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before this

  • 1 до того как

    Till (or Until, or Before) this gear was developed the chain steering-gear was the only type...

    Русско-английский научно-технический словарь переводчика > до того как

  • 2 данные, приведенные до этой даты

    Универсальный русско-английский словарь > данные, приведенные до этой даты

  • 3 прежде

    Универсальный русско-английский словарь > прежде

  • 4 прежде я уже об этом (раньше) слышал

    General subject: before this

    Универсальный русско-английский словарь > прежде я уже об этом (раньше) слышал

  • 5 раньше

    1) General subject: Where once, above (as stated above - как сказано выше), afore, anciently, anteriorly, before, before now, before this, earlier, earlier on, erst, first, formerly, in advance, in advance of (чего-л.), on former occasions, precedently, previously, prior to, pro-, sooner, this side (до определённого срока), used to + verb (My son's lunch used to consist of a peanut butter and jelly sandwich but he's not allowed that now because of peanut allergies in his class.), back in the old days, in the past, back in the day, sooner in smb's life
    2) Poetical language: erenow
    3) Religion: beforetime

    Универсальный русско-английский словарь > раньше

  • 6 ровно год назад

    Универсальный русско-английский словарь > ровно год назад

  • 7 я уже об этом (раньше) слышал

    General subject: I had heard of it before this

    Универсальный русско-английский словарь > я уже об этом (раньше) слышал

  • 8 В-208

    ПОВИСАТЬ/ПОВИСНУТЬ В ВОЗДУХЕ VP fixed WO
    1. ( subj: usu. рука, нога) having interrupted a movement before it is completed, to remain motionless in that position: рука (нога) повисла в воздухе - s.o. 's arm (leg) remained (was left) suspended in midair.
    2. coll. Also: ВИСЕТЬ В ВОЗДУХЕ coll (subj: human or abstr (дело, поездка, планы etc)) to be in a state of uncertainty, in an indefinite position
    X повис в воздухе — X was left hanging
    X was up in the air X was in (a state of) limbo.
    Из-за маминой болезни моя командировка в Прагу повисла в воздухе. Because of my mother's illness, my business trip to Prague is up in the air.
    3. ( subj: слова, возражения etc) (of s.o. 's remarks, objections etc) to receive no reaction, response, or support (from others)
    X повис в воздухе = X fell on deaf ears
    X was of (to) no avail.
    (Бывший партийный работник) стал агитатором в каком-то техникуме, в Ленинграде... Пришёл поторопить своих подопечных в день выборов - никто идти не хочет. Он говорит: «Вам надо с нас пример брать - мы революцию делали»... А ему отвечают: «А кто вас просил революцию делать? Раньше лучше жилось...» Вся его революционная фразеология повисла в воздухе... (Мандельштам 1)....He (a former Party official) had taken on the job of giving political instruction in a Leningrad technical college....On one election day he had come to the college early to get all the students out to vote, but none of them wanted to. He said they should take an example from people like himself who had "made the Revolution."...To this they replied that nobody had asked him to make a revolution and that people had been better off before. This had left him speechless, and the whole of his "revolutionary" claptrap had been to no avail (1a).

    Большой русско-английский фразеологический словарь > В-208

  • 9 Г-186

    КУДА ЗТО ГОДИТСЯ! coll (sent Invar fixed WO
    this is utterly inappropriate, unacceptable (used to express a harsh judgment of or negative attitude toward sth.): this is just (really) too much!
    how could you (he etc) do such a thing! how can this be!
    Почему мне об этом раньше не сказали? Куда это годится! Why wasn't I told about this before? This is really too much!

    Большой русско-английский фразеологический словарь > Г-186

  • 10 Д-142

    БЛИЖЕ К ДЕЛУ ( Invar fixed WO
    1. Also: К ДЁЛУ(!) ( usu. indep. sent) (used as a prompt, appeal, or command) do not digress, speak relevantly
    get (come, stick) to the point
    get (down) to business get (down) to the business at hand to business! get down to brass tacks.
    «Но к делу, к делу, Маргарита Николаевна. Вы женщина весьма умная и, конечно, уже догадались о том, кто наш хозяин» (Булгаков 9). "But come to the point, Margarita Nikolayevna. You are a very intelligent woman and have naturally guessed who our host is" (9b).
    (Авдонин:) Побежал я, короче говоря, в контору. Комнату просить. Очень плохо соображал... (Третий коммунист:) Под газом? (Авдонин:) Какой - под газом! Рано утром. (Яблоков:) Ближе к делу, Авдонин (Салынский 1). (А.:)...То put it briefly, I ran to the office to ask for a room. I hardly knew what I was doing.... (Third communist:) Were you tight? (A.:) I wasn't tight at all. It was early in the morning. (Ya:) Stick to the point, Avdonin (1a).
    Теперь к делу: что вам сказала княгиня Литовская обо мне?» (Лермонтов 1). "Now, to business! What did the old Princess Ligovskoy say to you about me?" (1a).
    2.
    AdjP subj-compl with бытье ( subj: это), usu. pres) this is more relevant than what was said before
    this is more to the point
    (in limited contexts) now you're talking.
    (Галя:) Хорошо, если ты хочешь откровенности - пожалуйста: во-первых... (Андрей:) Слушай, нельзя ли прямо -в-десятых! (Галя:) Хорошо! В-двадцать-пятых! (Андрей:) Вот это ближе к делу (Розов 1). (G.:) All right-if you want me to be frank—first... (A.:) Listen, could you make it short and start with "tenthly"! (G.:) All right! Twenty-fifthly!... (A.:) Now you're talking (1a).

    Большой русско-английский фразеологический словарь > Д-142

  • 11 М-206

    СХОДИТЬ/СОЙТИ В МОГЙЛУ (В ГРОБ) ЛЕЧЬ В МОГЙЛУ (В ГРОБ) ЛОЖИТЬСЯ/ЛЕЧЬ В ЗЕМЛЮ УЙТИ В МОГЙЛУ (В ЗЕМЛЮ) all rather elev VP subj: human to die
    X сошёл в могилу — X went to his grave
    X went to his final resting place X went to (his) eternal rest X laid his bones to rest X lay in his grave (in limited contexts with subj: pi) Xs died off.
    Несколько раз, со слезами на глазах, графиня говорила сыну, что теперь, когда обе дочери ее пристроены, - ее единственное желание состоит в том, чтобы видеть его женатым. Она говорила, что легла бы в гроб спокойною, ежели бы это было (Толстой 5). On several occasions, with tears in her eyes, the Countess had told her son that now that both of her daughters were settled, her only wish was to see him married. She said she could go to her grave content if this were accomplished (5a).
    (Лебедев:) Жениха бы ей лучше подыскала... (Авдотья Назаровна:) И найду! В гроб, грешница, не лягу, а ее да Санечку замуж выдам!.. В гроб не лягу... (Чехов 4). (L.:) Better find her а husband. (A.:) I will, I will. I won't lay my sinful old bones to rest before I've found a husband for her and Sasha, that I won't (4b) (L.:) You'd do better to find her a husband (A.:) Just see if I don't! Before this old sinner lies in her grave, I'll have her married, and Sanichka, too!...Yes, before I'm in my grave... (4a).
    Убийцы и предатели находятся под верховной защитой, потому что они «ошибались» вместе со своим начальством. Постепенно они сойдут в могилы, а новые поколения выдвинут новые кадры убийц и предателей... (Мандельштам 2). All the killers and traitors..are under the highest protection because they "erred" to- gether with those in authority over them. They will now gradually die off and a new generation will have no difficulty in finding its own murderers and informers... (2a).

    Большой русско-английский фразеологический словарь > М-206

  • 12 С-245

    ВО СЛАВУ кого-чего lit PrepP Invar the resulting PrepP is adv or nonagreeing postmodif) for the praise and honor of s.o. or sth.: to the glory of for the greater glory of in glorification of glorifying.
    «Действие у меня в Испании, в Севилье, в самое страшное время инквизиции, когда во славу божию в стране ежедневно горели костры...» (Достоевский 1). "My action is set in Spain, in Seville, in the most horrible time of the Inquisition, when fires blazed every day to the glory of God.. " (1a)
    ...Люди, принявшие эту доктрину, честно поработали во славу новой морали... (Мандельштам 1)....The people who accepted this doctrine worked sincerely for the greater glory of the new morality (1a).
    Под гром рукоплесканий Лакоба выпил свой бокал. И не успел замолкнуть этот гром во славу скромности вождя, как в дверях появился повар в белом халате... (Искандер 3). J context transl)..То the thunder of applause, Lakoba drained his glass. Before this thundering glorification of the Leaders modesty had stopped, the cook came through the door in his white apron.. (3a).

    Большой русско-английский фразеологический словарь > С-245

  • 13 Т-62

    ПЕРЕД ТЕМ КАК subord Conj, temporal) previously to the time when
    before.
    Перед тем, как случиться всей этой истории, я спокойно писал своего Чонкина... (Войнович 3). Before this whole thing happened, I was peacefully writing my Chonkin... (3a).

    Большой русско-английский фразеологический словарь > Т-62

  • 14 прежде я уже об этом слышал

    General subject: (раньше) before this

    Универсальный русско-английский словарь > прежде я уже об этом слышал

  • 15 я уже об этом слышал

    General subject: (раньше) I had heard of it before this

    Универсальный русско-английский словарь > я уже об этом слышал

  • 16 висеть в воздухе

    ПОВИСАТЬ/ПОВИСНУТЬ В ВОЗДУХЕ
    [VP; fixed WO]
    =====
    1. [subj: usu. рука, нога]
    having interrupted a movement before it is completed, to remain motionless in that position:
    - рука < нога> повисла в воздухе s.o.'s arm (leg) remained (was left) suspended in midair.
    2. coll. Also: ВИСЕТЬ В ВОЗДУХЕ coll [subj: human or abstr (дело, поездка, планы etc)]
    to be in a state of uncertainty, in an indefinite position:
    - X повис в воздухе X was left hanging;
    - X was in (a state of) limbo.
         ♦ Из-за маминой болезни моя командировка в Прагу повисла в воздухе. Because of my mother's illness, my business trip to Prague is up in the air.
    3. [subj: слова, возражения etc]
    (of s.o.'s remarks, objections etc) to receive no reaction, response, or support (from others):
    - X повис в воздухе X fell on deaf ears;
    - X was of (to) no avail.
         ♦ [Бывший партийный работник] стал агитатором в каком-то техникуме, в Ленинграде... Пришёл поторопить своих подопечных в день выборов - никто идти не хочет. Он говорит: "Вам надо с нас пример брать - мы революцию делали"... А ему отвечают: "А кто вас просил революцию делать? Раньше лучше жилось..." Вся его революционная фразеология повисла в воздухе... (Мандельштам 1).... Не [a former Party official] had taken on the job of giving political instruction in a Leningrad technical college....On one election day he had come to the college early to get all the students out to vote, but none of them wanted to. He said they should take an example from people like himself who had "made the Revolution."...To this they replied that nobody had asked him to make a revolution and that people had been better off before. This had left him speechless, and the whole of his "revolutionary" claptrap had been to no avail (1a).

    Большой русско-английский фразеологический словарь > висеть в воздухе

  • 17 повисать в воздухе

    ПОВИСАТЬ/ПОВИСНУТЬ В ВОЗДУХЕ
    [VP; fixed WO]
    =====
    1. [subj: usu. рука, нога]
    having interrupted a movement before it is completed, to remain motionless in that position:
    - рука < нога> повисла в воздухе s.o.'s arm (leg) remained (was left) suspended in midair.
    2. coll. Also: ВИСЕТЬ В ВОЗДУХЕ coll [subj: human or abstr (дело, поездка, планы etc)]
    to be in a state of uncertainty, in an indefinite position:
    - X повис в воздухе X was left hanging;
    - X was in (a state of) limbo.
         ♦ Из-за маминой болезни моя командировка в Прагу повисла в воздухе. Because of my mother's illness, my business trip to Prague is up in the air.
    3. [subj: слова, возражения etc]
    (of s.o.'s remarks, objections etc) to receive no reaction, response, or support (from others):
    - X повис в воздухе X fell on deaf ears;
    - X was of (to) no avail.
         ♦ [Бывший партийный работник] стал агитатором в каком-то техникуме, в Ленинграде... Пришёл поторопить своих подопечных в день выборов - никто идти не хочет. Он говорит: "Вам надо с нас пример брать - мы революцию делали"... А ему отвечают: "А кто вас просил революцию делать? Раньше лучше жилось..." Вся его революционная фразеология повисла в воздухе... (Мандельштам 1).... Не [a former Party official] had taken on the job of giving political instruction in a Leningrad technical college....On one election day he had come to the college early to get all the students out to vote, but none of them wanted to. He said they should take an example from people like himself who had "made the Revolution."...To this they replied that nobody had asked him to make a revolution and that people had been better off before. This had left him speechless, and the whole of his "revolutionary" claptrap had been to no avail (1a).

    Большой русско-английский фразеологический словарь > повисать в воздухе

  • 18 повиснуть в воздухе

    ПОВИСАТЬ/ПОВИСНУТЬ В ВОЗДУХЕ
    [VP; fixed WO]
    =====
    1. [subj: usu. рука, нога]
    having interrupted a movement before it is completed, to remain motionless in that position:
    - рука < нога> повисла в воздухе s.o.'s arm (leg) remained (was left) suspended in midair.
    2. coll. Also: ВИСЕТЬ В ВОЗДУХЕ coll [subj: human or abstr (дело, поездка, планы etc)]
    to be in a state of uncertainty, in an indefinite position:
    - X повис в воздухе X was left hanging;
    - X was in (a state of) limbo.
         ♦ Из-за маминой болезни моя командировка в Прагу повисла в воздухе. Because of my mother's illness, my business trip to Prague is up in the air.
    3. [subj: слова, возражения etc]
    (of s.o.'s remarks, objections etc) to receive no reaction, response, or support (from others):
    - X повис в воздухе X fell on deaf ears;
    - X was of (to) no avail.
         ♦ [Бывший партийный работник] стал агитатором в каком-то техникуме, в Ленинграде... Пришёл поторопить своих подопечных в день выборов - никто идти не хочет. Он говорит: "Вам надо с нас пример брать - мы революцию делали"... А ему отвечают: "А кто вас просил революцию делать? Раньше лучше жилось..." Вся его революционная фразеология повисла в воздухе... (Мандельштам 1).... Не [a former Party official] had taken on the job of giving political instruction in a Leningrad technical college....On one election day he had come to the college early to get all the students out to vote, but none of them wanted to. He said they should take an example from people like himself who had "made the Revolution."...To this they replied that nobody had asked him to make a revolution and that people had been better off before. This had left him speechless, and the whole of his "revolutionary" claptrap had been to no avail (1a).

    Большой русско-английский фразеологический словарь > повиснуть в воздухе

  • 19 куда это годится!

    [sent; Invar; fixed WO]
    =====
    this is utterly inappropriate, unacceptable (used to express a harsh judgment of or negative attitude toward sth.):
    - this is just (really) too much!;
    - how could you (he etc) do such a thing!;
    - how can this be!
         ♦ Почему мне об этом раньше не сказали? Куда это годится! Why wasn't I told about this before? This is really too much!

    Большой русско-английский фразеологический словарь > куда это годится!

  • 20 ближе к делу

    [Invar; fixed WO]
    =====
    1. Also: К ДЕЛУ(!) [usu. indep. sent]
    (used as a prompt, appeal, or command) do not digress, speak relevantly:
    - get (come, stick) to the point;
    - to business!;
    - get down to brass tacks.
         ♦ "Но к делу, к делу, Маргарита Николаевна. Вы женщина весьма умная и, конечно, уже догадались о том, кто наш хозяин" (Булгаков 9). "But come to the point, Margarita Nikolayevna. You are a very intelligent woman and have naturally guessed who our host is" (9b).
         ♦ [Авдонин:] Побежал я, короче говоря, в контору. Комнату просить. Очень плохо соображал... [Третий коммунист:] Под газом? [Авдонин:] Какой - под газом! Рано утром. [Яблоков:] Ближе к делу, Авдонин (Салынский 1). [ А.:]... То put it briefly, I ran to the office to ask for a room. I hardly knew what I was doing.... [Third communist:] Were you tight? [A.:] I wasn't tight at all. It was early in the morning. [Ya:] Stick to the point, Avdonin (1a).
         ♦ "Теперь к делу: что вам сказала княгиня Лиговская обо мне?" (Лермонтов 1). "Now, to business! What did the old Princess Ligovskoy say to you about me?" (1a).
    2. [AdjP; subj-compl with быть (subj: это), usu. pres]
    this is more relevant than what was said before:
    - [in limited contexts] now you're talking.
         ♦ [Галя:] Хорошо, если ты хочешь откровенности - пожалуйста: во-первых... [Андрей:] Слушай, нельзя ли прямо - в-десятых! [Галя:] Хорошо! В-двадцать-пятых! [Андрей:] Вот это ближе к делу (Розов 1). [G.:] All right-if you want me to be frank - first... [A.:] Listen, could you make it short and start with "tenthly"! [G.:] All right! Uventy-fifthly!... [A.:] Now you're talking (1a).

    Большой русско-английский фразеологический словарь > ближе к делу

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