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develop skills

  • 1 desarrollar una destreza

    (v.) = develop + skill, build + skill
    Ex. I see training programs as attempting to do three things: impart knowledge, develop skills, and change attitudes.
    Ex. Librarians must be perceived as contributing to organizational success by building skills that specifically strengthen the position of the librarian in the organization.
    * * *
    (v.) = develop + skill, build + skill

    Ex: I see training programs as attempting to do three things: impart knowledge, develop skills, and change attitudes.

    Ex: Librarians must be perceived as contributing to organizational success by building skills that specifically strengthen the position of the librarian in the organization.

    Spanish-English dictionary > desarrollar una destreza

  • 2 desarrollar una técnica

    (v.) = develop + skill, build + skill
    Ex. I see training programs as attempting to do three things: impart knowledge, develop skills, and change attitudes.
    Ex. Librarians must be perceived as contributing to organizational success by building skills that specifically strengthen the position of the librarian in the organization.
    * * *
    (v.) = develop + skill, build + skill

    Ex: I see training programs as attempting to do three things: impart knowledge, develop skills, and change attitudes.

    Ex: Librarians must be perceived as contributing to organizational success by building skills that specifically strengthen the position of the librarian in the organization.

    Spanish-English dictionary > desarrollar una técnica

  • 3 impartir conocimiento

    (v.) = impart + knowledge
    Ex. I see training programs as attempting to do three things: impart knowledge, develop skills, and change attitudes.
    * * *
    (v.) = impart + knowledge

    Ex: I see training programs as attempting to do three things: impart knowledge, develop skills, and change attitudes.

    Spanish-English dictionary > impartir conocimiento

  • 4 autodidacta

    adj.&f.
    self-educated, autodidactic, autodidactical, self-instructed.
    adj.&f.
    1 self-taught.
    2 self-educated, autodidactic, autodidactical, self-instructed.
    f. & m.
    self-taught person.
    * * *
    1 self-taught person
    * * *
    1.
    ADJ [persona] self-taught; [formación, método] autodidactic frm
    2.
    SMF autodidact, self-taught person
    * * *
    I
    adjetivo < método> autodidactic; < persona> self-taught
    II
    masculino y femenino self-taught person, autodidact (frml)
    * * *
    = self-instructing, self-taught, self-directed, self-learning, self-trained, self-made, self-instructional, self-learner.
    Ex. In the absence of sufficient staff to mount a supervised programme of microcomputer instructions, the library used existing, inexpensive, menu-making software to develop menu-driven, self-instructing access to disc operating commands, applications programs, and data files.
    Ex. Comparative librarianship is, therefore, at least in part a self-taught subject.
    Ex. Libraries can play an important role in self-directed learning and in improving adult reading skills = Las bibliotecas pueden desempeñar un importante papel en el aprendizaje autodidacta y en la mejora de las habilidades lectoras de los adultos.
    Ex. So it is important to continue to examine the possibilities of designing self-learning information retrieval systems.
    Ex. This article reports the positive experiences of a self-trained knitwear designer who successfully underwent distance learning, the only route for training that was open to her.
    Ex. Good writers can be self-made, and taught, as well as born.
    Ex. In the academic world, students are likely to make much increased use of self-instructional materials of various kinds as student numbers expand without a parallel increase in total university resources.
    Ex. This portal is particularly geared to educators, students and self-learners in developing countries.
    ----
    * para la formación autodidacta = self-instructional.
    * programa autodidacta = tutorial, tutorial program(me).
    * * *
    I
    adjetivo < método> autodidactic; < persona> self-taught
    II
    masculino y femenino self-taught person, autodidact (frml)
    * * *
    = self-instructing, self-taught, self-directed, self-learning, self-trained, self-made, self-instructional, self-learner.

    Ex: In the absence of sufficient staff to mount a supervised programme of microcomputer instructions, the library used existing, inexpensive, menu-making software to develop menu-driven, self-instructing access to disc operating commands, applications programs, and data files.

    Ex: Comparative librarianship is, therefore, at least in part a self-taught subject.
    Ex: Libraries can play an important role in self-directed learning and in improving adult reading skills = Las bibliotecas pueden desempeñar un importante papel en el aprendizaje autodidacta y en la mejora de las habilidades lectoras de los adultos.
    Ex: So it is important to continue to examine the possibilities of designing self-learning information retrieval systems.
    Ex: This article reports the positive experiences of a self-trained knitwear designer who successfully underwent distance learning, the only route for training that was open to her.
    Ex: Good writers can be self-made, and taught, as well as born.
    Ex: In the academic world, students are likely to make much increased use of self-instructional materials of various kinds as student numbers expand without a parallel increase in total university resources.
    Ex: This portal is particularly geared to educators, students and self-learners in developing countries.
    * para la formación autodidacta = self-instructional.
    * programa autodidacta = tutorial, tutorial program(me).

    * * *
    ‹método› autodidactic; ‹persona› self-taught
    self-taught person, autodidact ( frml)
    * * *

    autodidacta sustantivo masculino y femenino
    self-taught person, autodidact (frml)
    autodidacto,-a adjetivo & sustantivo masculino y femenino self-taught
    ' autodidacta' also found in these entries:
    English:
    self-educated
    - self-taught
    - self
    * * *
    adj
    self-taught
    nmf
    self-taught person
    * * *
    I adj self-taught
    II m/f self-taught person
    * * *
    : self-taught

    Spanish-English dictionary > autodidacta

  • 5 cada vez menor

    (adj.) = decreasing, dwindling, diminishing, thinning, fading, waning, declining, falling, shrinking, receding, sinking, ebbing, descending
    Ex. It is impossible to read the library press today without reading about the increasing costs of maintaining, and the decreasing budgets of libraries, and particularly about the increasing costs of technical services.
    Ex. Squeezed between the upper and nether milestones of increasing demand and dwindling resources, individual librarians develop ways in which to make their jobs easier.
    Ex. It is remarkable how, in an economy with diminishing job opportunities, librarians compensate for their inability to demonstrate the value of their skills by seeking the protection of educational and certification requirements.
    Ex. News of boundless timber reserves spread, and before long lumberjacks from the thinning hardwood forests of New England swarmed into the uncharted area with no other possessions than their axes and brawn and the clothing they wore.
    Ex. With the fading significance of these physical forms, some of the rationale for unit entries has disappeared.
    Ex. This article discusses the impact of growing number of students and waning financial resources on library services and acquisition focusing on book shortages, security problems and inadequacy of staffing.
    Ex. The public library is a complex institution, evolving through many decades of human history and colliding today with the perplexing realities of change, declining funding, and shifting purpose.
    Ex. As well as cuts imposed by the Government, libraries were faced with inflation in the price of books and periodicals, and a falling rate of exchange between the pound and the dollar.
    Ex. Many challenges lie ahead for those selling children's books with increased competition and shrinking profit margins.
    Ex. Poland is currently enjoying a steadily rising national income, declining inflation, receding unemployment and an educational boom.
    Ex. It has not yet been decided what strategies libraries will use to face the crisis of rising personnel costs and sinking funds for book acquisitions.
    Ex. Every publisher, materials vendor, systems vendor and bibliographic utility that serve libraries face sharp competition for a share of the ebbing library market.
    Ex. The second reason is that companies have to take care of costs to meet the descending price rate of the market.
    * * *
    (adj.) = decreasing, dwindling, diminishing, thinning, fading, waning, declining, falling, shrinking, receding, sinking, ebbing, descending

    Ex: It is impossible to read the library press today without reading about the increasing costs of maintaining, and the decreasing budgets of libraries, and particularly about the increasing costs of technical services.

    Ex: Squeezed between the upper and nether milestones of increasing demand and dwindling resources, individual librarians develop ways in which to make their jobs easier.
    Ex: It is remarkable how, in an economy with diminishing job opportunities, librarians compensate for their inability to demonstrate the value of their skills by seeking the protection of educational and certification requirements.
    Ex: News of boundless timber reserves spread, and before long lumberjacks from the thinning hardwood forests of New England swarmed into the uncharted area with no other possessions than their axes and brawn and the clothing they wore.
    Ex: With the fading significance of these physical forms, some of the rationale for unit entries has disappeared.
    Ex: This article discusses the impact of growing number of students and waning financial resources on library services and acquisition focusing on book shortages, security problems and inadequacy of staffing.
    Ex: The public library is a complex institution, evolving through many decades of human history and colliding today with the perplexing realities of change, declining funding, and shifting purpose.
    Ex: As well as cuts imposed by the Government, libraries were faced with inflation in the price of books and periodicals, and a falling rate of exchange between the pound and the dollar.
    Ex: Many challenges lie ahead for those selling children's books with increased competition and shrinking profit margins.
    Ex: Poland is currently enjoying a steadily rising national income, declining inflation, receding unemployment and an educational boom.
    Ex: It has not yet been decided what strategies libraries will use to face the crisis of rising personnel costs and sinking funds for book acquisitions.
    Ex: Every publisher, materials vendor, systems vendor and bibliographic utility that serve libraries face sharp competition for a share of the ebbing library market.
    Ex: The second reason is that companies have to take care of costs to meet the descending price rate of the market.

    Spanish-English dictionary > cada vez menor

  • 6 carpintería

    f.
    carpentry, woodwork, woodworking.
    * * *
    1 (establecimiento) carpenter's shop
    2 (obra y oficio) carpentry
    \
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=arte, oficio) carpentry, joinery
    2) (=afición) woodwork
    3) (=taller) carpenter's shop
    * * *
    a) ( taller) carpenter's workshop, joiner's workshop; ( actividad) carpentry, joinery
    b) (de construcción, casa) woodwork
    * * *
    = joinery, woodworking, woodwork, carpentry, wood shop.
    Ex. To match the small amount of existing furniture which was reused, internal joinery and furniture is in a light coloured timber.
    Ex. Counting the media center (which everyone persists in calling the library), there are 26 classrooms, 2 shops (one for auto repair and one for woodworking), a basement gymnasium, and a flat-floor auditorium.
    Ex. The old is a renovated Georgian style building with formal rooms containing fireplaces, carved woodwork and English oak panelling.
    Ex. I can undertake leisure activities which will develop physical or mental skills such as carpentry or chess.
    Ex. A review indicated that in almost every case, these were students who, in past years, would have taken courses in the wood and metal shops.
    * * *
    a) ( taller) carpenter's workshop, joiner's workshop; ( actividad) carpentry, joinery
    b) (de construcción, casa) woodwork
    * * *
    = joinery, woodworking, woodwork, carpentry, wood shop.

    Ex: To match the small amount of existing furniture which was reused, internal joinery and furniture is in a light coloured timber.

    Ex: Counting the media center (which everyone persists in calling the library), there are 26 classrooms, 2 shops (one for auto repair and one for woodworking), a basement gymnasium, and a flat-floor auditorium.
    Ex: The old is a renovated Georgian style building with formal rooms containing fireplaces, carved woodwork and English oak panelling.
    Ex: I can undertake leisure activities which will develop physical or mental skills such as carpentry or chess.
    Ex: A review indicated that in almost every case, these were students who, in past years, would have taken courses in the wood and metal shops.

    * * *
    1 (taller) carpenter's workshop, joiner's workshop
    2 (actividad) carpentry, joinery
    Compuesto:
    metalwork
    * * *

    carpintería sustantivo femenino

    ( actividad) carpentry
    b) (de construcción, casa) woodwork;


    carpintería sustantivo femenino
    1 (arte, oficio) carpentry
    (marcos, ventanas, suelos de madera de una casa) woodwork
    carpintería de alumnio, aluminium frames
    carpintería metálica, metalwork
    2 (taller) carpenter's workshop
    ' carpintería' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    cepillar
    - contrapear
    - escuadra
    - barrote
    - burro
    - cepillo
    - empate
    - habilidad
    - macho
    - madera
    English:
    carpentry
    - metalwork
    - woodwork
    - handy
    - wood
    * * *
    1. [oficio] [de muebles y utensilios] carpentry;
    [de puertas y ventanas] joinery Am carpintería de obra joinery
    2. [taller] carpenter's/joiner's shop
    3. [marcos] carpintería de aluminio aluminium window frames and doorframes;
    carpintería PVC PVC window frames and doorframes
    * * *
    f
    1 carpentry
    2 de obra joinery
    * * *
    1) : carpentry
    2) : carpenter's workshop
    * * *
    carpintería n carpentry

    Spanish-English dictionary > carpintería

  • 7 cerebral

    adj.
    cerebral (anatomy) (& figurative).
    lesión cerebral cerebral lesion
    * * *
    1 cerebral, brain
    2 figurado calculating
    * * *
    adj.
    * * *
    ADJ
    1) (=del cerebro) cerebral, brain antes de s
    2) pey (=calculador) scheming, calculating
    * * *
    adjetivo <actividad/tumor/derrame> brain (before n); < persona> cerebral
    * * *
    Ex. The first 5 years of life are critical in a child's development as it is during this time that they start to develop language as well as motor and cerebral skills.
    ----
    * aneurismia cerebral = brain aneurysm, cerebral aneurysm.
    * célula cerebral = brain cell.
    * corteza cerebral = cerebral cortex.
    * hemisferio cerebral derecho = right cerebral hemisphere.
    * hemisferio cerebral izquierdo = left cerebral hemisphere.
    * hemorragia cerebral = cerebral haemorrhage.
    * infarto cerebral = cerebral infarction.
    * lesión cerebral = brain damage.
    * lóbulo cerebral = cerebral lobe.
    * muerte cerebral = brain death.
    * parálisis cerebral = cerebral palsy.
    * topografía cerebral = brain topography.
    * trauma cerebral = head trauma.
    * tumor cerebral = brain tumour.
    * * *
    adjetivo <actividad/tumor/derrame> brain (before n); < persona> cerebral
    * * *

    Ex: The first 5 years of life are critical in a child's development as it is during this time that they start to develop language as well as motor and cerebral skills.

    * aneurismia cerebral = brain aneurysm, cerebral aneurysm.
    * célula cerebral = brain cell.
    * corteza cerebral = cerebral cortex.
    * hemisferio cerebral derecho = right cerebral hemisphere.
    * hemisferio cerebral izquierdo = left cerebral hemisphere.
    * hemorragia cerebral = cerebral haemorrhage.
    * infarto cerebral = cerebral infarction.
    * lesión cerebral = brain damage.
    * lóbulo cerebral = cerebral lobe.
    * muerte cerebral = brain death.
    * parálisis cerebral = cerebral palsy.
    * topografía cerebral = brain topography.
    * trauma cerebral = head trauma.
    * tumor cerebral = brain tumour.

    * * *
    1 ‹lesión/actividad› cerebral, brain ( before n); ‹tumor/derrame› brain ( before n) conmoción
    2 ‹persona› cerebral
    * * *

    cerebral adjetivo ‹actividad/tumor/derrame brain ( before n);
    persona cerebral
    cerebral adjetivo
    1 cerebral
    2 (calculador, poco impulsivo) calculating
    ' cerebral' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    conmoción
    - corteza
    - derrame
    - trauma
    - hemisferio
    - lesión
    - parálisis
    English:
    brain death
    - cerebral
    - concussion
    - brain
    - cerebral palsy
    - concuss
    - stroke
    * * *
    1. [del cerebro] [derrame] cerebral, brain;
    [tumor, muerte, cirugía] brain; [parálisis, embolia, corteza] cerebral;
    lesión cerebral cerebral lesion
    2. [racional] cerebral
    * * *
    adj cerebral
    * * *
    : cerebral

    Spanish-English dictionary > cerebral

  • 8 crear

    v.
    1 to create.
    me crea muchos problemas it gives me a lot of trouble, it causes me a lot of problems
    Picasso creó escuela Picasso's works have had a seminal influence
    Ricardo crea obras de arte Richard creates works of art.
    Ellas crean criaturas raras They create weird creatures.
    2 to invent.
    3 to found.
    4 to make, to make up.
    * * *
    1 (gen) to create
    2 (fundar) to found, establish; (partido) to set up
    3 (inventar) to invent
    1 to make, make for oneself
    2 (imaginarse) to imagine
    * * *
    verb
    * * *
    VT
    1) (=hacer, producir) [+ obra, objeto, empleo] to create
    2) (=establecer) [+ comisión, comité, fondo, negocio, sistema] to set up; [+ asociación, cooperativa] to form, set up; [+ cargo, puesto] to create; [+ movimiento, organización] to create, establish, found

    ¿qué se necesita para crear una empresa? — what do you need in order to set up o start a business?

    aspiraban a crear un estado independientethey aimed to create o establish o found an independent state

    3) (=dar lugar a) [+ condiciones, clima, ambiente] to create; [+ problemas] to cause, create; [+ expectativas] to raise

    el vacío creado por su muertethe gap left o created by her death

    4) liter (=nombrar) to make, appoint
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    1)
    a) <obra/modelo/tendencia> to create, < producto> to develop
    b) < sistema> to create, establish, set up; < institución> to set up, create; <comisión/fondo> to set up; < empleo> to create; < ciudad> to build
    2) <dificultades/problemas> to cause, create; <ambiente/clima> to create; <fama/prestigio> to bring; < reputación> to earn
    2.
    crearse v pron < problema> to create... for oneself
    * * *
    = design (for/to), construct, create, engender, establish, fashion, forge, form, invent, set up, compose, originate, bring into + being, mint, found, institute, come into + existence, mother, come up with.
    Ex. In lists designed for international use a symbolic notation instead of textual notes may be used.
    Ex. The objective in executing these three stages is to construct a document profile which reflects its subject = El propósito de llevar a cabo estas tres etapas es elaborar un perfil documental que refleje su materia.
    Ex. National agencies creating MARC records use national standards within their own country, and re-format records to UNIMARC for international exchange.
    Ex. In addition to problems with new subjects which lacked 'accepted' or established names, this guiding principle engendered inconsistency in the form of headings.
    Ex. The intention is to establish a general framework, and then to give exceptions or further explanation and examples for each area in turn.
    Ex. The preliminary discussions and proposals which led up to the AACR, did start out with an attempt to fashion an ideology, a philosophical context, for those rules.
    Ex. This article calls on libraries to forge a renewed national commitment to cooperate in the building of a national information network for scholarly communications.
    Ex. Formed in 1969, the first operational system was implemented in 1972-3.
    Ex. Frequently, but not always, this same process will have been attempted by the author when inventing the title, and this explains why the title is often a useful aid to indexing.
    Ex. By imposing a ban one is only likely to set up antagonism and frustration which will turn against the very thing we are trying to encourage.
    Ex. There have never been any attempts to compose a bibliography of US government documents relating to international law.
    Ex. In the 'office of the present', a document is usually produced by several people: someone, say an administrator or manager, who originates and checks it, a typist, who prepares the text, and a draughtsman or artist who prepares the diagrams.
    Ex. MARC was brought into being originally to facilitate the creation of LC catalogue cards.
    Ex. The article 'The newly minted MLS: what do we need to know today?' describes the skills which, ideally, every US library school graduate should possess at the end of the 1990s.
    Ex. The earliest community information service in Australia dates from as recently as 1958 when Citizens' Advice Bureaux, modelled on their British namesake, were founded in Perth = El primer servicio de información ciudadana de Australia es reciente y data de 1958 cuando se creó en Perth la Oficina de Información al Ciudadano, a imitación de su homónima británica.
    Ex. The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    Ex. Some university libraries have been built up over the centuries; others have come into existence over the last 40 years.
    Ex. Necessity mothers invention, and certainly invention in the presentation of books mothers surprised interest.
    Ex. Derfer corroborated her: 'I'd be very proud of you if you could come up with the means to draft a model collection development policy'.
    ----
    * crear adicción = be addictive.
    * crear alianzas = form + alliances, make + alliances.
    * crear apoyo = build + support.
    * crear canales para = establish + channels for.
    * crear con gran destreza = craft.
    * crear consenso = forge + consensus.
    * crear demanda = make + demand.
    * crear de nuevo = recreate [re-create].
    * crear desconfianza = create + distrust.
    * crear desesperación = yield + despair.
    * crear falsas ilusiones = create + false illusions.
    * crear interés = build + interest.
    * crear la ilusión = generate + illusion.
    * crear lazos = build up + links.
    * crear lazos afectivos = bond.
    * crear posibilidades = open + window, create + possibilities.
    * crear problemas = make + waves, build up + problems, make + trouble.
    * crear prototipos = prototype.
    * crear relaciones = structure + relationships.
    * crearse = build up, hew.
    * crearse el prestigio de ser = establish + a record as.
    * crear servidor web = put up + web site.
    * crearse una identidad = forge + identity.
    * crearse una vida = build + life.
    * crear una alianza = forge + alliance.
    * crear una base = form + a basis.
    * crear una buena impresión en = make + a good impression on.
    * crear una coalición = forge + coalition.
    * crear una colección = build + collection.
    * crear un acuerdo = work out + agreement.
    * crear una familia = have + a family.
    * crear una ilusión = create + illusion.
    * crear una imagen = build + an image, create + image, summon up + image.
    * crear una injusticia = create + injustice.
    * crear una marca de identidad = branding.
    * crear una ocasión = create + opportunity.
    * crear una preocupación = create + concern.
    * crear una situación = create + a situation.
    * crear un clima = promote + climate.
    * crear un comité = set up + committee.
    * crear un entorno = create + an environment.
    * crear un equilibrio = establish + a balance.
    * crear un fondo común de conocimientos = pool + knowledge.
    * crear un fondo común de experiencias profesionales = pool + expertise.
    * crear un grupo = set up + group.
    * crear un índice = generate + index.
    * crear un mercado para = produce + a market for.
    * crear un perfil = compile + profile, formulate + profile.
    * crear un servidor web = open up + web site.
    * crear vínculos = build up + links.
    * crear vínculos afectivos = bond.
    * oposición + crear = opposition + line up.
    * que crea adicción = addictive.
    * que crea hábito = addictive.
    * volver a crear = recreate [re-create].
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    1)
    a) <obra/modelo/tendencia> to create, < producto> to develop
    b) < sistema> to create, establish, set up; < institución> to set up, create; <comisión/fondo> to set up; < empleo> to create; < ciudad> to build
    2) <dificultades/problemas> to cause, create; <ambiente/clima> to create; <fama/prestigio> to bring; < reputación> to earn
    2.
    crearse v pron < problema> to create... for oneself
    * * *
    = design (for/to), construct, create, engender, establish, fashion, forge, form, invent, set up, compose, originate, bring into + being, mint, found, institute, come into + existence, mother, come up with.

    Ex: In lists designed for international use a symbolic notation instead of textual notes may be used.

    Ex: The objective in executing these three stages is to construct a document profile which reflects its subject = El propósito de llevar a cabo estas tres etapas es elaborar un perfil documental que refleje su materia.
    Ex: National agencies creating MARC records use national standards within their own country, and re-format records to UNIMARC for international exchange.
    Ex: In addition to problems with new subjects which lacked 'accepted' or established names, this guiding principle engendered inconsistency in the form of headings.
    Ex: The intention is to establish a general framework, and then to give exceptions or further explanation and examples for each area in turn.
    Ex: The preliminary discussions and proposals which led up to the AACR, did start out with an attempt to fashion an ideology, a philosophical context, for those rules.
    Ex: This article calls on libraries to forge a renewed national commitment to cooperate in the building of a national information network for scholarly communications.
    Ex: Formed in 1969, the first operational system was implemented in 1972-3.
    Ex: Frequently, but not always, this same process will have been attempted by the author when inventing the title, and this explains why the title is often a useful aid to indexing.
    Ex: By imposing a ban one is only likely to set up antagonism and frustration which will turn against the very thing we are trying to encourage.
    Ex: There have never been any attempts to compose a bibliography of US government documents relating to international law.
    Ex: In the 'office of the present', a document is usually produced by several people: someone, say an administrator or manager, who originates and checks it, a typist, who prepares the text, and a draughtsman or artist who prepares the diagrams.
    Ex: MARC was brought into being originally to facilitate the creation of LC catalogue cards.
    Ex: The article 'The newly minted MLS: what do we need to know today?' describes the skills which, ideally, every US library school graduate should possess at the end of the 1990s.
    Ex: The earliest community information service in Australia dates from as recently as 1958 when Citizens' Advice Bureaux, modelled on their British namesake, were founded in Perth = El primer servicio de información ciudadana de Australia es reciente y data de 1958 cuando se creó en Perth la Oficina de Información al Ciudadano, a imitación de su homónima británica.
    Ex: The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    Ex: Some university libraries have been built up over the centuries; others have come into existence over the last 40 years.
    Ex: Necessity mothers invention, and certainly invention in the presentation of books mothers surprised interest.
    Ex: Derfer corroborated her: 'I'd be very proud of you if you could come up with the means to draft a model collection development policy'.
    * crear adicción = be addictive.
    * crear alianzas = form + alliances, make + alliances.
    * crear apoyo = build + support.
    * crear canales para = establish + channels for.
    * crear con gran destreza = craft.
    * crear consenso = forge + consensus.
    * crear demanda = make + demand.
    * crear de nuevo = recreate [re-create].
    * crear desconfianza = create + distrust.
    * crear desesperación = yield + despair.
    * crear falsas ilusiones = create + false illusions.
    * crear interés = build + interest.
    * crear la ilusión = generate + illusion.
    * crear lazos = build up + links.
    * crear lazos afectivos = bond.
    * crear posibilidades = open + window, create + possibilities.
    * crear problemas = make + waves, build up + problems, make + trouble.
    * crear prototipos = prototype.
    * crear relaciones = structure + relationships.
    * crearse = build up, hew.
    * crearse el prestigio de ser = establish + a record as.
    * crear servidor web = put up + web site.
    * crearse una identidad = forge + identity.
    * crearse una vida = build + life.
    * crear una alianza = forge + alliance.
    * crear una base = form + a basis.
    * crear una buena impresión en = make + a good impression on.
    * crear una coalición = forge + coalition.
    * crear una colección = build + collection.
    * crear un acuerdo = work out + agreement.
    * crear una familia = have + a family.
    * crear una ilusión = create + illusion.
    * crear una imagen = build + an image, create + image, summon up + image.
    * crear una injusticia = create + injustice.
    * crear una marca de identidad = branding.
    * crear una ocasión = create + opportunity.
    * crear una preocupación = create + concern.
    * crear una situación = create + a situation.
    * crear un clima = promote + climate.
    * crear un comité = set up + committee.
    * crear un entorno = create + an environment.
    * crear un equilibrio = establish + a balance.
    * crear un fondo común de conocimientos = pool + knowledge.
    * crear un fondo común de experiencias profesionales = pool + expertise.
    * crear un grupo = set up + group.
    * crear un índice = generate + index.
    * crear un mercado para = produce + a market for.
    * crear un perfil = compile + profile, formulate + profile.
    * crear un servidor web = open up + web site.
    * crear vínculos = build up + links.
    * crear vínculos afectivos = bond.
    * oposición + crear = opposition + line up.
    * que crea adicción = addictive.
    * que crea hábito = addictive.
    * volver a crear = recreate [re-create].

    * * *
    crear [A1 ]
    vt
    A
    1 ‹obra/modelo› to create; ‹tendencia› to create
    crear una nueva imagen para el producto to create a new image for the product
    crearon un producto revolucionario they developed o created a revolutionary product
    2 ‹sistema› to create, establish, set up; ‹institución› to set up, create; ‹comisión/fondo› to set up; ‹empleo› to create
    crearon una ciudad en pleno desierto they built a city in the middle of the desert
    B ‹dificultades/problemas› to cause, create; ‹ambiente/clima› to create; ‹fama/prestigio› to bring; ‹reputación› to earn
    su arrogancia le creó muchas enemistades his arrogance made him many enemies
    no quiero crear falsas expectativas en mis alumnos I don't want to raise false hopes among my students, I don't want to give my students false hopes
    se crea muchas dificultades he creates o makes a lot of problems for himself
    ¿para qué te creas más trabajo? why make more work for yourself?
    será difícil llenar el vacío creado con su desaparición it will be difficult to fill the gap left by his death
    * * *

     

    crear ( conjugate crear) verbo transitivo
    to create;
    producto to develop;
    institución/comisión/fondo to set up;
    fama/prestigio to bring;
    reputación to earn;
    crea muchos problemas it causes o creates a lot of problems;

    no quiero crear falsas expectativas I don't want to raise false hopes
    crearse verbo pronominal ‹ problemato create … for oneself;

    enemigos to make
    crear verbo transitivo to create
    ' crear' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    falsificar
    - hacer
    - ilusionar
    - infundio
    - rompecabezas
    - constituir
    - formar
    - meter
    English:
    boat
    - bonding
    - create
    - fashion
    - never-never land
    - rapport
    - stage
    - afoot
    - develop
    - devise
    - disrupt
    - establish
    - illusion
    - set
    - you
    * * *
    vt
    1. [hacer, producir, originar] to create;
    crear empleo/riqueza to create jobs/wealth;
    han creado un nuevo ministerio para él they have created a new ministry for him;
    me crea muchos problemas it gives me a lot of trouble, it causes me a lot of problems;
    Picasso creó escuela Picasso's works have had a seminal influence
    2. [inventar] to invent;
    [poema, sinfonía] to compose, to write; [cuadro] to paint
    3. [fundar] to found
    * * *
    v/t create; empresa set up
    * * *
    crear vt
    1) : to create, to cause
    2) : to originate
    * * *
    crear vb
    1. (en general) to create
    2. (comité, empresa, etc) to set up

    Spanish-English dictionary > crear

  • 9 crisis

    f. s.&pl.
    crisis.
    estar en crisis to be in crisis
    crisis energética energy crisis
    crisis de identidad identity crisis
    crisis nerviosa nervous breakdown
    * * *
    1 (dificultad) crisis
    2 (ataque) fit, attack
    3 (escasez) shortage
    \
    estar en crisis to be in crisis, reach crisis point
    crisis de gobierno cabinet crisis
    crisis financiera financial crisis
    crisis nerviosa nervous breakdown
    * * *
    noun f.
    * * *
    SF INV
    1) (Econ, Pol, Sociol) crisis

    lo que está en crisis es el propio sistema — the system itself is in crisis

    hacer crisis — to reach crisis point, come to a head

    2) (Med)

    crisis cardíaca — cardiac arrest, heart failure

    crisis epiléptica — epileptic fit, epileptic attack

    * * *
    a) ( situación grave) crisis
    b) (Med) crisis

    hacer crisis enfermedad to become critical

    c) (period) ( remodelación ministerial) tb
    * * *
    = crisis [crises, -pl.], trough, shakeout [shake-out], crunch, slump, downswing, bust.
    Ex. An I&R service may involve itself in providing 'hotlines', that is emergency help during times of crises or when other services close down, eg evenings, weekends or public holidays.
    Ex. Public libraries have continued to expand since the trough of the 1950s.
    Ex. There will be a dramatic shakeout in librarianship but information scientists face a great opportunity to develop their skills by the opportunities afforded by the new technology.
    Ex. The author of the article 'The crunch and academic library services: a personal view' believes that inflation is one of the underlying causes of the crisis in university libraries.
    Ex. The author discusses the current upswing in paperback sales of children's books in the USA and the slump in hardback sales.
    Ex. A new solution to the problem of predicting cyclical highs and lows in the economy enables one to gauge whether an incipient economic downswing will turn out to be a slowdown in economic growth or a real recession.
    Ex. The article 'El Dorado or bust?' warns that the electronic market is changing.
    ----
    * agravar una crisis = exacerbate + crisis.
    * alcanzar proporciones de crisis = grow to + crisis proportions.
    * causar esta crisis = precipitate + crisis.
    * convertirse en una crisis = grow to + a crisis.
    * crisis + aumentar = crisis + deepen.
    * crisis bursátil = market crash, stock market crash.
    * crisis crediticia = credit crunch, credit squeeze.
    * crisis de enormes proporciones = situation of crisis proportions.
    * crisis de fe = crisis of faith.
    * crisis de identidad = crisis of confidence, identity crisis, crisis in confidence.
    * crisis de la industria del libro = book crisis.
    * crisis del libro = book crisis.
    * crisis de los cuarenta = mid-life crisis, middle-age crisis, middle-age blues.
    * crisis de los siete años = seven-year itch.
    * crisis económica = financial straits, economic crisis, financial crisis, crash, bad economic times, shakeout [shake-out], financial crunch, economic slump, difficult economic times, economic depression, economic doldrums.
    * crisis económica mundial = global economic slump.
    * crisis emocional = emotional crisis.
    * crisis energética = energy crisis.
    * crisis financiera = financial crisis, financial crunch.
    * crisis medioambiental = environmental crisis.
    * crisis social = social crisis.
    * desatar una crisis = precipitate + crisis.
    * en crisis = depressed, crisis-ridden, on the rocks.
    * enfrentarse a una crisis = face + crisis.
    * en situación de crisis = on the rocks.
    * estar sumido en una crisis = be deep in crisis.
    * gestión de crisis = crisis management.
    * hacer frente a una crisis = face + crisis, meet + crisis.
    * ocasionar una crisis = precipitate + crisis.
    * pasar una crisis = face + crisis.
    * provocar una crisis = precipitate + crisis.
    * resolver una crisis = solve + crisis.
    * sobrevivir una crisis = survive + crisis.
    * superar una crisis = ford + crisis, survive + crisis.
    * * *
    a) ( situación grave) crisis
    b) (Med) crisis

    hacer crisis enfermedad to become critical

    c) (period) ( remodelación ministerial) tb
    * * *
    = crisis [crises, -pl.], trough, shakeout [shake-out], crunch, slump, downswing, bust.

    Ex: An I&R service may involve itself in providing 'hotlines', that is emergency help during times of crises or when other services close down, eg evenings, weekends or public holidays.

    Ex: Public libraries have continued to expand since the trough of the 1950s.
    Ex: There will be a dramatic shakeout in librarianship but information scientists face a great opportunity to develop their skills by the opportunities afforded by the new technology.
    Ex: The author of the article 'The crunch and academic library services: a personal view' believes that inflation is one of the underlying causes of the crisis in university libraries.
    Ex: The author discusses the current upswing in paperback sales of children's books in the USA and the slump in hardback sales.
    Ex: A new solution to the problem of predicting cyclical highs and lows in the economy enables one to gauge whether an incipient economic downswing will turn out to be a slowdown in economic growth or a real recession.
    Ex: The article 'El Dorado or bust?' warns that the electronic market is changing.
    * agravar una crisis = exacerbate + crisis.
    * alcanzar proporciones de crisis = grow to + crisis proportions.
    * causar esta crisis = precipitate + crisis.
    * convertirse en una crisis = grow to + a crisis.
    * crisis + aumentar = crisis + deepen.
    * crisis bursátil = market crash, stock market crash.
    * crisis crediticia = credit crunch, credit squeeze.
    * crisis de enormes proporciones = situation of crisis proportions.
    * crisis de fe = crisis of faith.
    * crisis de identidad = crisis of confidence, identity crisis, crisis in confidence.
    * crisis de la industria del libro = book crisis.
    * crisis del libro = book crisis.
    * crisis de los cuarenta = mid-life crisis, middle-age crisis, middle-age blues.
    * crisis de los siete años = seven-year itch.
    * crisis económica = financial straits, economic crisis, financial crisis, crash, bad economic times, shakeout [shake-out], financial crunch, economic slump, difficult economic times, economic depression, economic doldrums.
    * crisis económica mundial = global economic slump.
    * crisis emocional = emotional crisis.
    * crisis energética = energy crisis.
    * crisis financiera = financial crisis, financial crunch.
    * crisis medioambiental = environmental crisis.
    * crisis social = social crisis.
    * desatar una crisis = precipitate + crisis.
    * en crisis = depressed, crisis-ridden, on the rocks.
    * enfrentarse a una crisis = face + crisis.
    * en situación de crisis = on the rocks.
    * estar sumido en una crisis = be deep in crisis.
    * gestión de crisis = crisis management.
    * hacer frente a una crisis = face + crisis, meet + crisis.
    * ocasionar una crisis = precipitate + crisis.
    * pasar una crisis = face + crisis.
    * provocar una crisis = precipitate + crisis.
    * resolver una crisis = solve + crisis.
    * sobrevivir una crisis = survive + crisis.
    * superar una crisis = ford + crisis, survive + crisis.

    * * *
    (pl crisis)
    el país sufre/está atravesando una grave crisis energética the country has/is experiencing a serious energy crisis
    la crisis de la vivienda the housing crisis o shortage
    la economía está en crisis the economy is in crisis
    crisis de fe crisis of faith
    su relación está pasando por una etapa de crisis their relationship is going through a crisis
    la situación hizo crisis the situation came to a head, the situation reached crisis point o a crisis level
    2 ( Med) crisis
    la enfermedad hizo crisis al día siguiente the illness became critical the next day
    crisis de Gobierno cabinet reshuffle
    Compuestos:
    heart failure, cardiac arrest
    crisis crediticia or del crédito
    credit crunch, credit crisis
    identity crisis
    midlife crisis
    nervous breakdown
    respiratory failure
    * * *

    crisis sustantivo femenino (pl
    crisis)



    b) (period) ( remodelación ministerial) tb


    crisis sustantivo femenino inv
    1 (mala situación) crisis
    2 Fin crisis
    3 Med (ataque) fit, attack
    ' crisis' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    acentuarse
    - actual
    - álgida
    - álgido
    - depresión
    - encarar
    - frenar
    - galopante
    - ingresar
    - pasar
    - agudizar
    - agudo
    - atravesar
    - causante
    - desencadenar
    - económico
    - energético
    - estallar
    - perdurar
    - sacar
    English:
    actual
    - acute
    - background
    - breakdown
    - carry through
    - corner
    - crack
    - crisis
    - flap
    - identity crisis
    - midlife
    - nervous breakdown
    - pull through
    - religion
    - break
    - confront
    - crunch
    - deepen
    - defuse
    - depression
    - develop
    - hang
    - head
    - trouble
    * * *
    crisis nf inv
    1. [situación difícil] crisis;
    la crisis del petróleo the oil crisis;
    la crisis del matrimonio the crisis affecting the institution of marriage;
    la crisis en el mercado de valores the stock market crisis;
    estar en crisis to be in crisis;
    atravesar una crisis to go through a crisis;
    entrar en una época de crisis to go into crisis, to enter a period of crisis
    crisis económica economic crisis, recession;
    crisis energética energy crisis;
    crisis financiera financial crisis;
    crisis de identidad identity crisis;
    crisis ministerial cabinet crisis;
    Hist la crisis de los misiles [en Cuba] the Cuban Missile Crisis
    2. [médica] crisis
    crisis cardiaca cardiac arrest;
    crisis epiléptica epileptic attack;
    crisis nerviosa nervous breakdown
    * * *
    f inv crisis
    * * *
    crisis nf
    1) : crisis
    2)
    crisis nerviosa : nervous breakdown
    * * *
    1. (situación grave) crisis [pl. crises]
    2. (escasez) shortage
    3. (cambio brusco) attack / fit

    Spanish-English dictionary > crisis

  • 10 crisis económica

    f. s.&pl.
    economic crisis, slump, depression, financial crisis.
    * * *
    economic crisis, recession
    * * *
    (n.) = financial straits, economic crisis, financial crisis, crash, bad economic times, shakeout [shake-out], financial crunch, economic slump, difficult economic times, economic depression, economic doldrums
    Ex. Despite the present financial straits of developing countries, she argues in favour of long-term plan for the acquisition of relevant rare book material.
    Ex. During the economic crisis of the inter-war years, the development of Polish libraries was hampered by lack of funds and the inflationary cost of books.
    Ex. In 1893 when the nation was deep in one of its worst financial crises, librarians across the land were emphasizing the public library's role as a conservator of order.
    Ex. The article 'After the crash: librarians take stock following the market's recent nosedive' discusses the possible effects of the recent stock market crash on U.S. libraries and suggests how libraries can protect themselves during economic recession.
    Ex. With rare exceptions, law firms prosper during good and bad economic times.
    Ex. There will be a dramatic shakeout in librarianship but information scientists face a great opportunity to develop their skills by the opportunities afforded by the new technology.
    Ex. The article is entitled 'Book acquisition programme in libraries and information centres under the financial crunch'.
    Ex. The mysterious decline in the profitability of the children's book market has less to do with an economic slump than with shifts in market share between established players and the newcomers.
    Ex. This sector has been something of a social 'shock absorber' in recent difficult economic times.
    Ex. Due to economic depression, lap dog thievery is now on the increase.
    Ex. People on both sides noted sardonically that economic doldrums were forcing Croats to turn to Serbs to help save them.
    * * *
    (n.) = financial straits, economic crisis, financial crisis, crash, bad economic times, shakeout [shake-out], financial crunch, economic slump, difficult economic times, economic depression, economic doldrums

    Ex: Despite the present financial straits of developing countries, she argues in favour of long-term plan for the acquisition of relevant rare book material.

    Ex: During the economic crisis of the inter-war years, the development of Polish libraries was hampered by lack of funds and the inflationary cost of books.
    Ex: In 1893 when the nation was deep in one of its worst financial crises, librarians across the land were emphasizing the public library's role as a conservator of order.
    Ex: The article 'After the crash: librarians take stock following the market's recent nosedive' discusses the possible effects of the recent stock market crash on U.S. libraries and suggests how libraries can protect themselves during economic recession.
    Ex: With rare exceptions, law firms prosper during good and bad economic times.
    Ex: There will be a dramatic shakeout in librarianship but information scientists face a great opportunity to develop their skills by the opportunities afforded by the new technology.
    Ex: The article is entitled 'Book acquisition programme in libraries and information centres under the financial crunch'.
    Ex: The mysterious decline in the profitability of the children's book market has less to do with an economic slump than with shifts in market share between established players and the newcomers.
    Ex: This sector has been something of a social 'shock absorber' in recent difficult economic times.
    Ex: Due to economic depression, lap dog thievery is now on the increase.
    Ex: People on both sides noted sardonically that economic doldrums were forcing Croats to turn to Serbs to help save them.

    Spanish-English dictionary > crisis económica

  • 11 desarrollo

    m.
    1 development (mejora).
    desarrollo del producto product development
    desarrollo sostenible sustainable development
    2 growth (crecimiento).
    pres.indicat.
    1st person singular (yo) present indicative of spanish verb: desarrollar.
    * * *
    1 (gen) development
    2 MATEMÁTICAS expansion
    3 DEPORTE run, course
    \
    país en vías de desarrollo developing country
    * * *
    noun m.
    * * *
    SM
    1) [de economía, industria, mercado] development
    2) [de teoría, tema, punto] development
    3) (=realización) [de proyecto, plan] carrying out; [de técnica, método] development
    4) [de capacidad, memoria, músculos] development
    5) (Mat) [de ecuación, función] expansion; [de problema] working
    6) [de persona, animal, planta] development

    está en la edad del desarrollo — she's reaching puberty, she's beginning to develop

    7) [de historia, acontecimiento] development

    el desarrollo de la tramathe unfolding o development of the plot

    8) [de bicicleta] gear ratio
    * * *
    1)
    a) (Econ) development
    b) (de facultad, capacidad) development
    c) (de niño, de planta) growth, development
    d) ( de adolescente) development
    2) (de teoría, tema, estrategia) development
    3) (de acto, acontecimiento)

    durante el desarrollo del actoduring o in the course of proceedings

    * * *
    = advance, amplification, building, development, evolution, blooming.
    Ex. I think that the most important advance that we can look forward to is a great increase in the amount of authority data in MARC form.
    Ex. Even with such a limitation and many later supplementations by various hands, by way of addition, correction and amplification, it falls far short of completeness.
    Ex. Building a search profile has much in common with building a document profile during indexing.
    Ex. Enumerative schemes can be difficult to revise to take account of new developments.
    Ex. A number of ancillary factors about the development of knowledge can be examined such as the extent of self-citation and the evolution of concepts.
    Ex. The article 'The blooming of readers' presents a body of research that supports the notion that children can acquire reading skills without being directly taught to read.
    ----
    * área en desarrollo = growth area.
    * autodesarrollo = self-actualisation [self-actualization, -USA].
    * ayuda al desarrollo = development aid.
    * biología del desarrollo = developmental biology.
    * de desarrollo = developmental.
    * de desarrollo rápido = fast-evolving.
    * desarrollo académico = academic development.
    * desarrollo atrofiado = arrested development.
    * desarrollo cronológico = chronology.
    * desarrollo de aplicaciones = software development, application development.
    * desarrollo de capacidades = capacity building.
    * desarrollo de la colección = collection building, collection development [collections development].
    * desarrollo de la identidad nacional = nation building.
    * desarrollo del plan de estudios = curriculum development.
    * desarrollo del potencial = capacity building.
    * desarrollo de material educativo = instructional development.
    * desarrollo de nuevos productos = product development.
    * desarrollo de programas = software development.
    * desarrollo de prototipos = prototyping.
    * desarrollo económico = economic development.
    * desarrollo empresarial = business development.
    * desarrollo estratégico = strategic development.
    * desarrollo industrial = industrial development.
    * desarrollo infantil = child development.
    * desarrollo mental = mental development.
    * desarrollo nacional = national development.
    * desarrollo personal = self-actualisation [self-actualization, -USA].
    * desarrollo prenatal = prenatal development.
    * desarrollo profesional = professional development, career development.
    * desarrollo profesional del personal = staff development.
    * desarrollo social = social development.
    * desarrollo sostenible = sustainable development.
    * desarrollo sostenido = sustainable development.
    * desarrollo tardío = late start.
    * desarrollo temporal = temporal development, timeline [time line].
    * desarrollo urbanístico = urban growth.
    * describir el desarrollo de = trace + the development of, trace + the evolution of.
    * economía en vías de desarrollo = transitional economy, developing economy.
    * empresa dedicada al desarrollo de productos = product developer.
    * en desarrollo = evolving, under development.
    * en período de desarrollo = in ascendancy.
    * en pleno desarrollo = in full swing, in full gear.
    * en vías de desarrollo = in course of development, emergent, developing.
    * especialista en el desarrollo = developmentalist.
    * estimular el desarrollo de = stimulate + the development of.
    * etapa de desarrollo = stage of development.
    * Fondo para el Desarrollo Europeo = European Development Fund.
    * Fondo para el Desarrollo Regional Europeo = European Regional Development Fund.
    * herramienta de desarrollo = development tool.
    * herramientas de desarrollo = toolkit.
    * instituto de desarrollo = development institute.
    * instituto para el desarrollo = development institute.
    * instituto para la investigación y el desarrollo = research and development institute.
    * investigación y desarrollo (I+D) = research and development (R&D).
    * nivel de desarrollo = stage of development, developmental level, development level, level of development.
    * Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo = Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
    * PADIS (Sistema de Información para el Desarrollo de Africa) = PADIS (Pan-African Development Information System).
    * país en vías de desarrollo = developing country, transitional nation, transitional economy, developing nation, emerging economy, developing economy, country with developing economy.
    * países en vías de desarrollo, los = developing world, the.
    * política de desarrollo de la colección = collection development policy.
    * posibilidad de desarrollo = potential for development.
    * retrasar el desarrollo de Algo = push back + development.
    * ritmo de desarrollo = pace of development.
    * sicología del desarrollo = developmental psychology.
    * teoría del desarrollo humano = developmental theory.
    * * *
    1)
    a) (Econ) development
    b) (de facultad, capacidad) development
    c) (de niño, de planta) growth, development
    d) ( de adolescente) development
    2) (de teoría, tema, estrategia) development
    3) (de acto, acontecimiento)

    durante el desarrollo del actoduring o in the course of proceedings

    * * *
    = advance, amplification, building, development, evolution, blooming.

    Ex: I think that the most important advance that we can look forward to is a great increase in the amount of authority data in MARC form.

    Ex: Even with such a limitation and many later supplementations by various hands, by way of addition, correction and amplification, it falls far short of completeness.
    Ex: Building a search profile has much in common with building a document profile during indexing.
    Ex: Enumerative schemes can be difficult to revise to take account of new developments.
    Ex: A number of ancillary factors about the development of knowledge can be examined such as the extent of self-citation and the evolution of concepts.
    Ex: The article 'The blooming of readers' presents a body of research that supports the notion that children can acquire reading skills without being directly taught to read.
    * área en desarrollo = growth area.
    * autodesarrollo = self-actualisation [self-actualization, -USA].
    * ayuda al desarrollo = development aid.
    * biología del desarrollo = developmental biology.
    * de desarrollo = developmental.
    * de desarrollo rápido = fast-evolving.
    * desarrollo académico = academic development.
    * desarrollo atrofiado = arrested development.
    * desarrollo cronológico = chronology.
    * desarrollo de aplicaciones = software development, application development.
    * desarrollo de capacidades = capacity building.
    * desarrollo de la colección = collection building, collection development [collections development].
    * desarrollo de la identidad nacional = nation building.
    * desarrollo del plan de estudios = curriculum development.
    * desarrollo del potencial = capacity building.
    * desarrollo de material educativo = instructional development.
    * desarrollo de nuevos productos = product development.
    * desarrollo de programas = software development.
    * desarrollo de prototipos = prototyping.
    * desarrollo económico = economic development.
    * desarrollo empresarial = business development.
    * desarrollo estratégico = strategic development.
    * desarrollo industrial = industrial development.
    * desarrollo infantil = child development.
    * desarrollo mental = mental development.
    * desarrollo nacional = national development.
    * desarrollo personal = self-actualisation [self-actualization, -USA].
    * desarrollo prenatal = prenatal development.
    * desarrollo profesional = professional development, career development.
    * desarrollo profesional del personal = staff development.
    * desarrollo social = social development.
    * desarrollo sostenible = sustainable development.
    * desarrollo sostenido = sustainable development.
    * desarrollo tardío = late start.
    * desarrollo temporal = temporal development, timeline [time line].
    * desarrollo urbanístico = urban growth.
    * describir el desarrollo de = trace + the development of, trace + the evolution of.
    * economía en vías de desarrollo = transitional economy, developing economy.
    * empresa dedicada al desarrollo de productos = product developer.
    * en desarrollo = evolving, under development.
    * en período de desarrollo = in ascendancy.
    * en pleno desarrollo = in full swing, in full gear.
    * en vías de desarrollo = in course of development, emergent, developing.
    * especialista en el desarrollo = developmentalist.
    * estimular el desarrollo de = stimulate + the development of.
    * etapa de desarrollo = stage of development.
    * Fondo para el Desarrollo Europeo = European Development Fund.
    * Fondo para el Desarrollo Regional Europeo = European Regional Development Fund.
    * herramienta de desarrollo = development tool.
    * herramientas de desarrollo = toolkit.
    * instituto de desarrollo = development institute.
    * instituto para el desarrollo = development institute.
    * instituto para la investigación y el desarrollo = research and development institute.
    * investigación y desarrollo (I+D) = research and development (R&D).
    * nivel de desarrollo = stage of development, developmental level, development level, level of development.
    * Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo = Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
    * PADIS (Sistema de Información para el Desarrollo de Africa) = PADIS (Pan-African Development Information System).
    * país en vías de desarrollo = developing country, transitional nation, transitional economy, developing nation, emerging economy, developing economy, country with developing economy.
    * países en vías de desarrollo, los = developing world, the.
    * política de desarrollo de la colección = collection development policy.
    * posibilidad de desarrollo = potential for development.
    * retrasar el desarrollo de Algo = push back + development.
    * ritmo de desarrollo = pace of development.
    * sicología del desarrollo = developmental psychology.
    * teoría del desarrollo humano = developmental theory.

    * * *
    A
    1 ( Econ) development
    países en vías de desarrollo developing countries
    2 (de una facultad, capacidad) development
    3 (de un niño, de una planta) growth, development
    4 (de un adolescente) development
    la edad del desarrollo puberty, the age of puberty
    Compuesto:
    desarrollo sostenible or perdurable
    ( Agr, Ecol) sustainable development
    B
    1 (de una teoría, un tema) development
    2 ( Mat) development
    3 (de una estrategia) development
    el desarrollo de nuevas técnicas en este campo the development o evolution of new techniques in this field
    C
    (de un acto, acontecimiento): contemplaron el desarrollo del desfile they watched the parade pass by
    intentaron impedir el normal desarrollo del acto they tried to disrupt the proceedings
    para ver el desarrollo de los acontecimientos to see how things develop o turn out
    D (en ciclismo) ≈ gear ratio
    E ( Chi) ( Fot) developing
    * * *

     

    Del verbo desarrollar: ( conjugate desarrollar)

    desarrollo es:

    1ª persona singular (yo) presente indicativo

    desarrolló es:

    3ª persona singular (él/ella/usted) pretérito indicativo

    Multiple Entries:
    desarrollar    
    desarrollo
    desarrollar ( conjugate desarrollar) verbo transitivo
    1 ( en general) to develop
    2
    a) ( exponer) ‹teoría/tema to explain

    b) ( llevar a cabo) ‹actividad/labor to carry out

    desarrollarse verbo pronominal
    1 ( en general) to develop
    2 [acto/entrevista/escena] to take place
    desarrollo sustantivo masculino
    development;

    según el desarrollo de los acontecimientos according to how things develop
    desarrollar verbo transitivo
    1 to develop: ha desarrollado su musculatura desde que hace deporte, he has become more muscular since he started doing sport
    (un proyecto, teoría) han desarrollado un nuevo modelo de ordenador portátil, they've developed a new type of portable computer
    2 (exponer con mayor detalle) to explain
    desarrollo sustantivo masculino
    1 (crecimiento, progreso) development
    el desarrollo industrial de la comarca, the industrial development of the area
    su bebé tiene un desarrollo satisfactorio, her baby is coming along fine
    2 (exposición detallada) development
    (solución por pasos de un problema) working out
    3 (transcurso) course: una persona se desmayó durante el desarrollo del acto, someone fainted during the ceremony

    ' desarrollo' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    desarrollarse
    - despegue
    - extensa
    - extenso
    - planteamiento
    - retrasada
    - retrasado
    - retraso
    - curso
    - emotivo
    - frenar
    - ir
    - marcha
    - potenciar
    - precoz
    - progreso
    - propulsar
    - rápido
    - retroceso
    - vía
    English:
    allocate
    - appropriate
    - arrest
    - boomtown
    - cramp
    - developing
    - development
    - evolution
    - growth
    - progress
    - research
    - disrupt
    - grown
    - swing
    * * *
    1. [mejora] development;
    el desarrollo económico economic development;
    países en vías de desarrollo developing countries;
    el pleno desarrollo de las capacidades intelectuales the full development of intellectual abilities
    desarrollo sostenible sustainable development
    2. [crecimiento] growth;
    el desarrollo del ser humano human development;
    la edad del desarrollo (the age of) puberty
    3. [exposición] [de tema, teoría, idea] explanation
    4. [transcurso] [de negociaciones, conferencia] course;
    no hubo incidentes en el desarrollo de la manifestación there were no incidents in the course of the demonstration
    5. [realización] [de actividad, trabajo, proyecto] carrying out
    6. [creación] [de prototipos, técnicas, estrategias] development;
    investigaciones encaminadas al desarrollo de una vacuna contra el sida research aimed at developing a vaccine against AIDS
    7. [en bicicleta] gear ratio;
    mover un gran desarrollo to turn a big gear
    8. Mat [de término] expansion;
    [de ecuación, problema] solving, working out
    * * *
    m development
    * * *
    : development
    * * *
    desarrollo n development

    Spanish-English dictionary > desarrollo

  • 12 desorden

    m.
    1 disorder, chaos.
    tu dormitorio está en desorden your bedroom is in a mess
    3 disorder.
    sufre desórdenes nerviosos/estomacales he has a nervous/stomach complaint
    * * *
    1 disorder, disarray, mess, untidiness
    ¡vaya desorden! what a mess!
    2 (irregularidad) irregularity
    1 (disturbios) riots, disturbances, disorder sing
    2 (excesos) excesses
    3 (malestar) disorders
    * * *
    noun m.
    1) disorder, mess
    * * *
    SM
    1) (=falta de orden) [de objetos, ideas] chaos; [de casa, habitación] mess, untidiness

    en desorden[gente] in confusion; [objetos] in a mess, in disorder más frm

    2) (=confusión) confusion
    3) pl desórdenes (=alborotos) disturbances; (=excesos) excesses; (Med) disorders
    * * *
    1)
    a) (de persona, cuarto, cajón) untidiness

    en desorden<salir/entrar> in a disorderly fashion

    b) ( confusión) disorder
    2) desórdenes masculino plural
    a) ( disturbios) disturbances (pl), disorder
    b) (Med) disorders (pl)
    * * *
    = disorder, chaos, muddle, turbulence, mess, messiness, turbulent waters, anomie, clutter, brouhaha, lawlessness, riot.
    Ex. Consider this title 'A handbook of heart disease, blood pressure and strokes: the cause, treatment and prevention of these disorders'.
    Ex. Shera has reminded us that 'man abhors chaos as nature is said to abhor a vacuum'.
    Ex. The author attempts to sort out the muddle in which librarians have found themselves = El autor intenta aclarar la confusión en la que se encuentran los bibliotecarios.
    Ex. The title of the article is 'Survival skills for information professionals in the decade of turbulence'.
    Ex. 'Look, Mel,' said James after the hiatus, 'I'm irritated at the convoluted mess this simple case of filling a vacancy has become'.
    Ex. Management theorists seem unable to cope with the unpredictability, the multivariate nature and the ' messiness' of human organizations in cultural contexts.
    Ex. His experience and expertise has guided IFLA members smoothly across what could easily have been turbulent waters = Sus conocimientos y experiencia en la formulación de los Estatutos ha guiado a los miembros de la IFLA sin problemas a través de lo que podrían haber sido fácilmente aguas turbulentas.
    Ex. The implication was that as modern society continued to develop, anomie would increase.
    Ex. We can learn from good shopwindow displays and from the best museums about such matters as grouping of books shown and the number included ( clutter is ugly and overcrowding confuses the eye).
    Ex. He believes that most political brouhahas are cooked up to divert the public's attention from the real terrorism.
    Ex. So the Marxists will have to pull up their socks if they are to prevent the state from sliding back to the lawlessness one had seen prior to 1977.
    Ex. The subjects referred to recur frequently in the writings of the 'socially committed' -- drugs, sex, racism, student unrest, riots, scandals in government, conservation, the role of women in society are among them.
    ----
    * causar desórdenes = riot.
    * desorden alimenticio = eating disorder.
    * desorden público = public disorder.
    * desorden social = social disorder.
    * * *
    1)
    a) (de persona, cuarto, cajón) untidiness

    en desorden<salir/entrar> in a disorderly fashion

    b) ( confusión) disorder
    2) desórdenes masculino plural
    a) ( disturbios) disturbances (pl), disorder
    b) (Med) disorders (pl)
    * * *
    = disorder, chaos, muddle, turbulence, mess, messiness, turbulent waters, anomie, clutter, brouhaha, lawlessness, riot.

    Ex: Consider this title 'A handbook of heart disease, blood pressure and strokes: the cause, treatment and prevention of these disorders'.

    Ex: Shera has reminded us that 'man abhors chaos as nature is said to abhor a vacuum'.
    Ex: The author attempts to sort out the muddle in which librarians have found themselves = El autor intenta aclarar la confusión en la que se encuentran los bibliotecarios.
    Ex: The title of the article is 'Survival skills for information professionals in the decade of turbulence'.
    Ex: 'Look, Mel,' said James after the hiatus, 'I'm irritated at the convoluted mess this simple case of filling a vacancy has become'.
    Ex: Management theorists seem unable to cope with the unpredictability, the multivariate nature and the ' messiness' of human organizations in cultural contexts.
    Ex: His experience and expertise has guided IFLA members smoothly across what could easily have been turbulent waters = Sus conocimientos y experiencia en la formulación de los Estatutos ha guiado a los miembros de la IFLA sin problemas a través de lo que podrían haber sido fácilmente aguas turbulentas.
    Ex: The implication was that as modern society continued to develop, anomie would increase.
    Ex: We can learn from good shopwindow displays and from the best museums about such matters as grouping of books shown and the number included ( clutter is ugly and overcrowding confuses the eye).
    Ex: He believes that most political brouhahas are cooked up to divert the public's attention from the real terrorism.
    Ex: So the Marxists will have to pull up their socks if they are to prevent the state from sliding back to the lawlessness one had seen prior to 1977.
    Ex: The subjects referred to recur frequently in the writings of the 'socially committed' -- drugs, sex, racism, student unrest, riots, scandals in government, conservation, the role of women in society are among them.
    * causar desórdenes = riot.
    * desorden alimenticio = eating disorder.
    * desorden público = public disorder.
    * desorden social = social disorder.

    * * *
    A (falta de orden) disorder
    el desorden más absoluto reinaba en la habitación the room was in complete disorder o an incredible mess
    todo estaba en desorden everything was in disorder o in a mess
    perdona el desorden sorry about the mess
    dejó las fichas en desorden she left the cards out of order
    se retiraron en desorden they withdrew in disorder o disarray o confusion
    1 (disturbios) disturbances (pl), disorder
    2 (excesos) excesses (pl)
    3 ( Med) disorders (pl)
    * * *

    desorden sustantivo masculino
    1
    a) (de persona, cuarto, cajón) untidiness, mess (colloq);


    en desorden ‹salir/entrar in a disorderly fashion;
    todo estaba en desorden everything was in disorder o in a mess

    2
    desórdenes sustantivo masculino plural ( disturbios) disturbances (pl), disorder

    desorden sustantivo masculino
    1 disorder
    (de una habitación) untidiness, mess: ¡cuánto desorden!, what a mess! 2 desórdenes, (alteración del orden público) disturbances
    (excesos) excesses
    ' desorden' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    cachondeo
    - confusión
    - enfermar
    - lío
    - torre
    - barullo
    - follón
    - jaleo
    - revoltijo
    - tirado
    English:
    anyhow
    - clutter
    - disarray
    - disorder
    - foul up
    - lawlessness
    - mess
    - muddle
    - ruffled
    - straggle
    - tumble out
    - untidiness
    - confusion
    * * *
    1. [confusión] disorder, chaos;
    [falta de orden] mess;
    esto es un completo desorden this is absolute chaos, this is a complete mess;
    no sé cómo puedes encontrar nada en medio de este desorden I don't know how you can find anything in this mess;
    disculpa todo este desorden please excuse all this mess;
    tu dormitorio está en desorden your bedroom is in a mess;
    en esa casa reina el desorden it's chaos in this house
    2. [vida desenfrenada] excess
    3.
    desórdenes [disturbios] disturbance;
    se han producido desórdenes por toda la ciudad there have been disturbances throughout the city;
    desórdenes callejeros street disturbances
    4. [alteración física] disorder;
    sufre desórdenes nerviosos/estomacales he has a nervous/stomach complaint
    * * *
    m
    1 disorder; de habitación untidiness
    2
    :
    desórdenes pl disturbances
    * * *
    1) desbarajuste: disorder, mess
    2) : disorder, disturbance, upset
    * * *
    desorden n mess
    ¡vaya desorden! what a mess!

    Spanish-English dictionary > desorden

  • 13 destreza

    f.
    1 skill, dexterity.
    2 skillful action.
    * * *
    1 skill, dexterity
    * * *
    noun f.
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=habilidad) skill
    2) (=agilidad) dexterity
    * * *
    femenino skill
    * * *
    = competence, skill, dexterity, prowess.
    Ex. In order that you should be able to perform these required skills with greater competence, selected elements of the theory of subject indexing will be included.
    Ex. However, successful human free language indexing is very dependent upon the skills of the individual indexer.
    Ex. Reference work is merely a practical skill -- of a high-grade kind, to be sure -- but a mere dexterity, a mental facility, acquired by practice.
    Ex. The results endorse the need for continued application of marketing prowess, information science research, and library support systems.
    ----
    * basado en el desarrollo de destrezas prácticas = competency based.
    * con destreza = nimbly, adeptly, with ease.
    * crear con gran destreza = craft.
    * desarrollar una destreza = develop + skill, build + skill.
    * desconocimiento de las destrezas básicas en la búsqueda, rec = information illiteracy.
    * destreza académica = academic skill.
    * destreza cognitiva = cognitive skill.
    * destreza de apoyo = ancillary skill.
    * destreza en la acampada = campcraft.
    * destreza en la búsqueda de información en una biblioteca = library research skills.
    * destreza lingüística = language skill.
    * destreza manual = manual skill, manual dexterity.
    * destrezas informáticas = computer skills.
    * destrezas relacionadas con el uso de la información = information skills.
    * destrezas relacionadas con la información = information skills.
    * destreza verbal = verbal skill.
    * dominar una destreza = master + skill.
    * mejorar + Posesivo + destrezas = sharpen + Posesivo + skills.
    * producir con gran destreza = craft.
    * requerir más destreza = be more of an art.
    * * *
    femenino skill
    * * *
    = competence, skill, dexterity, prowess.

    Ex: In order that you should be able to perform these required skills with greater competence, selected elements of the theory of subject indexing will be included.

    Ex: However, successful human free language indexing is very dependent upon the skills of the individual indexer.
    Ex: Reference work is merely a practical skill -- of a high-grade kind, to be sure -- but a mere dexterity, a mental facility, acquired by practice.
    Ex: The results endorse the need for continued application of marketing prowess, information science research, and library support systems.
    * basado en el desarrollo de destrezas prácticas = competency based.
    * con destreza = nimbly, adeptly, with ease.
    * crear con gran destreza = craft.
    * desarrollar una destreza = develop + skill, build + skill.
    * desconocimiento de las destrezas básicas en la búsqueda, rec = information illiteracy.
    * destreza académica = academic skill.
    * destreza cognitiva = cognitive skill.
    * destreza de apoyo = ancillary skill.
    * destreza en la acampada = campcraft.
    * destreza en la búsqueda de información en una biblioteca = library research skills.
    * destreza lingüística = language skill.
    * destreza manual = manual skill, manual dexterity.
    * destrezas informáticas = computer skills.
    * destrezas relacionadas con el uso de la información = information skills.
    * destrezas relacionadas con la información = information skills.
    * destreza verbal = verbal skill.
    * dominar una destreza = master + skill.
    * mejorar + Posesivo + destrezas = sharpen + Posesivo + skills.
    * producir con gran destreza = craft.
    * requerir más destreza = be more of an art.

    * * *
    skill
    controló el balón con destreza he controlled the ball skillfully
    demostró mucha destreza con el florete he showed great dexterity o skill in his handling of the foil
    con gran destreza very skillfully
    * * *

    destreza sustantivo femenino
    skill;

    destreza sustantivo femenino skill: muestra bastante destreza con la cometa, she demonstrates quite a bit of skill with the kite

    ' destreza' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    maña
    - saber
    - arte
    - manual
    - pericia
    - técnica
    English:
    art
    - consummate
    - craft
    - derive
    - develop
    - development
    - dexterity
    - hone
    - improve
    - improvement
    - neatness
    - practice
    - practise
    - proficiency
    - prowess
    - skill
    - trick
    - deftly
    * * *
    skill, dexterity;
    tiene destreza para la costura he's very good at sewing;
    hacer algo con destreza to do sth skilfully
    * * *
    f skill
    * * *
    habilidad: dexterity, skill
    * * *
    destreza n skill

    Spanish-English dictionary > destreza

  • 14 difundir

    v.
    1 to spread (noticia, doctrina, epidemia).
    2 to spread out, to broadcast, to blaze abroad, to diffuse.
    La prensa difunde las noticias The press spreads out the news.
    El cono difundía energía The cone diffused energy.
    * * *
    1 (luz, calor) to diffuse
    2 figurado (noticia, enfermedad) to spread
    3 RADIO TELEVISIÓN to broadcast
    1 (luz, calor) to be diffused
    2 figurado (noticia, enfermedad) to spread
    * * *
    verb
    * * *
    1. VT
    1) (=extender) [+ calor, luz] to diffuse; [+ gas] to give off
    2) (=propagar) [+ programa, imagen] to broadcast, transmit; [+ teoría, ideología] to spread, disseminate
    2.
    See:
    * * *
    verbo transitivo <noticia/rumor> to spread; <ideas/doctrina> to spread, disseminate; < comunicado> to issue
    * * *
    = disseminate, promulgate, publicise [publicize, -USA], report, diffuse, propagate out to, cascade, propagate, bruit, trumpet.
    Ex. The UKLDS or the UK Library Database System is a proposal from the Cooperative Automation Group (CAG) which was first disseminated in a discussion paper published in 1982.
    Ex. This practice has been adopted by a number of national cataloguing codes promulgated since that time.
    Ex. A variety of extension activities, such as book clubs, competitions and quizzes also help to publicize the stock and the work of the library.
    Ex. Criticism is not appropriate in a style which aims to report, but not comment upon the content of the original document.
    Ex. As everywhere, research in library and information science in Australia is diffused over the myriad topics that make up the field.
    Ex. We must develop and study intelligent interfaces that propagate out to the information universe and report back to us.
    Ex. This project is designed to provide a network of practising librarians with a programme in educational methods and skills which can then be disseminated, or ' cascaded', to a wider network of professional colleagues.
    Ex. The update, once started, propagates through the database, respecting local integrity rules for each affected object.
    Ex. Among many observations in this widely bruited report, one in particular struck home: fewer books had been translated into Arabic in a millennium than were translated into Spanish in a year.
    Ex. Just weeks after trumpeting the results of a military offensive, the Pakistan army suddenly finds itself under attack on multiple fronts.
    ----
    * difundir buena imagen de = earn + credit for.
    * difundir el conocimiento = spread + knowledge.
    * difundir el evangelio = spread + the gospel.
    * difundir información = hand out + information.
    * difundir la imagen = spread + the good word, pass on + the good word.
    * difundir la noticia = spread + the word, spread + the good word, pass on + the good word, spread + the news.
    * difundir mentiras = spread + lies.
    * difundir noticias = broadcast + news.
    * difundirse = find + Posesivo + way, percolate.
    * difundir una idea = spread + view, spread + an idea, circulate + Posesivo + idea.
    * difundir un rumor = spread + rumour.
    * noticias + difundirse = news + spread.
    * * *
    verbo transitivo <noticia/rumor> to spread; <ideas/doctrina> to spread, disseminate; < comunicado> to issue
    * * *
    = disseminate, promulgate, publicise [publicize, -USA], report, diffuse, propagate out to, cascade, propagate, bruit, trumpet.

    Ex: The UKLDS or the UK Library Database System is a proposal from the Cooperative Automation Group (CAG) which was first disseminated in a discussion paper published in 1982.

    Ex: This practice has been adopted by a number of national cataloguing codes promulgated since that time.
    Ex: A variety of extension activities, such as book clubs, competitions and quizzes also help to publicize the stock and the work of the library.
    Ex: Criticism is not appropriate in a style which aims to report, but not comment upon the content of the original document.
    Ex: As everywhere, research in library and information science in Australia is diffused over the myriad topics that make up the field.
    Ex: We must develop and study intelligent interfaces that propagate out to the information universe and report back to us.
    Ex: This project is designed to provide a network of practising librarians with a programme in educational methods and skills which can then be disseminated, or ' cascaded', to a wider network of professional colleagues.
    Ex: The update, once started, propagates through the database, respecting local integrity rules for each affected object.
    Ex: Among many observations in this widely bruited report, one in particular struck home: fewer books had been translated into Arabic in a millennium than were translated into Spanish in a year.
    Ex: Just weeks after trumpeting the results of a military offensive, the Pakistan army suddenly finds itself under attack on multiple fronts.
    * difundir buena imagen de = earn + credit for.
    * difundir el conocimiento = spread + knowledge.
    * difundir el evangelio = spread + the gospel.
    * difundir información = hand out + information.
    * difundir la imagen = spread + the good word, pass on + the good word.
    * difundir la noticia = spread + the word, spread + the good word, pass on + the good word, spread + the news.
    * difundir mentiras = spread + lies.
    * difundir noticias = broadcast + news.
    * difundirse = find + Posesivo + way, percolate.
    * difundir una idea = spread + view, spread + an idea, circulate + Posesivo + idea.
    * difundir un rumor = spread + rumour.
    * noticias + difundirse = news + spread.

    * * *
    difundir [I1 ]
    vt
    ‹noticia/rumor› to spread; ‹ideas/doctrina› to spread, diffuse, disseminate
    difundían el temor entre la población they were spreading fear among the population
    se difundió un comunicado desmintiendo el rumor a communiqué was issued denying the rumor
    la noticia fue difundida por la radio the news was broadcast on the radio
    una institución que se encarga de difundir la cultura an institution responsible for disseminating culture
    son creencias difundidas en esta región such beliefs are widespread in this area
    la lámpara difundía una luz tenue the lamp gave off a dim light
    * * *

     

    difundir ( conjugate difundir) verbo transitivonoticia/rumor to spread;
    ideas/doctrina to spread, disseminate;
    cultura to disseminate;
    comunicado to issue;
    ( por radio) to disseminate;

    difundir vtr, difundirse verbo reflexivo to spread

    ' difundir' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    difundirse
    - sembrar
    English:
    bandy about
    - broadcast
    - diffuse
    - propagate
    - radiate
    - spread
    * * *
    vt
    1. [divulgar] [noticia, pánico, religión] to spread;
    [comunicado, informe] to publish; [cultura, costumbres] to spread, to diffuse
    2. [sujeto: emisora radiofónica, canal televisivo] to broadcast;
    una cadena argentina difundió las imágenes an Argentinian channel broadcast the pictures
    3. [extender] [epidemia, olor] to spread;
    [sonido, ondas] to diffuse, to propagate;
    la estufa difunde muy bien el calor the stove heats the place up well
    * * *
    v/t
    1 spread
    2 programa broadcast
    * * *
    1) : to diffuse, to spread out
    2) : to broadcast, to spread
    * * *
    1. (en general) to spread [pt. & pp. spread]
    2. (radio, televisión) to broadcast [pt. & pp. broadcast]

    Spanish-English dictionary > difundir

  • 15 distribuir

    v.
    to distribute.
    distribuyen comida entre los pobres they give out food to the poor, they distribute food among the poor
    distribuir las tareas to divide up o share out the tasks
    Ella distribuyó las provisiones She distributed the provisions.
    Ellos distribuyeron los volantes They distributed=handed out the fliers.
    * * *
    Conjugation model [ HUIR], like link=huir huir
    1 (repartir) to distribute
    2 (correo) to deliver; (trabajo) to share, allot; (agua, gas, etc) to supply
    3 (un piso) to lay out
    4 (colocar) to arrange, place
    * * *
    verb
    * * *
    1. VT
    1) (=repartir) [+ víveres, mercancía, película] to distribute; [+ correo] to deliver; [+ trabajo, tarea] to allocate; [+ folletos] [en buzones] to distribute; [en mano] to hand out
    2) (=entregar) [+ premios] to give out; [+ dividendos] to pay
    3) (Téc) [+ carga] to stow, arrange; [+ peso] to distribute equally
    4) (Arquit) to plan, lay out
    2.
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    a) <dinero/víveres/panfletos> to hand out, distribute; < ganancias> to distribute; < tareas> to allocate, assign; <carga/peso> to distribute, spread
    b) <producto/película> to distribute
    c) canal/conducto < agua> to distribute
    d) (disponer, dividir)
    2.
    distribuirse v pron (refl) to divide up
    * * *
    = allot, circulate, disperse, distribute, hand (over), host, scatter, spread (over/throughout), propagate out to, hand out, apportion, dispense, pass out, sequence, spread out, lay out, cascade, space out.
    Ex. Money is allotted with the library fund subfunction.
    Ex. The discussions, debates, submissions and decisions of conferences are often printed and circulated to delegates and made available to other interested parties.
    Ex. For example, Recreation, previously dispersed over several main classes, is now brought together as a new main class, and Space Science has been added between Astronomy and the Earth Sciences.
    Ex. A bulletin will be a printed list, or set list for consultation on a VDU, which is published and distributed to a number of users on a specific subject area, say, building products or cancer research.
    Ex. Eventually, teachers should be able to ' hand the chalk over to the students' and take a back seat.
    Ex. Most computer bureaux which host the factual data bases have their own world-wide networks.
    Ex. Similar and closely related subjects are likely to be scattered under different keywords.
    Ex. This should illustrate rather dramatically how failure to adopt a single well-defined form of name could spread entries throughout the alphabet.
    Ex. We must develop and study intelligent interfaces that propagate out to the information universe and report back to us.
    Ex. An aggressive approach is made to publicity, with posters and leaflets distributed widely, visits to local shops, post offices, doctors surgeries etc, to drum up business, and the use of volunteers to hand out leaflets at street corners = Se inicia una campaña de publicidad enérgica, distribuyendo de forma general folletos y pósteres, visitando las tiendas, oficinas de correos y consultorías médicas de la localidad, etc., para promocionar el negocio, además de utilizar voluntarios para distribuir prospectos por las esquinas de las calles.
    Ex. However, procedures for apportioning collection budgets have not been designed specifically for the school context.
    Ex. This paper describes the role of the federal government in dispensing aid to public libraries as part of the combat against the Great Depression of the 1930s.
    Ex. At the Closing Session Danish flags were suddenly produced and passed out among the crowd who began waving them enthusiastically.
    Ex. The coefficients of eigenvectors associated with the largest eigenvalue provide the basis for sequencing atoms which are ordered according to the relative magnitudes of the coefficients.
    Ex. For instance, in reproduction of Renoir's work under the subject IMPRESSIONISM, Renoir's works would not stand together in the catalog but be spread out according to their titles.
    Ex. There should be plenty of space to lay out all the books attractively and for people to move about without feeling too crowded.
    Ex. This project is designed to provide a network of practising librarians with a programme in educational methods and skills which can then be disseminated, or ' cascaded', to a wider network of professional colleagues.
    Ex. The results of a study suggest that people remember more high school material when learning occurs spaced out over several years.
    ----
    * distribuir aleatoriamente = randomise [randomize, -USA].
    * distribuir de un modo escalonado = lay out in + stages.
    * distribuir de un modo planificado = zone.
    * distribuir el trabajo = spread + the load.
    * distribuir la responsabilidad = spread + the load.
    * distribuirse = spread over.
    * distribuir un cuestionario = circulate + questionnaire.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    a) <dinero/víveres/panfletos> to hand out, distribute; < ganancias> to distribute; < tareas> to allocate, assign; <carga/peso> to distribute, spread
    b) <producto/película> to distribute
    c) canal/conducto < agua> to distribute
    d) (disponer, dividir)
    2.
    distribuirse v pron (refl) to divide up
    * * *
    = allot, circulate, disperse, distribute, hand (over), host, scatter, spread (over/throughout), propagate out to, hand out, apportion, dispense, pass out, sequence, spread out, lay out, cascade, space out.

    Ex: Money is allotted with the library fund subfunction.

    Ex: The discussions, debates, submissions and decisions of conferences are often printed and circulated to delegates and made available to other interested parties.
    Ex: For example, Recreation, previously dispersed over several main classes, is now brought together as a new main class, and Space Science has been added between Astronomy and the Earth Sciences.
    Ex: A bulletin will be a printed list, or set list for consultation on a VDU, which is published and distributed to a number of users on a specific subject area, say, building products or cancer research.
    Ex: Eventually, teachers should be able to ' hand the chalk over to the students' and take a back seat.
    Ex: Most computer bureaux which host the factual data bases have their own world-wide networks.
    Ex: Similar and closely related subjects are likely to be scattered under different keywords.
    Ex: This should illustrate rather dramatically how failure to adopt a single well-defined form of name could spread entries throughout the alphabet.
    Ex: We must develop and study intelligent interfaces that propagate out to the information universe and report back to us.
    Ex: An aggressive approach is made to publicity, with posters and leaflets distributed widely, visits to local shops, post offices, doctors surgeries etc, to drum up business, and the use of volunteers to hand out leaflets at street corners = Se inicia una campaña de publicidad enérgica, distribuyendo de forma general folletos y pósteres, visitando las tiendas, oficinas de correos y consultorías médicas de la localidad, etc., para promocionar el negocio, además de utilizar voluntarios para distribuir prospectos por las esquinas de las calles.
    Ex: However, procedures for apportioning collection budgets have not been designed specifically for the school context.
    Ex: This paper describes the role of the federal government in dispensing aid to public libraries as part of the combat against the Great Depression of the 1930s.
    Ex: At the Closing Session Danish flags were suddenly produced and passed out among the crowd who began waving them enthusiastically.
    Ex: The coefficients of eigenvectors associated with the largest eigenvalue provide the basis for sequencing atoms which are ordered according to the relative magnitudes of the coefficients.
    Ex: For instance, in reproduction of Renoir's work under the subject IMPRESSIONISM, Renoir's works would not stand together in the catalog but be spread out according to their titles.
    Ex: There should be plenty of space to lay out all the books attractively and for people to move about without feeling too crowded.
    Ex: This project is designed to provide a network of practising librarians with a programme in educational methods and skills which can then be disseminated, or ' cascaded', to a wider network of professional colleagues.
    Ex: The results of a study suggest that people remember more high school material when learning occurs spaced out over several years.
    * distribuir aleatoriamente = randomise [randomize, -USA].
    * distribuir de un modo escalonado = lay out in + stages.
    * distribuir de un modo planificado = zone.
    * distribuir el trabajo = spread + the load.
    * distribuir la responsabilidad = spread + the load.
    * distribuirse = spread over.
    * distribuir un cuestionario = circulate + questionnaire.

    * * *
    vt
    1 (repartir) ‹dinero/víveres/panfletos› to hand out, distribute; ‹ganancias› to distribute; ‹tareas› to allocate, assign; ‹carga/peso› to distribute, spread
    un país donde la riqueza está muy mal distribuida a country where wealth is very unevenly distributed
    2 ‹producto/película› to distribute
    3 «canal/conducto» ‹agua› to distribute
    4
    (disponer, dividir): las habitaciones están muy bien distribuidas the rooms are very well laid out o arranged
    los distribuyeron en tres grupos they divided them into three groups
    ( refl) to divide up
    * * *

     

    Multiple Entries:
    distribuir    
    distribuir algo
    distribuir ( conjugate distribuir) verbo transitivo
    a)dinero/víveres/panfletos to hand out, distribute;

    ganancias to distribute;
    tareas to allocate, assign;
    carga/peso to distribute, spread
    b)producto/película to distribute

    c) [canal/conducto] ‹ agua to distribute


    e) ( dividir) to divide … up;


    distribuirse verbo pronominal ( refl) to divide up
    distribuir verbo transitivo
    1 (repartir productos) to distribute: ¿quién distribuye esta revista en España?, who distributes this magazine in Spain?
    2 (dar la parte correspondiente) to share out: voy a distribuir las pocas patatas que quedan, I'll divide up the few potatoes left
    3 (poner varias cosas en un sitio adecuado) to arrange: ¿qué te parece cómo he distribuido los muebles?, how do you like my furniture arrangement?
    ' distribuir' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    escalonar
    - repartir
    English:
    distribute
    - dole out
    - give out
    - hand round
    - issue
    - pass out
    - syndicate
    - deal
    - give
    - hand
    - share
    * * *
    vt
    1. [repartir] [dinero, alimentos, medicamentos] to distribute, to hand out;
    [carga, trabajo] to spread; [pastel, ganancias] to divide up; [correo] to deliver;
    distribuyen comida entre los pobres they give out food to the poor, they distribute food among the poor;
    distribuir propaganda por los buzones to deliver advertising leaflets through Br letter boxes o US mailboxes;
    distribuir la riqueza más justamente to share out o distribute wealth more justly;
    distribuir el trabajo/las tareas to divide up o share out the work/the tasks;
    trata de distribuir bien tu tiempo try to manage your time carefully
    2. Com [mercancías, productos, películas] to distribute;
    una empresa que distribuye material de papelería a firm distributing stationery materials
    3. [disponer]
    una casa muy bien distribuida a house with a very nice layout;
    nos distribuyeron en grupos de cinco they divided o split us into groups of five;
    distribuyó los libros por temas she arranged the books by topic
    * * *
    v/t
    1 distribute; beneficio share out
    2
    :
    distribuir en grupos divide into groups
    * * *
    distribuir {41} vt
    : to distribute
    * * *
    1. (en general) to distribute
    hay que distribuir la riqueza, el saber y el poder we must distribute wealth, knowledge and power
    2. (trabajo) to share out

    Spanish-English dictionary > distribuir

  • 16 escéptico

    adj.
    skeptical, doubting, cynical, incredulous.
    m.
    skeptic, doubting Thomas, doubter, sceptic.
    * * *
    1 sceptic (US skeptic)
    nombre masculino,nombre femenino
    1 sceptic (US skeptic)
    * * *
    (f. - escéptica)
    adj.
    * * *
    escéptico, -a
    1.
    ADJ sceptical, skeptical (EEUU)
    2.
    SM / F sceptic, skeptic (EEUU)
    * * *
    I
    - ca adjetivo skeptical*
    II
    - ca masculino, femenino skeptic*
    * * *
    = skeptical, sceptic, sceptical, skeptic, incredulous, unconvinced.
    Ex. Many people were skeptical that the compact disc (CD) would replace the phonograph record.
    Ex. Please accept this from the person who was probably the biggest sceptic in the State of Ohio at the beginning -- if we had waited for this from the start, I think we never would have started.
    Ex. Bill Gates, once sceptical about the Internet, has now changed his mind.
    Ex. The article 'The conversion of a secondary school skeptic' defines a stations approach to learning as a series of activities and supporting resources designed to develop student knowledge and/or skills.
    Ex. 65% reported that they were both unhappy & incredulous.
    Ex. Many educators still remain unconvinced of the value of school libraries in the school.
    * * *
    I
    - ca adjetivo skeptical*
    II
    - ca masculino, femenino skeptic*
    * * *
    = skeptical, sceptic, sceptical, skeptic, incredulous, unconvinced.

    Ex: Many people were skeptical that the compact disc (CD) would replace the phonograph record.

    Ex: Please accept this from the person who was probably the biggest sceptic in the State of Ohio at the beginning -- if we had waited for this from the start, I think we never would have started.
    Ex: Bill Gates, once sceptical about the Internet, has now changed his mind.
    Ex: The article 'The conversion of a secondary school skeptic' defines a stations approach to learning as a series of activities and supporting resources designed to develop student knowledge and/or skills.
    Ex: 65% reported that they were both unhappy & incredulous.
    Ex: Many educators still remain unconvinced of the value of school libraries in the school.

    * * *
    skeptical*
    en cuanto a la validez de sus investigaciones soy algo escéptico I am somewhat skeptical about the validity of his research, I have my doubts as to the validity of his research
    masculine, feminine
    skeptic*
    * * *

    escéptico
    ◊ -ca adjetivo

    skeptical( conjugate skeptical)
    ■ sustantivo masculino, femenino
    skeptic( conjugate skeptic)
    escéptico,-a
    I adjetivo sceptical, US skeptical: adoptó una actitud escéptica, he adopted a sceptical attitude
    II sustantivo masculino y femenino sceptic, US skeptic

    ' escéptico' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    escéptica
    English:
    sceptic
    - sceptical
    - skeptic
    - skeptical
    * * *
    escéptico, -a
    adj
    1. [filósofo] sceptic
    2. [incrédulo] sceptical
    nm,f
    sceptic
    * * *
    I adj skeptical, Br
    sceptical
    II m, escéptica f skeptic, Br
    sceptic
    * * *
    escéptico, -ca adj
    : skeptical
    escéptico, -ca n
    : skeptic

    Spanish-English dictionary > escéptico

  • 17 mano de obra

    labour
    * * *
    manpower, workforce
    * * *
    labor*
    * * *
    (n.) = labour [labor, -USA], manpower, manpower force, work-force [workforce], work-force, labour force, manual labour
    Ex. Encouraged by these developments, successive waves of cheap labor immigrated from Europe.
    Ex. The question has been raised as to the manpower required to produce the ever-increasing number of abstracts.
    Ex. This article focusses attention on formulating plans and policy for building up a manpower force for modernising library and information systems India within the next 5 years.
    Ex. Employers of library and information staff have to develop and maintain skills within the workforce.
    Ex. They were helpful in imparting the literacy and knowledge needed by modern technology without coercing the work-force away from its duty.
    Ex. The view that Chinese immigration was a threat to the American labour force spread throughout the United States in the late 19th century.
    Ex. The arguments are well known but we must realise that there was a very real fear that society would run short of manual labour = Los argumentos son bien conocidos pero debemos darnos cuenta de que había existía un miedo real de que la sociedad se quedase sin mano de obra.
    * * *
    labor*
    * * *
    (n.) = labour [labor, -USA], manpower, manpower force, work-force [workforce], work-force, labour force, manual labour

    Ex: Encouraged by these developments, successive waves of cheap labor immigrated from Europe.

    Ex: The question has been raised as to the manpower required to produce the ever-increasing number of abstracts.
    Ex: This article focusses attention on formulating plans and policy for building up a manpower force for modernising library and information systems India within the next 5 years.
    Ex: Employers of library and information staff have to develop and maintain skills within the workforce.
    Ex: They were helpful in imparting the literacy and knowledge needed by modern technology without coercing the work-force away from its duty.
    Ex: The view that Chinese immigration was a threat to the American labour force spread throughout the United States in the late 19th century.
    Ex: The arguments are well known but we must realise that there was a very real fear that society would run short of manual labour = Los argumentos son bien conocidos pero debemos darnos cuenta de que había existía un miedo real de que la sociedad se quedase sin mano de obra.

    * * *
    labor, Br
    labour, manpower

    Spanish-English dictionary > mano de obra

  • 18 motriz

    adj.
    driving, motor, motive.
    * * *
    1 motive
    \
    fuerza motriz motive power
    * * *
    ADJ
    1) (Téc) motive, motor (EEUU)
    2) (Anat) motor
    * * *
    adjetivo: ver motor I
    * * *
    = motor.
    Ex. The first 5 years of life are critical in a child's development as it is during this time that they start to develop language as well as motor and cerebral skills.
    ----
    * fuerza motriz = powerhouse, power engine, motive force.
    * rueda motriz = driving wheel.
    * * *
    adjetivo: ver motor I
    * * *

    Ex: The first 5 years of life are critical in a child's development as it is during this time that they start to develop language as well as motor and cerebral skills.

    * fuerza motriz = powerhouse, power engine, motive force.
    * rueda motriz = driving wheel.

    * * *
    ver motor1 (↑ motor (1))
    * * *

    motor, motriz adjetivo motor
    fuerza motriz, driving/ motive/propelling force
    ' motriz' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    motor
    English:
    driving force
    - dynamic
    - motive
    - motor
    * * *
    * * *
    adj motor;
    fuerza motriz driving force
    * * *
    motriz adj, pl motrices : driving

    Spanish-English dictionary > motriz

  • 19 método escalonado

    Ex. The article 'The conversion of a secondary school skeptic' defines a stations approach to learning as a series of activities and supporting resources designed to develop student knowledge and/or skills.
    * * *

    Ex: The article 'The conversion of a secondary school skeptic' defines a stations approach to learning as a series of activities and supporting resources designed to develop student knowledge and/or skills.

    Spanish-English dictionary > método escalonado

  • 20 personal1

    1 = manpower, manpower force, personnel, staff, staffing, work-force [workforce], crew.
    Ex. The question has been raised as to the manpower required to produce the ever-increasing number of abstracts.
    Ex. This article focusses attention on formulating plans and policy for building up a manpower force for modernising library and information systems India within the next 5 years.
    Ex. Application areas include: personnel records, mailing lists, accident and incident records, clinical and health records, committee minutes and records, and so on.
    Ex. The current LC MARC data base contains both records created by the LC staff and those created by co-operating libraries and verified by the LC.
    Ex. During the discussions it became apparent that the most pressing issues of staffing, resources, procedural complexities and educational opportunities related to IT.
    Ex. Employers of library and information staff have to develop and maintain skills within the workforce.
    Ex. Phillips has 12 installations with a crew of 15-450 men.
    ----
    * actitud del personal = staff attitude.
    * administración de personal = personnel administration.
    * ahorro de personal = staff saving.
    * apoyo del personal = staff support.
    * asignar personal = commit + manpower.
    * bien dotado de personal = well-staffed.
    * costes de personal = staff costs.
    * dedicación del personal = staff hours.
    * desarrollo profesional del personal = staff development.
    * dotación de personal = staffing.
    * encargado de personal = personnel officer, welfare officer.
    * evaluación del personal = personnel evaluation.
    * exceso de personal administrativo = administrative bloat.
    * falta de personal = undermanning.
    * falto de personal = understaffed [under-staffed].
    * formación continua del personal = staff development.
    * formación del personal = staff training, professional development.
    * formar personal = produce + personnel.
    * funciones del personal = staff duties.
    * gastos en personal = staff costs.
    * gestión de personal = personnel management.
    * jefe de personal = personnel officer, welfare officer, staff manager.
    * jefe de personal de la biblioteca = library personnel officer.
    * miembro del personal = staff member, staffer.
    * movimiento de personal = staff turnover, turnover, labour turnover.
    * número y distribución de personal = staffing conditions.
    * personal administrativo = administrative staff.
    * personal administrativo de apoyo = clerical staff, clerical worker, clerical personnel.
    * personal auxiliar = clerical staff.
    * personal bibliotecario = library personnel, library staff, library worker.
    * personal civil = civilian staff.
    * personal cualificado = qualified staff, qualified personnel.
    * personal de ambulancia = ambulance crew.
    * personal de apoyo = paraprofessional staff, support staff.
    * personal de apoyo bibliotecario = library support staff.
    * personal de cabina = cabin crew.
    * personal de dirección = senior staff, senior management.
    * personal de la biblioteca = library staff, library worker.
    * personal del mostrador = counter staff.
    * personal del mostrador de préstamo = counter staff.
    * personal de mantenimiento = service worker.
    * personal de proceso de datos = operation staff.
    * personal de recepción = reception staff.
    * personal de referencia = reference staff, reference personnel.
    * personal de secretaría = secretarial staff.
    * personal de seguridad = security staff.
    * personal de servicios = service worker.
    * personal de un centro multimedia escolar = school media staff.
    * personal de vuelo = flight crew.
    * personal equivalente a tiempo completo = full-time equivalent staff (FTE staff).
    * personal joven = new blood.
    * personal más nuevo = junior staff.
    * personal militar = military personnel.
    * personal necesario = staffing levels.
    * personal paraprofesional = paraprofessional staff.
    * personal profesional = professional staff.
    * personal sanitario = clinical staff.
    * personal técnico = technical staff.
    * personal técnico de apoyo = support staff.
    * política de personal = personnel policy, staff policy.
    * puesta al día del personal = staff development.
    * que necesita bastante dedicación de personal = labour-intensive [labour intensive], staff-intensive [staff intensive].
    * razones del movimiento de personal = turnover behaviour.
    * recorte de personal = downsizing, staffing cut.
    * reducción de personal = staff cutbacks, downsizing.
    * registro de personal = personnel record.
    * renovación de personal = turnover, labour turnover.
    * responsable del personal de la biblioteca = library personnel officer.
    * reunión de personal = staff meeting.
    * ritmo de movimiento de personal = turnover rate.
    * sala de estar para el personal = coffee lounge.
    * sala de personal = staff lounge.
    * sección de personal = personnel department, personnel office.
    * selección de personal = personnel recruitment.
    * sólo para personal autorizado = restricted access.
    * tareas del personal = staff duties.
    * tasa de movimiento de personal = turnover rate, turnover rate.
    * turnos del personal = staffing rota.
    * vacante de personal = staff vacancy.

    Spanish-English dictionary > personal1

См. также в других словарях:

  • Skills for Care — is the strategic body for workforce development in adult social care in England.Skills for Care’s vision is * To put employers in the driving seat on social care workforce issues * To create a trained and qualified workforce providing high… …   Wikipedia

  • Skills management — is the practice of understanding, developing and deploying people and their skills. Well implemented skills management should identify the skills that job roles require, the skills of individual employees, and any gap between the two. OverviewThe …   Wikipedia

  • develop — de‧vel‧op [dɪˈveləp] verb 1. [intransitive, transitive] to grow or gradually change into a larger, stronger, or more advanced state: • Once a stock market develops in the Czech Republic, the bank s customers will be offered investment accounts.… …   Financial and business terms

  • develop — [[t]dɪve̱ləp[/t]] ♦ develops, developing, developed 1) VERB When something develops, it grows or changes over a period of time and usually becomes more advanced, complete, or severe. As children develop, some of the most important things they… …   English dictionary

  • develop */*/*/ — UK [dɪˈveləp] / US verb Word forms develop : present tense I/you/we/they develop he/she/it develops present participle developing past tense developed past participle developed Get it right: develop: Don t write the ed and ing forms of develop… …   English dictionary

  • develop — de|vel|op W1S3 [dıˈveləp] v ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(grow)¦ 2¦(new idea/product)¦ 3¦(feeling)¦ 4¦(skill/ability)¦ 5¦(disease)¦ 6¦(fault/problem)¦ 7¦(problem/difficulty)¦ 8¦(idea/argument)¦ 9¦(land)¦ 10¦(photography)¦ …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • develop — de|vel|op [ dı veləp ] verb *** ▸ 1 grow/change ▸ 2 be affected by/affect ▸ 3 improve/create ▸ 4 use land for something ▸ 5 prepare photograph 1. ) intransitive if people, animals, or plants develop, they change or grow as they get older: All… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • develop — 01. He [developed] a bad rash on his hands after touching a plant he is allergic to. 02. I saw a book which had incredible photos showing the [development] of a baby inside its mother s womb. 03. Birth rates in the [developing] countries have not …   Grammatical examples in English

  • Key Skills Qualification — The Key Skills Qualification [http://www.qca.org.uk/603.html] is a frequently required component of 14 19 education in England, Northern Ireland and Wales. The aim of Key Skills is to encourage learners to develop and demonstrate their skills as… …   Wikipedia

  • Childhood development of fine motor skills — Dexterity is helpful in working with knitting needles Fine motor skills are the coordination of small muscle movements which occur e.g., in the fingers, usually in coordination with the eyes. In application to motor skills of hands (and fingers)… …   Wikipedia

  • Knowledge and Skills Framework — The Knowledge and Skills Framework (KSF) is a competence framework to support personal development and career progression within the National Health Service in the United Kingdom. It applies to all staff except board members, doctors and dentists …   Wikipedia

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