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  • 181 גב

    גַּבm. (b. h.; גבב) convex, arched, whence 1) the exterior or upper part of a thing, a) body, esp. back (of an animals body, usu. אָחוֹר). Gen. R. s. 8, beg. he split the double-faced body (v. פרצוף) ועשאו גַּבַּיִים ג׳ לכאןוכ׳ and gave it two backs, one back on this side גַּב יָד, גַּב רֶגֶל a swelling on the hand, on the foot. Ab. Zar.28a; Sabb.109a.b) eye-brow (b. h.), the elevation around genitals Nidd.52b א׳ בגַבָּהּ one hair on the lower surrounding of her genitals, opp. בכריסה, v. כֶּרֶס; B. Bath.56b; Snh.30b; B. Kam.70b, (Rashi: on her finger joints).c) (also גַּבָּה) גַּבַּת הַזָּקֵן, pl. גַּבּוֹת, chin. Nidd.23b; Y. ib. III, 50c bot. גומות הזקן (dimples).d) a low fence. Tosef.B. Mets. XI, 22 (ed. Zuck. גַּג).Du. גַּבַּיִים, גַּבַּיִין. Kel. XXV, 5 outsides of vessels (usu. אֲחֹורַיִים). Gen. R. s. 8, v. supra.Pl. גַּבִּים, גַּבִּין, גַּבּוֹת. Bekh.VII, 2 שני ג׳וכ׳ double back and double spine (explain. גִּבֵּן, Lev. 21:20); Nidd.24a sq.; Ḥull.60b.Nidd.23b ג׳ הזקן, v. supra.עַל גַּב, עַל גַּבֵּי (abbr. ע״ג) on, upon, by the side of (cmp. עַל in b. h.). Ḥull.3a, a. fr. עומד על גַּבָּיו standing by him, superintending. Nidd.66a על גב הנהר by the river-side; Makhsh. I, 4 (v. גֵּיף). Succ.IV, 4 על גב איצטבא (Talm. ed. 42b גבי), v. אִיסְטְבָא.Trnsf. on the basis, on the principle. אף על גב, v. אַף I.Y. Ḥag.II, 78b bot. חולין שנעשו על גב הקדש (usu. על טהרת הקדש) laymans food prepared on the principles of sacred food (as though it were sacred food). Bets.II, 3 (17b); Tosef. ib. II, 7 מטבילין מגב לגב you may (on a Holy Day) immerse vessels for the purpose of changing their use (literally: from principle to principle, from one על גב to another); expl. ibid. רצה לעשות גיתוע״ג בדו ובדוע״ג עיסתו הרי זהוכ׳ if one desires to work his wine press on the basis of his olive press, i. e. with vessels originally immersed for the use of the olive press, or his olive press on the basis of his dough, i. e. with vessels originally immersed to be used for kneading, he may immerse his vessels on the same day; Bets.19a ע״ג בדו ובדוע״ג גיתו עושה … Ms. M. a. Ar. (ed. incorr. כדו) if one wishes to change, he might have done so (even without another immersion and, therefore, may re-immerse his vessels on the Holy Day because he does not thereby create a new status).Cmp. אַגַּב.Tosef.Sabb.XII (XIII), 1; Y. ib. XIII, 14a top ע״ג הגסוכ׳ around, or adding to the border of a web ; Bab. ib. 105a על הגס. Hor.III, 3 אין על גַּבָּיו אלאוכ׳ none over him save the Lord his God.בְּגַב in the back, behind. Y.Keth.XII, 35b top דברים בגב (Bab. 111a בגו) there is something behind, i. e. there is a reason for it.Cmp. כַּף.

    Jewish literature > גב

  • 182 גַּב

    גַּבm. (b. h.; גבב) convex, arched, whence 1) the exterior or upper part of a thing, a) body, esp. back (of an animals body, usu. אָחוֹר). Gen. R. s. 8, beg. he split the double-faced body (v. פרצוף) ועשאו גַּבַּיִים ג׳ לכאןוכ׳ and gave it two backs, one back on this side גַּב יָד, גַּב רֶגֶל a swelling on the hand, on the foot. Ab. Zar.28a; Sabb.109a.b) eye-brow (b. h.), the elevation around genitals Nidd.52b א׳ בגַבָּהּ one hair on the lower surrounding of her genitals, opp. בכריסה, v. כֶּרֶס; B. Bath.56b; Snh.30b; B. Kam.70b, (Rashi: on her finger joints).c) (also גַּבָּה) גַּבַּת הַזָּקֵן, pl. גַּבּוֹת, chin. Nidd.23b; Y. ib. III, 50c bot. גומות הזקן (dimples).d) a low fence. Tosef.B. Mets. XI, 22 (ed. Zuck. גַּג).Du. גַּבַּיִים, גַּבַּיִין. Kel. XXV, 5 outsides of vessels (usu. אֲחֹורַיִים). Gen. R. s. 8, v. supra.Pl. גַּבִּים, גַּבִּין, גַּבּוֹת. Bekh.VII, 2 שני ג׳וכ׳ double back and double spine (explain. גִּבֵּן, Lev. 21:20); Nidd.24a sq.; Ḥull.60b.Nidd.23b ג׳ הזקן, v. supra.עַל גַּב, עַל גַּבֵּי (abbr. ע״ג) on, upon, by the side of (cmp. עַל in b. h.). Ḥull.3a, a. fr. עומד על גַּבָּיו standing by him, superintending. Nidd.66a על גב הנהר by the river-side; Makhsh. I, 4 (v. גֵּיף). Succ.IV, 4 על גב איצטבא (Talm. ed. 42b גבי), v. אִיסְטְבָא.Trnsf. on the basis, on the principle. אף על גב, v. אַף I.Y. Ḥag.II, 78b bot. חולין שנעשו על גב הקדש (usu. על טהרת הקדש) laymans food prepared on the principles of sacred food (as though it were sacred food). Bets.II, 3 (17b); Tosef. ib. II, 7 מטבילין מגב לגב you may (on a Holy Day) immerse vessels for the purpose of changing their use (literally: from principle to principle, from one על גב to another); expl. ibid. רצה לעשות גיתוע״ג בדו ובדוע״ג עיסתו הרי זהוכ׳ if one desires to work his wine press on the basis of his olive press, i. e. with vessels originally immersed for the use of the olive press, or his olive press on the basis of his dough, i. e. with vessels originally immersed to be used for kneading, he may immerse his vessels on the same day; Bets.19a ע״ג בדו ובדוע״ג גיתו עושה … Ms. M. a. Ar. (ed. incorr. כדו) if one wishes to change, he might have done so (even without another immersion and, therefore, may re-immerse his vessels on the Holy Day because he does not thereby create a new status).Cmp. אַגַּב.Tosef.Sabb.XII (XIII), 1; Y. ib. XIII, 14a top ע״ג הגסוכ׳ around, or adding to the border of a web ; Bab. ib. 105a על הגס. Hor.III, 3 אין על גַּבָּיו אלאוכ׳ none over him save the Lord his God.בְּגַב in the back, behind. Y.Keth.XII, 35b top דברים בגב (Bab. 111a בגו) there is something behind, i. e. there is a reason for it.Cmp. כַּף.

    Jewish literature > גַּב

  • 183 גבהּ

    גָּבַהּ(b. h.; v. גבב; cmp. גאה) to be high; to be elated. Meg.15a ג׳ המןוכ׳ (Var. ג׳ לבו של המן) Haman is haughtier than Ahasver (he dared what Ah. did not venture); Yalk. Esth. 1056.Sot.5a ולא ג׳ הר סיני למעלה and Mount Sinai did not rise higher (grow proud). Hif. הִגְבִּיהַּ 1) to raise, elevate; to make elated. Taan.23a a generation which was to be humbled הִגְבַּהְּתּוֹ בתפלתן hast thou lifted up through thy prayer, v. גָּאָה.Erub.55a מי שמַגְבִּיהַּ דעתו עליו כשמים Ms. M. (ed. עליה, ed. Sonc. מגב׳ עצמו כשמ׳; v. Rabb. D. S. a. l.; Yalk. Deut. 940 שמגיס דעתו) who exalts his mind in himself as high as the heavens (who considers himself very wise, ed. who considers himself on account of his knowledge of it as high). Ib. 13b him who lowers himself הק״בה מַגְבִּיהוֹ the Lord will raise, וכל המגביה עצמווכ׳ and whomsoever exalts himself, the Lord will lower; ib. 54a; Ned.55a. Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 14 מַגְבִּיהִים פניהם lifted their faces up; a. fr.Ḥall. III, 1 מַגְבַּהַת הלתה she lifts up (dedicates) the priests share; v., however, גָּבָה. 2) to take up a lost object in order to take possession of it. B. Mets.8a המגביה מציאה לחבירווכ׳ if one takes up an object in behalf of his neighbor; ib. 10a; Bets.39b; a. fr. Hof. הוּגְבַּהּ to be raised. Sot.47b שפלים הוּגְבָּהוּ the low have been raised. Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 5; Lev. R. s. 8 בלשון זהה׳ with the word zeh (Lev. 6:13) has he (Aaron) been raised.Part. מוּגְבַּהּ, f. מוּגְבַּהַת. Y.Shebu.I, 32d bot. what means שְׂאֵת (Lev. 13:2) מוגבהת a raised spot (Sifra Thazr., Neg. ch. I מובחקת, corr. acc.). Hithpa. הִתְגַּבֵּהּ, Nithpa. נִתְגַּבֵּהַּ to be elated, boastful. Tanḥ. Ḥuck. 1 התחיל מִתְגַּבֵּהַּ והולך he beame more and more overbearing (Tanḥ. ed. Bub. ib.; Num. R. s. 18 מתגבר). Num. R. s. 6, beg. נִתְגַּבְּהוּ בעצמם they were proud of their own selves.

    Jewish literature > גבהּ

  • 184 גָּבַהּ

    גָּבַהּ(b. h.; v. גבב; cmp. גאה) to be high; to be elated. Meg.15a ג׳ המןוכ׳ (Var. ג׳ לבו של המן) Haman is haughtier than Ahasver (he dared what Ah. did not venture); Yalk. Esth. 1056.Sot.5a ולא ג׳ הר סיני למעלה and Mount Sinai did not rise higher (grow proud). Hif. הִגְבִּיהַּ 1) to raise, elevate; to make elated. Taan.23a a generation which was to be humbled הִגְבַּהְּתּוֹ בתפלתן hast thou lifted up through thy prayer, v. גָּאָה.Erub.55a מי שמַגְבִּיהַּ דעתו עליו כשמים Ms. M. (ed. עליה, ed. Sonc. מגב׳ עצמו כשמ׳; v. Rabb. D. S. a. l.; Yalk. Deut. 940 שמגיס דעתו) who exalts his mind in himself as high as the heavens (who considers himself very wise, ed. who considers himself on account of his knowledge of it as high). Ib. 13b him who lowers himself הק״בה מַגְבִּיהוֹ the Lord will raise, וכל המגביה עצמווכ׳ and whomsoever exalts himself, the Lord will lower; ib. 54a; Ned.55a. Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 14 מַגְבִּיהִים פניהם lifted their faces up; a. fr.Ḥall. III, 1 מַגְבַּהַת הלתה she lifts up (dedicates) the priests share; v., however, גָּבָה. 2) to take up a lost object in order to take possession of it. B. Mets.8a המגביה מציאה לחבירווכ׳ if one takes up an object in behalf of his neighbor; ib. 10a; Bets.39b; a. fr. Hof. הוּגְבַּהּ to be raised. Sot.47b שפלים הוּגְבָּהוּ the low have been raised. Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 5; Lev. R. s. 8 בלשון זהה׳ with the word zeh (Lev. 6:13) has he (Aaron) been raised.Part. מוּגְבַּהּ, f. מוּגְבַּהַת. Y.Shebu.I, 32d bot. what means שְׂאֵת (Lev. 13:2) מוגבהת a raised spot (Sifra Thazr., Neg. ch. I מובחקת, corr. acc.). Hithpa. הִתְגַּבֵּהּ, Nithpa. נִתְגַּבֵּהַּ to be elated, boastful. Tanḥ. Ḥuck. 1 התחיל מִתְגַּבֵּהַּ והולך he beame more and more overbearing (Tanḥ. ed. Bub. ib.; Num. R. s. 18 מתגבר). Num. R. s. 6, beg. נִתְגַּבְּהוּ בעצמם they were proud of their own selves.

    Jewish literature > גָּבַהּ

  • 185 גבהות

    גַּבְהוּתf. (b. h.; preced.) height, excellence; pride, haughtiness. Ber.10b (ref. to Ps. 130:1) אין ג׳ לפניוכ׳ there must be no hight (elevated stand during prayer) before the Lord. Esth. R. to IV, 15 מִגַּ׳ לב from haughtiness.Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 27 גַּבְהוּתוֹ של עולם the hight of the world, i. e. the Most High.

    Jewish literature > גבהות

  • 186 גַּבְהוּת

    גַּבְהוּתf. (b. h.; preced.) height, excellence; pride, haughtiness. Ber.10b (ref. to Ps. 130:1) אין ג׳ לפניוכ׳ there must be no hight (elevated stand during prayer) before the Lord. Esth. R. to IV, 15 מִגַּ׳ לב from haughtiness.Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 27 גַּבְהוּתוֹ של עולם the hight of the world, i. e. the Most High.

    Jewish literature > גַּבְהוּת

  • 187 גבוהּ

    גָּבוֹהַּm. (b. h.; preced. ws.), constr. גְּבַהּ 1) high, exalted, elevated Sot.5a among men ג׳ רואה את הַגָּ׳וכ׳ a high persou looks up to a higher one, but ignores the lower one. Gen. R. s. 22 (ref. to Ps. 32:1) happy is he שהוא ג׳ מפשעווכ׳ who is higher than (who controls) his sin, and whose sin is not higher than himself; a. fr.Snh.5b (in Chald. diction) אבוה … גְּבַהּ עינים הוה this mans (my) father was ambitious.Fem. גְּבוֹהָה. Ab. V, 19 רוח ג׳ haughtiness, opp. נמוכה.Pl. גְּבוֹהִים, f. גְּבוֹהוֹת. Esth. R. to IV, 7 הג׳ הושפלו the high were lowered.Y.Shebi.VI, 36c top עיניו … היו ג׳ my father was ambitious, v. supra.Esp. הַגָּבוֹהַּ the Most High. Y.Snh.VII, 25b top; ib. c top בעבודתה בעבודת(ה)ג׳ with a service peculiar to it (that idol), or with a service prescribed for the worship of the Lord; Y.Naz.VI, beg.54c למלאכת הג׳ referring to a service prescribed for the worship of the Lord (but applied to an idol).Y.Ned.I, 37a top; Y.Naz.I, beg.51a לשון ג׳ הוא it is an expression alluding to Divinity, v. חֶרֶס.לַגָּ׳ for the Lord, on the altar. Pes.3b אליה לג׳ סלקא the fat-tail is offered on the altar; a. fr. 2) an abnormally tall and slim person with shaking gait. Bekh.45b (explain. קפח, כיפח Mish.) גבוה ed. (Ar. גִּבֵּחַ).Fem. גְּבֹוהִית. Ib. (Ar. גִּבַּחַת).

    Jewish literature > גבוהּ

  • 188 גָּבוֹהַּ

    גָּבוֹהַּm. (b. h.; preced. ws.), constr. גְּבַהּ 1) high, exalted, elevated Sot.5a among men ג׳ רואה את הַגָּ׳וכ׳ a high persou looks up to a higher one, but ignores the lower one. Gen. R. s. 22 (ref. to Ps. 32:1) happy is he שהוא ג׳ מפשעווכ׳ who is higher than (who controls) his sin, and whose sin is not higher than himself; a. fr.Snh.5b (in Chald. diction) אבוה … גְּבַהּ עינים הוה this mans (my) father was ambitious.Fem. גְּבוֹהָה. Ab. V, 19 רוח ג׳ haughtiness, opp. נמוכה.Pl. גְּבוֹהִים, f. גְּבוֹהוֹת. Esth. R. to IV, 7 הג׳ הושפלו the high were lowered.Y.Shebi.VI, 36c top עיניו … היו ג׳ my father was ambitious, v. supra.Esp. הַגָּבוֹהַּ the Most High. Y.Snh.VII, 25b top; ib. c top בעבודתה בעבודת(ה)ג׳ with a service peculiar to it (that idol), or with a service prescribed for the worship of the Lord; Y.Naz.VI, beg.54c למלאכת הג׳ referring to a service prescribed for the worship of the Lord (but applied to an idol).Y.Ned.I, 37a top; Y.Naz.I, beg.51a לשון ג׳ הוא it is an expression alluding to Divinity, v. חֶרֶס.לַגָּ׳ for the Lord, on the altar. Pes.3b אליה לג׳ סלקא the fat-tail is offered on the altar; a. fr. 2) an abnormally tall and slim person with shaking gait. Bekh.45b (explain. קפח, כיפח Mish.) גבוה ed. (Ar. גִּבֵּחַ).Fem. גְּבֹוהִית. Ib. (Ar. גִּבַּחַת).

    Jewish literature > גָּבוֹהַּ

  • 189 גבורה

    גְּבוּרָהf. (b. h.; גבר) 1) superiority, strength, might. Yoma 69b זו היא גְּבוּרָתוֹ Ms. M. (ed. גְּבוּרַת גבורתו) in this His strength consists (in His long-suffering). Kidd.49b י׳ קבים ג׳וכ׳ ten measures of bravery have come down into the world, nine of which the Persians have taken; Esth. R. to I, 3. Num. R. s. 10 (allud. to Koh. 10:17 a. Is. 5:22) ג׳ של תורהוכ׳ the strength (acquired by the study) of the Law consists in ‘happy, the strength of wine in ‘woe; a. fr. 2) הַגְּ׳ Divine Majesty, the Lord. Sabb.87a. Ib. 88b, a. fr. מפי הג׳ from the mouth of the Lord. 3) high age, v. infra.Pl. גְּבוּרוֹת 1) manifestations of Divine power, wonders. Yoma l. c. איה גְּבוּרוֹתָיו where are the evidences of His power (that we should call Him גבור)? 2) Gburoth, the second section of the Tfillah (v. אָבוֹת), praising the powers of the Lord, also called תְּחִיַית הַמֵּתִים. Y.Ber.IV, end, 8c this is the order אבות וג׳וכ׳ Aboth, Gburoth, and Kiddush hash-Shem (Kdushah).ג׳ גְּשָׁמִים the power of rain, a clause praising the Lord for giving rains, inserted in Gburoth. Ber.V, 2 מזכירין ג׳ גש׳ we mention ‘the power of rain, i. e. insert the clause, in ‘ the Resurrection, contrad. to the prayer for rain (שַׁאֲלָה). Taan.2a מאי ג׳ גש׳וכ׳ why is it named Gburoth Gshamim? Ans. מפני שיורדין בגבורה because the rains come down through (Gods) wonderful power (ref. to Job. 5:9–10). 3) (allusion to Ps. 90:10) the age of eighty. M. Kat. 28a שמונים ג׳ (Ms. M. נבורה) ‘eighty years is called gburoth (gburah). Treat. Smaḥoth III, 8 מיתה של גבורה (Y.Bicc.II, 64c bot. של זקנה) a death of gburah (at a high age); Ab. V, 21 בן שמנים לגבורה. M. Kat l. c. הגיע לג׳ if one has reached the age of eighty.

    Jewish literature > גבורה

  • 190 גְּבוּרָה

    גְּבוּרָהf. (b. h.; גבר) 1) superiority, strength, might. Yoma 69b זו היא גְּבוּרָתוֹ Ms. M. (ed. גְּבוּרַת גבורתו) in this His strength consists (in His long-suffering). Kidd.49b י׳ קבים ג׳וכ׳ ten measures of bravery have come down into the world, nine of which the Persians have taken; Esth. R. to I, 3. Num. R. s. 10 (allud. to Koh. 10:17 a. Is. 5:22) ג׳ של תורהוכ׳ the strength (acquired by the study) of the Law consists in ‘happy, the strength of wine in ‘woe; a. fr. 2) הַגְּ׳ Divine Majesty, the Lord. Sabb.87a. Ib. 88b, a. fr. מפי הג׳ from the mouth of the Lord. 3) high age, v. infra.Pl. גְּבוּרוֹת 1) manifestations of Divine power, wonders. Yoma l. c. איה גְּבוּרוֹתָיו where are the evidences of His power (that we should call Him גבור)? 2) Gburoth, the second section of the Tfillah (v. אָבוֹת), praising the powers of the Lord, also called תְּחִיַית הַמֵּתִים. Y.Ber.IV, end, 8c this is the order אבות וג׳וכ׳ Aboth, Gburoth, and Kiddush hash-Shem (Kdushah).ג׳ גְּשָׁמִים the power of rain, a clause praising the Lord for giving rains, inserted in Gburoth. Ber.V, 2 מזכירין ג׳ גש׳ we mention ‘the power of rain, i. e. insert the clause, in ‘ the Resurrection, contrad. to the prayer for rain (שַׁאֲלָה). Taan.2a מאי ג׳ גש׳וכ׳ why is it named Gburoth Gshamim? Ans. מפני שיורדין בגבורה because the rains come down through (Gods) wonderful power (ref. to Job. 5:9–10). 3) (allusion to Ps. 90:10) the age of eighty. M. Kat. 28a שמונים ג׳ (Ms. M. נבורה) ‘eighty years is called gburoth (gburah). Treat. Smaḥoth III, 8 מיתה של גבורה (Y.Bicc.II, 64c bot. של זקנה) a death of gburah (at a high age); Ab. V, 21 בן שמנים לגבורה. M. Kat l. c. הגיע לג׳ if one has reached the age of eighty.

    Jewish literature > גְּבוּרָה

  • 191 גבי

    גבי, גָּבָה(√גב, v. גבב) to collect a bill, taxes ; to make ones self paid, to seize. Keth.90a, a. fr. if a later creditor (second mortgagee) שקדם וג׳ מה שג׳ ג׳ collected first, what he has collected is his own. B. Mets.13b גּוֹבֶה מנכסיםב״ח he may make himself paid of unmortgaged property. Keth.V, 1 גּוֹבָה את הכל she is entitled to the whole amount; a. v. fr.Lev. R. s. 11 the king sent a treasury officer לִגְבוֹת to collect (the delinquent taxes); Gen. R. s. 42 לִגְבוֹתָהּ; Tanḥ. Shmini 9. (Lev. R. l. c. וגבו אותו, read והכו, cmp. Gen. R. l. c. Ex. R. s. 30 מי ג׳ הימנו הדםוכ׳ who collected from him (punished him for) the blood on his hand? לא ישראל גָּבוּ אותווכ׳ not the Israelites collected it, but the Gibeonites did.Gen. R. s. 85; s. 92 end מצאב״ח מקום לגבותוכ׳ the creditor met with a chance to collect his bill, i. e. the Lord takes this occasion to visit our sins; a. fr.Part. pass. גָּבוּי collected, seized. B. Mets.58a על הַגָּ׳ counting on the Shekel contributions collected (though not yet delivered in the Temple treasury); Keth.108a; Y.Shek.II, beg.46c. Shebu.48b, a. fr. כג׳ דמי is considered as if collected (in the possession of the creditor); a. fr. Nif. נִגְבֶה 1) to be collected, to be collectible. B. Mets. l. c. על העתיד לִגָּבוֹת; Y. Shek. l. c. להִיגָּבוֹת on what is yet to be collected. Peah VIII, 7 הקופה נִגְבֵּית בשנים the charity fund must be collected by two persons; B. Bath.8b; Snh.17b; a. fr. 2) to be collected from, be taxed. Pesik. R. s. 10 לא היו נִיגְּבִיםוכ׳ they were not highly taxed; a. fr. Hif. הִגְבָּה to cause to be collected. Ḥall. III, 1 מַגְבַּהַת חלתה she orders the priests gift to be collected; v., however, גָּבַהּ. Gitt.35b הַגְבּוּהָ את השאר help her to collect the balance. Tosef.Sabb.VI (VII), 1 מגבה, v. גָּבַח.Part. pass. fem. מוּגְבָּה collected fund. Tanḥ. Emor 18.

    Jewish literature > גבי

  • 192 גבה

    גבי, גָּבָה(√גב, v. גבב) to collect a bill, taxes ; to make ones self paid, to seize. Keth.90a, a. fr. if a later creditor (second mortgagee) שקדם וג׳ מה שג׳ ג׳ collected first, what he has collected is his own. B. Mets.13b גּוֹבֶה מנכסיםב״ח he may make himself paid of unmortgaged property. Keth.V, 1 גּוֹבָה את הכל she is entitled to the whole amount; a. v. fr.Lev. R. s. 11 the king sent a treasury officer לִגְבוֹת to collect (the delinquent taxes); Gen. R. s. 42 לִגְבוֹתָהּ; Tanḥ. Shmini 9. (Lev. R. l. c. וגבו אותו, read והכו, cmp. Gen. R. l. c. Ex. R. s. 30 מי ג׳ הימנו הדםוכ׳ who collected from him (punished him for) the blood on his hand? לא ישראל גָּבוּ אותווכ׳ not the Israelites collected it, but the Gibeonites did.Gen. R. s. 85; s. 92 end מצאב״ח מקום לגבותוכ׳ the creditor met with a chance to collect his bill, i. e. the Lord takes this occasion to visit our sins; a. fr.Part. pass. גָּבוּי collected, seized. B. Mets.58a על הַגָּ׳ counting on the Shekel contributions collected (though not yet delivered in the Temple treasury); Keth.108a; Y.Shek.II, beg.46c. Shebu.48b, a. fr. כג׳ דמי is considered as if collected (in the possession of the creditor); a. fr. Nif. נִגְבֶה 1) to be collected, to be collectible. B. Mets. l. c. על העתיד לִגָּבוֹת; Y. Shek. l. c. להִיגָּבוֹת on what is yet to be collected. Peah VIII, 7 הקופה נִגְבֵּית בשנים the charity fund must be collected by two persons; B. Bath.8b; Snh.17b; a. fr. 2) to be collected from, be taxed. Pesik. R. s. 10 לא היו נִיגְּבִיםוכ׳ they were not highly taxed; a. fr. Hif. הִגְבָּה to cause to be collected. Ḥall. III, 1 מַגְבַּהַת חלתה she orders the priests gift to be collected; v., however, גָּבַהּ. Gitt.35b הַגְבּוּהָ את השאר help her to collect the balance. Tosef.Sabb.VI (VII), 1 מגבה, v. גָּבַח.Part. pass. fem. מוּגְבָּה collected fund. Tanḥ. Emor 18.

    Jewish literature > גבה

  • 193 גָּבָה

    גבי, גָּבָה(√גב, v. גבב) to collect a bill, taxes ; to make ones self paid, to seize. Keth.90a, a. fr. if a later creditor (second mortgagee) שקדם וג׳ מה שג׳ ג׳ collected first, what he has collected is his own. B. Mets.13b גּוֹבֶה מנכסיםב״ח he may make himself paid of unmortgaged property. Keth.V, 1 גּוֹבָה את הכל she is entitled to the whole amount; a. v. fr.Lev. R. s. 11 the king sent a treasury officer לִגְבוֹת to collect (the delinquent taxes); Gen. R. s. 42 לִגְבוֹתָהּ; Tanḥ. Shmini 9. (Lev. R. l. c. וגבו אותו, read והכו, cmp. Gen. R. l. c. Ex. R. s. 30 מי ג׳ הימנו הדםוכ׳ who collected from him (punished him for) the blood on his hand? לא ישראל גָּבוּ אותווכ׳ not the Israelites collected it, but the Gibeonites did.Gen. R. s. 85; s. 92 end מצאב״ח מקום לגבותוכ׳ the creditor met with a chance to collect his bill, i. e. the Lord takes this occasion to visit our sins; a. fr.Part. pass. גָּבוּי collected, seized. B. Mets.58a על הַגָּ׳ counting on the Shekel contributions collected (though not yet delivered in the Temple treasury); Keth.108a; Y.Shek.II, beg.46c. Shebu.48b, a. fr. כג׳ דמי is considered as if collected (in the possession of the creditor); a. fr. Nif. נִגְבֶה 1) to be collected, to be collectible. B. Mets. l. c. על העתיד לִגָּבוֹת; Y. Shek. l. c. להִיגָּבוֹת on what is yet to be collected. Peah VIII, 7 הקופה נִגְבֵּית בשנים the charity fund must be collected by two persons; B. Bath.8b; Snh.17b; a. fr. 2) to be collected from, be taxed. Pesik. R. s. 10 לא היו נִיגְּבִיםוכ׳ they were not highly taxed; a. fr. Hif. הִגְבָּה to cause to be collected. Ḥall. III, 1 מַגְבַּהַת חלתה she orders the priests gift to be collected; v., however, גָּבַהּ. Gitt.35b הַגְבּוּהָ את השאר help her to collect the balance. Tosef.Sabb.VI (VII), 1 מגבה, v. גָּבַח.Part. pass. fem. מוּגְבָּה collected fund. Tanḥ. Emor 18.

    Jewish literature > גָּבָה

  • 194 גבר

    גָּבַר(b. h.; v. גבב) to be uppermost, prevail; to be strong. Num. R. s. 7 לשון גָּבַר, v. אָנוּש. Sot.IX, 15 גָּבְרוּ בעלי זרוע the violent prevailed. Y.Bets. II, 61c top; Tosef.Ḥag.II, 11; Bets.20a גָּבְרָה יָדָןוכ׳ the Shammaites prevailed over (outnumbered) the Hillelites; a. fr. Pi. גִּבֵּר, גִּיבֵּר to make strong, strengthen, sustain. Lam. R. to III, 1 גִּבְּרַנִי לעמוד בכולן he made me strong enough to survive all these calamities; ib. 12. Cant. R. to II, 14 מְגַבְּרָן לישראל (ed. Wil. מַגְבִּירָן Hif.) sustains Israel. Ib. III, 7 שהן מְגַבְּרִין אתוכ׳ they (the sixty words of the priestly benediction) strengthen Israel. Mekh. Bshall., Amalek, s.1 וכי … מְגַבְּרוֹת ישראל can Moses (uplifted) hands make Israel victorious?; a. fr.Part. pass. מְגוּבָּר, v. infra. Hif. הִגְבִּיר 1) same; v. supra. 2) to grow strong. Ib. עתידין … לְהַגְבִּיר בד״תוכ׳ (Moses uplifted hands indicated that the Lord remembered that) Israel would in the future be strong in the Law which was to be given through his (Moses) hands, opp. להמיך; Yalk. Ex. 264. Hithpa. הִתְגַּבֵּר, Nithpa. נִתְגַּבֵּר to rise, swell; to grow strong, gather courage; to make ones self master. Tanḥ. Bresh. 7 המים מִתְגַּבְּרִין the waters of the Nile rose. Num. R. s. 19 ומִתְגַּבֶּרֶת שם and rose there. Ib. מלא מים מְגוּבָּרִין full of high waters. Snh.96a לא נ׳ עדוכ׳ had no courage until he came to Dan. R. Hash. III, 8 היו מִתְגַּבְּרִין they were victorious. Ḥag.16a, a. e. if one feels שיצרו מתג׳ עליו that his passion threatens to make itself master over him; Kidd.80b. Ned.81a מפני שהן מתגברין על הצבור because they lord it over the people (Ar. מתגדרין, v. גָּדַר). Num. R. s. 18, v. גָּבַהּ. Yalk. Is. 287 (ref. to Is. 17:11) מכה מִתְגַּבֶּרֶת (Lev. R. s. 18 מגרת, corr. acc. or מגברת) an affliction which makes itself the master, v. אָנוּש. Gen. R. s. 76; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > גבר

  • 195 גָּבַר

    גָּבַר(b. h.; v. גבב) to be uppermost, prevail; to be strong. Num. R. s. 7 לשון גָּבַר, v. אָנוּש. Sot.IX, 15 גָּבְרוּ בעלי זרוע the violent prevailed. Y.Bets. II, 61c top; Tosef.Ḥag.II, 11; Bets.20a גָּבְרָה יָדָןוכ׳ the Shammaites prevailed over (outnumbered) the Hillelites; a. fr. Pi. גִּבֵּר, גִּיבֵּר to make strong, strengthen, sustain. Lam. R. to III, 1 גִּבְּרַנִי לעמוד בכולן he made me strong enough to survive all these calamities; ib. 12. Cant. R. to II, 14 מְגַבְּרָן לישראל (ed. Wil. מַגְבִּירָן Hif.) sustains Israel. Ib. III, 7 שהן מְגַבְּרִין אתוכ׳ they (the sixty words of the priestly benediction) strengthen Israel. Mekh. Bshall., Amalek, s.1 וכי … מְגַבְּרוֹת ישראל can Moses (uplifted) hands make Israel victorious?; a. fr.Part. pass. מְגוּבָּר, v. infra. Hif. הִגְבִּיר 1) same; v. supra. 2) to grow strong. Ib. עתידין … לְהַגְבִּיר בד״תוכ׳ (Moses uplifted hands indicated that the Lord remembered that) Israel would in the future be strong in the Law which was to be given through his (Moses) hands, opp. להמיך; Yalk. Ex. 264. Hithpa. הִתְגַּבֵּר, Nithpa. נִתְגַּבֵּר to rise, swell; to grow strong, gather courage; to make ones self master. Tanḥ. Bresh. 7 המים מִתְגַּבְּרִין the waters of the Nile rose. Num. R. s. 19 ומִתְגַּבֶּרֶת שם and rose there. Ib. מלא מים מְגוּבָּרִין full of high waters. Snh.96a לא נ׳ עדוכ׳ had no courage until he came to Dan. R. Hash. III, 8 היו מִתְגַּבְּרִין they were victorious. Ḥag.16a, a. e. if one feels שיצרו מתג׳ עליו that his passion threatens to make itself master over him; Kidd.80b. Ned.81a מפני שהן מתגברין על הצבור because they lord it over the people (Ar. מתגדרין, v. גָּדַר). Num. R. s. 18, v. גָּבַהּ. Yalk. Is. 287 (ref. to Is. 17:11) מכה מִתְגַּבֶּרֶת (Lev. R. s. 18 מגרת, corr. acc. or מגברת) an affliction which makes itself the master, v. אָנוּש. Gen. R. s. 76; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > גָּבַר

  • 196 גדד I

    גָּדַדI (b. h.; cmp. גזו, קצץ) to cut, cut off. Par. II, 2; Bekh.44a יָגוֹד let him lop off (the black tops of the horns or hoofs).(V. גָּדַר.Trnsf. (cmp. קצץ) to fix the price. B. Bath.13a גּוֹד או אָגוֹד either fix you a price for my share, or I shall do so (and buy your share); דינא דגוד או אגוד the right of settling by god o agod. Ib. אגוד איכא גוד ליכא the offer to buy is applicable in this case (the half-freed slave can offer to buy his other half), but the offer to sell cannot be made (since there is no price for a free man).Part. pass. גָּדוּד stripped (of branches); trnsf. empty-handed. Gen. R. s. 68, beg. ג׳ שלחו (Yalk. ib. 117 גדודי) Isaac sent Jacob away without anything valuable. Pi. גִּדֵּד to cut off, level. Gen. R. s. 71 (play on בא גד, Gen. 30:11) בא מי שעתיד לגַדֵּדוכ׳ he has come who is destined to level the fastnesses of the nations (idolatry). Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 13 (play on מגדל גד, Josh. 15:37) from there the Lord יוצא ומְגַדֵּדוכ׳ will proceed and level ; Ex. R. s. 40 ומגיד (corr. acc.). Nif. נִגְדַּד to be cut off. Keth.51a כל העומד לִיגָּדֵד כְּגָדוּד דמי Ar. (ed. ליגזז, v. גָּזַז). Hithpol. הִתְגּוֹדֵד to make incisions in ones own body. Yeb.13b, v. גּוּד. Tanḥ. Shlaḥ. 15; Num. R. s. 17 קבר מת לא תִתְגּוֹדְדוּ when one buried a dead, the law says, Ye shall not (Deut. 14:1). V. גְּדִידָה. Polel גֹּדֵד same. Yeb. l. c. א״כ לימא קרא לא תְּגוֹדְדוּ if it were so (that Deut. 14:1 meant only to forbid incisions in the body) it ought to read lo tgoddu, ye shall make no incisions.

    Jewish literature > גדד I

  • 197 גָּדַד

    גָּדַדI (b. h.; cmp. גזו, קצץ) to cut, cut off. Par. II, 2; Bekh.44a יָגוֹד let him lop off (the black tops of the horns or hoofs).(V. גָּדַר.Trnsf. (cmp. קצץ) to fix the price. B. Bath.13a גּוֹד או אָגוֹד either fix you a price for my share, or I shall do so (and buy your share); דינא דגוד או אגוד the right of settling by god o agod. Ib. אגוד איכא גוד ליכא the offer to buy is applicable in this case (the half-freed slave can offer to buy his other half), but the offer to sell cannot be made (since there is no price for a free man).Part. pass. גָּדוּד stripped (of branches); trnsf. empty-handed. Gen. R. s. 68, beg. ג׳ שלחו (Yalk. ib. 117 גדודי) Isaac sent Jacob away without anything valuable. Pi. גִּדֵּד to cut off, level. Gen. R. s. 71 (play on בא גד, Gen. 30:11) בא מי שעתיד לגַדֵּדוכ׳ he has come who is destined to level the fastnesses of the nations (idolatry). Tanḥ. Ki Thissa 13 (play on מגדל גד, Josh. 15:37) from there the Lord יוצא ומְגַדֵּדוכ׳ will proceed and level ; Ex. R. s. 40 ומגיד (corr. acc.). Nif. נִגְדַּד to be cut off. Keth.51a כל העומד לִיגָּדֵד כְּגָדוּד דמי Ar. (ed. ליגזז, v. גָּזַז). Hithpol. הִתְגּוֹדֵד to make incisions in ones own body. Yeb.13b, v. גּוּד. Tanḥ. Shlaḥ. 15; Num. R. s. 17 קבר מת לא תִתְגּוֹדְדוּ when one buried a dead, the law says, Ye shall not (Deut. 14:1). V. גְּדִידָה. Polel גֹּדֵד same. Yeb. l. c. א״כ לימא קרא לא תְּגוֹדְדוּ if it were so (that Deut. 14:1 meant only to forbid incisions in the body) it ought to read lo tgoddu, ye shall make no incisions.

    Jewish literature > גָּדַד

  • 198 גדול

    גָּדוֹלm., גְּדוֹלָה f. (b. h.; גדל) 1) great, distinguished; (noun) a great man, leader. Sabb.94b, a. fr. ג׳ כבוד הבריותוכ׳ human dignity is something great, for it overrules a prohibitive law Ned.49b ג׳ מלאכהוכ׳ labor is something great, for it honors him who pursues it.Sot.I, 9 ג׳ ממנו his superior. Gen. R. s. 100 גְּדוֹל העולמים the Great One of the worlds, the Lord.Snh.21b גְּ׳ העולם a world-renowned man (Solomon). M. Kat. 22a גְּ׳ הדור a prominent man of his days. Y. ib. III, 82c top גְּ׳ המשפחה the chief of the family; a. v. fr. 2) adult, of age, older. Yeb.II, 8 בג׳ on the eldest brother. Ib. XIII, 11 ג׳ וקטנה if one of the brothers widows is of age, and the other a minor; a. fr. כהן גדול (abbr. כ״ג) Highpriest. Ib. IX, 1; a. fr.Pl. גְּדוֹלִים, גְּדוֹלִין; גְּדוֹלוֹת. Koh. R. to VII, 8 גְּדוֹלֵי הדור scholars, v. supra; ג׳ ירושלים prominent citizens of Jerusalem.Ab. Zar.18a ג׳ רומי Roman dignitaries; a. fr.Ber.23b, a. e. גדולים (sub. נקבים) the larger functions of the body, movement of the bowels; v. דַּק.

    Jewish literature > גדול

  • 199 גָּדוֹל

    גָּדוֹלm., גְּדוֹלָה f. (b. h.; גדל) 1) great, distinguished; (noun) a great man, leader. Sabb.94b, a. fr. ג׳ כבוד הבריותוכ׳ human dignity is something great, for it overrules a prohibitive law Ned.49b ג׳ מלאכהוכ׳ labor is something great, for it honors him who pursues it.Sot.I, 9 ג׳ ממנו his superior. Gen. R. s. 100 גְּדוֹל העולמים the Great One of the worlds, the Lord.Snh.21b גְּ׳ העולם a world-renowned man (Solomon). M. Kat. 22a גְּ׳ הדור a prominent man of his days. Y. ib. III, 82c top גְּ׳ המשפחה the chief of the family; a. v. fr. 2) adult, of age, older. Yeb.II, 8 בג׳ on the eldest brother. Ib. XIII, 11 ג׳ וקטנה if one of the brothers widows is of age, and the other a minor; a. fr. כהן גדול (abbr. כ״ג) Highpriest. Ib. IX, 1; a. fr.Pl. גְּדוֹלִים, גְּדוֹלִין; גְּדוֹלוֹת. Koh. R. to VII, 8 גְּדוֹלֵי הדור scholars, v. supra; ג׳ ירושלים prominent citizens of Jerusalem.Ab. Zar.18a ג׳ רומי Roman dignitaries; a. fr.Ber.23b, a. e. גדולים (sub. נקבים) the larger functions of the body, movement of the bowels; v. דַּק.

    Jewish literature > גָּדוֹל

  • 200 גדולה

    גְּדוּלָּהf. (b. h.; גדל) greatness, distinction, dignity, wealth, high position, office. Gitt.59a תורה וג׳ במקום א׳ learning and high office combined in one person. Ber.61a בג׳ מתחילין מן הגדולוכ׳ for distinction the superior is first mentioned, for degradation the inferior. Erub.13b מחזר על הג׳ hunting for office. Ib. 54a עולה לג׳ will rise to distinction. Y.Ter.V, 43c top למשחה לג׳וכ׳ for ointment (Num. 18:11) means for installation in office, for unguent, and for lighting. Meg.31a גְּדוּלָּתוֹ של הקב״ה Ms. M. (ed. גבורתו) a description of the greatness of the Lord. Ex. R. s. 3 end הלב ששמח בגדוּלַּת אחיווכ׳ the heart (of Aaron) which rejoiced over a brothers distinction shall wear the Urim ; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > גדולה

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