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cytotoxic T-lymphocytes

  • 1 cytotoxic T-lymphocytes

    Т-киллеры, цитотоксические T-лимфоциты
    Вид лимфоцитов, осуществляющий лизис повреждённых клеток собственного организма. Мишени Т-киллеров — это клетки, поражённые внутриклеточными паразитами (к которым относятся вирусы и некоторые виды бактерий), опухолевые клетки. Т-киллеры являются основным компонентом антивирусного иммунитета.

    Англо-русский толковый словарь генетических терминов > cytotoxic T-lymphocytes

См. также в других словарях:

  • cytotoxic T lymphocytes — (CTL) differentiated T lymphocytes that can recognize and lyse target cells bearing specific antigens recognized by their antigen receptors. Recognition is MHC restricted; the foreign antigen is recognized only in association with self MHC… …   Medical dictionary

  • cytotoxic T cells — cytotoxic T lymphocytes …   Medical dictionary

  • Cytotoxic T cell — Antigen presentation stimulates T cells to become either cytotoxic CD8+ cells or helper CD4+ cells. A cytotoxic T cell (also known as TC, Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte, CTL, T Killer cell, cytolytic T cell, CD8+ T cells or killer T cell) belongs to a… …   Wikipedia

  • Cytotoxic — Toxic to cells, cell toxic, cell killing. Any agent or process that kills cells. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are forms of cytotoxic therapy. They kill cells. The prefix cyto denotes a cell. It comes from the Greek kytos meaning hollow, as a… …   Medical dictionary

  • cytotoxic T-cells — Subset of T lymphocytes (mostly CD8+ ) responsible for lysing target cells and for killing virus infected cells (in the context of Class I histocompatibility antigens) …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • T lymphocytes — the cells primarily responsible for cell mediated immunity; they originate from lymphoid stem cells that migrate from the bone marrow to the thymus and differentiate under the influence of the thymic hormones thymopoietin and thymosin. They are… …   Medical dictionary

  • T lymphocytes, cytotoxic — T cells that express the CD8 transmembrane glycoprotein (CD8+ T cells). They are antigen specific: able to search out and kill specific types of infected cells. When they find cells carrying the viral peptide they are looking for, they induce… …   Medical dictionary

  • killer T cells — cytotoxic T lymphocytes …   Medical dictionary

  • T-killer cells — cytotoxic T lymphocytes …   Medical dictionary

  • Major histocompatibility complex — The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is a large genomic region or gene family found in most vertebrates that encodes MHC molecules. MHC molecules play an important role in the immune system and autoimmunity. Proteins are continually… …   Wikipedia

  • Cell — The basic structural and functional unit in people and all living things. Each cell is a small container of chemicals and water wrapped in a membrane. Each cell in the human body there are 100 trillion cells in each of us contains the entire… …   Medical dictionary

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