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  • 1 ab-eō

        ab-eō iī, itūrus, īre    (abin' for abisne, T.), to go from, go away, go off, go forth, go, depart: ab urbe: ex eorum agris: ex conspectu, out of sight, Cs.: mater abit templo, O.: abire fugā, to flee, V.: in angulum aliquo, T.: unde abii, V.: exsulatum Tusculum abiit, L.: si periturus abis, to your death, V.: sublimis abiit, ascended, L.: telo extracto praeceps in volnus abiit, collapsed, L.: quo tantum mihi dexter abis? whither so far to the right? V.: nemo non donatus abibit, without a gift, V.: abeas parvis aequus alumnis, show yourself favorable as you go, H.: quae dederat abeuntibus, V.: sub iugum abire, L.: abi, nuntia Romanis, etc., L.; of things: cornus sub altum pectus abit, penetrates deeply, V.: sol... abeunte curru, as his chariot departs, H. — In partic., to pass away, disappear, vanish, cease, die: a vitā: illuc quo priores abierunt, Ph.; of time, to pass away, elapse, expire: abiit illud tempus: tota abit hora, H.; of other things: abeunt pallorque situsque, pass away, O.: inopia praeceps abierat, S.: in aera sucus corporis, O.— Of change, to pass over, be transferred: abeunt illuc omnia, unde orta sunt, return: in avi mores atque instituta, i. e. restore, L.; hence, to be changed, be transformed, be metamorphosed (poet.): in villos abeunt vestes, in crura lacerti, O.: comae in silvas abeunt, O. — Fig., to depart from, leave off, turn aside: ut ab iure non abeat: ne longius abeam, wander from the point: ad istas ineptias, have recourse to: illuc, unde abii, redeo, set out, H. —To retire from an office: cum magistratu abisset: abiens magistratu, L.—Of a consequence or result, to turn out, come off (of persons): ab iudicio turpissime victus: neutra acies laeta ex eo certamine abiit, L.: impune, Ph.: ne in ora hominum pro ludibrio abiret, i. e. lest he should be made ridiculous, L.: ne inrito incepto abiretur, L. —To turn out, end, terminate (of things): mirabar hoc si sic abiret, T.—To get off, escape: quem ad modum illinc abieris, vel potius paene non abieris, scimus, how you came off thence, or rather came near not getting off.—In auctions, not to be knocked down (to one): ne res abiret ab Apronio, i. e. that he may purchase.—To be postponed: in diem, T.— The imper. abi is often a simple exclamation or address, friendly or reproachful: abi, virum te iudico, go to, I pronounce you a man, T.: Non es avarus: abi; quid, etc., well, H.: abi, nescis inescare homines, begone, T.; in imprecations: abin hinc in malam rem? (i. e. abisne?), will you go and be hanged? T.: in malam pestem.

    Latin-English dictionary > ab-eō

  • 2 cēdō

        cēdō cessī, cessus, ere    [1 CAD-], to go from, give place, remove, withdraw, go away, depart, retire: cedam atque abibo: ex ingratā civitate: patriā: carinā, Ct.: per ora (hominum), i. e. to be seen, H.: Siciliā sibi omni cedi, to be evacuated, L.: cedere foro, to leave the exchange, i. e. be bankrupt, Iu.: alicui hortorum possessione, i. e. to cede, assign: ut possessionibus cederent: loco cedere, to retreat, N.: ex acie, abandon, L.: locum ex quo cesserant repetunt, L.: cedentes insequi, the retreating enemy, Cs.—Fig., to pass away, go from, drop out, vanish: vitā, die: e vitā: horae quidem cedunt et dies, elapse: memoriā, be forgotten, L.: fiducia cessit Quo tibi, diva, mei? V. —To come to, fall ( as a possession), to fall to the lot of, accrue: ut is quaestus huic cederet: quae captae urbi cessura forent, L.: regnorum cessit Pars Heleno, V.: undae cesserunt piscibus habitandae, O.: summa rerum in ducem cessit, Ta.: aurum in paucorum praedam cessisse, L.: quod cedit in altera iura, H.—To result, happen, turn out, fall out, work: gesta quae prospere ei cesserunt, were successful, N.: neque insidiae prospere cessere, S.: prout prima cessissent, in proportion to his success at the outset, Ta.: Quā Parcae sinebant Cedere res Latio, V.: neque si male cesserat, neque si bene, H.—With in and acc, to take the place of, supply the want of, be a substitute for: poena in vicem fidei cesserat, L.: victoribus fortuna in sapientiam cessit, Ta.: epulae pro stipendio cedunt, are taken in commutation, Ta. — To yield, give place: quasi locum dare et cedere: pete cedentem aëra disco, H.: in tutum, L.: cedere nescius, H.: pars cedere, alii insequi, S.: huc omnis aratri Cessit amor, i. e. to warlike zeal, V.— With dat, to yield to, retreat before, submit to, be overcome by: Viriatho exercitūs nostri imperatoresque cesserunt: hosti, N.: comites, quibus ensis et ignis Cesserunt, i. e. who were unharmed, O.: fortunae, S.: loco iniquo, non hosti cessum, L.: Tu ne cede malis, succumb, V.—To yield in rank, be inferior: nullā re cedens caelestibus: virtute nostris, Cs.: laudibus lanificae artis, O.: in re nullā Agesilao, N.: ut non multum Graecis cederetur, were not inferior.—To comply with, yield to, obey, conform to: auctoritati viri: cessit tibi blandienti Cerberus, H.: deae, O.: Cedo equidem, I comply, V.—To grant, concede, allow, give up, yield, permit: aliquid amicitiae: currum ei, L.: cessit patribus, ut in praesentiā tribuni crearentur, L.
    * * *
    I
    give/bring here!/hand over, come (now/here); tell/show us, out with it! behold!
    II
    cedere, cessi, cessus V
    go/pass (from/away); withdraw/retire/leave; step aside/make way; take place of; grant, concede, yield, submit; fall back/to; happen/result; start (period)

    Latin-English dictionary > cēdō

  • 3 inter-mittō

        inter-mittō mīsī, missus, ere,    to leave off, intermit, omit, suspend, interrupt, neglect: iter, proelium, Cs.: hoc intermisi, quoad non licuit: laborem, O.: Intermissa diu bella, H.: litteras mittere: non intermittit caelum mitescere, etc.—P. pass.: ludi, interrupted: ventus, intermittent, Cs.: bella, H.: pars oppidi, quae, intermissa a flumine et a paludibus, etc., where an interval was left, Cs.: per intermissa moenia, a gap in, L.: verba ab usu cotidiani sermonis iamdiu intermissa, i. e. disused. —Of space, to leave unoccupied, leave vacant: mediocribus intermissis spatiis, Cs.: custodiis loca, L.—To leave an interval, pause: spatium, quā flumen intermittit, does not flow, Cs.—Of time, to let pass, suffer to elapse, omit, leave unimproved: unum diem, Quin veniat, T.: plurīs dies, Cs.: dies intermissus perturbat omnia: nocte intermissā, having intervened, Cs.: nulla pars nocturni temporis ad laborem intermittitur, Cs.: diem.—To leave off, cease, pause: hostīs neque subeuntes intermittere, Cs.: sic adsidue canere, ut nihil intermitterent.

    Latin-English dictionary > inter-mittō

  • 4 inter-pōnō

        inter-pōnō posuī, posītus, ere,    to put between, place among, interpose, insert, intersperse: ubi spatium... pilae interponuntur, Cs.: ne interpositi quidem elephanti militem deterrebant, L.: lateri vinculum lapides sunt, quos interposuere, ut, etc., Cu.—In time, to insert, interpose, introduce: intercalariis mensibus interpositis, L.—In speech, to introduce, insert: hoc loco libet interponere... quantae, etc., N.: paucis interpositis versibus: verbum ullum.—Of time, to let pass, permit to elapse, leave, interpose: spatium ad recreandos animos, Cs.: tridui morā interpositā, after a delay of, Cs.: spatio interposito, some time after: hac interpositā nocte, L.—With personal objects, to introduce, make an associate of: quam sancta sit societas civium, dis inmortalibus interpositis, etc. —Of writings, to make insertions in, falsify, alter: rationibus populorum non interpositis.—Fig., to introduce, interpose, put forward, adduce, allege, use as a pretext, urge as an objection: decreta: iudicium suum: neque ullā belli suspicione interpositā, Cs.: accusatorem, make a pretext for delay: causam interponens conlegas exspectare, N.: operam, studium, laborem, apply.—To pledge, give, interpose: sponsio interponereter, L.: interpositā fide publicā, S.: in eam rem se suam fidem interponere, gave his word, Cs.—With se, to interfere, intermeddle, intrude, engage in, come in the way: ni se tribuni plebis interposuissent, L.: semper se interposuit, lent his aid, N.: te invitissimis his: se quo minus, etc., C., L.: te in istam pacificationem: me audaciae tuae.

    Latin-English dictionary > inter-pōnō

  • 5 inter-sum

        inter-sum fuī, futūrus, esse,    to be between, lie between: quas (segetes) inter et castra unus collis intererat, Cs.: ut Tiberis inter eos et pons interesset: via interest perangusta, L.—To intervene, elapse: inter primum et sextum consulatum sex anni interfuerunt: inter Laviniam et Albam Longam coloniam deductam interfuere, etc., L.—To be different, differ: ut inter eos ne minimum quidem intersit, there is not the slightest difference: inter hominem et beluam hoc maxime interest, quod, etc., differ chiefly in this: in his rebus nihil omnino interest, there is no difference whatever: Hoc pater ac dominus interest, there is this difference, T.: tantum id interest, veneritne an, etc., L.: negant (ea) quidquam a falsis interesse: quod ab eo nihil intersit, etc.: stulto intellegens Quid interest? T.: ut matrona Intererit Satyris paulum, H.—To be present, take part, attend, assist, intervene: audierunt alii, qui interfuerant: Nec deus intersit, nisi, etc., H.: epulis: lacrimis patris, V.: populo Quirini, live with, H.: proelio, Cs.: in convivio: in testamento faciendo.—3d pers. impers., it makes a difference, it interests, it concerns, it is of interest: quasi paulum intersiet, T.: Paulum interesse censes, ex animo facias, an, etc., T.: neque interesse... -ne... -ne, makes no difference, Cs.: novis coniunctionibus interest, qualis primus aditus sit: Divesne natus Nil interest an pauper, H.: quid interfuit utrum hoc decerneres, an, etc., what mattered it? nihil interest nunc, an violaverim, etc., L.: quantum interesset Clodii, se perire: quid eius intererat?: meā video quid intersit: quod ego et meā et rei p. interesse arbitror: illud meā magni interest, te ut videam: utriusque nostrum magni interest ut te videam: ad honorem interesse: ad beate vivendum; cf. with defin. subj.: non quo meā interest natura loci, is of interest to me.

    Latin-English dictionary > inter-sum

  • 6 lābor

        lābor lapsus, ī (lābier, H.), dep.    [2 LAB-], to glide, slide, move, slip, float, pass, flow: Per sinūs, in folds, O.: Ille inter vestīs et levia pectora lapsus Volvitur, V.: Ut rate felici pacata per aequora labar, O.: sidera, quae vagā ratione labuntur: Labere, nympha, polo, from heaven, V.: e manibus custodientium lapsus, escaped, Cu.— To sink, fall: Labitur exsanguis, V.: super terram, O.: in rivo: levi sanguine, slip, V.: pede lapsus, stumbling, H.: umor in genas Furtim labitur, H.: Perque genas lacrimae labuntur, O.: multa in silvis Lapsa cadunt folia, V.: labentes oculos condere, falling, O.—Fig., to move gently, be led insensibly, glide, pass, elapse: sed labor longius, ad propositum revertar, am led: ad opinionem: in vitium, H.: oratio placide labitur: labi somnum sensit in artūs, O.: nostro illius labatur pectore voltus, be lost, V.: Eheu fugaces Labuntur anni, H.: lustris labentibus, V.: forte lapsa vox, Ta. — To sink, incline, decline, begin to fall, go to ruin, perish: quibus de rebus lapsa fortuna accidat, Enn. ap. C.: equitem Romanum labentem excepit: eo citius lapsa res est, L.: fides lapsa, O.: lapsis quaesitum oracula rebus, for our ruined condition, V.: hac spe lapsus, deceived in, Cs.— To fall into error, be mistaken, err, mistake, commit a fault: rex Iugurthae scelere lapsus, S.: in aliquā re: propter inprudentiam, Cs.: in officio.
    * * *
    I
    labi, lapsus sum V DEP
    slip, slip and fall; slide, glide, drop; perish, go wrong
    II
    effort, labor, toil, exertion, work; suffering, distress, hardship

    Latin-English dictionary > lābor

  • 7 prō-cēdō

        prō-cēdō cessī, —, ere,    to go before, go forward, advance, proceed, march on, move forward, go forth: in portum: nil procedere lintrem Sentimus, H.: pedibus aequis, O.: lente atque paulatim proceditur, Cs.: processum in aciem est, L.: huic tota obviam civitas processerat, had gone out to meet: Vidit classem procedere velis, V.—To go forth, go out, advance, issue: castris, V.: extra munitiones, Cs.: e tabernaculo in solem: mediā ab aulā, O.—To come forward, show oneself, appear: cum veste purpureā: procedat vel Numa, Iu.: Ecce processit Caesaris astrum, hath risen, V.: voces procedebant contumaces, i. e. were heard, Ta. —Fig., of time, to advance, pass, elapse: ubi plerumque noctis processit, S.: Iam dies processit, V.: dies procedens: tempus processit, Cs.: procedunt tempora tarde, O.: incipient magni procedere menses, V.: pars maior anni iam processerat, L.—To come forth, appear, arise: posteaquam philosophia processit: altera iam pagella procedit, i. e. is already begun.—To get on, advance, make progress: in philosophiā: ad virtutis habitum: longius iras, V.: eo vecordiae processit, ut, went so far in folly, S.: nec ultra minas processum est, L.: eoque ira processit, ut, etc., L.—To run on, continue, remain: cum stationes procederent, i. e. guard duty was unremitting, L.: ut iis stipendia procederent, L.: Illi procedit rerum mensura tuarum, i. e. is passed to her credit, O.—To turn out, result, succeed, prosper: processisti pulcre, you have succeeded finely, T.: si bene processit: ubi id parum processit, failed, L.: quasi ei pulcherrime priora (maledicta) processerint: omnia prospere procedent: benefacta mea rei p. procedunt, are of service, S.— Impers: velut processisset Spurio, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > prō-cēdō

  • 8 trāns-eō

        trāns-eō iī    (rarely īvī; fut. trānsiet, Tb.; fut perf. trānsierītis, O.), itus, īre, to go over, go across, cross over, pass over, pass by, pass: ad uxorem meam, T.: e suis finibus in Helvetiorum finīs, Cs.: per media castra, S.: per illud (iter) Murmure blanditiae minimo transire solebant, i. e. by the voice, O.: Taurum: Alpīs, L.: flumen, Cs.: equum cursu, to pass by, V.: quem (serpentem) rota transiit, ran over, V.: Rhodanus nonnullis locis vado transitur, i. e. is fordable, Cs.: Alpes vix integris vobis transitae, L.—Fig., to go through, pervade: quod quaedam animalis intellegentia per omnia ea transeat, pervades.—Of a speaker, to pass over, make a transition, turn: ad partitionem: in iram, O.: transitum est ad honestatem dictorum: transeatur ad alteram contionem, L.—To hasten over, go briefly through, touch, sum up: leviter unamquamque rem.—To pass over, pass by, leave untouched, disregard: malueram alqd silentio transiri.—To pass by, elapse: cum legis dies transierit: menses transeunt, Ph.—To pass, spend: vitam silentio, S.: annum quiete, Ta.—To go over, pass over, desert, be converted: nec manere nec transire aperte ausus, L.: ad adversarios: transit cohors ad eum, Cs.: a Patribus ad plebem, L.—To go, pass over, be changed, be transformed, turn: in humum fallaciter, O.: in plurīs figuras, O.: in aestatem post ver, O.—To go beyond, overstep, transgress, violate: finem et modum: verecundiae finīs.—To go through, get through, endure: ea quae premant et ea quae inpendeant.

    Latin-English dictionary > trāns-eō

  • 9 trāns-vehō or trāvehō

        trāns-vehō or trāvehō vēxī, vectus, ere,    to carry across, convey over, bear to the other side, transport: quid militum transvexisset, Cs.: ut iam Hispanos omnes inflati travexerint utres, L.— Pass: legiones ex Siciliā in Africam transvectae, S.: transvectae (sc. equo) a fronte pugnantium alae, crossed in front of the line of battle, Ta.: haec transvectus caerula cursu, traversed; cf. cum quinqueremibus Corcyram travectus, crossed to Corcyra, L.—To carry in triumph, display: arma spoliaque multa Gallica carpentis travecta, L.— To ride in procession, parade: ut equites idibus Quinctilibus transveherentur, L.—Fig., of time, to pass, elapse: transvecta aestas, Ta.

    Latin-English dictionary > trāns-vehō or trāvehō

  • 10 elabor

    elabi, elapsus sum V DEP
    slip away; escape; elapse

    Latin-English dictionary > elabor

  • 11 transveho

    transvehere, transvexi, transvectus V
    transport, lead across; elapse; carry

    Latin-English dictionary > transveho

  • 12 tranveho

    tranvehere, tranvexi, tranvectus V
    transport, lead across; elapse; carry

    Latin-English dictionary > tranveho

  • 13 abeo

    ăb-ĕo, ĭvi or ii, ītum, īre, v. n. (abin= abisne, Plaut. and Ter.; abiit, dissyl., v. Herm. Doctr. Metr. p. 153), to go from a place, to go away, depart.
    I.
    Lit..
    A.
    In gen., constr. with ab, ex, the simple abl., the acc. with in, the local adv. hinc, and absol.:

    abeo ab illo,

    Plaut. Cure. 2, 3, 70:

    abi in malam rem maxumam a me,

    id. Ep. 1, 1, 72 (v. infra); so id. Bacch. 4, 9, 107:

    abin e conspectu meo?

    id. Am. 1, 3, 20 (but also abin ab oculis? id. Trin. 4, 2, 140: id. Truc. 2, 5, 24):

    ablturos agro Argivos,

    id. Am. 1, 1, 53:

    abire in aliquas terras,

    Cic. Cat. 1, 8, 20:

    insanus, qui hinc abiit modo,

    Plaut. Merc. 2, 2, 61:

    abi prae, jam ego sequar,

    go on, I will soon follow, id. Am. 1, 3, 45. —With supine:

    abiit exsulatum,

    into exile, Plaut. Merc. 3, 4, 6; Liv. 2, 15 fin.; cf.:

    abi deambulatum,

    Ter. Heaut. 3, 3, 26. — Absol.:

    (Catilina) abiit, excessit, evasit, erupit,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 1, 1:

    praetor de sellā surrexit atque abiit,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 65 fin.:

    quae dederat abeuntibus,

    Verg. A. 1, 196 al.:

    sub jugum abire,

    Liv. 3, 2, 8 fin.With inf.:

    abi quaerere,

    Plaut. Cist. 2, 1, 26. —Of things:

    cornus sub altum pectus abit,

    penetrates deeply, Verg. A. 9, 700.
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    To pass away, so that no trace remains; to disappear, vanish, cease.
    a.
    Of man, to die:

    qui nune abierunt hinc in communem locum (i.e. in Orcum),

    Plaut. Cas. prol. 19; cf.:

    ea mortem obiit, e medio abiit,

    Ter. Phorm. 5, 9, 30; so also Cic.: abiit e vitā, Tusc. 1, 30, 74 al. —
    b.
    Of time, to pass away, elapse:

    dum haec abiit hora,

    Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 50:

    menses,

    id. Ad. 4, 5, 57:

    annus,

    Cic. Sest. 33, 72:

    abit dies,

    Cat. 61, 195:

    tota abit hora,

    Hor. S. 1, 5, 14. —
    c.
    Of other things:

    per inane profundum,

    Lucr. 1, 1108:

    nausea jam plane abiit?

    Cic. Att. 14, 10, 2; so id. Fam. 9, 20; Ov. M. 7, 290 al.
    2.
    To be changed from one's own ways or nature into something else, to be transformed, metamorphosed; always constr. with in (chiefly poet., esp. in Ov. M., as a constant expression for metamorphosis): terra abit in nimbos imbremque, Lucil. ap. Varr. L. L. 5, § 24 Mūll.:

    in corpus corpore toto,

    to pass with their whole body into another, Lucr. 4, 1111:

    aut abit in somnum,

    is, as it were, wholly dissolved in sleep, is all sleep, id. 3, 1066: E in V abiit. Varr. L. L. 5, § 91 Mūll.:

    in villos abeunt vestes, in crura lacerti,

    Ov. M. 1, 236; id. ib. 2, 674:

    jam barba comaeque in silvas abeunt,

    id. ib. 4, 657; 4, 396; so id. ib. 3, 398; 8,555; 14, 499;

    14, 551 al.: in vanum abibunt monentium verba,

    will dissolce into nothing, Sen. Ep. 94 med.;

    hence, in avi mores regem abiturum,

    would adopt the ways of, Liv. 1, 32.
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    In gen., to depart from, to leave off, to turn aside:

    ut ab jure non abeat,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 44, § 114; so,

    ab emptione,

    Dig. 2, 14, 7, § 6; 18, 2, 14, § 2 sq.:

    a venditione,

    ib. 18, 5, 1: sed abeo a sensibus, leave, i. e. speak no more of, Cic. Ac. 2, 28, 9; so often with longe: non longe abieris, you need not go far to seek for examples, id. Fam. 7, 19; cf.:

    ne longius abeam,

    id. Rosc. Am. 16, 47; id. Caec. 33, 95 al.:

    quid ad istas ineptias abis?

    why do you have recourse to —? id. Rosc. Am. 16, 47:

    abit causa in laudes Cn. Pompeii,

    Quint. 9, 2, 55:

    illuc, unde abii, redeo,

    I set out, Hor. S. 1, 1, 108:

    pretium retro abiit,

    has fallen, Plin. Ep. 3, 19, 7.
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    With abl., to retire from an office or occupation:

    abiens magistratu,

    Cic. Pis. 3, 6; id. Fam. 5, 2, 7: Liv. 2, 27 fin.; 3, 38 fin. al.; so,

    abire consulatu,

    Cic. Att. 1, 16, 5; cf.

    flaminio,

    Liv. 26, 23 fin.:

    sacerdotio,

    Gell. 6, 7, 4:

    honore,

    Suet. Aug. 26:

    tutelā,

    Dig. 26, 4, 3, § 8; cf.:

    tutelā vel curā,

    ib. 26, 10, 3, § 18 al.
    2.
    Of the consequence or result of an action, to turn out, end, terminate:

    mirabar hoc si sic abiret,

    Ter. And. 1, 2, 4: cf.:

    non posse ista sic abire,

    Cic. Att. 14, 1; so id. Fin. 5, 3, 7; Cat. 14, 16 al.
    3.
    In auctions, t. t., not to be knocked down to one:

    si res abiret ab eo mancipe,

    should not fall to him, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 54; cf.:

    ne res abiret ab eo,

    that he may purchase it, id. 2, 3, 64; so Dig. 18, 2, 1; 50, 17, 205.
    4.
    The imper. abi is often a simple exclamation or address, either with a friendly or reproachful signif.
    a.
    Abi, Indis me, credo, Begone, you are fooling me! Plaut. Most. 5, 1, 32; so Ter. Ad. 4, 2, 25; cf. Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 205. —
    b.
    Begone! be off! abi modo, Plaut. Poen. 1, 3, 20:

    abi, nescis inescare homines,

    Ter. Ad. 2, 2, 12;

    bence in the malediction, abi in malam rem!

    go be hanged! Plaut. Pers. 2, 4, 17:

    abin hine in malam crucem?

    id. Most. 3, 2, 163 (ef. Cic.: quin tu abis in malam pestem malumque cruciatum? Phil. 13, 21); v. crux and cruciatus.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > abeo

  • 14 evolvo

    ē-volvo, volvi, vŏlūtum, 3 ( per diaeresin ēvŏlŭam, Cat. 66, 74:

    ēvŏlŭisse,

    Ov. H. 12, 4), v. a., to roll out, roll forth; to unroll, unfold (class.).
    I.
    Lit.:

    (vis venti) Arbusta evolvens radicibus haurit ab imis,

    Lucr. 6, 141; cf.

    silvas,

    Ov. M. 12, 519:

    cadavera turribus,

    Luc. 6, 171:

    montes corpore,

    Ov. M. 5, 355:

    saxa nudis lacertis,

    Luc. 3, 481:

    intestina,

    Cels. 7, 16 et saep.:

    vestes,

    to open, unfold, Ov. M. 6, 581:

    volumen epistolarum,

    to open, Cic. Att. 9, 10, 4:

    panicum furfure,

    i. e. to cleanse, purge, Col. 2, 9 fin.:

    quae postquam evolvit,

    unfolds, evolves, Ov. M. 1, 24 et saep.:

    amnis prorutam in mare evolvendo terram praealtas voragines facit,

    Liv. 44, 8; cf.

    aquas (Araxes),

    Curt. 5, 4, 7.—
    b.
    Evolvere se, or mid. evolvi, to roll out, roll forth, glide away:

    evolvere posset in mare se Xanthus,

    discharge itself, Verg. A. 5, 807; cf.:

    Danubius in Pontum vastis sex fluminibus evolvitur,

    empties, Plin. 4, 12, 24, § 79:

    species (anguis) evoluta repente,

    Liv. 26, 19, 7:

    per humum evolvuntur,

    roll themselves along, Tac. G. 39.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    To unroll and read a book:

    evolve diligenter ejus eum librum qui est de animo,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 11, 24:

    volumina,

    Quint. 2, 15, 24:

    fastos,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 112; Ov. F. 1, 657:

    versus,

    id. Tr. 2, 307:

    jocos,

    id. ib. 2, 238; cf.

    transf.: poëtas,

    Cic. Fin. 1, 21, 72; cf.

    auctores,

    Suet. Aug. 89:

    auctores penitus,

    Quint. 12, 2, 8:

    antiquitatem,

    Tac. Or. 29 fin.
    2.
    To draw out a thread, i. e. to spin, said of the Fates:

    quae seriem fatorum pollice ducunt Longaque ferratis evolvunt saecula pensis,

    Claud. Rapt. Pros. 1, 53; and pregn., to spin out, i. e. to spin to an end, said of the Fates:

    tunc, quae dispensant mortalia fata, sorores Debuerant fusos evoluisse meos,

    Ov. H. 12, 4.—
    3.
    To obtain, raise:

    in hoc triduo Aut terra aut mari alicunde aliqua evolvam argentum tibi,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 83.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    In gen.: si qui voluerit animi sui complicatam notionem evolvere, to unroll, i. e. to clear up (the figure being taken from a book), Cic. Off. 3, 19, 76; cf.:

    exitum criminis,

    id. Cael. 23:

    promissa evolvit somni,

    i. e. turns over, revolves, Sil. 3, 216; cf.:

    secum femineos dolos,

    Sen. Agam. 116:

    evolutus integumentis dissimulationis (with nudatus),

    unwrapped, stripped, Cic. de Or. 2, 86, 350:

    evolutus bonis,

    robbed, Sen. Ep. 74; cf.:

    sede patria rebusque summis,

    Tac. A. 13, 15:

    ex praeda clandestina,

    driven away, Liv. 6, 15:

    nullo possum remedio me evolvere ex his turbis,

    Ter. Ph. 5, 4, 5:

    se omni turba,

    id. Eun. 4, 4, 56.—
    B.
    In partic., to unfold, disclose, narrate:

    naturam rerum omnium,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 36: oras belli, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 1 (Ann. v. 178 ed. Vahl.):

    totam deliberationem accuratius,

    Cic. Att. 9, 10, 7:

    rem propositam,

    Quint. 1, 1, 20:

    condita pectoris,

    Cat. 66, 74:

    seriem fati,

    Ov. M. 15, 152:

    haec,

    Verg. G. 4, 509 et saep.; cf. with a rel.-clause, Lucr. 1, 954.—
    C.
    To roll away, of time, i. e. to pass, elapse:

    evolutis multis diebus,

    Vulg. Gen. 38, 12:

    cum evolutus esset annus,

    id. 2 Par. 24, 23:

    evoluto tempore,

    id. Esth. 2, 15.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > evolvo

  • 15 intermitto

    inter-mitto, mīsi, missum, 3, v. a. and n.
    I.
    Act.
    A.
    To leave off, intermit, omit, neglect; constr. with acc., aliquid ab, ad, or inf.
    (α).
    With acc.:

    studia,

    Cic. Or. 10:

    iter,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 3:

    proelium,

    id. B. G. 3, 5:

    opus,

    id. ib. 3, 29:

    admirationem rerum,

    Cic. Fin. 5, 20, 57:

    officia militaria,

    Just. 25, 1, 9:

    curam rerum,

    Tac. A. 4, 13:

    laborem,

    Ov. M. 3, 154:

    quod (otium) quidem paulisper intermisit,

    Plin. Ep. 7, 31, 4; cf.:

    qua erat nostrum opus intermissum,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 71.—
    (β).
    Aliquid ab:

    ut reliquum tempus a labore intermitteretur,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 32, 1:

    tempus ab opere,

    id. B. G. 7, 24, 2; cf. id. ib. 7, 17, 1. —
    (γ).
    With ad:

    nulla pars nocturni temporis ad laborem intermittitur,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 40, 5; 5, 11, 6.—
    (ε).
    With inf.:

    quod tu mihi litteras mittere intermisisses,

    Cic. Fam. 7, 12, 1; so,

    non intermittit suo tempore caelum mitescere, etc.,

    id. Tusc. 1, 28, 69:

    consulere rei publicae,

    id. Div. 2, 1, 1; id. Fam. 7, 12, 1:

    obsides dare,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 31. —
    B.
    To let pass, suffer to elapse:

    tempus, quin,

    Plaut. Bacch. 2, 2, 31:

    unum diem, quin veniat,

    Ter. Ad. 3, 1, 6:

    diem,

    Cic. Att. 9, 16, 1. —
    II.
    Neutr.
    A.
    To leave off, cease, pause:

    gallos gallinaceos sic assidue canere coepisse, ut nihil intermitterent,

    Cic. Div. 1, 34, 74:

    aves intermittentes bibunt,

    drink by separate draughts, Plin. 10, 46, 63, § 129.—
    B.
    To leave an interval, to pause:

    spatium, qua flumen intermittit,

    does not flow, Caes. B. G. 1, 38; Plin. 17, 22, 35, § 171:

    febris intermittit,

    is intermittent, Cels. 3, 14:

    febris intermittens,

    an intermitting fever, id. 3, 13.—Hence, intermissus, a, um, Part.
    A.
    Of a place, not occupied by, free from:

    custodiis loca,

    Liv. 7, 36, 1; 24, 35, 8:

    planities intermissa collibus,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 70.—
    2.
    Of time or space, permitted to elapse, intervening, left between.
    (α).
    Of time:

    brevi tempore intermisso,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 34.—
    (β).
    Of space:

    intermissis circiter passibus quadringentis,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 41; 7, 73 al.—
    B.
    Intermitted, neglected, or omitted for a time, respited, interrupted:

    ludi,

    Cic. Div. 1, 26, 55:

    ventus,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 8:

    libertas,

    Cic. Off. 2, 7, 24:

    impetus remorum,

    id. de Or. 1, 33, 153:

    bella,

    Hor. C. 4, 1, 1:

    bellum,

    Suet. Aug. 16:

    censura diu,

    id. Claud. 16: nono die, intermisso rure, ad mercatum venire, Rutil. ap. Macr. S. 1, 16, 34. —
    C.
    Not surrounded, unenclosed:

    pars oppidi, quae intermissa a flumine et a paludibus: aditum angustum habebat,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 17:

    trabes intermissae spatiis,

    separated, id. ib. 7, 23:

    verba prisca et ab usu quotidiani sermonis jamdiu intermissa,

    i. e. given up, abandoned, Cic. de Or. 3, 38:

    ordo,

    Plin. 7, 12, 10, § 50:

    mos,

    Plin. Ep. 9, 13:

    per intermissa moenia urbem intrārunt,

    i. e. where the wall was discontinued, Liv. 34, 37 fin.:

    facies, non multarum imaginum et intermissarum, sed unius longae et continuae,

    Sen. Q. N. 1, 3, 8.—
    D.
    Left out, omitted (late Lat.): nonnulla, quae mihi intermissa videbantur, adjeci, Hier. praef. ad Chron. Euseb.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > intermitto

  • 16 interpono

    inter-pōno, pŏsŭi, pŏsĭtum, 3, v. a., to put, place, lay, or set between or among, to interpose, insert between.
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    Of place, constr. with acc. and dat., or inter with acc.:

    equitatus praesidia levis armaturae,

    Hirt. B. G. 8, 17; 13; 19:

    vestibus interponi eam (herbam) gratissimum,

    Plin. 21, 6, 20, § 43:

    ubi spatium inter muros... pilae interponuntur,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 15:

    inter eos levis armaturae Numidas,

    Hirt. B. Afr. 13:

    uti levis armatura interjecta inter equites suos interponeretur,

    id. ib. 20:

    sulcos,

    Cato, R. R. 33, 3:

    ne interpositi quidem elephanti militem deterrebant,

    Liv. 37, 42:

    lateri vinculum lapides sunt, quos interposuere, ut, etc.,

    Curt. 8, 10, 25.—
    B.
    Esp.
    1.
    To insert, interpose, introduce. —Of time:

    intercalariis mensibus interpositis,

    Liv. 1, 19, 6; cf.:

    inediam unius diei per singulos menses,

    Suet. Vesp. 20.—Of musical notes:

    iis sonis quos interposuerant, inserunt alios,

    Quint. 12, 10, 68.—Of words or language:

    ne inquam et inquit saepius interponeretur,

    Cic. Lael. 1:

    hoc loco libet interponere... quantae, etc.,

    Nep. Pelop. 3, 1: subinde interponenti precibus, quid respondebo, [p. 984] etc., Quint. 6, 3, 64:

    paucis interpositis versibus,

    Cic. Div. 1, 57, 131:

    aliquid,

    Quint. 2, 4, 12:

    verbum ullum,

    Cic. Quint. 4, 15; so,

    querelas,

    id. Q. Fr. 2, 3, 1:

    meam sententiam,

    Quint. 5 prooem. 3. —

    Of a letter in a word: quibusdam (verbis litteram),

    Quint. 1, 5, 17.—Of a foot in verse:

    quibusdam (iambus) interpositus,

    id. 10, 1, 96.—
    2.
    Of time, to let pass, permit to elapse, leave an interval:

    spatium ad recreandos animos,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 74:

    ejus rei causa moram interponi arbitrabatur,

    id. B. G. 4, 9, fin.:

    tridui mora interposita,

    after a delay of, id. ib. 4, 11; id. B. C. 1, 64; 3, 12; 75:

    nullam moram,

    Cic. Phil. 6, 1, 2:

    nullam moram, quin, etc.,

    id. Ac. 1, 1:

    spatio interposito,

    some time after, id. Clu. 2, 5; Liv. 5, 5, 10:

    diebus aliquot interpositis,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 9:

    tempore interposito,

    Suet. Tib. 9; cf. id. Claud. 26; Plin. 25, 8, 49, § 88:

    hac interposita nocte,

    Liv. 44, 39.—
    3.
    To mingle:

    frigidam (cibis),

    to drink cold water while eating, Plin. 28, 4, 14, § 55; cf.:

    condimentis cuminum,

    to mix with, id. 20, 15, 58, § 153.—
    C.
    With personal objects, to introduce among, admit among, bring into, to bring into a feast, a society, among associates, etc.:

    quam sancta sit societas civium, dis immortalibus interpositis, etc.,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 7, 16:

    aliquem convivio,

    Suet. Claud. 39:

    legatos familiaribus,

    id. Ner. 22. —
    II.
    Trop., to interpose, introduce, put in the way, put forward.
    A.
    In gen., as a hinderance, interference, reason, or pretext:

    Lentulus provinciam, quam sorte habebat, interposita religione, deposuit,

    Cic. Pis. 21, 50:

    neque ulla belli suspicione interposita,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 32:

    nulla interposita dubitatione,

    id. ib. 7, 40; Hirt. B. G. 8, 48; 52:

    interposita pactione,

    Just. 7, 6, 5:

    offensione aliqua interposita,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 4:

    nec colloquium interposita causa tolli volebat,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 42; Hirt. B. Alex. 70:

    causam interponens collegas exspectare,

    Nep. Them. 7, 2:

    postulata haec ab eo interposita esse, quominus, etc.,

    Cic. Att. 7, 15, 3:

    operam, studium, laborem pro sociis,

    id. Div. in Caecin. 19.—
    B.
    Esp.
    1.
    Of a judgment, decree, edict, oath, etc.:

    jurejurando interposito,

    Liv. 34, 25, 7; Suet. Caes. 85:

    jus eo die se non dicturum, neque decretum interpositurum,

    Liv. 3, 46, 3:

    ad decreta interponenda pecuniam occipere,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 48, § 119; Suet. Tib. 33:

    judicium suum,

    Cic. Div. 2, 72, 150:

    poenas compromissaque,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 27, § 66:

    exceptionem actioni,

    Dig. 44, 1, 2:

    intercessionem suam (of a tribune of the people),

    Val. Max. 6, 1, 10:

    tutor interponit auctoritatem suam,

    gives his authorization, Gai. Inst. 1, 190. —
    2.
    Fidem interponere, to pledge one's word or credit:

    fidem suam in eam rem,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 36, 2:

    fidem reliquis interponere, jusjurandum poscere, ut, etc.,

    id. ib. 5, 6, 6:

    fidem suam in re omni,

    Hirt. B. Alex. 63:

    omni interposita fide,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 86:

    ut in eam rem fidem suam, si quid opus esse putaret, interponeret,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 39, 114; cf.:

    sponsio interponeretur,

    Liv. 9, 9.—
    3.
    Se interponere (in aliquid, or alicui rei; also with quominus or absol.), to interfere, intermeddle, engage in, set one ' s self in the way:

    si te in istam pacificationem non interponis,

    Cic. Fam. 10, 27, 2:

    bello se,

    Liv. 35, 48:

    num ego me non interpono Romanis,

    Just. 3, 10, 11:

    num quem putas posse reperiri, qui se interponat, quominus, etc.?

    Cic. Vatin. 15:

    quid enim me interponerem audaciae tuae?

    expose myself, id. Phil. 2, 4, 19:

    ni tribuni plebis interposuissent se,

    Liv. 27, 6: tu vero, quod voles, facies;

    me nihil interpono,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 4, 5.— Rarely, to interfere, interpose in behalf of any one:

    semper se interposuit,

    Nep. Att. 2, 4; 9, 5:

    Qui me mediis interposuerim Caesaris scriptis, i.e. by writing a continuation,

    Hirt. B. G. 8 praef.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > interpono

  • 17 labor

    1.
    lābor, lapsus ( inf. parag. labier, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 94; part. labundus, Att. ap. Non. 504, 31; Trag. Fragm. v. 570 Rib.), 3, v. dep. n. [cf. lăbo; Sanscr. lamb- (ramb-), to glide, fall], to move gently along a smooth surface, to fall, slide; to slide, slip, or glide down, to fall down, to sink as the beginning of a fall; constr. absol., or with ad, in, inter, per, sub, super, ab, de, ex, or with abl. alone.
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.
    1.
    Of living beings:

    non squamoso labuntur ventre cerastae,

    Prop. 3 (4), 22, 27:

    per sinus crebros et magna volumina labens,

    Ov. M. 15, 721:

    pigraque labatur circa donaria serpens,

    Ov. Am. 2, 13, 13:

    ille inter vestes et levia pectora lapsus volvitur,

    Verg. A. 7, 349: (angues) in diversum lapsi, Jul. Obseq. 119.—Of floating:

    ut rate felice pacata per aequora labar,

    Ov. H. 10, 65:

    dum Stygio gurgite labor,

    id. M. 5, 504:

    tua labens navita aqua,

    Prop. 2, 26 (3, 21), 8.—Of flying:

    tollunt se celeres, liquidumque per aera lapsae,

    Verg. A. 6, 202:

    vade, age, nate, voca Zephyros et labere pennis,

    id. ib. 4, 223:

    pennis lapsa per auras,

    Ov. M. 8, 51:

    labere, nympha, polo,

    Verg. A. 11, 588.—Of sinking, slipping down:

    labor, io! cara lumina conde manu,

    Ov. A. A. 7, 342:

    labitur infelix (equus),

    Verg. G. 3, 498; cf. Luc. 5, 799:

    labitur exsanguis,

    Verg. A. 11, 818; 5, 181:

    super terram,

    Ov. M. 13, 477:

    equo,

    Hor. S. 2, 1, 15:

    temone,

    Verg. A. 12, 470 [p. 1024] limite, Luc. 9, 712:

    in vulnera,

    id. 7, 604:

    in colla mariti,

    Val. Fl. 2, 425:

    alieno vulnere,

    Luc. 2, 265:

    in rivo,

    Cic. Fat. 3, 5:

    pondere lapsi pectoris arma sonant,

    Luc. 7, 572.—

    Of gliding upwards: celeri fuga sub sidera,

    Verg. A. 3, 243.—
    2.
    Of things:

    splendida signa videntur labier,

    Lucr. 4, 445; Cic. Tusc. 4, 18, 42:

    umor in genas Furtim labitur,

    Hor. C. 1, 13, 7:

    stellas Praecipites caelo labi,

    Verg. G. 1, 366:

    perque genas lacrimae labuntur,

    Ov. H. 7, 185; id. M. 2, 656:

    lapsi de fontibus amnes,

    id. ib. 13, 954; cf.:

    catenae lapsae lacertis sponte sua,

    id. ib. 3, 699:

    lapsuram domum subire,

    about to tumble down, id. Ib. 511; Luc. 1, 25; cf.

    with cado: multa in silvis Lapsa cadunt folia,

    Verg. A. 6, 310:

    ipsaque in Oceanum sidera lapsa cadunt,

    Prop. 4 (5), 4, 64:

    lapsis repente saxis,

    Tac. A. 4, 59:

    ab arbore ramus,

    Ov. M. 3, 410.—Of the eyes, to fall, close:

    labentes, oculos condere,

    Ov. Tr. 3, 3, 44:

    lumina,

    Verg. A. 11, 818; Prop. 1, 10, 7; 2, 5, 17.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    To glide away, glide along, slip or haste away: labitur uncta carina: volat super impetus undas, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 1 (Ann. v. 379 Vahl.); so id. ap. Isid. Orig. 19, 1 (Ann. v. 476 Vahl.); cf.:

    labitur uncta vadis abies,

    Verg. A. 8, 91; Cic. Ac. 1, 8, 31:

    sidera, quae vaga et mutabili ratione labuntur,

    id. Univ. 10.—Esp., of a transition in discourse, to pass:

    a dispositione ad elocutionis praecepta labor,

    Quint. 7, 10, 17.—
    2.
    To slip away, escape:

    lapsus custodiā,

    Tac. A. 5, 10; 11, 31:

    e manibus custodientium lapsus,

    Curt. 3, 13, 3; Prop. 1, 11, 5; Amm. 26, 3, 3.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    In gen., to come or go gently or insensibly, to glide, glide or pass away:

    ilico res foras labitur,

    Plaut. Trin. 2, 1, 21:

    brevitate et celeritate syllabarum labi putat verba proclivius,

    Cic. Or. 57; 56:

    sed labor longius, ad propositum revertor,

    id. Div. 2, 37, 79; id. Leg. 1, 19, 52:

    labitur occulte fallitque volubilis aetas,

    Ov. Am. 1, 8, 49:

    labi somnum sensit in artus,

    id. M. 11, 631:

    nostro illius labatur pectore vultus,

    Verg. E. 1, 64.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    Of speech, to die away, be lost, not be heard (very rare):

    ne adjectae voces laberentur atque errarent,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 57, 114; cf. Sil. 7, 745.—
    2.
    Of time, to glide, pass away, elapse:

    eheu fugaces labuntur anni,

    Hor. C. 2, 14, 2:

    anni tacite labentis origo,

    Ov. F. 1, 65:

    labentia tempora,

    id. Tr. 3, 11; id. F. 6, 771; id. Tr. 4, 10, 27:

    aetas labitur,

    Tib. 1, 8, 48; cf.: labente officio, when the attendance or service is ended, Juv. 6, 203.—
    3.
    Pregn., to sink, incline, begin to fall, go to ruin, perish: quantis opibus, quibus de rebus lapsa fortuna accidat, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 19, 44 (Trag. v. 396 Vahl.); cf.:

    cetera nasci, occidere, fluere, labi,

    Cic. Or. 3, 10:

    labentem et prope cadentem rem publicam fulcire,

    id. Phil. 2, 21, 51:

    equitem Romanum labentem excepit, fulsit, sustinuit,

    id. Rab. Post. 16, 43; id. Ep. ad Brut. 1, 18, 2:

    sustinuit labentem aciem Antonius,

    Tac. H. 3, 23:

    vidi labentes acies,

    Prop. 4 (5), 2, 53:

    eo citius lapsa res est,

    Liv. 3, 33: mores lapsi sunt, id. praef.; Tac. A. 6, 50:

    fides lapsa,

    Ov. H. 2, 102:

    labentur opes,

    will be lost, Tib. 1, 6, 53:

    res,

    Lucr. 4, 1117:

    hereditas lapsa est,

    Dig. 4, 4, 11, § 5.—
    4.
    To slip or fall away from a thing, to lose it: hac spe lapsus, deceived or disappointed in this hope, Caes. B. G. 5, 55, 3:

    hoc munere,

    Sil. 7, 740:

    facultatibus,

    to lose one's property, become poor, Dig. 27, 8, 2, § 11; 26, 7, 9, § 1:

    mente,

    to lose one's senses, go mad, Cels. 5, 26, 13; Suet. Aug. 48; cf.:

    lapsae mentis error,

    Val. Max. 5, 3, 2.—Hence, lapsus, a, um, ruined, unfortunate, Prop. 1, 1, 25. —
    5.
    To fall into or upon, to come or turn to:

    labor eo, ut assentiar Epicuro,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 45, 139; id. Att. 4, 5, 2:

    ad opinionem,

    id. Ac. 2, 45, 138:

    in adulationem,

    Tac. A. 4, 6:

    in gaudia,

    Val. Fl. 6, 662:

    in vitium,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 94.—
    6.
    To fall into error, to be mistaken, to err, mistake, commit a fault:

    labi, errare, nescire, decipi et malum et turpe ducimus,

    Cic. Off. 1, 6, 18:

    in aliqua re labi et cadere,

    id. Brut. 49, 185:

    in minimis tenuissimisque rebus,

    id. de Or. 1, 37, 169; id. Fam. 2, 7, 1:

    lapsus est per errorem suum,

    id. Q. Fr. 3, 9, 8:

    consilio,... casu,

    id. Agr. 2, 3, 6:

    propter inprudentiam,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 3:

    in officio,

    Cic. Tusc. 2, 4, 12:

    in verbo,

    Ov. Am. 2, 8, 7:

    ne verbo quidem labi,

    Plin. Ep. 2, 3:

    it vera ratione,

    Lucr. 2, 176.—
    7.
    Esp., to fall away from the true faith, to become apostate (eccl. Lat.):

    lapsorum fratrum petulantia,

    Cypr. Ep. 30, 1 al.
    2.
    lăbor (old form lăbos, like arbos, honos, etc., Plaut. Trin. 2, 1, 35; id. Truc. 2, 6, 40; Ter. Hec. 3, 1, 6; Varr. ap. Non. 487, 13; Cat. 55, 13; Sall. C. 7, 5; id. J. 100, 4; cf. Quint. 1, 4, 13), ōris, m. [Sanscr. root rabh, to grasp, ā-rabh, to undertake; Gr. alph- in êlphon, earned, alphêma, wages; Germ. Arbeit], labor, toil, exertion (cf.: contentio, opera).
    I.
    Lit.:

    ut ingenium est omnium Hominum a labore proclive ad libidinem,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 51:

    haud existimans quanto labore partum,

    id. Phorm. 1, 1, 12:

    interest aliquid inter laborem et dolorem: sunt finitima omnino, sed tamen differt aliquid. Labor est functio quaedam vel animi vel corporis, gravioris operis et muneris: dolor autem motus asper in corpore alienus a sensibus,

    Cic. Tusc. 2, 15, 35:

    corporis,

    id. Cael. 17, 39:

    res est magni laboris,

    id. de Or. 1, 33, 150:

    laborem sibi sumere et alteri imponere,

    id. Mur. 18, 38:

    sumptum et laborem insumere in rem aliquam,

    id. Inv. 2, 38, 113; cf. id. Verr. 2, 3, 98, § 227:

    multum operae laborisque consumere,

    id. de Or. 1, 55, 234:

    laborem sustinere,

    id. Att. 1, 17, 6:

    exantlare,

    id. Ac. 2, 34, 108:

    suscipere,

    id. Opt. Gen. Or. 5, 13:

    subire,

    id. Att. 3, 15, 7:

    capere,

    id. Rosc. Com. 16, 49:

    labores magnos excipere,

    id. Brut. 69, 243:

    se in magnis laboribus exercere,

    id. Arch. 11, 28:

    summi laboris esse,

    capable of great exertion, Caes. B. G. 4, 2, 2:

    laborem levare alicui,

    Cic. Or. 34, 120:

    detrahere,

    id. Fam. 3, 6, 5:

    ex labore se reficere,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 5; 5, 11:

    victus suppeditabatur sine labore,

    Cic. Sest. 48, 103:

    non est quod existumes, ullam esse sine labore virtutem,

    Sen. Vit. Beat. 25, 5; Suet. Ner. 52; Quint. 2, 12, 12; cf.:

    nullo labore,

    Cic. Dom. 34, 91; id. Sest. 40, 87; id. Tusc. 2, 22, 51:

    quantum meruit labor,

    Juv. 7, 216:

    reddere sua dona labori,

    id. 16, 57:

    numerenter labores,

    be valued, id. 9, 42.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    Pregn., drudgery, hardship, fatigue, distress, trouble, pain, suffering (mostly poet. and late Lat.; syn. aerumna): decet id pati animo aequo;

    si id facietis, levior labos erit,

    Plaut. Capt. 2, 1, 2:

    propter meum caput labores homini evenisse optumo,

    id. ib. 5, 1, 25:

    cum labore magno et misere vivere,

    id. Aul. prol. 14; id. Ps. 2, 4, 2:

    hoc evenit in labore atque in dolore,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 20:

    vel in labore meo vel in honore,

    Cic. Fam. 15, 18:

    Iliacos audire labores,

    Verg. A. 4, 78:

    mox et frumentis labor additus, ut mala culmos Esset rubigo,

    id. G. 1, 150:

    belli labores,

    id. A. 11, 126; cf. id. ib. 2, 619;

    12, 727: labor militiae,

    Juv. 16, 52:

    castrorum labores,

    id. 14, 198:

    Lucinae labores,

    Verg. G. 4, 340:

    cor de labore pectus tundit,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 6, 63:

    hoc medicamentum sine magno labore cadere cogit haemorrhoidas,

    Scrib. 227:

    litterarius, = opus,

    Aug. Conf. 9, 2;

    id. cont. Jul. 6, 21: meos labores legere,

    id. de Don. Pers. 68.—Of sickness: valetudo crescit, accrescit labor. Plaut. Curc. 2, 1, 4:

    sulphurosi fontes labores nervorum reficiunt,

    Vitr. 8, 3, 4.—Of danger:

    maximus autem earum (apium) labor est initio veris,

    Col. 9, 13, 2.—Prov.:

    jucundi acti labores,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 32, 105:

    suavis laborum est praeteritorum memoria,

    id. ib. —
    2.
    Poet.
    a.
    Labores solis, eclipses of the sun, Verg. A. 1, 742 Forbig. ad loc.; so,

    defectus solis varios lunaeque labores,

    id. G. 1, 478; Sil. 14, 378. —
    b.
    Of plants:

    hunc laborem perferre,

    i. e. growth, Verg. G. 2, 343.—
    3.
    Personified: Lăbos, toil, in the lower world, Verg. A. 6, 277.—
    II.
    Meton., of the products of labor.
    a.
    Work, workmanship of an artist ( poet.):

    operum,

    Verg. A. 1, 455:

    hic labor ille domūs,

    id. ib. 6, 27:

    nec non Polycleti multus ubique labor,

    Juv. 8, 104. —
    b.
    Of cultivated plants, crops, etc.:

    ruit arduus aether et pluvia ingenti sata laeta boumque labores Diluit,

    Verg. G. 1, 325; cf.:

    haec cum sint hominumque boumque labores,

    id. ib. 1, 118: Juppiter Grandine dilapidans hominumque boumque labores, Col. poët. 10, 330; Verg. A. 2, 284; 306.—
    c.
    Labores uteri, i. e. children, Claud. Rapt. Pros. 1, 193.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > labor

  • 18 Labos

    1.
    lābor, lapsus ( inf. parag. labier, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 94; part. labundus, Att. ap. Non. 504, 31; Trag. Fragm. v. 570 Rib.), 3, v. dep. n. [cf. lăbo; Sanscr. lamb- (ramb-), to glide, fall], to move gently along a smooth surface, to fall, slide; to slide, slip, or glide down, to fall down, to sink as the beginning of a fall; constr. absol., or with ad, in, inter, per, sub, super, ab, de, ex, or with abl. alone.
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.
    1.
    Of living beings:

    non squamoso labuntur ventre cerastae,

    Prop. 3 (4), 22, 27:

    per sinus crebros et magna volumina labens,

    Ov. M. 15, 721:

    pigraque labatur circa donaria serpens,

    Ov. Am. 2, 13, 13:

    ille inter vestes et levia pectora lapsus volvitur,

    Verg. A. 7, 349: (angues) in diversum lapsi, Jul. Obseq. 119.—Of floating:

    ut rate felice pacata per aequora labar,

    Ov. H. 10, 65:

    dum Stygio gurgite labor,

    id. M. 5, 504:

    tua labens navita aqua,

    Prop. 2, 26 (3, 21), 8.—Of flying:

    tollunt se celeres, liquidumque per aera lapsae,

    Verg. A. 6, 202:

    vade, age, nate, voca Zephyros et labere pennis,

    id. ib. 4, 223:

    pennis lapsa per auras,

    Ov. M. 8, 51:

    labere, nympha, polo,

    Verg. A. 11, 588.—Of sinking, slipping down:

    labor, io! cara lumina conde manu,

    Ov. A. A. 7, 342:

    labitur infelix (equus),

    Verg. G. 3, 498; cf. Luc. 5, 799:

    labitur exsanguis,

    Verg. A. 11, 818; 5, 181:

    super terram,

    Ov. M. 13, 477:

    equo,

    Hor. S. 2, 1, 15:

    temone,

    Verg. A. 12, 470 [p. 1024] limite, Luc. 9, 712:

    in vulnera,

    id. 7, 604:

    in colla mariti,

    Val. Fl. 2, 425:

    alieno vulnere,

    Luc. 2, 265:

    in rivo,

    Cic. Fat. 3, 5:

    pondere lapsi pectoris arma sonant,

    Luc. 7, 572.—

    Of gliding upwards: celeri fuga sub sidera,

    Verg. A. 3, 243.—
    2.
    Of things:

    splendida signa videntur labier,

    Lucr. 4, 445; Cic. Tusc. 4, 18, 42:

    umor in genas Furtim labitur,

    Hor. C. 1, 13, 7:

    stellas Praecipites caelo labi,

    Verg. G. 1, 366:

    perque genas lacrimae labuntur,

    Ov. H. 7, 185; id. M. 2, 656:

    lapsi de fontibus amnes,

    id. ib. 13, 954; cf.:

    catenae lapsae lacertis sponte sua,

    id. ib. 3, 699:

    lapsuram domum subire,

    about to tumble down, id. Ib. 511; Luc. 1, 25; cf.

    with cado: multa in silvis Lapsa cadunt folia,

    Verg. A. 6, 310:

    ipsaque in Oceanum sidera lapsa cadunt,

    Prop. 4 (5), 4, 64:

    lapsis repente saxis,

    Tac. A. 4, 59:

    ab arbore ramus,

    Ov. M. 3, 410.—Of the eyes, to fall, close:

    labentes, oculos condere,

    Ov. Tr. 3, 3, 44:

    lumina,

    Verg. A. 11, 818; Prop. 1, 10, 7; 2, 5, 17.—
    B.
    Transf.
    1.
    To glide away, glide along, slip or haste away: labitur uncta carina: volat super impetus undas, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 1 (Ann. v. 379 Vahl.); so id. ap. Isid. Orig. 19, 1 (Ann. v. 476 Vahl.); cf.:

    labitur uncta vadis abies,

    Verg. A. 8, 91; Cic. Ac. 1, 8, 31:

    sidera, quae vaga et mutabili ratione labuntur,

    id. Univ. 10.—Esp., of a transition in discourse, to pass:

    a dispositione ad elocutionis praecepta labor,

    Quint. 7, 10, 17.—
    2.
    To slip away, escape:

    lapsus custodiā,

    Tac. A. 5, 10; 11, 31:

    e manibus custodientium lapsus,

    Curt. 3, 13, 3; Prop. 1, 11, 5; Amm. 26, 3, 3.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    In gen., to come or go gently or insensibly, to glide, glide or pass away:

    ilico res foras labitur,

    Plaut. Trin. 2, 1, 21:

    brevitate et celeritate syllabarum labi putat verba proclivius,

    Cic. Or. 57; 56:

    sed labor longius, ad propositum revertor,

    id. Div. 2, 37, 79; id. Leg. 1, 19, 52:

    labitur occulte fallitque volubilis aetas,

    Ov. Am. 1, 8, 49:

    labi somnum sensit in artus,

    id. M. 11, 631:

    nostro illius labatur pectore vultus,

    Verg. E. 1, 64.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    Of speech, to die away, be lost, not be heard (very rare):

    ne adjectae voces laberentur atque errarent,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 57, 114; cf. Sil. 7, 745.—
    2.
    Of time, to glide, pass away, elapse:

    eheu fugaces labuntur anni,

    Hor. C. 2, 14, 2:

    anni tacite labentis origo,

    Ov. F. 1, 65:

    labentia tempora,

    id. Tr. 3, 11; id. F. 6, 771; id. Tr. 4, 10, 27:

    aetas labitur,

    Tib. 1, 8, 48; cf.: labente officio, when the attendance or service is ended, Juv. 6, 203.—
    3.
    Pregn., to sink, incline, begin to fall, go to ruin, perish: quantis opibus, quibus de rebus lapsa fortuna accidat, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 19, 44 (Trag. v. 396 Vahl.); cf.:

    cetera nasci, occidere, fluere, labi,

    Cic. Or. 3, 10:

    labentem et prope cadentem rem publicam fulcire,

    id. Phil. 2, 21, 51:

    equitem Romanum labentem excepit, fulsit, sustinuit,

    id. Rab. Post. 16, 43; id. Ep. ad Brut. 1, 18, 2:

    sustinuit labentem aciem Antonius,

    Tac. H. 3, 23:

    vidi labentes acies,

    Prop. 4 (5), 2, 53:

    eo citius lapsa res est,

    Liv. 3, 33: mores lapsi sunt, id. praef.; Tac. A. 6, 50:

    fides lapsa,

    Ov. H. 2, 102:

    labentur opes,

    will be lost, Tib. 1, 6, 53:

    res,

    Lucr. 4, 1117:

    hereditas lapsa est,

    Dig. 4, 4, 11, § 5.—
    4.
    To slip or fall away from a thing, to lose it: hac spe lapsus, deceived or disappointed in this hope, Caes. B. G. 5, 55, 3:

    hoc munere,

    Sil. 7, 740:

    facultatibus,

    to lose one's property, become poor, Dig. 27, 8, 2, § 11; 26, 7, 9, § 1:

    mente,

    to lose one's senses, go mad, Cels. 5, 26, 13; Suet. Aug. 48; cf.:

    lapsae mentis error,

    Val. Max. 5, 3, 2.—Hence, lapsus, a, um, ruined, unfortunate, Prop. 1, 1, 25. —
    5.
    To fall into or upon, to come or turn to:

    labor eo, ut assentiar Epicuro,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 45, 139; id. Att. 4, 5, 2:

    ad opinionem,

    id. Ac. 2, 45, 138:

    in adulationem,

    Tac. A. 4, 6:

    in gaudia,

    Val. Fl. 6, 662:

    in vitium,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 94.—
    6.
    To fall into error, to be mistaken, to err, mistake, commit a fault:

    labi, errare, nescire, decipi et malum et turpe ducimus,

    Cic. Off. 1, 6, 18:

    in aliqua re labi et cadere,

    id. Brut. 49, 185:

    in minimis tenuissimisque rebus,

    id. de Or. 1, 37, 169; id. Fam. 2, 7, 1:

    lapsus est per errorem suum,

    id. Q. Fr. 3, 9, 8:

    consilio,... casu,

    id. Agr. 2, 3, 6:

    propter inprudentiam,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 3:

    in officio,

    Cic. Tusc. 2, 4, 12:

    in verbo,

    Ov. Am. 2, 8, 7:

    ne verbo quidem labi,

    Plin. Ep. 2, 3:

    it vera ratione,

    Lucr. 2, 176.—
    7.
    Esp., to fall away from the true faith, to become apostate (eccl. Lat.):

    lapsorum fratrum petulantia,

    Cypr. Ep. 30, 1 al.
    2.
    lăbor (old form lăbos, like arbos, honos, etc., Plaut. Trin. 2, 1, 35; id. Truc. 2, 6, 40; Ter. Hec. 3, 1, 6; Varr. ap. Non. 487, 13; Cat. 55, 13; Sall. C. 7, 5; id. J. 100, 4; cf. Quint. 1, 4, 13), ōris, m. [Sanscr. root rabh, to grasp, ā-rabh, to undertake; Gr. alph- in êlphon, earned, alphêma, wages; Germ. Arbeit], labor, toil, exertion (cf.: contentio, opera).
    I.
    Lit.:

    ut ingenium est omnium Hominum a labore proclive ad libidinem,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 51:

    haud existimans quanto labore partum,

    id. Phorm. 1, 1, 12:

    interest aliquid inter laborem et dolorem: sunt finitima omnino, sed tamen differt aliquid. Labor est functio quaedam vel animi vel corporis, gravioris operis et muneris: dolor autem motus asper in corpore alienus a sensibus,

    Cic. Tusc. 2, 15, 35:

    corporis,

    id. Cael. 17, 39:

    res est magni laboris,

    id. de Or. 1, 33, 150:

    laborem sibi sumere et alteri imponere,

    id. Mur. 18, 38:

    sumptum et laborem insumere in rem aliquam,

    id. Inv. 2, 38, 113; cf. id. Verr. 2, 3, 98, § 227:

    multum operae laborisque consumere,

    id. de Or. 1, 55, 234:

    laborem sustinere,

    id. Att. 1, 17, 6:

    exantlare,

    id. Ac. 2, 34, 108:

    suscipere,

    id. Opt. Gen. Or. 5, 13:

    subire,

    id. Att. 3, 15, 7:

    capere,

    id. Rosc. Com. 16, 49:

    labores magnos excipere,

    id. Brut. 69, 243:

    se in magnis laboribus exercere,

    id. Arch. 11, 28:

    summi laboris esse,

    capable of great exertion, Caes. B. G. 4, 2, 2:

    laborem levare alicui,

    Cic. Or. 34, 120:

    detrahere,

    id. Fam. 3, 6, 5:

    ex labore se reficere,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 5; 5, 11:

    victus suppeditabatur sine labore,

    Cic. Sest. 48, 103:

    non est quod existumes, ullam esse sine labore virtutem,

    Sen. Vit. Beat. 25, 5; Suet. Ner. 52; Quint. 2, 12, 12; cf.:

    nullo labore,

    Cic. Dom. 34, 91; id. Sest. 40, 87; id. Tusc. 2, 22, 51:

    quantum meruit labor,

    Juv. 7, 216:

    reddere sua dona labori,

    id. 16, 57:

    numerenter labores,

    be valued, id. 9, 42.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    Pregn., drudgery, hardship, fatigue, distress, trouble, pain, suffering (mostly poet. and late Lat.; syn. aerumna): decet id pati animo aequo;

    si id facietis, levior labos erit,

    Plaut. Capt. 2, 1, 2:

    propter meum caput labores homini evenisse optumo,

    id. ib. 5, 1, 25:

    cum labore magno et misere vivere,

    id. Aul. prol. 14; id. Ps. 2, 4, 2:

    hoc evenit in labore atque in dolore,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 20:

    vel in labore meo vel in honore,

    Cic. Fam. 15, 18:

    Iliacos audire labores,

    Verg. A. 4, 78:

    mox et frumentis labor additus, ut mala culmos Esset rubigo,

    id. G. 1, 150:

    belli labores,

    id. A. 11, 126; cf. id. ib. 2, 619;

    12, 727: labor militiae,

    Juv. 16, 52:

    castrorum labores,

    id. 14, 198:

    Lucinae labores,

    Verg. G. 4, 340:

    cor de labore pectus tundit,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 6, 63:

    hoc medicamentum sine magno labore cadere cogit haemorrhoidas,

    Scrib. 227:

    litterarius, = opus,

    Aug. Conf. 9, 2;

    id. cont. Jul. 6, 21: meos labores legere,

    id. de Don. Pers. 68.—Of sickness: valetudo crescit, accrescit labor. Plaut. Curc. 2, 1, 4:

    sulphurosi fontes labores nervorum reficiunt,

    Vitr. 8, 3, 4.—Of danger:

    maximus autem earum (apium) labor est initio veris,

    Col. 9, 13, 2.—Prov.:

    jucundi acti labores,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 32, 105:

    suavis laborum est praeteritorum memoria,

    id. ib. —
    2.
    Poet.
    a.
    Labores solis, eclipses of the sun, Verg. A. 1, 742 Forbig. ad loc.; so,

    defectus solis varios lunaeque labores,

    id. G. 1, 478; Sil. 14, 378. —
    b.
    Of plants:

    hunc laborem perferre,

    i. e. growth, Verg. G. 2, 343.—
    3.
    Personified: Lăbos, toil, in the lower world, Verg. A. 6, 277.—
    II.
    Meton., of the products of labor.
    a.
    Work, workmanship of an artist ( poet.):

    operum,

    Verg. A. 1, 455:

    hic labor ille domūs,

    id. ib. 6, 27:

    nec non Polycleti multus ubique labor,

    Juv. 8, 104. —
    b.
    Of cultivated plants, crops, etc.:

    ruit arduus aether et pluvia ingenti sata laeta boumque labores Diluit,

    Verg. G. 1, 325; cf.:

    haec cum sint hominumque boumque labores,

    id. ib. 1, 118: Juppiter Grandine dilapidans hominumque boumque labores, Col. poët. 10, 330; Verg. A. 2, 284; 306.—
    c.
    Labores uteri, i. e. children, Claud. Rapt. Pros. 1, 193.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Labos

  • 19 procedo

    prō-cēdo, cessi, cessum, 3, v. n., to go forth or before, to go forwards, advance, proceed (class.; cf.: progredior, prodeo).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.:

    procedere ad forum,

    Plaut. Cas. 3, 3, 2:

    illuc procede,

    id. Capt. 5, 2, 1:

    a portu,

    Cic. Fam. 16, 9, 1: ante agmen, Hirt. B. G. 8, 27, 4:

    nil cum procede re lintrem Sentimus,

    Hor. S. 1, 5, 20:

    pedibus aequis,

    Ov. P. 4, 5, 3:

    passu tacito,

    Val. Fl. 5, 351.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    In milit. lang., to go or march forwards, to advance, Caes. B. C. 3, 34:

    lente atque paulatim proceditur,

    id. ib. 1, 80; id. B. G. 6, 25:

    agmen procedit,

    Cic. Tusc. 2, 16, 37; Curt. 7, 3, 19:

    processum in aciem est,

    Liv. 25, 21:

    ipsi jam pridem avidi certaminis procedunt,

    id. 3, 62, 6.—Cf. of ships, Caes. B. G. 7, 61; Verg. A. 4, 587.—
    2.
    Of processions, to go on, set forward, move on, advance, etc.:

    funus interim Procedit: sequimur,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 101; Hor. C. 4, 2, 49:

    tacito procedens agmine,

    Sil. 7, 91:

    vidisti Latios consul procedere fasces,

    id. 6, 443.—
    C.
    Transf.
    1.
    To go or come forth or out, to advance, issue:

    foribus foras procedere,

    Plaut. Ps. 2, 2, 12:

    castris,

    Verg. A. 12, 169:

    extra munitiones,

    Caes. B. G 5, 43:

    in medium,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 36, § 94:

    e tabernaculo in solem,

    id. Brut. 9, 37:

    in pedes procedere nascentem, contra naturam est,

    to be born feet first, Plin. 7, 8, 6, § 45:

    mediā procedit ab aulā,

    Ov. M. 14, 46.—
    b.
    In gen., to show one's self, to appear:

    cum veste purpureā procedere,

    Cic. Div. 1, 52, 119:

    obviam alicui procedere,

    to go towards, go to meet, id. Sest. 13, 68; cf.:

    Jugurthae obvius procedit,

    Sall. J. 21, 1:

    obviam,

    id. ib. 53, 5:

    procedat vel Numa,

    Juv. 3, 138.—
    c.
    In partic., to issue from the mouth, to be uttered:

    sed interdum voces procedebant contumaces et inconsultae,

    Tac. A. 4, 60 init.; Vulg. 1 Cor. 14, 36.—
    d.
    Of stars, etc., to rise, come into view:

    Ecce Dionaei processit Caesaris astrum,

    Verg. E. 9, 47:

    vesper,

    id. ib. 6, 86.—
    e.
    Of the moon, to wax, increase, Pall. 7, 3.—
    2.
    Of plants, to put forth, spring forth, grow (ante-class. and in post-Aug. prose):

    antequam radices longius procedere possint,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 23, 5:

    plerumque germen de cicatrice procedit,

    Col. 4, 22, 4:

    gemma sine dubio processura,

    Pall. 7, 5, 3; 8, 3, 1 et saep.—
    3.
    Of place, to project, extend:

    ita ut in pedes binos fossa procedat,

    Plin. 17, 21, 35, § 159:

    Lydia super Ioniam procedit,

    id. 5, 29, 30, § 110:

    promuntorium, quod contra Peloponnesum procedit,

    id. 4, 2, 3, § 6; Cels. 8, 1.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    Of time, to advance, pass, elapse (class.):

    ubi plerumque noctis processit,

    Sall. J. 21, 2; Nep. Pel. 3, 3:

    jamque dies alterque dies processit,

    Verg. A. 3, 356:

    dies procedens,

    Cic. Tusc. 3, 22, 53:

    procedente tempore,

    in process of time, Plin. Ep. 6, 31, 17:

    si aetate processerit,

    Cic. Phil. 5, 18, 50:

    tempus processit,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 25:

    procedente die,

    Liv. 28, 15; Plin. Ep. 3, 20, 8:

    procedunt tempora tarde,

    Ov. Tr. 5, 10, 5:

    incipient magni procedere menses,

    Verg. E. 4, 12:

    pars major anni jam processerat,

    Liv. 3, 37.—
    B.
    To come or go forth, to appear, to present or show one's self ( poet. and post-Aug.):

    nunc volo subducto gravior procedere voltu,

    i. e. to conduct myself more gravely, to undertake more serious matters, Prop. 2, 10 (3, 1), 9:

    quis postea ad summam Thucydidis, quis Hyperidis ad famam processit?

    Petr. 2.—
    2.
    In partic., to go or get on, to advance, make progress (class.; cf.

    proficio): dicendi laude multum,

    Cic. Brut. 36, 137:

    in philosophiā,

    id. Fin. 3, 2, 6:

    honoribus longius,

    id. Brut. 48, 180; cf. id. Har. Resp. 23, 48:

    ad virtutis aditum,

    id. Fin. 3, 14, 48:

    ambitio et procedendi libido,

    a passion for getting on, for rising in the world, Plin. Ep 8, 6, 3:

    longius iras,

    Verg. A. 5, 461:

    perspicuum est, quo compositiones unguentorum processerint,

    to what extent, how far, Cic. N. D. 2, 58, 146:

    ut ratione et viā procedat oratio,

    id. Fin. 1, 9, 29:

    eo vecordiae processit, ut,

    went so far in folly, Sall. J. 5, 2:

    Adherbal, ubi intellegit eo processum,

    id. ib. 21, 1; so,

    processit in id furoris,

    Vell. 2, 80, 2:

    eoque ira processit, ut, etc.,

    Liv. 9, 26, 2:

    ex infimā fortunā in ordinem senatorium, et ad summos honores,

    Suet. Rhet. 1, 10.—
    C.
    To run on, continue, remain:

    et cum stationes procederent, prope obruentibus infirmum corpus armis,

    i. e. guard duty returned so frequently as to seem continuous, Liv. 5, 48, 7:

    ut iis stipendia procederent,

    id. 25, 5, 8; 27, 11, 14; cf.

    aera,

    id. 5, 7, 12.—
    D.
    To go on, continue, follow; esp. of speech, etc.:

    ad dissuadendum,

    Liv. 30, 35; cf. Plaut. Am. prol. 117: non imitor lakônismon tuum:

    altera jam pagella procedit,

    Cic. Fam. 11, 25, 2.—
    E.
    To [p. 1451] turn out, result, succeed, prosper (class.):

    parum procedere,

    Ter. And. 4, 1, 48; Liv. 1, 57; 38, 7:

    nonnumquam summis oratoribus non satis ex sententiā eventum dicendi procedere,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 27, 123:

    alicui pulcherrime,

    id. Phil. 13, 19, 40:

    alicui bene,

    id. Rab. Post. 1, 1:

    omnia prospere procedent,

    Cic. Fam. 12, 9, 2.— Impers. (cf. succedo): quibus cum parum procederet, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 12, 3; cf.:

    velut processisset Spurio Licinio,

    Liv. 2, 44, 1.— Absol., to turn out or succeed well:

    mane quod tu occoeperis negotium agere, id totum procedit diem,

    Plaut. Pers. 1, 3, 34:

    ferme ut quisque quidque occoeperit, sic ei procedunt post principia,

    id. ib. 4, 1, 4:

    Syre, processisti hodie pulcre,

    have succeeded finely, Ter. Ad. 5, 9, 22:

    si processit,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 98, § 227:

    quod si consilia Andranodoro processissent,

    Liv. 24, 26, 5.—
    2.
    To turn out favorably for, to result in favor of, to benefit, be of use to one:

    totidem dies emptori procedent,

    Cato, R. R. 148:

    benefacta mea reipublicae procedunt,

    Sall. J. 85, 5; Ov. H. 9, 109.—
    3.
    To be effectual:

    venenum non processerat,

    Tac. A. 15, 60:

    medicina processit,

    Col. 6, 6, 4.—
    F.
    To go or pass for, to be counted or reckoned as any thing (anteand post-class.):

    ut binae (oves) pro singulis procedant,

    shall be reckoned as one, Varr. R. R. 2, 2, 5; Dig. 5, 3, 32:

    quod ita procedit, si ea, cui donabatur, eum interposuit,

    ib. 24, 1, 11.—
    G.
    To happen, take place, occur (ante-class.):

    numquid processit ad forum hodie novi?

    Plaut. Most. 4, 3, 7.—
    H.
    To come or proceed from, to be derived from (post-class.):

    res, quae a sacratissimis imperatoribus procedunt,

    Cod. Just. 7, 37, 3.— In part. pass.:

    in processā aetate,

    advanced, Scrib. Comp. 100.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > procedo

  • 20 sum

    1.
    sum, fui, esse (2d pers. es, but usu. es in Plaut and Ter; old forms, indic. pres. esum for sum, acc. to Varr. L. L. 9, § 100 Mull.: essis for es, Att. ap. Non. 200, 30, or Trag. Rel. p. 283 Rib.: simus for sumus, used by Augustus, acc. to Suet. Aug. 87; fut. escit for erit, XII. Tab. ap. Gell. 20, 1, 25:

    esit, XII. Tab. ap. Fest. s. v. nec, p. 162 Mull.: escunt for erunt,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 60, 3, 3, 9; Lucr. 1, 619; perf. fuvimus for fuimus, Enn. ap. Cic. de Or. 3, 42, 168:

    FVVEIT, C. I. L. 1, 1051: fuit,

    Plaut. Capt. 3, 4, 23; id. Mil. 3, 1, 159:

    fuerim,

    id. ib. 4, 8, 54:

    fuerit,

    id. As. 4, 1, 37; subj. pres. siem, sies, siet, etc., very freq., esp. in Plaut.; e. g. siem, Am. prol. 57; Ter. And. 3, 4, 7:

    sies,

    Plaut. Am. 3, 2, 43; Ter. And. 2, 5, 13:

    siet,

    Plaut. Am. prol. 58; Ter. And. 1, 4, 7; Lucr. 3, 101:

    sient,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 54; Ter. And. 2, 3, 16; cf. Cic. Or. 47, 157; also,

    fuam, fuas, etc., regarded by G. Curtius, de Aorist. Lat. Rel. in Studien zur Gr. u. Lat. Gram. 1, 431 sqq., as an aorist: fuam,

    Plaut. Bacch. 1, 2, 48; id. Mil. 2, 6, 112: fuas, Liv. Andron. ap. Non 111, 13; Plaut. Capt. 2, 3, 71; 2, 3, 83; id. Pers. 1, 1, 52; id. Trin. 2, 1, 32: fuat, Pac. ap. Non. 111, 8; Carm. ap. Liv. 25, 12; Plaut. Am. 3, 4, 2; id. Aul. 2, 2, 56; id. Capt. 2, 2, 10 et saep.; Ter. Hec. 4, 3, 4; Lucr. 4, 639; Verg. A. 10, 108:

    fuant,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 9, 110; id. Ep. 5, 1, 13; id. Ps. 4, 3, 12: fuvisset, Enn. ap. Gell. 12, 4, 4; part. pres. ens, used by Caesar, acc. to Prisc. p. 1140 P.; and by Sergius Flavius, acc. to Quint. 8, 3, 33; fut. inf. fore for futurum esse, very freq., and so always with partt.; cf. Madv. Gram. § 108; whence, subj. imperf. forem fores, etc., for essem; esp. in conditional sentences and in the histt., but very rare in Cic.; v. Neue, Formenl. 2, 597 sqq.), v. n. [root es; Sanscr. as-mi, and the Greek es-mi, whence eimi; perf. fui; root in Sanscr. bhu, to become; bhavas, condition; Gr. phuô, to beget; cf.: fetus, futuo, etc.], to be, as a verb substantive or a copula.
    I.
    As a verb substantive, to be.
    A.
    In gen.
    1.
    Asserting existence, to be, exist, live:

    definitionum duo sunt genera prima: unum earum rerum quae sunt: alterum earum quae intelleguntur. Esse ea dico, quae cerni tangive possunt, ut fundum, aedes, parietem, cetera. Non esse rursus ea dico, quae tangi demonstrarive non possunt, cerni tamen animo atque intellegi possunt, ut si usucapionem, si tutelam, etc.... definias,

    Cic. Top. 5, 26 sq.:

    si abest, nullus est,

    Plaut. Bacch. 2, 2, 16:

    nunc illut est, quom me fuisse quam esse nimio mavelim,

    id. Capt. 3, 3, 1:

    ita paene nulla sibi fuit Phronesium ( = paene mortuus est),

    id. Truc. 1, 2, 95:

    omne quod eloquimur sic, ut id aut esse dicamus aut non esse,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 38, 157:

    non statim, quod esse manifestum est, etiam quid sit apparet,

    Quint. 3, 6, 81: est locus, Hesperiam quam mortales perhibebant, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 1 (Ann. v. 23 Vahl.):

    flumen est Arar, quod, etc.,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 12:

    homo nequissimus omnium qui sunt, qui fuerunt, qui futuri sunt!

    Cic. Fam. 11, 21, 1; cf. id. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 15, § 43:

    si quos inter societas aut est aut fuit aut futura est,

    id. Lael. 22, 83:

    nec enim, dum ero, angar ulla re, cum omni vacem culpa: et, si non ero, sensu omnino carebo,

    id. Fam. 6, 3, 4:

    si modo futuri sumus, erit mihi res opportuna,

    id. Att. 11, 4, 1:

    si quando erit civitas, erit profecto nobis locus: sin autem non erit, etc.,

    id. Fam. 2, 16, 6:

    nolite arbitrari, me cum a vobis discessero, nusquam aut nullum fore,

    id. Sen. 22, 79:

    si erit ulla res publica... sin autem nulla erit,

    id. Fam. 2, 16, 5:

    fuimus Troes, fuit Ilium,

    Verg. A. 2, 325:

    sive erimus seu nos fata fuisse volunt,

    Tib. 3, 5, 32: per quinquennia decem fuimus, Prud. Cath. praef. 2.—
    2.
    Of events, to be, happen, occur, befall, take place:

    illa (solis defectio) quae fuit regnante Romulo,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 16, 25:

    neque enim est periculum, ne, etc.,

    id. ib. 1, 23, 37:

    amabo, quid tibi est?

    Ter. Heaut. 2, 4, 24:

    quid se futurum esset,

    Liv. 33, 27. —
    3.
    Of location, to be present, to be at a place.
    (α).
    With adv., or other expressions of place:

    cum non liceret quemquam Romae esse, qui, etc.,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 41, § 100:

    cum Athenis decem ipsos dies fuissem,

    id. Fam. 2, 8, 3; id. de Or. 2, 7, 27:

    cum Africanus constituisset in hortis esse,

    id. Rep. 1, 9, 14:

    cum essemus in castris,

    id. ib. 1, 15:

    nonne mavis sine periculo tuae domi esse quam cum periculo alienae?

    id. Fam. 4, 7, 4:

    vos istic commodissime sperem esse,

    id. ib. 14, 7, 2: te hic tutissime puto fore, Pompon. ap. Cic. Att. 8, 11, A.—
    (β).
    Of passages in a book or writing, with in and abl., to be, stand, be written, etc.:

    deinceps in lege est, ut, etc.,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 16, 40:

    quid enim in illis (litteris) fuit praeter querelam temporum,

    id. Fam. 2, 16, 1.—
    (γ).
    Of personal relations, with ad or apud and acc., or cum and abl. of person:

    cum esset (Sulpicius Gallus) casu apud M. Marcellum,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 14, 21:

    eram cum Stoico Diodoto: qui cum habitavisset apud me mecumque vixisset, etc.,

    id. Brut. 90, 309:

    erat nemo, quicum essem libentius quam tecum et pauci, quibuscum essem aeque libenter,

    id. Fam. 5, 21, 1:

    qui me admodum diligunt multumque mecum sunt,

    id. ib. 4, 13, 6; cf. with simul:

    Smyrnae cum simul essemus complures dies,

    id. Rep. 1, 8, 13.—Hence, esp.: esse cum aliquo (aliqua), to be with, i. e. live with, associate with, as husband or wife:

    cujus soror est cum P. Quintio,

    Cic. Quint. 24, 77:

    ea nocte mecum illa hospitis jussu fuit,

    Plaut. Merc. 1, 1, 101; Ov. A. A. 3, 664:

    cum hac (meretrice) si qui adulescens forte fuerit,

    Cic. Cael. 20, 49; Ov. Am. 2, 8, 27: tum ad me fuerunt, qui, etc., Varr. ap. Non. 133, 28:

    Curio fuit ad me sane diu,

    Cic. Att. 10, 4, 8:

    cum ad me bene mane Dionysius fuit,

    id. ib. 10, 16, 1; cf.:

    esse sub uno tecto atque ad eosdem Penates,

    Liv. 28, 18.—
    4.
    Of relations analogous to place, of dress, condition, position, office, etc., to be, live, be found, etc., with in and abl.:

    cum est in sagis civitas,

    Cic. Phil. 8, 11, 32:

    in laxa toga,

    Tib. 2, 3, 78: sive erit in Tyriis, Tyrios laudabis amictus;

    Sive erit in Cois, Coa decere puta,

    Ov. A. A. 2, 297: hominem non modo in aere alieno nullo, sed in suis nummis multis esse et semper fuisse, Cic. Verr [p. 1798] 2, 4, 6, §

    11: in servitute,

    id. Clu. 7, 21:

    in illa opinione populari,

    id. ib. 51, 142:

    in magno nomine et gloria,

    id. Div. 1, 17, 31:

    in spe,

    id. Fam. 14, 3, 2:

    in tanta moestitia,

    id. Phil. 2, 15, 37:

    in odio,

    id. Att. 2, 22, 1:

    in probris, in laudibus,

    id. Off. 1, 18, 61:

    in officio,

    id. ib. 1, 15, 49:

    in injustitia,

    id. ib. 1, 14, 42:

    in vitio,

    id. ib. 1, 19, 62; id. Tusc. 3, 9, 19:

    ne in mora quom opus sit, sies,

    Ter. And. 2, 5, 13:

    ne in mora illi sis,

    id. ib. 3, 1, 9:

    hic in noxia'st,

    id. Phorm. 2, 1, 36:

    quae (civitas) una in amore atque in deliciis fuit,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 1, § 3:

    in ingenti periculo,

    Liv. 5, 47:

    in pace,

    id. 31, 29.—So with abl. without in, when qualified by an adj.:

    (statua) est et fuit tota Graecia summo propter ingenium honore et nomine,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 35, § 87:

    si quis asperitate ea est et inmanitate naturae,

    id. Lael. 23, 87:

    ne quo periculo proprio existimares esse,

    id. Fam. 4, 15, 2 (B. and K. ex conj.:

    in periculo): ego sum spe bona,

    id. ib. 12, 28, 3:

    res nunc difficili loco mihi videtur esse,

    id. ib. 12, 28, 3:

    incredibili sum sollicitudine de tua valetudine,

    id. ib. 16, 15, 1; esp. in phrase periculo alicujus esse, to be at the risk of any one:

    rem illam suo periculo esse,

    id. Att. 6, 1, 6:

    ut quae in naves inposuissent, ab hostium tempestatisque vi publico periculo essent,

    Liv. 23, 49, 2 Weissenb. ad loc.:

    dare nummos meo periculo,

    Dig. 46, 1, 24:

    communi periculo,

    ib. 13, 6, 21, § 1 (cf. II. B. 1. b. infra).—
    5.
    To depend upon, rest with, with in and abl.:

    res erat non in opinione dubia,

    Cic. Dom. 5, 11:

    sed totum est in eo, si, etc.,

    id. Att. 2, 22, 5:

    omnem reliquam spem in impetu esse equitum,

    Liv. 10, 14, 12:

    quoniam totum in eo sit, ne contrectentur pocula,

    Col. 12, 4, 3. —
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    Esse (est, sunt, etc.) often stands without a subject expressed, or with an indef. subj., as antecedent of a rel.-clause, whose verb may be in the indic. or subj.; the former only when the subject is conceived as particular or limited, and actually existing; the latter always when it is conceived as indefinite; cf. Zumpt, Gram. § 562 sq.; Roby, Gram. § 1686 sq.; Madv. Gram. § 365; but the distinctions usually drawn by grammarians are not always observed by the best writers; and the subjunctive is always admissible, being the prevailing construction after sunt qui in class. prose, and nearly universal in postAug. writers: sunt, qui (quae), there are those ( people or things) who ( that), or simply some.
    a.
    With indic.
    (α).
    Without subject expressed:

    mulier mane: sunt Qui volunt te conventam,

    Plaut. Cist. 4, 2, 37:

    sunt hic quos credo inter se dicere,

    id. Cas. prol. 67:

    sunt quae te volumus percontari,

    id. Ps. 1, 5, 47:

    quid est, quod tu gestas tabellas?

    id. ib. 1, 1, 10:

    quid est, quod tu me nunc optuere?

    id. Most. 1, 1, 69; cf.:

    quid hoc est, quod foris concrepuit?

    id. ib. 5, 1, 15:

    tun' is es, Qui in me aerumnam obsevisti?

    id. Ep. 4, 1, 34:

    quid est, quod tuo animo aegre est?

    id. Cas. 2, 2, 9; id. Cist. 4, 1, 3:

    at ego est quod volo loqui,

    id. As. 1, 3, 79:

    est quod te volo secreto,

    id. Bacch. 5, 2, 30:

    sunt quos scio amicos esse, sunt quos suspicor,

    id. Trin. 1, 2, 54:

    ita subitum'st, quod eum conventum volo,

    id. ib. 5, 2, 51:

    sunt quae ego ex te scitari volo,

    id. Capt. 2, 2, 13:

    sed est quod suscenset tibi,

    Ter. And. 2, 6, 17:

    est quod me transire oportet,

    id. Hec. 2, 2, 31:

    quid sit quapropter te jussi, etc.,

    id. ib. 5, 1, 7:

    sunt item quae appellantur alces,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 27 init.:

    (nationes) ex quibus sunt qui ovis vivere existimantur,

    id. ib. 4, 10 fin.:

    sunt qui putant posse te non decedere,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 9, 25:

    sunt autem, qui putant non numquam complexione oportere supersederi,

    id. Inv. 1, 40, 72:

    quamquam sunt, qui propter utilitatem modo petendas putant amicitias,

    id. ib. 2, 55, 167:

    sunt autem quae praeterii,

    id. Att. 10, 4, 11:

    sunt, qui abducunt a malis ad bona, ut Epicurus. Sunt, qui satis putant ostendere, nihil inopinati accidisse... Sunt etiam qui haec omnia genera consolandi colligunt,

    id. Tusc. 3, 31, 76 Kuhn. N. cr.:

    sunt, qui, quod sentiunt, non audent dicere,

    id. Off. 1, 24, 84:

    Argiletum sunt qui scripserunt ab Argola, etc.,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 157 Mull.:

    sunt qui ita dicunt,

    Sall. C. 19, 4:

    sunt qui spiritum non recipiunt sed resorbent,

    Quint. 11, 3, 55:

    sunt, quos curriculo pulverem Olympicum Collegisse juvat,

    Hor. C. 1, 1, 3; cf. id. S. 1, 4, 24: sunt quibus unum opus est, etc., id. C. 1, 7, 5:

    sunt quibus in satira videor nimis acer,

    id. S. 2, 1, 1:

    sunt quorum ingenium nova tantum crustula promit,

    id. ib. 2, 4, 47.—
    (β).
    With a subject expressed by an indefinite word or clause:

    sunt alii qui te volturium vocant,

    Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 64:

    est genus hominum qui se primos omnium esse volunt,

    Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 17:

    multae sunt causae, quam ob rem cupio abducere,

    id. ib. 1, 2, 65 Fleck. (Ussing, cupiam):

    erat quidam eunuchus, quem mercatus fuerat,

    id. ib. 3, 5, 21:

    multaeque res sunt in quibus de suis commodis viri boni multa detrahunt,

    Cic. Lael. 16, 57:

    sunt ejus aliquot orationes, ex quibus lenitas ejus perspici potest,

    id. Brut. 48, 177:

    fuerunt alia genera philosophorum, qui se omnes Socraticos esse dicebant,

    id. de Or. 3, 17, 62:

    nonnulli sunt, qui aluerunt, etc.,

    id. Cat. 1, 12, 301:

    sunt quidam, qui molestas amicitias faciunt, cum ipsi se contemni putant,

    id. Lael. 20, 72:

    sunt vestrum, judices, aliquam multi, qui L. Pisonem cognoverunt,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 25, § 56:

    multae et pecudes et stirpes sunt, quae sine procuratione hominum salvae esse non possunt,

    id. N. D. 2, 52, 130:

    sunt bestiae quaedam, in quibus inest aliquid simile virtutis, etc.,

    id. Fin. 5, 14, 38:

    permulta sunt, quae dici possunt, quare intellegatur, etc.,

    id. Rosc. Am. 33, 94; cf. id. Div. in Caecil. 7, 22; id. Off. 1, 14, 43; 1, 20, 69; id. Div. 1, 54, 123:

    fuere complures, qui ad Catilinam initio profecti sunt,

    Sall. C. 39, 5: haec sunt, quae clamores et admirationes in bonis oratoribus efficiunt. Cic. de Or. 1, 33, 152:

    alia fuere, quae illos magnos fecere,

    Sall. C. 52, 21.—
    b.
    With. subj.: sunt, qui discessum animi a corpore putent esse mortem;

    sunt qui nullum censeant fieri discessum,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 9, 18:

    sunt qui in rebus contrariis parum sibi constent,

    id. Off. 1, 21, 71:

    de impudentia singulari sunt qui mirentur,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 2, § 6:

    est eisdem de rebus quod dici potest subtilius,

    id. Tusc. 3, 15, 32:

    praesto est qui neget rem ullam percipi esse sensibus,

    id. Ac. 2, 32, 101:

    quicquid est quod deceat, id, etc.,

    id. Off. 1, 27, 94:

    sunt qui nolint tetigisse nisi illas, etc.,

    Hor. S. 1, 2, 28:

    sunt qui Crustis et pomis viduas venentur avaras,

    id. Ep. 1, 1, 78:

    vestes Gaetulo murice tinctas Sunt qui non habeant, est qui non curet habere,

    id. ib. 2, 2, 182 et saep.—
    (β).
    With a more or less indefinite expression of the subject:

    sunt quidam e nostris, qui haec subtilius velint tradere et negent satis esse, etc.,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 9, 31:

    rarum est quoddam genus eorum, qui se a corpore avocent,

    id. Div. 1, 49, 111:

    quotus igitur est quisque qui somniis pareat?

    id. ib. 2, 60, 125; id. de Or. 2, 50, 196:

    solus est hic, qui numquam rationes ad aerarium referat,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 38, § 98:

    quae quibusdam admirabilia videntur, permulti sunt, qui pro nihilo putent,

    id. Lael. 23, 86:

    erat nemo in quem ea suspicio conveniret,

    id. Rosc. Am. 23, 65, cf.:

    quis enim miles fuit, qui Brundisii illam non viderit? quis, qui nescierit, etc.,

    id. Phil. 2, 25, 61:

    sit aliquis, qui nihil mali habeat,

    id. Tusc. 1, 35, 85:

    sunt nonnullae disciplinae, quae officium omne pervertant,

    id. Off. 1, 2, 5:

    est quaedam animi sanitas quae in insipientem quoque cadat,

    id. Tusc. 4, 13, 30:

    Syracusis lex est de religione, quae jubeat,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 51, § 126:

    unus est qui curet constantia magis quam consilio,

    id. Att. 1, 18, 7:

    si est una ex omnibus quae sese moveat,

    id. Rep. 6, 26, 28:

    multi sunt, qui non acerbum judicent vivere, sed supervacuum,

    Sen. Ep. 24, 26:

    erant sententiae quae castra Vari oppugnanda censerent,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 30:

    fuere cives qui seque remque publicam obstinatis animis perditum irent,

    Sall. C. 36, 4:

    sunt verba et voces, quibus hunc lenire dolorem Possis,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 34:

    sunt delicta tamen, quibus ignovisse velimus,

    id. A. P. 347.—
    * c.
    Poet.: est, quibus (acc. to the Gr. estin hois):

    est quibus Eleae concurrit palma quadrigae: est quibus in celeres gloria nata pedes,

    Prop. 3, 9 (4, 8), 17.—
    2.
    With dat., to belong or pertain to; or, rendering the dative as the subject of the verb, to have ( possess, = the Fr. etre a used of property, and of permanent conditions or characteristics, not of temporary states, feelings, etc.; cf. Krebs, Antibarb. p. 417 sq.): aliquid reperiret, fingeret fallacias, Unde esset adulescenti, amicae quod daret, Ter. Heaut. 3, 2, 23:

    nomen Mercurio'st mihi, Plaut Am. prol. 19: nisi jam tum esset honos elo quentiae,

    Cic. Brut. 10, 40:

    est igitur homini cum deo similitudo,

    id. Leg. 1, 8, 25:

    familiaritas, quae mihi cum eo est,

    id. Att. 8. 3, 2:

    privatus illis census erat brevis,

    Hor. C. 2, 15, 13; cf.:

    Trojae et huic loco nomen est,

    Liv. 1, 1, 5:

    Hecyra est huic nomen fabulae,

    Ter. Hec. prol. 1:

    cui saltationi Titius nomen esset,

    Cic. Brut. 62, 225:

    cui (fonti) nomen Arethusa est,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 53, § 118:

    Scipio, cui post Africano fuit cognomen,

    Liv. 25, 2, 6.—With ellips. of dat. ( poet.):

    nec rubor est emisse palam (sc. ei),

    nor is she ashamed, Ov. A. A. 3, 167:

    neque testimonii dictio est (sc. servo),

    has no right to be a witness, Ter. Phorm. 2, 1, 63.—
    b.
    Esse alicui cum aliquo, to have to do with, to be connected with a person:

    tecum nihil rei nobis, Demipho, est,

    Ter. Phorm. 2, 3, 74:

    sibi cum illa mima posthac nihil futurum,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 31, 77:

    jussit bona proscribi ejus, quicum familiaritas fuerat, societas erat,

    id. Quint. 6, 25:

    si mihi tecum minus esset, quam est cum tuis omnibus,

    id. Fam. 15, 10, 2.—
    3.
    Esse with certain prepp. and their cases (cf. also I. A. 2. 3. 4. supra).
    (α).
    Esse ab aliquo, to be of a person, to be the servant, disciple, adherent, partisan, etc., of:

    es ne tu an non es ab illo milite e Macedonia?

    do you belong to? Plaut. Ps. 2, 2, 21:

    ab Andria est ancilla haec,

    Ter. And. 3, 1, 3; 4, 4, 17:

    erat enim ab isto Aristotele,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 38, 160:

    sed vide ne hoc, Scaevola, totum sit a me,

    makes for me, id. de Or 1, 13, 55 (cf. ab, I. B. 3., II. B. 2. o.). —
    (β).
    Esse pro aliquo, to be in favor of, make for:

    (judicia) partim nihil contra Habitum valere, partim etiam pro hoc esse,

    Cic. Clu. 32, 88.—
    (γ).
    Esse ex aliqua re, to consist of, be made up of:

    (creticus) qui est ex longa et brevi et longa,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 47, 183; cf.:

    duo extremi chorei sunt, id est, e singulis longis et brevibus,

    id. Or. 63, 212:

    etsi temeritas ex tribus brevibus et longa est,

    id. ib. 63, 214; 64, 215 (v. also 6. infra). —
    4.
    Euphem., in perf. tempp., of one who has died or a thing that has perished, to be no more, to be gone, departed, dead ( poet.):

    horresco misera, mentio quoties fit partionis: Ita paene tibi fuit Phronesium,

    i. e. had almost died, Plaut. Truc. 1, 2, 92:

    nunc illud est, cum me fuisse quam esse nimio mavelim,

    id. Capt. 3, 3, 1:

    sive erimus, seu nos fata fuisse velint,

    Tib. 3, 5, 32:

    fuimus Troes, fuit Ilium et ingens Gloria Teucrorum,

    Verg. A. 2, 325:

    certus in hospitibus non est amor: errat ut ipsi, Cumque nihil speres firmius esse, fuit,

    Ov. H. 16, (17), 192.—
    5.
    Pregn., to be real or a fact, to be the case; so esp.: est, esto, it is even so, be it so, such is or let such be the case, granted, well, etc.:

    quid tibi vis dicam, nisi quod est?

    Plaut. Ep. 1, 1, 17:

    sunt ista, Laeli,

    Cic. Lael. 2, 6:

    ista esse credere,

    id. Tusc. 1, 6, 10: est vero, inquit, Africane, id. Fragm. ap. Lact. 1, 18:

    est ut dicis, inquam,

    id. Fin. 3, 5, 19:

    sit quidem ut sex milia seminum intereant,

    Col. 3, 3, 13:

    esto: ipse nihil est, nihil potest,

    Cic. Div. in Caecil. 15, 47; cf.:

    verum esto,

    id. Fin. 2, 23, 75:

    esto,

    Verg. A. 7, 313; 10, 67; Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 81; 1, 17, 37 al.—Hence,
    b.
    The connections est ut, ubi, cum, quod, or with a subject-clause, it happens or chances that, it is the case that, there is cause or reason why, there is a time when, it is allowed or permissible that, one may, etc.
    (α).
    Est ut, it is the case or fact, that, etc.:

    sin est, ut velis Manere illam apud te, dos hic maneat,

    Ter. Phorm. 5, 7 (8), 32:

    si est, ut dicat velle se, Redde,

    id. Hec. 4, 1, 43:

    si est, culpam ut Antipho in se admiserit,

    id. Phorm. 2, 1, 40:

    est, ut id maxime deceat,

    Cic. Or. 59, 199:

    quando fuit, ut, quod licet, non liceret?

    id. Cael. 20, 48:

    non est igitur, ut mirandum sit, ea praesentiri, etc.,

    id. Div 1, 56, 128:

    non erat, ut fieri posset, mirarier umquam,

    Lucr. 5, 979:

    futurum esse ut omnes pellerentur,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 31:

    non est, ut copia major Ab Jove donari possit tibi,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 12, 2:

    est ut viro vir latius ordinet Arbusta sulcis,

    id. C. 3, 1, 9; Dig. 38, 7, 2.—Cf. esse after a neg., with quin:

    numquam est enim, quin aliquid memoriae tradere velimus,

    Auct. Her. 3, 24, 40.—Also, est ut, there is reason, that, etc.:

    magis est ut ipse moleste ferat errasse se, quam ut, etc.,

    Cic. Cael. 6, 14 fin.: ille erat ut odisset primum defensorem salutis meae, he had good reason for hating [p. 1799] id. Mil. 13, 35; cf.:

    quid erat cur Milo optaret,

    id. ib. 13, 34:

    neque est ut putemus ignorari ea ab animalibus,

    Plin. 18, 1, 1, § 3. —
    (β).
    Est ubi, sometime or another, sometimes:

    erit, ubi te ulciscar, si vivo,

    Plaut. Ps. 5, 2, 26:

    est, ubi id isto modo valeat,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 8, 23.—
    (γ).
    Est cum, sometimes:

    est cum non est satius, si, etc.,

    Auct. Her. 4, 26, 36.—
    (δ).
    Est quod, there is reason to, I have occasion:

    est quod visam domum,

    Plaut. Aul. 2, 2, 26:

    etsi magis est, quod gratuler tibi quam quod te rogem,

    I have more reason to, Cic. Att. 16, 5, 2:

    est quod referam ad consilium: sin, etc.,

    Liv. 30, 31, 9:

    quod timeas non est,

    Ov. H. 19, 159:

    nil est illic quod moremur diutius,

    Ter. Heaut. 4, 7, 6:

    non est quod multa loquamur,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 30.—Cf. with cur:

    non est cur eorum spes infragatur,

    Cic. Or. 2, 6:

    nihil est cur,

    id. Fam. 6, 20, 1.—
    (ε).
    Est, sit, etc., with infin. in Gr. constr., it is possible, is allowed, permitted, one may, etc. (mostly poet. and post-class.):

    est quadam prodire tenus, si non datur ultra,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 32:

    Cato, R. R. prooem. § 1: scire est liberum Ingenium atque animum,

    Ter. Ad. 5, 3, 42:

    nec non et Tityon terrae omniparentis alumnum Cernere erat,

    Verg. A. 6, 596; 8, 676; Sil. 2, 413:

    neque est te fallere quicquam,

    Verg. G. 4, 447:

    unde Plus haurire est,

    Hor. S. 1, 2, 79:

    est Gaudia prodentem vultum celare,

    id. ib. 2, 5, 103:

    quod versu dicere non est,

    id. ib. 1, 5, 87:

    quod tangere non est,

    Ov. M. 3, 478:

    quae verbo objecta, verbo negare sit,

    Liv. 42, 41, 2 Weissenb. ad loc.:

    ut conjectare erat intentione vultus,

    Tac. A. 16, 34:

    est videre argentea vasa,

    id. G. 5; Val. Max. 2, 6, 8; v. Zumpt, Gram. § 227.— With dat.:

    ne tibi sit frigida saxa adire,

    Prop. 1, 20, 13; Tib. 1, 6, 24 (32):

    tu procul a patria (nec sit mihi credere tantum!) Alpinas nives Me sine vides,

    Verg. E. 10, 46:

    fuerit mihi eguisse aliquando amicitiae tuae,

    Sall. J. 110, 3; Dig. 46, 3, 72, § 4.—
    (ζ).
    In eo ease ut, etc., to be in a condition to reach the point that, to be possible, etc., to be about to, on the point of, etc. ( impers. or with res, etc., as subj.):

    cum jam in eo esset, ut in muros evaderet miles,

    Liv. 2, 17, 5:

    si viderent in eo jam esse ut urbs caperetur,

    id. 28, 22, 8:

    jamque in eo rem fore, ut Romani aut hostes aut domini habendi sint,

    id. 8, 27, 3:

    cum res non in eo essent ut, etc.,

    id. 33, 41, 9:

    non in eo esse Carthaginiensium res, ut, etc.,

    id. 30, 19, 3; 34, 41. —With person. subj. (late Lat.):

    cum ab Ulixe adducta Iphigenia in eo esset, ut immolaretur,

    Hyg. Fab. 261. —
    6.
    Like the Engl. to be, for to come, fall, reach, to have arrived, etc. (hence also with in and acc.):

    ecquid in mentem est tibi, Patrem tibi esse?

    Plaut. Bacch. 1, 2, 54:

    nam numero mi in mentem fuit,

    id. Am. 1, 1, 26:

    ex eo tempore res esse in vadimonium coepit,

    Cic. Quint. 5, 22:

    portus in praedonum fuisse potestatem sciatis,

    id. Imp. Pomp. 12, 33:

    ut certior fieret, quo die in Tusculanum essem futurus,

    id. Att. 15, 4, 2:

    qui neque in provinciam cum imperio fuerunt,

    id. Fam. 8, 8, 8:

    quae ne in potestatem quidem populi Romani esset,

    Liv. 2, 14, 4:

    nec prius militibus in conspectum fuisse,

    Suet. Aug. 16:

    esse in amicitiam populi Romani dicionemque,

    Cic. Div. in Caecil. 20, 66; cf.:

    in eorum potestatem portum futurum,

    id. Verr. 2, 5, 38, § 98; v. Gell. 1, 7, 16 sq.; Zumpt, Gram. § 316.—
    7.
    Of time, to pass, elapse (rare but class.):

    diem scito nullum esse, quo, etc.,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 3, 1.
    II.
    As a copula, to be any thing or in any manner.
    A.
    In gen.
    1.
    With an adj., subst., or pron.:

    et praeclara res est et sumus otiosi,

    Cic. Lael. 5, 17:

    quod in homine multo est evidentius,

    id. ib. 8, 27:

    sperare videor Scipionis et Laelii amicitiam notam posteritati fore,

    id. ib. 4, 15:

    non sum ita hebes, ut istud dicam,

    id. Tusc. 1, 6, 12:

    cum, ignorante rege, uter esset Orestes, Pylades Orestem se esse diceret, Orestes autem ita ut erat, Orestem se esse perseveraret,

    id. Lael. 7, 24:

    consul autem esse qui potui? etc.,

    id. Rep. 1, 6, 10:

    nos numerus sumus et fruges consumere nati,

    are a mere number, Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 27:

    pars non minima triumphi est victimae praecedentes,

    Liv. 45, 49:

    nobile erit Romae pascua vestra forum,

    Prop. 4 (5), 9, 20:

    sanguis erant lacrimae,

    Luc. 9, 811:

    ego tu sum, tu es ego: unanimi sumus,

    Plaut. Stich. 5, 4, 49:

    tuos sum,

    id. Bacch. 1, 1, 60: domus non ea est, quam parietes nostri cingunt, Cic. Rep. 1, 13, 19:

    is enim fueram, cui, etc.,

    id. ib. 1, 4, 7.—
    2.
    Less freq. with adv. (esp. in colloq. language): Am. Satin' tu sanus es? Sos. Sic sum ut vides, Plaut. Am. 2, 1, 57:

    sic, inquit, est,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 38, 60:

    est, inquit, ut dicis,

    id. ib. 1, 40, 63:

    quod ita cum sit,

    id. ib. 1, 45, 69:

    quia sunt haud procul ab hujus aetatis memoria,

    id. ib. 1, 1, 1 B. and K.:

    nec vero habere virtutem satis est,

    id. ib. 1, 2, 2: frustra id inceptum Volscis fuit. Liv. 2, 25:

    dato qui bene sit: ego, ubi bene sit, tibi locum lepidum dabo,

    Plaut. Bacch. 1, 1, 51:

    apud matrem recte est,

    Cic. Att. 1, 7:

    cum in convivio comiter et jucunde fuisses,

    id. Deiot. 7, 19:

    omnes hanc quaestionem haud remissius sperant futuram,

    id. Rosc. Am. 5, 11:

    dicta impune erant,

    Tac. A. 1, 72.—Esp.: facile alicubi (in aliqua re) esse, with pleasure, glad to be:

    quod in maritimis facillime sum,

    Cic. Fam. 2, 16, 2:

    locum habeo nullum ubi facilius esse possum,

    id. Att. 13, 26, 2 (on esse with an adverb, v. Haase ap. Reisig, Vorles. p. 394; cf. also bene under bonus fin.).—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    With gen. part., to be of, belong to a class, party, etc.:

    in republica ita est versatus, ut semper optimarum partium et esset et existimaretur,

    Nep. Att. 6, 1:

    qui ejusdem civitatis fuit,

    id. Them. 9, 1:

    qui Romanae partis erant, urbe excesserunt,

    Liv. 35, 51, 7: ut aut amicorum aut inimicorum Campani simus;

    si defenditis, vestri, si deseritis, Samnitium erimus,

    id. 7, 30, 9 sq. —
    2.
    With gen. or abl. denoting quality.
    (α).
    With gen.:

    nimium me timidum, nullius animi, nullius consilii fuisse confiteor,

    Cic. Sest. 16, 36:

    disputatio non mediocris contentionis est,

    id. de Or. 1, 60, 257:

    magni judicii, summae etiam facultatis esse debebit,

    id. Or. 21, 70:

    (virtus) nec tantarum virium est, ut se ipsa tueatur,

    id. Tusc. 5, 1, 2; id. Fin. 5, 12, 36:

    Sulla gentis patriciae nobilis fuit,

    Sall. J. 95, 3:

    summi ut sint laboris,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 2:

    civitas magnae auctoritatis,

    id. ib. 5, 54:

    refer, Cujus fortunae (sit),

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 54:

    se nullius momenti apud exercitum futurum,

    Nep. Alcib. 8, 4:

    qui ejusdem aetatis fuit,

    id. ib. 11, 1:

    invicti ad laborem corporis erat,

    Liv. 9, 16:

    nec magni certaminis ea dimicatio fuit,

    id. 21, 60:

    somni brevissimi erat,

    Suet. Claud. 33.—So of extent, number, etc.:

    classis centum navium,

    Nep. Them. 2, 2; 2, 5:

    annus trecentarum sexaginta quinque dierum,

    Suet. Caes. 40.—
    (β).
    With abl.:

    bono animo es,

    Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 4:

    jam aetate ea sum, ut, etc.,

    id. Hec. 5, 1, 11:

    bellum varia victoria fuit,

    Sall. J. 5, 1:

    L. Catilina nobili genere natus fuit magna vi et animi et corporis, set ingenio malo,

    id. C. 5, 1:

    Sulla animo ingenti,

    id. J. 95, 3:

    esse magna gratia,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 8:

    tenuissima valetudine esse,

    id. ib. 5, 40:

    si fuerit is injustus, timidus, hebeti ingenio atque nullo,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 15, 45:

    mira sum alacritate ad litigandum,

    id. Att. 2, 7, 2:

    bono animo sint et tui et mei familiares,

    id. Fam. 6, 18, 1:

    ut bono essent animo,

    id. Rep. 1, 17, 29:

    ut uxores eodem jure sint quo viri,

    id. ib. 1, 43, 67:

    qui capite et superciliis semper est rasis,

    id. Rosc. Com. 7, 20:

    abi, quaere, unde domo quis, Cujus fortunae, quo sit patre quove patrono,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 54 (cf. I. A. 4. supra). —
    3.
    With gen. or abl. of price or value.
    (α).
    With gen.:

    pluris est oculatus testis quam auriti decem,

    Plaut. Truc. 2, 6, 8:

    videtur esse quantivis pretii,

    Ter. And. 5, 2, 15:

    a me argentum, quanti (servus) est, sumito,

    id. Ad. 5, 9, 20:

    si ullo in loco frumentum tanti fuit, quanti iste aestimavit,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 84, § 194:

    ager nunc multo pluris est, quam tunc fuit,

    id. Rosc. Com. 12, 33:

    ut quisque, quod plurimi sit, possideat, ita, etc.,

    id. Par. 6, 2, 48:

    magni erunt mihi tuae litterae,

    id. Fam. 15, 15, 4:

    parvi sunt foris arma, nisi, etc.,

    id. Off. 1, 22, 76:

    an emat denario quod sit mille denarium,

    id. ib. 3, 23, 92:

    parvi pretii est quod nihili est,

    id. Q. Fr. 1, 2, 4:

    mea mihi conscientia pluris est quam omnium sermo,

    is worth more to me, weighs more with me, id. Att. 12, 28, 2:

    neque pluris pretii cocum quam vilicum habeo,

    Sall. J. 85, 39:

    erat (agellus) centum milium nummum,

    Plin. Ep. 6, 3, 1. —
    (β).
    With abl.: sextante sal et Romae et per totam I i aliam erat, was worth, stood at, Liv. 29, 37.—
    4.
    With gen. of possession, etc., it belongs, pertains to; or it is the part, property, nature, mark, sign, custom, or duty of, etc.
    (α).
    In gen.:

    audiant eos, quorum summa est auctoritas apud, etc.,

    who possess, Cic. Rep. 1, 7, 12:

    ea ut civitatis Rhodiorum essent,

    Liv. 37, 55, 5:

    teneamus eum cursum, qui semper fuit optimi cujusque,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 2, 3:

    quamobrem neque sapientis esse accipere habenas,

    id. ib. 1, 5, 9; id. de Or. 2, 20, 86:

    sapientis est consilium explicare suum, etc.,

    id. ib. 2, 81, 333:

    temeritas est florentis aetatis, prudentia senescentis,

    id. Sen. 6, 20:

    est adulescentis majores natu vereri,

    id. Off. 1, 34, 122:

    Aemilius, cujus tum fasces erant,

    Liv. 8, 12, 13:

    tota tribuniciae potestatis erat,

    id. 3, 48:

    alterius morientis prope totus exercitus fuit,

    id. 22, 50:

    jam me Pompeii totum esse scis,

    Cic. Fam. 2, 13, 2:

    hominum, non causarum, toti erant,

    Liv. 3, 36:

    plebs novarum, ut solet, rerum atque Hannibalis tota esse,

    were devoted to, favored, id. 23, 14:

    Dolopes numquam Aetolorum fuerant: Philippi erant,

    id. 38, 3:

    Ptolemaeus propter aetatem alieni arbitrii erat,

    id. 42, 29:

    est miserorum ut malevolentes sint,

    Plaut. Capt. 3, 4, 51:

    quod alterum divinitatis mihi cujusdam videtur,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 20, 86:

    negavit moris esse Graecorum, ut, etc.,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 26, § 66:

    non est gravitatis ac sapientiae tuae, ferre immoderatius casum incommodorum tuorum,

    id. Fam. 5, 16, 5:

    est hoc Gallicae consuetudinis, uti, etc.,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 5.—Rarely with pronom. posses.:

    est tuum, Cato, videre quid agatur,

    Cic. Mur. 38, 83:

    fuit meum quidem jam pridem rem publicam lugere,

    id. Att. 12, 28, 2.—
    (β).
    Esp., with gerundive, to denote tendency, effect, etc.:

    quae res evertendae rei publicae solerent esse,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 53, § 132:

    regium inperium, quod initio conservandae libertatis fuerat,

    Sall. C. 6, 7:

    qui utilia ferrent, quaeque aequandae libertatis essent,

    Liv. 3, 31, 7:

    ea prodendi imperii Romani, tradendae Hannibali victoriae esse,

    id. 27, 9, 12:

    nihil tam aequandae libertatis esse quam potentissimum quemque posse dicere causam,

    id. 38, 51, 8:

    frustrationem eam legis tollendae esse,

    id. 3, 24, 1 Weissenb. ad loc.; 3, 39, 8; 5, 3, 5; 40, 29, 11.—
    5.
    With dat. of the end, object, purpose, etc.:

    vitam hanc rusticam tu probro et crimini putas esse oportere,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 17, 48:

    etiam quae esui potuique non sunt, contineri legato,

    Dig. 33, 9, 3; Gell. 4, 1, 20:

    ut divites conferrent, qui essent oneri ferendo,

    Liv. 2, 9:

    magis vis morbi curae esset, maxime quod, etc.,

    id. 4, 21, 5:

    cum solvendo aere (i. e. aeri) alieno res publica non esset,

    id. 31, 13:

    iniciuntur ea, quae umori extrahendo sunt,

    Cels. 4, 10 fin. — Esp. in phrase solvendo esse, to be solvent, able to pay:

    tu nec solvendo eras,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 2, 4:

    cum solvendo civitates non essent,

    id. Fam. 3, 8, 2 (v. solvo).—
    6.
    With predicative dat. sing., denoting that which the subject is, becomes, appears to be, etc.
    (α).
    Without second dat. of pers.:

    auxilio is fuit,

    Plaut. Am. prol. 94:

    magis curae'st,

    id. Bacch. 4, 10, 3; id. Curc. 4, 2, 15; id. As. 1, 3, 23; id. Capt. 5, 2, 13 sq.:

    cui bono fuerit,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 14, 35:

    eo natus sum ut Jugurthae scelerum ostentui essem,

    Sall. J. 24, 10: cupis me esse nequam;

    tamen ero frugi bonae,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 5, 51:

    magnoque esse argumento, homines scire pleraque antequam nati sint, quod, etc.,

    Cic. Sen. 21, 78:

    multi Indicioque sui facti persaepe fuere, Lucr 4, 1019: ejus rei ipsa verba formulae testimonio sunt,

    Cic. Rosc. Com. 4, 11:

    haec res ad levandam annonam impedimento fuit,

    Liv. 4, 13:

    cujus rei Demosthenes atque Aeschines possunt esse documento,

    Quint. 7, 1, 2.—
    (β).
    With second dat. of pers.:

    obsecro vos ego mi auxilio sitis,

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 9, 5; id. Ep. 5, 2, 11; id. Most. 1, 2, 68:

    ne quid Captioni mihi sit,

    id. ib. 3, 3, 19:

    mihi cordi est,

    id. Cist. 1, 1, 110:

    ubi eris damno molestiae et dedecori saepe fueris,

    id. As. 3, 2, 25:

    metuo illaec mihi res ne malo magno fuat,

    id. Mil. 2, 6, 12:

    nec Salus nobis saluti jam esse potest,

    id. Most. 2, 1, 4:

    bono usui estis nulli,

    id. Curc. 4, 2, 15:

    quae sint nobis morbo mortique,

    Lucr. 6, 1095:

    quo magis quae agis curae sunt mihi,

    Ter. Ad. 4, 5, 46:

    omitto innumerabiles viros, quorum singuli saluti huic civitati fuerunt,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 1, 1: ut mihi magnae curae tuam vitam ac dignitatem esse scires, Anton. ap. Cic. Att. 10, 8, A fin.:

    accusant ei, quibus occidi patrem Sex. Roscii bono fuit,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 5, 13: haec tam parva [p. 1800] civitas praedae tibi et quaestui fuit, id. Verr. 2, 3, 37, § 85:

    ea dictitare, quae detrimento, maculae, invidiae, infamiae nobis omnibus esse possint,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 62, §

    144: minus ea bella curae patribus erant, quam, etc.,

    Liv. 35, 23, 1:

    sciant patribus aeque curae fuisse, ne, etc.,

    id. 4, 7, 6:

    si hoc perinde curae est tibi quam illud mihi,

    Plin. Ep. 6, 8, 9:

    quantaeque curae tibi fuit, ne quis, etc.,

    id. Pan. 25, 3:

    quantae sit mihi curae,

    id. Ep. 6, 8, 2:

    si judicibus ipsis aut gloriae damnatio rei aut deformitati futura absolutio,

    Quint. 6, 1, 12.—Rarely with dat. gerund:

    nec tamen impedimento id rebus gerundis fuit,

    Liv. 26, 24 (for a full account of this dative, v. Roby, Gram. 2, praef. pp. xxv.-lvi., and § 1158 sq.).—
    7.
    Esse ad aliquid, to be of use for, to serve for:

    vinum murteum est ad alvum crudam,

    Cato, R. R. 125:

    completae naves taeda et pice reliquisque rebus quae sunt ad incendia,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 101:

    valvae, quae olim ad ornandum templum erant maxime,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 56, § 124.—
    8.
    Id est or hoc est, with predic.-clause by way of explanatory addition, that is, that is to say; sometimes also with a climax in the sense, which is as much as to say, or which is the same thing:

    sed domum redeamus, id est ad nostros revertamur,

    Cic. Brut. 46, 172:

    quodsi in scena, id est in contione verum valet, etc.,

    id. Lael. 26, 97:

    meos amicos, in quibus est studium, in Graeciam mitto, id est ad Graecos ire jubeo,

    id. Ac. 1, 2, 8:

    si Epicurum, id est si Democritum probarem,

    id. ib. 1, 2, 6:

    ut (sapiens) aegritudine opprimatur, id est miseria,

    id. Tusc. 3, 13, 27: a parte negotiali, hoc est pragmatikêi, Quint. 3, 7, 1:

    cum in bona tua invasero, hoc est, cum te docuero,

    id. 8, 3, 89.—
    9.
    Poet., with Greek inf. pleonastically:

    esse dederat monumentum,

    Verg. A. 5, 572 (cf.: dôke xeinêion einai, Hom. Il. 10, 269).
    2.
    sum = eum, Enn. ap. Fest., v. is.
    3.
    sum- in composition, for sub before m; v. sub fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > sum

См. также в других словарях:

  • elapse — 1640s, from M.Fr. elapser, from L. elapsus, pp. of elabi slip or glide away, escape, from ex out, away (see EX (Cf. ex )) + labi to slip, glide (see LAPSE (Cf. lapse)). The noun now corresponding to elapse is LAPSE …   Etymology dictionary

  • Elapse — E*lapse , v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Elapsed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Elapsing}.] [L. elapsus, p. p. of elabi to glide away; e out + labi to fall, slide. See {Lapse}.] To slip or glide away; to pass away silently, as time; used chiefly in reference to time.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • elapse — index expire Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • elapse — *pass, pass away, expire Analogous words: slip, *slide, glide: end, terminate (see CLOSE) …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • elapse — [v] go by; slip away expire, flow, glide by, lapse, pass, pass away, pass by, roll by, roll on, run out, transpire, vanish; concept 6 …   New thesaurus

  • elapse — ► VERB ▪ (of time) pass. ORIGIN Latin elabi slip away …   English terms dictionary

  • elapse — [ē laps′, ilaps′] vi. elapsed, elapsing [< L elapsus, pp. of elabi, to glide away < e , out + labi, to glide, fall: see LABOR] to slip by; pass: said of time …   English World dictionary

  • elapse — UK [ɪˈlæps] / US verb [intransitive] Word forms elapse : present tense I/you/we/they elapse he/she/it elapses present participle elapsing past tense elapsed past participle elapsed formal if time elapses, it passes Another hour elapsed and still… …   English dictionary

  • elapse — I. intransitive verb (elapsed; elapsing) Etymology: Latin elapsus, past participle of elabi, from e + labi to slip more at sleep Date: 1644 pass, go by < four years elapsed before he returned > II. noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • elapse — verb To pass or move by. He allowed a month to elapse before beginning the work …   Wiktionary

  • elapse — See elapse, lapse …   Dictionary of problem words and expressions


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