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crude distillation

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  • Distillation — Distiller and Distillery redirect here. For other uses, see Distiller (disambiguation) and Distillery (disambiguation). For other uses, see Distillation (disambiguation). Laboratory display of distillation: 1: A heating device 2: Still pot 3:… …   Wikipedia

  • distillation — distillatory /di stil euh tawr ee, tohr ee/, distillative /di stil euh tiv/, adj. /dis tl ay sheuhn/, n. 1. the volatilization or evaporation and subsequent condensation of a liquid, as when water is boiled in a retort and the steam is condensed… …   Universalium

  • distillation — 1. The general process of vaporizing liquids, crude oil, or one of its fractions in a closed vessel, collecting and condensing the vapors into liquids. Commercial forms of distillation in petroleum refining are crude, atmospheric, vacuum, rerun,… …   Petroleum refining glossary

  • Crude oil assay — A crude oil assay is essentially the chemical evaluation of crude oil feedstocks by petroleum testing laboratories. Each crude oil type has unique molecular, chemical characteristics. No crude oil type is identical and there are crucial… …   Wikipedia

  • Distillation unit — (atmospheric)   The primary distillation unit that processes crude oil (including mixtures of other hydrocarbons) at approximately atmospheric conditions. It includes a pipe still for vaporizing the crude oil and a fractionation tower for… …   Energy terms

  • crude petroleum — Naphtha Naph tha (n[a^]f th[.a] or n[a^]p th[.a]), n. [L. naphtha, Gr. na fqa, fr.Ar. nafth, nifth.] 1. (Chem.) The complex mixture of volatile, liquid, inflammable hydrocarbons, occurring naturally, and usually called {crude petroleum}, {mineral …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Crude Oil — A naturally occurring, unrefined petroleum product composed of hydrocarbon deposits. Crude oil can be refined to produce usable products such as gasoline, diesel and various forms of petrochemicals. Although it is often called black gold, crude… …   Investment dictionary

  • Continuous distillation — Image 1: Typical industrial distillation towers Image 2: A crude oil vacuum distillation column as used in oil refineries …   Wikipedia

  • Vacuum distillation — At atmospheric pressure, dimethyl sulfoxide boils at 189°C. Under a vacuum, it distills off into the connected receiver at only 70°C. Vacuum distillation is a method of distillation whereby the pressure above the liquid mixture to be distilled is …   Wikipedia

  • Fractional distillation — is the separation of a mixture into its component parts, or fractions, such as in separating chemical compounds by their boiling point by heating them to a temperature at which several fractions of the compound will evaporate. It is a special… …   Wikipedia

  • topped crude — noun Etymology: topped from past participle of top (III) : crude petroleum that has been treated (as by distillation) to remove some of its lighter components * * * topped crude noun Crude oil after some of its lighter constituents have been… …   Useful english dictionary


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