Перевод: с английского на все языки

freudian psychoanalysis

  • 1 psychoanalysis of the Freudian school

    English-Russian combinatory dictionary > psychoanalysis of the Freudian school

  • 2 Psychoanalysis

       [Psychoanalysis] seeks to prove to the ego that it is not even master in its own house, but must content itself with scanty information of what is going on unconsciously in the mind. (Freud, 1953-1974, Vol. 16, pp. 284-285)
       Although in the interview the analyst is supposedly a "passive" auditor of the "free association" narration by the subject, in point of fact the analyst does direct the course of the narrative. This by itself does not necessarily impair the evidential worth of the outcome, for even in the most meticulously conducted laboratory experiment the experimenter intervenes to obtain the data he is after. There is nevertheless the difficulty that in the nature of the case the full extent of the analyst's intervention is not a matter that is open to public scrutiny, so that by and large one has only his own testimony as to what transpires in the consulting room. It is perhaps unnecessary to say that this is not a question about the personal integrity of psychoanalytic practitioners. The point is the fundamental one that no matter how firmly we may resolve to make explicit our biases, no human being is aware of all of them, and that objectivity in science is achieved through the criticism of publicly accessible material by a community of independent inquirers.... Moreover, unless data are obtained under carefully standardized circumstances, or under different circumstances whose dependence on known variables is nevertheless established, even an extensive collection of data is an unreliable basis for inference. To be sure, analysts apparently do attempt to institute standard conditions for the conduct of interviews. But there is not much information available on the extent to which the standardization is actually enforced, or whether it relates to more than what may be superficial matters. (E. Nagel, 1959, pp. 49-50)
       3) No Necessary Incompatibility between Psychoanalysis and Certain Religious Formulations
       here would seem to be no necessary incompatibility between psychoanalysis and those religious formulations which locate God within the self. One could, indeed, argue that Freud's Id (and even more Groddeck's It), the impersonal force within which is both the core of oneself and yet not oneself, and from which in illness one become[s] alienated, is a secular formation of the insight which makes religious people believe in an immanent God. (Ryecroft, 1966, p. 22)
       Freudian analysts emphasized that their theories were constantly verified by their "clinical observations."... It was precisely this fact-that they always fitted, that they were always confirmed-which in the eyes of their admirers constituted the strongest argument in favour of these theories. It began to dawn on me that this apparent strength was in fact their weakness.... It is easy to obtain confirmations or verifications, for nearly every theory-if we look for confirmation. (Popper, 1968, pp. 3435)
       5) Psychoanalysis Is Not a Science But Rather the Interpretation of a Narrated History
       Psychoanalysis does not satisfy the standards of the sciences of observation, and the "facts" it deals with are not verifiable by multiple, independent observers.... There are no "facts" nor any observation of "facts" in psychoanalysis but rather the interpretation of a narrated history. (Ricoeur, 1974, p. 186)
       6) Some of the Qualities of a Scientific Approach Are Possessed by Psychoanalysis
       In sum: psychoanalysis is not a science, but it shares some of the qualities associated with a scientific approach-the search for truth, understanding, honesty, openness to the import of the observation and evidence, and a skeptical stance toward authority. (Breger, 1981, p. 50)
       [Attributes of Psychoanalysis:]
       1. Psychic Determinism. No item in mental life and in conduct and behavior is "accidental"; it is the outcome of antecedent conditions.
       2. Much mental activity and behavior is purposive or goal-directed in character.
       3. Much of mental activity and behavior, and its determinants, is unconscious in character. 4. The early experience of the individual, as a child, is very potent, and tends to be pre-potent over later experience. (Farrell, 1981, p. 25)
       Our sceptic may be unwise enough... to maintain that, because analytic theory is unscientific on his criterion, it is not worth discussing. This step is unwise, because it presupposes that, if a study is not scientific on his criterion, it is not a rational enterprise... an elementary and egregious mistake. The scientific and the rational are not co-extensive. Scientific work is only one form that rational inquiry can take: there are many others. (Farrell, 1981, p. 46)
       Psychoanalysts have tended to write as though the term analysis spoke for itself, as if the statement "analysis revealed" or "it was analyzed as" preceding a clinical assertion was sufficient to establish the validity of what was being reported. An outsider might easily get the impression from reading the psychoanalytic literature that some standardized, generally accepted procedure existed for both inference and evidence. Instead, exactly the opposite has been true. Clinical material in the hands of one analyst can lead to totally different "findings" in the hands of another. (Peterfreund, 1986, p. 128)
       The analytic process-the means by which we arrive at psychoanalytic understanding-has been largely neglected and is poorly understood, and there has been comparatively little interest in the issues of inference and evidence. Indeed, psychoanalysts as a group have not recognized the importance of being bound by scientific constraints. They do not seem to understand that a possibility is only that-a possibility-and that innumerable ways may exist to explain the same data. Psychoanalysts all too often do not seem to distinguish hypotheses from facts, nor do they seem to understand that hypotheses must be tested in some way, that criteria for evidence must exist, and that any given test for any hypothesis must allow for the full range of substantiation/refutation. (Peterfreund, 1986, p. 129)

    Historical dictionary of quotations in cognitive science > Psychoanalysis

  • 3 Freudian

    1. прил. фрейдистский
    2. сущ. фрейдист
    фрейдист, последователь Фрейда фрейдистский
    Freudian фрейдист ~ фрейдистский

    Большой англо-русский и русско-английский словарь > Freudian

  • 4 Freudian

    Freudian [ˊfrɔɪdɪən]
    1. a фрейди́стский
    2. n фрейди́ст

    Англо-русский словарь Мюллера > Freudian

  • 5 psychoanalysis

    1. психоанализ; теория, интерпретирующая человеческое поведение;
    2. совокупность теоретико-методологического инструментария, позволяющего исследовать мотивы человеческого поведения;
    3. метод лечения психических расстройств.
    * * *
    1) психоанализ; теория, интерпретирующая человеческое поведение;
    2) совокупность теоретико-методологического инструментария, позволяющего исследовать мотивы человеческого поведения;
    3) метод лечения психических расстройств.

    Англо-русский словарь по социологии > psychoanalysis

  • 6 Freudian view of man

    психол. the Freudian view of man
    фрейдистский взгляд на человека

    The Freudian view of man as dominated by unconscious instincts is rejected by humanistic psychology. — Фрейдистский взгляд на человека, в котором доминируют бессознательные инстинкты, отвергается гуманистической психологией.

    Англо-русский универсальный дополнительный практический переводческий словарь И. Мостицкого > Freudian view of man

  • 7 Freudian

    1 freudiano,-a
    freudiano, -a adj.
    freudiano s.m.

    Freudian slip Nlapsus m inv linguae

    English-spanish dictionary > Freudian

  • 8 psychoanalysis

    noun psicoanálisis
    1 psicoanálisis nombre masculino, sicoanálisis nombre masculino
    psychoanalysis [.saɪkoə'næləsɪs] n, pl - yses : psicoanálisis m, sicoanálisis m
    psicoanálisis s.f.
    sicoanálisis s.f.
    mass noun (p)sicoanálisis m
    N psicoanálisis m
    * * *
    mass noun (p)sicoanálisis m

    English-spanish dictionary > psychoanalysis

  • 9 Freudian

    * * *
    adj freudianisch
    * * *
    1. adj (PSYCH fig)
    Freudsch attr, freudianisch

    very Freudian!was Freud wohl dazu sagen würde!

    2. n
    Freudianer( in) m(f)
    * * *
    Freudian [ˈfrɔıdjən; -ıən]
    A adj freudianisch, freudsch(er, e, es):
    Freudian slip freudsche Fehlleistung
    B s Freudianer(in)
    * * *

    English-german dictionary > Freudian

  • 10 Freudian

    subst. \/ˈfrɔɪdɪən\/
    adj. \/ˈfrɔɪdɪən\/
    Freudian slip freudiansk forsnakkelse

    English-Norwegian dictionary > Freudian

  • 11 Freudian slip

    noun lapsus m linguae
    * * *
    noun lapsus m linguae

    English-spanish dictionary > Freudian slip

  • 12 Freudian slip

    1. निज\Freudian slipभावों\Freudian slipकी\Freudian slipअकस्मात्\Freudian slipटीका
    Anne Frank made Freudian slips in her famous diary.

    English-Hindi dictionary > Freudian slip

  • 13 freudian

    1. फ्राइड\freudianका[सिद्धान्त]
    Freudian theory about the working of the human mind is a well known theory.

    English-Hindi dictionary > freudian

  • 14 psychoanalysis

    1. मनोविश्लेषण
    After doing psychoanalysis the psychiatrist came to a decission.

    English-Hindi dictionary > psychoanalysis

  • 15 Freudian

    Freudian[´frɔidiən] adj фройдистки; \Freudian slip неволна грешка, която разкрива подсъзнателни чувства.

    English-Bulgarian dictionary > Freudian

  • 16 Freudian

    adj. Freudiaans, van Freud
    n. Freudiaans, van Freud
    [ frojdiən]
    1   a Freudian slip een freudiaanse verspreking

    English-Dutch dictionary > Freudian

  • 17 a Freudian slip

    English-Dutch dictionary > a Freudian slip

  • 18 psychoanalysis

    n. psychoanalyse (psychologische wetgeving van Freud, manier van behandelen van geestesafwijkingen d.m.v. gedragsonderzoek)
    [ - ənælissis]

    English-Dutch dictionary > psychoanalysis

  • 19 Freudian

    ['frɔɪdɪən] 1.
    aggettivo freudiano
    nome freudiano m. (-a)
    * * *
    Freudian /ˈfrɔɪdɪən/ (psic.)
    A a.
    freudiano: Freudian slip, lapsus freudiano
    B n.
    seguace di Freud; freudiano
    n. [u]
    * * *
    ['frɔɪdɪən] 1.
    aggettivo freudiano
    nome freudiano m. (-a)

    English-Italian dictionary > Freudian

  • 20 neo-Freudian

    neo-Freudian /ni:əʊˈfrɔɪdɪən/
    (psic.) neofreudiano.

    English-Italian dictionary > neo-Freudian

См. также в других словарях:

  • freudian psychoanalysis — Psychoanalysis Psy cho*a*nal y*sis, n. 1. A method or process of psychotherapeutic analysis and treatment pf psychoneuroses, based on the work of Dr. Sigmund Freud (1856 1939) of Vienna. The method rests upon the theory that neurosis is… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Psychoanalysis — is a body of ideas developed by Austrian physician Sigmund Freud and his followers, which is devoted to the study of human psychological functioning and behavior. It has three applications: 1) a method of investigation of the mind; 2) a… …   Wikipedia

  • Psychoanalysis — Psy cho*a*nal y*sis, n. 1. A method or process of psychotherapeutic analysis and treatment pf psychoneuroses, based on the work of Dr. Sigmund Freud (1856 1939) of Vienna. The method rests upon the theory that neurosis is characteristically due… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • psychoanalysis - family, Freud, and unconscious —    by Alison Ross   Family   The family has a pivotal conceptual role within psychoanalytic theory; its primacy in psychoanalysis is neither limited to the bourgeois nuclear family nor the therapeutic practice of analysis that deals with it.… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • psychoanalysis - family, Freud, and unconscious —    by Alison Ross   Family   The family has a pivotal conceptual role within psychoanalytic theory; its primacy in psychoanalysis is neither limited to the bourgeois nuclear family nor the therapeutic practice of analysis that deals with it.… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Freudian Psychotherapy: Technique —    (1893–1930s).    The cathartic method of Breuer and Freud (1893, 1895). In an article for the Neurological Central Journal (Neurologisches Centralblatt), Freud and Josef Breuer (1842–1925) reported the case of a young female patient with… …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • Psychoanalysis —     Psychoanalysis was the word Freud coined in 1896, in an article written in French in the Revue neurologique, for the new kind of psychological investigation that he and his Viennese colleague Josef Breuer (1842–1925) were devising: I owe my… …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • Freudian — ► ADJECTIVE 1) relating to or influenced by the Austrian psychotherapist Sigmund Freud (1856 1939) and his methods of psychoanalysis. 2) susceptible to analysis in terms of unconscious thoughts or desires: a Freudian slip. ► NOUN ▪ a follower of… …   English terms dictionary

  • Freudian — [froi′dē ən] adj. of or according to Freud or his theories and practice n. a person who believes in Freud s theories or uses Freud s methods in psychoanalysis Freudianism n …   English World dictionary

  • psychoanalysis — 1. A method of psychotherapy, originated by Freud, designed to bring preconscious and unconscious material to consciousness primarily through the analysis of transference and resistance. SYN: psychoanalytic therapy. SEE …   Medical dictionary

  • psychoanalysis — psychoanalytic /suy koh an l it ik/, psychoanalytical, adj. psychoanalytically, adv. /suy koh euh nal euh sis/, n. 1. a systematic structure of theories concerning the relation of conscious and unconscious psychological processes. 2. a technical… …   Universalium


Другие книги по запросу «freudian psychoanalysis» >>