Перевод: с английского на все языки


  • 41 Harris, Alanson

    b. 1816 Ingersoll, Ontario, Canada
    d. 1894 Canada
    Canadian manufacturer of agricultural machinery and co-founder of the Massey Harris Company (later Massey Ferguson).
    Alanson Harris was the first often children born to the wife of a circuit rider and preacher. His father's wanderings left Alanson at an early age in charge of the running of the family farm on the Grand River in Canada; also, his father's preference was for tinkering with machines rather than for farming. However, when he was 13 Alanson had to go out to work in order to bring badly needed cash to augment the family income. He worked at a sawmill in the small village of Boston, becoming Boss Sawyer and then Foreman after ten years. In 1839 the family moved to Mount Pleasant, and the following year Alanson married Mary Morgan, the daughter of a well-to-do pioneer Welsh farmer. He entered into a brief partnership with his father to build a sawmill at Whiteman's Creek, but within a few months his father returned to preaching and Alanson became the sole proprietor. After a successful early period Alanson recognized the signs of decline in the timber market, and in 1857 he sold the mill, moved to Beamsville, Niagara, and bought a small factory from which he produced the flop-over hay rake invented by his father. In 1863 he took his eldest son into partnership; the latter returned from a visit to the United States with the sole rights to produce the Kirby mower and reaper. The Crimean War created a market for corn, which gave a great boost to North American farming and, in its turn, to machinery production. This was reinforced by the tariff agreements between the United States and Canada. By the 1880s Harris and Massey between them accounted for two thirds of the harvesting machines sold in Canada, and they also supplied machines abroad. By the end of the decade the mutual benefits of joining forces were apparent and by 1891 an agreement was reached, with Alanson Harris and A.H.Massey on the first board.
    Further Reading
    G.Quick and W.Buchele, 1978, The Grain Harvesters, American Society of Agricultural Engineers (refers to Harris and Massey Harris Company in its account of the development of harvest machinery).
    M.Denison, 1949, Harvest Triumphant: The Story of Massey Harris, London (gives a more detailed account of Massey Harris Company).

    Biographical history of technology > Harris, Alanson

  • 42 Massey, Daniel

    b. 1798 Vermont, USA
    d. 1856 Canada
    American agricultural machinery manufacturer and co-founder of the Massey Harris Company (now Massey Ferguson).
    In about 1800 Daniel Massey's family moved to Upper Canada. At the age of 6 he was sent back to stay with his grandparents in Waterton, USA, where he attended school for three years. He returned to his parents in 1807, and for the next twelve years he remained on his father's farm.
    At the age of 19 he forfeited his rights to his inheritance and rented land further west, which he began to clear. By the age of 21 he owned 200 acres, and during the next twelve years he bought, cleared and sold a further 1,200 acres. In 1820 he married Lucina Bradley from Water-town and returned with her to Canada.
    In 1830 he decided to settle down to farming and brought one of the first US threshing machines into Canada. From frequent visits to his family in the US he would return with new farm equipment, and in 1844 he handed his farm over to his eldest son so that he could concentrate on the development of his farm workshop. In 1845 he formed a brief partnership with R.F.Vaughan, who owned a small factory in Durham County near Lake Ontario. He began the production of ploughs, harrows, scufflers and rollers at a time when the Canadian Government was imposing heavy import duties on agricultural equipment being brought in from the USA. His business flourished and within six months he bought out his partner.
    In 1848 he bought another foundry in Newcastle, together with 50 acres of land, and in 1851 his son Hart joined him in the business. The following year Hart returned from the USA with the sole rights to manufacture the Ketchum mower and the Burrell reaper.
    The advent of the railway four years later opened up wider markets, and from these beginnings the Massey Company was to represent Canada at the Paris Exhibition of 1867. The European market was secured by the successes of the Massey reaper in the "World" trials held in France in 1889. Two years later the company merged with the Harris Company of Canada, to become the Massey Harris Company. Daniel Massey retired from the company four years after his son joined it, and he died the following year.
    Further Reading
    Graeme Quick and Wesley Buchele, 1978, The Grain Harvesters, American Society of Agricultural Engineers (gives an account of harvest machinery development, in which Massey Harris played a vital role).
    Merrill Denison, 1949, Harvest Triumphant: The Story of Massey Harris, London.

    Biographical history of technology > Massey, Daniel

  • 43 Stibitz, George R.

    b. 20 April 1904 York, Pennsylvania, USA
    American mathematician responsible for the conception of the Bell Laboratories "Complex " computer.
    Stibitz spent his early years in Dayton, Ohio, and obtained his first degree at Denison University, Granville, Ohio, his MS from Union College, Schenectady, New York, in 1927 and his PhD in mathematical physics from Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, in 1930. After working for a time for General Electric, he joined Bell Laboratories to work on various communications problems. In 1937 he started to experiment at home with telephone relays as the basis of a calculator for addition, multiplication and division. Initially this was based on binary arithmetic, but later he used binary-coded decimal (BCD) and was able to cope with complex numbers. In November 1938 the ideas were officially taken up by Bell Laboratories and, with S.B.Williams as Project Manager, Stibitz built a complex-number computer known as "Complex", or Relay I, which became operational on 8 January 1940.
    With the outbreak of the Second World War, he was co-opted to the National Defence Research Council to work on anti-aircraft (AA) gun control, and this led to Bell Laboratories Relay II computer, which was completed in 1943 and which had 500 relays, bi-quinary code and selfchecking of errors. A further computer, Relay III, was used for ballistic simulation of actual AA shell explosions and was followed by more machines before and after Stibitz left Bell after the end of the war. Stibitz then became a computer consultant, involved in particular with the development of the UNIVAC computer by John Mauchly and J.Presper Eckert.
    Principal Honours and Distinctions
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Emanuel R.Priore Award 1977.
    1957, with J.A.Larrivee, Mathematics and Computers, New York: McGraw-Hill. 1967, "The Relay computer at the Bell Laboratories", Datamation 35.
    Further Reading
    E.Loveday, 1977, "George Stibitz and the Bell Labs Relay computer", Datamation 80. M.R.Williams, 1985, A History of Computing Technology, London: Prentice-Hall.

    Biographical history of technology > Stibitz, George R.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Denison — may refer to: Contents 1 Given name 2 Surname 3 Places 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Denison — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Denison (Iowa) Denison (Kansas) Denison (Pennsylvania) Denison (Texas) Denison (Washington) Denison Corner (New York) Denison Township (Illinois) Denison Township (Iowa) in Kanada: Denison… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Denison — Denison, IA U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 7339 Housing Units (2000): 2837 Land area (2000): 6.190798 sq. miles (16.034093 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.032901 sq. miles (0.085214 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.223699 sq. miles (16.119307 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Denison, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 7339 Housing Units (2000): 2837 Land area (2000): 6.190798 sq. miles (16.034093 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.032901 sq. miles (0.085214 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.223699 sq. miles (16.119307 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Denison, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 231 Housing Units (2000): 88 Land area (2000): 0.117033 sq. miles (0.303113 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.117033 sq. miles (0.303113 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Denison, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 22773 Housing Units (2000): 10309 Land area (2000): 22.590845 sq. miles (58.510017 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.323020 sq. miles (0.836619 sq. km) Total area (2000): 22.913865 sq. miles (59.346636 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Denison — (spr. dénnĭs n), Stadt in Texas, Grafschaft Grayson, unweit des Red River, Bahnknotenpunkt, mit Baumwoll und Getreidehandel und (1900) 11,807 Einwohnern …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Denison — (spr. dénniß n), Stadt im nordamerik. Staate Texas, (1900) 11.807 E.; Handel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Denison — /den euh seuhn/, n. a city in NE Texas. 23,884. * * * ▪ Texas, United States       city, Grayson county, north central Texas, U.S., situated near the Oklahoma border, 73 miles (117 km) north of Dallas. The city of Sherman lies to the south and… …   Universalium

  • Denison — 1 Original name in latin Denison Name in other language Denison, dan ni sen, denison, dnyswn, tgzas, dnyswn, tksas, Денисон State code US Continent/City America/Chicago longitude 33.75566 latitude 96.53666 altitude 227 Population 22682 Date 2011… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Denison — Recorded in several spelling forms including Denison, Dennison, and Dennyson, this is a surname of English and Scottish medieval origins. It is a patronymic of the surname Dennis, itself as a personal name derived from the Ancient Greek Dionysios …   Surnames reference


Другие книги по запросу «denison» >>

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»