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computer-based catalog

  • 1 catálogo automatizado

    (n.) = automated catalogue, machine-readable catalogue, computerised catalogue, computer-based catalogue
    Ex. In conclusion, in terms of the future of automated catalogs, the Wright brothers have just flown and it will be many years before the supersonic transport catalog is generally available for the majority of libraries.
    Ex. The questions raised by these developments and possible alternatives form the subject of this discussion, specifically: the need to impose a rigidly controlled structure on a machine-readable catalog.
    Ex. Computerized catalogues are usually much more up to date than the manual catalogues that they have replaced.
    Ex. This, in addition to the virtually unlimited access points possible with a computer-based catalog, obviates the need for rigorous control over the heading data used in a cataloging record.
    * * *
    (n.) = automated catalogue, machine-readable catalogue, computerised catalogue, computer-based catalogue

    Ex: In conclusion, in terms of the future of automated catalogs, the Wright brothers have just flown and it will be many years before the supersonic transport catalog is generally available for the majority of libraries.

    Ex: The questions raised by these developments and possible alternatives form the subject of this discussion, specifically: the need to impose a rigidly controlled structure on a machine-readable catalog.
    Ex: Computerized catalogues are usually much more up to date than the manual catalogues that they have replaced.
    Ex: This, in addition to the virtually unlimited access points possible with a computer-based catalog, obviates the need for rigorous control over the heading data used in a cataloging record.

    Spanish-English dictionary > catálogo automatizado

  • 2 registro catalográfico

    Ex. This, in addition to the virtually unlimited access points possible with a computer-based catalog, obviates the need for rigorous control over the heading data in a cataloging record.
    * * *

    Ex: This, in addition to the virtually unlimited access points possible with a computer-based catalog, obviates the need for rigorous control over the heading data in a cataloging record.

    Spanish-English dictionary > registro catalográfico

  • 3 automatizado

    adj.
    automated, robot, intelligent, automatized.
    past part.
    past participle of spanish verb: automatizar.
    * * *
    * * *
    - da adjetivo automated
    * * *
    = automated, computer-based, computer-held, computerised [computerized, -USA], machine assisted, machine-held, mechanised [mechanized, -USA], computer-stored, machine-based, computer-controlled, electronically based, computering, disintermediated, unmanned, machine-readable.
    Ex. These principles are being applied in an ever increasing variety of contexts, both manual and automated.
    Ex. It may well be that the computer-based environment of such systems may overcome many of the limitations of enumerative classification schemes in their traditional applications.
    Ex. For each term entering the vocabulary a record is constructed in a computer-held file.
    Ex. Printed title indexes which could be used as elementary subject indexes were one of the first products of computerised information retrieval systems.
    Ex. Her ALA activity includes having been Editor of Message from MARS, the occasional newsletter of the new RASD discussion group MARS, which stands for machine assisted Reference Service.
    Ex. Other indexes based on titles, both printed and machine-held, may provide access to words other than the first in a title.
    Ex. Mechanized systems offer a wide range of potential search strategies and searching aids.
    Ex. If a computer-stored controlled vocabulary is used, the assigned terms might be checked automatically and new or mistyped terms would be flagged (marked).
    Ex. The incorporation of such features into a system would permit us to create a machine-based catalog rather than a reference file of bibliographic records.
    Ex. LCSH has taken a further step forward with the use of computer-controlled typesetting.
    Ex. Librarians who have reservations about the spread of electronically based services are not Luddites.
    Ex. The 1980s have seen a significant increase in the quantity and breadth of offshore computering services -- those based in the developing countries.
    Ex. Database records are enhanced with links through to the full text of periodical articles, where these are available, or to the Library's disintermediated document delivery system where an online version of the article is not available.
    Ex. The 'strategic computing' plan announced by the United States in early 1984 envisages, among others, the use of intelligent robots (for example, to serve as ammunition loaders in tanks, or in unmanned reconnaissance and manipulating devices).
    Ex. 'Data base' is a term referring to machine-readable collections of information, whether numerical, representational or bibliographic.
    ----
    * método automatizado = computer-based method.
    * semiautomatizado = partially-automated, semi-automated.
    * * *
    - da adjetivo automated
    * * *
    = automated, computer-based, computer-held, computerised [computerized, -USA], machine assisted, machine-held, mechanised [mechanized, -USA], computer-stored, machine-based, computer-controlled, electronically based, computering, disintermediated, unmanned, machine-readable.

    Ex: These principles are being applied in an ever increasing variety of contexts, both manual and automated.

    Ex: It may well be that the computer-based environment of such systems may overcome many of the limitations of enumerative classification schemes in their traditional applications.
    Ex: For each term entering the vocabulary a record is constructed in a computer-held file.
    Ex: Printed title indexes which could be used as elementary subject indexes were one of the first products of computerised information retrieval systems.
    Ex: Her ALA activity includes having been Editor of Message from MARS, the occasional newsletter of the new RASD discussion group MARS, which stands for machine assisted Reference Service.
    Ex: Other indexes based on titles, both printed and machine-held, may provide access to words other than the first in a title.
    Ex: Mechanized systems offer a wide range of potential search strategies and searching aids.
    Ex: If a computer-stored controlled vocabulary is used, the assigned terms might be checked automatically and new or mistyped terms would be flagged (marked).
    Ex: The incorporation of such features into a system would permit us to create a machine-based catalog rather than a reference file of bibliographic records.
    Ex: LCSH has taken a further step forward with the use of computer-controlled typesetting.
    Ex: Librarians who have reservations about the spread of electronically based services are not Luddites.
    Ex: The 1980s have seen a significant increase in the quantity and breadth of offshore computering services -- those based in the developing countries.
    Ex: Database records are enhanced with links through to the full text of periodical articles, where these are available, or to the Library's disintermediated document delivery system where an online version of the article is not available.
    Ex: The 'strategic computing' plan announced by the United States in early 1984 envisages, among others, the use of intelligent robots (for example, to serve as ammunition loaders in tanks, or in unmanned reconnaissance and manipulating devices).
    Ex: 'Data base' is a term referring to machine-readable collections of information, whether numerical, representational or bibliographic.
    * método automatizado = computer-based method.
    * semiautomatizado = partially-automated, semi-automated.

    * * *
    automated
    * * *

    Del verbo automatizar: ( conjugate automatizar)

    automatizado es:

    el participio

    Multiple Entries:
    automatizado    
    automatizar
    automatizado
    ◊ -da adjetivo

    automated
    automatizar ( conjugate automatizar) verbo transitivo
    to automate

    * * *
    automatizado, -a adj
    automated

    Spanish-English dictionary > automatizado

  • 4 catalogación

    f.
    cataloguing, filing, listing.
    * * *
    1 cataloguing (US cataloging)
    * * *
    SF cataloguing, cataloging (EEUU)
    * * *
    = cataloguing [cataloging, -USA].
    Nota: Proceso por el cual se elaboran asientos catalográficos y se mantiene el catálogo.
    Ex. The citation order now gives precedence to processes, such as circulation control and cataloguing rather than to types of libraries.
    ----
    * 1ª Edición de las Reglas de Catalogación Anglo-Americanas (RCAA1) = AACR1 (Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules 1st Edition).
    * 2ª Edición de las Reglas de Catalogación Anglo-Americanas (RCAA2) = AACR2 (Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules 2nd Edition).
    * agencia de catalogación = cataloguing agency.
    * catalogación analítica = analytical cataloguing.
    * catalogación a nivel local = local cataloguing.
    * catalogación automatizada = computerised cataloguing, computer-based cataloguing.
    * catalogación bibliográfica = bibliographic cataloguing.
    * catalogación capturada = derived cataloguing, copy cataloguing.
    * catalogación centralizada = centralised cataloguing, central cataloguing.
    * catalogación compartida = cooperative cataloguing, shared cataloguing.
    * catalogación completa = full cataloguing.
    * catalogación corriente = current cataloguing.
    * catalogación de imágenes = image cataloguing.
    * catalogación de material no librario = non-book cataloguing.
    * catalogación derivada = derived cataloguing, copy cataloguing, derivative cataloguing.
    * catalogación descriptiva = descriptive cataloguing.
    * catalogación en cooperación = cooperative cataloguing.
    * Catalogación en Publicación (CEP) = Cataloguing-in-Publication (CIP).
    * catalogación importada = derived cataloguing, copy cataloguing.
    * Catalogación Legible por Máquina (MARC) = MARC (Machine Readable Cataloguing).
    * catalogación manual = manual cataloguing.
    * catalogación mínima = undercataloguing [undercataloging, -USA].
    * catalogación no automatizada = non-computerised cataloguing.
    * catalogación original = original cataloguing.
    * catalogación por copia = copy cataloguing.
    * catalogación según la portada = title page cataloguing.
    * catalogación simplificada = abbreviated cataloguing.
    * catalogación temática = subject cataloguing.
    * catalogador encargado de la catalogación importada = copy cataloguer.
    * catalogador encargado de la catalogación original = original cataloguer.
    * centro de catalogación = cataloguing department.
    * Comité de Revisión de las Reglas de Catalogación (CCRC) = Catalog Code Revision Committee (CCRC).
    * cooperativa de catalogación = cataloguing cooperative.
    * cooperativa de catalogación sueca = LIBRIS.
    * departamento de catalogación = cataloguing department, catalogue department, technical services department.
    * fichero de catalogación en curso = in-process cataloguing file.
    * jefe del servicio de catalogación = cataloguing head.
    * módulo de catalogación = cataloguing module, cataloguing system, catalogue module.
    * proceso de catalogación = cataloguing procedure.
    * proceso de catalogación, el = cataloguing process, the.
    * Programa Nacional para las Adquisiciones y la Catalogación (NPAC) = National Program for Acquisitions and Cataloging (NPAC).
    * red de catalogación = cataloguing network.
    * regla de catalogación = cataloguing rule.
    * reglas de catalogación = catalogue code, cataloguing code.
    * Reglas de Catalogación Anglo-Americanas (RCAA) = AACR (Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules).
    * reglas de catalogación del Museo Británico = BM code.
    * revisor de la catalogación = cataloguing revisor.
    * sección de catalogación = cataloguing division, cataloguing department.
    * servicio de catalogación = cataloguing service.
    * sesión de catalogación = cataloguing session.
    * trabajo de catalogación = cataloguing work.
    * unidad de catalogación = cataloguing unit.
    * * *
    = cataloguing [cataloging, -USA].
    Nota: Proceso por el cual se elaboran asientos catalográficos y se mantiene el catálogo.

    Ex: The citation order now gives precedence to processes, such as circulation control and cataloguing rather than to types of libraries.

    * 1ª Edición de las Reglas de Catalogación Anglo-Americanas (RCAA1) = AACR1 (Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules 1st Edition).
    * 2ª Edición de las Reglas de Catalogación Anglo-Americanas (RCAA2) = AACR2 (Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules 2nd Edition).
    * agencia de catalogación = cataloguing agency.
    * catalogación analítica = analytical cataloguing.
    * catalogación a nivel local = local cataloguing.
    * catalogación automatizada = computerised cataloguing, computer-based cataloguing.
    * catalogación bibliográfica = bibliographic cataloguing.
    * catalogación capturada = derived cataloguing, copy cataloguing.
    * catalogación centralizada = centralised cataloguing, central cataloguing.
    * catalogación compartida = cooperative cataloguing, shared cataloguing.
    * catalogación completa = full cataloguing.
    * catalogación corriente = current cataloguing.
    * catalogación de imágenes = image cataloguing.
    * catalogación de material no librario = non-book cataloguing.
    * catalogación derivada = derived cataloguing, copy cataloguing, derivative cataloguing.
    * catalogación descriptiva = descriptive cataloguing.
    * catalogación en cooperación = cooperative cataloguing.
    * Catalogación en Publicación (CEP) = Cataloguing-in-Publication (CIP).
    * catalogación importada = derived cataloguing, copy cataloguing.
    * Catalogación Legible por Máquina (MARC) = MARC (Machine Readable Cataloguing).
    * catalogación manual = manual cataloguing.
    * catalogación mínima = undercataloguing [undercataloging, -USA].
    * catalogación no automatizada = non-computerised cataloguing.
    * catalogación original = original cataloguing.
    * catalogación por copia = copy cataloguing.
    * catalogación según la portada = title page cataloguing.
    * catalogación simplificada = abbreviated cataloguing.
    * catalogación temática = subject cataloguing.
    * catalogador encargado de la catalogación importada = copy cataloguer.
    * catalogador encargado de la catalogación original = original cataloguer.
    * centro de catalogación = cataloguing department.
    * Comité de Revisión de las Reglas de Catalogación (CCRC) = Catalog Code Revision Committee (CCRC).
    * cooperativa de catalogación = cataloguing cooperative.
    * cooperativa de catalogación sueca = LIBRIS.
    * departamento de catalogación = cataloguing department, catalogue department, technical services department.
    * fichero de catalogación en curso = in-process cataloguing file.
    * jefe del servicio de catalogación = cataloguing head.
    * módulo de catalogación = cataloguing module, cataloguing system, catalogue module.
    * proceso de catalogación = cataloguing procedure.
    * proceso de catalogación, el = cataloguing process, the.
    * Programa Nacional para las Adquisiciones y la Catalogación (NPAC) = National Program for Acquisitions and Cataloging (NPAC).
    * red de catalogación = cataloguing network.
    * regla de catalogación = cataloguing rule.
    * reglas de catalogación = catalogue code, cataloguing code.
    * Reglas de Catalogación Anglo-Americanas (RCAA) = AACR (Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules).
    * reglas de catalogación del Museo Británico = BM code.
    * revisor de la catalogación = cataloguing revisor.
    * sección de catalogación = cataloguing division, cataloguing department.
    * servicio de catalogación = cataloguing service.
    * sesión de catalogación = cataloguing session.
    * trabajo de catalogación = cataloguing work.
    * unidad de catalogación = cataloguing unit.

    * * *
    (de libros, cuadros) cataloguing; (calificación) description
    * * *
    cataloguing;
    dos expertos se encargarán de la catalogación de los objetos two experts will be in charge of cataloguing the objects;
    su catalogación entre los tres mejores me parece injusta I think it's unfair to rank him among the top three;
    no admitir catalogación [ser extraordinario] to be hard to categorize
    * * *
    f cataloging, Br
    cataloguing

    Spanish-English dictionary > catalogación

  • 5 catálogo

    m.
    catalog, list, index, catalogue.
    * * *
    1 catalogue (US catalog)
    * * *
    noun m.
    * * *
    SM catalogue, catalog (EEUU)
    * * *
    masculino (Art, Com) catalog (AmE), catalogue (BrE)
    * * *
    = catalogue [catalog, -USA].
    Nota: Documento secundario que consiste en un conjunto de asientos catalográficos de los documentos de uno o varios fondos documentales, dispuestos según ciertas reglas que facilitan su recuperación.
    Ex. A catalogue is a list of the materials or items in a library, with the entries representing the items arranged in some systematic order.
    ----
    * base de datos de registros de catálogo = catalogue record database.
    * catálogo abreviado = finding catalogue, finding list catalogue.
    * catálogo alfabético = alphabetical catalogue, alphabetico-specific catalogue, alphabetic catalogue.
    * catálogo alfabético de materias = alphabetical subject catalogue.
    * catálogo alfabético de palabras clave = keyword catalogue.
    * catálogo automatizado = automated catalogue, machine-readable catalogue, computerised catalogue, computer-based catalogue.
    * catálogo bibliográfico = bibliographic catalogue, library catalogue.
    * catálogo colectivo = union catalogue, union list.
    * Catálogo Colectivo Británico de Publicaciones Periódicas (BUCOP) = British Union Catalogue of Periodicals (BUCOP).
    * Catálogo Colectivo Nacional = National Union Catalog, NUC.
    * catálogo colectivo virtual = clump.
    * catálogo colocativo = collocative catalogue.
    * catálogo comentado = annotated catalogue.
    * catálogo comercial = trade catalogue, sales brochure.
    * catálogo comercial de compra por correo = mail order catalogue.
    * catálogo cronológico = chronological catalogue.
    * catálogo de acceso público en línea (OPAC) = OPAC (online public access catalogue).
    * catálogo de asiento único = unit entry catalogue.
    * catálogo de autores = author catalogue.
    * catálogo de autores y títulos = author/title catalogue.
    * catálogo de biblioteca = library catalogue.
    * catálogo de exposición = exhibit catalogue, exhibition catalogue.
    * catálogo de fichas = card catalogue, card index.
    * catálogo de hojas sueltas = sheaf catalogue.
    * catálogo de libros = booklist [book list].
    * catálogo de libros en venta = publication(s) list.
    * catálogo de listado de ordenador compuesto tipográficamente = typeset computer book form catalogue.
    * catálogo del sistema = system catalogue.
    * catálogo de materias = subject catalogue.
    * catálogo de microfichas = microfiche catalogue.
    * catálogo de microformas = microform catalogue.
    * catálogo de obras completas = back catalogue.
    * catálogo de obras editadas = back catalogue.
    * catálogo de obras musicales = music catalogue.
    * catálogo de publicaciones = publication(s) list.
    * catálogo de publicaciones periódicas = serials catalogue.
    * catálogo de títulos = title catalogue.
    * catálogo de títulos abreviados = short title catalogue.
    * Catálogo de Títulos Abreviados de Incunables = Incunable Short-title Catalogue (ISTC).
    * catálogo de títulos sin abreviar = long-title catalogue.
    * catálogo diccionario = dictionary catalogue, dictionary file, dictionary cataloguing.
    * catálogo directo = direct catalogue.
    * catálogo directo alfabético = alphabetico-direct catalogue.
    * catálogo distribuido = distributed catalogue.
    * catálogo electrónico = electronic catalogue, OPAC (online public access catalogue).
    * catálogo encuadernado en forma de listado de ordenador = computer book form catalogue.
    * catálogo en forma de álbum = guard (book) catalogue.
    * catálogo en forma de libro = bookform catalogue, book catalogue.
    * catálogo en forma de libro encuadernado = bound book form catalogue.
    * catálogo en forma de listado = computer print-out catalogue.
    * catálogo en forma de listado de ordenador = computer book form catalogue.
    * catálogo en línea = online catalogue.
    * catálogo en microfilm = microfilm catalogue.
    * catálogo geográfico = geographical catalogue.
    * catálogo impreso = printed catalogue.
    * catálogo impreso en forma de libro = printed book catalogue.
    * catálogo inventario = inventory catalogue, accessions catalogue, accessions file.
    * catálogo local = local catalogue.
    * catálogo manual = manual catalogue.
    * catálogo matricial = matrix catalogue.
    * catálogo multimedia = all-media catalogue.
    * catálogo nacional = national catalogue.
    * catálogo onomástico = name catalogue, name file.
    * catálogo sistemático = classified catalogue, classified file.
    * catálogo sistemático alfabético = alphabetico-classed catalogue, alphabetico-classified catalogue.
    * catálogo sistemático de materias = classified subject catalogue.
    * catálogo topográfico = shelf list, shelflist, shelf list catalogue, shelf list file.
    * cerrar el catálogo = close + the catalogue.
    * colocar juntos en el catálogo = collocate.
    * compilar un catálogo = compile + catalogue.
    * confección del catálogo = catalogue production.
    * consultar el catálogo = consult + catalogue.
    * conversión retrospectiva de catálogos = retrospective catalogue conversion.
    * dejar de actualizar el catálogo = close down + catalogue.
    * gestión del catálogo = catalogue management.
    * las Reglas de Cutter para un Catálogo Diccionario = Cutter's Rules for a Dictionary Catalog.
    * mantenimiento del catálogo = catalogue maintenance.
    * módulo de catálogo de acceso público en línea = online public access catalogue module.
    * parecido a un catálogo = catalogue type.
    * red de catálogos = catalogue network.
    * registro de catálogo colectivo = joint record, joint catalogue record.
    * Reglas de la ALA para la Intercalación de Fichas de Catálogo = ALA Rules for Filing Catalog Cards.
    * * *
    masculino (Art, Com) catalog (AmE), catalogue (BrE)
    * * *
    = catalogue [catalog, -USA].
    Nota: Documento secundario que consiste en un conjunto de asientos catalográficos de los documentos de uno o varios fondos documentales, dispuestos según ciertas reglas que facilitan su recuperación.

    Ex: A catalogue is a list of the materials or items in a library, with the entries representing the items arranged in some systematic order.

    * base de datos de registros de catálogo = catalogue record database.
    * catálogo abreviado = finding catalogue, finding list catalogue.
    * catálogo alfabético = alphabetical catalogue, alphabetico-specific catalogue, alphabetic catalogue.
    * catálogo alfabético de materias = alphabetical subject catalogue.
    * catálogo alfabético de palabras clave = keyword catalogue.
    * catálogo automatizado = automated catalogue, machine-readable catalogue, computerised catalogue, computer-based catalogue.
    * catálogo bibliográfico = bibliographic catalogue, library catalogue.
    * catálogo colectivo = union catalogue, union list.
    * Catálogo Colectivo Británico de Publicaciones Periódicas (BUCOP) = British Union Catalogue of Periodicals (BUCOP).
    * Catálogo Colectivo Nacional = National Union Catalog, NUC.
    * catálogo colectivo virtual = clump.
    * catálogo colocativo = collocative catalogue.
    * catálogo comentado = annotated catalogue.
    * catálogo comercial = trade catalogue, sales brochure.
    * catálogo comercial de compra por correo = mail order catalogue.
    * catálogo cronológico = chronological catalogue.
    * catálogo de acceso público en línea (OPAC) = OPAC (online public access catalogue).
    * catálogo de asiento único = unit entry catalogue.
    * catálogo de autores = author catalogue.
    * catálogo de autores y títulos = author/title catalogue.
    * catálogo de biblioteca = library catalogue.
    * catálogo de exposición = exhibit catalogue, exhibition catalogue.
    * catálogo de fichas = card catalogue, card index.
    * catálogo de hojas sueltas = sheaf catalogue.
    * catálogo de libros = booklist [book list].
    * catálogo de libros en venta = publication(s) list.
    * catálogo de listado de ordenador compuesto tipográficamente = typeset computer book form catalogue.
    * catálogo del sistema = system catalogue.
    * catálogo de materias = subject catalogue.
    * catálogo de microfichas = microfiche catalogue.
    * catálogo de microformas = microform catalogue.
    * catálogo de obras completas = back catalogue.
    * catálogo de obras editadas = back catalogue.
    * catálogo de obras musicales = music catalogue.
    * catálogo de publicaciones = publication(s) list.
    * catálogo de publicaciones periódicas = serials catalogue.
    * catálogo de títulos = title catalogue.
    * catálogo de títulos abreviados = short title catalogue.
    * Catálogo de Títulos Abreviados de Incunables = Incunable Short-title Catalogue (ISTC).
    * catálogo de títulos sin abreviar = long-title catalogue.
    * catálogo diccionario = dictionary catalogue, dictionary file, dictionary cataloguing.
    * catálogo directo = direct catalogue.
    * catálogo directo alfabético = alphabetico-direct catalogue.
    * catálogo distribuido = distributed catalogue.
    * catálogo electrónico = electronic catalogue, OPAC (online public access catalogue).
    * catálogo encuadernado en forma de listado de ordenador = computer book form catalogue.
    * catálogo en forma de álbum = guard (book) catalogue.
    * catálogo en forma de libro = bookform catalogue, book catalogue.
    * catálogo en forma de libro encuadernado = bound book form catalogue.
    * catálogo en forma de listado = computer print-out catalogue.
    * catálogo en forma de listado de ordenador = computer book form catalogue.
    * catálogo en línea = online catalogue.
    * catálogo en microfilm = microfilm catalogue.
    * catálogo geográfico = geographical catalogue.
    * catálogo impreso = printed catalogue.
    * catálogo impreso en forma de libro = printed book catalogue.
    * catálogo inventario = inventory catalogue, accessions catalogue, accessions file.
    * catálogo local = local catalogue.
    * catálogo manual = manual catalogue.
    * catálogo matricial = matrix catalogue.
    * catálogo multimedia = all-media catalogue.
    * catálogo nacional = national catalogue.
    * catálogo onomástico = name catalogue, name file.
    * catálogo sistemático = classified catalogue, classified file.
    * catálogo sistemático alfabético = alphabetico-classed catalogue, alphabetico-classified catalogue.
    * catálogo sistemático de materias = classified subject catalogue.
    * catálogo topográfico = shelf list, shelflist, shelf list catalogue, shelf list file.
    * cerrar el catálogo = close + the catalogue.
    * colocar juntos en el catálogo = collocate.
    * compilar un catálogo = compile + catalogue.
    * confección del catálogo = catalogue production.
    * consultar el catálogo = consult + catalogue.
    * conversión retrospectiva de catálogos = retrospective catalogue conversion.
    * dejar de actualizar el catálogo = close down + catalogue.
    * gestión del catálogo = catalogue management.
    * las Reglas de Cutter para un Catálogo Diccionario = Cutter's Rules for a Dictionary Catalog.
    * mantenimiento del catálogo = catalogue maintenance.
    * módulo de catálogo de acceso público en línea = online public access catalogue module.
    * parecido a un catálogo = catalogue type.
    * red de catálogos = catalogue network.
    * registro de catálogo colectivo = joint record, joint catalogue record.
    * Reglas de la ALA para la Intercalación de Fichas de Catálogo = ALA Rules for Filing Catalog Cards.

    * * *
    ( Art, Com) catalog ( AmE), catalogue ( BrE)
    compra por catálogo mail-order shopping
    Compuesto:
    union catalog*
    * * *

     

    Del verbo catalogar: ( conjugate catalogar)

    catalogo es:

    1ª persona singular (yo) presente indicativo

    catalogó es:

    3ª persona singular (él/ella/usted) pretérito indicativo

    Multiple Entries:
    catalogar    
    catálogo
    catalogar ( conjugate catalogar) verbo transitivo

    ( en una lista) to record, list

    catálogo sustantivo masculino (Art, Com) catalog (AmE), catalogue (BrE);

    catalogar verbo transitivo
    1 to catalogue, US catalog
    2 (calificar) to class, label: podemos catalogar de insatisfechas a este tipo de personas, that type of person is never satisfied, I'd say
    catálogo sustantivo masculino catalogue, US catalog

    ' catálogo' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    repertorio
    - catalogar
    - constar
    - índice
    - venta
    English:
    catalog
    - catalogue
    - index
    - list
    - should
    - browse
    - mail
    * * *
    catalogue
    * * *
    m catalog, Br
    catalogue
    * * *
    : catalog
    * * *
    catálogo n catalogue

    Spanish-English dictionary > catálogo

  • 6 fichero

    m.
    1 file (gen) & (computing).
    2 card index, card catalogue, card file, card catalog.
    3 card-catalog.
    * * *
    1 (archivo) card index
    2 (mueble) filing cabinet, file
    3 INFORMÁTICA file
    * * *
    SM
    1) (=archivo) card index
    2) (=mueble) filing cabinet
    3) [de policía] records pl

    fichero fotográfico de delincuentes — photographic records of criminals, rogues' gallery * hum

    4) (Inform) file
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( mueble - para carpetas) filing cabinet; (- para tarjetas) card index cabinet
    b) ( cajón - de carpetas) filing draw; (- para tarjetas) card index draw
    c) ( caja) index card file (AmE), card index box (BrE)
    2) (Inf) file
    * * *
    = card file, catalogue case, data file, file, index file.
    Ex. Here again, Sharp's SLIC indexing procedure provides a solution though one that is prohibitively expensive for a conventional card file.
    Ex. You know many libraries have had telephone jacks at the end of the catalog cases and reference people were running around, except they didn't do it very much.
    Ex. In the absence of sufficient staff to mount a supervised programme of microcomputer instructions, the library used existing, inexpensive, menu-making software to develop menu-driven, self-instructing access to disc operating commands, applications programs, and data files.
    Ex. Information is held in files or databases, which are comprised of records, which in turn are comprised of fields or data items, which again may be comprised of subfields or data elements.
    Ex. This library service includes bright wall displays, pamphlets on open racks, availability of lists and directories, access to index files of local information, clear guiding on shelves and cabinet files, and the re-packaging of complex or ephemeral material.
    ----
    * adjuntar ficheros = file attachment.
    * búsqueda a través de ficheros de identificación documental = signature-based search.
    * búsqueda cruzada de ficheros = cross-file searching.
    * búsqueda de varios ficheros a la vez = multi-file searching.
    * búsqueda en múltiples ficheros = cross-file searching.
    * captura de ficheros de audio = audio capture.
    * captura de ficheros de vídeo = video capture.
    * comprimir un fichero = zip + file.
    * copiar un fichero = load + file.
    * depurar un fichero = clean up + file.
    * descomprimir un fichero = unzip + file.
    * diseño de ficheros = file design.
    * en varios ficheros = cross-file [crossfile].
    * estructura de ficheros = file design.
    * extensión del nombre del fichero = file name extension.
    * fichero adjunto = file attachment, attachment, email attachment.
    * fichero alfabético = alphabetical file.
    * fichero automatizado = machine file, computer-based file.
    * fichero binario = binary file.
    * fichero central = master file.
    * fichero comprimido = zip file.
    * fichero con estructura de red = networked file.
    * fichero de acceso aleatorio = random access file.
    * fichero de adquisiciones = acquisition(s) file.
    * fichero de autoridades = authority file.
    * fichero de autoridades de nombres = name authority file.
    * fichero de catalogación en curso = in-process cataloguing file.
    * fichero de circulación = circulation file.
    * fichero de control de publicaciones periódicas = periodicals file [periodical file], periodical holdings file.
    * fichero de cuentas = accounting file.
    * fichero de direcciones = addresses file.
    * fichero de ejecución por lotes = batch file.
    * fichero de entrada = incoming file.
    * fichero de existencias del sistema = system holdings file.
    * fichero de identificaciones documentales = signature file.
    * fichero de imágenes = graphic file, image file.
    * Fichero de Información del Proceso de Automatización (APIF) = APIF (Automated Process Information File).
    * fichero de lectores = registration file.
    * fichero de materias = descriptor file.
    * fichero de ocurrencias = postings file.
    * fichero de operaciones realizadas = transaction file.
    * fichero de pedidos = on-order file, order file.
    * fichero de préstamo = circulation file.
    * fichero de punto de acceso = access-point file.
    * fichero de recursos humanos = resource file.
    * fichero de registro de transacciones = log, service log, computer log, server log.
    * fichero de registro por documento = item record file.
    * fichero de registro por término = term record file.
    * fichero de salida = outgoing file.
    * fichero de salida de datos = communication output file.
    * fichero de sonido = audio file, sound file.
    * fichero de sonido simultáneo = streaming audio.
    * fichero de texto = text file.
    * fichero de usuarios del sistema = system user file.
    * fichero de vídeo = video file.
    * fichero en disco = disc file.
    * fichero invertido = inverted file.
    * fichero jerárquico = hierarchical file.
    * fichero manual = manual file.
    * fichero matriz = master file.
    * fichero ordenado por materias = subject file.
    * fichero plano = flat file.
    * fichero relacional = relational file.
    * fichero retrospectivo = backfile [back file].
    * fichero sistemático = systematic file.
    * fichero topográfico local = local copy file.
    * fichero viejo = backfile [back file].
    * guardar los resultados de una búsqueda en un fichero = store + search results + in disc file.
    * inclusión de ficheros = file attachment.
    * menú de Seleccione un Fichero = Select a File menu.
    * nombre de fichero = filename.
    * programa de análisis de ficheros de transacciones = log analysis software.
    * servidor de ficheros = server computer, file server.
    * subfichero = subfile.
    * transferencia de ficheros = file transfer.
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( mueble - para carpetas) filing cabinet; (- para tarjetas) card index cabinet
    b) ( cajón - de carpetas) filing draw; (- para tarjetas) card index draw
    c) ( caja) index card file (AmE), card index box (BrE)
    2) (Inf) file
    * * *
    = card file, catalogue case, data file, file, index file.

    Ex: Here again, Sharp's SLIC indexing procedure provides a solution though one that is prohibitively expensive for a conventional card file.

    Ex: You know many libraries have had telephone jacks at the end of the catalog cases and reference people were running around, except they didn't do it very much.
    Ex: In the absence of sufficient staff to mount a supervised programme of microcomputer instructions, the library used existing, inexpensive, menu-making software to develop menu-driven, self-instructing access to disc operating commands, applications programs, and data files.
    Ex: Information is held in files or databases, which are comprised of records, which in turn are comprised of fields or data items, which again may be comprised of subfields or data elements.
    Ex: This library service includes bright wall displays, pamphlets on open racks, availability of lists and directories, access to index files of local information, clear guiding on shelves and cabinet files, and the re-packaging of complex or ephemeral material.
    * adjuntar ficheros = file attachment.
    * búsqueda a través de ficheros de identificación documental = signature-based search.
    * búsqueda cruzada de ficheros = cross-file searching.
    * búsqueda de varios ficheros a la vez = multi-file searching.
    * búsqueda en múltiples ficheros = cross-file searching.
    * captura de ficheros de audio = audio capture.
    * captura de ficheros de vídeo = video capture.
    * comprimir un fichero = zip + file.
    * copiar un fichero = load + file.
    * depurar un fichero = clean up + file.
    * descomprimir un fichero = unzip + file.
    * diseño de ficheros = file design.
    * en varios ficheros = cross-file [crossfile].
    * estructura de ficheros = file design.
    * extensión del nombre del fichero = file name extension.
    * fichero adjunto = file attachment, attachment, email attachment.
    * fichero alfabético = alphabetical file.
    * fichero automatizado = machine file, computer-based file.
    * fichero binario = binary file.
    * fichero central = master file.
    * fichero comprimido = zip file.
    * fichero con estructura de red = networked file.
    * fichero de acceso aleatorio = random access file.
    * fichero de adquisiciones = acquisition(s) file.
    * fichero de autoridades = authority file.
    * fichero de autoridades de nombres = name authority file.
    * fichero de catalogación en curso = in-process cataloguing file.
    * fichero de circulación = circulation file.
    * fichero de control de publicaciones periódicas = periodicals file [periodical file], periodical holdings file.
    * fichero de cuentas = accounting file.
    * fichero de direcciones = addresses file.
    * fichero de ejecución por lotes = batch file.
    * fichero de entrada = incoming file.
    * fichero de existencias del sistema = system holdings file.
    * fichero de identificaciones documentales = signature file.
    * fichero de imágenes = graphic file, image file.
    * Fichero de Información del Proceso de Automatización (APIF) = APIF (Automated Process Information File).
    * fichero de lectores = registration file.
    * fichero de materias = descriptor file.
    * fichero de ocurrencias = postings file.
    * fichero de operaciones realizadas = transaction file.
    * fichero de pedidos = on-order file, order file.
    * fichero de préstamo = circulation file.
    * fichero de punto de acceso = access-point file.
    * fichero de recursos humanos = resource file.
    * fichero de registro de transacciones = log, service log, computer log, server log.
    * fichero de registro por documento = item record file.
    * fichero de registro por término = term record file.
    * fichero de salida = outgoing file.
    * fichero de salida de datos = communication output file.
    * fichero de sonido = audio file, sound file.
    * fichero de sonido simultáneo = streaming audio.
    * fichero de texto = text file.
    * fichero de usuarios del sistema = system user file.
    * fichero de vídeo = video file.
    * fichero en disco = disc file.
    * fichero invertido = inverted file.
    * fichero jerárquico = hierarchical file.
    * fichero manual = manual file.
    * fichero matriz = master file.
    * fichero ordenado por materias = subject file.
    * fichero plano = flat file.
    * fichero relacional = relational file.
    * fichero retrospectivo = backfile [back file].
    * fichero sistemático = systematic file.
    * fichero topográfico local = local copy file.
    * fichero viejo = backfile [back file].
    * guardar los resultados de una búsqueda en un fichero = store + search results + in disc file.
    * inclusión de ficheros = file attachment.
    * menú de Seleccione un Fichero = Select a File menu.
    * nombre de fichero = filename.
    * programa de análisis de ficheros de transacciones = log analysis software.
    * servidor de ficheros = server computer, file server.
    * subfichero = subfile.
    * transferencia de ficheros = file transfer.

    * * *
    A
    1 (mueble) filing cabinet
    2 (cajón) card index cabinet
    3 (caja) index card file ( AmE), card index box ( BrE)
    B ( Inf) file
    Compuestos:
    archive file
    ( Inf, Ling) authority file
    fichero de datos/reserva
    data/back-up file
    work file
    index file
    master file
    zip file
    * * *

    fichero sustantivo masculino


    (— para tarjetas) card index draw


    (Inf) file
    fichero sustantivo masculino card index
    ' fichero' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    alfabetizar
    - ficha
    English:
    card index
    - file
    - file name
    - card
    * * *
    1. [conjunto de fichas] file
    2. [mueble] filing cabinet;
    [cajón] filing cabinet drawer; [caja] card index box
    3. Informát file
    fichero por lotes batch file;
    fichero MP3 MP3 file
    * * *
    m
    1 file cabinet, Br
    filing cabinet
    2 INFOR file
    * * *
    1) : card file
    2) : filing cabinet
    * * *
    1. (mueble) filing cabinet
    2. (caja) card index [pl. indexes]
    3. (archivo) file

    Spanish-English dictionary > fichero

  • 7 fichero automatizado

    (n.) = machine file, computer-based file
    Ex. However, it doesn't take very long before the supporting machine file attains greater importance than the manual catalog.
    Ex. At this point it is opportune to attempt to distinguish briefly between the cataloguer's sort of database, in essence a computer-based file of bibliographic records, and the computer professional's, which is a much more general collection of data.
    * * *
    (n.) = machine file, computer-based file

    Ex: However, it doesn't take very long before the supporting machine file attains greater importance than the manual catalog.

    Ex: At this point it is opportune to attempt to distinguish briefly between the cataloguer's sort of database, in essence a computer-based file of bibliographic records, and the computer professional's, which is a much more general collection of data.

    Spanish-English dictionary > fichero automatizado

  • 8 manifestar

    v.
    1 to show.
    2 to express.
    3 to manifest, to record in the manifest.
    Ricardo manifestó las condiciones Richard manifested the conditions.
    María manifestó su inconformidad Mary manifested her inconformity.
    4 to prove to.
    Ella manifestó ser comunista She proved to be a Communist.
    5 to declare to, to manifest to.
    María manifestó odiar a los gatos Mary declared to hate cats.
    * * *
    Conjugation model [ ACERTAR], like link=acertar acertar
    1 (declarar) to state; (expresar) to express
    2 (mostrar) to show
    1 (hacerse evidente) to become apparent
    2 to demonstrate
    3 to declare oneself, express
    * * *
    verb
    2) exhibit, display
    * * *
    1. VT
    1) (=declarar) to declare
    2) [+ emociones] to show
    2.
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    a) (declarar, expresar) <desaprobación/agradecimiento> to express

    manifestaron su apoyo a esta propuestathey expressed o made known their support for the proposal

    b) ( demostrar) <emociones/actitudes> to show

    manifestó gran entusiasmo por el proyectohe showed o demonstrated a great deal of enthusiasm for the project

    2.
    manifestarse v pron
    1) ( hacerse evidente) to become apparent o evident; ( ser evidente) to be apparent o evident
    2) (Pol) to demonstrate, take part in a demonstration

    se manifestó en contra/a favor de la reforma — she expressed her opposition to/support for the reform

    * * *
    = manifest, report, state, pronounce, profess, evince, communicate, express.
    Ex. A catalog, on the other hand, should manifest the attributes of a data base.
    Ex. Criticism is not appropriate in a style which aims to report, but not comment upon the content of the original document.
    Ex. Short abstracts are generally preferred, but there are instances where the most effective approach is to cite the original unamended, and to state that this is what has been done.
    Ex. 'Look,' she pronounced impatiently, 'I have lots of work to do'.
    Ex. As a result, books or other media professing alleged blasphemy, heresy, sedition, or immorality are liable to be banned.
    Ex. New computer based technologies are evincing revolutionary changes in the educational curriculum for schools of library and information science.
    Ex. The contributions are input to the data base, then referred and any suggestion made by the referee are communicated through the data base to the editor.
    Ex. In a SDI service the user specifies his own individual interest in detail, and these are then expressed in terms of a user interest profile.
    ----
    * manifestar afecto por = profess + affection for.
    * manifestar amor por = profess + love for.
    * manifestar claramente = make + it + clear.
    * manifestar desprecio = profess + disdain.
    * manifestar horror = register + horror.
    * manifestarse = be manifest, embody, manifest + Reflexivo, show up, stage + protest.
    * manifestar un punto de vista = air + view.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    a) (declarar, expresar) <desaprobación/agradecimiento> to express

    manifestaron su apoyo a esta propuestathey expressed o made known their support for the proposal

    b) ( demostrar) <emociones/actitudes> to show

    manifestó gran entusiasmo por el proyectohe showed o demonstrated a great deal of enthusiasm for the project

    2.
    manifestarse v pron
    1) ( hacerse evidente) to become apparent o evident; ( ser evidente) to be apparent o evident
    2) (Pol) to demonstrate, take part in a demonstration

    se manifestó en contra/a favor de la reforma — she expressed her opposition to/support for the reform

    * * *
    = manifest, report, state, pronounce, profess, evince, communicate, express.

    Ex: A catalog, on the other hand, should manifest the attributes of a data base.

    Ex: Criticism is not appropriate in a style which aims to report, but not comment upon the content of the original document.
    Ex: Short abstracts are generally preferred, but there are instances where the most effective approach is to cite the original unamended, and to state that this is what has been done.
    Ex: 'Look,' she pronounced impatiently, 'I have lots of work to do'.
    Ex: As a result, books or other media professing alleged blasphemy, heresy, sedition, or immorality are liable to be banned.
    Ex: New computer based technologies are evincing revolutionary changes in the educational curriculum for schools of library and information science.
    Ex: The contributions are input to the data base, then referred and any suggestion made by the referee are communicated through the data base to the editor.
    Ex: In a SDI service the user specifies his own individual interest in detail, and these are then expressed in terms of a user interest profile.
    * manifestar afecto por = profess + affection for.
    * manifestar amor por = profess + love for.
    * manifestar claramente = make + it + clear.
    * manifestar desprecio = profess + disdain.
    * manifestar horror = register + horror.
    * manifestarse = be manifest, embody, manifest + Reflexivo, show up, stage + protest.
    * manifestar un punto de vista = air + view.

    * * *
    manifestar [A5 ]
    vt
    1
    (declarar, expresar): manifestó públicamente su adhesión a la campaña she publicly declared o stated her support for the campaign
    manifestaron su apoyo a esta propuesta they spoke in favor of this proposal, they expressed o made known their support for the proposal
    manifestó su condena del atentado she expressed her condemnation of the attack
    queremos manifestar nuestro agradecimiento a todos aquellos que nos han apoyado we wish to express our gratitude to all those who have supported us
    2 (demostrar) ‹emociones/actitudes› to show
    manifestó gran entusiasmo por el proyecto he showed o demonstrated a great deal of enthusiasm for the project
    A (hacerse evidente) to become apparent o evident; (ser evidente) to be apparent o evident
    las consecuencias se manifestarán a largo plazo the consequences will become apparent o evident in the long term
    el problema no se manifiesta hasta la pubertad the problem does not manifest itself o appear until puberty
    B ( Pol) to demonstrate
    más de 10.000 personas se manifestaron ayer en Valencia more than 10,000 people demonstrated o took part in a demonstration in Valencia yesterday
    C
    (dar una opinión): se ha manifestado en contra de las medidas she has spoken out against the measures, she has made known o expressed her opposition to the measures
    * * *

     

    manifestar ( conjugate manifestar) verbo transitivo
    a) ( expresar) ‹desaprobación/agradecimiento to express;



    manifestarse verbo pronominal
    1 ( hacerse evidente) to become apparent o evident;
    ( ser evidente) to be apparent o evident
    2 (Pol) to demonstrate, take part in a demonstration
    3 ( dar opinión):
    manifestarse en contra/a favor de algo to express one's opposition to/support for sth

    manifestar verbo transitivo
    1 (una opinión, un pensamiento) to state, declare
    2 (un sentimiento) to show, display: su rostro manifestaba sorpresa, his face showed surprise
    ' manifestar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    afirmar
    - descubrir
    - protestar
    - reaccionar
    - sacar
    - constar
    - declarar
    - manifiesta
    English:
    declare
    - display
    - exhibit
    - manifest
    - profess
    - voice
    - air
    * * *
    vt
    1. [alegría, dolor] to show;
    manifestó su enfado golpeando la mesa he showed his annoyance by banging on the table
    2. [opinión] to express;
    manifestó su intención de presentarse como candidato he announced his intention to put himself forward as a candidate;
    manifestaron su agradecimiento por la ayuda recibida they expressed their gratidude for the help received
    * * *
    v/t
    1 ( demostrar) show
    2 ( declarar) declare, state
    * * *
    manifestar {55} vt
    1) : to demonstrate, to show
    2) : to declare
    * * *
    1. (opinión, etc) to express
    2. (sentimiento) to show [pt. showed; pp. shown]

    Spanish-English dictionary > manifestar

  • 9 molestia

    f.
    1 bother, trouble.
    ocasionar o causar molestias a alguien to cause somebody trouble
    si no es demasiada molestia if it's not too much trouble
    perdone la molestia, pero… sorry to bother you, but…
    tomarse la molestia de hacer algo to take the trouble to do something
    2 discomfort.
    * * *
    1 (incomodidad) bother, trouble; (fastidio) nuisance
    2 MEDICINA trouble, slight pain
    \
    no es molestia it's no trouble
    perdonen las molestias please excuse the inconvenience
    ser una molestia to be a nuisance
    si no es molestia if you don't mind
    tomarse la molestia de hacer algo to take the trouble to do something
    * * *
    noun f.
    1) annoyance, bother, nuisance
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=trastorno) bother, trouble

    ¿me podrías llevar a casa, si no es mucha molestia? — could you take me home, if it's not too much bother o trouble?

    perdone la molestia, pero... — sorry to bother you, but...

    ¡no es ninguna molestia, estaré encantado de ayudarte! — it's no trouble at all, I'll be happy to help!

    "perdonen las molestias" — "we apologize for any inconvenience"

    ahorrarse la molestia de hacer algo — to save o.s. the bother o trouble of doing sth

    tomarse la molestia de hacer algo — to take the trouble to do sth

    no tenías que haberte tomado la molestiayou shouldn't have bothered o taken the trouble, you shouldn't have put yourself out

    2) (Med) discomfort

    si persisten las molestias, consulte a un especialista — if the discomfort o trouble persists, consult a specialist

    * * *
    1)
    a) (incomodidad, trastorno) trouble

    perdona la molestia, pero... — sorry to bother you, but...

    rogamos disculpen las molestias ocasionadas — (frml) we apologize for any inconvenience caused (frml)

    b) ( trabajo)

    ¿para qué te tomaste la molestia? — why did you bother to do that?

    molestia DE + inf: ahórrate la molestia de ir save yourself the trip; se tomó la molestia de escribirnos — she took the trouble to write to us

    2) ( malestar)

    no es un dolor, sólo una molestia — it's not a pain, just a feeling of discomfort

    * * *
    = annoyance, discomfort, disruption, encumbrance, nuisance, pain, trial, embarrassment, aggravation, disturbance, irksomeness, mischief, ache, hassle, pest, irritant, soreness, niggling, niggle, self-effacement, inconvenience.
    Nota: Nombre.
    Ex. False drops are perhaps less of an annoyance in a computer-based system when brief records can be quickly scanned and rejected as necessary.
    Ex. Discomfort is caused if windows are opened, heat, cold, dirt and noise are offered 'open-access' to the interior.
    Ex. An academic library should be extendible to permit future growth with minimum disruption.
    Ex. Meanwhile we are asked to accept encumbrances that will needlessly impair the effectiveness of our catalogs for an indefinite time to come.
    Ex. However, delays in the generation of centralised records can be a considerable nuisance.
    Ex. For instance, if discharge is 'watery' or 'purulent,' vision is 'blurred,' pain is 'moderate,' then corneal trauma or infection is diagnosed.
    Ex. He wrote an article with the title 'The trials and traumas of authorship'.
    Ex. Patrons who are reluctant to seek assistance in using reference books or the card catalog, feel no embarrassment about seeking help in the 'automated' setting.
    Ex. One reads, for instance, that a parameter in assessing the maximum period a user can be kept waiting is the ' aggravation quotient'.
    Ex. A centralised system was chosen to ensure speedy receipt and dissemination with minimal disturbances.
    Ex. Teachers who keep reading records find that the light they throw on their work compensates for the irksomeness of the administrative chore of keeping them up to date.
    Ex. The author discusses the characteristics of programs designed specifically to cause mischief to computer owners who download and run the programs = El autor analiza las características de los programas diseñados específicamente para causar problemas a los propietarios de ordenadores que los descargan y ejecutan.
    Ex. Last year I did not prefer cushioned running shoes, but now I'm a year older with new aches and pains, so I want a shoe with added support.
    Ex. The article is entitled 'How to implement electronic subscriptions replacing the routing list hassle'.
    Ex. Library users fall into 4 groups: (1) patrons, who are considerate, grateful and undemanding; (2) 'pests' -- the inconsiderate; (3) 'pirates' who steal, deface and mutilate library property and materials; (4) 'vampires' whose enquiries make excessive demands upon the librarian's time.
    Ex. Common factors affecting the quality of air in libraries include scents and other controllable irritants, dust mites, moulds and other inhaled substances associated with paper and books.
    Ex. While there are no significant injury worries to speak of, there is no doubt both sides have a number of players with general soreness and niggling.
    Ex. While there are no significant injury worries to speak of, there is no doubt both sides have a number of players with general soreness and niggling.
    Ex. Wilson was limping around so he must have picked up a knock or aggravated a niggle that he already had.
    Ex. Mark's Gospel reveals the power of God as self-effacement and self-giving love rather than domination and conquest.
    Ex. The main inconveniences of item record indexes arise from the necessity of searching the entire file.
    ----
    * ahorrar la molestia = spare + Nombre + a problem.
    * ahorrar molestia = save + trouble.
    * ahorrarse la molestia de = obviate + the need for.
    * causar molestias = cause + disruption, inconvenience, cause + inconvenience.
    * disculpe(n) las molestias = sorry for the inconvenience.
    * molestia de estómago = stomach ache.
    * molestias y dolores = aches and pains.
    * ocasionar molestias = cause + disruption.
    * perdone(n) las molestias = sorry for the inconvenience.
    * ser una molestia = be a pest.
    * sin molestias = hassle-free.
    * tomarse la molestia de = take + the trouble to, take + the time and effort, take + the time to + Infinitivo.
    * * *
    1)
    a) (incomodidad, trastorno) trouble

    perdona la molestia, pero... — sorry to bother you, but...

    rogamos disculpen las molestias ocasionadas — (frml) we apologize for any inconvenience caused (frml)

    b) ( trabajo)

    ¿para qué te tomaste la molestia? — why did you bother to do that?

    molestia DE + inf: ahórrate la molestia de ir save yourself the trip; se tomó la molestia de escribirnos — she took the trouble to write to us

    2) ( malestar)

    no es un dolor, sólo una molestia — it's not a pain, just a feeling of discomfort

    * * *
    = annoyance, discomfort, disruption, encumbrance, nuisance, pain, trial, embarrassment, aggravation, disturbance, irksomeness, mischief, ache, hassle, pest, irritant, soreness, niggling, niggle, self-effacement, inconvenience.
    Nota: Nombre.

    Ex: False drops are perhaps less of an annoyance in a computer-based system when brief records can be quickly scanned and rejected as necessary.

    Ex: Discomfort is caused if windows are opened, heat, cold, dirt and noise are offered 'open-access' to the interior.
    Ex: An academic library should be extendible to permit future growth with minimum disruption.
    Ex: Meanwhile we are asked to accept encumbrances that will needlessly impair the effectiveness of our catalogs for an indefinite time to come.
    Ex: However, delays in the generation of centralised records can be a considerable nuisance.
    Ex: For instance, if discharge is 'watery' or 'purulent,' vision is 'blurred,' pain is 'moderate,' then corneal trauma or infection is diagnosed.
    Ex: He wrote an article with the title 'The trials and traumas of authorship'.
    Ex: Patrons who are reluctant to seek assistance in using reference books or the card catalog, feel no embarrassment about seeking help in the 'automated' setting.
    Ex: One reads, for instance, that a parameter in assessing the maximum period a user can be kept waiting is the ' aggravation quotient'.
    Ex: A centralised system was chosen to ensure speedy receipt and dissemination with minimal disturbances.
    Ex: Teachers who keep reading records find that the light they throw on their work compensates for the irksomeness of the administrative chore of keeping them up to date.
    Ex: The author discusses the characteristics of programs designed specifically to cause mischief to computer owners who download and run the programs = El autor analiza las características de los programas diseñados específicamente para causar problemas a los propietarios de ordenadores que los descargan y ejecutan.
    Ex: Last year I did not prefer cushioned running shoes, but now I'm a year older with new aches and pains, so I want a shoe with added support.
    Ex: The article is entitled 'How to implement electronic subscriptions replacing the routing list hassle'.
    Ex: Library users fall into 4 groups: (1) patrons, who are considerate, grateful and undemanding; (2) 'pests' -- the inconsiderate; (3) 'pirates' who steal, deface and mutilate library property and materials; (4) 'vampires' whose enquiries make excessive demands upon the librarian's time.
    Ex: Common factors affecting the quality of air in libraries include scents and other controllable irritants, dust mites, moulds and other inhaled substances associated with paper and books.
    Ex: While there are no significant injury worries to speak of, there is no doubt both sides have a number of players with general soreness and niggling.
    Ex: While there are no significant injury worries to speak of, there is no doubt both sides have a number of players with general soreness and niggling.
    Ex: Wilson was limping around so he must have picked up a knock or aggravated a niggle that he already had.
    Ex: Mark's Gospel reveals the power of God as self-effacement and self-giving love rather than domination and conquest.
    Ex: The main inconveniences of item record indexes arise from the necessity of searching the entire file.
    * ahorrar la molestia = spare + Nombre + a problem.
    * ahorrar molestia = save + trouble.
    * ahorrarse la molestia de = obviate + the need for.
    * causar molestias = cause + disruption, inconvenience, cause + inconvenience.
    * disculpe(n) las molestias = sorry for the inconvenience.
    * molestia de estómago = stomach ache.
    * molestias y dolores = aches and pains.
    * ocasionar molestias = cause + disruption.
    * perdone(n) las molestias = sorry for the inconvenience.
    * ser una molestia = be a pest.
    * sin molestias = hassle-free.
    * tomarse la molestia de = take + the trouble to, take + the time and effort, take + the time to + Infinitivo.

    * * *
    A
    1
    (incomodidad, trastorno): siento causarte tantas molestias I'm sorry to be such a nuisance o to cause you so much trouble o to put you out like this
    perdona la molestia, pero … sorry to bother you, but …
    no es ninguna molestia, yo te llevo it's no trouble at all, I'll take you there
    ¿me podría cambiar el tenedor, si no es molestia? would you mind giving me a new fork, please?
    rogamos disculpen las molestias ocasionadas por el retraso ( frml); we apologize for any inconvenience caused by the delay ( frml)
    2
    (trabajo): ¿para qué te has tomado la molestia? why did you bother to do that?, you shouldn't have put yourself out
    molestia DE + INF:
    ahórrate la molestia de ir save yourself the trip
    se tomó la molestia de escribirnos a cada uno en particular she took the trouble to write to each of us individually
    B
    (malestar): puede causar molestias estomacales it may cause stomach problems o upsets, it may upset the stomach
    las molestias que suelen acompañar a los estados gripales the aches and pains often symptomatic of flu
    no es un dolor, sólo una ligera molestia it's not a pain, just a slight feeling of discomfort
    a la primera molestia, me tomo un calmante as soon as it starts to hurt, I take a painkiller
    * * *

     

    molestia sustantivo femenino
    1
    a) (incomodidad, trastorno):


    siento causarte tantas molestias I'm sorry to cause you so much trouble;
    perdona la molestia, pero … sorry to bother you, but …


    ¿para qué te tomaste la molestia? why did you bother to do that?;
    no es ninguna molestia it's no trouble o bother
    2 ( malestar):
    molestias estomacales stomach problems o upsets;

    no es un dolor, solo una molestia it's not a pain, just a feeling of discomfort
    molestia sustantivo femenino
    1 (incomodidad) trouble: no quiero causar ninguna molestia, I don't want to cause any trouble
    2 (trabajo, esfuerzo) bother: se tomó la molestia de venir, he took the trouble to come
    3 (fastidio) nuisance
    4 (dolor) slight pain
    ' molestia' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    daño
    - fastidiar
    - fastidio
    - fregado
    - gaita
    - incomodar
    - trastorno
    - ahorrar
    - estorbo
    - evitar
    - joda
    - joroba
    - pasajero
    - pesadez
    - tomar
    English:
    annoyance
    - bother
    - discomfort
    - inconvenience
    - irritation
    - nuisance
    - palaver
    - tiresomeness
    - trouble
    - pain
    - put
    * * *
    1. [incomodidad] bother, trouble;
    este ruido es una molestia this noise is annoying;
    es una molestia vivir lejos del trabajo it's a nuisance living a long way from work;
    ahórrese molestias y pague con tarjeta save yourself a lot of trouble and pay by credit card;
    ¿te llevo a la estación? – ahórrate la molestia, iré en taxi shall I give you a Br lift o US ride to the station? – don't bother, I'll get a cab;
    ocasionar o [m5] causar molestias a alguien to cause sb trouble;
    si no es demasiada molestia if it's not too much trouble;
    no es ninguna molestia it's no trouble;
    perdone la molestia, pero… sorry to bother you, but…;
    (les rogamos) disculpen las molestias (causadas) we apologize for any inconvenience caused;
    tomarse la molestia de hacer algo to go to o to take the trouble to do sth;
    ¡no tenías por qué tomarte tantas molestias! you didn't have to go to such trouble!, you shouldn't have!
    2. [malestar] discomfort;
    siento molestias en el estómago my stomach doesn't feel too good;
    se retiró porque sentía algunas molestias en la rodilla he came off because his knee wasn't quite right
    * * *
    f ( incordio) nuisance;
    molestias pl MED discomfort sg ;
    tomarse la molestia de go to the trouble of
    * * *
    1) fastidio: annoyance, bother, nuisance
    2) : trouble
    se tomó la molestia de investigar: she took the trouble to investigate
    3) malestar: discomfort
    * * *
    1. (incomodidad) trouble
    2. (dolor) slight pain
    3. (fastidio) nuisance / bother

    Spanish-English dictionary > molestia

  • 10 superar

    v.
    1 to beat.
    queremos superar los resultados del año pasado we want to improve on o beat last year's results
    me superó por dos décimas de segundo she beat me by two tenths of a second
    superar algo/a alguien en algo to beat something/somebody for something
    nos superan en número they outnumber us
    me supera en altura/inteligencia he's taller/cleverer than me
    2 to overtake, to pass.
    3 to overcome.
    superar un examen to get through an exam
    tener algo superado to have got over something
    Ellos superan la adversidad They overcome adversity.
    4 to surpass, to exceed, to best, to excel.
    María supera a sus colegas Mary surpasses her colleagues.
    5 to outdo, to win over.
    * * *
    1 (exceder) to surpass, exceed, excel
    2 (obstáculo etc) to overcome, surmount
    1 (sobrepasarse) to excel oneself
    2 (mejorarse) to improve oneself, better oneself
    * * *
    verb
    * * *
    1. VT
    1) (=aventajar) [+ contrincante, adversario] to overcome; [+ límite] to go beyond; [+ récord, marca] to break

    superar a algn en algo: superó al adversario en cuatro puntos — she beat her opponent by four points

    2) (=pasar con éxito) [+ dificultad] to overcome; [+ enfermedad, crisis] to get over
    3) [+ etapa] to get past
    4) [+ prueba, examen] to pass
    2.
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    1)
    a) (ser superior a, mayor que) to exceed, go beyond
    b) ( mejorar) < marca> to beat
    2)
    a) (vencer, sobreponerse a) <timidez/dificultad/etapa> to overcome; < trauma> to get over
    b) (frml) <examen/prueba> to pass
    2.
    superarse v pron to better oneself
    * * *
    = beat, circumvent, go beyond, outperform [out-perform], outweigh, overcome, overtake, score over, outgrow, surpass, survive, go far beyond, extend + far beyond, top, outbalance, outrank, weather, get through, one-up, outwit, outdo, outsmart, ride out, exceed, outfox, go + past, outrun [out-run], best, trump, move on from, go + one better.
    Ex. It would certainly beat the usual file clerk.
    Ex. Plainly, the familiarization stage is circumvented in a computer-based indexing system with machine-assigned terms.
    Ex. Maybe the answer is some kind of localized Ceefax or Oracle information service that could be obtained free through one's television set but went beyond the mainly trivia that these services currently provide.
    Ex. Numerous experiment have tried to determine if free-text searching outperform searching with the aid of a controlled index language.
    Ex. It may be decided that the practical impediments to the distribution and assignment of such numbers outweigh their potential usefulness.
    Ex. Analytical cataloguing seeks to overcome physical packaging.
    Ex. Why have card-based systems been overtaken by computer databases?.
    Ex. A Permuterm index scores over a Double-KWIC index in that it avoids repetitive printing of one title.
    Ex. We outgrow the school, we cannot outgrow the library.
    Ex. The advantages of the system far surpass any disadvantages.
    Ex. The chairwoman of the board had decided that as part of the screening process those who had successfully survived the initial winnowing should furnish the board with tangible evidence of how they might perform on a specific assignment.
    Ex. These changes in the physical form of the catalog have implications which go far beyond changes in form or even in improvements in speed and convenience to the catalog user.
    Ex. We have seen that the relationships of the Publications Office with the institutions and other bodies of the European Communities may in theory, but do not yet in practice extend far beyond those with the six managing institutions.
    Ex. As public library circ declines, spending continues to top inflation.
    Ex. The large profits to be made in this field will outbalance the problems that may lie ahead.
    Ex. One node in the star graphic completely outranks the others, while the other six themselves are interchangeable.
    Ex. The small publishers seem to be weathering the industry changes, and have expectations of growth.
    Ex. I think that the so-called average person often exhibits a great deal of heroism in getting through an ordinary day.
    Ex. This remake of William Castle's action adventure adds a genuinely supernatural plot to the old story of the duplicitous wife scheming to kill her husband but being one-upped by his even more ingenious counterplots.
    Ex. Two dangerous trysts are spied upon by a third and hostile party, whose presence is detected by the lovers who act in consort to outwit him.
    Ex. This novel is narrated by William, an underachiever who is constantly outdone by his charming and lovable identical twin brother.
    Ex. Smart and speedy start-ups blindside mature companies with their inventiveness then grow up into mature companies and are outsmarted in their turn.
    Ex. Without any significant restructuring, the LIS programme in Iran will provide little in the way of riding out the rapid transition that the field is currently experiencing.
    Ex. In the same way, files of item record cards can be difficult to manage if the file size exceeds, say, 2000 cards.
    Ex. It also led to a continuing guerilla war between the authorities and caricaturists who sought to evade, outfox, or entirely defy them.
    Ex. Unfortunately, its conclusions are completely pedestrian, rarely going past the fact that there were old people in England in the late Middle Ages.
    Ex. But he was wiry and wily, too, and he could often out-run, track, back-track, double-back, and finally dodge unseen in the subway.
    Ex. Back in 2001, the tossed salad they prepared fed some 5,000, which then bested the record held by a community in Utah in the United States.
    Ex. If prejudice is allowed to trump the rights that all citizens should enjoy, then everyone's freedoms are ultimately endangered.
    Ex. He is moving on from the past and looking forward to a tremendous future helping to educate parents from his personal experiences.
    Ex. I think Murray will go one better than Wimbledon, but will lose to Federer again in the final.
    ----
    * ayudar a superar = get + Nombre + through.
    * capaz de adaptarse y superar adversidades = resilient.
    * con el propósito de superarse uno mismo = self-improvement-oriented.
    * nada supera a = nothing beats....
    * no superar la prueba de = not stand the test of.
    * ser difícil de superar = take + some beating.
    * sin ser superado = unsurpassed.
    * superar Algo = put + Nombre + behind.
    * superar barreras = hurdle + barriers.
    * superar el intento = resist + effort.
    * superar el miedo = overcome + Posesivo + fear, conquer + fear.
    * superar el nerviosismo = overcome + nervousness.
    * superar el problema de credibilidad = overcome + credibility gap.
    * superar en número = outnumber.
    * superar la barrera del tiempo = cross + time barriers.
    * superar la etapa de = move on from.
    * superar las expectativas = exceed + expectations.
    * superarse a sí mismo = pull + Reflexivo + up(wards) by + Posesivo + (own) bootstraps.
    * superarse a Uno Mismo = make + the best of + Reflexivo.
    * superarse para hacer frente a Algo = rise to + meet.
    * superar una barrera = conquer + barrier.
    * superar una crisis = ford + crisis, survive + crisis.
    * superar una deficiencia = overcome + weakness.
    * superar una dificultad = overcome + difficulty, get over + difficulty.
    * superar una limitación = overcome + limitation, tackle + limitation.
    * superar un análisis minucioso = stand up to + scrutiny, stand up to + examination.
    * superar una situación difícil = weather + the bumpy ride, weather + the storm.
    * superar un examen = pass + examination, pass + an exam.
    * superar un obstáculo = overcome + obstacle, jump over + hurdle, overcome + barrier, conquer + barrier.
    * superar un peligro = overcome + danger.
    * superar un problema = surmount + problem, conquer + problem, get over + problem.
    * verse superado sólo por = be second only to.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    1)
    a) (ser superior a, mayor que) to exceed, go beyond
    b) ( mejorar) < marca> to beat
    2)
    a) (vencer, sobreponerse a) <timidez/dificultad/etapa> to overcome; < trauma> to get over
    b) (frml) <examen/prueba> to pass
    2.
    superarse v pron to better oneself
    * * *
    = beat, circumvent, go beyond, outperform [out-perform], outweigh, overcome, overtake, score over, outgrow, surpass, survive, go far beyond, extend + far beyond, top, outbalance, outrank, weather, get through, one-up, outwit, outdo, outsmart, ride out, exceed, outfox, go + past, outrun [out-run], best, trump, move on from, go + one better.

    Ex: It would certainly beat the usual file clerk.

    Ex: Plainly, the familiarization stage is circumvented in a computer-based indexing system with machine-assigned terms.
    Ex: Maybe the answer is some kind of localized Ceefax or Oracle information service that could be obtained free through one's television set but went beyond the mainly trivia that these services currently provide.
    Ex: Numerous experiment have tried to determine if free-text searching outperform searching with the aid of a controlled index language.
    Ex: It may be decided that the practical impediments to the distribution and assignment of such numbers outweigh their potential usefulness.
    Ex: Analytical cataloguing seeks to overcome physical packaging.
    Ex: Why have card-based systems been overtaken by computer databases?.
    Ex: A Permuterm index scores over a Double-KWIC index in that it avoids repetitive printing of one title.
    Ex: We outgrow the school, we cannot outgrow the library.
    Ex: The advantages of the system far surpass any disadvantages.
    Ex: The chairwoman of the board had decided that as part of the screening process those who had successfully survived the initial winnowing should furnish the board with tangible evidence of how they might perform on a specific assignment.
    Ex: These changes in the physical form of the catalog have implications which go far beyond changes in form or even in improvements in speed and convenience to the catalog user.
    Ex: We have seen that the relationships of the Publications Office with the institutions and other bodies of the European Communities may in theory, but do not yet in practice extend far beyond those with the six managing institutions.
    Ex: As public library circ declines, spending continues to top inflation.
    Ex: The large profits to be made in this field will outbalance the problems that may lie ahead.
    Ex: One node in the star graphic completely outranks the others, while the other six themselves are interchangeable.
    Ex: The small publishers seem to be weathering the industry changes, and have expectations of growth.
    Ex: I think that the so-called average person often exhibits a great deal of heroism in getting through an ordinary day.
    Ex: This remake of William Castle's action adventure adds a genuinely supernatural plot to the old story of the duplicitous wife scheming to kill her husband but being one-upped by his even more ingenious counterplots.
    Ex: Two dangerous trysts are spied upon by a third and hostile party, whose presence is detected by the lovers who act in consort to outwit him.
    Ex: This novel is narrated by William, an underachiever who is constantly outdone by his charming and lovable identical twin brother.
    Ex: Smart and speedy start-ups blindside mature companies with their inventiveness then grow up into mature companies and are outsmarted in their turn.
    Ex: Without any significant restructuring, the LIS programme in Iran will provide little in the way of riding out the rapid transition that the field is currently experiencing.
    Ex: In the same way, files of item record cards can be difficult to manage if the file size exceeds, say, 2000 cards.
    Ex: It also led to a continuing guerilla war between the authorities and caricaturists who sought to evade, outfox, or entirely defy them.
    Ex: Unfortunately, its conclusions are completely pedestrian, rarely going past the fact that there were old people in England in the late Middle Ages.
    Ex: But he was wiry and wily, too, and he could often out-run, track, back-track, double-back, and finally dodge unseen in the subway.
    Ex: Back in 2001, the tossed salad they prepared fed some 5,000, which then bested the record held by a community in Utah in the United States.
    Ex: If prejudice is allowed to trump the rights that all citizens should enjoy, then everyone's freedoms are ultimately endangered.
    Ex: He is moving on from the past and looking forward to a tremendous future helping to educate parents from his personal experiences.
    Ex: I think Murray will go one better than Wimbledon, but will lose to Federer again in the final.
    * ayudar a superar = get + Nombre + through.
    * capaz de adaptarse y superar adversidades = resilient.
    * con el propósito de superarse uno mismo = self-improvement-oriented.
    * nada supera a = nothing beats....
    * no superar la prueba de = not stand the test of.
    * ser difícil de superar = take + some beating.
    * sin ser superado = unsurpassed.
    * superar Algo = put + Nombre + behind.
    * superar barreras = hurdle + barriers.
    * superar el intento = resist + effort.
    * superar el miedo = overcome + Posesivo + fear, conquer + fear.
    * superar el nerviosismo = overcome + nervousness.
    * superar el problema de credibilidad = overcome + credibility gap.
    * superar en número = outnumber.
    * superar la barrera del tiempo = cross + time barriers.
    * superar la etapa de = move on from.
    * superar las expectativas = exceed + expectations.
    * superarse a sí mismo = pull + Reflexivo + up(wards) by + Posesivo + (own) bootstraps.
    * superarse a Uno Mismo = make + the best of + Reflexivo.
    * superarse para hacer frente a Algo = rise to + meet.
    * superar una barrera = conquer + barrier.
    * superar una crisis = ford + crisis, survive + crisis.
    * superar una deficiencia = overcome + weakness.
    * superar una dificultad = overcome + difficulty, get over + difficulty.
    * superar una limitación = overcome + limitation, tackle + limitation.
    * superar un análisis minucioso = stand up to + scrutiny, stand up to + examination.
    * superar una situación difícil = weather + the bumpy ride, weather + the storm.
    * superar un examen = pass + examination, pass + an exam.
    * superar un obstáculo = overcome + obstacle, jump over + hurdle, overcome + barrier, conquer + barrier.
    * superar un peligro = overcome + danger.
    * superar un problema = surmount + problem, conquer + problem, get over + problem.
    * verse superado sólo por = be second only to.

    * * *
    superar [A1 ]
    vt
    A
    1 (ser superior a, mayor que) to exceed, go beyond
    un éxito que supera todas las expectativas a success which goes beyond o exceeds o surpasses all expectations
    la realidad supera a la ficción fact o truth is stranger than fiction
    el horror de estas escenas supera todo lo imaginable the horror of these scenes goes beyond anything one could imagine
    nadie lo supera en experiencia ni habilidad nobody can surpass him in experience or skill, nobody can surpass his experience or skill
    nos superan en número they outnumber us
    supera en estatura a su hermano mayor he's taller than his elder brother
    supera en tres puntos la cifra de ayer it is three points higher than yesterday's figure, it surpasses yesterday's figure by three points
    2 (mejorar) to beat
    logró superar su propio récord he managed to beat his own record
    ese método está totalmente superado that method has been completely superseded
    B
    1 (vencer, sobreponerse a) ‹timidez/dificultad/etapa› to overcome
    trata de superar estas diferencias try to overcome o get over these differences
    no ha logrado superar el trauma que le supuso el accidente he has not got(ten) over the trauma of the accident
    ya hemos superado la etapa más difícil we've already got(ten) through o over the most difficult stage
    hace tres meses que rompimos pero ya lo tengo superado we split up three months ago but I've got(ten) over it o I'm over it now
    2 ( frml); ‹examen/prueba› to pass
    to better oneself
    * * *

     

    superar ( conjugate superar) verbo transitivo
    1


    nadie lo supera en experiencia no one has more experience than him;
    supera en estatura a su hermano he's taller than his brother
    b) ( mejorar) ‹ marca to beat

    2
    a) (vencer, sobreponerse a) ‹timidez/dificultad/etapa to overcome;

    trauma to get over
    b) (frml) ‹examen/prueba to pass

    superarse verbo pronominal
    to better oneself
    superar verbo transitivo
    1 (estar por encima de) to exceed: tu hermana te supera en altura, your sister is taller than you
    la temperatura superó los treinta grados, the temperature rose above thirty degrees
    (expectativas) esto supera todo lo imaginado, this defies the imagination
    (un récord, una marca) to beat, break
    2 (pasar, sobreponerse) to overcome
    (un examen) to pass, get through
    ' superar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    atonía
    - ganar
    - sacar
    - salir
    - salvar
    - sobreponerse
    - vencer
    - volver
    - cabeza
    - creces
    - exceder
    - marca
    English:
    beat
    - beating
    - carry through
    - coast
    - corner
    - deal with
    - excel
    - get over
    - get past
    - handicap
    - improve on
    - outdo
    - outnumber
    - overcome
    - overtake
    - pull through
    - surmount
    - surpass
    - top
    - exceed
    - get
    - negotiate
    - out
    - over
    - rise
    - shrug
    - survive
    - transcend
    * * *
    vt
    1. [aventajar] to beat;
    superar algo/a alguien en algo to beat sth/sb for sth;
    nos superan en número they outnumber us;
    me supera en altura/inteligencia he's taller/cleverer than me
    2. [sobrepasar] [récord] to break;
    queremos superar los resultados del año pasado we want to improve on o beat last year's results;
    me superó por dos décimas de segundo she beat me by two tenths of a second
    3. [adelantar] to overtake, to pass;
    superó a su rival en la recta final she overtook her rival on the home straight
    4. [época, técnica]
    estar superado to have been superseded
    5. [complejo, crisis, enfermedad] to overcome, to get over;
    no ha superado la pérdida de su mujer he has not overcome the loss of his wife;
    tener algo superado to have got over sth
    6. [examen, prueba] to pass
    * * *
    v/t persona beat; límite go beyond, exceed; obstáculo overcome, surmount
    * * *
    1) : to surpass, to exceed
    2) : to overcome, to surmount
    * * *
    1. (vencer problema, etc) to overcome [pt. overcame; pp. overcome]
    2. (pasar) to pass
    3. (ser mejor) to be better / to surpass
    4. (ser más) to be more / to be over
    el porcentaje de aprobados supera el 85% the percentage of passes is over 85%

    Spanish-English dictionary > superar

  • 11 trabajo1

    1 = employment, endeavour [endeavor, -USA], job, labour [labor, -USA], leg work, occupation, task, work, working environment, workload [work load], pursuit, workmanship, footwork, handwork, professional position, working practice, pursuit in life, handiwork, lifework, line of business, toil, industry.
    Ex. Under WOMEN -- EMPLOYMENT, for instance, are listed works on the health and safety hazards of employment, the wages of employment, the problems of mothers, married and/or single women and employment, and so on.
    Ex. Eventually, it came to be recognized that the Classification Research Group's endeavours might be pertinent to the problem of alphabetical indexing.
    Ex. To ease the cataloguer's job and save him the trouble of counting characters, DOBIS/LIBIS uses a special function.
    Ex. An editor is a person who prepares for publication an item not his own and whose labour may be limited to the preparation of the item for the manufacturer.
    Ex. DOBIS/LIBIS may replace the typewriter, the catalog card, and much leg work, but it cannot replace the decision-making capabilities of the library staff.
    Ex. Headings such as SALESMEN AND SALESMANSHIP and FIREMEN, since they are assigned to works covering the activities of both men and women in these occupations, are not specific.
    Ex. Further, menu screens will be necessary until the user has specified the task that he wishes executed or the information that he wishes to retrieve sufficiently for execution or retrieval to be effected.
    Ex. The Classification Research Group (CRG) has been a major force in the development of classification theory, and has made a major contribution towards work on a new general classification scheme.
    Ex. This article examines the various features now available on copiers and comments on the usefulness in a working environment.
    Ex. Each of these changes, if we were to deal with them in an adequate manner, create severe workload problems for the cataloging department.
    Ex. What is more arguable is whether or not it is a bibliographical pursuit at all since it bears little relationship to the physical nature of the book.
    Ex. William R Lethaby, the architect who had Westminster Abbey in his charge for over twenty years, once said 'Art is thoughtful workmanship'.
    Ex. If we decide to take on making up a subject file there'd be a lot of footwork even if we use that list as a basis = Si decidimos aceptar crear un fichero ordenado por materias habría mucho trabajo incluso si usamos esta lista como base.
    Ex. The newspaper's suppression after the first issue was not, as some historians have declared, the handwork of Massachusetts' Puritan clergy = La supresión del periódico después de su primer número no fue, como algunos historiadores han declarado, por la intervención del clero puritano de Massachussetts.
    Ex. In virtually all of her professional positions she has been involved with the handling of documents.
    Ex. While many believe that print on paper will never die, new formats are already changing working practice in many spheres.
    Ex. People who are blind, regardless of their pursuit in life, will not have access to current information, books, learning, or education opportunities unless all libraries and blindness organizations agree to work together.
    Ex. Rather than bringing in butchers to do the handiwork of his dissections, Vesalius himself worked on the human cadavers and said that students of medicine should do the same.
    Ex. This is an eloquent, moving testament to the lifework of a major artist of unimpeachable technique and passion.
    Ex. The computer people are muscling in on our line of business and we can't stop them.
    Ex. Furthermore, the computer can be used, and is already being used, to eliminate drudgery, busywork, and useless toil in library systems.
    Ex. In fact, the terms of the contrast are highly ambivalent: order vs. anarchy, liberty vs. despotism, or industry vs. sloth, and also dissimulation vs. honesty.
    ----
    * acoso en el trabajo = workplace mobbing.
    * agenda de trabajo = work agenda.
    * agobiado de trabajo = up to + Posesivo + eyeballs in work.
    * ahorrar el trabajo de = save + effort in.
    * almuerzo de trabajo = work luncheon.
    * ámbito de trabajo = field of endeavour.
    * amor al trabajo = love of work.
    * ansiedad en el trabajo = job anxiety, work anxiety.
    * anterior al trabajo = pre-service.
    * anuncio de trabajo = help wanted ad, help wanted notice.
    * anuncios de trabajo = help-wanted advertising.
    * año de trabajo = man year.
    * ascender en el trabajo = step up + the career ladder.
    * ascenso en el trabajo = job promotion.
    * aspirar a un puesto de trabajo = aspire to + position.
    * asunto relacionado con el trabajo = work-related issue.
    * avanzar en + Posesivo + trabajo = advance + Posesivo + work, advance + Posesivo + work.
    * basado en el trabajo en equipo = team-based.
    * bibliografía de trabajo = working bibliography.
    * biblioteconomía especializada en el trabajo de referencia = reference librarianship.
    * bolsa de trabajo = labour exchange, job opportunities, employment bureau, employment centre, employment opportunity, job centre, job pool.
    * borrador de trabajo = working paper.
    * buscador de trabajo = job applicant, job seeker.
    * buscar trabajo = seek + employment.
    * buscar trabajo en la calle = work + the streets.
    * campo de trabajo = field of endeavour.
    * campo de trabajos forzados = labour camp, forced labour camp.
    * cantidad de trabajo = workload [work load].
    * carga de trabajo = workload [work load].
    * centro de trabajo = workplace.
    * cobrar en un trabajo = job + pay.
    * comenzar el turno de trabajo = go on + duty.
    * comida de trabajo = business meal, professional meal.
    * compañero de trabajo = co-worker [coworker], male colleague, work colleague, fellow worker.
    * complementos del trabajo = fringe benefits, fringes.
    * conciliación del trabajo y la familia = reconciliation of work and family.
    * con demasiado trabajo = overworked.
    * condiciones del contrato de trabajo = terms of employment.
    * condiciones de trabajo = working conditions.
    * con mucho trabajo = painfully.
    * conseguir un puesto de trabajo = obtain + position.
    * conseguir un trabajo = enter + job, land + job.
    * con trabajo = in post.
    * contratar al primero que solicita el trabajo = hire on a first-come, first-take basis.
    * contrato de trabajo = contract position.
    * conversación de trabajo = shop talk.
    * costar mucho trabajo = have + a tough time, have + a hard time.
    * costar trabajo = have + Posesivo + work cut out for + Pronombre, have + Posesivo + job cut out for + Pronombre.
    * cualquier trabajo temporal = casual job.
    * cubrir un puesto de trabajo = fill + position.
    * cuestión relacionada con el trabajo = work-related issue.
    * dar permiso en el trabajo = give + time off work.
    * dar trabajo = present + burden.
    * dedicar trabajo = expend + effort.
    * definición de trabajo = working definition.
    * dejar a Alguien sin trabajo = put + Nombre + out of work.
    * dejar el puesto de trabajo = resign from + Posesivo + post.
    * dejar el trabajo = resign from + Posesivo + post, quit + Posesivo + job, jump + ship.
    * dejar sin trabajo = put + Nombre + out of work.
    * dejar un puesto de trabajo = resign from + Posesivo + position.
    * dejar un trabajo = quit, resign + Posesivo + post.
    * denominación del puesto de trabajo = job title, occupational title.
    * dentro del mismo trabajo = intraoccupational.
    * derecho del trabajo = employment law.
    * desarrollar + Posesivo + trabajo = advance + Posesivo + work.
    * desarrollar un plan de trabajo = develop + agenda.
    * descripción del puesto de trabajo = job description, position description, job profile.
    * desempeñar un trabajo = exercise + work.
    * despedir del trabajo = make + redundant.
    * después del horario de trabajo = after hours [after-hours].
    * de trabajo = working.
    * día del trabajo = Labour Day.
    * día de trabajo = working day.
    * día internacional del trabajo = Labour Day.
    * diario automático de trabajo = time log.
    * dignidad del trabajo = dignity of work.
    * dinámica de trabajo = workflow [work flow].
    * distribución del trabajo = workflow [work flow].
    * distribuir el trabajo = spread + the load.
    * división del trabajo = division of labour.
    * documento de trabajo = working document, working draft.
    * eficacia en el trabajo = quality of service.
    * elaborar un plan de trabajo = develop + agenda.
    * eliminar puestos de trabajo = shed + jobs, axe + jobs, cut + jobs.
    * empresa de trabajo = industrial affiliation.
    * encomendar un trabajo a Alguien = assign + job.
    * encontrar trabajo = find + a job.
    * encontrar trabajo en una biblioteca = join + library.
    * en el horario de trabajo = on company time.
    * en el trabajo = on-the-job, at work.
    * enseñanza antes de empezar el trabajo = pre-service education.
    * enseñanza en el trabajo = in-service education.
    * entorno de trabajo = working environment, work environment.
    * entrevista de trabajo = job interview.
    * equipo de trabajo = study team, project team, work team.
    * esclavo del trabajo = workaholic.
    * escribir un trabajo = write + essay.
    * espacio de trabajo = workspace.
    * específico de un trabajo concreto = job-specific.
    * estación de trabajo = workstation [work station], desktop workstation.
    * estación de trabajo remota = outstation.
    * estadía de trabajo = work visit.
    * estar mareado de tanto trabajo = be reeling.
    * estar relacionado con el trabajo = be work related.
    * estar saturado de trabajo = work to + capacity.
    * estar sin trabajo = stay out of + work.
    * estrategia que ahorra trabajo = labour saver.
    * estrés en el trabajo = job stress.
    * evaluar el rendimiento en el trabajo = evaluate + work performance.
    * excedencia en el trabajo = leave of absence.
    * ficha de trabajo = worksheet, project worksheet.
    * formación continua en el trabajo = workplace training, workplace learning.
    * formación en el trabajo = in-service training, in-service education, in-service, on-the-job training, in-service support.
    * funciones del puesto de trabajo = position + entail + duty.
    * grupo de trabajo = study group, study team, task force, working party, task group, research group, working group, project team.
    * grupo de trabajo por tema de interés = breakout group.
    * guía de trabajo = working guide.
    * hábito de trabajo = work habit, working habit.
    * hablar del trabajo = talk + shop.
    * hacer + Posesivo + trabajo = get on with + Posesivo + work.
    * hacer (todo) el trabajo pesado = do (all) + the donkey work.
    * hacer un buen trabajo = do + a good job.
    * hacer un trabajo = do + work, do + job.
    * hacer un trabajo sobre = do + a project about.
    * hasta aquí de trabajo = up to + Posesivo + eyeballs in work.
    * hasta el cuello de trabajo = up to + Posesivo + eyeballs in work.
    * herramienta de trabajo = tool, tool.
    * hora de trabajo = man-hour.
    * horario de trabajo = hours of operation, working hours, work hours.
    * horario intenso de trabajo = long hours, the.
    * horarios de trabajo demasiado cargados = over-long hours.
    * igualdad de oportunidad en el trabajo = equal employment opportunity.
    * igualdad de retribución por un trabajo de valor comparable = equal pay for comparable work.
    * igualdad de retribución por un trabajo de igual valor = equal pay for equal work.
    * incentivo en el trabajo = work incentive, labour incentive.
    * indicador del trabajo realizado = workload indicator.
    * intercambio de puestos de trabajo = job exchange.
    * jornada de trabajo = workshop.
    * liberar del exceso de trabajo = relieve + overload.
    * liberar de trabajo = relieve + pressure.
    * línea de trabajo = line of work.
    * llamar al trabajo para excusarse por enfermedad = call in + sick.
    * llegar tarde al trabajo = be late for work.
    * lugar de trabajo = affiliation, institutional affiliation, working environment, workplace, place of work, worksite [work site], home institution.
    * lugar de trabajo del autor = author affiliation.
    * magistratura del trabajo = industrial tribunal.
    * marco de trabajo = framework.
    * medida de seguridad e higiene en el trabajo = health and safety standard.
    * memoria de trabajo = working memory.
    * mercado de trabajo = labour market, job market.
    * mercado de trabajo, el = employment market, the.
    * mesa de trabajo = desk, study table.
    * método de trabajo = working method.
    * Ministerio de Trabajo = Department of Labor.
    * modelo de trabajo = working model, business model.
    * mucho trabajo = hard graft.
    * negligente en el trabajo = malpractitioner.
    * neurosis producida por el trabajo = occupational neurosis.
    * NISTF (Grupo de Trabajo sobre los Sistemas Nacionales de Información de la A = NISTF (Society of American Archivists National Information Systems Task Force).
    * no perder el trabajo = stay in + work.
    * norma de trabajo = working rule.
    * no tener trabajo = be unemployed.
    * obtener un puesto de trabajo = obtain + position.
    * ocupar un puesto de trabajo = assume + position, take up + post, hold + post.
    * oferta de trabajo = job advertisement, job offer, help wanted ad, help wanted notice.
    * ofertas de trabajo = help-wanted advertising.
    * oportunidad de trabajo = career opportunity.
    * organización del trabajo = workflow [work flow], working arrangement.
    * paquete de trabajo = workpackage.
    * para trabajos pesados = heavy-duty.
    * pérdida de puestos de trabajo = squeeze on jobs.
    * permiso de trabajo = work permit.
    * permuta de trabajo = job exchange.
    * persona encargada de hacer los trabajos sucios = hatchetman.
    * persona obsesiva con el trabajo = workoholic [workholic], workaholic.
    * persona que asigna el trabajo = assigner.
    * persona que deja un trabajo = leaver.
    * persona que reparte el trabajo = assigner.
    * personas sin trabajo remunerado, los = unwaged, the.
    * plan de trabajo = research agenda, work plan, working plan, work schedule.
    * política de trabajo = policy.
    * postura exigida por el trabajo = work posture.
    * proceso de trabajo = work process.
    * programa de formación en el trabajo = in-service training program(me).
    * programa de trabajo = work schedule.
    * programa de trabajo como interno residente = residency.
    * promoción en el trabajo = job promotion.
    * propuesta de trabajo = project proposal.
    * proyecto de trabajo = work project.
    * puente de trabajo = catwalk.
    * puesto de trabajo = appointment, position, post, opening, career path, professional position, position held.
    * puesto de trabajo de libre designación = line position.
    * puesto de trabajo ocupado = position held.
    * puestos de trabajo ocupados = positions held.
    * quitar puestos de trabajo = shed + jobs, axe + jobs, cut + jobs.
    * realizar el trabajo = get + Posesivo + work done.
    * realizar + Posesivo + trabajo = advance + Posesivo + work.
    * realizar un trabajo = perform + work, undertake + work.
    * realizar un trabajo monótono = have + Posesivo + nose to the grindstone.
    * red de trabajo = peer-to-peer network.
    * relacionado con el trabajo = job-related, work-related.
    * relación de trabajo = working relation, working relationship, work relationship, work relation.
    * relativo al trabajo = occupational.
    * rendimiento en el trabajo = work performance.
    * reunión de trabajo = business meeting, business session.
    * ropa de trabajo = work clothes.
    * rutina de trabajo = work process.
    * sala de trabajo = workroom.
    * salir del trabajo = clock off + work.
    * salud en el trabajo = occupational health.
    * satisfacción en el trabajo = job satisfaction, work satisfaction.
    * segregación en el trabajo = job segregation, employment segregation.
    * seguridad en el trabajo = safety at work, occupational safety.
    * sesión de trabajo = work session, working session.
    * sicología del trabajo = occupational psychology.
    * sin trabajo = jobless.
    * sobrecargado de trabajo = overworked.
    * sociología del trabajo = sociology of work.
    * soliciante de trabajo = job applicant.
    * solicitud de trabajo = job application.
    * superficie de trabajo = working surface, work surface.
    * taller de trabajo = workshop, study school.
    * taller de trabajo esclavo = sweatshop.
    * taller de trabajo sobre composición = writing workshop.
    * tener trabajo para rato = have + Posesivo + work cut out for + Pronombre, have + Posesivo + job cut out for + Pronombre.
    * tener un segundo trabajo = moonlight, work + a second job.
    * tener un trabajo = hold down + job.
    * tener un trabajo remunerado = be gainfully employed.
    * tener un trabajo retribuido = be gainfully employed.
    * tensión en el trabajo = job stress.
    * tensión producida por el trabajo = occupational stress.
    * terminar turno de trabajo = come off + duty.
    * toda una vida de trabajo = a lifetime of work.
    * tomarse excedencia en el trabajo = take + leave from + employment.
    * tomarse + Expresión Temporal + de permiso en el trabajo = take + Expresión Temporal + off, have + Expresión Temporal + off work.
    * tomarse unos días de permiso en el trabajo = take + time off work.
    * tomarse unos días de permiso en el trabajo = take + time off, take + time out.
    * trabajo académico = academic work.
    * trabajo a destajo = piecework.
    * trabajo a distancia = telecommuting, teleworking, telework.
    * trabajo administrativo de apoyo = clerical work.
    * trabajo a medias = job share.
    * trabajo artesanal = craftsmanship.
    * trabajo a tiempo parcial = part-time work, part-time employment, part-time job.
    * trabajo atípico = atypical work.
    * trabajo autónomo = self-employment.
    * trabajo bibliográfico = bibliographic work.
    * trabajo bibliotecario = library work.
    * trabajo burocrático = paper-keeping.
    * trabajo científico = scientific work, scholarly work.
    * trabajo compartido = job sharing.
    * trabajo complicado = major exercise.
    * trabajo con documentación automatizada = computer-based information work.
    * trabajo conjunto = interworking.
    * trabajo con ordenador = computer work.
    * trabajo cotidiano = daily work.
    * trabajo creativo = creative work.
    * trabajo de alfabetización = literacy work.
    * trabajo de apoyo = escort work.
    * trabajo de calidad = best practices, lessons learned [lessons learnt].
    * trabajo de campo = fieldwork [field work].
    * trabajo de catalogación = cataloguing work.
    * trabajo de chinos = fiddly [fiddlier -comp., fiddliest -sup.].
    * trabajo de clase = term paper, coursework [course work], term project, homework.
    * trabajo de detective = sleuthing.
    * trabajo de escolta = escort work.
    * trabajo de impresión = bookwork.
    * trabajo de impresión de material efímero = ephemeral jobbing.
    * trabajo de información y de las bibliotecas = library and information work.
    * trabajo de investigación = investigative work, research paper, research work.
    * trabajo de la casa = housework.
    * trabajo de menores = child labour.
    * trabajo de poca monta = odd-job.
    * trabajo de préstamo de servicios = service job.
    * trabajo de referencia = reference work.
    * trabajo desinteresado = labour of love.
    * trabajo detectivesco = sleuthing.
    * trabajo de toda una vida = life's work, lifework.
    * trabajo diario = day's work, daily work.
    * trabajo doméstico = domestic duty, domestic work, domestic task.
    * trabajo duro = hard labour, thirsty work, hard work.
    * trabajo duro, mucho trabajo = hard graft.
    * trabajo editorial = editorship.
    * trabajo en archivística = archives work.
    * trabajo en colaboración = interworking.
    * trabajo en común = interworking.
    * trabajo en curso = work in progress.
    * trabajo en equipo = teamwork, collaborative teamwork, team management.
    * trabajo en red = networking.
    * trabajo en sucio = rough work.
    * trabajo entre manos, el = work at hand, the.
    * trabajo eventual = jobbing.
    * trabajo físico = physical work.
    * trabajo improductivo = busywork.
    * trabajo individual = independent study, self-study.
    * trabajo infantil = child labour, child work.
    * trabajo ininterrumpido = continuous work.
    * trabajo manual = craft, craft activity, handiwork, manual labour.
    * trabajo monótono = drudge work, drudgery.
    * trabajo + no faltar = have + Posesivo + work cut out for + Pronombre, have + Posesivo + job cut out for + Pronombre.
    * trabajo no remunerado = unpaid work, unremunerated work.
    * trabajo pesado = grind, grinding, donkey work.
    * trabajo por cuenta propia = self-employment.
    * trabajo por libre = freelance [free-lance].
    * trabajo por + Posesivo + cuenta = freelance [free-lance].
    * trabajo por turnos = shift work.
    * trabajo práctico = fieldwork [field work], practical work.
    * trabajo preliminar = groundwork, legwork, spadework [spade work].
    * trabajo previo = groundwork, spadework [spade work].
    * trabajo remunerado = work-for-hire, paid work, paid labour.
    * trabajo rutinario = chore, routine work, mundane task.
    * trabajos = life's work.
    * trabajos de impresión de material efímero = jobbing work.
    * trabajos de rescate = rescue work.
    * trabajos forzados = forced labour, hard labour.
    * trabajo social = social work.
    * trabajo sucio = dirty work.
    * trabajo sumergido = informal work.
    * trabajo temporal = temporary job, casual job.
    * trabajo urgente = hurried work, rush job.
    * trabajo y esfuerzo = toil and trouble.
    * turno de trabajo de atención al usuario = desk duty.
    * un trabajo bien hecho = a job well done.
    * uso compartido de mesas de trabajo = hot desking.
    * útil de trabajo = tool.
    * vida en el trabajo = job life.
    * visita de trabajo = field trip.

    Spanish-English dictionary > trabajo1

  • 12 trabajo

    m.
    1 work.
    una casa tan grande da mucho trabajo a big house like that is a lot of work
    hacer un buen trabajo to do a good job
    trabajo de campo field work
    trabajo en o de equipo teamwork
    trabajo físico physical effort
    trabajo intelectual mental effort
    trabajo manual manual labor
    trabajos forzados o forzosos hard labor
    trabajo de oficina office work
    trabajo social social work
    trabajo sucio dirty work
    trabajo temporal temporary work
    2 job (empleo).
    buscar/encontrar trabajo to look for/find work o a job
    no tener trabajo to be out of work
    3 work (place).
    en el trabajo at work
    ir al trabajo to go to work
    5 labor (economics & politics).
    6 effort (esfuerzo).
    costar mucho trabajo to take a lot of effort
    tomarse el trabajo de hacer algo to go to o take the trouble of doing something
    7 work place, job, workplace.
    pres.indicat.
    1st person singular (yo) present indicative of spanish verb: trabajar.
    * * *
    2 (tarea) task, job
    3 (empleo) job, employment
    4 (esfuerzo) effort
    5 EDUCACIÓN report, paper
    \
    ahorrarse el trabajo to save oneself the trouble
    con gran trabajo / con mucho trabajo with great effort
    cuesta trabajo... it's hard to...
    estar sin trabajo to be out of work
    ir al trabajo to go to work
    tomarse el trabajo de to take the trouble to
    trabajo de chinos familiar very intricate work, time-consuming work
    trabajo eventual casual labour (US labor)
    trabajo por turno / trabajo por turnos shiftwork
    trabajos forzados / trabajos forzosos hard labour (US labor) sing
    trabajos manuales arts and crafts, handicrafts
    * * *
    noun m.
    1) work, job
    * * *
    SM
    1) (=labor) work

    ¡buen trabajo! — good work!

    el trabajo de la casathe housework

    ropa de trabajo — work clothes

    estar sin trabajo — to be unemployed

    quedarse sin trabajo — to find o.s. out of work, lose one's job

    trabajo de campo, trabajo en el terreno — fieldwork

    trabajo manual — manual labour, manual labor (EEUU)

    trabajos forzadoshard labour sing, hard labor (EEUU) sing

    trabajos manuales — (Escol) handicrafts

    2) (tb: puesto de trabajo) job
    3) (tb: lugar de trabajo) work
    4) (=esfuerzo)

    ahorrarse el trabajo — to save o.s. the trouble

    costar trabajo, le cuesta trabajo hacerlo — he finds it hard to do

    dar trabajo, reparar la casa nos ha dado mucho trabajo — it was hard work o a real job repairing the house

    tomarse el trabajo de hacer algo — to take the trouble to do sth

    5) (=obra) (Arte, Literat) work; (Educ) essay; [de investigación] study
    6) (Econ)
    a) (=mano de obra) labour, labor (EEUU)
    b) (tb: Ministerio de Trabajo) Department of Employment, Department of Labor (EEUU)
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( empleo) job

    conseguir trabajoto get o find work, to get o find a job

    un trabajo de media jornada or (AmL) de medio tiempo or (Esp) a tiempo parcial — a part-time job

    trabajo de jornada completa or de or a tiempo completo — full-time work o job

    b) ( lugar) work
    2) (actividad, labor) work
    3)
    a) ( tarea) job
    b) ( obra escrita) piece of work
    4) ( esfuerzo)

    se tomó/dio el trabajo de venir — she took the trouble to come

    5) (Econ) labor*
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( empleo) job

    conseguir trabajoto get o find work, to get o find a job

    un trabajo de media jornada or (AmL) de medio tiempo or (Esp) a tiempo parcial — a part-time job

    trabajo de jornada completa or de or a tiempo completo — full-time work o job

    b) ( lugar) work
    2) (actividad, labor) work
    3)
    a) ( tarea) job
    b) ( obra escrita) piece of work
    4) ( esfuerzo)

    se tomó/dio el trabajo de venir — she took the trouble to come

    5) (Econ) labor*
    * * *
    trabajo1
    1 = employment, endeavour [endeavor, -USA], job, labour [labor, -USA], leg work, occupation, task, work, working environment, workload [work load], pursuit, workmanship, footwork, handwork, professional position, working practice, pursuit in life, handiwork, lifework, line of business, toil, industry.

    Ex: Under WOMEN -- EMPLOYMENT, for instance, are listed works on the health and safety hazards of employment, the wages of employment, the problems of mothers, married and/or single women and employment, and so on.

    Ex: Eventually, it came to be recognized that the Classification Research Group's endeavours might be pertinent to the problem of alphabetical indexing.
    Ex: To ease the cataloguer's job and save him the trouble of counting characters, DOBIS/LIBIS uses a special function.
    Ex: An editor is a person who prepares for publication an item not his own and whose labour may be limited to the preparation of the item for the manufacturer.
    Ex: DOBIS/LIBIS may replace the typewriter, the catalog card, and much leg work, but it cannot replace the decision-making capabilities of the library staff.
    Ex: Headings such as SALESMEN AND SALESMANSHIP and FIREMEN, since they are assigned to works covering the activities of both men and women in these occupations, are not specific.
    Ex: Further, menu screens will be necessary until the user has specified the task that he wishes executed or the information that he wishes to retrieve sufficiently for execution or retrieval to be effected.
    Ex: The Classification Research Group (CRG) has been a major force in the development of classification theory, and has made a major contribution towards work on a new general classification scheme.
    Ex: This article examines the various features now available on copiers and comments on the usefulness in a working environment.
    Ex: Each of these changes, if we were to deal with them in an adequate manner, create severe workload problems for the cataloging department.
    Ex: What is more arguable is whether or not it is a bibliographical pursuit at all since it bears little relationship to the physical nature of the book.
    Ex: William R Lethaby, the architect who had Westminster Abbey in his charge for over twenty years, once said 'Art is thoughtful workmanship'.
    Ex: If we decide to take on making up a subject file there'd be a lot of footwork even if we use that list as a basis = Si decidimos aceptar crear un fichero ordenado por materias habría mucho trabajo incluso si usamos esta lista como base.
    Ex: The newspaper's suppression after the first issue was not, as some historians have declared, the handwork of Massachusetts' Puritan clergy = La supresión del periódico después de su primer número no fue, como algunos historiadores han declarado, por la intervención del clero puritano de Massachussetts.
    Ex: In virtually all of her professional positions she has been involved with the handling of documents.
    Ex: While many believe that print on paper will never die, new formats are already changing working practice in many spheres.
    Ex: People who are blind, regardless of their pursuit in life, will not have access to current information, books, learning, or education opportunities unless all libraries and blindness organizations agree to work together.
    Ex: Rather than bringing in butchers to do the handiwork of his dissections, Vesalius himself worked on the human cadavers and said that students of medicine should do the same.
    Ex: This is an eloquent, moving testament to the lifework of a major artist of unimpeachable technique and passion.
    Ex: The computer people are muscling in on our line of business and we can't stop them.
    Ex: Furthermore, the computer can be used, and is already being used, to eliminate drudgery, busywork, and useless toil in library systems.
    Ex: In fact, the terms of the contrast are highly ambivalent: order vs. anarchy, liberty vs. despotism, or industry vs. sloth, and also dissimulation vs. honesty.
    * acoso en el trabajo = workplace mobbing.
    * agenda de trabajo = work agenda.
    * agobiado de trabajo = up to + Posesivo + eyeballs in work.
    * ahorrar el trabajo de = save + effort in.
    * almuerzo de trabajo = work luncheon.
    * ámbito de trabajo = field of endeavour.
    * amor al trabajo = love of work.
    * ansiedad en el trabajo = job anxiety, work anxiety.
    * anterior al trabajo = pre-service.
    * anuncio de trabajo = help wanted ad, help wanted notice.
    * anuncios de trabajo = help-wanted advertising.
    * año de trabajo = man year.
    * ascender en el trabajo = step up + the career ladder.
    * ascenso en el trabajo = job promotion.
    * aspirar a un puesto de trabajo = aspire to + position.
    * asunto relacionado con el trabajo = work-related issue.
    * avanzar en + Posesivo + trabajo = advance + Posesivo + work, advance + Posesivo + work.
    * basado en el trabajo en equipo = team-based.
    * bibliografía de trabajo = working bibliography.
    * biblioteconomía especializada en el trabajo de referencia = reference librarianship.
    * bolsa de trabajo = labour exchange, job opportunities, employment bureau, employment centre, employment opportunity, job centre, job pool.
    * borrador de trabajo = working paper.
    * buscador de trabajo = job applicant, job seeker.
    * buscar trabajo = seek + employment.
    * buscar trabajo en la calle = work + the streets.
    * campo de trabajo = field of endeavour.
    * campo de trabajos forzados = labour camp, forced labour camp.
    * cantidad de trabajo = workload [work load].
    * carga de trabajo = workload [work load].
    * centro de trabajo = workplace.
    * cobrar en un trabajo = job + pay.
    * comenzar el turno de trabajo = go on + duty.
    * comida de trabajo = business meal, professional meal.
    * compañero de trabajo = co-worker [coworker], male colleague, work colleague, fellow worker.
    * complementos del trabajo = fringe benefits, fringes.
    * conciliación del trabajo y la familia = reconciliation of work and family.
    * con demasiado trabajo = overworked.
    * condiciones del contrato de trabajo = terms of employment.
    * condiciones de trabajo = working conditions.
    * con mucho trabajo = painfully.
    * conseguir un puesto de trabajo = obtain + position.
    * conseguir un trabajo = enter + job, land + job.
    * con trabajo = in post.
    * contratar al primero que solicita el trabajo = hire on a first-come, first-take basis.
    * contrato de trabajo = contract position.
    * conversación de trabajo = shop talk.
    * costar mucho trabajo = have + a tough time, have + a hard time.
    * costar trabajo = have + Posesivo + work cut out for + Pronombre, have + Posesivo + job cut out for + Pronombre.
    * cualquier trabajo temporal = casual job.
    * cubrir un puesto de trabajo = fill + position.
    * cuestión relacionada con el trabajo = work-related issue.
    * dar permiso en el trabajo = give + time off work.
    * dar trabajo = present + burden.
    * dedicar trabajo = expend + effort.
    * definición de trabajo = working definition.
    * dejar a Alguien sin trabajo = put + Nombre + out of work.
    * dejar el puesto de trabajo = resign from + Posesivo + post.
    * dejar el trabajo = resign from + Posesivo + post, quit + Posesivo + job, jump + ship.
    * dejar sin trabajo = put + Nombre + out of work.
    * dejar un puesto de trabajo = resign from + Posesivo + position.
    * dejar un trabajo = quit, resign + Posesivo + post.
    * denominación del puesto de trabajo = job title, occupational title.
    * dentro del mismo trabajo = intraoccupational.
    * derecho del trabajo = employment law.
    * desarrollar + Posesivo + trabajo = advance + Posesivo + work.
    * desarrollar un plan de trabajo = develop + agenda.
    * descripción del puesto de trabajo = job description, position description, job profile.
    * desempeñar un trabajo = exercise + work.
    * despedir del trabajo = make + redundant.
    * después del horario de trabajo = after hours [after-hours].
    * de trabajo = working.
    * día del trabajo = Labour Day.
    * día de trabajo = working day.
    * día internacional del trabajo = Labour Day.
    * diario automático de trabajo = time log.
    * dignidad del trabajo = dignity of work.
    * dinámica de trabajo = workflow [work flow].
    * distribución del trabajo = workflow [work flow].
    * distribuir el trabajo = spread + the load.
    * división del trabajo = division of labour.
    * documento de trabajo = working document, working draft.
    * eficacia en el trabajo = quality of service.
    * elaborar un plan de trabajo = develop + agenda.
    * eliminar puestos de trabajo = shed + jobs, axe + jobs, cut + jobs.
    * empresa de trabajo = industrial affiliation.
    * encomendar un trabajo a Alguien = assign + job.
    * encontrar trabajo = find + a job.
    * encontrar trabajo en una biblioteca = join + library.
    * en el horario de trabajo = on company time.
    * en el trabajo = on-the-job, at work.
    * enseñanza antes de empezar el trabajo = pre-service education.
    * enseñanza en el trabajo = in-service education.
    * entorno de trabajo = working environment, work environment.
    * entrevista de trabajo = job interview.
    * equipo de trabajo = study team, project team, work team.
    * esclavo del trabajo = workaholic.
    * escribir un trabajo = write + essay.
    * espacio de trabajo = workspace.
    * específico de un trabajo concreto = job-specific.
    * estación de trabajo = workstation [work station], desktop workstation.
    * estación de trabajo remota = outstation.
    * estadía de trabajo = work visit.
    * estar mareado de tanto trabajo = be reeling.
    * estar relacionado con el trabajo = be work related.
    * estar saturado de trabajo = work to + capacity.
    * estar sin trabajo = stay out of + work.
    * estrategia que ahorra trabajo = labour saver.
    * estrés en el trabajo = job stress.
    * evaluar el rendimiento en el trabajo = evaluate + work performance.
    * excedencia en el trabajo = leave of absence.
    * ficha de trabajo = worksheet, project worksheet.
    * formación continua en el trabajo = workplace training, workplace learning.
    * formación en el trabajo = in-service training, in-service education, in-service, on-the-job training, in-service support.
    * funciones del puesto de trabajo = position + entail + duty.
    * grupo de trabajo = study group, study team, task force, working party, task group, research group, working group, project team.
    * grupo de trabajo por tema de interés = breakout group.
    * guía de trabajo = working guide.
    * hábito de trabajo = work habit, working habit.
    * hablar del trabajo = talk + shop.
    * hacer + Posesivo + trabajo = get on with + Posesivo + work.
    * hacer (todo) el trabajo pesado = do (all) + the donkey work.
    * hacer un buen trabajo = do + a good job.
    * hacer un trabajo = do + work, do + job.
    * hacer un trabajo sobre = do + a project about.
    * hasta aquí de trabajo = up to + Posesivo + eyeballs in work.
    * hasta el cuello de trabajo = up to + Posesivo + eyeballs in work.
    * herramienta de trabajo = tool, tool.
    * hora de trabajo = man-hour.
    * horario de trabajo = hours of operation, working hours, work hours.
    * horario intenso de trabajo = long hours, the.
    * horarios de trabajo demasiado cargados = over-long hours.
    * igualdad de oportunidad en el trabajo = equal employment opportunity.
    * igualdad de retribución por un trabajo de valor comparable = equal pay for comparable work.
    * igualdad de retribución por un trabajo de igual valor = equal pay for equal work.
    * incentivo en el trabajo = work incentive, labour incentive.
    * indicador del trabajo realizado = workload indicator.
    * intercambio de puestos de trabajo = job exchange.
    * jornada de trabajo = workshop.
    * liberar del exceso de trabajo = relieve + overload.
    * liberar de trabajo = relieve + pressure.
    * línea de trabajo = line of work.
    * llamar al trabajo para excusarse por enfermedad = call in + sick.
    * llegar tarde al trabajo = be late for work.
    * lugar de trabajo = affiliation, institutional affiliation, working environment, workplace, place of work, worksite [work site], home institution.
    * lugar de trabajo del autor = author affiliation.
    * magistratura del trabajo = industrial tribunal.
    * marco de trabajo = framework.
    * medida de seguridad e higiene en el trabajo = health and safety standard.
    * memoria de trabajo = working memory.
    * mercado de trabajo = labour market, job market.
    * mercado de trabajo, el = employment market, the.
    * mesa de trabajo = desk, study table.
    * método de trabajo = working method.
    * Ministerio de Trabajo = Department of Labor.
    * modelo de trabajo = working model, business model.
    * mucho trabajo = hard graft.
    * negligente en el trabajo = malpractitioner.
    * neurosis producida por el trabajo = occupational neurosis.
    * NISTF (Grupo de Trabajo sobre los Sistemas Nacionales de Información de la A = NISTF (Society of American Archivists National Information Systems Task Force).
    * no perder el trabajo = stay in + work.
    * norma de trabajo = working rule.
    * no tener trabajo = be unemployed.
    * obtener un puesto de trabajo = obtain + position.
    * ocupar un puesto de trabajo = assume + position, take up + post, hold + post.
    * oferta de trabajo = job advertisement, job offer, help wanted ad, help wanted notice.
    * ofertas de trabajo = help-wanted advertising.
    * oportunidad de trabajo = career opportunity.
    * organización del trabajo = workflow [work flow], working arrangement.
    * paquete de trabajo = workpackage.
    * para trabajos pesados = heavy-duty.
    * pérdida de puestos de trabajo = squeeze on jobs.
    * permiso de trabajo = work permit.
    * permuta de trabajo = job exchange.
    * persona encargada de hacer los trabajos sucios = hatchetman.
    * persona obsesiva con el trabajo = workoholic [workholic], workaholic.
    * persona que asigna el trabajo = assigner.
    * persona que deja un trabajo = leaver.
    * persona que reparte el trabajo = assigner.
    * personas sin trabajo remunerado, los = unwaged, the.
    * plan de trabajo = research agenda, work plan, working plan, work schedule.
    * política de trabajo = policy.
    * postura exigida por el trabajo = work posture.
    * proceso de trabajo = work process.
    * programa de formación en el trabajo = in-service training program(me).
    * programa de trabajo = work schedule.
    * programa de trabajo como interno residente = residency.
    * promoción en el trabajo = job promotion.
    * propuesta de trabajo = project proposal.
    * proyecto de trabajo = work project.
    * puente de trabajo = catwalk.
    * puesto de trabajo = appointment, position, post, opening, career path, professional position, position held.
    * puesto de trabajo de libre designación = line position.
    * puesto de trabajo ocupado = position held.
    * puestos de trabajo ocupados = positions held.
    * quitar puestos de trabajo = shed + jobs, axe + jobs, cut + jobs.
    * realizar el trabajo = get + Posesivo + work done.
    * realizar + Posesivo + trabajo = advance + Posesivo + work.
    * realizar un trabajo = perform + work, undertake + work.
    * realizar un trabajo monótono = have + Posesivo + nose to the grindstone.
    * red de trabajo = peer-to-peer network.
    * relacionado con el trabajo = job-related, work-related.
    * relación de trabajo = working relation, working relationship, work relationship, work relation.
    * relativo al trabajo = occupational.
    * rendimiento en el trabajo = work performance.
    * reunión de trabajo = business meeting, business session.
    * ropa de trabajo = work clothes.
    * rutina de trabajo = work process.
    * sala de trabajo = workroom.
    * salir del trabajo = clock off + work.
    * salud en el trabajo = occupational health.
    * satisfacción en el trabajo = job satisfaction, work satisfaction.
    * segregación en el trabajo = job segregation, employment segregation.
    * seguridad en el trabajo = safety at work, occupational safety.
    * sesión de trabajo = work session, working session.
    * sicología del trabajo = occupational psychology.
    * sin trabajo = jobless.
    * sobrecargado de trabajo = overworked.
    * sociología del trabajo = sociology of work.
    * soliciante de trabajo = job applicant.
    * solicitud de trabajo = job application.
    * superficie de trabajo = working surface, work surface.
    * taller de trabajo = workshop, study school.
    * taller de trabajo esclavo = sweatshop.
    * taller de trabajo sobre composición = writing workshop.
    * tener trabajo para rato = have + Posesivo + work cut out for + Pronombre, have + Posesivo + job cut out for + Pronombre.
    * tener un segundo trabajo = moonlight, work + a second job.
    * tener un trabajo = hold down + job.
    * tener un trabajo remunerado = be gainfully employed.
    * tener un trabajo retribuido = be gainfully employed.
    * tensión en el trabajo = job stress.
    * tensión producida por el trabajo = occupational stress.
    * terminar turno de trabajo = come off + duty.
    * toda una vida de trabajo = a lifetime of work.
    * tomarse excedencia en el trabajo = take + leave from + employment.
    * tomarse + Expresión Temporal + de permiso en el trabajo = take + Expresión Temporal + off, have + Expresión Temporal + off work.
    * tomarse unos días de permiso en el trabajo = take + time off work.
    * tomarse unos días de permiso en el trabajo = take + time off, take + time out.
    * trabajo académico = academic work.
    * trabajo a destajo = piecework.
    * trabajo a distancia = telecommuting, teleworking, telework.
    * trabajo administrativo de apoyo = clerical work.
    * trabajo a medias = job share.
    * trabajo artesanal = craftsmanship.
    * trabajo a tiempo parcial = part-time work, part-time employment, part-time job.
    * trabajo atípico = atypical work.
    * trabajo autónomo = self-employment.
    * trabajo bibliográfico = bibliographic work.
    * trabajo bibliotecario = library work.
    * trabajo burocrático = paper-keeping.
    * trabajo científico = scientific work, scholarly work.
    * trabajo compartido = job sharing.
    * trabajo complicado = major exercise.
    * trabajo con documentación automatizada = computer-based information work.
    * trabajo conjunto = interworking.
    * trabajo con ordenador = computer work.
    * trabajo cotidiano = daily work.
    * trabajo creativo = creative work.
    * trabajo de alfabetización = literacy work.
    * trabajo de apoyo = escort work.
    * trabajo de calidad = best practices, lessons learned [lessons learnt].
    * trabajo de campo = fieldwork [field work].
    * trabajo de catalogación = cataloguing work.
    * trabajo de chinos = fiddly [fiddlier -comp., fiddliest -sup.].
    * trabajo de clase = term paper, coursework [course work], term project, homework.
    * trabajo de detective = sleuthing.
    * trabajo de escolta = escort work.
    * trabajo de impresión = bookwork.
    * trabajo de impresión de material efímero = ephemeral jobbing.
    * trabajo de información y de las bibliotecas = library and information work.
    * trabajo de investigación = investigative work, research paper, research work.
    * trabajo de la casa = housework.
    * trabajo de menores = child labour.
    * trabajo de poca monta = odd-job.
    * trabajo de préstamo de servicios = service job.
    * trabajo de referencia = reference work.
    * trabajo desinteresado = labour of love.
    * trabajo detectivesco = sleuthing.
    * trabajo de toda una vida = life's work, lifework.
    * trabajo diario = day's work, daily work.
    * trabajo doméstico = domestic duty, domestic work, domestic task.
    * trabajo duro = hard labour, thirsty work, hard work.
    * trabajo duro, mucho trabajo = hard graft.
    * trabajo editorial = editorship.
    * trabajo en archivística = archives work.
    * trabajo en colaboración = interworking.
    * trabajo en común = interworking.
    * trabajo en curso = work in progress.
    * trabajo en equipo = teamwork, collaborative teamwork, team management.
    * trabajo en red = networking.
    * trabajo en sucio = rough work.
    * trabajo entre manos, el = work at hand, the.
    * trabajo eventual = jobbing.
    * trabajo físico = physical work.
    * trabajo improductivo = busywork.
    * trabajo individual = independent study, self-study.
    * trabajo infantil = child labour, child work.
    * trabajo ininterrumpido = continuous work.
    * trabajo manual = craft, craft activity, handiwork, manual labour.
    * trabajo monótono = drudge work, drudgery.
    * trabajo + no faltar = have + Posesivo + work cut out for + Pronombre, have + Posesivo + job cut out for + Pronombre.
    * trabajo no remunerado = unpaid work, unremunerated work.
    * trabajo pesado = grind, grinding, donkey work.
    * trabajo por cuenta propia = self-employment.
    * trabajo por libre = freelance [free-lance].
    * trabajo por + Posesivo + cuenta = freelance [free-lance].
    * trabajo por turnos = shift work.
    * trabajo práctico = fieldwork [field work], practical work.
    * trabajo preliminar = groundwork, legwork, spadework [spade work].
    * trabajo previo = groundwork, spadework [spade work].
    * trabajo remunerado = work-for-hire, paid work, paid labour.
    * trabajo rutinario = chore, routine work, mundane task.
    * trabajos = life's work.
    * trabajos de impresión de material efímero = jobbing work.
    * trabajos de rescate = rescue work.
    * trabajos forzados = forced labour, hard labour.
    * trabajo social = social work.
    * trabajo sucio = dirty work.
    * trabajo sumergido = informal work.
    * trabajo temporal = temporary job, casual job.
    * trabajo urgente = hurried work, rush job.
    * trabajo y esfuerzo = toil and trouble.
    * turno de trabajo de atención al usuario = desk duty.
    * un trabajo bien hecho = a job well done.
    * uso compartido de mesas de trabajo = hot desking.
    * útil de trabajo = tool.
    * vida en el trabajo = job life.
    * visita de trabajo = field trip.

    trabajo2
    2 = assignment, student paper, work, project work, term project.

    Ex: The problems and assignments presented are real problems and assignments, and the people involved are real people, all suitably disguised to protect their identity.

    Ex: 5 data collection instruments were used: printouts of data base searches executed by students; a questionnaire; bibliographies from student papers; serial holdings of the university library; and interviews with instructors.
    Ex: An authority entry is an entry for which the initial element is the uniform heading for a person, corporate body, or work, as established by the cataloguing agency responsible.
    Ex: For instance, if children are doing a project work on dogs, they will hunt out anything and everything that so much as mentions them and the bits thus mined are assiduously transcribed into project folders.
    Ex: In 1994, 21 students on an introductory course on communication processes completed analyses of 14 different electronic lists or newsgroups as their term projects.
    * impresor de pequeños trabajos = jobbing house, jobbing office, jobbing printer.
    * mesa de trabajo = writing desk, work desk.
    * preparar un trabajo de clase = research + paper.
    * trabajo de clase = essay assignment, class assignment, course assignment, student assignment, written assignment.
    * trabajo de lectura obligatoria = a must-read.
    * trabajo de restauración = restoration work.
    * trabajo editado = published work.
    * trabajo escolar = school work [schoolwork].
    * trabajo impreso = printed work.
    * trabajo publicado = published work.
    * trabajos de clase = classroom asignment.
    * un trabajo cuqlquiera = casual job.

    * * *
    A
    1
    (empleo): conseguir trabajo to get o find work
    consiguió un trabajo muy bien pagado he got himself a very well-paid job
    hay dos trabajos interesantes en el periódico de hoy there are two interesting vacancies o jobs in today's paper
    se fue a la capital a buscar trabajo he went to the capital to look for work o for a job
    se quedó sin trabajo she lost her job, she was made redundant, she was let go ( AmE)
    no tiene trabajo fijo he doesn't have a steady job
    buscaba trabajo de jornada completa or a tiempo completo or de tiempo completo I was looking for full-time work o for a full-time job
    2 (lugar) work
    está en el trabajo she's at work
    ir al trabajo to go to work
    llámame al trabajo give me a call at work
    la estación queda cerca de mi trabajo the station's close to where I work
    Compuesto:
    work-sharing
    B (actividad, labor) work
    trabajo intelectual intellectual work o brainwork
    su capacidad de trabajo es enorme he has an enormous capacity for work
    la máquina hace el trabajo de cinco personas the machine does the work of five people
    requiere años de trabajo it takes years of work
    todo nuestro trabajo ha sido en vano all our work has been in vain
    es un trabajo especializado/de precisión it's specialized/precision work
    me tocó a mí hacer todo el trabajo I ended up doing all the work, I got stuck o ( BrE) landed with all the work ( colloq)
    hoy no puedo, tengo mucho trabajo I can't today, I have o I've got a lot of work to do
    tengo mucho trabajo acumulado I have a huge backlog of work to do
    este bordado tiene mucho trabajo a lot of work has gone into this embroidery
    ¡buen trabajo! te felicito nice work! well done
    fue premiado por su trabajo en esa película he was given an award for his performance in that movie
    hacer un trabajo de zapa to work o scheme behind the scenes
    le he estado haciendo un trabajo de trabajo y ya lo tengo en el bote I've been quietly working on him o softening him up and now I've got him right where I want him
    Compuestos:
    piece work
    agricultural work
    (CS) work to rule
    fieldwork
    fiddly o laborious job
    labor*
    work experience
    assembly-line work
    mpl hard labor*
    mpl handicrafts (pl)
    social work
    voluntary o ( AmE) volunteer work
    C
    1 (tarea, obra) job
    es un trabajo que no lo puede hacer cualquiera it's not a job that just anyone can do
    limpiar el horno es un trabajo que odio cleaning the oven is a job o chore I hate
    la satisfacción de un trabajo bien hecho the satisfaction of a job well done
    me cobró un dineral por un par de trabajos he charged me a fortune for doing a couple of little jobs o tasks
    2 (obra escrita) piece of work
    un trabajo bien documentado a well-documented piece of work
    estoy haciendo un trabajo sobre Lorca I'm doing a paper/an essay on Lorca
    D
    (esfuerzo): con mucho trabajo consiguió levantarse with great effort she managed to get up
    nos dio mucho trabajo pintarlo painting it was hard work o took a lot of work
    los niños dan mucho trabajo children are hard work o a lot of work
    me cuesta trabajo creerlo I find it hard to believe
    nos costó trabajo convencerla de que viniera we had a hard time persuading her to come
    se tomó/dio el trabajo de venir a buscarme she took the trouble to come and pick me up
    puedes ahorrarte el trabajo de ir hasta allá you can save yourself the trouble o bother of going all the way over there
    E ( Econ) labor*
    el capital y el trabajo capital and labor
    F ( Fís) work
    * * *

     

    Del verbo trabajar: ( conjugate trabajar)

    trabajo es:

    1ª persona singular (yo) presente indicativo

    trabajó es:

    3ª persona singular (él/ella/usted) pretérito indicativo

    Multiple Entries:
    trabajar    
    trabajo
    trabajar ( conjugate trabajar) verbo intransitivo
    1 ( en general) to work;

    trabajo jornada completa or a tiempo completo to work full-time;
    trabajo media jornada to work part-time;
    trabajo mucho to work hard;
    ¿en qué trabajas? what do you do (for a living)?;
    estoy trabajando en una novela I'm working on a novel;
    trabajo DE or COMO algo to work as sth
    2 ( actuar) to act, perform;
    ¿quién trabaja en la película who's in the movie?

    verbo transitivo
    1
    a)campo/tierra/madera to work


    2 (perfeccionar, pulir) to work on
    trabajo sustantivo masculino
    1
    a) ( empleo) job;

    buscar trabajo to look for work o for a job;

    quedarse sin trabajo to lose one's job;
    un trabajo fijo a steady job;
    un trabajo de media jornada a part-time job;
    un trabajo de jornada completa or a tiempo completo a full-time job
    b) ( lugar) work;


    ir al trabajo to go to work
    2 (actividad, labor) work;

    el trabajo de la casa housework;
    los niños dan mucho trabajo children are hard work;
    ¡buen trabajo! well done!;
    trabajo de campo fieldwork;
    trabajos forzados hard labor( conjugate labor);
    trabajos manuales handicrafts (pl);
    trabajo voluntario voluntary o (AmE) volunteer work
    3
    a) ( tarea) job;



    (en universidad, escuela) essay
    4 ( esfuerzo):

    me cuesta trabajo creerlo I find it hard to believe
    trabajar
    I verbo intransitivo
    1 to work: trabaja de secretaria, she works as a secretary
    trabaja en los astilleros, she works in the shipyard
    trabaja bien, he's a good worker
    2 Cine (actuar) to act: en esta película trabaja mi actriz favorita, my favourite actress is in this movie
    II verbo transitivo
    1 (pulir, ejercitar, estudiar) to work on: tienes que trabajar más el estilo, you have to work on your style
    2 (la madera) to work
    (un metal) to work
    (la tierra) to work, till
    (cuero) to emboss
    2 (comerciar) to trade, sell: nosotros no trabajamos ese artículo, we don't stock that item
    trabajo sustantivo masculino
    1 work: hoy tengo poco trabajo, I have little work today
    2 (empleo) job: no tiene trabajo, he is unemployed
    3 (esfuerzo) work, effort: nos costó mucho trabajo hacerlo, it was hard to do it
    4 Educ (sobre un tema) paper
    (de manualidades) craft work
    5 (tarea) task
    un trabajo de chinos, a laborious job
    ' trabajo' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    abarcar
    - abundancia
    - actual
    - adicta
    - adicto
    - afanosa
    - afanoso
    - agencia
    - agobiada
    - agobiado
    - agobiante
    - antigüedad
    - ascender
    - asquerosidad
    - aterrizar
    - balde
    - bestialidad
    - bicoca
    - bolsa
    - bordar
    - buscar
    - cadena
    - calendario
    - calle
    - cambiar
    - campo
    - capear
    - cara
    - cargada
    - cargado
    - caterva
    - chapucera
    - chapucero
    - chapuza
    - chollo
    - colocarse
    - como
    - condición
    - condicionamiento
    - construcción
    - cuanta
    - cuanto
    - cubierta
    - cubierto
    - dar
    - dejar
    - desbandada
    - descansada
    - descansado
    - descargar
    English:
    abandon
    - acclaim
    - actual
    - allocation
    - ambivalent
    - anxiety
    - apathetic
    - application
    - apply
    - apply for
    - apprentice
    - arm-twisting
    - artwork
    - assignment
    - at
    - attack
    - backlog
    - backup
    - barrel
    - be-all and end-all
    - begrudge
    - better
    - blouse
    - blue
    - board
    - bog down
    - boiler suit
    - book
    - botch
    - bother
    - bread-and-butter
    - bulk
    - burn out
    - bury
    - busywork
    - by
    - capacity
    - careless
    - carry over
    - casual
    - catch up
    - chapter
    - choose
    - chuck in
    - clerical
    - collaboration
    - colleague
    - comedown
    - commute
    - commuter
    * * *
    1. [tarea, actividad, práctica] work;
    tengo mucho trabajo que hacer I've got a lot of work to do;
    una casa tan grande da mucho trabajo a big house like that is a lot of work;
    uno de los últimos trabajos de Diego Rivera one of Diego Rivera's last works;
    recibió un Óscar por su trabajo en “Cabaret” she received an Oscar for (her performance in) “Cabaret”;
    ¡buen trabajo! good work!;
    hacer un buen trabajo to do a good job;
    ser un trabajo de chinos [minucioso] to be a fiddly o finicky job;
    [pesado] to be hard work trabajo de campo fieldwork;
    trabajo de o en equipo teamwork;
    trabajo físico physical work, manual labour;
    trabajos forzados o forzosos hard labour;
    trabajo intelectual intellectual work;
    trabajo manual manual labour;
    trabajos manuales [en el colegio] arts and crafts;
    trabajo de oficina office job;
    trabajo remunerado paid work;
    trabajo social social work;
    trabajo sucio dirty work;
    trabajo temporal temporary work;
    trabajo por turnos shiftwork;
    trabajo voluntario voluntary work
    2. [empleo] job;
    buscar/encontrar trabajo to look for/find work o a job;
    no tener trabajo, estar sin trabajo to be out of work;
    me he quedado sin trabajo I've been left without a job, I'm out of work;
    tener un trabajo fijo to have a permanent job
    3. [lugar] work;
    en el trabajo at work;
    ir al trabajo to go to work;
    ¿quieres que pase a recogerte al trabajo? do you want me to pick you up from work?
    4. [escrito] [por estudiante] essay, paper;
    hacer un trabajo sobre algo/alguien to write an essay on sth/sb
    5. [esfuerzo] effort;
    lograron sacar el armario con mucho trabajo they managed to remove the wardrobe, but not without a lot of effort o but it was no easy task;
    costar mucho trabajo (a alguien) to take (sb) a lot of effort;
    me cuesta mucho trabajo levantarme por las mañanas I find it a real struggle getting up in the morning;
    cuesta trabajo admitir que uno se ha equivocado it's not easy to admit that you're wrong;
    tomarse el trabajo de hacer algo to go to o take the trouble of doing sth
    6. Econ & Pol labour
    7. Fís work
    8. Literario
    trabajos [apuros] hardships;
    pasar trabajos to suffer hardships
    * * *
    m work; ( tarea, puesto) job;
    buscar trabajo be looking for work, be looking for a job;
    tengo un buen trabajo I have a good job;
    costar trabajo be hard o difficult;
    tomarse el trabajo de take the trouble to
    * * *
    1) : work, job
    2) labor: labor, work
    tengo mucho trabajo: I have a lot of work to do
    3) tarea: task
    4) esfuerza: effort
    5)
    costar trabajo : to be difficult
    6)
    tomarse el trabajo : to take the trouble
    7)
    trabajo en equipo : teamwork
    8) trabajos nmpl
    : hardships, difficulties
    * * *
    1. (actividad, esfuerzo) work
    2. (empleo, tarea) job
    3. (lugar) work
    4. (redacción) essay / project

    Spanish-English dictionary > trabajo

  • 13 CAD (diseño asistido por ordenador)

    Ex. In computer-aided design (CAD), designers work at computer-based work stations to draft, visualize and, in some cases, simulate the eventual performance of new products.

    Spanish-English dictionary > CAD (diseño asistido por ordenador)

  • 14 SCIMATE

    Ex. SCIMATE is a micro-computer based package which is oriented towards downloading from and interaction with the data bases available on the major hosts.
    * * *

    Ex: SCIMATE is a micro-computer based package which is oriented towards downloading from and interaction with the data bases available on the major hosts.

    Spanish-English dictionary > SCIMATE

  • 15 UTLAS (Sistema de Automatización Bibliotecaria de la Universidad de Toronto)

    Ex. One very significant co-operative UTLAS (University of Toronto Library Automation System) has been operating with computer-based products since 1973.

    Spanish-English dictionary > UTLAS (Sistema de Automatización Bibliotecaria de la Universidad de Toronto)

  • 16 abordaje

    m.
    1 boarding (Nautical).
    2 way of thinking.
    3 fouling of two vessels, collision.
    4 approach.
    * * *
    1 (choque) collision, fouling
    2 (ataque) boarding
    \
    ¡al abordaje! stand by to board!
    * * *
    SM
    1) (Náut) (=choque) collision; (=invasión) boarding

    ¡al abordaje! — all aboard!

    2) [de problema] approach (de to)
    [a persona] accosting, approach
    * * *
    masculino (Náut) ( ataque) boarding
    * * *
    = approach [approaches, -pl.].
    Ex. During the last twenty years the variety of approaches to the organisation of knowledge has proliferated with the introduction of computer-based methods.
    * * *
    masculino (Náut) ( ataque) boarding
    * * *
    = approach [approaches, -pl.].

    Ex: During the last twenty years the variety of approaches to the organisation of knowledge has proliferated with the introduction of computer-based methods.

    * * *
    A
    (de un asunto): no es un problema de fácil abordaje it's a problem which is not easy to come o ( BrE) get to grips with
    B ( Náut)
    1 (choque) collision
    2 (acercamiento) mooring
    3 (ataque) boarding
    * * *

    abordaje m Náut (choque entre navíos) collision, fouling
    (asalto) boarding: ¡al a.!, stand by for boarding!
    ' abordaje' also found in these entries:
    English:
    collision
    * * *
    Náut boarding;
    ¡al abordaje! attack!;
    los piratas entraron al abordaje the pirates boarded them
    * * *
    m MAR boarding
    * * *
    : boarding

    Spanish-English dictionary > abordaje

  • 17 ajustarse a

    v.
    1 to adjust to, to hold by, to keep to.
    Ella se ajusta al programa She adjusts to the schedule.
    2 to limit oneself to.
    Ella se ajusta a alertar She limits herself to give out warnings.
    3 to fit to.
    Esta medida se ajusta al problema This measure fits to the problem.
    * * *
    (v.) = conform to, befit, align
    Ex. These basic permutation rules are modified somewhat to conform to bibliographic requirements.
    Ex. As befits the library of the largest manufacturer of computers in the world, IBM information services are very largely computer-based.
    Ex. Fiction is an area of stock development and promotion which would readily achieve the goals of development with which public librarians have aligned themselves.
    * * *
    (v.) = conform to, befit, align

    Ex: These basic permutation rules are modified somewhat to conform to bibliographic requirements.

    Ex: As befits the library of the largest manufacturer of computers in the world, IBM information services are very largely computer-based.
    Ex: Fiction is an area of stock development and promotion which would readily achieve the goals of development with which public librarians have aligned themselves.

    Spanish-English dictionary > ajustarse a

  • 18 análisis cluster

    Ex. The object of computer-based cluster analysis may thus be said to be the identification of groups of documents, each group consisting of documents which are more closely associated with each other than with any document outside the group.
    * * *

    Ex: The object of computer-based cluster analysis may thus be said to be the identification of groups of documents, each group consisting of documents which are more closely associated with each other than with any document outside the group.

    Spanish-English dictionary > análisis cluster

  • 19 aprendizaje

    m.
    1 learning.
    el aprendizaje de idiomas language learning
    2 apprenticeship.
    * * *
    1 (situación) apprenticeship
    2 (tiempo) training period
    3 (en pedagogía) learning
    * * *
    noun m.
    * * *
    SM
    1) [industrial etc] apprenticeship; (Com etc) training period, internship (EEUU)

    pagar su aprendizaje* to learn the hard way

    2) (=el aprender) learning
    * * *
    a) ( proceso) learning
    b) ( período como aprendiz) apprenticeship, training period
    * * *
    Ex. It is the responsibility of educators to stretch their student's intellects, hone their skills of intuitive judgment and synthesis, and build a love of learning that will sustain them beyond the level of formal education.
    ----
    * aprendizaje a distancia = distance learning, open learning.
    * aprendizaje a lo largo de la vida = lifelong learning.
    * aprendizaje asistido por ordenador (CAL) = computer-assisted learning (CAL).
    * aprendizaje a través de Internet = virtual learning.
    * aprendizaje a través de la experiencia = experiential learning.
    * aprendizaje a través de la red = electronic learning [e-learning].
    * aprendizaje a través de medios electrónicos = online learning.
    * aprendizaje a través de solución de problemas = problem based learning.
    * aprendizaje basado en la memorización = rote learning.
    * aprendizaje de la máquina = machine learning (ML).
    * aprendizaje de un oficio = apprenticeship.
    * aprendizaje durante toda la vida = lifelong education.
    * aprendizaje en línea = online learning.
    * aprendizaje permanente = lifelong learning.
    * aprendizaje pobre en conocimiento = knowledge-sparse learning.
    * aprendizaje por medio del ordenador = computer-based learning (CBL).
    * aprendizaje práctico = experiential learning.
    * aprendizaje rico en conocimiento = knowledge-rich learning.
    * aprendizaje virtual = electronic learning [e-learning], virtual learning.
    * autoaprendizaje = self-education.
    * buen ritmo de aprendizaje = learning curve.
    * centro de recursos para el aprendizaje (CRA) = learning hub, learning resource centre (LRC).
    * con problemas de aprendizaje = learning disabled.
    * curva de aprendizaje = learning curve.
    * deficiencias en el aprendizaje = learning disability.
    * dificultades de aprendizaje = learning difficulties.
    * discapacidad de aprendizaje = learning disability.
    * estilo de aprendizaje = learning style.
    * manual de aprendizaje = instruction book.
    * método de aprendizaje = learning style, learning method.
    * modo de aprendizaje = learning style.
    * momento apropiado para el aprendizaje, el = teachable moment, the.
    * objetivo de aprendizaje = learning objective, learning outcome.
    * objeto de aprendizaje = learning object.
    * oportunidad de aprendizaje = learning experience.
    * persona con problemas de aprendizaje = learning disabled person.
    * proceso de aprendizaje = learning process.
    * programa para el aprendizaje de idiomas = language-learning sofware.
    * resultado de aprendizaje = learning outcome.
    * sesión de aprendizaje = instructional session.
    * software para el aprendizaje de idiomas = language-learning sofware.
    * tarea de aprendizaje = learning activity, learning task.
    * * *
    a) ( proceso) learning
    b) ( período como aprendiz) apprenticeship, training period
    * * *

    Ex: It is the responsibility of educators to stretch their student's intellects, hone their skills of intuitive judgment and synthesis, and build a love of learning that will sustain them beyond the level of formal education.

    * aprendizaje a distancia = distance learning, open learning.
    * aprendizaje a lo largo de la vida = lifelong learning.
    * aprendizaje asistido por ordenador (CAL) = computer-assisted learning (CAL).
    * aprendizaje a través de Internet = virtual learning.
    * aprendizaje a través de la experiencia = experiential learning.
    * aprendizaje a través de la red = electronic learning [e-learning].
    * aprendizaje a través de medios electrónicos = online learning.
    * aprendizaje a través de solución de problemas = problem based learning.
    * aprendizaje basado en la memorización = rote learning.
    * aprendizaje de la máquina = machine learning (ML).
    * aprendizaje de un oficio = apprenticeship.
    * aprendizaje durante toda la vida = lifelong education.
    * aprendizaje en línea = online learning.
    * aprendizaje permanente = lifelong learning.
    * aprendizaje pobre en conocimiento = knowledge-sparse learning.
    * aprendizaje por medio del ordenador = computer-based learning (CBL).
    * aprendizaje práctico = experiential learning.
    * aprendizaje rico en conocimiento = knowledge-rich learning.
    * aprendizaje virtual = electronic learning [e-learning], virtual learning.
    * autoaprendizaje = self-education.
    * buen ritmo de aprendizaje = learning curve.
    * centro de recursos para el aprendizaje (CRA) = learning hub, learning resource centre (LRC).
    * con problemas de aprendizaje = learning disabled.
    * curva de aprendizaje = learning curve.
    * deficiencias en el aprendizaje = learning disability.
    * dificultades de aprendizaje = learning difficulties.
    * discapacidad de aprendizaje = learning disability.
    * estilo de aprendizaje = learning style.
    * manual de aprendizaje = instruction book.
    * método de aprendizaje = learning style, learning method.
    * modo de aprendizaje = learning style.
    * momento apropiado para el aprendizaje, el = teachable moment, the.
    * objetivo de aprendizaje = learning objective, learning outcome.
    * objeto de aprendizaje = learning object.
    * oportunidad de aprendizaje = learning experience.
    * persona con problemas de aprendizaje = learning disabled person.
    * proceso de aprendizaje = learning process.
    * programa para el aprendizaje de idiomas = language-learning sofware.
    * resultado de aprendizaje = learning outcome.
    * sesión de aprendizaje = instructional session.
    * software para el aprendizaje de idiomas = language-learning sofware.
    * tarea de aprendizaje = learning activity, learning task.

    * * *
    1 (proceso) learning
    el aprendizaje de una lengua extranjera learning a foreign language
    2 (período como aprendiz) apprenticeship, training period
    hacer el aprendizaje to serve one's apprenticeship o one's training period
    Compuestos:
    ( AmL) computer-assisted or computer-aided learning, CAL
    ( Esp) computer-assisted or computer-aided learning, CAL
    * * *

     

    aprendizaje sustantivo masculino


    aprendizaje sustantivo masculino
    1 learning
    2 (como aprendiz) apprenticeship, traineeship
    ' aprendizaje' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    fase
    - milicia
    - práctica
    English:
    ABC
    - apprenticeship
    - internship
    - learning
    - monitor
    - serve
    - L
    - learner
    * * *
    1. [adquisición de conocimientos] learning;
    el aprendizaje de un oficio learning a trade
    aprendizaje de idiomas language learning
    2. [para trabajo] apprenticeship
    * * *
    m
    1 apprenticeship;
    plaza de aprendizaje apprenticeship
    2
    :
    capacidad de aprendizaje ability to learn
    * * *
    : apprenticeship
    * * *

    Spanish-English dictionary > aprendizaje

  • 20 aprendizaje por medio del ordenador

    Ex. This article discusses the use of computer-based learning (CBL) for library user education and staff training.
    * * *

    Ex: This article discusses the use of computer-based learning (CBL) for library user education and staff training.

    Spanish-English dictionary > aprendizaje por medio del ordenador

См. также в других словарях:

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