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engage in close fight

  • 1 signum

    signum, i, n. [perh. Sanscr. sag-, to cling to, adhere; cf. sigilla].
    I.
    In gen., a mark, token, sign, indication (very frequent in all styles and periods; cf.

    insigne): meo patri torulus inerit aureus Sub petaso: id signum Amphitruoni non erit,

    Plaut. Am. prol. 145 sq.:

    ut eam (nutricem) adducam et signa ostendam haec, i. e. crepundia,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 38; 5, 3, 5:

    ut fures earum rerum, quas ceperunt, signa commutant, etc.,

    Cic. Fin. 5, 25, 74; so (with notae) id. de Or. 2, 41, 174; id. Lael. 17, 62; cf.:

    omne probabile aut signum est aut credibile... Signum est, quod sub sensum aliquem cadit et quiddam significat, quod ex ipso profectum videtur, etc.,

    id. Inv. 1, 30, 47 sq.:

    aut pecori signum aut numeros inpressit acervis,

    Verg. G. 1, 263; cf.:

    servitii signum cervice gerens,

    Ov. M. 3, 16:

    jaculo mihi vulnera fecit.—Signa vides: apparet adhuc vetus ecce cicatrix,

    Ov. M. 12, 444:

    metam Constituit signum nautis pater, unde reverti Scirent, etc.,

    Verg. A. 5, 130:

    scutum signi gratia positum,

    Quint. 6, 3, 38:

    signa pedum,

    tracks, prints, Ov. M. 4, 543;

    and simply signa,

    Verg. A. 8, 212 al.:

    oculis mihi signum dedit, Ne se appellarem,

    Plaut. Mil. 2, 1, 45:

    dare,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 11:

    dicere deos gallis signum dedisse cantandi,

    Cic. Div. 2, 26, 57 al.:

    signa esse ad salutem,

    Ter. And. 3, 2, 2:

    animi pudentis signum,

    id. Heaut. 1, 1, 68:

    color pudoris signum,

    id. And. 5, 3, 7:

    signa doloris ostendere,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 45, 190:

    mortis dare,

    Lucr. 6, 1182:

    timoris mittere,

    to exhibit, display, Caes. B. C. 1, 71 et saep.—With obj.-clause:

    magnum hoc quoque signum est, dominam esse extra noxiam,

    Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 57; Nep. Att. 17, 2.—In predic. gen. with neutr. pron.: hoc est signi;

    ubi primum poterit, se illinc subducet,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 1, 14:

    id erit signi me invitum facere, quod, etc.,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 30, 83; Auct. Her. 4, 5, 8; Cato, R. R. 38, 4; 88, 2:

    nil tamen est signi,

    Lucr. 5, 918; cf.:

    quid signi?

    Cic. Cael. 16, 38, 2.— Hence, a surname, epithet (rare):

    huic signum exercitus apposuit,

    Vop. Am. 6; cf. Capitol. Gord. 4.—
    II.
    In partic.
    A.
    In milit. lang.
    1.
    The distinctive sign of a division of an army.
    a.
    A military standard, ensign, banner (including the aquila):

    signifero interfecto, signo amisso,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 25:

    ut neque signiferi viam, nec signa milites cernerent,

    Liv. 33, 7:

    Hasdrubal ut procul signa legionum fulgentia vidit,

    id. 28, 14; 22, 21; Col. 9, 9, 4:

    inter signa militaria,

    Hor. Epod. 9, 15:

    cum unius signi militibus pergit ire,

    Liv. 33, 1:

    signa militaria ex proelio relata,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 99; so,

    militaria,

    id. B. G. 7, 2; Plin. 33, 33, 19, § 58.—

    Hence the expressions: signa sequi,

    to follow the standards, to march in military order, Sall. J. 80, 2; Liv. 24, 48, 11:

    signa subsequi,

    to keep in order of battle, Caes. B. G. 4, 26:

    signa observare,

    Sall. J. 51, 1:

    signa servare,

    Liv. 8, 34, 10; Veg. Mil. 1, 9:

    ab signis discedere,

    to desert the standards, leave the ranks, Caes. B. G. 5, 16; 5, 33 fin.; id. B. C. 1, 44; Liv. 25, 20 al.; cf.:

    ab ordinibus signisque discedere,

    Front. Strat. 1, 5, 3:

    signa relinquere,

    to desert, Sall. C. 9, 4; Liv. 5, 6 al.:

    signa deserere,

    Liv. 8, 34, 9: signa ferre, i. e. to break up the camp, Caes. B. G. 1, 39 fin.; 1, 40; Liv. 2, 49, 3; 10, 5 al.;

    for which: movere signa,

    id. 1, 14, 9; 27, 2, 12; Verg. G. 3, 236; and:

    tollere,

    Vell. 2, 61, 2; Auct. B. Alex. 57, 1;

    but: ferte signa in hostem,

    attack, Liv. 9, 23, 13:

    signa constituere,

    to halt, Caes. B. G. 7, 47; cf.:

    infestis contra hostes signis constiterunt,

    id. ib. 7, 51:

    signa proferre,

    to advance, Liv. 4, 32, 10: signa convertere, to wheel, turn, or face about, Caes. B. G. 1, 25 fin.; 2, 26: Liv. 8, 11; 2, 14; 4, 29; for which, [p. 1698] vertere signa, id. 9, 35:

    signa inferre (in aliquem),

    to advance to the attack, make an assault, Caes. B. G. 1, 25 fin.; 2, 26; 7, 67; id. B. C. 2, 42; Cic. Phil. 5, 8, 23; Sall. J. 56, 5; Liv. 2, 53; 9, 27; 44, 12 al; cf.:

    signa conferre cum aliquo,

    to engage with, engage in close fight, Cic. Att. 7, 5, 5; id. Pis. 21, 49;

    and cf.: collatis signis pugnare, superare aliquem, etc.,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 5, 44; Liv. 1, 33; 2, 50; Cic. Imp. Pomp. 23, 66; but conferre signa also means simply to bring the standards together (to one place), Caes. B. G. 7, 2; 2, 25; Liv. 37, 21:

    signa in laevum cornu confert,

    concentrates his troops, id. 7, 15, 4:

    signa transferre,

    to desert, Caes. B. C. 1, 24: signa convellere, to take up the standards, which had been fixed in the ground, Liv. 3, 7, 3; 3, 54, 10; 5, 37, 4; so,

    vellere signa,

    id. 3, 50, 11; Verg. G. 4, 108:

    revellere signa,

    Luc. 7, 77; cf.:

    signa figere,

    to encamp, Amm. 27, 10, 9:

    defigere signa,

    Sil. 8, 625:

    sub signis ducere legiones, ire, esse, etc.,

    together, in order, in rank and file, Plaut. Ps. 2, 4, 71 (with ordine); Cic. Att. 16, 8, 2; Liv. 3, 51; Tac. H. 2, 14:

    signa hostium turbare,

    to throw into disorder, Liv. 9, 73:

    ante signa,

    before the army, id. 5, 18; 6, 7; 7, 16:

    post signa,

    id. 2, 49.—
    (β).
    Transf., in gen.:

    infestis prope signis inferuntur Galli in Fonteium,

    Cic. Font. 20, 44 (16, 34).—
    b.
    Esp., the standard or ensign of single cohorts and maniples (opp. aquila, the standard of the entire legion):

    cum fasces, cum tubas, cum signa militaria, cum aquilam illam argenteam... scirem esse praemissam,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 6, 13; Galb. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 5; Suet. Calig. 14 fin. Oud.; Tac. A. 1, 18; id. H. 2, 29 fin.; Plin. 13, 3, 4, § 23; Luc. 1, 6; 1, 224 al. (cf. aquila, 2.):

    manipulos exercitus minimas manus quae unum sequuntur signum,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 88 Müll.—
    (β).
    Meton., a cohort, a maniple:

    octo cohortes in fronte constituit, reliquarum signa in subsidio artius collocat,

    Sall. C. 59, 2; Liv. 8, 9; 25, 23 fin.; 33, 1; 27, 14; 28, 14; Auct. B. Hisp. 18, 3.—
    2.
    A sign, signal; a watchword, password, given by a wind-instrument, by the tessera, or otherwise:

    signum tubā dare,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 20; 7, 81:

    proelii committendi dare,

    id. ib. 2, 21:

    recipiendi dare,

    id. ib. 7, 52:

    receptui dare,

    Liv. 4, 31; 26, 45; 3, 22; cf. Cic. Rep. 1, 2, 3:

    signum dare ut, etc.,

    Liv. 2, 20; 4, 39:

    proelii exposcere,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 19:

    concinere,

    id. B. C. 3, 92 fin.; Liv. 30, 5; cf. Tac. A. 1, 68:

    canere,

    Sall. C. 59, 1; id. J. 99, 1; Liv. 1, 1; 4, 31; 27, 47; Cic. Rep. 1, 3, 3 al. (v. cano).—For the chariot race:

    signum mittendis quadrigis dare,

    Liv. 8, 40, 3: signum mittere, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 48, 107: signo Felicitatis dato, the word, watchword, Felicitas, Auct. B. Afr. 83:

    signum petere,

    Suet. Calig. 56; id. Claud. 42; id. Ner. 9; cf.:

    it bello tessera signum,

    Verg. A. 7, 637.— Transf.:

    tu illam (virtutem) jubes signum petere,

    i. e. to be in subjection, Sen. Ben. 4, 2, 2.—
    B.
    A sign or token of any thing to come; a prognostic, symptom (cf.:

    portentum, indicium): ipse et equus ejus repente concidit: nec eam rem habuit religioni, objecto signo, ut peritis videbatur, ne committeret proelium,

    Cic. Div. 1, 35, 77:

    medici signa quaedam habent ex venis et ex spiritu aegroti,

    id. ib. 2, 70, 145; cf. Verg. G. 3, 440; 3, 503; 4, 253; Cels. 2, 3:

    prospera signa dare,

    Ov. H. 18 (19), 152.—
    C.
    An image, as a work of art; a figure, statue, picture, etc. (syn.: effigies, imago, simulacrum);

    inerant (classi) signa expressa, Titani quomodo, etc.,

    Naev. 2, 13: statuas deorum, exempla earum facierum, s gna domi pro supellectile statuere, Cato ap. Prisc. p. 782 P.:

    signum pictum in pariete,

    Plaut. Merc. 2, 2, 44:

    signum in fano,

    id. Rud. 2, 7, 2:

    aëna signa,

    Lucr. 1, 318:

    ante signum Jovis Statoris concidit,

    Cic. Div. 1, 35, 77:

    signum aeneum, marmoreum, eburneum,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 1, § 1; cf. id. Off. 1, 41, 147; Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 248:

    cratera impressum signis,

    Verg. A. 5, 536; 5, 267; 9, 263:

    (vestis) auro signisque ingentibus apta,

    Lucr. 5, 1428:

    ex ornatis aedibus per aulaea et signa,

    Sall. H. 2, 23, 2 Dietsch:

    pallam signis auroque rigentem,

    Verg. A. 1, 648:

    e Pario formatum marmore signum,

    Ov. M. 3, 419; cf. id. ib. 5, 183;

    12, 398: statuas, signa, picturas commendet,

    Plin. Ep. 1, 20, 5.—
    D.
    An image or device on a seal-ring; a seal, signet: ostendi tabellas Lentulo, et quaesivi, cognosceretne signum. Annuit. Est vero, inquam, notum signum, imago avi tui, etc., Cic. Cat. 3, 5, 10:

    (patera) in cistulā obsignata signo est,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 265; cf. Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 45, § 117:

    tabulae maximae signis hominum nobilium consignantur,

    id. Quint. 6, 25:

    imprimat his signa tabellis,

    Hor. S. 2, 6, 38:

    litterae integris signis praetoribus traduntur,

    Cic. Cat. 3, 3, 6; Sall. C. 47, 3:

    signo laeso non insanire lagenae,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 134:

    volumen sub signo habere,

    to have under seal, Cic. Att. 9, 10, 4; cf.:

    sub signo claustrisque rei publicae positum vectigal,

    id. Agr. 1, 7, 21:

    nec pacta conventaque inpressis signis custodirentur,

    Sen. Ben. 3, 15, 1:

    cum sol duodena peregit signa,

    Ov. M. 13, 618.—
    E.
    A sign in the heavens, a constellation (cf. sidus):

    caeli subter labentia signa,

    Lucr. 1, 2:

    loca caelio Omnia, dispositis signis ornata,

    id. 5, 695:

    signorum ortus et obitus,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 34, 59:

    signis omnibus ad idem principium stellisque revocatis,

    id. Rep. 6, 22, 24:

    in signo leonis,

    id. Div. 1, 53, 121:

    signorum obitus speculari et ortus,

    Verg. G. 1, 257; id. A. 7, 138:

    signum pluviale Capellae,

    Ov. F. 5, 113:

    ponemusque suos ad vaga signa dies,

    id. ib. 1, 310:

    nox caelo diffundere signa parabat,

    Hor. S. 1, 5, 10; cf. id. C. 2, 8, 11.—
    F.
    Miraculous works (eccl. Lat.), Vulg. Dan. 3, 99; id. Matt. 24, 24; id. Joan. 2, 11 et saep.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > signum

  • 2 sīgnum

        sīgnum ī, n    a mark, token, sign, indication, proof: ostendisti signa nutrici? (i. e. crepundia), T.: fures earum rerum, quas ceperunt, signa commutant: in amicis deligendis habere quasi signa et notas, quibus eos iudicarent, etc.: pecori signum inpressit, V.: nulla ad speluncum signa ferebant, footprints, V.: dicere deos gallis signum dedisse cantandi: color pudoris signum, T.: timoris signa mittere, display, Cs.: Magnum hoc quoque signum est, dominam esse extra noxiam, T.: id erit signi me invitum facere, quod, etc.: quid signi?—A military standard, ensign, banner: signo amisso, Cs.: ut neque signiferi viam, nec signa milites cernerent, L.: Inter signa militaria, H.: signa sequi, to march in rank, S.: signa subsequi, to keep the order of battle, Cs.: signa servare, L.: ab signis discedere, to leave the ranks, Cs.: volonum exercitus ab signis discessit, disbanded, L.: signa relinquere, to run away, S.: signa ferre, i. e. to decamp, Cs.: mota e castris signa eorum, qui, etc., i. e. an advance of the troops, etc., L.: Signa movet, advances, V.: ferte signa in hostem, attack, L.: signa constituere, halt, Cs.: signa proferre, advance, L.: Romani conversa signa bipertito intulerunt, i. e. wheeled and attacked in two columns, Cs.: signa patriae inferens: qui signa contulit, engaged in close fight: conlatis signis, in regular battle: conlatis militaribus signis, having brought together, etc., Cs.: signa in laevum cornu confert, concentrates his troops, L.: signa transferre, to desert, Cs.: signa convellere, to take up the standards (from the ground), L.: legionem sub signis ducere, in rank and file: ante signa inter primores, in front of the army, L.—Esp., the standard of a cohort, ensign of a maniple (cf. aquila, the standard of the legion): cum fascīs, cum signa militaria (praemissa).—A cohort, maniple: unius signi milites, L.—A sign, signal, call, watchword, password: signum tubā dare, Cs.: receptui dare, L.: proeli exposcere, Cs.: concinere, Cs.: canere, S.: signum mittendis quadrigis dare (for the start in a race), L.: it bello tessera signum, V.—A sign, token, omen, prognostic, symptom: medici signa quaedam habent ex venis aegroti: Morborum signa docebo, V.: prospera signa dare, O.—An image, figure, statue, picture: Iovis Statoris: expressi voltūs per aënea signa, H.: palla signis auroque rigens, V. —A device on a seal, seal, signet: notum signum, imago avi tui, etc.: Imprimat his signa tabellis, H.: litterae integris signis praetoribus traduntur: volumen sub signo habere, under seal.—A sign in the heavens, constellation: signis omnibus ad principium steliisque revocatis: in signo Leonis: signorum obitūs ortūs, V.: pluviale Capellae, O.
    * * *
    battle standard; indication; seal; sign, proof; signal; image, statue

    Latin-English dictionary > sīgnum

  • 3 telum

    tēlum, i, n. [for texlum; root tek-, of tiktô, to beget; tuk-, tuch-, of tunchanô, to hit, chance upon; v. texo; cf. toxon, a bow], a weapon used for fighting at a distance; a missile weapon, missile, as a dart, spear, javelin, etc. (while arma signifies arms for defence or close fight; v. arma; cf.: jaculum, tormentum).
    I.
    Lit.: tela proprie dici videntur ea, quae missilia sunt: ex Graeco videlicet translato eorum nomine, quoniam illi têlothen missa dicunt, quae nos eminus;

    sicut arma ea, quae ab umeris dependentia retinentur manibus,

    Fest. p. 364 Müll.; cf. id. p. 3; and Serv. Verg. A. 8, 249; 9, 509: telum vulgo quidem id appellatur, quod ab arcu mittitur, sed nunc omne significatur, quod mittitur manu. Itaque sequitur, ut et lapis et lignum et ferrum hoc nomine contineatur, dictum ab eo, quod in longinquum mittitur, Graecā voce figuratum apo tou têlou, Dig. 50, 16, 233: arma rigent, horrescunt tela, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 4 (Trag. v. 177 Vahl.); so,

    opp. arma,

    Sall. C. 42, 2; 51, 38; id. J. 43, 3; Ov. M. 9, 201: tela manu jacere, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 3 (Ann. v. 438 Vahl.); cf.:

    si quis jaciat volatile telum,

    Lucr. 1, 970:

    tela depellere...telum jacere,

    Cic. Quint. 2, 8:

    conicere,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 26; 1, 46; 1, 47; 2, 27; Cic. Quint. 16, 52 al.; cf.:

    nubes levium telorum conjecta obruit aciem Gallorum,

    Liv. 38, 26, 7;

    and with this cf.: it toto turbida caelo Tempestas telorum ac ferreus ingruit imber,

    Verg. A. 12, 284:

    telum ex loco superiore mittere,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 4:

    Romani omni genere missilium telorum ac saxis maxime vulnerabantur,

    Liv. 44, 35, 21; cf. Sisenn. ap. Non. 449, 3:

    priusquam ad conjectum teli veniretur,

    Liv. 2, 31, 6:

    tela vitare,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 25:

    telis repulsi,

    id. ib. 1, 8; Cic. Rep. 1, 3, 5:

    non primus Teucer tela Cydonio Direxit arcu,

    Hor. C. 4, 9, 17:

    in medios telum torsisti primus Achivos,

    Verg. A. 5, 497:

    tela spargere,

    Luc. 3, 326; Quint. 4, 5, 14:

    aërias telum contendit in auras,

    Verg. A. 5, 520:

    telum volatile sensit,

    Ov. A. A. 1, 169:

    volucre,

    Val. Fl. 2, 524:

    hic confixum ferrea texit Telorum seges,

    Verg. A. 3, 46:

    nubes telorum,

    Liv. 38, 26, 7:

    nimbus,

    Luc. 4, 776. —
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    In gen., an offensive weapon of any kind, as a sword, dagger, poniard, axe, etc. (class.): Ajax gladio incubuit;

    Ulixes intervenit... e corpore cruentum telum educit,

    Auct. Her. 1, 11, 18:

    ex quibus (telis) ille maximum sicarum numerum et gladiorum extulit,

    Cic. Cat. 3, 3, 8:

    elatam securim in caput dejecit: relictoque in vulnere telo ambo se foras eiciunt,

    Liv. 1, 40, 7:

    non tuba terruerit, non strictis agmina telis,

    Ov. M. 3, 535:

    tela aliis hastae, aliis secures erant,

    Curt. 9, 1, 15:

    clavae tela erant,

    id. 9, 4, 3:

    stare in comitio cum telo,

    Cic. Cat. 1, 6, 15;

    so esp. freq.: esse cum telo,

    to be armed, id. Att. 2, 24, 3; id. Vatin. 10, 24; id. Verr. 2, 5, 3, § 7; Sall. C. 27, 2 al.; cf.:

    esse cum telo hominis occidendi causā (lex) vetat,

    Cic. Mil. 4, 11:

    qui caedem telo quocumque commiserint,

    Quint. 10, 1, 12:

    ut pereat positum rubigine telum,

    my sheathed sword, Hor. S. 2, 1, 43 et saep.:

    pars caret altera telo Frontis,

    i. e. a horn, Ov. M. 8, 883;

    so of the caestus,

    Verg. A. 5, 438; Stat. Th. 6, 772.—
    2.
    Poet., like the Gr. belos (v. Lidd. and Scott, sub voce),
    a.
    A sunbeam:

    non radii solis neque lucida tela diei,

    Lucr. 1, 147; 2, 60; 3, 92; 6, 40.—
    b.
    Lightning:

    arbitrium est in sua tela Jovi,

    Ov. F. 3, 316:

    excutere irato tela trisulca Jovi,

    id. Am. 2, 5, 52.—
    3.
    A stitch in the side, Ser. Samm. 22, 402; cf. Isid. Orig. 4, 6.—
    4.
    = membrum virile, Mart. 11, 78, 6; Auct. Priap. 9; Just. 38, 1. —
    II.
    Trop., a weapon, shaft, dart (class.), Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 113: usque quāque sapere oportet: id erit telum acerrimum, Poët. ap. Cic. Fam. 7, 16, 1; cf.: nec mediocre telum ad res gerendas existimare oportet benevolen, tiam civium, Cic. Lael. 17, 61:

    nec gelidis torpet telis perfixa pavoris,

    Lucr. 3, 305:

    Veneris telis accipere ictus,

    id. 4, 1052:

    necessitas, quae ultimum ac maximum telum est,

    Liv. 4, 28, 5; 5, 29, 9:

    quā lege tribunitiis rogationibus telum acerrimum datum est,

    id. 3, 55, 3:

    de corpore rei publicae tuorum scelerum tela revellere,

    Cic. Pis. 11, 25:

    tela fortunae,

    id. Fam. 5, 16, 2:

    lucubrationis telum,

    Suet. Calig. 53:

    vis tribunicia, telum a majoribus libertati paratum,

    Sall. Or. Macri Licinii ad Pleb. 6; Liv. 6, 35, 8:

    sentire et linguae tela subire tuae,

    Ov. P. 4, 6, 36.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > telum

  • 4 accedo

    ac-cēdo, cessi, cessum, 3, v. n. ( perf. sync., accēstis, Verg. A. 1, 201), to go or come to or near, to approach (class.).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen., constr. with ad, in, the local adverbs, the acc., dat., infin., or absol.
    (α).
    With ad:

    accedam ad hominem,

    Plaut. Mil. 2, 6, 14; so,

    ad aedīs,

    id. Amph. 1, 1, 108:

    ad flammam,

    Ter. Andr. 1, 1, 103:

    omnīs ad aras,

    to beset every altar, Lucr. 5, 1199:

    ad oppidum,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 13:

    ad ludos,

    Cic. Pis. 27, 65:

    ad Caesarem supplex,

    id. Fam. 4, 4, 3: ad manum, to come to their hands (of fishes), id. Att. 2, 1, 7:

    ad Aquinum,

    id. Phil. 2, 41, 106; so,

    ad Heracleam,

    id. Verr. 2, 5, 49, § 129.— Impers.:

    ad eas (oleas) cum accederetur,

    Cic. Caecin. 8, 22.—
    (β).
    With in:

    ne in aedīs accederes,

    Cic. Caecin. 13, 36:

    in senatum,

    id. Att. 7, 4, 1:

    in Macedoniam,

    id. Phil. 10, 6:

    in funus aliorum,

    to join a funeral procession, id. Leg. 2, 26, 66 al. —
    (γ).
    With local adv.:

    eodem pacto, quo huc accessi, abscessero,

    Plaut. Trin. 3, 2, 84:

    illo,

    Cic. Caecin. 16, 46:

    quo,

    Sall. J. 14, 17.—
    (δ).
    With acc. (so, except the names of localities, only in poets and historians, but not in Caesar and Livy):

    juvat integros accedere fontīs atque haurire,

    Lucr. 1, 927, and 4, 2:

    Scyllaeam rabiem scopulosque,

    Verg. A. 1, 201:

    Sicanios portus,

    Sil. 14, 3; cf. id. 6, 604:

    Africam,

    Nep. Hann. 8:

    aliquem,

    Sall. J. 18, 9; 62, 1; Tac. H. 3, 24:

    classis Ostia cum magno commeatu accessit,

    Liv. 22, 37, 1:

    Carthaginem,

    Plin. Ep. 7, 27, 3.—
    (ε).
    With dat. ( poet.):

    delubris,

    Ov. M. 15, 745:

    silvis,

    id. ib. 5, 674: caelo (i. e. to become a god), id. ib. 15, 818, and 870.—
    * (ζ).
    With inf.:

    dum constanter accedo decerpere (rosas),

    App. M. 4, p. 143 med.
    (η).
    Absol.:

    accedam atque hanc appellabo,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 3, 17:

    deici nullo modo potuisse qui non accesserit,

    Cic. Caecin. 13, 36:

    accessit propius,

    ib. 8, 22:

    quoties voluit blandis accedere dictis,

    Ov. M. 3, 375 al. — Impers.: non potis accedi, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 2, 16, 38 (Trag. v. 17 ed. Vahl.):

    quod eā proxime accedi poterat,

    Cic. Caecin. 8, 21.
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    To approach a thing in a hostilemanner (like aggredior, adorior), to attack:

    acie instructa usque ad castra hostium accessit,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 51:

    sese propediem cum magno exercitu ad urbem accessurum,

    Sall. C. 32 fin.:

    ad manum,

    to fight hand to hand, to engage in close combat, Nep. Eum. 5, 2; Liv. 2, 30, 12:

    ad corpus alicujus,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 2, 2: Atque accedit muros Romana juventus, Enn. ap. Gell. 10, 29 (Ann. v. 527 ed. Vahl.): hostīs accedere ventis navibus velivolis, id. ap. Macr. S. 6, 5 (Ann. v. 380 ib.);

    and, in malam part.,

    Ter. Heaut. 3, 3, 22.—
    2.
    Mercant. t. t.:

    accedere ad hastam,

    to attend an auction, Nep. Att. 6, 3; Liv. 43, 16, 2.—
    3.
    In late Lat.: ad manus (different from ad manum, B. 1), to be admitted to kiss hands, Capit. Maxim. 5.
    II.
    Fig.
    A.
    In gen., to come near to, to approach:

    haud invito ad aurīs sermo mi accessit,

    Ter. Hec. 3, 5, 32; so,

    clemens quidam sonus aurīs ejus accedit,

    App. M. 5, p. 160:

    si somnus non accessit,

    Cels. 3, 18; cf.:

    febris accedit,

    id. 3, 3 sq.:

    ubi accedent anni,

    Hor. S. 2, 2, 85; cf.:

    accedente senectā,

    id. Ep. 2, 2, 211.
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    To come to or upon one, to happen to, to befall (a meaning in which it approaches so near to accĭdo that in many passages it has been proposed to change it to the latter; cf. Ruhnk. Rut. Lup. 1, p. 3; 2, p. 96; Dictat. in Ter. p. 222 and 225); constr. with ad or (more usually) with dat.:

    voluntas vostra si ad poëtam accesserit,

    Ter. Phorm. prol. 29:

    num tibi stultitia accessit?

    have you become a fool? Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 77:

    paulum vobis accessit pecuniae,

    Ter. Hec. 3, 5, 56:

    dolor accessit bonis viris, virtus non est imminuta,

    Cic. Att. 1, 16, 9:

    quo plus sibi aetatis accederet,

    id. de Or. 1, 60, 254 al.
    2.
    With the accessory idea of increase, to be added = addi; constr. with ad or dat.: primum facie (i. e. faciei) quod honestas accedit, Lucil. ap. Gell. 1, 14; so ap. Non. 35, 20:

    ad virtutis summam accedere nihil potest,

    Cic. Fin. 4, 24:

    Cassio animus accessit,

    id. Att. 5, 20; 7, 3; id. Clu. 60 al.:

    pretium agris,

    the price increases, advances, Plin. Ep. 6, 19, 1.— Absol.:

    plura accedere debent,

    Lucr. 2, 1129:

    accedit mors,

    Cic. Fin. 1, 18, 60; id. de Or. 2, 17, 73:

    quae jacerent in tenebris omnia, nisi litterarum lumen accederet,

    id. Arch. 6, 14 (so, not accenderet, is to be read).—If a new thought is to be added, it is expressed by accedit with quod ( add to this, that, etc.) when it implies a logical reason, but with ut ( beside this, it happens that, or it occurs that) when it implies an historical fact (cf. Zumpt, §

    621 and 626): accedit enim, quod patrem amo,

    Cic. Att. 13, 21: so Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 2; Cic. Rosc. Am. 8, 22; id. Att. 1, 92 al.; Caes. B. G. 3, 2; 4, 16; Sall. C. 11, 5;

    on the other hand: huc accedit uti, etc.,

    Lucr. 1, 192, 215, 265 al.:

    ad App. Claudii senectutem accedebat etiam ut caecus esset,

    Cic. de Sen. 6, 16; so id. Tusc. 1, 19, 43; id. Rosc. Am. 31, 86; id. Deiot. 1, 2; Caes. B. G. 3, 13; 5, 16 al. When several new ideas are added, they are introduced by res in the plur.: cum ad has suspiciones certissimae res accederent: quod per fines Sequanorum Helvetios transduxisset; quod obsides inter eos dandos curāsset;

    quod ea omnia, etc.,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 19. Sometimes the historical idea follows accedit, without ut:

    ad haec mala hoc mihi accedit etiam: haec Andria... gravida e Pamphilo est,

    Ter. Andr. 1, 3, 11:

    accedit illud: si maneo... cadendum est in unius potestatem,

    Cic. Att. 8, 3, 1.
    3.
    To give assent to, accede to, assent to, to agree with, to approve of; constr. with ad or dat. (with persons only, with dat.):

    accessit animus ad meam sententiam,

    Plaut. Aul. 2, 7, 13; so Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 28, § 69; Nep. Milt. 3, 5:

    Galba speciosiora suadentibus accessit,

    Tac. H. 1, 34; so Quint. 9, 4, 2 al.
    4.
    To come near to in resemblance, to resemble, be like; with ad or dat. (the latter most freq., esp. after Cic.):

    homines ad Deos nulla re propius accedunt quam salutem hominibus dando,

    Cic. Lig. 12:

    Antonio Philippus proximus accedebat,

    id. Brut. 147; cf. id. Verr. 2, 2, 3; id. de Or. 1, 62, 263; id. Ac. 2, 11, 36 al.
    5.
    To enter upon, to undertake; constr. with ad or in:

    in eandem infamiam,

    Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 84:

    ad bellorum pericula,

    Cic. Balb. 10:

    ad poenam,

    to undertake the infliction of punishment, id. Off. 1, 25, 89:

    ad amicitiam Caesaris,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 48:

    ad vectiǵalia,

    to undertake their collection as contractor, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 42:

    ad causam,

    the direction of a lawsuit, id. ib. 2, 2, 38; id. de Or. 1, 38, 175 al. But esp.:

    ad rem publicam,

    to enter upon the service of the state, Cic. Off. 1, 9, 28; id. Rosc. Am. 1 al.,‡

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > accedo

  • 5 concurro

    con-curro, curri, cursum, 3 ( perf. redupl. concucurrit, Flor. 4, 2, 33 Duker N. cr.: concucurrisse, Cato ap. Prisc. p. 901 P., and Suet. Caes. 15; cf. Liv. 1, 12 Oud., and Ind. Flor. s. h. v. Duker), v. n.
    I.
    To run together (of several persons), to come or assemble together in multitudes, to rush or flock together in crowds (very freq., and class.).
    A.
    Prop.
    1.
    Absol.:

    tota Italia concurret,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 2, 5, § 16: video hac tempestate concurrisse omnis adversarios, Cato ap. Prisc. 10, p. 901 P.:

    concurrunt jussu meo plures uno tempore librarii,

    Cic. Agr. 2, 5, 13:

    cum omnes, ut mos est, concurrerent,

    id. Verr. 2, 5, 26, § 65:

    licet concurrant omnes plebei philosophi, nihil tam eleganter explicabunt, etc.,

    unite, id. Tusc. 1, 23, 55:

    multi concurrerant,

    Nep. Dion, 10, 1; Sall. J. 60, 6:

    concurrite, concurrite, cives,

    Val. Max. 4, 1, 12.— Impers.: contionem inprimis advocari jubet;

    summā cum expectatione concurritur,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 5, 13.—
    2.
    Designating the place from which, or the place or purpose to or for which:

    non solum qui in urbe erant, sed etiam undique ex agris concurrerunt,

    Nep. Pelop. 3, 3:

    undique gentes,

    Luc. 3, 321:

    concurrunt laeti mi obviam cupedinarii omnes,

    Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 25: ad hos (sc. Druides) magnus adulescentium numerus disciplinae causā concurrit, Caes. B. G. 6, 13; cf. Quint. 1, 2, 16:

    ad eum magnae copiae,

    Sall. C. 56, 5:

    ad eum homines omnium ordirum corruptissimi,

    id. H. 1, 48, 7 Dietsch:

    ad curiam,

    Cic. Rab. Post. 7, 18 (corresp. to convolare ad Rostra); Liv. 4, 60, 1; Suet. Tit. 11:

    domum tuam cuncta civitas,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 31, § 80:

    ad arma milites,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 22 fin.; so id. ib. 5, 39 fin.:

    ad non dubiam mortem,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 37, 89:

    ad auxilium sociae,

    Luc. 3, 663:

    signum dedit, ut ad me restituendum Romam concurrerent,

    Cic. Mil. 15, 39:

    omnes concurrerunt ad Perdiccam opprimendum,

    united together, Nep. Eum. 3, 1; id. Phoc. 2, 5:

    ad aliquem audiendum,

    Suet. Caes. 32. — Impers.:

    concurritur undique ad commune incendium restinguendum,

    Cic. Phil. 10, 10, 21:

    concurrendum ad curiam putare,

    id. Rab. Post. 7, 18:

    cum ad arma concurri oporteret,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 20:

    ex proximis castellis eo concursum est,

    id. ib. 2, 33:

    concursum ad curiam esse,

    Liv. 4, 60, 1: Suet. Calig. 6; Quint. 1, 2, 16.—
    * b.
    Poet., to run in attendance upon, to accompany:

    est quibus Eleae concurrit palma quadrigae, as it were,

    follows him on foot, accompanies, Prop. 3, 9 (4, 8), 17.—
    B.
    Trop. = confugere, to run for refuge or help, to take refuge (rare):

    ad C. Aquilium,

    Cic. Quint. 16, 53 B. and K.:

    nulla sedes, quo concurrant,

    Cic. Att. 8, 3, 4:

    ne darem perditis civibus hominem, quo concurrerent,

    id. Ep. ad Brut. 2, 2, 3:

    interea servitia repudiabat (Catilina), opibus conjurationis fretus,

    Sall. C. 56, 5; Just. 19, 1, 9.—
    2.
    Of words, as under military command:

    ante enim circumscribitur mente sententia confestimque verba concurrunt, quae mens eadem... statim dimittit, ut suo quodque loco respondeat,

    Cic. Or. 59, 200.—
    II.
    To run upon one another, to meet or dash together (class.).
    A.
    Of corporeal objects.
    1.
    In gen.:

    concurrunt nubes ventis,

    Lucr. 6, 97; cf. id. 6, 116:

    ne prorae concurrerent,

    Liv. 37, 30, 4 (al. prorā; cf. Weissenb. ad loc.); cf. id. 44, 42, 5; Luc. 3, 663:

    mediis concurrere in undis (montes, viz., the Symplegades),

    Ov. M. 7, 62; cf. id. Am. 2, 11, 3:

    concurrere montes duo inter se,

    Plin. 2, 83, 85, § 199: actor cum stetit in scaenā, concurrit dextera laevae (viz., in applauding), Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 205:

    labra concurrunt,

    draw together, close, Sen. Ep. 11, 2: os concurrit, id. Ira, 3, 15, 1; id. Ben. 2, 1, 3:

    os,

    Quint. 10, 7, 8; 11, 3, 121.— Transf., of letters and words:

    aspere concurrunt litterae,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 43, 172 (opp. diduci); so id. Or. 45, 154.—Hence,
    2.
    In partic., milit. t. t., to rush together in hostility, to engage in combat, to join battle, to fight (most freq. in the histt.); constr. inter se, cum aliquo, adversus, in, contra aliquem, alicui, and absol.
    (α).
    Inter se:

    concurrunt equites inter se,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 25; so Liv. 26, 51, 4; 29, 18, 10; Suet. Oth. 12; Verg. G. 1, 489; id. A. 10, 436.—
    (β).
    Cum aliquo:

    cum hoc concurrit ipse Eumenes,

    Nep. Eum. 4, 1; so Liv. 8, 8, 15; Vell. 2, 70, 1; Suet. Oth. 10; Ov. M. 13, 87.—
    (γ).
    Adversus, in, or contra aliquem:

    recenti milite adversus fessos longo itinere concurrerat,

    Liv. 35, 1, 6 Weissenb. ad loc.:

    in aliquem,

    Sall. J. 97, 4; Just. 4, 1, 10: equites contra tantam multitudinem audacissime concurrunt, run upon, against, etc., Auct. B. Afr. 6.—
    (δ).
    Alicui (freq. in the poets):

    audet viris concurrere virgo,

    Verg. A. 1, 493; 10, 8; Ov. M. 5, 89; 12, 595 al.:

    quibus (equitibus) cum inpigre, Numidae concurrissent,

    Liv. 24, 15, 7 Weissenb. ad loc.—
    (ε).
    Absol.: repente Antonius in aciem suas copias de vico produxit et sine morā concurrit, Galb. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 3:

    cum infestis signis concurrunt,

    Sall. C. 60, 2; so Liv. 6, 7, 6; 8, 7, 9 al.; Tac. A. 6, 35; id. H. 2, 42; Suet. Claud. 21:

    ex insidiis,

    Liv. 9, 25, 8; 2, 11, 9:

    mutuis vulneribus,

    Sen. Suas. 7, 14.— Impers. pass.:

    ubi propius ventum est, utrimque magno clamore concurritur,

    Sall. J. 53, 2; so Liv. 10, 40, 13; Hor. S. 1, 1, 7.— Transf.:

    adversus has concurrentis belli minas, legati vallum murosque firmabant,

    Tac. H. 4, 22 init.
    b.
    Not in war; in the jurists, to make the same claim, enter into competition with:

    si non sit, qui ei concurrat, habeat solus bonorum possessionem,

    Dig. 37, 1, 2:

    in hereditatem fratri concurrere,

    ib. 5, 2, 16:

    in pignus,

    ib. 20, 4, 7: in pignore, ib.—
    c.
    Trop. (rare): in tantā causarum varietate cum alia colligantur vel ipsa inter se concurrant, vel in diversum ambiguitate ducantur, Quint. 12, 2, 15:

    cum dolore,

    Sen. Cons. ad Helv. 2:

    concurrit illinc publica, hinc regis salus,

    Sen. Oedip. 830.—
    B.
    Of abstract objects (occurrences, circumstances, points of time, etc.), to meet, concur, fall out at the same time, happen:

    multa concurrunt simul,

    Ter. And. 3, 2, 31; so,

    concurrunt multae opiniones,

    id. Heaut. 2, 2, 3:

    tot verisimilia,

    id. Ad. 4, 4, 19:

    res contrariae,

    Cic. Fin. 5, 10, 28:

    ista casu,

    id. Div. 2, 68, 141:

    quae ut concurrant omnia, optabile est,

    id. Off. 1, 14, 45:

    saepe concurrunt aliquorum bene de me meritorum inter ipsos contentiones,

    id. Planc. 32, 78:

    si quid tale accidisset, ut non concurrerent nomina,

    that the reciprocal accounts do not meet, become due on the same day, id. Att. 16, 3, 5; cf.:

    sponsalia in idem tempus,

    Dig. 3, 2, 13:

    concurrit actio legis Aquiliae et injuriarum,

    to have place together, to be coincident, ib. 9, 2, 5.—
    2.
    Pregn., to accord, agree with (in jurid. Lat.):

    concurrit cum veritate,

    Dig. 29, 2, 30:

    cum summā,

    ib. 29, 30, 53.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > concurro

  • 6 consero

    1.
    con-sĕro, sēvi, sĭtum or sătum, 3, v. a. ( perf. conseruerit, Col. 3, 4, 2; Aur. Vict. Epit. 37, 3; Dig. 6, 1, 38; v. 1. sero).
    I. A.
    Lit.:

    agros,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 52, 130; Verg. E. 1, 73; Cato, R. R. 6, 1; Dig. 7, 1, 9, § 6; cf.:

    ager diligenter consitus,

    Cic. Sen. 17, 59:

    ager arbustis consitus,

    Sall. J. 53, 1; and:

    consitus an incultus (locus),

    Quint. 5, 10, 37:

    Ismara Baccho (i. e. vino),

    Verg. G. 2, 38:

    vineam malleolo,

    Col. 5, 5, 6:

    arva frumento,

    Curt. 7, 4, 26.— Absol.:

    in alieno fundo,

    Dig. 6, 1, 38:

    in alienum fundum,

    ib. 41, 1, 9.—
    2.
    Transf.:

    arva mūliebria (Venus),

    Lucr. 4, 1107; cf. Sol. 9 fin. —Hence, conserentes dii, who preside over generation, Arn. 5, 169.—
    B.
    Transf., of columns, to plant, set:

    aera (rostra) columnis consita,

    Claud. VI. Cons. Hon. 49.—
    C.
    Trop.:

    (sol) lumine conserit arva,

    strews, fills, Lucr. 2, 211: consitus sum Senectute, * Plaut. Men. 5, 2, 4: caeca mentem caligine Theseus consitus, * Cat. 64, 208.—
    II.
    To sow, plant:

    olivetum,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 24:

    hoc genus oleae,

    Cato, R. R. 6, 1:

    arborem,

    Liv. 10, 24, 5; Curt. 6, 5, 14; 7, 2, 22:

    zizyphum,

    Pall. Apr. 4:

    palmas,

    id. Oct. 12:

    (vitem) Narbonicam,

    Plin. 14, 3, 4, § 43; Cato ap. Plin. 14, 4, 5, § 46.—
    B.
    Transf. (cf. I. B. supra): extra vallum stili caeci, mirabilem in modum consiti, set, Auct. B. Afr. 31.
    2.
    con-sĕro, sĕrŭi, sertum, 3 ( perf. consevisti, Fronto, Ep. ad Ver. 8), v. a., to connect, entwine, tie, join, fit, bind into a whole (syn.: conecto, conjungo, contexo, etc.; class. in prose and poetry; most freq. in the signif. II. B., and in the histt.).
    I.
    In gen.
    A.
    Lit.
    (α).
    With acc. with or without abl.:

    lorica conserta hamis auroque,

    Verg. A. 3, 467; cf.:

    tegumen spinis,

    id. ib. 3, 594 (illigatum spinis, Serv.); cf. Tac. G. 17: monile margaritis gemmisque, * Suet. Galb. 18:

    vincula, quīs conserta erant vehicula,

    Curt. 9, 1, 17; cf.:

    conserta navigia,

    entangled, id. 4, 3, 18:

    scutis super capita consertis,

    overlapping, id. 5, 3, 23:

    rudis arbor conseritur (for navigating),

    Luc. 3, 512; cf. id. 4, 136.—
    (β).
    With acc. and dat.:

    alium (truncum) alii quasi nexu conserunt,

    Curt. 6, 5, 15.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    quid juvat nocti conseruisse diem?

    Ov. Am. 3, 6, 10:

    exodia conserta fabellis Atellanis,

    Liv. 7, 2, 11;

    v. exodium: virtutes consertae et inter se cohaerentes,

    Sen. Ep. 90, 3: ita ordo rerum tribus momentis consertus est, * Quint. 5, 10, 71:

    sermonem,

    to interchange words, converse, Curt. 8, 12, 5; Fronto l. l.—
    II.
    In partic.
    A.
    To join, connect, unite together:

    teneros sinus,

    Tib. 1, 8, 36:

    femur femori,

    id. 1, 8, 26; cf.:

    latus lateri,

    Ov. H. 2, 58.—
    B.
    Esp., to unite in hostility, for contest, to bring together; so most freq. manum or manus, to engage in close combat, to join hand to hand, to join battle:

    signa contulit, manum conseruit, magnas copias hostium fudit,

    Cic. Mur. 9, 20; so Plaut. Mil. 1, 1, 3; Sall. J. 50, 4; Nep. Dat. 8, 4; id. Ages. 3, 6; Liv. 21, 41, 4 al.:

    manum cum hoste,

    Varr. L. L. 6, § 64 Müll.; Cic. Att. 7, 20, 1; Nep. Hann. 4, 2:

    manus inter se,

    Sall. H. 1, 41, 19 Dietsch; Liv. 7, 40, 14; Ov. H. 12, 100:

    manus cum imparibus,

    Liv. 6, 12, 8:

    cum hoste manus,

    id. 21, 39, 3:

    consertis deinde manibus,

    id. 1, 25, 5:

    dextras,

    Stat. S. 1, 6, 60:

    pugnam,

    Liv. 21, 50, 1; cf. id. 21, 8, 7; Tac. A. 2, 10:

    pugnam inter se,

    Liv. 32, 10, 8:

    pugnam seni,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 9, 43:

    proelia,

    Verg. A. 2, 398; Liv. 5, 36, 5; Curt. 8, 13, 12:

    certamen,

    Liv. 35, 4, 2:

    bella,

    Val. Fl. 3, 31:

    bella bellis,

    Luc. 2, 442:

    acies,

    Sil. 1, 339; cf.:

    conserta acies,

    hand-to-hand fighting, Tac. A. 6, 35.— Mid.:

    navis conseritur,

    enters the fight, Liv. 21, 50, 3:

    duo acerrimā pugnā conserti exercitus,

    Val. Max. 3, 2, 1.—Rarely absol.:

    levis armatura ab lateribus cum levi armaturā,

    Liv. 44, 4, 6.—
    2.
    Trop.:

    haud ignotas belli artes inter se conserebant,

    Liv. 21, 1, 2.—
    3.
    Transf., of judicial controversy: manum in jure or ex jure conserere, to make a joint seizure (this was done by the litigant parties laying hands at the same time upon the thing in dispute, each one claiming it as his own): si qui in jure manum conserunt, XII. Tab. ap. Gell. 20, 10, 7: non ex jure manum consertum sed mage ferro rem repetunt, Enn. ib. § 4 (Ann. v. 276 Vahl.); cf. also Varr. L. L. 6, § 64 Müll., and Cic. Fam. 7, 13, 2: ibi ego te ex jure manum consertum voco, etc., I summon you in an action for possession, etc., a judic. formula in Cic. Mur. 12, 26; id. de Or. 1, 10, 41.—Hence, * con-sertē, adv., from consertus, a, um (acc. to I. A.), not used as P. a., as if bound or fastened together, in connection:

    omnia necesse est conligatione naturali conserte contexteque fieri,

    Cic. Fat. 14, 32.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > consero

  • 7 conserte

    1.
    con-sĕro, sēvi, sĭtum or sătum, 3, v. a. ( perf. conseruerit, Col. 3, 4, 2; Aur. Vict. Epit. 37, 3; Dig. 6, 1, 38; v. 1. sero).
    I. A.
    Lit.:

    agros,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 52, 130; Verg. E. 1, 73; Cato, R. R. 6, 1; Dig. 7, 1, 9, § 6; cf.:

    ager diligenter consitus,

    Cic. Sen. 17, 59:

    ager arbustis consitus,

    Sall. J. 53, 1; and:

    consitus an incultus (locus),

    Quint. 5, 10, 37:

    Ismara Baccho (i. e. vino),

    Verg. G. 2, 38:

    vineam malleolo,

    Col. 5, 5, 6:

    arva frumento,

    Curt. 7, 4, 26.— Absol.:

    in alieno fundo,

    Dig. 6, 1, 38:

    in alienum fundum,

    ib. 41, 1, 9.—
    2.
    Transf.:

    arva mūliebria (Venus),

    Lucr. 4, 1107; cf. Sol. 9 fin. —Hence, conserentes dii, who preside over generation, Arn. 5, 169.—
    B.
    Transf., of columns, to plant, set:

    aera (rostra) columnis consita,

    Claud. VI. Cons. Hon. 49.—
    C.
    Trop.:

    (sol) lumine conserit arva,

    strews, fills, Lucr. 2, 211: consitus sum Senectute, * Plaut. Men. 5, 2, 4: caeca mentem caligine Theseus consitus, * Cat. 64, 208.—
    II.
    To sow, plant:

    olivetum,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 24:

    hoc genus oleae,

    Cato, R. R. 6, 1:

    arborem,

    Liv. 10, 24, 5; Curt. 6, 5, 14; 7, 2, 22:

    zizyphum,

    Pall. Apr. 4:

    palmas,

    id. Oct. 12:

    (vitem) Narbonicam,

    Plin. 14, 3, 4, § 43; Cato ap. Plin. 14, 4, 5, § 46.—
    B.
    Transf. (cf. I. B. supra): extra vallum stili caeci, mirabilem in modum consiti, set, Auct. B. Afr. 31.
    2.
    con-sĕro, sĕrŭi, sertum, 3 ( perf. consevisti, Fronto, Ep. ad Ver. 8), v. a., to connect, entwine, tie, join, fit, bind into a whole (syn.: conecto, conjungo, contexo, etc.; class. in prose and poetry; most freq. in the signif. II. B., and in the histt.).
    I.
    In gen.
    A.
    Lit.
    (α).
    With acc. with or without abl.:

    lorica conserta hamis auroque,

    Verg. A. 3, 467; cf.:

    tegumen spinis,

    id. ib. 3, 594 (illigatum spinis, Serv.); cf. Tac. G. 17: monile margaritis gemmisque, * Suet. Galb. 18:

    vincula, quīs conserta erant vehicula,

    Curt. 9, 1, 17; cf.:

    conserta navigia,

    entangled, id. 4, 3, 18:

    scutis super capita consertis,

    overlapping, id. 5, 3, 23:

    rudis arbor conseritur (for navigating),

    Luc. 3, 512; cf. id. 4, 136.—
    (β).
    With acc. and dat.:

    alium (truncum) alii quasi nexu conserunt,

    Curt. 6, 5, 15.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    quid juvat nocti conseruisse diem?

    Ov. Am. 3, 6, 10:

    exodia conserta fabellis Atellanis,

    Liv. 7, 2, 11;

    v. exodium: virtutes consertae et inter se cohaerentes,

    Sen. Ep. 90, 3: ita ordo rerum tribus momentis consertus est, * Quint. 5, 10, 71:

    sermonem,

    to interchange words, converse, Curt. 8, 12, 5; Fronto l. l.—
    II.
    In partic.
    A.
    To join, connect, unite together:

    teneros sinus,

    Tib. 1, 8, 36:

    femur femori,

    id. 1, 8, 26; cf.:

    latus lateri,

    Ov. H. 2, 58.—
    B.
    Esp., to unite in hostility, for contest, to bring together; so most freq. manum or manus, to engage in close combat, to join hand to hand, to join battle:

    signa contulit, manum conseruit, magnas copias hostium fudit,

    Cic. Mur. 9, 20; so Plaut. Mil. 1, 1, 3; Sall. J. 50, 4; Nep. Dat. 8, 4; id. Ages. 3, 6; Liv. 21, 41, 4 al.:

    manum cum hoste,

    Varr. L. L. 6, § 64 Müll.; Cic. Att. 7, 20, 1; Nep. Hann. 4, 2:

    manus inter se,

    Sall. H. 1, 41, 19 Dietsch; Liv. 7, 40, 14; Ov. H. 12, 100:

    manus cum imparibus,

    Liv. 6, 12, 8:

    cum hoste manus,

    id. 21, 39, 3:

    consertis deinde manibus,

    id. 1, 25, 5:

    dextras,

    Stat. S. 1, 6, 60:

    pugnam,

    Liv. 21, 50, 1; cf. id. 21, 8, 7; Tac. A. 2, 10:

    pugnam inter se,

    Liv. 32, 10, 8:

    pugnam seni,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 9, 43:

    proelia,

    Verg. A. 2, 398; Liv. 5, 36, 5; Curt. 8, 13, 12:

    certamen,

    Liv. 35, 4, 2:

    bella,

    Val. Fl. 3, 31:

    bella bellis,

    Luc. 2, 442:

    acies,

    Sil. 1, 339; cf.:

    conserta acies,

    hand-to-hand fighting, Tac. A. 6, 35.— Mid.:

    navis conseritur,

    enters the fight, Liv. 21, 50, 3:

    duo acerrimā pugnā conserti exercitus,

    Val. Max. 3, 2, 1.—Rarely absol.:

    levis armatura ab lateribus cum levi armaturā,

    Liv. 44, 4, 6.—
    2.
    Trop.:

    haud ignotas belli artes inter se conserebant,

    Liv. 21, 1, 2.—
    3.
    Transf., of judicial controversy: manum in jure or ex jure conserere, to make a joint seizure (this was done by the litigant parties laying hands at the same time upon the thing in dispute, each one claiming it as his own): si qui in jure manum conserunt, XII. Tab. ap. Gell. 20, 10, 7: non ex jure manum consertum sed mage ferro rem repetunt, Enn. ib. § 4 (Ann. v. 276 Vahl.); cf. also Varr. L. L. 6, § 64 Müll., and Cic. Fam. 7, 13, 2: ibi ego te ex jure manum consertum voco, etc., I summon you in an action for possession, etc., a judic. formula in Cic. Mur. 12, 26; id. de Or. 1, 10, 41.—Hence, * con-sertē, adv., from consertus, a, um (acc. to I. A.), not used as P. a., as if bound or fastened together, in connection:

    omnia necesse est conligatione naturali conserte contexteque fieri,

    Cic. Fat. 14, 32.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > conserte

  • 8 cōminus

        cōminus    see comminus.
    * * *
    hand to hand (fight), in close combat/quarters; close at hand; in presence of

    Latin-English dictionary > cōminus

  • 9 comminus

        comminus (not cōminus), adv.    [com- + manus], in close contest, hand to hand, at close quarters: acriter instare, S.: eminus hastis aut comminus gladiis uti: unum ense ferit, O.: comminus eminus petunt, L.: locus pugnandi, Cs.: conferre signa, L.: falcati enses, for hand-to-hand fighting, V.: in apros ire, O.: cervos obtruncant ferro, V.: arva Insequitur, V.—Fig., at close quarters, hand to hand: agamus. — Nigh at hand, near to, near: aspicit Getas, O.: monstratā captivitate, Ta.
    * * *
    hand to hand (fight), in close combat/quarters; close at hand; in presence of

    Latin-English dictionary > comminus

  • 10 com - mittō (conm-)

        com - mittō (conm-) mīsī, missus, ere.    I. To bring together, join, combine, put together, connect, unite: commissis operibus, L.: fidibusque commissa Moenia, O.: domus plumbo commissa, patched, In.: commissa inter se munimenta, L.: viam a Placentiā Flaminiae, L.: quā naris fronti committitur, is joined, O.: manum Teucris, to attack, V.: commissa in unum crura, O. — To bring together in fight, match, set together, set on: Aenean Rutulumque, make them fight, i. e. describe their contest, Iu.: eunucho Bromium, Iu.—To join, commit, enter on, fight, engage in, begin: proelii committendi signum dare, Cs.: proelium statim, N.: pugnam caestu, V.: ut proelium committi posset, S.: commisso proelio, when the fighting began, Cs.: cum equitatu proelium, Cs.: rixae committendae causā, L. — Of contests in the games: nondum commisso spectaculo, L.: quo die ludi committebantur: ludos, V.—Of a criminal trial: iudicium inter sicarios hoc primum committitur.—To fight, carry on, wage: pugnam navalem: proelia per quatriduum, L. —    II. To deliver, intrust, consign, place, commit, yield, resign, trust, expose, abandon: me tuae fide (dat.), T.: suos alcui liberos, T.: honor creditus ac commissus: alcui calceandos pedes, Ph.: quibus tota commissa est res p.: quia commissi sunt eis magistratūs: imperium alicui, N.: caput tonsori, H.: sulcis semina, V.: verba tabellis, O.: se theatro: se pugnae, L.: pelago ratem, H.: se mortis periculo: se civilibus fluctibus, N.: tergum meum Tuam in fidem, T.: se in id conclave: rem in casum, L.: cum senatus ei commiserit, ut videret, ne, etc.: de existimatione suā alcui: ei commisi et credidi, T.: universo populo neque ipse committit neque, etc.: venti, quibus necessario committendum existimabat, Cs.— Prov.: ovem lupo commisti, T. — To practise, commit, perpetrate, do, be guilty of: qui nihil commiserint: quod mox mutare laboret, H.: facinus: delictum, Cs.: nil nefandum, O.: nefarias res: fraudem, H.: multa in deos impie: quidquid contra leges: aliquid adversus populum, L.: quasi committeret contra legem, offend: cum veri simile erit aliquem commississe.—With ut (rarely cur or quā re), to be in fault, give occasion, be guilty, incur (usu. with neg.): non committet hodie iterum ut vapulet, T.: civem committere, ut morte multandus sit, incur: committendum non putabat, ut dici posset, etc., that he ought not to incur the reproach, etc., Cs.: negare se commissurum, cur sibi quisquam imperium finiret, L.: neque commissum a se, quā re timeret, Cs.—Poet., with inf: infelix committit saepe repelli, incurs repulse, O. — To incur, become liable to: multam: devotionem capitis, incurred.—Hence, commissus, forfeited, confiscated (as a penalty): hereditas Veneri Erycinae commissa: civitas obligata sponsione commissā, a broken covenant, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > com - mittō (conm-)

  • 11 con-currō

        con-currō currī or cucurrī, cursus, ere,    to run together, assemble, flock together: concurrunt librarii: licet concurrant omnes philosophi, unite: trepidae comites, V.: summā cum expectatione concurritur: undique ex agris, N.: mi obviam, T.: ad hos, Cs.: ad mortem: ad Perdiccam opprimendum, unite, N.: ad vocem, V.: in arcem, V.: concurritur undique ad incendium restinguendum: ex proximis castellis eo concursum est, Cs. — To meet, dash together, clash, strike one another: ne prorae concurrerent, L.: concurrit dextera laevae, H.: aspere concurrunt litterae.—To come together in fight, engage in combat, join battle, fight: equites inter se, Cs.: inter se in modum iustae pugnae, L.: inter sese paribus telis, V.: cum hoc, N.: centurio cum centurione concurrendum sibi esse sciebat, L.: adversus fessos, L.: in aliquem, S.: audet viris concurrere virgo, V.: comminus hosti, O.: cum infestis signis, S.: ex insidiis, attacks, L.: mihi soli, V.: utrimque magno clamore, S.: concurritur, the fight begins, H.: concurrentis belli minae, of the outbreak of war, Ta.—To make haste, run for help: ad Aquilium.—Fig., to meet, concur, coincide, conspire, happen: multa concurrunt simul, T.: saepe concurrunt aliquorum inter ipsos contentiones.

    Latin-English dictionary > con-currō

  • 12 cōn-ferō

        cōn-ferō contulī, conlātus    (coll-), cōnferre.    I. To bring together, collect, gather, unite, join: ligna circa casam, N.: undique conlatis membris, H.: signis in unum locum conlatis, Cs.: dentes in corpore, join, O.: capita, lay heads together: gradum, to walk together, V.—To pay in, contribute: aes, O.: alqd in tuam statuam: aurum in publicum, L.: munera ei, N.: tributa quotannis: (pecuniam) ad statuam: ad honorem tuum pecunias: sextantes in capita, L.—To bring together, match, set in opposition, oppose, set together: cum Fonteio ferrum ac manus contulerunt: conlatis signis exercitūs superare: arma cum aliquo, N.: castra cum hoste, L.: castris Scipionis castra conlata habere, Cs.: pedem cum pede, to fight foot to foot, L.: pede conlato, L.: non possum magis pedem conferre (in court): gradum, L.: pectora luctantia nexu pectoribus, O.: manum Aeneae, V.: inter sese certamina belli, V.: conlato Marte, O.: mecum confer, ait, fight with me, O.: lites, to quarrel, H.—Fig., to bring together in thought, compare, contrast: conferte Verrem: si conferendum exemplumst, cited, T.: faciem moresque duarum, O.: nec quisquam iuventutis conferri potuit, L.: omnia summā diligentiā conlata sunt: hanc pacem cum illo bello: cum Dracone nostras leges: cum illo te dominandi cupiditate: vitam inter se utriusque, pārva magnis: nil iucundo amico, H.—To consult, confer, consider, deliberate, talk over: alqd coram: cum aliquo sermones, unite in: consilia ad adulescentīs, advise with, T.: iniurias, t<*> counsel on, Ta.: inter nos, quid finis: quid ammorum Hispanis esset, L.—To compress, abridge, condense, sum up, make brief: Academiam in quattuor (libros): ut in pauca conferam: sua verba in duos versūs, O.—To join in moving, propose unitedly: cur enim non confertis, ne sit, etc., L.—    II. To bear, carry, convey, direct, take, bring: copias in provinciam: quos eodem audita clades contulerat, L.—With se, to betake oneself, turn, have recourse: quo me miser conferam?: se suaque omnia in oppidum, Cs.: quo se fusa acies, L.: se in fugam<*> me in gregem sicariorum, join.—Fig., to change, transform, turn, metamorphose: aliquem in saxum, O.: corpus in albam volucrem, O. — To bring, turn, direct: verba si ad rem conferentur, be changed for deeds, T.: suspitionem in Capitonem.—With se, to devote oneself, apply, engage: me ad pontificem: se ad studium scribendi: se in salutem rei p.—To devote, apply, employ, direct, confer, bestow upon, give, lend, grant, transfer: cum maxima munera ei ab regibus conferrentur, N.: fructum alio, T.: tempus ad oblivionem belli: orationem ad misericordiam: curas in rem p.: pecuniam in rei p. tempus, for some service: fructum ingeni in proximum quemque: Quid damnatio confert? avail, Iu.—To refer, ascribe, attribute, impute, assign, throw blame, lay to the charge of: species istas hominum in deos: mortis illius invidiam in L. Flaccum: culpam in me, T.: in alterum causam, throw the blame, L.—To transfer, assign, refer, put off, defer, postpone: expugnationem in hunc annum, L.: omnia in mensem Martium: alqd in longiorem diem, Cs.: eo omnem belli rationem conferre, to transfer, Cs.

    Latin-English dictionary > cōn-ferō

  • 13 congredior

        congredior gressus, ī, dep.    [com- + gradior], to come together, meet, have an interview: Congredere actutum, T.: ubi congressi sunt: coram: cum eo ad conloquium, L.: in itinere, Cs. — To meet in strife, fight, contend, engage, join battle: cum finitimis proelio, Cs.: acie, L.: cum fortiore, N.: neque hostem secum congressum, L.: comminus, L.: contra Caesarem: Achilli, V.: locus ubi congressi sunt: cum vellet congrederetur, Cs. — Fig., of advocates, to strive, contend: tecum: mecum criminibus, join issue on the charges.
    * * *
    I
    congredi, congressus sum V DEP
    meet, approach, near; join in battle, come to grips; contend/engage (at law)
    II
    congrediri, congressus sum V DEP
    meet, approach, near; join in battle, come to grips; contend/engage (at law)

    Latin-English dictionary > congredior

  • 14 manus

        manus ūs (dat. manu, Pr.), f    [2 MA-], a hand: puerum in manibus gestare, T.: Vinxerat post terga manūs, V.: Caelo si tuleris manūs, H.: vas in manūs sumere: de manibus deponere, lay down: unde manum continuit? refrained, H.: hominem tibi trado de manu, ut aiunt, in manum, i. e. with great care: manum ferulae subduximus, i. e. outgrew the rod, Iu.: plenā manu, liberally: (Sextius) per manūs tractus servatur, i. e. by careful nursing, Cs.: per manūs servulae, by the assistance: traditae per manūs religiones, from hand to hand, L.: magna Iovis, might, H.: mihi veritas manum inicit, arrests.—The hand, as a symbol of nearness: ut iam in manibus nostris hostes viderentur, close upon us, Cs.: In manibus Mars ipse, at hand, V.: proelium in manibus facere, at close quarters, S.: res ad manūs vocabatur: quod Romanis ad manum domi supplementum esset, within reach, L.: servum habuit ad manum, as private secretary: aliquid paulum prae manu Dare, ready money, T.: est in manibus oratio, accessible: inter manūs sunt omnia vestras, plain and palpable, V.: iudicia mortis manu tenere, palpable proofs: manūs inter parentem Ecce, etc., close to, V.—As a symbol of occupation: habeo opus magnum in manibus, am engaged on: Naevius in manibus non est, is not read, H.: sic in manibus (inimicum) habebant, paid attentions to: agger inter manūs proferebatur, by manual labor, Cs.: inter manūs e convivio auferri, i. e. bodily: (epistulae) tuā manu, by your hand: manu sata, artificially, Cs.—As a symbol of control: Uxor quid faciat, in manu non est meā, under my control, T.: id frustra an ob rem faciam, in manu vostrā situm est, rests with you, S.: neque mihi in manu fuit, Iugurtha qualis foret, I could not determine, S.: (feminas) in manu esse parentium, virorum, subject, L.: hostem ex manibus dimitti, suffered to escape, Cs.: dum occasio in manibus esset, while they had the opportunity, L.: inimicorum in manibus mortuus est.— As a symbol of force: manibus pedibusque omnia Facturus, with might and main, T.: per manūs libertatem retinere, forcibly, S.: aequā manu discedere, a drawn battle, S.: Erymanta manu sternit, a blow, V.: ne manum quidem versuri, turn a hand: cum hoste manūs conserere, try conclusions, L.: manum committere Teucris, fight, V.: manu fortis, brave in battle, N.: urbīs manu ceperat, by force, S.: oppida capta manu, stormed, V.: Ipse manu mortem inveniam, by suicide, V.: usu manuque opinionem fallere, actual fight, Cs.: plura manu agens, compulsion, Ta.: dare manūs, give himself up, Cs.: manūs dedisse, yielded: neque ipse manūs feritate dedisset, consented, V.: manūs ad Caesarem tendere, i. e. to supplicate, Cs.: tendit ad vos virgo manūs.—As a symbol of skill: manus extrema non accessit operibus eius, finish: manus ultima coeptis Inposita, O.: Quale manūs addunt ebori decus, skilled hands, V.—Prov.: manum de tabulā, i. e. the work is finished.—A hand, handwriting, style, work, workmanship: librarii: manum suam cognovit: Artificum manūs inter se Miratur, the comparative skill, V.— A side (cf. pars): Est ad hanc manum sacellum, T.: a laevā conspicienda manu, O.—Of animals, a hand, trunk, claw: manus etiam data elephanto: uncae manūs, claws (of the Harpies), V.—In the phrase, ferreae manūs, grappling-hooks, grappling-irons: manūs ferreas atque harpagones paraverant, Cs.: in hostium navīs ferreas manūs inicere, L.— A body, band, company, host, collection, troop, corps: nova, Cs.: parva, S.: cum manu haudquaquam contemnendā, force, L.: Dolopum, V.: manum facere, copias parare: coniuratorum: bicorpor, i. e. the Centaurs: servilis, H.— Plur, labor, hands, workmen: nos aera, manūs, navalia demus, V.
    * * *
    hand, fist; team; gang, band of soldiers; handwriting; (elephant's) trunk

    Latin-English dictionary > manus

  • 15 proelior

        proelior ātus, ārī, dep.    [proelium], to join battle, engage in battle, fight: pedibus, Cs.: ad Syracusas: proelians interficitur, Cs.: vehementer proeliatus sum, contended (in court).
    * * *
    proeliari, proeliatus sum V DEP

    Latin-English dictionary > proelior

  • 16 proelium

        proelium ī, n    a battle, combat: non proeliis neque acie bellum gerere, S.: proelium facere, to engage: proelia inire, L.: redintegrare, Cs.: proeliis uti secundis: uno proelio confecta res: Punica passi proelia, the wars with Carthage, Iu.: armigera proelia, warriors, Pr.: proelia dant cervi, V.: ventorum proelia, V.—Fig., contest, strife: proelia meā causā sustinere: committere proelia voce, O.
    * * *
    battle/fight/bout/conflict/dispute; armed/hostile encounter; contest of strength

    Latin-English dictionary > proelium

  • 17 pūgna

        pūgna ae, f    [PAC-], a hand-to-hand fight, fight at close quarters, battle, combat, action, engagement: eam pugnam laudibus tulit, i. e. the single combat, L.: res ad pugnam atque ad manūs vocabatur, came to blows: diuturnitate pugnae defessi, Cs.: magna, L.: equestris, a cavalry action: pedestris, V.: gladiatoria: navalis, N.: calamitosissima: mala, S.: Quinquennis Graia Elide pugna, i. e. the games, O.— Troops drawn up for battle, a line of battle: mediam pugnam tueri, the middle line, L.: segregat pugnam eorum, L.: pugnam mutare, Cu. — A battle, contest, dispute, quarrel: Dabit hic pugnam aliquam denuo, i. e. will make some new trouble, T.: doctissimorum hominum: Audiet pugnas iuventus, stories of battle, H.
    * * *
    battle, fight

    Latin-English dictionary > pūgna

  • 18 pūgnō

        pūgnō āvī, ātus, āre    [pugna], to fight, combat, give battle, engage, contend: sinistrā impeditā, Cs.: eminus lapidibus, S.: cum hoste comminus in acie: ex equo, on horseback: de loco, T.: extra ordinem in hostem, L.: contra inperium in hostem, S.: advorsum multitudinem bene pugnatum, S.: pugna summā contentione pugnata: inclitam in ponte pugnam... pugnatam, L.: bella, H.: pugnatur uno tempore omnibus locis, the fighting goes on, Cs.: comminus gladiis pugnatum est, Cs.— To contend, dispute: de dis inmortalibus: pugnant Stoici cum Peripateticis: pugnare, non esse rerum controversiam, sed nominum.— To contend against, oppose, resist, contradict, struggle with: ut totā in oratione tuā tecum ipse pugnares, you contradicted yourself: pugnat sententia secum, H.: placitone etiam pugnabis amori? V.; cf. Frigida pugnabant calidis, Mollia cum duris, etc., cold bodies contended with hot, etc., O.: pugnant materque sororque, i. e. love for the mother and love for the sister, O.: pugnatum est arte medendi, (the plague) was resisted by the healing art, O.— To struggle, strive, endeavor, make exertion: illud pugna et enitere, ne, etc.: pugnas, ne reddar, Achille, O.: pugnarentque collegae, ut, etc., L.: mollīs evincere somnos, O.: in mea Volnera, strive for what will smite me, O.
    * * *
    pugnare, pugnavi, pugnatus V
    fight; dispute

    Latin-English dictionary > pūgnō

  • 19 sub

        sub    (in composition sometimes sus- or sū-), praep. with acc. and abl.    I. With abl., of position in space, under, below, beneath, underneath, behind: sub terrā habitare: cultrum sub veste abditum habere, L.: sub pellibus hiemare, Cs.: manet sub Iove frigido Venator, H.: sub hoc iugo dictator Aequos misit, L.: Pone (me) sub curru Solis, H. —Under, below, beneath, at the foot of, at, by, near, before: sub monte considere, Cs.: sub ipsis Numantiae moenibus: sub urbe, T.: Monte sub aërio, at, i. e. high upon, V.: sub ipsā acie, in the midst of the fight, V.: sub ipso Ecce volat Diores, close upon him, V.: sub oculis domini, Cs.—Under, burdened by, hampered by, bearing: sub armis, Cs.: sub onere, Cs.—Of time, in, within, during, at, by, in the time of: ne sub ipsā profectione milites oppidum inrumperent, Cs.: sub luce, at dawn, O.: sub luce videri, by daylight, H.: hoc sub casu, while suffering, V.: sub Domitiano, during the reign of, Ta.—Fig., under, subject to, in the power of, governed by: sub regno esse: quoius sub imperiost, T.: sub illorum dicione esse, Cs.: sub Hannibale, L.: sub iudice lis est, H.: venibit sub praecone Propontis, i. e. at auction.—Under, compelled by (poet.): exhalans sub volnere vitam, O.: quem falsā sub proditione Demisere neci, overwhelmed by, V.: in arma nullo sub indice veni, forced by no betrayer, O.—Under, concealed by, hidden in: sub hoc verbo furtum latet.—Rarely with specie or condicione (for the abl. alone): sub specie infidae pacis quieti, L.: sub tutelae specie, Cu.: sub condicione, L.: sub condicionibus, L.—    II. With acc., of direction of motion, under, below, beneath: cum se luna sub orbem solis subiecisset: exercitum sub iugum mittere, Cs.: Ibis sub furcam, H.—Under, below, beneath, to, near to, close to, up to, towards: sub montem succedere, Cs.: missi sunt sub muros, L.: aedīs suas detulit sub Veliam: (hostem) mediam ferit ense sub alvum, O.—Of time, before, on the approach of, towards, about, just before, up to, until: sub noctem naves solvit, Cs.: sub tempus (comitiorum) pueros ablegavit, L.: sub lumina prima, H.: sub dies festos: Usque sub extremum brumae imbrem, V.: quod (bellum) fuit sub recentem pacem, L.—After, immediately after, following, just after, immediately upon: sub eas (litteras) statim recitatae sunt tuae: sub haec dicta omnes procubuerunt, L.: sub hoc, hereupon, H.—Fig., under, into subjection to, into the power of: sub legum potestatem cadere: matrimonium vos sub legis vincula conicitis, L.: sub unum fortunae ictum totas vires regni cadere pati, Cu.: quae sub sensūs subiecta sunt.—    III. In composition, sub is unchanged before vowels and before b, d, h, i consonant, l, n, s, t, v. The b is often assimilated before m, r, and usu. before c, f, g, p, but the form sus (for * subs, cf. abs) is found in suscenseo, suscipio, suscito, suspendo, sustento, sustineo, sustollo, and sustuli (perf. of tollo); the form su in the words suspicio, suspicor, suspiro. It denotes, in place, under, beneath, as in subdo, subicio.—Fig., in rank or power, under, inferior, as in subigo, subcenturio.—In degree, less, a little, somewhat, as in subabsurdus, subaccuso.—Secretly, underhandedly, as in subripio, suborno.
    * * *
    I
    under, beneath, behind, at the foot of (rest); within; during, about (time)
    II
    under; up to, up under, close to (of motion); until, before, up to, about

    Latin-English dictionary > sub

  • 20 concerto

    concertare, concertavi, concertatus V
    fight, engage in a contest, vie with; dispute, debate (zealously); argue over

    Latin-English dictionary > concerto

См. также в других словарях:

  • fight — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. battle, affray, brawl, quarrel; contest, struggle; pugnacity. Slang, scrap. See contention, irascibility, resolution. II (Roget s IV) n. 1. [A violent struggle] Syn. strife, conflict, contention, feud …   English dictionary for students

  • Close Quarters Battle — (CQB) or close quarters combat (CQC) is a type of fighting in which small units engage the enemy with personal weapons at very short range, potentially to the point of hand to hand combat. In the typical CQB scenario, the attackers try a very… …   Wikipedia

  • Close — Close, v. i. 1. To come together; to unite or coalesce, as the parts of a wound, or parts separated. [1913 Webster] What deep wounds ever closed without a scar? Byron. [1913 Webster] 2. To end, terminate, or come to a period; as, the debate… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fight — I (argument) noun altercation, bickering, broil, certamen, clash, conflict, confrontation, contest, controversy, debate, difference, disagreement, discord, disputation, dispute, dissension, embroilment, estrangement, expression of contrary… …   Law dictionary

  • fight — Synonyms and related words: Olympic games, Olympics, a outrance, action, aerial combat, affray, against, aggression, aggressiveness, agonize, altercate, altercation, antagonism, antagonize, argue, argument, armored combat, avoid, bandy with,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • Close quarters combat — CQC redirects here. CQC may also refer to the Care Quality Commission or the TV show Caiga Quien Caiga. Close quarters combat (CQC) or close quarters battle (CQB) is a type of fighting in which small units engage the enemy with personal weapons… …   Wikipedia

  • Engage Planet Kiss Dum — Infobox animanga/Header name = Kiss Dum: Engage Planet caption = ja name = キスダム ENGAGE planet ja name trans = Kiss Dum genre = Mecha, Adventure, MilitaryInfobox animanga/Anime director = Yasuchika Nagaoka Eiichi Satō writer = Yasuchika Nagaoka… …   Wikipedia

  • fight — I. v. n. 1. Combat, war, battle, contend (in arms), draw the sword, unsheathe the sword, measure swords, take arms, take up arms, go to war let slip the dogs of war, try the fortune of arms or battle. 2. Do battle, ply one s weapons, contend,… …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • To close on — Close Close, v. i. 1. To come together; to unite or coalesce, as the parts of a wound, or parts separated. [1913 Webster] What deep wounds ever closed without a scar? Byron. [1913 Webster] 2. To end, terminate, or come to a period; as, the debate …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To close upon — Close Close, v. i. 1. To come together; to unite or coalesce, as the parts of a wound, or parts separated. [1913 Webster] What deep wounds ever closed without a scar? Byron. [1913 Webster] 2. To end, terminate, or come to a period; as, the debate …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • To close with — Close Close, v. i. 1. To come together; to unite or coalesce, as the parts of a wound, or parts separated. [1913 Webster] What deep wounds ever closed without a scar? Byron. [1913 Webster] 2. To end, terminate, or come to a period; as, the debate …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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