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ill with one

  • 1 ā

       ā    (before consonants), ab (before vowels, h, and some consonants, esp. l, n, r, s), abs (usu. only before t and q, esp. freq. before the pron. te), old af, praep. with abl., denoting separation or departure (opp. ad).    I. Lit., in space, from, away from, out of.    A. With motion: ab urbe proficisci, Cs.: a supero mari Flaminia (est via), leads: Nunc quidem paululum, inquit, a sole, a little out of the sun: usque a mari supero Romam proficisci, all the way from; with names of cities and small islands, or with domo, home (for the simple abl; of motion, away from, not out of, a place); hence, of raising a siege, of the march of soldiers, the setting out of a fleet, etc.: oppidum ab Aeneā fugiente a Troiā conditum: ab Alesiā, Cs.: profectus ab Orico cum classe, Cs.; with names of persons or with pronouns: cum a vobis discessero: videat forte hic te a patre aliquis exiens, i. e. from his house, T.; (praegn.): a rege munera repudiare, from, sent by, N.—    B. Without motion.    1. Of separation or distance: abesse a domo paulisper maluit: tum Brutus ab Romā aberat, S.: hic locus aequo fere spatio ab castris Ariovisti et Caesaris aberat, Cs.: a foro longe abesse: procul a castris hostes in collibus constiterunt, Cs.: cum esset bellum tam prope a Siciliā; so with numerals to express distance: ex eo loco ab milibus passuum octo, eight miles distant, Cs.: ab milibus passuum minus duobus castra posuerunt, less than two miles off, Cs.; so rarely with substantives: quod tanta machinatio ab tanto spatio instrueretur, so far away, Cs.—    2. To denote a side or direction, etc., at, on, in: ab sinistrā parte nudatis castris, on the left, Cs.: ab eā parte, quā, etc., on that side, S.: Gallia Celtica attingit ab Sequanis flumen Rhenum, on the side of the Sequani, i. e. their country, Cs.: ab decumanā portā castra munita, at the main entrance, Cs.: crepuit hinc a Glycerio ostium, of the house of G., T.: (cornua) ab labris argento circumcludunt, on the edges, Cs.; hence, a fronte, in the van; a latere, on the flank; a tergo, in the rear, behind; a dextro cornu, on the right wing; a medio spatio, half way.—    II. Fig.    A. Of time.    1. Of a point of time, after: Caesar ab decimae legionis cohortatione ad dextrum cornu profectus, immediately after, Cs.: ab eo magistratu, after this office, S.: recens a volnere Dido, fresh from her wound, V.: in Italiam perventum est quinto mense a Carthagine, i. e. after leaving, L.: ab his, i. e. after these words, hereupon, O.: ab simili <*>ade domo profugus, i. e. after and in consequence of, L.—    2. Of a period of time, from, since, after: ab hora tertiā bibebatur, from the third hour: ab Sullā et Pompeio consulibus, since the consulship of: ab incenso Capitolio illum esse vigesumum annum, since, S.: augures omnes usque ab Romulo, since the time of: iam inde ab infelici pugnā ceciderant animi, from (and in consequence of), L.; hence, ab initio, a principio, a primo, at, in, or from the beginning, at first: ab integro, anew, afresh: ab... ad, from (a time)... to: cum ab horā septimā ad vesperum pugnatum sit, Cs.; with nouns or adjectives denoting a time of life: iam inde a pueritiā, T.: a pueritiā: a pueris: iam inde ab incunabulis, L.: a parvo, from a little child, or childhood, L.: ab parvulis, Cs.—    B. In other relations.    1. To denote separation, deterring, intermitting, distinction, difference, etc., from: quo discessum animi a corpore putent esse mortem: propius abesse ab ortu: alter ab illo, next after him, V.: Aiax, heros ab Achille secundus, next in rank to, H.: impotentia animi a temperantiā dissidens: alieno a te animo fuit, estranged; so with adjj. denoting free, strange, pure, etc.: res familiaris casta a cruore civili: purum ab humano cultu solum, L.: (opoidum) vacuum ab defensoribus, Cs.: alqm pudicum servare ab omni facto, etc., II.; with substt.: impunitas ab iudicio: ab armis quies dabatur, L.; or verbs: haec a custodiis loca vacabant, Cs.—    2. To denote the agent, by: qui (Mars) saepe spoliantem iam evertit et perculit ab abiecto, by the agency of: Laudari me abs te, a laudato viro: si quid ei a Caesare gravius accidisset, at Caesar's hands, Cs.: vetus umor ab igne percaluit solis, under, O.: a populo P. imperia perferre, Cs.: equo lassus ab indomito, H.: volgo occidebantur: per quos et a quibus? by whose hands and upon whose orders? factus ab arte decor, artificial, O.: destitutus ab spe, L.; (for the sake of the metre): correptus ab ignibus, O.; (poet. with abl. of means or instr.): intumuit venter ab undā, O.—Ab with abl. of agent for the dat., to avoid ambiguity, or for emphasis: quibus (civibus) est a vobis consulendum: te a me nostrae consuetudinis monendum esse puto.—    3. To denote source, origin, extraction, from, of: Turnus ab Ariciā, L.: si ego me a M. Tullio esse dicerem: oriundi ab Sabinis, L.: dulces a fontibus undae, V.—With verbs of expecting, fearing, hoping (cf. a parte), from, on the part of: a quo quidem genere, iudices, ego numquam timui: nec ab Romanis vobis ulla est spes, you can expect nothing from the Romans, L.; (ellipt.): haec a servorum bello pericula, threatened by: quem metus a praetore Romano stimulabat, fear of what the praetor might do, L.—With verbs of paying, etc., solvere, persolvere, dare (pecuniam) ab aliquo, to pay through, by a draft on, etc.: se praetor dedit, a quaestore numeravit, quaestor a mensā publicā, by an order on the quaestor: ei legat pecuniam a filio, to be paid by his son: scribe decem (milia) a Nerio, pay by a draft on Nerius, H.; cognoscere ab aliquā re, to know or learn by means of something (but ab aliquo, from some one): id se a Gallicis armis atque insignibus cognovisse, Cs.; in giving an etymology: id ab re... interregnum appellatum, L.—Rarely with verbs of beginning and repeating: coepere a fame mala, L.: a se suisque orsus, Ta.—    4. With verbs of freeing from, defending, protecting, from, against: ut a proeliis quietem habuerant, L.: provincia a calamitate est defendenda: sustinere se a lapsu, L.—    5. With verbs and adjectives, to define the respect in which, in relation to, with regard to, in respect to, on the part of: orba ab optimatibus contio: mons vastus ab naturā et humano cultu, S.: ne ab re sint omissiores, too neglectful of money or property, T.: posse a facundiā, in the matter of eloquence, T.; cf. with laborare, for the simple abl, in, for want of: laborare ab re frumentariā, Cs.—    6. In stating a motive, from, out of, on account of, in consequence of: patres ab honore appellati, L.: inops tum urbs ab longinquā obsidione, L.—    7. Indicating a part of the whole, of, out of: scuto ab novissimis uni militi detracto, Cs.: a quibus (captivis) ad Senatum missus (Regulus).—    8. Marking that to which anything belongs: qui sunt ab eā disciplinā: nostri illi a Platone et Aristotele aiunt.—    9. Of a side or party: vide ne hoc totum sit a me, makes for my view: vir ab innocentiā clementissimus, in favor of.—10. In late prose, of an office: ab epistulis, a secretary, Ta. Note. Ab is not repeated with a following pron interrog. or relat.: Arsinoën, Stratum, Naupactum... fateris ab hostibus esse captas. Quibus autem hostibus? Nempe iis, quos, etc. It is often separated from the word which it governs: a nullius umquam me tempore aut commodo: a minus bono, S.: a satis miti principio, L.—The poets join a and que, making āque; but in good prose que is annexed to the following abl. (a meque, abs teque, etc.): aque Chao, V.: aque mero, O.—In composition, ab- stands before vowels, and h, b, d, i consonant, l, n, r, s; abs- before c, q, t; b is dropped, leaving as- before p; ā- is found in āfuī, āfore ( inf fut. of absum); and au- in auferō, aufugiō.
    * * *
    I
    Ah!; (distress/regret/pity, appeal/entreaty, surprise/joy, objection/contempt)
    II
    by (agent), from (departure, cause, remote origin/time); after (reference)
    III
    ante, abb. a.

    in calendar expression a. d. = ante diem -- before the day

    Latin-English dictionary > ā

  • 2 ab-dicō

        ab-dicō āvī, ātus, āre,    to disown, disavow, reject: ubi plus mali quam boni reperio, id totum abdico atque eicio: abdicari Philippum patrem, Cu.—With se and abl, to give up an office before the legal term expires, resign, abdicate (cf. depono, to lay down an office at the expiration of the term): dictaturā se abdicat, Cs.: se consulatu: respondit aedilitate se abdicaturum, L.—Once absol. (of consuls), to abdicate, resign, C.—With acc: abdicato magistratu, S.: causa non abdicandae dictaturae, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > ab-dicō

  • 3 ab-dō

        ab-dō idī, itus, ere    [2. do], to put away, remove, set aside: impedimenta in silvas, Cs.; often with se, to go away, betake oneself: se in contrariam partem terrarum: se in Menapios, to depart, Cs.: se domum. — Praegn., to hide, conceal, put out of sight, keep secret: amici tabellas: pugnare cupiebant, sed abdenda cupiditas erat, L.: sese in silvas, Cs.: se in tenebris: ferrum in armo, O.: alqm intra tegimenta, Cs.: abdito intra vestem ferro, L.: ferrum curvo tenus hamo, up to the barb, O.: argentum Abditum terris, H.: caput casside, to cover with, O.: voltūs frondibus, O.: hunc (equum) abde domo, let him rest, V.: se litteris: lateri ensem, buried, V.: sensūs suos penitus, Ta.

    Latin-English dictionary > ab-dō

  • 4 ab-errō

        ab-errō āvī, —, āre,    to wander out of the way, lose the way, go astray: taurus, qui pecore aberrasset, L.—Fig., in word or deed, to go astray, wander: sed tamen aberro, find diversion; (usu. with ab, to miss): a proposito: num aberret a coniecturā opinio, varies from a reasonable guess.—To wander in thought, turn away: animus aberrat a sententiā suspensus curis maioribus: a miseriā.

    Latin-English dictionary > ab-errō

  • 5 ab-hinc

        ab-hinc adv.    of time, ago, since, before now, usu. with acc. of duration: abhinc mensīs decem fere, T., C., H.; very rarely with abl: comitiis iam abhinc diebus triginta factis, i. e. before that time: quo tempore? abhinc annis quattuor.

    Latin-English dictionary > ab-hinc

  • 6 ab-horreō

        ab-horreō uī, —, ēre,    to shrink back from, have an aversion for, shudder at, abhor: omnes aspernabantur, omnes abhorrebant, shrank (from him). — In weakened sense, to be averse, be disinclined to, not to wish: a nuptiis, T.: a caede: a quo mea longissime ratio voluntasque abhorrebat.— In gen., to be remote from, vary from, differ from, be inconsistent, be out of harmony with, not to agree with: temeritas tanta, ut non procul abhorreat ab insaniā, differs little from: abhorrens ab nominum pronuntiatione os, incapable of pronouncing, L.: consilium quod a tuo scelere abhorreat, is not connected with: ut hoc ab eo facinus non abhorrere videatur, to be unlike him: quorum mores a suis non abhorrerent, were not uncongenial, N.: orationes abhorrent inter se, are contradictory, L.: nec ab ipsā causā Sesti abhorrebit oratio mea, will not be unfavorable to: tam pacatae profectioni abhorrens mos, not accordant with, L.: abhorrens peregrinis auribus carmen, strange, Cu. — To be free from: Caelius longe ab istā suspicione abhorrere debet.

    Latin-English dictionary > ab-horreō

  • 7 abiciō (a usu. long by position) or abiiciō

       abiciō (a usu. long by position) or abiiciō iēcī, iectus, ere    [ab + iacio], to throw from one, cast away, throw away, throw down: abiecit hastas, has given up the fight: in proelio... scutum: arma, Cs.: se ad pedes: ego me plurimis pro te supplicem abieci, to many in your behalf: vastificam beluam, dash to the earth: se abiecit exanimatus, he threw himself down as if lifeless: si te uret sarcina, abicito, throw it away, H.; of weapons, to discharge, cast, throw, fling: priusquam telum abici possit (al. adici), Cs.: tragulam intra munitionem, Cs. — Fig., to cast off, throw away, give up: (psaltria) aliquo abiciendast, must be got rid of, T.: salutem pro aliquo.—In partic., to throw off, cast aside, give up, abandon: consilium belli faciendi: petitionem, to resign one's candidacy: abicio legem, I reject the technical defence: abiectis nugis, nonsense apart, H.—To cast down, degrade, humble, lower: suas cogitationes in rem tam humilem: hic annus senatūs auctoritatem abiecit. — With se, to give up in despair: abiiciunt se atque ita adflicti et exanimati iacent.—To throw away, sell for a trifle, sell cheap: agros abiciet moecha, ut ornatum paret, Ph.

    Latin-English dictionary > abiciō (a usu. long by position) or abiiciō

  • 8 abiectē

        abiectē adv. with comp.    [abiectus], dispiritedly, abjectly: casum et dolorem ferre; lowly, meanly: quo abiectius nati sunt, etc., Ta.

    Latin-English dictionary > abiectē

  • 9 abiectus

        abiectus adj. with comp.    [P. of abicio], low, crouching: in herbis olor, i. e. dying, O.—Fig., of speech, low, common, without elevation: verba.— Of rank or station, low, common, mean: familia abiecta atque obscura.—Cast down, dispirited, despondent: apparitor: abiecto Bruto (pecuniam) muneri misit, as a gift to Brutus in his distress, N.: animus abiectior: abiectiores animi. — Contemptible, vile, low: abiecti homines ac perditi.

    Latin-English dictionary > abiectus

  • 10 ab-lēgō

        ab-lēgō āvī, ātus, āre,    to send off, send out of the way, banish, send into exile: aliquo mihist hinc ablegandus, T.: ab urbe, L.: a fratris adventu me ablegat, i. e. prevents me from being present: magna pars ablegati, were got rid of, L.; (with sup acc.): pueros venatum, L.—Esp., to dismiss (from office or employment): honestos homines: consilium.

    Latin-English dictionary > ab-lēgō

  • 11 abnūtō

        abnūtō —, —, āre, intens.    [abnuo], to forbid with emphasis (old): quid te adirier abnutas, i. e. forbid approach to thee, Enn. ap. C.
    * * *
    abnutare, abnutavi, abnutatus V INTRANS
    deny/refuse/forbid (w/shake of head) repeatedly; forbid

    Latin-English dictionary > abnūtō

  • 12 absolūtē

        absolūtē adv. with sup.    [absolutus], completely, perfectly, fully, absolutely: beati: partibus ut absolutissime utamur, Her.: vivere, purely.
    * * *
    absolutius, absolutissime ADV
    completely, absolutely; perfectly; without qualification, simply, unreservedly

    Latin-English dictionary > absolūtē

  • 13 absolūtus

        absolūtus adj. with sup.    [P. of absolvo], complete, finished: vita: absolutissima argumentatio. Her.— Unconditional: necessitudines.
    * * *
    I
    absoluta -um, absolutior -or -us, absolutissimus -a -um ADJ
    fluent; fully developed, complete, finished; perfect, pure; unconditional
    II
    absoluta, absolutum ADJ

    Latin-English dictionary > absolūtus

  • 14 absque

        absque    praep. with abl.; prop., apart from, away from; hence in conditional clauses, apart from (in thought), but for, were it not for: absque eo esset, vidissem, etc., were it not for him, T.: absque unā hac foret, but for this one thing, T.; (absque for sine is late and vulgar).
    * * *
    without, apart from, away from; but for; except for; were it not for; (early)

    Latin-English dictionary > absque

  • 15 abstinenter

        abstinenter adv.,    unselfishly, modestly (rare); versatus.
    * * *
    abstinently, with self restraint (esp. financial dealings); scrupulously

    Latin-English dictionary > abstinenter

  • 16 abstineō

        abstineō tinuī (tentus), ēre    [abs+teneo], to keep back, keep off, hold back: vix a se manūs: vim uxore et gnato, H.: ferrum quercu, O.: Gemitūs, screatūs, suppress, T.: facis iniuriam illi, qui non abstineas manum, by not keeping your hands off, T.: milites, restrain, L.: militem direptione, L.: militem a praedā, L.: ab uno eo (agro) ferrum ignemque abstineri iussit, L.: duobus omne ius belli, refrained from exercising against them the rights of war, L.: eorum finibus vim, L.—Esp. with se, to keep oneself from, refrain, abstain: ab eis se vitiis: his se armis, L.— Intrans, to refrain (cf. se abstinere), abstain: neque facto ullo neque dicto, S.: proelio, Cs.: pugnā, L.: maledictis: tactu, V.: caelo, O.: a ceteris coniurationis causis: ne a mulieribus quidem atque infantibus, Cs.: aegre abstinent, quin castra oppugnent, L.: ut seditionibus abstineretur, L.: non tamen abstinuit, hold his peace, V.
    * * *
    abstinere, abstinui, abstentus V
    withhold, keep away/clear; abstain, fast; refrain (from); avoid; keep hands of

    Latin-English dictionary > abstineō

  • 17 abstrūsus

        abstrūsus adj. with comp.    [P. of abstrudo], hidden, concealed, secret: nummus: dolor: terra, O.: homo, reserved, Ta.: disputatio abstrusior, more profound.
    * * *
    abstrusa -um, abstrusior -or -us, abstrusissimus -a -um ADJ
    secret, reserved; concealed, hidden; remote, secluded; abstruse, recondite

    Latin-English dictionary > abstrūsus

  • 18 ab-sum

        ab-sum āfuī    (not abfuī), āfutūrus (āforem, āfore), abesse, in general, to be away from, be absent: dum abs te absum, T.: qui nullā lege abessem, i. e. since my exile was unlawful: Athenis, N.: hinc abesto, stand off, Ph.: omnia quae absunt, unseen things, Cs.: Unus abest, is missing, V.: nec Teucris addita Iuno Usquam aberit, will ever cease to follow them, V.: barba dum aberat, i. e. until the beard grew, O. —With distance in space or time: ab urbe abesse milia passuum ducenta: longe: procul, S.: cuius aetas a senatoriā gradu longe abesset, was far too young for: a quibus paucorum dierum iter, Cs.: profectus mensīs tris abest, three months ago, T.: nec longis inter se passibus absunt, V.: quod abest longissime, and that is far from the truth: tantum abest ab infamiā, ut, etc.: neque longius abesse quin proximā nocte... exercitum educat, i. e. nor was the time more remote, Cs.—In the phrase: tantum abest ut... ut, so far from... that, etc.: tantum abest ut gratiam quaesisse videar, ut simultates intellegam suscepisse, I am so far from being shown to have courted popularity, that, etc.: tantum abest ab eo, ut malum mors sit, ut verear, ne, etc. — Hence, to be away from, be free from: a culpā: ab eius modi crimine.—To be removed from, be disinclined to: ab istis studiis: tantum aberat a bello, ut, etc., he was so averse to war, that, etc.: ab hoc consilio afuisse, took no part in, Cs.: ceteri a periculis aberant, avoided, S.: paulum a fugā aberant, were almost ready to flee, S.—To be removed from, be different from, differ: qui longissime a te afuit, i. e. had the largest majority: abest virtute Messallae, is far inferior to, H. — To be unsuitable, be inappropriate: scimus musicen abesse ab principis personā, N.—To be wanting: quaeris id quod habes, quod abest non quaeris, T.: nusquam abero, V.: ratus pluribus curam, omnibus afuisse fortunam, that most had been negligent, all unsuccessful, Cu.: Donec virenti canities abest Morosa, H.: curtae nescio quid semper abest rei, H.—Hence with a negative or paulum (not parum), followed by quin, not much, little, nothing is wanting that, etc.: neque multum abesse ab eo, quin, etc., Cs.: paulumque afuit quin, Cs.: legatos haud procul afuit quin violarent, they came very near, L.—Abesse alicui or ab aliquo, to be wanting to, fail, not to help: longe alcui, O.: longe iis fraternum nomen populi R. afuturum, Cs.: quo plus intererat, eo plus aberat (tua virtus) a me, i. e. the more it would have helped me, the more it failed me: iussis mora abesto, O.: nec dextrae erranti deus afuit, V.: remo ut luctamen abesset, so that the rowing was without effort, V.

    Latin-English dictionary > ab-sum

  • 19 ab-surdus

        ab-surdus adj.    with comp. and sup., out of tune, discordant, harsh: vox.—Fig., incongruous, inconsistent, silly: ratio, T.: absurdissima mandata: bene dicere haud absurdum est, not without merit, S.: quid absurdius dici potest?—Worthless, stupid: ingenium haud absurdum, S.

    Latin-English dictionary > ab-surdus

  • 20 abundāns

        abundāns tis, adj. with comp. and sup.    [P. of abundo]; of rivers, etc., overflowing, full: si amnis abundans Exit, V.: abundantissimus amnis.— Fig., possessing in abundance, rich, abounding, overflowing: (via) omnium rerum, N.: vir laudibus: abundantior consilio. — Existing in abundance, abundant, more than enough: pecunia.
    * * *
    abundantis (gen.), abundantior -or -us, abundantissimus -a -um ADJ
    abundant; overflowing; abounding, copious, in large measure; overdone; rich

    Latin-English dictionary > abundāns

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