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carbonyl group

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  • carbonyl group — the bivalent radical CO, occurring in acids, ketones, aldehydes, and their derivatives. * * * ▪ chemistry       in organic chemistry, a divalent chemical unit consisting of a carbon (C) and an oxygen (O) atom connected by a double bond. The group …   Universalium

  • carbonyl group — noun the bivalent radical CO • Hypernyms: ↑group, ↑radical, ↑chemical group • Substance Holonyms: ↑carbonyl * * * the bivalent radical CO, occurring in acids, ketones, aldehydes, and their derivatives …   Useful english dictionary

  • Carbonyl — In organic chemistry, a carbonyl group is a functional group composed of a carbon atom double bonded to an oxygen atom : C=O. The term carbonyl can also refer to carbon monoxide as a ligand in an inorganic or organometallic complex (a metal… …   Wikipedia

  • Carbonyl reduction — synthesis of an alcohol by ester reduction Carbonyl reduction in organic chemistry is the organic reduction of any carbonyl group containing compound by a reducing agent. Typical carbonyl compounds are ketones , aldehydes, carboxylic acids and… …   Wikipedia

  • Carbonyl sulfide — Chembox new Name = Carbonyl sulfide ImageFile = Carbonyl sulfide 2D dimensions.png ImageName = Carbonyl sulfide ImageFile1 = Carbonyl sulfide 3D vdW.png ImageName1 = Space filling 3D model of carbonyl sulfide IUPACName = carbonyl sulfide Section1 …   Wikipedia

  • carbonyl — /kahr beuh nil/, adj. 1. containing the carbonyl group. n. 2. a compound containing metal combined with carbon monoxide, as nickel carbonyl, Ni(CO)4. [1865 70; CARBON + YL] * * * …   Universalium

  • carbonyl — [kär′bə nil΄] n. [ CARBON + YL] 1. the chemical group CO 2. any of a wide variety of compounds containing this group, esp. certain metal compounds carbonylic [kär′bənil′ik] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Group 2 organometallic chemistry — The group 2 elements are known to form organometallic compounds. .[1][2] Of these, organomagnesium compounds, usually in the form of Grignard reagents are widely used in organic chemistry, while the other organometallic compounds of this group… …   Wikipedia

  • Carbonyl reductase (NADPH) — In enzymology, a carbonyl reductase (NADPH) (EC number|1.1.1.184) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:R CHOH R + NADP+ ightleftharpoons R CO R + NADPH + H+Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are R CHOH R and NADP+, whereas its 3 …   Wikipedia

  • carbonyl — noun a) In organic chemistry, a divalent functional group, ( CO ), characteristic of aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, amides, carboxylic acid anhydrides, carbonyl halides, esters and others. b) Any compound of a metal with carbon monoxide,… …   Wiktionary

  • carbonyl — noun Date: 1863 1. an organic functional group or radical –CO– occurring in aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, and their derivatives 2. a coordination complex involving the neutral radical CO < chromium carbonyl > • carbonylic… …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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