳, the Lord desired to make Israel pure; a. fr. Hithpa. הִזִדַּכֶּה, Nithpa. נִזְדַּכֶּה 1) to he acquitted, to be found not guilty. Snh.30a מדבדיהם נז׳ פליני the defendant has been acquitted by their (the courts) verdict. Y. ib. V, 22d top ובאיזו מִזְדַּכֶּה פוטרין אותו and on which-soever (of the two counts) he is found not guilty, he is acquitted; a. fr. 2) to have favorable evidence or argument offered. Ib. 23a נ׳ מפי עצמו if the defendant himself offers Ib. הרישנ׳ מפי עצמו (read מפי עדו).

    Jewish literature > זָכָה

  • 374 זכי

    זְכֵי, זְכָאch. sam( Hithpa. הִזִדַּכֶּה, Nithpa. נִזְדַּכֶּה to he acquitted, to be found not guilty), 1) to be clear, pure. Targ. Job 9:15. Ib. 10:15 זְכִיתִי (some ed. זִכִּי׳, corr. acc.); a. e. 2) to go unpunished (h. נקה). Targ. Jer. 25:29; a. e. 3) to deserve welt, do good, to obtain a claim on divine favor. Lev. R. s. 34 (read:) אדם … זְכִי בי או דְכִי בי the beggar says … ‘obtain a claim through me, or ‘become pure through me, (which means) זַכֵּי גדמך בי benefit thyself through me. Ib. אנן זַכְיִין בן we shall give thee something. Ib. ז׳ בהאי אתתא give this woman (me) something. Y. Ḥag.I, 76b bot. שלח … מִזְכֵּיוכ׳ sent his son to Tiberias for his improvement (through study); Y.Pes.III, 30b bot. יזכי (corr. acc.); a. fr. 4) to become worthy of divine grace, to be privileged to enjoy, to live to see. Targ. Job 20:17; a. e.Ber.17a נשים בטאי זַכְיָין wherewith do women (who do not study the Law) deserve divine grace?Sabb.21b אי זְכָאִי if I had been worthy (if the Lord had permitted me). Lev. R. s. 25 אִי זָכִית אכלית if the Lord permit, I may eat thereof. Ib. אם זַכְיַת (תיכול) אכול if thou shalt live long enough to eat thereof. Ḥull.50a; Bets.27a, a. e. אִזְכֵּי ואסיקוכ׳ the Lord permitting I will go ; a. fr. 4) to take possession, acquire a title. B. Mets.8a מיגו דזָכֵי לנפשיה since he has a right to take possession for himself, v. מִיגּוֹ, s. v. גּוֹ.B. Kam.12b; a. fr. Pa. זַכֵּי 1) to clear (from rubbish). M. Kat. 10b; B. Bath.54a, v. זִיכֵּי. 2) to clear, acquit, justify; to leave unpunished. Targ. O. Ex. 20:7 (Y. מִזְכֵי, read: מְזַכֵּי). Targ. Cant. 7:3; a. fr. 3) to cleanse. Targ. Ps. 73:13 זַכָּאִית Ms. (ed. זַכִּית, ed. Wil. זַכְוַת, corr. acc.); a. e.Lev. R. s. 34, v. supra. 4) to win, defeat. Ab. Zar.10b; Snh.39a כל דז׳ מלכא Ms. M. (ed. למלכא) whosoever defeats the: king in argument. Ib. 107a עבדא ז׳ למריה (old ed. כפייה) the servant conquered his master. Bekh.8b אי זַכִּיתוּ לי if you defeat me: ואי זַכִּינָא בכו (read לכו) and if we defeat you. Ḥull.31b זַכַּנְהוּוכ׳ R. N. defeated the Rabbis; a. e. 5) to entitle, give possession to. Pes.78a שטרא מְזַכֵּי לבי תרי a document giving a title to both contestants, i. e. one agreeing with two opposite opinions. Ithpa. אִזְדַּכֵּי, Ithpe. אִזְדְּכֵי to be cleared, to go unpunished; to clear ones self, to defend ones self. Targ. Y. Gen. 24:8. Ib. 44:16; a. e.

    Jewish literature > זכי

  • 375 זכא

    זְכֵי, זְכָאch. sam( Hithpa. הִזִדַּכֶּה, Nithpa. נִזְדַּכֶּה to he acquitted, to be found not guilty), 1) to be clear, pure. Targ. Job 9:15. Ib. 10:15 זְכִיתִי (some ed. זִכִּי׳, corr. acc.); a. e. 2) to go unpunished (h. נקה). Targ. Jer. 25:29; a. e. 3) to deserve welt, do good, to obtain a claim on divine favor. Lev. R. s. 34 (read:) אדם … זְכִי בי או דְכִי בי the beggar says … ‘obtain a claim through me, or ‘become pure through me, (which means) זַכֵּי גדמך בי benefit thyself through me. Ib. אנן זַכְיִין בן we shall give thee something. Ib. ז׳ בהאי אתתא give this woman (me) something. Y. Ḥag.I, 76b bot. שלח … מִזְכֵּיוכ׳ sent his son to Tiberias for his improvement (through study); Y.Pes.III, 30b bot. יזכי (corr. acc.); a. fr. 4) to become worthy of divine grace, to be privileged to enjoy, to live to see. Targ. Job 20:17; a. e.Ber.17a נשים בטאי זַכְיָין wherewith do women (who do not study the Law) deserve divine grace?Sabb.21b אי זְכָאִי if I had been worthy (if the Lord had permitted me). Lev. R. s. 25 אִי זָכִית אכלית if the Lord permit, I may eat thereof. Ib. אם זַכְיַת (תיכול) אכול if thou shalt live long enough to eat thereof. Ḥull.50a; Bets.27a, a. e. אִזְכֵּי ואסיקוכ׳ the Lord permitting I will go ; a. fr. 4) to take possession, acquire a title. B. Mets.8a מיגו דזָכֵי לנפשיה since he has a right to take possession for himself, v. מִיגּוֹ, s. v. גּוֹ.B. Kam.12b; a. fr. Pa. זַכֵּי 1) to clear (from rubbish). M. Kat. 10b; B. Bath.54a, v. זִיכֵּי. 2) to clear, acquit, justify; to leave unpunished. Targ. O. Ex. 20:7 (Y. מִזְכֵי, read: מְזַכֵּי). Targ. Cant. 7:3; a. fr. 3) to cleanse. Targ. Ps. 73:13 זַכָּאִית Ms. (ed. זַכִּית, ed. Wil. זַכְוַת, corr. acc.); a. e.Lev. R. s. 34, v. supra. 4) to win, defeat. Ab. Zar.10b; Snh.39a כל דז׳ מלכא Ms. M. (ed. למלכא) whosoever defeats the: king in argument. Ib. 107a עבדא ז׳ למריה (old ed. כפייה) the servant conquered his master. Bekh.8b אי זַכִּיתוּ לי if you defeat me: ואי זַכִּינָא בכו (read לכו) and if we defeat you. Ḥull.31b זַכַּנְהוּוכ׳ R. N. defeated the Rabbis; a. e. 5) to entitle, give possession to. Pes.78a שטרא מְזַכֵּי לבי תרי a document giving a title to both contestants, i. e. one agreeing with two opposite opinions. Ithpa. אִזְדַּכֵּי, Ithpe. אִזְדְּכֵי to be cleared, to go unpunished; to clear ones self, to defend ones self. Targ. Y. Gen. 24:8. Ib. 44:16; a. e.

    Jewish literature > זכא

  • 376 זְכֵי

    זְכֵי, זְכָאch. sam( Hithpa. הִזִדַּכֶּה, Nithpa. נִזְדַּכֶּה to he acquitted, to be found not guilty), 1) to be clear, pure. Targ. Job 9:15. Ib. 10:15 זְכִיתִי (some ed. זִכִּי׳, corr. acc.); a. e. 2) to go unpunished (h. נקה). Targ. Jer. 25:29; a. e. 3) to deserve welt, do good, to obtain a claim on divine favor. Lev. R. s. 34 (read:) אדם … זְכִי בי או דְכִי בי the beggar says … ‘obtain a claim through me, or ‘become pure through me, (which means) זַכֵּי גדמך בי benefit thyself through me. Ib. אנן זַכְיִין בן we shall give thee something. Ib. ז׳ בהאי אתתא give this woman (me) something. Y. Ḥag.I, 76b bot. שלח … מִזְכֵּיוכ׳ sent his son to Tiberias for his improvement (through study); Y.Pes.III, 30b bot. יזכי (corr. acc.); a. fr. 4) to become worthy of divine grace, to be privileged to enjoy, to live to see. Targ. Job 20:17; a. e.Ber.17a נשים בטאי זַכְיָין wherewith do women (who do not study the Law) deserve divine grace?Sabb.21b אי זְכָאִי if I had been worthy (if the Lord had permitted me). Lev. R. s. 25 אִי זָכִית אכלית if the Lord permit, I may eat thereof. Ib. אם זַכְיַת (תיכול) אכול if thou shalt live long enough to eat thereof. Ḥull.50a; Bets.27a, a. e. אִזְכֵּי ואסיקוכ׳ the Lord permitting I will go ; a. fr. 4) to take possession, acquire a title. B. Mets.8a מיגו דזָכֵי לנפשיה since he has a right to take possession for himself, v. מִיגּוֹ, s. v. גּוֹ.B. Kam.12b; a. fr. Pa. זַכֵּי 1) to clear (from rubbish). M. Kat. 10b; B. Bath.54a, v. זִיכֵּי. 2) to clear, acquit, justify; to leave unpunished. Targ. O. Ex. 20:7 (Y. מִזְכֵי, read: מְזַכֵּי). Targ. Cant. 7:3; a. fr. 3) to cleanse. Targ. Ps. 73:13 זַכָּאִית Ms. (ed. זַכִּית, ed. Wil. זַכְוַת, corr. acc.); a. e.Lev. R. s. 34, v. supra. 4) to win, defeat. Ab. Zar.10b; Snh.39a כל דז׳ מלכא Ms. M. (ed. למלכא) whosoever defeats the: king in argument. Ib. 107a עבדא ז׳ למריה (old ed. כפייה) the servant conquered his master. Bekh.8b אי זַכִּיתוּ לי if you defeat me: ואי זַכִּינָא בכו (read לכו) and if we defeat you. Ḥull.31b זַכַּנְהוּוכ׳ R. N. defeated the Rabbis; a. e. 5) to entitle, give possession to. Pes.78a שטרא מְזַכֵּי לבי תרי a document giving a title to both contestants, i. e. one agreeing with two opposite opinions. Ithpa. אִזְדַּכֵּי, Ithpe. אִזְדְּכֵי to be cleared, to go unpunished; to clear ones self, to defend ones self. Targ. Y. Gen. 24:8. Ib. 44:16; a. e.

    Jewish literature > זְכֵי

  • 377 זְכָא

    זְכֵי, זְכָאch. sam( Hithpa. הִזִדַּכֶּה, Nithpa. נִזְדַּכֶּה to he acquitted, to be found not guilty), 1) to be clear, pure. Targ. Job 9:15. Ib. 10:15 זְכִיתִי (some ed. זִכִּי׳, corr. acc.); a. e. 2) to go unpunished (h. נקה). Targ. Jer. 25:29; a. e. 3) to deserve welt, do good, to obtain a claim on divine favor. Lev. R. s. 34 (read:) אדם … זְכִי בי או דְכִי בי the beggar says … ‘obtain a claim through me, or ‘become pure through me, (which means) זַכֵּי גדמך בי benefit thyself through me. Ib. אנן זַכְיִין בן we shall give thee something. Ib. ז׳ בהאי אתתא give this woman (me) something. Y. Ḥag.I, 76b bot. שלח … מִזְכֵּיוכ׳ sent his son to Tiberias for his improvement (through study); Y.Pes.III, 30b bot. יזכי (corr. acc.); a. fr. 4) to become worthy of divine grace, to be privileged to enjoy, to live to see. Targ. Job 20:17; a. e.Ber.17a נשים בטאי זַכְיָין wherewith do women (who do not study the Law) deserve divine grace?Sabb.21b אי זְכָאִי if I had been worthy (if the Lord had permitted me). Lev. R. s. 25 אִי זָכִית אכלית if the Lord permit, I may eat thereof. Ib. אם זַכְיַת (תיכול) אכול if thou shalt live long enough to eat thereof. Ḥull.50a; Bets.27a, a. e. אִזְכֵּי ואסיקוכ׳ the Lord permitting I will go ; a. fr. 4) to take possession, acquire a title. B. Mets.8a מיגו דזָכֵי לנפשיה since he has a right to take possession for himself, v. מִיגּוֹ, s. v. גּוֹ.B. Kam.12b; a. fr. Pa. זַכֵּי 1) to clear (from rubbish). M. Kat. 10b; B. Bath.54a, v. זִיכֵּי. 2) to clear, acquit, justify; to leave unpunished. Targ. O. Ex. 20:7 (Y. מִזְכֵי, read: מְזַכֵּי). Targ. Cant. 7:3; a. fr. 3) to cleanse. Targ. Ps. 73:13 זַכָּאִית Ms. (ed. זַכִּית, ed. Wil. זַכְוַת, corr. acc.); a. e.Lev. R. s. 34, v. supra. 4) to win, defeat. Ab. Zar.10b; Snh.39a כל דז׳ מלכא Ms. M. (ed. למלכא) whosoever defeats the: king in argument. Ib. 107a עבדא ז׳ למריה (old ed. כפייה) the servant conquered his master. Bekh.8b אי זַכִּיתוּ לי if you defeat me: ואי זַכִּינָא בכו (read לכו) and if we defeat you. Ḥull.31b זַכַּנְהוּוכ׳ R. N. defeated the Rabbis; a. e. 5) to entitle, give possession to. Pes.78a שטרא מְזַכֵּי לבי תרי a document giving a title to both contestants, i. e. one agreeing with two opposite opinions. Ithpa. אִזְדַּכֵּי, Ithpe. אִזְדְּכֵי to be cleared, to go unpunished; to clear ones self, to defend ones self. Targ. Y. Gen. 24:8. Ib. 44:16; a. e.

    Jewish literature > זְכָא

  • 378 זכרון

    זִכָּרוֹןm. (b. h.) same, memory, memorial. Kidd.31b, a. e. זִכְרוֹנוֹ לברכה (abbr. ז״ל) of blessed memory, v. זָכַר. Y.Shek.II, 47a top דבריהן הן זִכְרוֹנָן their words are their monument; Gen. R. s. 82 זִכְרוֹנֵיהֶם (pl.). R. Hash. 27a ז׳ ליום ראשון typical of the first day of creation; a. fr.Esp. a Biblical verse in which Divine remembrance is alluded to, citation of verses R. Hash. IV, 6 ז׳ … של פורענות citation of remembrance … for evil. Ib. 32b ז׳ של יחיד a verse treating of the remembrance by the Lord of an individual; a. fr.Pl. זִכְרוֹנוֹת. Ber.6a ספ־ הז׳ the Divine records; a. fr.Esp. Zikhronoth, that portion of the Musaf of the New Years Day which treats of Divine remembrance. R. Hash. IV, 5, sq.; a. fr.Constr. זִכְרוֹנֵי, v. supra.

    Jewish literature > זכרון

  • 379 זִכָּרוֹן

    זִכָּרוֹןm. (b. h.) same, memory, memorial. Kidd.31b, a. e. זִכְרוֹנוֹ לברכה (abbr. ז״ל) of blessed memory, v. זָכַר. Y.Shek.II, 47a top דבריהן הן זִכְרוֹנָן their words are their monument; Gen. R. s. 82 זִכְרוֹנֵיהֶם (pl.). R. Hash. 27a ז׳ ליום ראשון typical of the first day of creation; a. fr.Esp. a Biblical verse in which Divine remembrance is alluded to, citation of verses R. Hash. IV, 6 ז׳ … של פורענות citation of remembrance … for evil. Ib. 32b ז׳ של יחיד a verse treating of the remembrance by the Lord of an individual; a. fr.Pl. זִכְרוֹנוֹת. Ber.6a ספ־ הז׳ the Divine records; a. fr.Esp. Zikhronoth, that portion of the Musaf of the New Years Day which treats of Divine remembrance. R. Hash. IV, 5, sq.; a. fr.Constr. זִכְרוֹנֵי, v. supra.

    Jewish literature > זִכָּרוֹן

  • 380 זלוחאה

    זְלוֹחאָהm. ( זלח) sprinkler.Pl. זְלוֹחָאֵי. Ḥull.60a הני … ז׳וכ׳ these (the winds and rains) are the sweepers and sprinklers that march before the Lord.

    Jewish literature > זלוחאה

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