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balance-of-payments difficulties

См. также в других словарях:

  • balance of payments —    Spain s balance of payments shows the usual cycle of oscillations between surplus years and deficit years. From the early 1960s to the early 1970s there was generally a surplus. But Spain s dependence on imported oil changed the situation… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture

  • international payment and exchange — ▪ economics Introduction international exchange also called  foreign exchange        respectively, any payment made by one country to another and the market in which national currencies are bought and sold by those who require them for such… …   Universalium

  • international trade — Introduction       economic transactions that are made between countries. Among the items commonly traded are consumer goods, such as television sets and clothing; capital goods, such as machinery; and raw materials and food. Other transactions… …   Universalium

  • economic planning — Use of government to make economic decisions with respect to the use of resources. In communist countries with a state planning apparatus, detailed and rigid planning results in a command economy; land, capital, and the means of production are… …   Universalium

  • History of Ecuador — This is the history of Ecuador. See also the history of South America and the history of present day nations and states.Pre Columbian EcuadorEcuador offers little archeological evidence of its pre Hispanic civilizations. Nonetheless, its most… …   Wikipedia

  • economic growth — Process by which a nation s wealth increases over time. The most widely used measure of economic growth is the real rate of growth in a country s total output of goods and services (gauged by the gross domestic product adjusted for inflation, or… …   Universalium

  • History of Ecuador (1960–1990) — History of Ecuador This article is part of a series Ancient Cultures of Ecuador …   Wikipedia

  • Extended Fund Facility —    Assistance given to IMF member nations with economies suffering from serious balance of payments difficulties caused by structural imbalances in production, trade and prices. Or alternatively, to those countries whose economies are… …   Financial and business terms

  • Char D1 — Type Tank Place of origin …   Wikipedia

  • Tax cut — A tax cut is a reduction in taxes. Economic stimulus via tax cuts, along with interest rate intervention and deficit spending, are one of the central tenets of Keynesian economics.Economic theoryThe immediate effects of a tax cut are not,… …   Wikipedia

  • Guinea-Bissau — /gin ee bi sow /, n. a republic on the W coast of Africa, between Guinea and Senegal: formerly a Portuguese overseas province; gained independence in 1974. 1,178,584; 13,948 sq. mi. (36,125 sq. km). Cap.: Bissau. Formerly, Portuguese Guinea. * *… …   Universalium


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