Перевод: с иврита на английский

с английского на иврит

closely packed

  • 1 חבש

    חֲבַשch. sam(חבש to tie), to imprison. Y.B. Bath.V, end, 15b חַבְשִׁין ליה ought to be put in prison.Part. pass. חֲבִיש closely packed. Ḥull.52a כל דח׳ חיישינן Ar. (Var. חביט, ed. דלא משריק יש בווכ׳) whatever is closely packed (e. g. wheat) is liable to cause injury to an animal falling upon it. Ithpa. אִתְחַבֵּש to be imprisoned. Lev. R. s. 30 אתח׳ בפילקי he was put in prison; Pesik. Ulkaḥ., p. 182a> אִיחַבַּש Ar. (ed. אתייהב).

    Jewish literature > חבש

  • 2 חֲבַש

    חֲבַשch. sam(חבש to tie), to imprison. Y.B. Bath.V, end, 15b חַבְשִׁין ליה ought to be put in prison.Part. pass. חֲבִיש closely packed. Ḥull.52a כל דח׳ חיישינן Ar. (Var. חביט, ed. דלא משריק יש בווכ׳) whatever is closely packed (e. g. wheat) is liable to cause injury to an animal falling upon it. Ithpa. אִתְחַבֵּש to be imprisoned. Lev. R. s. 30 אתח׳ בפילקי he was put in prison; Pesik. Ulkaḥ., p. 182a> אִיחַבַּש Ar. (ed. אתייהב).

    Jewish literature > חֲבַש

  • 3 פחת

    פָּחַת 1) to hollow out, dig. Bets.IV, 4 (32a) אין פּוֹחֲתִין את הנר (Mish. פיתתין, corr. acc.) you must not hollow out a lump of clay to make it a candlestick (on the Holy Day). Ib. 3 פּיֹחֵת לכתחלה he may start to dig out (take out closely packed fruit), v. infra. Mikv. IV, 5 פְּחָתוּהָ they hollowed it out (widened the aperture in the rock through which the water came forth); Y.Yeb.I, end, 3b (Bab. ib. 15a הרחיבוה). Mikv. l. c. עד שיִפְחוֹת רובה (ed. Dehr. a. Mish. ed. ער שיִפְחֲתוּ) until the larger portion of the aperture is chiselled out; Y. Yeb. l. c. שיפחות את רובה; Bab. ib. l. c. שתִּיפָּחֵת ברובה; a. e. 2) to diminish, lessen, decrease, opp. הוסיף. Mekh. Yithro, Baḥod., s. 2 שלא תִפְחוֹת ולא תוסיף from which you must not diminish, and to which you must not add. Sabb.21b פּוֹחֵת והולך one kindles one light less every night. Meg.IV, 1, sq. אין פּוֹחֲתִיןוכ׳ we call up no less (than the number named) nor more. Y.Yeb.IV, 6a bot. חמרתה (ה) פּוֹחֶתֶת אינה פוחתתוכ׳ a sheass, if short (whose period of pregnance is the shortest possible) gives birth not earlier than a lunar year from conception, if long, not later than a solar year; Y.Nidd.I, 49b top. Pes.X, 1 ולא יִפְחֲתוּ לו מארבעוכ׳ and they must give him (the poor man) no less than four cupfuls of wine. B. Kam.85b שבת הפּוֹחֲתַתּוֹ בדמים (not הפח׳) if the idleness enforced by being wounded has also the effect of lessening his value (if he were to be sold as a slave). Shek. V, 4 אם פָּחֲתוּ פחתו לו Y. ed. (differ. in Mishn. ed.) if money is missing, the loss is his. Tanḥ. Reh 10 פ׳ הוא עשרה ופָחֲתָה היאוכ׳ he gave ten measures less as tithe, and it (the field) yielded one hundred less; Yalk. Deut. 892; a. v. fr.Tanḥ. l. c. מי פחת, v. next w.V. פָּחוּת. Pi. פִּיחֵת same, 1) to diminish, lessen. Ter. IV, 4 פי׳ עשרהוכ׳ (Y. ed. פחת) if he set aside as Trumah ten fractions less (than 1/50, i. e. 1/60), or ten fractions more (i. e. 1/40), Maim.; (R. S. if he reduced the divisor by ten (i. e. set aside 1/40), or increased the divisor by ten (i. e. set aside 1/60); Y. ib. 42d bot. הפּוֹחֵת אחד מעשרה. 2) to be diminished, lose. Lev. R. s. 2 כלום פי׳ כבודיוכ׳ has my glory or my majesty lost anything ? Nif. נִפְחַת 1) to be hollowed out, broken through. Yeb.15a שתִּיפָּחֵת, v. supra. Ḥull.45a נִפְחֲתָה כדלת if a piece of the windpipe is broken through in the shape of a door (split on three sides and attached by the fourth side). Bets.IV, 3 בית … ונ׳ a room which was packed with fruits and closed up (with bricks), and which was burst open (the bricks giving way to the pressure), v. supra. 2) to be reduced in size, numbers ; to be lowered. Succ.18a ביתשנ׳ a building which has been reduced (the walls of which have given way partly). Sot.5a bot. כל אדם … לבסוף נ׳ every man in whom there is haughtiness, will finally be lowered; a. e. Hif. הִפְחִית 1) to lessen, wear out, damage. Y.B. Mets.II, 8d top כלי נחשת … מפני שמַפְחִיתָן if one found copper vessels (keeping them until the owner be found), he may use them for hot water, but not over fire, because he wears them out; (Bab. ib. 30a שמשחיקן); a. e. 2) (denom. of פָּחוּת) to become less, be damaged. Succ.18b ה׳ דופן אמצעי if the middle wall (of a Succah) became reduced (fell in, v. supra); a. e.

    Jewish literature > פחת

  • 4 פָּחַת

    פָּחַת 1) to hollow out, dig. Bets.IV, 4 (32a) אין פּוֹחֲתִין את הנר (Mish. פיתתין, corr. acc.) you must not hollow out a lump of clay to make it a candlestick (on the Holy Day). Ib. 3 פּיֹחֵת לכתחלה he may start to dig out (take out closely packed fruit), v. infra. Mikv. IV, 5 פְּחָתוּהָ they hollowed it out (widened the aperture in the rock through which the water came forth); Y.Yeb.I, end, 3b (Bab. ib. 15a הרחיבוה). Mikv. l. c. עד שיִפְחוֹת רובה (ed. Dehr. a. Mish. ed. ער שיִפְחֲתוּ) until the larger portion of the aperture is chiselled out; Y. Yeb. l. c. שיפחות את רובה; Bab. ib. l. c. שתִּיפָּחֵת ברובה; a. e. 2) to diminish, lessen, decrease, opp. הוסיף. Mekh. Yithro, Baḥod., s. 2 שלא תִפְחוֹת ולא תוסיף from which you must not diminish, and to which you must not add. Sabb.21b פּוֹחֵת והולך one kindles one light less every night. Meg.IV, 1, sq. אין פּוֹחֲתִיןוכ׳ we call up no less (than the number named) nor more. Y.Yeb.IV, 6a bot. חמרתה (ה) פּוֹחֶתֶת אינה פוחתתוכ׳ a sheass, if short (whose period of pregnance is the shortest possible) gives birth not earlier than a lunar year from conception, if long, not later than a solar year; Y.Nidd.I, 49b top. Pes.X, 1 ולא יִפְחֲתוּ לו מארבעוכ׳ and they must give him (the poor man) no less than four cupfuls of wine. B. Kam.85b שבת הפּוֹחֲתַתּוֹ בדמים (not הפח׳) if the idleness enforced by being wounded has also the effect of lessening his value (if he were to be sold as a slave). Shek. V, 4 אם פָּחֲתוּ פחתו לו Y. ed. (differ. in Mishn. ed.) if money is missing, the loss is his. Tanḥ. Reh 10 פ׳ הוא עשרה ופָחֲתָה היאוכ׳ he gave ten measures less as tithe, and it (the field) yielded one hundred less; Yalk. Deut. 892; a. v. fr.Tanḥ. l. c. מי פחת, v. next w.V. פָּחוּת. Pi. פִּיחֵת same, 1) to diminish, lessen. Ter. IV, 4 פי׳ עשרהוכ׳ (Y. ed. פחת) if he set aside as Trumah ten fractions less (than 1/50, i. e. 1/60), or ten fractions more (i. e. 1/40), Maim.; (R. S. if he reduced the divisor by ten (i. e. set aside 1/40), or increased the divisor by ten (i. e. set aside 1/60); Y. ib. 42d bot. הפּוֹחֵת אחד מעשרה. 2) to be diminished, lose. Lev. R. s. 2 כלום פי׳ כבודיוכ׳ has my glory or my majesty lost anything ? Nif. נִפְחַת 1) to be hollowed out, broken through. Yeb.15a שתִּיפָּחֵת, v. supra. Ḥull.45a נִפְחֲתָה כדלת if a piece of the windpipe is broken through in the shape of a door (split on three sides and attached by the fourth side). Bets.IV, 3 בית … ונ׳ a room which was packed with fruits and closed up (with bricks), and which was burst open (the bricks giving way to the pressure), v. supra. 2) to be reduced in size, numbers ; to be lowered. Succ.18a ביתשנ׳ a building which has been reduced (the walls of which have given way partly). Sot.5a bot. כל אדם … לבסוף נ׳ every man in whom there is haughtiness, will finally be lowered; a. e. Hif. הִפְחִית 1) to lessen, wear out, damage. Y.B. Mets.II, 8d top כלי נחשת … מפני שמַפְחִיתָן if one found copper vessels (keeping them until the owner be found), he may use them for hot water, but not over fire, because he wears them out; (Bab. ib. 30a שמשחיקן); a. e. 2) (denom. of פָּחוּת) to become less, be damaged. Succ.18b ה׳ דופן אמצעי if the middle wall (of a Succah) became reduced (fell in, v. supra); a. e.

    Jewish literature > פָּחַת

  • 5 אפץ

    אָפַץ, אָפַס(√אף, v. אפף; cmp. חפץ) to press, squeeze, contract.Part. pass. אָפוּץ. Ohol. IX, 3 a gap which was filled with straw או אֲפוּצָה or was made narrower by squeezing the parts together (e. g. pressing the lid down). Tosef. ib. X, 6 אֲפוּסָה a narrowing of the gap by pressing. Y.Sabb.III, 6c באפוצה when the wick is compressed in the candlestick. Ib. V, beg.7b באֲפוּצִים when the vessels are closely packed. Y.Pes.I, 27c top אֲפוּצוֹת.

    Jewish literature > אפץ

  • 6 אפס

    אָפַץ, אָפַס(√אף, v. אפף; cmp. חפץ) to press, squeeze, contract.Part. pass. אָפוּץ. Ohol. IX, 3 a gap which was filled with straw או אֲפוּצָה or was made narrower by squeezing the parts together (e. g. pressing the lid down). Tosef. ib. X, 6 אֲפוּסָה a narrowing of the gap by pressing. Y.Sabb.III, 6c באפוצה when the wick is compressed in the candlestick. Ib. V, beg.7b באֲפוּצִים when the vessels are closely packed. Y.Pes.I, 27c top אֲפוּצוֹת.

    Jewish literature > אפס

  • 7 אָפַץ

    אָפַץ, אָפַס(√אף, v. אפף; cmp. חפץ) to press, squeeze, contract.Part. pass. אָפוּץ. Ohol. IX, 3 a gap which was filled with straw או אֲפוּצָה or was made narrower by squeezing the parts together (e. g. pressing the lid down). Tosef. ib. X, 6 אֲפוּסָה a narrowing of the gap by pressing. Y.Sabb.III, 6c באפוצה when the wick is compressed in the candlestick. Ib. V, beg.7b באֲפוּצִים when the vessels are closely packed. Y.Pes.I, 27c top אֲפוּצוֹת.

    Jewish literature > אָפַץ

  • 8 אָפַס

    אָפַץ, אָפַס(√אף, v. אפף; cmp. חפץ) to press, squeeze, contract.Part. pass. אָפוּץ. Ohol. IX, 3 a gap which was filled with straw או אֲפוּצָה or was made narrower by squeezing the parts together (e. g. pressing the lid down). Tosef. ib. X, 6 אֲפוּסָה a narrowing of the gap by pressing. Y.Sabb.III, 6c באפוצה when the wick is compressed in the candlestick. Ib. V, beg.7b באֲפוּצִים when the vessels are closely packed. Y.Pes.I, 27c top אֲפוּצוֹת.

    Jewish literature > אָפַס

  • 9 עוד

    עוּד(b. h.; cmp. עָדָה) to turn, return, occur; to continue, endure, exist (v. Ges. Thes. s. v.).Denom. עַד, עוֹד, עֵת Polel עוֹדֵד to straighten, erect, help up. Midr. Till. to Ps. 146:9 וכי כל … מְעוֹדֵד does the Lord uphold all widows and orphans?Part. pass. מְעוֹדָד; pl. מְעוֹדָדִים, מְעוֹדָדִין. Tosef.Makhsh.I, 3 שק אחד מע׳ (ed. Zuck. משדר, Var. מועדר; R. S. to Makhsh. I, 4 מעירר; Makhsh. l. c. מלא פירות) one bag standing upright (closely packed); ib. שני שקין מע׳ (ed. Zuck. מעודרון, Yar. מעידדי, R. S. מעוררין). Hif. הֵעִיד (denom. of עֵד) 1) to declare ones presence at a certain occurrence, esp. to establish a law from a witnessed precedent or traditional knowledge. Eduy. II, 1 ר׳ חנינא …ה׳וכ׳ R. H. … related four things which he knew by tradition. Ib. 3 אף הואה׳ עלוכ׳ he also reported as a precedent the case of a small village ; a. fr. 2) to testify before court. Ib. IV, 11 מי שהיו … מְעִידוֹת אותו he concerning whom there were two sets of witnesses testifying; אלו מְעִידִיםוכ׳ the ones testifying that Macc.I, 1 מעידין אנו באיש … שגירשוכ׳ (Bab. ed. 3a … את איש) we testify about this man that he divorced Ib. 2, sq.; a. v. fr.Ḥag.5a וממהר להָעִידוֹ and is quick to testify against him; Yalk. Mal. 589 ומֵעִיד בו. 3) to call upon as witness. Lev. R. s. 2 מְעִידֵנִי עליוכ׳ I call upon heaven and earth as my witnesses ; Arakh.16b מעיד אניוכ׳; a. fr. 4) to forewarn, exhort. Lev. R. l. c. שבעה נביאים … והן מעידיןוכ׳ seven prophets stood up for the nations exhorting them; לא הֵעִידוּ בנו they have not warned us; גירי הדור מעידין בדור the proselytes of every generation are an exhortation to their respective generation; a. e.Esp. to forewarn the owner of a noxious animal; to declare an animal noxious (v. מוּעָד). B. Kam.II, 4 כל שהֵעִידוּ בווכ׳, v. מוּעָד. Ib. 24a עד שיָעִידוּ בווכ׳ unless he be declared noxious (testimony be deposited stating the facts on which the declaration is based) in the presence of the owner and in court. Ib. הֵעִידוּהוּ שניםוכ׳ if the first case has been ascertained by two witnesses ; a. fr.Part. pass. מוּעָד q. v.

    Jewish literature > עוד

  • 10 עוּד

    עוּד(b. h.; cmp. עָדָה) to turn, return, occur; to continue, endure, exist (v. Ges. Thes. s. v.).Denom. עַד, עוֹד, עֵת Polel עוֹדֵד to straighten, erect, help up. Midr. Till. to Ps. 146:9 וכי כל … מְעוֹדֵד does the Lord uphold all widows and orphans?Part. pass. מְעוֹדָד; pl. מְעוֹדָדִים, מְעוֹדָדִין. Tosef.Makhsh.I, 3 שק אחד מע׳ (ed. Zuck. משדר, Var. מועדר; R. S. to Makhsh. I, 4 מעירר; Makhsh. l. c. מלא פירות) one bag standing upright (closely packed); ib. שני שקין מע׳ (ed. Zuck. מעודרון, Yar. מעידדי, R. S. מעוררין). Hif. הֵעִיד (denom. of עֵד) 1) to declare ones presence at a certain occurrence, esp. to establish a law from a witnessed precedent or traditional knowledge. Eduy. II, 1 ר׳ חנינא …ה׳וכ׳ R. H. … related four things which he knew by tradition. Ib. 3 אף הואה׳ עלוכ׳ he also reported as a precedent the case of a small village ; a. fr. 2) to testify before court. Ib. IV, 11 מי שהיו … מְעִידוֹת אותו he concerning whom there were two sets of witnesses testifying; אלו מְעִידִיםוכ׳ the ones testifying that Macc.I, 1 מעידין אנו באיש … שגירשוכ׳ (Bab. ed. 3a … את איש) we testify about this man that he divorced Ib. 2, sq.; a. v. fr.Ḥag.5a וממהר להָעִידוֹ and is quick to testify against him; Yalk. Mal. 589 ומֵעִיד בו. 3) to call upon as witness. Lev. R. s. 2 מְעִידֵנִי עליוכ׳ I call upon heaven and earth as my witnesses ; Arakh.16b מעיד אניוכ׳; a. fr. 4) to forewarn, exhort. Lev. R. l. c. שבעה נביאים … והן מעידיןוכ׳ seven prophets stood up for the nations exhorting them; לא הֵעִידוּ בנו they have not warned us; גירי הדור מעידין בדור the proselytes of every generation are an exhortation to their respective generation; a. e.Esp. to forewarn the owner of a noxious animal; to declare an animal noxious (v. מוּעָד). B. Kam.II, 4 כל שהֵעִידוּ בווכ׳, v. מוּעָד. Ib. 24a עד שיָעִידוּ בווכ׳ unless he be declared noxious (testimony be deposited stating the facts on which the declaration is based) in the presence of the owner and in court. Ib. הֵעִידוּהוּ שניםוכ׳ if the first case has been ascertained by two witnesses ; a. fr.Part. pass. מוּעָד q. v.

    Jewish literature > עוּד

  • 11 סמךְ

    סָמַךְ(b. h.) (to close, join, 1) to pack, make close, stamp. Shebi. III, 8 לא יִסְמוֹךְ בעפר one should not support the dam by packing earth upon it, v. סָבַךְ. Gen. R. s. 5 סְמָבָןוכ׳ he crowded them between (Lev. R. s. 10 שָׂמָן); a. e. 2) to support, stem. Midr. Till. to Ps. 136, עוג היה … וסוֹמְכוֹ Og broke a mountain loòse and threw it on the Israelites …, Moses took a pebble and mentioned the Holy Name over it and stemmed its fall; הידים שכך סוֹמְכוֹת the hands which thus stem (the mountain); Deut. R. s. 1, end; a. e. 3) to bring close, to join. Y.Sabb.III, 5d bot. אפי׳ לִסְמוֹךְ לו even to place a vessel close to it (to be warmed); Bab. ib. 38b. Y.Kil.II, 27d סוֹמְכִין עומריןוכ׳ you may put packed sheaves by the side of Kil. II, 7 לסמוך לווכ׳ to plant closely adjoining to it Ib. 8; a. fr.Esp. (sub. יד) a) to press hands on the head of a sacrifice (to indicate ownership). Men.IX, 8 הכל סוֹמְכִיןוכ׳ all persons are entitled to lay hands on their sacrifices, except Ḥag.II, 2 שלא לסמוך that the laying on of hands must not be done on the Holy Days. Ib. 3 ואין סומכין עליהם but hands must not be laid on them; a. fr.b) to lay hands on the head of a scholar, in gen. to ordain. Snh.14a the government decreed שכל הסומך יהרגוכ׳ that whosoever ordained a scholar should be put to death, and whosoever be ordained should be put to death, ועיר שסומכיןוכ׳ and the town wherein the ordination takes place Ib. וס׳ שם חמשהוכ׳ and he ordained there five elders. Ib. ר״מ לא סְמָכוֹר״ע that R. Akiba never ordained R. M.Ib. סומכין בארץ ונִסְמָכִיןוכ׳ if those ordaining stand on Palestinean ground, and those to be ordained outside of Palestine; a. fr. 4) to lean, to rely. Ber.9a, a. fr., v. כְּדָיי. Erub.65b נִסְמוֹךְ עלוכ׳ let us rely on the opinion of ; a. fr.Trnsf. a) to support; to find support for an opinion or a rule, (v. אַסְמַכְתָּא). Y.Shebi.X, 39c bot. (ref. to Deut. 15:3) מיכן סָמְכוּ לפרוזבולוכ׳ here they found a support for the prosbol as a Biblical institution, expl. בשהתקין הלל סְמָכוּהוּוכ׳ when Hillel had instituted it, they supported it by reference to b) (with ענין) to bring under the same rule laws which are joined in the Biblical text. Yeb.4a (ref. to Ex. 22:17 a. 18) סמכו עניין לווכ׳ they brought the subject (verse 17) close to it (verse 18) (to intimate) as the punishment for the one is stoning, so is it for the other. Ib. וכי מפני שסמכווכ׳ can we put a person to death on an intimation suggested merely by the neighborhood of two subjects? (v. סְמוּכִים, infra).Part. pass. סָמוּךְ; f. סְמוּכָה; pl. סְמוּכִים, סְמוּכִין; סְמוּכוֹת a) near, close by. Meg.3b וכל הס׳ לו and all (the inhabited area) adjoining it. Men.98a, a. e. על בס׳ the preposition ʿal means immediately on. Sifré Num. 131 הרבה פרשיות ס׳וכ׳ many sections (in the Torah) adjoin one another, and yet are (mentally) as far from one another Sabb.I, 2 ס׳ למנחה near Minḥah time; a. v. fr.Esp. סְמוּכִין, סְמוּכִים the interpretation founded on the fact of local junction of texts (v. supra). Yeb. l. c. ס׳ מן התורה מנין where is it intimated that Biblical texts are to be interpreted on the basis of proximity? Answ. (ref. to Ps. 111:8): they are arranged Ib. מאן דלא דריש ס׳ he who does not adopt the interpretation based on textual proximity. Ber.10a; a. fr.b) strong, hardened. Num. R. s. 9 לבה ס׳ עליהם her heart is hardened towards them (and their presence will prevent her from confessing her guilt); cmp. גּוּס I. Nif. נִסְמַךְ 1) to be adjoined. Ber. l. c. למה נִסְמְכָהוכ׳ why has the section referring to Absalom (Ps. 3) been joined to that relating to Gog and Magog (Ps. 2)? Tanḥ. Ḥuck. 20 ונ׳ להרוכ׳ and is close to the mountain opposite. M. Kat. 28a; a. fr. 2) to be ordained. Snh. l. c., v. supra. Yoma 87a שראויין לִיסָּמֵךְ who are worthy to be ordained; a. fr. Pi. סִימֵּךְ to support, prop. Y.Maasr.II, 50a top המְסַמֵּךְ בגפנים he who props vines. Yalk. Ex. 244 עוזר ומסמך אתהוכ׳ thou art a helper and supporter to all ; a. e.Part. pass. מְסוּמָּךְ, pl. מְסוּמָּכִין. Kel. II, 2 יושבין שלא מ׳ (vessels or fragments of vessels) resting without the need of a support. Hif. הִסְמִיךְ to pack, tread. Y. Maasr. l. c. ברגליו מַסְמִיךְ working with his feet is he who packs (sheaves ; Y.B. Mets.VII, beg.11b מקמץ). Hithpa. הִסְתַּמֵּךְ, Nithpa. נִסְתַּמֵּךְ to lean ones self. Gen. R. s. 45, end היתה מִסְתַּמֶּכֶת עלוכ׳ was leaning on her hand-maid. Sifré Num. 131 והיה מִסְתַּמֵּךְוכ׳ and he went off leaning on his stick; a. e.

    Jewish literature > סמךְ

  • 12 סָמַךְ

    סָמַךְ(b. h.) (to close, join, 1) to pack, make close, stamp. Shebi. III, 8 לא יִסְמוֹךְ בעפר one should not support the dam by packing earth upon it, v. סָבַךְ. Gen. R. s. 5 סְמָבָןוכ׳ he crowded them between (Lev. R. s. 10 שָׂמָן); a. e. 2) to support, stem. Midr. Till. to Ps. 136, עוג היה … וסוֹמְכוֹ Og broke a mountain loòse and threw it on the Israelites …, Moses took a pebble and mentioned the Holy Name over it and stemmed its fall; הידים שכך סוֹמְכוֹת the hands which thus stem (the mountain); Deut. R. s. 1, end; a. e. 3) to bring close, to join. Y.Sabb.III, 5d bot. אפי׳ לִסְמוֹךְ לו even to place a vessel close to it (to be warmed); Bab. ib. 38b. Y.Kil.II, 27d סוֹמְכִין עומריןוכ׳ you may put packed sheaves by the side of Kil. II, 7 לסמוך לווכ׳ to plant closely adjoining to it Ib. 8; a. fr.Esp. (sub. יד) a) to press hands on the head of a sacrifice (to indicate ownership). Men.IX, 8 הכל סוֹמְכִיןוכ׳ all persons are entitled to lay hands on their sacrifices, except Ḥag.II, 2 שלא לסמוך that the laying on of hands must not be done on the Holy Days. Ib. 3 ואין סומכין עליהם but hands must not be laid on them; a. fr.b) to lay hands on the head of a scholar, in gen. to ordain. Snh.14a the government decreed שכל הסומך יהרגוכ׳ that whosoever ordained a scholar should be put to death, and whosoever be ordained should be put to death, ועיר שסומכיןוכ׳ and the town wherein the ordination takes place Ib. וס׳ שם חמשהוכ׳ and he ordained there five elders. Ib. ר״מ לא סְמָכוֹר״ע that R. Akiba never ordained R. M.Ib. סומכין בארץ ונִסְמָכִיןוכ׳ if those ordaining stand on Palestinean ground, and those to be ordained outside of Palestine; a. fr. 4) to lean, to rely. Ber.9a, a. fr., v. כְּדָיי. Erub.65b נִסְמוֹךְ עלוכ׳ let us rely on the opinion of ; a. fr.Trnsf. a) to support; to find support for an opinion or a rule, (v. אַסְמַכְתָּא). Y.Shebi.X, 39c bot. (ref. to Deut. 15:3) מיכן סָמְכוּ לפרוזבולוכ׳ here they found a support for the prosbol as a Biblical institution, expl. בשהתקין הלל סְמָכוּהוּוכ׳ when Hillel had instituted it, they supported it by reference to b) (with ענין) to bring under the same rule laws which are joined in the Biblical text. Yeb.4a (ref. to Ex. 22:17 a. 18) סמכו עניין לווכ׳ they brought the subject (verse 17) close to it (verse 18) (to intimate) as the punishment for the one is stoning, so is it for the other. Ib. וכי מפני שסמכווכ׳ can we put a person to death on an intimation suggested merely by the neighborhood of two subjects? (v. סְמוּכִים, infra).Part. pass. סָמוּךְ; f. סְמוּכָה; pl. סְמוּכִים, סְמוּכִין; סְמוּכוֹת a) near, close by. Meg.3b וכל הס׳ לו and all (the inhabited area) adjoining it. Men.98a, a. e. על בס׳ the preposition ʿal means immediately on. Sifré Num. 131 הרבה פרשיות ס׳וכ׳ many sections (in the Torah) adjoin one another, and yet are (mentally) as far from one another Sabb.I, 2 ס׳ למנחה near Minḥah time; a. v. fr.Esp. סְמוּכִין, סְמוּכִים the interpretation founded on the fact of local junction of texts (v. supra). Yeb. l. c. ס׳ מן התורה מנין where is it intimated that Biblical texts are to be interpreted on the basis of proximity? Answ. (ref. to Ps. 111:8): they are arranged Ib. מאן דלא דריש ס׳ he who does not adopt the interpretation based on textual proximity. Ber.10a; a. fr.b) strong, hardened. Num. R. s. 9 לבה ס׳ עליהם her heart is hardened towards them (and their presence will prevent her from confessing her guilt); cmp. גּוּס I. Nif. נִסְמַךְ 1) to be adjoined. Ber. l. c. למה נִסְמְכָהוכ׳ why has the section referring to Absalom (Ps. 3) been joined to that relating to Gog and Magog (Ps. 2)? Tanḥ. Ḥuck. 20 ונ׳ להרוכ׳ and is close to the mountain opposite. M. Kat. 28a; a. fr. 2) to be ordained. Snh. l. c., v. supra. Yoma 87a שראויין לִיסָּמֵךְ who are worthy to be ordained; a. fr. Pi. סִימֵּךְ to support, prop. Y.Maasr.II, 50a top המְסַמֵּךְ בגפנים he who props vines. Yalk. Ex. 244 עוזר ומסמך אתהוכ׳ thou art a helper and supporter to all ; a. e.Part. pass. מְסוּמָּךְ, pl. מְסוּמָּכִין. Kel. II, 2 יושבין שלא מ׳ (vessels or fragments of vessels) resting without the need of a support. Hif. הִסְמִיךְ to pack, tread. Y. Maasr. l. c. ברגליו מַסְמִיךְ working with his feet is he who packs (sheaves ; Y.B. Mets.VII, beg.11b מקמץ). Hithpa. הִסְתַּמֵּךְ, Nithpa. נִסְתַּמֵּךְ to lean ones self. Gen. R. s. 45, end היתה מִסְתַּמֶּכֶת עלוכ׳ was leaning on her hand-maid. Sifré Num. 131 והיה מִסְתַּמֵּךְוכ׳ and he went off leaning on his stick; a. e.

    Jewish literature > סָמַךְ

См. также в других словарях:

  • closely packed — index populous, replete Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Closely packed column — Колонка убористого текста …   Краткий толковый словарь по полиграфии

  • closely — close|ly W2S2 [ˈkləusli] adv 1.) very carefully ▪ The detective watched him closely , waiting for a reply. closely controlled/guarded/monitored etc ▪ Political activity is closely controlled. ▪ Details of the program are a closely guarded secret …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • closely — adverb 1 if you look at or study something closely, you look at it etc hard, trying to notice everything about it: watch sb closely: The detective was watching him closely, waiting for a reply. 2 if two things are closely connected or related,… …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • packed — [pækt] adj 1.) extremely full of people ▪ a packed courtroom packed with ▪ The island was packed with tourists. 2.) packed with/full of sth containing a lot of a particular type of thing ▪ a new magazine packed with exciting recipes 3.) [not… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • packed like sardines — Crowded closely together • • • Main Entry: ↑sardine * * * crowded very close together, as sardines are in cans …   Useful english dictionary

  • Packed — Pack Pack (p[a^]k), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Packed} (p[a^]kt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Packing}.] [Akin to D. pakken, G. packen, Dan. pakke, Sw. packa, Icel. pakka. See {Pack}, n.] 1. To make a pack of; to arrange closely and securely in a pack; hence, to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • packed — adjective 1 extremely full of people: a packed dance floor 2 packed with/packed full of containing a lot of a particular kind of thing: a new magazine packed with exciting recipes 3 (not before noun) if you are packed, you have put everything you …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • close-packed — adjective packed especially tightly (Freq. 1) • Similar to: ↑compact * * * close packed «KLOHS PAKT», adjective. 1. closely packed; with little or no space between: »close packed stars. 2. packed or filled with material: »a close packed reference …   Useful english dictionary

  • close-packed — adj. grouped closely together. Syn: dense, tight. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Conrois — Closely packed cavalry formation of between 20 and 30 men. Norman knights fought in such tactical units …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases


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