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local approximation

См. также в других словарях:

  • Local-density approximation — The local density approximation (LDA) is an approximation of the exchange correlation (XC) energy functional in density functional theory (DFT) by taking the XC energy of an electron in a homogeneous electron gas of a density equal to the density …   Wikipedia

  • Approximation theory — In mathematics, approximation theory is concerned with how functions can best be approximated with simpler functions, and with quantitatively characterizing the errors introduced thereby. Note that what is meant by best and simpler will depend on …   Wikipedia

  • Approximation in algebraic groups — In mathematics, strong approximation in linear algebraic groups is an important arithmetic property of matrix groups. In rough terms, it explains to what extent there can be an extension of the Chinese remainder theorem to various kinds of… …   Wikipedia

  • Approximation sigma — En mathématiques, l’approximation sigma, imaginée par Cornelius Lanczos, est une méthode de fenêtrage qui permet d ajuster une série de Fourier pour éliminer le phénomène de Gibbs qui pourrait survenir aux discontinuités. Principe Une… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Local convergence — In numerical analysis, an iterative method is called locally convergent if the successive approximations produced by the method are guaranteed to converge to a solution when the initial approximation is already close enough to the solution.… …   Wikipedia

  • Discrete dipole approximation — In discrete dipole approximation larger object is approximated in terms of discrete dipoles The discrete dipole approximation (DDA) is a method for computing scattering of radiation by particles of arbitrary shape and by periodic structures.… …   Wikipedia

  • Muffin-tin approximation — Electronic structure methods Tight binding Nearly free electron model Hartree–Fock method Modern valence bond Generalized valence bond Møller–Plesset perturbation theory …   Wikipedia

  • Discrete dipole approximation codes — This article contains list of discrete dipole approximation codes and their applications. The discrete dipole approximation (DDA) is a flexible technique for computing scattering and absorption by targets of arbitrary geometry. Given a target of… …   Wikipedia

  • WKB approximation — In physics, the WKB (Wentzel–Kramers–Brillouin) approximation, also known as WKBJ (Wentzel–Kramers–Brillouin–Jeffreys) approximation, is the most familiar example of a semiclassical calculation in quantum mechanics in which the wavefunction is… …   Wikipedia

  • FLAME clustering — Fuzzy clustering by Local Approximation of MEmberships (FLAME) is a novel data clustering algorithm that defines clusters in the dense parts of a dataset and performs cluster assignment solely based on the neighborhood relationships among objects …   Wikipedia

  • Ab initio quantum chemistry methods — are computational chemistry methods based on quantum chemistry.[1] The term ab initio was first used in quantum chemistry by Robert Parr and coworkers, including David Craig in a semiempirical study on the excited states of benzene.[2][3] The… …   Wikipedia


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