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  • 641 exuo

    ex-ŭo, ŭi, ūtum, 3, v. a. [ex and root av-, to go to, put on; Zend. avaiti, go into, ao-thra, shoe; Slav. and Lith. forms, v. Fick, Vergl. Wört. p. 17; cf. ind-uo], to draw out or off, to pull or strip off, put off, divest (class.; esp. freq. since the Aug. period).
    I.
    Lit.:

    serpens exuit in spinis vestem,

    Lucr. 4, 61:

    manticam umero,

    App. M. 1, p. 110; cf.:

    pharetram umero,

    Ov. M. 2, 419:

    telum magno e vulnere,

    Stat. Th. 9, 287:

    ensem vaginā,

    id. ib. 9, 76:

    clipeum reduci,

    Ov. H. 13, 147; cf.:

    vincula sibi,

    id. M. 7, 773:

    jugum,

    to shake off, Liv. 35, 17, 8:

    alas,

    to lay aside, Verg. A. 1, 690:

    Trojanos cestus,

    id. ib. 5, 420:

    setosa duris exuere pellibus membra,

    Hor. Epod. 17, 15; cf.:

    magnos membrorum artus, magna ossa lacertosque Exuit,

    strips, bares, Verg. A. 5, 423:

    aliquem veste,

    Suet. Ner. 32:

    palmas vinclis,

    Verg. A. 2, 153:

    digitos,

    i. e. to strip of rings, Mart. 14, 109:

    mensas,

    to uncover, id. 9, 60, 7:

    si ex his te laqueis exueris,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 58, § 151:

    se jugo,

    Liv. 34, 13, 9. —In a Greek construction:

    unum exuta pedem vinclis,

    Verg. A. 4, 518:

    cornua exuitur,

    Ov. M. 9, 52.— Absol.:

    si non saltas, exue igitur (sc. pallam),

    Plaut. Men. 1, 3, 16. —
    B.
    Transf., in gen., to strip, despoil, deprive of any thing:

    hostium copiis fusis armisque exutis,

    i. e. to be forced to throw off their arms and to flee, Caes. B. G. 3, 6, 3:

    hostem armis,

    id. ib. 5, 51 fin.; Sall. J. 88, 3; Liv. 22, 21, 4:

    exuti prope omnes armis diffugere,

    id. 21, 61, 9; 34, 28, 11; Verg. A. 11, 395:

    impedimentis,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 14, 8; 7, 42, 5:

    castris,

    Liv. 31, 42, 7; 41, 3, 10; 41, 12, 5; Vell. 1, 9, 4:

    sedibus,

    Tac. A. 13, 39:

    aliquem avitis bonis,

    id. ib. 14, 31; cf.:

    aliquem patrimonio,

    Suet. Gramm. 11:

    montes,

    to strip, lay bare, Stat. S. 4, 3, 50:

    se agro paterno avitoque,

    Liv. 2, 23, 6: exuto Lepido, interfecto Antonio, stripped bare, i. e. without legions, without arms, etc., Tac. A. 1, 2.—
    II.
    Trop., to lay aside, cast off, divest one's self of any thing:

    humanitatem,

    Cic. Lig. 5, 14; cf. id. Att. 13, 2, 1:

    sapientia vanitatem exuit mentibus,

    Sen. Ep. 90 med.:

    mentitum colorem,

    Quint. 12, 10, 76:

    silvestrem animum,

    Verg. G. 2, 51:

    vultus severos,

    Ov. Am. 3, 4, 43:

    feritatem,

    id. F. 3, 281:

    mores antiquos,

    Liv. 27, 8, 6:

    virtutes,

    Tac. A. 1, 75:

    fidem,

    id. ib. 12, 14:

    amicitiam,

    id. ib. 1, 8:

    tristitiam et arrogantiam et avaritiam,

    id. Agr. 9:

    jus fasque,

    id. H. 3, 5:

    promissa,

    to break one's word, id. A. 13, 44:

    pacta,

    id. ib. 6, 43:

    patriam,

    id. H. 5, 5 et saep.:

    hominem exuens ex homine,

    Cic. Fin. 5, 12, 35:

    magistrum,

    Tac. A. 14, 52 fin.
    * (β).
    With a subjectclause:

    mihi quidem ex animo exui non potest, esse deos,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 3, 7.—
    B.
    Transf., to make void of, to free from:

    se omnibus vitiis,

    Sen. Ep. 11.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > exuo

  • 642 fala

    făla ( phal-), ae, f. [falae dictae ab altitudine, a falando, quod apud Etruscos significat caelum, Paul. ex Fest. p. 88, 12 Müll.], a scaffolding of boards or planks, a scaffold.
    I.
    A structure used in sieges, from which missiles were thrown into a city: malos diffindunt, fiunt tabulata falaeque, Enn. ap. Non. 114, 7 (Ann. v. 389 ed. Vahl.).—Prov.:

    subire sub falas,

    i. e. to run a great risk for a slight gain, Plaut. Most. 2, 1, 10.—
    II.
    One of the seven wooden pillars in the spina of the Circus, Juv. 6, 590; cf. Anthon's Dict. of Antiq. p. 254, a.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > fala

  • 643 fastigium

    fastīgĭum, ii, n. [cf. Sanscr. bhrshtīs, corner, rim; Gr. a-phlaston, aplustria, the ornamented stern of a ship; O. H. Germ. brort, the prow], the top of a gable, a gable end, pediment (syn.: cacumen, culmen, vertex, apex).
    I.
    Prop.:

    Capitolii fastigium illud et ceterarum aedium non venustas, sed necessitas ipsa fabricata est... utilitatem templi fastigii dignitas consecuta est,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 46, 180; cf.:

    fastigia aliquot templorum a culminibus abrupta,

    Liv. 40, 2, 3:

    evado ad summi fastigia culminis,

    Verg. A. 2, 458; Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 4, § 14.—Hence, meton., the roof of a house, Verg. A. 8, 491; 9, 568; Val. Fl. 2, 235:

    habere pulvinar, simulacrum, fastigium, flaminem,

    id. Phil. 2, 43, 110; cf.

    of the same: omnes unum in principem congesti honores: circa templa imagines... suggestus in curia, fastigium in domo, mensis in caelo,

    Flor. 4, 2 fin.:

    Romae signa eorum sunt in Palatina aede Apollinis in fastigio,

    Plin. 36, 5, 4, § 13; cf. id. 35, 12, 43, § 152; Vitr. 3, 2.— Transf.:

    operi tamquam fastigium imponere,

    Cic. Off. 3, 7, 33.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    The extreme part, extremity of a thing, whether above or below.
    a.
    Top, height, summit:

    colles... pari altitudinis fastigio oppidum cingebant,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 69, 4:

    opus nondum aquae fastigium aequabat,

    Curt. 4, 2, 19:

    summi operis,

    id. 4, 2, 8:

    jamque agger aequaverat summae fastigia terrae,

    id. 8, 10, 31:

    aquatilium ova rotunda, reliqua fere fastigio acuminata,

    Plin. 10, 52, 74, § 145:

    gracilitas (arundinis) nodis distincta leni fastigio tenuatur in cacumina,

    id. 16, 36, 64, § 158; cf.:

    cornua in leve fastigium exacuta,

    id. 11, 37, 45, § 124; 16, 33, 60, § 141; Vulg. 2 Reg. 18, 24.—In plur., Lucr. 4, 827:

    muri,

    Val. Fl. 2, 553:

    fontis fastigium,

    i. e. the height on which the fountain sprang up, Hirt. B. G. 8, 41, 5.—
    b.
    The lower part, depth: forsitan et scrobibus quae sint fastigia, quaeres, [p. 728] what should be the depth of the trenches, Verg. G. 2, 288.—
    2.
    (From the sloping form of the gable.) A slope, declivity, descent:

    ab oppido declivis locus tenui fastigio vergebat,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 45, 5:

    jugum paulo leniore fastigio,

    id. ib. 2, 24, 3:

    iniquum loci ad declivitatem fastigium,

    id. B. G. 7, 85, 4:

    rupes leniore submissa fastigio,

    Curt. 6, 6, 11:

    capreoli molli fastigio,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 10, 3; 2, 24, 3:

    musculi,

    id. ib. 2, 11, 1:

    scrobes paulatim angustiore ad infimum fastigio,

    i. e. gradually narrowing from top to bottom, id. B. G. 7, 73, 5; cf.:

    si (fossa) fastigium habet, ut (aqua) exeat e fundo,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 14, 2.—
    3.
    In the later grammarians, an accent placed over a word, Mart. Cap. 3, § 264; § 268 al.; Diom. p. 428 P.
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    The highest part, summit, the highest degree, most exalted rank or dignity (perh. only since the Aug. per.):

    quicquid numinum hanc Romani imperii molem in amplissimum terrarum orbis fastigium extulit,

    Vell. 2, 131, 1; cf.:

    sic fit, ut dei summum inter homines fastigium servent,

    Plin. Pan. 52, 2:

    et quoad usque ad memoriam nostram tribuniciis consularibusque certatum viribus est, dictaturae semper altius fastigium fuit,

    Liv. 6, 38 fin.; cf.:

    in consulare fastigium vehi,

    Vell. 2, 69, 1:

    ad regium fastigium evehere aliquem,

    Val. Max. 1, 6, 1:

    alii cives ejusdem fastigii,

    Liv. 3, 35, 9:

    stare in fastigio eloquentiae,

    Quint. 12, 1, 20:

    rhetoricen in tam sublime fastigium sine arte venisse,

    id. 2, 17, 3:

    et poësis ab Homero et Vergilio tantum fastigium accepit, et eloquentia a Demosthene,

    id. 12, 11, 26; cf.:

    magice in tantum fastigii adolevit, ut, etc.,

    grew into such esteem, Plin. 30, 1, 1, § 2.—
    2.
    In gen., dignity, rank, condition:

    (M. Laetorio) curatio altior fastigio suo data est,

    Liv. 2, 27, 6; cf.:

    ampliora etiam humano fastigio decerni sibi passus est,

    Suet. Caes. 76:

    tamquam mortale fastigium egressus,

    Tac. A. 15, 74:

    animus super humanum fastigium elatus,

    Curt. 9, 10 med.:

    quales ex humili magna ad fastigia rerum extollit Fortuna,

    Juv. 3, 39.—
    B.
    A leading or chief point, head in a discourse; a principal sort or kind (rare):

    summa sequar fastigia rerum,

    Verg. A. 1, 342:

    e quibus tribus fastigiis (agrorum) simplicibus,

    sorts, kinds, Varr. R. R. 1, 6, 2:

    propter haec tria fastigia formae discrimina quaedam fiunt sationum,

    id. ib. 1, 5:

    haec atque hujuscemodi tria fastigia agri, etc.,

    id. ib. 1, 6, 6; cf.

    also: quo fastigio sit fundus,

    id. ib. 1, 20 fin. (and v. Lachm. ad Lucr. p. 223):

    laudem relego fastigia summa,

    Prisc. Laud. Anast. 148.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > fastigium

  • 644 fastus

    1.
    fastus, a, um, adj. [perh. root PHA, phaskô, phêmi, fari; lit., in which it is allowed to speak], fasti dies; and more commonly absol.: fasti, ōrum, m. (acc. to the 4th decl. acc. fastus, Varr. ap. Prisc. p. 711 P.; Col. 9, 14, 12; Sil. 2, 10; Sen. Tranq. An. 14, 2; Hor. C. 4, 14, 4 Bentley (dub.); abl. fastibus, Luc. 10, 187), a publicists' t. t., a day on which judgment could be pronounced. on which courts could be held, a court-day (opp. nefasti, v. nefastus; cf. also: feriae, justitium, otium).
    I.
    Prop.:

    ille (dies) nefastus erit, per quem tria verba (DO, DICO, ADDICO) silentur: Fastus erit, per quem lege licebit agi,

    Ov. F. 1, 48; Varr. L. L. 6, 4, § 29 sq. Müll. The register of these legal court-days, which for a long time existed only in the archives of the pontifices, was kept from the knowledge of the people, until Cn. Flavius, scribe to the Pontifex Maximus Appius Caecus, posted up a copy in the Forum:

    posset agi lege necne, pauci quondam sciebant, fastos enim volgo non habebant,

    Cic. Mur. 11, 25; cf.:

    (Cn. Flavius) fastos circa forum in albo proposuit, ut, quando lege agi posset, sciretur,

    Liv. 9, 46, 5; Plin. 33, 1, 6, § 17; Val. Max. 2, 5, 2.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    In gen., an enumeration of all the days of the year, with their festivals, magistrates, events, etc., a calendar, almanac (syn.: annales, historia, res gestae, narratio, fabula): fastorum libri appellantur, in quibus totius anni fit descriptio: fasti enim dies festi sunt, Paul. ex Fest. p. 87, 19 Mull. N. cr.:

    ordo ipse annalium mediocriter nos retinet quasi enumeratione fastorum,

    Cic. Fam. 5, 12, 5:

    cum diem festum ludorum de fastis suis sustulissent,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 67, § 151:

    fastos correxit (Caesar),

    Suet. Caes. 40:

    ut omne tempus... ita in fastos referretur,

    id. Aug. 100; cf. id. Tib. 5.—
    B.
    Esp.
    1.
    The Fasti consulares, or registers of the higher magistrates, according to their years of service (v. Orelli, Onomast. Tullian. P. III.):

    quae (tempora) semel Notis condita fastis Inclusit volucris dies (i. e. fastis consularibus),

    Hor. C. 4, 13, 15:

    per titulos memoresque fastos,

    id. ib. 4, 14, 4; so,

    memores,

    id. ib. 3, 17, 4:

    tempora si fastosque velis evolvere mundi,

    id. S. 1, 3, 112:

    qui redit in fastos et virtutem aestimat annis, etc.,

    id. Ep. 2, 1, 48:

    in codicillorum fastis,

    Cic. Att. 4, 8, 3:

    paginas in annalibus magistratuum fastisque percurrere,

    Liv. 9, 18, 12:

    ex fastis evellere,

    Cic. Sest. 14, 33:

    hos consules fasti ulli ferre possunt,

    id. Pis. 13, 30.—
    2.
    Fasti Praenestini a Verrio Flacco ordinati et marmoreo parieti incisi, Suet. Gram. 17; cf. Inscr. Orell. II. p. 379 sq., and the authors there cited; v. also Anthon's Dict. of Antiq. p. 432 sq.—
    3.
    Fasti, the title of a poem of Ovid, on the Roman festivals, the festival-calendar; which, however, he completed for but six months of the year.
    2.
    fastus, ūs ( gen. fasti, Coripp. 4, 137), m. [Sanscr. dharshati, to be bold; Gr. thrasus, tharsos; full form farstus], scornful contempt or disdain of others, haughtiness, arrogance, pride ( poet., and in post-Aug. prose; syn.: fastidium, clatio, superbia, arrogantia, insolentia).
    (α).
    Sing.:

    tu cave nostra tuo contemnas carmina fastu,

    Prop. 1, 7, 25; cf.:

    fastus inest pulchris sequiturque superbia formam,

    Ov. F. 1, 419:

    superbo simul ac procaci fastu,

    Plin. 9, 35, 58, § 119:

    aspice primum, Quanto cum fastu, quanto molimine circum Spectemus,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 93:

    tanto te in fastu negas, amice,

    i. e. thou withdrawest thyself with so much pride from my society, Cat. 55, 14:

    fastus erga patrias epulas,

    Tac. A. 2, 2 fin.
    (β).
    Plur.:

    fastus superbi,

    Prop. 3 (4), 25, 15; Tib. 1, 8, 75; Ov. M. 14, 762.
    3.
    fastūs, uum, m., calendar; v. 1. fastus init.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > fastus

  • 645 favor

    făvor, ōris, m. [id.], favor, good-will, inclination, partiality, esp. of a party (rare in Cic.; not in Caes.; freq. since the Aug. per. in prose and poetry; syn.: studium, benevolentia, gratia, pietas, caritas, amor).
    I.
    In gen.
    A.
    Of human beings:

    favorem et urbanum Cicero nova credit. Nam in epistola ad Brutum, Eum, inquit, amorem et eum (ut hoc verbo utar) favorem in consilium advocabo,

    Quint. 8, 3, 34;

    so with amor,

    Suet. Claud. 12;

    with studium,

    id. Vit. 15:

    qui favore populi tenetur et ducitur,

    Cic. Sest. 54, 115; cf.

    under II.: quae sunt varie et ad tempus descripta populis, favore magis quam re, legum nomen tenent,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 5, 11:

    amplecti aliquem favore,

    Liv. 2, 56:

    adferre alicui,

    Just. 27, 1:

    ex maxima invidia in gratiam et favorem nobilitatis Jugurtha venit,

    Sall. J. 13, 7; cf.

    opp. invidia,

    id. ib. 73, 4:

    plebis,

    Liv. 7, 25, 1; cf. id. 2, 56, 1:

    partium Pompeii,

    Vell. 2, 54, 2:

    concilia to populi favore,

    Suet. Caes. 11:

    militum,

    id. Tit. 5; Hor. C. 4, 8, 26; id. Ep. 2, 1, 9:

    favor in aliquem,

    Tac. H. 1, 53 fin.:

    pro laborantibus,

    Quint. 4, 1, 9. —
    B.
    Rarely of Fortune:

    fortunae favor,

    Sen. Ep. 42, 4; 72, 4.—
    C.
    Favor personified as a deity, Mart. Cap. 1, § 48 al.—
    D.
    Esp., legal t. t.:

    favoris causa, said where the law inclines to or encourages a particular right or practice: hoc favoris causa constitutum est, ut pro plenis (honoribus) incoätos accipiamus,

    Dig. 50, 4, 8; 23, 3, 74; Gai Inst. 4, 14; cf.:

    favor libertatis,

    Paul. Sent. 2, 23, 2; 2, 24, 2 sq.—
    II.
    In partic., acclamation, applause, at theatrical and other exhibitions (syn. plausus), approbation:

    quod studium et quem favorem secum in scenam attulit Panurgus?

    Cic. Rosc. Com. 10, 29; Phaedr. 5, 5, 25:

    audientium,

    Quint. 3, 8, 7:

    facere favorem,

    id. 7, 1, 33:

    promere favorem,

    id. 9, 1, 21:

    emerendi favoris gratia,

    id. 7, 1, 2:

    magno omnium favore,

    Suet. Claud. 21; cf.:

    plauditur et magno palma favore datur,

    Ov. Tr. 2, 506:

    tutatur favor Euryalum,

    Verg. A. 5, 343.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > favor

  • 646 Februarius

    Fĕbrŭārĭus (in Inscr. sometimes written FEBRARIVS), ii, m., or Fĕbrŭāri-us mensis [februum], the month of expiation (because on the 15th of this month the great feast of expiation and purification, Februa, was held), February, until the time of the decemvirs the last month of the Roman year, since then the second:

    ab diis inferis Februarius appellatus, quod tum his parentetur,

    Varr. L. L. 6, § 34 Müll.; Ov. F. 2, 31 sq.; Cic. Leg. 2, 21, 54; Sall. C. 18, 6; Paul. ex Fest. p. 85 Müll., v. februum.— Adj.:

    Nonis Februariis,

    of February, Varr. L. L. 6, § 13 Müll.:

    ab Idibus Februariis,

    Plin. 17, 18, 30, 136.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Februarius

  • 647 Februarius mensis

    Fĕbrŭārĭus (in Inscr. sometimes written FEBRARIVS), ii, m., or Fĕbrŭāri-us mensis [februum], the month of expiation (because on the 15th of this month the great feast of expiation and purification, Februa, was held), February, until the time of the decemvirs the last month of the Roman year, since then the second:

    ab diis inferis Februarius appellatus, quod tum his parentetur,

    Varr. L. L. 6, § 34 Müll.; Ov. F. 2, 31 sq.; Cic. Leg. 2, 21, 54; Sall. C. 18, 6; Paul. ex Fest. p. 85 Müll., v. februum.— Adj.:

    Nonis Februariis,

    of February, Varr. L. L. 6, § 13 Müll.:

    ab Idibus Februariis,

    Plin. 17, 18, 30, 136.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Februarius mensis

  • 648 fluo

    flŭo, xi, xum, 3 (archaic form of the sup.: FLUCTUM, acc. to Prisc. p. 817 P.; cf.: fluo, fluctum, Not. Tir. From this form are derived fluctio and fluctus. In Lucr. 6, 800, the correct read. is laveris, not flueris, v. Lachm. ad h. l.), v. n. [Gr. phlu-, phlusai, anaphluô, etc.; Lat. fleo, fletus; flumen, fluctus, etc.; orig. one root with fla-, to blow, q. v. and cf. Curt. Gr. Etym. p. 302], to flow (cf.: mano, labor, etc.).
    I.
    Lit.: per amoenam urbem leni fluit agmine flumen, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 4 (Ann. v. 177 ed. Vahl.); cf.:

    ut flumina in contrarias partes fluxerint,

    Cic. Div. 1, 35, 78:

    flumen quod inter eum et Domitii castra fluebat,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 37, 1; cf.

    also: aurea tum dicat per terras flumina vulgo Fluxisse,

    Lucr. 5, 911:

    fluvius Eurotas, qui propter Lacedaemonem fluit,

    Cic. Inv. 2, 31, 96:

    Helvetiorum inter fines et Allobrogum Rhodanus fluit,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 6, 2:

    Arar in utram partem fluat,

    id. ib. 1, 12, 1:

    ea, quae natura fluerent atque manarent, ut aqua,

    Cic. N. D. 1, 15, 39: fluens unda, water from a stream (opp.: putealis unda, spring-water), Col. 1, 5, 1:

    in foveam,

    Lucr. 2, 475; cf. id. 5, 271:

    fluxit in terram Remi cruor,

    Hor. Epod. 7, 19; cf. Luc. 6, 61:

    imber,

    Ov. P. 4, 4, 2:

    sanguis,

    id. M. 12, 312:

    fluit de corpore sudor,

    id. ib. 9, 173; cf.:

    sudor fluit undique rivis,

    Verg. A. 5, 200:

    aes rivis,

    id. ib. 8, 445:

    nudo sub pede musta fluunt,

    Ov. R. Am. 190:

    madidis fluit unda capillis,

    drips, id. M. 11, 656:

    cerebrum molle fluit,

    id. ib. 12, 435:

    fluunt lacrimae more perennis aquae,

    id. F. 2, 820:

    fluens nausea,

    Hor. Epod. 9, 35; cf.:

    alvus fluens,

    Cels. 2, 6:

    fluit ignibus aurum,

    becomes fluid, melts, Ov. M. 2, 251.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    Of bodies, to flow, overflow, run down, drip with any fluid.— With abl.:

    cum fluvius Atratus sanguine fluxit,

    Cic. Div. 1, 43, 98; Ov. M. 8, 400:

    cruore fluens,

    id. ib. 7, 343:

    sudore fluentia brachia,

    id. ib. 9, 57; cf.:

    fluunt sudore et lassitudine membra,

    Liv. 38, 17, 7; 7, 33, 14; cf. id. 10, 28, 4:

    pingui fluit unguine tellus,

    Val. Fl. 6, 360:

    vilisque rubenti Fluxit mulctra mero,

    overflows, Sil. 7, 190. —Without abl.:

    madidāque fluens in veste Menoetes,

    Verg. A. 5, 179:

    fluentes cerussataeque buccae,

    dripping with paint, Cic. Pis. 11, 25 (cf. Cic. de Or. 2, 66, 266, 2. b. infra):

    Graeculae vites acinorum exiguitate minus fluunt,

    i. e. yield but little wine, Col. 3, 2, 24; 3, 2, 5; 12, 52, 1.—With acc. of kin. signif.:

    Oenotria vina fluens,

    Claud. Laud. Stil. 2, 264.—
    2.
    To move in the manner of fluids, to flow, stream, pour:

    inde alium (aëra) supra fluere,

    to flow, Lucr. 5, 514 and 522:

    unde fluens volvat varius se fluctus odorum,

    id. 4, 675 sq.; cf.:

    principio omnibus a rebus, quascumque videmus, Perpetuo fluere ac mitti spargique necesse est Corpora, quae feriant oculos visumque lacessant: Perpetuoque fluunt certis ab rebus odores, Frigus ut a fluviis, calor a sole, aestus ab undis Aequoris,

    id. 6, 922 sq.:

    aestus e lapide,

    id. 6, 1002:

    venti,

    id. 1, 280:

    fluit undique victor Mulciber,

    Sil. 17, 102:

    comae per levia colla fluentes,

    flowing, spreading, Prop. 2, 3, 13; cf.:

    blanditiaeque fluant per mea colla rosae,

    id. 4 (5), 6, 72:

    vestis fluens,

    flowing, loose, id. 3, 17 (4, 16), 32:

    tunicisque fluentibus,

    Ov. A. A. 3, 301:

    nodoque sinus collecta fluentes,

    Verg. A. 1, 320; cf.

    also: balteus nec strangulet nec fluat,

    Quint. 11, 3, 140:

    nec mersa est pelago, nec fluit ulla ratis,

    floats, is tossed about, Mart. 4, 66, 14:

    ramos compesce fluentes,

    floating around, spreading out, Verg. G. 2, 370:

    ad terram fluit devexo pondere cervix,

    droops, id. ib. 3, 524:

    omnisque relictis Turba fluit castris,

    pour forth, id. A. 12, 444:

    olli fluunt ad regia tecta,

    id. ib. 11, 236;

    so of a multitude or crowd of men: densatis ordinibus effuse fluentem in se aciem excepere,

    Curt. 6, 1, 6.—
    b.
    Pregn., of bodies, to pass away, fall away, to fall off or out, to vanish:

    excident gladii, fluent arma de manibus,

    Cic. Phil. 12, 3, 8:

    capilli fluunt,

    Cels. 6, 1; Plin. 27, 4, 5, § 17:

    sponte fluent (poma) matura suā,

    Ov. Am. 2, 14, 25:

    quasi longinquo fluere omnia cernimus aevo,

    Lucr. 2, 69; cf.:

    cuncta fluunt omnisque vagans formatur imago,

    Ov. M. 15, 178: dissolvuntur enim tum demum membra fluuntque, Lucr. 4, 919:

    surae fluxere,

    Luc. 9, 770:

    buccae fluentes,

    fallen in, lank, Cic. de Or. 2, 66, 266.
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    In gen., to flow, spring, arise, come forth; to go, proceed:

    ex ejus (Nestoris) lingua melle dulcior fluebat oratio,

    Cic. de Sen. 10, 31:

    carmen vena pauperiore fluit,

    Ov. Pont. 4, 2, 20:

    Calidii oratio ita libere fluebat, ut nusquam adhaeresceret,

    Cic. Brut. 79, 274:

    in Herodoto omnia leniter fluunt,

    Quint. 9, 4, 18; cf.

    also: grammatice pleno jam satis alveo fluit,

    id. 2, 1, 4:

    quae totis viribus fluit oratio,

    id. 9, 4, 7:

    oratio ferri debet ac fluere,

    id. 9, 4, 112.— Transf., of the writer himself:

    alter (Herodotus) sine ullis salebris quasi sedatus amnis fluit,

    Cic. Or. 12, 39; cf.:

    (Lucilius) cum flueret lutulentus,

    Hor. S. 1, 4, 11; 1, 10, 50; 1, 7, 28:

    facetiis,

    Plaut. Mil. 4, 8, 12:

    multa ab ea (luna) manant et fluunt, quibus animantes alantur augescantque,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 19, 50:

    haec omnia ex eodem fonte fluxerunt,

    id. ib. 3, 19, 48:

    dicendi facultatem ex intimis sapientiae fontibus fluere,

    Quint. 12, 2, 6; 5, 10, 19; 5, 9, 14:

    omnia ex natura rerum hominumque fluere,

    id. 6, 2, 13:

    nomen ex Graeco fluxisse,

    id. 3, 4, 12:

    ab isto capite fluere necesse est omnem rationem bonorum et malorum,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 11, 34; Quint. 1, 1, 12:

    unde id quoque vitium fluit,

    id. 11, 3, 109; 7, 3, 33:

    Pythagorae doctrina cum longe lateque flueret,

    spread itself, Cic. Tusc. 4, 1, 2:

    multum fluxisse video de libris nostris variumque sermonem,

    id. N. D. 1, 3, 6:

    sic mihi tarda fluunt ingrataque tempora,

    flow, pass, Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 23:

    in rebus prosperis et ad voluntatem nostram fluentibus,

    going, Cic. Off. 1, 26, 90: rebus supra votum fluentibus, Sall. H. Fragm. ap. Serv. Verg. A. 2, 169 (Hist. 1, 101 Dietsch); Tac. H. 3, 48; Just. 23, 3; cf.:

    rebus prospere fluentibus,

    succeeding, prospering, Tac. Or. 5; id. A. 15, 5: illius rationes quorsum fluant, proceed, Attic. ap. Cic. Att. 9, 10, 4; cf.:

    res fluit ad interregnum,

    Cic. Att. 4, 16, 11;

    cuncta in Mithridatem fluxere,

    Tac. A. 11, 9.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    Of speech, etc., to flow uniformly, be monotonous:

    efficiendum est ne fluat oratio, ne vagetur, etc.,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 49, 190:

    quod species ipsa carminum docet, non impetu et instinctu nec ore uno fluens,

    Tac. A. 14, 16; cf. Cic. Brut. 79.—Pregn., to dissolve, vanish, perish:

    qua (voluptate) cum liquescimus fluimusque mollitia,

    Cic. Tusc. 2, 22, 52:

    fluens mollitiis,

    Vell. 1, 6, 2; 2, 88, 2:

    cetera nasci, occidere, fluere, labi, nec diutius esse uno et eodem statu,

    Cic. Or. 3, 10:

    fluit voluptas corporis et prima quaeque avolat,

    id. Fin. 2, 32, 106:

    fluentem procumbentemque rem publicam populi Romani restituere,

    Vell. 2, 16 fin. —Hence,
    1.
    fluens, entis, P. a.
    A.
    Lax, relaxed, debauched, enervated, effeminate:

    inde soluti ac fluentes non accipiunt e scholis mala ista, sed in scholas afferunt,

    Quint. 1, 2, 8:

    Campani fluentes luxu,

    Liv. 7, 29, 5:

    incessu ipso ultra muliebrem mollitiem fluentes,

    Sen. Tranq. 15:

    fluentibus membris, incessu femineo,

    Aug. Civ. D. 7, 26.—
    B.
    Of speech,
    1.
    Flowing, fluent:

    sed in his tracta quaedam et fluens expetitur, non haec contorta et acris oratio,

    Cic. Or. 20, 66:

    lenis et fluens contextus,

    Quint. 9, 4, 127.—
    2.
    Lax, unrestrained:

    ne immoderata aut angusta aut dissoluta aut fluens sit oratio,

    Cic. Or. 58, 198:

    dissipata et inculta et fluens oratio,

    id. ib. 65, 220;

    and transf. of the speaker: in locis ac descriptionibus fusi ac fluentes sumus,

    Quint. 9, 4, 138.— Adv.: flŭenter, in a flowing, waving manner (very rare):

    res quaeque fluenter fertur,

    Lucr. 6, 935 (but not ib. 520, where the correct read. is cientur;

    v. Lachm.): capillo fluenter undante,

    App. M. 2, p. 122, 7. —
    2.
    fluxus, a, um, P. a. (mostly poet. and in post-Aug. prose).
    A.
    Lit., flowing, fluid:

    elementa arida atque fluxa, App. de Mundo: sucus,

    Plin. 9, 38, 62, § 133:

    vas fluxum pertusumque,

    i. e. leaking, Lucr. 6, 20.—
    2.
    Transf., flowing, loose, slack:

    ipsa crine fluxo thyrsum quatiens,

    Tac. A. 11, 31:

    habena,

    Liv. 38, 29, 6:

    amictus,

    Luc. 2, 362; cf.:

    ut cingeretur fluxiore cinctura,

    Suet. Caes. 45 fin.:

    fluxa arma,

    hanging slack, loose, Tac. H. 2, 99.—
    (β).
    Pregn., frail, perishable, weak:

    corpora,

    Tac. H. 2, 32; cf.:

    spadone eviratior fluxo,

    Mart. 5, 41, 1:

    (murorum) aevo fluxa,

    Tac. H. 2, 22. —
    B.
    Trop.
    1.
    Lax, loose, dissolute, careless:

    animi molles et aetate fluxi dolis haud difficulter capiebantur,

    Sall. C. 14, 5: cf.:

    animi fluxioris esse,

    Suet. Tib. 52:

    duces noctu dieque fluxi,

    Tac. H. 3, 76:

    spectaculum non enerve nec fluxum,

    Plin. Pan. 33, 1:

    fluxa atque aperta securitas,

    Gell. 4, 20, 8.—
    2.
    Pregn., frail, weak, fleeting, transient, perishable:

    res nostrae ut in secundis fluxae, ut in adversis bonae,

    decayed, impaired, disordered, Cic. Att. 4, 2, 1: hujus belli fortuna, ut in secundis, fluxa;

    ut in adversis, bona,

    id. ad Brut. 1, 10, 2:

    res humanae fluxae et mobiles,

    Sall. J. 104, 2:

    divitiarum et formae gloria fluxa atque fragilis est,

    id. C. 1, 4; cf.:

    instabile et fluxum,

    Tac. A. 13, 19:

    fluxa auctoritas,

    id. H. 1, 21:

    cave fidem fluxam geras,

    Plaut. Capt. 2, 3, 79:

    fides,

    Sall. J. 111, 2; Liv. 40, 50, 5; cf.:

    fluxa et vana fides,

    unreliable, unstable, id. 28, 6, 11; Tac. H. 2, 75; 4, 23:

    studia inania et fluxa,

    id. A. 3, 50 fin.:

    fluxa senio mens,

    id. ib. 6, 38.— Adv.: fluxē, remissly, negligently (post-class. and rare):

    more vitae remissioris fluxius agens,

    Amm. 18, 7.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > fluo

  • 649 frango

    frango, frēgi, fractum, 3, v. a. [root in Gr. FPAT, rhêgnumi, rhêgma, rhôgaleos; Goth. Brikkan; Irish brissim; Germ. brechen; Engl. break; but cf. Fick, Vergl. Wörterb. p. 182, and v. the letter F], to break, break in pieces, dash to pieces, shiver, break in two (cf.: rumpo, diffringo).
    I.
    Lit.: hastas frangit quatitque, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 3 (Ann. v. 435 ed. Vahl.); cf.: aes sonit, franguntur hastae, id. Fragm. ap. Non. 504, 33 (Trag. v. 213 ed. Vahl.): fraxinus frangitur atque abies consternitur alta, is broken, felled, id. ap. Macr. S. 6, 2 (Ann. v. 195 ed. Vahl.):

    simulacra,

    Lucr. 6, 419:

    milvo est quoddam bellum quasi naturale cum corvo: ergo alter alterius ubicumque nactus est ova, frangit,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 49, 125:

    anulus aureus fractus et comminatus est,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 25, § 56:

    compluribus navibus fractis,

    dashed to pieces, Caes. B. G. 4, 29, 3:

    naves,

    Hor. A. P. 20:

    navem is fregit apud Andrum insulam,

    Ter. And. 1, 3, 17; cf. Auct. Her. 4, 44, 57:

    domus fracta conjectu lapidum,

    Cic. Att. 4, 3, 2:

    janua frangatur, latret canis,

    Hor. S. 1, 2, 128:

    patinam,

    id. ib. 2, 8, 72:

    lagenam,

    id. ib. 81:

    crystallina,

    Mart. 14, 111:

    aulas in caput,

    Plaut. Capt. 1, 1, 21:

    corpora ad saxum,

    Verg. A. 3, 625:

    vindices rerum capitalium laqueo gulam fregere,

    broke his neck, strangled him, Sall. C. 55, 5:

    cervices civium Romanorum in carcere,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 57, § 147; id. Vatin. 11, 26:

    senile guttur parentis impiā manu,

    Hor. Epod. 3, 2:

    cerebrum,

    Verg. A. 5, 413:

    brachium,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 62, 253; cf.

    coxam,

    Plin. Ep. 2, 1, 5:

    crus,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 17, 59:

    crura,

    Cic. Phil. 13, 12, 27; Suet. Aug. 67; id. Tib. 44; Vulg. Johan. 19, 31:

    cornu in arbore,

    Ov. F. 5, 121:

    non ego te, tigris ut aspera Gaetulusve leo, frangere persequor,

    to tear in pieces, Hor. C. 1, 23, 10; cf.:

    indomitos ut cum Massyla per arva Armenti reges magno leo fregit hiatu, etc.,

    Stat. Th. 11, 28; Val. Fl. 2, 458; Plin. 8, 40, 61, § 150:

    nubes in montem actae non franguntur, sed circumfunduntur,

    Sen. Q. N. 2, 28, 2.—
    B.
    Transf., in gen., to break up small, to grind, bruise, crush (freq. since the Aug. per.):

    glebam bidentibus,

    Verg. G. 2, 400;

    glebas,

    id. ib. 3, 161:

    fruges robore saxi,

    Lucr. 1, 882:

    farra saxo,

    Val. Fl. 2, 448:

    hordeum molis,

    Plin. 18, 7, 14, § 72:

    granum dentibus,

    id. 18, 24, 54, § 196:

    fabam,

    id. 19, 3, 15, § 40:

    glandem (sues),

    Verg. G. 2, 72:

    testes homini,

    Plin. 11, 49, 110, § 263:

    toros,

    to press, throw one's self upon, Mart. 2, 59, 3; 4, 8, 6: comam in gradus, to twist, braid, Quint. 1, 6, 44:

    mare montis ad ejus Radices frangit fluctus,

    breaks, Lucr. 6, 695; cf.:

    quam (fortunam) existimo levem et imbecillam ab animo firmo et gravi tamquam fluctum a saxo frangi oportere,

    Cic. Fam. 9, 16, 6:

    fluctus (scopulus),

    Luc. 6, 266:

    undam,

    Ov. F. 4, 282:

    aquas,

    Quint. 9, 4, 7:

    amnem nando,

    Luc. 8, 374; cf. Sil. 3, 457; 8, 555:

    iter,

    i. e. turn off from it, Stat. Th. 12, 232.
    II.
    Trop., to break down, subdue, weaken, diminish, violate; to soften, move, touch:

    quem (Viriathum) C. Laelius praetor ita fregit et comminuit ferocitatemque ejus ita repressit, ut, etc.,

    broke down, subdued, Cic. Off. 2, 11 fin.; cf.:

    fractam illam et debilitatam vim suam, etc.,

    id. Fam. 1, 9, 2:

    quem series immensa laborum fregerit,

    Ov. H. 9, 6:

    nationes frangere domareque,

    Cic. Prov. Cons. 13, 33:

    proeliis calamitatibusque fracti,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 31, 7:

    victi sumus igitur, aut, si vinci dignitas non potest, fracti certe et abjecti,

    Cic. Fam. 4, 7, 2:

    te ut ulla res frangat?

    would break, shake thy resolution, id. Cat. 1, 9, 22; cf.:

    frangi metu, cupiditate,

    id. Off. 1, 20, 68:

    fractus ac debilitatus metu,

    id. de Or. 1, 26, 121:

    flecti animo atque frangi,

    id. Sull. 6, 18:

    frangi animo,

    id. Phil. 2, 15, 37:

    dolore,

    id. Fin. 2, 29, 95:

    misericordiā,

    id. Att. 7, 12, 3:

    pudore,

    id. Tusc. 2, 21, 48 et simil.; cf.

    also: aliquem auctoritate,

    id. ib. 1, 21 fin.:

    aliquem patientiā,

    id. Brut. 25, 95: quae (vis) summas frangit infirmatque opes, Poët. ap. Cic. Rab. Post. 10, 28:

    debilitatur ac frangitur eloquentia,

    Tac. Dial. 39:

    mollis illa educatio, quam indulgentiam vocamus, nervos omnes et mentis et corporis frangit,

    Quint. 1, 2, 6:

    frangitur vox,

    id. 11, 3, 20; cf. id. 12, 11, 2:

    vox Auditur fractos sonitus imitata tubarum,

    Verg. G. 4, 72:

    et illa (littera), quae est sexta nostrarum (i. e. F) quoties aliquam consonantem frangit, ut in hoc ipso frangit, multo fit horridior,

    i. e. weakens, Quint. 12, 10, 29 Spald. (v. the passage in its connection); cf. id. 1, 4, 11:

    primum divisit ineleganter: duo enim genera quae erant, fecit tria: hoc est non dividere, sed frangere,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 9, 26; cf.:

    frangas citius quam corrigas, quae in pravum induruerunt,

    Quint. 1, 3, 12:

    bellum proeliis frangere,

    Cic. Prov. Cons. 13, 32:

    dignitatem,

    id. Fam. 9, 16, 6:

    hunc (pedum dolorem) abstinentiā, sanctitate vicit et fregit,

    Plin. Ep. 1, 12, 5:

    ut equorum cursum delicati minutis passibus frangunt,

    Quint. 9, 4, 113:

    animos frangi et debilitari molestiā,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 1, § 2:

    ingenium (mala),

    Ov. Tr. 3, 14, 33:

    sublimia pectora (Venus et vinum),

    id. F. 1, 301:

    ego unus contudi et fregi exsultantis praedonis audaciam,

    Cic. Phil. 13, 13 fin.; cf. id. Fragm. ap. Non. 301, 8 (id. Rep. 3, 36 ed. Mos.):

    furorem et petulantiam alicujus,

    id. Pis. 14, 31:

    libidines,

    id. Leg. 3, 13, 31:

    odium iramque (risus),

    Quint. 6, 3, 9:

    impetum cogitationis (membranae),

    id. 10, 3, 31:

    consilium alicujus,

    Cic. Fam. 4, 4, 4; cf.:

    sententiam alicujus,

    id. ib. 1, 4, 1:

    foedus,

    id. Pis. 12, 28; id. Scaur. 42:

    fidem,

    id. Rosc. Com. 6, 16:

    jura pudicitiae,

    Prop. 4 (5), 5, 28:

    mandata,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 13, 19:

    fas,

    Grat. Cyneg. 451:

    morantem diem mero (= breviorem reddere),

    to shorten, Hor. C. 2, 7, 6:

    vina,

    i. e. to weaken, dilute, Mart. 14, 103; Plin. 14, 22, 28, § 138:

    cum frangerem jam ipse me cogeremque illa ferre toleranter,

    Cic. Fam. 4, 6, 2:

    nec animus tantis se laboribus frangeret, neque, etc.,

    id. Arch. 11, 29:

    ante quam calores aut frigora se fregerunt,

    diminished, abated, Varr. R. R. 2, 2, 18; cf.:

    Scaevola paulum quiescet, dum se calor frangat,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 62, 265:

    fracti aestus et nondum orta frigora,

    Cels. 7, 7, 4 fin.; cf.:

    fluctus se frangit,

    Sen. Med. 392:

    glacies se frangit,

    id. Q. N. 4, 5, 4.—Hence, fractus, a, um, P. a., weakened, weak, feeble, faint:

    jamque adeo fracta est aetas effetaque tellus Vix animalia parva creat,

    Lucr. 2, 1151:

    quod me audis fractiorem esse animo,

    i. e. more disheartened, less courageous, Cic. Att. 11, 12, 4; cf.:

    spes amplificandae fortunae fractior,

    id. Lael. 16, 59:

    in compositione fractus,

    powerless, feeble, Quint. 12, 10, 12; cf.:

    quid est tam fractum, tam minutum, tam in ipsa concinnitate puerile?

    Cic. Brut. 83, 287; and:

    corruptum et omnibus vitiis fractum dicendi genus,

    Quint. 10, 1, 125: corrupta oratio maxime comprehensione obscura, compositione fracta consistit, id. [p. 777] 8, 3, 57:

    effeminata et fracta impudicis modis (musice),

    id. 1, 10, 31.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > frango

  • 650 frequens

    frĕquens, entis, adj. [root phrak-, phrassô, to enclose, make close; Lat. farcio, fartilis, etc.; cf. Germ. Berg, Burg], that takes place repeatedly, often, or frequently, often, frequent (class.; syn.: celeber, creber).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    Of persons, that is often at a place, or that often does a thing, regular, constant, repeated (syn.:

    assiduus, creber, multus): erat ille Romae frequens, in foro et in ore omnium cottidie versabatur,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 6, 16:

    quibuscum si frequentes sunt,

    id. Off. 2, 13, 46; cf. Ter. Ad. 1, 1, 80.— Comp.:

    quod filium frequentiorem prope cum illis quam secum cernebat,

    Liv. 39, 53, 11:

    Demosthenes frequens fuit Platonis auditor,

    an assiduous hearer, Cic. Or. 4, 45:

    nos autem in hoc genere (orationis) frequentes,

    id. ib. 50, 167:

    sed in utroque frequentiores sunt poëtae,

    id. ib. 60, 202; cf.

    spectator,

    Quint. 10, 5, 19:

    conviva,

    Mart. 9, 98, 10:

    frequentem ad signa esse,

    Liv. 3, 24, 5:

    adesse senatui,

    Tac. A. 4, 55; so with dat.:

    contionibus,

    id. H. 4, 69 fin.:

    secretis,

    id. A. 4, 3:

    in ore frequens posteritatis eris,

    Ov. P. 2, 6, 34:

    frequens te audivi atque affui,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 57, 243.— Poet. with inf.:

    hic hominum casus lenire et demere fatis Jura frequens,

    Stat. Th. 7, 706.—
    B.
    Of inanim. and abstr. things, repeated, often, frequent, common, usual:

    mihi frequentem operam dedistis,

    Plaut. Cist. 1, 1, 7:

    (senectus) caret epulis exstructisque mensis et frequentibus poculis,

    Cic. de Sen. 13, 44:

    frequentiores (lactucae) in cibo,

    Plin. 20, 7, 26, § 68:

    frequentes litterae,

    Suet. Tib. 11:

    edicta,

    id. Ner. 41:

    iambus et trochaeus frequens,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 47, 182; cf.:

    (verbum igitur) cum apud alios sit etiam frequens, apud alios numquam reperiatur,

    Quint. 1, 5, 39:

    opera (= assidua),

    Plaut. Cist. 1, 1, 7; cf. Varr. L. L. 7, § 99: frequentiora latrocinia, Asin. Poll. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 31, 1:

    familiaritas,

    Nep. Att. 19 fin.:

    honores,

    id. Phoc. 1:

    comparationis usus,

    Quint. 8, 6, 14:

    frequentior usus anulorum,

    Plin. 33, 1, 6, § 17; cf.:

    nec fuit alia gemma apud antiquos usu frequentior,

    id. 37, 7, 31, § 106:

    frequentior fama,

    Liv. 2, 32, 3: sententia, held or adopted by many, Plin. Ep. 2, 11, 6:

    frequens apud Graecos adagium,

    Gell. 1, 8, 4; cf. Quint. 8, 6, 37:

    id frequentius est, quam ut exemplis confirmandum sit,

    id. 4, 1, 75; 9, 2, 53:

    esse videatur, jam nimis frequens, octonarium incohat,

    id. 9, 4, 73.— With a subject-clause:

    erat adhuc frequens senatoribus, si quid, etc....loco sententiae promere, = usitatum,

    Tac. A. 2, 33:

    parere ergo exceptionem rei judicatae, frequens est,

    Dig. 44, 2, 6.
    II.
    Transf., of a multitude, assembled in great numbers, full, crowded, numerous:

    videt multos equites Romanos, frequentes praeterea cives atque socios,

    Cic. Verr. 1, 3, 7:

    refert etiam, qui audiant, frequentes an pauci an singuli,

    id. de Or. 3, 55, 211:

    major frequentiorque legatio,

    Liv. 5, 5, 10:

    senatus fuit frequentior quam, etc.... frequentes fuimus, omnino ad ducentos,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 1, 1:

    senatus frequens convenit,

    id. Fam. 10, 12, 3; cf.:

    senatus frequens vocatu Drusi in curiam venit,

    id. de Or. 3, 1, 2; Plaut. Mil. 2, 6, 111; cf.

    also: frequentissimo senatu,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 38, 99:

    ad frequentiores consultatio dilata,

    Liv. 35, 7, 1:

    legem populi frequentis suffragiis abrogare,

    Cic. Brut. 62, 222:

    mane Germani frequentes ad eum in castra venerunt,

    in great numbers, Caes. B. G. 4, 13, 4; cf.:

    eodem conveniunt undique frequentes,

    id. ib. 7, 63, 6; id. B. C. 1, 13, 1:

    frequenti consessu,

    Suet. Aug. 44:

    convivio frequenti,

    id. Caes. 31; id. Tib. 61:

    frequenti auditorio,

    id. Claud. 41:

    equites Romani, qui frequentissimi in gradibus Concordiae steterunt,

    Cic. Phil. 7, 8, 21:

    huc postero die quam frequentissimi conveniunt,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 11, 5:

    frequens ibi hic piscis,

    Plin. 9, 59, 85, § 180: huc frequens Caementa demittit redemptor Cum famulis ( poet. for famulis frequentibus), Hor. C. 3, 1, 34.—
    B.
    Of places filled with a multitude, filled, full, crowded, populous, much frequented, well stocked (syn.: plenus, abundans).— Constr. absol., with abl., and in Tac. also [p. 780] with gen.
    (α).
    Absol.:

    frequentissimum theatrum,

    Cic. Div. 1, 28 fin.:

    sic ut nulla (praefectura) tota Italia frequentior dici possit,

    more populous, id. Planc. 8, 21:

    ei processit, ut est frequens municipium magna multitudo,

    id. Phil. 2, 41, 106:

    Numidia,

    Sall. J. 78 fin.:

    celebre et frequens emporium,

    much frequented, Liv. 38, 18, 11:

    via,

    Ov. A. A. 1, 585; cf.

    compita,

    Hor. S. 2, 3, 26:

    ludi,

    id. Carm. Sec. 22; cf.

    pompa,

    Ov. A. A. 1, 147.—
    (β).
    With abl. (since the Aug. per.):

    cum situm moeniaque et frequentem tectis urbem vidissent,

    Liv. 1, 9, 9:

    loca aedificiis,

    id. 31, 23, 5:

    Aegyptus multis (urbibus),

    Plin. 5, 9, 11, § 60:

    terra colubris,

    Ov. M. 4, 620:

    Sinuessa niveis columbis,

    id. ib. 15, 715:

    silva trabibus,

    id. ib. 8, 328; cf.:

    locus piceis ilicibusque,

    id. H. 16, 54:

    nemus agrestium pavonum multitudine frequens,

    Curt. 9, 2, 13:

    Nilus feris et beluis,

    Plin. 5, 9, 10, § 53:

    amnis vorticibus,

    Ov. M. 9, 106:

    vivarium piscibus,

    Col. 8, 16, 4:

    pharetra telis Lernaeis,

    Sen. Herc. Fur. 1233.— Comp.:

    utra pars frequentior vicis esset,

    Liv. 35, 11, 5.—
    * (γ).
    With gen.:

    quod talis silvae frequens fecundusque erat (mons),

    Tac. A. 4, 65.—Hence, adv.: frĕ-quenter.
    1.
    (Acc. to I.) Often, frequently (not freq. till after the Aug. per.):

    ut frequenter et assidue consequamur artis rationem studio et exercitatione,

    Auct. Her. 4, 56, 69:

    ad aliquem frequenter ventitare,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 9 (Moser, frequentes); cf.:

    gratior (erat) Alexandro frequenter in officinam ventitanti,

    Plin. 35, 10, 36, § 85:

    praecipue quidem apud Ciceronem, frequenter tamen apud Asinium,

    Quint. 1, 8, 11:

    frequenter in his etiam conjecturae locus est, nonnumquam tractatur aliqua finitio: aliquando etiam legales possunt incidere tractatus,

    id. 3, 8, 4:

    habet usum talis allegoriae frequenter oratio, sed raro totius,

    id. 8, 6, 47:

    continuo aut certe nimium frequenter,

    id. 9, 1, 11;

    opp. semper,

    id. 12, 1, 3; v. infra.— Comp.:

    quod et M. Cicero scripto ad Brutum libro frequentius testatur,

    Quint. 1, 10, 4:

    haec ad conjecturam frequentius pertinent, sed interim ad jus quoque,

    id. 5, 10, 38:

    ne plebs frumentationum causa frequentius a negotiis avocaretur,

    Suet. Aug. 40:

    non alias missi cecidere frequentius ignes,

    Ov. F. 3, 287.— Sup.:

    translatione frequentissime sermo omnis utitur,

    Cic. Or. 24, 81:

    non semper, etiamsi frequentissime, tuenda veritas erit,

    Quint. 2, 17, 36; Suet. Aug. 43.—
    2.
    (Acc. to II.) Numerously, in great numbers, by many (very rare):

    huic frequenter interceditur,

    Cic. Att. 1, 19, 5:

    Romam inde frequenter migratum est,

    Liv. 1, 11, 4.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > frequens

  • 651 generalis

    gĕnĕrālis, e, adj. [genus].
    I.
    Of or belonging to a kind or species, generic (very rare): variae volucres ut in ordine cunctae Ostendant maculas generales corpore inesse, etc., of their species, Lucr. 1, 590:

    cum qualis sit res, quaeritur, quia et de vi et de genere negotii controversia est, constitutio generalis vocatur,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 8, 10. —
    II.
    Of or relating to all, general (opp. singuli and specialis; cf. universalis;

    freq. only since the Aug. per.): et generale quoddam decorum intelligimus, quod in omni honestate versatur, et aliud huic subjectum, quod pertinet ad singulas partes honestatis,

    Cic. Off. 1, 27, 96:

    causae, opp. singulae lites,

    Quint. 7, 1, 64; Sen. Ep. 58 med.:

    cum sit omnis generalis quaestio speciali potentior,

    Quint. 12, 2, 18; cf.:

    illud generale, hoc speciale,

    id. 5, 10, 44:

    tractatus, opp. specialis,

    id. 5, 7, 35; cf.:

    ab generali tractatu ad quasdam deduci species,

    id. 2, 4, 22:

    de re et generales quaestiones sunt et definitae,

    id. 7, 2, 1:

    definitio,

    Dig. 28, 5, 4:

    pactum,

    ib. 2, 14, 40: lex est generale jussum populi aut plebis, rogante magistratu, At. Cap. ap. Gell. 10, 20, 2.—Hence, adv.: gĕnĕrālĭter (acc. to II.), in general, generally (mostly post-Aug.; cf.:

    generatim, communiter): tempus est, id quo nunc utimur (nam ipsum quidem generaliter definire difficile est), pars quaedam aeternitatis,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 26, 39:

    quaedam adnotasse, sed generaliter (opp. particulas etiam persequi),

    Plin. Ep. 1, 8, 3:

    tempus generaliter et specialiter accipitur, etc.,

    Quint. 5, 10, 42 sq.;

    so opp. specialiter,

    id. 5, 7, 4; 5, 11, 1;

    opp. proprie,

    id. 3, 7, 7:

    legare,

    Gai. Inst. 2, 238:

    stipulari,

    id. ib. 4, 53:

    universi,

    Vulg. Jer. 25, 20.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > generalis

  • 652 genitale

    gĕnĭtālis, e, adj. [id.], of or belonging to generation or birth, causing generation or birth, fruitful, generative, genital ( poet. and in post-Aug. prose; cf.: genialis, genetivus).
    I.
    Adj.:

    genitalia materiaï Corpora,

    generative principles, elements, Lucr. 2, 62:

    corpora quatuor,

    the four elements, Ov. M. 15, 239:

    semina,

    Lucr. 5, 851; Verg. G. 2, 324:

    partes (corporis),

    genital parts, Lucr. 4, 1044; Col. 6, 26, 2:

    membra,

    Ov. Am. 2, 3, 3:

    loca,

    Col. 6, 36, 2:

    arvum,

    Verg. G. 3, 136; cf.

    vulvae,

    Col. 7, 9, 5;

    so of plants: membra,

    id. 3, 10, 12: locus, id. § 14; cf. id. 3, 6, 1:

    profluvium,

    Plin. 20, 13, 51, § 143; cf. id. 7, 14, 12, § 61:

    foedera,

    matrimony, Stat. Th. 3, 300:

    menses,

    the months of pregnancy in which the child may be born, Gell. 3, 16, 4:

    ros,

    fertilizing, Plin. 2, 8, 6, § 38:

    hora anni,

    i. e. in the spring, id. 9, 35, 54, § 107: dies, birth-day (usually dies natalis), Tac. A. 16, 14; also,

    lux,

    Stat. S. 2, 3, 62:

    solum,

    birth-place, natal soil, Vell. 2, 15, 1:

    sedes,

    Prud. Cath. 10 fin. terra, Amm. 27, 5 fin.: dii, the gods that produce everything: Romulus in caelo cum dis genitalibus aevum Degit, Enn. ap. Serv. ad Verg. A. 6, 764 (Ann. v. 119 Vahl.); imitated by Aus. Per. Iliad. 4; Num. ap. Eckh. D. N. V. 7, p. 139: sterilitas, barrenness, Trebat. ap. Gell. 4, 2, 9.—
    II.
    Subst.
    A.
    Gĕnĭtālis, is, f., a surname of Diana, as presiding over births:

    sive tu (Diana) Lucina probas vocari Seu Genitalis,

    Hor. C. S. 16.—
    B.
    gĕ-nĭtāle, is, n. (sc. membrum;

    v. above, I.),

    Cels. 4, 1; Plin. 28, 8, 27, § 93; 37, 10, 57, § 157; Arn. 5, 18 et saep.; in plur., id. 11, 49, 110, § 263; Quint. 1, 6, 36; Juv. 6, 514. —Hence, adv.: gĕnĭtālĭter, in a fertilizing manner, fruitfully, Lucr. 4, 1258.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > genitale

  • 653 Genitalis

    gĕnĭtālis, e, adj. [id.], of or belonging to generation or birth, causing generation or birth, fruitful, generative, genital ( poet. and in post-Aug. prose; cf.: genialis, genetivus).
    I.
    Adj.:

    genitalia materiaï Corpora,

    generative principles, elements, Lucr. 2, 62:

    corpora quatuor,

    the four elements, Ov. M. 15, 239:

    semina,

    Lucr. 5, 851; Verg. G. 2, 324:

    partes (corporis),

    genital parts, Lucr. 4, 1044; Col. 6, 26, 2:

    membra,

    Ov. Am. 2, 3, 3:

    loca,

    Col. 6, 36, 2:

    arvum,

    Verg. G. 3, 136; cf.

    vulvae,

    Col. 7, 9, 5;

    so of plants: membra,

    id. 3, 10, 12: locus, id. § 14; cf. id. 3, 6, 1:

    profluvium,

    Plin. 20, 13, 51, § 143; cf. id. 7, 14, 12, § 61:

    foedera,

    matrimony, Stat. Th. 3, 300:

    menses,

    the months of pregnancy in which the child may be born, Gell. 3, 16, 4:

    ros,

    fertilizing, Plin. 2, 8, 6, § 38:

    hora anni,

    i. e. in the spring, id. 9, 35, 54, § 107: dies, birth-day (usually dies natalis), Tac. A. 16, 14; also,

    lux,

    Stat. S. 2, 3, 62:

    solum,

    birth-place, natal soil, Vell. 2, 15, 1:

    sedes,

    Prud. Cath. 10 fin. terra, Amm. 27, 5 fin.: dii, the gods that produce everything: Romulus in caelo cum dis genitalibus aevum Degit, Enn. ap. Serv. ad Verg. A. 6, 764 (Ann. v. 119 Vahl.); imitated by Aus. Per. Iliad. 4; Num. ap. Eckh. D. N. V. 7, p. 139: sterilitas, barrenness, Trebat. ap. Gell. 4, 2, 9.—
    II.
    Subst.
    A.
    Gĕnĭtālis, is, f., a surname of Diana, as presiding over births:

    sive tu (Diana) Lucina probas vocari Seu Genitalis,

    Hor. C. S. 16.—
    B.
    gĕ-nĭtāle, is, n. (sc. membrum;

    v. above, I.),

    Cels. 4, 1; Plin. 28, 8, 27, § 93; 37, 10, 57, § 157; Arn. 5, 18 et saep.; in plur., id. 11, 49, 110, § 263; Quint. 1, 6, 36; Juv. 6, 514. —Hence, adv.: gĕnĭtālĭter, in a fertilizing manner, fruitfully, Lucr. 4, 1258.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Genitalis

  • 654 genitalis

    gĕnĭtālis, e, adj. [id.], of or belonging to generation or birth, causing generation or birth, fruitful, generative, genital ( poet. and in post-Aug. prose; cf.: genialis, genetivus).
    I.
    Adj.:

    genitalia materiaï Corpora,

    generative principles, elements, Lucr. 2, 62:

    corpora quatuor,

    the four elements, Ov. M. 15, 239:

    semina,

    Lucr. 5, 851; Verg. G. 2, 324:

    partes (corporis),

    genital parts, Lucr. 4, 1044; Col. 6, 26, 2:

    membra,

    Ov. Am. 2, 3, 3:

    loca,

    Col. 6, 36, 2:

    arvum,

    Verg. G. 3, 136; cf.

    vulvae,

    Col. 7, 9, 5;

    so of plants: membra,

    id. 3, 10, 12: locus, id. § 14; cf. id. 3, 6, 1:

    profluvium,

    Plin. 20, 13, 51, § 143; cf. id. 7, 14, 12, § 61:

    foedera,

    matrimony, Stat. Th. 3, 300:

    menses,

    the months of pregnancy in which the child may be born, Gell. 3, 16, 4:

    ros,

    fertilizing, Plin. 2, 8, 6, § 38:

    hora anni,

    i. e. in the spring, id. 9, 35, 54, § 107: dies, birth-day (usually dies natalis), Tac. A. 16, 14; also,

    lux,

    Stat. S. 2, 3, 62:

    solum,

    birth-place, natal soil, Vell. 2, 15, 1:

    sedes,

    Prud. Cath. 10 fin. terra, Amm. 27, 5 fin.: dii, the gods that produce everything: Romulus in caelo cum dis genitalibus aevum Degit, Enn. ap. Serv. ad Verg. A. 6, 764 (Ann. v. 119 Vahl.); imitated by Aus. Per. Iliad. 4; Num. ap. Eckh. D. N. V. 7, p. 139: sterilitas, barrenness, Trebat. ap. Gell. 4, 2, 9.—
    II.
    Subst.
    A.
    Gĕnĭtālis, is, f., a surname of Diana, as presiding over births:

    sive tu (Diana) Lucina probas vocari Seu Genitalis,

    Hor. C. S. 16.—
    B.
    gĕ-nĭtāle, is, n. (sc. membrum;

    v. above, I.),

    Cels. 4, 1; Plin. 28, 8, 27, § 93; 37, 10, 57, § 157; Arn. 5, 18 et saep.; in plur., id. 11, 49, 110, § 263; Quint. 1, 6, 36; Juv. 6, 514. —Hence, adv.: gĕnĭtālĭter, in a fertilizing manner, fruitfully, Lucr. 4, 1258.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > genitalis

  • 655 gnata

    nascor, nātus, nasci (ante-class., and in poets of the class. period also gnatus, v. under P. a. B.; part. fut. nasciturus, Pall. Jun. 7, § 8; Vulg. Judic. 13, 8), 3, v. dep. [from gnascor, gnatus, root gen, whence gigno; cf. Gr. gennaô], to be born, to be begotten (of or by male or female).
    I.
    Lit.; constr. with ex or de and abl., or with abl. alone; rarely with ab and abl.
    1.
    With ex and abl. (esp. with name or other appellation of the mother):

    cum ex utrāque (uxore) filius natus esset,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 40, 183:

    cujus ex filiā natus est Sestius,

    id. Fam. 13, 8, 1:

    Servius Tullius ex serva Tarquiniensi natus,

    id. Rep. 2, 21, 37:

    ex hac feminā debuit nasci, qui, etc.,

    Sen. ad Helv. 16, 6:

    natam sibi ex Poppaeā filiam,

    Tac. A. 15, 23 init.:

    ex Thetide natus,

    Quint. 3, 7, 11:

    ex Urbiniā natus,

    id. 7, 2, 5:

    Alexandri filius natus ex Barsine,

    Just. 13, 2, 7; cf.:

    negantis (Domitii) quidquam ex se et Agrippinā nisi detestabile nasci potuisse,

    Suet. Ner. 6:

    quod ex nobis natos liberos appellamus, idcirco Cerere nati nominati sunt Liber et Libera,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 24, 62; cf.:

    convinces facile ex te esse natum, nam tui similis est probe,

    Ter. Heaut. 5, 4, 7:

    ex militibus Romanis et Hispanis mulieribus natos se memorantes,

    Liv. 43, 3, 2;

    very rarely with a designation of the father, and only with pronouns: ex hoc Domitius nascitur,

    Suet. Ner. 4 init.:

    Neoptolemus ex quo nata est Olympias,

    Just. 17, 3, 14:

    ex quo nasci nepotes deceat,

    Plin. Ep. 1, 14, 2:

    illum ex me natum,

    Val. Max. 5, 10 ext. 3; cf.:

    quod tibi filiolus vel filia nascitur ex me,

    Juv. 9, 83.—
    2.
    With de and abl.:

    de tigride natus,

    Ov. M. 9, 612; cf.:

    de stirpe dei nasci,

    id. ib. 11, 312:

    de pellice natus,

    id. ib. 4, 422:

    natus de muliere,

    Vulg. Job, 14, 1; 15, 14. —
    3.
    With abl. (so usually with proper names;

    and with general designations of parents, family, etc.): quos omnes Erebo et Nocte natos ferunt,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 17, 44:

    Hercules Jove natus,

    id. ib. 3, 16, 42:

    Nilo natus,

    id. ib. 3, 16, 42:

    nascetur Oedipus Lao,

    id. Fat. 13, 30:

    patre Marte,

    id. Rep. 2, 2, 4:

    Paulo,

    id. Off. 1, 33, 121:

    privignus Poppaeā natus,

    Suet. Ner. 55:

    Ascanius Creusā matre natus,

    Liv. 1, 3, 2: Junia, Vell. 2, 127, 4:

    amplissimā familiā nati adulescentes,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 37, 1:

    honestis parentibus,

    Quint. 1, 11, 85; Sen. Contr. 7, 21, 1:

    Mela quibus Gallio et Seneca parentibus natus,

    Tac. A. 16, 17:

    deus deo natus,

    Liv. 1, 16, 3:

    imperioso patre,

    id. 7, 4, 5; 9, 1, 12: Assaraco natus Capus, Enn. ap. Philarg. ad Verg. G. 3, 35 (Ann. v. 31 Vahl.):

    patre certo nasci,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 16, 46:

    Apolline natus,

    Ov. M. 15, 639: natus deā, son of a goddess, i. e. Achilles, id. M. 12, 86; so,

    natus deā,

    of Æneas, Verg. A. 1, 582:

    matre Musā natus,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 18, 45:

    nascetur pulcrā Trojanus origine Caesar,

    Verg. A. 1, 286.—
    4.
    With ab and abl.:

    generari et nasci a principibus,

    Tac. H. 1, 16:

    et qui nascentur ab illo,

    Verg. G. 1, 434.—
    5.
    In other constrr.:

    post homines natos,

    since men have lived, Cic. Phil. 11, 1, 1:

    post genus hominum natum,

    id. Balb. 10, 26:

    in miseriam nascimur,

    id. Tusc. 1, 5, 9:

    aves omnes in pedes nascuntur,

    with the feet foremost, Plin. 10, 53, 74, § 149:

    ad homines nascendos vim hujus numeri (septenarii) pertinere,

    to the formation of man in the womb, Gell. 3, 10, 7:

    homo nascitur ad laborem,

    i. e. it is his nature to suffer it, Vulg. Job, 5, 7.—
    B.
    Transf., to rise, take beginning, derive origin, spring forth, grow, be found: O fortunatam natam me consule Romam, Cic. ap. Quint. 11, 1, 24; and ap. Juv. 10, 122:

    humi nascentia fraga,

    Verg. E. 3, 92:

    cum nata fuerint folia,

    Vulg. Marc. 13, 28:

    nascitur ibi plumbum album in mediterraneis regionibus,

    is found, produced, Caes. B. G. 5, 12:

    onyx nascitur circa Thebas Aegyptias,

    Plin. 36, 8, 12, § 61:

    ex palude nascitur amnis,

    rises, id. 36, 26, 65, § 190:

    nascere, praeque diem veniens age, Lucifer, almum,

    rise, Verg. E. 8, 17:

    unde nigerrimus Auster Nascitur,

    id. G. 3, 278:

    nascens luna,

    Hor. C. 3, 23, 2; id. S. 2, 4, 30:

    nascentia templa,

    newly built, Mart. 6, 4, 3:

    Circaeis nata forent an Lucrinum ad saxum... ostrea,

    Juv. 4, 140.— To rise, be formed (of a hill):

    ab eo flumine collis nascebatur,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 18; cf.:

    nascitur altera moles,

    Sil. 3, 530. —
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    To arise, spring forth, proceed from, be produced:

    scribes ad me, ut mihi nascatur epistulae argumentum,

    Cic. Fam. 16, 22, 2:

    nulla tam detestabilis pestis est, quae non homini ab homine nascatur,

    id. Off. 2, 5, 16:

    fateor ea me studiose secutum ex quibus vera gloria nasci posset,

    id. Fam. 15, 4, 13:

    facinus natum a cupiditate,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 34, § 82; id. Font. 16, 37:

    visus ei dicitur draco... dicere quo illa loci nasceretur,

    id. Div. 2, 66, 135:

    strumae nascuntur maxime in cervice,

    Cels. 5, 28, 7; 7, 12, 1 fin.; 7, 6, 4 fin.:

    onychem in Arabiae tantum montibus nasci putavere,

    Plin. 36, 7, 12, § 59:

    frumenta nata sunt,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 63, § 147:

    ex quo uno haec omnia nata et profecta esse concedit,

    id. Quint. 28, 85; id. Agr 2, 33, 90:

    profectio nata a timore defectionis,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 43:

    querelae verae nascuntur pectore ab imo,

    Cat. 64, 198:

    omnis obligatio vel ex contractu nascitur vel ex delicto,

    Gai. Inst. 3, 88 sq. —With ut:

    ex hoc nascitur ut,

    hence it follows that, Cic. Fin. 3, 19, 63; Sen. Ep. 74, 11.—
    B.
    Esp., of the spiritual renewal of a religious experience, to be regenerated, born again (eccl. Lat.):

    quod natum est ex spiritu, spiritus est,

    Vulg. Johan. 3, 6:

    nasci denuo,

    id. ib. 3, 7:

    natus ex Deo,

    id. 1 Johan. 3, 9, etc.—Hence, P. a.
    A.
    nascens, entis, arising, beginning, nascent, infant, immature:

    ante Periclem et Thucydidem, qui non nascentibus Athenis, sed jam adultis fuerunt, littera nulla est, etc.,

    Cic. Brut. 7, 27:

    eloquentiam pueris induunt adhuc nascentibus,

    Petr. 4:

    (vitulus) vexat nascenti robora cornu,

    Juv. 12, 9.—
    2.
    Subst.: nascentia, ĭum, n., organic bodies, esp. plants, Vitr. 5, 1, 3; 5, 8, 1.—
    B.
    nātus, a, um, P. a., born; hence,
    1.
    Subst.: nātus ( gnātus), i, m., a son; and nāta ( gnāta), ae, f. (dat. and abl. pl. natabus, where ambiguity is to be avoided, Plaut. ap. Prisc. p. 733 P.; Inscr. Orell. 7421; Phocas, p. 1707 P.; v. Neue, Formenl. 1, p. 29), a daughter; in plur.: nati (gnati), children, offspring:

    caritas, quae est inter natos et parentes,

    Cic. Lael. 8, 27:

    bellum prope inter parentes natosque,

    Liv. 1, 23, 1; cf. id. 5, 40, 3:

    cum pecore et gnatis,

    Hor. S. 2, 2, 115:

    et trepidae matres pressere ad pectora natos,

    Verg. A. 7, 518: mihi ausculta, nate, pueros jube cremarier, Enn. [p. 1188] ap. Non. 246, 11 (Trag. v. 329 Vahl.); Hor. S. 1, 3, 43:

    natam conlocare alicui,

    Plaut. Aul. Arg. 1, 15: o gnata, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 20, 40 (Ann. v. 46 Vahl.):

    si quis gnatam pro mutā devovet agnā,

    Hor. S. 2, 3, 219; cf. id. ib. 2, 3, 199: Hectoris natum de muro jactarier, Enn. ap. Varr. L. L. 10, § 70 Müll. (Trag. v. 130 Vahl.); so, Nerei natae, id. ap. Prisc. p. 733 P. (Trag. v. 135 Vahl.):

    maxima natarum Priami,

    Verg. A. 1, 654; Ov. M. 13, 661.—Esp. in the phrase natus nemo, not a human being, nobody (Plautine for nemo mortalis):

    tamquam si natus nemo in aedibus habitet,

    Plaut. Most. 2, 1, 55 Lorenz ad loc.; id. ib. 2, 2, 20:

    nato nemini,

    id. Cas. 2, 4, 15; id. Ps. 1, 3, 63.—
    2.
    Adj.
    a.
    Natus alicui rei or ad aliquam rem, born, made, destined, designed, intended, produced by nature for any thing.
    (α).
    With dat. (class.):

    me credo huic esse natum rei, ferundis miseriis,

    Ter. Ad. 4, 2, 6:

    non sibi se soli natum meminerit, sed patriae, sed suis,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 14, 45:

    natus huic imperio,

    id. Cael. 24, 59:

    gurges atque helluo natus abdomini suo, non laudi atque gloriae,

    id. Pis. 17, 41:

    Judaei et Syri, nationes natae servituti,

    id. Prov. Cons. 5, 10. —
    (β).
    With ad (class.):

    vir ad omnia summa natus,

    Cic. Brut. 68, 239:

    natus ad haec tempora,

    id. Phil. 12, 4, 9:

    ad dicendum natus aptusque,

    id. de Or. 1, 22, 99:

    ad haudem et ad decus nati, suscepti, instituti sumus,

    id. Fin. 5, 22, 63:

    ad hoc unum natus,

    id. Or. 28, 99:

    ut ad cursum equus, ad arandum bos, ad indagandum canis, sic homo ad intellegendum et agendum natus est,

    id. Fin. 2, 13, 40:

    natus ad sacra Cithaeron,

    Ov. M. 2, 223:

    canor mulcendas natus ad aures,

    id. ib. 5, 561.—
    (γ).
    With inf. ( poet.):

    quid meruere boves, animal... natum tolerare labores,

    Ov. M. 15, 120: sentes tantummodo laedere natae, id. de Nuce, 113.—
    (δ).
    With in and acc. ( poet.):

    nati in usum laetitiae scyphi,

    Hor. C. 1, 27, 1; Ov. M. 14, 99; 15, 117.—
    (ε).
    With propter (rare):

    apros, animal propter convivia natum,

    Juv. 1, 141.—
    b.
    Formed or constituted by nature in any manner:

    alius ager bene natus, alius male,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 6, 1:

    sarmenta male nata,

    Col. 4, 24, 7:

    ita natus locus est,

    Liv. 9, 2:

    inculti versūs et male nati,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 233.—
    (β).
    Pro re natā, or (ante- and post-class.) e re natā, under the present circumstances, according to the state of affairs, as matters are:

    ut in his pro re natā non incommode possint esse,

    Cic. Att. 7, 14, 3:

    Antonii colloquium cum heroibus nostris pro re natā non incommodum,

    id. ib. 14, 6, 1;

    7, 8, 2: e re natā melius fieri haud potuit, quam factum est,

    Ter. Ad. 3, 1, 8; App. M. 4, p. 143, 38.—
    c.
    With a specification of time, so old, of the age of, etc.:

    eques Romanus annos prope XC. natus,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 25, § 62:

    annos natus unum et viginti,

    id. de Or. 3, 20, 74:

    cum annos ad quinquaginta natus esset,

    id. Clu. 40, 110:

    cum quinque et viginti natus annos dominatum occupavisset,

    id. Tusc. 5, 20, 57:

    Cato annos quinque et octoginta natus excessit e vitā,

    id. Brut. 20, 80; in inscr. ANNORVM NATVS, etc., Inscr. Mon. Scip. n. 7;

    Inscr. Marini Atti, p. 564.— Sometimes, in order to specify the age more exactly, major or minor, without or with quam, is added: annos nata est sedecim non major,

    Ter. Eun. 3, 3, 23:

    minor quinque et viginti annis natus,

    Nep. Han. 3, 2:

    minor triginta annis natus,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 49, § 122:

    homo annos natus major quadraginta,

    over forty years old, Cic. Rosc. Am. 14, 49:

    Dionysius major annos sexaginta natus decessit,

    Nep. Reg. 2, 3:

    cum liberis majoribus quam quindecim annos natis,

    Liv. 45, 32, 3:

    minorem quam annos sex, majorem quam annos decem natam, negarunt capi fas esse,

    Gell. 1, 12, 1.—For major, minor, sometimes with plus, minus (ante-class.):

    plus triginta annis natus sim,

    Plaut. Men. 3, 1, 1:

    annos sexaginta natus es aut plus,

    Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 11; cf.:

    non amplius novem annos natus,

    Nep. Han. 2, 3.— Act. collat. form: nasco, ĕre, to be born, etc.:

    ubi germen nascere coeperit,

    Cato, R. R. 151 fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > gnata

  • 656 gradarius

    grădārĭus, a, um, adj. [id.], of or belonging to steps, going or proceeding step by step (very rare; not in Cic.).
    I.
    Lit.: equus gradarius, a pacer, ambler, Lucil. ap. Non. 17, 25:

    pugna,

    Diom. p. 473 P.—
    II.
    Trop., of a deliberate speaker:

    Cicero quoque noster gradarius fuit,

    Sen. Ep. 40, 11.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > gradarius

  • 657 Graeci

    Graeci, ōrum, m., = Graikoi, the Grecians, Greeks: contendunt Graecos, Graios memorare solent sos, Enn. ap. Fest. p. 301 Müll. (Ann. v. 358 Vahl.):

    eos septem, quos Graeci sapientes nominaverunt,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 7:

    apud Graecos,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 5; id. Fl. 27, 64:

    quia Graecorum sunt antiquissima quaeque Scripta vel optima, etc.,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 28.— Sing.: Graecus, i, m., a Greek:

    processit ille, et Graecus apud Graecos non de culpa sua dixit, etc.,

    Cic. Fl. 7, 17:

    ignobilis,

    Liv. 39, 8, 3:

    Graecus Graecaque,

    Plin. 28, 2, 3, § 12.—
    II.
    Derivv.
    A.
    Graecus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to the Greeks, Greek, Grecian:

    plus te operae Graecis dedisse rebus video... deinde nullam Graecarum rerum significationem daret,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 36, 152 sq.; cf.

    litterae,

    id. Brut. 20, 78.—In neutr. absol.:

    Graeca leguntur in omnibus fere gentibus,

    Cic. Arch. 10, 23:

    lingua (opp. Latina),

    id. Fin. 1, 3, 10:

    ludi,

    founded on Greek subjects, id. Fam. 7, 1, 3 (opp. Osci); id. Att. 16, 5, 1:

    homines,

    Grecian people, Greeks, id. Mil. 29, 80; id. Tusc. 2, 27, 65:

    testis,

    id. Fl. 5, 11:

    more bibere,

    i. e. to drink healths, id. Verr. 2, 1, 26, § 66:

    Graeca fide mercari,

    i. e. without credit, with ready money, Plaut. As. 1, 3, 47: nux, i. e. an almond, Cloat. ap. Macr. S. 2, 44: pantherae, from Asiatic Greece, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 6, 5:

    rosa,

    a kind of rose, Plin. 21, 4, 10, § 18: ovis, perh. Tarentine, Plaut. Merc. 3, 1, 27: via, perh. to Magna Graecia, Cic. Fam. 7, 1, 3.—Prov.: ad Calendas Graecas, i. q. our next day after never (since the Greeks had no Calends), August. ap. Suet. Aug. 87.—Hence, subst.: Graecum, i, n., the Greek language, Greek (rare):

    Graeco melius usuri,

    Quint. 5, 10, 1:

    librum e Graeco in Latinum convertere,

    Cic. Off. 2, 24, 87.— Adv. in two forms,
    1.
    Graece, in the Greek language, in Greek:

    cum ea, quae legeram Graece, Latine redderem,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 34, 155:

    Acilius qui Graece scripsit historiam,

    id. Off. 2, 32, 115:

    loqui,

    id. Tusc. 1, 8, 15:

    optime scire,

    id. de Or. 2, 66, 265; cf.

    nescire,

    id. Fl. 4, 10:

    licet legatum Graece scriptum non valeat,

    Ulp. Fragm. 25, 9:

    omnia Graece,

    Juv. 6, 188.—
    2.
    Graecātim, in the Greek manner:

    amiciri,

    Tert. Pall. 4.—
    B.
    Graecĭa, ae, f., the country of the Greeks, Greece: ad Trojam cum misi ob defendendam Graeciam, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 13, 28 (Trag. v. 362 Vahl.):

    quod de Corintho dixi, id haud scio an liceat de cuncta Graecia verissime dicere,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 4, 8; id. Tusc. 2, 15, 36:

    Graecia capta ferum victorem cepit,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 156:

    magna,

    Ov. H. 16, 340.—In apposition:

    terra,

    Gell. 1, 1, 2; M. Aur. ap. Fronto Ep. 2, 9 Mai.—
    2.
    Transf.: Magna Graecia, Lower Italy, inhabited by Greeks, Plin. 3, 10, 15, § 95; 3, 5, 6, § 42; Cic. de Or. 2, 37, 154; 3, 34, 139; id. Lael. 4, 13; id. Tusc. 1, 16, 38; called also Mājor Graecia, Liv. 31, 7, 11; Sen. Cons. ad Helv. 6 med.; Sil. 11, 21; whereas by a Greek proper it is called Parva Graecia, Plaut. Truc. 2, 6, 55; and absol.:

    Graecia,

    Cic. Arch. 5, 10.— Poet.: Major Graecia, in gen., for Italy:

    Itala nam tellus Graecia major erat,

    Ov. F. 4, 64.—
    C.
    Graecānĭcus, a, um, adj., of Greek origin, in the Greek manner or fashion, Grecian, Greek (rare;

    not in Cic.): alia (verba) Graeca, alia Graecanica,

    i. e. words borrowed from the Greeks, Varr. L. L. 10, § 70 Müll.:

    torcula,

    Plin. 18, 31, 74, § 317:

    pavimentum,

    id. 36, 25, 63, § 188:

    color,

    id. 34, 9, 20, § 98:

    toga, i. e. pallium,

    Suet. Dom. 4: milites, living in the Greek manner, voluptuously, Vulc. Avid. Cass. 5.—Hence, adv.: Graēcānĭce, in Greek:

    dicere,

    Varr. L. L. 9, § 89 Müll.—
    D.
    Graecŭlus, a, um, adj. dim., Grecian, Greek (mostly in a depreciating, contemptuous sense): ineptum sane negotium et Graeculum, thorough Greek, Cic. Tusc. 1, 35, 86:

    motus quidam temerarius Graeculae contionis,

    id. Fl. 10, 23:

    cautio chirographi,

    i. e. not to be relied upon, id. Fam. 7, 18, 1:

    homines,

    id. de Or. 1, 11, 47:

    ferrum,

    Flor. 2, 7, 9:

    civitas Massilia,

    id. 4, 2, 24 Duk.— Subst.:
    1.
    Graecŭlus, i, m.
    (α).
    A paltry Greek, Cic. de Or. 1, 22, 102; id. Pis. 29, 70.—Prov.:

    Graeculus esuriens in caelum, jusseris, ibit,

    Juv. 3, 78.—In the form Graecŭlĭo, Petr. 76 fin.
    (β).
    Post-Aug., without any odious accessory notion, for Graecus:

    vitis,

    Col. 3, 2, 24:

    mala,

    Plin. 15, 14, 15, § 50:

    rosa,

    id. 21, 4, 10, § 18.—
    2. E.
    Graecĭensis, e, adj., Grecian (post-Aug. and very rare):

    mare,

    Plin. 4, 21, 18, § 51:

    scimpodium,

    Gell. 19, 10, 1.—
    F.
    Graecālis, e, adj., Grecian, Greek (late Lat.):

    lapides,

    inscribed with Greek letters, Front. de Col. p. 116 Goes.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Graeci

  • 658 Graeciensis

    Graeci, ōrum, m., = Graikoi, the Grecians, Greeks: contendunt Graecos, Graios memorare solent sos, Enn. ap. Fest. p. 301 Müll. (Ann. v. 358 Vahl.):

    eos septem, quos Graeci sapientes nominaverunt,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 7:

    apud Graecos,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 5; id. Fl. 27, 64:

    quia Graecorum sunt antiquissima quaeque Scripta vel optima, etc.,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 28.— Sing.: Graecus, i, m., a Greek:

    processit ille, et Graecus apud Graecos non de culpa sua dixit, etc.,

    Cic. Fl. 7, 17:

    ignobilis,

    Liv. 39, 8, 3:

    Graecus Graecaque,

    Plin. 28, 2, 3, § 12.—
    II.
    Derivv.
    A.
    Graecus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to the Greeks, Greek, Grecian:

    plus te operae Graecis dedisse rebus video... deinde nullam Graecarum rerum significationem daret,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 36, 152 sq.; cf.

    litterae,

    id. Brut. 20, 78.—In neutr. absol.:

    Graeca leguntur in omnibus fere gentibus,

    Cic. Arch. 10, 23:

    lingua (opp. Latina),

    id. Fin. 1, 3, 10:

    ludi,

    founded on Greek subjects, id. Fam. 7, 1, 3 (opp. Osci); id. Att. 16, 5, 1:

    homines,

    Grecian people, Greeks, id. Mil. 29, 80; id. Tusc. 2, 27, 65:

    testis,

    id. Fl. 5, 11:

    more bibere,

    i. e. to drink healths, id. Verr. 2, 1, 26, § 66:

    Graeca fide mercari,

    i. e. without credit, with ready money, Plaut. As. 1, 3, 47: nux, i. e. an almond, Cloat. ap. Macr. S. 2, 44: pantherae, from Asiatic Greece, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 6, 5:

    rosa,

    a kind of rose, Plin. 21, 4, 10, § 18: ovis, perh. Tarentine, Plaut. Merc. 3, 1, 27: via, perh. to Magna Graecia, Cic. Fam. 7, 1, 3.—Prov.: ad Calendas Graecas, i. q. our next day after never (since the Greeks had no Calends), August. ap. Suet. Aug. 87.—Hence, subst.: Graecum, i, n., the Greek language, Greek (rare):

    Graeco melius usuri,

    Quint. 5, 10, 1:

    librum e Graeco in Latinum convertere,

    Cic. Off. 2, 24, 87.— Adv. in two forms,
    1.
    Graece, in the Greek language, in Greek:

    cum ea, quae legeram Graece, Latine redderem,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 34, 155:

    Acilius qui Graece scripsit historiam,

    id. Off. 2, 32, 115:

    loqui,

    id. Tusc. 1, 8, 15:

    optime scire,

    id. de Or. 2, 66, 265; cf.

    nescire,

    id. Fl. 4, 10:

    licet legatum Graece scriptum non valeat,

    Ulp. Fragm. 25, 9:

    omnia Graece,

    Juv. 6, 188.—
    2.
    Graecātim, in the Greek manner:

    amiciri,

    Tert. Pall. 4.—
    B.
    Graecĭa, ae, f., the country of the Greeks, Greece: ad Trojam cum misi ob defendendam Graeciam, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 13, 28 (Trag. v. 362 Vahl.):

    quod de Corintho dixi, id haud scio an liceat de cuncta Graecia verissime dicere,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 4, 8; id. Tusc. 2, 15, 36:

    Graecia capta ferum victorem cepit,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 156:

    magna,

    Ov. H. 16, 340.—In apposition:

    terra,

    Gell. 1, 1, 2; M. Aur. ap. Fronto Ep. 2, 9 Mai.—
    2.
    Transf.: Magna Graecia, Lower Italy, inhabited by Greeks, Plin. 3, 10, 15, § 95; 3, 5, 6, § 42; Cic. de Or. 2, 37, 154; 3, 34, 139; id. Lael. 4, 13; id. Tusc. 1, 16, 38; called also Mājor Graecia, Liv. 31, 7, 11; Sen. Cons. ad Helv. 6 med.; Sil. 11, 21; whereas by a Greek proper it is called Parva Graecia, Plaut. Truc. 2, 6, 55; and absol.:

    Graecia,

    Cic. Arch. 5, 10.— Poet.: Major Graecia, in gen., for Italy:

    Itala nam tellus Graecia major erat,

    Ov. F. 4, 64.—
    C.
    Graecānĭcus, a, um, adj., of Greek origin, in the Greek manner or fashion, Grecian, Greek (rare;

    not in Cic.): alia (verba) Graeca, alia Graecanica,

    i. e. words borrowed from the Greeks, Varr. L. L. 10, § 70 Müll.:

    torcula,

    Plin. 18, 31, 74, § 317:

    pavimentum,

    id. 36, 25, 63, § 188:

    color,

    id. 34, 9, 20, § 98:

    toga, i. e. pallium,

    Suet. Dom. 4: milites, living in the Greek manner, voluptuously, Vulc. Avid. Cass. 5.—Hence, adv.: Graēcānĭce, in Greek:

    dicere,

    Varr. L. L. 9, § 89 Müll.—
    D.
    Graecŭlus, a, um, adj. dim., Grecian, Greek (mostly in a depreciating, contemptuous sense): ineptum sane negotium et Graeculum, thorough Greek, Cic. Tusc. 1, 35, 86:

    motus quidam temerarius Graeculae contionis,

    id. Fl. 10, 23:

    cautio chirographi,

    i. e. not to be relied upon, id. Fam. 7, 18, 1:

    homines,

    id. de Or. 1, 11, 47:

    ferrum,

    Flor. 2, 7, 9:

    civitas Massilia,

    id. 4, 2, 24 Duk.— Subst.:
    1.
    Graecŭlus, i, m.
    (α).
    A paltry Greek, Cic. de Or. 1, 22, 102; id. Pis. 29, 70.—Prov.:

    Graeculus esuriens in caelum, jusseris, ibit,

    Juv. 3, 78.—In the form Graecŭlĭo, Petr. 76 fin.
    (β).
    Post-Aug., without any odious accessory notion, for Graecus:

    vitis,

    Col. 3, 2, 24:

    mala,

    Plin. 15, 14, 15, § 50:

    rosa,

    id. 21, 4, 10, § 18.—
    2. E.
    Graecĭensis, e, adj., Grecian (post-Aug. and very rare):

    mare,

    Plin. 4, 21, 18, § 51:

    scimpodium,

    Gell. 19, 10, 1.—
    F.
    Graecālis, e, adj., Grecian, Greek (late Lat.):

    lapides,

    inscribed with Greek letters, Front. de Col. p. 116 Goes.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Graeciensis

  • 659 Graecula

    Graeci, ōrum, m., = Graikoi, the Grecians, Greeks: contendunt Graecos, Graios memorare solent sos, Enn. ap. Fest. p. 301 Müll. (Ann. v. 358 Vahl.):

    eos septem, quos Graeci sapientes nominaverunt,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 7:

    apud Graecos,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 5; id. Fl. 27, 64:

    quia Graecorum sunt antiquissima quaeque Scripta vel optima, etc.,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 28.— Sing.: Graecus, i, m., a Greek:

    processit ille, et Graecus apud Graecos non de culpa sua dixit, etc.,

    Cic. Fl. 7, 17:

    ignobilis,

    Liv. 39, 8, 3:

    Graecus Graecaque,

    Plin. 28, 2, 3, § 12.—
    II.
    Derivv.
    A.
    Graecus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to the Greeks, Greek, Grecian:

    plus te operae Graecis dedisse rebus video... deinde nullam Graecarum rerum significationem daret,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 36, 152 sq.; cf.

    litterae,

    id. Brut. 20, 78.—In neutr. absol.:

    Graeca leguntur in omnibus fere gentibus,

    Cic. Arch. 10, 23:

    lingua (opp. Latina),

    id. Fin. 1, 3, 10:

    ludi,

    founded on Greek subjects, id. Fam. 7, 1, 3 (opp. Osci); id. Att. 16, 5, 1:

    homines,

    Grecian people, Greeks, id. Mil. 29, 80; id. Tusc. 2, 27, 65:

    testis,

    id. Fl. 5, 11:

    more bibere,

    i. e. to drink healths, id. Verr. 2, 1, 26, § 66:

    Graeca fide mercari,

    i. e. without credit, with ready money, Plaut. As. 1, 3, 47: nux, i. e. an almond, Cloat. ap. Macr. S. 2, 44: pantherae, from Asiatic Greece, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 6, 5:

    rosa,

    a kind of rose, Plin. 21, 4, 10, § 18: ovis, perh. Tarentine, Plaut. Merc. 3, 1, 27: via, perh. to Magna Graecia, Cic. Fam. 7, 1, 3.—Prov.: ad Calendas Graecas, i. q. our next day after never (since the Greeks had no Calends), August. ap. Suet. Aug. 87.—Hence, subst.: Graecum, i, n., the Greek language, Greek (rare):

    Graeco melius usuri,

    Quint. 5, 10, 1:

    librum e Graeco in Latinum convertere,

    Cic. Off. 2, 24, 87.— Adv. in two forms,
    1.
    Graece, in the Greek language, in Greek:

    cum ea, quae legeram Graece, Latine redderem,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 34, 155:

    Acilius qui Graece scripsit historiam,

    id. Off. 2, 32, 115:

    loqui,

    id. Tusc. 1, 8, 15:

    optime scire,

    id. de Or. 2, 66, 265; cf.

    nescire,

    id. Fl. 4, 10:

    licet legatum Graece scriptum non valeat,

    Ulp. Fragm. 25, 9:

    omnia Graece,

    Juv. 6, 188.—
    2.
    Graecātim, in the Greek manner:

    amiciri,

    Tert. Pall. 4.—
    B.
    Graecĭa, ae, f., the country of the Greeks, Greece: ad Trojam cum misi ob defendendam Graeciam, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 13, 28 (Trag. v. 362 Vahl.):

    quod de Corintho dixi, id haud scio an liceat de cuncta Graecia verissime dicere,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 4, 8; id. Tusc. 2, 15, 36:

    Graecia capta ferum victorem cepit,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 156:

    magna,

    Ov. H. 16, 340.—In apposition:

    terra,

    Gell. 1, 1, 2; M. Aur. ap. Fronto Ep. 2, 9 Mai.—
    2.
    Transf.: Magna Graecia, Lower Italy, inhabited by Greeks, Plin. 3, 10, 15, § 95; 3, 5, 6, § 42; Cic. de Or. 2, 37, 154; 3, 34, 139; id. Lael. 4, 13; id. Tusc. 1, 16, 38; called also Mājor Graecia, Liv. 31, 7, 11; Sen. Cons. ad Helv. 6 med.; Sil. 11, 21; whereas by a Greek proper it is called Parva Graecia, Plaut. Truc. 2, 6, 55; and absol.:

    Graecia,

    Cic. Arch. 5, 10.— Poet.: Major Graecia, in gen., for Italy:

    Itala nam tellus Graecia major erat,

    Ov. F. 4, 64.—
    C.
    Graecānĭcus, a, um, adj., of Greek origin, in the Greek manner or fashion, Grecian, Greek (rare;

    not in Cic.): alia (verba) Graeca, alia Graecanica,

    i. e. words borrowed from the Greeks, Varr. L. L. 10, § 70 Müll.:

    torcula,

    Plin. 18, 31, 74, § 317:

    pavimentum,

    id. 36, 25, 63, § 188:

    color,

    id. 34, 9, 20, § 98:

    toga, i. e. pallium,

    Suet. Dom. 4: milites, living in the Greek manner, voluptuously, Vulc. Avid. Cass. 5.—Hence, adv.: Graēcānĭce, in Greek:

    dicere,

    Varr. L. L. 9, § 89 Müll.—
    D.
    Graecŭlus, a, um, adj. dim., Grecian, Greek (mostly in a depreciating, contemptuous sense): ineptum sane negotium et Graeculum, thorough Greek, Cic. Tusc. 1, 35, 86:

    motus quidam temerarius Graeculae contionis,

    id. Fl. 10, 23:

    cautio chirographi,

    i. e. not to be relied upon, id. Fam. 7, 18, 1:

    homines,

    id. de Or. 1, 11, 47:

    ferrum,

    Flor. 2, 7, 9:

    civitas Massilia,

    id. 4, 2, 24 Duk.— Subst.:
    1.
    Graecŭlus, i, m.
    (α).
    A paltry Greek, Cic. de Or. 1, 22, 102; id. Pis. 29, 70.—Prov.:

    Graeculus esuriens in caelum, jusseris, ibit,

    Juv. 3, 78.—In the form Graecŭlĭo, Petr. 76 fin.
    (β).
    Post-Aug., without any odious accessory notion, for Graecus:

    vitis,

    Col. 3, 2, 24:

    mala,

    Plin. 15, 14, 15, § 50:

    rosa,

    id. 21, 4, 10, § 18.—
    2. E.
    Graecĭensis, e, adj., Grecian (post-Aug. and very rare):

    mare,

    Plin. 4, 21, 18, § 51:

    scimpodium,

    Gell. 19, 10, 1.—
    F.
    Graecālis, e, adj., Grecian, Greek (late Lat.):

    lapides,

    inscribed with Greek letters, Front. de Col. p. 116 Goes.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Graecula

  • 660 Graecum

    Graeci, ōrum, m., = Graikoi, the Grecians, Greeks: contendunt Graecos, Graios memorare solent sos, Enn. ap. Fest. p. 301 Müll. (Ann. v. 358 Vahl.):

    eos septem, quos Graeci sapientes nominaverunt,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 7:

    apud Graecos,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 5; id. Fl. 27, 64:

    quia Graecorum sunt antiquissima quaeque Scripta vel optima, etc.,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 28.— Sing.: Graecus, i, m., a Greek:

    processit ille, et Graecus apud Graecos non de culpa sua dixit, etc.,

    Cic. Fl. 7, 17:

    ignobilis,

    Liv. 39, 8, 3:

    Graecus Graecaque,

    Plin. 28, 2, 3, § 12.—
    II.
    Derivv.
    A.
    Graecus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to the Greeks, Greek, Grecian:

    plus te operae Graecis dedisse rebus video... deinde nullam Graecarum rerum significationem daret,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 36, 152 sq.; cf.

    litterae,

    id. Brut. 20, 78.—In neutr. absol.:

    Graeca leguntur in omnibus fere gentibus,

    Cic. Arch. 10, 23:

    lingua (opp. Latina),

    id. Fin. 1, 3, 10:

    ludi,

    founded on Greek subjects, id. Fam. 7, 1, 3 (opp. Osci); id. Att. 16, 5, 1:

    homines,

    Grecian people, Greeks, id. Mil. 29, 80; id. Tusc. 2, 27, 65:

    testis,

    id. Fl. 5, 11:

    more bibere,

    i. e. to drink healths, id. Verr. 2, 1, 26, § 66:

    Graeca fide mercari,

    i. e. without credit, with ready money, Plaut. As. 1, 3, 47: nux, i. e. an almond, Cloat. ap. Macr. S. 2, 44: pantherae, from Asiatic Greece, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 6, 5:

    rosa,

    a kind of rose, Plin. 21, 4, 10, § 18: ovis, perh. Tarentine, Plaut. Merc. 3, 1, 27: via, perh. to Magna Graecia, Cic. Fam. 7, 1, 3.—Prov.: ad Calendas Graecas, i. q. our next day after never (since the Greeks had no Calends), August. ap. Suet. Aug. 87.—Hence, subst.: Graecum, i, n., the Greek language, Greek (rare):

    Graeco melius usuri,

    Quint. 5, 10, 1:

    librum e Graeco in Latinum convertere,

    Cic. Off. 2, 24, 87.— Adv. in two forms,
    1.
    Graece, in the Greek language, in Greek:

    cum ea, quae legeram Graece, Latine redderem,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 34, 155:

    Acilius qui Graece scripsit historiam,

    id. Off. 2, 32, 115:

    loqui,

    id. Tusc. 1, 8, 15:

    optime scire,

    id. de Or. 2, 66, 265; cf.

    nescire,

    id. Fl. 4, 10:

    licet legatum Graece scriptum non valeat,

    Ulp. Fragm. 25, 9:

    omnia Graece,

    Juv. 6, 188.—
    2.
    Graecātim, in the Greek manner:

    amiciri,

    Tert. Pall. 4.—
    B.
    Graecĭa, ae, f., the country of the Greeks, Greece: ad Trojam cum misi ob defendendam Graeciam, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 13, 28 (Trag. v. 362 Vahl.):

    quod de Corintho dixi, id haud scio an liceat de cuncta Graecia verissime dicere,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 4, 8; id. Tusc. 2, 15, 36:

    Graecia capta ferum victorem cepit,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 156:

    magna,

    Ov. H. 16, 340.—In apposition:

    terra,

    Gell. 1, 1, 2; M. Aur. ap. Fronto Ep. 2, 9 Mai.—
    2.
    Transf.: Magna Graecia, Lower Italy, inhabited by Greeks, Plin. 3, 10, 15, § 95; 3, 5, 6, § 42; Cic. de Or. 2, 37, 154; 3, 34, 139; id. Lael. 4, 13; id. Tusc. 1, 16, 38; called also Mājor Graecia, Liv. 31, 7, 11; Sen. Cons. ad Helv. 6 med.; Sil. 11, 21; whereas by a Greek proper it is called Parva Graecia, Plaut. Truc. 2, 6, 55; and absol.:

    Graecia,

    Cic. Arch. 5, 10.— Poet.: Major Graecia, in gen., for Italy:

    Itala nam tellus Graecia major erat,

    Ov. F. 4, 64.—
    C.
    Graecānĭcus, a, um, adj., of Greek origin, in the Greek manner or fashion, Grecian, Greek (rare;

    not in Cic.): alia (verba) Graeca, alia Graecanica,

    i. e. words borrowed from the Greeks, Varr. L. L. 10, § 70 Müll.:

    torcula,

    Plin. 18, 31, 74, § 317:

    pavimentum,

    id. 36, 25, 63, § 188:

    color,

    id. 34, 9, 20, § 98:

    toga, i. e. pallium,

    Suet. Dom. 4: milites, living in the Greek manner, voluptuously, Vulc. Avid. Cass. 5.—Hence, adv.: Graēcānĭce, in Greek:

    dicere,

    Varr. L. L. 9, § 89 Müll.—
    D.
    Graecŭlus, a, um, adj. dim., Grecian, Greek (mostly in a depreciating, contemptuous sense): ineptum sane negotium et Graeculum, thorough Greek, Cic. Tusc. 1, 35, 86:

    motus quidam temerarius Graeculae contionis,

    id. Fl. 10, 23:

    cautio chirographi,

    i. e. not to be relied upon, id. Fam. 7, 18, 1:

    homines,

    id. de Or. 1, 11, 47:

    ferrum,

    Flor. 2, 7, 9:

    civitas Massilia,

    id. 4, 2, 24 Duk.— Subst.:
    1.
    Graecŭlus, i, m.
    (α).
    A paltry Greek, Cic. de Or. 1, 22, 102; id. Pis. 29, 70.—Prov.:

    Graeculus esuriens in caelum, jusseris, ibit,

    Juv. 3, 78.—In the form Graecŭlĭo, Petr. 76 fin.
    (β).
    Post-Aug., without any odious accessory notion, for Graecus:

    vitis,

    Col. 3, 2, 24:

    mala,

    Plin. 15, 14, 15, § 50:

    rosa,

    id. 21, 4, 10, § 18.—
    2. E.
    Graecĭensis, e, adj., Grecian (post-Aug. and very rare):

    mare,

    Plin. 4, 21, 18, § 51:

    scimpodium,

    Gell. 19, 10, 1.—
    F.
    Graecālis, e, adj., Grecian, Greek (late Lat.):

    lapides,

    inscribed with Greek letters, Front. de Col. p. 116 Goes.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Graecum

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