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lapis

  • 1 lapis

    lăpis, ĭdis (abl. lapi, Enn. ap. Prisc. 708 P.; gen. plur. lapiderum, C. Gell. ap. Charis. p. 40 P.), m. (f.: tanto sublatae sunt augmine tunc lapides, Enn. ap. Non. 211, 9) [etym. dub.; perh. from same root with rupes; cf. Corss. Ausspr. 1, 545; not connected with laas, Curt. Gr. Etym. p. 542], a stone (cf.: saxum, silex, cautes, cos, calculus).
    I.
    In gen.:

    stillicidi casus lapidem cavat,

    Lucr. 1, 313:

    undique lapides in murum jaci coepti sunt,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 6; cf. Cic. Mil. 15, 41:

    pars eminus glande aut lapidibus pugnare,

    Sall. J. 57, 4:

    lapide percussus,

    Plaut. Stich. 4, 2, 33:

    lapidem habere, ut illi cerebrum excutiam,

    id. Capt. 3, 4, 69; cf. Cic. de Or. 2, 47, 197:

    consul ingentem vim modicorum, qui funda mitti possent, lapidum paraverat,

    Liv. 38, 20, 1; Gell. 4, 14, 3 sqq.:

    e lapide duro parietes construere,

    Plin. 36, 22, 51, § 171:

    lapis duritia marmoris,

    id. 36, 22, 46, § 163:

    bibulus,

    sandstone, pumice-stone, Verg. G. 2, 348:

    molaris,

    a millstone, Quint. 2, 19, 3; cf.:

    num me illue ducis, ubi lapis lapidem terit?

    i. e. into the mill, Plaut. As. 1, 1, 16: Parius, Parian stone, i. e. Parian marble, Verg. A. 1, 593:

    lapide candidiore diem notare,

    i. e. to mark with a white stone the luckiest day, Cat. 68, 148; cf. lapillus.—
    B.
    Trop. for dulness, stupidity, want of feeling:

    ego me credidi homini docto rem mandare: is lapidi mando maximo,

    Plaut. Merc. 3, 4, 47:

    i, quid stas, lapis? quin accipis?

    Ter. Heaut. 4, 7, 3; cf. id. ib. 5, 1, 43:

    tu, inquam, mulier, quae me omnino lapidem, non hominem putas,

    id. Hec. 2, 1, 17;

    and with silex (q. v.): tu es lapide silice stultior,

    Plaut. Poen. 1, 2, 78; cf.:

    lapides mehercule omnes flere ac lamentari coëgisses,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 57, 245:

    lapis est ferrumque suam quicumque puellam verberat,

    Tib. 1, 10, 59:

    aut mare prospiciens in saxo frigida sedi, quamque lapis sedes, tam lapis ipsa fui,

    Ov. H. 19, 30.—Prov.:

    lapidem ferre altera manu, altera panem ostentare,

    i. e. to flatter openly and injure secretly, Plaut. Aul. 2, 2, 18:

    verberare lapidem,

    i. e. to hurt one's self more than one's enemy, id. Curc. 1, 3, 41:

    lapides loqui,

    to speak hard words, id. Aul. 2, 1, 29:

    ad eundem lapidem bis offendere,

    to commit the same error twice, Aus. Ep. 11; so,

    bis ad eundem (sc. lapidem),

    Cic. Fam. 10, 20, 2.—
    II.
    In partic.
    A.
    A mile-stone, set up on the roads at every thousand paces, which made a Roman mile;

    hence, with an ordinal numeral added to denote distance in miles: ad quartum et vicesimum lapidem a Roma,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 2, 14; cf.:

    effoditur ad vigesimum ab Urbe lapidem,

    Plin. 33, 12, 56, § 159:

    sacra videt fieri sextus ab Urbe lapis,

    Ov. F. 6, 682:

    intra vicesimum lapidem,

    Liv. 5, 4 fin.:

    duodecimum apud lapidem,

    Tac. A. 3, 45:

    a tertio lapide,

    Flor. 2, 6 fin.: ad lapidem undecimum, Paul. ex Fest. p. 250 Müll.—Sometimes ellipt. without lapis:

    ad duodecimum a Cremona,

    Tac. H. 2, 24:

    ad quartum,

    id. ib. 2, 39:

    ad octavum,

    id. ib. 3, 15.—
    B.
    The stone or stone elevation on which the prætor stood at slavesales:

    in eo ipso astas lapide, ubi praeco praedicat,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 7, 17; Col. 3, 3, 8:

    praeter duos de lapide emptos tribunos,

    Cic. Pis. 15, 35.—
    C.
    Terminalis, a landmark, boundary-stone, Amm. 18, 2, 15;

    called lapis alone,

    Lact. 1, 20 fin.; so,

    lapis sacer,

    Liv. 41, 13; cf.:

    non fixus in agris, qui regeret certis finibus arva, lapis,

    Tib. 1, 3, 44; cf. id. 1, 1, 12.—
    D.
    A gravestone, tombstone, Prop. 3 (4), 1, 37; Tib. 1, 3, 54;

    called also ultimus,

    Prop. 1, 17, 20.—
    E.
    A precious stone, gem, jewel, pearl (mostly poet.), Cat. 69, 3:

    gemmas et lapides,

    Hor. C. 3, 24, 48:

    clari lapides,

    id. ib. 4, 13, 14; Ov. A. A. 1, 432; Sil. 12, 231; Mart. 11, 50, 4; Tac. A. 3, 53; Macr. S. 7, 13, 11.—
    F.
    A statue: Jovem lapidem jurare, the statue of Jupiter at the Capitol, Cic. Fam. 7, 12, 2; Gell. 1, 21, 4; v. Juppiter.—
    * 2.
    Meton.:

    albus,

    a table of white marble, a marble table, Hor. S. 1, 6, 116.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > lapis

  • 2 lapis

        lapis idis, m     a stone: undique lapides in murum iaci coepti sunt, Cs.: eminus lapidibus pugnare, S.: lapides omnīs flere ac lamentari coëgisses: Ossa lapis fiunt, O.: bibulus, pumicestone, V.: Parius, Parian marble, V.: lapides varios radere, mosaic, H.: lapide diem candidiore notare, to mark as a lucky day, Ct.—As a term of reproach: i, quid stas, lapis? Quin accipis? T. —A monument to mark distance, mile-stone (at intervals of 1000 paces): sextus ab urbe lapis, O.: intra vicensimum lapidem, L.—The auctioneer's stone at a slave sale, platform: praeter duos de lapide emptos tribunos.—A landmark, boundary-stone: sacer, L.—A grave-stone, tomb-stone: his scriptus notis, Tb.: ultimus, Pr.—A precious stone, gem, jewel, pearl: gemmas et lapides, H.: clari lapides, H.—A statue: Iovem lapidem iurare, the statue of Jupiter: albus, a marble table, H.
    * * *
    I
    stone; milestone; jewel
    II
    stone; milestone; jewel

    Latin-English dictionary > lapis

См. также в других словарях:

  • lapis — lapis …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • lapis — ou lapis lazuli [ lapis(lazyli) ] n. m. • 1580 lapis;XIIIe lapis lazuli; lat. médiév. lapis lazuli « pierre d azur », de lazulum « azur » → azur ♦ Pierre fine d un bleu d azur ou d outremer, silicate composé de la famille des feldspaths. ⇒… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • lapis — LÁPIS s.n. (min.) Lazurit. – Din fr., lat. lapis. Trimis de LauraGellner, 17.05.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  LÁPIS s. v. lazurit. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  lápis s. n …   Dicționar Român

  • lapis — ou lapis lazuli (la pis ou la pis la zu li) s. m. Noms vulgaires du minéral appelé lazulite. •   C est ce qui distingue le vrai lapis de la pierre arménienne et de la pierre d azur dont le bleu s évanouit au feu, tandis qu il demeure inhérent et… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • lápis — s. m. 2 núm. 1. Artefato oco, geralmente de madeira, cujo vão se enche de grafite. 2. Substância mineral negra com a qual se faz esse artefato. = GRAFITE, PLUMBAGINA 3. Objeto com que se escreve ou risca (ex.: lápis de cera). 4. Desenho ou obra… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Lapis — Lapis: Ляпис Философский камень (лат. lapis philosophorum) См. также Lapis Niger В Викисловаре есть статья «lapis» …   Википедия

  • lapís — lapis m. lapis; lapis lazuli > « Sus lis escalié de lapis, long di balustre de pourfire… » Th. Aubanel. Color de lapís : d un bleu outremer …   Diccionari Personau e Evolutiu

  • Lapis — La pis, n.; pl. {Lapides}. [L.] A stone. [1913 Webster] {Lapis calaminaris}n. [NL.] (Min.) Calamine. {Lapis infernalis}n. [L.] Fused nitrate of silver; lunar caustic. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lapis — / lapis/ s.m. [dal lat. lapis pietra ]. [sottile asta di grafite, ricoperta di legno, usata per scrivere e disegnare] ▶◀ matita. ‖ portamine …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • lapis — LAPIS. s. m. Pierre pretieuse de couleur bleuë, & qui n est point transparente. Il y a des rayons d or dans le vray lapis. c est du lapis mis en poudre que se fait l azur …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • lapis — lazuli La pis laz u*li . (Min.) An albuminous mineral of a rich blue color; also called {lapis}. Same as {Lazuli}, which see. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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