Перевод: с русского на все языки

diffracting screen

См. также в других словарях:

  • Fraunhofer diffraction — In optics, Fraunhofer diffraction is a form of wave diffraction, which occurs when field waves are passed through an aperture or slit, causing only the size of an observed aperture image to change Hecht, E. (1987) , p396 Definition of Fraunhofer… …   Wikipedia

  • Diffraction formalism — Main article: Diffraction Contents 1 Quantitative description and analysis 1.1 General diffraction 1.2 Approximations 1.3 …   Wikipedia

  • Diffraction — Computer generated intensity pattern formed on a screen by diffraction from a square aperture …   Wikipedia

  • X-ray crystallography — can locate every atom in a zeolite, an aluminosilicate with many important applications, such as water purification. X ray crystallography is a method of determining the arrangement of atoms within a crystal, in which a beam of X rays strikes a… …   Wikipedia

  • Electron backscatter diffraction — An electron backscatter diffraction pattern An electron backscatter diffraction pattern of monocrystalline silicon, taken …   Wikipedia

  • optics — /op tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of physical science that deals with the properties and phenomena of both visible and invisible light and with vision. [1605 15; < ML optica < Gk optiká, n. use of neut. pl. of OPTIKÓS; see OPTIC,… …   Universalium

  • Fresnel diffraction — In optics, the Fresnel diffraction equation for near field diffraction, is an approximation of Kirchhoff Fresnel diffraction that can be applied to the propagation of waves in the near field.[1] The near field can be specified by the Fresnel… …   Wikipedia

  • Transmission electron microscopy — A TEM image of the polio virus. The polio virus is 30 nm in size.[1] Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is a microscopy technique whereby a beam of electrons is transmitted through an ultra thin specimen, interacting with the specimen as it… …   Wikipedia

  • Babinet's principle — In physics, Babinet s principle is a theorem concerning diffraction that states that the diffraction pattern from an opaque body is identical to that from a hole of the same size and shape except for the overall forward beam intensity.… …   Wikipedia

  • X-ray — [ 22 December 1895 and presented to Professor Ludwig Zehnder of the Physik Institut, University of Freiburg, on 1 January 1896. The dark oval on the third finger is a shadow produced by her ring. [cite book last = Kevles first =Bettyann Holtzmann …   Wikipedia

  • Reflection high energy electron diffraction — (RHEED) is a technique used to characterize the surface of crystalline materials. RHEED systems gather information only from the surface layer of the sample, which distinguishes RHEED from other materials characterization methods that rely also… …   Wikipedia