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her reign spanned 8 decades

  • 1 abarcar

    v.
    1 to embrace, to cover.
    2 to be able to see, to have a view of.
    desde la torre se abarca todo el valle you can see the whole valley from the tower
    3 to span, to extend through, to extend over, to extend across.
    El viaje abarca la región sur The trip extends throughout the south.
    4 to comprise, to encompass, to comprehend, to embrace.
    El estudio abarca la era glacial The research comprises the glacial era.
    5 to dominate.
    6 to monopolize.
    EXEX abarcó el mercado textil EXEX monopolized the textile market sector.
    * * *
    Conjugation model [ SACAR], like link=sacar sacar
    1 (englobar) to cover, embrace
    2 (abrazar) to embrace, get one's arms around
    3 (trabajo) to undertake, take on
    \
    quien mucho abarca poco aprieta Jack of all trades, master of none
    * * *
    verb
    * * *
    VT
    1) [con los brazos] to get one's arms round
    2) (=comprender) to include, take in; (=contener) to contain, comprise

    sus conocimientos abarcan todo el campo de... — his knowledge ranges over the whole field of...

    abarca una hectárea — it takes up a hectare, it's a hectare in size

    3) [+ tarea] to undertake, take on
    4) LAm (=acaparar) to monopolize, corner the market in
    5) [con la vista] to take in
    * * *
    verbo transitivo
    a) <temas/materias> to cover; <superficie/territorio> to span, cover; <siglos/generaciones> to span

    el libro abarca desde el siglo XVII hasta nuestros díasthe book covers o spans from the 17th century to the present day

    b) ( dar abasto con) <trabajos/actividades> to cope with
    c) (con los brazos, la mano) to encircle
    * * *
    = comprise (of), cover, encompass, include, span, embrace.
    Ex. The first edition comprised basic classes analysed into facets, using the colon as the notational device for synthesis.
    Ex. The schedules are divided into two parts, one covering music scores and parts and the other concerned with music literature.
    Ex. The classification schemes that have been considered so far are general bibliographic classification schemes in that they attempt to encompass all of knowledge.
    Ex. Document descriptions may be included in catalogues, bibliographies and other listings of documents.
    Ex. The shelflist itself had problems, since it consisted of cataloging practices that spanned some fifty years.
    Ex. The library community is now ready to embrace the most revolutionary technology for libraries -- CD-ROM.
    ----
    * abarcar de... a... = range from... to..., stretch from... to....
    * abarcar el mundo = span + the globe.
    * abarcarlo todo = be all inclusive.
    * abarcar todas las posibilidades = run + the gamut.
    * curso que abarca varias disciplinas = umbrella course.
    * el que mucho abarca poco aprieta = jack of all trades, master of none.
    * intentar abarcar demasiado = burn + the candle at both ends.
    * que abarca = girdling.
    * que lo abarca todo = all-embracing.
    * quien mucho abarca poco aprieta = bite off more than + Pronombre + can chew.
    * sujetar abarcando = brace.
    * tratar de abarcar más de lo que se puede = bite off more than + Pronombre + can chew.
    * * *
    verbo transitivo
    a) <temas/materias> to cover; <superficie/territorio> to span, cover; <siglos/generaciones> to span

    el libro abarca desde el siglo XVII hasta nuestros díasthe book covers o spans from the 17th century to the present day

    b) ( dar abasto con) <trabajos/actividades> to cope with
    c) (con los brazos, la mano) to encircle
    * * *
    = comprise (of), cover, encompass, include, span, embrace.

    Ex: The first edition comprised basic classes analysed into facets, using the colon as the notational device for synthesis.

    Ex: The schedules are divided into two parts, one covering music scores and parts and the other concerned with music literature.
    Ex: The classification schemes that have been considered so far are general bibliographic classification schemes in that they attempt to encompass all of knowledge.
    Ex: Document descriptions may be included in catalogues, bibliographies and other listings of documents.
    Ex: The shelflist itself had problems, since it consisted of cataloging practices that spanned some fifty years.
    Ex: The library community is now ready to embrace the most revolutionary technology for libraries -- CD-ROM.
    * abarcar de... a... = range from... to..., stretch from... to....
    * abarcar el mundo = span + the globe.
    * abarcarlo todo = be all inclusive.
    * abarcar todas las posibilidades = run + the gamut.
    * curso que abarca varias disciplinas = umbrella course.
    * el que mucho abarca poco aprieta = jack of all trades, master of none.
    * intentar abarcar demasiado = burn + the candle at both ends.
    * que abarca = girdling.
    * que lo abarca todo = all-embracing.
    * quien mucho abarca poco aprieta = bite off more than + Pronombre + can chew.
    * sujetar abarcando = brace.
    * tratar de abarcar más de lo que se puede = bite off more than + Pronombre + can chew.

    * * *
    abarcar [A2 ]
    vt
    1 ‹temas/materias› to cover
    el programa abarca desde la Reconquista hasta el siglo XIX the program takes in o covers o spans the period from the Reconquest to the 19th century
    sus tierras abarcan desde el río hasta la sierra his land stretches o extends from the river up to the mountains
    abarcaba todo el territorio que ahora se conoce como Uruguay it extended over o embraced o spanned o included all the territory now known as Uruguay
    2 (dar abasto con) ‹trabajos/actividades› to cope with
    se ha echado encima más de lo que puede abarcar he's bitten off more than he can chew, he's taken on more than he can cope with
    quien mucho abarca poco aprieta don't try to take on too much ( o you've/he's taken on too much etc)
    3 (con los brazos) to embrace, encircle
    no le abarco la muñeca con la mano I can't get my hand around his wrist
    4 (con la mirada) to take in
    * * *

     

    abarcar ( conjugate abarcar) verbo transitivo
    a)temas/materias to cover;

    superficie/territorio span, cover;
    siglos/generaciones to span;

    b) ( dar abasto con) ‹trabajos/actividades to cope with;

    quien mucho abarca poco aprieta you shouldn't bite off more than you can chew

    c) (con los brazos, la mano) to encircle

    abarcar verbo transitivo
    1 to cover
    (asuntos, trabajo) no puedes abarcarlo todo, you can't take on too much
    2 (con los brazos) to embrace
    3 (dominar) su finca es tan grande que no se puede abarcar con la vista, she owns so much land that you can't contemplate it all from one angle
    4 LAm (acaparar) to monopolize
    ' abarcar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    comprender
    - ir
    - dominar
    English:
    bite
    - candle
    - chew
    - cover
    - embody
    - embrace
    - span
    - take in
    - encompass
    - take
    * * *
    1. [incluir] to cover;
    nuestra hacienda abarca un tercio de la comarca our estate covers a third of the district;
    este artículo intenta abarcar demasiado this article tries to cover too much;
    el libro abarca cinco siglos de historia de Latinoamérica the book covers o spans five centuries of Latin American history;
    quien mucho abarca poco aprieta don't bite off more than you can chew
    2. [ver] to be able to see, to have a view of;
    desde la torre se abarca todo el valle you can see the whole valley from the tower;
    hasta donde abarca la vista as far as the eye can see
    3. [rodear]
    no consigo abarcar el tronco con los brazos I can't get my arms around the tree trunk
    * * *
    v/t
    1 territorio cover; fig
    comprise, cover
    2 L.Am. ( acaparar) hoard, stockpile
    3
    :
    * * *
    abarcar {72} vt
    1) : to cover, to include, to embrace
    2) : to undertake
    3) : to monopolize
    * * *
    1. (contener, incluir) to cover / to include
    2. (alcanzar con la vista) to see [pt. saw; pp. seen]
    3. (ocuparse de) to take on [pt. took; pp. taken]

    Spanish-English dictionary > abarcar

  • 2 durante

    prep.
    during (mientras).
    por favor, desconecten sus teléfonos móviles durante la proyección please insure mobile phones are switched off during the film
    durante la guerra during the war
    estuvo sin beber durante un año he went (for) a year without drinking
    durante el verano mejoró su situación económica his financial situation improved over the summer
    durante una hora for an hour
    durante toda su vida throughout her life
    m.
    Durante, Jimmy Durante.
    * * *
    1 during, in, for
    * * *
    prep.
    during, for
    * * *
    PREP [con espacio de tiempo] during; [expresando la duración] for

    ¿qué hiciste durante las vacaciones? — what did you do in o during the holidays?

    ¿ha llovido durante el fin de semana? — did it rain at o over the weekend?

    durante toda la noche — all through the night, all night long

    DURANTE Para traducir durante tenemos que diferenciar si hace referencia a cuándo ocurre la acción o a cuánto dura. ¿Cuándo ocurre la acción? Traducimos durante por during si nos referimos al intervalo de tiempo en que ocurre la acción, cuando la referencia temporal la indica un suceso o actividad determinados: Se conocieron durante la guerra They met during the war Se puso enferma durante una visita a Madrid She became ill during a visit to Madrid La bomba hizo explosión durante la entrega de premios The bomb went off during the prize-giving ceremony ► También se traduce por during cuando la referencia temporal viene indicada por un periodo de tiempo concreto: El tráfico es peor durante el verano The traffic is worse during the summer Durante los años treinta la economía se hallaba en dificultades The economy was in difficulties during the 1930s Si se trata de una acción progresiva, o que continúa o que se repite durante todo el periodo de tiempo que se indica, es preferible traducir durante por over: La situación ha empeorado durante los últimos años The situation has worsened over the last few years Durante el fin de semana el actor ha sido visto en varias ocasiones There have been several sightings of the actor over the weekend ¿Cuánto dura la acción?Si nos referimos a la duración de la acción, durante se traduce generalmente por for: Llevo sufriendo dolores de cabeza durante más de treinta años I've been having headaches for more than 30 years Fue periodista durante cuatro años He was a journalist for four years Para otros usos y ejemplos ver la entrada
    * * *

    durante 1980during o in 1980

    los precios aumentaron un 0,3% durante el mes de diciembre — prices rose by 0.3% in December

    * * *
    = at the stage of, during, throughout.
    Ex. At the stage of subject analysis the indexer decides which, and there how many, concepts are selected for indexing purposes.
    Ex. This article singles out four trends which have influenced the work of UNESCO during the last decade.
    Ex. Throughout this chapter the term 'document' is used to refer to any item which might be found in a library or information center or data base.
    ----
    * aprendizaje durante toda la vida = lifelong education.
    * ausentarse durante + Expresión Temporal = not be back for + Expresión Temporal.
    * autoaprendizaje durante toda la vida = lifelong learning.
    * durante algunos años = for some years, over a period of years.
    * durante algún tiempo = for a while, for some time, for some while, for some time to come, for days.
    * durante años = for years.
    * durante años y años = for years and years (and years).
    * durante casi + Fecha = for the best part of + Fecha, for the better part of + Fecha.
    * durante casi todo el año = for the best part of the year.
    * durante cierto tiempo = over a period of time.
    * durante cuánto tiempo = how long.
    * durante demasiado tiempo = for too long.
    * durante días = for days.
    * durante días y días = for days on end.
    * durante el año pasado = over the past year.
    * durante el apogeo de = during the height of, during the heyday of.
    * durante el auge de = at the height of, during the height of, during the heyday of.
    * durante el descanso = at breaktime.
    * durante el día = by day, daytime [day-time], in the daytime, during the daytime, during daytime.
    * durante el entrenamiento = in practice.
    * durante el fin de semana = over the weekend.
    * durante el próximo año = over the next year.
    * durante el transcurso de = over the course of.
    * durante el transcurso de los acontecimientos = in the course of events, during the course of events.
    * durante el transcurso de muchos años = over many years.
    * durante el transporte = in transit.
    * durante el último año = over the last year.
    * durante el vuelo = in-flight.
    * durante este período = in the course of events, during the course of events.
    * durante este tiempo = in this time.
    * durante + Expresión Temporal = for + Expresión Temporal, over + Expresión Temporal.
    * durante + Expresión Temporal + y + Expresión Temporal = for + Expresión Temporal + on end.
    * durante generaciones = for generations.
    * durante la bajamar = at low tide.
    * durante la búsqueda = at the search stage.
    * durante la década de = through + Década.
    * durante la guerra = during wartime, wartime [wart-time], war years, the.
    * durante la mayor parte de = for much of.
    * durante la mayor parte del año = for the best part of the year.
    * durante la Navidad = at Christmas time.
    * durante la noche = overnight, night-time.
    * durante la Pascua = at Christmas time.
    * durante la pleamar = at high tide.
    * durante largos períodos de tiempo = over long periods of time.
    * durante las horas de más calor = during the heat of the day.
    * durante las horas puntas = at peak periods.
    * durante la tira de tiempo = for donkey's years.
    * durante los dos últimos meses = over the last couple of months.
    * durante los primeros años = during the early years.
    * durante los próximos años = for the next few years, over the next few years, during the next few years.
    * durante los últimos años = over the past few years, over recent years.
    * durante los últimos + Expresión Temporal = over the past + Expresión Temporal.
    * durante los últimos + Número + años = over the last + Número + years.
    * durante meses y meses = for months on end.
    * durante miles de años = for aeons and aeons, for aeons.
    * durante millones de años = for aeons and aeons, for aeons.
    * durante muchas horas = for many long hours.
    * durante muchísimo tiempo = for ages and ages (and ages), in ages (and ages and ages).
    * durante muchos años = for many years, for years to come, for many years to come, over many years, for years and years (and years).
    * durante mucho tiempo = long [longer -comp., longest -sup.], for generations, long-time [longtime], for a long time to come, for long periods of time, for a long period of time, lastingly, for a very long time, for a very long time, for many long hours, for a long time, in ages (and ages and ages).
    * durante + Posesivo + madurez = in later life.
    * durante siglos = for aeons, for centuries, over the centuries.
    * durante tanto tiempo = for so long, so long.
    * durante tanto tiempo como sea posible = for as long as possible.
    * durante toda la noche = all-night, all night long.
    * durante toda la vida = lifelong [life-long].
    * durante toda una vida = over a lifetime.
    * durante todo = all the way through, throughout.
    * durante todo el día = all day long.
    * durante todo el trimestre = semester-long.
    * durante todo el verano = all summer long.
    * durante todo + Tiempo = all through + Tiempo.
    * durante un largo período de tiempo = over a long time scale, over a long period of time, for a long period of time, over a long period.
    * durante unos instantes = for a bit.
    * durante un período de + Expresión Temporal = over a period of + Expresión Temporal.
    * durante un período de prueba = on a trial basis.
    * durante un período de tiempo = for a number of years.
    * durante un periodo de tiempo determinado = over a period of time.
    * durante un período de tiempo indefinido = over an indefinite period of time, over an indefinite span of time.
    * durante un período indefinido = for an indefinite period.
    * durante un porrón de tiempo = for donkey's years.
    * durante un tiempo indefinido = for an indefinite time to come.
    * durante varios años = for a number of years, for several years.
    * esperado durante tiempo y con ansiedad = long-and-expectantly-awaited.
    * fue durante mucho tiempo = long remained.
    * observar atentamente y durante cierto tiempo = maintain + vigil.
    * trabajar durante un período de tiempo = serve + stint.
    * * *

    durante 1980during o in 1980

    los precios aumentaron un 0,3% durante el mes de diciembre — prices rose by 0.3% in December

    * * *
    = at the stage of, during, throughout.

    Ex: At the stage of subject analysis the indexer decides which, and there how many, concepts are selected for indexing purposes.

    Ex: This article singles out four trends which have influenced the work of UNESCO during the last decade.
    Ex: Throughout this chapter the term 'document' is used to refer to any item which might be found in a library or information center or data base.
    * aprendizaje durante toda la vida = lifelong education.
    * ausentarse durante + Expresión Temporal = not be back for + Expresión Temporal.
    * autoaprendizaje durante toda la vida = lifelong learning.
    * durante algunos años = for some years, over a period of years.
    * durante algún tiempo = for a while, for some time, for some while, for some time to come, for days.
    * durante años = for years.
    * durante años y años = for years and years (and years).
    * durante casi + Fecha = for the best part of + Fecha, for the better part of + Fecha.
    * durante casi todo el año = for the best part of the year.
    * durante cierto tiempo = over a period of time.
    * durante cuánto tiempo = how long.
    * durante demasiado tiempo = for too long.
    * durante días = for days.
    * durante días y días = for days on end.
    * durante el año pasado = over the past year.
    * durante el apogeo de = during the height of, during the heyday of.
    * durante el auge de = at the height of, during the height of, during the heyday of.
    * durante el descanso = at breaktime.
    * durante el día = by day, daytime [day-time], in the daytime, during the daytime, during daytime.
    * durante el entrenamiento = in practice.
    * durante el fin de semana = over the weekend.
    * durante el próximo año = over the next year.
    * durante el transcurso de = over the course of.
    * durante el transcurso de los acontecimientos = in the course of events, during the course of events.
    * durante el transcurso de muchos años = over many years.
    * durante el transporte = in transit.
    * durante el último año = over the last year.
    * durante el vuelo = in-flight.
    * durante este período = in the course of events, during the course of events.
    * durante este tiempo = in this time.
    * durante + Expresión Temporal = for + Expresión Temporal, over + Expresión Temporal.
    * durante + Expresión Temporal + y + Expresión Temporal = for + Expresión Temporal + on end.
    * durante generaciones = for generations.
    * durante la bajamar = at low tide.
    * durante la búsqueda = at the search stage.
    * durante la década de = through + Década.
    * durante la guerra = during wartime, wartime [wart-time], war years, the.
    * durante la mayor parte de = for much of.
    * durante la mayor parte del año = for the best part of the year.
    * durante la Navidad = at Christmas time.
    * durante la noche = overnight, night-time.
    * durante la Pascua = at Christmas time.
    * durante la pleamar = at high tide.
    * durante largos períodos de tiempo = over long periods of time.
    * durante las horas de más calor = during the heat of the day.
    * durante las horas puntas = at peak periods.
    * durante la tira de tiempo = for donkey's years.
    * durante los dos últimos meses = over the last couple of months.
    * durante los primeros años = during the early years.
    * durante los próximos años = for the next few years, over the next few years, during the next few years.
    * durante los últimos años = over the past few years, over recent years.
    * durante los últimos + Expresión Temporal = over the past + Expresión Temporal.
    * durante los últimos + Número + años = over the last + Número + years.
    * durante meses y meses = for months on end.
    * durante miles de años = for aeons and aeons, for aeons.
    * durante millones de años = for aeons and aeons, for aeons.
    * durante muchas horas = for many long hours.
    * durante muchísimo tiempo = for ages and ages (and ages), in ages (and ages and ages).
    * durante muchos años = for many years, for years to come, for many years to come, over many years, for years and years (and years).
    * durante mucho tiempo = long [longer -comp., longest -sup.], for generations, long-time [longtime], for a long time to come, for long periods of time, for a long period of time, lastingly, for a very long time, for a very long time, for many long hours, for a long time, in ages (and ages and ages).
    * durante + Posesivo + madurez = in later life.
    * durante siglos = for aeons, for centuries, over the centuries.
    * durante tanto tiempo = for so long, so long.
    * durante tanto tiempo como sea posible = for as long as possible.
    * durante toda la noche = all-night, all night long.
    * durante toda la vida = lifelong [life-long].
    * durante toda una vida = over a lifetime.
    * durante todo = all the way through, throughout.
    * durante todo el día = all day long.
    * durante todo el trimestre = semester-long.
    * durante todo el verano = all summer long.
    * durante todo + Tiempo = all through + Tiempo.
    * durante un largo período de tiempo = over a long time scale, over a long period of time, for a long period of time, over a long period.
    * durante unos instantes = for a bit.
    * durante un período de + Expresión Temporal = over a period of + Expresión Temporal.
    * durante un período de prueba = on a trial basis.
    * durante un período de tiempo = for a number of years.
    * durante un periodo de tiempo determinado = over a period of time.
    * durante un período de tiempo indefinido = over an indefinite period of time, over an indefinite span of time.
    * durante un período indefinido = for an indefinite period.
    * durante un porrón de tiempo = for donkey's years.
    * durante un tiempo indefinido = for an indefinite time to come.
    * durante varios años = for a number of years, for several years.
    * esperado durante tiempo y con ansiedad = long-and-expectantly-awaited.
    * fue durante mucho tiempo = long remained.
    * observar atentamente y durante cierto tiempo = maintain + vigil.
    * trabajar durante un período de tiempo = serve + stint.

    * * *
    durante mi ausencia/su reinado during my absence/his reign
    durante 1980 during o in 1980
    gobernó el país durante casi dos décadas she governed the country for almost two decades
    normalmente no salimos durante la semana we don't normally go out during the week
    trabajé en casa durante toda esa semana I worked at home all that week o for the whole of that week
    los precios aumentaron un 0,3% durante el mes de diciembre prices rose by 0.3% in December
    cuando estas drogas se toman durante un período largo when these drugs are taken over o for a long period
    su condición ha empeorado durante los últimos días his condition has worsened over the last few days
    durante estos días realiza una gira por Italia she is at present o currently on tour in Italy
    * * *

     

    durante preposición ( en el transcurso de) during;
    ( cuando se especifica la duración) for;
    durante 1980 during o in 1980;

    gobernó el país durante casi dos décadas she governed the country for almost two decades;
    los precios aumentaron un 0,3% durante el mes de diciembre prices rose by 0.3% in December;
    durante todo el invierno throughout the winter
    durante preposición during: caminamos durante dos horas, we walked for two hours
    hablaremos durante la cena, we'll talk over dinner
    se durmió durante la conferencia, she fell asleep during the lecture
    estuvo llorando durante toda la noche, she was crying all night long
    Recuerda que during se usa con el "nombre" de un período (la guerra, el concierto, el día) y responde a la pregunta ¿cuándo ocurrió? For expresa duración ( tres días, un par de segundos) y responde a la pregunta ¿cuánto tiempo duró?

    ' durante' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    amiga
    - amigo
    - arrojadiza
    - arrojadizo
    - cada
    - cañón
    - cesar
    - clásica
    - clásico
    - cola
    - como
    - contienda
    - continuismo
    - corrillo
    - desarrollo
    - desnaturalizar
    - día
    - empeorar
    - encierro
    - exilio
    - extracorpórea
    - extracorpóreo
    - filmación
    - herida
    - legislatura
    - mes
    - mientras
    - novelón
    - pajolera
    - pajolero
    - por
    - seguida
    - seguido
    - ver
    - adolescencia
    - bajada
    - callado
    - cartearse
    - cartelera
    - cierto
    - crecimiento
    - detenido
    - empatar
    - guardar
    - lactancia
    - meditar
    - reemplazar
    - reemplazo
    - zarandear
    English:
    all
    - allege
    - almost
    - antsy
    - appal
    - appall
    - assistant
    - badly
    - besiege
    - blackout
    - blow
    - canvasser
    - climate
    - collapse
    - composed
    - course
    - craving
    - crib
    - deliberate
    - detention
    - diving
    - during
    - ensue
    - ferment
    - flatten
    - fluster
    - fold
    - for
    - forceps
    - go on
    - go-between
    - guffaw
    - haggle
    - hold against
    - homesick
    - hooligan
    - hound
    - in
    - in-flight
    - injure
    - intermission
    - intermittent
    - interrogate
    - keep in
    - major
    - monstrosity
    - neutrality
    - observation
    - outage
    - over
    * * *
    durante prep
    [en todo el tiempo de] for; [mientras] during;
    estuvo sin beber durante un año he went (for) a year without drinking;
    durante una hora for an hour;
    durante todo el mes de febrero for the whole of February, throughout the month of February;
    durante las vacaciones during the Br holidays o US vacation;
    llovió varias veces durante la semana it rained several times during the week;
    por favor, desconecten sus teléfonos móviles durante la proyección please ensure cellphones o Br mobile phones are switched off during the movie;
    durante un año se produjeron tres seísmos en la zona there were three earthquakes in the area in the space of a year;
    durante su estancia en Londres visitó varios museos he visited several museums while he was in London;
    durante el verano mejoró su situación económica his financial situation improved over the summer;
    llovió durante toda la semana it rained all week;
    * * *
    durante seis meses for six months
    * * *
    durante prep
    : during
    durante todo el día: all day long
    trabajó durante tres horas: he worked for three hours
    * * *
    durante prep
    1. during
    2. for

    Spanish-English dictionary > durante

  • 3 Mercosur

    SM ABR
    = Mercado Común del Cono Sur Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay
    * * *
    masculino: economic community comprising Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay
    * * *
    Nota: Asociación económica de algunos países de Sudamérica parecida a la Comunidad Europea.
    Ex. This article discusses the objectives, structure and organization of Mercosur, the Common Market of the South, which unites South American countries economically.
    * * *
    masculino: economic community comprising Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay
    * * *
    Nota: Asociación económica de algunos países de Sudamérica parecida a la Comunidad Europea.

    Ex: This article discusses the objectives, structure and organization of Mercosur, the Common Market of the South, which unites South American countries economically.

    * * *
    economic community comprising Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay
    * * *

    Mercosur sustantivo masculino: economic community comprising Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay
    * * *
    Mercosur [merko'sur] nm (abrev de Mercado Común del Sur)
    MERCOSUR, = South American economic community consisting of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay
    MERCOSUR
    After several decades of growth in trade relations, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay signed the Treaty of Asunción in 1991 to found MERCOSUR (“Mercado Común del Sur”, Southern Common Market). Although initially no central institutions were established, the Treaty of Ouro Preto in 1994 provided for an institutional structure, though its development is less advanced than that of the Comunidad Andina (CAN). The collapse of the Argentinian economy in 2002 dealt a severe blow to MERCOSUR, and there have been a number of bitter disputes between member countries, but as it has a combined population of over 230 million, and a GDP of over $1,000 billion, it remains one of the largest economic groups in the world. Venezuela became a full member in 2006, while Bolivia, Chile, Peru, Colombia and Ecuador all now have associate member status, while Mexico is an observer.
    * * *
    m abr (= Mercado Común del Sur) Common Market including Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay

    Spanish-English dictionary > Mercosur

  • 4 a

    prep.
    1 to.
    voy a Madrid I'm going to Madrid
    me voy al extranjero I'm going abroad
    llegó a Buenos Aires/a la fiesta he arrived in Buenos Aires/at the party
    2 at (moment).
    a las siete at seven o'clock
    a los once años at the age of eleven
    al caer la noche at nightfall
    al oír la noticia se desmayó on hearing the news, she fainted
    Llegué al amanecer I arrived at dawn.
    3 per, every (frecuency).
    40 horas a la semana 40 hours per o a week
    tres veces al día three times a day
    4 to.
    dáselo a Ricardo give it to Ricardo
    dile a Ricardo que venga tell Ricardo to come
    5 to.
    entró a pagar he came in to pay
    aprender a nadar to learn to swim
    6 by, about to, for.
    * * *
    A, a
    nombre femenino (pl as o aes)
    1 (la letra) A, a
    ————————
    A
    1 ( Alteza) Highness; (abreviatura) H
    ————————
    A
    1 ( autopista) motorway; (abreviatura) M
    ————————
    A
    1 ( amperio) ampere, amp; (símbolo) A
    * * *
    prep.
    1) to
    2) into
    3) in
    4) at
    5) on
    6) with
    * * *
    SF = a (=letra) A, a
    * * *
    a femenino (pl aes) ( read as [a]) the letter A, a
    * * *
    = for, per, to.
    Ex. The fine policy matrix corresponds to the loan policy matrix, cell for cell.
    Ex. Indexing can thus be achieved at a detailed level, with often many terms per document, with almost no indexing effort.
    Ex. Accessibility to the documents stored in files is an important factor, so the physical storage is important.
    ----
    * a + Adjetivo + escala = on a + Adjetivo + scale.
    * a alguna parte = someplace.
    * a alta presión = high-pressured, high-pressure.
    * a altas horas de la noche = late at night.
    * a ambas orillas del Atlántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de = on either side of.
    * a ambos lados del Altántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de + Lugar = on both sides of + Lugar.
    * a años luz de = light years away from.
    * a bajas temperaturas = at low temperature.
    * a bajo coste = low-cost.
    * a bajo costo = low-cost.
    * a bajo nivel = low-level.
    * a bajo precio = lower-cost, at a low price, on the cheap.
    * a base de = in the form of, on a diet of.
    * a base de carne = meaty [meatier -comp., meatiest -sup.].
    * a base de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a base de errores = the hard way.
    * a boca de jarro = at close range.
    * a bocajarro = point blank.
    * a bombo y platillo = fanfare, with a bang.
    * a bordo = aboard, on board ship.
    * a bordo de = aboard, onboard.
    * a bordo de un barco = shipboard, on board ship.
    * a buen recaudo = in a safe place, in safekeeping.
    * a caballo = on horseback, astride.
    * a caballo entre = astride... and..., midway between.
    * a caballo entre... y... = half way between... and....
    * a caballo regalado no se le mira el diente = never look a gift horse in the mouth.
    * a cada rato = every so often, every now and then, every now and again, every once in a while.
    * a cambio = in return.
    * a cambio de = in exchange for, in return for.
    * a cambio de nada = for nothing.
    * a cántaros = cats and dogs.
    * a cargo = in the saddle.
    * a cargo (de) = charged with, in charge (of), at the helm (of).
    * a cargo de Alguien = under supervision.
    * a cargo de las riendas = in the saddle.
    * a cargo del ayuntamiento = local authority-run.
    * a cargo del gobierno = government-operated, government-run.
    * a cargo de una sola persona = one-man band.
    * a cargo de voluntarios = volunteer-run.
    * a chorros = profusely.
    * a ciegas = blindfold, blindly, blindfolded, in the dark.
    * a ciencia cierta = for sure, for certain.
    * a cierta distancia = some distance away.
    * a cierta distancia de = off.
    * a cierta distancia de la costa = offshore.
    * a cierta distancia del litoral = offshore.
    * a cobro revertido = reverse charges.
    * a color = multi-colour [multi-color -USA].
    * a comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = early + Expresión Temporal, the.
    * a comienzos de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha, in the early part of + Fecha.
    * a comienzos de + Período de Tiempo = by the turn of + Período de Tiempo, at the turn of + Período de Tiempo.
    * a conciencia = deliberately, wilfully [willfully, -USA], by design, on purpose.
    * a condición de que + Subjuntivo = provided (that), providing (that), as long as.
    * a contenido enriquecido = content-enriched.
    * a continuación = next, then, in the following, herewith.
    * a continuación se enumeran = given below.
    * a contracorriente = against the grain.
    * a contraluz = against the light.
    * a contrapelo = against the grain, against the nap.
    * a coro = with one voice, in unison.
    * a corto plazo = before very long, short term [short-term], in the short run, short-range, at short notice, in the short term, short-run.
    * a costa de = at the cost of, at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense, at cost of.
    * a costa de mucho = at (a) great expense.
    * a costa de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a costa de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a criterio de = at the discretion of.
    * a cualquier hora = anytime, around the clock.
    * a cualquier hora del día o de la noche = at any hour of the day or night, at any time of the day or night.
    * a cualquier precio = at any cost, at all costs, at any price.
    * a cuatro aguas = hipped.
    * a cuatro patas = on all fours, on four legs.
    * a cuenta de = at the expense of.
    * a cuenta de la empresa = at company expense.
    * a cuenta de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a cuenta de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a cuenta propia = at + Posesivo + expense, at + Posesivo + own expense.
    * a cuerpo de rey = the lap of luxury.
    * a cuestas = in tow.
    * a decir de todos = by all accounts.
    * a decir verdad = to tell the truth, if the truth be known, if the truth be told, in all truth, in truth, fact is, the fact is (that), to be fair.
    * a decir verdad... = the fact of the matter is that....
    * a demanda = pro re nata.
    * a deshora(s) = at odd times, out of hours.
    * a día de hoy = as of today.
    * a diario = every day.
    * a diestro y siniestro = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a dieta = on a diet.
    * a diferencia de = apart from, as opposed to, in contradistinction to, as contrasted with, in contrast (to/with), quite apart from, in sharp contrast (with).
    * a diferencia de + Nombre = unlike + Nombre.
    * a diferentes niveles = multi-tiered [multitiered], multi-tier [multitier].
    * a discreción = at will, no holds barred.
    * a disgusto = unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a disposición de = at the disposal of.
    * a distancia = remote, remotely, distantly.
    * a doble espacio = double-spaced.
    * a domicilio = domiciliary.
    * ¿a dónde se dirige(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde va(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde vas? = quo vadis, whither thou goest.
    * a dos niveles = two-tier.
    * a dos velas = skint, penniless, broke.
    * a duras penas = with great difficulty.
    * a efectos de = in terms of, for the purpose of + Nombre.
    * a efectos prácticos = to all intents and purposes, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes, to all intents.
    * a él = him.
    * a ellos = them.
    * a escala = drawn-to-scale.
    * a escala industrial = on an industrial scale, industrial-scale.
    * a escala mundial = globally, on a global scale.
    * a escala natural = full-scale.
    * a escondidas = by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the quiet, on the sly.
    * a eso = thereto.
    * a espaldas de = out of sight of.
    * a estas alturas = by now.
    * a este fin = to this end.
    * a este paso = at this rate.
    * a este respecto = in this respect.
    * a este ritmo = at this rate.
    * a estrenar = brand new.
    * a examen = under the microscope.
    * a excepción de = barring, except for, excepting, other than, with the exception of, short of.
    * a excepción de que = except that.
    * a excepción de uno = with one exception.
    * a expensas de = at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense.
    * a expensas de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a expensas de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a + Expresión Temporal = as of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a falta de = for want of, in the absence of, in default of, for lack of, short of.
    * a favor = in favour.
    * a favor de = in favour of.
    * a favor de la decisión personal sobre el aborto = pro-choice.
    * a favor de la esclavitud = pro-slavery.
    * a favor de la raza negra = pro-black [problack].
    * a favor de la vida humana = pro-life.
    * a favor y en contra = pro and con.
    * a + Fecha = as per + Fecha.
    * a finales de = by the end of, at the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Expresión Temporal = as of late + Expresión Temporal, at the end of + Expresión Temporal, by the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Fecha = in the late + Fecha, in late + Fecha.
    * a finales de los + Década = late + Década, the.
    * a finales del + Siglo = late + Siglo, late period of + Siglo.
    * a fin de cuentas = at the end of the day, in the end, in the final count, in the grand scheme of things, when all is said and done, after all is said and done.
    * a fondo = fully, thoroughly, full-scale.
    * a fondo perdido = non-refundable.
    * ¡a freír espárragos! = on your bike!.
    * a fuerza de = by dint of.
    * a fuerza de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a fuerza de errores = the hard way.
    * a gas = gas-powered.
    * a gatas = on all fours.
    * a grandes rasgos = broadly, rough draft.
    * a granel = in bulk.
    * a gran escala = large scale [large-scale], massive, on a wide scale, high-volume, wide-scale, on a broad scale, in a big way, on a grand scale.
    * a gran velocidad = at great speed.
    * a grito limpio = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a grito pelado = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a gritos = vociferously.
    * a groso modo = crudely.
    * a grosso modo = roughly, rough draft.
    * a gusto = at ease, at leisure.
    * a gusto de = to the liking of, at the pleasure of.
    * a horcajadas = astride.
    * a hurtadillas = surreptitiously, by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the sly.
    * a imitación de lo clásico = classicising [classicizing, -USA], classicised [classicized, -USA].
    * a iniciativa de = at the initiative of.
    * a iniciativas del gobierno = government-led.
    * a instancia de = at the urging of.
    * a instancias de = at the instigation of, at the behest of, under the auspices of.
    * a intervalos = at intervals.
    * a intervalos + Adjetivo = at + Adjetivo + intervals.
    * a intervalos semanales = at weekly intervals.
    * a invitación de = at the invitation of.
    * a jabón = soapy [soapier -comp., soapiest -sup.].
    * a juicio = on trial.
    * a juicio público = in the public eye.
    * a juzgar por = to judge by, judging by, judging from.
    * a la acuarela = water-coloured [water-colored, -USA].
    * a la alcaldía = mayoral.
    * a la altura de = of the stature of, equal to.
    * a la altura de la cintura = waist high, waist deep.
    * a la altura de la rodilla = knee-high.
    * a la altura de los hombros = shoulder-high.
    * a la anchura de los hombros = shoulder-width.
    * a la anochecida = at nightfall.
    * a la antigua = old-style.
    * a la antigua usanza = old-style.
    * a la atención de = c/o (care of).
    * a la baja = on the wane.
    * a la brasa = grilled.
    * a la buena de Dios = out in the cold.
    * a la cabeza de = in the forefront of/in.
    * a la caída de la noche = at nightfall, at twilight.
    * a la caída de la tarde = at twilight.
    * a la carta = a la carte.
    * a la defensiva = on the defensive.
    * a la derecha = at the right.
    * a la derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a la deriva = rudderless.
    * a la discreción de = at the discretion of.
    * a la disposición de Alguien = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a la expectativa de = on the lookout for, on the alert for.
    * a la + Expresión Temporal = a + Expresión Temporal.
    * a la fuerza = forcefully, of necessity, forcibly, compulsorily.
    * a la fuga = on the run, on the lam.
    * a la hora de + Infinitivo = when it came to + Gerundio, when it comes to + Gerundio.
    * a la hora de la verdad = when push comes to shove, if it comes to the crunch, when it comes to the crunch, when the worst comes to the worst, if the worst comes to the worst, when the crunch comes to the crunch, if the crunch comes to the crunch.
    * a la hora del café = at coffee.
    * a la intemperie = in the open, exposed.
    * a la inversa = mirror-fashion, mirror image, in reverse.
    * a la izquierda = at the left.
    * a la larga = in the long term, over the long term, in the end, eventually, for the long pull, over a period of time, over the long haul, in the far term, ultimately, by and by.
    * a la ligera = lightly.
    * a la luz de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la luz de la luna = by moonlight, in the moonlight, moonlit.
    * a la luz de las estrellas = by starlight.
    * a la luz de las velas = by candlelight, candlelight, candlelit.
    * a la luz del día = in the light of day.
    * a la luz de una lámpara de gas = by gaslight.
    * a la misma altura que = in the same league as.
    * a la moda = trendy [trendier -comp., trendiest -sup.].
    * a la onda = in the know.
    * a la opinión pública = in the public eye.
    * a la par = in concert, in tandem, neck and neck, in a tandem fashion, in parallel.
    * a la par que = in tandem with, hand in hand (with), as the same time as.
    * a la parrilla = grilled, on the grill.
    * a la perfección = superbly.
    * a la plancha = griddled, on the griddle, on the hotplate.
    * a largo plazo = in the long term, over the long term, long-range, in the long run, long-term, over the long run, over the long haul, long-run, in the far term, far-term.
    * a la salida = on the way out.
    * a la sazón = at that time.
    * a las doce del mediodía = at high noon.
    * a la semana = a week, per week.
    * a las mil maravillas = marvellously [marvelously, -USA], famously, like a house on fire.
    * a la sombra de = in the shadow of.
    * a las puertas de = on the threshold of.
    * a la última = hip [hipper -comp., hippest -sup.], on the fast track, hipped.
    * a la vanguardia = on the cutting edge, on the leading edge, in the fast lane, on the fast track, at the leading edge, on the bleeding edge.
    * a la vanguardia de = in the vanguard of, at the forefront of, in the forefront of/in, at the vanguard of.
    * a la velocidad de la luz = at the speed of light.
    * a la velocidad del rayo = at the speed of lightning.
    * a la velocidad del sonido = at the speed of sound.
    * a la venta = on release.
    * a la vez = at once, at one time, at similar times, at the same time, concurrently, side-by-side, simultaneously, at the same instant, in parallel, in tandem, at the one time, in a tandem fashion, at a time, in unison.
    * a la vez que = hand in hand (with), cum, in conjunction with, in unison with.
    * a la vista = in sight, within sight.
    * a la vista de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la vuelta de = on the return leg of.
    * a la zaga = not far behind, in tow.
    * al azar = lucky draw, lucky dip.
    * al extremo norte = northernmost.
    * al extremo oeste = westernmost.
    * al hacer esto = in doing so.
    * al norte del estado = upstate.
    * a lo extremo = to the extreme.
    * a lo grande = in a big way, big time, grandly, on a grand scale.
    * a lo hecho, pecho = no use crying over spilt/spilled milk, you've made your bed, now you must lie in it!.
    * a lo largo de = along, down, throughout.
    * a lo largo de + Expresión Temporal = sometime + Expresión Temporal.
    * a lo largo de la historia = over time.
    * a lo largo de la ruta = along the way.
    * a lo largo del tiempo = longitudinal, longitudinally.
    * a lo largo de todo = the entire length of.
    * a lo largo y ancho del país = countrywide [country-wide].
    * a lo largo y ancho de + Lugar = up and down + Lugar.
    * a lo lejos = in the distance.
    * a lo loco = helter-skelter, like there's no tomorrow.
    * a lo máximo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * a lo mejor = perhaps.
    * a lo que salga = come what may.
    * a los ojos de = in the eyes of.
    * a lo sumo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * al otro lado del atlántico = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del charco = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del océano = across the pond.
    * a lo zombi = zombielike.
    * a mano = by hand, manually, nearby [near-by], handy, within reach, within easy reach.
    * a mano alzada = by a show of hands.
    * a mano derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a manojos = by the handful.
    * a manos de = at the hands of.
    * a marchas forzadas = in a rush, against the clock.
    * a mares = cats and dogs.
    * a más largo plazo = longer-term.
    * a más..., más... = the + Comparativo..., the + Comparativo....
    * a más tardar = at the latest.
    * a mata caballo = in a hurry, hurried, hurriedly, helter-skelter.
    * a media asta = at half-mast, at half staff.
    * a mediados de = in the middle decades of.
    * a mediados de + Fecha = in the mid + Fecha.
    * a mediados de semana = midweek.
    * a media jornada = half-time [half time].
    * a media mañana = mid-morning.
    * a medianoche = at midnight.
    * a medias = half-hearted [halfhearted], qualified.
    * a medias entre... y... = betwixt and between.
    * a medida = custom, bespoke.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que pasaba el tiempo = as time passed (by), as time went by.
    * a medida que pasa el tiempo = as time passes (by).
    * a medida que pasa + Expresión Temporal = as + Expresión Temporal + go by.
    * a medida que + pasar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + pasar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que se necesite = on demand, on request, as required.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medio abrir = half-opened.
    * a medio camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a medio comprender = half-understood.
    * a medio formar = half-formed.
    * a medio fuego = medium heat.
    * a medio hacer = halfway done, half done.
    * a medio plazo = medium-term, near-term, in the medium term, in the mid-term, mid-term [midterm].
    * a medio rimar = half-rhymed.
    * a medio vestir = half dressed.
    * a menor escala = at a reduced rate.
    * a menos que = unless, short of.
    * a menudo = oftentimes [often times], ofttimes [oft-times].
    * a merced de = at the mercy of.
    * a mí = me.
    * a mi entender = to my mind.
    * a mi modo de ver = in my books.
    * a mi parecer = to my mind, methinks, in my books.
    * a mitad de = half way through, halfway through.
    * a mitad de camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = midway between, half way between... and....
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = astride... and....
    * a mitad de precio = at half price.
    * a mí también me gustaría tener la misma oportunidad = turnabout is fair play.
    * a modo de = by way of, in the vein of, as a kind of.
    * a modo de aclaración = in parenthesis, on a sidenote.
    * a modo de advertencia = cautionary.
    * a modo de ejemplo = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de explicación = parenthetically.
    * a modo de ilustración = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de inciso = in passing, by the way of (a) digression.
    * a modo de paréntesis = parenthetical.
    * a modo de prólogo = prefatory.
    * a modo de resumen = wrap-up.
    * a mogollón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montones = in droves, by the sackful.
    * a muchos niveles = many-levelled [many-leveled, -USA].
    * a muerte = bitter, bitterly.
    * a nadie le importa nada = nobody + gives a damn.
    * a nivel de barrio = neighbourhood-based.
    * a nivel de calle = on the ground level.
    * a nivel de la calle = at ground level.
    * a nivel del suelo = at ground level.
    * a nivel estatal = statewide [state-wide].
    * a nivel federal = federally, federally.
    * a nivel individual = privately.
    * a nivel local = locally, domestically.
    * a nivel multicultural = multi-culturally [multiculturally].
    * a nivel mundial = worldwide [world-wide], globally.
    * a nivel nacional = nationally, domestically, countrywide [country-wide].
    * a nivel privado = privately.
    * a nivel regional = regionally.
    * a nombre de = payable to.
    * a no ser que = unless.
    * a nosotros = us.
    * a ojo = ocular.
    * a ojos vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a orillas del océano = oceanfront.
    * a orillas del río = riverfront.
    * a orillas de un lago = lakeside, lakefront, by the lakeside.
    * a otro sitio = somewhere else.
    * a pares = in pairs.
    * a partes iguales = share and share alike, in equal measure(s).
    * a partir de = on the basis of, based on, working from, from, on a diet of, in response to.
    * a partir de ahora = from now on, from this point on, henceforth, as of now.
    * a partir de ahora y durante + Cuantificador + años = for + Cuantificador + years to come.
    * a partir de aquí = hereupon.
    * a partir de ello = therefrom.
    * a partir de entonces = from this time on, hereafter, thereafter, whereafter, from then on, thenceforth, henceforth, from that moment on.
    * a partir de ese momento = from that moment on.
    * a partir de este momento = hereinafter.
    * a partir de esto = on this basis, on that basis.
    * a partir de + Fecha = from + Fecha, effective + Fecha.
    * a partir de hoy = as from today.
    * a partir de la medianoche = late night.
    * a partir de los títulos = title-based.
    * a paso de tortuga = at a snail's pace.
    * a paso ligero = on the double.
    * a pasos agigantados = at an exponential rate, at exponential rates, by leaps and bounds.
    * a pedir de boca = without a hitch.
    * a pequeña escala = in a small way, small scale [small-scale].
    * a perpetuidad = in perpetuity.
    * a pesar de (que) = albeit (that), despite, in spite of, notwithstanding, although, despite the fact that, in spite of the fact that.
    * a pesar de todo = all the same, in spite of everything, despite everything, despite it all, in spite of it all, all this said.
    * a pesar de todo + Posesivo + Nombre = for all + Posesivo + Nombre.
    * a petición de = at the request of, at the urging of, at the behest of.
    * a petición del usuario = on demand, on request.
    * a petición popular = by popular demand.
    * a pie = on foot, afoot, dismounted.
    * a pilas = battery-operated.
    * a pique = sinking.
    * a placer = at will.
    * a plena luz del día = in broad daylight.
    * a poca distancia = not far behind.
    * a poca distancia andando = within walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a poca distancia a pie = within an easy walk, within walking distance.
    * a pocos minutos andando = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a pocos minutos a pie = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a porrillo = by the handful.
    * a + Posesivo + aire = to + Posesivo + heart's content.
    * a + Posesivo + alcance = in the ballpark for + Pronombre, in + Posesivo + ballpark range.
    * a + Posesivo + costa = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + cuidado = in + Posesivo + safekeeping.
    * a + Posesivo + discreción = at will, at + Posesivo + discretion.
    * a + Posesivo + disposición = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a + Posesivo + entender = to the best of + Posesivo + belief.
    * a + Posesivo + espaldas = behind + Posesivo + back.
    * a + Posesivo + expensas = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + favor = in + Posesivo + favour, to + Posesivo + credit.
    * a + Posesivo + juicio = in + Posesivo + estimation.
    * a + Posesivo + manera = in + Posesivo + own way.
    * a + Posesivo + saber = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge.
    * a + Posesivo + saber y entender = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge and belief.
    * a + Posesivo + servicio = at + Posesivo + service.
    * a + Posesivo + sorprender = much to + Posesivo + surprise.
    * a + Posesivo + vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a posteriori = reactive, in retrospect, after-the-fact, hindsight, with hindsight, a posteriori, in hindsight.
    * a precio de coste = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de costo = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de ganga = at a steal.
    * a precio especial = at reduced cost, discounted, cut-rate, cut-price.
    * a precio razonable = at reasonable cost(s).
    * a precio reducido = at a discount.
    * a precios competitivos = competitively priced.
    * a precios especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a precios razonables = at affordable prices.
    * a presión = pressurised [pressurized, -USA].
    * a primera hora de la mañana = first thing in the morning.
    * a primera hora de + Período del Día = first thing + Período del Día.
    * a primeras horas de la tarde = late afternoon.
    * a primera vista = on first acquaintance, at first sight, on first inspection, on the face of it, at first blush, at first glance, on the surface, prima facie, first-blush.
    * a primeros de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de los + Década = early + Década, the.
    * a priori = proactive [pro-active], foresight, a priori, on the surface.
    * a prisa = quickly.
    * a propósito = deliberate, for the record, incidentally, intentionally, by the way, in passing, anecdotally, purposely, by design, on purpose, wilfully [willfully, -USA], on a sidenote, studiously, by the way of (a) digression, by the by(e), speaking of which, designedly.
    * a propósito de = apropos of.
    * a propósito de nada = for no specific reason, for no particular reason.
    * a prueba = on trial.
    * a prueba de bombas = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA], bomb-proof.
    * a prueba de conejos = rabbit-proof.
    * a prueba de fallos = fail-safe.
    * a prueba de incendios = fireproof [fire-proof].
    * a prueba de niños = childproof.
    * a prueba de robos = theft proof.
    * a prueba de tornados = tornado proof.
    * a prueba de un tratamiento duro = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA].
    * a prueba de viento = windproof.
    * a puerta cerrada = behind closed doors.
    * a punta de pistola = at gunpoint.
    * a punto de = on the verge of, a heartbeat away from.
    * a punto de + Infinitivo = about to + Infinitivo.
    * a punto de irse a pique = on the rocks.
    * a punto de morir = on + Posesivo + deathbed.
    * a puñados = by the sackful, by the handful.
    * a quemarropa = point blank.
    * a quien madruga, Dios le ayuda = the early bird catches the worm.
    * a quienquiera que = whomever.
    * a rachas = by fits and starts.
    * a ráfagas = in bursts.
    * a raíz de = in the wake of.
    * a rajatabla = to the letter.
    * a ras de = flush with.
    * a ras de la calle = ground-floor.
    * a ras del suelo = at ground level.
    * a rastras = in tow.
    * a ratos = intermittently.
    * a reacción = jet-assisted.
    * a rebosar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a regañadientes = grudgingly, grudging, begrudgingly, unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a régimen = on a diet.
    * a remolque = in tow.
    * a reventar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a saber = namely, viz, to wit.
    * a sabiendas = knowing, knowingly, wilfully [willfully, -USA].
    * a sabiendas de que = on the understanding that.
    * a sacudidas = jerkily.
    * a saltitos = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a salvo = in a safe place, in safekeeping, out of harm's way.
    * a sangre fría = cold-blooded.
    * a ser posible = if possible.
    * a simple vista = by the naked eye, superficially, on first thought.
    * a solas = all by + Reflexivo, by + Reflexivo.
    * a su debido tiempo = in due course, timely, in due time.
    * a sueldo = paid.
    * a su precio normal = at full price.
    * a su propio ritmo = at an individual pace.
    * a su tiempo = in a timely fashion, in due course, in a timely manner.
    * a su vez = Verbo + further, in turn, in its/their turn.
    * a tal efecto = to this effect.
    * a tales efectos = hereto.
    * a tarifa reducida = at reduced cost.
    * a tarifas especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a temperatura ambiente = at room temperature.
    * a tener en cuenta en el futuro = for future reference.
    * a tenor de = in light of, in the face of, in the light of, in view of.
    * a ti = you, thee.
    * a tiempo = in timely fashion, on time, promptly, timely, just in time, in time.
    * a tiempo completo = full-time.
    * a tiempo parcial = part-time.
    * a tientas = in the dark.
    * a tientas y a ciegas = blindly, in the dark.
    * a ti mismo = yourself, thyself.
    * a tiro = within gunshot, within range.
    * a tirones = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a título de = by way of, for the sake of.
    * a título gratuito = gratuitous.
    * a título personal = in a personal capacity, in a private capacity.
    * a toda costa = absolutely, at all costs, come what may, at any cost, at any price.
    * a toda máquina = in the fast lane, fast lane, full steam ahead, at full tilt, full-tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda marcha = at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda mecha = at a rate of knots, full steam ahead, at full blast, at full throttle, at top speed, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda pasta = at a rate of knots.
    * a toda pastilla = in the fast lane, on the fast track, fast lane, overdrive, full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at a rate of knots, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda prueba = unswerving.
    * a todas horas = at all hours, around the clock.
    * a todas luces = patently.
    * a todas partes = far and wide.
    * a toda velocidad = full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a todo alrededor = all round.
    * a todo color = full-colour, in full colour.
    * a todo gas = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo lo largo de = the length of.
    * a todo meter = full steam ahead, at full stretch, at full speed, at full blast, at top speed, at full throttle.
    * a todo ritmo = in full swing, in full force, in full gear.
    * a todos lados = far and wide.
    * a todos los efectos = to all intents and purposes, to all intents, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes.
    * a todos los niveles = at all levels.
    * a todos nosotros = us all.
    * a todos por igual = one size fits all.
    * a todo vapor = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo volumen = at full blast.
    * a tontas y a ciegas = headlong, runaway.
    * a tontas y locas = like there's no tomorrow, without rhyme or reason.
    * a tope = packed to capacity, in the fast lane, fast lane, choc-a-block, chock-full, in full swing, in full gear, packed to the rafters.
    * a trancas y barrancas = with great difficulty, by fits and starts.
    * a través de = by way of, in the form of, through, via, out of, through the agency of.
    * a través de Internet = Internet-based, Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de la historia = over time.
    * a través de la TI = IT-enabled.
    * a través de la web = Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de los años = over the years, down the years.
    * a través de los ojos de = through the eyes of.
    * a través de los siglos = over the centuries.
    * a través del teléfono = call-in.
    * a través del tiempo = over time.
    * a través de operador = operator-assisted.
    * a tres bandas = three pronged.
    * a tres niveles = three-tiered.
    * a troche y moche = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a trompicones = by fits and starts.
    * a tropezones = falteringly, hesitantly, haltingly, jerkily.
    * a trozos = piecewise.
    * ¡A tu salud! = Here's to you!.
    * a última hora = at the last minute, at the eleventh hour, last minute [last-minute], at the very last minute, at the very last moment, at the very last.
    * a últimas horas de la tarde = late evening.
    [b]* a últ
    * * *
    a femenino (pl aes) ( read as [a]) the letter A, a
    * * *
    = for, per, to.

    Ex: The fine policy matrix corresponds to the loan policy matrix, cell for cell.

    Ex: Indexing can thus be achieved at a detailed level, with often many terms per document, with almost no indexing effort.
    Ex: Accessibility to the documents stored in files is an important factor, so the physical storage is important.
    * a + Adjetivo + escala = on a + Adjetivo + scale.
    * a alguna parte = someplace.
    * a alta presión = high-pressured, high-pressure.
    * a altas horas de la noche = late at night.
    * a ambas orillas del Atlántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de = on either side of.
    * a ambos lados del Altántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de + Lugar = on both sides of + Lugar.
    * a años luz de = light years away from.
    * a bajas temperaturas = at low temperature.
    * a bajo coste = low-cost.
    * a bajo costo = low-cost.
    * a bajo nivel = low-level.
    * a bajo precio = lower-cost, at a low price, on the cheap.
    * a base de = in the form of, on a diet of.
    * a base de carne = meaty [meatier -comp., meatiest -sup.].
    * a base de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a base de errores = the hard way.
    * a boca de jarro = at close range.
    * a bocajarro = point blank.
    * a bombo y platillo = fanfare, with a bang.
    * a bordo = aboard, on board ship.
    * a bordo de = aboard, onboard.
    * a bordo de un barco = shipboard, on board ship.
    * a buen recaudo = in a safe place, in safekeeping.
    * a caballo = on horseback, astride.
    * a caballo entre = astride... and..., midway between.
    * a caballo entre... y... = half way between... and....
    * a caballo regalado no se le mira el diente = never look a gift horse in the mouth.
    * a cada rato = every so often, every now and then, every now and again, every once in a while.
    * a cambio = in return.
    * a cambio de = in exchange for, in return for.
    * a cambio de nada = for nothing.
    * a cántaros = cats and dogs.
    * a cargo = in the saddle.
    * a cargo (de) = charged with, in charge (of), at the helm (of).
    * a cargo de Alguien = under supervision.
    * a cargo de las riendas = in the saddle.
    * a cargo del ayuntamiento = local authority-run.
    * a cargo del gobierno = government-operated, government-run.
    * a cargo de una sola persona = one-man band.
    * a cargo de voluntarios = volunteer-run.
    * a chorros = profusely.
    * a ciegas = blindfold, blindly, blindfolded, in the dark.
    * a ciencia cierta = for sure, for certain.
    * a cierta distancia = some distance away.
    * a cierta distancia de = off.
    * a cierta distancia de la costa = offshore.
    * a cierta distancia del litoral = offshore.
    * a cobro revertido = reverse charges.
    * a color = multi-colour [multi-color -USA].
    * a comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = early + Expresión Temporal, the.
    * a comienzos de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha, in the early part of + Fecha.
    * a comienzos de + Período de Tiempo = by the turn of + Período de Tiempo, at the turn of + Período de Tiempo.
    * a conciencia = deliberately, wilfully [willfully, -USA], by design, on purpose.
    * a condición de que + Subjuntivo = provided (that), providing (that), as long as.
    * a contenido enriquecido = content-enriched.
    * a continuación = next, then, in the following, herewith.
    * a continuación se enumeran = given below.
    * a contracorriente = against the grain.
    * a contraluz = against the light.
    * a contrapelo = against the grain, against the nap.
    * a coro = with one voice, in unison.
    * a corto plazo = before very long, short term [short-term], in the short run, short-range, at short notice, in the short term, short-run.
    * a costa de = at the cost of, at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense, at cost of.
    * a costa de mucho = at (a) great expense.
    * a costa de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a costa de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a criterio de = at the discretion of.
    * a cualquier hora = anytime, around the clock.
    * a cualquier hora del día o de la noche = at any hour of the day or night, at any time of the day or night.
    * a cualquier precio = at any cost, at all costs, at any price.
    * a cuatro aguas = hipped.
    * a cuatro patas = on all fours, on four legs.
    * a cuenta de = at the expense of.
    * a cuenta de la empresa = at company expense.
    * a cuenta de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a cuenta de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a cuenta propia = at + Posesivo + expense, at + Posesivo + own expense.
    * a cuerpo de rey = the lap of luxury.
    * a cuestas = in tow.
    * a decir de todos = by all accounts.
    * a decir verdad = to tell the truth, if the truth be known, if the truth be told, in all truth, in truth, fact is, the fact is (that), to be fair.
    * a decir verdad... = the fact of the matter is that....
    * a demanda = pro re nata.
    * a deshora(s) = at odd times, out of hours.
    * a día de hoy = as of today.
    * a diario = every day.
    * a diestro y siniestro = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a dieta = on a diet.
    * a diferencia de = apart from, as opposed to, in contradistinction to, as contrasted with, in contrast (to/with), quite apart from, in sharp contrast (with).
    * a diferencia de + Nombre = unlike + Nombre.
    * a diferentes niveles = multi-tiered [multitiered], multi-tier [multitier].
    * a discreción = at will, no holds barred.
    * a disgusto = unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a disposición de = at the disposal of.
    * a distancia = remote, remotely, distantly.
    * a doble espacio = double-spaced.
    * a domicilio = domiciliary.
    * ¿a dónde se dirige(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde va(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde vas? = quo vadis, whither thou goest.
    * a dos niveles = two-tier.
    * a dos velas = skint, penniless, broke.
    * a duras penas = with great difficulty.
    * a efectos de = in terms of, for the purpose of + Nombre.
    * a efectos prácticos = to all intents and purposes, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes, to all intents.
    * a él = him.
    * a ellos = them.
    * a escala = drawn-to-scale.
    * a escala industrial = on an industrial scale, industrial-scale.
    * a escala mundial = globally, on a global scale.
    * a escala natural = full-scale.
    * a escondidas = by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the quiet, on the sly.
    * a eso = thereto.
    * a espaldas de = out of sight of.
    * a estas alturas = by now.
    * a este fin = to this end.
    * a este paso = at this rate.
    * a este respecto = in this respect.
    * a este ritmo = at this rate.
    * a estrenar = brand new.
    * a examen = under the microscope.
    * a excepción de = barring, except for, excepting, other than, with the exception of, short of.
    * a excepción de que = except that.
    * a excepción de uno = with one exception.
    * a expensas de = at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense.
    * a expensas de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a expensas de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a + Expresión Temporal = as of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a falta de = for want of, in the absence of, in default of, for lack of, short of.
    * a favor = in favour.
    * a favor de = in favour of.
    * a favor de la decisión personal sobre el aborto = pro-choice.
    * a favor de la esclavitud = pro-slavery.
    * a favor de la raza negra = pro-black [problack].
    * a favor de la vida humana = pro-life.
    * a favor y en contra = pro and con.
    * a + Fecha = as per + Fecha.
    * a finales de = by the end of, at the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Expresión Temporal = as of late + Expresión Temporal, at the end of + Expresión Temporal, by the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Fecha = in the late + Fecha, in late + Fecha.
    * a finales de los + Década = late + Década, the.
    * a finales del + Siglo = late + Siglo, late period of + Siglo.
    * a fin de cuentas = at the end of the day, in the end, in the final count, in the grand scheme of things, when all is said and done, after all is said and done.
    * a fondo = fully, thoroughly, full-scale.
    * a fondo perdido = non-refundable.
    * ¡a freír espárragos! = on your bike!.
    * a fuerza de = by dint of.
    * a fuerza de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a fuerza de errores = the hard way.
    * a gas = gas-powered.
    * a gatas = on all fours.
    * a grandes rasgos = broadly, rough draft.
    * a granel = in bulk.
    * a gran escala = large scale [large-scale], massive, on a wide scale, high-volume, wide-scale, on a broad scale, in a big way, on a grand scale.
    * a gran velocidad = at great speed.
    * a grito limpio = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a grito pelado = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a gritos = vociferously.
    * a groso modo = crudely.
    * a grosso modo = roughly, rough draft.
    * a gusto = at ease, at leisure.
    * a gusto de = to the liking of, at the pleasure of.
    * a horcajadas = astride.
    * a hurtadillas = surreptitiously, by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the sly.
    * a imitación de lo clásico = classicising [classicizing, -USA], classicised [classicized, -USA].
    * a iniciativa de = at the initiative of.
    * a iniciativas del gobierno = government-led.
    * a instancia de = at the urging of.
    * a instancias de = at the instigation of, at the behest of, under the auspices of.
    * a intervalos = at intervals.
    * a intervalos + Adjetivo = at + Adjetivo + intervals.
    * a intervalos semanales = at weekly intervals.
    * a invitación de = at the invitation of.
    * a jabón = soapy [soapier -comp., soapiest -sup.].
    * a juicio = on trial.
    * a juicio público = in the public eye.
    * a juzgar por = to judge by, judging by, judging from.
    * a la acuarela = water-coloured [water-colored, -USA].
    * a la alcaldía = mayoral.
    * a la altura de = of the stature of, equal to.
    * a la altura de la cintura = waist high, waist deep.
    * a la altura de la rodilla = knee-high.
    * a la altura de los hombros = shoulder-high.
    * a la anchura de los hombros = shoulder-width.
    * a la anochecida = at nightfall.
    * a la antigua = old-style.
    * a la antigua usanza = old-style.
    * a la atención de = c/o (care of).
    * a la baja = on the wane.
    * a la brasa = grilled.
    * a la buena de Dios = out in the cold.
    * a la cabeza de = in the forefront of/in.
    * a la caída de la noche = at nightfall, at twilight.
    * a la caída de la tarde = at twilight.
    * a la carta = a la carte.
    * a la defensiva = on the defensive.
    * a la derecha = at the right.
    * a la derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a la deriva = rudderless.
    * a la discreción de = at the discretion of.
    * a la disposición de Alguien = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a la expectativa de = on the lookout for, on the alert for.
    * a la + Expresión Temporal = a + Expresión Temporal.
    * a la fuerza = forcefully, of necessity, forcibly, compulsorily.
    * a la fuga = on the run, on the lam.
    * a la hora de + Infinitivo = when it came to + Gerundio, when it comes to + Gerundio.
    * a la hora de la verdad = when push comes to shove, if it comes to the crunch, when it comes to the crunch, when the worst comes to the worst, if the worst comes to the worst, when the crunch comes to the crunch, if the crunch comes to the crunch.
    * a la hora del café = at coffee.
    * a la intemperie = in the open, exposed.
    * a la inversa = mirror-fashion, mirror image, in reverse.
    * a la izquierda = at the left.
    * a la larga = in the long term, over the long term, in the end, eventually, for the long pull, over a period of time, over the long haul, in the far term, ultimately, by and by.
    * a la ligera = lightly.
    * a la luz de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la luz de la luna = by moonlight, in the moonlight, moonlit.
    * a la luz de las estrellas = by starlight.
    * a la luz de las velas = by candlelight, candlelight, candlelit.
    * a la luz del día = in the light of day.
    * a la luz de una lámpara de gas = by gaslight.
    * a la mano de = available at the fingertips of.
    * a la misma altura que = in the same league as.
    * a la moda = trendy [trendier -comp., trendiest -sup.].
    * a la onda = in the know.
    * a la opinión pública = in the public eye.
    * a la par = in concert, in tandem, neck and neck, in a tandem fashion, in parallel.
    * a la par que = in tandem with, hand in hand (with), as the same time as.
    * a la parrilla = grilled, on the grill.
    * a la perfección = superbly.
    * a la plancha = griddled, on the griddle, on the hotplate.
    * a largo plazo = in the long term, over the long term, long-range, in the long run, long-term, over the long run, over the long haul, long-run, in the far term, far-term.
    * a la salida = on the way out.
    * a la sazón = at that time.
    * a las doce del mediodía = at high noon.
    * a la semana = a week, per week.
    * a las mil maravillas = marvellously [marvelously, -USA], famously, like a house on fire.
    * a la sombra de = in the shadow of.
    * a las puertas de = on the threshold of.
    * a la última = hip [hipper -comp., hippest -sup.], on the fast track, hipped.
    * a la vanguardia = on the cutting edge, on the leading edge, in the fast lane, on the fast track, at the leading edge, on the bleeding edge.
    * a la vanguardia de = in the vanguard of, at the forefront of, in the forefront of/in, at the vanguard of.
    * a la velocidad de la luz = at the speed of light.
    * a la velocidad del rayo = at the speed of lightning.
    * a la velocidad del sonido = at the speed of sound.
    * a la venta = on release.
    * a la vez = at once, at one time, at similar times, at the same time, concurrently, side-by-side, simultaneously, at the same instant, in parallel, in tandem, at the one time, in a tandem fashion, at a time, in unison.
    * a la vez que = hand in hand (with), cum, in conjunction with, in unison with.
    * a la vista = in sight, within sight.
    * a la vista de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la vuelta de = on the return leg of.
    * a la zaga = not far behind, in tow.
    * al azar = lucky draw, lucky dip.
    * al extremo norte = northernmost.
    * al extremo oeste = westernmost.
    * al hacer esto = in doing so.
    * al norte del estado = upstate.
    * a lo extremo = to the extreme.
    * a lo grande = in a big way, big time, grandly, on a grand scale.
    * a lo hecho, pecho = no use crying over spilt/spilled milk, you've made your bed, now you must lie in it!.
    * a lo largo de = along, down, throughout.
    * a lo largo de + Expresión Temporal = sometime + Expresión Temporal.
    * a lo largo de la historia = over time.
    * a lo largo de la ruta = along the way.
    * a lo largo del tiempo = longitudinal, longitudinally.
    * a lo largo de todo = the entire length of.
    * a lo largo y ancho del país = countrywide [country-wide].
    * a lo largo y ancho de + Lugar = up and down + Lugar.
    * a lo lejos = in the distance.
    * a lo loco = helter-skelter, like there's no tomorrow.
    * a lo máximo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * a lo mejor = perhaps.
    * a lo que salga = come what may.
    * a los ojos de = in the eyes of.
    * a lo sumo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * al otro lado del atlántico = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del charco = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del océano = across the pond.
    * a lo zombi = zombielike.
    * a mano = by hand, manually, nearby [near-by], handy, within reach, within easy reach.
    * a mano alzada = by a show of hands.
    * a mano derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a manojos = by the handful.
    * a manos de = at the hands of.
    * a marchas forzadas = in a rush, against the clock.
    * a mares = cats and dogs.
    * a más largo plazo = longer-term.
    * a más..., más... = the + Comparativo..., the + Comparativo....
    * a más tardar = at the latest.
    * a mata caballo = in a hurry, hurried, hurriedly, helter-skelter.
    * a media asta = at half-mast, at half staff.
    * a mediados de = in the middle decades of.
    * a mediados de + Fecha = in the mid + Fecha.
    * a mediados de semana = midweek.
    * a media jornada = half-time [half time].
    * a media mañana = mid-morning.
    * a medianoche = at midnight.
    * a medias = half-hearted [halfhearted], qualified.
    * a medias entre... y... = betwixt and between.
    * a medida = custom, bespoke.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que pasaba el tiempo = as time passed (by), as time went by.
    * a medida que pasa el tiempo = as time passes (by).
    * a medida que pasa + Expresión Temporal = as + Expresión Temporal + go by.
    * a medida que + pasar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + pasar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que se necesite = on demand, on request, as required.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medio abrir = half-opened.
    * a medio camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a medio comprender = half-understood.
    * a medio formar = half-formed.
    * a medio fuego = medium heat.
    * a medio hacer = halfway done, half done.
    * a medio plazo = medium-term, near-term, in the medium term, in the mid-term, mid-term [midterm].
    * a medio rimar = half-rhymed.
    * a medio vestir = half dressed.
    * a menor escala = at a reduced rate.
    * a menos que = unless, short of.
    * a menudo = oftentimes [often times], ofttimes [oft-times].
    * a merced de = at the mercy of.
    * a mí = me.
    * a mi entender = to my mind.
    * a mi modo de ver = in my books.
    * a mi parecer = to my mind, methinks, in my books.
    * a mitad de = half way through, halfway through.
    * a mitad de camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = midway between, half way between... and....
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = astride... and....
    * a mitad de precio = at half price.
    * a mí también me gustaría tener la misma oportunidad = turnabout is fair play.
    * a modo de = by way of, in the vein of, as a kind of.
    * a modo de aclaración = in parenthesis, on a sidenote.
    * a modo de advertencia = cautionary.
    * a modo de ejemplo = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de explicación = parenthetically.
    * a modo de ilustración = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de inciso = in passing, by the way of (a) digression.
    * a modo de paréntesis = parenthetical.
    * a modo de prólogo = prefatory.
    * a modo de resumen = wrap-up.
    * a mogollón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montones = in droves, by the sackful.
    * a muchos niveles = many-levelled [many-leveled, -USA].
    * a muerte = bitter, bitterly.
    * a nadie le importa nada = nobody + gives a damn.
    * a nivel de barrio = neighbourhood-based.
    * a nivel de calle = on the ground level.
    * a nivel de la calle = at ground level.
    * a nivel del suelo = at ground level.
    * a nivel estatal = statewide [state-wide].
    * a nivel federal = federally, federally.
    * a nivel individual = privately.
    * a nivel local = locally, domestically.
    * a nivel multicultural = multi-culturally [multiculturally].
    * a nivel mundial = worldwide [world-wide], globally.
    * a nivel nacional = nationally, domestically, countrywide [country-wide].
    * a nivel privado = privately.
    * a nivel regional = regionally.
    * a nombre de = payable to.
    * a no ser que = unless.
    * a nosotros = us.
    * a ojo = ocular.
    * a ojos vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a orillas del océano = oceanfront.
    * a orillas del río = riverfront.
    * a orillas de un lago = lakeside, lakefront, by the lakeside.
    * a otro sitio = somewhere else.
    * a pares = in pairs.
    * a partes iguales = share and share alike, in equal measure(s).
    * a partir de = on the basis of, based on, working from, from, on a diet of, in response to.
    * a partir de ahora = from now on, from this point on, henceforth, as of now.
    * a partir de ahora y durante + Cuantificador + años = for + Cuantificador + years to come.
    * a partir de aquí = hereupon.
    * a partir de ello = therefrom.
    * a partir de entonces = from this time on, hereafter, thereafter, whereafter, from then on, thenceforth, henceforth, from that moment on.
    * a partir de ese momento = from that moment on.
    * a partir de este momento = hereinafter.
    * a partir de esto = on this basis, on that basis.
    * a partir de + Fecha = from + Fecha, effective + Fecha.
    * a partir de hoy = as from today.
    * a partir de la medianoche = late night.
    * a partir de los títulos = title-based.
    * a paso de tortuga = at a snail's pace.
    * a paso ligero = on the double.
    * a pasos agigantados = at an exponential rate, at exponential rates, by leaps and bounds.
    * a pedir de boca = without a hitch.
    * a pequeña escala = in a small way, small scale [small-scale].
    * a perpetuidad = in perpetuity.
    * a pesar de (que) = albeit (that), despite, in spite of, notwithstanding, although, despite the fact that, in spite of the fact that.
    * a pesar de todo = all the same, in spite of everything, despite everything, despite it all, in spite of it all, all this said.
    * a pesar de todo + Posesivo + Nombre = for all + Posesivo + Nombre.
    * a petición de = at the request of, at the urging of, at the behest of.
    * a petición del usuario = on demand, on request.
    * a petición popular = by popular demand.
    * a pie = on foot, afoot, dismounted.
    * a pilas = battery-operated.
    * a pique = sinking.
    * a placer = at will.
    * a plena luz del día = in broad daylight.
    * a poca distancia = not far behind.
    * a poca distancia andando = within walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a poca distancia a pie = within an easy walk, within walking distance.
    * a pocos minutos andando = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a pocos minutos a pie = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a porrillo = by the handful.
    * a + Posesivo + aire = to + Posesivo + heart's content.
    * a + Posesivo + alcance = in the ballpark for + Pronombre, in + Posesivo + ballpark range.
    * a + Posesivo + costa = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + cuidado = in + Posesivo + safekeeping.
    * a + Posesivo + discreción = at will, at + Posesivo + discretion.
    * a + Posesivo + disposición = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a + Posesivo + entender = to the best of + Posesivo + belief.
    * a + Posesivo + espaldas = behind + Posesivo + back.
    * a + Posesivo + expensas = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + favor = in + Posesivo + favour, to + Posesivo + credit.
    * a + Posesivo + juicio = in + Posesivo + estimation.
    * a + Posesivo + manera = in + Posesivo + own way.
    * a + Posesivo + saber = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge.
    * a + Posesivo + saber y entender = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge and belief.
    * a + Posesivo + servicio = at + Posesivo + service.
    * a + Posesivo + sorprender = much to + Posesivo + surprise.
    * a + Posesivo + vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a posteriori = reactive, in retrospect, after-the-fact, hindsight, with hindsight, a posteriori, in hindsight.
    * a precio de coste = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de costo = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de ganga = at a steal.
    * a precio especial = at reduced cost, discounted, cut-rate, cut-price.
    * a precio razonable = at reasonable cost(s).
    * a precio reducido = at a discount.
    * a precios competitivos = competitively priced.
    * a precios especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a precios razonables = at affordable prices.
    * a presión = pressurised [pressurized, -USA].
    * a primera hora de la mañana = first thing in the morning.
    * a primera hora de + Período del Día = first thing + Período del Día.
    * a primeras horas de la tarde = late afternoon.
    * a primera vista = on first acquaintance, at first sight, on first inspection, on the face of it, at first blush, at first glance, on the surface, prima facie, first-blush.
    * a primeros de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de los + Década = early + Década, the.
    * a priori = proactive [pro-active], foresight, a priori, on the surface.
    * a prisa = quickly.
    * a propósito = deliberate, for the record, incidentally, intentionally, by the way, in passing, anecdotally, purposely, by design, on purpose, wilfully [willfully, -USA], on a sidenote, studiously, by the way of (a) digression, by the by(e), speaking of which, designedly.
    * a propósito de = apropos of.
    * a propósito de nada = for no specific reason, for no particular reason.
    * a prueba = on trial.
    * a prueba de bombas = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA], bomb-proof.
    * a prueba de conejos = rabbit-proof.
    * a prueba de fallos = fail-safe.
    * a prueba de incendios = fireproof [fire-proof].
    * a prueba de niños = childproof.
    * a prueba de robos = theft proof.
    * a prueba de tornados = tornado proof.
    * a prueba de un tratamiento duro = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA].
    * a prueba de viento = windproof.
    * a puerta cerrada = behind closed doors.
    * a punta de pistola = at gunpoint.
    * a punto de = on the verge of, a heartbeat away from.
    * a punto de + Infinitivo = about to + Infinitivo.
    * a punto de irse a pique = on the rocks.
    * a punto de morir = on + Posesivo + deathbed.
    * a puñados = by the sackful, by the handful.
    * a quemarropa = point blank.
    * a quien madruga, Dios le ayuda = the early bird catches the worm.
    * a quienquiera que = whomever.
    * a rachas = by fits and starts.
    * a ráfagas = in bursts.
    * a raíz de = in the wake of.
    * a rajatabla = to the letter.
    * a ras de = flush with.
    * a ras de la calle = ground-floor.
    * a ras del suelo = at ground level.
    * a rastras = in tow.
    * a ratos = intermittently.
    * a reacción = jet-assisted.
    * a rebosar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a regañadientes = grudgingly, grudging, begrudgingly, unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a régimen = on a diet.
    * a remolque = in tow.
    * a reventar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a saber = namely, viz, to wit.
    * a sabiendas = knowing, knowingly, wilfully [willfully, -USA].
    * a sabiendas de que = on the understanding that.
    * a sacudidas = jerkily.
    * a saltitos = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a salvo = in a safe place, in safekeeping, out of harm's way.
    * a sangre fría = cold-blooded.
    * a ser posible = if possible.
    * a simple vista = by the naked eye, superficially, on first thought.
    * a solas = all by + Reflexivo, by + Reflexivo.
    * a su debido tiempo = in due course, timely, in due time.
    * a sueldo = paid.
    * a su precio normal = at full price.
    * a su propio ritmo = at an individual pace.
    * a su tiempo = in a timely fashion, in due course, in a timely manner.
    * a su vez = Verbo + further, in turn, in its/their turn.
    * a tal efecto = to this effect.
    * a tales efectos = hereto.
    * a tarifa reducida = at reduced cost.
    * a tarifas especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a temperatura ambiente = at room temperature.
    * a tener en cuenta en el futuro = for future reference.
    * a tenor de = in light of, in the face of, in the light of, in view of.
    * a ti = you, thee.
    * a tiempo = in timely fashion, on time, promptly, timely, just in time, in time.
    * a tiempo completo = full-time.
    * a tiempo parcial = part-time.
    * a tientas = in the dark.
    * a tientas y a ciegas = blindly, in the dark.
    * a ti mismo = yourself, thyself.
    * a tiro = within gunshot, within range.
    * a tirones = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a título de = by way of, for the sake of.
    * a título gratuito = gratuitous.
    * a título personal = in a personal capacity, in a private capacity.
    * a toda costa = absolutely, at all costs, come what may, at any cost, at any price.
    * a toda máquina = in the fast lane, fast lane, full steam ahead, at full tilt, full-tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda marcha = at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda mecha = at a rate of knots, full steam ahead, at full blast, at full throttle, at top speed, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda pasta = at a rate of knots.
    * a toda pastilla = in the fast lane, on the fast track, fast lane, overdrive, full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at a rate of knots, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda prueba = unswerving.
    * a todas horas = at all hours, around the clock.
    * a todas luces = patently.
    * a todas partes = far and wide.
    * a toda velocidad = full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a todo alrededor = all round.
    * a todo color = full-colour, in full colour.
    * a todo gas = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo lo largo de = the length of.
    * a todo meter = full steam ahead, at full stretch, at full speed, at full blast, at top speed, at full throttle.
    * a todo ritmo = in full swing, in full force, in full gear.
    * a todos lados = far and wide.
    * a todos los efectos = to all intents and purposes, to all intents, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes.
    * a todos los niveles = at all levels.
    * a todos nosotros = us all.
    * a todos por igual = one size fits all.
    * a todo vapor = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo volumen = at full blast.
    * a tontas y a ciegas = headlong, runaway.
    * a tontas y locas = like there's no tomorrow, without rhyme or reason.
    * a tope = packed to capacity, in the fast lane, fast lane, choc-a-block, chock-full, in full swing, in full gear, packed to the rafters.
    * a trancas y barrancas = with great difficulty, by fits and starts.
    * a través de = by way of, in the form of, through, via, out of, through the agency of.
    * a través de Internet = Internet-based, Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de la historia = over time.
    * a través de la TI = IT-enabled.
    * a través de la web = Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de los años = over the years, down the years.
    * a través de los ojos de = through the eyes of.
    * a través de los siglos = over the centuries.
    * a través del teléfono = call-in.
    * a través del tiempo = over time.
    * a través de operador = operator-assisted.
    * a tres bandas = three pronged.
    * a tres niveles = three-tiered.
    * a troche y moche = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a trompicones = by fits and starts.
    * a tropezones = falteringly, hesitantly, haltingly, jerkily.
    * a trozos = piecewise.
    * ¡A tu salud! = Here's to you!.
    * a última hora = at the last minute, at the eleventh hour, last minute [last-minute], at the very last minute, at the very last moment, at the very last.
    * a últimas horas de la tarde = late evening.
    * a últ

    * * *
    a
    La preposición a suele emplearse precedida de ciertos verbos como empezar, ir, oler, sonar etc, en cuyo caso ver bajo el respectivo verbo.
    No se traduce cuando introduce el complemento directo de persona (ser humano, pronombres personales que lo representan como quien, alguien, etc) o un nombre con un objeto o animal personalizado: amo a mi patria = I love my country, pasear al perro = to walk the dog.
    En los casos en que precede al artículo definido el para formar la contracción al, ver bajo la siguiente entrada, donde también se encontrarán otros ejemplos y usos de a.
    A (en relaciones de espacio, lugar)
    voy a México/a la fiesta I'm going to Mexico/to the party
    voy a casa I'm going home
    dobla a la derecha turn right
    se cayó al río she fell into the river
    estaban sentados a la mesa they were sitting at the table
    a orillas del Ebro on the banks of the Ebro
    se sentó al sol he sat in the sun
    se sentó a mi derecha he sat down to the right of me o on my right
    a la vuelta de la esquina around the corner
    queda al norte de Toledo it's (to the) north of Toledo
    3
    (indicando distancia): está a diez kilómetros de aquí it's ten kilometers from here, it's ten kilometers away
    está a unos 20 minutos de aquí it takes o it's about 20 minutes from here, it's a 20 minute drive ( o walk etc) from here
    1 (señalando hora, momento, fecha) at
    abren a las ocho they open at eight o'clock
    ¿a qué hora vengo? what time shall I come?
    a eso de las dos at around o about two o'clock
    a mediados de abril in mid-April
    hoy estamos a 20 it's the 20th today
    al día siguiente the next o following day
    empezó a hablar a los diez meses he started talking when he was ten months old o at ten months
    llegó a la mañana/noche ( RPl); he arrived in the morning/at night
    2 al + INF:
    se cayó al bajar del autobús she fell as she was getting off the bus
    al verlo me di cuenta de que ya no lo quería when I saw him o on seeing him, I realized that I no longer loved him
    al salir de la estación torcí a la izquierda I turned left out of the station
    3
    (indicando distancia en el tiempo): a escasos minutos de su llegada (después) just a few minutes after she arrived; (antes) just a few minutes before she arrived
    trabajan de lunes a viernes/de una a cinco they work (from) Monday to Friday/from one to five
    a los diez minutos del primer tiempo ten minutes into the first half o after ten minutes of the first half
    estaré en París de martes a jueves I'll be in Paris from Tuesday until Thursday, I'll be in Paris Tuesday through Thursday ( AmE)
    C
    (en relaciones de proporción, equivalencia): tres veces al día/a la semana three times a day/a week
    sale a 2.000 euros por cabeza it works out at 2,000 euros per person
    iban a 100 kilómetros por hora they were going (at) 100 kilometers per hour
    nos ganaron cinco a tres they beat us by five points to three, they beat us five three o ( AmE) five to three
    D
    (indicando modo, estilo): fuimos a pie/a caballo we walked/rode, we went on foot/on horseback
    pollo al horno/a la brasa roast/barbecued chicken
    un peinado a lo Rodolfo Valentino a Rudolph Valentino hairstyle
    a crédito on credit
    ilustraciones a todo color full-color illustrations
    una tela a rayas a piece of striped material
    1
    (introduciendo el complemento directo de persona): ¿viste a José? did you see José?
    la policía está buscando al asesino the police are looking for the murderer
    no he leído a Freud I haven't read (any) Freud
    busca una secretaria bilingüe he's looking for a bilingual secretary
    ]
    2
    (introduciendo el complemento indirecto): le escribió una carta a su padre he wrote a letter to his father, he wrote his father a letter
    dáselo/dáselos a ella give it/them to her
    les enseña inglés a mis hijos she teaches my children English
    suave al tacto soft to the touch
    agradable al oído pleasing to the ear
    3
    (indicando procedencia): se lo compré a una gitana I bought it from o ( colloq) off a gipsy
    F
    enséñale a nadar teach him to swim
    fue a preguntar he went to ask
    a que + SUBJ:
    los instó a que participaran he urged them to take part
    voy a ir a que me hagan un chequeo I'm going to go and have a checkup
    2 ( fam)
    (para): ¿a qué tanta ceremonia? what's all the fuss for?
    ¿a qué le fuiste a decir eso? what did you go and tell him that for?
    3
    a por ( Esp fam): bajo a por pan I'm going down to get some bread o for some bread ( colloq)
    ¿quién va a ir a por los niños? who's going to fetch o get the children?
    ¡a por ello! go for it!
    los puntos a tratar en la reunión de mañana the points to be discussed at tomorrow's meeting
    es una idea a tener en cuenta it's an idea to bear in mind o that should be borne in mind
    total a pagar total payable
    horario a convenir hours to be arranged
    H
    1
    (en órdenes): ¡a la cama, niños! off to bed, children!
    ¡a callar! shut up! ( colloq)
    vamos ¡a trabajar! come on, let's get some work done!
    a decir verdad to tell you the truth
    a juzgar por lo que tú dices judging from what you say
    3 ( fam)
    (en cuanto a): a tozudo no hay quien le gane when it comes to being stubborn there's nobody like him
    4
    (indicando causa): a petición del interesado ( frml); at the request of the interested party
    al + INF:
    al no saber idiomas está en desventaja as he doesn't speak any languages he is at a disadvantage, he's at a disadvantage not speaking any languages
    5
    (expresando desafío): ¿a que no sabes qué nota me puso? you'll never guess what mark she gave me!
    tú no te atreverías — ¿a que sí? you wouldn't dare — do you want to o a bet? ( colloq)
    ¡a que no puedes! bet you can't! ( colloq)
    * * *

    Multiple Entries:
    A    
    a
    A,
    a sustantivo femenino (pl aes) (read as /a/) the letter A, a

    a preposición Nota:
    La preposición a suele emplearse precedida de ciertos verbos como empezar, ir, oler, sonar etc, en cuyo caso ver bajo el respectivo verbo.No se traduce cuando introduce el complemento directo de persona (ser humano, pronombres personales que lo representan, como quien, alguien, algún etc) o un nombre con un objeto o animal personalizado: amo a mi patria = I love my country, paseo a mi perro = I walk my dog.En los casos en que precede al artículo definido el para formar la contracción al, ver bajo la siguiente entrada, donde también se encontrarán otros ejemplos y usos de a.
    1

    voy a México/la tienda I'm going to Mexico/to the shop;

    voy a casa I'm going home;
    se cayó al río she fell into the river


    a orillas del Ebro on the banks of the Ebro;
    se sentó al sol he sat in the sun;
    se sentó a mi derecha he sat down on my right


    2
    a) (señalando hora, momento) at;


    a la hora de comer at lunch time;
    ¿a qué hora vengo? what time shall I come?;
    a mediados de abril in mid-April;
    al día siguiente the next o following day

    hoy estamos a lunes/a 20 today is Monday/it's the 20th today

    c) al + inf:


    al enterarse de la noticia when he learnt o on learning the news



    ( antes) a few minutes before she arrived;

    3 (en relaciones de proporción, equivalencia):

    sale a 100 euros cada uno it works out at 100 euros each;
    a 100 kilómetros por hora (at) 100 kilometers per hour;
    nos ganaron cinco a tres they beat us five three o (AmE) five to three
    4 (indicando modo, medio, estilo):
    a pie/a caballo on foot/on horseback;

    a crédito on credit;
    funciona a pilas it runs on batteries;
    a mano by hand;
    a rayas striped;
    vestirse a lo punk to wear punk clothes
    5

    ¿viste a José? did you see José?;

    no he leído a Freud I haven't read (any) Freud


    dáselo a ella give it to her;
    les enseña inglés a mis hijos she teaches my children English;
    le echó (la) llave a la puerta she locked the door

    se lo compré a una gitana I bought it from o (colloq) off a gipsy

    A, a f (letra) A
    'A' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    a. C.
    - a.m.
    - abajeña
    - abajeño
    - abanderada
    - abanderado
    - abandonar
    - abandonada
    - abandonado
    - abanico
    - abarquillada
    - abarquillado
    - abarrotada
    - abarrotado
    - abasto
    - abatida
    - abatido
    - abatirse
    - abdicar
    - aberración
    - abertura
    - abierta
    - abierto
    - abigarrada
    - abigarrado
    - abigarrar
    - ablandar
    - ablusada
    - ablusado
    - abnegada
    - abnegado
    - abobada
    - abobado
    - abocada
    - abocado
    - abogacía
    - abogada
    - abogado
    - abombada
    - abombado
    - abonar
    - abonada
    - abonado
    - abonarse
    - abono
    - abordar
    - abordaje
    - aborregar
    - abortar
    - abortiva
    English:
    A
    - A-level
    - a.m.
    - abandon
    - abandoned
    - abide by
    - ability
    - abject
    - abnormal
    - aboard
    - aborigine
    - abortion
    - abortive
    - about
    - above
    - above-board
    - above-mentioned
    - abrasive
    - abreast
    - abridged
    - abrupt
    - absent
    - absent-minded
    - absolute
    - absolutely
    - absorbed
    - abstemious
    - abstract
    - absurd
    - abundant
    - abuse
    - abusive
    - abysmal
    - academic
    - academy
    - accede
    - accent
    - acceptable
    - access
    - accident-prone
    - accidental
    - accidentally
    - acclimatized
    - accommodate
    - accommodation
    - accomplish
    - accomplished
    - account
    - account for
    - accountable
    * * *
    A
    1. (abrev de autopista) Br M, US freeway
    2. (abrev de alfil) [en notación de ajedrez] B
    A, a [a] nf
    [letra] A, a;
    si por a o por be… if for any reason…
    * * *
    a
    prp
    al este de to the east of;
    a casa home;
    ir a la cama/al cine go to bed/to the movies;
    ¡a trabajar! get to work!;
    vamos a Buenos Aires we’re going to Buenos Aires;
    voy a casa de Marta I’m going to Marta’s (house)
    a la mesa at the table;
    al lado de next to;
    a la derecha on the right;
    al sol in the sun;
    a treinta kilómetros de Cuzco thirty kilometers from Cuzco;
    está a cinco kilómetros it’s five kilometers away
    :
    ¿a qué hora llegas? what time do you arrive?;
    a las tres at three o’clock;
    de once a doce from eleven (o’clock) to twelve;
    estamos a quince de febrero it’s February fifteenth;
    a los treinta años at the age of thirty;
    a la llegada del tren when the train arrives
    :
    a la española the Spanish way;
    a mano by hand;
    a pie on foot;
    a 50 kilómetros por hora at fifty kilometers an hour
    :
    ¿a cómo o
    cuánto está? how much is it?;
    están a dos pesos el kilo they are two pesos a kilo
    :
    dáselo a tu hermano give it to your brother
    :
    vi a mi padre I saw my father
    :
    empezar a begin to;
    jugar a las cartas play cards;
    decidirse a hacer algo decide to do sth;
    voy a comprarlo I’m going to buy it;
    a decir verdad to tell the truth
    :
    ¿a que no lo sabes? I bet you don’t know;
    a ver OK, right;
    a ver lo que pasa ahora let’s see what happens now
    abr (= alias) aka (= also known as)
    * * *
    a nf
    : first letter of the Spanish alphabet
    a prep
    1) : to
    nos vamos a México: we're going to Mexico
    ¿llamaste a tu papá?: did you call your dad?
    como a usted le guste: as you wish
    3) : in the manner of
    papas a la francesa: french fries
    4) : on, by means of
    a pie: on foot
    5) : per, each
    tres pastillas al día: three pills per day
    enséñales a leer: teach them to read
    problemas a resolver: problems to be solved
    * * *
    a prep
    3. (distancia) away
    está a un kilómetro de aquí it's one kilometre from here / it's one kilometre away
    4. (tiempo) at
    5. (distribución, cantidad, medida, precio) a / at
    tocamos a 1.000 cada uno it works out at 1,000 each
    fui a pie I walked / I went on foot
    hecho a mano handmade / made by hand
    ¿has visto a Iván? have you seen Iván?
    9. (para) for
    10. (de) from

    Spanish-English dictionary > a

  • 5 a mediados de

    halfway through
    lo quiero para mediados de semana I need it mid-week, I'd like it sometime in the middle of the week
    * * *
    Ex. Today, with its population of almost 80,000, Wexler bears little resemblance to the roaring lumber center it became in the middle decades of the nineteenth century.
    * * *

    Ex: Today, with its population of almost 80,000, Wexler bears little resemblance to the roaring lumber center it became in the middle decades of the nineteenth century.

    Spanish-English dictionary > a mediados de

  • 6 a saber

    adv.
    namely, to wit, scilicet, SS.
    * * *
    formal namely
    * * *
    * * *
    = namely, viz, to wit
    Ex. Then, in the 1930s extraterrestrial radio signals were detected, and during the last four decades a whole new intellectual area of science has developed, namely radio astronomy.
    Ex. There are two main categories of relationship, viz semantic and syntactic relationships.
    Ex. At dinner, he was to learn several other things as well, to wit: that he was one of three people being brought in for an initial and then a second interview; that they had been very impressed by his credentials; and that no one from the Halvorsen staff had applied for the position.
    * * *
    = namely, viz, to wit

    Ex: Then, in the 1930s extraterrestrial radio signals were detected, and during the last four decades a whole new intellectual area of science has developed, namely radio astronomy.

    Ex: There are two main categories of relationship, viz semantic and syntactic relationships.
    Ex: At dinner, he was to learn several other things as well, to wit: that he was one of three people being brought in for an initial and then a second interview; that they had been very impressed by his credentials; and that no one from the Halvorsen staff had applied for the position.

    Spanish-English dictionary > a saber

  • 7 a su debido tiempo

    = in due course, timely, in due time
    Ex. We shall examine the further, and more detailed, divisions presented in the main tables in due course.
    Ex. The State, as producer, is deficient in producing sufficient copies to meet demand, ensuring timely distribution, and providing efficient bibliographic control.
    Ex. Whatever carrier you use, for long-term preservation (over decades) you have to refresh and migrate data carriers in due time.
    * * *
    = in due course, timely, in due time

    Ex: We shall examine the further, and more detailed, divisions presented in the main tables in due course.

    Ex: The State, as producer, is deficient in producing sufficient copies to meet demand, ensuring timely distribution, and providing efficient bibliographic control.
    Ex: Whatever carrier you use, for long-term preservation (over decades) you have to refresh and migrate data carriers in due time.

    Spanish-English dictionary > a su debido tiempo

  • 8 abandono2

    2 = neglect, dereliction, negligence, neglection, abandon, dilapidation, lassitude.
    Ex. Left hand truncation, which involves the neglect of prefixes or the elimination of characters from the beginning of a word, is also possible in many systems.
    Ex. The energy crisis & the environmental crisis are rooted not in a stony ground of technological intractability, but in irresponsibility & dereliction.
    Ex. Damage of library materials is often caused by carelessness and negligence.
    Ex. After decades of neglection, nowadays there is an effort to bring these houses back to their original glory.
    Ex. The article 'Enlightenment and lubricity' examines paintings depicting women reading and responding with sensual abandon to the word.
    Ex. If Central Park is to be rescued from the general dilapidation it is much money and energy intelligently directed must be expended.
    Ex. His lassitude does not appear to emanate from laziness, but rather from the stirrings of nihilistic restlessness.
    ----
    * abandono de menores = child neglect.
    * en el abandono = in the wilderness.
    * en estado de abandono = decaying, dilapidated.
    * estado de abandono = state of neglect.

    Spanish-English dictionary > abandono2

  • 9 abogado de la corona

    Ex. Queen's Counsels have been around for the past 400 years, since Sir Francis Bacon became the first counsel to the Sovereign during the reign of Elizabeth I.
    * * *

    Ex: Queen's Counsels have been around for the past 400 years, since Sir Francis Bacon became the first counsel to the Sovereign during the reign of Elizabeth I.

    Spanish-English dictionary > abogado de la corona

  • 10 abogado del estado

    public prosecutor, US attorney general
    * * *
    Ex. Queen's Counsels have been around for the past 400 years, since Sir Francis Bacon became the first counsel to the Sovereign during the reign of Elizabeth I.
    * * *

    Ex: Queen's Counsels have been around for the past 400 years, since Sir Francis Bacon became the first counsel to the Sovereign during the reign of Elizabeth I.

    * * *
    attorney general

    Spanish-English dictionary > abogado del estado

  • 11 acatamiento

    m.
    1 compliance.
    2 observance, observation, obedience, respect.
    * * *
    1 (respeto) respect
    2 (de la ley) observance
    * * *
    SM [de ley] observance (de of)
    compliance (de with) (=respeto) respect (a for)
    * * *
    masculino ( de orden) observance
    * * *
    = acquiescence, obedience.
    Ex. After decades of inertia and acquiescence, academic researchers are beginning to offer alternatives to the highly inefficient and unfair system of journal publishing in academia.
    Ex. This article reviews the prospects and limitations of several of these strategies for explaining cooperation and obedience to social norms.
    * * *
    masculino ( de orden) observance
    * * *
    = acquiescence, obedience.

    Ex: After decades of inertia and acquiescence, academic researchers are beginning to offer alternatives to the highly inefficient and unfair system of journal publishing in academia.

    Ex: This article reviews the prospects and limitations of several of these strategies for explaining cooperation and obedience to social norms.

    * * *
    (de una ley, orden): el acatamiento de las leyes compliance with the laws
    dictó una orden para su inmediato acatamiento he issued an order to be carried out o implemented immediately
    * * *

    acatamiento sustantivo masculino
    1 respect
    2 (de las normas) observance
    * * *
    compliance (de with)
    * * *
    m compliance (de with)
    * * *
    : compliance, observance

    Spanish-English dictionary > acatamiento

  • 12 aceptación pasiva

    (n.) = acquiescence
    Ex. After decades of inertia and acquiescence, academic researchers are beginning to offer alternatives to the highly inefficient and unfair system of journal publishing in academia.
    * * *

    Ex: After decades of inertia and acquiescence, academic researchers are beginning to offer alternatives to the highly inefficient and unfair system of journal publishing in academia.

    Spanish-English dictionary > aceptación pasiva

  • 13 actual

    adj.
    1 present, current.
    el actual alcalde the present o current mayor
    las tendencias actuales de la moda current fashion trends
    el actual campeón del mundo the current o reigning world champion
    2 modern, present-day.
    tiene un diseño muy actual it has a very modern o up-to-date design
    3 topical.
    un tema muy actual a very topical issue
    4 indisputable, factual, undeniable.
    * * *
    1 present, current
    2 (actualizado) up-to-date
    1 formal this month
    * * *
    adj.
    1) current, present
    * * *
    ADJ
    1) (=de ahora) [situación, sistema, gobernante] current, present; [sociedad] contemporary, present-day; [moda] current, modern

    el actual campeón de Europathe reigning o current o present European champion

    la actual literatura francesa — French literature today, present-day French literature

    2) (=de actualidad) [cuestión, tema] topical
    3) (=moderno) up-to-date, fashionable

    emplean las técnicas más actualesthey use the most up-to-date o up-to-the-minute techniques, they use the latest techniques

    * * *
    adjetivo present, current

    el actual campeónthe current o reigning champion

    en el mundo actual — in the modern world, in today's world

    su carta del 20 del actual — (Corresp) your letter of the 20th of this month

    * * *
    = alive, current, modern day, present, present-day, timely, fast-breaking, updated [up-dated].
    Ex. Armstrong Sperry's 'Call It Courage' is now some years old but still to my mind an attractive and alive book.
    Ex. Current trends favour cataloguing practices which can be applied to a variety of library materials.
    Ex. In practice modern day catalogue codes are concerned primarily with description and author headings.
    Ex. We are going to use the data elements defined in the present document as a base from which to begin.
    Ex. The National Archives must cooperate with agencies involved in federal geoscience to communicate clear records disposition instructions to present-day federal geoscientists.
    Ex. I believe that the issues brought forth and debated in the following papers and discussions are as timely today as they were when the institutes were first held.
    Ex. Monitors tuned to television news may have to be located in areas that are less than accommodating to the large numbers of users who want to know the fast-breaking events which affect us all.
    Ex. Libraries can obtain updated cataloguing through special customised services, but at prohibitively high cost.
    ----
    * actual campeón, el = defending champion.
    * contexto actual, el = scheme of things, the.
    * dejar de ser actual = date.
    * en el clima actual de = in the present climate of.
    * en términos actuales = in today's terms.
    * estatus actual = current status.
    * informe sobre la situación actual = state of the art report.
    * líder actual, el = defending champion.
    * no actual = non-current.
    * número actual = current issue.
    * pasado actual, el = living past, the.
    * situación actual = current situation, current status.
    * situación actual, la = scheme of things, the.
    * tendencia actual = current trend.
    * * *
    adjetivo present, current

    el actual campeónthe current o reigning champion

    en el mundo actual — in the modern world, in today's world

    su carta del 20 del actual — (Corresp) your letter of the 20th of this month

    * * *
    = alive, current, modern day, present, present-day, timely, fast-breaking, updated [up-dated].

    Ex: Armstrong Sperry's 'Call It Courage' is now some years old but still to my mind an attractive and alive book.

    Ex: Current trends favour cataloguing practices which can be applied to a variety of library materials.
    Ex: In practice modern day catalogue codes are concerned primarily with description and author headings.
    Ex: We are going to use the data elements defined in the present document as a base from which to begin.
    Ex: The National Archives must cooperate with agencies involved in federal geoscience to communicate clear records disposition instructions to present-day federal geoscientists.
    Ex: I believe that the issues brought forth and debated in the following papers and discussions are as timely today as they were when the institutes were first held.
    Ex: Monitors tuned to television news may have to be located in areas that are less than accommodating to the large numbers of users who want to know the fast-breaking events which affect us all.
    Ex: Libraries can obtain updated cataloguing through special customised services, but at prohibitively high cost.
    * actual campeón, el = defending champion.
    * contexto actual, el = scheme of things, the.
    * dejar de ser actual = date.
    * en el clima actual de = in the present climate of.
    * en términos actuales = in today's terms.
    * estatus actual = current status.
    * informe sobre la situación actual = state of the art report.
    * líder actual, el = defending champion.
    * no actual = non-current.
    * número actual = current issue.
    * pasado actual, el = living past, the.
    * situación actual = current situation, current status.
    * situación actual, la = scheme of things, the.
    * tendencia actual = current trend.

    * * *
    present
    el actual primer ministro the present prime minister, the incumbent prime minister ( frml)
    el actual campeón the current o present o reigning champion
    en las circunstancias actuales in the present circumstances
    la acción transcurre en el Chile actual the action takes place in present-day Chile
    en el mundo actual in the modern world, in today's world
    datos del actual ejercicio data for the current o present financial year
    una moda actual para la mujer moderna an up-to-the-minute fashion for the modern woman
    la legislación actual the current o present legislation
    su carta del 20 del actual ( Corresp) your letter of the 20th of this month, your letter of the 20th inst. ( frml)
    * * *

     

    actual adjetivo ‹ley/situación/dirección present, current;

    en el mundo actual in the modern world, in today's world
    actual adjetivo
    1 current, present
    el actual presidente del Gobierno, the current president of the Government
    2 (que está al día, moderno) up-to-date
    un diseño muy actual, a very up-to date design ➣ Ver nota en actual

    ' actual' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    corriente
    - desvirtuar
    - dimanar
    - estar
    - hoy
    - real
    - mantener
    - material
    - moderno
    - presente
    English:
    actual
    - arms race
    - assessment
    - current
    - defending champion
    - euro
    - existent
    - existing
    - ongoing
    - present
    - present-day
    - record holder
    - reigning
    - contemporary
    - defending
    - full
    - real
    - reign
    - topical
    - true
    - very
    - wage
    * * *
    actual adj
    1. [del momento presente] present, current;
    las tendencias actuales de la moda current fashion trends;
    el actual alcalde de la ciudad the city's present o current mayor;
    el actual campeón del mundo the current o reigning world champion;
    el seis del actual the sixth of this month
    2. [de moda] modern, up-to-date;
    tiene un diseño muy actual it has a very modern o up-to-date design
    3. [de interés] topical;
    el desempleo es un tema muy actual unemployment is a very topical issue
    * * *
    adj
    1 present, current
    2
    :
    un tema muy actual a very topical issue
    * * *
    actual adj
    presente: present, current
    * * *
    actual adj
    1. (presente) present / current
    2. (de moda) up to date

    Spanish-English dictionary > actual

  • 14 actuar de un modo despiadado

    (v.) = play + hardball
    Ex. Until progressives are willing to play hardball, we all better get used to being in the minority for the next few decades.
    * * *
    (v.) = play + hardball

    Ex: Until progressives are willing to play hardball, we all better get used to being in the minority for the next few decades.

    Spanish-English dictionary > actuar de un modo despiadado

  • 15 actuar de un modo implacable

    (v.) = play + hardball
    Ex. Until progressives are willing to play hardball, we all better get used to being in the minority for the next few decades.
    * * *
    (v.) = play + hardball

    Ex: Until progressives are willing to play hardball, we all better get used to being in the minority for the next few decades.

    Spanish-English dictionary > actuar de un modo implacable

  • 16 actuar de un modo intransigente

    (v.) = play + hardball
    Ex. Until progressives are willing to play hardball, we all better get used to being in the minority for the next few decades.
    * * *
    (v.) = play + hardball

    Ex: Until progressives are willing to play hardball, we all better get used to being in the minority for the next few decades.

    Spanish-English dictionary > actuar de un modo intransigente

  • 17 actuar duro

    (v.) = play + hardball
    Ex. Until progressives are willing to play hardball, we all better get used to being in the minority for the next few decades.
    * * *
    (v.) = play + hardball

    Ex: Until progressives are willing to play hardball, we all better get used to being in the minority for the next few decades.

    Spanish-English dictionary > actuar duro

  • 18 acumulado

    adj.
    accumulated, cumulated, accrued, cumulative.
    m.
    aggregate.
    past part.
    past participle of spanish verb: acumular.
    * * *
    = accrued, cumulated, accumulating, built-up, accumulated.
    Ex. On completion of the search, the VDU will flash up details of the costs accrued for which the library will later be billed.
    Ex. The computer merely has to reprint the index to include all titles to be covered by the cumulated index.
    Ex. Quite obviously it is only with accumulating experience that a really substantial body of knowledge of the potential of bibliographic sources is acquired.
    Ex. The possibility of these riots has been discussed for a long time: from Godard filming out at Sarcelles in the 1960s, to decades of immigration-debate, to the built-up layers of graffiti on Paris walls.
    Ex. Small wonder then that western dance classes in the city are brimming with corporates learning to shake a leg and get rid of accumulated stress.
    ----
    * beneficios acumulados = accruing benefits.
    * * *
    = accrued, cumulated, accumulating, built-up, accumulated.

    Ex: On completion of the search, the VDU will flash up details of the costs accrued for which the library will later be billed.

    Ex: The computer merely has to reprint the index to include all titles to be covered by the cumulated index.
    Ex: Quite obviously it is only with accumulating experience that a really substantial body of knowledge of the potential of bibliographic sources is acquired.
    Ex: The possibility of these riots has been discussed for a long time: from Godard filming out at Sarcelles in the 1960s, to decades of immigration-debate, to the built-up layers of graffiti on Paris walls.
    Ex: Small wonder then that western dance classes in the city are brimming with corporates learning to shake a leg and get rid of accumulated stress.
    * beneficios acumulados = accruing benefits.

    * * *
    Cont (cumulative) total

    Spanish-English dictionary > acumulado

  • 19 afluencia

    f.
    1 influx (concurrencia).
    hubo una gran afluencia de público the attendance was high
    2 abundance (abundancia).
    3 affluence, plenty, opulence, opulency.
    * * *
    1 inflow, influx
    2 (abundancia) affluence
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=aflujo) influx
    2) frm (=elocuencia) eloquence, fluency
    * * *
    a) (de personas, dinero) influx
    b) (de agua, sangre) flow
    * * *
    = influx, affluence, flood, plenty, traffic.
    Ex. Many Americans viewed this influx of strangers with alarm.
    Ex. The euphoric years of affluence and expansion in the decades immediately following the midpoint of the century have given way to traumatic years of austerity and contraction.
    Ex. George Ticknor noted that this flood of new immigrants 'at no time, consisted of persons who, in general, were fitted to understand our free institutions or to be intrusted with the political power given by universal suffrage'.
    Ex. And they are coming after years of comparative plenty, with the expectant attitudes generated by such plenty another force with which to contend.
    Ex. Above all, we specified a variety of reader places and that all traffic in and out of the library be controlled from one point.
    * * *
    a) (de personas, dinero) influx
    b) (de agua, sangre) flow
    * * *
    = influx, affluence, flood, plenty, traffic.

    Ex: Many Americans viewed this influx of strangers with alarm.

    Ex: The euphoric years of affluence and expansion in the decades immediately following the midpoint of the century have given way to traumatic years of austerity and contraction.
    Ex: George Ticknor noted that this flood of new immigrants 'at no time, consisted of persons who, in general, were fitted to understand our free institutions or to be intrusted with the political power given by universal suffrage'.
    Ex: And they are coming after years of comparative plenty, with the expectant attitudes generated by such plenty another force with which to contend.
    Ex: Above all, we specified a variety of reader places and that all traffic in and out of the library be controlled from one point.

    * * *
    1 (de personas, dinero) influx
    la afluencia de público al estreno desbordó todas las previsiones the number of people at the first night surpassed all expectations
    una masiva afluencia de turistas a massive influx of tourists
    la afluencia de capital extranjero al país the influx of foreign capital into the country
    2 (de agua, sangre) flow
    * * *

    afluencia sustantivo femenino inflow, influx
    afluencia de coches, flow of cars
    afluencia de público, (large) number of people
    ' afluencia' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    asistencia
    - raudal
    - hora
    English:
    flow
    - influx
    * * *
    1. [concurrencia] influx;
    hubo una gran afluencia de público the attendance was high;
    la afluencia de turistas es constante durante el verano there is a constant stream o influx of tourists throughout the summer
    2. [abundancia] abundance
    * * *
    f fig
    influx, flow;
    horas de afluencia peak times
    * * *
    1) : flow, influx
    2) : abundance, plenty

    Spanish-English dictionary > afluencia

  • 20 aludir

    v.
    to insinuate, to hint, to suggest, to quote.
    * * *
    1 to allude (a, to), mention (a, -), refer (a, to)
    * * *
    VI

    aludir a — to allude to, mention

    * * *
    verbo intransitivo

    aludir a alguien/algo — to refer to somebody/something, allude to somebody/something

    b) ( mencionar)

    aludir a alguien/algo — to refer to somebody/something, mention somebody/something

    * * *
    = intone, hint.
    Ex. Also in 1876 the concept of the librarian as educator, frequently intoned in recent decades, began to take shape.
    Ex. Stanley C Holliday hammers home the same message by more whimsical means hinting darkly that a sticky end at the hands of irritated colleagues awaits all librarians who fail to make adequate and accurate notes.
    ----
    * aludir a = allude to, hint at, make + reference to.
    * aludir a una idea = allude to + idea.
    * * *
    verbo intransitivo

    aludir a alguien/algo — to refer to somebody/something, allude to somebody/something

    b) ( mencionar)

    aludir a alguien/algo — to refer to somebody/something, mention somebody/something

    * * *
    = intone, hint.

    Ex: Also in 1876 the concept of the librarian as educator, frequently intoned in recent decades, began to take shape.

    Ex: Stanley C Holliday hammers home the same message by more whimsical means hinting darkly that a sticky end at the hands of irritated colleagues awaits all librarians who fail to make adequate and accurate notes.
    * aludir a = allude to, hint at, make + reference to.
    * aludir a una idea = allude to + idea.

    * * *
    aludir [I1 ]
    vi
    1 (sin nombrar) aludir A algn/algo to refer TO sb/sth, allude TO sb/sth
    2 (mencionar) aludir A algn/algo to refer TO sb/sth, mention sb/sth
    no aludió a la cuestión de las licencias she didn't refer to o mention the question of the licenses
    * * *

    aludir ( conjugate aludir) verbo intransitivo
    a) ( sin nombrar) aludir a algn/algo to refer to sb/sth, allude to sb/sth;


    no se dio por aludido he didn't take the hint
    b) ( mencionar) aludir a algn/algo to refer to sb/sth, mention sb/sth

    aludir verbo intransitivo to allude to, mention
    ' aludir' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    referirse
    - dar
    English:
    dig
    - refer to
    - allude
    - refer
    * * *
    aludir vi
    1.
    aludir a algo/alguien [sin mencionar] to allude to sth/sb
    2.
    aludir a algo/alguien [mencionando] to refer to sth/sb;
    en el discurso evitó aludir a los impuestos he avoided mentioning taxes in his speech
    * * *
    v/i
    :
    aludir a algo allude to sth
    * * *
    aludir vi
    : to allude, to refer

    Spanish-English dictionary > aludir

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