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can+be+disregarded

  • 381 חָבָה

    חבי, חָבָא, חָבָה(b. h.) to cover, hide.Part. pass. (fr. חבה) חָבוּי, f. חֲבוּיָה. Cant. R. to II, 1 (play on ח̇ב̇צ̇ל̇ת, ib.) ח̇ב̇ויה בצ̇ל̇ן של מצרים hidden (disregarded) in the shade of Egypt; ח׳ בצלי של ים nearly covered up by the darkness of the Sea; ח׳ בצלו של סיני nearly covered up by the shade of Sinai (threatening to fall upon me) Ib. שח׳ בְצֵלָהּ its (the young lilys) onion is hidden (its leaves not being unfolded).Ib. כל מתי … חֲבוּיִים בי all the dead of the world are buried in me (the earth). Nif. נֶחְבָּא to be hidden. Sabb.60a היו נֶחְבָּאִיןוכ׳ they hid in a cave. Taan.23b, v. infra. Hif. הֶחְבִּיא to hide. Taan. l. c. they named him חנן הנחבא מפני שה׳ עצמו Ms. M. (ed. שהיה מַחְבִּיא) because he hid himself (in his modesty). Y.Kil.V, 30a top (play on בתי כְלָאִים, Is. 42:22) בית שמַחְבִּיאִין … כִּלְאַיִם a garden house in which it is permitted to keep plants of a different species (from the surrounding vines). Sot.34b (play on נחבי) שה׳וכ׳ he hid (suppressed) the word of God (truth); Tanḥ. Shlaḥ 6 שה׳ את דבריו he suppressed the words he ought to have said; ib. Haăz. 7. (Lam. R. introd. (R. Josh. 2) מחבי חביים, read: מחבר חברים, v. חָבַר. Hithpa. הִתְחַבֵּא to hide ones self. Midr. Prov. ch. 9 Tanḥ. Ki Thabo 2 מִתְחַבְּאִים trying to hide themselves.

    Jewish literature > חָבָה

  • 382 עמם

    עָמַם(b. h.; v. אָמַם) 1) ( to be pressed, to be dim. Tosef.Sabb.III, 2 גחלים שעָמְמוּ coals which have become dim (ceased to flame). Pes.75b; a. e.Ib.; Sabb.77b, a. e. עוֹמְמוֹת, v. אָמַם. 2) to press, quench. Part. pass. עָמוּם; f. עֲמוּמָה, pl. עֲמוּמוֹת. Lev. R. s. 26 (ref. to Ez. 10:2). ששה … גחלים ע׳ בידווכ׳ for six years these coals were kept quenched in Gabriels hand. Pu. עוּמָּם to become dim. Y.Orl.III, 63a bot. גחלי ערלה שעוּמְּמוּוכ׳ (not גידולי … שעיממו) embers of Orlah wood are permitted for use. Pilp. עִמְעֵם 1) (with על) to cover up, supress a case; to disregard the late, act irregularly ( in an emergency). Y.Sot.IX, 23d bot. ולא … ועִימְעַמְנוּ על דינו and that having seen the murderer we have not let him go, or quashed his case. Num. R. s. 9; Tanḥ. Naso 7; Sifré Num. 7 (ref. to ונעלם, Num. 5:13) שלא … ומְעַמְעֵם not that her husband saw (her improper conduct) and covered it up (connived at it). Y.R. Hash. III, beg. 58c מְעַמְעֲמִין על הנראה לעברו ואין מעמעמיןוכ׳ we may act irregularly (ignore the testimony), when the new moon has been seen (on the night of the twenty-ninth to the thirtieth day), if it is necessary to intercalate a day, but we must not ignore the law, when the new moon has not been seen in due time, in order to proclaim the New Moon Day (on the thirtieth day). Y.Shebi.VIII, 38a bot.; Y.Sabb.I, 3c bot., a. e. עִימְעֲמוּ עליה והתירוה they disregarded the law, and permitted it (the bread); עמעמו עליה ואסרוה they ignored the law (that permitted it), and forbade it. 2) (cmp. הִבְהֵב) to be like embers; trnsf. a) to be undecided. Y.Snh.V, end, 23a שלא ייראה דין זה יוצא מעמעם that the verdict in this case should not appear to go forth undecided (because the jury could not arrive at a majority of two against the defendant; Bab. ib. 42a כדי שלא יצאו מבית דין מעורבבין).b) to nod consent without showing anxiety. Y.Ber.V, 9c bot., v. הִבְהֵב.

    Jewish literature > עמם

  • 383 עָמַם

    עָמַם(b. h.; v. אָמַם) 1) ( to be pressed, to be dim. Tosef.Sabb.III, 2 גחלים שעָמְמוּ coals which have become dim (ceased to flame). Pes.75b; a. e.Ib.; Sabb.77b, a. e. עוֹמְמוֹת, v. אָמַם. 2) to press, quench. Part. pass. עָמוּם; f. עֲמוּמָה, pl. עֲמוּמוֹת. Lev. R. s. 26 (ref. to Ez. 10:2). ששה … גחלים ע׳ בידווכ׳ for six years these coals were kept quenched in Gabriels hand. Pu. עוּמָּם to become dim. Y.Orl.III, 63a bot. גחלי ערלה שעוּמְּמוּוכ׳ (not גידולי … שעיממו) embers of Orlah wood are permitted for use. Pilp. עִמְעֵם 1) (with על) to cover up, supress a case; to disregard the late, act irregularly ( in an emergency). Y.Sot.IX, 23d bot. ולא … ועִימְעַמְנוּ על דינו and that having seen the murderer we have not let him go, or quashed his case. Num. R. s. 9; Tanḥ. Naso 7; Sifré Num. 7 (ref. to ונעלם, Num. 5:13) שלא … ומְעַמְעֵם not that her husband saw (her improper conduct) and covered it up (connived at it). Y.R. Hash. III, beg. 58c מְעַמְעֲמִין על הנראה לעברו ואין מעמעמיןוכ׳ we may act irregularly (ignore the testimony), when the new moon has been seen (on the night of the twenty-ninth to the thirtieth day), if it is necessary to intercalate a day, but we must not ignore the law, when the new moon has not been seen in due time, in order to proclaim the New Moon Day (on the thirtieth day). Y.Shebi.VIII, 38a bot.; Y.Sabb.I, 3c bot., a. e. עִימְעֲמוּ עליה והתירוה they disregarded the law, and permitted it (the bread); עמעמו עליה ואסרוה they ignored the law (that permitted it), and forbade it. 2) (cmp. הִבְהֵב) to be like embers; trnsf. a) to be undecided. Y.Snh.V, end, 23a שלא ייראה דין זה יוצא מעמעם that the verdict in this case should not appear to go forth undecided (because the jury could not arrive at a majority of two against the defendant; Bab. ib. 42a כדי שלא יצאו מבית דין מעורבבין).b) to nod consent without showing anxiety. Y.Ber.V, 9c bot., v. הִבְהֵב.

    Jewish literature > עָמַם

  • 384 פלג

    פָּלַג(b. h.) to separate, split. Hif. הִפְלִיג 1) to part, go away. Y.Ber.I, 2d bot. ומצאו שה׳ אף הואה׳ (not עוד) and finding that he (the friend that had knocked at the door) had withdrawn, he withdrew likewise.Esp. to go to sea (cmp. פִּילָגוֹס). Erub.IV, 1 הִפְלִיגָה ספינתם בים their ship went out on the open sea. Sabb.19a אין מַפְלִיגִין בספינהוכ׳ you must not start on a sea-voyage less than three days before the Sabbath; Num. R. s. 16, beg. אין מפליגין בספינה בים הגדול (contrad. to פָּרַש along the sea coast). 2) ה׳ ממלאכה (or sub. ממלאכה) to rest from work; to pause. Lev. R. s. 30 לכשיַפְלִיג, v. לָקַש. Tosef.Ber.IV, 21 הִפְלִיגוּ צריכיןוכ׳ (not צריך) when the laborers take a recess, they must say the benediction for what they have been eating while at work. Y.Yoma III, 40b bot. להפליג, v. הֶפְלֵג. 3) to divert, put off; to discard. Bab. ib. 66b לא מפני שהִפְלִיגָן בדבריםוכ׳ (he made an evasive reply) not because he desired to divert their minds with words (counterquestions), but because he never said anything that he had not heard from his teacher; Tosef.Yeb.III, 4; Succ.27b. Y.Ab. Zar. II, 40c bot. אם שאלו … יַפְלִיגֶינּוּ כשם שה׳וכ׳ if he asks him whither he is going, let him put him off (state a distant destination), as did Jacob to Esau; Tosef. ib. III, 4 מַפְלִיגוֹ. Tosef.Gitt.VII (V), 8 כל תנאי אפשר … לא נתכוון זה אלא להַפְלִיגָהּ whenever an impossibility is made the condition of a letter of divorce, he (the husband) has had only the intention to divert her mind; Y.B. Mets.VII, end, 11c (corr. acc.). Y.Ber.IX, end, 14d כיון שה׳ דעתו ממנה when he turns his attentions from her (makes her feel that he does not intend to marry her). Gen. R. s. 17 ראה … והִפְלִיגָהּ ממנו when he saw her full mucus and blood, he kept her away from him; a. fr. 4) to reject, disregard, discard. Pesik. R. s. 31 היתה פושעת … ומַפְלֶגֶת את גזירותיו she was careless about his honor and disregarded his decrees, Ib. s. 3 (read:) כל זמן … הוא מַפְלִיגוכ׳ as long as his teacher is alive, he (the pupil) is careless, (saying) whenever it be needed, here is my teacher Ab. IV, 3 אל תהי מפליג לכל דבר discard nothing (saying, this will never happen). Gen. R. s. 8 ה׳ דרכן של רשעיםוכ׳ he removed the way of the wicked out of his sight (disregarded the evil doings of the future man); Midr. Till. to Ps. 1 ed. Bub. (oth. ed. פִּילֵּג Pi.); a. e. 5) to decline from the road. Gen. R. s. 48 אם אני רואה אותן שהִפְלִיגוּ את דרכםוכ׳ when I see that they wend their way hither ; וכיון שדאה אותם שהפליגו and when he saw that they were declining; Yalk. ib. 82.Trnsf. to be mistaken. Bekh.43b bot. הִיפְלַגְתָּ thou art mistaken (Rashi: thou hast gone too far, v. infra); Sifra Emor, ch. II, Par. 3 הִפְלַגְתָּה.Kob. B. to XI, 9 אל תַּפְלִיג עצמך בדברי תורה do not go thy own way in the interpretation of the Law (cling to tradition). 6) ה׳ עצמו ( to withdraw ones self, to be reserved, speak in indefinite and general terms, opp. פרסם עצמו to reveal ones self, speak in definite terms. Midr. Sam. ch. XIV (ref. to 1 Sam. 9:15, sq.) לשעבר לא אלא עד שלא הגיע הקץהקב״ה מפליג עצמו … מפרסם עצמו did the Lord never before reveal anything to Samuel? But before the proper time has come, the Lord speaks reservedly, when the time has come, he reveals himself clearly (‘to-morrow)7) to differ. Yalk. Jer. 320 מי שמפליג על דבריו של אל who opposes the words of God. Y.Pes.V, 32c bot. ומה מַפְלִיגִין and wherein do they differ?; a. e.8) to go too far. Y.Nidd.I, beg.48d, v. פָּרַז. Bekh.43b bot.; Sifra Emor l. c., v. supra.Part. pass. מוּפְלָג a) removed; far. Sifra Mtsorʿa, Zab., Par. 5, ch. VIII מ׳ מנידתה some time after her menstruation, opp. סמוך; Nidd.73a מ׳ לנדתה. Gen. R. s. 44, v. אחַר; a. e.b) distinguished, special expert. Tosef.Ḥag.II, 9, v. מוּפְלָא.Erub.63a דמופלג, v. next w. Pi. פִּלֵּג to remove, disregard. Midr. Till. to Ps. 1, v. supra. Hithpa. הִתְפַּלֵּג to be divided, go apart. Gen. R. s. 15 וכל מימי בראשית מִתְפַּלְּגִין מתחתיו and all the waters of creation started from under it; Midr. Till. to Ps. 1; Y.Ber.I, 2c bot., v. פִּילּוּג.

    Jewish literature > פלג

  • 385 פָּלַג

    פָּלַג(b. h.) to separate, split. Hif. הִפְלִיג 1) to part, go away. Y.Ber.I, 2d bot. ומצאו שה׳ אף הואה׳ (not עוד) and finding that he (the friend that had knocked at the door) had withdrawn, he withdrew likewise.Esp. to go to sea (cmp. פִּילָגוֹס). Erub.IV, 1 הִפְלִיגָה ספינתם בים their ship went out on the open sea. Sabb.19a אין מַפְלִיגִין בספינהוכ׳ you must not start on a sea-voyage less than three days before the Sabbath; Num. R. s. 16, beg. אין מפליגין בספינה בים הגדול (contrad. to פָּרַש along the sea coast). 2) ה׳ ממלאכה (or sub. ממלאכה) to rest from work; to pause. Lev. R. s. 30 לכשיַפְלִיג, v. לָקַש. Tosef.Ber.IV, 21 הִפְלִיגוּ צריכיןוכ׳ (not צריך) when the laborers take a recess, they must say the benediction for what they have been eating while at work. Y.Yoma III, 40b bot. להפליג, v. הֶפְלֵג. 3) to divert, put off; to discard. Bab. ib. 66b לא מפני שהִפְלִיגָן בדבריםוכ׳ (he made an evasive reply) not because he desired to divert their minds with words (counterquestions), but because he never said anything that he had not heard from his teacher; Tosef.Yeb.III, 4; Succ.27b. Y.Ab. Zar. II, 40c bot. אם שאלו … יַפְלִיגֶינּוּ כשם שה׳וכ׳ if he asks him whither he is going, let him put him off (state a distant destination), as did Jacob to Esau; Tosef. ib. III, 4 מַפְלִיגוֹ. Tosef.Gitt.VII (V), 8 כל תנאי אפשר … לא נתכוון זה אלא להַפְלִיגָהּ whenever an impossibility is made the condition of a letter of divorce, he (the husband) has had only the intention to divert her mind; Y.B. Mets.VII, end, 11c (corr. acc.). Y.Ber.IX, end, 14d כיון שה׳ דעתו ממנה when he turns his attentions from her (makes her feel that he does not intend to marry her). Gen. R. s. 17 ראה … והִפְלִיגָהּ ממנו when he saw her full mucus and blood, he kept her away from him; a. fr. 4) to reject, disregard, discard. Pesik. R. s. 31 היתה פושעת … ומַפְלֶגֶת את גזירותיו she was careless about his honor and disregarded his decrees, Ib. s. 3 (read:) כל זמן … הוא מַפְלִיגוכ׳ as long as his teacher is alive, he (the pupil) is careless, (saying) whenever it be needed, here is my teacher Ab. IV, 3 אל תהי מפליג לכל דבר discard nothing (saying, this will never happen). Gen. R. s. 8 ה׳ דרכן של רשעיםוכ׳ he removed the way of the wicked out of his sight (disregarded the evil doings of the future man); Midr. Till. to Ps. 1 ed. Bub. (oth. ed. פִּילֵּג Pi.); a. e. 5) to decline from the road. Gen. R. s. 48 אם אני רואה אותן שהִפְלִיגוּ את דרכםוכ׳ when I see that they wend their way hither ; וכיון שדאה אותם שהפליגו and when he saw that they were declining; Yalk. ib. 82.Trnsf. to be mistaken. Bekh.43b bot. הִיפְלַגְתָּ thou art mistaken (Rashi: thou hast gone too far, v. infra); Sifra Emor, ch. II, Par. 3 הִפְלַגְתָּה.Kob. B. to XI, 9 אל תַּפְלִיג עצמך בדברי תורה do not go thy own way in the interpretation of the Law (cling to tradition). 6) ה׳ עצמו ( to withdraw ones self, to be reserved, speak in indefinite and general terms, opp. פרסם עצמו to reveal ones self, speak in definite terms. Midr. Sam. ch. XIV (ref. to 1 Sam. 9:15, sq.) לשעבר לא אלא עד שלא הגיע הקץהקב״ה מפליג עצמו … מפרסם עצמו did the Lord never before reveal anything to Samuel? But before the proper time has come, the Lord speaks reservedly, when the time has come, he reveals himself clearly (‘to-morrow)7) to differ. Yalk. Jer. 320 מי שמפליג על דבריו של אל who opposes the words of God. Y.Pes.V, 32c bot. ומה מַפְלִיגִין and wherein do they differ?; a. e.8) to go too far. Y.Nidd.I, beg.48d, v. פָּרַז. Bekh.43b bot.; Sifra Emor l. c., v. supra.Part. pass. מוּפְלָג a) removed; far. Sifra Mtsorʿa, Zab., Par. 5, ch. VIII מ׳ מנידתה some time after her menstruation, opp. סמוך; Nidd.73a מ׳ לנדתה. Gen. R. s. 44, v. אחַר; a. e.b) distinguished, special expert. Tosef.Ḥag.II, 9, v. מוּפְלָא.Erub.63a דמופלג, v. next w. Pi. פִּלֵּג to remove, disregard. Midr. Till. to Ps. 1, v. supra. Hithpa. הִתְפַּלֵּג to be divided, go apart. Gen. R. s. 15 וכל מימי בראשית מִתְפַּלְּגִין מתחתיו and all the waters of creation started from under it; Midr. Till. to Ps. 1; Y.Ber.I, 2c bot., v. פִּילּוּג.

    Jewish literature > פָּלַג

  • 386 קדש

    קָדַש(b. h.) (to be cut off, separated, v. Ges. Hebr. Dict.12> s. v.; cmp. פָּרַש, to be, become pure, sacred, holy. Y.Sabb.III, 5d bot.; ib. IV, end, 7a ק׳ עליו היום the day became holy upon him, i. e. the Sabbath commenced while he was engaged in doing something. Meil.II, 8 (10a) קָרְשוּ בכלים (Talm. ed. קדשן) after they have become sacred by being put in a sacred vessel (v. infra); Shebu.11a (Ms. F. קירשן). Bekh.4b קדשו בכורותוכ׳ the firstborn in the desert were consecrated; a. fr. Pi. קִרֵּש, קִי׳ 1) to sanctify, esp. ק׳ שם שמים, or ק׳ את השם to sanctify the name of the Lord, to manifest fidelity to religion by noble deeds, by martyrdom Sot.10b; 36b יוסף שק׳ שםוכ׳ Joseph who sanctified the name … in secret (when he resisted temptation); יהודה שק׳וכ׳ Judah who sanctified … in public (when he admitted his guilt, Gen. 38:26); a. fr. 2) to sanctify, consecrate; to purify, keep pure. Ber.17a טהר וקַדֵּש עצמך מכלוכ׳ keep thyself clean and pure (aloof) from every guilt Yoma 39a (ref. to Lev. 11:44) אדם מְקַדֵּש … מְקַדְּשִׁין אותו הרבה if a man sanctifies himself a little (trains himself to self-restraint), they (the divine agencies) will help him much to sanctify him; מלמטה מקדשין אותו מלמעלה if he (sanctifies himself) below, they will sanctify him from above; בעולם הזה מקדשיןוכ׳ he in this world, they will declare him holy in the hereafter. Yeb.20a, a. e. קדש עצמך במותר לך sanctify thyself by self-restraint from what is permitted to thee. Ḥag.3b, a. e. קִדְּשָׁהּ לשעתה, v. קְדוּשָּׁה. Sebu. 15a כל הכלים … מְקַדַּשְׁתָּן is as regards all vessels that Moses made, the ointing of them gave them their sacred character; Snh.16b מקדשן (corr. acc.). Men.95b תנור מְקַדֵּש the oven (the baking of the showbread) gives it its sacred character. Ib. 100a כלי שרת מְקַרְּשִׁין the vessels of the service consecrate (the things put into them); a. v. fr.Part. pass. מְקוּדָּש; f. מְקוּדֶּשֶׁת; pl. מְקוּדָּשִׁים Sabb.55a (ref. to Ez. 9:6) א״ת מקדשי אלא מְקוּדָּשַׁיוכ׳ and not miḳdashi (my sanctuary) but mḳuddashai (my sanctified ones), that means those who fulfilled the whole Law ; Ab. Zar.4a. Zeb.115b (ref. to Ps. 68:36 מִמִּקְדָּשֶׁיךָ) read מִמְּקוּדָּשֶׁיךָוכ׳ ‘from thy sanctified ones, when the Lord passes judgment on his holy servants ; a. fr. 3) (with, or sub., ידיו ורגליו) to wash hands and feet prior to a sacred act. Yoma III, 6. Ib. IV, 5. Ib. 22a; a. fr. 4) to prepare the water of lustration (Num. 19). Par. VI, 1 המקדש ונפל הקִדּוּש על ידו if he prepares the lustration, and some of the consecrated water falls upon his hand. Ib. 2 נוטל נמקדש he may take (of the ashes) and prepare the water with them. Ib. 3 המקדש כשוקתוכ׳ he who puts ashes into a large vessel of water; a. fr. 5) (of seasons) to proclaim the sanctity of esp., a) (ק׳ החדש) to proclaim in court that the new month had begun (v. infra). R. Hash. II, 7 אם לא … אין מקדשין אותו שכבד קִדְּשוּשוּהוּ שמים unless the new moon is seen in its due time (on the evening of the twenty-ninth day), no announcement is made, for the heavens have already proclaimed it (and the new month begins with the thirty-first day). Ib. 24a בין כך … שנים אתה מקדשוכ׳ in neither case is the ceremony of announcement required, for we read (Lev. 25:10), ‘ye shall sanctify the fiftieth year, years thou must ‘sanctify Ex. R. s. 15 אני ואתם נְקַדֵּש את החדש I and you, let us (as a court) proclaim the month (of Nisan); a. fr.Part. pass. as ab. R. Hash. II, 7 ראשב״ד אומר מק׳וכ׳ the president of the court says, ‘(the new month is) proclaimed, and all the people say after him, ‘proclaimed, proclaimed. Ib. III, 1 נחקרו … ולא הספיקו לומר מק׳וכ׳ when the witnesses were examined, and the court had no time to say mḳuddash before night set in; a. e.b) ק׳ השבת, היום to pronounce the sanctity of the Sabbath, the Holy Day, to recite the Sabbath or the festive benediction (over wine), to say Ḳiddush. Pes.105a מי שלא ק׳ בע״ש מקדשוכ׳ he who fails to bless the Sabbath on the Sabbath eve, may do so during the entire day. Ib. 106b טעם אינו מקדש if a man tasted something without Ḳiddush, he must not bless the Sabbath; Ib. 107a טעם מקדש even if he has tasted something, he must bless the Sabbath. Ib. כגין זה ראוי לקַדֵּש עליו a beverage like this is fit for Ḳiddush; a. fr. 6) ק׳ אשה ( to consecrate a woman, a) to betroth (expl. Kidd.2b לישנא דרבנן דאסר לה … בהקדש the rabbinical term, in place of the Biblical קנה,because he makes her forbidden to others like a consecrated object, v. הֶקְרֵּש). Kidd.II, 1 האיש מקדש בווכ׳ a man may betroth a woman either in person or through a deputy. Ib. 41a אסור לאדם שיְקַדֵּש … עדוכ׳ a man is forbidden to betroth a woman to himself, before he has seen her. ib. II, 4 האומר … צא וקַיֵּש … והלך וקִרְּשָׁהּוכ׳ if a man said to his deputy, go and betroth to me that certain woman in that certain place, and he went and betrothed her in a different place, she is not betrothed (the betrothal is invalid); a. v. fr.Part. pass. מְקוּדֶּשֶׁת; pl. מְקוּדָּשוֹת. Ib. הרי זו מק׳ in such a case the betrothal is binding. Ib. 7; a. fr.b) (of the father of a minor נַעֲרָה) to accept a betrothal in behalf of ones daughter. Ib. 1 האיש מקדש את בתווכ׳ a man may accept his daughters betrothal, if she is a naʿărah, either in person or through a deputy. Ib. 41a אסור לאדם שיקדש את בתו יכ׳ a man is forbidden to betroth his daughter as a child, (but must wait,) until she is grown up and says, I like this man; a. fr.7) to cause a thing to be prohibited, esp. (by ref. to Deut. 22:9) by planting seeds in a vineyard, or vines among seeds; to cause condemnation. Kil. IV, 5 הזורע … ק׳ שורה אחת if a person sows within four cubits of a vineyard, he has caused the condemnation of one row of vines. Ib. V, 5 הרי זה מקדש ארבעיםוכ׳ he has made forty-five vines forbidden. Ib. VII, 2 גפן … ואינה מְקַרֶּשֶׁת to plant seeds near a dried-up vine is forbidden, but it (the vine) does not cause the condemnation of the seeds. Ib. אלו אוסרין ולא מְקַדְּשִׁין the following plants make the planting of seeds in their neighborhood forbidden, but do not cause condemnation of the seeds, if planted, or their own condemnation. Ib. 5 אין אדם מקדש דברוכ׳ no man can cause condemnation of a thing not his own. Ib. הרי זה ק׳וכ׳ he has caused the condemnation of his neighbors seeds and must pay damages; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְקַדֵּש, Nithpa. נִתְקַדֵּש 1) to be sanctified, glorified as holy. Yeb.79a מוטב … ויִתְקַדֵּש שםוכ׳ let a letter of the Law be uprooted (disregarded), but let the name of God be sanctified in public. Tanḥ. Shmini 1 מִתְקַדֵּש אני שם במכבדי: there (at the dedication of the Tabernacle) I shall be sanctified by (the death of) those that honor me. Lev. R. s. 12; a. fr. 2) to be consecrated, dedicated; (of the New Moon) to be proclaimed. R. Hash. 21b יכול … עד שיִתְקַדְּשוּוכ׳ you may have thought, as well as the Sabbath is to be disregarded (by the witnesses travelling to the seat of the court), until they (the months) are proclaimed, it may also be disregarded (by the messengers carrying the announcement), until they are established. Ex. R. s. 15 היה הכהן … והבלי מִתְקַדֶּשֶׁת the priest received in it some sacred object, by which the vessel was consecrated; וכלי חול מִתְקַדֵּש and a profane vessel became sacred. Shebu.15a אין העזרה מִתְקַדֶּשֶׁתוכ׳ the Temple hall was not consecrated, until the priests ate therein the remnants of the meal-offering. Ib. 16a תחתונה נִתְקַדְּשָׁה בכל אלו the lower reservoir became consecrated through all these (ceremonies mentioned); a. fr. 3) (of mixed seeds) to be condemnable, condemned. Kil. VII, 7 מאימתי … מתקרשת from what time are seeds of grain (planted among vines) to be condemned? Ib. אין מִתְקַרְּשוֹת are not to be condemned; a. fr. 4) to be betrothed. Kidd.II, 1 האשה מתקדשת בהוכ׳ a woman may be betrothed in person or through her deputy, Ib. האומר הִתְקַדְּשִׁי ליוכ׳ … if a man says to a woman, be betrothed to me with this fig. Ib. 45b נִתְקַדְּשָׁה לדעת אביה וניסתוכ׳ if she (the minor) was betrothed with her fathers consent, but was married without it; a. fr. 5) to sanctify ones self. Sifra Vayikra, Ndab., ch. II, Par. 2 מי שהוא עתיד להִתְקַדֵּש he that is ready to sanctify himself (by vowing a sacrifice). Nif. נִקְדַּש 1) to be sanctified; to become consecrated. Tem.14a כאן לִיקָּדֵש כאן ליקרב in the one case it refers to being consecrated (by being put in a sacred vessel), in the other to being offered. Bekh.4b הוזהרו … ליקדש they were admonished concerning the firatborn, that they be consecrated; a. e. 2) to be betrothed. Kidd.48a if she says, עשה לי … ואֶקָּדֵשוכ׳ make for me chains, and I shall be betrothed unto thee. Hif. הִקְדִּיש 1) to cause sanctification. Zeb.115b לא מתו … להַקְדִּיש שמווכ׳ thy (Aarons) sons died only in order to give thee an opportunity to sanctify the name of the Lord. 2) to sanctify, dedicate an object as Temple property (Lev. 27:14–24). Arakh.VI, 2 המַקְדִּיש נכסיווכ׳ if a person dedicates his property to the Temple, but owes his (divorced) wife her kthubah (כְּתוּבָּה) Ib. VII, 1 אין מַקְדִּישִׁין לפני היובלוכ׳ you cannot dedicate landed property within less than two or three years before the jubilee. Ib. 3 הִקְדִּישָׁהּ וגאלה if he dedicated and then redeemed it. Ib. 5 אין אדם מַקְדִּיש דברוכ׳ nobody can dedicate a thing not belonging to him. B. Kam.VII, 2; a. v. fr. Hof. הוּקְדַּש to be dedicated, consecrated. Meil.II, 8 המנחות … משהוּקְדָּשוּ the law concerning misappropriation of sacred things applies to meal-offerings as soon as they have been dedicated. Ib. 1 משהוּקְדָּשָׁה as soon as it has been designated for a sin-offering; a. fr.Part. מוּקְדָּש; f. מוּקְדֶּשֶׁת; pl. מוּקְדָּשִׁים Ned.V, 6 (48a) אם … הרי הם מוק׳ לשמים if they are mine, be they dedicated to the Lord. Ib. כל מתנה … מקודשת אינה מתנה (read: מוקדשת) a gift which is not made so that if the recipient dedicates it to sacred use, it is dedicated, is no gift. Bekh.V, 1 כל פסולי המוק׳ all dedicated sacrifices which became unfit for the altar; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > קדש

  • 387 קָדַש

    קָדַש(b. h.) (to be cut off, separated, v. Ges. Hebr. Dict.12> s. v.; cmp. פָּרַש, to be, become pure, sacred, holy. Y.Sabb.III, 5d bot.; ib. IV, end, 7a ק׳ עליו היום the day became holy upon him, i. e. the Sabbath commenced while he was engaged in doing something. Meil.II, 8 (10a) קָרְשוּ בכלים (Talm. ed. קדשן) after they have become sacred by being put in a sacred vessel (v. infra); Shebu.11a (Ms. F. קירשן). Bekh.4b קדשו בכורותוכ׳ the firstborn in the desert were consecrated; a. fr. Pi. קִרֵּש, קִי׳ 1) to sanctify, esp. ק׳ שם שמים, or ק׳ את השם to sanctify the name of the Lord, to manifest fidelity to religion by noble deeds, by martyrdom Sot.10b; 36b יוסף שק׳ שםוכ׳ Joseph who sanctified the name … in secret (when he resisted temptation); יהודה שק׳וכ׳ Judah who sanctified … in public (when he admitted his guilt, Gen. 38:26); a. fr. 2) to sanctify, consecrate; to purify, keep pure. Ber.17a טהר וקַדֵּש עצמך מכלוכ׳ keep thyself clean and pure (aloof) from every guilt Yoma 39a (ref. to Lev. 11:44) אדם מְקַדֵּש … מְקַדְּשִׁין אותו הרבה if a man sanctifies himself a little (trains himself to self-restraint), they (the divine agencies) will help him much to sanctify him; מלמטה מקדשין אותו מלמעלה if he (sanctifies himself) below, they will sanctify him from above; בעולם הזה מקדשיןוכ׳ he in this world, they will declare him holy in the hereafter. Yeb.20a, a. e. קדש עצמך במותר לך sanctify thyself by self-restraint from what is permitted to thee. Ḥag.3b, a. e. קִדְּשָׁהּ לשעתה, v. קְדוּשָּׁה. Sebu. 15a כל הכלים … מְקַדַּשְׁתָּן is as regards all vessels that Moses made, the ointing of them gave them their sacred character; Snh.16b מקדשן (corr. acc.). Men.95b תנור מְקַדֵּש the oven (the baking of the showbread) gives it its sacred character. Ib. 100a כלי שרת מְקַרְּשִׁין the vessels of the service consecrate (the things put into them); a. v. fr.Part. pass. מְקוּדָּש; f. מְקוּדֶּשֶׁת; pl. מְקוּדָּשִׁים Sabb.55a (ref. to Ez. 9:6) א״ת מקדשי אלא מְקוּדָּשַׁיוכ׳ and not miḳdashi (my sanctuary) but mḳuddashai (my sanctified ones), that means those who fulfilled the whole Law ; Ab. Zar.4a. Zeb.115b (ref. to Ps. 68:36 מִמִּקְדָּשֶׁיךָ) read מִמְּקוּדָּשֶׁיךָוכ׳ ‘from thy sanctified ones, when the Lord passes judgment on his holy servants ; a. fr. 3) (with, or sub., ידיו ורגליו) to wash hands and feet prior to a sacred act. Yoma III, 6. Ib. IV, 5. Ib. 22a; a. fr. 4) to prepare the water of lustration (Num. 19). Par. VI, 1 המקדש ונפל הקִדּוּש על ידו if he prepares the lustration, and some of the consecrated water falls upon his hand. Ib. 2 נוטל נמקדש he may take (of the ashes) and prepare the water with them. Ib. 3 המקדש כשוקתוכ׳ he who puts ashes into a large vessel of water; a. fr. 5) (of seasons) to proclaim the sanctity of esp., a) (ק׳ החדש) to proclaim in court that the new month had begun (v. infra). R. Hash. II, 7 אם לא … אין מקדשין אותו שכבד קִדְּשוּשוּהוּ שמים unless the new moon is seen in its due time (on the evening of the twenty-ninth day), no announcement is made, for the heavens have already proclaimed it (and the new month begins with the thirty-first day). Ib. 24a בין כך … שנים אתה מקדשוכ׳ in neither case is the ceremony of announcement required, for we read (Lev. 25:10), ‘ye shall sanctify the fiftieth year, years thou must ‘sanctify Ex. R. s. 15 אני ואתם נְקַדֵּש את החדש I and you, let us (as a court) proclaim the month (of Nisan); a. fr.Part. pass. as ab. R. Hash. II, 7 ראשב״ד אומר מק׳וכ׳ the president of the court says, ‘(the new month is) proclaimed, and all the people say after him, ‘proclaimed, proclaimed. Ib. III, 1 נחקרו … ולא הספיקו לומר מק׳וכ׳ when the witnesses were examined, and the court had no time to say mḳuddash before night set in; a. e.b) ק׳ השבת, היום to pronounce the sanctity of the Sabbath, the Holy Day, to recite the Sabbath or the festive benediction (over wine), to say Ḳiddush. Pes.105a מי שלא ק׳ בע״ש מקדשוכ׳ he who fails to bless the Sabbath on the Sabbath eve, may do so during the entire day. Ib. 106b טעם אינו מקדש if a man tasted something without Ḳiddush, he must not bless the Sabbath; Ib. 107a טעם מקדש even if he has tasted something, he must bless the Sabbath. Ib. כגין זה ראוי לקַדֵּש עליו a beverage like this is fit for Ḳiddush; a. fr. 6) ק׳ אשה ( to consecrate a woman, a) to betroth (expl. Kidd.2b לישנא דרבנן דאסר לה … בהקדש the rabbinical term, in place of the Biblical קנה,because he makes her forbidden to others like a consecrated object, v. הֶקְרֵּש). Kidd.II, 1 האיש מקדש בווכ׳ a man may betroth a woman either in person or through a deputy. Ib. 41a אסור לאדם שיְקַדֵּש … עדוכ׳ a man is forbidden to betroth a woman to himself, before he has seen her. ib. II, 4 האומר … צא וקַיֵּש … והלך וקִרְּשָׁהּוכ׳ if a man said to his deputy, go and betroth to me that certain woman in that certain place, and he went and betrothed her in a different place, she is not betrothed (the betrothal is invalid); a. v. fr.Part. pass. מְקוּדֶּשֶׁת; pl. מְקוּדָּשוֹת. Ib. הרי זו מק׳ in such a case the betrothal is binding. Ib. 7; a. fr.b) (of the father of a minor נַעֲרָה) to accept a betrothal in behalf of ones daughter. Ib. 1 האיש מקדש את בתווכ׳ a man may accept his daughters betrothal, if she is a naʿărah, either in person or through a deputy. Ib. 41a אסור לאדם שיקדש את בתו יכ׳ a man is forbidden to betroth his daughter as a child, (but must wait,) until she is grown up and says, I like this man; a. fr.7) to cause a thing to be prohibited, esp. (by ref. to Deut. 22:9) by planting seeds in a vineyard, or vines among seeds; to cause condemnation. Kil. IV, 5 הזורע … ק׳ שורה אחת if a person sows within four cubits of a vineyard, he has caused the condemnation of one row of vines. Ib. V, 5 הרי זה מקדש ארבעיםוכ׳ he has made forty-five vines forbidden. Ib. VII, 2 גפן … ואינה מְקַרֶּשֶׁת to plant seeds near a dried-up vine is forbidden, but it (the vine) does not cause the condemnation of the seeds. Ib. אלו אוסרין ולא מְקַדְּשִׁין the following plants make the planting of seeds in their neighborhood forbidden, but do not cause condemnation of the seeds, if planted, or their own condemnation. Ib. 5 אין אדם מקדש דברוכ׳ no man can cause condemnation of a thing not his own. Ib. הרי זה ק׳וכ׳ he has caused the condemnation of his neighbors seeds and must pay damages; a. fr. Hithpa. הִתְקַדֵּש, Nithpa. נִתְקַדֵּש 1) to be sanctified, glorified as holy. Yeb.79a מוטב … ויִתְקַדֵּש שםוכ׳ let a letter of the Law be uprooted (disregarded), but let the name of God be sanctified in public. Tanḥ. Shmini 1 מִתְקַדֵּש אני שם במכבדי: there (at the dedication of the Tabernacle) I shall be sanctified by (the death of) those that honor me. Lev. R. s. 12; a. fr. 2) to be consecrated, dedicated; (of the New Moon) to be proclaimed. R. Hash. 21b יכול … עד שיִתְקַדְּשוּוכ׳ you may have thought, as well as the Sabbath is to be disregarded (by the witnesses travelling to the seat of the court), until they (the months) are proclaimed, it may also be disregarded (by the messengers carrying the announcement), until they are established. Ex. R. s. 15 היה הכהן … והבלי מִתְקַדֶּשֶׁת the priest received in it some sacred object, by which the vessel was consecrated; וכלי חול מִתְקַדֵּש and a profane vessel became sacred. Shebu.15a אין העזרה מִתְקַדֶּשֶׁתוכ׳ the Temple hall was not consecrated, until the priests ate therein the remnants of the meal-offering. Ib. 16a תחתונה נִתְקַדְּשָׁה בכל אלו the lower reservoir became consecrated through all these (ceremonies mentioned); a. fr. 3) (of mixed seeds) to be condemnable, condemned. Kil. VII, 7 מאימתי … מתקרשת from what time are seeds of grain (planted among vines) to be condemned? Ib. אין מִתְקַרְּשוֹת are not to be condemned; a. fr. 4) to be betrothed. Kidd.II, 1 האשה מתקדשת בהוכ׳ a woman may be betrothed in person or through her deputy, Ib. האומר הִתְקַדְּשִׁי ליוכ׳ … if a man says to a woman, be betrothed to me with this fig. Ib. 45b נִתְקַדְּשָׁה לדעת אביה וניסתוכ׳ if she (the minor) was betrothed with her fathers consent, but was married without it; a. fr. 5) to sanctify ones self. Sifra Vayikra, Ndab., ch. II, Par. 2 מי שהוא עתיד להִתְקַדֵּש he that is ready to sanctify himself (by vowing a sacrifice). Nif. נִקְדַּש 1) to be sanctified; to become consecrated. Tem.14a כאן לִיקָּדֵש כאן ליקרב in the one case it refers to being consecrated (by being put in a sacred vessel), in the other to being offered. Bekh.4b הוזהרו … ליקדש they were admonished concerning the firatborn, that they be consecrated; a. e. 2) to be betrothed. Kidd.48a if she says, עשה לי … ואֶקָּדֵשוכ׳ make for me chains, and I shall be betrothed unto thee. Hif. הִקְדִּיש 1) to cause sanctification. Zeb.115b לא מתו … להַקְדִּיש שמווכ׳ thy (Aarons) sons died only in order to give thee an opportunity to sanctify the name of the Lord. 2) to sanctify, dedicate an object as Temple property (Lev. 27:14–24). Arakh.VI, 2 המַקְדִּיש נכסיווכ׳ if a person dedicates his property to the Temple, but owes his (divorced) wife her kthubah (כְּתוּבָּה) Ib. VII, 1 אין מַקְדִּישִׁין לפני היובלוכ׳ you cannot dedicate landed property within less than two or three years before the jubilee. Ib. 3 הִקְדִּישָׁהּ וגאלה if he dedicated and then redeemed it. Ib. 5 אין אדם מַקְדִּיש דברוכ׳ nobody can dedicate a thing not belonging to him. B. Kam.VII, 2; a. v. fr. Hof. הוּקְדַּש to be dedicated, consecrated. Meil.II, 8 המנחות … משהוּקְדָּשוּ the law concerning misappropriation of sacred things applies to meal-offerings as soon as they have been dedicated. Ib. 1 משהוּקְדָּשָׁה as soon as it has been designated for a sin-offering; a. fr.Part. מוּקְדָּש; f. מוּקְדֶּשֶׁת; pl. מוּקְדָּשִׁים Ned.V, 6 (48a) אם … הרי הם מוק׳ לשמים if they are mine, be they dedicated to the Lord. Ib. כל מתנה … מקודשת אינה מתנה (read: מוקדשת) a gift which is not made so that if the recipient dedicates it to sacred use, it is dedicated, is no gift. Bekh.V, 1 כל פסולי המוק׳ all dedicated sacrifices which became unfit for the altar; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > קָדַש

  • 388 קלי

    קלי, קָלָהI (b. h.) to be light, disregarded. Pi. קִלָּה, קִילָּה (by ref. to ונקלה, Deut. 25:3) to disgrace (ones self), to have loose bowels; to collapse under the lashes. Macc.23a ק׳ בין בראשונהוכ׳ if he collapses either at the first or at the second lash, he must be released. Tosef. ib. V (IV), 14 אם קי׳ באחד מהן if he collapsed at one of them. Ib. ק׳ עד שלא לקה if he collapsed (from fear) before receiving lashes. Ib. אמדוהו שאם ילקה וקי׳ (Var. יקלקל) if the experts opine that he will collapse, when he is lashed; שאם יוצא מב״ד קי׳ (Var. וקלקל) that he will collapse on leaving the court; Macc. l. c. יְקַלֶּה Ms. M. (or יִקָּלֶה; ed. קלה). Ib. והכהו … ולא שיקלה כברוכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. שלקה, corr. acc.; Var. שנִקְלָה) we read, ‘lest if he should exceed …, thy brother be disgraced, but he must not be beaten at all, if he has collapsed in court ere this; Yalk. Deut. 937 שנקלהוכ׳; a. e. Nif. נִקְלָה to be disgraced. Ib. כפתוהו …מ״ט ונקלה והא נ׳ if he runs away from court after they have tied him, he is released; why? The text says, vniḳlah, and he has been disgraced; Macc. l. c. Ms. M. (not in ed.), v. supra; a. e.

    Jewish literature > קלי

  • 389 קלה I

    קלי, קָלָהI (b. h.) to be light, disregarded. Pi. קִלָּה, קִילָּה (by ref. to ונקלה, Deut. 25:3) to disgrace (ones self), to have loose bowels; to collapse under the lashes. Macc.23a ק׳ בין בראשונהוכ׳ if he collapses either at the first or at the second lash, he must be released. Tosef. ib. V (IV), 14 אם קי׳ באחד מהן if he collapsed at one of them. Ib. ק׳ עד שלא לקה if he collapsed (from fear) before receiving lashes. Ib. אמדוהו שאם ילקה וקי׳ (Var. יקלקל) if the experts opine that he will collapse, when he is lashed; שאם יוצא מב״ד קי׳ (Var. וקלקל) that he will collapse on leaving the court; Macc. l. c. יְקַלֶּה Ms. M. (or יִקָּלֶה; ed. קלה). Ib. והכהו … ולא שיקלה כברוכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. שלקה, corr. acc.; Var. שנִקְלָה) we read, ‘lest if he should exceed …, thy brother be disgraced, but he must not be beaten at all, if he has collapsed in court ere this; Yalk. Deut. 937 שנקלהוכ׳; a. e. Nif. נִקְלָה to be disgraced. Ib. כפתוהו …מ״ט ונקלה והא נ׳ if he runs away from court after they have tied him, he is released; why? The text says, vniḳlah, and he has been disgraced; Macc. l. c. Ms. M. (not in ed.), v. supra; a. e.

    Jewish literature > קלה I

  • 390 קָלָה

    קלי, קָלָהI (b. h.) to be light, disregarded. Pi. קִלָּה, קִילָּה (by ref. to ונקלה, Deut. 25:3) to disgrace (ones self), to have loose bowels; to collapse under the lashes. Macc.23a ק׳ בין בראשונהוכ׳ if he collapses either at the first or at the second lash, he must be released. Tosef. ib. V (IV), 14 אם קי׳ באחד מהן if he collapsed at one of them. Ib. ק׳ עד שלא לקה if he collapsed (from fear) before receiving lashes. Ib. אמדוהו שאם ילקה וקי׳ (Var. יקלקל) if the experts opine that he will collapse, when he is lashed; שאם יוצא מב״ד קי׳ (Var. וקלקל) that he will collapse on leaving the court; Macc. l. c. יְקַלֶּה Ms. M. (or יִקָּלֶה; ed. קלה). Ib. והכהו … ולא שיקלה כברוכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. שלקה, corr. acc.; Var. שנִקְלָה) we read, ‘lest if he should exceed …, thy brother be disgraced, but he must not be beaten at all, if he has collapsed in court ere this; Yalk. Deut. 937 שנקלהוכ׳; a. e. Nif. נִקְלָה to be disgraced. Ib. כפתוהו …מ״ט ונקלה והא נ׳ if he runs away from court after they have tied him, he is released; why? The text says, vniḳlah, and he has been disgraced; Macc. l. c. Ms. M. (not in ed.), v. supra; a. e.

    Jewish literature > קָלָה

  • 391 קלי

    קְלֵיch. sam(קלי, קלה Ito be light, disregarded), to be disgraced. Targ. O. Deut. 25:3 ויִקְלֵי Ms. III (ed. Berl. ויִקַּל, oth. ed. ויֵקַל, fr. קְלַל). Pa. קַלֵּי, Af. אַקְלֵי to hold in light esteem, revile. Targ. O. Deut. 27:16 דִּיקַלֵּי ed. Berl. (oth. ed. דיַקְלֵי; ed. Vien. דיִקְלֵי, corr. acc.; Regia דיֵקַל fr. קְלל; v. Berl. Targ. O. II, p. 57).

    Jewish literature > קלי

  • 392 קְלֵי

    קְלֵיch. sam(קלי, קלה Ito be light, disregarded), to be disgraced. Targ. O. Deut. 25:3 ויִקְלֵי Ms. III (ed. Berl. ויִקַּל, oth. ed. ויֵקַל, fr. קְלַל). Pa. קַלֵּי, Af. אַקְלֵי to hold in light esteem, revile. Targ. O. Deut. 27:16 דִּיקַלֵּי ed. Berl. (oth. ed. דיַקְלֵי; ed. Vien. דיִקְלֵי, corr. acc.; Regia דיֵקַל fr. קְלל; v. Berl. Targ. O. II, p. 57).

    Jewish literature > קְלֵי

  • 393 קפי

    קפי, קָפָא, קָפָה(b. h.) (to bend, arch, be arched, 1) to be on top, float on the surface. Part. pass. קָפוּי; f קְפוּיָה pl. קְפוּיִים, קְפיּיִין; קְפוּיוֹת light of weight. Pes.50a (ref. to יקרות וקפאון, Zech. 14:6) אור שיקר בעוה״ז ק׳ הואוכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. וק׳) light which is weighty (precious, rare) in this world shall be light (little esteemed, an ordinary thing) in the world to come; ib. נגעים … וקפוייןוכ׳ (Ms. M. קפויות) the treatises Negaim and Oholoth, which are heavy (difficult, obscure) in this world, shall be light (easily understood), ib. אלו בני אדם … (ו)ק׳ הםוכ׳ those who are weighty (important on account of their wealth, though otherwise without merit) in this world, shall be light (disregarded) ; Yalk. Zech. 583. 2) to coagulate, be curdled. Gen. R. s. 4 כיון שירד … מיד הוא קוֹפֵא ועומד ed. Wil. (oth. ed. קוֹפֶה) as soon as a drop of mso (v. מְסוֹ) is put in, the milk curdles and ‘stands (v. עָמַד); ib. s. 14 קופה (ed. Wil. קָפוּי); Lev. R. s. 14 נִקְפָּא. Tanḥ. Bshall. 17; Mekh. ib., Shirah, s.6 קפא עליהםוכ׳ the sea around them was congealed as far as ; Yalk. Ex. 248 נִקְפָּה; a. e.Tosef.Maasr.I, 7, v. infra. Pi. קִיפָּה to skim, take off the scum and the substances that gather on wine when it begins to ferment. Maasr. I, 7 היין משיְקַפֶּהאע״פ שקי׳וכ׳ Y. ed. (Bab. and Mish. ed. שקִפָּה) wine is subject to tithes when the manufacturer begins to skim; but although he has skimmed, he may take ; Tosef. ib. I, 7 אע״פ שקופה ed. Zuck. (Var. שקיפה); Ab. Zar.56a; Y.B. Mets.VII, beg.11b; (Maim. to Maasr. l. c. seems to read משיִקְפֶּה, expl. to form scum). Tosef. l. c. שולה וקופה ed. Zuck. (Var. שילה וקיפה), v. שָׁלָה. Maasr. IV, 1 המְקַפֵּא לתבשיל he that skims for the purpose of taking wine for a dish; Tosef. ib. I, 9 המְקַפֶּה בעריבה he that skims and takes wine out in a trough; a. fr.In gen. to take from the top. Ter. IV, 11 סאה … וְקִפְּאָהּ if one Sah of Trumah fell on top of a pile, and he took it off. Ib. יְקַפְּאֶנָּה Mish. ed. (Bab. ed. יַקְפִּיאֶנָּה Hif.; Y. ed. Krot. ייקפינה read: יְקַפֶּינָּה; Ms. M. יקיפנה, corr. acc.) let him take it off. Y. ib. 43a bot. קפה וחזר וק׳ if he took from the top once and again; a. e. Hif. הִקְפִּיא, הִקְפָּה 1) same, v. supra. 2) to cause to float. Ber.40a המַקְפֶּה אכילתו במים he that makes his food float in water (who drinks freely after meals). Sabb.21a להַקְפּוֹת to keep the wick floating. 3) to curdle, congeal; to cause coagulation; to become thick. Ḥull.120a; Men.21a ה׳ את הדם if he made the blood thick (through boiling); ib. הִקְפָּהוּ באור Mss. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 30) if he made it thick by means of artificial heat; הקפהו בחמה by exposure to the sun. Lev. R. s. 14 (ref. to Job 10:10) הִקְפִיאֲתָנִי אינו אומרוכ׳ it does not read, thou hast curdled me, but thou wilt ; Gen. R. s. 14 הִקְפֵּאתַנִי (some ed. הִקְפֵּתַנִי). Num. R. s. 9 (ref. to Ex. 15:8) ה׳ שלישו של ים he made one-third of the sea thick (v. supra); a. e. Nif. נִקְפָּא, נִקְפָּה to be curdled, made thick. Lev. R. l. c.; Yalk. Ex. 248, v. supra.Y.Ned.VII, end, 40c ניקפת, read: נִיכְפֵּית, v. כָּפָה.

    Jewish literature > קפי

  • 394 קפא

    קפי, קָפָא, קָפָה(b. h.) (to bend, arch, be arched, 1) to be on top, float on the surface. Part. pass. קָפוּי; f קְפוּיָה pl. קְפוּיִים, קְפיּיִין; קְפוּיוֹת light of weight. Pes.50a (ref. to יקרות וקפאון, Zech. 14:6) אור שיקר בעוה״ז ק׳ הואוכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. וק׳) light which is weighty (precious, rare) in this world shall be light (little esteemed, an ordinary thing) in the world to come; ib. נגעים … וקפוייןוכ׳ (Ms. M. קפויות) the treatises Negaim and Oholoth, which are heavy (difficult, obscure) in this world, shall be light (easily understood), ib. אלו בני אדם … (ו)ק׳ הםוכ׳ those who are weighty (important on account of their wealth, though otherwise without merit) in this world, shall be light (disregarded) ; Yalk. Zech. 583. 2) to coagulate, be curdled. Gen. R. s. 4 כיון שירד … מיד הוא קוֹפֵא ועומד ed. Wil. (oth. ed. קוֹפֶה) as soon as a drop of mso (v. מְסוֹ) is put in, the milk curdles and ‘stands (v. עָמַד); ib. s. 14 קופה (ed. Wil. קָפוּי); Lev. R. s. 14 נִקְפָּא. Tanḥ. Bshall. 17; Mekh. ib., Shirah, s.6 קפא עליהםוכ׳ the sea around them was congealed as far as ; Yalk. Ex. 248 נִקְפָּה; a. e.Tosef.Maasr.I, 7, v. infra. Pi. קִיפָּה to skim, take off the scum and the substances that gather on wine when it begins to ferment. Maasr. I, 7 היין משיְקַפֶּהאע״פ שקי׳וכ׳ Y. ed. (Bab. and Mish. ed. שקִפָּה) wine is subject to tithes when the manufacturer begins to skim; but although he has skimmed, he may take ; Tosef. ib. I, 7 אע״פ שקופה ed. Zuck. (Var. שקיפה); Ab. Zar.56a; Y.B. Mets.VII, beg.11b; (Maim. to Maasr. l. c. seems to read משיִקְפֶּה, expl. to form scum). Tosef. l. c. שולה וקופה ed. Zuck. (Var. שילה וקיפה), v. שָׁלָה. Maasr. IV, 1 המְקַפֵּא לתבשיל he that skims for the purpose of taking wine for a dish; Tosef. ib. I, 9 המְקַפֶּה בעריבה he that skims and takes wine out in a trough; a. fr.In gen. to take from the top. Ter. IV, 11 סאה … וְקִפְּאָהּ if one Sah of Trumah fell on top of a pile, and he took it off. Ib. יְקַפְּאֶנָּה Mish. ed. (Bab. ed. יַקְפִּיאֶנָּה Hif.; Y. ed. Krot. ייקפינה read: יְקַפֶּינָּה; Ms. M. יקיפנה, corr. acc.) let him take it off. Y. ib. 43a bot. קפה וחזר וק׳ if he took from the top once and again; a. e. Hif. הִקְפִּיא, הִקְפָּה 1) same, v. supra. 2) to cause to float. Ber.40a המַקְפֶּה אכילתו במים he that makes his food float in water (who drinks freely after meals). Sabb.21a להַקְפּוֹת to keep the wick floating. 3) to curdle, congeal; to cause coagulation; to become thick. Ḥull.120a; Men.21a ה׳ את הדם if he made the blood thick (through boiling); ib. הִקְפָּהוּ באור Mss. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 30) if he made it thick by means of artificial heat; הקפהו בחמה by exposure to the sun. Lev. R. s. 14 (ref. to Job 10:10) הִקְפִיאֲתָנִי אינו אומרוכ׳ it does not read, thou hast curdled me, but thou wilt ; Gen. R. s. 14 הִקְפֵּאתַנִי (some ed. הִקְפֵּתַנִי). Num. R. s. 9 (ref. to Ex. 15:8) ה׳ שלישו של ים he made one-third of the sea thick (v. supra); a. e. Nif. נִקְפָּא, נִקְפָּה to be curdled, made thick. Lev. R. l. c.; Yalk. Ex. 248, v. supra.Y.Ned.VII, end, 40c ניקפת, read: נִיכְפֵּית, v. כָּפָה.

    Jewish literature > קפא

  • 395 קָפָא

    קפי, קָפָא, קָפָה(b. h.) (to bend, arch, be arched, 1) to be on top, float on the surface. Part. pass. קָפוּי; f קְפוּיָה pl. קְפוּיִים, קְפיּיִין; קְפוּיוֹת light of weight. Pes.50a (ref. to יקרות וקפאון, Zech. 14:6) אור שיקר בעוה״ז ק׳ הואוכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. וק׳) light which is weighty (precious, rare) in this world shall be light (little esteemed, an ordinary thing) in the world to come; ib. נגעים … וקפוייןוכ׳ (Ms. M. קפויות) the treatises Negaim and Oholoth, which are heavy (difficult, obscure) in this world, shall be light (easily understood), ib. אלו בני אדם … (ו)ק׳ הםוכ׳ those who are weighty (important on account of their wealth, though otherwise without merit) in this world, shall be light (disregarded) ; Yalk. Zech. 583. 2) to coagulate, be curdled. Gen. R. s. 4 כיון שירד … מיד הוא קוֹפֵא ועומד ed. Wil. (oth. ed. קוֹפֶה) as soon as a drop of mso (v. מְסוֹ) is put in, the milk curdles and ‘stands (v. עָמַד); ib. s. 14 קופה (ed. Wil. קָפוּי); Lev. R. s. 14 נִקְפָּא. Tanḥ. Bshall. 17; Mekh. ib., Shirah, s.6 קפא עליהםוכ׳ the sea around them was congealed as far as ; Yalk. Ex. 248 נִקְפָּה; a. e.Tosef.Maasr.I, 7, v. infra. Pi. קִיפָּה to skim, take off the scum and the substances that gather on wine when it begins to ferment. Maasr. I, 7 היין משיְקַפֶּהאע״פ שקי׳וכ׳ Y. ed. (Bab. and Mish. ed. שקִפָּה) wine is subject to tithes when the manufacturer begins to skim; but although he has skimmed, he may take ; Tosef. ib. I, 7 אע״פ שקופה ed. Zuck. (Var. שקיפה); Ab. Zar.56a; Y.B. Mets.VII, beg.11b; (Maim. to Maasr. l. c. seems to read משיִקְפֶּה, expl. to form scum). Tosef. l. c. שולה וקופה ed. Zuck. (Var. שילה וקיפה), v. שָׁלָה. Maasr. IV, 1 המְקַפֵּא לתבשיל he that skims for the purpose of taking wine for a dish; Tosef. ib. I, 9 המְקַפֶּה בעריבה he that skims and takes wine out in a trough; a. fr.In gen. to take from the top. Ter. IV, 11 סאה … וְקִפְּאָהּ if one Sah of Trumah fell on top of a pile, and he took it off. Ib. יְקַפְּאֶנָּה Mish. ed. (Bab. ed. יַקְפִּיאֶנָּה Hif.; Y. ed. Krot. ייקפינה read: יְקַפֶּינָּה; Ms. M. יקיפנה, corr. acc.) let him take it off. Y. ib. 43a bot. קפה וחזר וק׳ if he took from the top once and again; a. e. Hif. הִקְפִּיא, הִקְפָּה 1) same, v. supra. 2) to cause to float. Ber.40a המַקְפֶּה אכילתו במים he that makes his food float in water (who drinks freely after meals). Sabb.21a להַקְפּוֹת to keep the wick floating. 3) to curdle, congeal; to cause coagulation; to become thick. Ḥull.120a; Men.21a ה׳ את הדם if he made the blood thick (through boiling); ib. הִקְפָּהוּ באור Mss. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 30) if he made it thick by means of artificial heat; הקפהו בחמה by exposure to the sun. Lev. R. s. 14 (ref. to Job 10:10) הִקְפִיאֲתָנִי אינו אומרוכ׳ it does not read, thou hast curdled me, but thou wilt ; Gen. R. s. 14 הִקְפֵּאתַנִי (some ed. הִקְפֵּתַנִי). Num. R. s. 9 (ref. to Ex. 15:8) ה׳ שלישו של ים he made one-third of the sea thick (v. supra); a. e. Nif. נִקְפָּא, נִקְפָּה to be curdled, made thick. Lev. R. l. c.; Yalk. Ex. 248, v. supra.Y.Ned.VII, end, 40c ניקפת, read: נִיכְפֵּית, v. כָּפָה.

    Jewish literature > קָפָא

  • 396 קָפָה

    קפי, קָפָא, קָפָה(b. h.) (to bend, arch, be arched, 1) to be on top, float on the surface. Part. pass. קָפוּי; f קְפוּיָה pl. קְפוּיִים, קְפיּיִין; קְפוּיוֹת light of weight. Pes.50a (ref. to יקרות וקפאון, Zech. 14:6) אור שיקר בעוה״ז ק׳ הואוכ׳ Ms. M. (ed. וק׳) light which is weighty (precious, rare) in this world shall be light (little esteemed, an ordinary thing) in the world to come; ib. נגעים … וקפוייןוכ׳ (Ms. M. קפויות) the treatises Negaim and Oholoth, which are heavy (difficult, obscure) in this world, shall be light (easily understood), ib. אלו בני אדם … (ו)ק׳ הםוכ׳ those who are weighty (important on account of their wealth, though otherwise without merit) in this world, shall be light (disregarded) ; Yalk. Zech. 583. 2) to coagulate, be curdled. Gen. R. s. 4 כיון שירד … מיד הוא קוֹפֵא ועומד ed. Wil. (oth. ed. קוֹפֶה) as soon as a drop of mso (v. מְסוֹ) is put in, the milk curdles and ‘stands (v. עָמַד); ib. s. 14 קופה (ed. Wil. קָפוּי); Lev. R. s. 14 נִקְפָּא. Tanḥ. Bshall. 17; Mekh. ib., Shirah, s.6 קפא עליהםוכ׳ the sea around them was congealed as far as ; Yalk. Ex. 248 נִקְפָּה; a. e.Tosef.Maasr.I, 7, v. infra. Pi. קִיפָּה to skim, take off the scum and the substances that gather on wine when it begins to ferment. Maasr. I, 7 היין משיְקַפֶּהאע״פ שקי׳וכ׳ Y. ed. (Bab. and Mish. ed. שקִפָּה) wine is subject to tithes when the manufacturer begins to skim; but although he has skimmed, he may take ; Tosef. ib. I, 7 אע״פ שקופה ed. Zuck. (Var. שקיפה); Ab. Zar.56a; Y.B. Mets.VII, beg.11b; (Maim. to Maasr. l. c. seems to read משיִקְפֶּה, expl. to form scum). Tosef. l. c. שולה וקופה ed. Zuck. (Var. שילה וקיפה), v. שָׁלָה. Maasr. IV, 1 המְקַפֵּא לתבשיל he that skims for the purpose of taking wine for a dish; Tosef. ib. I, 9 המְקַפֶּה בעריבה he that skims and takes wine out in a trough; a. fr.In gen. to take from the top. Ter. IV, 11 סאה … וְקִפְּאָהּ if one Sah of Trumah fell on top of a pile, and he took it off. Ib. יְקַפְּאֶנָּה Mish. ed. (Bab. ed. יַקְפִּיאֶנָּה Hif.; Y. ed. Krot. ייקפינה read: יְקַפֶּינָּה; Ms. M. יקיפנה, corr. acc.) let him take it off. Y. ib. 43a bot. קפה וחזר וק׳ if he took from the top once and again; a. e. Hif. הִקְפִּיא, הִקְפָּה 1) same, v. supra. 2) to cause to float. Ber.40a המַקְפֶּה אכילתו במים he that makes his food float in water (who drinks freely after meals). Sabb.21a להַקְפּוֹת to keep the wick floating. 3) to curdle, congeal; to cause coagulation; to become thick. Ḥull.120a; Men.21a ה׳ את הדם if he made the blood thick (through boiling); ib. הִקְפָּהוּ באור Mss. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. l. note 30) if he made it thick by means of artificial heat; הקפהו בחמה by exposure to the sun. Lev. R. s. 14 (ref. to Job 10:10) הִקְפִיאֲתָנִי אינו אומרוכ׳ it does not read, thou hast curdled me, but thou wilt ; Gen. R. s. 14 הִקְפֵּאתַנִי (some ed. הִקְפֵּתַנִי). Num. R. s. 9 (ref. to Ex. 15:8) ה׳ שלישו של ים he made one-third of the sea thick (v. supra); a. e. Nif. נִקְפָּא, נִקְפָּה to be curdled, made thick. Lev. R. l. c.; Yalk. Ex. 248, v. supra.Y.Ned.VII, end, 40c ניקפת, read: נִיכְפֵּית, v. כָּפָה.

    Jewish literature > קָפָה

  • 397 שכח

    שָׁכַח(b. h.; cmp. שכך) (to sink,) to forget, discard. Ber.32b (ref. to Is. 49:14) אדם … אתה עזבתני ושְׁכַחְתָּנִי if a man marries a woman after abandoning his first wife, he remembers the doings of his first wife, but thou hast abandoned me and also forgotten me. Ib. כלום אֶשְׁכַּח עולותוכ׳ will I ever forget the burnt-offerings of rams and the first born that thou didst offer ? Ib. שמא תִשְׁכַּח … סיני wilt thou forget what I did at Sinai? Peah V, 7 העומר ששְׁכָחוּהוּ … ולא ש׳וכ׳ a sheaf which the laborers overlooked in collecting, but the employer had not overlooked. Ib. VII, 1 ושְׁכָחוֹ and he forgot it (left it on the tree). Ab. III, 8 כל השוֹכֵחַוכ׳, v. מִשְׁנָה. Midd. II, 5 שָׁכַחְתִּי מהוכ׳ I forgot what purpose it served; Yoma 16a; a. v. fr.Part. pass. שָׁכוּחַ; f. שְׁכוּחָה, a) (cmp. זָכוּר) forgetting. Y.Sabb.VI, 7d והיא ש׳ and she may forget herself, v. שַׁחֲצָנִית.b) forgotten. B. Mets.11a ש׳ מעיקרו a sheaf forgotten at the start (overlooked in collecting); זכור ולבסוף ש׳, v. זָכַר. Ber. l. c. (ref. to Is. l. c.) היינו עזובה היינו ש׳ is not abandoned the same as forgotten? (Ms. O. … עֲזִיבָה … שְׁכִיחָה). Pi. שִׁכֵּחַ 1) same. Y.Ber.V, 9a top לא במהרה הוא מְשַׁכֵּחַ will not easily forget it. Snh.99a כל … ומְשַׁכְּחָהּוכ׳ he who studied the Law and neglects it (fails to review it) is like a woman that gives birth and buries; a. e. 2) to cause forgetting. Ab. II, 2 שיגיעת … מְשַׁכַּחַת עון (or מַשְׁכַּחַת) the employment of the mind in both of them causes man to forget sin. Tosef.Sot.III, 12 אתם מְשַׁכְּחִין … אני אֲשַׁכֵּחַוכ׳ you make the law of free trade forgotten among you, I will cause you to be forgotten in the world; Snh.109a, a. e. באו ונְשַׁכֵּחַוכ׳, v. רֶגֶל; a. fr. Hif. הִשְׁכִּיחַ same. Bets.15b להַשְׁכִּיחוֹ, v. זָכַר. Ab. l. c., v. supra; a. e. Nif. נִשְׁכַּח, Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּכֵּחַ, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּכֵּחַ to be forgotten. Tem.14b מוטב … ואל תִּשְׁתַּכֵּחַוכ׳ (some ed. תִּשָּׁבֵ‍חַ) it is better that a law be uprooted (disregarded) than that the Law be forgotten in Israel. Ib. 15b שלשה … נִשְׁתַּכְּחוּוכ׳ three thousand traditional rules were forgotten during the days of mourning for Moses. Ib. 16a אף … נִשְׁתַּכְּחָהוכ׳ also the rule concerning a sin offering whose owner died (before it was brought) was forgotten during Ib. שלא יִשְׁתַּכֵּחַ … מלבי that what I have learned be not forgotten out of my mind. Pes.54b על המת שישתכח מן הלב that the dead should be forgotten out of mind; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > שכח

  • 398 שָׁכַח

    שָׁכַח(b. h.; cmp. שכך) (to sink,) to forget, discard. Ber.32b (ref. to Is. 49:14) אדם … אתה עזבתני ושְׁכַחְתָּנִי if a man marries a woman after abandoning his first wife, he remembers the doings of his first wife, but thou hast abandoned me and also forgotten me. Ib. כלום אֶשְׁכַּח עולותוכ׳ will I ever forget the burnt-offerings of rams and the first born that thou didst offer ? Ib. שמא תִשְׁכַּח … סיני wilt thou forget what I did at Sinai? Peah V, 7 העומר ששְׁכָחוּהוּ … ולא ש׳וכ׳ a sheaf which the laborers overlooked in collecting, but the employer had not overlooked. Ib. VII, 1 ושְׁכָחוֹ and he forgot it (left it on the tree). Ab. III, 8 כל השוֹכֵחַוכ׳, v. מִשְׁנָה. Midd. II, 5 שָׁכַחְתִּי מהוכ׳ I forgot what purpose it served; Yoma 16a; a. v. fr.Part. pass. שָׁכוּחַ; f. שְׁכוּחָה, a) (cmp. זָכוּר) forgetting. Y.Sabb.VI, 7d והיא ש׳ and she may forget herself, v. שַׁחֲצָנִית.b) forgotten. B. Mets.11a ש׳ מעיקרו a sheaf forgotten at the start (overlooked in collecting); זכור ולבסוף ש׳, v. זָכַר. Ber. l. c. (ref. to Is. l. c.) היינו עזובה היינו ש׳ is not abandoned the same as forgotten? (Ms. O. … עֲזִיבָה … שְׁכִיחָה). Pi. שִׁכֵּחַ 1) same. Y.Ber.V, 9a top לא במהרה הוא מְשַׁכֵּחַ will not easily forget it. Snh.99a כל … ומְשַׁכְּחָהּוכ׳ he who studied the Law and neglects it (fails to review it) is like a woman that gives birth and buries; a. e. 2) to cause forgetting. Ab. II, 2 שיגיעת … מְשַׁכַּחַת עון (or מַשְׁכַּחַת) the employment of the mind in both of them causes man to forget sin. Tosef.Sot.III, 12 אתם מְשַׁכְּחִין … אני אֲשַׁכֵּחַוכ׳ you make the law of free trade forgotten among you, I will cause you to be forgotten in the world; Snh.109a, a. e. באו ונְשַׁכֵּחַוכ׳, v. רֶגֶל; a. fr. Hif. הִשְׁכִּיחַ same. Bets.15b להַשְׁכִּיחוֹ, v. זָכַר. Ab. l. c., v. supra; a. e. Nif. נִשְׁכַּח, Hithpa. הִשְׁתַּכֵּחַ, Nithpa. נִשְׁתַּכֵּחַ to be forgotten. Tem.14b מוטב … ואל תִּשְׁתַּכֵּחַוכ׳ (some ed. תִּשָּׁבֵ‍חַ) it is better that a law be uprooted (disregarded) than that the Law be forgotten in Israel. Ib. 15b שלשה … נִשְׁתַּכְּחוּוכ׳ three thousand traditional rules were forgotten during the days of mourning for Moses. Ib. 16a אף … נִשְׁתַּכְּחָהוכ׳ also the rule concerning a sin offering whose owner died (before it was brought) was forgotten during Ib. שלא יִשְׁתַּכֵּחַ … מלבי that what I have learned be not forgotten out of my mind. Pes.54b על המת שישתכח מן הלב that the dead should be forgotten out of mind; a. fr.

    Jewish literature > שָׁכַח

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