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calcem+vtr

  • 1 A capite ad calcem

    Latin Quotes (Latin to English) > A capite ad calcem

  • 2 calx

        calx cis, f    [CEL-, CER-], the heel: (forīs) calcibus insultare, T.: uti pugnis et calcibus: ferrata, the spur, V.: nudis calcibus anguem premere, Iu.: quadrupes calcibus auras Verberat, i. e. the fore-feet, V.: calce petit, kicks, H.: ferire, O.: calces remittere, to kick, N.: aut dic aut accipe calcem, take a kick, Iu.: calcemque terit iam calce, i. e. presses close in his footsteps, V.—Prov.: advorsum stimulum calces (sc. iactare), to kick against the pricks, T.
    * * *
    I
    heel; spur; pad (dog); forefeet; kick (Roman toe was unprotected); butt (beam)
    II
    limestone, lime; chalk, goal, goal-line (chalk mark), end of life; game piece
    III
    lead vial/bottle/jar

    Latin-English dictionary > calx

  • 3 calx

        calx cis, f, χάλιξ, limestone, lime: in insulam calcem convexit: caementa calce durata, L. — Fig., the goal of the race - course (anciently marked with lime): ad calcem pervenire: ad carceres a calce revocari, i. e. from the end to the beginning: video calcem, ad quam cum sit decursum.
    * * *
    I
    heel; spur; pad (dog); forefeet; kick (Roman toe was unprotected); butt (beam)
    II
    limestone, lime; chalk, goal, goal-line (chalk mark), end of life; game piece
    III
    lead vial/bottle/jar

    Latin-English dictionary > calx

  • 4 terō

        terō trīvī (trīstī for trīvistī, Ct.), trītus, ere    [1 TER-], to rub, rub away, wear away, bruise, grind, bray triturate: lacrimulam oculos terendo exprimere, T.: unguibus herbas, O.: calamo labellum, i. e. to blow upon the flute, V.: calcem calce, tread upon, V.—Of grain, to rub off, tread out, thresh: Milia frumenti tua triverit area centum, H.: teret area culmos, V.: Ut patriā careo, bis frugibus area trita est, i. e. during two harvests, O.— To rub smooth, burnish, polish, sharpen: mordaci pumice crura, O.: radios rotis, smoothed, turned, V.: catillum manibus, H.— To lessen by rubbing, rub away, wear away by use, wear out: silices, O.: ferrum, to dull, O.: trita vestis, H.—Of a place, to wear, tread often, visit, frequent: iter, V.: Appiam mannis, H.: viam, O.—Fig., of time, to wear away, use up, pass, spend, waste, kill: in convivio tempus, L.: teretur interea tempus: teritur bellis civilibus aetas, H.: Omne aevum ferro, V.: otium conviviis comissationibusque inter se, L.— To exert greatly, exhaust, wear out: in opere longinquo sese, L.: in armis plebem, L.—Of words, to wear by use, render common, make trite: verbum sermone: quae (nomina) consuetudo diurna trivit.
    * * *
    terere, trivi, tritus V
    rub, wear away, wear out; tread

    Latin-English dictionary > terō

  • 5 adscio

    1.
    ascĭo, āre, v. a. [ascia, II. B.], to work or prepare with a trowel:

    calcem,

    Vitr. 7, 2.
    2.
    a-scĭo ( adsc-, Rib., Halm), īvi (never ii), 4, v. a., like adopto, arrogo, etc., transf. from the sphere of civil law to common life, to receive, admit (like scio in this signif., very rare, perh. only in Verg. and Tac.; cf.

    ascisco): si socios sum adscire paratus,

    Verg. A. 12, 38:

    generum,

    id. ib. 11, 472:

    adsciri per adoptionem,

    Tac. A. 1, 3:

    sibi Tiberium adscivit,

    id. ib. 4, 57:

    adsciri in societatem Germanos,

    id. H. 4, 24:

    adsciri inter comites,

    id. ib. 4, 80:

    milites adscire,

    id. Agr. 19.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > adscio

  • 6 altus

    1.
    altus, a, um, participle from alo., lit., grown or become great, great (altus ab alendo dictus, Paul. ex Fest. p. 7 Müll.; cf. the Germ. gross with the Engl. grow), a polar word meaning both high and deep.
    A.
    Seen from below upwards, high.
    I.
    Lit.: IN ALTOD MARID PVCNANDOD, etc., Columna Duilii; so, maria alta, Liv. Andron. ap. Macr. S. 6, 5, 10; id. ib. ap. Prisc. p. 725 P.: aequor, Pac. ap. Varr. L. L. 7, § 23 Müll.: parietes, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 19, 44:

    sub ramis arboris altae,

    Lucr. 2, 30:

    acervus,

    id. 3, 198 al.:

    columellam tribus cubitis ne altiorem,

    Cic. Leg. 2, 26, 66:

    altior illis Ipsa dea est colloque tenus supereminet omnes,

    taller, Ov. M. 3, 181:

    altis de montibus,

    Verg. E. 1, 83:

    umbras Altorum nemorum,

    Ov. M. 1, 591 al. —With the acc. of measure:

    clausi lateribus pedem altis,

    a foot high, Sall. H. Fragm. 4, 39 Gerl.; cf. Lind. C. Gr. I. p. 215.—With gen.:

    triglyphi alti unius et dimidiati moduli, lati in fronte unius moduli,

    Vitr. 4, 3:

    majorem turrim altam cubitorum CXX.,

    id. 10, 5:

    alta novem pedum,

    Col. 8, 14, 1:

    singula latera pedum lata tricenum, alta quinquagenum,

    Plin. 36, 13, 19, § 4.—
    II.
    Trop., high, lofty, elevated, great, magnanimous, high-minded, noble, august, etc.:

    altissimus dignitatis gradus,

    Cic. Phil. 1, 6, 14; so id. Clu. 55; id. Dom. 37.—Of mind or thought:

    te natura excelsum quendam videlicet et altum et humana despicientem genuit,

    Cic. Tusc. 2, 4, 11:

    homo sapiens et altā mente praeditus,

    highminded, id. Mil. 8:

    qui altiore animo sunt,

    id. Fin. 5, 20, 57 al. —So of gods, or persons elevated in birth, rank, etc.;

    also of things personified: rex aetheris altus Juppiter,

    Verg. A. 12, 140:

    Apollo,

    id. ib. 10, 875:

    Caesar,

    Hor. C. 3, 4, 37:

    Aeneas, i. e. deā natus,

    id. S. 2, 5, 62:

    Roma,

    Ov. Tr. 1, 3, 33:

    Carthago,

    Prop. 2, 1, 23 al. —Of the voice, high, shrill, loud, clear:

    Conclamate iterum altiore voce,

    Cat. 42, 18:

    haec fatus altā voce,

    Sen. Troad. 196:

    altissimus sonus,

    Quint. 11, 3, 23 (cf.:

    vox magna,

    Ov. Tr. 4, 9, 24; Juv. 4, 32).— Subst.: altum, i, n., a height:

    sic est hic ordo (senatorius) quasi propositus atque editus in altum,

    on high, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 41, § 98:

    aedificia in altum edita,

    Tac. H. 3, 71:

    quidquid in altum Fortuna tulit, ruitura levat,

    Sen. Agam. 100.—Esp.
    (α).
    (Sc. caelum.) The height of heaven, high heaven, the heavens:

    ex alto volavit avis,

    Enn. Ann. 1, 108:

    haec ait, et Maiā genitum demisit ab alto,

    Verg. A. 1, 297.—Still more freq.,
    (β).
    (Sc. mare.) The high sea, the deep, the sea: rapit ex alto navīs velivolas, Enn. ap. Serv. ad Verg. A. 1, 224:

    ubi sumus provecti in altum, capiunt praedones navem illam, ubi vectus fui,

    Plaut. Mil. 2, 1, 39; so id. Men. 1, 2, 2; id. Rud. prol. 66; 2, 3, 64:

    terris jactatus et alto,

    Verg. A. 1, 3:

    in altum Vela dabant,

    id. ib. 1, 34:

    collectae ex alto nubes,

    id. G. 1, 324:

    urget ab alto Notus,

    id. ib. 1, 443 al.:

    alto mersā classe,

    Sil. 6, 665:

    ab illā parte urbis navibus aditus ex alto est,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 32:

    in alto jactari,

    id. Inv. 2, 31, 95:

    naves nisi in alto constitui non poterant,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 24:

    naves in altum provectae,

    id. ib. 4, 28: scapha in altum navigat, Sall. Fragm.—So in the plur.:

    alta petens,

    Verg. A. 7, 362.— Trop.:

    quam magis te in altum capessis, tam aestus te in portum refert,

    Plaut. As. 1, 3, 6:

    imbecillitas... in altum provehitur imprudens,

    Cic. Tusc. 4, 18, 42:

    te quasi quidam aestus ingenii tui in altum abstraxit,

    id. de Or. 3, 36, 145.—
    B.
    Seen from above downwards, deep, profound.
    I.
    Lit. (hence sometimes opp. summus): Acherusia templa alta Orci, salvete, Enn. ap. Varr. L. L. 7, 2, 81; Cic. Tusc. 1, 21, 48:

    quom ex alto puteo sursum ad summum escenderis,

    Plaut. Mil. 4, 4, 14:

    altissimae radices,

    Cic. Phil. 4, 5:

    altae stirpes,

    id. Tusc. 3, 6, 13:

    altissima flumina,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 77:

    altior aqua,

    id. ib. 1, 25:

    alta theatri Fundamenta,

    Verg. A. 1, 427:

    gurgite in alto,

    in the deep whirlpool, id. E. 6, 76:

    altum vulnus,

    id. A. 10, 857; Petr. 136; Sen. Troad. 48:

    altum totā metitur cuspide pectus,

    Sil. 4, 292; so id. 6, 580 al.:

    unde altior esset Casus,

    Juv. 10, 106.—With the abl. of measure:

    faciemus (scrobes) tribus pedibus altas,

    Pall. Jan. 10, 3.—
    II.
    Trop. (more freq. in and after the Aug. per.), deep, profound:

    somno quibus est opus alto,

    Hor. S. 2, 1, 8; so Liv. 7, 35:

    sopor,

    Verg. A. 8, 27:

    quies,

    id. ib. 6, 522:

    silentium,

    id. ib. 10, 63; Quint. 10, 3, 22:

    altissima tranquillitas,

    Plin. Ep. 2, 1:

    altissima eruditio,

    id. ib. 4, 30:

    altiores artes,

    Quint. 8, 3, 2.— Subst.: altum, i, n., the depth, i. e. what is deep or far removed:

    ex alto dissimulare,

    Ov. Am. 2, 4, 16:

    non ex alto venire nequitiam, sed summo, quod aiunt, animo inhaerere,

    Sen. Ira, 1, 16 med. al.—Hence, ex alto repetere, or petere, in discourse, to bring from far; as P. a., farfetched:

    quae de nostris officiis scripserim, quoniam ex alto repetita sunt,

    Cic. Fam. 3, 5:

    quid causas petis ex alto?

    Verg. A. 8, 395 (cf.:

    alte repetere in the same sense,

    Cic. Sest. 13; id. Rep. 4, 4, and v. al. infra).—
    C.
    Poet., in reference to a distant (past) time: cur vetera tam ex alto appetissis discidia, Agamemno? Att. ap. Non. 237, 22 (altum: vetus, antiquum, Non.); cf. Verg. G. 4, 285.—With the access. idea of venerable (cf. antiquus), ancient, old:

    genus alto a sanguine Teucri,

    Verg. A. 6, 500:

    Thebanā de matre nothum Sarpedonis alti,

    id. ib. 9, 697;

    genus Clauso referebat ab alto,

    Ov. F. 4, 305:

    altā gente satus,

    Val. Fl. 3, 202:

    altis inclitum titulis genus,

    Sen. Herc. Fur. 338.— Adv.: altē, and very rarely altum, high, deep (v. supra, altus, P. a. init.).
    A.
    High, on high, high up, from on high, from above (v. altus, P. a., A.).
    I.
    Lit.:

    alte ex tuto prospectum aucupo,

    Att. Trag. Rel. p. 188 Rib.:

    colomen alte geminis aptum cornibus,

    id. ib. p. 221:

    alte jubatos angues,

    Naev. ib. p. 9:

    jubar erigere alte,

    Lucr. 4, 404:

    roseā sol alte lampade lucens,

    id. 5, 610:

    in vineā ficos subradito alte, ne eas vitis scandat,

    Cato, R. R. 50:

    cruentum alte extollens pugionem,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 12, 28: non animadvertis cetarios escendere in malum alte, ut perspiciant pisces? Varr. ap. Non. 49, 15:

    (aër) tollit se ac rectis ita faucibus eicit alte,

    Lucr. 6, 689:

    dextram Entellus alte extulit,

    Verg. A. 5, 443:

    alte suras vincire cothurno,

    high up, id. ib. 1, 337:

    puer alte cinctus,

    Hor. S. 2, 8, 10, and Sen. Ep. 92:

    unda alte subjectat arenam,

    Verg. G. 3, 240:

    Nihil tam alte natura constituit, quo virtus non possit eniti,

    Curt. 7, 11, 10: alte maesti in terram cecidimus, from on high, Varr. ap. Non. 79, 16:

    eo calcem cribro succretam indito alte digitos duo,

    to the height of two fingers, Cato, R. R. 18, 7; so Col. R. R. 5, 6, 6.— Comp.:

    quae sunt humiliora neque se tollere a terrā altius possunt,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 13, 37:

    tollam altius tectum,

    id. Har. Resp. 15, 33:

    altius praecincti,

    Hor. S. 1, 5, 5:

    pullus in arvis altius ingreditur,

    Verg. G. 3, 75:

    caput altius effert,

    id. ib. 3, 553:

    altius atque cadant imbres,

    id. E. 6, 38 ubi v. Forb.:

    altius aliquid tenere,

    Sen. Q. N. 1, 5.— Sup.: [p. 96] cum altissime volāsset (aquila), Suet. Aug. 94.—
    II.
    Trop.:

    alte natus,

    Albin. 1, 379 (cf.: altus Aeneas, supra, P. a., A. II.):

    alte enim cadere non potest,

    Cic. Or. 28, 98:

    video te alte spectare,

    id. Tusc. 1, 34, 82; id. Rep. 6, 23, 25.— Comp.:

    altius se efferre,

    Cic. Rep. 6, 23, 25; 3, 3, 4:

    altius irae surgunt ductori,

    Verg. A. 10, 813:

    altius aliquid agitare,

    Cels. 1 prooem.:

    attollitur vox altius,

    Quint. 11, 3, 65:

    verbis altius atque altius insurgentibus,

    id. 8, 4, 27.— Sup.:

    Ille dies virtutem Catonis altissime illuminavit,

    Vell. 2, 35:

    ingenium altissime adsurgit,

    Plin. Ep. 8, 4.—
    B.
    Deep, deeply (v. altus, P. a. B.).
    I.
    Lit.:

    ablaqueato ficus non alte,

    Cato, R. R. 36:

    ferrum haud alte in corpus descendere,

    Liv. 1, 41:

    alte vulnus adactum,

    Verg. A. 10, 850; Ov. M. 6, 266; Curt. 4, 6, 18; Cels. 5, 26, 30:

    timidum caput abdidit alte,

    Verg. G. 3, 422:

    alte consternunt terram frondes,

    deeply strew, id. A. 4, 443:

    ut petivit Suspirium alte!

    Plaut. Cist. 1, 1, 58 (cf.:

    ingentem gemitum dat pectore ab imo,

    Verg. A. 1, 485):

    inter cupam pertundito alte digitos primorīs tres,

    Cato, R. R. 21, 2:

    minimum alte pedem,

    Col. de Arb. 30.— Comp.:

    ne radices altius agant,

    Col. 5, 6, 8:

    terra altius effossa,

    Quint. 10, 3, 2:

    cum sulcus altius esset impressus,

    Cic. Div. 2, 23, 50:

    frigidus imber Altius ad vivum persedit, Verg G. 3, 441: tracti altius gemitus,

    Sen. Ira, 3, 4, 2.— Sup.:

    (latronibus gladium) altissime demergo,

    App. M. 2, 32.—
    II.
    Trop., deeply, profoundly, far, from afar:

    privatus ut altum Dormiret,

    Juv. 1, 16:

    alte terminus haerens,

    Lucr. 1, 77:

    longo et alte petito prooemio respondere,

    Cic. Clu. 21, 58:

    ratio alte petita,

    Quint. 11, 1, 62:

    alte et a capite repetis, quod quaerimus,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 6, 18; id. Rep. 4, 4, 4; id. Sest. 13, 31.— Comp.:

    qui altius perspiciebant,

    had a deeper insight, Cic. Verr. 1, 7, 19:

    quae principia sint, repetendum altius videtur,

    must be sought out more deeply, id. Off. 1, 16:

    altius repetitae causae,

    Quint. 11, 1, 62:

    de quo si paulo altius ordiri ac repetere memoriam religionis videbor,

    Cic. Verr. 4, 105:

    Hisce tibi in rebus latest alteque videndum,

    Lucr. 6, 647:

    altius supprimere iram,

    Curt. 6, 7, 35:

    altius aliquem percellere,

    Tac. A. 4, 54:

    altius metuere,

    id. ib. 4, 41:

    altius animis maerere,

    id. ib. 2, 82:

    cum verbum aliquod altius transfertur,

    Cic. Or. 25, 82:

    Altius omnem Expediam primā repetens ab origine famam,

    Verg. G. 4, 285;

    so,

    Tac. H. 4, 12:

    altius aliquid persequi,

    Plin. 2, 23, 31, § 35:

    hinc altius cura serpit,

    id. 4, 11, 13, § 87.— Sup.:

    qui vir et quantus esset, altissime inspexi,

    Plin. Ep. 5, 15, 5.
    2.
    altus, ūs, m. [alo], a nourishing, support:

    terrae altu,

    Macr. S. 1, 20 fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > altus

  • 7 ascio

    1.
    ascĭo, āre, v. a. [ascia, II. B.], to work or prepare with a trowel:

    calcem,

    Vitr. 7, 2.
    2.
    a-scĭo ( adsc-, Rib., Halm), īvi (never ii), 4, v. a., like adopto, arrogo, etc., transf. from the sphere of civil law to common life, to receive, admit (like scio in this signif., very rare, perh. only in Verg. and Tac.; cf.

    ascisco): si socios sum adscire paratus,

    Verg. A. 12, 38:

    generum,

    id. ib. 11, 472:

    adsciri per adoptionem,

    Tac. A. 1, 3:

    sibi Tiberium adscivit,

    id. ib. 4, 57:

    adsciri in societatem Germanos,

    id. H. 4, 24:

    adsciri inter comites,

    id. ib. 4, 80:

    milites adscire,

    id. Agr. 19.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > ascio

  • 8 caementum

    caementum, i, n. (access. form cae-menta, ae, f., like armenta, ae, to armentum, Enn. ap. Non. p. 196, 30, or Trag. v. 422 Vahl.; v 373 Rib.) [contr. from caedimentum, from caedo; hence Engl. cement].
    I. A.
    Plur. (so most freq.), Vitr. 1, 2, 8; 7, 6, 1; Cato, R. R. 38, 3; Varr. ap. Non. p. 96, 5 al.:

    in eam insulam materiem, calcem, caementa, arma convexit,

    Cic. Mil. 27, 74; so id. Div. 2, 47, 99; id. Q. Fr. 3, 9, 7; Liv. 36, 22, 11; 21, 11, 8; Hor. C. 3, 1, 35; Tac. G. 16.—
    B.
    Sing., Vitr. 1, 5, 8; 8, 6, 14; Tac. Or. 20; Plin. 35, 14, 48, § 169; Mart. 9, 76, 1.—
    II.
    Caementa marmorea, pieces that fly off from marble in working, chips of marble:

    caementa marmorea, sive assulae,

    Vitr. 7, 6, 1.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > caementum

  • 9 calcis

    1.
    calx, calcis, f. (m., Pers. 3, 105 dub.; Sil. 7, 696; cf. App. M. 7, p. 483 Oud.; Pers. 3, 105; Grat. Cyn. 278. Whether Lucil. ap. Charis, p. 72 P. belongs here or to 2. calx is undecided) [Sanscr. kar-, wound, kill; akin with lax, calcar, calceus], the heel.
    I.
    Lit.:

    calces deteris,

    you tread on my heels, Plaut. Merc. 5, 2, 111:

    quod si ipsa animi vis In capite aut umeris aut imis calcibus esse Posset,

    Lucr. 3, 792; 5, 136: incursare pug nis, calcibus, pux kai lax, Plaut. Poen. 4, 1, 3; Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 53:

    certare pugnis, calcibus, unguibus,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 27, 77:

    uti pugnis et calcibus,

    id. Sull. 25, 71:

    concisus pugnis et calcibus,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 23, § 56:

    subsellium calce premere,

    Auct. Her. 4, 55, 68:

    ferire pugno vel calce,

    Quint. 2, 8, 13:

    quadrupedemque citum ferratā (al. ferrato) calce fatigat,

    Verg. A. 11, 714:

    nudā calce vexare ilia equi,

    Stat. S. 5, 2, 115; Sil. 7, 697; 13, 169; 17, 541:

    nudis calcibus anguem premere,

    Juv. 1, 43.—Also of the heels of animals, Varr. R. R. 2, 5, 8; Col. 8, 2, 8:

    quadrupes calcibus auras Verberat,

    Verg. A. 10, 892.—Hence, caedere calcibus, to kick, laktizô, Plaut. Poen. 3, 3, 71:

    calce petere aliquem,

    to kick, Hor. S. 2, 1, 55:

    ferire,

    Ov. F. 3, 755:

    extundere frontem,

    Phaedr. 1, 21, 9:

    calces remittere,

    to kick, Nep. Eum. 5, 5; so,

    reicere,

    Dig. 9, 1, 5:

    aut dic aut accipe calcem,

    take a kick, Juv. 3, 295 al. —
    2.
    Prov.: adversus stimulum calces (sc. jactare, etc.) = laktizein pros kentron (Aesch Agam. 1624; Pind. Pyth. 2, 174;

    W. T. Act. 9, 5),

    to kick against the pricks, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 28 Don. and Ruhnk.; cf. Plaut. Truc. 4, 2, 55, and s. v. calcitro: calcem impingere alicui rei, to abandon any occupation:

    Anglice,

    to hang a thing on the nail, Petr. 46.—
    B.
    Meton. (pars pro toto), the foot, in gen.:

    calcemque terit jam calce,

    Verg. A. 5, 324 Serv. and Heyne. —
    II.
    Transf. to similar things.
    A.
    In architecture: calces scaporum, the foot of the pillars of a staircase; Fr. patin de l'échiffre, Vitr. 9, praef. § 8.—
    B.
    Calx mali, the foot of the mast, Vitr. 10, 3, 5.—
    C.
    In agriculture, the piece of wood cut off with a scion, Plin. 17, 21, 35, § 156.
    2.
    calx, calcis, f. (m., Varr. ap. Non. p. 199, 24, and Cato, R. R. 18, 7; Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 86; dub. Cic. Tusc. 1, 8, 15; and id. Rep. Fragm. ap. Sen. Ep. 108 fin.; cf. Rudd. I. p. 37, n. 3; later collat. form calcis, is, f., Ven. Fort. Carm. 11, 11, 10) [chalix].
    I.
    Liv.
    A.
    A small stone used in gaming, a counter (less freq. than the dim. calculus, q. v.), Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 86; Lucil. ap. Prisc. p. 687 P.; cf. Paul. ex Fest. p. 46 Müll.—
    B.
    Limestone, lime, whether slaked or not, Lucr. 6, 1067; Cic. Mil. 27, 74:

    viva,

    unslaked, quicklime, Vitr. 8, 7:

    coquere,

    to burn lime, Cato, R. R. 16; Vitr. 2, 5, 1: exstincta, slaked, id. l. l.:

    macerata,

    id. 7, 2; Plin. 36, 23, 55, § 177:

    harenatus,

    mixed with sand, mortar, Cato, R. R. 18, 7:

    materies ex calce et harenā mixta,

    Vitr. 7, 3.— Since the goal or limit in the race-ground was designated by lime (as later by chalk, v. creta), calx signifies,
    II.
    Trop., the goal, end, or limit in the race-course (anciently marked with lime or chalk; opp. carceres, the starting-point; mostly ante-Aug.;

    esp. freq. in Cic.): supremae calcis spatium,

    Lucr. 6, 92 Lachm.; Sen. Ep. 108, 32; Varr. ap. Non. p. 199, 24:

    ad calcem pervenire,

    Cic. Lael. 27, 101; so,

    ad carceres a calce revocari,

    i. e. to turn back from the end to the beginning, id. Sen. 23, 83:

    nunc video calcem, ad quam (al. quem) cum sit decursum,

    id. Tusc. 1, 8, 15: ab ipsā (al. ipso) calce revocati, id. Rep. Fragm. ap. Sen. l.l.; Quint. 8, 5, 30 dub.; v. Spald. N. cr.
    b.
    Prov., of speech:

    extra calcem decurrere,

    to digress from a theme, Amm. 21, 1, 14.—
    B.
    In gen., the end, conclusion of a page, book, or writing (mostly post-class.):

    si tamen in clausulā et calce pronuntietur sententia,

    Quint. 8, 5, 30:

    in calce epistulae,

    Hier. Ep. 9; 26 fin.; 84 init.: in calce libri, id. Vit. St. Hil. fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > calcis

  • 10 calx

    1.
    calx, calcis, f. (m., Pers. 3, 105 dub.; Sil. 7, 696; cf. App. M. 7, p. 483 Oud.; Pers. 3, 105; Grat. Cyn. 278. Whether Lucil. ap. Charis, p. 72 P. belongs here or to 2. calx is undecided) [Sanscr. kar-, wound, kill; akin with lax, calcar, calceus], the heel.
    I.
    Lit.:

    calces deteris,

    you tread on my heels, Plaut. Merc. 5, 2, 111:

    quod si ipsa animi vis In capite aut umeris aut imis calcibus esse Posset,

    Lucr. 3, 792; 5, 136: incursare pug nis, calcibus, pux kai lax, Plaut. Poen. 4, 1, 3; Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 53:

    certare pugnis, calcibus, unguibus,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 27, 77:

    uti pugnis et calcibus,

    id. Sull. 25, 71:

    concisus pugnis et calcibus,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 23, § 56:

    subsellium calce premere,

    Auct. Her. 4, 55, 68:

    ferire pugno vel calce,

    Quint. 2, 8, 13:

    quadrupedemque citum ferratā (al. ferrato) calce fatigat,

    Verg. A. 11, 714:

    nudā calce vexare ilia equi,

    Stat. S. 5, 2, 115; Sil. 7, 697; 13, 169; 17, 541:

    nudis calcibus anguem premere,

    Juv. 1, 43.—Also of the heels of animals, Varr. R. R. 2, 5, 8; Col. 8, 2, 8:

    quadrupes calcibus auras Verberat,

    Verg. A. 10, 892.—Hence, caedere calcibus, to kick, laktizô, Plaut. Poen. 3, 3, 71:

    calce petere aliquem,

    to kick, Hor. S. 2, 1, 55:

    ferire,

    Ov. F. 3, 755:

    extundere frontem,

    Phaedr. 1, 21, 9:

    calces remittere,

    to kick, Nep. Eum. 5, 5; so,

    reicere,

    Dig. 9, 1, 5:

    aut dic aut accipe calcem,

    take a kick, Juv. 3, 295 al. —
    2.
    Prov.: adversus stimulum calces (sc. jactare, etc.) = laktizein pros kentron (Aesch Agam. 1624; Pind. Pyth. 2, 174;

    W. T. Act. 9, 5),

    to kick against the pricks, Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 28 Don. and Ruhnk.; cf. Plaut. Truc. 4, 2, 55, and s. v. calcitro: calcem impingere alicui rei, to abandon any occupation:

    Anglice,

    to hang a thing on the nail, Petr. 46.—
    B.
    Meton. (pars pro toto), the foot, in gen.:

    calcemque terit jam calce,

    Verg. A. 5, 324 Serv. and Heyne. —
    II.
    Transf. to similar things.
    A.
    In architecture: calces scaporum, the foot of the pillars of a staircase; Fr. patin de l'échiffre, Vitr. 9, praef. § 8.—
    B.
    Calx mali, the foot of the mast, Vitr. 10, 3, 5.—
    C.
    In agriculture, the piece of wood cut off with a scion, Plin. 17, 21, 35, § 156.
    2.
    calx, calcis, f. (m., Varr. ap. Non. p. 199, 24, and Cato, R. R. 18, 7; Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 86; dub. Cic. Tusc. 1, 8, 15; and id. Rep. Fragm. ap. Sen. Ep. 108 fin.; cf. Rudd. I. p. 37, n. 3; later collat. form calcis, is, f., Ven. Fort. Carm. 11, 11, 10) [chalix].
    I.
    Liv.
    A.
    A small stone used in gaming, a counter (less freq. than the dim. calculus, q. v.), Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 86; Lucil. ap. Prisc. p. 687 P.; cf. Paul. ex Fest. p. 46 Müll.—
    B.
    Limestone, lime, whether slaked or not, Lucr. 6, 1067; Cic. Mil. 27, 74:

    viva,

    unslaked, quicklime, Vitr. 8, 7:

    coquere,

    to burn lime, Cato, R. R. 16; Vitr. 2, 5, 1: exstincta, slaked, id. l. l.:

    macerata,

    id. 7, 2; Plin. 36, 23, 55, § 177:

    harenatus,

    mixed with sand, mortar, Cato, R. R. 18, 7:

    materies ex calce et harenā mixta,

    Vitr. 7, 3.— Since the goal or limit in the race-ground was designated by lime (as later by chalk, v. creta), calx signifies,
    II.
    Trop., the goal, end, or limit in the race-course (anciently marked with lime or chalk; opp. carceres, the starting-point; mostly ante-Aug.;

    esp. freq. in Cic.): supremae calcis spatium,

    Lucr. 6, 92 Lachm.; Sen. Ep. 108, 32; Varr. ap. Non. p. 199, 24:

    ad calcem pervenire,

    Cic. Lael. 27, 101; so,

    ad carceres a calce revocari,

    i. e. to turn back from the end to the beginning, id. Sen. 23, 83:

    nunc video calcem, ad quam (al. quem) cum sit decursum,

    id. Tusc. 1, 8, 15: ab ipsā (al. ipso) calce revocati, id. Rep. Fragm. ap. Sen. l.l.; Quint. 8, 5, 30 dub.; v. Spald. N. cr.
    b.
    Prov., of speech:

    extra calcem decurrere,

    to digress from a theme, Amm. 21, 1, 14.—
    B.
    In gen., the end, conclusion of a page, book, or writing (mostly post-class.):

    si tamen in clausulā et calce pronuntietur sententia,

    Quint. 8, 5, 30:

    in calce epistulae,

    Hier. Ep. 9; 26 fin.; 84 init.: in calce libri, id. Vit. St. Hil. fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > calx

  • 11 cieo

    cĭĕo, cīvi, cĭtum, 2 (from the primitive form cĭo, cīre, prevailing in the compounds accio, excio, etc. (cf. Prisc. pp. 865, 905, and 908 P.), are also found: pres. cio, Mart. 4, 90, 4:

    cit,

    Verg. Cul. 201; Col. 6, 5, 1 Schneid.:

    cimus,

    Lucr. 1, 213; 5, 211:

    ciunt,

    Lact. Ep. 4 dub.:

    ciant,

    App. Flor. 2, n. 17, p. 358; Mart. Cap. 1, § 91: ciuntur, id. de Mundo, 22, p. 67), v. a. [kindr. with kiô, to go; and by the addition of the causative signif. like kineô, causative from kiô; v. 1. ci.].
    I.
    Lit., to put in motion; hence, to move, stir, shake (syn.: moveo, commoveo, concito, excito al.;

    class. in prose and poetry): calcem,

    to make a move in the game of chess, Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 86:

    natura omnia ciens et agitans,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 11, 27: inanimum est omne, quod pulsu agitatur externo;

    quod autem est animal, id motu cietur interiore et suo,

    id. Tusc. 1, 23, 54 (for which, in the same chapter, several times movere; cf. also id. N. D. 2, 9, 23):

    remos,

    Stat. Th. 6, 801:

    imo Nereus ciet aequora fundo,

    stirs up, Verg. A. 2, 419:

    puppes sinistrorsum citae,

    Hor. Epod. 9, 20.—
    B.
    In judic. lang. t. t.:

    ciere erctum (lit. to put in motion, i. e.),

    to divide the inheritance, Cic. de Or. 1, 56, 237; cf. erctum.—
    C.
    Trop., to put in motion, to rouse up, disturb: natura maris per se immobilis est, et venti et aurae cient, Liv. 28, 27, 11:

    saltum canibus ciere,

    Lucr. 5, 1250: fontes et stagna, Cic. poët. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 9, 15:

    tonitru caelum omne ciebo,

    Verg. A. 4, 122:

    loca sonitu cientur,

    Lucr. 4, 608; cf.:

    reboat raucum regio cita barbara bombum,

    id. 4, 544 Lachm. N. cr.
    II.
    With reference to the terminus ad quem, to move, excite, or call to ( poet. or in Aug. and post-Aug. prose for the common accire):

    ad sese aliquem,

    Cat. 68, 88:

    ad arma,

    Liv. 5, 47, 4; Sil. 7, 43:

    in pugnam,

    id. 4, 272:

    armatos ad pugnam,

    Vell. 2, 6, 6:

    aere ciere viros,

    Verg. A. 6, 165:

    quos e proximis coloniis ejus rei fama civerat,

    Tac. A. 15, 33:

    aliquem in aliquem,

    id. H. 1, 84, 5:

    ab ultimis subsidiis cietur miles (sc. in primam aciem),

    Liv. 9, 39, 8:

    ille cieri Narcissum postulat,

    Tac. A. 11, 30.—
    B.
    To call upon for help, to invoke; of invoking superior beings:

    nocturnos manes,

    Verg. A. 4, 490:

    luctificam Alecto dirarum ab sede sororum,

    id. ib. 7, 325:

    vipereasque ciet Stygiā de valle sorores (i. e. Furias),

    Ov. M. 6, 662:

    numina nota ciens,

    Val. Fl. 4, 549:

    foedera et deos,

    Liv. 22, 14, 7.—
    C.
    In gen., to call upon any one by name, to mention by name:

    erum,

    Plaut. Bacch. 3, 3, 11:

    comites magnā voce,

    Lucr. 4, 578:

    animamque sepulcro Condimus et magnā supremum voce ciemus,

    Verg. A. 3, 68:

    lamentatione flebili majores suos ciens ipsumque Pompeium,

    Tac. A. 3, 23:

    singulos nomine,

    id. ib. 2, 81; so Suet. Ner. 46: triumphum nomine ciere, i. e. to call Io triumphe! Liv. 45, 38, 12.—Hence,
    2.
    In a civil sense: patrem, to name one ' s father, i. e. show one ' s free birth, Liv. 10, 8, 10.—
    III.
    To put any course of action in progress or any passion in motion, i. e. to excite, stimulate, rouse, to produce, effect, cause, occasion, begin (very freq., esp. in poetry):

    solis uti varios cursus lunaeque meatus Noscere possemus quae vis et causa cierent,

    Lucr. 5, 773:

    motus,

    id. 3, 379; Cic. Tusc. 1, 10, 20:

    varias voces,

    Lucr. 5, 1059:

    lamenta virum commoliri atque ciere,

    id. 6, 242 Lachm. N. cr.:

    tinnitus aere,

    Cat. 64, 262; Verg. G. 4, 64 (cie tinnitus):

    singultus ore,

    Cat. 64, 131:

    gemitus,

    Verg. G. 3, 517:

    fletus,

    id. A. 3, 344:

    lacrimas,

    id. ib. 6, 468:

    mugitus,

    id. ib. 12, 103:

    murmur,

    id. G. 1, 110; Liv. 9, 7, 3:

    bellum,

    id. 5, 37, 2; Vell. 2, 54; Tac. H. 3, 41 fin.; Verg. A. 1, 541:

    belli simulacra,

    id. ib. 5, 674:

    seditiones,

    Liv. 4, 52, 2:

    tumultum,

    id. 28, 17, 16; 41, 24, 18:

    vires intimas molemque belli,

    Tac. A. 15, 2 fin.; cf. id. H. 3, 1:

    pugnam,

    Liv. 1, 12, 2; 2, 47, 1; 9, 22, 7; Tac. A. 3, 41:

    proelium,

    Liv. 2, 19, 10; 4, 33, 3; 7, 33, 12;

    10, 28, 8: Martem,

    Verg. A. 9, 766:

    acies, stragem,

    id. ib. 6, 829; cf. Liv. 22, 39, 7:

    rixam,

    Vell. 1, 2 al. —
    B.
    In medic.:

    alvum,

    to cause evacuation, Plin. 20, 9, 38, § 96:

    urinam,

    id. 27, 7, 28, § 48:

    menses,

    to cause menstruation, id. 26, 15, 90, § 151 sq. al.—Hence, cĭtus, a, um, P. a., lit. put in motion; hence, quick, swift, rapid (opp. tardus, Cic. de Or. 3, 57, 216; Sall. C. 15, 5; class.; esp. freq. in poetry;

    rare in Cic.): ad scribendum citus,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 4, 86:

    quod jubeat citis quadrigis citius properet persequi,

    id. Aul. 4, 1, 14; Verg. A. 8, 642:

    bigae,

    Cat. 55, 26:

    puppis,

    id. 64, 6; Tib. 4, 1, 69:

    classis,

    Hor. C. 1, 37, 24:

    navis,

    Ov. M. 15, 732; Tac. A. 2, 6:

    axis,

    Ov. M. 2, 75:

    fugae,

    id. ib. 1, 543:

    plantae,

    id. ib. 10, 591:

    incessus,

    Sall. C. 15, 5:

    via,

    Liv. 33, 48, 1:

    venator,

    Hor. C. 1, 37, 18:

    cum militibus,

    Tac. A. 11, 1:

    legionibus,

    id. ib. 14, 26:

    agmine,

    id. ib. 1, 63;

    4, 25: cohortes,

    id. ib. 12, 31:

    mors,

    Hor. C. 2, 16, 29; id. S. 1, 1, 8:

    pes, i. e. iambus,

    id. A. P. 252.— Comp.: nullam ego rem citiorem apud homines esse quam famam reor, Plaut. Fragm. ap. Fest. p. 61 Müll.; Val. Max. 3, 8, ext. 1.— Sup., Quint. 6, 4, 14 dub.; v. Spald. and Zumpt in h. l.—
    B.
    In the poets very freq. (also a few times in Tac.) instead of the adv. cito:

    citi ad aedis venimus Circae, Liv. And. ap. Fest. s. v. topper, p. 352, 6 Müll.: equites parent citi,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 88; id. Stich. 2, 2, 70; Lucr. 1, 386:

    somnus fugiens citus abiit,

    Cat. 63, 42: solvite vela citi, Verg, A. 4, 574; cf. id. ib. 9, 37; 12, 425; Hor. S. 1, 10, 92; cf. id. C. 3, 7, 27:

    ite citi,

    Ov. M. 3, 562; Tac. H. 2, 40:

    si citi advenissent,

    id. A. 12, 12.—Hence,
    1.
    cĭto, adv.
    a.
    Quickly, speedily, soon (freq. in prose and poetry of all periods):

    quam tarda es! non vis citius progredi?

    Phaedr. 3, 6, 2; [p. 331] Plaut. Mil. 2, 6, 44:

    eloquere,

    id. Cist. 4, 2, 83:

    abi cito et suspende te,

    Ter. And. 1, 5, 20; 3, 1, 16:

    labascit victus uno verbo: quam cito!

    id. Eun. 1, 2, 98:

    quod eum negasti, qui non cito quid didicisset, umquam omnino posse perdiscere,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 36, 146; cf. Hor. A. P. 335; Quint. 12, 8, 3; 11, 2, 2; 10, 6, 2:

    non multum praestant sed cito,

    id. 1, 3, 4 et saep.: sat cito si sat bene, a moral saying of Cato in Hier. Ep. 66, n. 9:

    cito rumpes arcum, semper si tensum habueris,

    Phaedr. 3, 14, 10:

    ad paenitendum properat cito qui judicat, Publ. Syr. Sent. 6: scribere,

    Quint. 10, 3, 10:

    nimis cito diligere,

    Cic. Lael. 21, 78:

    cito absolvere, tarde condemnare,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 9, § 26.— Comp.:

    citius,

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 1, 14; Pers. 3, 3, 31; Ter. Eun. 3, 5, 23; Lucr. 1, 557; 2, 34; Cic. Sen. 2, 4:

    Noto citius, Verg.A.5, 242 et saep.: dicto,

    Hor. S. 2, 2, 80; Verg. A. 1, 142:

    supremā die, i. e. ante supremam diem,

    Hor. C. 1, 13, 20:

    serius aut citius sedem properamus ad unam (for which serius ocius,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 26), sooner or later, Ov. M. 10, 33.— Sup.:

    citissime,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 33 fin. al.—
    b.
    With the negative, sometimes equivalent to non facile, not easily (cf. the Gr. tacha):

    haud cito,

    Ter. Ad. 3, 3, 89:

    neque verbis aptiorem cito alium dixerim, neque sententiis crebriorem,

    Cic. Brut. 76, 264: quem tu non tam cito rhetorem dixisses quam politikon, id. ib. § 265.—
    c.
    Sometimes in comp. without the negative, = potius, sooner, rather:

    ut citius diceres, etc.,

    Cic. Brut. 67, 238 fin.:

    citius dixerim, jactasse se aliquos, etc.,

    id. Phil. 2, 11, 25; id. Fam. 5, 2, 10; id. Off. 1, 18, 59; Hor. S. 2, 5, 35.—
    * 2.
    cĭtē, quickly, Scrib. Comp. 198.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > cieo

  • 12 coctum

    cŏquo, xi, ctum, 3, v. a. [kindr. with Sanscr. pak; Gr. pep in peptô or pessô; Germ. backen; Engl. bake], to cook, to prepare by cooking, to bake, boil, roast, parch, steep, melt, heat (very freq. and class.).
    I.
    Lit.:

    cenam,

    Plaut. Aul. 3, 2, 17; id. Ps. 3, 2, 7:

    cottidie sic cena ei coquebatur, ut, etc.,

    Nep. Cim. 4, 3:

    cibum,

    Lucr. 5, 1102; cf.

    cibaria,

    Liv. 3, 27, 3; 29, 25, 6; 44, 32, 11;

    44, 35, 13 al.: qui illa coxerat,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 34, 98:

    quae coxerat aere cavo,

    Ov. M. 4, 505:

    dulce dedit, tostā quod coxerat ante polentā,

    cooked from parched malt, id. ib. 5, 450:

    humana exta,

    Hor. A. P. 186:

    (pavonem),

    id. S. 2, 2, 28:

    aliquid ex oleo,

    in oil, Cels. 5, 177; so,

    aliquid ex aceto,

    Scrib. Comp. 252. — Absol.:

    si nusquam coctum is, quidnam cenat Juppiter?

    Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 56:

    in nonum diem solet ire coctum,

    id. Aul. 2, 4, 46; 3, 2, 15:

    coquendo sit faxo et molendo,

    Ter. Ad. 5, 3, 61.—
    B.
    Subst.
    1.
    coctum, i, n., cooked food:

    quid tu, malum, curas, utrum crudum an coctum edim?

    Plaut. Aul. 3, 2, 16 Ussing:

    ne quid in popinas cocti praeter legumina aut olera veniret,

    Suet. Ner. 16.— Plur.:

    cocta vendere,

    Suet. Claud. 38.—
    2.
    cocta, ae, f., water boiled, and cooled by ice; a decoction, Mart. 2, 85, 1; cf. Plin. 19, 4, 19, § 55; Suet. Ner. 48.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    To prepare by fire, to burn, parch, etc.:

    laterculos,

    Cato, R. R. 39, 2:

    calcem,

    id. ib. 38, 1 sq.:

    carbonem,

    id. ib. fin.:

    locum sol,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 14, 2; cf.:

    glaebas maturis solibus aestas,

    Verg. G. 1, 66:

    cocta ligna,

    dried, hardened by drying, Dig. 32, 1, 55, § 7:

    coctus agger,

    i. e. built of bricks, Prop. 3 (4), 11, 22:

    rosaria cocta matutino Noto,

    dried up, parched, id. 4 (5), 5, 62; cf.:

    at vos, praesentes Austri, coquite horum obsonia,

    Hor. S. 2, 2, 41:

    aurum cum plumbo,

    Plin. 33, 3, 19, § 60:

    aera fornacibus,

    Luc. 6, 405.—
    B.
    To ripen, make mature:

    arbores sol ac luna,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 7, 4:

    uvas,

    id. ib. 1, 54, 1; cf.

    vinum,

    Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 125; and:

    mitis vindemia,

    Verg. G. 2, 522:

    poma (with matura),

    Cic. Sen. 19, 71:

    fructus solibus,

    Plin. 12, 5, 11, § 23:

    messem,

    Mart. 10, 62 al. —
    C.
    = concoquo, to digest:

    cibus confectus jam coctusque,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 55, 137; 2, 54, 136 (but in these passages Madv. ad Cic. Fin. 2, 20, 64, would read concoquo, denying that coquo ever means to digest; cf. Spald. ad Quint. 8, 4, 16); Lact. Opif. Dei, 14, 5; cf.:

    balineae ardentes, quibus persuasere in corporibus cibos coqui,

    Plin. 29, 1, 8, § 26:

    plerique... bubulum coquunt,

    Cels. 4, 5, § 27; 4, 18, § 4.—
    III.
    Trop. (in the poets and prose writers after the Aug. per.).
    A.
    To elaborate something in mind, to consider, to think, meditate upon, contrive, plan: quicquid est, incoctum non expromet;

    bene coctum dabit,

    Plaut. Mil. 2, 2, 55: bene cocto, condito, sermone bono, Lucil. ap. Cic. Att. 13, 52, 1; cf. Cic. Fin. 2, 8, 25; cf.:

    consilia secreto,

    Liv. 2, 36, 2:

    bellum,

    id. 8, 3, 2:

    trucem invidiam,

    Stat. Th. 2, 300:

    iras cum fraude,

    Sil. 7, 403:

    Latio extrema coepta,

    id. 10, 431.—
    B.
    To vex, harass, torment, disturb the mind:

    egomet me coquo et macero et defetigo,

    Plaut. Trin. 2, 1, 3: si quid ego adjuero curamve levasso, quae nunc te coquit et versat in pectore fixa, Enn. ap. Cic. Sen. 1, 1; cf.:

    si sollicitudo oratorem macerat et coquit,

    Quint. 12, 10, 77:

    quos ira metusque coquebat,

    Sil. 14, 103:

    quam... Femineae ardentem curaeque iraeque coquebant,

    Verg. A. 7, 345.—Hence, Ital. cuocere; Fr. cuire. —Hence, coctus, a, um, P. a. (acc. to III. A. supra), well considered, well digested: bene coctus sermo, Lucil. ap. Cic. Att. 13, 52, 1.— Transf., of persons: hodie juris coctiores non sunt, qui lites creant. Quam, etc. (alluding to the double meaning of jus), better skilled in, etc., Plaut. Poen. 3, 2, 9.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > coctum

  • 13 condita

    con-do, dĭdi, dĭtum, 3, v. a. [con- = cum, and 2. do], lit., to bring, lay or put together (very freq. in all periods and species of composition).
    I.
    With the access. idea of uniting, to put or join together into a whole, to form, fashion, produce, make by joining together.
    A.
    Prop., of the founding of towns or states, to found, establish: Romam, Enn. ap. Varr. R. R. 3, 1, 2, and Suet. Aug. 7 fin. (Ann. v. 494 Vahl.):

    oppida,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 142; Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 8:

    urbem,

    Lucr. 5, 1107; Cic. Cat. 3, 1, 2; Sall. C. 6, 1; Liv. 1, 19, 1; Suet. Aug. 18; 47; Just. 2, 4, 15; 2, 15, 1:

    arces,

    Verg. E. 2, 61:

    locum,

    Hor. S. 1, 5, 92: colonias. Vell. 1, 15; Just. 16, 3, 7:

    civitatem,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 7, 12:

    regna,

    Just. 2, 1 init.:

    imperium Poenorum,

    id. 19, 1, 1.—Hence, often ante and post Romam conditam, before and after the foundation of Rome, Cic. Tusc. 1, 1, 3; cf. Liv. praef. § 6 al.—
    (β).
    Transf. to the inhabitants:

    Romanam gentem,

    Verg. A. 1, 33:

    genus hominum,

    Just. 2, 6, 11.—Hence, mid.:

    optato conduntur Thybridis alveo,

    they settle, Verg. A. 7, 303 (condi proprie dicuntur, qui sibi statuunt civitatem. Conduntur ergo; sedem stabilem locant, Serv.). —
    b.
    Of the erecting, building of other things, to make, construct, build:

    aram,

    Liv. 1, 7, 11; 28, 46, 16:

    sepulcrum,

    Hor. Epod. 9, 26:

    moenia,

    Verg. A. 1, 276; Ov. M. 3, 13; 14, 775; Just. 2, 12, 4.—
    c.
    Of written productions, to compose, write, celebrate, write or treat of, describe: SIVE CARMEN CONDIDISSET, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Cic. Rep. 4, 10, 12; so,

    carmen,

    Lucr. 5, 2; Hor. S. 2, 1, 82; id. Ep. 1, 3, 24; id. A. P. 436; Liv. 27, 37, 7; 31, 12, 10; Quint. 10, 1, 56 et saep.:

    poëma,

    Cic. Att. 1, 16, 15:

    longas Iliadas,

    Prop. 2, 1, 14:

    bella,

    Verg. E. 6, 7:

    Caesaris acta,

    Ov. Tr. 2, 336:

    proelia,

    Stat. Th. 1, 8:

    festa numeris,

    Ov. F. 6, 24:

    alterum satirae genus,

    Quint. 10, 1, 95:

    aliqua in hac materiā,

    id. 3, 1, 19:

    prosam orationem,

    Plin. 5, 29, 31, § 112:

    historiam,

    id. 12, 4, 8, § 18; cf.:

    aliquid annalibus,

    id. 2, 9, 6, § 43:

    praecepta medendi,

    id. 26, 2, 6, § 10:

    laudes alicujus,

    id. 22, 13, 15, § 35.— Rarely,
    (β).
    Absol.:

    si etiamnum Homero condente Aegyptus non erat,

    Plin. 13, 13, 27, § 88.—
    B.
    Trop., to establish, found, to be the author of, to produce, make:

    jusjurandum,

    Plaut. Rud. 5, 3, 18:

    aurea saecula,

    Verg. A. 6, 793:

    collegium novum,

    Liv. 5, 52, 11:

    morem,

    Plin. 11, 37, 55, § 150:

    nova fata,

    Verg. A. 10, 35:

    aeternam famam ingenio suo,

    Phaedr. 3, prol. 53; so,

    nomen memorandum,

    Sil. 4, 37:

    militarem disciplinam artemque bellandi,

    Flor. 1, 3, 1:

    somniorum intellegentiam (Joseph),

    Just. 36, 2, 8.—Of the gods:

    portenta sua,

    to fuifil, accomplish, Sil. 16, 126.— Impers.:

    naturā rerum conditum est, ut, etc.,

    Dig. 19, 5, 4.—
    II.
    With the access. idea of carefulness, to put away, to lay, put, or place somewhere for preservation, etc.; to lay up, store or treasure up (opp. promo).
    A.
    In gen.
    1.
    Prop.
    (α).
    Aliquid:

    pecuniam,

    Cic. Clu. 26, 72:

    frumentum,

    id. N. D. 2, 63, 157; Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 140: condere et reponere fructus, [p. 409] Cic. N. D. 2, 62, 156:

    agri multa efferunt, quae... mandentur condita vetustati,

    id. ib. 2, 60, 151; cf. id. Brut. 4, 16; Varr. R. R. 1, 62;

    Auct. B. Afr. 65: vinum,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 13; cf. Mart. 13, 111, 2; Verg. E. 3, 43; Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 12:

    aliquid proprio horreo,

    id. C. 1, 1, 9:

    Sabinum testā levi,

    id. ib. 1, 20, 3:

    pressa mella puris amphoris,

    id. Epod. 2, 15:

    messem,

    Tib. 1, 1, 42:

    fruges,

    Paul. Sent. 2, 8, 2.—
    (β).
    With the designation of the place (most freq. by in and acc.):

    minas viginti in crumenam,

    Plaut. Truc. 3, 1, 9:

    mustum in dolium,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 65, 1:

    cineres in urnas,

    Suet. Calig. 15:

    barbam in auream pyxidem,

    id. Ner. 12; cf. id. ib. 47:

    legem in aerarium,

    id. ib. 28:

    libri in sacrarium conditi,

    Gell. 1, 19, 10; cf.

    the foll.: te in pistrinum,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 5, 120; cf.:

    aliquem in custodiam,

    Liv. 31, 23, 9; Tac. H. 4, 2:

    aliquem in carcerem,

    to thrust into prison, imprison, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 29, § 76; Liv. 26, 16, 6; 29, 22, 7; 30, 21, 5;

    45, 42, 5: aliquem in vincula,

    id. 23, 38, 7; 26, 34, 4. —With adv.:

    argentum intro,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 120; id. Truc. 5, 28:

    sortes eo,

    Cic. Div. 2, 41, 86 Orell. N. cr. —With in and abl.:

    litteras publicas in aerario sanctiore,

    to keep, lay up, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 63, § 140:

    se (aves) in foliis,

    Verg. G. 4, 473:

    novissimo die dein (argyritin) condunt in plumbeo vase,

    Plin. 33, 6, 35, § 109.—With abl.:

    condidit (libros Sibyllinos) duobus forulis auratis sub Palatini Apollinis basi,

    Suet. Aug. 31; Scrib. Comp. 145.—With locat.:

    id domi nostrae,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 2, § 5; cf.:

    ut ei jam exploratus et domi conditus consulatus videretur,

    i. e. he was sure of it, id. Mur. 24, 49.—
    2.
    Trop.: teneo omnia;

    in pectore condita sunt,

    Plaut. Ps. 4, 1, 31:

    mandata corde memori,

    Cat. 64, 231:

    tu, qui omne bonum in visceribus medullisque condideris,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 9, 27:

    in causis conditae sunt res futurae,

    lie, are contained, id. Div. 1, 56, 128. —Hence,
    B.
    Esp.,
    1.
    In econom. lang., to preserve, pickle (for which the access. form condio, īre, became prevalent):

    lentiscum in acetum (cf. just before, oleae quomodo condiantur),

    Cato, R. R. 117:

    ficus in orcas,

    Col. 12, 15, 2:

    fructum in cados,

    Plin. 13, 4, 9, § 48:

    corna in liquidā faece,

    Ov. M. 8, 666:

    oleum,

    Suet. Caes. 53.—
    2.
    In medic. lang., to set:

    ossa,

    Cels. 8, 23:

    calcem,

    id. 8, 22:

    articulum,

    id. 8, 24.—
    3.
    To inter, bury (cf. compono, II. B. 1. c.):

    mortuos cerā circumlitos,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 45, 108:

    aliquem sepulcro,

    id. Leg. 2, 22, 56; Verg. A. 3, 67; Ov. M. 7, 618; 8, 235:

    ossa parentis terrā,

    Verg. A. 5, 48; so,

    aliquem terrā,

    Plin. 7, 54, 55, § 187:

    corpora defunctorum in lapide sarcophago,

    id. 36, 17, 27, § 131:

    fraternas umbras tumulo,

    Ov. F. 5, 451; so id. M. 14, 442; Val. Fl. 5, 198:

    ossa peregrinā ripā,

    Ov. M. 2, 337:

    in Tomitanā condar humo?

    id. P. 3, 1, 6:

    inhumatos Manes,

    Luc. 9, 151:

    Alexandrum intemperantiā bibendi... condidit,

    brought to the grave, Sen. Ep. 83, 23:

    patrem,

    Phaedr. 4, 4, 30:

    fulgura publica condere,

    Juv. 6, 587, v. fulgur; cf.:

    Aruns dispersos fulminis ignes Colligit et terrae maesto cum murmure condit,

    Luc. 1, 606 sq. —
    b.
    Poet., of time, to pass, spend, live through, bring to a close:

    saecla vivendo,

    Lucr. 3, 1090:

    longos soles cantando,

    Verg. E. 9, 52:

    cum referetque diem condetque relatum,

    i. e. morning and evening, id. G. 1, 458:

    diem collibus in suis,

    Hor. C. 4, 5, 29:

    diem,

    Stat. Th. 10, 54; Plin. Ep. 9, 36, 4; id. Pan. 80 fin.; Macr. Somn. Scip. 1, 20 fin.:

    noctem,

    Sil. 4, 482.—In respect to lustrum, v. 2. lustrum, I.—
    4.
    Transf., to conceal, hide, secrete, suppress:

    Sibyllam quidem sepositam et conditam habeamus, ut... injussu senatūs ne legantur quidem libri,

    Cic. Div. 2, 54, 112:

    quicquid sub terrā est in apricum proferet aetas, Defodiet condetque nitentia,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 25:

    lumen,

    Lucr. 4, 434; so,

    lunam (nubes),

    Hor. C. 2, 16, 3:

    aliquid jocoso furto,

    id. ib. 1, 10, 8:

    vultus,

    Ov. M. 2, 330; cf.:

    vultum aequore,

    id. ib. 11, 255:

    enses,

    to sheathe, Hor. Epod. 7, 2:

    ferrum,

    Phaedr. 5, 2, 8:

    gladium,

    Quint. 8, prooem. §

    15: scuta latentia,

    Verg. A. 3, 237:

    oculos,

    to close, shut, Ov. Tr. 3, 3, 44 (but oculi conditi, v. P. a. infra); so,

    lumina,

    Prop. 4 (5), 11, 64:

    se in viscera (terrae),

    Ov. M. 2, 274:

    se sub lectum,

    Suet. Calig. 51.—Mid., Plin. 8, 57, 82, § 223:

    nocte... aliquot Numidarum turmas medio in saltu condiderat,

    i. e. placed in ambush, Liv. 27, 26, 8; so, hostis in silvis armatum militem condidit, Curt. 8, 1, 4; cf.:

    ibi Dahas condidit,

    id. 7, 7, 32:

    (Danai) notā conduntur in alvo,

    concealed themselves, Verg. A. 2, 401:

    fera murmura,

    Prop. 4 (5), 4, 61:

    iram,

    Tac. A. 2, 28.—With abl.:

    his mensibus pisces jacent speluncis conditi,

    Plin. 9, 16, 24, § 56:

    huic sollertiā est inanium ostrearum testis se condere,

    id. 8, 31, 51, § 98:

    luna condita tenebris,

    Tac. A. 1, 28:

    aliquid alvo,

    to swallow, Sil. 6, 199.—
    5.
    Poet.
    a.
    To thrust or strike in deep, to plunge (cf. abscondo):

    ensem in pectus,

    Ov. M. 13, 392:

    digitos in lumina,

    id. ib. 13, 561; 12, 295;

    5, 423: ensem totum alicui in adverso pectore,

    Verg. A. 9, 348:

    telum jugulo,

    Ov. M. 13, 459; Sen. Oedip. 1037; cf. pass.:

    nihil tam facile in corpus quam sagitta conditur,

    Cels. 7, 5, n. 2.—
    (β).
    Trop.:

    stimulos caecos in pectore,

    Ov. M. 1, 727.—
    b.
    To hide by sailing away, to lose sight of:

    navita condit urbes,

    Val. Fl. 2, 443; cf. abscondo.—Hence,
    1.
    condĭtus, a, um, P. a., close, secret, deep (rare):

    praecordia,

    Hor. S. 1, 4, 89:

    oculi,

    deep set, Plin. 11, 37, 53, § 141.—
    2.
    condĭta, ōrum, n., the laid up store (late Lat.), Cod. Th. 7, 4, 3; Dig. 32, 95 al.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > condita

  • 14 condo

    con-do, dĭdi, dĭtum, 3, v. a. [con- = cum, and 2. do], lit., to bring, lay or put together (very freq. in all periods and species of composition).
    I.
    With the access. idea of uniting, to put or join together into a whole, to form, fashion, produce, make by joining together.
    A.
    Prop., of the founding of towns or states, to found, establish: Romam, Enn. ap. Varr. R. R. 3, 1, 2, and Suet. Aug. 7 fin. (Ann. v. 494 Vahl.):

    oppida,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 142; Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 8:

    urbem,

    Lucr. 5, 1107; Cic. Cat. 3, 1, 2; Sall. C. 6, 1; Liv. 1, 19, 1; Suet. Aug. 18; 47; Just. 2, 4, 15; 2, 15, 1:

    arces,

    Verg. E. 2, 61:

    locum,

    Hor. S. 1, 5, 92: colonias. Vell. 1, 15; Just. 16, 3, 7:

    civitatem,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 7, 12:

    regna,

    Just. 2, 1 init.:

    imperium Poenorum,

    id. 19, 1, 1.—Hence, often ante and post Romam conditam, before and after the foundation of Rome, Cic. Tusc. 1, 1, 3; cf. Liv. praef. § 6 al.—
    (β).
    Transf. to the inhabitants:

    Romanam gentem,

    Verg. A. 1, 33:

    genus hominum,

    Just. 2, 6, 11.—Hence, mid.:

    optato conduntur Thybridis alveo,

    they settle, Verg. A. 7, 303 (condi proprie dicuntur, qui sibi statuunt civitatem. Conduntur ergo; sedem stabilem locant, Serv.). —
    b.
    Of the erecting, building of other things, to make, construct, build:

    aram,

    Liv. 1, 7, 11; 28, 46, 16:

    sepulcrum,

    Hor. Epod. 9, 26:

    moenia,

    Verg. A. 1, 276; Ov. M. 3, 13; 14, 775; Just. 2, 12, 4.—
    c.
    Of written productions, to compose, write, celebrate, write or treat of, describe: SIVE CARMEN CONDIDISSET, Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Cic. Rep. 4, 10, 12; so,

    carmen,

    Lucr. 5, 2; Hor. S. 2, 1, 82; id. Ep. 1, 3, 24; id. A. P. 436; Liv. 27, 37, 7; 31, 12, 10; Quint. 10, 1, 56 et saep.:

    poëma,

    Cic. Att. 1, 16, 15:

    longas Iliadas,

    Prop. 2, 1, 14:

    bella,

    Verg. E. 6, 7:

    Caesaris acta,

    Ov. Tr. 2, 336:

    proelia,

    Stat. Th. 1, 8:

    festa numeris,

    Ov. F. 6, 24:

    alterum satirae genus,

    Quint. 10, 1, 95:

    aliqua in hac materiā,

    id. 3, 1, 19:

    prosam orationem,

    Plin. 5, 29, 31, § 112:

    historiam,

    id. 12, 4, 8, § 18; cf.:

    aliquid annalibus,

    id. 2, 9, 6, § 43:

    praecepta medendi,

    id. 26, 2, 6, § 10:

    laudes alicujus,

    id. 22, 13, 15, § 35.— Rarely,
    (β).
    Absol.:

    si etiamnum Homero condente Aegyptus non erat,

    Plin. 13, 13, 27, § 88.—
    B.
    Trop., to establish, found, to be the author of, to produce, make:

    jusjurandum,

    Plaut. Rud. 5, 3, 18:

    aurea saecula,

    Verg. A. 6, 793:

    collegium novum,

    Liv. 5, 52, 11:

    morem,

    Plin. 11, 37, 55, § 150:

    nova fata,

    Verg. A. 10, 35:

    aeternam famam ingenio suo,

    Phaedr. 3, prol. 53; so,

    nomen memorandum,

    Sil. 4, 37:

    militarem disciplinam artemque bellandi,

    Flor. 1, 3, 1:

    somniorum intellegentiam (Joseph),

    Just. 36, 2, 8.—Of the gods:

    portenta sua,

    to fuifil, accomplish, Sil. 16, 126.— Impers.:

    naturā rerum conditum est, ut, etc.,

    Dig. 19, 5, 4.—
    II.
    With the access. idea of carefulness, to put away, to lay, put, or place somewhere for preservation, etc.; to lay up, store or treasure up (opp. promo).
    A.
    In gen.
    1.
    Prop.
    (α).
    Aliquid:

    pecuniam,

    Cic. Clu. 26, 72:

    frumentum,

    id. N. D. 2, 63, 157; Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 140: condere et reponere fructus, [p. 409] Cic. N. D. 2, 62, 156:

    agri multa efferunt, quae... mandentur condita vetustati,

    id. ib. 2, 60, 151; cf. id. Brut. 4, 16; Varr. R. R. 1, 62;

    Auct. B. Afr. 65: vinum,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 13; cf. Mart. 13, 111, 2; Verg. E. 3, 43; Hor. Ep. 1, 1, 12:

    aliquid proprio horreo,

    id. C. 1, 1, 9:

    Sabinum testā levi,

    id. ib. 1, 20, 3:

    pressa mella puris amphoris,

    id. Epod. 2, 15:

    messem,

    Tib. 1, 1, 42:

    fruges,

    Paul. Sent. 2, 8, 2.—
    (β).
    With the designation of the place (most freq. by in and acc.):

    minas viginti in crumenam,

    Plaut. Truc. 3, 1, 9:

    mustum in dolium,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 65, 1:

    cineres in urnas,

    Suet. Calig. 15:

    barbam in auream pyxidem,

    id. Ner. 12; cf. id. ib. 47:

    legem in aerarium,

    id. ib. 28:

    libri in sacrarium conditi,

    Gell. 1, 19, 10; cf.

    the foll.: te in pistrinum,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 5, 120; cf.:

    aliquem in custodiam,

    Liv. 31, 23, 9; Tac. H. 4, 2:

    aliquem in carcerem,

    to thrust into prison, imprison, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 29, § 76; Liv. 26, 16, 6; 29, 22, 7; 30, 21, 5;

    45, 42, 5: aliquem in vincula,

    id. 23, 38, 7; 26, 34, 4. —With adv.:

    argentum intro,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 3, 120; id. Truc. 5, 28:

    sortes eo,

    Cic. Div. 2, 41, 86 Orell. N. cr. —With in and abl.:

    litteras publicas in aerario sanctiore,

    to keep, lay up, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 63, § 140:

    se (aves) in foliis,

    Verg. G. 4, 473:

    novissimo die dein (argyritin) condunt in plumbeo vase,

    Plin. 33, 6, 35, § 109.—With abl.:

    condidit (libros Sibyllinos) duobus forulis auratis sub Palatini Apollinis basi,

    Suet. Aug. 31; Scrib. Comp. 145.—With locat.:

    id domi nostrae,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 2, § 5; cf.:

    ut ei jam exploratus et domi conditus consulatus videretur,

    i. e. he was sure of it, id. Mur. 24, 49.—
    2.
    Trop.: teneo omnia;

    in pectore condita sunt,

    Plaut. Ps. 4, 1, 31:

    mandata corde memori,

    Cat. 64, 231:

    tu, qui omne bonum in visceribus medullisque condideris,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 9, 27:

    in causis conditae sunt res futurae,

    lie, are contained, id. Div. 1, 56, 128. —Hence,
    B.
    Esp.,
    1.
    In econom. lang., to preserve, pickle (for which the access. form condio, īre, became prevalent):

    lentiscum in acetum (cf. just before, oleae quomodo condiantur),

    Cato, R. R. 117:

    ficus in orcas,

    Col. 12, 15, 2:

    fructum in cados,

    Plin. 13, 4, 9, § 48:

    corna in liquidā faece,

    Ov. M. 8, 666:

    oleum,

    Suet. Caes. 53.—
    2.
    In medic. lang., to set:

    ossa,

    Cels. 8, 23:

    calcem,

    id. 8, 22:

    articulum,

    id. 8, 24.—
    3.
    To inter, bury (cf. compono, II. B. 1. c.):

    mortuos cerā circumlitos,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 45, 108:

    aliquem sepulcro,

    id. Leg. 2, 22, 56; Verg. A. 3, 67; Ov. M. 7, 618; 8, 235:

    ossa parentis terrā,

    Verg. A. 5, 48; so,

    aliquem terrā,

    Plin. 7, 54, 55, § 187:

    corpora defunctorum in lapide sarcophago,

    id. 36, 17, 27, § 131:

    fraternas umbras tumulo,

    Ov. F. 5, 451; so id. M. 14, 442; Val. Fl. 5, 198:

    ossa peregrinā ripā,

    Ov. M. 2, 337:

    in Tomitanā condar humo?

    id. P. 3, 1, 6:

    inhumatos Manes,

    Luc. 9, 151:

    Alexandrum intemperantiā bibendi... condidit,

    brought to the grave, Sen. Ep. 83, 23:

    patrem,

    Phaedr. 4, 4, 30:

    fulgura publica condere,

    Juv. 6, 587, v. fulgur; cf.:

    Aruns dispersos fulminis ignes Colligit et terrae maesto cum murmure condit,

    Luc. 1, 606 sq. —
    b.
    Poet., of time, to pass, spend, live through, bring to a close:

    saecla vivendo,

    Lucr. 3, 1090:

    longos soles cantando,

    Verg. E. 9, 52:

    cum referetque diem condetque relatum,

    i. e. morning and evening, id. G. 1, 458:

    diem collibus in suis,

    Hor. C. 4, 5, 29:

    diem,

    Stat. Th. 10, 54; Plin. Ep. 9, 36, 4; id. Pan. 80 fin.; Macr. Somn. Scip. 1, 20 fin.:

    noctem,

    Sil. 4, 482.—In respect to lustrum, v. 2. lustrum, I.—
    4.
    Transf., to conceal, hide, secrete, suppress:

    Sibyllam quidem sepositam et conditam habeamus, ut... injussu senatūs ne legantur quidem libri,

    Cic. Div. 2, 54, 112:

    quicquid sub terrā est in apricum proferet aetas, Defodiet condetque nitentia,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 25:

    lumen,

    Lucr. 4, 434; so,

    lunam (nubes),

    Hor. C. 2, 16, 3:

    aliquid jocoso furto,

    id. ib. 1, 10, 8:

    vultus,

    Ov. M. 2, 330; cf.:

    vultum aequore,

    id. ib. 11, 255:

    enses,

    to sheathe, Hor. Epod. 7, 2:

    ferrum,

    Phaedr. 5, 2, 8:

    gladium,

    Quint. 8, prooem. §

    15: scuta latentia,

    Verg. A. 3, 237:

    oculos,

    to close, shut, Ov. Tr. 3, 3, 44 (but oculi conditi, v. P. a. infra); so,

    lumina,

    Prop. 4 (5), 11, 64:

    se in viscera (terrae),

    Ov. M. 2, 274:

    se sub lectum,

    Suet. Calig. 51.—Mid., Plin. 8, 57, 82, § 223:

    nocte... aliquot Numidarum turmas medio in saltu condiderat,

    i. e. placed in ambush, Liv. 27, 26, 8; so, hostis in silvis armatum militem condidit, Curt. 8, 1, 4; cf.:

    ibi Dahas condidit,

    id. 7, 7, 32:

    (Danai) notā conduntur in alvo,

    concealed themselves, Verg. A. 2, 401:

    fera murmura,

    Prop. 4 (5), 4, 61:

    iram,

    Tac. A. 2, 28.—With abl.:

    his mensibus pisces jacent speluncis conditi,

    Plin. 9, 16, 24, § 56:

    huic sollertiā est inanium ostrearum testis se condere,

    id. 8, 31, 51, § 98:

    luna condita tenebris,

    Tac. A. 1, 28:

    aliquid alvo,

    to swallow, Sil. 6, 199.—
    5.
    Poet.
    a.
    To thrust or strike in deep, to plunge (cf. abscondo):

    ensem in pectus,

    Ov. M. 13, 392:

    digitos in lumina,

    id. ib. 13, 561; 12, 295;

    5, 423: ensem totum alicui in adverso pectore,

    Verg. A. 9, 348:

    telum jugulo,

    Ov. M. 13, 459; Sen. Oedip. 1037; cf. pass.:

    nihil tam facile in corpus quam sagitta conditur,

    Cels. 7, 5, n. 2.—
    (β).
    Trop.:

    stimulos caecos in pectore,

    Ov. M. 1, 727.—
    b.
    To hide by sailing away, to lose sight of:

    navita condit urbes,

    Val. Fl. 2, 443; cf. abscondo.—Hence,
    1.
    condĭtus, a, um, P. a., close, secret, deep (rare):

    praecordia,

    Hor. S. 1, 4, 89:

    oculi,

    deep set, Plin. 11, 37, 53, § 141.—
    2.
    condĭta, ōrum, n., the laid up store (late Lat.), Cod. Th. 7, 4, 3; Dig. 32, 95 al.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > condo

  • 15 conveho

    con-vĕho, vexi, vectum, 3, v. a., to carry, bear, or bring together (in good prose).
    I.
    In gen.:

    frumentum ex finitimis regionibus in urbem,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 34 fin.; cf. Liv. 25, 13, 2; 24, 39, 11 al.: lintribus in eam insulam materiem, calcem, caementa, arma, * Cic. Mil. 27, 74; cf. Liv. 4, 60, 6:

    tus collectum Sabota camelis,

    Plin. 12, 14, 32, § 63:

    flores (apes),

    id. 11, 17, 18, § 58:

    cibos,

    id. 11, 18, 20, § 64.— Absol.:

    undique convehunt apes,

    Plin. 11, 30, 36, § 109:

    frumentum habere convectum,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 74 fin.
    II.
    In partic., of the harvest, to gather, get in:

    fructus in villas,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 35 Müll.:

    vasa corbisque ac patentiora quaedam messibus convehendis vindemiisque faciunt,

    Plin. 16, 9, 14, § 35.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > conveho

  • 16 coquo

    cŏquo, xi, ctum, 3, v. a. [kindr. with Sanscr. pak; Gr. pep in peptô or pessô; Germ. backen; Engl. bake], to cook, to prepare by cooking, to bake, boil, roast, parch, steep, melt, heat (very freq. and class.).
    I.
    Lit.:

    cenam,

    Plaut. Aul. 3, 2, 17; id. Ps. 3, 2, 7:

    cottidie sic cena ei coquebatur, ut, etc.,

    Nep. Cim. 4, 3:

    cibum,

    Lucr. 5, 1102; cf.

    cibaria,

    Liv. 3, 27, 3; 29, 25, 6; 44, 32, 11;

    44, 35, 13 al.: qui illa coxerat,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 34, 98:

    quae coxerat aere cavo,

    Ov. M. 4, 505:

    dulce dedit, tostā quod coxerat ante polentā,

    cooked from parched malt, id. ib. 5, 450:

    humana exta,

    Hor. A. P. 186:

    (pavonem),

    id. S. 2, 2, 28:

    aliquid ex oleo,

    in oil, Cels. 5, 177; so,

    aliquid ex aceto,

    Scrib. Comp. 252. — Absol.:

    si nusquam coctum is, quidnam cenat Juppiter?

    Plaut. Ps. 3, 2, 56:

    in nonum diem solet ire coctum,

    id. Aul. 2, 4, 46; 3, 2, 15:

    coquendo sit faxo et molendo,

    Ter. Ad. 5, 3, 61.—
    B.
    Subst.
    1.
    coctum, i, n., cooked food:

    quid tu, malum, curas, utrum crudum an coctum edim?

    Plaut. Aul. 3, 2, 16 Ussing:

    ne quid in popinas cocti praeter legumina aut olera veniret,

    Suet. Ner. 16.— Plur.:

    cocta vendere,

    Suet. Claud. 38.—
    2.
    cocta, ae, f., water boiled, and cooled by ice; a decoction, Mart. 2, 85, 1; cf. Plin. 19, 4, 19, § 55; Suet. Ner. 48.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    To prepare by fire, to burn, parch, etc.:

    laterculos,

    Cato, R. R. 39, 2:

    calcem,

    id. ib. 38, 1 sq.:

    carbonem,

    id. ib. fin.:

    locum sol,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 14, 2; cf.:

    glaebas maturis solibus aestas,

    Verg. G. 1, 66:

    cocta ligna,

    dried, hardened by drying, Dig. 32, 1, 55, § 7:

    coctus agger,

    i. e. built of bricks, Prop. 3 (4), 11, 22:

    rosaria cocta matutino Noto,

    dried up, parched, id. 4 (5), 5, 62; cf.:

    at vos, praesentes Austri, coquite horum obsonia,

    Hor. S. 2, 2, 41:

    aurum cum plumbo,

    Plin. 33, 3, 19, § 60:

    aera fornacibus,

    Luc. 6, 405.—
    B.
    To ripen, make mature:

    arbores sol ac luna,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 7, 4:

    uvas,

    id. ib. 1, 54, 1; cf.

    vinum,

    Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 125; and:

    mitis vindemia,

    Verg. G. 2, 522:

    poma (with matura),

    Cic. Sen. 19, 71:

    fructus solibus,

    Plin. 12, 5, 11, § 23:

    messem,

    Mart. 10, 62 al. —
    C.
    = concoquo, to digest:

    cibus confectus jam coctusque,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 55, 137; 2, 54, 136 (but in these passages Madv. ad Cic. Fin. 2, 20, 64, would read concoquo, denying that coquo ever means to digest; cf. Spald. ad Quint. 8, 4, 16); Lact. Opif. Dei, 14, 5; cf.:

    balineae ardentes, quibus persuasere in corporibus cibos coqui,

    Plin. 29, 1, 8, § 26:

    plerique... bubulum coquunt,

    Cels. 4, 5, § 27; 4, 18, § 4.—
    III.
    Trop. (in the poets and prose writers after the Aug. per.).
    A.
    To elaborate something in mind, to consider, to think, meditate upon, contrive, plan: quicquid est, incoctum non expromet;

    bene coctum dabit,

    Plaut. Mil. 2, 2, 55: bene cocto, condito, sermone bono, Lucil. ap. Cic. Att. 13, 52, 1; cf. Cic. Fin. 2, 8, 25; cf.:

    consilia secreto,

    Liv. 2, 36, 2:

    bellum,

    id. 8, 3, 2:

    trucem invidiam,

    Stat. Th. 2, 300:

    iras cum fraude,

    Sil. 7, 403:

    Latio extrema coepta,

    id. 10, 431.—
    B.
    To vex, harass, torment, disturb the mind:

    egomet me coquo et macero et defetigo,

    Plaut. Trin. 2, 1, 3: si quid ego adjuero curamve levasso, quae nunc te coquit et versat in pectore fixa, Enn. ap. Cic. Sen. 1, 1; cf.:

    si sollicitudo oratorem macerat et coquit,

    Quint. 12, 10, 77:

    quos ira metusque coquebat,

    Sil. 14, 103:

    quam... Femineae ardentem curaeque iraeque coquebant,

    Verg. A. 7, 345.—Hence, Ital. cuocere; Fr. cuire. —Hence, coctus, a, um, P. a. (acc. to III. A. supra), well considered, well digested: bene coctus sermo, Lucil. ap. Cic. Att. 13, 52, 1.— Transf., of persons: hodie juris coctiores non sunt, qui lites creant. Quam, etc. (alluding to the double meaning of jus), better skilled in, etc., Plaut. Poen. 3, 2, 9.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > coquo

  • 17 decurro

    dē-curro, cŭcurri or curri (cf.:

    decucurrit,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 21; Tac. A. 2, 7; Suet. Ner. 11:

    decucurrerunt,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 19, 7; Petr. 64, 3:

    decucurrerat,

    Liv. 1, 12:

    decucurrisse,

    id. 25, 17; also,

    decurrerunt,

    id. 26, 51; 38, 8:

    decurrēre,

    Verg. A. 4, 153; 11, 189:

    decurrisset,

    Liv. 33, 26), cursum, 3, v. n. and (with homogeneous objects, viam, spatium, trop. aetatem, etc.) a., to run down from a higher point; to flow, move, sail, swim down; to run over, run through, traverse (class. and very freq.). —
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.
    (α).
    Neutr.:

    de tribunali decurrit,

    Liv. 4, 50: Laocoon ardens [p. 524] summa decurrit ab arcs, Verg. A. 2, 41; cf.:

    ab agro Lanuvino,

    Hor. Od. 3, 27, 3; for which merely with the abl.:

    altā decurrens arce,

    Verg. A. 11, 490; cf.:

    jugis,

    id. ib. 4, 153:

    Caesar ad cohortandos milites decucurrit,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 21; Suet. Ner. 11:

    ad naves decurrunt,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 28, 3; cf.:

    ad mare,

    Liv. 41, 2:

    ego puto te bellissime cum quaestore Mescinio decursurum (viz., on board ship),

    Cic. Fam. 16, 4, 3; cf.:

    tuto mari,

    to sail, Ov. M. 9, 591:

    celeri cymbā,

    id. F. 6, 77:

    pedibus siccis super summa aequora,

    id. M. 14, 50:

    piscis ad hamum,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 7, 74:

    monte decurrens velut amnis,

    id. Od. 4, 2, 5; Liv. 38, 13; Ov. M. 3, 569:

    uti naves decurrerent,

    should sail, Tac. A. 15, 43:

    in insulam quamdam decurrentes,

    sailing to, Vulg. Act. 27, 16:

    amnis Iomanes in Gangen per Palibothros decurrit,

    Plin. 6, 19, 22, § 69:

    in mare,

    Liv. 21, 26.— Pass. impers.:

    nunc video calcem, ad quam cum sit decursum, etc.,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 8, 15:

    quo decursum prope jam siet,

    Lucr. 2, 962.—
    (β).
    Act.:

    septingenta milia passuum vis esse decursa biduo?

    run through, Cic. Quint. 21, 81:

    decurso spatio ad carceres,

    id. Sen. 23, 83; cf.

    , with the accessory idea of completion: nec vero velim quasi decurso spatio ad carceres a calce revocari,

    id. de Sen. 23, 83; and:

    decursa novissima meta,

    Ov. M. 10, 597: vada salsa puppi, Catull. 64, 6.—
    2.
    Transf., of the stars ( poet.), to accomplish their course: stellaeque per vacuum solitae noctis decurrere tempus, Lucan. 1, 531; cf.

    lampas,

    id. 10, 501. —
    B.
    Esp., milit. t. t., to go through military exercises or manœuvres, to advance rapidly, to charge, skirmish, etc.:

    pedites decurrendo signa sequi et servare ordines docuit,

    while performing evolutions, Liv. 24, 48; cf. id. 23, 35; 26, 51; 40, 6 al.:

    ex montibus in vallem,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 2, 4; cf.:

    ex omnibus partibus,

    id. ib. 3, 4:

    ex superiore loco,

    Liv. 6, 33:

    ex Capitolio in hostem,

    id. 9, 4:

    ab arce,

    id. 1, 12:

    inde (sc. a Janiculo),

    id. 2, 10 et saep.:

    incredibili celeritate ad flumen,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 19, 7.— Pass. impers.:

    quinto (die) iterum in armis de cursum est,

    Liv. 26, 51.—
    2.
    Transf., to walk or run in armor, in celebrating some festival (usually in funeral games):

    (in funere Gracchi tradunt) armatum exercitum decucurrisse cum tripudiis Hispanorum,

    Liv. 25, 17:

    ter circum rogos, cincti fulgentibus armis, decurrēre,

    Verg. A. 11, 189; Tac. A. 2, 7; Suet. Claud. 1 (v. decursio). —
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    In gen.
    (α).
    Neutr.:

    quin proclivius hic iras decurrat ad acreis,

    Lucr. 3, 312; 4, 706; 5, 1262: quibus generibus per totas quaestiones decurrimus, go over or through, Quint. 9, 2, 48; cf. id. 10, 3, 17; Plin. 7, 16, 15, § 72:

    omnium eo sententiae decurrerunt, ut, pax, etc.,

    come to, Liv. 38, 8:

    ides se non illuc decurrere, quod,

    Tac. A. 4, 40:

    ad Philotam,

    Curt. 7, 1, 28:

    ad consulendum te,

    Plin. Ep. 10, 96.— Pass. impers.:

    decurritur ad leniorem sententiam,

    they come to, Liv. 6, 19; Quint. 6, 1, 2:

    sermo extra calcem decurrens,

    Amm. 21, 1, 14:

    postremo eo decursum est, ut, etc.,

    Liv. 26, 18; so id. 22, 31; 31, 20; Tac. A. 3, 59.—
    (β).
    Act., to run or pass through:

    decurso aetatis spatio,

    Plaut. Stich. 1, 2, 14;

    and so of one's course of life,

    id. Merc. 3, 2, 4; Ter. Ad. 5, 4, 6; Ov. Tr. 3, 4, 33; cf.:

    lumen vitae,

    Lucr. 3, 1042: noctis iter, Pac. ap. Varr. L. L. 6, p. 6 Müll. (v. 347 Ribb.):

    vitam,

    Prop. 2, 15, 41; Phaedr. 4, 1, 2;

    aetatem (with agere),

    Cic. Quint. 31 fin.: tuque ades inceptumque unā decurre laborem (the fig. is that of sailing in a vessel; cf.

    soon after: pelagoque volans da vela patenti),

    Verg. G. 2, 39 Heyne:

    ista, quae abs te breviter de arte decursa sunt,

    treated, discussed, Cic. de Or. 1, 32, 148; cf.:

    equos pugnasque virum decurrere versu,

    to sing, Stat. Silv. 5, 3, 149: prius... quam mea tot laudes decurrere carmina possint, Auct. Paneg. in Pis. 198.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    Pregn.: ad aliquid, to betake one's self to, have recourse to:

    ad haec extrema et inimicissima jura tam cupide decurrebas, ut, etc.,

    Cic. Quint. 15; so,

    ad istam hortationem,

    id. Caecin. 33, 65:

    ad medicamenta,

    Cels. 6, 18, 3:

    ad oraculum,

    Just. 16, 3:

    ad miseras preces,

    Hor. Od. 3, 29, 59:

    Haemonias ad artes,

    Ov. A. A. 2, 99; cf.:

    assuetas ad artes (Circe),

    id. Rem. Am. 287. Rarely to persons:

    ad Alexandri exercitum,

    Just. 14, 2.— Pass. impers.:

    decurritur ad illud extremum atque ultimum S. C.... DENT OPERAM CONSVLES, etc.,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 5, 3.—
    2.
    Of the heavenly bodies, to set, move downwards:

    qua sol decurrit meridies nuncupatur,

    Mel. 1, 1, 1; Manil. 1, 505.—With acc., to traverse, Tibull. 4, 1, 160.—
    3.
    In the rhetor. lang. of Quint., said of speech, to run on, Quint. 9, 4, 55 sq.; 11, 1, 6; 12, 9, 2 al.—
    4.
    Proverb., to run through, i. e. to leave off:

    quadrigae meae decucurrerunt (sc. ex quo podagricus factus sum),

    i. e. my former cheerfulness is at an end, is gone, Petr. 64, 3.—So, haec (vitia) aetate sunt decursa, laid aside, Coel. in Cic. Fam. 8, 13.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > decurro

  • 18 dispereo

    dis-pĕrĕo, ii, 4, v. n., to go completely to ruin, to be lost or undone, to perish (rare;

    mostly ante-class.): quin prius disperibit faxo, quam unam calcem civerit,

    Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 86:

    fructus dispereunt,

    Varr. R. R. 1, 11, 1; cf. Col. 12, 46, 2: fundus, * Cic. Agr. 2, 29, 80:

    disperit cibus,

    Lucr. 3, 704:

    vestis multo sanguine,

    id. 5, 1422; id. 4, 376; 5, 288 al.:

    tui labores,

    Cat. 14, 11.—

    Prov.: male partum male disperit,

    light come, light go, Plaut. Poen. 4, 2, 22 (for which dilabitur, Poëta ap. Cic. Phil. 2, 27). —
    II.
    In colloq. lang.:

    disperii!

    I am undone! it's all over with me! Plaut. Bacch. 5, 1, 28; id. Aul. 2, 2, 65; id. Cas. 5, 3, 2; id. Most. 2, 1, 28 et saep.; Ter. Heaut. 2, 4, 24; id. Ad. 3, 3, 1; Afran. ap. Non. 110, 13;

    for which once Dispereo!

    Plaut. Stich. 5, 5, 12: Dispeream, si or nisi, may I perish, if or if not; a strong asseveration, Cat. 92, 2, 4; Prop. 2, 21, 9 (3, 14, 9 M.); Hor. S. 1, 9, 47; Suet. Tib. 59 al.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > dispereo

  • 19 folium

    fŏlĭum, ii, n. [Gr. phullon, for phulion; cf. alius, allos; root prob. phla-, phlasmos; Lat. flos, Flora], a leaf (cf. frons).
    I.
    Lit., of plants:

    quid in arboribus? in quibus non truncus, non rami, non folia sunt denique, nisi, etc.,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 46, 179:

    latissima (folia) fico, angusta myrto, capillata pino, aculeata aquifolio, etc.,

    Plin. 16, 24, 38, § 90:

    concava caepae,

    id. 19, 6, 31, § 100:

    foliis ex arboribus strictis,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 58, 3:

    mobilia,

    Hor. C. 1, 23, 5:

    amara,

    id. S. 2, 3, 114:

    arida laureae,

    Cic. Pis. 40, 97.—

    Prov.: folia nunc cadunt, si triduom hoc hic erimus, tum arbores in te cadent,

    Plaut. Men. 2, 3, 24.—As a proverb of mobility or changeableness:

    nec me consules movent, qui ipsi pluma aut folio facilius moventur,

    Cic. Att. 8, 15, 2.—The Sibyl wrote her oracles on leaves (acc. to Varro, on palmleaves), Verg. A. 3, 444; 6, 74 Serv.;

    hence, prov.: credite me vobis folium recitare Sibyllae,

    i. e. I am talking gospel, absolute truth, Juv. 8, 126.—
    * II.
    Trop., a thing of no consequence, a trifle:

    folia sunt artis et nugae merae,

    App. M. 1, p. 106, 8.—
    III.
    Transf., a leaf of paper (late Lat. for plagula, charta, or schedula):

    ille manu retractis in calcem foliis sic exorsus est,

    Macr. S. 5, 4, 1. (In Plin. 37, 7, 29, § 103, the better read. is fila; v. Jan. and Sillig, ad h. l.).

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > folium

  • 20 impingo

    impingo ( inp-), pēgi, pactum, 3 (archaic inf. pres. pass. impingier, Plaut. Capt. 3, 5, 76), v. a. [in-pango], to push, strike, or drive at or into any thing; to thrust, strike, or dash against (not freq. till after the Aug. per.; cf.: incutio, infligo, illido).
    I.
    Lit.:

    pugnum in os impinge,

    Plaut. Rud. 3, 4, 5:

    mustriculam in dentes, Afran. ap. Fest. s. v. mustricula, p. 148 Müll.: a paucioribus Othonianis quo minus in vallum impingerentur,

    would have been driven to, Tac. H. 2, 41:

    impactus in carcerem,

    Dig. 48, 3, 13; so, to forge on, fix or fasten on:

    jubete huic crassas compedes impingier,

    Plaut. Capt. 3, 5, 76; id. Pers. 4, 4, 24; cf.: fustem alicui, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 8, 9:

    lapidem Aesopo,

    Phaedr. 3, 5, 7:

    laqueum alicui, Sen. Tranq. an. 10: caput parieti,

    Plin. Ep. 3, 16, 12:

    dentes arbori,

    Plin. 8, 3, 4, § 8:

    aequor scopulis,

    Sil. 12, 187:

    agmina muris,

    Verg. A. 5, 805; Stat. Th. 7, 28:

    impinge pugnum, si muttiverit,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 7, 2:

    pessimus gubernator, qui navem, dum portum egreditur, impegit,

    Quint. 4, 1, 61:

    clitellas ferus impingas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 13, 8:

    nubes vehementer impactae,

    Sen. Q. N. 2, 12: impingere se in columnas, to dash one ' s self against, id. de Ira, 1, 19, 4:

    cum caede magna (hostem) in aciem altiore superstantem tumulo inpegere,

    Liv. 27, 18, 14.—

    Prov.: calcem impingere alicui rei,

    i. e. to give it a kick, to cast it aside, Petr. 46; v. calx. —
    B.
    In gen., to hand, press upon, force upon one (rare):

    huic calix mulsi impingendus est, ut plorare desinat,

    Cic. Tusc. 3, 19, 44:

    alicui epistulam,

    id. Att. 6, 1, 6; Sen. Ep. 95:

    oculum libidinose,

    to cast upon, direct to, Tert. Idol. 2.—
    II.
    Trop., to drive, throw upon, push or force to any thing:

    illum libido in contraria impinget,

    Sen. Ep. 95 med.:

    aliquem in litem ac molestiam,

    id. ib. 117: dicam tibi impingam grandem, I will direct or bring against you, Ter. Phorm. 2, 3, 92:

    naturae munus suum,

    to throw in her face, Sen. Prov. 6 fin.:

    egestas Catilinam patriae suae impegit,

    drove, incited him against, Flor. 3, 12, 12:

    quod populos scelerata impegit in arma,

    Luc. 6, 406:

    beneficium,

    Sen. Ben. 1, 1: quocumque visum est, libido se impingit, id. de Ira, 2, 8.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > impingo


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