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figure to himself

  • 1 substituō

        substituō uī, ūtus, ere    [sub+statuo], to present, submit: animo speciem corporis amplam, figure to himself, L.: funera fratrum oculis tuis, O.— To put instead, put in place of, substitute: in eorum locum civīs Romanos: Fulvius et Manlius pro Philippo substituti, L.: Siculis equites, L.: alqm huius criminis reum, i. e. throw on him the blame, Cu.
    * * *
    substituere, substitui, substitutus V TRANS
    place in rear/reserve; make subject/answerable to; substitute; make alternative

    Latin-English dictionary > substituō

  • 2 circumvestio

    circum-vestĭo, īre, v. a.
    I.
    To clothe or cover over (very rare):

    arborem,

    Plin. 17, 23, 35, § 208.—In a figure:

    aliquem amictu prudentiae,

    Ambros. Virg. 12, 48.—
    * II.
    Poet., of one who uses language to conceal his thoughts: se circumvestire dictis, to wrap himself up in words, Poët. ap. Cic. de Or. 3, 39, 158 (Trag. Rel. inc. v. 113 Rib.).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > circumvestio

  • 3 deduco

    dē-dūco, xi, ctum ( imper.:

    deduc,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 21, 34;

    old form, deduce,

    Ter. Eun. 3, 3, 32), 3, v. a., to lead or bring away, to lead, fetch, bring or draw down (for syn. cf.: duco, comitor, prosequor, persequor, stipo, sequor, consequor—freq. and class.).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.
    a.
    Not designating a limit:

    atomos de via,

    to turn from a straight course, Cic. Fat. 9, 18:

    eum concionari conantem de rostris,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 21, 3:

    pedes de lecto,

    Plaut. Curc. 2, 3, 82:

    suos clam ex agris,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 30 fin.; so,

    aliquem ex ultimis gentibus,

    Cic. Phil. 13, 13:

    lunam e curru,

    Tib. 1, 8, 21; cf.

    the foll.: summā vestem deduxit ab orā,

    Ov. M. 3, 480:

    cantando rigidas deducere montibus ornos,

    Verg. E. 6, 71: lunam caelo id. ib. 8, 69; cf.:

    lunam cursu,

    Ov. H. 6, 85:

    hunc caelo,

    id. F. 3, 317:

    dominam Ditis thalamo,

    Verg. A. 6, 397:

    tota carbasa malo,

    i. e. to spread, unfurl, by letting down, Ov. M. 11, 477; cf.

    the foll.: febres corpore,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 48:

    inde boves,

    Ov. M. 6, 322:

    transfuga duci se ad consules jubet deductusque traditurum urbem promittit,

    Liv. 9, 24:

    Ubiis imperat, ut pecora deducant suaque omnia ex agris in oppida conferant,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 10, 2; cf. Liv. 21, 37: rivos, i. e. to clear out, cleanse ( = detergere, Macr. Sat. 3, 3; Col. 2, 22, 3), Verg. G. 1, 269 Heyne ad loc.; cf.:

    aqua Albana deducta ad utilitatem agri suburbani,

    conducted off, Cic. Div. 2, 32, 69, and v. the foll.:

    lunam,

    Prop. 1, 1, 19; cf.

    Jovem,

    the sun, Hor. Epod. 13, 2:

    crines pectine,

    to comb, Ov. M. 4, 311; cf.:

    caesariem barbae dextrā,

    id. ib. 15, 656:

    vela,

    id. ib. 3, 663:

    sive aliquis molli deducit candida gestu Brachia,

    moves, Prop. 2, 22 (3, 15), 5 (al. diducit); imitated by Stat. Silv. 3, 5, 66 (al. diducit) et saep.—
    b.
    Stating the limit:

    cito hunc deduc ad militem,

    Ter. Eun. 3, 3, 32:

    aliquem ad aliquem,

    id. ib. 4, 4, 10; Cic. Lael. 1; Caes. B. G. 7, 28 fin.; id. B. C. 1, 18, 3; Sall. J. 113 fin. et saep.:

    juvenem ad altos currus,

    Ov. M. 2, 106:

    suas vestes humero ad pectora,

    Ov. M. 6, 405; cf.:

    manum ad imum ventrem,

    Quint. 11, 3, 112 et saep.:

    impedimenta in proximum collem,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 68, 2:

    aquam in vias,

    Cato R. R. 155; Ov. M. 1, 582:

    aliquem in conspectum (Caesaris),

    Caes. B. C. 1, 22, 2:

    aliquem in arcem,

    Liv. 1, 18; id. 1, 58:

    aliquem in carcerem,

    Sall. C. 55:

    in arenam,

    Suet. Calig. 35: levis deducet pondere fratres, will bring down (the scale), Grat. Cyn. 292. —
    B.
    In partic.
    I.
    Milit. t. t., to draw off, lead off, withdraw troops from a place; to lead, conduct, bring to a place: praesidia de locis, Sisenna ap. Non. 289, 15; so with de, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 60; Caes. B. G. 5, 51, 2; Cic. Att. 7, 14 al.:

    exercitum ex his regionibus,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 44, 19; so with ex, id. ib. 7, 87, 4 fin.; 7, 81 fin.; id. B. C. 1, 12, 3 al.:

    legionem ab opere,

    id. ib. 3, 69; so with ab, id. ib. 2, 26, 3; Liv. 34, 35 al.:

    deducta Orico legione,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 34:

    exercitum finibus Attali,

    Liv. 32, 27: deducto exercitu, Caes. B. G. 6, 43, 3; 7, 20, 11; id. B. C. 3, 39 al.; cf. Oud. ad Caes. B. G. 2, 33, 2:

    milites ad Ciceronem,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 27, 9:

    tres in arcem cohortes praesidio,

    id. B. C. 3, 19, 5:

    a Flacco inter ceteros, quos virtutis causa secum ex provincia ad triumphum deducebat, deductus sum,

    Liv. 42, 34:

    copias ex locis superioribus in campum deducit,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 40 fin.:

    legionibus in hiberna deductis,

    id. B. G. 2, 35, 3; so,

    in hiberna,

    Liv. 26, 20; 43, 9:

    in interiorem Galliam,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 2; cf.

    in Menapios,

    id. ib. 4, 22, 5:

    in proxima municipia,

    id. B. C. 1, 32:

    in hiberna in Sequanos,

    id. B. G. 1, 54, 2:

    in aciem,

    Liv. 3, 62:

    praesidia eo,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 18, 5:

    neque more militari vigiliae deducebantur,

    Sall. Jug. 44, 5; id. C. 59, 1. —
    2.
    Pub. law t. t., to lead forth, conduct a colony to a place:

    coloni, qui lege Julia Capuam deducti erant,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 14, 4; cf. Suet. Caes. 81:

    colonos in aliquem locum,

    id. ib. 28:

    coloniam in aliquem locum,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 3; 2, 4; Liv. 10, 1; 10, 13; 34, 45 (repeatedly); Suet. Tib. 4 al.:

    Aquileia colonia Latina eo anno in agro Gallorum est deducta,

    Liv. 40, 34; cf.:

    in colonia Capua deducti,

    Suet. Caes. 81:

    ut emantur agri a privatis, quo plebs publice deducatur,

    Cic. Agr. 2, 25; cf. id. ib. 2, 26;

    2, 34, 92: triumvir coloniis deducendis,

    Sall. J. 42; cf. Liv. 9, 46; 9, 28; Suet. Aug. 46 al.— Absol.:

    deductis olim et nobiscum per conubium sociatis, haec patria est,

    Tac. H. 4, 65. —
    3.
    Nautical t. t.
    a.
    To draw out a ship from the docks:

    ex navalibus eorum unam (navem) deducit,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 3, 2:

    deducunt socii naves,

    Verg. A. 3, 71.—Hence far more freq. meton., like the Gr. kathelkein, to draw down a ship from the stocks into the sea; to launch, Liv. 21, 17; 41, 9; Caes. B. G. 7, 60:

    neque multum abesse (naves) ab eo, quin paucis diebus deduci possent,

    id. ib. 5, 2, 2:

    naves,

    id. ib. 5, 23, 2:

    classem,

    Liv. 36, 41 al.:

    naves litore,

    Verg. A. 4, 398:

    carinas,

    Ov. M. 6, 144; 8, 104 et saep.—
    b.
    Rarely for subducere and the Gr. katagein, to draw a ship into port:

    onerarias naves in portum deducunt,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 36, 2:

    in portum,

    Petr. 101, 8.—
    4.
    Weavers' t. t., to draw out, spin out the thread, yarn:

    dextera tum leviter deducens fila, Catull. 64, 313: filum,

    Ov. M. 4, 36; id. Am. 1, 14, 7; id. H. 9, 77.—Hence, meton., to prepare a web, to weave:

    vetus in tela deducitur argumentum,

    is interwoven, represented in weaving, Ov. M. 6, 69.—
    5.
    t. t. of common life, to lead out, conduct, escort, accompany a person out of the house, as a mark of respect or for protection:

    haec ipsa sunt honorabilia... assurgi, deduci, reduci,

    Cic. de Sen. 18, 63:

    cum magna multitudo optimorum virorum et civium me de domo deduceret,

    id. Fam. 10, 12, 2; Suet. Aug. 29:

    ne deducendi sui causa populum de foro abduceret,

    Liv. 23, 23 fin.; cf. Tac. A. 3, 14:

    a quibus (sc. equitibus Rom.) si domus nostra celebratur, si interdum ad forum deducimur, etc.,

    Cic. Mur. 34.—
    b.
    Esp., to conduct a young man to a public teacher:

    dicam hunc a patre continuo ad me esse deductum,

    Cic. Cael. 4, 9; id. Lael. 1, 1; Tac. Dial. 34; Quint. 12, 11, 6; cf. ephebum in gymnasium, Petron. 85, 3.—
    c.
    Aliquam alicui, ad aliquem, to lead, conduct a bride (from her father's house) to her husband (cf. denubo):

    bona uxor si ea deducta est usquam cuiquam gentium,

    Plaut. Mil. 3, 1, 90; cf.

    Catull. 68, 143: virginem juveni marito,

    Tib. 3, 4, 31:

    uni nuptam, ad quem virgo deducta sit,

    Liv. 10, 23:

    nullo exemplo deductae in domum patrui fratris filiae,

    Tac. A. 12, 5; so,

    in domum,

    id. ib. 14, 63; so of the bridegroom himself, to take home the bride:

    domum in cubiculum,

    Ter. Ad. 4, 5, 60:

    uxorem domum,

    id. Hec. 1, 2, 60:

    quo primum virgo quaeque deducta est,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 14 fin.—Absol.:

    eas velut auspicibus nobilissimis populis deductas esse,

    Liv. 42, 12, 4; cf. Prop. 4 (5), 3, 13.—
    (β).
    In a dishonorable sense, to bring one a concubine, Plaut. Casin. 2, 8, 36; Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 34; Suet. Calig. 25; id. Caes. 50; id. Ner. 28; cf. also the foll., no. 7.—
    d.
    To lead about in a public procession, Suet. Tib. 17 fin.:

    invidens privata deduci superbo non humilis mulier triumpho,

    Hor. Od. 1, 37, 31:

    tensas,

    Suet. Aug. 43; id. Vesp. 5.—
    e.
    Hence, to drive out, expel = expellere: Arsinoen ex regno, Auct. B. [p. 527] Alex. 33:

    ex possessione,

    Liv. 34, 58, 6. —
    6.
    Jurid. t. t.
    a.
    Aliquem de fundo, to lead away a person from a disputed possession in the presence of witnesses (with or without force: the latter moribus, the former vi solida), in order to procure him the right of action (this was a symbolic procedure preparatory to an action): appellat Fabius, ut aut ipse Tullium deduceret aut ab eo deduceretur. Dicit deducturum se Tullius, etc., Cic. pro Tull. Fragm. § 20; id. Agr. 2, 26, 68;

    placuit Caecinae constituere, quo die in rem praesentem veniretur, et de fundo Caecina moribus deduceretur, etc.,

    id. Caecin. 7, 20.—
    b.
    To bring before a tribunal as a witness:

    multi boni ad hoc judicium deducti non sunt,

    Cic. Flac. 4, 9.—
    c.
    To bring to trial:

    lis ad forum deducta est,

    Phaedr. 3, 13, 3. —
    7.
    With the accessory idea of diminution, to withdraw, deduct, subtract, diminish:

    cibum,

    Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 23. And as a mercantile t. t.:

    addendo deducendoque videre, quae reliqui summa fiat,

    Cic. Off. 1, 18, 59:

    ut centum nummi deducerentur,

    id. Leg. 2, 21, 53; cf. Cato R. R. 144 sq.:

    de capite deducite, quod usuris pernumeratum est,

    Liv. 6, 15; cf. Suet. Caes. 42 et saep.—Hence in a double sense: Tertia deducta est (in allusion to the meaning, no. 5, c. b), Suet. Caes. 50; cf. the same account in Macr. S. 2, 2.
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    In gen., to bring down, bring or lead away, withdraw, bring, lead: quare, si placet, deduc orationem tuam de coelo ad haec citeriora, Cic. Fragm. ap. Non. 85, 20, and 289, 9:

    licet enim contrahere universitatem generis humani, eamque gradatim ad pauciores, postremo deducere in singulos,

    id. N. D. 2, 65 fin.:

    aliquem de animi lenitate,

    id. Cat. 2, 13; cf.:

    aliquem de animi pravitate,

    Q. Cic. Pet. Cons. 10 fin.:

    aliquem de sententia,

    Cic. Brut. 25 fin.:

    aliquem de fide,

    id. Verr. 1, 9, 25 et saep.:

    perterritos a timore,

    id. N. D. 2, 59, 148:

    aliquem a tristitia, ab acerbitate,

    id. de Or. 2, 83 fin.:

    aliquem ab humanitate, a pietate, a religione,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 6 (for which, shortly before, abducere):

    aliquem a vera accusatione,

    id. ib. 2, 1, 6 fin.; id. Fam. 1, 1, 2 et saep.:

    voluntates impellere quo velit, unde autem velit deducere,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 8, 30:

    mos unde deductus,

    derived, Hor. Od. 4, 4, 19; cf.:

    nomen ab Anco,

    Ov. F. 6, 803:

    quae tandem ea est disciplina, ad quam me deducas,

    Cic. Acad. 2, 36:

    aliquem ad fletum misericordiamque,

    id. de Or. 2, 45, 189:

    aliquem ad eam sententiam,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 10, 5; 6, 10, 2:

    rem ad arma,

    id. B. C. 1, 4 fin.; cf.:

    rem ad otium,

    id. ib. 1, 5 fin.:

    plura argumenta ad unum effectum,

    Quint. 9, 2, 103 et saep.:

    quam in fortunam quamque in amplitudinem deduxisset (Aeduos),

    Caes. B. G. 7, 54, 3; so,

    aliquem in eum casum,

    id. ib. 2, 31, 6:

    aliquem in periculum,

    id. ib. 7, 50, 4: Quint. 4, 2, 12; cf.:

    rem in summum periculum,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 31; id. B. C. 1, 19, 3:

    rem in controversiam,

    id. B. G. 7, 63, 5:

    aliquem in causam,

    Liv. 36, 5:

    in societatem belli,

    id. 36, 7 et saep.:

    huc jam deduxerat rem, ut, etc.,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 62; so,

    rem huc, ut, etc.,

    id. ib. 1, 86, 3:

    deduxisti totam hanc rem in duo genera solum causarum, caetera innumerabilia exercitationi reliquisti,

    have brought, reduced, Cic. de Or. 2, 17, 71; id. Cat. 2, 2, 4; cf.:

    rem in eum locum, ut, etc.,

    id. Fam. 16, 12:

    quem in locum,

    id. ib. 4, 2, 3:

    ergo huc universa causa deducitur, utrum, etc.,

    id. Rosc. Com. 12, 34:

    rerum divisio in duos articulos deducitur,

    Gai. Inst. 2, 2:

    audi, quo rem deducam,

    what I aim at, what I have in view, to what conclusion I will bring the matter, Hor. S. 1, 1, 15:

    Aeolium carmen ad Italos modos,

    transfer, transplant, id. Od. 3, 30, 14; cf.:

    in patriam deducere musas,

    Verg. G. 3, 10. —
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    To mislead, seduce, entice, induce, bring one to an opinion (rare):

    adolescentibus et oratione magistratus et praemio deductis,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 37, 6; id. B. C. 1, 7, 1:

    sibi esse facile, Seuthen regem Thracum deducere, ut, etc.,

    Nep. Alcib. 8:

    aliquem vero,

    from the truth, Lucr. 1, 370.—
    2.
    To spin out a literary composition, like a thread, i. e. to elaborate, prepare, compose ( poet., and in post-Aug. prose):

    tenui deducta poëmata filo,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 225:

    mille die versus,

    id. Sat. 2, 1, 4; Ov. Pont. 1, 5, 13:

    carmina,

    id. Tr. 1, 1, 39; cf. id. ib. 5, 1, 71: nihil expositum, Juv. 7, 54:

    commentarios,

    Quint. 3, 6, 59:

    oratio deducta atque circumlata,

    finely spun out, id. 4, 1, 60 al.:

    primaque ab origine mundi ad mea perpetuum deducite tempora carmen,

    Ov. M. 1, 3; cf. id. Tr. 2, 560; Hor. A. P. 129:

    opus,

    Manil. 1, 3. —
    3.
    (Another figure borrowed from spinning.) To make finer, thinner, weaker; to attenuate: vocem deducas oportet, ut mulieris videantur verba, Pompon. ap. Macr. Sat. 6, 4: "Odusseus" ad "Ulixem" deductus est, Quint. 1, 4, 16; cf. P. a. B.—
    4.
    To derive (of the origin of words):

    nomen Christianorum a Christo deducitur,

    Tert. adv. Marc. 4, 14;

    id. de Virg. vel. 5: diximus nomen religionis a vinculo pietatis esse deductum,

    Lact. 4, 28, 12; cf.:

    sed et Pharnacion (cognominatur) a Pharnace rege deductum,

    Plin. 25, 4, 14, § 33.—
    5.
    To remove, cure, of physical evils:

    brassica de capite omnia deducet et sanum faciet,

    Cato R. R. 157, 6:

    corpore febres, animo curas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 48; Cic. Fin. 5, 17, 47.—
    6.
    To bring down (late Lat.):

    deducis ad inferos,

    i. e. to death, Vulg. Tobiae, 13, 2; id. Gen. 42, 38; id. 1 Reg. 2, 6.—
    7.
    Law t. t., to withhold:

    cum in mancipanda proprietate (usus fructus) deducatur,

    Gai. Inst. 2, 33.—Hence,

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > deduco

  • 4 fornix

    fornix, ĭcis, m., an arch or vault (cf.: camera, testudo, tholus, lacunar).
    I.
    Lit.:

    Democritus invenisse dicitur fornicem, ut lapidum curvatura paulatim inclinatorum medio saxo alligaretur,

    Sen. Ep. 90 med.:

    si quis in pariete communi demoliendo damni infecti promiserit, non debebit praestare, quod fornix vitii fecerit,

    Cic. Top. 4, 22; Auct. Her. 3, 16, 29:

    aqua fornicibus structis perducta (Romam),

    Plin. 31, 3, 24, § 41:

    conspicio adverso fornice portas,

    the entrance under the archway over against us, Verg. A. 6, 631:

    fornices in muro erant apti ad excurrendum,

    vaulted openings from which to make sallies, Liv. 36, 23, 3; a covered way, id. 44, 11, 5.— Poet., of the arches of heaven: caeli ingentes fornices, Enn. ap. Varr. L. L. 5, § 19 Müll. (Trag. v. 423 ed. Vahl.), a figure found fault with by Cicero, Cic. de Or. 3, 40, 162.—
    B.
    In partic.: Fornix Făbĭus, a triumphal arch built by Q. Fabius Allobrogicus in the Sacra Via, near the Regia. Cic. Planc. 7, 17; Quint. 6, 3, 67;

    also called Fornix Fabianus,

    Cic. Verr. 1, 7, 19 (for which:

    Arcus Fabianus,

    Sen. Const. Sap. 1); and:

    Fornix Fabii,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 66, 267; cf. Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 239 sq.—
    II.
    Transf., a brothel, bagnio, stew, situated in underground vaults, Hor. S. 1, 2, 30 sq.; id. Ep. 1, 14, 21; Juv. 3, 156; 11, 171.—Hence, transf., of one who gave himself up to prostitution:

    (Caesarem) Curio stabulum Nicomedis et Bithynicum fornicem dicit,

    Suet. Caes. 49.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > fornix

  • 5 Fornix Fabius

    fornix, ĭcis, m., an arch or vault (cf.: camera, testudo, tholus, lacunar).
    I.
    Lit.:

    Democritus invenisse dicitur fornicem, ut lapidum curvatura paulatim inclinatorum medio saxo alligaretur,

    Sen. Ep. 90 med.:

    si quis in pariete communi demoliendo damni infecti promiserit, non debebit praestare, quod fornix vitii fecerit,

    Cic. Top. 4, 22; Auct. Her. 3, 16, 29:

    aqua fornicibus structis perducta (Romam),

    Plin. 31, 3, 24, § 41:

    conspicio adverso fornice portas,

    the entrance under the archway over against us, Verg. A. 6, 631:

    fornices in muro erant apti ad excurrendum,

    vaulted openings from which to make sallies, Liv. 36, 23, 3; a covered way, id. 44, 11, 5.— Poet., of the arches of heaven: caeli ingentes fornices, Enn. ap. Varr. L. L. 5, § 19 Müll. (Trag. v. 423 ed. Vahl.), a figure found fault with by Cicero, Cic. de Or. 3, 40, 162.—
    B.
    In partic.: Fornix Făbĭus, a triumphal arch built by Q. Fabius Allobrogicus in the Sacra Via, near the Regia. Cic. Planc. 7, 17; Quint. 6, 3, 67;

    also called Fornix Fabianus,

    Cic. Verr. 1, 7, 19 (for which:

    Arcus Fabianus,

    Sen. Const. Sap. 1); and:

    Fornix Fabii,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 66, 267; cf. Becker's Antiq. 1, p. 239 sq.—
    II.
    Transf., a brothel, bagnio, stew, situated in underground vaults, Hor. S. 1, 2, 30 sq.; id. Ep. 1, 14, 21; Juv. 3, 156; 11, 171.—Hence, transf., of one who gave himself up to prostitution:

    (Caesarem) Curio stabulum Nicomedis et Bithynicum fornicem dicit,

    Suet. Caes. 49.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Fornix Fabius

  • 6 saepio

    saepĭo ( sēp-), psi, ptum, īre ( pluperf. subj. saepissent, Liv. 44, 39, 3 dub.; v. Drak. ad loc.), 4, v. a. [saepes].
    I.
    Prop., to surround with a hedge, to hedge in, fence in, enclose (class.; cf. vallo).
    A.
    With abl.: VTI LOCVS ANTE EAM ARAM... STIPITIBVS ROBVSTIS SAEPIATVR, Cenot. Pisan. ap. Inscr Orell. 642; cf.:

    saeptum undique et vestitum vepribus et dumetis indagavi sepulcrum,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 23, 64; cf. id. Rep. 1, 26, 41.—
    B.
    In simple constr.:

    dum ne per fundum saeptum facias semitam,

    Plaut. Curc. 1, 1, 36.—
    C.
    With abl. of time: pontifices negant segetem feriis saepiri debere, Col 2, 21, 2.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A. 1.
    With abl.:

    urbem moenibus,

    Cic. Sest. 42, 91:

    oppidum operibus, unitionibus,

    id. Phil. 13, 9, 20:

    castris,

    id. Fam. 15, 4, 10; cf. Liv. 5, 5, 2; 44, 39, 3:

    castra tectis parietum pro muro,

    id. 25, 25, 8:

    oculos membranis tenuissimis,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 57, 142 sq.:

    saltum plagis,

    Lucr. 5, 1251:

    feram venantum coronā,

    Verg. A. 9, 551:

    restituat legiones in locum, quo saeptae fuerunt,

    Liv. 9, 11, 3:

    Agrippam custodiā militum,

    Suet. Aug. 65 fin.:

    saepsit se tectis,

    i. e. shut himself up in his palace, Verg. A. 7, 600.—
    2.
    With acc.:

    saepsit comitium et curiam,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 17, 31:

    omnes fori aditūs,

    id. Phil. 5, 4, 9.—
    3.
    Pass. with ab:

    Albana pubes inermis ab armatis saepta,

    Liv. 1, 28, 8.—
    B.
    To cover, envelop, wrap, wrap up; with abl.:

    aliquem veste,

    Plaut. Cas. 5, 2, 40: saeptus squalidā stolā (with vestitus), Enn. ap. Non. 537, 27 sq.:

    omnia sic avido complexu cetera saepsit (sc. aether),

    Lucr. 5, 470:

    at Venus obscuro gradientes aëre saepsit,

    Verg. A. 1, 411.—
    III.
    Trop.
    A.
    To hedge up, check, impede, hinder, stop, etc.: perii, lacrimae linguam saepiunt, Afran. ap. Non. 41, 5.—
    B.
    To surround, enclose, encompass, etc.: (inventa) vestire atque ornare oratione: post memoriā saepire, to enclose them in one's memory, i. e. to get them by heart, Cic. de Or. 1, 31, 142; cf.: is se circumvestit dictis, saepit sedulo, Poët. ap. Cic. de Or. 3, 39, 158; and:

    domi teneamus eam (orbam eloquentiam) saeptam liberali custodiā,

    Cic. Brut. 96, 330; v. Jahn ad h. l.: locum omnem cogitatione (the figure taken from surrounding with toils in hunting; cf.

    II. A.),

    Cic. de Or. 2, 34, 147:

    saeptus legibus et judiciorum metu,

    surrounded, sheltered, guarded, id. Phil. 12, 10, 25; cf.:

    quibus praesidiis philosophiae saeptus sim,

    id. Fam. 16, 23; so,

    saeptus praesidiis,

    id. Rep. 1, 44, 68; id. Off. 2, 11, 39; id. Mil. 1, 2; cf.

    also: postquam omnia pudore saepta animadverterat,

    Liv. 3, 44;

    and with this cf.: (mulieres) saeptae pudicitiā agunt,

    Tac. G. 19:

    (lex) se saepit difficultate abrogationis,

    Cic. Att. 3, 23, 2:

    ut quibusdam excubiis in ore positis saepiatur,

    Gell. 1, 15, 3.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > saepio

  • 7 abiciō (a usu. long by position) or abiiciō

       abiciō (a usu. long by position) or abiiciō iēcī, iectus, ere    [ab + iacio], to throw from one, cast away, throw away, throw down: abiecit hastas, has given up the fight: in proelio... scutum: arma, Cs.: se ad pedes: ego me plurimis pro te supplicem abieci, to many in your behalf: vastificam beluam, dash to the earth: se abiecit exanimatus, he threw himself down as if lifeless: si te uret sarcina, abicito, throw it away, H.; of weapons, to discharge, cast, throw, fling: priusquam telum abici possit (al. adici), Cs.: tragulam intra munitionem, Cs. — Fig., to cast off, throw away, give up: (psaltria) aliquo abiciendast, must be got rid of, T.: salutem pro aliquo.—In partic., to throw off, cast aside, give up, abandon: consilium belli faciendi: petitionem, to resign one's candidacy: abicio legem, I reject the technical defence: abiectis nugis, nonsense apart, H.—To cast down, degrade, humble, lower: suas cogitationes in rem tam humilem: hic annus senatūs auctoritatem abiecit. — With se, to give up in despair: abiiciunt se atque ita adflicti et exanimati iacent.—To throw away, sell for a trifle, sell cheap: agros abiciet moecha, ut ornatum paret, Ph.

    Latin-English dictionary > abiciō (a usu. long by position) or abiiciō

  • 8 accingō

        accingō nxī, nctus, ere,    to gird to, gird on, bind on, put on with a girdle, gird round: lateri ensem, V.; pass: accingitur ense, girds himself, V.: quo (ense) fuit accinctus, O.—Meton., to arm, equip, furnish, provide: paribusque accingitur armis, V.: gladiis, L. — Fig., accingere se or accingi, to gird oneself, prepare, make ready, be ready: adcingere, make yourself ready, T.: accingere! to your work, O.: accingendum ad eam cogitationem esse, L.: ad consulatum, L.: in hoc discrimen, L. — With Gr. acc.: magicas accingier artīs, to have recourse to, V.: accingar dicere pugnas, V. — Poet.: accingunt omnes operi, address themselves, V.
    * * *
    accingere, accinxi, accinctus V TRANS
    gird on or about, surround; equip, provide (with); get ready, prepare (for)

    Latin-English dictionary > accingō

  • 9 ad-ferō (aff-)

        ad-ferō (aff-) attulī    (adt-), adlātus (all-), adferre (aff-), to bring, fetch, carry, convey, take, deliver: magnam partem ad te, T.: scyphos ad praetorem: Curio pondus auri: nuntium ei: donum in Capitolium: litterae ab urbe adlatae, L.: litteras a patre: huc scyphos, H.: adfertur muraena in patinā, is served, H.: peditem alvo, V.: ad consules lecticā adfertur, L.—Poet., of a person: te qui vivum casūs attulerint, V. — Esp., with pron reflex., to betake oneself, go, come: huc te adfers, V.: urbem Adferimur, V.: te verus mihi nuntius adfers? i. e. present yourself in your true person, V.—Adferre manūs, to lay on, use force, do violence: pro se quisque manūs adfert, defends himself forcibly.—Freq. with dat, to lay hands on, attack, assail: domino: pastoribus vim et manūs. —With dat. of thing, to do violence to, i. e. rob, plunder, pillage: templo: eis rebus. — Fig., to bring, introduce, carry, convey to, apply, employ, use, exert, exercise: genus sermonum adfert exile, i. e. employs: quod ad amicitiam populi R. adtulissent, i. e. had enjoyed before the alliance, Cs.: in re militari nova, i. e. to reorganize the army, N.: non minus ad dicendum auctoritatis, quam, etc.: auctoritatem in iudicium, exercise: bellum in patriam, O.: Iris alimenta nubibus adfert, brings, O. —Esp., vim alicui, to employ force against, compel: ut filiae suae vis adferretur, compulsion: praesidio armato, attack, L.—To bring tidings, bring word, carry news, report, announce: haud vana adtulere, L.: ad Scipionem perductus, quid adferret, expromit, explains what news he brought, L.: calamitatem ad aurīs imperatoris: subito adlatum periculum patriae: inimico nuntium, notify: ad illam attulisse se aurum quaerere: attulerunt quieta omnia esse, L.: rebellasse Etruscos adlatum est, L.: calamitas tanta fuit, ut eam non ex proelio nuntius adferret.—To carry, produce, cause, occasion, impart, render, give: agri plus adferunt quam acceperunt: detrimentum, Cs.: vobis populoque R. pacem: suspicionem multis: parricidae aliquid decoris, to lend lustre: difficultatem ad consilium capiendum, Cs.: aliquid melius, suggest: aliquid oratoriae laudis, attain: quod iniquitas loci adtulisset, i. e. the consequences, Cs.: tempus conloquio non dare magnam pacis desperationem adferebat, Cs.: natura adfert ut eis faveamus, etc., brings it about: (id) volvenda dies attulit, V. — To bring forward, allege, assign: causam, T.: nihil adferunt, qui negant, etc., say nothing to the point: rationes cur hoc ita sit: aetatem, to plead in excuse: cur credam adferre possum. — Aliquid, to contribute, help, assist, be of use: nihil ad communem fructum: vide si quid opis potest adferre huic, T.: precibus aliquid attulimus etiam nos, have been of some assistance by.

    Latin-English dictionary > ad-ferō (aff-)

  • 10 ad-ligō (all-)

        ad-ligō (all-) āvī, ātus, āre,    to bind to, tie to: reliquos ad palum.—Esp., to bind up, bandage: volnus, L.—To fetter, shackle: adligari se patitur, Ta.—To hold fast: adligat ancora (navīs), V.— Fig., to hinder, detain, keep back: illi filium, i. e. keep at home, T.: populum... novo quaestionis genere, to hamper: palus inamabilis undā Adligat (sc. eos), keeps imprisoned, V.—To bind, oblige, lay under obligation: alqm beneficio: nuptiis adligatus: lex omnīs adligat: furti se adligat, convicts himself, T.—To impugn, accuse: adligatum Oppianici nomen esse. — Of words: verba certā lege versūs, by a fixed metrical form.

    Latin-English dictionary > ad-ligō (all-)

  • 11 ad-rēpō (arr-)

        ad-rēpō (arr-) rēpsī, —, ere,    to creep to, steal up: ad istius amicitiam, insinuate himself: in spem, ut, etc., H.

    Latin-English dictionary > ad-rēpō (arr-)

  • 12 aenigma

        aenigma atis, n, αἴνιγμα, a figure, allegory, C.
    * * *
    puzzle, enigma, riddle, obscure expression/saying

    Latin-English dictionary > aenigma

  • 13 aequālis

        aequālis e, adj. with comp.    [aequo], equal, like, even, on a par: virtutes inter se: eis genus, eloquentia, aetas aequalia, S.—Of the same age, equally old: chorus aequalis Dryadum, V. — As subst, a contemporary, fellow: aequali suo inservire, T.: dilexi senem, ut aequalem: Aristides Themistocli (gen.), N.—Living at the same time, contemporary, coeval, and subst, a contemporary: Ennio: temporibus illis scriptor, L.—Coeval, coexistent: benevolentia ipsius aequalis aetati, as old as himself: urbis mortali corpori, lasting only as long as, L.: aequali tecum pubesceret aevo, V. — Uniform, level, even, steady: loca, S.: terra ab omni parte, O.: aequali ictu freta scindere, O.: sonitus... aequalior accidens auribus, L.: nil aequale homini fuit illi, no consistency, H.
    * * *
    I
    aequale, aequalior -or -us, aequalissimus -a -um ADJ
    equal, similar; uniform, level, flat; of the same age/generation/duration
    II
    comrade; person of one's age/rank/ability, contemporary; equivalent

    Latin-English dictionary > aequālis

  • 14 aestimō (older aestumō)

       aestimō (older aestumō) āvī, ātus, āre,    to determine the value of, estimate, value, rate, appraise: argentum: quanti haec signa aestimentur?: mancipia tanto pluris, L.: tritici modios singulos ternis denariis: haec aestimate pecuniā, estimate in money: aliquid tenuissime, at the lowest figure: sestertium ad triciens litem: Catoni sestertium octo milibus lis aestimata est, damages are assessed against: ea lis L. talentis aestimata est, N.: arbitri, qui litem aestument, Cs. — In criminal law: litem aestimare, to assess a penalty: in litibus aestimandis: de pecuniis repetundis litem; also, to commute a fine: ut lis haec capitis aestimaretur, that this capital charge be commuted: lites maiestatis. — Fig., to estimate, value, rate, weigh, hold, esteem: expendunt et aestimant voluptates, they weigh and rate their pleasures: sicut ego existimo, according to my estimate, S.: Volgus ex veritate pauca aestimant, value according to truth: aliquem ex artificio comico, according to his art as a comedian: amicitias non ex re, sed ex commodo, S.: virtutem annis, according to age, H.: aliquid per se, according to its own importance, L.: aliquos pro sociis, non pro hostibus, to regard as, Cu.: quanti est aestimanda virtus? valued: magni pecuniam, attach great value to: alqd parvi, L.: alqd minoris, N.: maximi alqd: sapientiam non magno: aestimare aliquid vitā, as dear as life, Cu.: illa multo gravius, Cs.: levius tempestates, Cs.: iuste aliquem, Cu.

    Latin-English dictionary > aestimō (older aestumō)

  • 15 agitō

        agitō āvī, ātus, āre, freq.    [ago], to set in violent motion, drive onward, move, impel, urge: (Harena) magnā vi agitata, S.: greges, drive to pasture, V.: equum, V.: iugales (dracones), O.: (triremem) in portu agitari iubet, rowed about, N. — To hunt, chase, pursue: aquila alias avīs agitans: dammas, O.: cervos in retia, O. — Fig., to drive, urge forward, press, support, insist on: agrariam legem: hoc unum agitare, esse, etc., keep pressing this one point: pacem an bellum, S.—To attend, keep, celebrate: Dionysia, T.: festos dies. — To observe, obey, carry out, exercise: praecepta parentis mei, S.: secreta consilia, L.—Of time, to pass, spend vitam sine cupiditate, S.: apud aquam noctem, S. — Absol, to live, abide, be: varius atque incertus agitabat, S.: pro muro dies noctīsque, remain, S. —To move to and fro, stir, agitate, shake, disturb, toss: corpora huc et illuc, S.: hastam, brandish, O.: scintilla agitata (ventis), fanned, O.: habenas manibus, wield, O.: caput, nod, O.: mare ventorum vi agitari: freta incipiant agitata tumescere, V.: Zephyris agitata Tempe, H.: agitata numina Troiae, tossed on the sea, V.: agitantia fumos Nubila, tossing up spray, O. — Fig., to stir, rouse, agitate, stimulate, excite, goad: hunc, T.: plebem, L.: mens agitat molem, animates, V. — To vex, disquiet, disturb, distress: nationes: Furiis agitatus Orestes, V.: rebus agitatis, in times of disorder: metu atque libidine divorsus agitabatur, was distracted by, S.: te agitet cupido, H.: fidem aut gentīs, to disturb the loyalty, etc., V. — To insult, scoff, rail at, deride, revile: rem militarem: mea fastidia verbis, H.: (poemata) expertia frugis, H.: ea belle agitata ridentur, neatly mocked. — To prosecute, occupy oneself with, engage in, keep going, stir: cuncta, keep active, S.: mutas artes, V.: iocos, O.: eo modo agitabat, ut, etc., so conducted himself, S.: scaenis agitatus Orestes, i. e. represented, V.—To pursue, consider, deliberate on, meditate: secum multum, S.: haec mecum, H.: in animo bellum, L.: agitare coepit, si posset, etc., L.: ut mente agitaret, bellum renovare, N. — To discuss, debate, sift, investigate: oratori omnia tractata, agitata, i. e. sifted, discussed: omnia ex tabulis, by the accounts: senatus de secessione plebis agitat, L. — Impers: Romae de facto agitari, there were discussions, S.
    * * *
    agitare, agitavi, agitatus V
    stir/drive/shake/move about; revolve; live; control, ride; consider, pursue

    Latin-English dictionary > agitō

  • 16 alō

        alō aluī, altus or alitus, ere    [1 AL-], to feed, nourish, support, sustain, maintain: altus inter arma, L.: canes ad venandum, T.: exercitum: magnum numerum equitatūs, Cs.: quos lingua periurio alebat, S.: publice ali, at the public cost, N.: amnis imbres Quem super notas aluere ripas, have filled, H.: infelix minuendo corpus alebat, i. e. nourished himself by his own flesh, O.: panico vetere ali, Cs.: ignem, Cu.: flammas, O.: staturam, Cs. — Fig., to nourish, cherish, promote, increase, strengthen: honos alit artes: in quā alta sit eloquentia: civitatem, i. e. cause to prosper, Cs.: nolo meis impensis illorum ali luxuriam, N.: Volnus venis, V.: si diutius alatur controversia, Cs.: poëtam, H.: spem sententiis: ingenium: bellum.
    * * *
    I
    alere, alui, alitus V TRANS
    feed, nourish, rear, nurse, suckle; cherish; support, maintain, develop
    II
    alere, alui, altus V TRANS
    feed, nourish, rear, nurse, suckle; cherish; support, maintain, develop

    Latin-English dictionary > alō

  • 17 amō

        amō āvī, ātus, āre    [AM-], to love: magis te, quam oculos, T.: unice patriam: dignus amari, V.: non diligi solum, verum etiam amari: a suis et amari et diligi: nescio, ita me di ament, so help me the gods, T.: sic me di amabunt, ut, etc., T.: quam se ipse amans sine rivali! in love with himself: nisi nosmet ipsos valde amabimus. — To be in love, have an amour: meum gnatum rumor est Amare, T.: insuevit exercitus amare, S. — Fig., to love, be fond of, find pleasure in: voltum, incessum alicuius: litteras, N.: ea, quae res secundae amant, S.: nemus, H.: amat ianua limen, i. e. is constantly closed, H.: focos, i. e. to make homes, V.: Litus ama, keep close to, V. — With infin: Hic ames dici pater atque princeps, H. — Amare aliquem, to be obliged to, be under obligation, have to thank: ecquid nos amas de fidicinā istac? T.: et in Attilii negotio te amavi: bene facis, merito te amo, T.—Colloq., amabo or amabo te (never vos, etc.), I shall be under obligation to you, and in entreaties, be so good, I pray, I entreat you: id, amabo, adiuta me, T.: cura, amabo te, Ciceronem nostrum: amabo ut illuc transeas, T.: amabo te, ne improbitati meae adsignes, etc.: ego me amavi, was well satisfied with myself. — Meton., amare with inf, to be fond, be wont, be accustomed: clamore, voltu, aliis omnibus, quae ira fieri amat, S.: Aurum perrumpere amat saxa, H.
    * * *
    I
    amare, additional forms V
    love, like; fall in love with; be fond of; have a tendency to
    II
    amare, amavi, amatus V
    love, like; fall in love with; be fond of; have a tendency to

    Latin-English dictionary > amō

  • 18 amplector

        amplector exus, ī, dep.    [am- + plecto], to twine around, encircle, encompass, embrace: manibus saxa, to grasp, L.: ansas acantho, V.: urbes muro, H.: illam in somnis, T.: me: Nox tellurem amplectitur alis, overshadows, V.—Fig., of the mind, to embrace, understand, comprehend, see through: omnia consilio.—In speech, to comprehend in discussion, discuss particularly, handle, treat: quod (argumentum) verbis: res per scripturam: cuncta meis versibus, V.—To sum up, treat summarily: omnis oratores: omnia communiter, L.— To comprehend under a name: alqd virtutis nomine.—To embrace with love, esteem, value, honor, cling to: quem (filium) mihi videtur amplecti res p.: amore possessiones: hoc se amplectitur uno, piques himself on, H.: rem p. nimium (of one who robs the treasury).—Of military operations, to cover, occupy: quindecim milia passuum circuitu, Cs.: Brigantium partem victoriā, Ta.
    * * *
    amplecti, amplexus sum V DEP
    surround, encircle, embrace, clasp; esteem; cherish; surround, include, grasp

    Latin-English dictionary > amplector

  • 19 analēptris

        analēptris idis,    a shoulder - pad (to improve the figure), O.

    Latin-English dictionary > analēptris

  • 20 aperiō

        aperiō eruī, ertus, īre    [ab + 2 PAR-], to uncover, lay bare: caput: aperto pectore, with bared breast, O.: ingulo aperto, with his throat cut, O.: partūs, bring to light, H.: apertae pectora matres, with bared breasts, O.—To open, uncover, unclose, make visible, discover, display, show, reveal: ostium, T.: forīs, O.: sociis viam, V.: ferro iter, S.: locum... asylum, as an asylum, L.: specūs, Ta.: his unda dehiscens Terram aperit, discloses, V.: aperitur Apollo, comes in sight, V.: nondum aperientibus classem promunturiis, i. e. while the fleet was still hidden behind them, L.: omnia quae latuerunt: fatis ora, for the utterance of, V.: fenestram ad nequitiam, T.: annum, to begin, V.: fuste caput, i. e. to cleave, Iu.—Of places, to lay open, render accessible: Troiam Achivis, V.: armis orbem terrarum, L.: gentīs ac reges, Ta.—Fig., to disclose, unveil, reveal, make known, unfold, explain, expose: hominum mentīs: fabulae partem, T.: coniurationem, S.: locum suspicioni: casūs aperire futuros, to disclose the future, O.: coacti se aperiunt, show what they are, T.: ne semet ipse aperiret, betray himself, L.: dum se ipsa res aperiat, N.: quid cogitaret: quis sim, L.
    * * *
    aperire, aperui, apertus V TRANS
    uncover, open, disclose; explain, recount; reveal; found; excavate; spread out

    Latin-English dictionary > aperiō

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