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law of inverse squares

См. также в других словарях:

  • Law of inverse squares — Закон обратных квадратов …   Краткий толковый словарь по полиграфии

  • Law of cosines — This article is about the law of cosines in Euclidean geometry. For the cosine law of optics, see Lambert s cosine law. Figure 1 – A triangle. The angles α, β, and γ are respectively opposite the sides a, b, and c …   Wikipedia

  • Inverse problem — An inverse problem is a general framework that is used to convert observed measurements into information about a physical object or system that we are interested in. For example, if we have measurements of the Earth s gravity field, then we might …   Wikipedia

  • Power law — A power law is any polynomial relationship that exhibits the property of scale invariance. The most common power laws relate two variables and have the form:f(x) = ax^k! +o(x^k),where a and k are constants, and o(x^k) is of x. Here, k is… …   Wikipedia

  • Newton's law of universal gravitation — Classical mechanics Newton s Second Law History of classical mechanics  …   Wikipedia

  • Least squares — The method of least squares is a standard approach to the approximate solution of overdetermined systems, i.e., sets of equations in which there are more equations than unknowns. Least squares means that the overall solution minimizes the sum of… …   Wikipedia

  • Coulomb's law — Electromagnetism Electricity · …   Wikipedia

  • Europe, history of — Introduction       history of European peoples and cultures from prehistoric times to the present. Europe is a more ambiguous term than most geographic expressions. Its etymology is doubtful, as is the physical extent of the area it designates.… …   Universalium

  • Pythagorean theorem — See also: Pythagorean trigonometric identity The Pythagorean theorem: The sum of the areas of the two squares on the legs (a and b) equals the area of the square on the hypotenuse (c) …   Wikipedia

  • probability theory — Math., Statistics. the theory of analyzing and making statements concerning the probability of the occurrence of uncertain events. Cf. probability (def. 4). [1830 40] * * * Branch of mathematics that deals with analysis of random events.… …   Universalium

  • Rydberg formula — The Rydberg formula is used in atomic physics to describe the wavelengths of spectral lines of many chemical elements. The formula was invented by the Swedish physicist Johannes Rydberg and presented on November 5, 1888.HistoryIn the 1880s,… …   Wikipedia