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is not counted toward...

  • 1 is not counted toward ...

    Общая лексика: не засчитывается в...

    Универсальный англо-русский словарь > is not counted toward ...

  • 2 не засчитывается в ...

    General subject: is not counted toward...

    Универсальный русско-английский словарь > не засчитывается в ...

  • 3 danach

    Adv.
    1. zeitlich oder räumlich: after that ( oder it), Pl. after them; (anschließend) then, afterwards; (später) afterwards, later on; bald danach soon after(wards); zwei Wochen danach two weeks later (on), zuerst kamen sie, danach ( folgten oder kamen) wir they came first, then we followed along ( oder we came later)
    2. Richtung: toward(s) it, Pl. toward(s) them; er drehte sich danach um he turned (a)round toward(s) it; sie griff danach she reached for it; (schnell) she grabbed ( oder made a grab) for it; sie streckte die Arme danach aus she reached out her arms for it
    3. Ziel: ich sehnte mich danach zu (+ Inf.) I longed to (+ Inf.) ich fragte ihn danach I asked him about it; sie sucht danach she’s looking for it ( oder that)
    4. (so): er sieht ganz / nicht danach aus he looks the sort / he’s not that sort of person ( oder the type); es sieht ( ganz) danach aus, als ob... it looks as though...
    5. (gemäß) according to it ( oder that); (entsprechend) accordingly; das sind die Vorschriften - richte dich danach! those are the rules - stick to them!; es war billig, aber es ist auch danach umg. it was cheap, and it looks it; mir ist nicht danach zumute oder nicht danach umg. I don’t feel like it, I’m not in the mood; wenn es danach ginge, was... if it was ( oder were) a matter oder case of what...; als wenn es danach ginge! if that was what counted
    * * *
    afterwards; accordingly; thereafter; afterward; after that
    * * *
    da|nach [da'naːx] (emph) ['daːnaːx]
    adv
    1) (zeitlich) after that/it; (= nachher auch) afterwards, after (inf)

    ich habe einen Whisky getrunken, danách fühlte ich mich schon besser — I had a whisky and after that or afterwards felt better, I had a whisky and felt better after that or afterwards or after (inf)

    ich las das Buch zu Ende, erst danách konnte ich einschlafen — only when I had finished reading the book could I get to sleep

    zehn Minuten danách war sie schon wieder da —

    um die Zwanziger und danách — around the twenties and after

    2) (in der Reihenfolge) (örtlich) behind that/it/him/them etc; (zeitlich) after that/it/him/them etc

    als Erster ging der Engländer durchs Ziel und gleich danách der Russe — the Englishman finished first, immediately followed by the Russian or and the Russian immediately after him

    bei ihm kommt als erstes die Arbeit, danách lange nichts und dann das Privatleben — work comes first with him, and then, a long, long way behind, his private life

    3) (= dementsprechend) accordingly; (= laut diesem) according to that; (= im Einklang damit) in accordance with that/it

    danách war die Stimmung damals ganz anders — we have a report here, according to which the atmosphere at the time was quite different

    danách sein (Wetter, Bedingungen, Stimmung etc)to be right

    sie hat den Aufsatz in zehn Minuten geschrieben – danách ist er auch (inf)she wrote the essay in ten minutes – it looks like it too

    sie sieht auch/nicht danách aus — she looks/doesn't look( like) it

    danách siehst du gerade aus (iro)I can just see that (iro)

    danách ist es verboten — read paragraph 218, under that it is illegal

    danách zu urteilen — judging by or from that

    or danách zumute or zu Mute — I didn't feel like it

    mir steht der Sinn nicht danách (geh)I don't feel inclined to

    4) (in bestimmte Richtung) toward(s) it

    er griff schnell danách — he grabbed at it, he made a grab for it

    hinter ihm war etwas, aber er hat sich nicht danách umgesehen — there was something behind him, but he didn't look round (Brit) or around to see what it was

    5)

    (in Verbindung mit n, vb etc siehe auch dort) sie sehnte sich danách — she longed for that/it

    sie sehnte sich danách, ihren Sohn wiederzusehen — she longed to see her son again

    er hatte großes Verlangen danách — he felt a great desire for it

    er hatte großes Verlangen danách, wieder einmal die Heimat zu sehen — he felt a great desire to see his home again

    danách kann man nicht gehen — you can't go by that

    wenn es danách ginge, was ich sage/was mir Spaß macht, dann... — if it were a matter of what I say/enjoy then...

    sich danách erkundigen, ob... — to inquire whether...

    * * *
    (later in time or place: They arrived soon after.) after
    * * *
    da·nach
    [daˈna:x]
    1. (zeitlich: nach etw) after it; (nach dem Vorgang) after that; (nachher) afterwards, after fam; (später) later
    wenn du einen Kaiserschnitt hattest, solltest du \danach möglichst viel ruhen if you had a Caesarean, you should rest as much as possible after it
    ich trank ein Glas Wasser, \danach fühlte ich mich besser I had a glass of water and after that [or afterwards] I felt better, I had a glass of water and felt better after that [or afterwards] [or fam after]
    vergewissere dich, dass die Daten gespeichert sind, erst \danach solltest du das Programm verlassen you should only leave the programme when you've made sure that all the data are saved
    gleich \danach immediately after
    als Erster ging der Engländer durchs Ziel und gleich \danach der Russe the Englishman finished first, immediately followed by the Russian [or and the Russian immediately after him]
    ein paar Minuten \danach a few minutes later
    2. (örtlich) behind
    vorne sitzen die Kinder, \danach können die Eltern ihre Plätze einnehmen the children are sitting at the front and the parents can take their seats behind [them]
    der/die/das \danach the one behind [him/her/it]
    ist das euer Haus?nein, das \danach is that your house? — no, the one behind
    3. (in einer Rangfolge) then
    ich höre zuerst auf meine Intuition und \danach [erst] auf die Meinung anderer I listen first to my intuition and [only] then to others
    4. (laut etw) according to it; (laut dem Sachverhalt) according to that
    ich habe eine Aussage gelesen, \danach war die tatsächliche Situation damals ganz anders I read a statement, according to which the real situation at the time was quite different
    5. mit bestimmten vb, subst, adj for that; (nach Besagtem) for it
    \danach habe ich stundenlang gesucht! I've been looking for it for hours!
    hinter ihm war etwas, aber er hat sich nicht \danach umgesehen there was something behind him, but he didn't look round to see what it was
    sie sehnte sich \danach she longed for it
    ihre Sehnsucht danach war unerträglich her longing for it was unbearable
    mir steht der Sinn nicht \danach I don't feel like it
    ich bin süchtig \danach I'm addicted to it
    mir war nicht \danach zumute I didn't feel like it [or in the mood]
    du kennst die Qualitätsanforderungen, richte dich bitte \danach you know the quality standards. please comply with them
    das richtet sich \danach, wie gut deine Arbeit ist that depends on how good your work is
    \danach greifen/schlagen to [make a] grab/strike at it
    6. (dementsprechend) accordingly
    er ist Künstler — er sieht auch \danach aus he is an artist — he has the look of it
    er hat den Aufsatz in zehn Minuten geschrieben — \danach ist er (fam) he wrote the essay in ten minutes — it looks like it too
    sie ist nicht der Typ \danach she's not that sort of person
    als wenn es immer \danach ginge, was die Leute reden! as if what people say was what counted!
    es geht nicht \danach, was wir gern[e] hätten it doesn't work the way we'd like it to
    mir ist heute einfach [nicht] \danach (fam) I just [don't] feel like it today
    manchmal ist mir so \danach, da könnte ich alles hinschmeißen sometimes I feel like chucking it all in fam
    * * *
    1) (zeitlich) after it/that; then

    noch tagelang danach — for days after[wards]

    eine Stunde danachan hour later

    2) (räumlich): (dahinter) after it/them

    voran gingen die Eltern, danach kamen die Kinder — the parents went in front, the children following after or behind

    3) (ein Ziel angebend) towards it/them

    er griff danach — he made a grab for it/them

    danach fragen — ask about it/them

    4) (entsprechend) in accordance with it/them

    ein Brief ist gekommen; danach ist sie schon unterwegs — a letter has arrived, according to which she is already on her way

    ihr kennt die Regeln, nun richtet euch danach! — you know the rules, so stick to or abide by them

    * * *
    danach adv
    1. zeitlich oder räumlich: after that ( oder it), pl after them; (anschließend) then, afterwards; (später) afterwards, later on;
    bald danach soon after(wards);
    zwei Wochen danach two weeks later (on),
    zuerst kamen sie, danach (
    wir they came first, then we followed along ( oder we came later)
    2. Richtung: toward(s) it, pl toward(s) them;
    er drehte sich danach um he turned (a)round toward(s) it;
    sie griff danach she reached for it; (schnell) she grabbed ( oder made a grab) for it;
    sie streckte die Arme danach aus she reached out her arms for it
    3. Ziel:
    ich sehnte mich danach zu (+inf) I longed to (+inf)
    ich fragte ihn danach I asked him about it;
    sie sucht danach she’s looking for it ( oder that)
    4. (so):
    er sieht ganz/nicht danach aus he looks the sort/he’s not that sort of person ( oder the type);
    es sieht (ganz) danach aus, als ob … it looks as though …
    5. (gemäß) according to it ( oder that); (entsprechend) accordingly;
    das sind die Vorschriften - richte dich danach! those are the rules - stick to them!;
    es war billig, aber es ist auch danach umg it was cheap, and it looks it;
    nicht danach umg I don’t feel like it, I’m not in the mood;
    wenn es danach ginge, was … if it was ( oder were) a matter oder case of what …;
    als wenn es danach ginge! if that was what counted
    * * *
    1) (zeitlich) after it/that; then

    noch tagelang danach — for days after[wards]

    2) (räumlich): (dahinter) after it/them

    voran gingen die Eltern, danach kamen die Kinder — the parents went in front, the children following after or behind

    3) (ein Ziel angebend) towards it/them

    er griff danach — he made a grab for it/them

    danach fragen — ask about it/them

    4) (entsprechend) in accordance with it/them

    ein Brief ist gekommen; danach ist sie schon unterwegs — a letter has arrived, according to which she is already on her way

    ihr kennt die Regeln, nun richtet euch danach! — you know the rules, so stick to or abide by them

    * * *
    adv.
    accordingly adv.
    after that adv.
    hereafter adv.
    thereafter adv. pron.
    after it pron.

    Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch > danach

  • 4 contar

    v.
    1 to count.
    se pueden contar con los dedos de una mano you can count them on (the fingers of) one hand
    Pedro cuenta los goles Peter counts the goals.
    El aseo cuenta como algo importante Hygiene counts as something important.
    2 to count.
    cuenta también los gastos de desplazamiento count o include travel costs too
    somos 57 sin contar a los niños there are 57 of us, not counting the children
    3 to count.
    sabe contar hasta diez she can count to ten
    4 to count.
    aquí no cuento para nada I count for nothing here
    lo que cuenta es… what matters is…
    5 to tell.
    cuéntame, ¿cómo te va la vida? tell me, how are things?
    Ricardo le cuenta historias al grupo Richard tells the group stories.
    Le conté I told him [her].
    6 to consider, to repute, to judge.
    María cuenta su actitud Mary considers his attitude.
    * * *
    (o changes to ue in stressed syllables)
    Present Indicative
    cuento, cuentas, cuenta, contamos, contáis, cuentan.
    Present Subjunctive
    cuente, cuentes, cuente, contemos, contéis, cuenten.
    Imperative
    cuenta (tú), cuente (él/Vd.), contemos (nos.), contad (vos.), cuenten (ellos/Vds.).
    * * *
    verb
    2) tell
    * * *
    1. VT
    1) (=calcular) [+ objetos, números, puntos] to count; [+ dinero] to count, count up
    2) (=relatar) to tell

    ¿qué les voy a contar que ustedes no sepan? — what can I tell you that you don't already know?

    el paro está peor y la corrupción, ¿qué le voy a contar? — unemployment has got worse and as for corruption, what can I say?

    si pierdo el trabajo, ya me contarás de qué vamos a vivir — you tell me what we'll live on if I lose my job

    ¿y a mí qué me cuentas? — so what?

    ¡a mi me lo vas a contar! — you're telling me! *, tell me about it! *

    se cuenta que... — it is said that...

    - ¡una obra que ni te cuento!
    3) (=tener la edad de)
    4) (=incluir) to count

    seis en total, sin contarme a mí — six altogether, not counting me

    1.500 sin contar las propinas — 1,500, excluding tips, 1,500, not counting tips

    5) (=tener en cuenta) to remember, bear in mind

    cuenta que es más fuerte que túremember o don't forget he's stronger than you are

    2. VI
    1) (Mat) to count

    hay dos sillas, una mesa y para ya de contar — there are two chairs, a table, and that's it

    2) (=relatar) to tell

    ojalá tengas suerte con la entrevista de trabajo, ya me contarás — I hope the job interview goes well, I look forward to hearing all about it

    - cuenta y no acaba de hablar
    3) (=importar, valer) to count

    contar por dos, los domingos una hora cuenta por dos — on Sundays one hour counts as two

    4)

    contar con

    a) (=confiar en) to count on

    cuenta conmigoyou can rely o count on me

    b) (=tener presente)

    cuenta con que es más fuerte que túbear in mind o remember he's stronger than you are

    sin contar con que... — leaving aside the fact that...

    c) (=incluir) to count in

    lo siento, pero para eso no cuentes conmigo — I'm sorry but you can count me out of that

    no contéis con nosotros para el viernes, estaremos ocupados — don't expect us on Friday, we'll be busy

    d) (=tener) to have
    3.
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    1) <dinero/votos/dís> to count
    2)
    a) ( incluir) to count
    b) ( tener)

    contaba ya veinte años — (frml o liter) she was then twenty years old

    3) <cuento/chiste/secreto> to tell

    a mí me lo vas a contar! — (fam) you're telling me!

    ¿y a a mí qué me cuentas? — what's that to do with me?

    ¿qué cuentas (de nuevo)? — (fam) how're things? (colloq)

    cuenta la leyenda que... — the story goes that...

    2.
    contar vi
    1) (Mat) to count

    hay cuatro tiendas... y para de contar — there are four stores and that's it

    2) (importar, valer) to count

    ¿este trabajo cuenta para la nota final? — does this piece of work count toward(s) the final grade?

    ella no cuenta para nadawhat she says (o thinks etc) doesn't count for anything

    <persona/ayuda/discreción> to count on, rely on

    cuento contigo para la fiestaI'm counting o relying on you being at the party

    yo me opongo, así es que no cuentes conmigo — I'm against it, so you can count me out

    eso contando con que... — assuming that...

    sin contar con que... — without taking into account that...

    4) ( prever) to expect
    5) (frml) ( tener) to have
    3.
    contarse v pron
    a) (frml) ( estar incluido)

    contarse entre algo: se cuenta entre los pocos que tienen acceso she is numbered among the few who have access (frml); me cuento entre sus partidarios I count myself as one of their supporters; su nombre se cuenta entre los finalistas her name figures o appears among the finalists; su novela se cuenta entre las mejores — his novel is among the best

    b)

    ¿qué te cuentas? — how's it going? (colloq)

    * * *
    = count, relate, tally, count, tell out into, narrate, number, count out, hip.
    Ex. To ease the cataloguer's job and save him the trouble of counting characters, DOBIS/LIBIS uses a special function.
    Ex. This article relates what happened to the records of the German era after the colony became a mandate under the British administration and after the attainment of independence.
    Ex. The statistic programs have been designed to make it possible to extract, tally, and print statistical information from the journal.
    Ex. People must be made to feel that they and their ideas count.
    Ex. The finished paper was sorted for imperfections and told out into quires and reams for sale.
    Ex. The inmates satisfied their need for reading by smuggling in Polish books, or else narrating stories from memory.
    Ex. I would therefore like to give a blanket thankyou to everyone who has talked or written to me in my research and they must now number thousands rather than hundreds.
    Ex. At midnight, one pirate arose, opened the chest, and counted out the gold pieces into five even piles.
    Ex. He was aghast after having been hipped to the fact there are hookers on the Internet.
    ----
    * contando = counting.
    * contar Algo a Alguien = let + Nombre + in on.
    * contar chismes de Alguien = tell + tales out of school about + Alguien.
    * contar con = hold, count on, have at + Posesivo + disposal, bank on, set + your watch by.
    * contar con Alguien = count + Pronombre + in.
    * contar con apoyo para = have + support for.
    * contar con el apoyo de Alguien = have + Nombre + behind + Pronombre.
    * contar con el apoyo necesario para = have + the power behind to.
    * contar con el visto bueno = meet with + approval.
    * contar con la aprobación = meet with + approval.
    * contar con la colaboración de = enjoy + cooperation with.
    * contar con la cooperación de = enjoy + cooperation with.
    * contar con + Posesivo + aprobación = meet + Posesivo + approval.
    * contar con + Posesivo + visto bueno = meet + Posesivo + approval.
    * contar de = tell of.
    * contar dinero = count + money.
    * contar en confianza = confide.
    * contar experiencias = tell + tales.
    * contar historias = tell + tales.
    * contar la experiencia = relate + experience, recount + experience.
    * contar las ideas a Alguien = run + ideas + past + Pronombre.
    * contarle las penas a Alguien = sob + Posesivo + heart out to.
    * contar para nada = count + for nothing.
    * contar + Posesivo + propia vida y milagros = spill + Posesivo + guts.
    * contar todo sobre = give + Nombre + the lowdown on.
    * contar una anécdota = tell + story.
    * contar una historia = spin + a yarn, weave + a tale, narrate + story, weave + story.
    * contar un cuento = tell + story.
    * cuenta la leyenda que = legend has it that, as legend goes.
    * dinero contante y sonante = readies, the ready.
    * entre ellos contamos con los siguientes = numbered amongst these are.
    * no contar = be out of the picture.
    * no contar con = leave + Nombre + out of the picture, drop + Nombre + out of the picture.
    * no contar con la aprobación = frown on/upon.
    * poder contar con = be there for + Pronombre.
    * que se cuentan por millones = numbered in millions.
    * según cuenta la leyenda = legend has it that, as legend goes.
    * sin contar = not including, excluding.
    * sin contar con = in the absence of.
    * visión contada por una persona de adentro = insider's look, insider's perspective.
    * volver a contar = recount, retell.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    1) <dinero/votos/dís> to count
    2)
    a) ( incluir) to count
    b) ( tener)

    contaba ya veinte años — (frml o liter) she was then twenty years old

    3) <cuento/chiste/secreto> to tell

    a mí me lo vas a contar! — (fam) you're telling me!

    ¿y a a mí qué me cuentas? — what's that to do with me?

    ¿qué cuentas (de nuevo)? — (fam) how're things? (colloq)

    cuenta la leyenda que... — the story goes that...

    2.
    contar vi
    1) (Mat) to count

    hay cuatro tiendas... y para de contar — there are four stores and that's it

    2) (importar, valer) to count

    ¿este trabajo cuenta para la nota final? — does this piece of work count toward(s) the final grade?

    ella no cuenta para nadawhat she says (o thinks etc) doesn't count for anything

    <persona/ayuda/discreción> to count on, rely on

    cuento contigo para la fiestaI'm counting o relying on you being at the party

    yo me opongo, así es que no cuentes conmigo — I'm against it, so you can count me out

    eso contando con que... — assuming that...

    sin contar con que... — without taking into account that...

    4) ( prever) to expect
    5) (frml) ( tener) to have
    3.
    contarse v pron
    a) (frml) ( estar incluido)

    contarse entre algo: se cuenta entre los pocos que tienen acceso she is numbered among the few who have access (frml); me cuento entre sus partidarios I count myself as one of their supporters; su nombre se cuenta entre los finalistas her name figures o appears among the finalists; su novela se cuenta entre las mejores — his novel is among the best

    b)

    ¿qué te cuentas? — how's it going? (colloq)

    * * *
    = count, relate, tally, count, tell out into, narrate, number, count out, hip.

    Ex: To ease the cataloguer's job and save him the trouble of counting characters, DOBIS/LIBIS uses a special function.

    Ex: This article relates what happened to the records of the German era after the colony became a mandate under the British administration and after the attainment of independence.
    Ex: The statistic programs have been designed to make it possible to extract, tally, and print statistical information from the journal.
    Ex: People must be made to feel that they and their ideas count.
    Ex: The finished paper was sorted for imperfections and told out into quires and reams for sale.
    Ex: The inmates satisfied their need for reading by smuggling in Polish books, or else narrating stories from memory.
    Ex: I would therefore like to give a blanket thankyou to everyone who has talked or written to me in my research and they must now number thousands rather than hundreds.
    Ex: At midnight, one pirate arose, opened the chest, and counted out the gold pieces into five even piles.
    Ex: He was aghast after having been hipped to the fact there are hookers on the Internet.
    * contando = counting.
    * contar Algo a Alguien = let + Nombre + in on.
    * contar chismes de Alguien = tell + tales out of school about + Alguien.
    * contar con = hold, count on, have at + Posesivo + disposal, bank on, set + your watch by.
    * contar con Alguien = count + Pronombre + in.
    * contar con apoyo para = have + support for.
    * contar con el apoyo de Alguien = have + Nombre + behind + Pronombre.
    * contar con el apoyo necesario para = have + the power behind to.
    * contar con el visto bueno = meet with + approval.
    * contar con la aprobación = meet with + approval.
    * contar con la colaboración de = enjoy + cooperation with.
    * contar con la cooperación de = enjoy + cooperation with.
    * contar con + Posesivo + aprobación = meet + Posesivo + approval.
    * contar con + Posesivo + visto bueno = meet + Posesivo + approval.
    * contar de = tell of.
    * contar dinero = count + money.
    * contar en confianza = confide.
    * contar experiencias = tell + tales.
    * contar historias = tell + tales.
    * contar la experiencia = relate + experience, recount + experience.
    * contar las ideas a Alguien = run + ideas + past + Pronombre.
    * contarle las penas a Alguien = sob + Posesivo + heart out to.
    * contar para nada = count + for nothing.
    * contar + Posesivo + propia vida y milagros = spill + Posesivo + guts.
    * contar todo sobre = give + Nombre + the lowdown on.
    * contar una anécdota = tell + story.
    * contar una historia = spin + a yarn, weave + a tale, narrate + story, weave + story.
    * contar un cuento = tell + story.
    * cuenta la leyenda que = legend has it that, as legend goes.
    * dinero contante y sonante = readies, the ready.
    * entre ellos contamos con los siguientes = numbered amongst these are.
    * no contar = be out of the picture.
    * no contar con = leave + Nombre + out of the picture, drop + Nombre + out of the picture.
    * no contar con la aprobación = frown on/upon.
    * poder contar con = be there for + Pronombre.
    * que se cuentan por millones = numbered in millions.
    * según cuenta la leyenda = legend has it that, as legend goes.
    * sin contar = not including, excluding.
    * sin contar con = in the absence of.
    * visión contada por una persona de adentro = insider's look, insider's perspective.
    * volver a contar = recount, retell.

    * * *
    contar [ A10 ]
    vt
    A ‹dinero/votos› to count
    15 días a contar desde la fecha de notificación 15 days starting from the date of notification
    está contando los días que faltan para que llegues he's counting the days until you arrive
    B
    1 (incluir) to count
    a mí no me cuentes entre sus partidarios don't include me among his supporters
    lo cuento entre mis mejores amigos I consider him (to be) one of my best friends
    sin contar al profesor somos 22 there are 22 of us, not counting the teacher
    y eso sin contar las horas extras and that's without taking overtime into account o without including overtime
    2
    (llevar): contaba ya veinte años ( frml o liter); she was then twenty years old
    la asociación cuenta ya medio siglo de vida ( frml); the association has now been in existence for half a century ( frml)
    Sentido II ‹cuento/chiste/secreto› to tell
    no se lo cuentes a nadie don't tell anyone
    cuéntame qué es de tu vida tell me what you've been doing o ( colloq) what you've been up to
    ¡y a mí me lo vas a contar! ( fam); you're telling me! o don't I know! o tell me about it! ( colloq)
    abuelito, cuéntame un cuento grandpa, tell me a story
    ¡cuéntaselo a tu abuela! ( fam); go tell it to the marines! ( AmE colloq), come off it! ( BrE colloq)
    ¿qué cuentas (de nuevo)? ( fam); how're things? ( colloq), what's up? ( AmE colloq)
    ■ contar
    vi
    A
    1 ( Mat) to count
    cuenta de diez en diez count in tens
    cuenta hasta 20 count (up) to 20
    cuatro tiendas, dos bares … y para de contar four stores, two bars and that's it
    2 (importar, valer) to count
    para él lo único que cuenta es el dinero for him the only thing that counts is money o the only thing that matters to him is money
    ¿este trabajo cuenta para la nota final? does this piece of work count toward(s) the final grade?
    este ejercicio cuenta por dos porque es muy largo this exercise counts as two because it's very long
    a efectos impositivos, estos ingresos no cuentan this does not count as taxable income
    lo que cuenta es el gesto it's the thought that counts
    1 ‹persona/ayuda/discreción› to count on, rely on
    ¿puedo contar con tu colaboración? can I count on your help?
    cuento contigo para la fiesta I'm counting o relying on you being at the party
    no cuentes conmigo para mañana, tengo una cita con el médico don't expect me there tomorrow, I've got a doctor's appointment
    yo me opongo, así es que no cuentes conmigo I'm against it, so you can count me out
    2 (prever) to expect
    no contaba con que hiciera tan mal tiempo I wasn't expecting the weather to be so bad, I hadn't bargained for o allowed for such bad weather
    no habíamos contado con este contratiempo we hadn't expected o anticipated o ( colloq) we hadn't reckoned on this setback
    3 ( frml) (tener) to have
    el hotel cuenta con piscina, gimnasio y sauna the hotel has o is equipped with o offers o boasts a swimming pool, gym and sauna
    no contamos con los elementos de juicio necesarios we do not have o possess the necessary knowledge
    los sindicatos contarán con representación en este organismo the unions will be represented in this organization
    1 ( frml) (estar incluido) contarse ENTRE algo:
    se cuenta entre los pocos que tienen acceso she is numbered among the few who have access ( frml), she is one of the few people who have access
    sus partidarios, entre quienes me cuento their supporters, and I count myself as one of them o ( frml) their supporters, and I number myself among them
    su nombre se cuenta entre los finalistas her name figures o appears among the finalists
    su novela se cuenta entre las mejores del año his novel is among o is numbered among the year's best
    2
    ¿qué te cuentas? how's it going? ( colloq), how's things? ( colloq)
    * * *

     

    contar ( conjugate contar) verbo transitivo
    1dinero/votos/días to count;

    y eso sin contar las horas extras and that's without including overtime;
    lo cuento entre mis amigos I consider him (to be) one of my friends
    2cuento/chiste/secreto to tell;

    es muy largo de contar it's a long story;
    ¿qué cuentas (de nuevo)? (fam) how're things? (colloq)
    verbo intransitivo
    1 ( en general) to count;

    ¿este trabajo cuenta para la nota final? does this piece of work count toward(s) the final grade?;
    ella no cuenta para nada what she says (o thinks etc) doesn't count for anything
    2

    a)persona/ayuda/discreción to count on, rely on;

    cuento contigo para la fiesta I'm counting o relying on you being at the party;

    sin contar con que … without taking into account that …


    c) (frml) ( tener) to have;


    contarse verbo pronominal
    a) (frml) ( estar incluido):


    su novela se cuenta entre las mejores his novel is among the best
    b)

    ¿qué te cuentas? how's it going? (colloq)

    contar
    I verbo transitivo
    1 (un suceso, una historia) to tell
    2 (numerar) to count
    II verbo intransitivo to count
    ♦ Locuciones: contar con, (confiar en) to count on
    (constar de) to have
    ' contar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    acostumbrar
    - cacarear
    - confiar
    - cotillear
    - cuento
    - dada
    - dado
    - desahogarse
    - guión
    - lisamente
    - película
    - referir
    - sin
    - bola
    - chisme
    - chiste
    - contabilizar
    - esperar
    - largo
    - narración
    - platicar
    English:
    allow for
    - bank on
    - bargain for
    - bargain on
    - count
    - count on
    - count out
    - crack
    - depend
    - expect
    - fib
    - figure on
    - foresee
    - joke
    - miscount
    - narrate
    - number
    - plan on
    - put
    - reckon
    - reckon on
    - recount
    - rely
    - repeat
    - report
    - retell
    - secret
    - spin
    - story
    - tell
    - untold
    - bank
    - boast
    - command
    - figure
    - gossip
    - plan
    - re-count
    - tale
    - to
    * * *
    vt
    1. [enumerar] to count;
    contaron doscientos manifestantes en la marcha del domingo the number of demonstrators at Sunday's march was estimated at two hundred;
    se pueden contar con los dedos de una mano you can count them on (the fingers of) one hand
    2. [incluir] to count;
    cuenta también los gastos de desplazamiento count o include travel costs too;
    somos cincuenta y siete sin contar a los niños there are fifty-seven of us, not counting the children;
    la economía, sin contar el desempleo, parece recuperarse the economy, with the exception of the unemployment situation, seems to be recovering
    3. [narrar] to tell;
    no me cuentes el final don't tell me what happens;
    ya me contarás qué tal te va por la capital let me know how you get on in the capital;
    me han contado maravillas sobre ese restaurante I've heard great things about that restaurant;
    Fam
    ¿qué cuentas? how are you doing?;
    ¿qué me cuentas? ¡no me lo puedo creer! never! I can't believe it!;
    Fam
    cuéntame, ¿cómo te va la vida? tell me, how are things?;
    Irónico
    ¿me lo cuentas a mí? you're telling me!;
    Fam
    ¡cuéntaselo a tu abuela! pull the other one!, come off it!;
    Fam
    no me cuentes tu vida I don't want to hear your life story
    4. [tener una cantidad de]
    la población contaba mil habitantes the village had a thousand inhabitants;
    cuenta ya diez años she's ten years old now;
    el equipo cuenta ya dos victorias the team has already achieved two wins, the team already has two wins under its belt
    5. [considerar]
    a él lo cuento como uno más del grupo I consider o see him as just another member of the group;
    te contaba como una persona seria I thought you were a serious person;
    cuenta que la próxima semana estoy de vacaciones remember that I'm on holiday next week
    vi
    1. [hacer cálculos] to count;
    sabe contar hasta diez she can count to ten;
    contar con los dedos to count on one's fingers;
    un perro, dos gatos y para de contar a dog, two cats and that's it
    2. [importar] to count;
    lo que cuenta es que te pongas bien the important thing is for you to get better, what matters is for you to get better;
    en esta casa no cuento para nada I count for nothing in this household;
    para él lo único que cuenta es ganar dinero the only thing that matters to him is making money;
    los dos peores resultados no cuentan para el resultado final the worst two scores aren't taken into account when calculating the final total;
    es tan fuerte que cuenta por dos he has the strength of two men
    3.
    contar con [confiar en] to count on, to rely on;
    es un buen amigo, siempre se puede contar con él he's a good friend, you can count on o rely on him;
    ¡no cuentes con ellos! don't count on o rely on them!;
    no cuentes conmigo, no voy a venir don't expect me, I won't be coming;
    cuenta con ello, estaré allí para ayudarte I'll be there to help you, you can count on it, rest assured, I'll be there to help you
    4.
    contar con [tener, poseer] to have;
    cuenta con dos horas para hacerlo she has two hours to do it;
    las minorías contarán con representación en el nuevo parlamento minority parties will be represented in the new parliament
    5.
    contar con [tener en cuenta] to take into account;
    con esto no contaba I hadn't reckoned with that;
    no contaban con que se acabara la cerveza tan rápidamente they hadn't expected the beer to run out so quickly
    * * *
    I v/t
    1 count
    2 ( narrar) tell;
    ¡a quién se lo vas a contar!, ¡me lo vas a contar a mí! you’re telling me!;
    ¿qué (me) cuentas? what’s new?
    II v/i
    1 count
    2
    :
    contar con count on
    * * *
    contar {19} vt
    1) : to count
    2) : to tell
    3) : to include
    contar vi
    1) : to count (up)
    2) : to matter, to be of concern
    eso no cuenta: that doesn't matter
    3)
    contar con : to rely on, to count on
    * * *
    contar vb
    1. (en general) to count
    2. (explicar) to tell [pt. & pp. told]
    3. (edad) to be

    Spanish-English dictionary > contar

  • 5 Historical Portugal

       Before Romans described western Iberia or Hispania as "Lusitania," ancient Iberians inhabited the land. Phoenician and Greek trading settlements grew up in the Tagus estuary area and nearby coasts. Beginning around 202 BCE, Romans invaded what is today southern Portugal. With Rome's defeat of Carthage, Romans proceeded to conquer and rule the western region north of the Tagus, which they named Roman "Lusitania." In the fourth century CE, as Rome's rule weakened, the area experienced yet another invasion—Germanic tribes, principally the Suevi, who eventually were Christianized. During the sixth century CE, the Suevi kingdom was superseded by yet another Germanic tribe—the Christian Visigoths.
       A major turning point in Portugal's history came in 711, as Muslim armies from North Africa, consisting of both Arab and Berber elements, invaded the Iberian Peninsula from across the Straits of Gibraltar. They entered what is now Portugal in 714, and proceeded to conquer most of the country except for the far north. For the next half a millennium, Islam and Muslim presence in Portugal left a significant mark upon the politics, government, language, and culture of the country.
       Islam, Reconquest, and Portugal Created, 714-1140
       The long frontier struggle between Muslim invaders and Christian communities in the north of the Iberian peninsula was called the Reconquista (Reconquest). It was during this struggle that the first dynasty of Portuguese kings (Burgundian) emerged and the independent monarchy of Portugal was established. Christian forces moved south from what is now the extreme north of Portugal and gradually defeated Muslim forces, besieging and capturing towns under Muslim sway. In the ninth century, as Christian forces slowly made their way southward, Christian elements were dominant only in the area between Minho province and the Douro River; this region became known as "territorium Portu-calense."
       In the 11th century, the advance of the Reconquest quickened as local Christian armies were reinforced by crusading knights from what is now France and England. Christian forces took Montemor (1034), at the Mondego River; Lamego (1058); Viseu (1058); and Coimbra (1064). In 1095, the king of Castile and Léon granted the country of "Portu-cale," what became northern Portugal, to a Burgundian count who had emigrated from France. This was the foundation of Portugal. In 1139, a descendant of this count, Afonso Henriques, proclaimed himself "King of Portugal." He was Portugal's first monarch, the "Founder," and the first of the Burgundian dynasty, which ruled until 1385.
       The emergence of Portugal in the 12th century as a separate monarchy in Iberia occurred before the Christian Reconquest of the peninsula. In the 1140s, the pope in Rome recognized Afonso Henriques as king of Portugal. In 1147, after a long, bloody siege, Muslim-occupied Lisbon fell to Afonso Henriques's army. Lisbon was the greatest prize of the 500-year war. Assisting this effort were English crusaders on their way to the Holy Land; the first bishop of Lisbon was an Englishman. When the Portuguese captured Faro and Silves in the Algarve province in 1248-50, the Reconquest of the extreme western portion of the Iberian peninsula was complete—significantly, more than two centuries before the Spanish crown completed the Reconquest of the eastern portion by capturing Granada in 1492.
       Consolidation and Independence of Burgundian Portugal, 1140-1385
       Two main themes of Portugal's early existence as a monarchy are the consolidation of control over the realm and the defeat of a Castil-ian threat from the east to its independence. At the end of this period came the birth of a new royal dynasty (Aviz), which prepared to carry the Christian Reconquest beyond continental Portugal across the straits of Gibraltar to North Africa. There was a variety of motives behind these developments. Portugal's independent existence was imperiled by threats from neighboring Iberian kingdoms to the north and east. Politics were dominated not only by efforts against the Muslims in
       Portugal (until 1250) and in nearby southern Spain (until 1492), but also by internecine warfare among the kingdoms of Castile, Léon, Aragon, and Portugal. A final comeback of Muslim forces was defeated at the battle of Salado (1340) by allied Castilian and Portuguese forces. In the emerging Kingdom of Portugal, the monarch gradually gained power over and neutralized the nobility and the Church.
       The historic and commonplace Portuguese saying "From Spain, neither a good wind nor a good marriage" was literally played out in diplomacy and war in the late 14th-century struggles for mastery in the peninsula. Larger, more populous Castile was pitted against smaller Portugal. Castile's Juan I intended to force a union between Castile and Portugal during this era of confusion and conflict. In late 1383, Portugal's King Fernando, the last king of the Burgundian dynasty, suddenly died prematurely at age 38, and the Master of Aviz, Portugal's most powerful nobleman, took up the cause of independence and resistance against Castile's invasion. The Master of Aviz, who became King João I of Portugal, was able to obtain foreign assistance. With the aid of English archers, Joao's armies defeated the Castilians in the crucial battle of Aljubarrota, on 14 August 1385, a victory that assured the independence of the Portuguese monarchy from its Castilian nemesis for several centuries.
       Aviz Dynasty and Portugal's First Overseas Empire, 1385-1580
       The results of the victory at Aljubarrota, much celebrated in Portugal's art and monuments, and the rise of the Aviz dynasty also helped to establish a new merchant class in Lisbon and Oporto, Portugal's second city. This group supported King João I's program of carrying the Reconquest to North Africa, since it was interested in expanding Portugal's foreign commerce and tapping into Muslim trade routes and resources in Africa. With the Reconquest against the Muslims completed in Portugal and the threat from Castile thwarted for the moment, the Aviz dynasty launched an era of overseas conquest, exploration, and trade. These efforts dominated Portugal's 15th and 16th centuries.
       The overseas empire and age of Discoveries began with Portugal's bold conquest in 1415 of the Moroccan city of Ceuta. One royal member of the 1415 expedition was young, 21-year-old Prince Henry, later known in history as "Prince Henry the Navigator." His part in the capture of Ceuta won Henry his knighthood and began Portugal's "Marvelous Century," during which the small kingdom was counted as a European and world power of consequence. Henry was the son of King João I and his English queen, Philippa of Lancaster, but he did not inherit the throne. Instead, he spent most of his life and his fortune, and that of the wealthy military Order of Christ, on various imperial ventures and on voyages of exploration down the African coast and into the Atlantic. While mythology has surrounded Henry's controversial role in the Discoveries, and this role has been exaggerated, there is no doubt that he played a vital part in the initiation of Portugal's first overseas empire and in encouraging exploration. He was naturally curious, had a sense of mission for Portugal, and was a strong leader. He also had wealth to expend; at least a third of the African voyages of the time were under his sponsorship. If Prince Henry himself knew little science, significant scientific advances in navigation were made in his day.
       What were Portugal's motives for this new imperial effort? The well-worn historical cliche of "God, Glory, and Gold" can only partly explain the motivation of a small kingdom with few natural resources and barely 1 million people, which was greatly outnumbered by the other powers it confronted. Among Portuguese objectives were the desire to exploit known North African trade routes and resources (gold, wheat, leather, weaponry, and other goods that were scarce in Iberia); the need to outflank the Muslim world in the Mediterranean by sailing around Africa, attacking Muslims en route; and the wish to ally with Christian kingdoms beyond Africa. This enterprise also involved a strategy of breaking the Venetian spice monopoly by trading directly with the East by means of discovering and exploiting a sea route around Africa to Asia. Besides the commercial motives, Portugal nurtured a strong crusading sense of Christian mission, and various classes in the kingdom saw an opportunity for fame and gain.
       By the time of Prince Henry's death in 1460, Portugal had gained control of the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeiras, begun to colonize the Cape Verde Islands, failed to conquer the Canary Islands from Castile, captured various cities on Morocco's coast, and explored as far as Senegal, West Africa, down the African coast. By 1488, Bar-tolomeu Dias had rounded the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa and thereby discovered the way to the Indian Ocean.
       Portugal's largely coastal African empire and later its fragile Asian empire brought unexpected wealth but were purchased at a high price. Costs included wars of conquest and defense against rival powers, manning the far-flung navel and trade fleets and scattered castle-fortresses, and staffing its small but fierce armies, all of which entailed a loss of skills and population to maintain a scattered empire. Always short of capital, the monarchy became indebted to bankers. There were many defeats beginning in the 16th century at the hands of the larger imperial European monarchies (Spain, France, England, and Holland) and many attacks on Portugal and its strung-out empire. Typically, there was also the conflict that arose when a tenuously held world empire that rarely if ever paid its way demanded finance and manpower Portugal itself lacked.
       The first 80 years of the glorious imperial era, the golden age of Portugal's imperial power and world influence, was an African phase. During 1415-88, Portuguese navigators and explorers in small ships, some of them caravelas (caravels), explored the treacherous, disease-ridden coasts of Africa from Morocco to South Africa beyond the Cape of Good Hope. By the 1470s, the Portuguese had reached the Gulf of Guinea and, in the early 1480s, what is now Angola. Bartolomeu Dias's extraordinary voyage of 1487-88 to South Africa's coast and the edge of the Indian Ocean convinced Portugal that the best route to Asia's spices and Christians lay south, around the tip of southern Africa. Between 1488 and 1495, there was a hiatus caused in part by domestic conflict in Portugal, discussion of resources available for further conquests beyond Africa in Asia, and serious questions as to Portugal's capacity to reach beyond Africa. In 1495, King Manuel and his council decided to strike for Asia, whatever the consequences. In 1497-99, Vasco da Gama, under royal orders, made the epic two-year voyage that discovered the sea route to western India (Asia), outflanked Islam and Venice, and began Portugal's Asian empire. Within 50 years, Portugal had discovered and begun the exploitation of its largest colony, Brazil, and set up forts and trading posts from the Middle East (Aden and Ormuz), India (Calicut, Goa, etc.), Malacca, and Indonesia to Macau in China.
       By the 1550s, parts of its largely coastal, maritime trading post empire from Morocco to the Moluccas were under siege from various hostile forces, including Muslims, Christians, and Hindi. Although Moroccan forces expelled the Portuguese from the major coastal cities by 1550, the rival European monarchies of Castile (Spain), England, France, and later Holland began to seize portions of her undermanned, outgunned maritime empire.
       In 1580, Phillip II of Spain, whose mother was a Portuguese princess and who had a strong claim to the Portuguese throne, invaded Portugal, claimed the throne, and assumed control over the realm and, by extension, its African, Asian, and American empires. Phillip II filled the power vacuum that appeared in Portugal following the loss of most of Portugal's army and its young, headstrong King Sebastião in a disastrous war in Morocco. Sebastiao's death in battle (1578) and the lack of a natural heir to succeed him, as well as the weak leadership of the cardinal who briefly assumed control in Lisbon, led to a crisis that Spain's strong monarch exploited. As a result, Portugal lost its independence to Spain for a period of 60 years.
       Portugal under Spanish Rule, 1580-1640
       Despite the disastrous nature of Portugal's experience under Spanish rule, "The Babylonian Captivity" gave birth to modern Portuguese nationalism, its second overseas empire, and its modern alliance system with England. Although Spain allowed Portugal's weakened empire some autonomy, Spanish rule in Portugal became increasingly burdensome and unacceptable. Spain's ambitious imperial efforts in Europe and overseas had an impact on the Portuguese as Spain made greater and greater demands on its smaller neighbor for manpower and money. Portugal's culture underwent a controversial Castilianization, while its empire became hostage to Spain's fortunes. New rival powers England, France, and Holland attacked and took parts of Spain's empire and at the same time attacked Portugal's empire, as well as the mother country.
       Portugal's empire bore the consequences of being attacked by Spain's bitter enemies in what was a form of world war. Portuguese losses were heavy. By 1640, Portugal had lost most of its Moroccan cities as well as Ceylon, the Moluccas, and sections of India. With this, Portugal's Asian empire was gravely weakened. Only Goa, Damão, Diu, Bombay, Timor, and Macau remained and, in Brazil, Dutch forces occupied the northeast.
       On 1 December 1640, long commemorated as a national holiday, Portuguese rebels led by the duke of Braganza overthrew Spanish domination and took advantage of Spanish weakness following a more serious rebellion in Catalonia. Portugal regained independence from Spain, but at a price: dependence on foreign assistance to maintain its independence in the form of the renewal of the alliance with England.
       Restoration and Second Empire, 1640-1822
       Foreign affairs and empire dominated the restoration era and aftermath, and Portugal again briefly enjoyed greater European power and prestige. The Anglo-Portuguese Alliance was renewed and strengthened in treaties of 1642, 1654, and 1661, and Portugal's independence from Spain was underwritten by English pledges and armed assistance. In a Luso-Spanish treaty of 1668, Spain recognized Portugal's independence. Portugal's alliance with England was a marriage of convenience and necessity between two monarchies with important religious, cultural, and social differences. In return for legal, diplomatic, and trade privileges, as well as the use during war and peace of Portugal's great Lisbon harbor and colonial ports for England's navy, England pledged to protect Portugal and its scattered empire from any attack. The previously cited 17th-century alliance treaties were renewed later in the Treaty of Windsor, signed in London in 1899. On at least 10 different occasions after 1640, and during the next two centuries, England was central in helping prevent or repel foreign invasions of its ally, Portugal.
       Portugal's second empire (1640-1822) was largely Brazil-oriented. Portuguese colonization, exploitation of wealth, and emigration focused on Portuguese America, and imperial revenues came chiefly from Brazil. Between 1670 and 1740, Portugal's royalty and nobility grew wealthier on funds derived from Brazilian gold, diamonds, sugar, tobacco, and other crops, an enterprise supported by the Atlantic slave trade and the supply of African slave labor from West Africa and Angola. Visitors today can see where much of that wealth was invested: Portugal's rich legacy of monumental architecture. Meanwhile, the African slave trade took a toll in Angola and West Africa.
       In continental Portugal, absolutist monarchy dominated politics and government, and there was a struggle for position and power between the monarchy and other institutions, such as the Church and nobility. King José I's chief minister, usually known in history as the marquis of Pombal (ruled 1750-77), sharply suppressed the nobility and the
       Church (including the Inquisition, now a weak institution) and expelled the Jesuits. Pombal also made an effort to reduce economic dependence on England, Portugal's oldest ally. But his successes did not last much beyond his disputed time in office.
       Beginning in the late 18th century, the European-wide impact of the French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon placed Portugal in a vulnerable position. With the monarchy ineffectively led by an insane queen (Maria I) and her indecisive regent son (João VI), Portugal again became the focus of foreign ambition and aggression. With England unable to provide decisive assistance in time, France—with Spain's consent—invaded Portugal in 1807. As Napoleon's army under General Junot entered Lisbon meeting no resistance, Portugal's royal family fled on a British fleet to Brazil, where it remained in exile until 1821. In the meantime, Portugal's overseas empire was again under threat. There was a power vacuum as the monarch was absent, foreign armies were present, and new political notions of liberalism and constitutional monarchy were exciting various groups of citizens.
       Again England came to the rescue, this time in the form of the armies of the duke of Wellington. Three successive French invasions of Portugal were defeated and expelled, and Wellington succeeded in carrying the war against Napoleon across the Portuguese frontier into Spain. The presence of the English army, the new French-born liberal ideas, and the political vacuum combined to create revolutionary conditions. The French invasions and the peninsular wars, where Portuguese armed forces played a key role, marked the beginning of a new era in politics.
       Liberalism and Constitutional Monarchy, 1822-1910
       During 1807-22, foreign invasions, war, and civil strife over conflicting political ideas gravely damaged Portugal's commerce, economy, and novice industry. The next terrible blow was the loss of Brazil in 1822, the jewel in the imperial crown. Portugal's very independence seemed to be at risk. In vain, Portugal sought to resist Brazilian independence by force, but in 1825 it formally acknowledged Brazilian independence by treaty.
       Portugal's slow recovery from the destructive French invasions and the "war of independence" was complicated by civil strife over the form of constitutional monarchy that best suited Portugal. After struggles over these issues between 1820 and 1834, Portugal settled somewhat uncertainly into a moderate constitutional monarchy whose constitution (Charter of 1826) lent it strong political powers to exert a moderating influence between the executive and legislative branches of the government. It also featured a new upper middle class based on land ownership and commerce; a Catholic Church that, although still important, lived with reduced privileges and property; a largely African (third) empire to which Lisbon and Oporto devoted increasing spiritual and material resources, starting with the liberal imperial plans of 1836 and 1851, and continuing with the work of institutions like the Lisbon Society of Geography (established 1875); and a mass of rural peasants whose bonds to the land weakened after 1850 and who began to immigrate in increasing numbers to Brazil and North America.
       Chronic military intervention in national politics began in 19th-century Portugal. Such intervention, usually commencing with coups or pronunciamentos (military revolts), was a shortcut to the spoils of political office and could reflect popular discontent as well as the power of personalities. An early example of this was the 1817 golpe (coup) attempt of General Gomes Freire against British military rule in Portugal before the return of King João VI from Brazil. Except for a more stable period from 1851 to 1880, military intervention in politics, or the threat thereof, became a feature of the constitutional monarchy's political life, and it continued into the First Republic and the subsequent Estado Novo.
       Beginning with the Regeneration period (1851-80), Portugal experienced greater political stability and economic progress. Military intervention in politics virtually ceased; industrialization and construction of railroads, roads, and bridges proceeded; two political parties (Regenerators and Historicals) worked out a system of rotation in power; and leading intellectuals sparked a cultural revival in several fields. In 19th-century literature, there was a new golden age led by such figures as Alexandre Herculano (historian), Eça de Queirós (novelist), Almeida Garrett (playwright and essayist), Antero de Quental (poet), and Joaquim Oliveira Martins (historian and social scientist). In its third overseas empire, Portugal attempted to replace the slave trade and slavery with legitimate economic activities; to reform the administration; and to expand Portuguese holdings beyond coastal footholds deep into the African hinterlands in West, West Central, and East Africa. After 1841, to some extent, and especially after 1870, colonial affairs, combined with intense nationalism, pressures for economic profit in Africa, sentiment for national revival, and the drift of European affairs would make or break Lisbon governments.
       Beginning with the political crisis that arose out of the "English Ultimatum" affair of January 1890, the monarchy became discredtted and identified with the poorly functioning government, political parties splintered, and republicanism found more supporters. Portugal participated in the "Scramble for Africa," expanding its African holdings, but failed to annex territory connecting Angola and Mozambique. A growing foreign debt and state bankruptcy as of the early 1890s damaged the constitutional monarchy's reputation, despite the efforts of King Carlos in diplomacy, the renewal of the alliance in the Windsor Treaty of 1899, and the successful if bloody colonial wars in the empire (1880-97). Republicanism proclaimed that Portugal's weak economy and poor society were due to two historic institutions: the monarchy and the Catholic Church. A republic, its stalwarts claimed, would bring greater individual liberty; efficient, if more decentralized government; and a stronger colonial program while stripping the Church of its role in both society and education.
       As the monarchy lost support and republicans became more aggressive, violence increased in politics. King Carlos I and his heir Luís were murdered in Lisbon by anarchist-republicans on 1 February 1908. Following a military and civil insurrection and fighting between monarchist and republican forces, on 5 October 1910, King Manuel II fled Portugal and a republic was proclaimed.
       First Parliamentary Republic, 1910-26
       Portugal's first attempt at republican government was the most unstable, turbulent parliamentary republic in the history of 20th-century Western Europe. During a little under 16 years of the republic, there were 45 governments, a number of legislatures that did not complete normal terms, military coups, and only one president who completed his four-year term in office. Portuguese society was poorly prepared for this political experiment. Among the deadly legacies of the monarchy were a huge public debt; a largely rural, apolitical, and illiterate peasant population; conflict over the causes of the country's misfortunes; and lack of experience with a pluralist, democratic system.
       The republic had some talented leadership but lacked popular, institutional, and economic support. The 1911 republican constitution established only a limited democracy, as only a small portion of the adult male citizenry was eligible to vote. In a country where the majority was Catholic, the republic passed harshly anticlerical laws, and its institutions and supporters persecuted both the Church and its adherents. During its brief disjointed life, the First Republic drafted important reform plans in economic, social, and educational affairs; actively promoted development in the empire; and pursued a liberal, generous foreign policy. Following British requests for Portugal's assistance in World War I, Portugal entered the war on the Allied side in March 1916 and sent armies to Flanders and Portuguese Africa. Portugal's intervention in that conflict, however, was too costly in many respects, and the ultimate failure of the republic in part may be ascribed to Portugal's World War I activities.
       Unfortunately for the republic, its time coincided with new threats to Portugal's African possessions: World War I, social and political demands from various classes that could not be reconciled, excessive military intervention in politics, and, in particular, the worst economic and financial crisis Portugal had experienced since the 16th and 17th centuries. After the original Portuguese Republican Party (PRP, also known as the "Democrats") splintered into three warring groups in 1912, no true multiparty system emerged. The Democrats, except for only one or two elections, held an iron monopoly of electoral power, and political corruption became a major issue. As extreme right-wing dictatorships elsewhere in Europe began to take power in Italy (1922), neighboring Spain (1923), and Greece (1925), what scant popular support remained for the republic collapsed. Backed by a right-wing coalition of landowners from Alentejo, clergy, Coimbra University faculty and students, Catholic organizations, and big business, career military officers led by General Gomes da Costa executed a coup on 28 May 1926, turned out the last republican government, and established a military government.
       The Estado Novo (New State), 1926-74
       During the military phase (1926-32) of the Estado Novo, professional military officers, largely from the army, governed and administered Portugal and held key cabinet posts, but soon discovered that the military possessed no magic formula that could readily solve the problems inherited from the First Republic. Especially during the years 1926-31, the military dictatorship, even with its political repression of republican activities and institutions (military censorship of the press, political police action, and closure of the republic's rowdy parliament), was characterized by similar weaknesses: personalism and factionalism; military coups and political instability, including civil strife and loss of life; state debt and bankruptcy; and a weak economy. "Barracks parliamentarism" was not an acceptable alternative even to the "Nightmare Republic."
       Led by General Óscar Carmona, who had replaced and sent into exile General Gomes da Costa, the military dictatorship turned to a civilian expert in finance and economics to break the budget impasse and bring coherence to the disorganized system. Appointed minister of finance on 27 April 1928, the Coimbra University Law School professor of economics Antônio de Oliveira Salazar (1889-1970) first reformed finance, helped balance the budget, and then turned to other concerns as he garnered extraordinary governing powers. In 1930, he was appointed interim head of another key ministry (Colonies) and within a few years had become, in effect, a civilian dictator who, with the military hierarchy's support, provided the government with coherence, a program, and a set of policies.
       For nearly 40 years after he was appointed the first civilian prime minister in 1932, Salazar's personality dominated the government. Unlike extreme right-wing dictators elsewhere in Europe, Salazar was directly appointed by the army but was never endorsed by a popular political party, street militia, or voter base. The scholarly, reclusive former Coimbra University professor built up what became known after 1932 as the Estado Novo ("New State"), which at the time of its overthrow by another military coup in 1974, was the longest surviving authoritarian regime in Western Europe. The system of Salazar and the largely academic and technocratic ruling group he gathered in his cabinets was based on the central bureaucracy of the state, which was supported by the president of the republic—always a senior career military officer, General Óscar Carmona (1928-51), General Craveiro Lopes (1951-58), and Admiral Américo Tómaz (1958-74)—and the complicity of various institutions. These included a rubber-stamp legislature called the National Assembly (1935-74) and a political police known under various names: PVDE (1932-45), PIDE (1945-69),
       and DGS (1969-74). Other defenders of the Estado Novo security were paramilitary organizations such as the National Republican Guard (GNR); the Portuguese Legion (PL); and the Portuguese Youth [Movement]. In addition to censorship of the media, theater, and books, there was political repression and a deliberate policy of depoliticization. All political parties except for the approved movement of regime loyalists, the União Nacional or (National Union), were banned.
       The most vigorous and more popular period of the New State was 1932-44, when the basic structures were established. Never monolithic or entirely the work of one person (Salazar), the New State was constructed with the assistance of several dozen top associates who were mainly academics from law schools, some technocrats with specialized skills, and a handful of trusted career military officers. The 1933 Constitution declared Portugal to be a "unitary, corporative Republic," and pressures to restore the monarchy were resisted. Although some of the regime's followers were fascists and pseudofascists, many more were conservative Catholics, integralists, nationalists, and monarchists of different varieties, and even some reactionary republicans. If the New State was authoritarian, it was not totalitarian and, unlike fascism in Benito Mussolini's Italy or Adolf Hitler's Germany, it usually employed the minimum of violence necessary to defeat what remained a largely fractious, incoherent opposition.
       With the tumultuous Second Republic and the subsequent civil war in nearby Spain, the regime felt threatened and reinforced its defenses. During what Salazar rightly perceived as a time of foreign policy crisis for Portugal (1936-45), he assumed control of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. From there, he pursued four basic foreign policy objectives: supporting the Nationalist rebels of General Francisco Franco in the Spanish Civil War (1936-39) and concluding defense treaties with a triumphant Franco; ensuring that General Franco in an exhausted Spain did not enter World War II on the Axis side; maintaining Portuguese neutrality in World War II with a post-1942 tilt toward the Allies, including granting Britain and the United States use of bases in the Azores Islands; and preserving and protecting Portugal's Atlantic Islands and its extensive, if poor, overseas empire in Africa and Asia.
       During the middle years of the New State (1944-58), many key Salazar associates in government either died or resigned, and there was greater social unrest in the form of unprecedented strikes and clandestine Communist activities, intensified opposition, and new threatening international pressures on Portugal's overseas empire. During the earlier phase of the Cold War (1947-60), Portugal became a steadfast, if weak, member of the US-dominated North Atlantic Treaty Organization alliance and, in 1955, with American support, Portugal joined the United Nations (UN). Colonial affairs remained a central concern of the regime. As of 1939, Portugal was the third largest colonial power in the world and possessed territories in tropical Africa (Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, and São Tomé and Príncipe Islands) and the remnants of its 16th-century empire in Asia (Goa, Damão, Diu, East Timor, and Macau). Beginning in the early 1950s, following the independence of India in 1947, Portugal resisted Indian pressures to decolonize Portuguese India and used police forces to discourage internal opposition in its Asian and African colonies.
       The later years of the New State (1958-68) witnessed the aging of the increasingly isolated but feared Salazar and new threats both at home and overseas. Although the regime easily overcame the brief oppositionist threat from rival presidential candidate General Humberto Delgado in the spring of 1958, new developments in the African and Asian empires imperiled the authoritarian system. In February 1961, oppositionists hijacked the Portuguese ocean liner Santa Maria and, in following weeks, African insurgents in northern Angola, although they failed to expel the Portuguese, gained worldwide media attention, discredited the New State, and began the 13-year colonial war. After thwarting a dissident military coup against his continued leadership, Salazar and his ruling group mobilized military repression in Angola and attempted to develop the African colonies at a faster pace in order to ensure Portuguese control. Meanwhile, the other European colonial powers (Britain, France, Belgium, and Spain) rapidly granted political independence to their African territories.
       At the time of Salazar's removal from power in September 1968, following a stroke, Portugal's efforts to maintain control over its colonies appeared to be successful. President Americo Tomás appointed Dr. Marcello Caetano as Salazar's successor as prime minister. While maintaining the New State's basic structures, and continuing the regime's essential colonial policy, Caetano attempted wider reforms in colonial administration and some devolution of power from Lisbon, as well as more freedom of expression in Lisbon. Still, a great deal of the budget was devoted to supporting the wars against the insurgencies in Africa. Meanwhile in Asia, Portuguese India had fallen when the Indian army invaded in December 1961. The loss of Goa was a psychological blow to the leadership of the New State, and of the Asian empire only East Timor and Macau remained.
       The Caetano years (1968-74) were but a hiatus between the waning Salazar era and a new regime. There was greater political freedom and rapid economic growth (5-6 percent annually to late 1973), but Caetano's government was unable to reform the old system thoroughly and refused to consider new methods either at home or in the empire. In the end, regime change came from junior officers of the professional military who organized the Armed Forces Movement (MFA) against the Caetano government. It was this group of several hundred officers, mainly in the army and navy, which engineered a largely bloodless coup in Lisbon on 25 April 1974. Their unexpected action brought down the 48-year-old New State and made possible the eventual establishment and consolidation of democratic governance in Portugal, as well as a reorientation of the country away from the Atlantic toward Europe.
       Revolution of Carnations, 1974-76
       Following successful military operations of the Armed Forces Movement against the Caetano government, Portugal experienced what became known as the "Revolution of Carnations." It so happened that during the rainy week of the military golpe, Lisbon flower shops were featuring carnations, and the revolutionaries and their supporters adopted the red carnation as the common symbol of the event, as well as of the new freedom from dictatorship. The MFA, whose leaders at first were mostly little-known majors and captains, proclaimed a three-fold program of change for the new Portugal: democracy; decolonization of the overseas empire, after ending the colonial wars; and developing a backward economy in the spirit of opportunity and equality. During the first 24 months after the coup, there was civil strife, some anarchy, and a power struggle. With the passing of the Estado Novo, public euphoria burst forth as the new provisional military government proclaimed the freedoms of speech, press, and assembly, and abolished censorship, the political police, the Portuguese Legion, Portuguese Youth, and other New State organizations, including the National Union. Scores of political parties were born and joined the senior political party, the Portuguese Community Party (PCP), and the Socialist Party (PS), founded shortly before the coup.
       Portugal's Revolution of Carnations went through several phases. There was an attempt to take control by radical leftists, including the PCP and its allies. This was thwarted by moderate officers in the army, as well as by the efforts of two political parties: the PS and the Social Democrats (PPD, later PSD). The first phase was from April to September 1974. Provisional president General Antonio Spínola, whose 1974 book Portugal and the Future had helped prepare public opinion for the coup, met irresistible leftist pressures. After Spinola's efforts to avoid rapid decolonization of the African empire failed, he resigned in September 1974. During the second phase, from September 1974 to March 1975, radical military officers gained control, but a coup attempt by General Spínola and his supporters in Lisbon in March 1975 failed and Spínola fled to Spain.
       In the third phase of the Revolution, March-November 1975, a strong leftist reaction followed. Farm workers occupied and "nationalized" 1.1 million hectares of farmland in the Alentejo province, and radical military officers in the provisional government ordered the nationalization of Portuguese banks (foreign banks were exempted), utilities, and major industries, or about 60 percent of the economic system. There were power struggles among various political parties — a total of 50 emerged—and in the streets there was civil strife among labor, military, and law enforcement groups. A constituent assembly, elected on 25 April 1975, in Portugal's first free elections since 1926, drafted a democratic constitution. The Council of the Revolution (CR), briefly a revolutionary military watchdog committee, was entrenched as part of the government under the constitution, until a later revision. During the chaotic year of 1975, about 30 persons were killed in political frays while unstable provisional governments came and went. On 25 November 1975, moderate military forces led by Colonel Ramalho Eanes, who later was twice elected president of the republic (1976 and 1981), defeated radical, leftist military groups' revolutionary conspiracies.
       In the meantime, Portugal's scattered overseas empire experienced a precipitous and unprepared decolonization. One by one, the former colonies were granted and accepted independence—Guinea-Bissau (September 1974), Cape Verde Islands (July 1975), and Mozambique (July 1975). Portugal offered to turn over Macau to the People's Republic of China, but the offer was refused then and later negotiations led to the establishment of a formal decolonization or hand-over date of 1999. But in two former colonies, the process of decolonization had tragic results.
       In Angola, decolonization negotiations were greatly complicated by the fact that there were three rival nationalist movements in a struggle for power. The January 1975 Alvor Agreement signed by Portugal and these three parties was not effectively implemented. A bloody civil war broke out in Angola in the spring of 1975 and, when Portuguese armed forces withdrew and declared that Angola was independent on 11 November 1975, the bloodshed only increased. Meanwhile, most of the white Portuguese settlers from Angola and Mozambique fled during the course of 1975. Together with African refugees, more than 600,000 of these retornados ("returned ones") went by ship and air to Portugal and thousands more to Namibia, South Africa, Brazil, Canada, and the United States.
       The second major decolonization disaster was in Portugal's colony of East Timor in the Indonesian archipelago. Portugal's capacity to supervise and control a peaceful transition to independence in this isolated, neglected colony was limited by the strength of giant Indonesia, distance from Lisbon, and Portugal's revolutionary disorder and inability to defend Timor. In early December 1975, before Portugal granted formal independence and as one party, FRETILIN, unilaterally declared East Timor's independence, Indonesia's armed forces invaded, conquered, and annexed East Timor. Indonesian occupation encountered East Timorese resistance, and a heavy loss of life followed. The East Timor question remained a contentious international issue in the UN, as well as in Lisbon and Jakarta, for more than 20 years following Indonesia's invasion and annexation of the former colony of Portugal. Major changes occurred, beginning in 1998, after Indonesia underwent a political revolution and allowed a referendum in East Timor to decide that territory's political future in August 1999. Most East Timorese chose independence, but Indonesian forces resisted that verdict until
       UN intervention in September 1999. Following UN rule for several years, East Timor attained full independence on 20 May 2002.
       Consolidation of Democracy, 1976-2000
       After several free elections and record voter turnouts between 25 April 1975 and June 1976, civil war was averted and Portugal's second democratic republic began to stabilize. The MFA was dissolved, the military were returned to the barracks, and increasingly elected civilians took over the government of the country. The 1976 Constitution was revised several times beginning in 1982 and 1989, in order to reempha-size the principle of free enterprise in the economy while much of the large, nationalized sector was privatized. In June 1976, General Ram-alho Eanes was elected the first constitutional president of the republic (five-year term), and he appointed socialist leader Dr. Mário Soares as prime minister of the first constitutional government.
       From 1976 to 1985, Portugal's new system featured a weak economy and finances, labor unrest, and administrative and political instability. The difficult consolidation of democratic governance was eased in part by the strong currency and gold reserves inherited from the Estado Novo, but Lisbon seemed unable to cope with high unemployment, new debt, the complex impact of the refugees from Africa, world recession, and the agitation of political parties. Four major parties emerged from the maelstrom of 1974-75, except for the Communist Party, all newly founded. They were, from left to right, the Communists (PCP); the Socialists (PS), who managed to dominate governments and the legislature but not win a majority in the Assembly of the Republic; the Social Democrats (PSD); and the Christian Democrats (CDS). During this period, the annual growth rate was low (l-2 percent), and the nationalized sector of the economy stagnated.
       Enhanced economic growth, greater political stability, and more effective central government as of 1985, and especially 1987, were due to several developments. In 1977, Portugal applied for membership in the European Economic Community (EEC), now the European Union (EU) since 1993. In January 1986, with Spain, Portugal was granted membership, and economic and financial progress in the intervening years has been significantly influenced by the comparatively large investment, loans, technology, advice, and other assistance from the EEC. Low unemployment, high annual growth rates (5 percent), and moderate inflation have also been induced by the new political and administrative stability in Lisbon. Led by Prime Minister Cavaco Silva, an economist who was trained abroad, the PSD's strong organization, management, and electoral support since 1985 have assisted in encouraging economic recovery and development. In 1985, the PSD turned the PS out of office and won the general election, although they did not have an absolute majority of assembly seats. In 1986, Mário Soares was elected president of the republic, the first civilian to hold that office since the First Republic. In the elections of 1987 and 1991, however, the PSD was returned to power with clear majorities of over 50 percent of the vote.
       Although the PSD received 50.4 percent of the vote in the 1991 parliamentary elections and held a 42-seat majority in the Assembly of the Republic, the party began to lose public support following media revelations regarding corruption and complaints about Prime Minister Cavaco Silva's perceived arrogant leadership style. President Mário Soares voiced criticism of the PSD's seemingly untouchable majority and described a "tyranny of the majority." Economic growth slowed down. In the parliamentary elections of 1995 and the presidential election of 1996, the PSD's dominance ended for the time being. Prime Minister Antônio Guterres came to office when the PS won the October 1995 elections, and in the subsequent presidential contest, in January 1996, socialist Jorge Sampaio, the former mayor of Lisbon, was elected president of the republic, thus defeating Cavaco Silva's bid. Young and popular, Guterres moved the PS toward the center of the political spectrum. Under Guterres, the PS won the October 1999 parliamentary elections. The PS defeated the PSD but did not manage to win a clear, working majority of seats, and this made the PS dependent upon alliances with smaller parties, including the PCP.
       In the local elections in December 2001, the PSD's criticism of PS's heavy public spending allowed the PSD to take control of the key cities of Lisbon, Oporto, and Coimbra. Guterres resigned, and parliamentary elections were brought forward from 2004 to March 2002. The PSD won a narrow victory with 40 percent of the votes, and Jose Durão Barroso became prime minister. Having failed to win a majority of the seats in parliament forced the PSD to govern in coalition with the right-wing Popular Party (PP) led by Paulo Portas. Durão Barroso set about reducing government spending by cutting the budgets of local authorities, freezing civil service hiring, and reviving the economy by accelerating privatization of state-owned enterprises. These measures provoked a 24-hour strike by public-sector workers. Durão Barroso reacted with vows to press ahead with budget-cutting measures and imposed a wage freeze on all employees earning more than €1,000, which affected more than one-half of Portugal's work force.
       In June 2004, Durão Barroso was invited by Romano Prodi to succeed him as president of the European Commission. Durão Barroso accepted and resigned the prime ministership in July. Pedro Santana Lopes, the leader of the PSD, became prime minister. Already unpopular at the time of Durão Barroso's resignation, the PSD-led government became increasingly unpopular under Santana Lopes. A month-long delay in the start of the school year and confusion over his plan to cut taxes and raise public-sector salaries, eroded confidence even more. By November, Santana Lopes's government was so unpopular that President Jorge Sampaio was obliged to dissolve parliament and hold new elections, two years ahead of schedule.
       Parliamentary elections were held on 20 February 2005. The PS, which had promised the electorate disciplined and transparent governance, educational reform, the alleviation of poverty, and a boost in employment, won 45 percent of the vote and the majority of the seats in parliament. The leader of the PS, José Sôcrates became prime minister on 12 March 2005. In the regularly scheduled presidential elections held on 6 January 2006, the former leader of the PSD and prime minister, Aníbal Cavaco Silva, won a narrow victory and became president on 9 March 2006. With a mass protest, public teachers' strike, and street demonstrations in March 2008, Portugal's media, educational, and social systems experienced more severe pressures. With the spreading global recession beginning in September 2008, Portugal's economic and financial systems became more troubled.
       Owing to its geographic location on the southwestern most edge of continental Europe, Portugal has been historically in but not of Europe. Almost from the beginning of its existence in the 12th century as an independent monarchy, Portugal turned its back on Europe and oriented itself toward the Atlantic Ocean. After carving out a Christian kingdom on the western portion of the Iberian peninsula, Portuguese kings gradually built and maintained a vast seaborne global empire that became central to the way Portugal understood its individuality as a nation-state. While the creation of this empire allows Portugal to claim an unusual number of "firsts" or distinctions in world and Western history, it also retarded Portugal's economic, social, and political development. It can be reasonably argued that the Revolution of 25 April 1974 was the most decisive event in Portugal's long history because it finally ended Portugal's oceanic mission and view of itself as an imperial power. After the 1974 Revolution, Portugal turned away from its global mission and vigorously reoriented itself toward Europe. Contemporary Portugal is now both in and of Europe.
       The turn toward Europe began immediately after 25 April 1974. Portugal granted independence to its African colonies in 1975. It was admitted to the European Council and took the first steps toward accession to the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1976. On 28 March 1977, the Portuguese government officially applied for EEC membership. Because of Portugal's economic and social backwardness, which would require vast sums of EEC money to overcome, negotiations for membership were long and difficult. Finally, a treaty of accession was signed on 12 June 1985. Portugal officially joined the EEC (the European Union [EU] since 1993) on 1 January 1986. Since becoming a full-fledged member of the EU, Portugal has been steadily overcoming the economic and social underdevelopment caused by its imperial past and is becoming more like the rest of Europe.
       Membership in the EU has speeded up the structural transformation of Portugal's economy, which actually began during the Estado Novo. Investments made by the Estado Novo in Portugal's economy began to shift employment out of the agricultural sector, which, in 1950, accounted for 50 percent of Portugal's economically active population. Today, only 10 percent of the economically active population is employed in the agricultural sector (the highest among EU member states); 30 percent in the industrial sector (also the highest among EU member states); and 60 percent in the service sector (the lowest among EU member states). The economically active population numbers about 5,000,000 employed, 56 percent of whom are women. Women workers are the majority of the workforce in the agricultural and service sectors (the highest among the EU member states). The expansion of the service sector has been primarily in health care and education. Portugal has had the lowest unemployment rates among EU member states, with the overall rate never being more than 10 percent of the active population. Since joining the EU, the number of employers increased from 2.6 percent to 5.8 percent of the active population; self-employed from 16 to 19 percent; and employees from 65 to 70 percent. Twenty-six percent of the employers are women. Unemployment tends to hit younger workers in industry and transportation, women employed in domestic service, workers on short-term contracts, and poorly educated workers. Salaried workers earn only 63 percent of the EU average, and hourly workers only one-third to one-half of that earned by their EU counterparts. Despite having had the second highest growth of gross national product (GNP) per inhabitant (after Ireland) among EU member states, the above data suggest that while much has been accomplished in terms of modernizing the Portuguese economy, much remains to be done to bring Portugal's economy up to the level of the "average" EU member state.
       Membership in the EU has also speeded up changes in Portuguese society. Over the last 30 years, coastalization and urbanization have intensified. Fully 50 percent of Portuguese live in the coastal urban conurbations of Lisbon, Oporto, Braga, Aveiro, Coimbra, Viseu, Évora, and Faro. The Portuguese population is one of the oldest among EU member states (17.3 percent are 65 years of age or older) thanks to a considerable increase in life expectancy at birth (77.87 years for the total population, 74.6 years for men, 81.36 years for women) and one of the lowest birthrates (10.59 births/1,000) in Europe. Family size averages 2.8 persons per household, with the strict nuclear family (one or two generations) in which both parents work being typical. Common law marriages, cohabitating couples, and single-parent households are more and more common. The divorce rate has also increased. "Youth Culture" has developed. The young have their own meeting places, leisure-time activities, and nightlife (bars, clubs, and discos).
       All Portuguese citizens, whether they have contributed or not, have a right to an old-age pension, invalidity benefits, widowed persons' pension, as well as payments for disabilities, children, unemployment, and large families. There is a national minimum wage (€385 per month), which is low by EU standards. The rapid aging of Portugal's population has changed the ratio of contributors to pensioners to 1.7, the lowest in the EU. This has created deficits in Portugal's social security fund.
       The adult literacy rate is about 92 percent. Illiteracy is still found among the elderly. Although universal compulsory education up to grade 9 was achieved in 1980, only 21.2 percent of the population aged 25-64 had undergone secondary education, compared to an EU average of 65.7 percent. Portugal's higher education system currently consists of 14 state universities and 14 private universities, 15 state polytechnic institutions, one Catholic university, and one military academy. All in all, Portugal spends a greater percentage of its state budget on education than most EU member states. Despite this high level of expenditure, the troubled Portuguese education system does not perform well. Early leaving and repetition rates are among the highest among EU member states.
       After the Revolution of 25 April 1974, Portugal created a National Health Service, which today consists of 221 hospitals and 512 medical centers employing 33,751 doctors and 41,799 nurses. Like its education system, Portugal's medical system is inefficient. There are long waiting lists for appointments with specialists and for surgical procedures.
       Structural changes in Portugal's economy and society mean that social life in Portugal is not too different from that in other EU member states. A mass consumption society has been created. Televisions, telephones, refrigerators, cars, music equipment, mobile phones, and personal computers are commonplace. Sixty percent of Portuguese households possess at least one automobile, and 65 percent of Portuguese own their own home. Portuguese citizens are more aware of their legal rights than ever before. This has resulted in a trebling of the number of legal proceeding since 1960 and an eight-fold increase in the number of lawyers. In general, Portuguese society has become more permissive and secular; the Catholic Church and the armed forces are much less influential than in the past. Portugal's population is also much more culturally, religiously, and ethnically diverse, a consequence of the coming to Portugal of hundreds of thousands of immigrants, mainly from former African colonies.
       Portuguese are becoming more cosmopolitan and sophisticated through the impact of world media, the Internet, and the World Wide Web. A prime case in point came in the summer and early fall of 1999, with the extraordinary events in East Timor and the massive Portuguese popular responses. An internationally monitored referendum in East Timor, Portugal's former colony in the Indonesian archipelago and under Indonesian occupation from late 1975 to summer 1999, resulted in a vote of 78.5 percent for rejecting integration with Indonesia and for independence. When Indonesian prointegration gangs, aided by the Indonesian military, responded to the referendum with widespread brutality and threatened to reverse the verdict of the referendum, there was a spontaneous popular outpouring of protest in the cities and towns of Portugal. An avalanche of Portuguese e-mail fell on leaders and groups in the UN and in certain countries around the world as Portugal's diplomats, perhaps to compensate for the weak initial response to Indonesian armed aggression in 1975, called for the protection of East Timor as an independent state and for UN intervention to thwart Indonesian action. Using global communications networks, the Portuguese were able to mobilize UN and world public opinion against Indonesian actions and aided the eventual independence of East Timor on 20 May 2002.
       From the Revolution of 25 April 1974 until the 1990s, Portugal had a large number of political parties, one of the largest Communist parties in western Europe, frequent elections, and endemic cabinet instability. Since the 1990s, the number of political parties has been dramatically reduced and cabinet stability increased. Gradually, the Portuguese electorate has concentrated around two larger parties, the right-of-center Social Democrats (PSD) and the left-of-center Socialist (PS). In the 1980s, these two parties together garnered 65 percent of the vote and 70 percent of the seats in parliament. In 2005, these percentages had risen to 74 percent and 85 percent, respectively. In effect, Portugal is currently a two-party dominant system in which the two largest parties — PS and PSD—alternate in and out of power, not unlike the rotation of the two main political parties (the Regenerators and the Historicals) during the last decades (1850s to 1880s) of the liberal constitutional monarchy. As Portugal's democracy has consolidated, turnout rates for the eligible electorate have declined. In the 1970s, turnout was 85 percent. In Portugal's most recent parliamentary election (2005), turnout had fallen to 65 percent of the eligible electorate.
       Portugal has benefited greatly from membership in the EU, and whatever doubts remain about the price paid for membership, no Portuguese government in the near future can afford to sever this connection. The vast majority of Portuguese citizens see membership in the EU as a "good thing" and strongly believe that Portugal has benefited from membership. Only the Communist Party opposed membership because it reduces national sovereignty, serves the interests of capitalists not workers, and suffers from a democratic deficit. Despite the high level of support for the EU, Portuguese voters are increasingly not voting in elections for the European Parliament, however. Turnout for European Parliament elections fell from 40 percent of the eligible electorate in the 1999 elections to 38 percent in the 2004 elections.
       In sum, Portugal's turn toward Europe has done much to overcome its backwardness. However, despite the economic, social, and political progress made since 1986, Portugal has a long way to go before it can claim to be on a par with the level found even in Spain, much less the rest of western Europe. As Portugal struggles to move from underde-velopment, especially in the rural areas away from the coast, it must keep in mind the perils of too rapid modern development, which could damage two of its most precious assets: its scenery and environment. The growth and future prosperity of the economy will depend on the degree to which the government and the private sector will remain stewards of clean air, soil, water, and other finite resources on which the tourism industry depends and on which Portugal's world image as a unique place to visit rests. Currently, Portugal is investing heavily in renewable energy from solar, wind, and wave power in order to account for about 50 percent of its electricity needs by 2010. Portugal opened the world's largest solar power plant and the world's first commercial wave power farm in 2006.
       An American documentary film on Portugal produced in the 1970s described this little country as having "a Past in Search of a Future." In the years after the Revolution of 25 April 1974, it could be said that Portugal is now living in "a Present in Search of a Future." Increasingly, that future lies in Europe as an active and productive member of the EU.

    Historical dictionary of Portugal > Historical Portugal

  • 6 count

    I noun
    (nobleman in certain countries, equal in rank to a British earl.) conde

    II
    1. verb
    1) (to name the numbers up to: Count (up to) ten.) contar
    2) (to calculate using numbers: Count (up) the number of pages; Count how many people there are; There were six people present, not counting the chairman.) contar
    3) (to be important or have an effect or value: What he says doesn't count; All these essays count towards my final mark.) contar, tener importancia
    4) (to consider: Count yourself lucky to be here.) considerar(se)

    2. noun
    1) (an act of numbering: They took a count of how many people attended.) cálculo, recuento
    2) (a charge brought against a prisoner etc: She faces three counts of theft.) cargo, acusación

    3. adjective
    (see countable.)
    - countdown
    - count on
    - out for the count

    count vb contar
    have you counted the money? ¿has contado el dinero?
    tr[kaʊnt]
    1 (act of counting) recuento, cómputo; (of votes) escrutinio; (total) total nombre masculino, suma
    2 SMALLLAW/SMALL (crime) cargo
    3 (point in discussion, argument) punto; (way, reason) motivo, razón nombre femenino
    1 (gen) contar
    have you tried counting sheep? ¿has intentado contar ovejas?
    2 (include) contar
    there are five in our family, counting me somos cinco en nuestra familia, contándome a mí
    there'll be 100 people, not counting the children seremos 100 personas, sin contar a los niños
    3 (consider) considerar
    1 (enumerate) contar
    2 (be valid) contar, valer, importar
    that doesn't count eso no cuenta, eso no vale
    \
    SMALLIDIOMATIC EXPRESSION/SMALL
    don't count your chickens before they're hatched no hay que vender la piel de oso (antes de cazarlo)
    on the count of three! ¡a la de tres!
    to be out for the count (in boxing) estar fuera de combate 2 (be asleep) estar frito,-a
    to count oneself lucky considerarse afortunado,-a
    to count the cost of something (consider all likely effects) considerar todos los posibles riesgos de algo 2 (suffer consequences) sufrir las consecuencias de algo
    to keep count of something llevar la cuenta de algo
    to lose count of something perder la cuenta de algo
    blood count recuento de hemoglobina
    count noun nombre nombre masculino contable
    sperm count cuenta espermática
    ————————
    tr[kaʊnt]
    count ['kaʊnt] vt
    : contar, enumerar
    count vi
    1) : contar
    to count out loud: contar en voz alta
    2) matter: contar, valer, importar
    that's what counts: eso es lo que cuenta
    3)
    to count on : contar con
    1) computation: cómputo m, recuento m, cuenta f
    to lose count: perder la cuenta
    2) charge: cargo m
    two counts of robbery: dos cargos de robo
    3) : conde m (noble)
    n.
    conde s.m.
    cuenta s.f.
    cálculo s.m.
    recuento s.m.
    suma s.f.
    total s.m.
    v.
    contar v.
    escrutar v.
    kaʊnt
    I
    1)
    a) ( act of counting) recuento m, cómputo m; ( of votes) escrutinio m, recuento m, cómputo m, conteo m (Andes, Ven); ( in boxing) cuenta f, conteo m (Andes, Ven)

    to make o (colloq) do a count of something — hacer* un recuento de algo

    to keep/lose count of something — llevar/perder* la cuenta de algo

    to be out for the countestar* fuera de combate

    b) ( total) total m

    the final count — ( of votes) el recuento or cómputo final

    2) ( point)

    to be found guilty on all counts — ( Law) ser* declarado culpable de todos los cargos

    3) ( rank) conde m

    II
    1.
    1) (enumerate, add up) contar*
    2) ( include) contar*

    there'll be fourteen of us, counting you and me — seremos catorce, tú y yo incluidos

    3) ( consider) considerar

    to count oneself lucky — darse* por afortunado

    to count somebody among one's friends — contar* a alguien entre sus (or mis etc) amigos


    2.
    vi
    1) ( enumerate) contar*
    2) (be valid, matter) contar*
    Phrasal Verbs:

    I [kaʊnt]
    1. N
    1) (=act of counting) recuento m ; [of votes] escrutinio m, recuento m ; (Boxing) cuenta f

    to keep/lose count (of sth) — llevar/perder la cuenta (de algo)

    to make or do a count of sth — hacer un recuento de algo

    2) (=total) recuento m

    the final count (in election) el último recuento

    hold the stretch for a count of ten, then relax — estírese y cuente hasta diez, luego relájese

    pollen, sperm
    3) (Jur) cargo m
    4) (=point)
    2. VT
    1) (=add up, check) contar

    to count the cost of (doing) sth — (lit) reparar en el coste de (hacer) algo; (fig) reparar en las consecuencias de (hacer) algo

    chicken, blessing, cost 1., 1)
    2) (=include) contar

    ten counting him — diez con él, diez contándolo a él

    3) (=consider) considerar

    I count you among my friends — te cuento entre mis amigos, te considero amigo mío

    count yourself lucky! — ¡date por satisfecho!

    3. VI
    1) (=add up, recite numbers) contar

    can you count? — ¿sabes contar?

    counting from today/last Sunday — a partir de hoy/contando desde el domingo pasado

    2) (=be considered, be valid) valer, contar

    that doesn't count — eso no vale, eso no cuenta

    it will count against him — irá en su contra

    to count as, two children count as one adult — dos niños cuentan como un adulto

    ability counts for little here — aquí la capacidad que se tenga sirve de muy poco

    4.
    CPD

    count noun N — (Gram) sustantivo m contable


    II
    [kaʊnt]
    N (=nobleman) conde m
    * * *
    [kaʊnt]
    I
    1)
    a) ( act of counting) recuento m, cómputo m; ( of votes) escrutinio m, recuento m, cómputo m, conteo m (Andes, Ven); ( in boxing) cuenta f, conteo m (Andes, Ven)

    to make o (colloq) do a count of something — hacer* un recuento de algo

    to keep/lose count of something — llevar/perder* la cuenta de algo

    to be out for the countestar* fuera de combate

    b) ( total) total m

    the final count — ( of votes) el recuento or cómputo final

    2) ( point)

    to be found guilty on all counts — ( Law) ser* declarado culpable de todos los cargos

    3) ( rank) conde m

    II
    1.
    1) (enumerate, add up) contar*
    2) ( include) contar*

    there'll be fourteen of us, counting you and me — seremos catorce, tú y yo incluidos

    3) ( consider) considerar

    to count oneself lucky — darse* por afortunado

    to count somebody among one's friends — contar* a alguien entre sus (or mis etc) amigos


    2.
    vi
    1) ( enumerate) contar*
    2) (be valid, matter) contar*
    Phrasal Verbs:

    English-spanish dictionary > count

  • 7 palo

    m.
    a palo seco (informal) without anything else, on its own; (sin nada más) neat (bebida)
    de tal palo tal astilla (Prov) he's/she's a chip off the old block
    2 club.
    estrellaron tres disparos en los palos they hit the woodwork three times
    3 mast.
    palo mayor mainmast
    4 suit.
    5 tree (botany).
    palo santo lignum vitae
    6 blow (blow).
    liarse a palos (con alguien) to come to blows (with somebody)
    moler a alguien a palos to thrash somebody
    7 piece of wood, log, piece of timber.
    8 hit, blow, whack.
    9 tent stake, tent pole.
    * * *
    2 (golpe) blow
    ha sido un palo que se las supendieran todas what a drag that he's failed every subject!
    3 (madera) wood
    4 (de la letra) stroke
    haz el palo de la "p" más largo make the stroke of the "p" longer
    6 MARÍTIMO mast
    8 (de golf) club
    \
    a palo seco (comida) on its own 2 (bebida) neat
    dar palos to beat
    dar palos de ciego to grope about in the dark
    de tal palo tal astila like father like son
    echar a palos to kick out
    estar hecho,-a un palo familiar to be as thin as a rake
    no dar un palo al agua familiar not to do a stroke
    palo de escoba broomstick
    palo de golf golf club
    palo dulce liquorice
    palo mayor mainmast
    * * *
    noun m.
    * * *
    SM
    1) (=vara) [de poco grosor] stick; [fijo en el suelo] post; [de telégrafos, tienda de campaña] pole; [de herramienta] handle, shaft

    política de palo y zanahoriacarrot and stick policy

    más tieso que un palo —

    palo de amasar Arg, Uru rolling pin

    2) (=madera)

    pata de palo — wooden leg, peg leg

    3) (=golpe) blow

    dar o pegar un palo a algn — (=golpear) to hit sb with a stick; * (=timar) to rip sb off *

    - no dar o pegar ni palo al agua

    ni a palos *

    ni a palos me voy yo de aquí dejándote sola — wild horses wouldn't make me go off and leave you on your own, there's no way I would go off and leave you on your own *

    4) * (=disgusto) bummer **, nightmare *

    es un palo que te bajen el sueldoit's a real bummer ** o nightmare * that they're cutting your salary

    ¡qué palo si suspendo! — it'll be a real bummer ** o nightmare * if I fail!

    dar palo, me daría palo que se enterase — I would hate it if he found out

    llevarse un palo, nos llevamos un palo muy gordo cuando descubrimos la verdad — it was a real blow when we found out the truth

    5) (Náut) mast
    [comer, beber]

    nos comimos el jamón a palo seco — we had the ham on its own, we had the ham with nothing to wash it down

    no pasa un día a palo seco Ven he never goes a single day without a drink

    6) (Dep)
    a) [de portería] post
    b) [para golpear] [en hockey] stick; [en golf] club
    7) (=de uva) stalk
    8) (Tip) [de b, d] upstroke; [de p, q] downstroke
    9) (Naipes) suit

    palo del triunfo — trump suit, trumps pl

    10) (Mús) [en flamenco] style
    11) esp LAm (Bot) tree

    palo de hule CAm rubber tree

    12) Ven * [de licor] swig *, slug *
    13) Chile
    *
    14) Méx *** (=acto sexual) screw ***
    15) Col, Ven

    un palo de: un palo de casa — a marvellous house

    cayó un palo de agua — the rain came pouring down, there was a huge downpour *

    * * *
    1)
    a) ( trozo de madera) stick; (de valla, portería) post; ( de herramienta) handle; ( de telégrafos) pole; (de tienda, carpa) tent pole

    palo de escoba — broomstick, broomhandle

    (flaco) como un palo — (fam) as thin as a rake o rail

    más tieso que un paloas stiff as a board

    de tal palo, tal astilla — a chip off the old block, like father like son (o like mother like daughter etc)

    b) (AmC, Col fam) ( árbol) tree
    c) (Dep) ( de golf) (golf) club; ( de hockey) hockey stick
    d) (Náut) mast

    a palo seco — (fam)

    e) palos masculino plural (Equ) rails (pl)
    2) ( madera) wood

    no está el palo para cucharas — (Col fam) the time isn't right

    3) (Impr) (de la b, d) ascender; (de la p, q) descender
    4)
    a) (fam) ( golpe) blow (with a stick)

    lo molieron a palosthey beat him till he was black and blue

    ni a palo(s) — (AmS) no way

    palos porque bogas, palos porque no bogas — you can't win

    b) (fam) (revés, daño) blow

    darle or pegarle un palo a alguien — to rip somebody off (colloq)

    5) ( en naipes) suit
    6) (AmL arg) ( millón) million pesos (o soles etc)
    7) (Ven fam) ( trago) drink
    8) (Col, Ven fam) ( de agua)

    cayó un palo de agua — it poured (with rain), it poured down

    * * *
    = handle, stick, lance.
    Ex. The ball pelts, which were usually sheepskin, were fixed to the handles with nails which were only lightly knocked in, and were removed after the day's work (and often during the midday break as well).
    Ex. Any sport that involves a stick or racket, a ball or other projectile, or body contact presents a risk of serious eye injury.
    Ex. Hoses 60 m long with hand held lances were used to apply the herbicides.
    ----
    * botón en forma de palo = toggle fastener.
    * dar palos de ciego = grope (for/toward).
    * delgado como un palo = stick-thin.
    * de tal palo tal astilla = a chip off the old block, like father, like son.
    * en casa de herrero cuchillo de palo = the cobbler's children run barefoot.
    * llevarse un palo = be gutted, feel + gutted.
    * matar a palos = beat + Nombre + to death.
    * palo de golf = golf club.
    * palo de (la) escoba = broomstick.
    * palo de rosa = rosewood.
    * palo largo para alcanzar Algo = long-handled reacher.
    * palos al aire = a stab in the dark.
    * palos de ciego = a stab in the dark, a shot in the dark.
    * palos de ciego, palos al aire = a shot in the dark.
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( trozo de madera) stick; (de valla, portería) post; ( de herramienta) handle; ( de telégrafos) pole; (de tienda, carpa) tent pole

    palo de escoba — broomstick, broomhandle

    (flaco) como un palo — (fam) as thin as a rake o rail

    más tieso que un paloas stiff as a board

    de tal palo, tal astilla — a chip off the old block, like father like son (o like mother like daughter etc)

    b) (AmC, Col fam) ( árbol) tree
    c) (Dep) ( de golf) (golf) club; ( de hockey) hockey stick
    d) (Náut) mast

    a palo seco — (fam)

    e) palos masculino plural (Equ) rails (pl)
    2) ( madera) wood

    no está el palo para cucharas — (Col fam) the time isn't right

    3) (Impr) (de la b, d) ascender; (de la p, q) descender
    4)
    a) (fam) ( golpe) blow (with a stick)

    lo molieron a palosthey beat him till he was black and blue

    ni a palo(s) — (AmS) no way

    palos porque bogas, palos porque no bogas — you can't win

    b) (fam) (revés, daño) blow

    darle or pegarle un palo a alguien — to rip somebody off (colloq)

    5) ( en naipes) suit
    6) (AmL arg) ( millón) million pesos (o soles etc)
    7) (Ven fam) ( trago) drink
    8) (Col, Ven fam) ( de agua)

    cayó un palo de agua — it poured (with rain), it poured down

    * * *
    = handle, stick, lance.

    Ex: The ball pelts, which were usually sheepskin, were fixed to the handles with nails which were only lightly knocked in, and were removed after the day's work (and often during the midday break as well).

    Ex: Any sport that involves a stick or racket, a ball or other projectile, or body contact presents a risk of serious eye injury.
    Ex: Hoses 60 m long with hand held lances were used to apply the herbicides.
    * botón en forma de palo = toggle fastener.
    * dar palos de ciego = grope (for/toward).
    * delgado como un palo = stick-thin.
    * de tal palo tal astilla = a chip off the old block, like father, like son.
    * en casa de herrero cuchillo de palo = the cobbler's children run barefoot.
    * llevarse un palo = be gutted, feel + gutted.
    * matar a palos = beat + Nombre + to death.
    * palo de golf = golf club.
    * palo de (la) escoba = broomstick.
    * palo de rosa = rosewood.
    * palo largo para alcanzar Algo = long-handled reacher.
    * palos al aire = a stab in the dark.
    * palos de ciego = a stab in the dark, a shot in the dark.
    * palos de ciego, palos al aire = a shot in the dark.

    * * *
    A
    clavar un palo en la tierra to drive a stake into the ground
    la pelota dio en el palo the ball hit the post o goalpost
    el palo de la escoba the broomstick o broomhandle
    me pegaba con un palo he used to hit me with a stick
    estar (flaco) como un palo ( fam); to be as thin as a rake
    más tieso que un palo as stiff as a board o ( BrE) poker
    de tal palo, tal astilla a chip off the old block, like father like son ( o like mother like daughter etc)
    2 (de una tienda, carpa) tent pole
    3 (AmC, Col fam) (árbol) tree
    4 ( Dep) (de golf) club, golf club; (de hockey) hockey stick
    5 (de un polo) stick
    6 ( Náut) mast
    a palo seco ( fam); under bare poles
    se lo comió a palo seco she ate it on its own
    no me gusta beberlo a palo seco I don't like drinking it without eating anything
    me lo dijo a palo seco she told me outright o ( BrE) straight out
    le pagaron los $10, a palo seco he was paid the $10 and not a penny more o and that was it
    le sacaron la muela a palo seco he had the tooth taken out with no anesthetic
    que cada palo aguante su vela each of us must face up to our own responsibilities
    7 palos mpl ( Equ) rails (pl)
    iba por los palos he was staying close to the rails
    Compuestos:
    ( RPl) rolling pin
    mizzenmast
    foremast
    greasy pole
    ( Chi fam) fat cat ( colloq)
    mainmast
    B (madera) wood pata1 (↑ pata (1))
    los de afuera son de palo ( RPl); those not in the game, keep quiet
    no está el palo para cucharas ( Col fam); the time isn't right, circumstances are not favorable
    Compuestos:
    A ( Bot) paradise tree
    B ( Chi) (testaferro) front man, figurehead
    rosewood
    licorice*
    lignum vitae
    C ( Impr) (de la b, d) ascender; (de la p, q) descender
    Compuesto:
    sans serif, sanserif
    D
    1 ( fam) (golpe) blow (with a stick)
    le dieron un palo en la cabeza he got whacked on the head with a stick ( colloq)
    lo molieron a palos they beat him till he was black and blue
    dar palos de ciego (al pelear) to lash o strike out blindly; (para resolver un problema) to grope in the dark
    ni a palo(s) ( AmS); no way
    ni a palo(s) van a lograr que retire lo dicho there's no way they'll get me to take back what I said
    palos porque bogas, palos porque no bogas you can't win
    2 ( fam) (revés, daño) blow
    el accidente de su hijo fue un palo muy gordo his son's accident was a terrible blow
    ¡qué palo! han perdido otra vez what a downer! they've lost again ( colloq)
    el libro recibió un buen palo de la crítica the book was panned o ( AmE) roasted o ( BrE) slated by the critics
    3 ( fam)
    (en cuestiones de dinero): darle or pegarle un palo a algn to rip sb off ( colloq)
    seguir el palo to follow suit
    F ( AmL arg) (millón) million pesos ( o soles etc)
    G ( Ven fam) (trago) drink
    vamos a echar unos palos let's have a drink
    H
    ( Méx vulg) (en sentido sexual): echarse un palo to have a screw ( vulg)
    I
    1
    (Col, Ven fam) (de agua): ayer cayó un palo de agua it poured (with rain) yesterday, it poured down yesterday
    2 ( Col fam) (caballo) outsider, long shot; (persona) outsider
    * * *

     

    palo sustantivo masculino
    1

    (de valla, portería) post;
    ( de herramienta) handle;
    (de tienda, carpa) tent pole;

    de tal palo, tal astilla a chip off the old block, like father like son (o like mother like daughter etc)
    b) (AmC, Col fam) ( árbol) tree

    c) (Dep) ( de golf) (golf) club;

    ( de hockey) hockey stick
    d) (Náut) mast;


    2 ( madera) wood;

    3 (fam) ( golpe) blow (with a stick);
    lo molieron a palos they beat him till he was black and blue

    4 ( en naipes) suit
    palo sustantivo masculino
    1 stick: este queso está más seco que un palo, this cheese is as dry as dust
    su hermano está como un palo, his brother is as thin as a rake
    2 (estacazo) blow
    3 fam (disgusto, golpe) blow: su muerte ha sido un palo para ella, his death was a real blow to her
    me da palo tener que decírselo yo, I'm really cut up about having to tell her
    (decepción) disappointment: menudo palo nos dio cuando nos dijeron que no cantaría, it was a real disappointment to us when we heard that he wasn't going to sing
    (rollo) drag
    4 (madera) una cuchara/pata de palo, a wooden spoon/ leg
    5 Náut (mástil) mast
    palo mayor, mainmast
    6 Dep (de portería) woodwork
    7 Golf club
    8 Naipes suit
    ♦ Locuciones: moler a palos a alguien, to beat sb up
    a palo seco, on its own
    de tal palo, tal astilla, like father, like son
    ' palo' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    astilla
    - caballito
    - estaca
    - garrote
    - hisopo
    - jarabe
    - tranca
    - trinquete
    - vara
    - verga
    - bolo
    - cachiporra
    - corazón
    - empuñar
    - espada
    - extremo
    - helado
    - oro
    - partir
    - pata
    - pica
    - pique
    - rombo
    - trébol
    - triunfo
    English:
    broomstick
    - carrot
    - chip
    - club
    - drive
    - end
    - father
    - golf club
    - like
    - pointed
    - Pole
    - ram
    - rosewood
    - shaft
    - stake
    - stick
    - stout
    - stroke
    - suit
    - taper
    - wave
    - wooden
    - broom
    - dead
    - golf
    - pole
    - spar
    - wood
    * * *
    palo nm
    1. [trozo de madera] stick;
    palo de escoba broomhandle;
    Fam
    como un palo [flaco] as thin as a rake;
    de tal palo, tal astilla like father like son
    RP palo de amasar rolling pin
    2. [de golf] club;
    [de hockey] stick
    3. [de portería] [laterales] post;
    [larguero] bar;
    estrellaron tres disparos en los palos they hit the woodwork three times
    4. [mástil] mast;
    Fam
    a palo seco [sin nada más] without anything else, on its own;
    [bebida] neat;
    que cada palo aguante su vela each of us is responsible for his/her own affairs
    palo mayor mainmast;
    palo de mesana mizzenmast;
    5. [golpe] blow (with a stick);
    dar de palos a alguien to beat o hit sb (with a stick);
    liarse a palos (con alguien) to come to blows (with sb);
    moler a alguien a palos to thrash sb (with a stick);
    dar palos de ciego [criticar] to lash out (wildly);
    [no saber qué hacer] to grope around in the dark; Andes, RP Fam
    ni a palos: eso no lo hago ni a palos there's no way I'm going to do that;
    Fam
    no dar o [m5] pegar un palo al agua not to do a stroke of work
    6. [mala crítica] bad review;
    se llevó muchos palos de la crítica she was panned by the critics
    7. Fam [desgracia, trauma] blow;
    ¡qué palo, me han suspendido! what a drag, I've failed!;
    se ha llevado muchos palos últimamente he's had to put up with a lot recently
    8. Fam [reparo]
    me da palo hacerlo/decirlo I hate having to do/say it;
    prefiero que se lo digas tú, a mí me da mucho palo I'd rather you told him, I really don't want to
    9. Fam [pesadez] pain, drag;
    da mucho palo ponerse a estudiar en verano it's a pain o drag having to start studying during the summer
    10. Fam [atraco, robo]
    darle un palo a alguien [por la calle] to mug sb;
    dar un palo en un banco to stick up a bank
    11. [de baraja] suit
    12. Imprenta [en letra] stroke
    13. [de cante flamenco] = style of flamenco singing;
    Fam
    tocar todos los palos [hacer de todo] to do a bit of everything
    14. [madera]
    de palo wooden;
    una cuchara de palo a wooden spoon;
    Am
    no ser de palo not to be made of stone;
    RP Fam
    los de afuera son de palo outsiders have no say
    palo de rosa rosewood
    15. Am [árbol, arbusto] tree
    palo borracho silk floss tree;
    palo de Brasil brazil wood tree;
    palo dulce liquorice root;
    palo santo lignum vitae
    16. Carib Fam [trago, copa] drink
    17. Am Fam [millón] million;
    esa casa vale dos palos y medio this house is worth two and a half million
    un palo verde a million bucks
    18. Col, Méx, Pan, Ven Fam [como intensificador]
    palo de hombre great man;
    palo de mujer real beauty;
    palo de agua [aguacero] downpour, deluge of rain
    19. Comp
    Cuba, Méx muy Fam
    echarse un palo to have a screw, Br to have it off;
    Ven Fam
    echar un palo to have a drink;
    Ven Fam
    ir o [m5] venir palo abajo to go downhill, to go from bad to worse
    * * *
    m
    1 de madera etc stick;
    de tal palo tal astilla a chip off the old block fam ;
    dar palos de ciego (no saber cómo actuar) grope in the dark; ( criticar) lash out wildly
    2 MAR mast;
    que cada palo aguante su vela everybody has to stand up and be counted
    3 de portería post, upright
    4 fig
    blow
    5
    :
    a medio palo L.Am. half-drunk;
    a palo seco whiskey straight up
    6 L.Am.
    ser un palo be fantastic
    7
    :
    * * *
    palo nm
    1) : stick, pole, post
    2) : shaft, handle
    palo de escoba: broomstick
    3) : mast, spar
    4) : wood
    5) : blow (with a stick)
    6) : suit (of cards)
    * * *
    palo n
    1. (vara) stick
    2. (mástil) mast
    3. (de golf) club
    4. (de fútbol) post
    5. (de hockey) stick
    6. (disgusto) blow
    ¡qué palo! what a blow!

    Spanish-English dictionary > palo

  • 8 make

    1.
    [meɪk]transitive verb, made [meɪd]
    1) (construct) machen, anfertigen (of aus); bauen [Damm, Straße, Flugzeug, Geige]; anlegen [See, Teich, Weg usw.]; zimmern [Tisch, Regal]; basteln [Spielzeug, Vogelhäuschen, Dekoration usw.]; nähen [Kleider]; durchbrechen [Türöffnung]; (manufacture) herstellen; (create) [er]schaffen [Welt]; (prepare) zubereiten [Mahlzeit]; machen [Frühstück, Grog]; machen, kochen [Kaffee, Tee, Marmelade]; backen [Brot, Kuchen]; (compose, write) schreiben, verfassen [Buch, Gedicht, Lied, Bericht]; machen [Eintrag, Zeichen, Kopie, Zusammenfassung, Testament]; anfertigen [Entwurf]; aufsetzen [Bewerbung, Schreiben, Urkunde]

    make a dress out of the material, make the material into a dress — aus dem Stoff ein Kleid machen

    a table made of wood/of the finest wood — ein Holztisch/ein Tisch aus feinstem Holz

    made in Germanyin Deutschland hergestellt

    show what one is made of — zeigen, was in einem steckt (ugs.)

    be [simply] 'made of money — (coll.) im Geld [nur so] schwimmen (ugs.)

    be 'made for something/somebody — (fig.): (ideally suited) wie geschaffen für etwas/jemanden sein

    make a bed(for sleeping) ein Bett bauen (ugs.)

    make the bed(arrange after sleeping) das Bett machen

    have it made(coll.) ausgesorgt haben (ugs.)

    2) (combine into) sich verbinden zu; bilden
    3) (cause to exist) machen [Ärger, Schwierigkeiten, Lärm, Aufhebens]

    make enemiessich (Dat.) Feinde machen od. schaffen

    make time for doing or to do something — sich (Dat.) die Zeit dazu nehmen, etwas zu tun

    4) (result in, amount to) machen [Unterschied, Summe]; ergeben [Resultat]

    two and two make fourzwei und zwei ist od. macht od. sind vier

    qualities that make a man — Eigenschaften, die einen Mann ausmachen

    5) (establish, enact) bilden [Gegensatz]; treffen [Unterscheidung, Übereinkommen]; ziehen [Vergleich, Parallele]; erlassen [Gesetz, Haftbefehl]; aufstellen [Regeln, Behauptung]; stellen [Forderung]; geben [Bericht]; schließen [Vertrag]; vornehmen [Zahlung]; machen [Geschäft, Vorschlag, Geständnis]; erheben [Anschuldigung, Protest, Beschwerde]
    6) (cause to be or become)

    make angry/happy/known — etc. wütend/glücklich/bekannt usw. machen

    make a friend of somebodysich mit jemandem anfreunden

    make oneself heard/respected — sich (Dat.) Gehör/Respekt verschaffen

    make it a shorter journey by doing something — die Reise abkürzen, indem man etwas tut

    7)

    make somebody do something (cause) jemanden dazu bringen, etwas zu tun; (compel) jemanden zwingen, etwas zu tun

    make somebody repeat the sentencejemanden den Satz wiederholen lassen

    be made to do something — etwas tun müssen; (be compelled) gezwungen werden, etwas zu tun

    make oneself do something — sich überwinden, etwas zu tun

    this makes the tenth time you've faileddas ist nun [schon] das zehnte Mal, dass du versagt hast

    will you make one of the party?wirst du dabei od. (ugs.) mit von der Partie sein?

    9) (serve for) abgeben
    10) (become by development or training)
    11) (gain, acquire, procure) machen [Vermögen, Profit, Verlust]; machen (ugs.) [Geld]; verdienen [Lebensunterhalt]; sich (Dat.) erwerben [Ruf]; (obtain as result) kommen zu od. auf, herausbekommen [Ergebnis, Endsumme]
    12) machen [Geste, Bewegung, Verbeugung]; machen [Reise, Besuch, Ausnahme, Fehler, Angebot, Entdeckung, Witz, Bemerkung]; begehen [Irrtum]; vornehmen [Änderung, Stornierung]; vorbringen [Beschwerde]; tätigen, machen [Einkäufe]; geben [Versprechen, Kommentar]; halten [Rede]; ziehen [Vergleich]; durchführen, machen [Experiment, Analyse, Inspektion]; (wage) führen [Krieg]; (accomplish) schaffen [Strecke pro Zeiteinheit]
    13)

    make little of something(play something down) etwas herunterspielen

    they could make little of his letter(understand) sie konnten mit seinem Brief nicht viel anfangen

    I don't know what to make of him/it — ich werde aus ihm/daraus nicht schlau od. klug

    what do you make of him? — was hältst du von ihm?; wie schätzt du ihn ein?

    14) (arrive at) erreichen [Bestimmungsort]; (coll.): (catch) [noch] kriegen (ugs.) [Zug usw.]

    make it(succeed in arriving) es schaffen

    15)

    something makes or breaks or mars somebody — etwas entscheidet über jmds. Glück oder Verderben (Akk.)

    16) (consider to be)

    What do you make the time? - I make it five past eightWie spät hast du es od. ist es bei dir? - Auf meiner Uhr ist es fünf nach acht

    17)

    make 'do with/without something — mit/ohne etwas auskommen

    2. intransitive verb,
    1) (proceed)

    make toward something/somebody — auf etwas/jemanden zusteuern

    2) (act as if with intention)

    make to do something — Anstalten machen, etwas zu tun

    make as if or as though to do something — so tun, als wolle man etwas tun

    3. noun
    1) (kind of structure) Ausführung, die; (of clothes) Machart, die
    2) (type of manufacture) Fabrikat, das; (brand) Marke, die

    make of car — Automarke, die

    3)

    on the make(coll.): (intent on gain) hinter dem Geld her (abwertend)

    Phrasal Verbs:
    - academic.ru/44737/make_for">make for
    - make off
    - make off with
    - make out
    - make over
    - make up
    - make up for
    - make up to
    * * *
    [meik] 1. past tense, past participle - made; verb
    1) (to create, form or produce: God made the Earth; She makes all her own clothes; He made it out of paper; to make a muddle/mess of the job; to make lunch/coffee; We made an arrangement/agreement/deal/bargain.) machen
    2) (to compel, force or cause (a person or thing to do something): They made her do it; He made me laugh.) bringen zu
    3) (to cause to be: I made it clear; You've made me very unhappy.) machen
    4) (to gain or earn: He makes $100 a week; to make a profit.) machen
    5) ((of numbers etc) to add up to; to amount to: 2 and 2 make(s) 4.) ergeben
    6) (to become, turn into, or be: He'll make an excellent teacher.) sich erweisen als
    7) (to estimate as: I make the total 483.) schätzen
    8) (to appoint, or choose, as: He was made manager.) machen zu
    9) (used with many nouns to give a similar meaning to that of the verb from which the noun is formed: He made several attempts (= attempted several times); They made a left turn (= turned left); He made (= offered) a suggestion/proposal; Have you any comments to make?) machen
    2. noun
    (a (usually manufacturer's) brand: What make is your new car?) die Marke
    - maker
    - making
    - make-believe
    - make-over
    - makeshift
    - make-up
    - have the makings of
    - in the making
    - make a/one's bed
    - make believe
    - make do
    - make for
    - make it
    - make it up
    - make something of something
    - make of something
    - make something of
    - make of
    - make out
    - make over
    - make up
    - make up for
    - make up one's mind
    - make up to
    * * *
    [meɪk]
    I. NOUN
    1. ECON (brand) Fabrikat nt, Marke f
    the newer \makes of computer are much faster die neuen Computergenerationen sind viel schneller
    it's jam of my own \make das ist selbst gemachte Marmelade
    \make of car Automarke f
    2. (of a person)
    people of her \make are rare Leute wie sie [o fam ihrer Machart] sind selten
    to be on the \make (for sex) auf sexuelle Abenteuer aus sein; (for money) geldgierig sein; (for power) machthungrig sein; (for profit) profitgierig sein; (for career) karrieresüchtig sein
    to put the \make on sb AM (sl) versuchen, jdn ins Bett zu kriegen fam
    <made, made>
    1. (produce)
    to \make sth etw machen; company, factory etw herstellen
    the pot is made to withstand high temperatures der Topf ist so beschaffen, dass er hohe Temperaturen aushält
    ‘made in Taiwan’ ‚hergestellt in Taiwan‘
    this sweater is made of wool dieser Pullover ist aus Wolle
    God made the world in 7 days Gott erschuf die Erde in 7 Tagen
    to \make bread Brot backen
    to \make clothes Kleider nähen
    to \make coffee/soup/supper Kaffee/Suppe/das Abendessen kochen
    to \make a copy of sth etw kopieren
    to \make a movie [or film] einen Film drehen
    to \make peace Frieden schließen
    to \make a picture ( fam) ein Foto machen
    to \make a recording of sth etw aufnehmen
    to \make a snowman einen Schneemann bauen
    to \make steel/a pot Stahl/einen Topf herstellen
    to \make time sich dat [die] Zeit nehmen
    to show what one's [really] made of zeigen, was in einem steckt
    to \make sb sth [or sth for sb] etw für jdn machen
    he made us some coffee er machte uns Kaffee
    to be made for sth für etw akk [wie] geschaffen sein
    the doll wasn't made for banging around die Puppe ist nicht dazu gedacht, herumgeschleudert zu werden
    these two were made for each other die zwei sind wie geschaffen füreinander
    to \make sth etw werden; (be) etw sein
    I don't think he will ever \make a good lawyer ich glaube, aus ihm wird nie ein guter Rechtsanwalt [werden]
    she'll \make a great mother sie wird eine tolle Mutter abgeben
    let's \make a circle lasst uns einen Kreis bilden
    champagne and caviar \make a wonderful combination Champagner und Kaviar sind eine wunderbare Kombination
    to \make a good answer/excuse eine gute Antwort/Entschuldigung sein
    to \make a match gut zusammenpassen
    to \make fascinating reading faszinierend zu lesen sein
    3. (cause) machen
    to \make noise/a scene/trouble Lärm/eine Szene/Ärger machen
    to \make sb one's wife jdn zu seiner Frau machen
    to \make sth do sth:
    the wind is making my eyes water durch den Wind fangen meine Augen an zu tränen
    you \make things sound so bad du machst alles so schlecht
    the dark colours \make the room look smaller die dunklen Farben lassen das Zimmer kleiner wirken
    to \make sb do sth jdn dazu bringen [o geh veranlassen], etw zu tun
    what made you move here? was brachte dich dazu, hierher zu ziehen?
    what made you change your mind? wodurch hast du deine Meinung geändert?
    stories like that \make you think again Geschichten wie diese bringen dich zum Nachdenken
    to \make sb laugh jdn zum Lachen bringen
    to \make oneself look ridiculous sich akk lächerlich machen
    to \make sb suffer jdn leiden lassen
    to \make sb do sth jdn zwingen, etw zu tun
    go to your room!no, and you can't \make me! geh auf dein Zimmer! — nein, und es kann mich auch keiner dazu zwingen!
    5. + adj (cause to be) machen
    the good weather made Spain so popular das schöne Wetter hat Spanien so beliebt gemacht
    to \make the best of a situation das Beste aus einer Situation machen
    to \make sb angry/happy jdn wütend/glücklich machen
    to \make sth easy etw leicht machen
    to \make oneself heard sich dat Gehör verschaffen
    to \make oneself known to sb sich akk jdm vorstellen, sich akk mit jdm bekanntmachen
    to \make sth public etw veröffentlichen
    to \make oneself understood sich akk verständlich machen
    6. (transform to)
    to \make sb/sth into sth:
    the recycled paper will be made into cardboard das Recyclingpapier wird zu Karton weiterverarbeitet
    this experience will \make you into a better person diese Erfahrung wird aus dir einen besseren Menschen machen
    we've made the attic into a spare room wir haben den Speicher zu einem Gästezimmer ausgebaut
    7. (perform)
    to \make sth mistake, progress, offer, suggestion etw machen
    he made a plausible case for returning home early er überzeugte uns, dass es sinnvoll sei, früh nach Hause zu gehen
    they made about 20 miles a day on foot sie legten etwa 20 Meilen am Tag zu Fuß zurück
    I'll have a steakno, \make that chicken ich nehme ein Steak — ach nein, bringen Sie doch lieber das Hühnchen
    to \make an appointment einen Termin vereinbaren
    to \make a bargain ein Schnäppchen machen
    to \make a bid for sth ein Angebot für [o über] etw akk machen
    to \make a book STOCKEX eine Aufstellung von Aktien machen, für die Kauf- oder Verkaufsaufträge entgegengenommen werden
    to \make a call anrufen
    to \make a deal einen Handel schließen
    to \make a decision eine Entscheidung fällen [o treffen]
    to \make a deposit eine Anzahlung leisten
    to \make a donation eine Spende vornehmen
    to \make an effort sich akk anstrengen
    to \make a face ein Gesicht ziehen
    to \make a good job of sth bei etw dat gute Arbeit leisten
    to \make a move (in game) einen Zug machen; (in business, personal life) etwas unternehmen; body sich akk bewegen
    to \make a payment eine Zahlung leisten
    to \make a promise ein Versprechen geben, etw versprechen
    to \make reservations reservieren
    to \make a request for sth um etw akk bitten
    to \make small talk Konversation betreiben
    to \make a speech/presentation eine Rede/Präsentation halten
    to \make a start anfangen
    to \make good time doing sth bei etw dat schnell vorankommen
    to \make way [or space] [or room] den Weg frei machen
    to \make a withdrawal from a bank Geld bei einer Bank abheben
    to \make sth with numbers etw ergeben
    five plus five \makes ten fünf und fünf ist zehn
    today's earthquake \makes five since January mit dem heutigen Erdbeben sind es fünf seit Januar
    this \makes the third time my car has broken down das ist nun das dritte Mal, dass mein Auto eine Panne hat
    9. (earn, get)
    to \make sth:
    he \makes £50,000 a year er verdient [o fam macht] 50.000 Pfund im Jahr
    to \make enemies sich dat Feinde machen
    to \make a fortune sein Glück machen
    to \make friends Freundschaften schließen
    to \make a killing einen Riesengewinn machen
    to \make a living seinen Lebensunterhalt verdienen
    to \make a lot of money out of sth mit etw dat viel Geld verdienen [o fam machen]
    to \make a name for oneself sich dat einen Namen machen
    to \make profits/losses Gewinn/Verlust machen
    to \make sb president/advisor/ambassador jdn zum Präsidenten/Berater/Botschafter ernennen
    11. (consider important)
    to \make sth of sth:
    she \makes a lot of politeness sie legt viel Wert auf Höflichkeit
    don't \make too much of his grumpiness gib nicht zu viel auf seine mürrische Art
    how much do you \make the total? was hast du als Summe errechnet?
    I \make the answer [to be] 105.6 ich habe als Lösung 105,6 herausbekommen
    what do you \make the time? was meinst du, wie viel Uhr ist es wohl?
    13. ( fam: get to, reach)
    to \make sth etw schaffen
    could you \make a meeting at 8 a.m.? schaffst du ein Treffen um 8 Uhr morgens?
    I barely made it to the meeting ich habe es gerade noch zur Versammlung geschafft
    the fire made the front page das Feuer kam auf die Titelseite
    he made captain/sergeant/manager AM er hat es bis zum Kapitän/Feldwebel/Manager gebracht
    to \make the bus/one's train/one's plane den Bus/seinen Zug/sein Flugzeug kriegen
    to \make the deadline den Termin einhalten [können]
    to \make the grade sich akk qualifizieren, es schaffen
    to \make the finals/a team SPORT sich akk für das Finale/ein Team qualifizieren
    to \make the big time ( fam) groß einsteigen fam
    to \make it to the top Karriere machen
    to \make it es schaffen
    the patient may not \make it through the night der Patient wird wahrscheinlich die Nacht nicht überstehen
    14. (render perfect)
    those curtains really \make the living room diese Vorhänge heben das Wohnzimmer ungemein
    this film has made his career der Film machte ihn berühmt
    that made my day! das hat mir den Tag gerettet!
    you've got it made! du hast ausgesorgt!
    to \make love sich akk lieben, miteinander schlafen
    to \make sb AM, AUS (sl) mit jdm ins Bett gehen fam
    he tried to \make her er hat versucht, sie ins Bett zu kriegen fam
    to \make it with sb (fam!) es mit jdm treiben fam
    16. NAUT
    to \make port Meldung an den Hafenmeister machen
    to \make sail in See stechen
    to \make way vorankommen
    17. ELEC
    to \make contact den Stromkreis schließen
    18.
    to \make a beeline [or dash] for sth/sb schnurstracks auf etw/jdn zugehen
    to \make or break sth/sb das Schicksal von etw/jdm in der Hand haben
    to \make a day/an evening of it den ganzen Tag/die ganze Nacht bleiben
    let's \make a night of it die Nacht ist noch jung
    to \make a go of it es schaffen, in etw dat Erfolg haben
    made in heaven perfekt
    to be made of money Geld wie Heu haben
    to \make sense Sinn ergeben [o machen
    <made, made>
    to \make to leave/eat dinner/start a fight sich akk anschicken, zu gehen/Abend zu essen/einen Streit anzufangen
    just as we made to leave the phone rang gerade als wir gehen wollten, klingelte das Telefon
    2. (pretend)
    to \make as if to do sth aussehen, als ob man etw tun wolle
    he made as if to leave the room er machte Anstalten, das Zimmer zu verlassen
    stop making like you know everything! hör auf so zu tun, als wüsstest du alles!
    to \make like... AM so tun, als ob...
    the boy made like he was sick so he wouldn't have to go to school der Junge stellte sich krank, damit er nicht zur Schule musste
    to \make with the money/jewels Geld/Juwelen [über]geben
    \make with the money bags, baby! her mit dem Geld, Baby! fam
    4.
    to \make do with/without sth mit/ohne etw dat auskommen [o hinkommen]
    can you \make do with a fiver? reicht dir ein Fünfpfundschein?
    to \make do and mend ( prov) flicken und wiederverwerten, was man hat, sich akk mit etw dat zufriedengeben
    * * *
    make [meık]
    A s
    1. a) Machart f, Ausführung f
    b) Erzeugnis n, Produkt n, Fabrikat n:
    our own make (unser) eigenes Fabrikat;
    of best English make beste englische Qualität;
    I like the make of this car mir gefällt die Ausführung oder Form dieses Wagens;
    is this your own make? haben Sie das (selbst) gemacht?
    2. Mode: Schnitt m, Fasson f
    3. WIRTSCH (Fabrik)Marke f
    4. TECH Typ m, Bau(art) m(f)
    5. Beschaffenheit f, Zustand m
    6. Anfertigung f, Herstellung f, Produktion f
    7. Produktion(smenge) f, Ausstoß m
    8. a) (Körper)Bau m
    b) Veranlagung f, Natur f, Art f
    9. Bau m, Gefüge n
    10. Fassung f, Stil m (eines Romans etc)
    11. ELEK Schließen n (des Stromkreises):
    be at make geschlossen sein
    a) Trumpfbestimmung f
    b) Bridge: endgültiges Trumpfgebot
    c) Mischen n (der Karten)
    a) schwer dahinter her sein, auf Geld oder auf seinen Vorteil aus sein,
    b) auf ein (sexuelles) Abenteuer aus sein,
    c) (gesellschaftlich) nach oben drängen,
    d) im Kommen oder Werden sein
    B v/t prät und pperf made [meıd]
    1. allg z. B. Anstrengungen, Einkäufe, Einwände, eine Reise, sein Testament, eine Verbeugung, einen Versuch machen:
    make a fire Feuer machen;
    make a price einen Preis festsetzen oder machen;
    make a speech eine Rede halten;
    make it 2-1 SPORT auf 2:1 stellen;
    he’s (as) stupid as they make them umg er ist so dumm wie sonst was; (siehe die Verbindungen mit den entsprechenden Stichwörtern)
    2. machen:
    a) anfertigen, herstellen, erzeugen ( alle:
    from, of, out of aus)
    b) verarbeiten, bilden, formen ( alle:
    to, into in akk, zu):
    make a man of sb einen Mann aus jemandem machen
    c) Tee etc (zu)bereiten:
    he made himself a cup of coffee er machte sich eine Tasse Kaffee
    d) ein Gedicht etc verfassen, schreiben
    3. errichten, bauen, einen Park, Weg etc anlegen
    4. (er)schaffen:
    God made man Gott schuf den Menschen;
    you are made for this job du bist für diese Arbeit wie geschaffen
    5. fig machen zu:
    make a doctor of sb jemanden Arzt werden lassen
    6. ergeben, bilden, entstehen lassen:
    oxygen and hydrogen make water Wasserstoff und Sauerstoff bilden Wasser
    7. verursachen:
    a) ein Geräusch, Lärm, Mühe, Schwierigkeiten etc machen
    b) bewirken, (mit sich) bringen:
    8. (er)geben, den Stoff abgeben zu, dienen als (Sache):
    this makes a good article das gibt einen guten Artikel;
    this cloth will make a suit dieses Tuch wird für einen Anzug reichen
    9. sich erweisen als (Personen):
    he would make a good salesman er würde einen guten Verkäufer abgeben;
    she made him a good wife sie war ihm eine gute Frau
    10. bilden, (aus)machen:
    this makes the tenth time das ist das zehnte Mal
    11. (mit adj, pperf etc)machen:
    make angry zornig machen, erzürnen; make good
    12. (mit folgendem Substantiv) machen zu, ernennen zu:
    they made him (a) general, he was made a general er wurde zum General ernannt;
    he made himself a martyr er machte sich zum Märtyrer
    13. mit inf ( aktivisch ohne to, passiv mit to) jemanden lassen, veranlassen oder bringen oder zwingen oder nötigen zu:
    make sb wait jemanden warten lassen;
    he was made to wait for an hour man ließ ihn eine Stunde warten;
    we made him talk wir brachten ihn zum Sprechen;
    they made him repeat it, he was made to repeat it man ließ es ihn wiederholen;
    make sth do, make do with sth mit etwas auskommen, sich mit etwas begnügen oder behelfen;
    that coat makes him look absurd in dem Mantel schaut er einfach lächerlich aus; laugh B
    14. fig machen:
    a) viel Wesens um etwas od jemanden machen,
    b) viel halten von, eine hohe Meinung haben von, große Stücke halten auf (akk)
    15. sich eine Vorstellung von etwas machen, etwas halten für:
    what do you make of it? was halten Sie davon?
    16. umg jemanden halten für:
    17. schätzen auf (akk):
    how old do you make him? wie alt schätzen Sie ihn?
    18. feststellen:
    I make it a quarter to five nach meiner Uhr ist es Viertel vor fünf
    19. erfolgreich durchführen: escape C 1
    20. jemandem zum Erfolg verhelfen, jemandes Glück machen:
    I can make and break you ich kann aus Ihnen etwas machen und ich kann Sie auch erledigen
    21. sich ein Vermögen etc erwerben, verdienen, Geld, einen Profit machen, einen Gewinn erzielen: name Bes Redew
    22. schaffen:
    a) eine Strecke zurücklegen:
    make it es (räumlich od zeitlich) schaffen ( B 23);
    he didn’t make it to the emergency exit er schaffte es nicht bis zum Notausgang;
    sorry, I couldn’t make it any earlier ich konnte leider nicht früher kommen
    b) eine Geschwindigkeit erreichen, machen:
    23. umg etwas erreichen, schaffen, einen akademischen Grad erlangen, SPORT etc Punkte, auch eine Schulnote erzielen, einen Zug erwischen:
    make it es schaffen ( B 22);
    he made it to general er brachte es bis zum General;
    make the team bes US sich einen Platz (in der Mannschaft) erobern; regular A 14
    24. sl eine Frau rumkriegen, umlegen (verführen)
    25. ankommen in (dat), erreichen:
    make port SCHIFF in den Hafen einlaufen
    26. SCHIFF Land etc sichten, ausmachen
    27. Br eine Mahlzeit einnehmen
    28. ein Fest etc veranstalten
    a) Karten mischen
    b) einen Stich machen
    30. ELEK den Stromkreis schließen, einen Kontakt herstellen
    31. LING den Plural etc bilden, werden zu
    32. sich belaufen auf (akk), ergeben, machen:
    two and two make four 2 und 2 macht oder ist 4
    33. besonders Br ein Tier abrichten, dressieren
    34. obs übersetzen (in eine andere Sprache)
    35. US sl jemanden identifizieren
    C v/i
    1. sich anschicken, den Versuch machen ( beide:
    to do zu tun):
    he made to go er wollte gehen
    2. (to nach)
    a) sich begeben oder wenden
    b) führen, gehen (Weg etc), sich erstrecken
    c) fließen
    3. einsetzen (Ebbe, Flut), (an)steigen (Flut etc)
    4. (statt passiv) gemacht oder hergestellt werden
    5. Kartenspiel: einen Stich machen
    6. make as if ( oder as though) so tun, als ob oder als wenn:
    make believe vorgeben ( that dass; to do zu tun);
    make like US sl sich benehmen oder aufführen wie
    * * *
    1.
    [meɪk]transitive verb, made [meɪd]
    1) (construct) machen, anfertigen (of aus); bauen [Damm, Straße, Flugzeug, Geige]; anlegen [See, Teich, Weg usw.]; zimmern [Tisch, Regal]; basteln [Spielzeug, Vogelhäuschen, Dekoration usw.]; nähen [Kleider]; durchbrechen [Türöffnung]; (manufacture) herstellen; (create) [er]schaffen [Welt]; (prepare) zubereiten [Mahlzeit]; machen [Frühstück, Grog]; machen, kochen [Kaffee, Tee, Marmelade]; backen [Brot, Kuchen]; (compose, write) schreiben, verfassen [Buch, Gedicht, Lied, Bericht]; machen [Eintrag, Zeichen, Kopie, Zusammenfassung, Testament]; anfertigen [Entwurf]; aufsetzen [Bewerbung, Schreiben, Urkunde]

    make a dress out of the material, make the material into a dress — aus dem Stoff ein Kleid machen

    a table made of wood/of the finest wood — ein Holztisch/ein Tisch aus feinstem Holz

    show what one is made of — zeigen, was in einem steckt (ugs.)

    be [simply] 'made of money — (coll.) im Geld [nur so] schwimmen (ugs.)

    be 'made for something/somebody — (fig.): (ideally suited) wie geschaffen für etwas/jemanden sein

    make a bed (for sleeping) ein Bett bauen (ugs.)

    have it made(coll.) ausgesorgt haben (ugs.)

    2) (combine into) sich verbinden zu; bilden
    3) (cause to exist) machen [Ärger, Schwierigkeiten, Lärm, Aufhebens]

    make enemiessich (Dat.) Feinde machen od. schaffen

    make time for doing or to do something — sich (Dat.) die Zeit dazu nehmen, etwas zu tun

    4) (result in, amount to) machen [Unterschied, Summe]; ergeben [Resultat]

    two and two make fourzwei und zwei ist od. macht od. sind vier

    qualities that make a man — Eigenschaften, die einen Mann ausmachen

    5) (establish, enact) bilden [Gegensatz]; treffen [Unterscheidung, Übereinkommen]; ziehen [Vergleich, Parallele]; erlassen [Gesetz, Haftbefehl]; aufstellen [Regeln, Behauptung]; stellen [Forderung]; geben [Bericht]; schließen [Vertrag]; vornehmen [Zahlung]; machen [Geschäft, Vorschlag, Geständnis]; erheben [Anschuldigung, Protest, Beschwerde]

    make angry/happy/known — etc. wütend/glücklich/bekannt usw. machen

    make oneself heard/respected — sich (Dat.) Gehör/Respekt verschaffen

    make it a shorter journey by doing something — die Reise abkürzen, indem man etwas tut

    7)

    make somebody do something (cause) jemanden dazu bringen, etwas zu tun; (compel) jemanden zwingen, etwas zu tun

    be made to do something — etwas tun müssen; (be compelled) gezwungen werden, etwas zu tun

    make oneself do something — sich überwinden, etwas zu tun

    8) (form, be counted as)

    this makes the tenth time you've failed — das ist nun [schon] das zehnte Mal, dass du versagt hast

    will you make one of the party?wirst du dabei od. (ugs.) mit von der Partie sein?

    9) (serve for) abgeben
    11) (gain, acquire, procure) machen [Vermögen, Profit, Verlust]; machen (ugs.) [Geld]; verdienen [Lebensunterhalt]; sich (Dat.) erwerben [Ruf]; (obtain as result) kommen zu od. auf, herausbekommen [Ergebnis, Endsumme]
    12) machen [Geste, Bewegung, Verbeugung]; machen [Reise, Besuch, Ausnahme, Fehler, Angebot, Entdeckung, Witz, Bemerkung]; begehen [Irrtum]; vornehmen [Änderung, Stornierung]; vorbringen [Beschwerde]; tätigen, machen [Einkäufe]; geben [Versprechen, Kommentar]; halten [Rede]; ziehen [Vergleich]; durchführen, machen [Experiment, Analyse, Inspektion]; (wage) führen [Krieg]; (accomplish) schaffen [Strecke pro Zeiteinheit]
    13)

    make little of something(play something down) etwas herunterspielen

    they could make little of his letter (understand) sie konnten mit seinem Brief nicht viel anfangen

    I don't know what to make of him/it — ich werde aus ihm/daraus nicht schlau od. klug

    what do you make of him? — was hältst du von ihm?; wie schätzt du ihn ein?

    14) (arrive at) erreichen [Bestimmungsort]; (coll.): (catch) [noch] kriegen (ugs.) [Zug usw.]
    15)

    something makes or breaks or mars somebody — etwas entscheidet über jmds. Glück oder Verderben (Akk.)

    What do you make the time? - I make it five past eightWie spät hast du es od. ist es bei dir? - Auf meiner Uhr ist es fünf nach acht

    17)

    make 'do with/without something — mit/ohne etwas auskommen

    2. intransitive verb,

    make toward something/somebody — auf etwas/jemanden zusteuern

    make to do something — Anstalten machen, etwas zu tun

    make as if or as though to do something — so tun, als wolle man etwas tun

    3. noun
    1) (kind of structure) Ausführung, die; (of clothes) Machart, die
    2) (type of manufacture) Fabrikat, das; (brand) Marke, die

    make of car — Automarke, die

    3)

    on the make(coll.): (intent on gain) hinter dem Geld her (abwertend)

    Phrasal Verbs:
    * * *
    n.
    Fabrikat -e n.
    Herstellung f.
    Marke -n f. v.
    (§ p.,p.p.: made)
    = knüpfen v.
    machen v.
    vornehmen v.

    English-german dictionary > make

  • 9 в глазах

    (кого, чьих)
    to smb.'s eyes; in smb.'s eyes (opinion); to smb.'s mind

    Халат имел в глазах Обломова тьму неоценённых достоинств: он мягок, гибок; тело не чувствует его на себе; он, как послушный раб, покоряется самомалейшему движению тела. (И. Гончаров, Обломов) — The dressing-gown had a number of invaluable qualities in Oblomov's eyes: it was soft and pliable; it did not get in his way; it obeyed the least movement of his body, like a docile slave.

    Она, вероятно, считала себя всегда совершенно правой передо мной, а уж я в своих глазах был всегда свят перед нею. (Л. Толстой, Крейцерова соната) — She evidently counted herself always perfectly right toward me, and as for me, I was always a saint in my own eyes compared to her.

    Пристав... не видал в этом деле никакой особенной важности. В его глазах это вовсе даже не было таким делом, чтобы ночью тревожить усталого обер-полицмейстера. (Н. Лесков, Человек на часах) — The police captain... did not think it a matter of any great importance. To his mind it was not at all the kind of occurrence that warranted disturbing the tired Chief of Police in the middle of the night.

    Русско-английский фразеологический словарь > в глазах

  • 10 INTRODUCTION

       For a small country perched on the edge of western Europe but with an early history that began more than 2,000 years ago, there is a vast bibliography extant in many languages. Since general reference works with bibliography on Portugal are few, both principal and minor works are included. In the first edition, works in English, and a variety of Portuguese language works that are counted as significant if not always classic, were included. In the second and third editions, more works in Portuguese are added.
       It is appropriate that most of the works cited in some sections of the bibliograpy are in English, but this pattern should be put in historical perspective. Since the late 1950s, the larger proportion of foreign-language works on Portugal and the Portuguese have been in English. But this was not the case before World War II. As a whole, there were more studies in French, with a smaller number in German, Italian, and Spanish, than in English. Most of the materials published today on all aspects of this topic continue to be in Portuguese, but English-language works have come to outnumber the other non-Portuguese language studies. In addition to books useful to a variety of students, a selection of classic works of use to the visitor, tourist, and foreign resident of Portugal, as well as to those interested in Portuguese communities overseas, have been included.
       Readers will note that publishers' names are omitted from some Portuguese citations as well as from a number of French works. There are several reasons for this. First, in many of the older sources, publishers no longer exist and are difficult to trace. Second, the names of the publishers have been changed in some cases and are also difficult to trace. Third, in many older books and periodicals, printers' names but not publishers were cited, and identifying the publishers is virtually impossible.
       Some recommended classic titles for beginners are in historical studies: José Hermano Saraiva, Portugal: A Companion History (1997); A. H. de Oliveira Marques, History of Portugal (1976 ed.), general country studies in two different historical eras: Sarah Bradford, Portugal (1973) and Marion Kaplan, The Portuguese: The Land and Its People (2002 and later editions); political histories, Antônio de Figueiredo, Portugal: Fifty Years of Dictatorship (1975) and Douglas L. Wheeler, Republican Portugal: A Political History ( 1910-1926) (1978; 1998). On Portugal's Revolution of 25 April 1974 and contemporary history and politics: Kenneth Maxwell, The Making of Portuguese Democracy (1995); Phil Mailer, The Impossible Revolution (1977); Richard A. H. Robinson, Contemporary Portugal: A History (1979); Lawrence S. Graham and Douglas L. Wheeler (eds.), In Search of Modern Portugal: The Revolution and Its Consequences (1983); Lawrence S. Graham and Harry M. Makler (eds.), Contemporary Portugal: The Revolution and its Antecedents (1979). On contemporary Portuguese society, see Antonio Costa Pinto (ed.), Contemporary Portugal: Politics, Society, Culture (2003).
       Enduring works on the history of Portugal's overseas empire include: C. R. Boxer, The Portuguese Seaborne Empire, 1415-1825 (1969 and later editions); and Bailey W. Diffie and George Winius, The Foundations of the Portuguese Empire, 1415-1580 (1977); on Portugal and the Age of Discoveries: Charles Ley (ed.), Portuguese Voyages 1498-1663 (2003). For a new portrait of the country's most celebrated figure of the Age of Discoveries, see Peter Russell, Prince Henry 'The Navigator': A Life (2000). A still useful geographical study about a popular tourist region is Dan Stanislawski's Portugal's Other Kingdom: The Algarve (1963). A fine introduction to a region of rural southern Portugal is José Cutileiro's A Portuguese Rural Society (1971).
       Early travel account classics are Almeida Garrett, Travels in My Homeland (1987) and William Beckford, Recollections of an Excursion to the Monasteries of Alcobaca and Batalha (1969 and later editions). On travel and living in Portugal, see Susan Lowndes Marques and Ann Bridge, The Selective Traveller in Portugal (1968 and later editions); David Wright and Patrick Swift, Lisbon: A Portrait and Guide (1968 and later editions); Sam Ballard and Jane Ballard, Pousadas of Portugal (1986); Richard Hewitt, A Cottage in Portugal (1996);
       Ian Robertson, Portugal: The Blue Guide (1988 and later editions); and Anne de Stoop, Living in Portugal (1995). Fine reads on some colorful, foreign travellers in Portugal are found in Rose Macauley, They Went to Portugal (1946 and later editions) and They Went to Portugal Too (1990). An attractive blend of historical musing and current Portugal is found in Paul Hyland's, Backing Out of the Big World: Voyage to Portugal (1996); Datus Proper's The Last Old Place: A Search through Portugal (1992); and Portugal's 1998 Nobel Prize winner in Literature, José Sarmago, writes in Journey through Portugal (2001).
       For aspects of Portuguese literature in translation, see Aubrey F. G. Bell, The Oxford Book of Portuguese Verse (1952 edition by B. Vidigal); José Maria Eça de Queirós, The Maias (2007 and earlier editions); and José Sara-mago's Baltasar and Blimunda (1985 and later editions), as well as many other novels by this, Portugal's most celebrated living novelist. See also Landeg White's recent translation of the national 16th century epic of Luis de Camóes, The Lusiads (1997). A classic portrait of the arts in Portugal during the country's imperial age is Robert C. Smith's The Art of Portugal, 1500-1800 (1968).
       For those who plan to conduct research in Portugal, the premier collection of printed books, periodicals, and manuscripts is housed in the country's national library, the Biblioteca Nacional de Lisboa, in Lisbon. Other important collections are found in the libraries of the major universities in Coimbra, Lisbon, and Oporto, and in a number of foundations and societies. For the history of the former colonial empire, the best collection of printed materials remains in the library of Lisbon's historic Geography Society, the Sociedade de Geografia de Lisboa, Lisbon; and for documents there is the state-run colonial archives, the Arquivo Historico Ultramarino, in Restelo, near Lisbon. Other government records are deposited in official archives, such as those for foreign relations in the archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, housed in Necessidades Palace, Lisbon.
       For researchers in North America, the best collections of printed materials on Portugal are housed in the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.; New York Public Library, New York City; Newberry Library, Chicago, Illinois; and in university libraries including those of Harvard, Yale, Johns Hopkins, Brown, Indiana, Illinois, University of California at Los Angeles, University of California - Berkeley, University of California - Santa Barbara, Stanford, Florida State, Duke, University of New Hampshire, Durham, University of Toronto, University of Ottawa, McGill, and University of British Columbia. Records dealing with Portuguese affairs are found in U.S. government archives, including, for instance, those in the National Archives and Record Service (NARS), housed in Washington, D.C.
       BIBLIOGRAPHIES
       ■ Academia Portuguesa de História. Guia Bibliográfica Histórica Portuguesa. Vol. I-?. Lisbon, 1954-.
       ■ Anselmo, Antônio Joaquim. Bibliografia das bibliografias portuguesas. Lisbon: Biblioteca Nacional, 1923.
       ■ Bell, Aubrey F. G. Portuguese Bibliography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1922.
       ■ Borchardt, Paul. La Bibliographie de l'Angola, 1500-1900. Brussels, 1912. Chilcote, Ronald H., ed. and comp. The Portuguese Revolution of 25 April 1974. Annotated bibliography on the antecedents and aftermath. Coimbra: Centro de Documentação 25 de Abril, Universidade de Coimbra, 1987. Cintra, Maria Adelaide Valle. Bibliografia de textos medievais portugueses. Lisbon: Centro de Estudos Filolôgicos, 1960.
       ■ Costa, Mário. Bibliografia Geral de Moçambique. Lisbon, 1945. Coutinho, Bernardo Xavier da Costa. Bibliographie franco-portugaise: Essai d'une bibliographie chronologique de livres français sur le Portugal. Oporto: Lopes da Silva, 1939.
       ■ Diffie, Bailey W. "A Bibliography of the Principal Published Guides to Portuguese Archives and Libraries," Proceedings of the International Colloquium on Luso-Brazilian Studies. Nashville, Tenn., 1953. Gallagher, Tom. Dictatorial Portugal, 1926-1974: A Bibliography. Durham, N.H.: International Conference Group on Portugal, 1979.
       ■ Gibson, Mary Jane. Portuguese Africa: A Guide to Official Publications. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1967. Greenlee, William B. "A Descriptive Bibliography of the History of Portugal." Hispanic American Historical Review XX (August 1940): 491-516. Gulbenkian, Fundação Calouste. Boletim Internacional de Bibliografia Luso-Brasileira. Vol. 1-15. Lisbon, 1960-74.
       ■ Instituto Camoes. Faculdade de Letras da Universidade De Coimbra. Repertorio Bibliografico da Historiografia Portuguesa ( 1974-1994). Coimbra:
       ■ Instituto Camoes; Universidade de Coimbra, 1995. Junta De Investigações Científicas Do Ultramar. Bibliografia Da Junta De Investigações Científicas Do Ultramar Sobre Ciências Humanas E Sociais. Lisbon: Junta de Investigações Científicas Do Ultramar, 1975. Kettenring, Norman E., comp. A Bibliography of Theses and Dissertations on Portuguese Topics Completed in the United States and Canada, 1861-1983.
       ■ Durham, N.H.: International Conference Group on Portugal, 1984. Kunoff, Hugo. Portuguese Literature from Its Origins to 1990: A Bibliography Based on the Collections at Indiana University. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1994.
       ■ Laidlar, John. Lisbon. World Bibliographical Series, Vol. 199. Oxford: ABC-Clio, 1997.. Portugal. World Bibliographical Series, Vol. 71, rev. ed. Oxford: ABC-Clio, 2000.
       ■ Lomax, William. Revolution in Portugal: 1974-1976. A Bibliography. Durham, N.H.: International Conference Group on Portugal, 1978.
       ■ McCarthy, Joseph M. Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde Islands: A Comprehensive Bibliography. New York: Garland, 1977.
       ■ Moniz, Miguel. Azores. World Bibliographical Series, Vol. 221. Oxford: ABC-Clio, 1999.
       ■ Nunes, José Lúcio, and José Júlio Gonçalves. Bibliografia Histórico-Militar do Ultramar Portugües. Lisbon, 1956. Pélissier, René. Bibliographies sur l'Afrique Luso-Hispanophone 1800-1890.
       ■ Orgeval, France: 1980. Portuguese Studies. London. 1984-. Annual.
       ■ Portuguese Studies Newsletter. No. 1-23 (1976-90). Durham, N.H.: International Conference Group on Portugal. Semiannual.
       ■ Portuguese Studies Review. Vols. 1-9 (1991-2001). Durham, N.H.: International Conference Group on Portugal. Semi-Annual.. Vols. 10- (2002-). Durham, N.H.: Trent University; Peterborough, Ontario, Canada.
       ■ Rocha, Natércia. Bibliografia geral da Literatura Portuguesa para Crianças. Lisbon: Edit. Comunicação, 1987.
       ■ Rogers, Francis Millet, and David T. Haberly. Brazil, Portugal and Other Portuguese-Speaking Lands: A List of Books Primarily in English. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1968.
       ■ Silva, J. Donald. A Bibliography on the Madeira Islands. Durham, N.H.: International Conference Group on Portugal, 1987.
       ■ Teixeira, Carlos, and G. Lavigne. Os portugueses no Canadá: Uma bibliografia ( 1953-1996). Lisbon: Direção-Geral dos Assuntos Consulares e Comunidades Portuguesas, 1998.
       ■ University of Coimbra, Faculty of Letters. Bibliografia Anual de História de Portugal. Vol. 1. [sources published beginning in 1989- ] Coimbra: Grupo de História; Faculdade de Letras; Universidade de Coimbra, 1992-.
       ■ Unwin, P. T. H., comp. Portugal. World Bibliographical Series, Vol. 71. Oxford, U.K.: ABC-Clio Press, 1987.
       ■ Viera, David J., et al., comp. The Portuguese in the United States ( Supplement to the 1976 Leo Pap Bibliography). Durham, N.H.: International Conference Group on Portugal, 1990.
       ■ Welsh, Doris Varner, comp. A Catalogue of the William B. Greenlee Collection of Portuguese History and Literature and the Portuguese Materials in the Newberry Library. Chicago: Newberry Library, 1953.
       ■ Wiarda, Iêda Siqueira, ed. The Handbook of Portuguese Studies. Washington, D.C.: Xlibris, 2000.
       ■ Wilgus, A. Curtis. Latin America, Spain & Portugal: A Selected & Annotated Bibliographical Guide to Books Published 1954-1974. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1977.
       ■ Winius, George. "Bibliographical Essay: A Treasury of Printed Source Materials Pertaining to the XV and XVI Centuries." In George Winius, ed., Portugal, the Pathfinder: Journeys from the Medieval toward the Modern World, 1300-ca. 1600, 373-401. Madison, Wis.: Hispanic Seminary of Medieval Studies, 1995.
       ■ PERIODICALS RELATING TO PORTUGAL
       ■ Africana. Oporto. Semiannual.
       ■ Africa Report. New York. Monthly or bimonthly.
       ■ Africa Today. Denver, Colo. Quarterly.
       ■ Agenda Cultural. Lisbon. Monthly.
       ■ Almanaque do Exército. Lisbon, 1912-40.
       ■ American Historical Review. Washington, D.C. Quarterly.
       ■ Anais das Bibliotecas e Arquivos. Lisbon. Annual.
       ■ Análise do sector público administrativo e empresarial. Lisbon. Quarterly. Análise Social. Lisbon. Quarterly.
       ■ Anglo-Portuguese News. Monte Estoril and Lisbon. 1937-2003. Biweekly and weekly.
       ■ Antropológicas. Oporto. 1998-. Semiannual. Anuário Católico de Portugal. Lisbon. Annual.
       ■ Archipélago. Revista do Instituto Universitário dos Açores. Punta Delgado. Semiannual. Architectural Digest. New York. Monthly. Archivum. Paris. Quarterly. Arqueologia. Oporto. Annual.
       ■ Arqueólogo Portugües, O. Lisbon. 1958-. Semiannual Arquivo das Colónias. Lisbon. 1917-33. Arquivo de Beja. Beja. Annual. Arquivo Histórico Portuguez. Lisbon.
       ■ Arquivos da Memória. Lisbon. 1997-. Semiannual.
       ■ Arquivos do Centro Cultural Portugües [Fundação Gulbenkian, Paris]. Paris. Annual.
       ■ Avante! Lisbon. Portuguese Communist Party. Daily. Biblos. Lisbon. Semiannual.
       ■ Boletim da Sociedade de Geografia de Lisboa. Lisbon Quarterly; Bimonthly.
       ■ Boletim de Estudos Operários. Lisbon. Semiannual.
       ■ Boletim do Arquivo Histórico Militar. Lisbon. Semiannual.
       ■ Boletim do Instituto Histórico da Ilha Terceira. Angra do Heroismo, Terceira, Azores Islands. Semiannual. Boletim Geral do Ultramar. Lisbon. Bracara Augusta. Braga. Brigantia. Lisbon. 1990-. Semiannual.
       ■ British Bulletin of Publications on Latin America... Portugal and Spain. London. 1949-. Semiannual. British Historical Society of Portugal. Annual Report and Review. Lisbon. Brotéria. Lisbon. Quarterly. Bulletin des Etudes Portugaises. Paris. Quarterly.
       ■ Cadernos de Arqueologia. Braga. Semiannual and annual. Monographs.
       ■ Cadernos do Noroeste. Braga, University of Minho. Semiannual.
       ■ Camões Center Quarterly. New York.
       ■ Capital, A. Lisbon. Daily newspaper.
       ■ Clio. Lisbon. 1996-. Annual.
       ■ Clio-Arqueologia. Lisbon. 1983-. Annual.
       ■ Colóquio/ Artes. Lisbon. Gulbenkian Foundation. Quarterly.
       ■ Colóquio/ Letras. Lisbon. Gulbenkian Foundation. Quarterly.
       ■ Conimbriga. Coimbra.
       ■ Cultura. London. Quarterly.
       ■ Democracia e Liberdade. Lisbon. Semiannual.
       ■ Dia, O. Lisbon. Daily newspaper.
       ■ Diário da Câmara de Deputados. Lisbon. 1911-26.
       ■ Diário de Lisboa. Lisbon. Daily newspaper.
       ■ Diário de Notícias. Lisbon. Daily newspaper of record.
       ■ Diário do Governo. Lisbon. 1910-74.
       ■ Diário do Senado. Lisbon. 1911-26.
       ■ Documentos. Centro de Documentação 25 de Abril. Coimbra. Quarterly.
       ■ E-Journal of Portuguese History. Providence, R.I. Quarterly.
       ■ Economia. Lisbon. Quarterly.
       ■ Economia e Finanças. Lisbon. Semiannual.
       ■ Economia e Sociologia. Lisbon. Quarterly.
       ■ Economist, The. London. Weekly magazine.
       ■ Estratégia Internacional. Lisbon.
       ■ Estudos Contemporâneos. Lisbon.
       ■ Estudos de economia. Lisbon. Semiannual.
       ■ Estudos históricos e económicos. Oporto. Semiannual.
       ■ Estudos Medievais. Lisbon. Semiannual.
       ■ Estudos Orientais. Lisbon, 1990. Semiannual.
       ■ Ethnologia. Lisbon. Semiannual.
       ■ Ethnologie Française. Paris. Quarterly.
       ■ Ethnos. Lisbon. Semiannual.
       ■ European History Quarterly. Lancaster, U.K., 1970-. Quarterly.
       ■ Expresso. Lisbon. 1973-. Weekly newspaper.
       ■ Facts and Reports. Amsterdam. Collected press clippings.
       ■ Financial Times. London. Daily; special supplements on Portugal.
       ■ Finisterra. Lisbon. Quarterly.
       ■ Flama. Lisbon. Monthly magazine.
       ■ Garcia de Orta. Lisbon. Quarterly.
       ■ Gaya. Oporto. Semiannual.
       ■ Hispania. USA. Quarterly.
       ■ Hispania Antiqua. Madrid. Semiannual.
       ■ Hispanic American Historical Review. Chapel Hill, N.C. Quarterly. História. Lisbon. Monthly.
       ■ Iberian Studies. Nottingham, U.K. Quarterly or Semiannual.
       ■ Indicadores económicos. Lisbon. Bank of Portugal. Monthly. Ingenium. Revista da Ordem dos Engenheiros. Lisbon. Semiannual.
       ■ International Journal of Iberian Studies. London and Glasgow, 1987-. Semiannual.
       ■ Illustração Portugueza. Lisbon. 1911-1930s. Magazine. Instituto, O. Coimbra. Annual.
       ■ Itinerário. Leiden (Netherlands). 1976-. Semiannual. Jornal, O. Lisbon. Weekly newspaper. Jornal de Letras, O. Lisbon. Weekly culture supplement. Jornal do Fundão. Fundão, Beira Alta. Weekly newspaper. Journal of European Economic History. Quarterly.
       ■ Journal of Modern History. Chicago, Ill. Quarterly.
       ■ Journal of Southern European Society & Politics. Athens, Greece. 1995-. Quarterly.
       ■ Journal of the American Portuguese Culture Society. New York. 1966-81. Semiannual or annual. Ler História. Lisbon. Quarterly. Lisboa: Revista Municipal. Lisbon. Quarterly.
       ■ Lusíada: Revista trimestral de ciência e cultura. Lisbon. 1989-. Three times a year.
       ■ Lusitania Sacra. Lisbon. Quarterly.
       ■ Luso-Americano, O. Newark, N.J. Weekly newspaper.
       ■ Luso-Brazilian Review. Madison, Wisc. 1964-. Semiannual.
       ■ Lusotopie. Paris. 1995-. Annual.
       ■ Nova economia. Lisbon. Semiannual.
       ■ Numismática. Lisbon. Semiannual.
       ■ Oceanos. Lisbon. Bimonthly.
       ■ Ocidente. Lisbon. Monthly.
       ■ Olisipo. Lisbon. Semiannual.
       ■ Ordem do Exército. Lisbon. 1926-74. Monthly.
       ■ Penélope. Lisbon. Semiannual.
       ■ Política Internacional. Lisbon. 1990-. Quarterly.
       ■ Portugal. Annuário Estatístico do Ultramar. Lisbon. 1950-74.
       ■ Portugal em Africa. Lisbon. 1894-1910. Bimonthly.
       ■ Portugal socialista. Lisbon. Semiannual.
       ■ Portugália. Lisbon. Semiannual.
       ■ Portuguese & Colonial Bulletin. London. 1961-74. Quarterly. Portuguese Studies. London. 1985-. Annual.
       ■ Portuguese Studies Newsletter. Durham, N.H. 1976-90. Semiannual.
       ■ Portuguese Studies Review. Durham, N.H. 1991-2001; Trent, Ont. 2002-. Semiannual.
       ■ Portuguese Times. New Bedford, Mass. Weekly newspaper.
       ■ Povo Livre. Lisbon. Monthly.
       ■ Primeiro do Janeiro. Oporto. Daily newspaper.
       ■ Quaderni Portoghesi. Rome. 1974-. Semiannual.
       ■ Race. A Journal of Race and Group Relations. London. Quarterly.
       ■ Recherches en Anthropologie au Portugal. Paris. 1995-. Annual.
       ■ República, A. Lisbon. Daily newspaper.
       ■ Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais. Coimbra. Quarterly.
       ■ Revista da Biblioteca Nacional. Lisbon. Quarterly.
       ■ Revista da Faculdade de Letras. Lisbon. Quarterly. Revista da Faculdade de Letras. Oporto. Semiannual. Revista da Universidade de Coimbra. Coimbra. Quarterly. Revista de Ciência Política. Lisbon. Semiannual. Revista de Ciências Agrárias. Lisbon. Semiannual. Revista de Economia. Lisbon. 1953-. Three times a year. Revista de Estudos Anglo-Portugueses. Lisbon. Annual. Revista de Estudos Históricos. Rio de Janeiro. Semiannual. Revista de Guimarães. Guimarães. Semiannual. Revista de História. São Paulo, Brazil. Semiannual. Revista de História Económica e Social. Oporto. Semiannual. Revista de Infanteria. Lisbon. Quarterly.
       ■ Revista Internacional de Estudos Africanos. Lisbon. Semiannual.
       ■ Revista Lusitana. Lisbon. Quarterly.
       ■ Revista Militar. Lisbon. Quarterly.
       ■ Revista Portuguesa de História. Coimbra. Quarterly.
       ■ Sábado. Lisbon. Weekly news magazine.
       ■ Seara Nova. Lisbon. 1921-. Bimonthly.
       ■ Século, O. Lisbon. Daily Newspaper.
       ■ Selecções do Readers Digest. Lisbon. Monthly.
       ■ Semanário económico. Lisbon. Weekly.
       ■ Setúbal arqueologica. Setúbal. Semiannual.
       ■ Sigila. Paris. 1998-. Semiannual.
       ■ Sintria. Sintra. Annual.
       ■ Sociedade e Território. Revista de estudos urbanos e regionais. Oporto. 1986-. Quarterly.
       ■ Studia. Lisbon. Quarterly.
       ■ Studium Generale. Oporto. Quarterly.
       ■ Tempo, O. Lisbon. Daily newspaper.
       ■ Tempo e o Modo, O. Lisbon. 1968-74. Quarterly.
       ■ Trabalhos de Antropologia E Etnologia. Lisbon. Semiannual.
       ■ Trabalhos de Arqueologia. Lisbon. Annual.
       ■ Translation. New York. Quarterly.
       ■ Ultramar. Lisbon. 1960-71. Quarterly.
       ■ Veja. São Paulo. Weekly news magazine.
       ■ Veleia. Lisbon. Semiannual.
       ■ Vida Mundial. Lisbon. Weekly news magazine.
       ■ West European Politics. London. Quarterly.

    Historical dictionary of Portugal > INTRODUCTION

  • 11 С-538

    ДЁЛАТЬ/СДЁЛАТЬ СТАВКУ на кого-что VP subj: human to rely on some person (thing, character trait etc) to produce some desired result, put one's hopes in s.o. or sth. with an aim toward a certain goal
    X делает ставку на Y-a = X counts (banks) on Y
    X puts his trust in Y X gambles (puts his chips) on Y (in limited contexts) X stakes his all on thing Y X hitches his (own) fortune to person Y.
    О. М(андельштам), человек абсолютно жизнерадостный, никогда не искал несчастья, но и не делал никакой ставки на так называемое счастье (Мандельштам 1). Nobody was so full of the joy of life as M(andelstam), but though he never sought unhappi-ness, neither did he count on being what is called "happy" (1a).
    ...Ha него (Кирова) теперь делают они главную свою ставку, так же как в своё время делали ставку на товарища Сталина, чтобы устранить Троцкого (Рыбаков 2)....He (Kirov) was the only one they were banking on now, just as they had once banked on Comrade Stalin as a means of getting rid of Trotsky (2a).
    Отдайте письмо!» - выбросила она (начальница лагеря) мне в лицо сквозь свои длинные зубы. Конечно, можно бы сказать: не знаю, может, выронили? Но я почему-то делаю ставку на пристрастие начальницы к честности (Гинзбург 2). "Hand back the letter!" she (the camp commandant) hissed at me through her long teeth. I could, of course, have said, "I don't know anything about it-perhaps you dropped it " But for some reason I put my trust in her passion for honesty (2a).
    Судя по тому, что Миха на лету ухватил мысль дяди Сандро, можно заключить, что он быстро одолел свою социальную тугоухость... Да и вообще, если подумать, была ли свойственна социальная тугоухость человеку, который первым из абхазцев не только сделал ставку на свиней, но и первым догадался перегонять их осенью в каштановые и буковые урочища? (Искандер 3). Judging from the way Mikha seized Uncle Sandro's thought on the wing, we may conclude that he had quickly overcome his social deafness.... And if you think about it, was social deafness generally characteristic of the man who was the first Abkhazian not only to gamble on pigs but also to think of driving them to chestnut and beech groves in the fall? (3a).
    Он (Юрий) решил полностью провести задуманный план. Суть его состояла в том, чтобы притвориться несчастным. Нет, на её (Марины) жалость Юрий и не рассчитывал, он делал ставку на лесть - это гораздо вернее. Всякой женщине лестно, что из-за неё страдают... (Терц 7). Не (Yury) made up his mind to carry out the whole of his plan. The main point was to pretend to be unhappy. Not that he counted on her (Marina's) pity - he staked his all on the effects of flattery, which he believed to be the surer means. Any woman would feel flattered at being the cause of suffering... (7a).

    Большой русско-английский фразеологический словарь > С-538

  • 12 делать ставку

    ДЕЛАТЬ/СДЕЛАТЬ СТАВКУ на кого-что
    [VP; subj: human]
    =====
    to rely on some person (thing, character trait etc) to produce some desired result, put one's hopes in s.o. or sth. with an aim toward a certain goal:
    - X делает ставку на Y-a X counts (banks) on Y;
    - [in limited contexts] X stakes his all on thing Y;
    - X hitches his (own) fortune to person Y.
         ♦ О. М[андельштам], человек абсолютно жизнерадостный, никогда не искал несчастья, но и не делал никакой ставки на так называемое счастье (Мандельштам 1). Nobody was so full of the joy of life as M[andelstam], but though he never sought unhappiness, neither did he count on being what is called "happy" (1a).
         ♦...На него [Кирова] теперь делают они главную свою ставку, так же как в своё время делали ставку на товарища Сталина, чтобы устранить Троцкого (Рыбаков 2).... Не [Kirov] was the only one they were banking on now, just as they had once banked on Comrade Stalin as a means of getting rid of Trotsky (2a).
         ♦ "Отдайте письмо!" - выбросила она [начальница лагеря] мне в лицо сквозь свои длинные зубы. Конечно, можно бы сказать: не знаю, может, выронили? Но я почему-то делаю ставку на пристрастие начальницы к честности (Гинзбург 2). "Hand back the letter!" she [the camp commandant] hissed at me through her long teeth. I could, of course, have said, "I don't know anything about it - perhaps you dropped it " But for some reason I put my trust in her passion for honesty (2a).
         ♦ Судя по тому, что Миха на лету ухватил мысль дяди Сандро, можно заключить, что он быстро одолел свою социальную тугоухость... Да и вообще, если подумать, была ли свойственна социальная тугоухость человеку, который первым из абхазцев не только сделал ставку на свиней, но и первым догадался перегонять их осенью в каштановые и буковые урочища? (Искандер 3). Judging from the way Mikha seized Uncle Sandro's thought on the wing, we may conclude that he had quickly overcome his social deafness.... And if you think about it, was social deafness generally characteristic of the man who was the first Abkhazian not only to gamble on pigs but also to think of driving them to chestnut and beech groves in the fall? (3a).
         ♦...Он [Юрий] решил полностью провести задуманный план. Суть его состояла в том, чтобы притвориться несчастным. Нет, на еб [Марины] жалость Юрий и не рассчитывал, он делал ставку на лесть - это гораздо вернее. Всякой женщине лестно, что из-за неё страдают... (Терц 7). Не [Yury] made up his mind to carry out the whole of his plan. The main point was to pretend to be unhappy. Not that he counted on her [Marina's] pity - he staked his all on the effects of flattery, which he believed to be the surer means. Any woman would feel flattered at being the cause of suffering... (7a).

    Большой русско-английский фразеологический словарь > делать ставку

  • 13 сделать ставку

    ДЕЛАТЬ/СДЕЛАТЬ СТАВКУ на кого-что
    [VP; subj: human]
    =====
    to rely on some person (thing, character trait etc) to produce some desired result, put one's hopes in s.o. or sth. with an aim toward a certain goal:
    - X делает ставку на Y-a X counts (banks) on Y;
    - [in limited contexts] X stakes his all on thing Y;
    - X hitches his (own) fortune to person Y.
         ♦ О. М[андельштам], человек абсолютно жизнерадостный, никогда не искал несчастья, но и не делал никакой ставки на так называемое счастье (Мандельштам 1). Nobody was so full of the joy of life as M[andelstam], but though he never sought unhappiness, neither did he count on being what is called "happy" (1a).
         ♦...На него [Кирова] теперь делают они главную свою ставку, так же как в своё время делали ставку на товарища Сталина, чтобы устранить Троцкого (Рыбаков 2).... Не [Kirov] was the only one they were banking on now, just as they had once banked on Comrade Stalin as a means of getting rid of Trotsky (2a).
         ♦ "Отдайте письмо!" - выбросила она [начальница лагеря] мне в лицо сквозь свои длинные зубы. Конечно, можно бы сказать: не знаю, может, выронили? Но я почему-то делаю ставку на пристрастие начальницы к честности (Гинзбург 2). "Hand back the letter!" she [the camp commandant] hissed at me through her long teeth. I could, of course, have said, "I don't know anything about it - perhaps you dropped it " But for some reason I put my trust in her passion for honesty (2a).
         ♦ Судя по тому, что Миха на лету ухватил мысль дяди Сандро, можно заключить, что он быстро одолел свою социальную тугоухость... Да и вообще, если подумать, была ли свойственна социальная тугоухость человеку, который первым из абхазцев не только сделал ставку на свиней, но и первым догадался перегонять их осенью в каштановые и буковые урочища? (Искандер 3). Judging from the way Mikha seized Uncle Sandro's thought on the wing, we may conclude that he had quickly overcome his social deafness.... And if you think about it, was social deafness generally characteristic of the man who was the first Abkhazian not only to gamble on pigs but also to think of driving them to chestnut and beech groves in the fall? (3a).
         ♦...Он [Юрий] решил полностью провести задуманный план. Суть его состояла в том, чтобы притвориться несчастным. Нет, на еб [Марины] жалость Юрий и не рассчитывал, он делал ставку на лесть - это гораздо вернее. Всякой женщине лестно, что из-за неё страдают... (Терц 7). Не [Yury] made up his mind to carry out the whole of his plan. The main point was to pretend to be unhappy. Not that he counted on her [Marina's] pity - he staked his all on the effects of flattery, which he believed to be the surer means. Any woman would feel flattered at being the cause of suffering... (7a).

    Большой русско-английский фразеологический словарь > сделать ставку

  • 14 contado

    adj.
    scarce.
    m.
    installment.
    past part.
    past participle of spanish verb: contar.
    * * *
    1→ link=contar contar
    1 few
    \
    en contadas ocasiones seldom, rarely
    tiene los días contados figurado his days are numbered
    * * *
    1.
    ADJ (=reducido)

    contadas veces — seldom, rarely

    son contados los que... — there are few who...

    2. SM
    1) (Com)

    al contado — for cash, cash down

    2)

    por de contado(=por supuesto) naturally, of course

    3) And (=plazo) instalment, installment (EEUU)
    * * *
    I
    - da adjetivo few
    II
    1) al contado or (Col) de contado
    a) (loc adj) <pago/precio> cash (before n)
    b) (loc adv) < pagar> (in) cash

    lo compré/pagué al contado — I paid cash for it, I paid for it in cash

    2) (Col) (cuota, plazo) installment*
    * * *
    ----
    * al contado = cash value.
    * en contadas ocasiones = rarely, seldom, on rare occasions.
    * pagar al contado = pay in + cash.
    * pago al contado = cash, cash payment, payment in cash.
    * tener los días contados = day + be + numbered, be doomed, doomed, be dead meat, the (hand)writing + be + on the wall, see it + coming.
    * vender al contado = trade for + cash.
    * venta al contado = cash sale.
    * * *
    I
    - da adjetivo few
    II
    1) al contado or (Col) de contado
    a) (loc adj) <pago/precio> cash (before n)
    b) (loc adv) < pagar> (in) cash

    lo compré/pagué al contado — I paid cash for it, I paid for it in cash

    2) (Col) (cuota, plazo) installment*
    * * *
    * al contado = cash value.
    * en contadas ocasiones = rarely, seldom, on rare occasions.
    * pagar al contado = pay in + cash.
    * pago al contado = cash, cash payment, payment in cash.
    * tener los días contados = day + be + numbered, be doomed, doomed, be dead meat, the (hand)writing + be + on the wall, see it + coming.
    * vender al contado = trade for + cash.
    * venta al contado = cash sale.
    * * *
    contado1 -da
    few
    en contadas oportunidades on (a) very few occasions
    son contados los que lo saben only a very few people know, very few people know
    salimos con los minutos contados we left with only a few minutes to spare
    el régimen tenía los días contados the days of the régime were numbered, the régime was living on borrowed time
    A
    al contado or ( Col) de contado
    1 ( loc adj) ‹pago/precio/venta› cash ( before n)
    2 ( loc adv) ‹pagar› in cash
    lo compré/pagué al contado I paid cash for it, I paid for it in cash, I paid cash on the line ( AmE) o ( BrE) on the nail ( colloq)
    B ( Col) (cuota, plazo) installment*
    * * *

    Del verbo contar: ( conjugate contar)

    contado es:

    el participio

    Multiple Entries:
    contado    
    contar
    contado 1
    ◊ -da adjetivo

    few;
    en contadas ocasiones on (a) very few occasions;
    salimos con los minutos contados we left with only a few minutes to spare
    contado 2 sustantivo masculino
    a) al contado or (Col) de contado ‹pago/precio cash ( before n);

    pagar (in) cash;

    b) (Col) (cuota, plazo) installment( conjugate installment)

    contar ( conjugate contar) verbo transitivo
    1dinero/votos/días to count;

    y eso sin contado las horas extras and that's without including overtime;
    lo cuento entre mis amigos I consider him (to be) one of my friends
    2cuento/chiste/secreto to tell;

    es muy largo de contado it's a long story;
    ¿qué cuentas (de nuevo)? (fam) how're things? (colloq)
    verbo intransitivo
    1 ( en general) to count;

    ¿este trabajo cuenta para la nota final? does this piece of work count toward(s) the final grade?;
    ella no cuenta para nada what she says (o thinks etc) doesn't count for anything
    2

    a)persona/ayuda/discreción to count on, rely on;

    cuento contigo para la fiesta I'm counting o relying on you being at the party;

    sin contado con que … without taking into account that …


    c) (frml) ( tener) to have;


    contarse verbo pronominal
    a) (frml) ( estar incluido):


    su novela se cuenta entre las mejores his novel is among the best
    b)

    ¿qué te cuentas? how's it going? (colloq)

    contado,-a adjetivo
    1 (escaso) few and far between: nos hemos visto en contadas ocasiones, we have very seldom met
    2 (numerados) me muero, tengo los días contados, I'm dying, my days are numbered
    ♦ Locuciones: pagar al contado, to pay cash
    contar
    I verbo transitivo
    1 (un suceso, una historia) to tell
    2 (numerar) to count
    II verbo intransitivo to count
    ♦ Locuciones: contar con, (confiar en) to count on
    (constar de) to have
    ' contado' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    contada
    - pagar
    - sabrosa
    - sabroso
    - suponer
    - venta
    - corriente
    - pago
    - precio
    English:
    bargain for
    - bargain on
    - cash
    - cash sale
    - down
    - regret
    - budget
    * * *
    contado, -a
    adj
    1. [raro] rare, infrequent;
    en contadas ocasiones very rarely, on very few occasions;
    2. Comp
    mal contado: había diez personas mal contadas there were no more than ten people
    al contado loc adj
    precio al contado cash price
    al contado loc adv
    pagar algo al contado [en un plazo] to pay for sth all at once o on the nail;
    [en metálico] to pay for sth in cash, to pay cash for sth
    * * *
    I m
    :
    al contado in cash
    II adj
    :
    contados few;
    * * *
    contado, -da adj
    1) : counted
    tenía los días contados: his days were numbered
    2) : rare, scarce
    en contadas ocasiones: on rare occasions
    al contado : cash
    pagar al contado: to pay in cash
    * * *
    contado adj few

    Spanish-English dictionary > contado

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