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kneeling

  • 1 contentus

        contentus adj.    [P. of contendo], stretched, strained, tense, tight, on the stretch: contento fune, H.: corpora (opp. remissa): contentā cervice (boves), V.: contento poplite, i. e. kneeling, H.— Fig., eager, intent: contento cursu Italiam petere: meus Exiliis contenta suis, O.
    * * *
    I
    contenta -um, contentior -or -us, contentissimus -a -um ADJ
    content, satisfied (w/ABL); content with, pleased
    II
    contenta -um, contentior -or -us, contentissimus -a -um ADJ
    tense, tight, strained, exerted; energetic, vigorous, intent, eager, serious

    Latin-English dictionary > contentus

  • 2 genū

        genū ūs (gen. genū, O.; plur. genua, disyl. V.), n    [cf. γόνυ], a knee: Fine genūs vestem succincta, O.: aquam genūs tenus alta, L.: genu terram tangere: dumque virent genua, H.: genuum iunctura, knee-joint, O.: genuum orbis, knee-pan, O.: ad genua accidit, T.: genua amplexus, V.: nixi genibus, on their knees, L.: genibus minor, i. e. kneeling, H.: genua incerare deorum, i. e. place tablets with prayers, Iu.
    * * *

    Latin-English dictionary > genū

  • 3 minor

        minor minus, ōris, adj. comp. (for posit. and sup. see parvus, minimus)    [3 MAN-], smaller, less: navigia, Cs.: pecunia minor facta: inter ignīs Luna minores, H.: Hibernia dimidio minor quam Britannia, less by half, Cs.: genibus minor, i. e. kneeling, H.: Neve minor sit quinto actu Fabula, shorter, H.: luna, waning, H.—As subst n.: minus praedae quam speraverant fuit, L.: sociis dimidio minus quam civibus datum, less by half, L.: minus opinione suā efficere, Cs.—Of time, less, shorter, briefer: tempus, O.: dies sermone minor, too short for, O.—Of age, younger, junior: minor natu: filia minor regis, Cs.: aetate minores, O.: minor uno mense, H.—Plur. as subst, posterity, descendants: nostri minores, V.: Et fessae referunt se minores, the young, V.—Fig., inferior, less important: res: sapiens uno minor est Iove, H.: sunt notitiā multa minora tuā, unworthy of, O.: in certamine, beaten, H.: tanto certare, unfit to cope with, H.: capitis minor, see caput.—As subst n. genit., in expressions of value or price, at a lower price, of less value: minoris vendere: (suam fidem) non minoris quam publicam ducere, S.: minores facere filium quam, etc., care less for.
    * * *
    I
    minari, minatus sum V DEP
    threaten, speak/act menacingly; make threatening movement; give indication of
    II
    those inferior in rank/grade/age, subordinate; descendants (pl.)

    Latin-English dictionary > minor

  • 4 pōnō

        pōnō posuī (posīvērunt, C.), positus, ere    [for * posino; old praep. port- (pro) + sino], to put down, set down, put, place, set, fix, lay, deposit: tabulas in aerario, Cs.: castra iniquo loco, pitch, Cs.: tabulas in publico, deposit: collum in Pulvere, H.: in possessionem libertatis pedem ponimus: in Prytaneum vasa aurea, L.: omnia pone feros in ignes, O.: ubi pedem poneret habere, might set his foot: posito genu, kneeling, O.: num genu posuit? Cu.: ova, O.: fetum, give birth to, Ph.—Of troops and guards, to place, post, set, station, fix: praesidium ibi, Cs.: insidias contra Pompei dignitatem: Dumnorigi custodes, ut, etc., Cs.— To set up, erect, build: opus, O.: urbem, V.: castella, Ta.: aras, V.: tropaeum, N.— To form, fashion, mould, depict: duo pocula fecit... Orphaeque in medio posuit, V.: nunc hominem nunc deum, H.—Of plants, to set, set out, plant: ordine vites, V.: nefasto (arborem) die, H.—Of wagers or prizes, to offer, propose, promise, lay, stake, wager: pocula fagina, V.: praemium proposuerunt, si quis nomen detulisset, L.— To put out at interest, loan, invest: pecuniam in praedio: dives positis in faenore nummis, H.— To serve, serve up, set forth: posito pavone, H.: positi Bacchi cornua, O.: Da Trebio, pone ad Trebium, Iu.— To lay aside, take off, put down, lay down: veste positā: velamina de corpore, O.: librum: arma, i. e. surrender, Cs.: Nepesinis inde edictum ut arma ponant, L.: positis armis, L.— To lay out, arrange for burial: toro Mortua componar, O.: positum adfati corpus, V.— To lay in the grave, bury, inter: te... patriā decedens ponere terrā, V.: quā positis iusta feruntur avis, O.— To arrange, deck, set in order: suas in statione comas, O.— To subdue, calm, allay, quiet: quo non arbiter Hadriae Maior, tollere seu ponere volt freta, H.—Of winds, to fall, abate: Cum venti posuere, V.—Of an anchor, to cast, fix: ancoris positis, L.—Fig., to set, place, put, lay, bring: pone ante oculos laetitiam senatūs: se in gratiā reconciliatae pacis, L.: in laude positus: illa in conspectu animi: cum in mentem venit, ponor ad scribendum, my name is added to the record.—To put, place, cause to rest: credibile non est, quantum ego in prudentiā tuā ponam, count upon: spem salutis in virtute, Cs.: in te positum est, ut, etc., rests with you.—To lay out, spend, employ, occupy, consume: tempus in cogitatione: diem totum in considerandā causā: totos nos in rebus perspiciendis: itinera ita facit, ut multos dies in oppidum ponat.— To put, place, count, reckon, consider, regard: mortem in malis: inter quos me ipse dubiā in re poni malim, L.: Hoc metuere, alterum in metu non ponere, regard with fear, Poët. ap. C.: ut in dubio poneret, utrum, etc., regarded as doubtful, L.: haec in magno discrimine, attach great importance to, L.: in vitiis poni, be regarded as a fault, N.— To appoint, ordain, make: leges: sunt enim rebus novis nova ponenda nomina, to be applied: Laurentisque ab eā (lauro) nomen colonis, V.: tibi nomen Insano, H.—Of vows or votive offerings, to make, render, pay, consecrate: Veneris (tabellas) in aede, O.: hic funalia, H.: ex praedā tripodem aureum Delphis, N.— To lay down as true, state, posit, fix, assume, assert, maintain, allege: ut paulo ante posui, si, etc.: Verum pono, esse victum eum; at, etc., T.: positum sit igitur in primis, etc.: hoc posito, esse quandam, etc., agreed: id pro certo, L.: rem ipsam.— To cite, set forth, refer to: eorum exempla.— To set forth, represent, describe: Tigellinum, Iu.— To propose, offer, fix upon, set forth: mihi nunc vos quaestiunculam ponitis?: ponere iubebam, de quo quis audire vellet: doctorum consuetudo ut iis ponatur, de quo disputent.— To put away, leave off, dismiss, forego, lay down, surrender: vitia: curas, L.: moras, H.: corda ferocia, V.: ponendus est ille ambitus (verborum), non abiciendus, i. e. to be closed without abruptness.
    * * *
    I
    ponere, posivi, - V
    put, place, set; station; (archaic form of perf. of pono)
    II
    ponere, posui, positus V
    put, place, set; station

    Latin-English dictionary > pōnō

  • 5 supplex (subpl-)

        supplex (subpl-) icis (abl. icī or ice; gen plur. -icum, rarely -icium), adj.    [sub+PARC-], kneeling in entreaty, begging, entreating, humble, submissive, beseeching, suppliant, supplicant: supplex te ad pedes abiciebas: vobis supplex manūs tendit patria communis: gener a consulis pedibus supplex reicebatur: Ne quoiquam suorum aequalium supplex siet, T.: iudicibus: cum Alcibiades Socrati supplex esset, ut, etc.—As subst m., a suppliant, humble petitioner: in miseros ac supplices misericordiā uti, Cs.: nos supplicum voce prohibebis?: vester est supplex, iudices: tuus, H.: dei, N.—Of things, of a supplicant, expressive of entreaty, suppliant, humble, beseeching: manūs: manu supplice, O.: vitta, H.: vota, V.: vox, S.

    Latin-English dictionary > supplex (subpl-)

  • 6 supplicium (subpl-)

        supplicium (subpl-) ī, n    [supplex], a kneeling, bowing down, humble entreaty, petition, supplication: Vaccenses fatigati regis subpliciis, S.: legatos ad consulem cum suppliciis mittit, S.— An humiliation, public prayer, supplication, act of worship: suppliciis fatigare deos, L.: in suppliciis deorum magnifici, i. e. votive offerings, S.: suppliciis deos placare, L.—(Because criminals were beheaded kneeling), the punishment of death, death-penalty, execution, slaughter: se et liberos hostibus ad supplicium dedere, Cs.: ad supplicium rapi: ad ultimum supplicium progredi<*> to take their own lives, Cs.— Punishment, penalty, torture, torment, pain, distress, suffering: illi de me supplicium dabo, T.: omni supplicio excruciatus: gravissimum ei rei supplicium cum cruciatu constitutum est, Cs.: triste, V.: iis (improbis) ante oculos iudicia et supplicia versentur: suppliciis delicta coërcere, H.

    Latin-English dictionary > supplicium (subpl-)

  • 7 supplex

    I
    (gen.), supplicis ADJ
    suppliant, kneeling, begging
    II

    Latin-English dictionary > supplex

  • 8 supplex

    kneeling, entreating, suppliant.

    Latin-English dictionary of medieval > supplex

  • 9 geniculatio

    gĕnĭcŭlātĭo, ōnis, f. [geniculatus], a [p. 808] bending of the knee, kneeling (post-class.), Tert. ad Scap. 4; Hier. Eph. 3, 14.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > geniculatio

  • 10 genu

    gĕnu, ūs, n. (also nom. sing. gĕnum, n., Front. Ep. ad M. Caes. 5, 44; and gĕnus, m., Lucil. ap. Non. 207, 28; gen. sing. genuis; dat. genui, genu, Mart. Cap. 3, § 293. —In neutr., nom. and acc. sing. genus, Cic. Arat. 45; 46; 399; 403; plur. gēnu͡a, as a dissyllable, Carey's Lat. Prosody, § 47; Verg. A. 5, 432; 12, 905; gen. plur. genuorum, Vitr. 9, 6 dub.; dat. plur. genubus, Sen. Thyest. 406; Hippol. 667; Mart. Cap. 3, § 293;

    but usu. genibus,

    Curt. 10, 5, 24; Tac. A. 12, 18; Liv. 44, 31 fin.; Ov. M. 13, 585) [kindr. with Sanscr. jānu; Gr. gonu; Goth. kniu; Germ. Knie; Engl. knee], the knee.
    I.
    Lit.:

    meus est ballista pugnus, cubitus catapulta est mihi, Umerus aries: tum genu ut quemque icero, ad terram dabo,

    Plaut. Capt. 4, 2, 17: hujus genus, Cic. ap. Serv. ad Verg. A. 3, 22:

    fine genus vestem ritu succincta Dianae,

    Ov. M. 10, 536:

    per aquam ferme genus tenus altam,

    Liv. 44, 40, 8 Drak. N. cr.:

    in ipsa genus utriusque commissura,

    knee-joint, Plin. 11, 45, 103, § 250:

    sedatis tibi doloribus genus,

    Fronto Ep. p. 134 Rom.:

    dolorem genus suscitare,

    id. ib. p. 138:

    ne quem in cursu capite aut cubito offendam aut genu,

    Plaut. Curc. 2, 3, 3:

    genu mehercule M. Antonium vidi, cum contente pro se ipse lege Varia diceret, terram tangere,

    Cic. Tusc. 2, 24, 57:

    genua inediā succidunt,

    Plaut. Curc. 2, 3, 30:

    dumque virent genua,

    Hor. Epod. 13, 4:

    genuum junctura,

    knee-joint, Ov. M. 2, 823:

    genuumque tumebat orbis,

    knee-pan, id. ib. 8, 809: ad genua accidere, Enn. ap. Non. 517, 16 (Com. Rel. v. 9 Vahl.):

    procidere,

    Sen. Contr. 7, 17, 12:

    ad genua se alicui submittere,

    Suet. Tib. 20; cf.:

    genua amplexus genibusque volutans Haerebat,

    Verg. A. 3, 607:

    atqui pol hodie non feres, ni genua confricantur,

    i. e. be clasped in earnest entreaty, Plaut. As. 3, 3, 80; so,

    fricare,

    ib. 88:

    nunc tibi amplectimur genua egentes opum,

    id. Rud. 1, 5, 16; cf.:

    exurgite a genibus,

    id. ib. v. 22: advolvi, Sall. Fragm. ap. Serv. Verg. A. 1, 311; Tac. A. 1, 13 fin.; 6, 49; 15, 71;

    for which: genibus se advolvere or advolvi,

    Liv. 8, 37 fin.; 28, 34, 4; Vell. 2, 80 fin.:

    nixi genibus ab senatu petierunt, ne, etc.,

    Liv. 43, 2, 2:

    muta metu terram genibus summissa petebat,

    Lucr. 1, 92:

    corde et genibus tremit,

    Hor. C. 1, 23, 8:

    jus imperiumque Phraates Caesaris accepit genibus minor,

    i. e. kneeling, beseeching, id. Ep. 1, 12, 28; Vulg. Phil. 2, 10 saep.:

    genu ponere,

    to bow the knee, Curt. 4, 6, 28; so,

    alicui,

    id. 8, 7, 13:

    genu flectere, Hier. in. Eph. 3, 14: inflexo genu adorare aliquem,

    Sen. Herc. Fur. 410:

    nixi genibus,

    on bended knees, Liv. 43, 2, 2:

    per tua genua te opsecro,

    Plaut. Curc. 5, 2, 31:

    genua incerare deorum,

    i. e. to attach to the statues of the gods wax tablets with prayers written on them, Juv. 10, 55.—
    II.
    Transf., of plants, a knot, joint, usually called geniculum:

    a genibus (ferulae) exeuntia folia,

    Plin. 13, 22, 42, § 123.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > genu

  • 11 genum

    gĕnu, ūs, n. (also nom. sing. gĕnum, n., Front. Ep. ad M. Caes. 5, 44; and gĕnus, m., Lucil. ap. Non. 207, 28; gen. sing. genuis; dat. genui, genu, Mart. Cap. 3, § 293. —In neutr., nom. and acc. sing. genus, Cic. Arat. 45; 46; 399; 403; plur. gēnu͡a, as a dissyllable, Carey's Lat. Prosody, § 47; Verg. A. 5, 432; 12, 905; gen. plur. genuorum, Vitr. 9, 6 dub.; dat. plur. genubus, Sen. Thyest. 406; Hippol. 667; Mart. Cap. 3, § 293;

    but usu. genibus,

    Curt. 10, 5, 24; Tac. A. 12, 18; Liv. 44, 31 fin.; Ov. M. 13, 585) [kindr. with Sanscr. jānu; Gr. gonu; Goth. kniu; Germ. Knie; Engl. knee], the knee.
    I.
    Lit.:

    meus est ballista pugnus, cubitus catapulta est mihi, Umerus aries: tum genu ut quemque icero, ad terram dabo,

    Plaut. Capt. 4, 2, 17: hujus genus, Cic. ap. Serv. ad Verg. A. 3, 22:

    fine genus vestem ritu succincta Dianae,

    Ov. M. 10, 536:

    per aquam ferme genus tenus altam,

    Liv. 44, 40, 8 Drak. N. cr.:

    in ipsa genus utriusque commissura,

    knee-joint, Plin. 11, 45, 103, § 250:

    sedatis tibi doloribus genus,

    Fronto Ep. p. 134 Rom.:

    dolorem genus suscitare,

    id. ib. p. 138:

    ne quem in cursu capite aut cubito offendam aut genu,

    Plaut. Curc. 2, 3, 3:

    genu mehercule M. Antonium vidi, cum contente pro se ipse lege Varia diceret, terram tangere,

    Cic. Tusc. 2, 24, 57:

    genua inediā succidunt,

    Plaut. Curc. 2, 3, 30:

    dumque virent genua,

    Hor. Epod. 13, 4:

    genuum junctura,

    knee-joint, Ov. M. 2, 823:

    genuumque tumebat orbis,

    knee-pan, id. ib. 8, 809: ad genua accidere, Enn. ap. Non. 517, 16 (Com. Rel. v. 9 Vahl.):

    procidere,

    Sen. Contr. 7, 17, 12:

    ad genua se alicui submittere,

    Suet. Tib. 20; cf.:

    genua amplexus genibusque volutans Haerebat,

    Verg. A. 3, 607:

    atqui pol hodie non feres, ni genua confricantur,

    i. e. be clasped in earnest entreaty, Plaut. As. 3, 3, 80; so,

    fricare,

    ib. 88:

    nunc tibi amplectimur genua egentes opum,

    id. Rud. 1, 5, 16; cf.:

    exurgite a genibus,

    id. ib. v. 22: advolvi, Sall. Fragm. ap. Serv. Verg. A. 1, 311; Tac. A. 1, 13 fin.; 6, 49; 15, 71;

    for which: genibus se advolvere or advolvi,

    Liv. 8, 37 fin.; 28, 34, 4; Vell. 2, 80 fin.:

    nixi genibus ab senatu petierunt, ne, etc.,

    Liv. 43, 2, 2:

    muta metu terram genibus summissa petebat,

    Lucr. 1, 92:

    corde et genibus tremit,

    Hor. C. 1, 23, 8:

    jus imperiumque Phraates Caesaris accepit genibus minor,

    i. e. kneeling, beseeching, id. Ep. 1, 12, 28; Vulg. Phil. 2, 10 saep.:

    genu ponere,

    to bow the knee, Curt. 4, 6, 28; so,

    alicui,

    id. 8, 7, 13:

    genu flectere, Hier. in. Eph. 3, 14: inflexo genu adorare aliquem,

    Sen. Herc. Fur. 410:

    nixi genibus,

    on bended knees, Liv. 43, 2, 2:

    per tua genua te opsecro,

    Plaut. Curc. 5, 2, 31:

    genua incerare deorum,

    i. e. to attach to the statues of the gods wax tablets with prayers written on them, Juv. 10, 55.—
    II.
    Transf., of plants, a knot, joint, usually called geniculum:

    a genibus (ferulae) exeuntia folia,

    Plin. 13, 22, 42, § 123.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > genum

  • 12 ingeniculo

    in-gĕnĭcŭlo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [in-geniculum], to cause one to bend the knee; hence, ingeniculare se, to bend the knee, to sink down on the knee, to kneel, Hyg. Astr. 2, 6, fin.; also,

    without se,

    Lampr. Elag. 5, 4.— Hence, ingĕnĭcŭlātus, a, um, P. a., kneeling: Hercules, a constellation, also called ingeniculus, Vitr. 9, 6.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > ingeniculo

  • 13 ingeniculus

    in-gĕnĭcŭlus, a, um, adj. [in-geniculum], kneeling: Ingeniculus, sc. Hercules, a constellation: in extremis partibus oritur Ingeniculus, qui a Graeeis en gonasin dicitur, Firm. Math. 8, 17:

    ingenicla (by sync. for ingenicula) imago,

    Manil. 5, 645; v. ‡ engonasi.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > ingeniculus

  • 14 nitor

    1.
    nītor, nīsus and nixus ( inf. nitier, Lucr. 1, 1059; old form of the part. perf.: gnitus et gnixus a genibus prisci dixerunt, Paul. ex Fest. p. 96 Müll.), 3, v. dep. n. [from gnitor; root gnic- or gnig-; cf.: nico, conivere], to bear or rest upon something.
    I.
    Lit.
    (α).
    With abl.: ambae te obsecramus genibus nixae, we implore thee upon our knees, i. e. kneeling, Plaut. Rud. 3, 3, 33:

    stirpibus suis niti,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 13, 37:

    herbescens viriditas, quae nixa fibris stirpium sensim adulescit,

    id. Sen. 15, 51:

    hastili nixus,

    id. Rab. Perd. 7, 21:

    mulierculā nixus,

    id. Verr. 2, 5, 33, § 86:

    juvenis, qui nititur hastā,

    Verg. A. 6, 760:

    paribus nitens Cyllenius alis Constitit,

    id. ib. 4, 252:

    nixus baculo,

    Ov. P. 1, 8, 52.—
    (β).
    With in and acc.:

    nixus in hastam,

    Verg. A. 12, 398.—
    (γ).
    With de:

    de quā pariens arbore nixa dea est,

    Ov. H. 21, 100.—
    (δ).
    With gen. of place:

    humi nitens,

    Verg. A. 2, 380.—
    (ε).
    Absol.: Sisiphu' versat Saxum sudans nitendo, Poët. ap. Cic. Tusc. 1, 5, 10:

    niti modo ac statim concidere,

    to strive to rise, Sall. J. 101, 11.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    To make one's way with an effort, to press forward, advance; and, with respect to the goal, to mount, climb, fly, etc. (mostly poet.):

    quaedam serpentes ortae extra aquam simul ac primum niti possunt, aquam persequuntur,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 48, 124:

    nituntur gradibus,

    Verg. A. 2, 442:

    in altas rupes,

    Luc. 4, 37:

    ad sidera,

    Verg. G. 2, 427:

    in aëra,

    Ov. P. 2, 7, 27:

    in adversum,

    id. M. 2, 72:

    sursum nitier,

    Lucr. 1, 1059.—Of violent bodily motion:

    niti corporibus et ea huc illuc, quasi vitabundi aut jacientes tela agitare,

    to struggle, Sall. J. 60, 4.—
    2.
    To strain in giving birth, to bring forth, Plin. 9, 35, 54, § 107 (al. eniti):

    nitor,

    I am in labor, Ov. M. 9, 302; Pseud.-Ov. Her. 21, 100.—
    3.
    To strain for a stool, Suet. Vesp. 20.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    To strive, to exert one's self, make an effort, labor, endeavor:

    moderatio modo virium adsit et tantum, quantum potest, quisque nitatur,

    Cic. Sen. 10, 33; Nep. Att. 15, 2:

    nisurus contra regem,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 37; Sall. C. 38, 2:

    pro aliquo,

    Liv. 35, 10; cf.:

    pro libertate summā ope niti,

    Sall. J. 31, 17:

    nitebantur, ne gravius in eum consuleretur,

    Sall. J. 13, 8; cf.:

    unus Miltiades maxime nitebatur, ut, etc.,

    Nep. Milt. 4, 2. — Inf.:

    summā vi Cirtam irrumpere nititur,

    Sall. J. 25, 9:

    patriam recuperare niti,

    Nep. Pelop. 2:

    ingenio nitor non periisse meo,

    Ov. P. 3, 5, 34; id. M. 8, 694.— Absol., of soldiers hard pressed in battle:

    tamen virtute et patientia nitebantur atque omnia vulnera sustinebant,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 45.—
    2.
    To strive after a thing:

    ad immortalitatem gloriae niti,

    Cic. Sen. 23, 82:

    ad summa, Quint. prooem. § 20: in vetitum,

    Ov. Am. 3, 4, 17.—
    3.
    To try to prove, contend in argument, argue, with acc. and inf.:

    nitamur igitur nihil posse percipi,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 21, 68.—
    B.
    To rest, rely, depend upon a thing.
    (α).
    With in and abl.:

    nixus in nomine inani,

    Lucr. 5, 909:

    conjectura in quā nititur divinatio,

    Cic. Div. 2, 26, 55:

    ea, in quibus causa nititur,

    id. Cael. 10, 25:

    cujus in vitā nitebatur salus civitatis,

    id. Mil. 7, 19.—
    (β).
    With abl.:

    spe niti,

    Cic. Att. 3, 9, 2:

    consilio atque auctoritate alicujus,

    id. Off. 1, 34, 122; id. Fam. 1, 5, a, 2:

    si quis hoc uno nititur quod sit ignobilis,

    id. Clu. 40, 112.—
    (γ).
    With ubi:

    quo confugies? ubi nitere?

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 64, § 155.—Hence, P. a., as subst., Nixus, i, m., only plur., Nixi, ōrum, m., three guardian deities of women in labor, the statues of whom, representing them in a kneeling posture, stood on the Capitol before the chapel of Minerva, Paul. ex Fest. p. 174 Müll.:

    magno Lucinam Nixosque patres clamore vocabam,

    Ov. M. 9, 294.
    2.
    nĭtor, ōris, m. [niteo], brightness, splendor, lustre, sheen.
    I.
    Lit.:

    nitor exoriens aurorae,

    Lucr. 4, 538:

    diurnus,

    the daylight, Ov. H. 18, 78:

    herbarum viridis,

    Lucr. 5, 783:

    argenti et auri,

    Ov. P. 3, 4, 23:

    eboris,

    Plin. 7, 15, 13, § 64:

    materiae,

    of the wood, id. 16, 40, 79, § 215:

    speculi,

    id. 11, 37, 64, § 170:

    gladii,

    id. 2, 25, 22, § 89:

    nigerrimus gemmae,

    id. 37, 10, 69, § 184:

    nitorem cutis facit sal,

    id. 31, 7, 41, § 84.— Plur.:

    nitores splendoresque auri,

    Gell. 2, 6, 4.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    Sleekness, plumpness, good looks, beauty:

    nitor corporis,

    Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 10:

    urit me Glycerae nitor,

    Hor. C. 1, 19, 5:

    Liparei nitor Hebri,

    id. ib. 3, 12, 6:

    nullus totā nitor in cute,

    Juv. 9, 13.—
    2.
    Neatness, elegance, brilliancy of external appearance:

    si quem... aliquid offendit, si purpurae genus, si amicorum catervae, si splendor, si nitor,

    Cic. Cael. 31, 77:

    habitus,

    Juv. 3, 180:

    oppidum praecipui nitoris,

    Plin. 4, 12, 26, § 85.—
    3.
    In gen., color, Lucr. 2, 819:

    ludis et externo tincta nitore caput,

    Prop. 2, 14, 26 (3, 11, 2).—
    II.
    Trop., of speech, splendor, elegance, grace of style. —With gen.:

    adhibendus erit in eis explicandis quidam orationis nitor,

    Cic. Or. 32, 115:

    domesticus eloquii,

    Ov. P. 2, 2, 51:

    nitor et cultus descriptionum,

    Tac. Or. 20:

    translationum,

    Quint. 12, 10, 36.— Absol.:

    sublimitas et magnificentia et nitor,

    Quint. 8, 3, 3:

    eruditione ac nitore praestare,

    id. 10, 1, 98:

    scripsit non sine cultu ac nitore,

    id. 10, 1, 124.—
    B.
    Of character, dignity, excellence:

    generis,

    Ov. P. 2, 9, 17; splendid liberality, Stat. S. 3, 3, 149.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > nitor

  • 15 Nixi

    1.
    nītor, nīsus and nixus ( inf. nitier, Lucr. 1, 1059; old form of the part. perf.: gnitus et gnixus a genibus prisci dixerunt, Paul. ex Fest. p. 96 Müll.), 3, v. dep. n. [from gnitor; root gnic- or gnig-; cf.: nico, conivere], to bear or rest upon something.
    I.
    Lit.
    (α).
    With abl.: ambae te obsecramus genibus nixae, we implore thee upon our knees, i. e. kneeling, Plaut. Rud. 3, 3, 33:

    stirpibus suis niti,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 13, 37:

    herbescens viriditas, quae nixa fibris stirpium sensim adulescit,

    id. Sen. 15, 51:

    hastili nixus,

    id. Rab. Perd. 7, 21:

    mulierculā nixus,

    id. Verr. 2, 5, 33, § 86:

    juvenis, qui nititur hastā,

    Verg. A. 6, 760:

    paribus nitens Cyllenius alis Constitit,

    id. ib. 4, 252:

    nixus baculo,

    Ov. P. 1, 8, 52.—
    (β).
    With in and acc.:

    nixus in hastam,

    Verg. A. 12, 398.—
    (γ).
    With de:

    de quā pariens arbore nixa dea est,

    Ov. H. 21, 100.—
    (δ).
    With gen. of place:

    humi nitens,

    Verg. A. 2, 380.—
    (ε).
    Absol.: Sisiphu' versat Saxum sudans nitendo, Poët. ap. Cic. Tusc. 1, 5, 10:

    niti modo ac statim concidere,

    to strive to rise, Sall. J. 101, 11.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    To make one's way with an effort, to press forward, advance; and, with respect to the goal, to mount, climb, fly, etc. (mostly poet.):

    quaedam serpentes ortae extra aquam simul ac primum niti possunt, aquam persequuntur,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 48, 124:

    nituntur gradibus,

    Verg. A. 2, 442:

    in altas rupes,

    Luc. 4, 37:

    ad sidera,

    Verg. G. 2, 427:

    in aëra,

    Ov. P. 2, 7, 27:

    in adversum,

    id. M. 2, 72:

    sursum nitier,

    Lucr. 1, 1059.—Of violent bodily motion:

    niti corporibus et ea huc illuc, quasi vitabundi aut jacientes tela agitare,

    to struggle, Sall. J. 60, 4.—
    2.
    To strain in giving birth, to bring forth, Plin. 9, 35, 54, § 107 (al. eniti):

    nitor,

    I am in labor, Ov. M. 9, 302; Pseud.-Ov. Her. 21, 100.—
    3.
    To strain for a stool, Suet. Vesp. 20.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    To strive, to exert one's self, make an effort, labor, endeavor:

    moderatio modo virium adsit et tantum, quantum potest, quisque nitatur,

    Cic. Sen. 10, 33; Nep. Att. 15, 2:

    nisurus contra regem,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 37; Sall. C. 38, 2:

    pro aliquo,

    Liv. 35, 10; cf.:

    pro libertate summā ope niti,

    Sall. J. 31, 17:

    nitebantur, ne gravius in eum consuleretur,

    Sall. J. 13, 8; cf.:

    unus Miltiades maxime nitebatur, ut, etc.,

    Nep. Milt. 4, 2. — Inf.:

    summā vi Cirtam irrumpere nititur,

    Sall. J. 25, 9:

    patriam recuperare niti,

    Nep. Pelop. 2:

    ingenio nitor non periisse meo,

    Ov. P. 3, 5, 34; id. M. 8, 694.— Absol., of soldiers hard pressed in battle:

    tamen virtute et patientia nitebantur atque omnia vulnera sustinebant,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 45.—
    2.
    To strive after a thing:

    ad immortalitatem gloriae niti,

    Cic. Sen. 23, 82:

    ad summa, Quint. prooem. § 20: in vetitum,

    Ov. Am. 3, 4, 17.—
    3.
    To try to prove, contend in argument, argue, with acc. and inf.:

    nitamur igitur nihil posse percipi,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 21, 68.—
    B.
    To rest, rely, depend upon a thing.
    (α).
    With in and abl.:

    nixus in nomine inani,

    Lucr. 5, 909:

    conjectura in quā nititur divinatio,

    Cic. Div. 2, 26, 55:

    ea, in quibus causa nititur,

    id. Cael. 10, 25:

    cujus in vitā nitebatur salus civitatis,

    id. Mil. 7, 19.—
    (β).
    With abl.:

    spe niti,

    Cic. Att. 3, 9, 2:

    consilio atque auctoritate alicujus,

    id. Off. 1, 34, 122; id. Fam. 1, 5, a, 2:

    si quis hoc uno nititur quod sit ignobilis,

    id. Clu. 40, 112.—
    (γ).
    With ubi:

    quo confugies? ubi nitere?

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 64, § 155.—Hence, P. a., as subst., Nixus, i, m., only plur., Nixi, ōrum, m., three guardian deities of women in labor, the statues of whom, representing them in a kneeling posture, stood on the Capitol before the chapel of Minerva, Paul. ex Fest. p. 174 Müll.:

    magno Lucinam Nixosque patres clamore vocabam,

    Ov. M. 9, 294.
    2.
    nĭtor, ōris, m. [niteo], brightness, splendor, lustre, sheen.
    I.
    Lit.:

    nitor exoriens aurorae,

    Lucr. 4, 538:

    diurnus,

    the daylight, Ov. H. 18, 78:

    herbarum viridis,

    Lucr. 5, 783:

    argenti et auri,

    Ov. P. 3, 4, 23:

    eboris,

    Plin. 7, 15, 13, § 64:

    materiae,

    of the wood, id. 16, 40, 79, § 215:

    speculi,

    id. 11, 37, 64, § 170:

    gladii,

    id. 2, 25, 22, § 89:

    nigerrimus gemmae,

    id. 37, 10, 69, § 184:

    nitorem cutis facit sal,

    id. 31, 7, 41, § 84.— Plur.:

    nitores splendoresque auri,

    Gell. 2, 6, 4.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    Sleekness, plumpness, good looks, beauty:

    nitor corporis,

    Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 10:

    urit me Glycerae nitor,

    Hor. C. 1, 19, 5:

    Liparei nitor Hebri,

    id. ib. 3, 12, 6:

    nullus totā nitor in cute,

    Juv. 9, 13.—
    2.
    Neatness, elegance, brilliancy of external appearance:

    si quem... aliquid offendit, si purpurae genus, si amicorum catervae, si splendor, si nitor,

    Cic. Cael. 31, 77:

    habitus,

    Juv. 3, 180:

    oppidum praecipui nitoris,

    Plin. 4, 12, 26, § 85.—
    3.
    In gen., color, Lucr. 2, 819:

    ludis et externo tincta nitore caput,

    Prop. 2, 14, 26 (3, 11, 2).—
    II.
    Trop., of speech, splendor, elegance, grace of style. —With gen.:

    adhibendus erit in eis explicandis quidam orationis nitor,

    Cic. Or. 32, 115:

    domesticus eloquii,

    Ov. P. 2, 2, 51:

    nitor et cultus descriptionum,

    Tac. Or. 20:

    translationum,

    Quint. 12, 10, 36.— Absol.:

    sublimitas et magnificentia et nitor,

    Quint. 8, 3, 3:

    eruditione ac nitore praestare,

    id. 10, 1, 98:

    scripsit non sine cultu ac nitore,

    id. 10, 1, 124.—
    B.
    Of character, dignity, excellence:

    generis,

    Ov. P. 2, 9, 17; splendid liberality, Stat. S. 3, 3, 149.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Nixi

  • 16 Nixus

    1.
    nītor, nīsus and nixus ( inf. nitier, Lucr. 1, 1059; old form of the part. perf.: gnitus et gnixus a genibus prisci dixerunt, Paul. ex Fest. p. 96 Müll.), 3, v. dep. n. [from gnitor; root gnic- or gnig-; cf.: nico, conivere], to bear or rest upon something.
    I.
    Lit.
    (α).
    With abl.: ambae te obsecramus genibus nixae, we implore thee upon our knees, i. e. kneeling, Plaut. Rud. 3, 3, 33:

    stirpibus suis niti,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 13, 37:

    herbescens viriditas, quae nixa fibris stirpium sensim adulescit,

    id. Sen. 15, 51:

    hastili nixus,

    id. Rab. Perd. 7, 21:

    mulierculā nixus,

    id. Verr. 2, 5, 33, § 86:

    juvenis, qui nititur hastā,

    Verg. A. 6, 760:

    paribus nitens Cyllenius alis Constitit,

    id. ib. 4, 252:

    nixus baculo,

    Ov. P. 1, 8, 52.—
    (β).
    With in and acc.:

    nixus in hastam,

    Verg. A. 12, 398.—
    (γ).
    With de:

    de quā pariens arbore nixa dea est,

    Ov. H. 21, 100.—
    (δ).
    With gen. of place:

    humi nitens,

    Verg. A. 2, 380.—
    (ε).
    Absol.: Sisiphu' versat Saxum sudans nitendo, Poët. ap. Cic. Tusc. 1, 5, 10:

    niti modo ac statim concidere,

    to strive to rise, Sall. J. 101, 11.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    To make one's way with an effort, to press forward, advance; and, with respect to the goal, to mount, climb, fly, etc. (mostly poet.):

    quaedam serpentes ortae extra aquam simul ac primum niti possunt, aquam persequuntur,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 48, 124:

    nituntur gradibus,

    Verg. A. 2, 442:

    in altas rupes,

    Luc. 4, 37:

    ad sidera,

    Verg. G. 2, 427:

    in aëra,

    Ov. P. 2, 7, 27:

    in adversum,

    id. M. 2, 72:

    sursum nitier,

    Lucr. 1, 1059.—Of violent bodily motion:

    niti corporibus et ea huc illuc, quasi vitabundi aut jacientes tela agitare,

    to struggle, Sall. J. 60, 4.—
    2.
    To strain in giving birth, to bring forth, Plin. 9, 35, 54, § 107 (al. eniti):

    nitor,

    I am in labor, Ov. M. 9, 302; Pseud.-Ov. Her. 21, 100.—
    3.
    To strain for a stool, Suet. Vesp. 20.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    To strive, to exert one's self, make an effort, labor, endeavor:

    moderatio modo virium adsit et tantum, quantum potest, quisque nitatur,

    Cic. Sen. 10, 33; Nep. Att. 15, 2:

    nisurus contra regem,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 37; Sall. C. 38, 2:

    pro aliquo,

    Liv. 35, 10; cf.:

    pro libertate summā ope niti,

    Sall. J. 31, 17:

    nitebantur, ne gravius in eum consuleretur,

    Sall. J. 13, 8; cf.:

    unus Miltiades maxime nitebatur, ut, etc.,

    Nep. Milt. 4, 2. — Inf.:

    summā vi Cirtam irrumpere nititur,

    Sall. J. 25, 9:

    patriam recuperare niti,

    Nep. Pelop. 2:

    ingenio nitor non periisse meo,

    Ov. P. 3, 5, 34; id. M. 8, 694.— Absol., of soldiers hard pressed in battle:

    tamen virtute et patientia nitebantur atque omnia vulnera sustinebant,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 45.—
    2.
    To strive after a thing:

    ad immortalitatem gloriae niti,

    Cic. Sen. 23, 82:

    ad summa, Quint. prooem. § 20: in vetitum,

    Ov. Am. 3, 4, 17.—
    3.
    To try to prove, contend in argument, argue, with acc. and inf.:

    nitamur igitur nihil posse percipi,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 21, 68.—
    B.
    To rest, rely, depend upon a thing.
    (α).
    With in and abl.:

    nixus in nomine inani,

    Lucr. 5, 909:

    conjectura in quā nititur divinatio,

    Cic. Div. 2, 26, 55:

    ea, in quibus causa nititur,

    id. Cael. 10, 25:

    cujus in vitā nitebatur salus civitatis,

    id. Mil. 7, 19.—
    (β).
    With abl.:

    spe niti,

    Cic. Att. 3, 9, 2:

    consilio atque auctoritate alicujus,

    id. Off. 1, 34, 122; id. Fam. 1, 5, a, 2:

    si quis hoc uno nititur quod sit ignobilis,

    id. Clu. 40, 112.—
    (γ).
    With ubi:

    quo confugies? ubi nitere?

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 64, § 155.—Hence, P. a., as subst., Nixus, i, m., only plur., Nixi, ōrum, m., three guardian deities of women in labor, the statues of whom, representing them in a kneeling posture, stood on the Capitol before the chapel of Minerva, Paul. ex Fest. p. 174 Müll.:

    magno Lucinam Nixosque patres clamore vocabam,

    Ov. M. 9, 294.
    2.
    nĭtor, ōris, m. [niteo], brightness, splendor, lustre, sheen.
    I.
    Lit.:

    nitor exoriens aurorae,

    Lucr. 4, 538:

    diurnus,

    the daylight, Ov. H. 18, 78:

    herbarum viridis,

    Lucr. 5, 783:

    argenti et auri,

    Ov. P. 3, 4, 23:

    eboris,

    Plin. 7, 15, 13, § 64:

    materiae,

    of the wood, id. 16, 40, 79, § 215:

    speculi,

    id. 11, 37, 64, § 170:

    gladii,

    id. 2, 25, 22, § 89:

    nigerrimus gemmae,

    id. 37, 10, 69, § 184:

    nitorem cutis facit sal,

    id. 31, 7, 41, § 84.— Plur.:

    nitores splendoresque auri,

    Gell. 2, 6, 4.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    Sleekness, plumpness, good looks, beauty:

    nitor corporis,

    Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 10:

    urit me Glycerae nitor,

    Hor. C. 1, 19, 5:

    Liparei nitor Hebri,

    id. ib. 3, 12, 6:

    nullus totā nitor in cute,

    Juv. 9, 13.—
    2.
    Neatness, elegance, brilliancy of external appearance:

    si quem... aliquid offendit, si purpurae genus, si amicorum catervae, si splendor, si nitor,

    Cic. Cael. 31, 77:

    habitus,

    Juv. 3, 180:

    oppidum praecipui nitoris,

    Plin. 4, 12, 26, § 85.—
    3.
    In gen., color, Lucr. 2, 819:

    ludis et externo tincta nitore caput,

    Prop. 2, 14, 26 (3, 11, 2).—
    II.
    Trop., of speech, splendor, elegance, grace of style. —With gen.:

    adhibendus erit in eis explicandis quidam orationis nitor,

    Cic. Or. 32, 115:

    domesticus eloquii,

    Ov. P. 2, 2, 51:

    nitor et cultus descriptionum,

    Tac. Or. 20:

    translationum,

    Quint. 12, 10, 36.— Absol.:

    sublimitas et magnificentia et nitor,

    Quint. 8, 3, 3:

    eruditione ac nitore praestare,

    id. 10, 1, 98:

    scripsit non sine cultu ac nitore,

    id. 10, 1, 124.—
    B.
    Of character, dignity, excellence:

    generis,

    Ov. P. 2, 9, 17; splendid liberality, Stat. S. 3, 3, 149.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Nixus

  • 17 subplex

    supplex ( subpl-), ĭcis (abl. supplĭci, but also -ĭce freq. in dactyl. and anap. verse, Hor. C. 3, 14, 8; Tib. 1, 2, 14; Ov. M. 2, 396 al.;

    and always when used subst.,

    Verg. A. 3, 667; Ov. M. 8, 261; Curt. 5, 3, 14;

    or to denote a temporary attitude or relation, not a permanent characteristic,

    Cic. Scaur. 2, 35; Luc. 8, 287; 8, 346; cf. Neue, Formenl. 2, 46; gen. plur. supplicium, Liv. 24, 30; 29, 16; 35, 34), adj. [sup-plico, bending the knees, kneeling down; hence], humbly begging or entreating; humble, submissive, beseeching, suppliant, supplicant (class.; syn.: humilis, submissus).
    (α).
    Absol.:

    supplex te ad pedes abiciebas,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 34, 86; cf. id. Lig. 5, 13:

    ad alios se reges supplicem contulisse,

    id. Imp. Pomp. 8, 21:

    et genua amplectens effatur talia supplex,

    Verg. A. 10, 523:

    vobis supplex manus tendit patria communis,

    Cic. Cat. 4, 9, 18; cf.

    infra II.: se supplicem pro aliquo profiteri,

    id. Pis. 32, 80:

    supplex ad aliquem venire,

    id. Att. 16, 16, C, §

    10: ad opem judicum supplices confugere,

    id. Font. 15, 33 (11, 23):

    do manus Supplex,

    Hor. Epod. 17, 2:

    supplex populi suffragia capto,

    id. Ep. 2, 2, 103:

    tibi quo die Portus Alexandrea supplex patefecit,

    id. C. 4, 14, 35:

    supplex rogabo,

    Stat. Achill. 1, 50.—
    (β).
    With dat.:

    ut tibi fierem supplex,

    Plaut. Ps. 5, 2, 20:

    judicibus supplex,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 29, 71; id. de Or. 1, 53, 229:

    ego me plurimis pro te supplicem abjeci,

    id. Mil. 36, 100; Plaut. Bacch. 4, 9, 101; id. Cist. 1, 1, 34; id. Pers. 2, 3, 18; id. Stich. 2, 1, 18; Ter. Phorm. 5, 6, 47; Cic. Planc. 8, 21; Ov. H. 12, 185 al.:

    cum Alcibiades Socrati supplex esset, ut, etc.,

    Cic. Tusc. 3, 32, 77.—
    (γ).
    As subst.: supplex, ĭcis, m., a suppliant, humble petitioner:

    in miseros ac supplices misericordiā uti,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 28:

    et nos jacentis ad pedes supplicum voce prohibebis?

    Cic. Lig. 5, 13:

    tu supplice digno dignior,

    Val. Fl. 7, 290:

    paternus,

    Sen. Troad. 315; so with a pron. possess. or gen.:

    vester est supplex, judices,

    Cic. Mur. 40, 86; so,

    vester,

    id. Clu. 70, 200:

    tuus,

    Hor. C. 3, 10, 16:

    supplex vestrae misericordiae,

    Cic. Cael. 32, 79:

    dei,

    Nep. Paus. 4, 5; id. Ages. 4, 8:

    tui numinis,

    Sen. Agam. 343:

    domus inimicae,

    Quint. Decl. 9, 1.—
    II.
    Transf., of things:

    manus supplices,

    Cic. Font. 21, 48 (17, 38):

    manu supplice,

    Ov. M. 11, 279:

    dextra,

    Val. Fl. 4, 11:

    vitta,

    Hor. C. 3, 14, 8:

    dona,

    Verg. A. 3, 439:

    libelli,

    Mart. 8, 31, 3:

    vota,

    Verg. A. 8, 61:

    verba,

    Cic. Att. 12, 32, 1:

    vox,

    Sall. C. 31, 7; Ov. M. 2, 396; Liv. 30, 12; Curt. 4, 6, 28:

    voce supplex,

    Tac. A. 1, 57:

    oliva,

    Val. Fl. 3, 424:

    querelae,

    Tib. 1, 4, 72:

    lacrimae,

    Prop. 1, 16, 4:

    causa,

    Quint. 11, 1, 3.—Hence, adv.: sup-plĭcĭter, humbly, submissively, suppliantly:

    suppliciter demisseque respondere,

    Cic. Fl. 10, 21; id. de Or. 1, 20, 90; Caes. B. G. 1, 27; Suet. Aug. 13; id. Tib. 10; Verg. A. 1, 481; 12, 220; Hor. S. 1, 8, 32; Ov. F. 2, 438; id. P. 1, 10, 44.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > subplex

  • 18 subplicium

    supplĭcĭum ( subpl-), ii, n. [supplex; prop. a kneeling down, either as a suppliant or to receive punishment].
    I.
    As a suppliant.
    A.
    In relig. lang., humiliation, a public prayer or supplication, an act of worship (mostly ante-Aug. and in prose after the Aug. period; not in Cic. or Cæs.; syn.: supplicatio, obsecratio): nunc pergam, ut suppliciis placans caelitum aras expleam, Att. ap. Non. 398, 19; cf.:

    deos suppliciis, sumptu, votis, donis, Precibus plorans, obsecrans,

    Afran. ib. 398, 22:

    suppliciis votisque fatigare deos,

    Liv. 27, 50, 5:

    non votis neque suppliciis muliebribus auxilia deorum parantur,

    Sall. C. 52, 29.—
    2.
    Esp., a sacrificing, offering:

    nihil ei (Jovi) acceptum est a perjuris supplicii,

    offering, sacrifice, Plaut. Rud. prol. 25:

    in suppliciis deorum magnifici,

    Sall. C. 9, 2; id. J. 55, 1:

    precibus suppliciisque deos placare,

    Liv. 22, 57, 5; cf.:

    quos (boves) ad deorum servant supplicia,

    Varr. R. R. 2, 5, 10:

    tum supplicia dis ludique magni ab senatu decernuntur,

    Tac. A. 3, 64 Nipperd. ad loc.:

    vannos onustas aromatis et hujuscemodi suppliciis congerunt,

    App. M. 11, p. 265, 3; id. Dogm. Plat. 2, p. 16, 5: supplicia veteres quaedam sacrificia a supplicando vocabant, Fest. pp. 308 and 309 Müll. —
    B.
    Transf., out of the relig. sphere, an humble entreaty or petition, a supplication in gen. (very rare):

    Vagenses fatigati regis suppliciis,

    Sall. J. 66, 2:

    igitur legatos ad consulem cum suppliciis mittit, qui tantummodo ipsi liberisque vitam peterent,

    id. ib. 46, 2.—
    II.
    To receive punishment; hence, punishment, penalty, torture, torment, pain, distress, suffering (class. and freq.; usu. of the penalty of death; syn. poena).
    (α).
    Sing.:

    dabitur pol supplicium mihi de tergo vestro,

    Plaut. As. 2, 4, 75 sq.; cf.:

    illi de me supplicium dabo,

    Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 86; id. Eun. 1, 1, 24; Cat. 116, 8; Nep. Paus. 5, 5:

    de homine nobili virgis supplicium crudelissime sumere,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 37, § 91; 2, 5, 45, § 117:

    sumere (de aliquo),

    Plaut. Pers. 5, 2, 72; id. Merc. 5, 4, 31; Ter. And. 3, 5, 17; Cic. Inv. 2, 28, 84; id. Rep. 3, 33, 45; Caes. B. G. 1, 39; Liv. 2, 5, 5; 3, 18, 10:

    aliquem hostibus ad supplicium dedere,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 26:

    aliquem tradi ad supplicium jubere,

    Tac. A. 11, 35:

    rapi,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 59, 138:

    supplicio affici,

    to be put to death, Caes. B. G. 1, 27:

    ne ad ultimum supplicium progredi necesse habeant,

    to take their own lives, id. B. C. 1, 84:

    aliquem vinculis ac verberibus atque omni supplicio excruciatum necare,

    Cic. Imp. Pomp. 5, 11:

    summo cruciatu supplicioque perire,

    id. N. D. 3, 33, 81:

    gravissimum ei rei supplicium cum cruciatu constitutum est,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 17: [p. 1815] talis improborum consensio supplicio omni vindicanda (est), Cic. Lael. 12, 43:

    satis supplicii tulisse,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 84:

    supplicio culpa reciditur,

    Hor. C. 3, 24, 34:

    suā manu supplicium persolvere,

    Tac. A. 6, 32 (26):

    luere,

    Just. 2, 5, 6; Tac. A. 15, 60:

    supplicium redimere opimā mercede,

    Amm. 26, 3, 4.—
    (β).
    Plur.:

    ad exquisita supplicia proficisci,

    Cic. Off. 3, 27, 100:

    semper iis (improbis) ante oculos judicia et supplicia versentur,

    id. Rep. 3, 16, 26:

    ad innocentum supplicia descendunt,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 17:

    supplicia annua pendere,

    Plin. 29, 4, 14, § 57:

    subire,

    Cic. Ep. ad Brut. 1, 12, 1:

    suppliciis delicta coërcere,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 79:

    subplicia in post futuros conposuit,

    Sall. H. 1, 41, 6 Dietsch:

    domant impios saeva supplicia,

    Sen. Herc. Fur. 749:

    supplicia haurire,

    Verg. A. 4, 383.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > subplicium

  • 19 supplex

    supplex ( subpl-), ĭcis (abl. supplĭci, but also -ĭce freq. in dactyl. and anap. verse, Hor. C. 3, 14, 8; Tib. 1, 2, 14; Ov. M. 2, 396 al.;

    and always when used subst.,

    Verg. A. 3, 667; Ov. M. 8, 261; Curt. 5, 3, 14;

    or to denote a temporary attitude or relation, not a permanent characteristic,

    Cic. Scaur. 2, 35; Luc. 8, 287; 8, 346; cf. Neue, Formenl. 2, 46; gen. plur. supplicium, Liv. 24, 30; 29, 16; 35, 34), adj. [sup-plico, bending the knees, kneeling down; hence], humbly begging or entreating; humble, submissive, beseeching, suppliant, supplicant (class.; syn.: humilis, submissus).
    (α).
    Absol.:

    supplex te ad pedes abiciebas,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 34, 86; cf. id. Lig. 5, 13:

    ad alios se reges supplicem contulisse,

    id. Imp. Pomp. 8, 21:

    et genua amplectens effatur talia supplex,

    Verg. A. 10, 523:

    vobis supplex manus tendit patria communis,

    Cic. Cat. 4, 9, 18; cf.

    infra II.: se supplicem pro aliquo profiteri,

    id. Pis. 32, 80:

    supplex ad aliquem venire,

    id. Att. 16, 16, C, §

    10: ad opem judicum supplices confugere,

    id. Font. 15, 33 (11, 23):

    do manus Supplex,

    Hor. Epod. 17, 2:

    supplex populi suffragia capto,

    id. Ep. 2, 2, 103:

    tibi quo die Portus Alexandrea supplex patefecit,

    id. C. 4, 14, 35:

    supplex rogabo,

    Stat. Achill. 1, 50.—
    (β).
    With dat.:

    ut tibi fierem supplex,

    Plaut. Ps. 5, 2, 20:

    judicibus supplex,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 29, 71; id. de Or. 1, 53, 229:

    ego me plurimis pro te supplicem abjeci,

    id. Mil. 36, 100; Plaut. Bacch. 4, 9, 101; id. Cist. 1, 1, 34; id. Pers. 2, 3, 18; id. Stich. 2, 1, 18; Ter. Phorm. 5, 6, 47; Cic. Planc. 8, 21; Ov. H. 12, 185 al.:

    cum Alcibiades Socrati supplex esset, ut, etc.,

    Cic. Tusc. 3, 32, 77.—
    (γ).
    As subst.: supplex, ĭcis, m., a suppliant, humble petitioner:

    in miseros ac supplices misericordiā uti,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 28:

    et nos jacentis ad pedes supplicum voce prohibebis?

    Cic. Lig. 5, 13:

    tu supplice digno dignior,

    Val. Fl. 7, 290:

    paternus,

    Sen. Troad. 315; so with a pron. possess. or gen.:

    vester est supplex, judices,

    Cic. Mur. 40, 86; so,

    vester,

    id. Clu. 70, 200:

    tuus,

    Hor. C. 3, 10, 16:

    supplex vestrae misericordiae,

    Cic. Cael. 32, 79:

    dei,

    Nep. Paus. 4, 5; id. Ages. 4, 8:

    tui numinis,

    Sen. Agam. 343:

    domus inimicae,

    Quint. Decl. 9, 1.—
    II.
    Transf., of things:

    manus supplices,

    Cic. Font. 21, 48 (17, 38):

    manu supplice,

    Ov. M. 11, 279:

    dextra,

    Val. Fl. 4, 11:

    vitta,

    Hor. C. 3, 14, 8:

    dona,

    Verg. A. 3, 439:

    libelli,

    Mart. 8, 31, 3:

    vota,

    Verg. A. 8, 61:

    verba,

    Cic. Att. 12, 32, 1:

    vox,

    Sall. C. 31, 7; Ov. M. 2, 396; Liv. 30, 12; Curt. 4, 6, 28:

    voce supplex,

    Tac. A. 1, 57:

    oliva,

    Val. Fl. 3, 424:

    querelae,

    Tib. 1, 4, 72:

    lacrimae,

    Prop. 1, 16, 4:

    causa,

    Quint. 11, 1, 3.—Hence, adv.: sup-plĭcĭter, humbly, submissively, suppliantly:

    suppliciter demisseque respondere,

    Cic. Fl. 10, 21; id. de Or. 1, 20, 90; Caes. B. G. 1, 27; Suet. Aug. 13; id. Tib. 10; Verg. A. 1, 481; 12, 220; Hor. S. 1, 8, 32; Ov. F. 2, 438; id. P. 1, 10, 44.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > supplex

  • 20 supplicium

    supplĭcĭum ( subpl-), ii, n. [supplex; prop. a kneeling down, either as a suppliant or to receive punishment].
    I.
    As a suppliant.
    A.
    In relig. lang., humiliation, a public prayer or supplication, an act of worship (mostly ante-Aug. and in prose after the Aug. period; not in Cic. or Cæs.; syn.: supplicatio, obsecratio): nunc pergam, ut suppliciis placans caelitum aras expleam, Att. ap. Non. 398, 19; cf.:

    deos suppliciis, sumptu, votis, donis, Precibus plorans, obsecrans,

    Afran. ib. 398, 22:

    suppliciis votisque fatigare deos,

    Liv. 27, 50, 5:

    non votis neque suppliciis muliebribus auxilia deorum parantur,

    Sall. C. 52, 29.—
    2.
    Esp., a sacrificing, offering:

    nihil ei (Jovi) acceptum est a perjuris supplicii,

    offering, sacrifice, Plaut. Rud. prol. 25:

    in suppliciis deorum magnifici,

    Sall. C. 9, 2; id. J. 55, 1:

    precibus suppliciisque deos placare,

    Liv. 22, 57, 5; cf.:

    quos (boves) ad deorum servant supplicia,

    Varr. R. R. 2, 5, 10:

    tum supplicia dis ludique magni ab senatu decernuntur,

    Tac. A. 3, 64 Nipperd. ad loc.:

    vannos onustas aromatis et hujuscemodi suppliciis congerunt,

    App. M. 11, p. 265, 3; id. Dogm. Plat. 2, p. 16, 5: supplicia veteres quaedam sacrificia a supplicando vocabant, Fest. pp. 308 and 309 Müll. —
    B.
    Transf., out of the relig. sphere, an humble entreaty or petition, a supplication in gen. (very rare):

    Vagenses fatigati regis suppliciis,

    Sall. J. 66, 2:

    igitur legatos ad consulem cum suppliciis mittit, qui tantummodo ipsi liberisque vitam peterent,

    id. ib. 46, 2.—
    II.
    To receive punishment; hence, punishment, penalty, torture, torment, pain, distress, suffering (class. and freq.; usu. of the penalty of death; syn. poena).
    (α).
    Sing.:

    dabitur pol supplicium mihi de tergo vestro,

    Plaut. As. 2, 4, 75 sq.; cf.:

    illi de me supplicium dabo,

    Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 86; id. Eun. 1, 1, 24; Cat. 116, 8; Nep. Paus. 5, 5:

    de homine nobili virgis supplicium crudelissime sumere,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 37, § 91; 2, 5, 45, § 117:

    sumere (de aliquo),

    Plaut. Pers. 5, 2, 72; id. Merc. 5, 4, 31; Ter. And. 3, 5, 17; Cic. Inv. 2, 28, 84; id. Rep. 3, 33, 45; Caes. B. G. 1, 39; Liv. 2, 5, 5; 3, 18, 10:

    aliquem hostibus ad supplicium dedere,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 26:

    aliquem tradi ad supplicium jubere,

    Tac. A. 11, 35:

    rapi,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 59, 138:

    supplicio affici,

    to be put to death, Caes. B. G. 1, 27:

    ne ad ultimum supplicium progredi necesse habeant,

    to take their own lives, id. B. C. 1, 84:

    aliquem vinculis ac verberibus atque omni supplicio excruciatum necare,

    Cic. Imp. Pomp. 5, 11:

    summo cruciatu supplicioque perire,

    id. N. D. 3, 33, 81:

    gravissimum ei rei supplicium cum cruciatu constitutum est,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 17: [p. 1815] talis improborum consensio supplicio omni vindicanda (est), Cic. Lael. 12, 43:

    satis supplicii tulisse,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 84:

    supplicio culpa reciditur,

    Hor. C. 3, 24, 34:

    suā manu supplicium persolvere,

    Tac. A. 6, 32 (26):

    luere,

    Just. 2, 5, 6; Tac. A. 15, 60:

    supplicium redimere opimā mercede,

    Amm. 26, 3, 4.—
    (β).
    Plur.:

    ad exquisita supplicia proficisci,

    Cic. Off. 3, 27, 100:

    semper iis (improbis) ante oculos judicia et supplicia versentur,

    id. Rep. 3, 16, 26:

    ad innocentum supplicia descendunt,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 17:

    supplicia annua pendere,

    Plin. 29, 4, 14, § 57:

    subire,

    Cic. Ep. ad Brut. 1, 12, 1:

    suppliciis delicta coërcere,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 79:

    subplicia in post futuros conposuit,

    Sall. H. 1, 41, 6 Dietsch:

    domant impios saeva supplicia,

    Sen. Herc. Fur. 749:

    supplicia haurire,

    Verg. A. 4, 383.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > supplicium

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