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indiscriminately

  • 1 al

    al
    1→ link=a a
    \
    al + inf on + gerund
    me lo encontré al salir de casa I met him when I was leaving, I met him on leaving
    al quedarse sin dinero, tuvo que ponerse a trabajar when he ran out of money, he had to get down to work
    está al caer it's about to happen
    ————————
    al
    on + gerund
    me lo encontré al salir de casa I met him when I was leaving, I met him on leaving
    al quedarse sin dinero, tuvo que ponerse a trabajar when he ran out of money, he had to get down to work
    * * *
    cont.
    * * *
    * * *
    * * *
    ----
    * al abrigo de = on the lee side of.
    * al actuar de este modo = by so doing, in so doing, by doing so.
    * al agua = water-based, overboard.
    * al aire libre = open-air, outdoors, in the open, out of doors.
    * al alcance = within reach, within easy reach, within sight, within gunshot, within range.
    * al alcance de cualquiera = within anyone's reach, within anybody's reach.
    * al alcance de la mano = within arm's reach, within easy reach.
    * al alcance del oído = within earshot of.
    * al alcance de todos = within everybody's reach, within everyone's reach, accessible to everyone, accessible to everybody.
    * al amanecer = at the crack of dawn.
    * al amor de la lumbre = round-the-fireside.
    * al amparo de la noche = under cover of night.
    * al amparo de la oscuridad = under cover of darkness.
    * al analizar Algo más detenidamente = on closer examination, on closer inspection.
    * al anochecer = at twilight, at nightfall.
    * al año = per annum, per year.
    * al arrancar = at startup.
    * al atardecer = at twilight.
    * al azar = at random, by chance, haphazardly, indiscriminate, indiscriminately, random, randomly, pot luck, hit (and/or) miss, odd, by a fluke, by luck, by a stroke of (good) luck.
    * al borde de = on the verge of, on the brink of, at the side of, on the edge of.
    * al borde de la carretera = at the roadside, at the roadside.
    * al borde de la extinción = on the verge of extinction, on the edge of extinction.
    * al borde de la ley = on the edge of the law.
    * al borde del camino = at the roadside.
    * al borde del mar = at the seaside.
    * al caer la noche = at nightfall.
    * al calor de la lumbre = round-the-fireside.
    * al chi cuadrado = chi-squared.
    * al comenzar = at startup.
    * al comienzo = early on, at the outset, to start with, at startup.
    * al comienzo de = at the start (of), in the early days (of), at the outbreak of, at the onset of, early in.
    * al compás de = in tandem with, in unison with.
    * al contado = cash value.
    * al contrapunto = contrapuntal.
    * al contrario = vice versa, to the contrary, contrariwise, quite the opposite, quite the contrary, quite the reverse.
    * al corriente = in step, au courant, paid-up, in good standing.
    * al corriente de = in step with.
    * al cumplir la fecha = at term.
    * al descubierto = exposed, wide open.
    * al despuntar el alba = at the crack of dawn.
    * al despuntar el día = at the crack of dawn.
    * al día = in step, paid-up, in good standing.
    * al día de = in step with.
    * al día de hoy = as of today.
    * al día siguiente = the next day.
    * al dorso = overleaf.
    * al empezar = first off.
    * al entrar = on entry.
    * al escuchar = at the sound of.
    * al este de = east of.
    * al estilo de = a la, along the lines, in the mould of.
    * al estilo de los índices de materia = subject-type.
    * al estilo de + Nombre = in a + Nombre + sort of way.
    * al estilo militar = military-style.
    * al estudiar Algo más detenidamente = on closer examination, on closer inspection.
    * al examinar Algo de cerca = on closer examination, on closer inspection.
    * al + Expresión Temporal = a + Expresión Temporal.
    * al extremo = to the extreme.
    * al filo de = on the brink of, on the edge of, on the verge of.
    * al filo de la acera = kerbside [curbside, -USA], curbside [kerbside, -UK].
    * al fin = at last, at long last.
    * al final = in the end, eventually, in the final count, terminally, ultimately, at the end of the day.
    * al final (de) = at the end (of).
    * al final de cuentas = when all is said and done, after all is said and done.
    * al final del día = at the end of the day, at the close of the day.
    * al final de su mandato = lame duck.
    * al final resultó que = in the event.
    * al fin y al cabo = in the end, after all, all in all, after all is said and done, when all is said and done.
    * al fondo (de) = at the bottom (of).
    * al frente de = in the forefront of/in, at the forefront of.
    * al frente (de) = in charge (of).
    * al hacer esto = by so doing, in so doing, by doing so.
    * al igual que = as with, like, in common with, much as, equalling that, after the fashion of, so too, similar to, much like.
    * al igual que con todo en la vida = as with everything in life.
    * al igual que + Nombre = not unlike + Nombre.
    * al incluirse en = on admission to.
    * al + Infinitive = by + Gerundio.
    * al + Infinitivo = in + Gerundio, on + Gerundio, when + Gerundio, while + Gerundio, on + Nombre, upon + Gerundio, as + Nombre + Verbo, as + Sujeto + Verbo.
    * al infinito = ad infinitum.
    * al inicio = at startup.
    * al instante = on-the-fly, instantly, on the spot, straight away, on the double, in no time at all, in next to no time, in no time, while-you-wait [while-u-wait], right away, at once.
    * al intentar + Infinitivo = in the attempt to.
    * al lado de = beside, at the side of, by the side of.
    * al llegar = on arrival.
    * al loro = in the know.
    * al mando = in the saddle.
    * al mando (de) = at the helm (of), in charge (of).
    * al margen = on the sidelines, tangential.
    * al margen de = divorced from, untouched, outside the purview of, other than, in spite of, despite, although, despite the fact that, in spite of the fact that.
    * al margen de la ley = extra-judicial.
    * al máximo = to the full, to the utmost, to the hilt, to the extreme, at full stretch.
    * al mediodía = at midday, at high noon.
    * al mejor precio = at the best price.
    * al mejor precio posible = at the best possible price.
    * al menos = at least, at the very least.
    * al mes = per month.
    * al mismo nivel de = flush with.
    * al mismo nivel que = on a par with, in the same league as.
    * al mismo tiempo = at once, at the same time, concurrently, in the process, simultaneously, contemporaneously, at the same instant, in parallel, concomitantly, at the one time, all the while.
    * al mismo tiempo que = in parallel to/with, while, as the same time as, cum, in conjunction with.
    * al mismo tiempo que + Indicativo = whilst + Gerundio.
    * al modo de = a la.
    * al momento = while-you-wait [while-u-wait].
    * al nacer = at birth.
    * al norte de = north of.
    * al oeste de = west of.
    * al oír = at the sound of.
    * al óleo = oil-based.
    * al otro extremo = at the receiving end.
    * al otro lado de = across.
    * al otro lado de la barrera = on the other side of the fence.
    * al otro lado de la ciudad = cross-town.
    * al otro lado del mundo = half way (a)round the world.
    * al parecer = apparently, apparently, it seems that..., supposedly, allegedly, it appeared that....
    * al pie (de) = at the bottom (of), at the foot (of).
    * al pie de la letra = to the letter.
    * al pisar = underfoot.
    * al por mayor = in bulk.
    * al principio = at first, at the outset, early [earlier -comp., earliest -sup.], in the early years, originally, to start with, early on, at startup.
    * al principio de = at the beginning (of), at the dawn of, at the onset of, early in.
    * al principio de la imprenta = early printing.
    * al principio y al final = both ends.
    * al principio y al final de = at each end of.
    * al propio ritmo de Uno = in + Posesivo + own time, at + Posesivo + own pace.
    * al pulsar un botón = at the push of a button.
    * al que no se puede dejar de faltar = unmissable.
    * al que pertenece = parent.
    * al que se le hado mucha publicidad = heavily promoted.
    * al rayar el alba = at the crack of dawn.
    * al recibir = upon + receipt.
    * al respecto = in this connection, in this respect.
    * al revés = vice versa, in reverse, mirror-fashion, wrong way round, the, inside-out.
    * al romper el día = at the crack of dawn.
    * al servicio de = at the service of.
    * al servicio de la nación = uniformed.
    * al sol = in the sun.
    * al sur de = south of.
    * al tacto = to the touch.
    * al tanto = au fait, in the know, in step.
    * al tanto de = on the lookout for, on the alert for, in step with.
    * al teléfono = on the line.
    * al timón = in the saddle, at the wheel.
    * al timón (de) = at the helm (of).
    * al trasluz = against the light.
    * al unísono = in concert, unison, with one voice, in unison.
    * al unísono con = in unison with.
    * al usarse = in use.
    * al vapor = steamed.
    * al ver = at the sight of.
    * al volante = at the wheel.
    * al vuelo = on-the-fly.
    * * *
    * * *
    * al abrigo de = on the lee side of.
    * al actuar de este modo = by so doing, in so doing, by doing so.
    * al agua = water-based, overboard.
    * al aire libre = open-air, outdoors, in the open, out of doors.
    * al alcance = within reach, within easy reach, within sight, within gunshot, within range.
    * al alcance de = available at the fingertips of.
    * al alcance de cualquiera = within anyone's reach, within anybody's reach.
    * al alcance de la mano = within arm's reach, within easy reach.
    * al alcance del oído = within earshot of.
    * al alcance de todos = within everybody's reach, within everyone's reach, accessible to everyone, accessible to everybody.
    * al amanecer = at the crack of dawn.
    * al amor de la lumbre = round-the-fireside.
    * al amparo de la noche = under cover of night.
    * al amparo de la oscuridad = under cover of darkness.
    * al analizar Algo más detenidamente = on closer examination, on closer inspection.
    * al anochecer = at twilight, at nightfall.
    * al año = per annum, per year.
    * al arrancar = at startup.
    * al atardecer = at twilight.
    * al azar = at random, by chance, haphazardly, indiscriminate, indiscriminately, random, randomly, pot luck, hit (and/or) miss, odd, by a fluke, by luck, by a stroke of (good) luck.
    * al borde de = on the verge of, on the brink of, at the side of, on the edge of.
    * al borde de la carretera = at the roadside, at the roadside.
    * al borde de la extinción = on the verge of extinction, on the edge of extinction.
    * al borde de la ley = on the edge of the law.
    * al borde del camino = at the roadside.
    * al borde del mar = at the seaside.
    * al caer la noche = at nightfall.
    * al calor de la lumbre = round-the-fireside.
    * al chi cuadrado = chi-squared.
    * al comenzar = at startup.
    * al comienzo = early on, at the outset, to start with, at startup.
    * al comienzo de = at the start (of), in the early days (of), at the outbreak of, at the onset of, early in.
    * al compás de = in tandem with, in unison with.
    * al contado = cash value.
    * al contrapunto = contrapuntal.
    * al contrario = vice versa, to the contrary, contrariwise, quite the opposite, quite the contrary, quite the reverse.
    * al corriente = in step, au courant, paid-up, in good standing.
    * al corriente de = in step with.
    * al cumplir la fecha = at term.
    * al descubierto = exposed, wide open.
    * al despuntar el alba = at the crack of dawn.
    * al despuntar el día = at the crack of dawn.
    * al día = in step, paid-up, in good standing.
    * al día de = in step with.
    * al día de hoy = as of today.
    * al día siguiente = the next day.
    * al dorso = overleaf.
    * al empezar = first off.
    * al entrar = on entry.
    * al escuchar = at the sound of.
    * al este de = east of.
    * al estilo de = a la, along the lines, in the mould of.
    * al estilo de los índices de materia = subject-type.
    * al estilo de + Nombre = in a + Nombre + sort of way.
    * al estilo militar = military-style.
    * al estudiar Algo más detenidamente = on closer examination, on closer inspection.
    * al examinar Algo de cerca = on closer examination, on closer inspection.
    * al + Expresión Temporal = a + Expresión Temporal.
    * al extremo = to the extreme.
    * al filo de = on the brink of, on the edge of, on the verge of.
    * al filo de la acera = kerbside [curbside, -USA], curbside [kerbside, -UK].
    * al fin = at last, at long last.
    * al final = in the end, eventually, in the final count, terminally, ultimately, at the end of the day.
    * al final (de) = at the end (of).
    * al final de cuentas = when all is said and done, after all is said and done.
    * al final del día = at the end of the day, at the close of the day.
    * al final de su mandato = lame duck.
    * al final resultó que = in the event.
    * al fin y al cabo = in the end, after all, all in all, after all is said and done, when all is said and done.
    * al fondo (de) = at the bottom (of).
    * al frente de = in the forefront of/in, at the forefront of.
    * al frente (de) = in charge (of).
    * al hacer esto = by so doing, in so doing, by doing so.
    * al igual que = as with, like, in common with, much as, equalling that, after the fashion of, so too, similar to, much like.
    * al igual que con todo en la vida = as with everything in life.
    * al igual que + Nombre = not unlike + Nombre.
    * al incluirse en = on admission to.
    * al + Infinitive = by + Gerundio.
    * al + Infinitivo = in + Gerundio, on + Gerundio, when + Gerundio, while + Gerundio, on + Nombre, upon + Gerundio, as + Nombre + Verbo, as + Sujeto + Verbo.
    * al infinito = ad infinitum.
    * al inicio = at startup.
    * al instante = on-the-fly, instantly, on the spot, straight away, on the double, in no time at all, in next to no time, in no time, while-you-wait [while-u-wait], right away, at once.
    * al intentar + Infinitivo = in the attempt to.
    * al lado de = beside, at the side of, by the side of.
    * al llegar = on arrival.
    * al loro = in the know.
    * al mando = in the saddle.
    * al mando (de) = at the helm (of), in charge (of).
    * al margen = on the sidelines, tangential.
    * al margen de = divorced from, untouched, outside the purview of, other than, in spite of, despite, although, despite the fact that, in spite of the fact that.
    * al margen de la ley = extra-judicial.
    * al máximo = to the full, to the utmost, to the hilt, to the extreme, at full stretch.
    * al mediodía = at midday, at high noon.
    * al mejor precio = at the best price.
    * al mejor precio posible = at the best possible price.
    * al menos = at least, at the very least.
    * al mes = per month.
    * al mismo nivel de = flush with.
    * al mismo nivel que = on a par with, in the same league as.
    * al mismo tiempo = at once, at the same time, concurrently, in the process, simultaneously, contemporaneously, at the same instant, in parallel, concomitantly, at the one time, all the while.
    * al mismo tiempo que = in parallel to/with, while, as the same time as, cum, in conjunction with.
    * al mismo tiempo que + Indicativo = whilst + Gerundio.
    * al modo de = a la.
    * al momento = while-you-wait [while-u-wait].
    * al nacer = at birth.
    * al norte de = north of.
    * al oeste de = west of.
    * al oír = at the sound of.
    * al óleo = oil-based.
    * al otro extremo = at the receiving end.
    * al otro lado de = across.
    * al otro lado de la barrera = on the other side of the fence.
    * al otro lado de la ciudad = cross-town.
    * al otro lado del mundo = half way (a)round the world.
    * al parecer = apparently, apparently, it seems that..., supposedly, allegedly, it appeared that....
    * al pie (de) = at the bottom (of), at the foot (of).
    * al pie de la letra = to the letter.
    * al pisar = underfoot.
    * al por mayor = in bulk.
    * al principio = at first, at the outset, early [earlier -comp., earliest -sup.], in the early years, originally, to start with, early on, at startup.
    * al principio de = at the beginning (of), at the dawn of, at the onset of, early in.
    * al principio de la imprenta = early printing.
    * al principio y al final = both ends.
    * al principio y al final de = at each end of.
    * al propio ritmo de Uno = in + Posesivo + own time, at + Posesivo + own pace.
    * al pulsar un botón = at the push of a button.
    * al que no se puede dejar de faltar = unmissable.
    * al que pertenece = parent.
    * al que se le hado mucha publicidad = heavily promoted.
    * al rayar el alba = at the crack of dawn.
    * al recibir = upon + receipt.
    * al respecto = in this connection, in this respect.
    * al revés = vice versa, in reverse, mirror-fashion, wrong way round, the, inside-out.
    * al romper el día = at the crack of dawn.
    * al servicio de = at the service of.
    * al servicio de la nación = uniformed.
    * al sol = in the sun.
    * al sur de = south of.
    * al tacto = to the touch.
    * al tanto = au fait, in the know, in step.
    * al tanto de = on the lookout for, on the alert for, in step with.
    * al teléfono = on the line.
    * al timón = in the saddle, at the wheel.
    * al timón (de) = at the helm (of).
    * al trasluz = against the light.
    * al unísono = in concert, unison, with one voice, in unison.
    * al unísono con = in unison with.
    * al usarse = in use.
    * al vapor = steamed.
    * al ver = at the sight of.
    * al volante = at the wheel.
    * al vuelo = on-the-fly.
    * * *
    al
    contraction of a (↑ a 3) and el
    * * *

     

    al contraction of a and el
    al (contracción de a & el)
    1a
    2 (+ infinitivo) los invitados están al caer, the guests are about to arrive
    cierren la puerta al salir, close the door on leaving
    al parecer, apparently
    'al' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    A
    - abandonarse
    - abierta
    - abierto
    - abismo
    - abogada
    - abogado
    - abordaje
    - abrigar
    - abrigo
    - acalorada
    - acalorado
    - acceder
    - acecho
    - acertada
    - acertado
    - acomodar
    - acosar
    - acre
    - actual
    - adaptar
    - adicta
    - adicto
    - adiós
    - adscribir
    - adscribirse
    - agua
    - aire
    - ajillo
    - alcance
    - aleatoria
    - aleatorio
    - alimón
    - almacén
    - alquilar
    - alta
    - altar
    - alteza
    - alto
    - amanecer
    - amor
    - amparo
    - ancha
    - ancho
    - anochecer
    - antojarse
    - aparato
    - apercibirse
    - aprieto
    - arriar
    English:
    A
    - aboard
    - abreast
    - abroad
    - absolve
    - accessible
    - accompany
    - accustom
    - acquaint
    - across
    - address
    - adrift
    - advise
    - after
    - afterwards
    - agree
    - aim at
    - alarm
    - all
    - allocate
    - alongside
    - also
    - amenable
    - amends
    - analytic
    - analytical
    - anchor
    - another
    - antisocial
    - anyhow
    - appeal
    - applicant
    - appointment
    - apprehend
    - arm
    - Armageddon
    - arouse
    - as
    - ascend
    - aside
    - assume
    - asymmetric
    - asymmetrical
    - at
    - attendant
    - augment
    - authenticity
    - authoritarian
    - available
    - average
    * * *
    al ver a, el
    * * *
    al
    prp a y art el;
    al entrar on coming in, when we/they etc came in
    * * *
    al contraction of a and el art
    * * *
    al prep

    Spanish-English dictionary > al

  • 2 al azar

    adv.
    at random, at a venture, hit-or-miss, hit-and-miss.
    * * *
    at random
    * * *
    = at random, by chance, haphazardly, indiscriminate, indiscriminately, random, randomly, pot luck, hit (and/or) miss, odd, by a fluke, by luck, by a stroke of (good) luck
    Ex. Observations were made at random by uninvolved observers.
    Ex. If, by chance, the newly entered item is identical to one already in the file, DOBIS/LIBIS ignores the new entry.
    Ex. Although university education in modern India dates back to 1856, libraries developed haphazardly and were more embellishments than an integral part of the academic programme.
    Ex. Nonetheless, the indiscriminate use of both terms in a data base creates a situation in which the serious scholar is either deprived of access to half of the material in the collection, or must consult two sequences.
    Ex. Furthermore, the value of citation bibliometry is currently being undermined by the formation of 'citation clubs', which aim to indiscriminately achieve maximum cross-citing between 'club members'.
    Ex. Where the subcategory is small the subsequent arrangement is random.
    Ex. The reason for this is that the qualifier, Public Libraries, is randomly distributed depending on whether other facets are cited in between.
    Ex. In addition to the 'pot luck' method which some indexers seem to favour, we now have the use of PRECIS to serve as the indexing method in BNB.
    Ex. Funds are low, so libraries could benefit from interlibrary loan schemes, although without a national union catalogue, efforts to serve readers are hit and miss = Los fondos son escasos, por lo que las bibliotecas se podrían beneficiar del préstamo interbibliotecario, aunque, sin un catálogo colectivo nacional, los esfuerzos para atender a los usuarios son una lotería.
    Ex. For example, review articles are expected to be supported by extensive bibliographies, whilst it is unusual for a letter to carry more than the odd citation.
    Ex. The study revealed that most of the deformities are caused by a fluke.
    Ex. Machiavelli insisted that the Prince be aware that he was Prince mostly by luck and his job was to never admit it.
    Ex. The stream suddenly swept him away, and it was only by a stroke of luck that they found him.
    * * *
    = at random, by chance, haphazardly, indiscriminate, indiscriminately, random, randomly, pot luck, hit (and/or) miss, odd, by a fluke, by luck, by a stroke of (good) luck

    Ex: Observations were made at random by uninvolved observers.

    Ex: If, by chance, the newly entered item is identical to one already in the file, DOBIS/LIBIS ignores the new entry.
    Ex: Although university education in modern India dates back to 1856, libraries developed haphazardly and were more embellishments than an integral part of the academic programme.
    Ex: Nonetheless, the indiscriminate use of both terms in a data base creates a situation in which the serious scholar is either deprived of access to half of the material in the collection, or must consult two sequences.
    Ex: Furthermore, the value of citation bibliometry is currently being undermined by the formation of 'citation clubs', which aim to indiscriminately achieve maximum cross-citing between 'club members'.
    Ex: Where the subcategory is small the subsequent arrangement is random.
    Ex: The reason for this is that the qualifier, Public Libraries, is randomly distributed depending on whether other facets are cited in between.
    Ex: In addition to the 'pot luck' method which some indexers seem to favour, we now have the use of PRECIS to serve as the indexing method in BNB.
    Ex: Funds are low, so libraries could benefit from interlibrary loan schemes, although without a national union catalogue, efforts to serve readers are hit and miss = Los fondos son escasos, por lo que las bibliotecas se podrían beneficiar del préstamo interbibliotecario, aunque, sin un catálogo colectivo nacional, los esfuerzos para atender a los usuarios son una lotería.
    Ex: For example, review articles are expected to be supported by extensive bibliographies, whilst it is unusual for a letter to carry more than the odd citation.
    Ex: The study revealed that most of the deformities are caused by a fluke.
    Ex: Machiavelli insisted that the Prince be aware that he was Prince mostly by luck and his job was to never admit it.
    Ex: The stream suddenly swept him away, and it was only by a stroke of luck that they found him.

    Spanish-English dictionary > al azar

  • 3 azar

    m.
    chance, fate.
    al azar at random
    por (puro) azar by (pure) chance
    * * *
    1 chance
    2 (percance) misfortune, accident
    \
    al azar at random
    por puro azar by pure chance
    juegos de azar games of chance
    los azares de la vida the ups and downs of life
    * * *
    SM
    1) (=suerte) chance, fate

    por azar — accidentally, by chance

    no es un azar que... — it is no mere accident that..., it is not a matter of chance that...

    2) (=desgracia) accident, piece of bad luck
    * * *
    a) ( casualidad) chance

    no es por azar que... — it's no chance o coincidence that...

    b) azares masculino plural ( vicisitudes) ups and downs (pl), vicissitudes (pl)
    * * *
    Ex. Luck also called fortuity is a chance happening, or that which happens beyond a persons control.
    ----
    * al azar = at random, by chance, haphazardly, indiscriminate, indiscriminately, random, randomly, pot luck, hit (and/or) miss, odd, by a fluke, lucky draw, lucky dip, by luck, by a stroke of (good) luck.
    * asignado al azar = randomised [randomized, -USA].
    * azares = vicissitudes, ups and downs.
    * código generado al azar = nonce.
    * comprobación al azar = spot check.
    * control al azar = spot check.
    * dejado al azar = stochastic.
    * dejar Algo al azar = leave + Nombre + to chance.
    * distribuido al azar = randomised [randomized, -USA].
    * escoger al azar = pick at + random.
    * escogido al azar = randomly chosen [randomly-chosen].
    * inspección al azar = spot check.
    * juegos de azar = gambling.
    * jugar al azar = gamble.
    * muestra al azar = random sample.
    * muestreo al azar = random sampling.
    * muestreo al azar estratificado = stratified random sampling.
    * muestreo al azar simple = simple random sampling.
    * que deja mucho al azar = hit-or-miss.
    * seleccionado al azar = randomly chosen [randomly-chosen].
    * * *
    a) ( casualidad) chance

    no es por azar que... — it's no chance o coincidence that...

    b) azares masculino plural ( vicisitudes) ups and downs (pl), vicissitudes (pl)
    * * *

    Ex: Luck also called fortuity is a chance happening, or that which happens beyond a persons control.

    * al azar = at random, by chance, haphazardly, indiscriminate, indiscriminately, random, randomly, pot luck, hit (and/or) miss, odd, by a fluke, lucky draw, lucky dip, by luck, by a stroke of (good) luck.
    * asignado al azar = randomised [randomized, -USA].
    * azares = vicissitudes, ups and downs.
    * código generado al azar = nonce.
    * comprobación al azar = spot check.
    * control al azar = spot check.
    * dejado al azar = stochastic.
    * dejar Algo al azar = leave + Nombre + to chance.
    * distribuido al azar = randomised [randomized, -USA].
    * escoger al azar = pick at + random.
    * escogido al azar = randomly chosen [randomly-chosen].
    * inspección al azar = spot check.
    * juegos de azar = gambling.
    * jugar al azar = gamble.
    * muestra al azar = random sample.
    * muestreo al azar = random sampling.
    * muestreo al azar estratificado = stratified random sampling.
    * muestreo al azar simple = simple random sampling.
    * que deja mucho al azar = hit-or-miss.
    * seleccionado al azar = randomly chosen [randomly-chosen].

    * * *
    1 (casualidad) chance
    no dejó nada librado al azar she left nothing to chance
    no es por azar que estoy aquí it's no chance o coincidence that I'm here
    quiso el azar que coincidieran en aquel lugar fate decreed that they should meet in that place
    al azar at random
    elegí una carta al azar I chose a card at random
    2 azares mpl (vicisitudes) ups and downs (pl), vicissitudes (pl)
    * * *

     

    azar sustantivo masculino


    al azar at random
    b)

    azares sustantivo masculino plural ( vicisitudes) ups and downs (pl), vicissitudes (pl)

    azar sustantivo masculino
    1 (suerte, fortuna) chance
    por azar by chance
    2 (imprevisto, infortunio) mishap
    ♦ Locuciones: al azar, at random
    ' azar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    aleatoria
    - aleatorio
    - imprevista
    - imprevisto
    - juego
    - número
    - suerte
    - tuntún
    - adivinar
    - fortuna
    - voleo
    English:
    chance
    - dark
    - game
    - haphazard
    - haphazardly
    - potshot
    - random
    - random shot
    - randomly
    - throw together
    - wildly
    - leave
    - pot
    - spot
    - wild
    * * *
    azar nm
    1. [casualidad] chance;
    juego de azar game of chance;
    al azar at random;
    dos concursantes elegidos al azar two randomly chosen contestants;
    no dejaron nada al azar they left nothing to chance;
    por azar by (pure) chance;
    si por algún azar no puedes venir, llámanos if by any chance you should be unable to come, give us a call o Br ring;
    quiso el azar que pasara yo por allí en ese preciso instante fate decreed that I should be passing that way at that very moment
    2. [suceso, vicisitud]
    los azares de la vida the ups and downs of life
    * * *
    m fate, chance;
    al azar at random;
    por azar by chance
    * * *
    azar nm
    1) : chance
    juegos de azar: games of chance
    2) : accident, misfortune
    3)
    al azar : at random, randomly
    * * *
    azar n
    1. (destino) fate
    2. (casualidad) chance

    Spanish-English dictionary > azar

  • 4 bibliometría sobre citas

    Ex. Furthermore, the value of citation bibliometry is currently being undermined by the formation of 'citation clubs', which aim to indiscriminately achieve maximum cross-citing between 'club members'.
    * * *

    Ex: Furthermore, the value of citation bibliometry is currently being undermined by the formation of 'citation clubs', which aim to indiscriminately achieve maximum cross-citing between 'club members'.

    Spanish-English dictionary > bibliometría sobre citas

  • 5 criterio

    m.
    1 criterion (norma).
    2 taste, discernment (juicio).
    3 opinion.
    * * *
    1 (en lógica) criterion
    2 (juicio) judgement, discernment
    3 (opinión) opinion, point of view
    \
    cambiar de criterio to change one's mind
    dejar a criterio de alguien to leave to somebody's discretion
    ser de amplios criterios to be broad-minded
    * * *
    noun m.
    * * *
    SM
    1) (=método) criterion
    2) (=juicio) judgement

    tiene buen criteriohe has good o sound judgement

    3) (=punto de vista) opinion, view
    * * *
    a) (norma, principio) criterion
    b) (capacidad para juzgar, discernir) discernment (frml), judgment*
    c) (opinión, juicio) opinion

    su criterio es que... — he is of the view o opinion that...

    * * *
    = criterion [criteria, -pl.], pattern, yardstick, touchstone.
    Ex. Most documents have many characteristics that might be identified by a searcher as the criterion by which the document would be selected as relevant.
    Ex. In the same way that citation orders may have more or less theoretical foundations, equally reference generation may follow a predetermined pattern.
    Ex. The legitimate yardstick against which to evaluate 'Beatlemusik' is not, pace Paul Johnson, Beethoven's last quartets, but other contemporary popular music.
    Ex. The touchstone for professional practice are the professional codes of ethics that govern medicine in face-to-face relationships with patients.
    ----
    * a criterio de = at the discretion of.
    * basado en criterios = criteria-based.
    * con criterio = discerning.
    * criterio de selección = selection criterion.
    * criterio general = rule of thumb.
    * criterio propio = judgement [judgment].
    * criterios de búsqueda = search criteria.
    * criterios de relevancia = relevance criteria.
    * cumplir (con) un criterio = meet + standard.
    * dejar Algo al criterio de Alguien = leave + Nombre + up to.
    * establecer criterios para = make + provision for.
    * evaluar muy positivamente según unos criterios establecidos = rate + Nombre + high on + criteria.
    * no cumplir unos criterios = fall (far) short of + criteria.
    * no satisfacer unos criterios = fall (far) short of + criteria.
    * satisfacer un criterio = fulfil + criterion.
    * sea cual sea el criterio utilizado = by any standard(s).
    * sin criterio alguno = indiscriminate, indiscriminately.
    * * *
    a) (norma, principio) criterion
    b) (capacidad para juzgar, discernir) discernment (frml), judgment*
    c) (opinión, juicio) opinion

    su criterio es que... — he is of the view o opinion that...

    * * *
    = criterion [criteria, -pl.], pattern, yardstick, touchstone.

    Ex: Most documents have many characteristics that might be identified by a searcher as the criterion by which the document would be selected as relevant.

    Ex: In the same way that citation orders may have more or less theoretical foundations, equally reference generation may follow a predetermined pattern.
    Ex: The legitimate yardstick against which to evaluate 'Beatlemusik' is not, pace Paul Johnson, Beethoven's last quartets, but other contemporary popular music.
    Ex: The touchstone for professional practice are the professional codes of ethics that govern medicine in face-to-face relationships with patients.
    * a criterio de = at the discretion of.
    * basado en criterios = criteria-based.
    * con criterio = discerning.
    * criterio de selección = selection criterion.
    * criterio general = rule of thumb.
    * criterio propio = judgement [judgment].
    * criterios de búsqueda = search criteria.
    * criterios de relevancia = relevance criteria.
    * cumplir (con) un criterio = meet + standard.
    * dejar Algo al criterio de Alguien = leave + Nombre + up to.
    * establecer criterios para = make + provision for.
    * evaluar muy positivamente según unos criterios establecidos = rate + Nombre + high on + criteria.
    * no cumplir unos criterios = fall (far) short of + criteria.
    * no satisfacer unos criterios = fall (far) short of + criteria.
    * satisfacer un criterio = fulfil + criterion.
    * sea cual sea el criterio utilizado = by any standard(s).
    * sin criterio alguno = indiscriminate, indiscriminately.

    * * *
    1 (norma, principio) criterion
    tenemos que unificar criterios we have to agree on our criteria
    no se pueden aplicar los mismos criterios a los dos grupos the same criteria cannot be applied to both groups
    con ese criterio también se podría afirmar que … by the same criterion o token one could also say that …
    2 (capacidad para juzgar, discernir) discernment ( frml), judgment*
    es una persona de buen criterio she is a person of sound judgment
    usa tu propio criterio use your own judgment
    eso lo dejo a tu criterio I leave that to your discretion o judgment, I'll leave that for you to decide
    3 (opinión, juicio) opinion
    no comparto tu criterio I don't share your opinion
    su criterio es que … he is of the view o opinion that …, he takes the view that …, his opinion is that …
    * * *

     

    criterio sustantivo masculino
    a) (norma, principio) criterion;


    b) (capacidad para juzgar, discernir) discernment (frml), judgment( conjugate judgment);

    lo dejo a tu criterio I leave that to your discretion o judgment;

    no tiene criterio he has no common sense
    c) (opinión, juicio) opinion

    criterio sustantivo masculino
    1 (opinión) opinion
    2 (juicio) discretion: lo dejó a mi criterio, she left it up to me
    3 (norma, regla) criterion
    ' criterio' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    antojo
    - imponer
    - juicio
    - liviandad
    - amplio
    - estrecho
    - revisar
    - revisión
    - unilateral
    English:
    criterion
    - indiscriminate
    - judgement
    - judgment
    - set
    - standard
    - undiscerning
    - yardstick
    - broad
    - discerning
    - discretion
    - discrimination
    - judicious
    * * *
    1. [norma] criterion;
    ¿con qué criterio se efectuó esa selección? on what basis was this selection made?;
    celebraron una reunión para unificar criterios they held a meeting to agree on their criteria
    UE criterios de convergencia convergence criteria; UE criterios de Maastricht Maastricht criteria
    2. [juicio] judgement;
    es una persona de mucho criterio she has very good o sound judgement;
    decidió con buen criterio no seguir con el experimento he wisely decided not to continue with the experiment
    3. [opinión] opinion;
    según mi criterio, no ha hecho un buen trabajo in my opinion, he has not done a good job;
    sus diferencias de criterio son evidentes they have clear differences of opinion
    criterio2, critérium nm
    Dep criterium
    * * *
    m
    1 criterion
    2 ( juicio) judg(e)ment
    * * *
    1) : criterion
    2) : judgment, sense

    Spanish-English dictionary > criterio

  • 6 croscita

    Ex. Furthermore, the value of citation bibliometry is currently being undermined by the formation of 'citation clubs', which aim to indiscriminately achieve maximum cross-citing between 'club members'.
    * * *

    Ex: Furthermore, the value of citation bibliometry is currently being undermined by the formation of 'citation clubs', which aim to indiscriminately achieve maximum cross-citing between 'club members'.

    Spanish-English dictionary > croscita

  • 7 debilitar

    v.
    to weaken.
    Las drogas debilitan la mente Drugs weaken the mind.
    La falta de ejercicio debilita el cuerpo Lack of exercise weakens the body
    * * *
    1 to weaken, debilitate
    1 to weaken, get weak, become weak
    * * *
    verb
    * * *
    1. VT
    1) (Med) [+ persona, sistema inmunológico] to weaken, debilitate; [+ salud] to weaken
    2) [+ resistencia] to weaken, impair
    2.
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    a) < persona> to weaken, debilitate; <salud/voluntad> to weaken
    b) <economía/defensa> to weaken, debilitate
    2.
    debilitarse v pron
    a) persona to become weak; salud to deteriorate; voluntad to weaken
    b) sonido to get o become faint/fainter
    c) economía to grow o become weak/weaker
    * * *
    = undermine, weaken, attenuate, undercut, lay + Nombre + low.
    Ex. Furthermore, the value of citation bibliometry is currently being undermined by the formation of 'citation clubs', which aim to indiscriminately achieve maximum cross-citing between 'club members'.
    Ex. The gangplank can be thrown across without weakening the chain of command.
    Ex. In the emerging technological environment of distributed systems, however, the informal or even formal links between source and user are attenuated or broken.
    Ex. The effects of liberalization threaten to undercut the delivery of a long cherished social objective.
    Ex. She suffered frequent flare-ups of widespread inflammation that would lay her low for days on end.
    ----
    * debilitarse = become + brittle, languish.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    a) < persona> to weaken, debilitate; <salud/voluntad> to weaken
    b) <economía/defensa> to weaken, debilitate
    2.
    debilitarse v pron
    a) persona to become weak; salud to deteriorate; voluntad to weaken
    b) sonido to get o become faint/fainter
    c) economía to grow o become weak/weaker
    * * *
    = undermine, weaken, attenuate, undercut, lay + Nombre + low.

    Ex: Furthermore, the value of citation bibliometry is currently being undermined by the formation of 'citation clubs', which aim to indiscriminately achieve maximum cross-citing between 'club members'.

    Ex: The gangplank can be thrown across without weakening the chain of command.
    Ex: In the emerging technological environment of distributed systems, however, the informal or even formal links between source and user are attenuated or broken.
    Ex: The effects of liberalization threaten to undercut the delivery of a long cherished social objective.
    Ex: She suffered frequent flare-ups of widespread inflammation that would lay her low for days on end.
    * debilitarse = become + brittle, languish.

    * * *
    debilitar [A1 ]
    vt
    1 ‹persona› to weaken, debilitate; ‹salud› to weaken
    la quimioterapia lo ha ido debilitando he's become weaker and weaker with the chemotherapy, the chemotherapy has made him increasingly weak o has gradually weakened o debilitated him
    contribuyó a debilitar su salud mental it contributed to the deterioration of his mental state
    2 ‹voluntad› to weaken
    3 ‹economía/defensa› to weaken, debilitate
    1 «persona» to become weak; «salud» to deteriorate
    se debilitó mucho con la enfermedad the illness made him very weak, he was debilitated by the illness, he became very weak as a result of the illness
    2 «voluntad» to weaken
    3 «sonido» to get o become faint/fainter
    4 «economía» to grow o become weak/weaker
    * * *

    debilitar ( conjugate debilitar) verbo transitivo
    to weaken
    debilitarse verbo pronominal

    [ salud] to deteriorate;
    [ voluntad] to weaken
    b) [ sonido] to get o become faint/fainter

    c) [ economía] to grow o become weak/weaker

    debilitar verbo transitivo to weaken, debilitate: la operación le ha debilitado, the operation left her feeling weak
    su opción debilita la posición alemana, her decision undermines the German position
    ' debilitar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    enervar
    - minar
    - desgastar
    English:
    chip away
    - debilitate
    - shake
    - soften up
    - weaken
    * * *
    vt
    1. [enfermo, organismo] to weaken;
    [salud] to weaken, to undermine
    2. [voluntad, moral] to weaken, to undermine
    3. [gobierno, moneda, economía] to weaken, to debilitate;
    este escándalo puede debilitar al ministro this scandal could weaken the minister's position
    * * *
    v/t weaken
    * * *
    : to debilitate, to weaken
    * * *
    debilitar vb to weaken

    Spanish-English dictionary > debilitar

  • 8 expeler

    v.
    1 to emit.
    2 to expel, to belch, to exhaust, to eject.
    * * *
    (pp expulso,-a o expelido,-a)
    1 to expel, eject, throw out
    * * *
    VT to expel, eject
    * * *
    verbo transitivo (frml) to expel (frml)
    * * *
    = expel, spew (out), billow out, exhaust.
    Ex. These policies indiscriminately suspend, expel, & punish harshly students who break rules under these policies.
    Ex. Simultaneously, automatic gunfire spewed out from a sandbagged position west of the village across the river mouth.
    Ex. Nearly everyone has seen a factory's smokestack billowing out black sooty smoke that dirties the air and blackens buildings.
    Ex. As a general rule of thumb, you want front and side fans to intake, rear and top to exhaust.
    * * *
    verbo transitivo (frml) to expel (frml)
    * * *
    = expel, spew (out), billow out, exhaust.

    Ex: These policies indiscriminately suspend, expel, & punish harshly students who break rules under these policies.

    Ex: Simultaneously, automatic gunfire spewed out from a sandbagged position west of the village across the river mouth.
    Ex: Nearly everyone has seen a factory's smokestack billowing out black sooty smoke that dirties the air and blackens buildings.
    Ex: As a general rule of thumb, you want front and side fans to intake, rear and top to exhaust.

    * * *
    expeler [E1 ]
    vt
    ( frml); to expel ( frml)
    * * *

    expeler verbo transitivo to expel, discharge, force out: el volcán expelía grandes trozos de roca candente, large chunks of red-hot rock flowed from the volcano
    ' expeler' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    echar
    English:
    breathe
    * * *
    to emit
    * * *
    v/t expel
    * * *
    : to expel, to eject

    Spanish-English dictionary > expeler

  • 9 expulsar

    v.
    1 to throw out.
    El cohete expulsó la obstrucción The rocket threw out the obstruction.
    2 to send off (sport).
    3 to emit, to give off (humo).
    4 to expel, to cast out, to kick out, to put out.
    Los rebeldes fueron expulsados ayer The rebels were expelled yesterday.
    * * *
    1 (expeler) to expel, eject, throw out; (humo etc) to belch out
    2 DEPORTE to send off
    3 (alumno) to expel; (de universidad) to send down, US expel
    * * *
    verb
    1) to expel, eject
    * * *
    VT
    1) (=hacer salir) [+ alumno, inmigrante] to expel; [+ jugador] to send off, eject (EEUU); [+ intruso, alborotador] to eject, throw out (de from)

    la expulsaron del partido — she was expelled from the party, she was thrown out of the party

    2) [+ gases, humo] to expel
    * * *
    verbo transitivo
    1)
    a) ( de institución) to expel; ( de local) to throw... out, eject (frml)
    b) ( de territorio) < individuo> to expel; <grupo/pueblo> to expel, drive out
    c) (Dep) to send off
    2) < aire> to expel; < cálculo> to pass, expel; < placenta> to expel, push out
    * * *
    = pass out, push out, eject, drive out, expel, evict, exhaust.
    Ex. Put a set of premises into such a device and turn the crank, and it will readily pass out conclusion after conclusion.
    Ex. There is today culture of all sorts at all levels (high culture, middle-brow culture and mass culture) and there is no evidence to show that the one sort pushes out the other.
    Ex. Newsprint machines, on the other hand, have grown ever larger and faster, and there are newsprint Fourdriniers working today which can eject a web 1,000 cm. wide at speeds of up to 1,000 metres per minute (which is 60 k.p.h.).
    Ex. The development of user-friendly interfaces to data bases may drive out the unspecialised information broker in the long run.
    Ex. These policies indiscriminately suspend, expel, & punish harshly students who break rules under these policies.
    Ex. This printing press was evicted from its premises in 1984 to make way for a seminar room.
    Ex. As a general rule of thumb, you want front and side fans to intake, rear and top to exhaust.
    ----
    * expulsar temporalmente = suspend.
    * * *
    verbo transitivo
    1)
    a) ( de institución) to expel; ( de local) to throw... out, eject (frml)
    b) ( de territorio) < individuo> to expel; <grupo/pueblo> to expel, drive out
    c) (Dep) to send off
    2) < aire> to expel; < cálculo> to pass, expel; < placenta> to expel, push out
    * * *
    = pass out, push out, eject, drive out, expel, evict, exhaust.

    Ex: Put a set of premises into such a device and turn the crank, and it will readily pass out conclusion after conclusion.

    Ex: There is today culture of all sorts at all levels (high culture, middle-brow culture and mass culture) and there is no evidence to show that the one sort pushes out the other.
    Ex: Newsprint machines, on the other hand, have grown ever larger and faster, and there are newsprint Fourdriniers working today which can eject a web 1,000 cm. wide at speeds of up to 1,000 metres per minute (which is 60 k.p.h.).
    Ex: The development of user-friendly interfaces to data bases may drive out the unspecialised information broker in the long run.
    Ex: These policies indiscriminately suspend, expel, & punish harshly students who break rules under these policies.
    Ex: This printing press was evicted from its premises in 1984 to make way for a seminar room.
    Ex: As a general rule of thumb, you want front and side fans to intake, rear and top to exhaust.
    * expulsar temporalmente = suspend.

    * * *
    expulsar [A1 ]
    vt
    A
    1 (de un partido, organización) to expel; (de un local) to throw … out, eject ( frml)
    2 (de la escuela) to expel; (de la universidad) to expel, send down ( BrE)
    3 (de un territorio) ‹individuo› to expel; ‹grupo/pueblo› to expel, drive out
    4 ( Dep) to send off, eject o dismiss from the game ( AmE)
    B ‹aire› to expel; ‹cálculo› to pass, expel; ‹placenta› to expel, push out
    * * *

    expulsar ( conjugate expulsar) verbo transitivo
    1

    ( de local) to throw … out, eject (frml)

    c) (Dep) to send off

    2aire/cálculo to expel
    expulsar verbo transitivo
    1 to expel [de, from]
    2 Dep ( a un jugador) to send off
    ' expulsar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    irradiar
    - largar
    - echar
    - tirar
    English:
    deport
    - disbar
    - eject
    - expel
    - oust
    - send down
    - send off
    - throw out
    - cast
    - drive
    - send
    - spout
    - suspend
    * * *
    1. [de local] to throw out;
    [de clase] to send out; [de colegio, país, territorio] to expel; [de organización, club] to expel, to throw out
    2. Dep to send off
    3. [emitir] [humo] to emit, to give off;
    [lava, objeto, sustancia] to expel; [disquete] to eject;
    contenga la respiración y expulse el aire hold your breath, then breathe out;
    expulsar la placenta to expel the placenta
    * * *
    v/t
    1 expel, throw out fam
    2 DEP expel from the game, Br
    send off
    * * *
    : to expel, to eject
    * * *
    1. (en general) to expel [pt. & pp. expelled]
    2. (en deportes) to send off [pt. & pp. sent]

    Spanish-English dictionary > expulsar

  • 10 expulsar temporalmente

    (v.) = suspend
    Ex. These policies indiscriminately suspend, expel, & punish harshly students who break rules under these policies.
    * * *
    (v.) = suspend

    Ex: These policies indiscriminately suspend, expel, & punish harshly students who break rules under these policies.

    Spanish-English dictionary > expulsar temporalmente

  • 11 incumplir una norma

    (v.) = infringe + standard, violate + rule, violate + regulation, break + rules
    Ex. This entails restricting membership to properly qualified persons only, and exercising sanctions on members who infringe professional standards.
    Ex. It seemed to him that they had violated some of their rules.
    Ex. So long as the department carries out its responsibilities well and violate no regulations, there is little likelihood that the library director will attempt to impose his or her individual style of management on the independent section head.
    Ex. These policies indiscriminately suspend, expel, & punish harshly students who break rules under these policies.
    * * *
    (v.) = infringe + standard, violate + rule, violate + regulation, break + rules

    Ex: This entails restricting membership to properly qualified persons only, and exercising sanctions on members who infringe professional standards.

    Ex: It seemed to him that they had violated some of their rules.
    Ex: So long as the department carries out its responsibilities well and violate no regulations, there is little likelihood that the library director will attempt to impose his or her individual style of management on the independent section head.
    Ex: These policies indiscriminately suspend, expel, & punish harshly students who break rules under these policies.

    Spanish-English dictionary > incumplir una norma

  • 12 incumplir una regla

    (v.) = violate + rule, break + rules
    Ex. It seemed to him that they had violated some of their rules.
    Ex. These policies indiscriminately suspend, expel, & punish harshly students who break rules under these policies.
    * * *
    (v.) = violate + rule, break + rules

    Ex: It seemed to him that they had violated some of their rules.

    Ex: These policies indiscriminately suspend, expel, & punish harshly students who break rules under these policies.

    Spanish-English dictionary > incumplir una regla

  • 13 incumplir una regla, infringir una regla, incumplir una norma, infringir un

    (v.) = break + rules
    Ex. These policies indiscriminately suspend, expel, & punish harshly students who break rules under these policies.
    * * *
    (v.) = break + rules

    Ex: These policies indiscriminately suspend, expel, & punish harshly students who break rules under these policies.

    Spanish-English dictionary > incumplir una regla, infringir una regla, incumplir una norma, infringir un

  • 14 indiscriminadamente

    adv.
    indiscriminately.
    * * *
    1 indiscriminately
    * * *
    * * *
    Ex. Furthermore, the value of citation bibliometry is currently being undermined by the formation of 'citation clubs', which aim to indiscriminately achieve maximum cross-citing between 'club members'.
    ----
    * aplicar indiscriminadamente = apply across + the board.
    * matar indiscriminadamente = take + no prisoners.
    * * *

    Ex: Furthermore, the value of citation bibliometry is currently being undermined by the formation of 'citation clubs', which aim to indiscriminately achieve maximum cross-citing between 'club members'.

    * aplicar indiscriminadamente = apply across + the board.
    * matar indiscriminadamente = take + no prisoners.

    * * *
    indiscriminately
    * * *
    indiscriminately

    Spanish-English dictionary > indiscriminadamente

  • 15 indistintamente

    adj.
    1 equally, alike.
    se refería a jóvenes y viejos indistintamente he was referring to young and old alike
    2 indistinctly.
    adv.
    1 indistinctly, one or the other, indiscriminatingly.
    2 indistinctly, fuzzily.
    * * *
    1 (por igual) equally
    2 (con imprecisión) indistinctly
    * * *
    ADV
    1) (=sin distinción) without distinction; (=sin discriminación) indiscriminately

    pueden firmar indistintamenteeither may sign ( joint holder of the account {etc}4})

    2) (=no claramente) vaguely, indistinctly
    * * *
    a) (sin distinción, separación)

    todos, indistintamente, deberán hacerlo — everyone, without distinction o exception, will have to do it

    b) ( no claramente) <percibir/recordar> vaguely
    * * *
    = indiscriminately, interchangeably, indistinctively.
    Ex. Furthermore, the value of citation bibliometry is currently being undermined by the formation of 'citation clubs', which aim to indiscriminately achieve maximum cross-citing between 'club members'.
    Ex. We agree with Price that using the words 'citation' and 'reference' interchangeably is a deplorable waste of a good technical term.
    Ex. But most people nowadays object to the use of either word to refer indistinctively to Japanese or Chinese characters.
    ----
    * usar indistintamente = use + interchangeably.
    * * *
    a) (sin distinción, separación)

    todos, indistintamente, deberán hacerlo — everyone, without distinction o exception, will have to do it

    b) ( no claramente) <percibir/recordar> vaguely
    * * *
    = indiscriminately, interchangeably, indistinctively.

    Ex: Furthermore, the value of citation bibliometry is currently being undermined by the formation of 'citation clubs', which aim to indiscriminately achieve maximum cross-citing between 'club members'.

    Ex: We agree with Price that using the words 'citation' and 'reference' interchangeably is a deplorable waste of a good technical term.
    Ex: But most people nowadays object to the use of either word to refer indistinctively to Japanese or Chinese characters.
    * usar indistintamente = use + interchangeably.

    * * *
    1
    (sin distinción, separación): puede firmar uno u otro indistintamente either of you can sign, it doesn't matter which of you signs
    todos, indistintamente, deberán hacer la prueba everyone, without distinction o exception, will have to do the test
    culpaba a los liberales y a los conservadores indistintamente she blamed both liberals and conservatives alike
    2 (no claramente) ‹percibir/recordar› vaguely
    las voces le llegaban indistintamente a través de la pared she could hear the voices faintly o indistinctly through the wall
    * * *

    indistintamente adv (sin distinción) vale para coches de gasolina o diesel indistintamente, it's used for petrol or diesel cars, it doesn't matter which
    ' indistintamente' also found in these entries:
    English:
    indiscriminately
    - indistinctly
    * * *
    1. [sin distinción] equally, alike;
    se refería a jóvenes y viejos indistintamente he was referring to young and old alike;
    utilizan indistintamente el español y el inglés they use Spanish and English interchangeably;
    permite enviar indistintamente datos e imágenes it allows you to send both data and images equally well
    2. [sin claridad] indistinctly
    * * *
    adv
    1 ( sin claridad) indistinctly
    2 ( sin distinción) without distinction
    * * *
    1) : indistinctly
    2) : indiscriminately

    Spanish-English dictionary > indistintamente

  • 16 infringir una norma

    (v.) = infringe + standard, violate + rule, violate + regulation, break + rules
    Ex. This entails restricting membership to properly qualified persons only, and exercising sanctions on members who infringe professional standards.
    Ex. It seemed to him that they had violated some of their rules.
    Ex. So long as the department carries out its responsibilities well and violate no regulations, there is little likelihood that the library director will attempt to impose his or her individual style of management on the independent section head.
    Ex. These policies indiscriminately suspend, expel, & punish harshly students who break rules under these policies.
    * * *
    (v.) = infringe + standard, violate + rule, violate + regulation, break + rules

    Ex: This entails restricting membership to properly qualified persons only, and exercising sanctions on members who infringe professional standards.

    Ex: It seemed to him that they had violated some of their rules.
    Ex: So long as the department carries out its responsibilities well and violate no regulations, there is little likelihood that the library director will attempt to impose his or her individual style of management on the independent section head.
    Ex: These policies indiscriminately suspend, expel, & punish harshly students who break rules under these policies.

    Spanish-English dictionary > infringir una norma

  • 17 menoscabar

    v.
    1 to damage (fama, honra).
    2 to undermine, to afflict, to aggrieve, to damage.
    Sus críticas minaron su confianza His criticism undermined her confidence.
    * * *
    1 (mermar) to reduce, lessen, diminish
    2 (dañar) to impair, spoil
    3 (desprestigiar) to discredit
    * * *
    VT
    1) (=disminuir) to lessen, reduce; (=dañar) to damage
    2) (=desacreditar) to discredit
    * * *
    verbo transitivo <autoridad/fortuna> to diminish, reduce; < derechos> to impinge upon, infringe; <honor/fama/salud> to damage, harm
    * * *
    = undermine, undercut, whittle (away/down/at).
    Ex. Furthermore, the value of citation bibliometry is currently being undermined by the formation of 'citation clubs', which aim to indiscriminately achieve maximum cross-citing between 'club members'.
    Ex. The effects of liberalization threaten to undercut the delivery of a long cherished social objective.
    Ex. However, such idealism is often whittled away over time by bureaucratic problems & organizational demands.
    * * *
    verbo transitivo <autoridad/fortuna> to diminish, reduce; < derechos> to impinge upon, infringe; <honor/fama/salud> to damage, harm
    * * *
    = undermine, undercut, whittle (away/down/at).

    Ex: Furthermore, the value of citation bibliometry is currently being undermined by the formation of 'citation clubs', which aim to indiscriminately achieve maximum cross-citing between 'club members'.

    Ex: The effects of liberalization threaten to undercut the delivery of a long cherished social objective.
    Ex: However, such idealism is often whittled away over time by bureaucratic problems & organizational demands.

    * * *
    menoscabar [A1 ]
    vt
    ‹autoridad/fortuna› to diminish, reduce; ‹derechos› to impinge upon, infringe; ‹honor/fama› to damage, harm
    * * *

    menoscabar ( conjugate menoscabar) verbo transitivoautoridad/fortuna to diminish, reduce;
    derechos to impinge upon, infringe;
    honor/fama/salud to damage, harm
    menoscabar verbo transitivo (un beneficio) to reduce, diminish
    (una reputación) to discredit
    (la salud) to undermine
    ' menoscabar' also found in these entries:
    English:
    wear
    * * *
    [fama, honra] to damage; [derechos, intereses, salud] to harm; [belleza, perfección] to diminish;
    sus acciones han menoscabado la confianza que teníamos en él what he did has diminished the trust we had in him
    * * *
    v/t
    1 autoridad diminish, reduce
    2 ( dañar) harm
    * * *
    1) : to lessen, to diminish
    2) : to disgrace, to discredit
    3) perjudicar: to harm, to damage

    Spanish-English dictionary > menoscabar

  • 18 minar

    v.
    1 to mine (military).
    La armada minó el campo The army mined the field.
    2 to undermine.
    Sus críticas minaron su confianza His criticism undermined her confidence.
    * * *
    1 (terreno) to mine
    2 figurado (salud, resistencia) to undermine, weaken
    * * *
    verb
    * * *
    VT
    1) (Min, Mil, Náut) to mine
    2) (=debilitar) to undermine
    * * *
    verbo transitivo
    a) <campo/mar> to mine
    b) ( debilitar) < salud> to damage; <autoridad/moral> to undermine
    * * *
    = erode, undermine, sap, gnaw (at), undercut, whittle (away/down/at), hollow out.
    Ex. These arrangements should also erode price differentials between Europe and the US, and permit each country to support its own online services.
    Ex. Furthermore, the value of citation bibliometry is currently being undermined by the formation of 'citation clubs', which aim to indiscriminately achieve maximum cross-citing between 'club members'.
    Ex. First the desire to read is sapped, then the will, and finally stamina to tackle anything but short, and immediately useful, passages.
    Ex. The rugby league is increasingly beset by a financial reward system that gnaws at its prime resource -- the players.
    Ex. The effects of liberalization threaten to undercut the delivery of a long cherished social objective.
    Ex. However, such idealism is often whittled away over time by bureaucratic problems & organizational demands.
    Ex. The Irish President said last night that Irish society is being hollowed out by individualism.
    ----
    * minar la confianza en Uno mismo = undermine + self-confidence.
    * minar los valores tradicionales = undermine + traditional values.
    * minar + Posesivo + confianza = undermine + Posesivo + confidence, erode + Posesivo + confidence, sap + Posesivo + confidence.
    * * *
    verbo transitivo
    a) <campo/mar> to mine
    b) ( debilitar) < salud> to damage; <autoridad/moral> to undermine
    * * *
    = erode, undermine, sap, gnaw (at), undercut, whittle (away/down/at), hollow out.

    Ex: These arrangements should also erode price differentials between Europe and the US, and permit each country to support its own online services.

    Ex: Furthermore, the value of citation bibliometry is currently being undermined by the formation of 'citation clubs', which aim to indiscriminately achieve maximum cross-citing between 'club members'.
    Ex: First the desire to read is sapped, then the will, and finally stamina to tackle anything but short, and immediately useful, passages.
    Ex: The rugby league is increasingly beset by a financial reward system that gnaws at its prime resource -- the players.
    Ex: The effects of liberalization threaten to undercut the delivery of a long cherished social objective.
    Ex: However, such idealism is often whittled away over time by bureaucratic problems & organizational demands.
    Ex: The Irish President said last night that Irish society is being hollowed out by individualism.
    * minar la confianza en Uno mismo = undermine + self-confidence.
    * minar los valores tradicionales = undermine + traditional values.
    * minar + Posesivo + confianza = undermine + Posesivo + confidence, erode + Posesivo + confidence, sap + Posesivo + confidence.

    * * *
    minar [A1 ]
    vt
    1 ( Mil, Náut) ‹campo/mar› to mine
    2 (debilitar) ‹salud› to damage; ‹autoridad/moral› to undermine
    el país había sido minado por una guerra civil the country had been weakened by a civil war
    * * *

    minar ( conjugate minar) verbo transitivo
    a)campo/mar to mine

    b) ( debilitar) ‹ salud to damage;

    autoridad/moral to undermine
    minar verbo transitivo
    1 (con explosivos) to mine
    2 fig (debilitar, destruir) to undermine: me mina la moral, it undermines my morale
    ' minar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    socavar
    English:
    chip away
    - mine
    - sap
    - undermine
    - erode
    - under
    * * *
    minar vt
    1. Mil to mine
    2. [socavar] to undermine;
    están minando los intentos de alcanzar un acuerdo they are undermining the efforts to reach an agreement;
    el tabaco está minando su salud cigarettes are damaging her health
    * * *
    v/t
    1 ( excavar) mine
    2 fig ( dañar) undermine
    * * *
    minar vt
    1) : to mine
    2) debilitar: to undermine

    Spanish-English dictionary > minar

  • 19 sin

    prep.
    without.
    buscan gente sin experiencia previa they are looking for people with no o without previous experience
    sin alcohol alcohol-free
    ha escrito cinco libros sin (contar) las novelas he has written five books, not counting his novels
    está sin hacer it hasn't been done yet
    estamos sin vino we're out of wine
    muchos se quedaron sin casa a lot of people were left homeless, a lot of people lost their homes
    lleva tres noches sin dormir she hasn't slept for three nights
    sin que without
    sin que nadie se enterara without anyone noticing
    sin más (ni más) just like that
    m.
    INS, Immigration and Naturalization Service.
    * * *
    1 (carencia) without
    2 (además de) not counting
    \
    estar sin algo to be out of something
    estar sin + inf not to have been + past participle
    quedarse sin algo to run out of something
    seguir sin to still not
    sin casar unmarried
    sin lo cual otherwise
    sin más ni más without further ado
    sin que + subjuntivo without + - ing
    sin querer accidentally, by mistake
    sin vergüenza shameless
    * * *
    prep.
    * * *
    1. PREP
    1) [seguido de sustantivo, pronombre] without

    ¿puedes abrirla sin llave? — can you open it without a key?

    llevamos diez meses sin noticias — it's been ten months since we've had any news, we've been ten months without news

    parejas jóvenes, sin hijos — young couples with no children

    cerveza sin alcohol — alcohol-free beer, non-alcoholic beer

    estar sin algo, estuvimos varias horas sin luz — we had no electricity for several hours

    quedarse sin algo — (=terminarse) to run out of sth; (=perder) to lose sth

    sin papeles SMF illegal immigrant

    2) (=no incluyendo) not including, excluding

    ese es el precio de la bañera sin los grifos — that is the price of the bath, excluding o not including the taps

    cuesta 550 euros, sin IVA — it costs 550 euros, exclusive of VAT o not including VAT

    3) + infin
    a) [indicando acción]

    nos despedimos, no sin antes recordarles que... — (TV) before saying goodnight we'd like to remind you that...

    no me gusta estar sin hacer nada — I don't like having nothing to do, I don't like doing nothing

    b) [indicando continuidad]

    llevan mucho tiempo sin hablarse — they haven't spoken to each other for a long time

    seguir sin, las camas seguían sin hacer — the beds still hadn't been made

    c) [tras sustantivo pasivo]
    4)

    sin que+ subjun without

    sin que él lo sepa — without him knowing, without his knowing

    2.
    SF (=cerveza sin alcohol) alcohol-free beer
    * * *

    cerveza sin alcohol — non-alcoholic beer, alcohol-free beer

    una pareja sin hijos — a couple with no children, a childless couple

    2)
    a)

    sin + inf — ( con significado activo) without -ing

    b)

    sin + inf — ( con significado pasivo)

    3)

    sin que + subj: no voy a ir sin que me inviten I'm not going if I haven't been invited; quítaselo sin que se dé cuenta — get it off him without his o without him noticing

    * * *
    Ex. Without AACR is doubtful whether computerised cataloguing would have been implemented so relatively painlessly and successfully = Sin las RCAA es dudoso que la catalogación automatizada se hubiera implementado tan fácilmente y con tanto éxito, relativamente hablando.
    ----
    * abogado sin escrúpulos = shyster.
    * acercarse sin ser visto = sidle up to.
    * afable pero sin sinceridad = suave.
    * agua sin gas = still water.
    * andar sin prisa = mosey.
    * arreglárselas sin = live without, get along without.
    * aunque sin ningún resultado = but (all) to no avail.
    * barato pero sin avergonzarse de ello = cheap and cheerful.
    * biblioteca sin muros = library without walls.
    * biblioteca sin paredes = library without walls.
    * bordado sin consido = needlepoint lace.
    * callejón sin salida = blind alley, catch 22, cul-de-sac, dead end, impasse.
    * camino sin rumbo = the road to nowhere.
    * casi sin previo aviso = without much notice.
    * coche sin caballos = horseless carriage automobile, horseless carriage.
    * colocado sin escalón entre pieza y pieza = edge-flush.
    * continuar sin detenerse = go straight ahead.
    * conversación sin trascendencia = small-talk.
    * decir rápidamente sin parar = rattle off.
    * dejar a Alguien sin aliento = leave + Nombre + breathless.
    * dejar sin cambiar = leave + unchanged.
    * dejar sin hacer = leave + undone.
    * dejar sin referente a una referencia anafórica = dangle + anaphoric reference.
    * dejar sin tocar = leave + Nombre + alone.
    * dejar sin trabajo = put + Nombre + out of work.
    * demanda sin variaciones = inelastic demand.
    * demostrar sin lugar a dudas = prove + conclusively.
    * demostrar sin ninguna duda = demonstrate + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond all doubt.
    * demostrar sin ningún género de duda = demonstrate + beyond (all) doubt, demonstrate + emphatically, demonstrate + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt.
    * desarrollarse sin problemas = go + smoothly.
    * estar sin vivir = be worried sick.
    * evaluación sin intervención del examinador = unobtrusive testing.
    * hablando sin rodeos = crudely put.
    * hablar sin parar = burble on.
    * hablar sin ser entendido = speak in + tongues.
    * hacerlo sin la ayuda de nadie = do + it + on + Posesivo + own.
    * homicidio sin premeditación = manslaughter.
    * ir a un Sitio sin prisa = mosey.
    * lanzarse sin ton ni son = dive + head-first.
    * más largo que un día sin pan = as long as (my/your) arm.
    * medicamento sin receta médica = over the counter medicine.
    * método de la media sin ponderar = unweighted means method.
    * nación sin estado = stateless nation.
    * noche sin poder dormir = sleepless night.
    * no hay dos sin tres = things + come in threes.
    * no miel sin hiel = no pain, no gain.
    * no sin fundamento = not without basis.
    * oficina sin papel = paperless office.
    * papel sin acidez = acid-free paper.
    * pasar desadvertido, pasar sin ser visto = sneak under + the radar.
    * pasar sin = live without, live without.
    * pasar sin ser visto = go + unnoticed.
    * película sin fin = filmloop [film loop/film-loop].
    * permanecer sin cambios = remain + unchanged.
    * permanecer sin especificar = remain + undefined.
    * pero sin conseguirlo = but no dice.
    * pero sin suerte = but no dice.
    * persona sin problemas de vista = sighted person.
    * personas sin hogar = homelessness.
    * personas sin techo = homelessness.
    * político sin escrúpulos = shyster.
    * pozo sin fondo = bottomless pit.
    * pregunta sin respuesta = unanswerable question.
    * publicación sin papel = paperless publishing.
    * quedarse sin aliento = run out of + breath.
    * quedarse sin habla = stun into + speechlessness.
    * quedarse sin negocio = go out of + business.
    * quedarse sin palabras = stun into + speechlessness.
    * rechazar sin más = dismiss + out of hand.
    * referencia anafórica sin referente = dangling anaphoric reference.
    * rima sin sentido = nonsense, nonsense verse.
    * salir sin ser visto = slip out.
    * sin abrir = unopened.
    * sin abrirse = unfolded.
    * sin abrochar = undone.
    * sin acabar = unfinished.
    * sin acentuar = unaccented.
    * sin acontecimientos que destacar = uneventful.
    * sin adornos = unadorned, unvarnished.
    * sin afectar = unaffected.
    * sin afeitar = unshaven.
    * sin afeitar desde hace varios días = stubbly [stubblier -comp., stubbliest -sup.].
    * sin afiliación a un partido político = non-partisan [nonpartisan].
    * sin afiliación religiosa = non-sectarian [nonsectarian].
    * sin agua = waterless.
    * sin aguja = needleless.
    * sin ajustar = unadjusted, loosely hanging, baggy [baggier -comp., baggiest -sup.], saggy [saggier -comp., saggiest -sup.].
    * sin alcohol = alcoholfree.
    * sin aliento = breathlessly, breathless.
    * sin alinear = unjustified.
    * sin alterar = unaltered, unmodified.
    * sin ambigüedad = unambiguous.
    * sin amor = loveless.
    * sin analizar = unexamined, unanalysed.
    * sin ánimo = despondently.
    * sin ánimo de lucro = non-profit [nonprofit], non-profit making, not-for-profit, generously.
    * sin apenas ser oído = as quiet as a mouse.
    * sin apoyo = unsupported.
    * sin apretar = loosely hanging, baggy [baggier -comp., baggiest -sup.], saggy [saggier -comp., saggiest -sup.].
    * sin árboles = treeless.
    * sin arreglo = beyond repair.
    * sin arrepentimiento = no-looking-back.
    * sin asignar = unallocated.
    * sin asignar todavía = unassigned.
    * sin asimilar = undigested.
    * sin atajar = unconfronted.
    * sin atractivo = unattractive.
    * sin atrasos = paid-up, in good standing.
    * sin autorización = unauthorised [unauthorized, -USA], unlicensed.
    * sin avergonzarse = unashamed.
    * sin avisar = unannounced, out of the blue, like a bolt out of the blue, like a bolt from the blue.
    * sin aviso previo = without warning.
    * sin ayuda = unaided, unassisted.
    * sin ayuda de nadie = all by + Reflexivo, by + Reflexivo.
    * sin barba = beardless.
    * sin barnizar = unvarnished.
    * sin base = unsupported, ill-founded.
    * sin blanca = broke, skint.
    * sin blanquear = unbleached.
    * sin blindar = unshielded.
    * sin bombo(s) ni platillo(s) = without much ado.
    * sin brillo = dull, tarnished.
    * sin cabeza = headless, decapitated.
    * sin cables = wireless.
    * sin cafeina = decaffeinated.
    * sin calorías = calorieless.
    * sin cambio = inviolate.
    * sin cambios = monotone, stable, undisturbed, unchanged, unmodified, unaltered, unedited.
    * sin cancelar = uncancelled.
    * sin canjear = unredeemed.
    * sin cansancio = indefatigably.
    * sin capacidad de discernimiento = undiscriminating.
    * sin cara = faceless.
    * sin carácter = boneless, spineless.
    * sin carne = meatless.
    * sin castigo = impunitive, unpunished.
    * sin catalogar = uncatalogued [uncataloged, -USA].
    * sin causa alguna = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin causa aparente = for no apparent reason, for apparently no reason.
    * sin causa justificada = without justified reason.
    * sin causar daño = harmlessly.
    * sin ceremonias = unceremonious, unceremoniously.
    * sin cerrar con llave = unlocked.
    * sin certeza de cobrar = on spec.
    * sin cesar = steadily.
    * sin clases sociales = classless.
    * sin clavos = studless.
    * sin clemencia = mercilessly.
    * sin cobrar = free of charge, unredeemed, uncollected.
    * sin cohesión = scrappily, scrappy [scrappier -comp., scrappiest -sup.], bitty [bittier -comp., bittiest -sup.].
    * sin cohibiciones = unselfconsciously.
    * sin cola = ecaudate.
    * sin columnas = single-column.
    * sin comentar = unannotated.
    * sin comerlo ni beberlo = without having anything to do with it.
    * sin comérselo ni bebérselo = without having anything to do with it.
    * sin compasión = mercilessly.
    * sin complicaciones = smoothly, boilerplate [boiler plate], uncomplicated, straightforward, uncomplicatedly, hassle-free.
    * sin comprimir = uncompressed.
    * sin comprobar = untested.
    * sin compromiso = without obligation, fancy-free.
    * sin compromisos = with no strings attached.
    * sin concluir = unfinished.
    * sin concretar = to be decided.
    * sin condiciones = unconditionally.
    * sin condiciones especiales = with no strings attached.
    * sin confirmar = unconfirmed, unsubstantiated, unvalidated, to be confirmed.
    * sin conocer = ignorant of.
    * sin conocimiento = unconscious.
    * sin conocimiento de causa = unbeknown to, unbeknownst to.
    * sin conservar información sobre las consultas realizadas anteriormente = stateless.
    * sin conservar información sobre las consultas realizadas anterior = stateless.
    * sin constancia de ello = unrecorded.
    * sin consumir = nonconsumptive.
    * sin contacto = non-contact.
    * sin contaminar = untainted, uncontaminated.
    * sin contar = not including, excluding.
    * sin contar con = in the absence of.
    * sin contenido = contentless, trivial.
    * sin contratiempos = smoothly.
    * sin control = uncontrolled.
    * sin controlar = unsupervised.
    * sin convicción = doubtfully, lamely.
    * sin coordinación = uncoordinated [unco-ordinated].
    * sin corregir = unamended, uncorrected, unrevised.
    * sin correlacionar = uncorrelated.
    * sin corroborar = unsubstantiated.
    * sin cortapisas = untrammelled.
    * sin cortar = uncut.
    * sin coscarse = without batting an eyelid, without turning a hair.
    * sin costas = land-bound [landbound], land-locked [landlocked].
    * sin coste alguno = at no personal cost, at no cost, without cost, costless, without charge, free of charge, free of cost, cost free, for free, at no charge.
    * sin costo adicional alguno = at no extra charge, at no extra cost, at no extra charge.
    * sin costuras = seamless.
    * sin crecimiento = non-growth.
    * sin créditos = non-credit.
    * sin criterio alguno = indiscriminate, indiscriminately.
    * sin cuajar = runny [runnier -comp., runniest -sup.].
    * sin cuantificar = unmeasured.
    * sin cubrir = unfilled.
    * sin cuestionarlo = uncritically.
    * sin cultura = uncultured.
    * sin daños = undamaged.
    * sin dar basto = left, right and centre.
    * sin darle importancia = airily.
    * sin darme cuenta = before I know what's happened.
    * sin darnos cuenta = out of sight.
    * sin darse cuenta = inadvertently, unwittingly, unknowingly, without realising, without noticing, unconsciously.
    * sin debatir = undiscussed.
    * sin decir nada = dumbly.
    * sin decir ni mú = as quiet as a mouse.
    * sin decir ni pío = as quiet as a mouse.
    * sin decir una palabra = without saying a word.
    * sin defecto = untainted, unblemished.
    * sin dejar huella = into thin air.
    * sin dejar nada fuera = the works!.
    * sin dejar rastro = into thin air.
    * sin dejarse amedrentar por = undaunted by.
    * sin dejarse amilanar por = undaunted by.
    * sin dejarse desanimar = undaunted.
    * sin dejarse intimidar por = undaunted by.
    * sin delimitar = unmapped.
    * sin demora = on the spot, straight away, without delay, at short notice, promptly, right away, at once.
    * sin demorarse un (solo) minuto = without a moment wasted, without a wasted moment, without a minute wasted, without a wasted minute.
    * sin demoras = in a timely fashion, in a timely manner.
    * sin desarrollar = undeveloped.
    * sin descansar = without (a) rest.
    * sin descanso = relentlessly, restlessly, breathlessly, unabated, without a break, without (a) rest, day in and day out, without respite.
    * sin descanso, sin un descanso, sin parar, sin descansar, sin interrupción = without a break.
    * sin descubrir = undiscovered.
    * sin descuento = undiscounted.
    * sin desdoblarse = unfolded.
    * sin desearlo = unwantedly.
    * sin desgastar = unworn.
    * sin desperdiciar un (solo) minuto = without a moment wasted, without a wasted moment, without a minute wasted, without a wasted minute.
    * sin determinación de culpabilidad = no-fault.
    * sin determinar = undefined.
    * sin detonar = unexploded.
    * sin deudas = debt free.
    * sin dientes = toothless.
    * sin diferencias = undifferentiated.
    * sin dificultad = without difficulty.
    * sin dificultad alguna = without a hitch.
    * sin diluir = undiluted.
    * sin dinero = impecunious.
    * sin dinero en metálico = cashless.
    * sin discapacidad = able-bodied.
    * sin discapacidades = able-bodied.
    * sin disciplina = undisciplined, ill-disciplined.
    * sin discriminar = indiscriminate, on equal terms.
    * sin discutir = no arguments!, undiscussed.
    * sin disminuir = non-decreasing, unabated.
    * sin disolver = undiluted.
    * sin disponer de = in the absence of.
    * sin división espacial = spatially unstructured.
    * sin doblarse = unfolded.
    * sin documentar = undocumented.
    * sin dolor = painless.
    * sin domicilio fijo = of no fixed abode.
    * sin drenar = undrained.
    * sin duda = doubtless, no doubt, of course, surely, to be sure, undoubtedly, indubitably, without a doubt, without doubt, no mistake, hands down.
    * sin duda alguna = without any doubt.
    * sin dudar = without a doubt.
    * sin dudarlo = without hesitation.
    * sin editar = unedited.
    * sin el menor asomo de duda = without a shadow of a doubt, beyond a shadow of a doubt, beyond a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin embargo = however, nevertheless, still, yet, that being said, all this said.
    * sin emitir humo = smokeless.
    * sin empleo = jobless.
    * sin encuadernar = unbound.
    * sin energía = lethargic.
    * sin engorros = hassle-free.
    * sin entallar = loosely hanging, baggy [baggier -comp., baggiest -sup.], saggy [saggier -comp., saggiest -sup.].
    * sin enterrar = unburied.
    * sin entusiasmo = half-hearted [halfhearted].
    * sin envolver = unwrapped.
    * sin errores = error-free.
    * sin escatimar = without stint, unstintingly.
    * sin escenificar = unproduced.
    * sin escrúpulos = unscrupulous, unconscionable, without scruples, unprincipled.
    * sin escurrir = undrained.
    * sin esfuerzo = effortless, effortlessly.
    * sin esfuerzo alguno = effortlessly.
    * sin especializar = non-specialised.
    * sin especificar = unspecified.
    * sin esperanza = hopeless, dispiritedly, hopelessly.
    * sin esperarlo = out of the blue, like a bolt out of the blue, like a bolt from the blue.
    * sin espinas = boneless.
    * sin estar obstaculizado por = untrammelled by.
    * sin estilo = dowdy [dowdier -comp., dowdiest -sup.].
    * sin estructura = unstructured.
    * sin estudios = ill-educated.
    * sin evaluar = unevaluated.
    * sin examinar = unexamined.
    * sin exceder el presupuesto = budgetable.
    * sin excepción = without exception, without fail.
    * sin excesivo rigor = loosely.
    * sin excusa justificada = unexcused.
    * sin existencias = out-of-stock.
    * sin éxito = unsuccessful.
    * sin experiencia = inexperience, callow [callower -comp., callowest -sup.].
    * sin explicar = unexplained.
    * sin explorar = unexplored.
    * sin explotar = untapped, unexploded.
    * sin extras = no-frills.
    * sin fallar = without fail.
    * sin fallos = flawlessly.
    * sin falta = without fail.
    * sin fecha = undated.
    * sin fechar = undated.
    * sin fianza = without bail.
    * sin fin = never-finishing, never-ending, bottomless, interminably, unending.
    * sin finalidad = purposeless.
    * sin financiación = unfunded.
    * sin fines lucrativos = non-profit [nonprofit], non-profit making.
    * sin firma = unsigned.
    * sin firmar = unsigned.
    * sin fondo = bottomless.
    * sin forma = bodilessly, formless.
    * sin formación = ill-educated.
    * sin formación previa = untrained.
    * sin forrar = uncovered.
    * sin fronteras = borderless.
    * sin fundamento = unwarranted, unsupported, ungrounded, without foundation, without basis.
    * sin fundamento alguno = without any basis.
    * sin ganas = half-heartedly.
    * sin gastos = no cost(s).
    * sin grabar = unengraved.
    * sin gracia = dowdy [dowdier -comp., dowdiest -sup.].
    * sin grasa = nonfat.
    * sin grasas = nonfat, fat free.
    * sin guardar una correlación = uncorrelated.
    * sin haber contacto = non-contact.
    * sin haber pasado por la calandria = uncalendered.
    * sin habla = speechless.
    * sin hacer = undone.
    * sin hacer caso = regardless.
    * sin hacer distinciones = one size fits all.
    * sin hacer ruido = as quiet as a mouse, furtively, softly.
    * sin herrar = unshod.
    * sin hilación = rambling.
    * sin hogar = homeless.
    * sin hueso = boneless.
    * sin humo = smokeless.
    * sin humor = humourless [humorless, -USA].
    * sin humos = smoke-free.
    * sin idea = clueless.
    * sin ideas preconcebidas = open mind.
    * sin identificar = unidentified, unmapped, unnamed.
    * sin igual = unequalled, unexampled, unsurpassed, unique unto itself, unrivalled [unrivaled, -USA], without equal, matchless.
    * sin impedimentos = unimpeded.
    * sin importancia = negligible, unimportant, trifling, immaterial, of no consequence.
    * sin importar = regardless of, independently of, disregarding.
    * sin importar + Adjetivo/Adverbio + que sea = however + Adjetivo/Adverbio.
    * sin importar el tiempo = all-weather.
    * sin importar las consecuencias = regardless of the consequences.
    * sin importar qué = no matter what/which.
    * sin impuestos = duty-free, tax-free.
    * sin impurezas = purified.
    * sin incluir = unlisted, exclusive of, not including, excluding.
    * sin incluir las comidas = self-catering.
    * sin índice = indexless.
    * sin + Infinitivo = without + Gerundio.
    * sin información sobre el estado anterior = stateless.
    * sin inhibiciones = uninhibited.
    * sin inmutarse = undeterred, impassively, without batting an eyelid, without turning a hair.
    * sin intención = involuntarily.
    * sin interés = unexciting, uninteresting, unmoving, vapid.
    * sin interrupción = continuously, without a break, without (a) rest, in an unbroken line.
    * sin interrupciones = in a single phase.
    * sin intervención de un intermediario = disintermediated.
    * sin intervención directa = nonobtrusive.
    * sin investigar = unresearched.
    * sin justificación = unreasonably, unjustified.
    * sin justificación alguna = wantonly.
    * sin justificar = unjustified.
    * sin la amenaza de = unthreatened (by).
    * sin la ayuda de nadie = single-handed, single-handedly.
    * sin la debida autorización = unauthorised [unauthorized, -USA], warrantless.
    * sin la debida consideración = without due consideration.
    * sin la más mínima duda = without the shadow of a doubt, without a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin la más mínima duda = beyond a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin la menor duda = no mistake, no doubt.
    * sin la menor idea = clueless.
    * sin la menor sombra de duda = without a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin la suficiente financiación = underfinanced [under-financed].
    * sin lavar = unwashed.
    * sin leer = unread.
    * sin levadura = unleavened.
    * sin licencia = unlicensed.
    * sin líder = leaderless.
    * sin limitaciones = without stint, without limit.
    * sin límite = without limit, without stint, interminably.
    * sin límite(s) = unbounded, unfettered, unstinting, unstintingly, the sky is the limit.
    * sin litoral = land-bound [landbound], land-locked [landlocked].
    * sin llamar la atención = inconspicuously.
    * sin lógica ni explicación = without rhyme or reason.
    * sin lugar a dudas = conclusively, undeniably, unquestionably, without any doubt, by all accounts, no mistake, no doubt, without a shadow of a doubt, beyond a shadow of a doubt, to be sure.
    * sin lujos = no-frills.
    * sin luna = moonless.
    * sin luz de luna = moonless.
    * sin madera = woodfree.
    * sin madurar = unripened.
    * sin maldad = guileless.
    * sin malicia = guileless.
    * sin mancha = unblemished, untainted, stainless.
    * sin mangas = sleeveless.
    * sin mantenimiento = maintenance-free.
    * sin marcar = unpriced.
    * sin marca registrada = non-proprietary.
    * sin más = out of hand, unceremoniously, unceremonious.
    * sin más dilación = without (any) further ado, without (any) more ado, without warning.
    * sin más ni más = unceremoniously, unceremonious, for the love of it, without much ado.
    * sin más preámbulos = without (any) further ado, without (any) more ado.
    * sin medir = unmeasured.
    * sin mencionar = not to mention, not to say, not to speak of.
    * sin meternos en el hecho de que = to say nothing of.
    * sin mezcla = unmixed.
    * sin mezclar = unmixed.
    * sin miedo = with confidence.
    * sin miramientos = unceremoniously.
    * sin misericordia = ruthlessly.
    * sin modificar = unmodified, unaltered, unedited.
    * sin molestias = hassle-free.
    * sin motivo alguno = wantonly.
    * sin motivo aparente = for no apparent reason, for apparently no reason.
    * sin motivo justificado = without justified reason.
    * sin moverse del sitio = in place.
    * sin movimiento = unmoving, motionless.
    * sin mucha antelación = at short notice.
    * sin mucha anticipación = at short notice.
    * sin mucha dificultad = painlessly.
    * sin muchas contemplaciones = unceremoniously.
    * sin muchos inconvenientes = without much grudging.
    * sin nada de gracia = unfunny.
    * sin nada que destacar = uneventful.
    * sin necesidad de ello = gratuitous, gratuitously.
    * sin necesidad de pensar = thought-free.
    * sin ninguna duda = without question, without any doubt, beyond doubt, beyond any doubt, no mistake, no doubt.
    * sin ningún cosste = without cost.
    * sin ningún coste = without charge, free of charge, at no cost, free of cost, cost free, for free, costless, at no charge.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo = effortlessly.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo mental = thought-free.
    * sin ningún género de duda = without any doubt whatsoever, without any doubt whatsoever.
    * sin ningún género de dudas = indisputably.
    * sin ningún motivo = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin ningún nivel de especialización = unskilled.
    * sin ningún otro motivo = (just) for the hell of (doing) it.
    * sin ningún remedio posible = beyond redemption.
    * sin ningún reparo = unabashed.
    * sin ningún resultado = to no avail, without any avail, of no avail.
    * sin ningún tipo de restricciones = no holds barred.
    * sin nombrar = unnamed.
    * sin norte = aimless, off course, rudderless.
    * sin notar la diferencia = seamlessly, seamless.
    * sin nubes = unclouded, uncloudy, cloudless.
    * sin numeración = unnumbered.
    * sin numerar = unnumbered.
    * sin obligaciones = at leisure.
    * sin obstáculos = unchecked, unhindered, unimpeded, unobstructed.
    * sin obstáculos de por medio = uncluttered.
    * sin obstrucciones = unobstructed.
    * sin olor = odourless [odorless, -USA].
    * sin olvidar = not to mention.
    * sin operario = unmanned.
    * sin oposición = without opposition, unchallenged, unopposed.
    * sin orden = unordered.
    * sin ordenar = unordered, unsorted.
    * sin orden ni concierto = higgledy-piggledy, without rhyme or reason.
    * sin originalidad = unoriginal.
    * sin palabras = wordless.
    * sin papel = paperless.
    * sin par = unequalled, unexampled, unsurpassed, unique unto itself, unique, without peer, unrivalled [unrivaled, -USA], without equal, matchless.
    * sin paralelo = unparalleled.
    * sin parangón = unparalleled, unequalled, without peer, matchless.
    * sin parar = steadily, non-stop, without a break, without (a) rest, on-the-go, interminably, without respite, without stopping.
    * sin parar a pensárselo = off-hand [offhand].
    * sin pararse a pensar = off-the-cuff, off the top of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin patente = non-proprietary.
    * sin pausa = breathlessly.
    * sin peculio = impecunious.
    * sin peligro alguno = safely.
    * sin pelo = hairless.
    * sin pelos en la lengua = outspokenly.
    * sin pensar = mindlessly.
    * sin pensar (en) = unmindful of, with little or no thought of, without thinking (about).
    * sin pensarlo = spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment.
    * sin pensarlo demasiado = off-the-cuff, off the top of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin pensarlo detenidamente = out of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin pensarlo mucho = off the top of + Posesivo + head, right off the bat.
    * sin pensárselo = spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment.
    * sin pensárselo dos veces = without a second thought, spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment, at the drop of a hat.
    * sin pepitas = seedless.
    * sin percatarse = without realising, without noticing, unconsciously, unknowingly, unwittingly.
    * sin perder de vista = with an eye on.
    * sin perder un (solo) minuto = without a moment wasted, without a wasted moment, without a minute wasted, without a wasted minute.
    * sin pérdida = lossless.
    * sin perjuicio de = notwithstanding.
    * sin perjuicios = open mind.
    * sin permiso = without permission, unlicensed.
    * sin pestañear = impassively, without batting an eyelid, without turning a hair.
    * sin pico = flat-topped.
    * sin piedad = ruthlessly, remorseless, mercilessly.
    * sin piel = skinless.
    * sin pies ni cabeza = without rhyme or reason.
    * sin pistas = clueless.
    * sin planificar = unplanned.
    * sin poblar = unpopulated.
    * sin poder contenerse = helplessly.
    * sin poder dormir = sleepless.
    * sin poder extinguirlo = inextinguishably.
    * sin poder hacer nada = helplessly.
    * sin poner en duda la veracidad de Algo temporalmente = suspension of disbelief.
    * sin poner en escena = unproduced.
    * sin ponerlo en duda = uncritically.
    * sin ponerse en duda = unquestioned.
    * sin precedente = unparalleled, unexampled.
    * sin precedentes = unprecedented, record breaking, record-high, all-time.
    * sin precio = unpriced.
    * sin preguntar = unasked.
    * sin prejuicios = open-minded, fair-minded [fairminded].
    * sin prentesiones = unpretentious.
    * sin preocupaciones = carefree, worry-free.
    * sin preparación técnica = non-technical.
    * sin préstamo = non-circulating [noncirculating].
    * sin prestar atención = mindlessly.
    * sin pretensiones = unassuming, humble [humbler -comp., humblest -sup.].
    * sin previo aviso = unannounced, without warning, without notice, without prior notice, without prior notification, on spec, at the drop of a hat, without (any) further notice.
    * sin principios = unscrupulous, unprincipled.
    * sin prisa(s) = unhurriedly, leisurely.
    * sin problemas = smoothly, smooth [smoother -comp., smoothest -sup.], problem-free, trouble free [trouble-free], without a hitch, unproblematically, carefree, without difficulty, in good standing.
    * sin problemas de vista = sighted.
    * sin procesar = unprocessed.
    * sin propiedades = propertyless.
    * sin propiedad rural = landless.
    * sin protección = unprotected.
    * sin provocación = unprovoked.
    * sin publicar = unpublished.
    * sin pulir = unpolished.
    * sin quejarse = uncomplaining, uncomplainingly.
    * sin quemar = unburned.
    * sin querer = involuntarily, unwilling, by accident, accidentally, unintentionally, unwantedly.
    * sin querer + Infinitivo = unwilling to + Infinitivo.
    * sin quererlo = unwantedly.
    * sin que se entienda = slurred.
    * sin que se note la diferencia = seamlessly.
    * sin rabo = ecaudate.
    * sin razón = wanton, for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin razón alguna = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin razón aparente = for no apparent reason, for apparently no reason.
    * sin razón justificada = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no good reason.
    * sin razón justificda = for no particular reason.
    * sin recelo = with confidence.
    * sin receta médica = over the counter.
    * sin reclamar = unredeemed.
    * sin recoger = uncollected.
    * sin reconocer = unrecognised [unrecognized, -USA].
    * sin reconocimiento de créditos = non-credit.
    * sin recopilar = uncollected.
    * sin recursos = resource-starved.
    * sin refinar = unrefined.
    * sin reflexionar = rashly.
    * sin registrar = unlisted.
    * sin reglamentar = unregulated.
    * sin regular = unregulated.
    * sin regularizar = unregulated.
    * sin relación = unrelated, unconnected.
    * sin relación con = unrelated to.
    * sin remedio = beyond repair, incurably, incorrigibly.
    * sin remordimientos = no-looking-back.
    * sin reparar = unrepaired.
    * sin reparo = unashamed.
    * sin reparos = unshielded.
    * sin representación = unrepresented.
    * sin reserva = unconditionally, unreserved.
    * sin reservas = unshielded, wholehearted [whole-hearted], go + the whole hog, the full monty, without reservation, wholeheartedly [whole-heartedly], forthright, categorical, uncompromising, uncompromisingly, unqualified, categoric, unmitigaged, unreserved, unreservedly.
    * sin residencia fija = of no fixed abode.
    * sin resistencia = unchallenged, unopposed.
    * sin resistirse = passively.
    * sin resolver = unresolved, unsolved, unsettled, uncleared.
    * sin respiro = without a break, without (a) rest, without respite.
    * sin responder = unanswered.
    * sin restricciones = unrestricted, unlimited, uninhibited, unrestrictive, unfettered, free-flowing, without stint, without limit, no holds barred, unencumbered.
    * sin restricciones de horario = unscheduled.
    * sin retirar = uncleared, uncollected.
    * sin retrasos = in a timely fashion, in a timely manner.
    * sin revelar = undisclosed, unrevealed.
    * sin revestir = uncoated.
    * sin revisar = unrevised.
    * sin riesgo = riskless.
    * sin rodeos = head-on, baldly, bluntly, outspokenly.
    * sin ruido = soundless.
    * sin rumbo = aimless, off course, rudderless.
    * sin saberlo = unbeknown to, unbeknownst to.
    * sin saber qué decir = nonplussed [nonplused].
    * sin sabor = tasteless.
    * sin saldar = uncollected.
    * sin salida al mar = land-bound [landbound], land-locked [landlocked].
    * sin sanción = unsanctioned.
    * sin seleccionar = unselected.
    * sin semillas = seedless.
    * sin sentido = meaningless, purposeless, pointless, senseless, wanton, nonsensical, unconscious.
    * sin sentir ningún reparo = unashamed.
    * sin sentir vergüenza = shamelessly.
    * sin ser afectado = untouched.
    * sin ser anunciado de antemano = unannounced.
    * sin ser consciente de ello = unbeknownst to, unbeknown to.
    * sin ser detectado = undetected.
    * sin ser evaluado por expertos = unrefereed.
    * sin ser necesario = gratuitous, gratuitously.
    * sin ser percibido = out of sight.
    * sin ser superado = unsurpassed.
    * sin ser visto = unseen, undetected, unobserved, out of sight.
    * sin significado = meaningless.
    * sin simplificar = unabridged.
    * * *

    cerveza sin alcohol — non-alcoholic beer, alcohol-free beer

    una pareja sin hijos — a couple with no children, a childless couple

    2)
    a)

    sin + inf — ( con significado activo) without -ing

    b)

    sin + inf — ( con significado pasivo)

    3)

    sin que + subj: no voy a ir sin que me inviten I'm not going if I haven't been invited; quítaselo sin que se dé cuenta — get it off him without his o without him noticing

    * * *

    Ex: Without AACR is doubtful whether computerised cataloguing would have been implemented so relatively painlessly and successfully = Sin las RCAA es dudoso que la catalogación automatizada se hubiera implementado tan fácilmente y con tanto éxito, relativamente hablando.

    * abogado sin escrúpulos = shyster.
    * acercarse sin ser visto = sidle up to.
    * afable pero sin sinceridad = suave.
    * agua sin gas = still water.
    * andar sin prisa = mosey.
    * arreglárselas sin = live without, get along without.
    * aunque sin ningún resultado = but (all) to no avail.
    * barato pero sin avergonzarse de ello = cheap and cheerful.
    * biblioteca sin muros = library without walls.
    * biblioteca sin paredes = library without walls.
    * bordado sin consido = needlepoint lace.
    * callejón sin salida = blind alley, catch 22, cul-de-sac, dead end, impasse.
    * camino sin rumbo = the road to nowhere.
    * casi sin previo aviso = without much notice.
    * coche sin caballos = horseless carriage automobile, horseless carriage.
    * colocado sin escalón entre pieza y pieza = edge-flush.
    * continuar sin detenerse = go straight ahead.
    * conversación sin trascendencia = small-talk.
    * decir rápidamente sin parar = rattle off.
    * dejar a Alguien sin aliento = leave + Nombre + breathless.
    * dejar sin cambiar = leave + unchanged.
    * dejar sin hacer = leave + undone.
    * dejar sin referente a una referencia anafórica = dangle + anaphoric reference.
    * dejar sin tocar = leave + Nombre + alone.
    * dejar sin trabajo = put + Nombre + out of work.
    * demanda sin variaciones = inelastic demand.
    * demostrar sin lugar a dudas = prove + conclusively.
    * demostrar sin ninguna duda = demonstrate + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond all doubt.
    * demostrar sin ningún género de duda = demonstrate + beyond (all) doubt, demonstrate + emphatically, demonstrate + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt.
    * desarrollarse sin problemas = go + smoothly.
    * estar sin vivir = be worried sick.
    * evaluación sin intervención del examinador = unobtrusive testing.
    * hablando sin rodeos = crudely put.
    * hablar sin parar = burble on.
    * hablar sin ser entendido = speak in + tongues.
    * hacerlo sin la ayuda de nadie = do + it + on + Posesivo + own.
    * homicidio sin premeditación = manslaughter.
    * ir a un Sitio sin prisa = mosey.
    * lanzarse sin ton ni son = dive + head-first.
    * más largo que un día sin pan = as long as (my/your) arm.
    * medicamento sin receta médica = over the counter medicine.
    * método de la media sin ponderar = unweighted means method.
    * nación sin estado = stateless nation.
    * noche sin poder dormir = sleepless night.
    * no hay dos sin tres = things + come in threes.
    * no miel sin hiel = no pain, no gain.
    * no sin fundamento = not without basis.
    * oficina sin papel = paperless office.
    * papel sin acidez = acid-free paper.
    * pasar desadvertido, pasar sin ser visto = sneak under + the radar.
    * pasar sin = live without, live without.
    * pasar sin ser visto = go + unnoticed.
    * película sin fin = filmloop [film loop/film-loop].
    * permanecer sin cambios = remain + unchanged.
    * permanecer sin especificar = remain + undefined.
    * pero sin conseguirlo = but no dice.
    * pero sin suerte = but no dice.
    * persona sin problemas de vista = sighted person.
    * personas sin hogar = homelessness.
    * personas sin techo = homelessness.
    * político sin escrúpulos = shyster.
    * pozo sin fondo = bottomless pit.
    * pregunta sin respuesta = unanswerable question.
    * publicación sin papel = paperless publishing.
    * quedarse sin aliento = run out of + breath.
    * quedarse sin habla = stun into + speechlessness.
    * quedarse sin negocio = go out of + business.
    * quedarse sin palabras = stun into + speechlessness.
    * rechazar sin más = dismiss + out of hand.
    * referencia anafórica sin referente = dangling anaphoric reference.
    * rima sin sentido = nonsense, nonsense verse.
    * salir sin ser visto = slip out.
    * sin abrir = unopened.
    * sin abrirse = unfolded.
    * sin abrochar = undone.
    * sin acabar = unfinished.
    * sin acentuar = unaccented.
    * sin acontecimientos que destacar = uneventful.
    * sin adornos = unadorned, unvarnished.
    * sin afectar = unaffected.
    * sin afeitar = unshaven.
    * sin afeitar desde hace varios días = stubbly [stubblier -comp., stubbliest -sup.].
    * sin afiliación a un partido político = non-partisan [nonpartisan].
    * sin afiliación religiosa = non-sectarian [nonsectarian].
    * sin agua = waterless.
    * sin aguja = needleless.
    * sin ajustar = unadjusted, loosely hanging, baggy [baggier -comp., baggiest -sup.], saggy [saggier -comp., saggiest -sup.].
    * sin alcohol = alcoholfree.
    * sin aliento = breathlessly, breathless.
    * sin alinear = unjustified.
    * sin alterar = unaltered, unmodified.
    * sin ambigüedad = unambiguous.
    * sin amor = loveless.
    * sin analizar = unexamined, unanalysed.
    * sin ánimo = despondently.
    * sin ánimo de lucro = non-profit [nonprofit], non-profit making, not-for-profit, generously.
    * sin apenas ser oído = as quiet as a mouse.
    * sin apoyo = unsupported.
    * sin apretar = loosely hanging, baggy [baggier -comp., baggiest -sup.], saggy [saggier -comp., saggiest -sup.].
    * sin árboles = treeless.
    * sin arreglo = beyond repair.
    * sin arrepentimiento = no-looking-back.
    * sin asignar = unallocated.
    * sin asignar todavía = unassigned.
    * sin asimilar = undigested.
    * sin atajar = unconfronted.
    * sin atractivo = unattractive.
    * sin atrasos = paid-up, in good standing.
    * sin autorización = unauthorised [unauthorized, -USA], unlicensed.
    * sin avergonzarse = unashamed.
    * sin avisar = unannounced, out of the blue, like a bolt out of the blue, like a bolt from the blue.
    * sin aviso previo = without warning.
    * sin ayuda = unaided, unassisted.
    * sin ayuda de nadie = all by + Reflexivo, by + Reflexivo.
    * sin barba = beardless.
    * sin barnizar = unvarnished.
    * sin base = unsupported, ill-founded.
    * sin blanca = broke, skint.
    * sin blanquear = unbleached.
    * sin blindar = unshielded.
    * sin bombo(s) ni platillo(s) = without much ado.
    * sin brillo = dull, tarnished.
    * sin cabeza = headless, decapitated.
    * sin cables = wireless.
    * sin cafeina = decaffeinated.
    * sin calorías = calorieless.
    * sin cambio = inviolate.
    * sin cambios = monotone, stable, undisturbed, unchanged, unmodified, unaltered, unedited.
    * sin cancelar = uncancelled.
    * sin canjear = unredeemed.
    * sin cansancio = indefatigably.
    * sin capacidad de discernimiento = undiscriminating.
    * sin cara = faceless.
    * sin carácter = boneless, spineless.
    * sin carne = meatless.
    * sin castigo = impunitive, unpunished.
    * sin catalogar = uncatalogued [uncataloged, -USA].
    * sin causa alguna = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin causa aparente = for no apparent reason, for apparently no reason.
    * sin causa justificada = without justified reason.
    * sin causar daño = harmlessly.
    * sin ceremonias = unceremonious, unceremoniously.
    * sin cerrar con llave = unlocked.
    * sin certeza de cobrar = on spec.
    * sin cesar = steadily.
    * sin clases sociales = classless.
    * sin clavos = studless.
    * sin clemencia = mercilessly.
    * sin cobrar = free of charge, unredeemed, uncollected.
    * sin cohesión = scrappily, scrappy [scrappier -comp., scrappiest -sup.], bitty [bittier -comp., bittiest -sup.].
    * sin cohibiciones = unselfconsciously.
    * sin cola = ecaudate.
    * sin columnas = single-column.
    * sin comentar = unannotated.
    * sin comerlo ni beberlo = without having anything to do with it.
    * sin comérselo ni bebérselo = without having anything to do with it.
    * sin compasión = mercilessly.
    * sin complicaciones = smoothly, boilerplate [boiler plate], uncomplicated, straightforward, uncomplicatedly, hassle-free.
    * sin comprimir = uncompressed.
    * sin comprobar = untested.
    * sin compromiso = without obligation, fancy-free.
    * sin compromisos = with no strings attached.
    * sin concluir = unfinished.
    * sin concretar = to be decided.
    * sin condiciones = unconditionally.
    * sin condiciones especiales = with no strings attached.
    * sin confirmar = unconfirmed, unsubstantiated, unvalidated, to be confirmed.
    * sin conocer = ignorant of.
    * sin conocimiento = unconscious.
    * sin conocimiento de causa = unbeknown to, unbeknownst to.
    * sin conservar información sobre las consultas realizadas anteriormente = stateless.
    * sin conservar información sobre las consultas realizadas anterior = stateless.
    * sin constancia de ello = unrecorded.
    * sin consumir = nonconsumptive.
    * sin contacto = non-contact.
    * sin contaminar = untainted, uncontaminated.
    * sin contar = not including, excluding.
    * sin contar con = in the absence of.
    * sin contenido = contentless, trivial.
    * sin contratiempos = smoothly.
    * sin control = uncontrolled.
    * sin controlar = unsupervised.
    * sin convicción = doubtfully, lamely.
    * sin coordinación = uncoordinated [unco-ordinated].
    * sin corregir = unamended, uncorrected, unrevised.
    * sin correlacionar = uncorrelated.
    * sin corroborar = unsubstantiated.
    * sin cortapisas = untrammelled.
    * sin cortar = uncut.
    * sin coscarse = without batting an eyelid, without turning a hair.
    * sin costas = land-bound [landbound], land-locked [landlocked].
    * sin coste alguno = at no personal cost, at no cost, without cost, costless, without charge, free of charge, free of cost, cost free, for free, at no charge.
    * sin costo adicional alguno = at no extra charge, at no extra cost, at no extra charge.
    * sin costuras = seamless.
    * sin crecimiento = non-growth.
    * sin créditos = non-credit.
    * sin criterio alguno = indiscriminate, indiscriminately.
    * sin cuajar = runny [runnier -comp., runniest -sup.].
    * sin cuantificar = unmeasured.
    * sin cubrir = unfilled.
    * sin cuestionarlo = uncritically.
    * sin cultura = uncultured.
    * sin daños = undamaged.
    * sin dar basto = left, right and centre.
    * sin darle importancia = airily.
    * sin darme cuenta = before I know what's happened.
    * sin darnos cuenta = out of sight.
    * sin darse cuenta = inadvertently, unwittingly, unknowingly, without realising, without noticing, unconsciously.
    * sin debatir = undiscussed.
    * sin decir nada = dumbly.
    * sin decir ni mú = as quiet as a mouse.
    * sin decir ni pío = as quiet as a mouse.
    * sin decir una palabra = without saying a word.
    * sin defecto = untainted, unblemished.
    * sin dejar huella = into thin air.
    * sin dejar nada fuera = the works!.
    * sin dejar rastro = into thin air.
    * sin dejarse amedrentar por = undaunted by.
    * sin dejarse amilanar por = undaunted by.
    * sin dejarse desanimar = undaunted.
    * sin dejarse intimidar por = undaunted by.
    * sin delimitar = unmapped.
    * sin demora = on the spot, straight away, without delay, at short notice, promptly, right away, at once.
    * sin demorarse un (solo) minuto = without a moment wasted, without a wasted moment, without a minute wasted, without a wasted minute.
    * sin demoras = in a timely fashion, in a timely manner.
    * sin desarrollar = undeveloped.
    * sin descansar = without (a) rest.
    * sin descanso = relentlessly, restlessly, breathlessly, unabated, without a break, without (a) rest, day in and day out, without respite.
    * sin descanso, sin un descanso, sin parar, sin descansar, sin interrupción = without a break.
    * sin descubrir = undiscovered.
    * sin descuento = undiscounted.
    * sin desdoblarse = unfolded.
    * sin desearlo = unwantedly.
    * sin desgastar = unworn.
    * sin desperdiciar un (solo) minuto = without a moment wasted, without a wasted moment, without a minute wasted, without a wasted minute.
    * sin determinación de culpabilidad = no-fault.
    * sin determinar = undefined.
    * sin detonar = unexploded.
    * sin deudas = debt free.
    * sin dientes = toothless.
    * sin diferencias = undifferentiated.
    * sin dificultad = without difficulty.
    * sin dificultad alguna = without a hitch.
    * sin diluir = undiluted.
    * sin dinero = impecunious.
    * sin dinero en metálico = cashless.
    * sin discapacidad = able-bodied.
    * sin discapacidades = able-bodied.
    * sin disciplina = undisciplined, ill-disciplined.
    * sin discriminar = indiscriminate, on equal terms.
    * sin discutir = no arguments!, undiscussed.
    * sin disminuir = non-decreasing, unabated.
    * sin disolver = undiluted.
    * sin disponer de = in the absence of.
    * sin división espacial = spatially unstructured.
    * sin doblarse = unfolded.
    * sin documentar = undocumented.
    * sin dolor = painless.
    * sin domicilio fijo = of no fixed abode.
    * sin drenar = undrained.
    * sin duda = doubtless, no doubt, of course, surely, to be sure, undoubtedly, indubitably, without a doubt, without doubt, no mistake, hands down.
    * sin duda alguna = without any doubt.
    * sin dudar = without a doubt.
    * sin dudarlo = without hesitation.
    * sin editar = unedited.
    * sin el menor asomo de duda = without a shadow of a doubt, beyond a shadow of a doubt, beyond a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin embargo = however, nevertheless, still, yet, that being said, all this said.
    * sin emitir humo = smokeless.
    * sin empleo = jobless.
    * sin encuadernar = unbound.
    * sin energía = lethargic.
    * sin engorros = hassle-free.
    * sin entallar = loosely hanging, baggy [baggier -comp., baggiest -sup.], saggy [saggier -comp., saggiest -sup.].
    * sin enterrar = unburied.
    * sin entusiasmo = half-hearted [halfhearted].
    * sin envolver = unwrapped.
    * sin errores = error-free.
    * sin escatimar = without stint, unstintingly.
    * sin escenificar = unproduced.
    * sin escrúpulos = unscrupulous, unconscionable, without scruples, unprincipled.
    * sin escurrir = undrained.
    * sin esfuerzo = effortless, effortlessly.
    * sin esfuerzo alguno = effortlessly.
    * sin especializar = non-specialised.
    * sin especificar = unspecified.
    * sin esperanza = hopeless, dispiritedly, hopelessly.
    * sin esperarlo = out of the blue, like a bolt out of the blue, like a bolt from the blue.
    * sin espinas = boneless.
    * sin estar obstaculizado por = untrammelled by.
    * sin estilo = dowdy [dowdier -comp., dowdiest -sup.].
    * sin estructura = unstructured.
    * sin estudios = ill-educated.
    * sin evaluar = unevaluated.
    * sin examinar = unexamined.
    * sin exceder el presupuesto = budgetable.
    * sin excepción = without exception, without fail.
    * sin excesivo rigor = loosely.
    * sin excusa justificada = unexcused.
    * sin existencias = out-of-stock.
    * sin éxito = unsuccessful.
    * sin experiencia = inexperience, callow [callower -comp., callowest -sup.].
    * sin explicar = unexplained.
    * sin explorar = unexplored.
    * sin explotar = untapped, unexploded.
    * sin extras = no-frills.
    * sin fallar = without fail.
    * sin fallos = flawlessly.
    * sin falta = without fail.
    * sin fecha = undated.
    * sin fechar = undated.
    * sin fianza = without bail.
    * sin fin = never-finishing, never-ending, bottomless, interminably, unending.
    * sin finalidad = purposeless.
    * sin financiación = unfunded.
    * sin fines lucrativos = non-profit [nonprofit], non-profit making.
    * sin firma = unsigned.
    * sin firmar = unsigned.
    * sin fondo = bottomless.
    * sin forma = bodilessly, formless.
    * sin formación = ill-educated.
    * sin formación previa = untrained.
    * sin forrar = uncovered.
    * sin fronteras = borderless.
    * sin fundamento = unwarranted, unsupported, ungrounded, without foundation, without basis.
    * sin fundamento alguno = without any basis.
    * sin ganas = half-heartedly.
    * sin gastos = no cost(s).
    * sin grabar = unengraved.
    * sin gracia = dowdy [dowdier -comp., dowdiest -sup.].
    * sin grasa = nonfat.
    * sin grasas = nonfat, fat free.
    * sin guardar una correlación = uncorrelated.
    * sin haber contacto = non-contact.
    * sin haber pasado por la calandria = uncalendered.
    * sin habla = speechless.
    * sin hacer = undone.
    * sin hacer caso = regardless.
    * sin hacer distinciones = one size fits all.
    * sin hacer ruido = as quiet as a mouse, furtively, softly.
    * sin herrar = unshod.
    * sin hilación = rambling.
    * sin hogar = homeless.
    * sin hueso = boneless.
    * sin humo = smokeless.
    * sin humor = humourless [humorless, -USA].
    * sin humos = smoke-free.
    * sin idea = clueless.
    * sin ideas preconcebidas = open mind.
    * sin identificar = unidentified, unmapped, unnamed.
    * sin igual = unequalled, unexampled, unsurpassed, unique unto itself, unrivalled [unrivaled, -USA], without equal, matchless.
    * sin impedimentos = unimpeded.
    * sin importancia = negligible, unimportant, trifling, immaterial, of no consequence.
    * sin importar = regardless of, independently of, disregarding.
    * sin importar + Adjetivo/Adverbio + que sea = however + Adjetivo/Adverbio.
    * sin importar el tiempo = all-weather.
    * sin importar las consecuencias = regardless of the consequences.
    * sin importar qué = no matter what/which.
    * sin impuestos = duty-free, tax-free.
    * sin impurezas = purified.
    * sin incluir = unlisted, exclusive of, not including, excluding.
    * sin incluir las comidas = self-catering.
    * sin índice = indexless.
    * sin + Infinitivo = without + Gerundio.
    * sin información sobre el estado anterior = stateless.
    * sin inhibiciones = uninhibited.
    * sin inmutarse = undeterred, impassively, without batting an eyelid, without turning a hair.
    * sin intención = involuntarily.
    * sin interés = unexciting, uninteresting, unmoving, vapid.
    * sin interrupción = continuously, without a break, without (a) rest, in an unbroken line.
    * sin interrupciones = in a single phase.
    * sin intervención de un intermediario = disintermediated.
    * sin intervención directa = nonobtrusive.
    * sin investigar = unresearched.
    * sin justificación = unreasonably, unjustified.
    * sin justificación alguna = wantonly.
    * sin justificar = unjustified.
    * sin la amenaza de = unthreatened (by).
    * sin la ayuda de nadie = single-handed, single-handedly.
    * sin la debida autorización = unauthorised [unauthorized, -USA], warrantless.
    * sin la debida consideración = without due consideration.
    * sin la más mínima duda = without the shadow of a doubt, without a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin la más mínima duda = beyond a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin la menor duda = no mistake, no doubt.
    * sin la menor idea = clueless.
    * sin la menor sombra de duda = without a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin la suficiente financiación = underfinanced [under-financed].
    * sin lavar = unwashed.
    * sin leer = unread.
    * sin levadura = unleavened.
    * sin licencia = unlicensed.
    * sin líder = leaderless.
    * sin limitaciones = without stint, without limit.
    * sin límite = without limit, without stint, interminably.
    * sin límite(s) = unbounded, unfettered, unstinting, unstintingly, the sky is the limit.
    * sin litoral = land-bound [landbound], land-locked [landlocked].
    * sin llamar la atención = inconspicuously.
    * sin lógica ni explicación = without rhyme or reason.
    * sin lugar a dudas = conclusively, undeniably, unquestionably, without any doubt, by all accounts, no mistake, no doubt, without a shadow of a doubt, beyond a shadow of a doubt, to be sure.
    * sin lujos = no-frills.
    * sin luna = moonless.
    * sin luz de luna = moonless.
    * sin madera = woodfree.
    * sin madurar = unripened.
    * sin maldad = guileless.
    * sin malicia = guileless.
    * sin mancha = unblemished, untainted, stainless.
    * sin mangas = sleeveless.
    * sin mantenimiento = maintenance-free.
    * sin marcar = unpriced.
    * sin marca registrada = non-proprietary.
    * sin más = out of hand, unceremoniously, unceremonious.
    * sin más dilación = without (any) further ado, without (any) more ado, without warning.
    * sin más ni más = unceremoniously, unceremonious, for the love of it, without much ado.
    * sin más preámbulos = without (any) further ado, without (any) more ado.
    * sin medir = unmeasured.
    * sin mencionar = not to mention, not to say, not to speak of.
    * sin meternos en el hecho de que = to say nothing of.
    * sin mezcla = unmixed.
    * sin mezclar = unmixed.
    * sin miedo = with confidence.
    * sin miramientos = unceremoniously.
    * sin misericordia = ruthlessly.
    * sin modificar = unmodified, unaltered, unedited.
    * sin molestias = hassle-free.
    * sin motivo alguno = wantonly.
    * sin motivo aparente = for no apparent reason, for apparently no reason.
    * sin motivo justificado = without justified reason.
    * sin moverse del sitio = in place.
    * sin movimiento = unmoving, motionless.
    * sin mucha antelación = at short notice.
    * sin mucha anticipación = at short notice.
    * sin mucha dificultad = painlessly.
    * sin muchas contemplaciones = unceremoniously.
    * sin muchos inconvenientes = without much grudging.
    * sin nada de gracia = unfunny.
    * sin nada que destacar = uneventful.
    * sin necesidad de ello = gratuitous, gratuitously.
    * sin necesidad de pensar = thought-free.
    * sin ninguna duda = without question, without any doubt, beyond doubt, beyond any doubt, no mistake, no doubt.
    * sin ningún cosste = without cost.
    * sin ningún coste = without charge, free of charge, at no cost, free of cost, cost free, for free, costless, at no charge.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo = effortlessly.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo mental = thought-free.
    * sin ningún género de duda = without any doubt whatsoever, without any doubt whatsoever.
    * sin ningún género de dudas = indisputably.
    * sin ningún motivo = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin ningún nivel de especialización = unskilled.
    * sin ningún otro motivo = (just) for the hell of (doing) it.
    * sin ningún remedio posible = beyond redemption.
    * sin ningún reparo = unabashed.
    * sin ningún resultado = to no avail, without any avail, of no avail.
    * sin ningún tipo de restricciones = no holds barred.
    * sin nombrar = unnamed.
    * sin norte = aimless, off course, rudderless.
    * sin notar la diferencia = seamlessly, seamless.
    * sin nubes = unclouded, uncloudy, cloudless.
    * sin numeración = unnumbered.
    * sin numerar = unnumbered.
    * sin obligaciones = at leisure.
    * sin obstáculos = unchecked, unhindered, unimpeded, unobstructed.
    * sin obstáculos de por medio = uncluttered.
    * sin obstrucciones = unobstructed.
    * sin olor = odourless [odorless, -USA].
    * sin olvidar = not to mention.
    * sin operario = unmanned.
    * sin oposición = without opposition, unchallenged, unopposed.
    * sin orden = unordered.
    * sin ordenar = unordered, unsorted.
    * sin orden ni concierto = higgledy-piggledy, without rhyme or reason.
    * sin originalidad = unoriginal.
    * sin palabras = wordless.
    * sin papel = paperless.
    * sin par = unequalled, unexampled, unsurpassed, unique unto itself, unique, without peer, unrivalled [unrivaled, -USA], without equal, matchless.
    * sin paralelo = unparalleled.
    * sin parangón = unparalleled, unequalled, without peer, matchless.
    * sin parar = steadily, non-stop, without a break, without (a) rest, on-the-go, interminably, without respite, without stopping.
    * sin parar a pensárselo = off-hand [offhand].
    * sin pararse a pensar = off-the-cuff, off the top of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin patente = non-proprietary.
    * sin pausa = breathlessly.
    * sin peculio = impecunious.
    * sin peligro alguno = safely.
    * sin pelo = hairless.
    * sin pelos en la lengua = outspokenly.
    * sin pensar = mindlessly.
    * sin pensar (en) = unmindful of, with little or no thought of, without thinking (about).
    * sin pensarlo = spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment.
    * sin pensarlo demasiado = off-the-cuff, off the top of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin pensarlo detenidamente = out of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin pensarlo mucho = off the top of + Posesivo + head, right off the bat.
    * sin pensárselo = spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment.
    * sin pensárselo dos veces = without a second thought, spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment, at the drop of a hat.
    * sin pepitas = seedless.
    * sin percatarse = without realising, without noticing, unconsciously, unknowingly, unwittingly.
    * sin perder de vista = with an eye on.
    * sin perder un (solo) minuto = without a moment wasted, without a wasted moment, without a minute wasted, without a wasted minute.
    * sin pérdida = lossless.
    * sin perjuicio de = notwithstanding.
    * sin perjuicios = open mind.
    * sin permiso = without permission, unlicensed.
    * sin pestañear = impassively, without batting an eyelid, without turning a hair.
    * sin pico = flat-topped.
    * sin piedad = ruthlessly, remorseless, mercilessly.
    * sin piel = skinless.
    * sin pies ni cabeza = without rhyme or reason.
    * sin pistas = clueless.
    * sin planificar = unplanned.
    * sin poblar = unpopulated.
    * sin poder contenerse = helplessly.
    * sin poder dormir = sleepless.
    * sin poder extinguirlo = inextinguishably.
    * sin poder hacer nada = helplessly.
    * sin poner en duda la veracidad de Algo temporalmente = suspension of disbelief.
    * sin poner en escena = unproduced.
    * sin ponerlo en duda = uncritically.
    * sin ponerse en duda = unquestioned.
    * sin precedente = unparalleled, unexampled.
    * sin precedentes = unprecedented, record breaking, record-high, all-time.
    * sin precio = unpriced.
    * sin preguntar = unasked.
    * sin prejuicios = open-minded, fair-minded [fairminded].
    * sin prentesiones = unpretentious.
    * sin preocupaciones = carefree, worry-free.
    * sin preparación técnica = non-technical.
    * sin préstamo = non-circulating [noncirculating].
    * sin prestar atención = mindlessly.
    * sin pretensiones = unassuming, humble [humbler -comp., humblest -sup.].
    * sin previo aviso = unannounced, without warning, without notice, without prior notice, without prior notification, on spec, at the drop of a hat, without (any) further notice.
    * sin principios = unscrupulous, unprincipled.
    * sin prisa(s) = unhurriedly, leisurely.
    * sin problemas = smoothly, smooth [smoother -comp., smoothest -sup.], problem-free, trouble free [trouble-free], without a hitch, unproblematically, carefree, without difficulty, in good standing.
    * sin problemas de vista = sighted.
    * sin procesar = unprocessed.
    * sin propiedades = propertyless.
    * sin propiedad rural = landless.
    * sin protección = unprotected.
    * sin provocación = unprovoked.
    * sin publicar = unpublished.
    * sin pulir = unpolished.
    * sin quejarse = uncomplaining, uncomplainingly.
    * sin quemar = unburned.
    * sin querer = involuntarily, unwilling, by accident, accidentally, unintentionally, unwantedly.
    * sin querer + Infinitivo = unwilling to + Infinitivo.
    * sin quererlo = unwantedly.
    * sin que se entienda = slurred.
    * sin que se note la diferencia = seamlessly.
    * sin rabo = ecaudate.
    * sin razón = wanton, for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin razón alguna = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin razón aparente = for no apparent reason, for apparently no reason.
    * sin razón justificada = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no good reason.
    * sin razón justificda = for no particular reason.
    * sin recelo = with confidence.
    * sin receta médica = over the counter.
    * sin reclamar = unredeemed.
    * sin recoger = uncollected.
    * sin reconocer = unrecognised [unrecognized, -USA].
    * sin reconocimiento de créditos = non-credit.
    * sin recopilar = uncollected.
    * sin recursos = resource-starved.
    * sin refinar = unrefined.
    * sin reflexionar = rashly.
    * sin registrar = unlisted.
    * sin reglamentar = unregulated.
    * sin regular = unregulated.
    * sin regularizar = unregulated.
    * sin relación = unrelated, unconnected.
    * sin relación con = unrelated to.
    * sin remedio = beyond repair, incurably, incorrigibly.
    * sin remordimientos = no-looking-back.
    * sin reparar = unrepaired.
    * sin reparo = unashamed.
    * sin reparos = unshielded.
    * sin representación = unrepresented.
    * sin reserva = unconditionally, unreserved.
    * sin reservas = unshielded, wholehearted [whole-hearted], go + the whole hog, the full monty, without reservation, wholeheartedly [whole-heartedly], forthright, categorical, uncompromising, uncompromisingly, unqualified, categoric, unmitigaged, unreserved, unreservedly.
    * sin residencia fija = of no fixed abode.
    * sin resistencia = unchallenged, unopposed.
    * sin resistirse = passively.
    * sin resolver = unresolved, unsolved, unsettled, uncleared.
    * sin respiro = without a break, without (a) rest, without respite.
    * sin responder = unanswered.
    * sin restricciones = unrestricted, unlimited, uninhibited, unrestrictive, unfettered, free-flowing, without stint, without limit, no holds barred, unencumbered.
    * sin restricciones de horario = unscheduled.
    * sin retirar = uncleared, uncollected.
    * sin retrasos = in a timely fashion, in a timely manner.
    * sin revelar = undisclosed, unrevealed.
    * sin revestir = uncoated.
    * sin revisar = unrevised.
    * sin riesgo = riskless.
    * sin rodeos = head-on, baldly, bluntly, outspokenly.
    * sin ruido = soundless.
    * sin rumbo = aimless, off course, rudderless.
    * sin saberlo = unbeknown to, unbeknownst to.
    * sin saber qué decir = nonplussed [nonplused].
    * sin sabor = tasteless.
    * sin saldar = uncollected.
    * sin salida al mar = land-bound [landbound], land-locked [landlocked].
    * sin sanción = unsanctioned.
    * sin seleccionar = unselected.
    * sin semillas = seedless.
    * sin sentido = meaningless, purposeless, pointless, senseless, wanton, nonsensical, unconscious.
    * sin sentir ningún reparo = unashamed.
    * sin sentir vergüenza = shamelessly.
    * sin ser afectado = untouched.
    * sin ser anunciado de antemano = unannounced.
    * sin ser consciente de ello = unbeknownst to, unbeknown to.
    * sin ser detectado = undetected.
    * sin ser evaluado por expertos = unrefereed.
    * sin ser necesario = gratuitous, gratuitously.
    * sin ser percibido = out of sight.
    * sin ser superado = unsurpassed.
    * sin ser visto = unseen, undetected, unobserved, out of sight.
    * sin significado = meaningless.
    * sin simplificar = unabridged.

    * * *
    A without
    lo tomo con leche y sin azúcar I take milk but no sugar
    reserva garantizada sin recargo guaranteed reservation at no extra cost
    seguimos sin noticias we still haven't had any news
    solicite más información sin compromiso send for more details without obligation
    sin previo aviso with no advance warning
    ¡tírate! ¡sin miedo! jump! don't be scared!
    ¿qué harías tú sin mí? what would you do without me?
    agua mineral sin gas still mineral water
    cerveza sin alcohol non-alcoholic beer, alcohol-free beer
    una pareja sin hijos a couple with no children, a childless couple
    un vuelo sin escalas a non-stop o direct flight
    me quedé sin pan I ran out of bread
    se quedó sin trabajo he lost his job
    una persona totalmente sin escrúpulos a completely unscrupulous person
    B
    1 sin + INF (con significado activo) without -ING
    se fue sin pagar she left without paying
    lo mandaron a la cama sin cenar they sent him to bed without any dinner
    somos diez sin contarlos a ellos there are ten of us not counting them
    estuvo una semana entera sin hablarme she didn't speak to me for a whole week, she went a whole week without speaking to me
    sigo sin entender I still don't understand
    la pisé sin querer I accidentally trod on her foot
    2 sin + INF
    (con significado pasivo): una camisa sin planchar an unironed shirt, a shirt that hasn't/hadn't been ironed
    esto está aún sin terminar this still isn't finished
    C sin QUE + SUBJ:
    los días pasan sin que dé señales de vida the days go by and there is still no word from him, the days go by with no word from him o without any word from him
    no voy a ir sin que me inviten I'm not going if I haven't been invited
    quítaselo sin que se dé cuenta get it off him without his o without him noticing
    Compuesto:
    * * *

     

    sin preposición
    1 without;

    seguimos sin noticias we still haven't had any news;
    agua mineral sin gas still mineral water;
    cerveza sin alcohol non-alcoholic beer, alcohol-free beer;
    me quedé sin pan I ran out of bread
    2


    estuvo una semana sin hablarme she didn't speak to me for a week;
    sigo sin entender I still don't understand;
    la pisé sin querer I accidentally trod on her foot


    esto está aún sin terminar it still isn't finished
    3 sin que + subj:

    quítaselo sin que se dé cuenta get it off him without his o without him noticing;
    See Also→ embargo 2
    sin preposición without: se marchó sin ellos, he left without them
    costó mil pesetas, sin contar el IVA, it cost one thousand pesetas, not including VAT
    el edificio estaba sin terminar, the building was unfinished
    entre sin llamar, come in without knocking
    saldré sin que me vea, I'll go out without him seeing
    una bebida sin alcohol, a non-alcoholic drink
    ' sin' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    A
    - abierta
    - abierto
    - absoluta
    - absoluto
    - accidental
    - acéfala
    - acéfalo
    - agotar
    - agotada
    - agotado
    - agreste
    - ahora
    - ahorcarse
    - ajena
    - ajeno
    - alguna
    - alguno
    - aliento
    - alquilar
    - ambages
    - amorfa
    - amorfo
    - aparente
    - asesinar
    - aviso
    - ayunas
    - bagatela
    - baja
    - bajo
    - bañera
    - berrido
    - bien
    - blanca
    - blanco
    - bocado
    - bregar
    - bruta
    - bruto
    - burbuja
    - caldo
    - calle
    - callejón
    - calva
    - camino
    - caprichosa
    - caprichoso
    - causa
    - cazo
    - cero
    English:
    ability
    - accident
    - accidental
    - accidentally
    - accustom
    - ado
    - afraid
    - age
    - agree
    - aimless
    - aimlessly
    - all-time
    - ammunition
    - another
    - antsy
    - anyhow
    - arrogant
    - at
    - attach
    - away
    - AWOL
    - babble
    - backbencher
    - backing
    - bare
    - barge in
    - basic
    - bat
    - bean
    - begin
    - behave
    - beyond
    - blank
    - blind alley
    - blue
    - blunt
    - bluntly
    - blurt out
    - boarding card
    - boarding pass
    - book
    - boorish
    - bootstrap
    - bottomless
    - break
    - breath
    - breathless
    - broke
    - busywork
    - buzz off
    * * *
    SIN nf
    1. (abrev de Servicio de Inteligencia Nacional del Perú) = Peruvian national intelligence department
    2. (abrev de Servicio de Inmigración y Naturalización) INS [US Immigration and Naturalization Service]
    * * *
    prp without;
    sin preguntar without asking;
    sin decir nada without (saying) a word;
    sin paraguas without an umbrella;
    sin que without;
    y sin más and without further ado;
    me lo dijo así, sin más that’s all he said to me, just that
    * * *
    sin prep
    1) : without
    sin querer: unintentionally
    sin refinar: unrefined
    2)
    sin que : without
    lo hicimos sin que él se diera cuenta: we did it without him noticing
    * * *
    sin prep
    1. (en general) without

    Spanish-English dictionary > sin

  • 20 sin criterio alguno

    = indiscriminate, indiscriminately
    Ex. Nonetheless, the indiscriminate use of both terms in a data base creates a situation in which the serious scholar is either deprived of access to half of the material in the collection, or must consult two sequences.
    Ex. Furthermore, the value of citation bibliometry is currently being undermined by the formation of 'citation clubs', which aim to indiscriminately achieve maximum cross-citing between 'club members'.
    * * *
    = indiscriminate, indiscriminately

    Ex: Nonetheless, the indiscriminate use of both terms in a data base creates a situation in which the serious scholar is either deprived of access to half of the material in the collection, or must consult two sequences.

    Ex: Furthermore, the value of citation bibliometry is currently being undermined by the formation of 'citation clubs', which aim to indiscriminately achieve maximum cross-citing between 'club members'.

    Spanish-English dictionary > sin criterio alguno

См. также в других словарях:

  • indiscriminately — (adv.) 1650s, from INDISCRIMINATE (Cf. indiscriminate) + LY (Cf. ly) (2) …   Etymology dictionary

  • indiscriminately — adv. Indiscriminately is used with these verbs: ↑fire, ↑kill, ↑slaughter, ↑use …   Collocations dictionary

  • indiscriminately — indiscriminate ► ADJECTIVE ▪ done or acting at random or without careful judgement. DERIVATIVES indiscriminately adverb indiscriminateness noun …   English terms dictionary

  • Indiscriminately — Indiscriminate In dis*crim i*nate, a. Not discriminate; wanting discrimination; undistinguishing; not making any distinction; confused; promiscuous. Blind or indiscriminate forgiveness. I. Taylor. [1913 Webster] The indiscriminate defense of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • indiscriminately — adverb see indiscriminate …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • indiscriminately — See indiscriminate. * * * …   Universalium

  • indiscriminately — adverb In an indiscriminate manner …   Wiktionary

  • indiscriminately — adv. without discernment; in an undiscriminating manner; haphazardly, randomly …   English contemporary dictionary

  • indiscriminately — in·discriminately …   English syllables

  • indiscriminately — See: indiscriminate …   English dictionary

  • indiscriminately —   Wae ole, hāpuku …   English-Hawaiian dictionary

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