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causa+c

  • 1 causa

    causa (by Cicero, and also a little after him, caussa, Quint. 1, 7, 20; so Fast. Praenest. pp. 321, 322; Inscr. Orell. 3681; 4077; 4698 al.; in Mon. Ancyr. 3, 1 dub.), ae, f. [perh. root cav- of caveo, prop. that which is defended or protected; cf. cura], that by, on account of, or through which any thing takes place or is done; a cause, reason, motive, inducement; also, in gen., an occasion, opportunity (opp. effectis, Quint. 6, 3, 66; 7, 3, 29:

    factis,

    id. 4, 2, 52; 12, 1, 36 al.; very freq. in all periods, and in all kinds of discourse. In its different meanings syn. with ratio, principium, fons, origo, caput; excusatio, defensio; judicium, controversia, lis; partes, actio; condicio, negotium, commodum, al.).
    I.
    In gen.: causa ea est, quae id efficit, cujus est causa; ut vulnus mortis; cruditas morbi;

    ignis ardoris. Itaque non sic causa intellegi debet, ut quod cuique antecedat, id ei causa sit, sed quod cuique efficienter antecedat,

    Cic. Fat. 15, 34:

    justa et magna et perspicua,

    id. Rosc. Am. 14, 40: id. Phil. 2, 22, 53; id. Att. 16, 7, 6:

    sontica causa, v. sonticus.—Followed by a particle of cause: causa, quamobrem, etc.,

    Ter. And. 5, 1, 18; id. Eun. 1, 2, 65; id. [p. 304] Heaut. 2, 3, 95; id. Hec. 3, 3, 22; 3, 5, 2; 4, 4, 73; Cic. Fin. 4, 16, 44:

    causa, quare, etc.,

    Cic. Inv. 2, 20, 60:

    causa, cur, etc.,

    id. Ac. 1, 3, 10; Quint. 11, 3, 16; 2, 3, 11; Hor. C. 1, 16, 19 al.:

    causa quod, etc.,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 46, § 109; id. Phil. 6, 1, 1; Quint. 2, 1, 1; 5, 10, 30 al.:

    ut, etc.,

    Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 7; Ter. Eun. 3, 3, 6; Cic. Fam. 1, 8, 4 al.:

    haud causa quin, etc.,

    Plaut. Most. 2, 2, 4:

    quae causa est quin,

    id. Capt. 2, 2, 103:

    quid causae est quin,

    Ter. And. 3, 4, 21; Cic. Tusc. 5, 11, 32; Hor. S. 1, 1, 20:

    nulla causa est quin,

    Cic. Fam. 2, 17, 1:

    causa quominus,

    Sall. C. 51, 41; Liv. 34, 56, 9:

    causa ne,

    id. 34, 39, 9:

    nihil causae est cur non, etc.,

    Quint. 11, 3, 59:

    causae propter quas, etc.,

    id. 4, 2, 12; 5, 7, 24; 8, 6, 23.—With gen. obj.:

    is, qui causa mortis fuit,

    Cic. Phil. 9, 3, 7; Liv. 21, 21, 1; Quint. 7, 3, 18; 7, 4, 42:

    salutis,

    Lucr. 3, 349:

    morbi,

    id. 3, 502; Verg. G. 4, 397; Hor. C. 2, 2, 14:

    nos causa belli sumus,

    Liv. 1, 13, 3:

    causa mortis fuistis,

    Quint. 7, 3, 32; Sen. Ira, 2, 27, 3:

    explicandae philosophiae,

    Cic. Div. 2, 2, 6:

    nec vero umquam bellorum civilium semen et causa deerit,

    id. Off. 2, 8, 29; so,

    belli,

    Sall. C. 2, 2; Verg. A. 7, 553; Hor. C. 2, 1, 2; id. S. 1, 3, 108; id. Ep. 1, 2, 9:

    felix qui potuit rerum cognoscere causas,

    Verg. G. 2, 490:

    vera objurgandi causa,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 131; cf. with ad:

    causa ad objurgandum,

    id. ib. 1, 1, 123; id. Hec. 4, 4, 71; and poet. with inf.:

    consurgere in arma,

    Verg. A. 10, 90:

    perire,

    Tib. 3, 2, 30:

    gestare carinas,

    Luc. 5, 464.— With prepp.:

    cum causā,

    with good reason, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 8, § 21; id. de Or. 2, 60, 247; Varr. R. R. 1, 17, 4:

    sine causā,

    without good reason, Cic. Div. 2, 28, 61; id. Fat. 9, 18; id. de Or. 2, 60, 246; id. Att. 13, 22, 1; Caes. B. G. 1, 14; Nep. Alcib. 6, 2; Quint. 1, 10, 35; 1, 12, 9:

    his de causis,

    Cic. Att. 6, 1, 6:

    id nisi gravi de causā non fecisset,

    id. ib. 7, 7, 3:

    justis de causis,

    id. Fam. 5, 20, 2:

    quā de causā,

    id. Off. 1, 41, 147; id. Ac. 1, 12, 43; Caes. B. G. 1, 1:

    quibus de causis,

    Quint. 4, 2, 15;

    less freq. in ante-Aug. prose: quā ex causa,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 7, 13; id. Mur. 17, 36; but very freq. in Quint., Sen., and the younger Plin.; so,

    nullā aliā ex causā,

    Sen. Ep. 29, 1:

    multis ex causis,

    Quint. 5, 12, 3:

    quibus ex causis,

    id. 4, 2, 15; Plin. Ep. 6, 6, 8:

    ex plurimis causis,

    id. ib. 1, 3, 6:

    ex his (causis),

    id. ib. 5, 8, 6:—ob eam causam scribo, ut, etc., Cic. Fam. 1, 8, 4:

    illa festinatio fuit ob illam causam, ne, etc.,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 40, § 99; Nep. Milt. 6, 2:

    ob eam causam, quia, etc.,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 20, 51:

    ob eas causas,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 10:

    ob eam ipsam causam,

    Cic. Brut. 7, 29:

    quam ob causam,

    Nep. Paus. 2, 6:

    propter eam quam dixi causam,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 46, § 110:

    causae propter quas,

    Quint. 4, 2, 12.—In causā esse, to be the cause of, responsible for, etc. (rare):

    in causā haec sunt,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 1, 1:

    vim morbi in causā esse, quo serius perficeretur,

    Liv. 40, 26, 5:

    verecundiam multis in causā fuisse, ut, etc.,

    Quint. 12, 5, 2; Plin. Ep. 6, 10, 3; 7, 5, 1; Plin. 9, 30, 49, § 94; cf.:

    tarditatis causa in senatu fuit,

    Liv. 4, 58, 4.—
    b.
    Causā, in abl. with gen. or possess. adj. (usu. put after the noun), as patris causā, meā causā, on account of, for the sake of (in the best prose, almost always referring to the future, and implying a purpose; cf. propter with acc. of the pre-existing cause or motive):

    honoris tui causā huc ad te venimus,

    Plaut. Poen. 3, 3, 25; Ter. Phorm. 5, 7, 35; Cic. Fam. 13, 26, 2 al.:

    animi causa, v. animus, II., etc.: exempli causā, v. exemplum: causā meā,

    Plaut. Most. 5, 2, 47; id. Poen. 1, 2, 160; id. Am. 1, 3, 42 al.; Ter. Heaut. prol. 41; 5, 5, 23 al.;

    causā meāpte,

    id. ib. 4, 3, 8:

    nostra causa,

    id. Phorm. 4, 4, 14; Cic. Ac. 2, 38, 120; Quint. 7, 4, 9:

    vestrā magis hoc causā volebam quam meā,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 35. 162:

    aliena potius causa quam sua,

    Quint. 3, 7, 16.—Put before the noun:

    rastros capsit causă potiendi agri,

    Enn. Ann. 324 Vahl.:

    quidquid hujus feci, causā virginis Feci,

    Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 122; so Liv. 26, 32, 6; 31, 12, 4; 39, 14, 8; 40, 41 fin.; 40, 44, 10.—Rarely with propter in the same sense:

    vestrarum sedum templorumque causā, propter salutem meorum civium,

    Cic. Sest. 20, 45.—With gen. of pers. or reflex. pron. instead of possess. very rare (v. Lahmeyer ad Cic. Lael. 16, 57):

    quod illi semper sui causā fecerant,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 52, § 121.
    II.
    Esp.
    A.
    = justa causa, good reason, just cause, full right:

    cum causā accedere ad accusandum,

    with good reason, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 8, § 21; so,

    cum causā,

    id. de Or. 2, 60, 247; Varr. R. R. 1, 17, 4; 3, 16, 7;

    and the contrary: sine causā,

    without good reason, Cic. Div. 2, 28, 61; id. de Or. 2, 60, 246; Caes. B. G. 1, 14; Nep. Alcib. 6, 2 al.—
    B.
    An apology, excuse, Cato, R. R. 2, 2; Plaut. Capt. 3, 4, 92; Ter. Phorm. 2, 1, 42; Cic. Fam. 16, 19 fin.; Verg. A. 9, 219 al.—
    C.
    Causam alicui dare alicujus rei, occasion:

    qui (Nebatius) mihi dedit causam harum litterarum,

    Cic. Fam. 11, 27, 8;

    for which poët.: Bacchus et ad culpam causas dedit,

    Verg. G. 2, 455 Forbig. ad loc.—
    D.
    A feigned cause, a pretext, pretence, = praetextus, prophasis:

    habere causam,

    Plaut. As. 4, 1, 44:

    fingere falsas causas,

    Ter. Hec. 4, 4, 71; id. And. 1, 3, 8 Ruhnk.; 4, 1, 18; id. Phorm. 2, 1, 4:

    fingit causas ne det,

    id. Eun. 1, 2, 58; cf. Tib. 1, 6, 11:

    morae facere,

    to pretend reasons for the delay, Sall. J. 36, 2:

    inferre causam,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 39, 2:

    causam interponere,

    Nep. Them. 7, 1; cf. id. Milt. 4, 1:

    bellandi,

    id. Ham. 3, 1:

    belli,

    Tac. A. 12, 45:

    jurgii,

    Phaedr. 1, 1, 4 al. (On the other hand, causa, a true cause, is opp. to praetextus, a pretext, Suet. Caes. 30.)—So freq. per causam, under the pretext, Caes. B. C. 3, 24; 3, 76; 3, 87; Liv. 2, 32, 1 Drak.; 22, 61, 8; Suet. Caes. 2; id. Oth. 3; id. Vesp. 1; Tib. 1, 6, 26; Ov. H. 20, 140; id. Tr. 2, 452.—
    E.
    In judic. lang. t. t., a cause, judicial process, lawsuit:

    privatae,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 3, 4:

    publicae,

    id. de Or. 3, 20, 74; id. Rosc. Am. 21, 59:

    capitis aut famae,

    id. Fam. 9, 21, 1:

    causam agere,

    id. de Or. 2, 48, 199; Quint. 6, 1, 54; 7, 2, 55; 10, 7, 30;

    11, 1, 67 et saep.: constituere,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 1, § 1:

    perorare,

    id. Quint. 24, 77:

    defendere,

    Quint. 3, 6, 9; 12, 1, 24; 12, 1, 37; Suet. Caes. 49:

    exponere,

    Quint. 2, 5, 7:

    perdere,

    Cic. Rosc. Com. 4, 10:

    obtinere,

    id. Fam. 1, 4, 1:

    tenere (= obticere),

    Ov. M. 13, 190: causā cadere, v. cado, II.: causam dicere, to defend one ' s self, or to make a defence (as an advocate), Cic. Rosc. Am. 5, 12 and 13; 21, 54; id. Sest. 8, 18; id. Quint. 8, 31; Liv. 29, 19, 5; Quint. 5, 11, 39; 8, 2, 24; Suet. Caes. 30 et saep.— Poet.: causa prior, the first part of the process, i. e. the trial, Ov. M. 15, 37.—Hence,
    2.
    Out of the sphere of judicial proceedings, the party, faction, cause that one defends:

    ne condemnare causam illam, quam secutus esset, videretur, etc.,

    Cic. Lig. 9, 27 sq.:

    suarum partium causa,

    Quint. 3, 8, 57:

    causa Caesaris melior,

    id. 5, 11, 42; Tac. A. 1, 36 al. —Hence,
    b.
    Meton.
    (α).
    A relation of friendship, connection:

    quīcum tibi adfininitas, societas, omnes denique causae et necessitudines veteres intercedebant,

    Cic. Quint. 15, 48:

    explicare breviter, quae mihi sit ratio et causa cum Caesare,

    id. Prov. Cons. 17, 40; id. Fam. 13, 19, 1.—
    (β).
    In gen., = condicio, a condition, state, situation, relation, position:

    ut nonnumquam mortem sibi ipse consciscere aliquis debeat, alius in eādem causā non debeat: num enim aliā in causā M. Cato fuit, alia ceteri, qui se in Africā Caesari tradiderunt?

    Cic. Off. 1, 31, 112; so Caes. B. G. 4, 4 Herz.:

    (Regulus) erat in meliore causā quam, etc.,

    Cic. Off. 3, 27, 100; id. Agr. 3, 2, 9 (where for causa in the foll. clause is condicio):

    atque in hoc genere mea causa est, ut, etc.,

    id. Fam. 2, 4, 1; cf. id. ib. 9, 13, 1.—
    (γ).
    = negotium, a cause, business undertaken for any one, an employment:

    cui senatus dederat publice causam, ut mihi gratias ageret,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 73, § 170:

    quod nemo eorum rediisset, qui super tali causā eodem missi erant,

    Nep. Paus. 4, 1.—
    F.
    In medic. lang., a cause for disease:

    causam metuere,

    Cels. 3, 3; so Sen. Cons. ad Marc. 11 fin.; Plin. 28, 15, 61, § 218.—Hence in late Lat. for disease, Cael. Aur. Tard. 5, 10, 95; id. Acut. 2, 29, 157; Veg. 1, 25, 1; 3, 6, 11; 3, 45, 5; 4, 4, 2 al.—
    G.
    That which lies at the basis of a rhetorical representation, matter, subject, hupothesis, Cic. Top. 21, 79; id. Inv. 1, 6, 8; Auct. Her. 1, 11, 18; Quint. 3, 5, 7 sq.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > causa

  • 2 causa

    I
    for sake/purpose of (preceded by GEN.), on account of, with a view to
    II
    cause/reason/motive; origin, source, derivation; responsibility/blame; symptom; occasion, subject; plea, position; lawsuit, case, trial; proviso/stipulation; thing(s)

    Latin-English dictionary > causa

  • 3 causa

    I.
    (in the abl.) on account of, for the sake of.
    II.
    case at law, case, law-suit / situation, condition.
    III.
    cause / reason, motive, pretext / interest.

    Latin-English dictionary of medieval > causa

  • 4 causa (caussa)

        causa (caussa) ae, f    [1 CAV-], a cause, reason, motive, inducement, occasion, opportunity: te causae inpellebant leves, T.: obscura: accedit illa quoque causa: causa, quam ob rem, etc., T.: satis esse causa, quā re, etc., Cs.: si causa nulla est, cur, etc.: causa quod, etc.: ea est causa, ut cloacae subeant, etc., L.: quid causae est quin: nulla causa est quin: causa quo minus, S.: is, qui causa mortis fuit: morbi, V.: nos causa belli sumus, L.: rerum cognoscere causas, V.: Vera obiurgandi causa, T.—Poet.: Bacchus et ad culpam causas dedit (i. e. culparum causa fuit), V.: consurgere in arma, V.: quae rebus sit causa novandis, V.: meo subscribi causa sepulchro, i. e. of my death, O. — In phrases: cum causā, with good reason: sine causā, without good reason: sine ullā apertā causā: his de causis, Cs.: quā de causā: quā ex causa: eā causā, S.: ob eam causam, Cs.: ob eam ipsam causam: quam ob causam, N.: propter eam quam dixi causam: in causā haec sunt, are responsible: vim morbi in causā esse, quo, etc., L.: non paucitatem... causae fuisse cogitabant, to have been the cause, Cs.—Esp., abl. with gen. or possess. adj., on account of, for the sake of: alqm honoris causā nominare, with due respect: omnium nostrum causā: vitandae suspitionis causā: meā causā, T.: meāpte causā, T.: vestrā reique p. causā: vestrarum sedum templorumque causā; cf. quod illi semper sui causā fecerant: additur illius hoc iam causā, quicum agitur.—Meton., an apology, excuse: non causam dico quin ferat, etc., T.: causas nequiquam nectis inanīs, V.—Poet.: Et geminas, causam lacrimis, sacraverat aras, i. e. a place to weep, V.—A feigned cause, pretext, pretence: fingit causas ne det, T.: morae causas facere, reasons for the delay, S.: causas innecte morandi, V.: inferre causam, Cs.: bellandi, N.: per causam exercendorum remigum, under the pretext, Cs.: per causam renovati belli, L.: gratiam per hanc causam conciliare.—In law, a cause, judicial process, lawsuit: causam agere: publicam dicere: proferre: perdere: tenere, O.: causae actor accessi: causam dicere, to defend (oneself or as advocate): linguam causis acuere, for pleading, H.: extra causam esse, not to the point: plura extra causam dixisse: atque peracta est causa prior, i. e. the hearing before the decision, O.—A side, party, faction, cause: condemnare causam illam: et causam et hominem probare, Cs.: publica, the common weal, O.—A relation of friendship, connection: omnes causae et necessitudines veteres: quae mihi sit causa cum Caesare. —A condition, state, situation, relation, position: num enim aliā in causā M. Cato fuit, aliā ceteri, etc.: in eādem causā fuerunt, Cs.: in meliore causā. — A commission, business undertaken, employment: cui senatus dederat publice causam, ut mihi gratias ageret: super tali causā eodem missi, N.—In rhet., a concrete question, case for discussion.

    Latin-English dictionary > causa (caussa)

  • 5 Causa mortis

    Latin Quotes (Latin to English) > Causa mortis

См. также в других словарях:

  • causa — sustantivo femenino 1. Aquello que es origen de una cosa o que la produce: la causa del accidente, causa y efecto. Se desconocen las causas de su muerte. 2. Motivo, razón para hacer una cosa: No sé la causa por la que Silvia me ha dejado de… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Causa — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Causa (desambiguación). Dados dos eventos A y B, A es causa de B si se cumplen una serie de condiciones lógicas. La ocurrencia de A va acompañada de la ocurrencia de B, o si… …   Wikipedia Español

  • causa — (izg. kȁuza) ž DEFINICIJA 1. uzrok, razlog 2. pravn. sudski predmet, spor pred sudom SINTAGMA causa civilis (izg. causa civílis) građanski spor; causa morbi (izg. causa mȍrbi) razlog bolesti (ili oboljenja); causa mortis (izg. causa mȍrtis) uzrok …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • causa — 1. a causa de. Locución que introduce la causa o motivo de lo que se expresa en la oración principal. En el habla esmerada, no debe omitirse la preposición, como se hace a veces cuando esta locución introduce una subordinada precedida de que (→… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • causa — / kauza/ s.f. [dal lat. causa ]. 1. [fatto o avvenimento che ne provoca un altro] ▶◀ (lett.) cagione, fattore, (lett.) fomento, (lett.) fomite, fonte, germe, matrice, (fam.) molla, motivazione, motivo, motore, occasione, origine, pretesto,… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • Causa — steht im Allgemeinen für eine Ursache oder für einen Fall bzw. eine Angelegenheit. Speziell steht Causa für: einen Sachverhalt der objektiven Realität, der einen anderen Sachverhalt – die Wirkung – hervorbringt, siehe Kausalität den höchsten Grad …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • causa — cau·sa / kȯ zə, kau̇ sä/ n pl cau·sae / kȯ zī, zē; kau̇ ˌsī/ [Latin]: cause used in various Latin phrases Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • CAUSA —         (лат.) причина, основание. Философский энциклопедический словарь. М.: Советская энциклопедия. Гл. редакция: Л. Ф. Ильичёв, П. Н. Федосеев, С. М. Ковалёв, В. Г. Панов. 1983. CAUSA …   Философская энциклопедия

  • causa — s. f. 1. Agente eficaz que dá existência ao que não existia. 2. Motivo, razão. 3. Fato. 4. Ação ou processo judicial. 5.  [Figurado] Interesses. 6. Fação. 7. Partido.   ‣ Etimologia: latim causa, ae, causa, razão …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Causa — (Caussa, lat.), 1) Ursache, Grund: C proxĭma, die nächste Ursache; C. remōta, entfernte Ursache; C. primarĭa, Hauptgrund; C. secundaria, Nebengrund; C. sufficiens, hinreichender Grund; C. sine qua non, Grundursache; C. sui, wer der Grund von sich …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Causa — (lat.), Grund, Ursache, Veranlassung; im römischen und gemeinen Recht ein Wort von sehr verschiedener Bedeutung. In Bezug auf Sachen versteht man dort im allgemeinen darunter die Beschaffenheit und juristische Eigentümlichkeit einer Sache. Dahin… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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