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awareness of books

  • 1 BOOKS-INFO

    Ex. Another interesting data base is BOOKS-INFO, a file of bibliographic data on books in print, from Brodart Inc.
    * * *

    Ex: Another interesting data base is BOOKS-INFO, a file of bibliographic data on books in print, from Brodart Inc.

    Spanish-English dictionary > BOOKS-INFO

  • 2 books

    books

    Vocabulario Castellano-Catalán > books

  • 3 Ayuda Internacional de Libros (BAI)

    Ex. This article describes a book gift ceremony to promote awareness among developing countries of the Book Aid International (BAI) (formerly Ranfurly Library Service) programme to provide books which are relevant to their needs.

    Spanish-English dictionary > Ayuda Internacional de Libros (BAI)

  • 4 BAI (Ayuda Internacional de Libros)

    Ex. This article describes a book gift ceremony to promote awareness among developing countries of the Book Aid International (BAI) (formerly Ranfurly Library Service) programme to provide books which are relevant to their needs.

    Spanish-English dictionary > BAI (Ayuda Internacional de Libros)

  • 5 Comisión Europea para la Preservación y el Acceso (ECPA)

    Ex. The European Commission on Preservation and Access (ECPA) was founded in 1994 by librarians, archivists and scholars out of concern for millions of endangered books to raise awareness and convince decision makers of the importance of preservation.

    Spanish-English dictionary > Comisión Europea para la Preservación y el Acceso (ECPA)

  • 6 adquirir conocimiento

    (v.) = gain + knowledge, glean + knowledge, acquire + knowledge, build up + knowledge
    Ex. Search strategies may be amended to take account of knowledge gained about a subject and its literature as the search progresses.
    Ex. Serials may be sought by title as part of specific search for a given part of a periodical, or used for current awareness where each new issue is a means of updating the knowledge gleaned from the first.
    Ex. Vervliet's involvement with books began with his appointment in 1949 as keeper at the Plantin Moretus Museum in Antwerp, where he acquired a wide knowledge of the history of printing in the Low Countries.
    Ex. Reading about the country in this relaxed way helps the student to build up a background knowledge of attitudes, assumptions and feelings.
    * * *
    (v.) = gain + knowledge, glean + knowledge, acquire + knowledge, build up + knowledge

    Ex: Search strategies may be amended to take account of knowledge gained about a subject and its literature as the search progresses.

    Ex: Serials may be sought by title as part of specific search for a given part of a periodical, or used for current awareness where each new issue is a means of updating the knowledge gleaned from the first.
    Ex: Vervliet's involvement with books began with his appointment in 1949 as keeper at the Plantin Moretus Museum in Antwerp, where he acquired a wide knowledge of the history of printing in the Low Countries.
    Ex: Reading about the country in this relaxed way helps the student to build up a background knowledge of attitudes, assumptions and feelings.

    Spanish-English dictionary > adquirir conocimiento

  • 7 aumentar

    v.
    1 to increase, to rise.
    aumentar la producción to increase production
    la lente aumenta la imagen the lens magnifies the image
    me han aumentado el sueldo my salary has been raised
    aumentó casi 10 kilos he put on almost 10 kilos
    aumentar de peso/tamaño to increase in weight/size
    aumentar de precio to go up o increase in price
    el desempleo aumentó en un 4 por ciento unemployment rose o increased by 4 percent
    El ejercicio aumenta el apetito Exercising increases the appetite.
    Aumentaron los gastos The expenses increased.
    Nos aumentaron las ganancias este año Our profits increased this year.
    2 to magnify, to amplify.
    El reportero aumentó la noticia The reporter magnified the news story.
    3 to enlarge.
    Vamos a aumentar la casa We will enlarge the house.
    4 to raise, to improve.
    El movimiento aumentó la temperatura Movement raised the temperature.
    5 to increase the size of, to enlarge.
    * * *
    1 to augment, increase (precios) to put up; (producción) to step up
    2 (óptica) to magnify
    3 (fotos) to enlarge
    4 (sonido) to amplify
    1 to rise, go up
    1 to increase, be on the increase (precios) to go up, rise
    * * *
    verb
    * * *
    1. VT
    1) [+ tamaño] to increase; (Fot) to enlarge; (Ópt) to magnify
    2) [+ cantidad] to increase; [+ precio] to increase, put up; [+ producción] to increase, step up
    3) [+ intensidad] to increase
    4) (Elec, Radio) to amplify
    2. VI
    1) [tamaño] to increase
    2) [cantidad, precio, producción] to increase, go up

    este semestre aumentó la inflación en un 2% — inflation has increased o gone up by 2% over the last 6 months

    3) [intensidad] to increase
    4)

    aumentar de peso[objeto] to increase in weight; [persona] to put on o gain weight

    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    a) <precio/sueldo> to increase, raise; <cantidad/velocidad/tamaño> to increase; <producción/dosis> to increase, step up; dolor/miedo/tensión to increase
    b) < puntos> ( en tejido) to increase
    2.
    aumentar vi temperatura/presión to rise; velocidad to increase; precio/producción/valor to increase, rise

    aumentar de algode volumen/tamaño to increase in something

    aumentó de pesohe put on o gained weight

    * * *
    = accelerate, augment, become + large, enhance, enlarge, escalate, expand, grow + larger, increase, raise, rise, strengthen, accentuate, grow, add to, deepen, mushroom, intensify, wax, swell, pump up, bump up, step up, spike, crank up, ramp up, move it up + a gear, notch it up + a gear, take it up + a gear, take it up + a notch, crank it up + a notch, crank it up + a gear, move it up + a notch, ratchet up, amp up, turn up.
    Ex. In recent years, the pace of change has accelerated with the introduction of on-line information retrieval.
    Ex. These sources which form the basis of the intellectual selection of terms may be augmented by the machine selection of terms.
    Ex. If the number of categories becomes large, cross-references will be necessary between individual files.
    Ex. An introduction explaining the nature and scope of the indexing language will enhance its value.
    Ex. Here entry is made under the original author of an edition that has been revised, enlarged, updated, condensed, and so on by another person.
    Ex. Over the past two to three years the numbers of full text data bases and data banks has started to escalate considerably.
    Ex. As the quantity of knowledge expands the need to organise it becomes more pressing.
    Ex. As the system grows larger it's more difficult to maintain that control.
    Ex. Recall is inversely proportional to precision, and vice versa, or in other words, as one increases, the other must decrease.
    Ex. The speaker said that James estimated people function at only 20% of their capacity, and concluded that they could raise this percentage considerable if they knew how to manage their time more efficiently.
    Ex. If suppliers are forced out of business, there will be less software to lend and prices will rise with the lack of competition.
    Ex. He proposes a research agenda that could strengthen archival appraisal and the profession's ability to document society.
    Ex. However, future trends may tend to accentuate this division.
    Ex. No true reader can be expected to grow on a diet of prescribed texts only regardless of how well chosen they are.
    Ex. In addition, Britain has one of the most extensive bodies of legislation in the world, which is added to daily and encrusted with myriad rules and regulations.
    Ex. One of the effects of reading in children is that their appreciation of the processes and function of literature is deepened.
    Ex. The use of electronic mail systems has mushroomed in the last 5 years in industrialised nations.
    Ex. Whilst these achievements are commendable, there is a catch in them -- there can be used to 'intensify' the economic exploitation of women.
    Ex. The population waxed again slightly, then waned again, until it finally stabilized around its present 55,000.
    Ex. Reference work has been ill-served in the past by its expositors and theoreticians: its extensive literature of several hundred papers and books is swollen by a mass of the transient and the trivial.
    Ex. The article ' Pump up the program...' identifies the costs and benefits of undertaking a software upgrade.
    Ex. Most librarians will admit that they could probably increase the use made of their lending libraries and bump up their annual loans by stocking more romances and thrillers and fewer serious novels, but they do not do this.
    Ex. The intensity of marketing to schools and parents will have to be stepped up by publishers if they are to succeed in the more competitive market.
    Ex. Baby boomers are desperately trying to hold onto their salad days -- plastic surgery, vitamins and drugs like Viagra have spiked in public demand.
    Ex. Refiners are cranking up diesel output to meet rising global demand.
    Ex. EGND has hit a home run with the introduction of a new product line, increasing sales projections, and ramping up production schedules.
    Ex. Liverpool and Chelsea are grabbing all the headlines, but Arsenal have quietly moved it up a gear scoring 10 goals in their last three league games.
    Ex. Start gently, ease yourself in by breaking the workout down into three one minute sessions until you are ready to notch it up a gear and join them together.
    Ex. There was not much to separate the sides in the first ten minutes however Arsenal took it up a gear and got the goal but not without a bit of luck.
    Ex. We have a good time together and we're good friends.. but I'd like to take it up a notch.
    Ex. David quickly comprehended our project needs and then cranked it up a notch with impactful design.
    Ex. Went for a bike ride with a mate last week, no problems so will crank it up a gear and tackle some hills in the next few weeks.
    Ex. After a regular walking routine is established, why not move it up a notch and start jogging, if you haven't already.
    Ex. The health department has ratcheted up efforts to prevent or slow down the spread of swine flu in schools.
    Ex. In order to gain strength fast, you need to immediately begin amping up your strength thermostat in your mind.
    Ex. Cytokines are small proteins used to communicate messages between the immune cells in the immune system to either turn up or down the immune response.
    ----
    * aumentar de importancia = grow in + importance, grow in + significance.
    * aumentar de tamaño = grow in + size, grow + larger, increase in + size.
    * aumentar de valor = increase in + value.
    * aumentar el conocimiento = expand + Posesivo + knowledge, deepen + awareness.
    * aumentar el control = tighten (up) + control.
    * aumentar el esfuerzo = increase + effort.
    * aumentar el precio = mark up + price, jack up + the price.
    * aumentar el presupuesto = add + monies to + budget.
    * aumentar en cantidad = increase in + quantity.
    * aumentar en número = grow in + numbers, increase in + numbers.
    * aumentar en variedad = grow in + kind.
    * aumentar la confusión = add to + the confusion.
    * aumentar la experiencia = deepen + experience.
    * aumentar la productividad = increase + productivity, boost + Posesivo + productivity.
    * aumentar las diferencias entre... y = widen + the gap between... and.
    * aumentar las posibilidades = increase + the odds.
    * aumentar las probabilidades = shorten + the odds.
    * aumentar las ventas = boost + sales.
    * aumentar la velocidad = grow + faster.
    * aumentar los costes = cost + rise.
    * aumentar los impuestos = increase + taxes.
    * aumentar los ingresos = boost + Posesivo + income.
    * aumentar rápidamente = snowball.
    * crisis + aumentar = crisis + deepen.
    * estar aumentando = be on the increase.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    a) <precio/sueldo> to increase, raise; <cantidad/velocidad/tamaño> to increase; <producción/dosis> to increase, step up; dolor/miedo/tensión to increase
    b) < puntos> ( en tejido) to increase
    2.
    aumentar vi temperatura/presión to rise; velocidad to increase; precio/producción/valor to increase, rise

    aumentar de algode volumen/tamaño to increase in something

    aumentó de pesohe put on o gained weight

    * * *
    = accelerate, augment, become + large, enhance, enlarge, escalate, expand, grow + larger, increase, raise, rise, strengthen, accentuate, grow, add to, deepen, mushroom, intensify, wax, swell, pump up, bump up, step up, spike, crank up, ramp up, move it up + a gear, notch it up + a gear, take it up + a gear, take it up + a notch, crank it up + a notch, crank it up + a gear, move it up + a notch, ratchet up, amp up, turn up.

    Ex: In recent years, the pace of change has accelerated with the introduction of on-line information retrieval.

    Ex: These sources which form the basis of the intellectual selection of terms may be augmented by the machine selection of terms.
    Ex: If the number of categories becomes large, cross-references will be necessary between individual files.
    Ex: An introduction explaining the nature and scope of the indexing language will enhance its value.
    Ex: Here entry is made under the original author of an edition that has been revised, enlarged, updated, condensed, and so on by another person.
    Ex: Over the past two to three years the numbers of full text data bases and data banks has started to escalate considerably.
    Ex: As the quantity of knowledge expands the need to organise it becomes more pressing.
    Ex: As the system grows larger it's more difficult to maintain that control.
    Ex: Recall is inversely proportional to precision, and vice versa, or in other words, as one increases, the other must decrease.
    Ex: The speaker said that James estimated people function at only 20% of their capacity, and concluded that they could raise this percentage considerable if they knew how to manage their time more efficiently.
    Ex: If suppliers are forced out of business, there will be less software to lend and prices will rise with the lack of competition.
    Ex: He proposes a research agenda that could strengthen archival appraisal and the profession's ability to document society.
    Ex: However, future trends may tend to accentuate this division.
    Ex: No true reader can be expected to grow on a diet of prescribed texts only regardless of how well chosen they are.
    Ex: In addition, Britain has one of the most extensive bodies of legislation in the world, which is added to daily and encrusted with myriad rules and regulations.
    Ex: One of the effects of reading in children is that their appreciation of the processes and function of literature is deepened.
    Ex: The use of electronic mail systems has mushroomed in the last 5 years in industrialised nations.
    Ex: Whilst these achievements are commendable, there is a catch in them -- there can be used to 'intensify' the economic exploitation of women.
    Ex: The population waxed again slightly, then waned again, until it finally stabilized around its present 55,000.
    Ex: Reference work has been ill-served in the past by its expositors and theoreticians: its extensive literature of several hundred papers and books is swollen by a mass of the transient and the trivial.
    Ex: The article ' Pump up the program...' identifies the costs and benefits of undertaking a software upgrade.
    Ex: Most librarians will admit that they could probably increase the use made of their lending libraries and bump up their annual loans by stocking more romances and thrillers and fewer serious novels, but they do not do this.
    Ex: The intensity of marketing to schools and parents will have to be stepped up by publishers if they are to succeed in the more competitive market.
    Ex: Baby boomers are desperately trying to hold onto their salad days -- plastic surgery, vitamins and drugs like Viagra have spiked in public demand.
    Ex: Refiners are cranking up diesel output to meet rising global demand.
    Ex: EGND has hit a home run with the introduction of a new product line, increasing sales projections, and ramping up production schedules.
    Ex: Liverpool and Chelsea are grabbing all the headlines, but Arsenal have quietly moved it up a gear scoring 10 goals in their last three league games.
    Ex: Start gently, ease yourself in by breaking the workout down into three one minute sessions until you are ready to notch it up a gear and join them together.
    Ex: There was not much to separate the sides in the first ten minutes however Arsenal took it up a gear and got the goal but not without a bit of luck.
    Ex: We have a good time together and we're good friends.. but I'd like to take it up a notch.
    Ex: David quickly comprehended our project needs and then cranked it up a notch with impactful design.
    Ex: Went for a bike ride with a mate last week, no problems so will crank it up a gear and tackle some hills in the next few weeks.
    Ex: After a regular walking routine is established, why not move it up a notch and start jogging, if you haven't already.
    Ex: The health department has ratcheted up efforts to prevent or slow down the spread of swine flu in schools.
    Ex: In order to gain strength fast, you need to immediately begin amping up your strength thermostat in your mind.
    Ex: Cytokines are small proteins used to communicate messages between the immune cells in the immune system to either turn up or down the immune response.
    * aumentar de importancia = grow in + importance, grow in + significance.
    * aumentar de tamaño = grow in + size, grow + larger, increase in + size.
    * aumentar de valor = increase in + value.
    * aumentar el conocimiento = expand + Posesivo + knowledge, deepen + awareness.
    * aumentar el control = tighten (up) + control.
    * aumentar el esfuerzo = increase + effort.
    * aumentar el precio = mark up + price, jack up + the price.
    * aumentar el presupuesto = add + monies to + budget.
    * aumentar en cantidad = increase in + quantity.
    * aumentar en número = grow in + numbers, increase in + numbers.
    * aumentar en variedad = grow in + kind.
    * aumentar la confusión = add to + the confusion.
    * aumentar la experiencia = deepen + experience.
    * aumentar la productividad = increase + productivity, boost + Posesivo + productivity.
    * aumentar las diferencias entre... y = widen + the gap between... and.
    * aumentar las posibilidades = increase + the odds.
    * aumentar las probabilidades = shorten + the odds.
    * aumentar las ventas = boost + sales.
    * aumentar la velocidad = grow + faster.
    * aumentar los costes = cost + rise.
    * aumentar los impuestos = increase + taxes.
    * aumentar los ingresos = boost + Posesivo + income.
    * aumentar rápidamente = snowball.
    * crisis + aumentar = crisis + deepen.
    * estar aumentando = be on the increase.

    * * *
    aumentar [A1 ]
    vt
    1 ‹precio› to increase, raise, put up; ‹sueldo› to increase, raise; ‹cantidad/velocidad/tamaño› to increase; ‹producción/dosis› to increase, step up
    el microscopio aumenta la imagen the microscope enlarges o magnifies the image
    no hizo más que aumentar su dolor/miedo all it did was increase her pain/fear
    esto aumentó la tensión this added to o increased the tension
    2 ‹puntos› (en tejido) to increase
    ■ aumentar
    vi
    «temperatura» to rise; «presión» to rise, increase; «velocidad» to increase; «precio/producción/valor» to increase, rise
    el niño aumentó 500 gramos the child put on o gained 500 grams
    su popularidad ha aumentado his popularity has grown, he has gained in popularity
    el costo de la vida aumentó en un 3% the cost of living rose by 3%
    la dificultad de los ejercicios va aumentando the exercises get progressively more difficult
    aumentará el frío durante el fin de semana it will become colder over the weekend
    aumentar DE algo to increase IN sth
    aumentó de volumen/tamaño it increased in volume/size
    ha aumentado de peso he's put on o gained weight
    * * *

     

    aumentar ( conjugate aumentar) verbo transitivo

    precio/sueldo to increase, raise
    b) (Opt) to magnify

    verbo intransitivo [temperatura/presión] to rise;
    [ velocidad] to increase;
    [precio/producción/valor] to increase, rise;

    aumentar de algo ‹de volumen/tamaño› to increase in sth;
    aumentó de peso he put on o gained weight
    aumentar
    I verbo transitivo to increase
    Fot to enlarge
    Ópt to magnify
    II vi (una cantidad) to go up, rise
    (de valor) to appreciate

    ' aumentar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    alargar
    - engordar
    - explorar
    - separar
    - separarse
    - doblar
    - elevar
    - multiplicar
    - redoblar
    English:
    add to
    - appreciate
    - augment
    - boost
    - build up
    - deepen
    - efficiency
    - enhance
    - escalate
    - gain
    - grow
    - heighten
    - improve
    - increase
    - intensify
    - jack up
    - jump
    - magnify
    - mark up
    - mount
    - odds
    - put up
    - quantity
    - raise
    - rise
    - snowball
    - step up
    - surge
    - swell
    - up
    - add
    - develop
    - go
    - put
    - soar
    - strengthen
    * * *
    vt
    to increase;
    aumentar la producción to increase production;
    los enfrentamientos aumentaron la tensión en la zona the clashes increased the tension in the zone;
    me han aumentado el sueldo my salary has been increased o raised;
    la lente aumenta la imagen the lens magnifies the image;
    aumentó casi 10 kilos he put on almost 10 kilos
    vi
    [temperatura, precio, gastos, tensión] to increase, to rise; [velocidad] to increase;
    aumentar de tamaño to increase in size;
    aumentar de precio to go up o increase in price;
    el desempleo aumentó en un 4 por ciento unemployment rose o increased by 4 percent;
    con lo que come, no me sorprende que haya aumentado de peso it doesn't surprise me that he's put on weight, considering how much he eats
    * * *
    I v/t increase; precio increase, raise, put up
    II v/i de precio, temperatura rise, increase, go up
    * * *
    acrecentar: to increase, to raise
    : to rise, to increase, to grow
    * * *
    1. (hacer subir) to increase / to raise
    2. (subir) to rise [pt. rose; pp. risen] / to increase
    3. (con lupa, microscopio) to magnify [pt. & pp. magnified]

    Spanish-English dictionary > aumentar

  • 8 causar

    v.
    1 to cause.
    el accidente le causó graves lesiones he was seriously injured in the accident
    el huracán causó estragos en la costa the hurricane wreaked havoc on the coast
    el terremotó causó dos mil muertos two thousand people died in the earthquake, the earthquake killed two thousand people
    El ácido úrico causa la gota Uric acid causes gout.
    Ella causó que eso ocurriese She caused that to happen.
    2 to be caused to.
    Se nos causó un gran daño A great damage was caused to us.
    * * *
    1 (provocar) to cause, bring about
    2 (proporcionar) to make, give
    * * *
    verb
    2) make
    * * *
    VT [+ problema, consecuencia, víctima] to cause; [+ impresión] to make

    la explosión causó heridas a dos personas — the explosion injured two people, the explosion left two people injured

    causar asombro a algn — to amaze sb

    causar emoción a algn — to move sb

    causar extrañeza a algn — to puzzle sb

    causar risa a algn — to make sb laugh

    * * *
    verbo transitivo <daños/problema/sufrimiento> to cause; < indignación> to cause, arouse; < alarma> to cause, provoke; < placer> to give
    * * *
    = cause, result (in), spark off, inflict, evoke, bring on, bring about, precipitate, give + cause to, give + rise to, give + occasion to.
    Ex. As usage of the language causes terms to become anachronistic, or as increases in our level of awareness reveal undesirable connotations, we seek to change subject heading terms.
    Ex. Objective 1 results in what is known as a direct catalogue, because it gives direct access to a specific document.
    Ex. Like the librarians and the bookshop staff, the club members are catalysts who spark off that fission which will spread from child to child an awareness of books and the habit of reading them.
    Ex. This article discusses the budget cuts inflicted on Australian libraries.
    Ex. It is known that in ancient Rome the complexity of the administrative job evoked considerable development of management techniques.
    Ex. In frequent cases, unionization is brought on by the inept or irresponsible action of management.
    Ex. Untruth brings about ill reputation and indignity.
    Ex. What precipitated that furor was that Panizzi's volume represented a uncompromising rejection of the comfortable ideology of the finding catalog.
    Ex. That crucial evidence was withheld from the final report could give cause to bring charges of criminal negligence.
    Ex. The method of indexing called post-coordinate indexing gives rise to physical forms of indexes which differ from the more 'traditional' catalogues mentioned above.
    Ex. Many soldiers took advantage of the impoverished conditions giving occasion to assaults, rapes and murders.
    ----
    * causar ansiedad = cause + anxiety.
    * causar buena impresión = impress, come across.
    * causar confusión = wreak + confusion, cause + confusion.
    * causar conmoción = cause + a ripple.
    * causar consternación = cause + consternation.
    * causar daño = do + harm, be injurious, cause + damage, cause + harm, cause + hurt, bring + harm, inflict + damage.
    * causar daño corporal = cause + injury.
    * causar daño material = cause + material injury.
    * causar daños = cause + erosion.
    * causar desórdenes = riot.
    * causar destrozos = wreak + devastation.
    * causar destrucción = wreak + destruction.
    * causar dificultad = cause + difficulty.
    * causar disturbios = riot.
    * causar estragos = wreak + havoc, ravage, run + amok, cause + havoc, create + havoc, play + havoc with.
    * causar graves daños a = bring + ruin to.
    * causar impresión = make + impression.
    * causar molestias = cause + disruption, inconvenience, cause + inconvenience.
    * causar muchas víctimas = take + a toll on life.
    * causar muertos = take + a toll on life.
    * causar pena = cause + hurt.
    * causar pérdidas = cause + losses.
    * causar perjuicio = bring + harm.
    * causar preocupación = evoke + concern, cause + concern.
    * causar problemas = cause + problems, cause + trouble, make + trouble.
    * causar revuelo = cause + a stir, create + a stir.
    * causar ruina a = bring + ruin to.
    * causarse daño = bring + disaster on.
    * causar sensación = be a sensation, cut + a swath(e), cut + a dash, make + heads turn, make + a big noise, cause + a sensation.
    * causar sensación en el mundo = make + a big noise in the world.
    * causar sorpresa = cause + an eyelid to bat.
    * causar una buena primera impresión = make + a good first impression.
    * causar una crisis = precipitate + crisis.
    * causar una gran sensación = make + a splash.
    * causar una guerra = precipitate + war.
    * causar una impresión = leave + an impression, make + an impression.
    * causar una primera impresión = make + a first impression.
    * causar una reacción = cause + reaction.
    * causar un gran alboroto = make + a splash.
    * causar un gran revuelo = set + the cat among the pigeons, put + the cat among the pigeons, make + a splash.
    * que puede causar detención = arrestable.
    * sin causar daño = harmlessly.
    * * *
    verbo transitivo <daños/problema/sufrimiento> to cause; < indignación> to cause, arouse; < alarma> to cause, provoke; < placer> to give
    * * *
    = cause, result (in), spark off, inflict, evoke, bring on, bring about, precipitate, give + cause to, give + rise to, give + occasion to.

    Ex: As usage of the language causes terms to become anachronistic, or as increases in our level of awareness reveal undesirable connotations, we seek to change subject heading terms.

    Ex: Objective 1 results in what is known as a direct catalogue, because it gives direct access to a specific document.
    Ex: Like the librarians and the bookshop staff, the club members are catalysts who spark off that fission which will spread from child to child an awareness of books and the habit of reading them.
    Ex: This article discusses the budget cuts inflicted on Australian libraries.
    Ex: It is known that in ancient Rome the complexity of the administrative job evoked considerable development of management techniques.
    Ex: In frequent cases, unionization is brought on by the inept or irresponsible action of management.
    Ex: Untruth brings about ill reputation and indignity.
    Ex: What precipitated that furor was that Panizzi's volume represented a uncompromising rejection of the comfortable ideology of the finding catalog.
    Ex: That crucial evidence was withheld from the final report could give cause to bring charges of criminal negligence.
    Ex: The method of indexing called post-coordinate indexing gives rise to physical forms of indexes which differ from the more 'traditional' catalogues mentioned above.
    Ex: Many soldiers took advantage of the impoverished conditions giving occasion to assaults, rapes and murders.
    * causar ansiedad = cause + anxiety.
    * causar buena impresión = impress, come across.
    * causar confusión = wreak + confusion, cause + confusion.
    * causar conmoción = cause + a ripple.
    * causar consternación = cause + consternation.
    * causar daño = do + harm, be injurious, cause + damage, cause + harm, cause + hurt, bring + harm, inflict + damage.
    * causar daño corporal = cause + injury.
    * causar daño material = cause + material injury.
    * causar daños = cause + erosion.
    * causar desórdenes = riot.
    * causar destrozos = wreak + devastation.
    * causar destrucción = wreak + destruction.
    * causar dificultad = cause + difficulty.
    * causar disturbios = riot.
    * causar estragos = wreak + havoc, ravage, run + amok, cause + havoc, create + havoc, play + havoc with.
    * causar graves daños a = bring + ruin to.
    * causar impresión = make + impression.
    * causar molestias = cause + disruption, inconvenience, cause + inconvenience.
    * causar muchas víctimas = take + a toll on life.
    * causar muertos = take + a toll on life.
    * causar pena = cause + hurt.
    * causar pérdidas = cause + losses.
    * causar perjuicio = bring + harm.
    * causar preocupación = evoke + concern, cause + concern.
    * causar problemas = cause + problems, cause + trouble, make + trouble.
    * causar revuelo = cause + a stir, create + a stir.
    * causar ruina a = bring + ruin to.
    * causarse daño = bring + disaster on.
    * causar sensación = be a sensation, cut + a swath(e), cut + a dash, make + heads turn, make + a big noise, cause + a sensation.
    * causar sensación en el mundo = make + a big noise in the world.
    * causar sorpresa = cause + an eyelid to bat.
    * causar una buena primera impresión = make + a good first impression.
    * causar una crisis = precipitate + crisis.
    * causar una gran sensación = make + a splash.
    * causar una guerra = precipitate + war.
    * causar una impresión = leave + an impression, make + an impression.
    * causar una primera impresión = make + a first impression.
    * causar una reacción = cause + reaction.
    * causar un gran alboroto = make + a splash.
    * causar un gran revuelo = set + the cat among the pigeons, put + the cat among the pigeons, make + a splash.
    * que puede causar detención = arrestable.
    * sin causar daño = harmlessly.

    * * *
    causar [A1 ]
    vt
    ‹daños/problema› to cause; ‹indignación› to cause, arouse
    el incidente causó gran inquietud the incident caused great unease
    verlo así me causa gran tristeza it makes me very sad o it causes me great sadness o it fills me with sadness to see him like that
    me causó muy buena impresión I was very impressed with her, she made a very good impression on me
    este premio me causa gran satisfacción ( frml); I am delighted to receive this prize
    me causó mucha gracia que dijera eso I thought it was o I found it very funny that she should say that
    * * *

     

    causar ( conjugate causar) verbo transitivodaños/problema/sufrimiento to cause;
    indignación to cause, arouse;
    alarma to cause, provoke;
    placer to give;

    me causó muy buena impresión I was very impressed with her
    causar verbo transitivo to cause, bring about: el desaliño causa mala impresión, untidiness makes a bad impression
    le causó buena impresión, he was very impressed by him
    me causó mucha alegría, it made me very happy

    ' causar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    admirar
    - alborotar
    - caer
    - cobrarse
    - dar
    - darse
    - deslumbrar
    - determinar
    - embarazar
    - embriagar
    - emocionar
    - encandilar
    - engordar
    - espantar
    - estragos
    - estropear
    - fastidiar
    - hacer
    - ilusionar
    - impresión
    - impresionar
    - incomodar
    - meter
    - molestar
    - molestia
    - montar
    - obrar
    - parecer
    - pesar
    - plantear
    - producir
    - provocar
    - repeler
    - repercutir
    - revolver
    - salar
    - sembrar
    - traer
    - trastornar
    - turbar
    - furor
    - motivar
    - propiciar
    - saber
    English:
    bother
    - cause
    - derive
    - foul up
    - impression
    - inflict
    - painlessly
    - riot
    - sensation
    - set
    - start
    - trouble
    - wreak
    - fire
    - mischief
    - rise
    * * *
    causar vt
    [daños, problemas] to cause; [placer, satisfacción] to give;
    el huracán causó estragos en la costa the hurricane wreaked havoc on the coast;
    el terremoto causó dos mil muertos two thousand people died in the earthquake, the earthquake killed two thousand people;
    el accidente le causó graves lesiones he was seriously injured in the accident;
    causar (una) buena/mala impresión to make a good/bad impression;
    me causa mucha felicidad saber que se hayan reconciliado it makes me very happy to know they've made up with one another;
    esta crema a veces causa una sensación de picor this cream sometimes causes an itching sensation
    * * *
    v/t daño cause; placer provide, give
    * * *
    causar vt
    1) : to cause
    2) : to provoke, to arouse
    eso me causa gracia: that strikes me as being funny
    * * *
    causar vb
    1. (provocar) to cause
    2. (proporcionar) to make

    Spanish-English dictionary > causar

  • 9 claro

    adj.
    1 obvious, apparent, clear, crisp.
    2 clear, bright, clear-cut, articulate.
    3 definite, distinct.
    intj.
    sure, sure enough, of course.
    m.
    1 clearing, glade, clear space, clear.
    2 gap.
    3 Claro.
    * * *
    1 (gen) clear
    2 (iluminado) bright, well-lit
    3 (color) light
    4 (salsa etc) thin; (café, chocolate, etc) weak
    5 (evidente) clear
    1 clearly
    1 (gen) gap, space; (de bosque) clearing
    2 (en el pelo) bald patch
    interjección ¡claro!
    1 of course!
    ¡claro que no puedes! of course you can't!
    \
    a las claras openly
    dejar algo claro to make something clear
    estar claro to be clear
    ¡lo llevas claro! / ¡lo tienes claro! familiar you've got it coming to you!
    más claro,-a que el agua familiar as clear as daylight
    poner en claro to make plain, clear up
    sacar en claro to get out
    claro de luna moonlight
    mente clara figurado clear mind
    ————————
    1 (gen) gap, space; (de bosque) clearing
    2 (en el pelo) bald patch
    * * *
    1. (f. - clara)
    adj.
    4) fair, light
    5) weak, thin
    2. adv.
    2) sure
    3. noun m.
    * * *
    1. ADJ
    1) (=no oscuro) [piel] fair; [color] light, pale

    un vestido verde claroa light o pale green dress

    2) (=evidente)
    a) [con sustantivos] [ejemplo, prueba, ventaja] clear; [inconveniente] obvious; [desastre] total, absolute

    España ganó por un claro 15-6 — Spain won a decisive 15-6 victory, Spain were clear winners by 15-6

    ... aseguró, en clara referencia a sus superiores —... he asserted, clearly referring o in an obvious reference to his superiors

    b) [con verbos]

    dejar algo claro — to make sth clear

    dejar las cosas claras o en claro — to get things clear, get things straight *

    estar claro — to be clear

    ¿está claro? — is that clear?

    estar claro que — to be clear that, be obvious that

    está claro que así no vamos a ninguna parteit's clear o obvious that we'll get nowhere like this

    quedar claro — to be clear

    si te lees la bibliografía, te quedará todo más claro — if you read the books on the reading list, it'll all be clearer to you o you'll have a better idea of things

    tener algo claro — to be sure of sth, be clear about sth

    ni siquiera tengo claro lo que me espera mañanaI'm not even sure o clear what's in store for me tomorrow

    no lo tengo nada claro — I'm not at all sure, I don't really know

    c)

    a las claras —

    las cuentas claras —

    llevarlo Esp o tenerlo claro iró

    sacar algo en claro (de algo) —

    solo hemos sacado en claro que no pretende dimitirall that we can safely o definitely say is that he has no intention of resigning

    lo único que la policía consiguió sacar en claro durante el interrogatorio — the only definite thing the police got from the interview

    ver algo claro —

    3) (=poco espeso) [té, café] weak; [caldo] thin
    4) (=luminoso) [día, mañana] bright; [habitación, casa] light, bright
    5) (=transparente) [agua] clear; [tejido] transparent
    6) (=nítido) [sonido, voz] clear; [imagen] sharp, clear
    7) (=escaso) [pelo] thin; [bosque] light, sparse
    8) (=preciso) [idea] clear

    una mente clara — (lit) a clear mind; (fig) a clear thinker

    9) (=sincero) frank
    2. ADV
    1) (=con precisión) [oír, ver, hablar] clearly
    2) (=sinceramente) frankly

    hablar claro — to speak frankly, be frank

    3) [tras invitaciones, peticiones] sure

    -¿puedo usar tu coche mañana? -¡claro! — "can I use your car tomorrow?" - "sure!"

    -¿queréis venir a cenar? -¡claro! — "would you like to come to dinner?" - "sure!"

    4) [uso enfático]

    ¡claro! por eso estaba ayer tan rara — of course! that's why she was acting so funny yesterday

    a menos que, claro está, él también la conozca — unless of course he knows her too

    -¿por qué no te disfrazas tú? -¡claro, para que os riáis de mí todos! — "why don't you dress up?" - "oh sure, so you can all laugh at me!"

    claro que, claro que nadie se imaginaba lo que vendría después — of course nobody could imagine what would happen afterwards

    ¡claro que no! — of course not!

    ¡claro que sí! — yes, of course!

    3. SM
    1) (Meteo) bright spell, sunny interval
    2) [de tiempo] lull
    3) (=espacio despejado) [entre personas] space; [entre árboles] clearing; [de pelo] bald patch
    4) [en un texto] gap, space; [en discurso] pause
    5) (Arquit) (=claraboya) skylight; (=abertura) window (opening)
    6) Caribe (Culin) guava jelly
    7) Caribe (=bebida) sugar-cane brandy
    * * *
    I
    - ra adjetivo
    1) ( luminoso) <cielo/habitación> bright
    2) ( pálido) <color/verde/azul> light, pale; < piel> fair

    tiene los ojos claros — she has blue/green/gray eyes

    3) <salsa/sopa> thin
    4) <agua/sonido> clear; <ideas/explicación/instrucciones> clear; <situación/postura> clear

    que quede bien claro que... — I want it to be quite clear that...

    ¿está claro? — is that clear?

    quiero dejar (en) claro que... — I want to make it very o quite clear that...

    a las claras: díselo a las claras tell her straight; llevarlo claro (Esp fam) to be in for a shock; sacar algo en claro de algo — to make sense of something

    5) ( evidente) clear, obvious

    está claro que... — it is clear o obvious that...

    a no ser, claro está, que esté mintiendo — unless, of course, he's lying

    II
    1) < ver> clearly

    voy a hablarte claroI'm not going to beat around o about the bush

    me lo dijo muy clarohe made it very o quite clear (to me)

    claro que no! — no, of course not!

    claro que sí! — of course, absolutely!

    b) ( como enlace) mind you

    nadie le creyó, claro no es de extrañar — nobody believed him. Mind you, it's not surprising

    claro, así cualquiera puede — well, of course anyone can do it like that

    díselo - claro, para que me regañe ¿no? — (iró) tell him - oh sure, and have him tell me off, right? (iro)

    III
    1) ( en bosque) clearing; (en el pelo, la barba) bald patch
    2) (Meteo) sunny spell o period o interval
    * * *
    = apparent, clear [clearer -comp., clearest -sup.], clear-cut, crisp [crisper -comp., crispest -sup.], definite, distinct, light, neat [neater -comp., neatest -sup.], plain [plainer -comp., plainest -sup.], straightforward, tidy, distinctive, designated, uncloudy, unclouded, unclouded, cloudless, forthright, uncompromising, unqualified, cut and dried [cut and dry], patent.
    Ex. Menu-based information retrieval system have found favour because of their apparent simplicity.
    Ex. In practice the distinction between one term and the next is not very clear.
    Ex. The hierarchical relationship is relatively clear-cut, and rather precise guideliness can be formulated to ensure that the BT/NT relationship is consistently applied.
    Ex. A crisp, even impression became the norm, along with the use of respectable paper and ink.
    Ex. I don't see that we are going to stand a chance unless there is something very definite coming out of this conference and similar conferences where these ideas are advanced.
    Ex. Against this proliferation of hosts there is a distinct awareness amongst users of the need for the rationalisation.
    Ex. To match the small amount of existing furniture which was reused, internal joinery and furniture is in a light coloured timber.
    Ex. What is possibly less easy is to making sure that the guiding stays clean, neat and accurate.
    Ex. To reiterate, there are two main categories of relationship: the syntactic relationships referred to in the last paragraph and plain, for example, in a topic such as 'sugar and health'.
    Ex. Even in this apparently straightforward situation, complications can arise.
    Ex. This was all very tidy, but who was to judge significance?.
    Ex. A patron may submit a beautifully legible request for a book with a distinctive author and title, accompanied by a reference to the journal article from which the citation was gleaned.
    Ex. It is tremendously valuable to library staff (particularly in libraries with a designated departmental structure) to maintain close professional ties with local academic departments.
    Ex. In that case, the peak of solar energy could be at an uncloudy moment in the morning or afternoon, even though the sun wasn't highest in the sky at that moment.
    Ex. As they grow up in those heady post-war years, in the blue unclouded weather of the late 1940s, these are the sisters you'll never forget.
    Ex. As they grow up in those heady post-war years, in the blue unclouded weather of the late 1940s, these are the sisters you'll never forget.
    Ex. This is the first cloudless image of the Earth from space.
    Ex. We have been told once, in clear and forthright terms, what it is that we need.
    Ex. What precipitated that furor was that Panizzi's volume represented a uncompromising rejection of the comfortable ideology of the finding catalog.
    Ex. Wing has not had the almost unqualified praise from the reviewers that Pollard and Redgrave received.
    Ex. One of them snipped Ben Kline's life short, and Marla's determined to get to the root of a case that's anything but cut and dried.
    Ex. It was patent that they could not compete on equal terms with the economic and social forces of a complex civilization.
    ----
    * cantarlas claras = call + a spade a spade.
    * con una meta clara = focused [focussed].
    * con un objetivo claro = focused [focussed].
    * cuestiones poco claras = grey area [gray area].
    * de forma clara = clearly.
    * dejar bien claro = make + it + crystal clear, make + Reflexivo + crystal clear.
    * dejar claro = make + it + clear, send + a clear signal that.
    * de manera clara = distinctly, clearly.
    * de modo claro = transparently.
    * en + Lengua + claro = in plain + Lengua.
    * en términos claros = in simple terms.
    * estar claro = be plain, be out in the open.
    * hablar claro = lay + Posesivo + cards on the table, put + Posesivo + cards on the table.
    * las cosas + estar + claras = the (hand)writing + be + on the wall, see it + coming.
    * más claro el agua = as clear as a bell.
    * más claro que el agua = as clear as a bell.
    * nada claro = unclear, uncleared.
    * no dar una impresión clara = send + mixed signals.
    * no está claro todavía = the jury is still out (on).
    * para que quede más claro = for main effects.
    * pasta de clara de huevo = glair.
    * poco claro = fuzzy [fuzzier - comp., fuzziest -sup.], indistinct, obscure, unclear, untidy, hazy, inconclusive, slurred, clouded, undistinguished, uncleared, indistinctive.
    * poner en claro = clear up.
    * ser algo muy claro = be a dead giveaway.
    * sin una meta clara = unfocused [unfocussed].
    * sin un objetivo claro = non-purposive, unfocused [unfocussed].
    * tan claro como el agua = as clear as a bell.
    * tener Algo claro = clarify + Posesivo + mind.
    * tener claro = be clear in your mind.
    * violeta claro = periwinkle.
    * * *
    I
    - ra adjetivo
    1) ( luminoso) <cielo/habitación> bright
    2) ( pálido) <color/verde/azul> light, pale; < piel> fair

    tiene los ojos claros — she has blue/green/gray eyes

    3) <salsa/sopa> thin
    4) <agua/sonido> clear; <ideas/explicación/instrucciones> clear; <situación/postura> clear

    que quede bien claro que... — I want it to be quite clear that...

    ¿está claro? — is that clear?

    quiero dejar (en) claro que... — I want to make it very o quite clear that...

    a las claras: díselo a las claras tell her straight; llevarlo claro (Esp fam) to be in for a shock; sacar algo en claro de algo — to make sense of something

    5) ( evidente) clear, obvious

    está claro que... — it is clear o obvious that...

    a no ser, claro está, que esté mintiendo — unless, of course, he's lying

    II
    1) < ver> clearly

    voy a hablarte claroI'm not going to beat around o about the bush

    me lo dijo muy clarohe made it very o quite clear (to me)

    claro que no! — no, of course not!

    claro que sí! — of course, absolutely!

    b) ( como enlace) mind you

    nadie le creyó, claro no es de extrañar — nobody believed him. Mind you, it's not surprising

    claro, así cualquiera puede — well, of course anyone can do it like that

    díselo - claro, para que me regañe ¿no? — (iró) tell him - oh sure, and have him tell me off, right? (iro)

    III
    1) ( en bosque) clearing; (en el pelo, la barba) bald patch
    2) (Meteo) sunny spell o period o interval
    * * *
    = apparent, clear [clearer -comp., clearest -sup.], clear-cut, crisp [crisper -comp., crispest -sup.], definite, distinct, light, neat [neater -comp., neatest -sup.], plain [plainer -comp., plainest -sup.], straightforward, tidy, distinctive, designated, uncloudy, unclouded, unclouded, cloudless, forthright, uncompromising, unqualified, cut and dried [cut and dry], patent.

    Ex: Menu-based information retrieval system have found favour because of their apparent simplicity.

    Ex: In practice the distinction between one term and the next is not very clear.
    Ex: The hierarchical relationship is relatively clear-cut, and rather precise guideliness can be formulated to ensure that the BT/NT relationship is consistently applied.
    Ex: A crisp, even impression became the norm, along with the use of respectable paper and ink.
    Ex: I don't see that we are going to stand a chance unless there is something very definite coming out of this conference and similar conferences where these ideas are advanced.
    Ex: Against this proliferation of hosts there is a distinct awareness amongst users of the need for the rationalisation.
    Ex: To match the small amount of existing furniture which was reused, internal joinery and furniture is in a light coloured timber.
    Ex: What is possibly less easy is to making sure that the guiding stays clean, neat and accurate.
    Ex: To reiterate, there are two main categories of relationship: the syntactic relationships referred to in the last paragraph and plain, for example, in a topic such as 'sugar and health'.
    Ex: Even in this apparently straightforward situation, complications can arise.
    Ex: This was all very tidy, but who was to judge significance?.
    Ex: A patron may submit a beautifully legible request for a book with a distinctive author and title, accompanied by a reference to the journal article from which the citation was gleaned.
    Ex: It is tremendously valuable to library staff (particularly in libraries with a designated departmental structure) to maintain close professional ties with local academic departments.
    Ex: In that case, the peak of solar energy could be at an uncloudy moment in the morning or afternoon, even though the sun wasn't highest in the sky at that moment.
    Ex: As they grow up in those heady post-war years, in the blue unclouded weather of the late 1940s, these are the sisters you'll never forget.
    Ex: As they grow up in those heady post-war years, in the blue unclouded weather of the late 1940s, these are the sisters you'll never forget.
    Ex: This is the first cloudless image of the Earth from space.
    Ex: We have been told once, in clear and forthright terms, what it is that we need.
    Ex: What precipitated that furor was that Panizzi's volume represented a uncompromising rejection of the comfortable ideology of the finding catalog.
    Ex: Wing has not had the almost unqualified praise from the reviewers that Pollard and Redgrave received.
    Ex: One of them snipped Ben Kline's life short, and Marla's determined to get to the root of a case that's anything but cut and dried.
    Ex: It was patent that they could not compete on equal terms with the economic and social forces of a complex civilization.
    * cantarlas claras = call + a spade a spade.
    * con una meta clara = focused [focussed].
    * con un objetivo claro = focused [focussed].
    * cuestiones poco claras = grey area [gray area].
    * de forma clara = clearly.
    * dejar bien claro = make + it + crystal clear, make + Reflexivo + crystal clear.
    * dejar claro = make + it + clear, send + a clear signal that.
    * de manera clara = distinctly, clearly.
    * de modo claro = transparently.
    * en + Lengua + claro = in plain + Lengua.
    * en términos claros = in simple terms.
    * estar claro = be plain, be out in the open.
    * hablar claro = lay + Posesivo + cards on the table, put + Posesivo + cards on the table.
    * las cosas + estar + claras = the (hand)writing + be + on the wall, see it + coming.
    * más claro el agua = as clear as a bell.
    * más claro que el agua = as clear as a bell.
    * nada claro = unclear, uncleared.
    * no dar una impresión clara = send + mixed signals.
    * no está claro todavía = the jury is still out (on).
    * para que quede más claro = for main effects.
    * pasta de clara de huevo = glair.
    * poco claro = fuzzy [fuzzier - comp., fuzziest -sup.], indistinct, obscure, unclear, untidy, hazy, inconclusive, slurred, clouded, undistinguished, uncleared, indistinctive.
    * poner en claro = clear up.
    * ser algo muy claro = be a dead giveaway.
    * sin una meta clara = unfocused [unfocussed].
    * sin un objetivo claro = non-purposive, unfocused [unfocussed].
    * tan claro como el agua = as clear as a bell.
    * tener Algo claro = clarify + Posesivo + mind.
    * tener claro = be clear in your mind.
    * violeta claro = periwinkle.

    * * *
    claro1 -ra
    A (luminoso) ‹cielo› bright; ‹habitación› bright, light
    el día amaneció claro the day dawned bright and clear
    B (pálido) ‹color/verde/azul› light, pale; ‹piel› fair, white
    tiene los ojos claros she has blue/green/gray eyes
    el típico sueco rubio y de ojos claros the typical blue-eyed, blond Swede
    C ‹salsa/sopa› thin; ‹café/té› weak
    D ‹agua/sonido› clear
    habló con voz clara she spoke in a clear voice
    E ‹ideas/explicación/instrucciones› clear; ‹situación/postura› clear
    consiguieron una clara ventaja they gained a clear advantage
    tiene muy claro lo que quiere en la vida she is very clear o sure about what she wants out of life, she knows exactly what she wants out of life
    que quede bien claro que … I want it to be quite clear that …
    lo harás como yo te diga, ¿está claro? you'll do it the way I say, is that clear o do I make myself clear?
    quiero dejar (en) claro que … or que quede bien (en) claro que … I want to make it very o quite clear that …, let it be very o quite clear that …
    a las claras: no me lo dijo a las claras she didn't tell me in so many words o straight out o ( AmE) right off
    no seas cobarde y díselo a las claras don't be a coward, tell her straight
    llevarlo claro ( Esp fam) (estar equivocado) to be in for a shock o a disappointment; (enfrentarse a algo difícil) to have one's work cut out ( colloq)
    pasar la noche en claro to lie o be awake all night
    sacar algo en claro de algo to make sense of sth
    ¿tú sacaste algo en claro de lo que dijo? did you manage to make any sense of what he said?
    F (evidente) clear, obvious
    hay pruebas claras de que miente there is clear evidence that he is lying
    está claro que ella es la culpable it is clear o obvious that she is the culprit, she is clearly o obviously the culprit
    … a no ser, claro está, que esté mintiendo … unless, of course, he's lying
    A ‹hablar/ver›
    voy a hablarte claro I'm not going to beat around o about the bush, I'm going to give it to you straight ( colloq)
    ahora lo veo claro I see it all clearly now, now I get it! ( colloq)
    me lo dijo muy claro he made it very o quite clear (to me)
    claro y raspado ( Ven fam); straight
    me lo dijo todo claro y raspado he told me straight, he didn't beat around o about the bush
    B ( indep)
    ¡claro que lo sabe! of course she knows!
    ¿te gustaría verlo? — ¡claro! would you like to see it? — yes, I'd love to o ( colloq) sure!
    ¿lo hizo? — ¡claro que no! did he do it? — no, of course not! o no, of course he didn't!
    2 (como enlace) mind you
    nadie le creyó, claro que conociéndolo no es de extrañar nobody believed him. Mind you, knowing him it's not surprising
    lo ayudó la madre — claro, así cualquiera his mother helped him — well, of course anyone can do it like that
    anda, díselo tú — claro, para que me eche a mí la bronca ¿no? ( iró); go on, you tell him — oh sure o oh fine o I see, so that way it's me he gets mad at, right? ( iro)
    A (en un bosque) clearing; (en el pelo, la barba) bald patch
    había algunos claros en las gradas there were a few empty spaces in the stand
    B ( Meteo) sunny spell o period o interval
    Compuesto:
    moonlight
    * * *

     

    claro 1
    ◊ -ra adjetivo

    a) ( luminoso) ‹cielo/habitación bright

    b) ( pálido) ‹color/verde/azul light, pale;

    piel fair;
    tiene los ojos claros she has blue/green/gray eyes

    c)salsa/sopa thin

    d)agua/sonido clear;

    ideas/explicación/instrucciones clear;
    situación/postura clear;

    ¿está claro? is that clear?;
    quiero dejar (en) claro que … I want to make it clear that …;
    sacar algo en claro de algo to make sense of sth

    está claro que … it is clear o obvious that …;

    a no ser, claro está, que esté mintiendo unless, of course, he's lying
    claro 2 adverbio
    1 ver clearly;
    voy a hablarte claro I'm not going to beat around o about the bush;

    me lo dijo muy claro he made it very quite clear (to me)
    2 ( indep) ( en exclamaciones de asentimiento) of course
    ■ sustantivo masculino

    (en pelo, barba) bald patch
    b) (Meteo) sunny spell o period

    claro,-a
    I adjetivo
    1 (despejado, evidente) clear: tengo muy claro que no va a volver, I'm quite sure she won't come back
    un asunto poco claro, a shady deal
    2 (poco espeso) thin
    3 (color) light
    II sustantivo masculino
    1 (de un bosque) clearing
    2 (entre las nubes) break in the clouds
    3 claro de luna, moonlight
    III adverbio clearly: deberías hablar claro, you must speak clearly
    IV exclamación of course!
    ¡claro que puedo!, of course I can!
    ♦ Locuciones: a las claras, clearly
    dejar algo claro, to make something clear
    lo lleva claro si piensa que voy a tolerarlo, she can be quite sure that i?m not going to put up with it
    sacar algo en claro, to draw a conclusion: después de tanta discusión, no sacamos nada en claro, we were back to square one after hours of discussion
    ' claro' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    clara
    - escarceo
    - estar
    - hombre
    - nebulosa
    - nebuloso
    - nítida
    - nítido
    - notoria
    - notorio
    - patente
    - poca
    - poco
    - precisa
    - preciso
    - pues
    - rondar
    - sacar
    - salvaje
    - agua
    - celeste
    - color
    - constar
    - hablar
    - lavado
    - neto
    - oscuro
    - palpable
    - que
    - quedar
    - visto
    English:
    ale
    - apparent
    - articulate
    - break
    - broad
    - clean-cut
    - clear
    - clear-cut
    - clearing
    - confusing
    - crystal-clear
    - decided
    - distinct
    - enough
    - fuzzy
    - good
    - ice-blue
    - indistinct
    - let
    - light
    - lucid
    - mousy
    - mud
    - neat
    - obscure
    - outset
    - pale
    - plain
    - precise
    - sharp
    - speak out
    - spell out
    - straight
    - surely
    - tenuous
    - then
    - thin
    - transparently
    - unclear
    - unequivocal
    - why
    - blur
    - by
    - certainly
    - clearly
    - course
    - crystal
    - flash
    - increasingly
    - more
    * * *
    claro, -a
    adj
    1. [luminoso] bright;
    una habitación clara a bright o light room
    2. [color] light;
    verde claro light green
    3. [sonido] clear;
    hablaba con una voz clara she spoke in a clear voice
    4. [sin nubes] clear;
    un día/cielo claro a clear day/sky
    5. [diluido] [té, café] weak;
    [salsa, sopa] thin;
    no me gusta el chocolate claro I don't like my hot chocolate thin
    6. [poco tupido] thin, sparse
    7. [persona, explicación, ideas, libro] clear;
    hablaba con un lenguaje claro she spoke in clear terms;
    dejar algo claro to make sth clear;
    poner algo en claro to get sth clear, to clear sth up;
    que quede (bien) claro que no fue idea mía I want to make it (quite) clear that it wasn't my idea;
    sacar algo en claro (de) to make sth out (from);
    después de escuchar su explicación no saqué nada en claro after listening to her explanation, I was none the wiser;
    tengo claro que no puedo contar con él one thing I'm quite sure about is that I can't rely on him, one thing's for sure, I can't rely on him;
    verlo claro [estar seguro] to be sure;
    pasar una noche en claro to have a sleepless night;
    Esp Fam
    llevarlo o [m5]tenerlo claro: ¡lo lleva o [m5] tiene claro si piensa que le vamos a ayudar! if he thinks we're going to help him, he can think again!;
    si no vienen ellos, lo tenemos claro if they don't come, we've had it
    8. [obvio, evidente] clear;
    el resultado fue claro the result was clear;
    ¿está claro? is that clear?;
    está claro que van a ganar it's clear they're going to win;
    está claro que te quieren engañar it's obvious that they are trying to deceive you, they are obviously trying to deceive you;
    está claro o [m5]claro está que si no quieres, no estás obligado a participar of course o obviously, you're not obliged to participate if you don't want to;
    a no ser, claro, que tengas una idea mejor unless, of course, you have a better idea;
    está más claro que el agua it's perfectly o crystal clear;
    allí no vuelvo, eso está más claro que el agua I'm not going there again, that's for certain
    nm
    1. [en bosque] clearing;
    [en multitud] space, gap;
    vi un claro en la fila I saw a gap in the row
    2. [en cielo nublado] break in the clouds;
    se esperan nubes y claros it will be cloudy with some bright spells;
    en cuanto haya un claro salimos we'll go out as soon as it brightens up
    3. [calvicie, calva] bald patch
    4. [en pintura] highlight
    5. Arquit skylight
    6. claro de luna moonlight
    adv
    clearly;
    hablar claro to speak clearly;
    dilo claro, ¿te interesa o no? tell me straight, are you interested or not?;
    ¡claro! of course!;
    ¡claro que sí!, ¡pues claro! of course!;
    ¡claro que no! of course not!;
    ¡claro que me gusta! of course I like it!;
    Irónico
    ¿me ayudarás? – claro, no pensaba en otra cosa will you help me? – oh sure, I wouldn't dream of doing anything else;
    Irónico
    ve tú primero – claro, así si hay algún agujero me caigo yo you go first – oh great o thanks a lot, that way if there's a hole I'll be the one to fall into it;
    claro, con un jugador más ya se puede of course, with an extra player it's hardly surprising;
    la obra no tuvo éxito, claro que conociendo al director no me sorprende the play wasn't a success, but then again that's hardly surprising knowing the director
    a las claras loc adv
    clearly
    * * *
    I adj
    clear;
    poner en claro make clear;
    dejar claro make plain;
    quedar claro be clear;
    tener algo claro be sure o clear about sth;
    pasar la noche en claro lie awake all night, not sleep a wink;
    a las claras clearly
    2 color light
    3 ( luminoso) bright
    4 salsa thin
    II adv
    :
    hablar claro speak plainly;
    ¡claro! of course!;
    claro está of course
    III m
    1 METEO clear spell
    2 en bosque clearing
    * * *
    claro adv
    1) : clearly
    habla más claro: speak more clearly
    2) : of course, surely
    ¡claro!, ¡claro que sí!: absolutely!, of course!
    claro que entendió: of course she understood
    claro, -ra adj
    1) : bright, clear
    2) : pale, fair, light
    3) : clear, evident
    claro nm
    1) : clearing
    2)
    claro de luna : moonlight
    * * *
    claro1 adj
    1. (en general) clear
    2. (luminoso) bright
    3. (color) light
    claro2 adv clearly
    claro3 interj of course
    claro4 n (en meteorología) sunny interval

    Spanish-English dictionary > claro

  • 10 comprensión

    f.
    understanding, comprehension, grasp, insight.
    * * *
    1 understanding
    * * *
    noun f.
    1) understanding, comprehension
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=entendimiento) understanding
    2) (=actitud comprensiva) understanding
    * * *
    femenino understanding

    un texto de difícil/fácil comprensión — a text which is difficult/easy to understand

    * * *
    = awareness, comprehensibility, comprehension, grasp, insight, understanding.
    Ex. Against this proliferation of hosts there is a distinct awareness amongst users of the need for the rationalisation.
    Ex. Such terms contribute to brevity and ought to used to maximum effect, but they must be used with care if comprehensibility is to be maintained.
    Ex. Sometimes, in the interest of comprehension or helpfulness, modifications to the standard pattern are desirable.
    Ex. It may be necessary to read some documents more than once before a satisfactory grasp of their content is achieved.
    Ex. The human indexer works mechanically and rapidly; he should require no insight into the document content.
    Ex. We librarians ought to have a clearer understanding of our stock-in-trade (books) and their function of social mechanism.
    ----
    * capacidad de comprensión = listening skills, understanding capacity.
    * comprensión lectora = reading comprehension.
    * con comprensión = sympathetically.
    * ejercicio de comprensión = comprehension exercise.
    * falta de comprensión = incomprehension, lack of understanding.
    * * *
    femenino understanding

    un texto de difícil/fácil comprensión — a text which is difficult/easy to understand

    * * *
    = awareness, comprehensibility, comprehension, grasp, insight, understanding.

    Ex: Against this proliferation of hosts there is a distinct awareness amongst users of the need for the rationalisation.

    Ex: Such terms contribute to brevity and ought to used to maximum effect, but they must be used with care if comprehensibility is to be maintained.
    Ex: Sometimes, in the interest of comprehension or helpfulness, modifications to the standard pattern are desirable.
    Ex: It may be necessary to read some documents more than once before a satisfactory grasp of their content is achieved.
    Ex: The human indexer works mechanically and rapidly; he should require no insight into the document content.
    Ex: We librarians ought to have a clearer understanding of our stock-in-trade (books) and their function of social mechanism.
    * capacidad de comprensión = listening skills, understanding capacity.
    * comprensión lectora = reading comprehension.
    * con comprensión = sympathetically.
    * ejercicio de comprensión = comprehension exercise.
    * falta de comprensión = incomprehension, lack of understanding.

    * * *
    1 (de una idea, un texto) understanding
    un texto de difícil/fácil comprensión a text which is difficult/easy to understand
    2 (de personas, actitudes) understanding
    Compuesto:
    listening comprehension
    * * *

     

    comprensión sustantivo femenino
    understanding;

    comprensión auditiva listening comprehension
    comprensión sustantivo femenino understanding: la comprensión del problema es necesaria para resolverlo, you need to understand the problem before you can solve it

    ' comprensión' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    error
    - nacer
    - oscurecer
    - inteligencia
    English:
    appreciation
    - comprehension
    - grasp
    - realization
    - supportively
    - supportiveness
    - sympathetic
    - sympathy
    - understanding
    - sympathetically
    * * *
    1. [acción] understanding;
    las fotografías ayudan a la comprensión del texto the photographs help you to understand the text;
    un niño con problemas de comprensión oral a child with problems understanding speech;
    de fácil/difícil comprensión easy/difficult to understand
    2. [actitud] understanding;
    tienes que mostrar más comprensión con él you have to be more understanding with him
    * * *
    f
    1 understanding
    2 de texto, auditiva comprehension
    * * *
    1) : comprehension, understanding, grasp
    2) : understanding, sympathy
    * * *
    comprensión n understanding

    Spanish-English dictionary > comprensión

  • 11 conocimiento

    m.
    1 knowledge.
    hablar/actuar con conocimiento de causa to know what one is talking about/doing
    poner algo en conocimiento de alguien to bring something to somebody's attention, to inform somebody of something
    tener conocimiento de algo to be aware of something
    ha llegado a mi conocimiento que estás insatisfecho it has come to my attention that you are not happy
    2 consciousness (sentido, conciencia).
    perder/recobrar el conocimiento to lose/regain consciousness
    estaba tumbado en el suelo, sin conocimiento he was lying unconscious on the floor
    3 awareness, consciousness, cognizance.
    * * *
    1 (In 1, also used in plural with the same meaning) (saber) knowledge
    2 (sensatez) good sense
    3 (conciencia) consciousness
    \
    con conocimiento de causa with full knowledge of the facts
    perder el conocimiento to lose consciousness
    poner algo en conocimiento de alguien to make something known to somebody, inform somebody of something
    recobrar el conocimiento to regain consciousness, come round
    tener conocimiento de algo to know about something
    * * *
    noun m.
    * * *
    SM
    1) (=saber) knowledge

    conocimientos(=nociones) knowledge sing

    mis pocos conocimientos de filosofía/cocina — my limited knowledge of philosophy/cookery

    2) (=información) knowledge

    dar conocimiento de algo, dimos conocimiento del robo a la policía — we informed the police about the robbery

    llegar a conocimiento de algn — to come to sb's attention o notice

    tener conocimiento de algo, aún no tenemos conocimiento de su detención — we still do not know that he has been arrested

    desea ponerlo en conocimiento público — he wants it brought to the public's attention, he wishes it to be made public

    conocimiento de causa, hacer algo con conocimiento de causa — to be fully aware of what one is doing

    3) (=consciencia) consciousness

    recobrar o recuperar el conocimiento — to regain consciousness

    4) (=sentido común) common sense
    5) (Jur) cognizance frm
    6) (Com)
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( saber) knowledge
    b) conocimientos masculino plural ( nociones) knowledge
    2) (frml) ( información)

    dar conocimiento de algo a alguiento inform o (frml) apprise somebody of something

    pongo en su conocimiento que... — (Corresp) I am writing to inform you that...

    con conocimiento de causa: obró con conocimiento de causa (frml) he took this step, fully aware of what the consequences would be; hablo con conocimiento de causa — I know what I'm talking about

    3) ( sentido) consciousness

    perder/recobrar el conocimiento — to lose/regain consciousness

    aún es pequeño, no tiene todavía conocimiento — he's not old enough to understand

    * * *
    = cognition, competency, enlightenment, expertise, familiarisation [familiarization, -USA], familiarity, insight, knowledge, learning, acquaintance, understanding, cognisance [cognizance, -USA], connoisseurship, consciousness.
    Ex. The information-processing model of cognition, and developments in artificial intelligence encourage such comparisons = El modelo de la cognición sobre el procesamiento de la información de y los avances de la inteligencia artificial fomentan este tipo de comparaciones.
    Ex. SLIS programmes intended to 'produce' librarians with competency in the use of IT have to be designed.
    Ex. Considered as necessary work in the interest of humanity and general enlightenment, bibliography gains ground as the years pass.
    Ex. Its primary function is to provide a centre for software and hardware expertise for its members.
    Ex. Step 1 Familiarisation: This first step involves the indexer in becoming conversant with the subject content of the document to be indexed.
    Ex. The most effective searchers are those who have both system experience and some familiarity with the subject area in which they are searching.
    Ex. The human indexer works mechanically and rapidly; he should require no insight into the document content.
    Ex. These factors form the basis of the problems in identifying a satisfactory subject approach, and start to explain the vast array of different tolls used in the subject approach to knowledge.
    Ex. It is the responsibility of educators to stretch their student's intellects, hone their skills of intuitive judgment and synthesis, and build a love of learning that will sustain them beyond the level of formal education.
    Ex. It is only with accumulating experience and many years of close study and acquaintance with bibliographic works that a really substantial body of knowledge of the potential of bibliographic sources is acquired.
    Ex. We librarians ought to have a clearer understanding of our stock-in-trade (books) and their function of social mechanism.
    Ex. The passive cognisance of growth causes considerable difficulties = El conocimiento pasivo del crecimiento causa dificultades importantes.
    Ex. This book explores the underlying institutional factors that help museum-based connoisseurship and aestheticism and university-based critical theory and revisionist scholarship exist.
    Ex. For example, the latter are unlikely to engage themselves in conservation issues as these now press upon the professional consciousness of librarians.
    ----
    * actualizar los conocimientos = upgrade + Posesivo + skills.
    * adquirir conocimiento = gain + knowledge, glean + knowledge, acquire + knowledge, build up + knowledge.
    * ampliar el conocimiento = expand + Posesivo + knowledge, expand + Posesivo + knowledge, widen + knowledge, broaden + knowledge, deepen + understanding.
    * ampliar las fronteras del conocimiento = push back + the frontiers of knowledge.
    * análisis de áreas del conocimiento = domain analysis.
    * análisis de dominios del conocimiento = domain analysis.
    * aprendizaje rico en conocimiento = knowledge-rich learning.
    * área de conocimiento = area of study.
    * área del conocimiento = area of knowledge, discipline, subject field, field of activity, knowledge domain, discipline of knowledge.
    * aumentar el conocimiento = expand + Posesivo + knowledge, deepen + awareness.
    * aumento del conocimiento = knowledge building.
    * bannco de conocimiento = knowledge bank.
    * basado en el conocimiento = knowledge-based.
    * basado en las disciplinas del conocimiento = discipline-based.
    * bibliotecario con conocimientos de medicina = informationist.
    * búsqueda del conocimiento = quest for/of knowledge.
    * campo del conocimiento = field of knowledge.
    * centrado en el conocimiento = knowledge-centric.
    * ciencia del conocimiento = cognitive science.
    * compartir el conocimiento = knowledge sharing, pool + knowledge.
    * con conocimiento = authoritatively.
    * con conocimiento básico en el manejo de la información = information literate [information-literate].
    * con conocimiento básico en el uso de la biblioteca = library literate [library-literate].
    * con conocimiento de = appreciative of, conversant with.
    * con conocimiento de causa = knowingly, knowingly.
    * con conocimiento de informática = computer literate [computer-literate].
    * con conocimiento en el uso de Internet = Internet-savvy.
    * con conocimientos en = versed in.
    * con conocimientos sobre el correo electrónico = e-mail literate.
    * con el conocimiento de que = on the understanding that.
    * conjunto de conocimientos = body of knowledge.
    * conocimiento académico = academic knowledge.
    * conocimiento acumulado sobre un tema = lore.
    * conocimiento básico = working familiarity, working knowledge.
    * conocimiento científico = scientific knowledge.
    * conocimiento compartido = knowledge sharing.
    * conocimiento de base = foundation study.
    * conocimiento de cómo sobrevivir en el bosque = woodcraft.
    * conocimiento de embarque = bill of lading.
    * conocimiento de la existencia = awareness.
    * conocimiento de lengua = language skill.
    * conocimiento del objeto = object knowledge.
    * conocimiento de los diferentes soportes = media competency.
    * conocimiento detallado = intimate knowledge.
    * conocimiento de un área temática = area knowledge.
    * conocimiento documentado = recorded knowledge.
    * conocimiento enciclopédico = factual knowledge.
    * conocimiento en tecnología = technological skill.
    * conocimiento específico = expert knowledge.
    * conocimiento experto = expert knowledge, expertise.
    * conocimiento explícito = explicit knowledge.
    * conocimiento factual = declarative knowledge.
    * conocimiento humano = human consciousness.
    * conocimiento humano, el = human record, the.
    * conocimiento indígena = indigenous knowledge.
    * conocimiento lingüístico = language skill.
    * conocimiento mutuo = mutual knowledge.
    * conocimiento pasivo = nodding acquaintance.
    * conocimiento pleno = awareness.
    * conocimiento práctico = working knowledge, procedural knowledge.
    * conocimiento previo = foreknowledge.
    * conocimientos = knowledge base [knowledge-base].
    * conocimientos básicos = literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos de búsqueda, recuperación y organización de informació = information literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos de documentación = information literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos de informática = computer literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos en tecnología = technical literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos sobre el uso de las bibliotecas = library skills.
    * conocimientos de tecnología = techno-savvy, tech-savvy.
    * conocimientos en el manejo de la información = info-savvy.
    * conocimiento sobre una materia = subject knowledge.
    * conocimientos requeridos = job specs.
    * conocimiento tácito = tacit knowledge, tacit knowledge, tacit knowledge.
    * conocimiento técnico = know-how, technical knowledge.
    * conocimiento teórico = declarative knowledge.
    * con poco conocimiento de las nuevas tecnologías = technologically challenged.
    * corpus de conocimiento = corpus of knowledge.
    * crear un fondo común de conocimientos = pool + knowledge.
    * cúmulo de conocimiento = repository of knowledge, knowledge repository.
    * decisión con conocimiento de causa = informed decision.
    * difundir el conocimiento = spread + knowledge.
    * director ejecutivo de la gestión del conocimiento = knowledge executive.
    * dominio del conocimiento = knowledge domain.
    * economía basada en el conocimiento = knowledge driven economy.
    * economía del conocimiento = knowledge economy.
    * Era del Conocimiento, la = Knowledge Age, the.
    * estructuración del conocimiento = knowledge structuring.
    * examinar los conocimientos = test + knowledge.
    * falta de conocimiento = unfamiliarity.
    * filtro del conocimiento = knowledge filter.
    * fomentar el conocimiento = advance + knowledge.
    * fondo común de conocimientos = pool of knowledge, pool of expertise.
    * frontera del conocimiento = frontier of knowledge.
    * fundamentos del conocimiento, los = foundations of knowledge, the.
    * gestión del conocimiento = knowledge management (KM).
    * gestor del conocimiento = knowledge worker, knowledge manager.
    * hacer avanzar el conocimiento = push back + the frontiers of knowledge.
    * hacer gala del conocimiento que uno tiene = air + knowledge.
    * hacer perder el conocimiento = knock + Nombre + out, knock + Nombre + unconscious.
    * hacer uso de un conocimiento = draw on/upon + knowledge.
    * impartir conocimiento = impart + knowledge.
    * inculcar conocimiento = instil + knowledge.
    * ingeniería del conocimiento = knowledge engineering.
    * ingeniero del conocimiento = knowledge engineer.
    * institucion del conocimiento = institution of learning.
    * intercambio de conocimientos = learning exchange, cross-fertilisation [cross-fertilization, -USA], cross-fertilisation of knowledge.
    * jefe de los servicios de gestión del conocimiento = chief knowledge officer (CKO).
    * metaconocimiento = meta-knowledge.
    * navegación por el conocimiento = knowledge navigation.
    * navegador del conocimiento = knowledge navigator.
    * obtener conocimiento = gain + an understanding.
    * ofrecer conocimiento = package + knowledge.
    * perder el conocimiento = lose + Posesivo + senses, pass out, lose + Posesivo + consciousness.
    * pérdida del conocimiento = unconsciousness, fainting, fainting fit, loss of consciousness.
    * personas sin conocimientos técnicos, las = non-technical, the.
    * presentar conocimiento = package + knowledge.
    * producto del conocimiento = knowledge record.
    * profundizar en el conocimiento = deepen + knowledge.
    * propagar el conocimiento = propagate + knowledge.
    * proporcionar conocimientos técnicos = supply + know-how.
    * quedarse sin conocimiento = lose + Posesivo + consciousness, pass out.
    * rama del conocimiento = branch of learning.
    * recobrar el conocimiento = regain + Posesivo + consciousness.
    * recuperar el conocimiento = regain + Posesivo + consciousness.
    * red de conocimiento = knowledge network.
    * servidor del conocimiento = knowledge server.
    * sin conocimiento = unconscious.
    * sin conocimiento de causa = unbeknown to, unbeknownst to.
    * sintetizar el conocimiento = synthesise + knowledge.
    * sistema basado en el conocimiento = knowledge-base system.
    * sistema de gestión del conocimiento = knowledge management system (KMS).
    * sociedad basada en el conocimiento = knowledge based society.
    * sociedad del conocimiento = knowledge society.
    * Sociedad para el Conocimiento Global = Global Knowledge Partnership.
    * suministrar conocimientos técnicos = supply + know-how.
    * tener conocimiento de = be privy to, be aware of.
    * toma de decisiones con conocimiento de causa = informed decision making.
    * tomar decisiones con conocimiento de causa = make + informed decisions.
    * transferencia de conocimiento = transfer of knowledge, knowledge transfer.
    * utilizar los conocimientos de Uno = put + Posesivo + knowledge to work.
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( saber) knowledge
    b) conocimientos masculino plural ( nociones) knowledge
    2) (frml) ( información)

    dar conocimiento de algo a alguiento inform o (frml) apprise somebody of something

    pongo en su conocimiento que... — (Corresp) I am writing to inform you that...

    con conocimiento de causa: obró con conocimiento de causa (frml) he took this step, fully aware of what the consequences would be; hablo con conocimiento de causa — I know what I'm talking about

    3) ( sentido) consciousness

    perder/recobrar el conocimiento — to lose/regain consciousness

    aún es pequeño, no tiene todavía conocimiento — he's not old enough to understand

    * * *
    = cognition, competency, enlightenment, expertise, familiarisation [familiarization, -USA], familiarity, insight, knowledge, learning, acquaintance, understanding, cognisance [cognizance, -USA], connoisseurship, consciousness.

    Ex: The information-processing model of cognition, and developments in artificial intelligence encourage such comparisons = El modelo de la cognición sobre el procesamiento de la información de y los avances de la inteligencia artificial fomentan este tipo de comparaciones.

    Ex: SLIS programmes intended to 'produce' librarians with competency in the use of IT have to be designed.
    Ex: Considered as necessary work in the interest of humanity and general enlightenment, bibliography gains ground as the years pass.
    Ex: Its primary function is to provide a centre for software and hardware expertise for its members.
    Ex: Step 1 Familiarisation: This first step involves the indexer in becoming conversant with the subject content of the document to be indexed.
    Ex: The most effective searchers are those who have both system experience and some familiarity with the subject area in which they are searching.
    Ex: The human indexer works mechanically and rapidly; he should require no insight into the document content.
    Ex: These factors form the basis of the problems in identifying a satisfactory subject approach, and start to explain the vast array of different tolls used in the subject approach to knowledge.
    Ex: It is the responsibility of educators to stretch their student's intellects, hone their skills of intuitive judgment and synthesis, and build a love of learning that will sustain them beyond the level of formal education.
    Ex: It is only with accumulating experience and many years of close study and acquaintance with bibliographic works that a really substantial body of knowledge of the potential of bibliographic sources is acquired.
    Ex: We librarians ought to have a clearer understanding of our stock-in-trade (books) and their function of social mechanism.
    Ex: The passive cognisance of growth causes considerable difficulties = El conocimiento pasivo del crecimiento causa dificultades importantes.
    Ex: This book explores the underlying institutional factors that help museum-based connoisseurship and aestheticism and university-based critical theory and revisionist scholarship exist.
    Ex: For example, the latter are unlikely to engage themselves in conservation issues as these now press upon the professional consciousness of librarians.
    * actualizar los conocimientos = upgrade + Posesivo + skills.
    * adquirir conocimiento = gain + knowledge, glean + knowledge, acquire + knowledge, build up + knowledge.
    * ampliar el conocimiento = expand + Posesivo + knowledge, expand + Posesivo + knowledge, widen + knowledge, broaden + knowledge, deepen + understanding.
    * ampliar las fronteras del conocimiento = push back + the frontiers of knowledge.
    * análisis de áreas del conocimiento = domain analysis.
    * análisis de dominios del conocimiento = domain analysis.
    * aprendizaje rico en conocimiento = knowledge-rich learning.
    * área de conocimiento = area of study.
    * área del conocimiento = area of knowledge, discipline, subject field, field of activity, knowledge domain, discipline of knowledge.
    * aumentar el conocimiento = expand + Posesivo + knowledge, deepen + awareness.
    * aumento del conocimiento = knowledge building.
    * bannco de conocimiento = knowledge bank.
    * basado en el conocimiento = knowledge-based.
    * basado en las disciplinas del conocimiento = discipline-based.
    * bibliotecario con conocimientos de medicina = informationist.
    * búsqueda del conocimiento = quest for/of knowledge.
    * campo del conocimiento = field of knowledge.
    * centrado en el conocimiento = knowledge-centric.
    * ciencia del conocimiento = cognitive science.
    * compartir el conocimiento = knowledge sharing, pool + knowledge.
    * con conocimiento = authoritatively.
    * con conocimiento básico en el manejo de la información = information literate [information-literate].
    * con conocimiento básico en el uso de la biblioteca = library literate [library-literate].
    * con conocimiento de = appreciative of, conversant with.
    * con conocimiento de causa = knowingly, knowingly.
    * con conocimiento de informática = computer literate [computer-literate].
    * con conocimiento en el uso de Internet = Internet-savvy.
    * con conocimientos en = versed in.
    * con conocimientos sobre el correo electrónico = e-mail literate.
    * con el conocimiento de que = on the understanding that.
    * conjunto de conocimientos = body of knowledge.
    * conocimiento académico = academic knowledge.
    * conocimiento acumulado sobre un tema = lore.
    * conocimiento básico = working familiarity, working knowledge.
    * conocimiento científico = scientific knowledge.
    * conocimiento compartido = knowledge sharing.
    * conocimiento de base = foundation study.
    * conocimiento de cómo sobrevivir en el bosque = woodcraft.
    * conocimiento de embarque = bill of lading.
    * conocimiento de la existencia = awareness.
    * conocimiento de lengua = language skill.
    * conocimiento del objeto = object knowledge.
    * conocimiento de los diferentes soportes = media competency.
    * conocimiento detallado = intimate knowledge.
    * conocimiento de un área temática = area knowledge.
    * conocimiento documentado = recorded knowledge.
    * conocimiento enciclopédico = factual knowledge.
    * conocimiento en tecnología = technological skill.
    * conocimiento específico = expert knowledge.
    * conocimiento experto = expert knowledge, expertise.
    * conocimiento explícito = explicit knowledge.
    * conocimiento factual = declarative knowledge.
    * conocimiento humano = human consciousness.
    * conocimiento humano, el = human record, the.
    * conocimiento indígena = indigenous knowledge.
    * conocimiento lingüístico = language skill.
    * conocimiento mutuo = mutual knowledge.
    * conocimiento pasivo = nodding acquaintance.
    * conocimiento pleno = awareness.
    * conocimiento práctico = working knowledge, procedural knowledge.
    * conocimiento previo = foreknowledge.
    * conocimientos = knowledge base [knowledge-base].
    * conocimientos básicos = literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos de búsqueda, recuperación y organización de informació = information literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos de documentación = information literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos de informática = computer literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos en tecnología = technical literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos sobre el uso de las bibliotecas = library skills.
    * conocimientos de tecnología = techno-savvy, tech-savvy.
    * conocimientos en el manejo de la información = info-savvy.
    * conocimiento sobre una materia = subject knowledge.
    * conocimientos requeridos = job specs.
    * conocimiento tácito = tacit knowledge, tacit knowledge, tacit knowledge.
    * conocimiento técnico = know-how, technical knowledge.
    * conocimiento teórico = declarative knowledge.
    * con poco conocimiento de las nuevas tecnologías = technologically challenged.
    * corpus de conocimiento = corpus of knowledge.
    * crear un fondo común de conocimientos = pool + knowledge.
    * cúmulo de conocimiento = repository of knowledge, knowledge repository.
    * decisión con conocimiento de causa = informed decision.
    * difundir el conocimiento = spread + knowledge.
    * director ejecutivo de la gestión del conocimiento = knowledge executive.
    * dominio del conocimiento = knowledge domain.
    * economía basada en el conocimiento = knowledge driven economy.
    * economía del conocimiento = knowledge economy.
    * Era del Conocimiento, la = Knowledge Age, the.
    * estructuración del conocimiento = knowledge structuring.
    * examinar los conocimientos = test + knowledge.
    * falta de conocimiento = unfamiliarity.
    * filtro del conocimiento = knowledge filter.
    * fomentar el conocimiento = advance + knowledge.
    * fondo común de conocimientos = pool of knowledge, pool of expertise.
    * frontera del conocimiento = frontier of knowledge.
    * fundamentos del conocimiento, los = foundations of knowledge, the.
    * gestión del conocimiento = knowledge management (KM).
    * gestor del conocimiento = knowledge worker, knowledge manager.
    * hacer avanzar el conocimiento = push back + the frontiers of knowledge.
    * hacer gala del conocimiento que uno tiene = air + knowledge.
    * hacer perder el conocimiento = knock + Nombre + out, knock + Nombre + unconscious.
    * hacer uso de un conocimiento = draw on/upon + knowledge.
    * impartir conocimiento = impart + knowledge.
    * inculcar conocimiento = instil + knowledge.
    * ingeniería del conocimiento = knowledge engineering.
    * ingeniero del conocimiento = knowledge engineer.
    * institucion del conocimiento = institution of learning.
    * intercambio de conocimientos = learning exchange, cross-fertilisation [cross-fertilization, -USA], cross-fertilisation of knowledge.
    * jefe de los servicios de gestión del conocimiento = chief knowledge officer (CKO).
    * metaconocimiento = meta-knowledge.
    * navegación por el conocimiento = knowledge navigation.
    * navegador del conocimiento = knowledge navigator.
    * obtener conocimiento = gain + an understanding.
    * ofrecer conocimiento = package + knowledge.
    * perder el conocimiento = lose + Posesivo + senses, pass out, lose + Posesivo + consciousness.
    * pérdida del conocimiento = unconsciousness, fainting, fainting fit, loss of consciousness.
    * personas sin conocimientos técnicos, las = non-technical, the.
    * presentar conocimiento = package + knowledge.
    * producto del conocimiento = knowledge record.
    * profundizar en el conocimiento = deepen + knowledge.
    * propagar el conocimiento = propagate + knowledge.
    * proporcionar conocimientos técnicos = supply + know-how.
    * quedarse sin conocimiento = lose + Posesivo + consciousness, pass out.
    * rama del conocimiento = branch of learning.
    * recobrar el conocimiento = regain + Posesivo + consciousness.
    * recuperar el conocimiento = regain + Posesivo + consciousness.
    * red de conocimiento = knowledge network.
    * servidor del conocimiento = knowledge server.
    * sin conocimiento = unconscious.
    * sin conocimiento de causa = unbeknown to, unbeknownst to.
    * sintetizar el conocimiento = synthesise + knowledge.
    * sistema basado en el conocimiento = knowledge-base system.
    * sistema de gestión del conocimiento = knowledge management system (KMS).
    * sociedad basada en el conocimiento = knowledge based society.
    * sociedad del conocimiento = knowledge society.
    * Sociedad para el Conocimiento Global = Global Knowledge Partnership.
    * suministrar conocimientos técnicos = supply + know-how.
    * tener conocimiento de = be privy to, be aware of.
    * toma de decisiones con conocimiento de causa = informed decision making.
    * tomar decisiones con conocimiento de causa = make + informed decisions.
    * transferencia de conocimiento = transfer of knowledge, knowledge transfer.
    * utilizar los conocimientos de Uno = put + Posesivo + knowledge to work.

    * * *
    A
    1 (saber) knowledge
    tiene algunos conocimientos de inglés he has some knowledge of English, he knows some English
    B ( frml)
    (información): dio conocimiento del suceso a las autoridades he informed o ( frml) apprised the authorities of the incident
    puso el hecho en conocimiento de la policía she informed the police of the incident, she reported the incident to the police
    pongo en su conocimiento que … ( Corresp) I am writing to inform you that …
    al tener conocimiento del suceso upon learning of the incident ( frml)
    a esas horas no se tenía todavía conocimiento de la noticia at that time we/they still had not heard the news
    ciertas personas tienen conocimiento de sus actividades certain people are aware of her activities
    llegar a conocimiento de algn to come to sb's attention o notice ( frml)
    con conocimiento de causa: obró con conocimiento de causa ( frml); he took this step, fully aware of what the consequences would be
    te lo digo con conocimiento de causa I know what I'm talking about
    Compuesto:
    bill of lading, waybill
    C (sentido) consciousness
    perder el conocimiento to lose consciousness
    cuando recobró el conocimiento when he regained consciousness, when he came to o round
    estar sin conocimiento to be unconscious
    D
    (entendimiento): aún es pequeño, no tiene todavía conocimiento he's not old enough to understand
    * * *

     

    conocimiento sustantivo masculino


    poner algo en conocimiento de algn to inform sb of sth;
    tener conocimiento de algo to be aware of sth

    perder/recobrar el conocimiento to lose/regain consciousness;

    estar sin conocimiento to be unconscious
    conocimiento sustantivo masculino
    1 knowledge
    2 (conciencia) consciousness
    3 conocimientos, knowledge
    ♦ Locuciones: perder/recobrar el conocimiento, to lose/regain consciousness
    con conocimiento de causa, with full knowledge of the facts
    ' conocimiento' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    braga
    - ciencia
    - conciencia
    - desfallecer
    - desvanecerse
    - dominio
    - error
    - orientación
    - parcela
    - revelar
    - sentida
    - sentido
    - experiencia
    - perder
    - pérdida
    - reanimar
    - recobrar
    - saber
    English:
    acquaintance
    - air
    - black out
    - blackout
    - cognizance
    - come to
    - comprehensive
    - consciousness
    - familiarity
    - grounding
    - improve
    - knock out
    - knowledge
    - notice
    - privy
    - recover
    - self-awareness
    - sketchy
    - superficial
    - thorough
    - unconsciousness
    - black
    - knock
    - know
    - pass
    * * *
    1. [saber] knowledge;
    hablar/actuar con conocimiento de causa to know what one is talking about/doing;
    puso el robo en conocimiento de la policía she informed the police of the burglary;
    ponemos en su conocimiento que se ha detectado un error en el programa this is to inform you that an error has been detected in the program;
    no teníamos conocimiento de su dimisión we were not aware that he had resigned;
    al tener conocimiento del accidente, acudió inmediatamente al hospital when she found out about the accident she immediately went to the hospital;
    ha llegado a mi conocimiento que estás insatisfecho it has come to my attention that you are not happy
    2.
    conocimientos [nociones] knowledge;
    tengo algunos conocimientos de informática I have some knowledge of computers, I know a bit about computers;
    nuestros conocimientos acerca de la enfermedad son muy limitados our knowledge of the disease is very limited, we know very little about the disease
    3. [sentido, conciencia] consciousness;
    perder el conocimiento to lose consciousness;
    recobrar el conocimiento to regain consciousness;
    estaba tumbado en el suelo, sin conocimiento he was lying unconscious on the floor
    4. [juicio] (common) sense;
    5. Com conocimiento de embarque bill of lading
    * * *
    m
    1 knowledge;
    con conocimiento de causa hacer algo fully aware of the consequences;
    para su conocimiento for your information;
    conocimientos pl ( nociones) knowledge sg
    2 MED consciousness;
    perder el conocimiento lose consciousness;
    sin conocimiento unconscious;
    recobrar el conocimiento regain consciousness
    * * *
    1) : knowledge
    2) sentido: consciousness
    * * *
    1. (en general) knowledge
    2. (sentido) consciousness

    Spanish-English dictionary > conocimiento

  • 12 contener1

    1 = bear, contain, contain in, enclose, gather, hold, host, include, possess, carry, be stocked with, harbour [harbor, -USA], offer, provide.
    Ex. Use a uniform title for an entry if the item bears a title proper that differs from the uniform title.
    Ex. The label contains information about the record, indicating, for instance, its length, status, for example, new, amended, type and class.
    Ex. A printed index is a pointer, or indicator, or more fully, a systematic guide to the items contained in, or concepts derived from a collection.
    Ex. The building encloses an art gallery, tourist office, conference room, concert hall and cinema.
    Ex. A bibliography is a list of materials or items which is restricted in its coverage by some feature other than the materials being gathered in one library collection.
    Ex. If the search is made with a call number, a summary of copies with that call number which are held by the library is first displayed.
    Ex. Most computer bureaux which host the factual data bases have their own world-wide networks.
    Ex. Document descriptions may be included in catalogues, bibliographies and other listings of documents.
    Ex. Not every index necessarily exhibits all the features of either of these types of indexing systems, and indeed, some will possess elements of both types of systems.
    Ex. Europe Environment carries useful reports on the activities of the lobby groups in the environmental, consumer protection and research fields.
    Ex. The paperback shelves in many retail outlets are stocked with books which, in spite of their print-runs, may or may not be a financial success.
    Ex. When the reference collection fails or the question is broad in nature, the stacks may harbor exactly what is wanted.
    Ex. Thus some current awareness services can be purchased from external vendors, whilst others may be offered by a library or information unit to its particular group of users.
    Ex. To start with, most catalogues, indexes, data bases and bibliographies provide access to information or documents.
    ----
    * contener en abundancia = abound in/with.
    * contener en cantidad = abound in/with.
    * contener en cantidad + Nombre = contain + its share of + Nombre.
    * contener hiperenlaces = hotlink [hot-link].
    * contener información = carry + information.
    * contener mucho = be high in.

    Spanish-English dictionary > contener1

  • 13 corriente3

    3 = trend, strand, current, movement.
    Ex. Current trends favour cataloguing practices which can be applied to a variety of library materials.
    Ex. This article gives a brief history of the two main strands in the development of bibliotherapy, or healing through books, in the USA.
    Ex. This article examines the political shoals, currents, and rip tides associated with off campus library programmes and suggests that awareness and involvement are key ways to avoid running aground.
    Ex. The cathedral-like hush contrasted strangely with the clamor and movement outside.
    ----
    * contracorriente = cross-current.
    * corriente de pensamiento = trend of thought, stream of consciousness.
    * corriente dominante = mainstream.
    * corriente, lo = the normal run of.
    * corriente principal = mainstream.
    * dejarse arrastrar por la corriente = go with + the flow, go along with + the flow.
    * dejarse llevar por la corriente = go with + the flow, go along with + the flow.
    * en la corriente principal de = in the mainstream of.
    * ir con la corriente = go with + the flow, go along with + the flow.
    * ir en contra de la corriente = go against + the flow.
    * seguir la corriente = go with + the flow, go along with + the flow.

    Spanish-English dictionary > corriente3

  • 14 dar pie a

    to give occasion for
    * * *
    (v.) = spark off, give + rise to, bring about, lead to, cause, open + the door to, give + cause to, give + occasion to
    Ex. Like the librarians and the bookshop staff, the club members are catalysts who spark off that fission which will spread from child to child an awareness of books and the habit of reading them.
    Ex. The method of indexing called post-coordinate indexing gives rise to physical forms of indexes which differ from the more 'traditional' catalogues mentioned above.
    Ex. Untruth brings about ill reputation and indignity.
    Ex. At each of these levels, entry of a 'd' for detail and a line number leads to display of the information about the item chosen.
    Ex. As usage of the language causes terms to become anachronistic, or as increases in our level of awareness reveal undesirable connotations, we seek to change subject heading terms.
    Ex. Thus Cutter opens the door to compounds and phrases of all kinds -- so long as they are 'nameable' -- and also opens the door to inversion, but gives no rule for this.
    Ex. That crucial evidence was withheld from the final report could give cause to bring charges of criminal negligence.
    Ex. Many soldiers took advantage of the impoverished conditions giving occasion to assaults, rapes and murders.
    * * *
    (v.) = spark off, give + rise to, bring about, lead to, cause, open + the door to, give + cause to, give + occasion to

    Ex: Like the librarians and the bookshop staff, the club members are catalysts who spark off that fission which will spread from child to child an awareness of books and the habit of reading them.

    Ex: The method of indexing called post-coordinate indexing gives rise to physical forms of indexes which differ from the more 'traditional' catalogues mentioned above.
    Ex: Untruth brings about ill reputation and indignity.
    Ex: At each of these levels, entry of a 'd' for detail and a line number leads to display of the information about the item chosen.
    Ex: As usage of the language causes terms to become anachronistic, or as increases in our level of awareness reveal undesirable connotations, we seek to change subject heading terms.
    Ex: Thus Cutter opens the door to compounds and phrases of all kinds -- so long as they are 'nameable' -- and also opens the door to inversion, but gives no rule for this.
    Ex: That crucial evidence was withheld from the final report could give cause to bring charges of criminal negligence.
    Ex: Many soldiers took advantage of the impoverished conditions giving occasion to assaults, rapes and murders.

    Spanish-English dictionary > dar pie a

  • 15 dar pábulo a

    to fuel, encourage
    * * *
    (v.) = fuel, spark off
    Ex. This is in line with recent trends in the historical sciences generally fuelled by the feeling that in the past historians did not pay enough attention to what is, after all, the majority of humanity.
    Ex. Like the librarians and the bookshop staff, the club members are catalysts who spark off that fission which will spread from child to child an awareness of books and the habit of reading them.
    * * *
    (v.) = fuel, spark off

    Ex: This is in line with recent trends in the historical sciences generally fuelled by the feeling that in the past historians did not pay enough attention to what is, after all, the majority of humanity.

    Ex: Like the librarians and the bookshop staff, the club members are catalysts who spark off that fission which will spread from child to child an awareness of books and the habit of reading them.

    Spanish-English dictionary > dar pábulo a

  • 16 desencadenar

    v.
    1 to unchain (preso, perro).
    Ricardo desencadenó al perro Richard unchained the dog.
    2 to give rise to, to spark off.
    la medida desencadenó fuertes protestas the measure provoked furious protests
    3 to trigger, to detonate, to activate, to provoke.
    Su actitud desencadenó un pleito Her attitude triggered the fight.
    * * *
    1 (quitar la cadena) to unchain
    2 (pasiones) to unleash
    3 figurado (producir) to spark off, give rise to
    1 (desatarse) to break loose
    2 (guerra) to break out
    3 (acontecimientos) to start
    * * *
    verb
    * * *
    1. VT
    1) (=quitar las cadenas de) [+ prisionero] to unchain; [+ perro] to unleash
    2) (=desatar) [+ ira] to unleash; [+ crisis] to trigger, set off
    2.
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    a) <crisis/protesta/reacción> to trigger
    b) < perro> to unleash, let... off the leash; < preso> to unchain, unshackle
    2.
    desencadenarse v pron explosión/reacción to be triggered off; guerra to break out; tempestad to break
    * * *
    = spark off, trigger, spark, unleash, touch off, set off.
    Ex. Like the librarians and the bookshop staff, the club members are catalysts who spark off that fission which will spread from child to child an awareness of books and the habit of reading them.
    Ex. Nevertheless, the fact that these general lists cannot serve for every application has triggered a search for more consistent approaches.
    Ex. The nineteenth century was, quite rightly, fearful of any system of spreading knowledge which might spark the tinder box of unrest.
    Ex. The economic climate of the 1980s, unleashing competitive forces and threatening the survival of some institutions, has had a major impact on both hospitals and academic health centres.
    Ex. This decision touched off a battle of wills between the library and the government as well as a blitz of media publicity.
    Ex. The dollar has been losing value, weakening its status as the world's major currency and setting off jitters in the international financial system.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    a) <crisis/protesta/reacción> to trigger
    b) < perro> to unleash, let... off the leash; < preso> to unchain, unshackle
    2.
    desencadenarse v pron explosión/reacción to be triggered off; guerra to break out; tempestad to break
    * * *
    = spark off, trigger, spark, unleash, touch off, set off.

    Ex: Like the librarians and the bookshop staff, the club members are catalysts who spark off that fission which will spread from child to child an awareness of books and the habit of reading them.

    Ex: Nevertheless, the fact that these general lists cannot serve for every application has triggered a search for more consistent approaches.
    Ex: The nineteenth century was, quite rightly, fearful of any system of spreading knowledge which might spark the tinder box of unrest.
    Ex: The economic climate of the 1980s, unleashing competitive forces and threatening the survival of some institutions, has had a major impact on both hospitals and academic health centres.
    Ex: This decision touched off a battle of wills between the library and the government as well as a blitz of media publicity.
    Ex: The dollar has been losing value, weakening its status as the world's major currency and setting off jitters in the international financial system.

    * * *
    vt
    1 ‹crisis/protesta› to trigger
    la matanza desencadenó una ola de protestas the killings triggered o unleashed a wave of protest
    2 ‹explosión/reacción› to trigger
    3 ‹perro› to unleash, let … off the leash; ‹preso› to unchain, unshackle
    «explosión/reacción» to be triggered off; «guerra» to break out; «crisis» to break
    se desencadenó una ola de protestas a storm of protests erupted, it provoked a storm of protests
    * * *

    desencadenar ( conjugate desencadenar) verbo transitivo
    a)crisis/protesta/reacción to trigger

    b) perro to unleash;

    preso to unchain
    desencadenarse verbo pronominal [explosión/reacción] to be triggered off;
    [ guerra] to break out;
    [ tempestad] to break
    desencadenar verbo transitivo
    1 to unchain
    2 (producir, dar lugar) to unleash
    ' desencadenar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    desatar
    English:
    set off
    - start
    - touch off
    - trigger
    - unleash
    * * *
    vt
    1. [preso, perro] to unchain
    2. [viento, tormenta] to unleash
    3. [accidente, polémica] to give rise to;
    [pasión] to unleash; [conflicto] to trigger, to spark off;
    la medida desencadenó fuertes protestas the measure triggered furious protests
    * * *
    v/t fig
    set off, trigger
    * * *
    1) : to unchain
    2) : to trigger, to unleash

    Spanish-English dictionary > desencadenar

  • 17 despertar

    m.
    1 awakening.
    El despertar de sus sentidos fue lento The awakening of his senses was slow
    2 emergence.
    v.
    1 to wake (up) (persona, animal).
    despiértame a la seis, por favor could you wake me (up) at six, please?
    2 to arouse.
    despertar odio/pasión to arouse hatred/passion
    el ejercicio me despierta el apetito exercise gives me an appetite
    despertar a alguien las ganas de hacer algo to make somebody want to do something
    Su belleza despertó su pasión Her beauty aroused his passion.
    3 to revive, to awaken (recuerdo).
    esta canción despierta en mí buenos recuerdos this song brings back happy memories
    4 to wake up, to arouse, to awaken, to awake.
    El ruido despertó a Ricardo The noise woke up Richard.
    Elsa amaneció Elsa woke up..
    * * *
    Conjugation model [ ACERTAR], like link=acertar acertar
    1 to wake, wake up, awaken
    2 (apetito) to whet
    3 figurado (pasiones, deseos, etc) to arouse; (interés) to awake; (recuerdos) to bring back
    1 to wake up, awake
    1 to wake up, awake
    * * *
    verb
    2) awaken, wake
    * * *
    1. VT
    1) [del sueño] to wake, wake up, awaken liter
    2) (=recordar, incitar) [+ esperanzas] to raise; [+ recuerdo] to revive; [+ sentimiento] to arouse
    2.
    VI
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    a) < persona> to wake, wake... up
    b) <sentimientos/pasiones> to arouse; < apetito> to whet; < recuerdos> to evoke; < interés> to awaken, stir up
    2.
    a) ( del sueño) to wake (up); ( de la anestesia) to come round
    b) (liter) (a la realidad, al amor) to wake up to
    3.
    despertarse v pron
    a) ( del sueño) to wake (up)
    b) ( espabilarse) to wake (oneself) up
    * * *
    = arouse, awakening, spark off, wake up, awaken, awake, rouse, stir up, incite, beckon forth.
    Ex. The appearance of this volume aroused such a furor within and without the British Museum that further publication of the catalog was suspended.
    Ex. Puberty, he describes as 'dreamy and sentimental' and though this may seem a far cry from the teenagers we would recognize that adolescence brings an awakening of emotions, idealism and commitment to a romantic ideal.
    Ex. Like the librarians and the bookshop staff, the club members are catalysts who spark off that fission which will spread from child to child an awareness of books and the habit of reading them.
    Ex. I do anticipate, however, that we will wake up sooner or later to this enormous competitive threat.
    Ex. In the beginning it does not matter what kind of literature causes this to happen; the great thing is that the critical sense has been awakened.
    Ex. Schucking noted that early step when a child's 'imagination awakes, without corresponding development of the critical faculty,' a step most children make before they reach school age = Schucking se percató de ese primer paso en el niño cuando "se despierta su imaginación sin el correspondiente desarrollo de la capacidad crítica", un paso que dan la mayoría de los niños antes de alcanzar la edad escolar.
    Ex. The spirit, if not the content, of Marx can be the joust to rouse the sleepy theory of academic sociology.
    Ex. The goal of this guidebook is to help writers activate their brains to stir up more and better ideas and details.
    Ex. It is illegal to operate websites inciting terrorism under the Terrorism Act.
    Ex. Our academic curriculum and is designed to stimulate, challenge, and beckon forth the best from each student.
    ----
    * despertar a la realidad = wake up to + reality, wake up to + the realities.
    * despertar de = jolt out of.
    * despertar dudas = stir + doubts.
    * despertar el deseo = arouse + hunger.
    * despertar el entusiasmo = capture + the imagination, work up + an enthusiasm.
    * despertar el hambre = work up + an appetite.
    * despertar el interés = provoke + interest, stimulate + interest, stir + interest, whet + the appetite, heighten + interest, rouse + interest, capture + the imagination, capture + the interest, work up + an interest, pique + interest.
    * despertar el interés de = catch + the imagination of.
    * despertar entusiasmo = arouse + enthusiasm.
    * despertar interés = arouse + interest, attract + interest, raise + interest, spark + interest.
    * despertar interés por = kindle + interest in.
    * despertar la atención = arouse + attention, give + wake-up call.
    * despertar la curiosidad = arouse + curiosity, provoke + curiosity, spark + curiosity, excite + attention, excite + curiosity, pique + curiosity, stir + Posesivo + curiosity.
    * despertar la imaginación = fire + the imagination.
    * despertar la motivación = spark + motivation.
    * despertar la sed = work up + a thirst.
    * despertar las emociones = stir + emotions.
    * despertar la sensibilidad = release + feelings.
    * despertar pasión = ignite + passion.
    * despertarse = get on + the ball.
    * despertarse con = wake up to.
    * despertarse de = rouse from.
    * despertarse sobresaltado = startle awake.
    * despertarse sorprendido = startle awake.
    * despertar sospechas = stir + suspicion, arouse + suspicion.
    * despertar un sentimiento de = stir + a sense of.
    * destinado a despertar el interés del usuario = highlight abstract.
    * duro despertar = rude awakening.
    * tener un duro despertar = rude awakening + be in store.
    * volver a despertar = reawaken [re-awaken].
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    a) < persona> to wake, wake... up
    b) <sentimientos/pasiones> to arouse; < apetito> to whet; < recuerdos> to evoke; < interés> to awaken, stir up
    2.
    a) ( del sueño) to wake (up); ( de la anestesia) to come round
    b) (liter) (a la realidad, al amor) to wake up to
    3.
    despertarse v pron
    a) ( del sueño) to wake (up)
    b) ( espabilarse) to wake (oneself) up
    * * *
    = arouse, awakening, spark off, wake up, awaken, awake, rouse, stir up, incite, beckon forth.

    Ex: The appearance of this volume aroused such a furor within and without the British Museum that further publication of the catalog was suspended.

    Ex: Puberty, he describes as 'dreamy and sentimental' and though this may seem a far cry from the teenagers we would recognize that adolescence brings an awakening of emotions, idealism and commitment to a romantic ideal.
    Ex: Like the librarians and the bookshop staff, the club members are catalysts who spark off that fission which will spread from child to child an awareness of books and the habit of reading them.
    Ex: I do anticipate, however, that we will wake up sooner or later to this enormous competitive threat.
    Ex: In the beginning it does not matter what kind of literature causes this to happen; the great thing is that the critical sense has been awakened.
    Ex: Schucking noted that early step when a child's 'imagination awakes, without corresponding development of the critical faculty,' a step most children make before they reach school age = Schucking se percató de ese primer paso en el niño cuando "se despierta su imaginación sin el correspondiente desarrollo de la capacidad crítica", un paso que dan la mayoría de los niños antes de alcanzar la edad escolar.
    Ex: The spirit, if not the content, of Marx can be the joust to rouse the sleepy theory of academic sociology.
    Ex: The goal of this guidebook is to help writers activate their brains to stir up more and better ideas and details.
    Ex: It is illegal to operate websites inciting terrorism under the Terrorism Act.
    Ex: Our academic curriculum and is designed to stimulate, challenge, and beckon forth the best from each student.
    * despertar a la realidad = wake up to + reality, wake up to + the realities.
    * despertar de = jolt out of.
    * despertar dudas = stir + doubts.
    * despertar el deseo = arouse + hunger.
    * despertar el entusiasmo = capture + the imagination, work up + an enthusiasm.
    * despertar el hambre = work up + an appetite.
    * despertar el interés = provoke + interest, stimulate + interest, stir + interest, whet + the appetite, heighten + interest, rouse + interest, capture + the imagination, capture + the interest, work up + an interest, pique + interest.
    * despertar el interés de = catch + the imagination of.
    * despertar entusiasmo = arouse + enthusiasm.
    * despertar interés = arouse + interest, attract + interest, raise + interest, spark + interest.
    * despertar interés por = kindle + interest in.
    * despertar la atención = arouse + attention, give + wake-up call.
    * despertar la curiosidad = arouse + curiosity, provoke + curiosity, spark + curiosity, excite + attention, excite + curiosity, pique + curiosity, stir + Posesivo + curiosity.
    * despertar la imaginación = fire + the imagination.
    * despertar la motivación = spark + motivation.
    * despertar la sed = work up + a thirst.
    * despertar las emociones = stir + emotions.
    * despertar la sensibilidad = release + feelings.
    * despertar pasión = ignite + passion.
    * despertarse = get on + the ball.
    * despertarse con = wake up to.
    * despertarse de = rouse from.
    * despertarse sobresaltado = startle awake.
    * despertarse sorprendido = startle awake.
    * despertar sospechas = stir + suspicion, arouse + suspicion.
    * despertar un sentimiento de = stir + a sense of.
    * destinado a despertar el interés del usuario = highlight abstract.
    * duro despertar = rude awakening.
    * tener un duro despertar = rude awakening + be in store.
    * volver a despertar = reawaken [re-awaken].

    * * *
    despertar1 [A5 ]
    vt
    1 ‹persona› to wake, wake … up
    despiértame a las ocho wake me (up) at eight o'clock
    2 ‹sentimientos/pasiones› to arouse; ‹apetito› to whet; ‹recuerdos› to evoke; ‹interés› to awaken, stir up
    un discurso que despertó fuertes polémicas a speech which sparked off o triggered o aroused o provoked fierce controversy
    esa música despierta recuerdos de mi niñez that music reminds me of my childhood o brings back o evokes memories of my childhood
    ■ despertar
    vi
    1 (del sueño) to wake (up)
    todavía no ha despertado de la anestesia she hasn't come round from the anesthetic yet
    despertó sobresaltado he woke (up) o ( liter) awoke with a start
    2 ( liter) (a la realidad, al amor) to wake up
    1 (del sueño) to wake (up)
    se despertó de madrugada he woke (up) very early
    2 (espabilarse) to wake (oneself) up
    voy a darme una ducha a ver si me despierto I'm going to have a shower to try to wake (myself) up
    awakening
    * * *

     

    despertar ( conjugate despertar) verbo transitivo
    a) persona to wake, wake … up

    b)sentimientos/pasiones to arouse;

    apetito to whet;
    recuerdos to evoke;
    interés to awaken, stir up
    verbo intransitivo ( del sueño) to wake (up);
    ( de la anestesia) to come round
    despertarse verbo pronominal ( del sueño) to wake (up)
    despertar
    I verbo transitivo
    1 to wake (up)
    2 fig (un sentimiento, recuerdo) to arouse
    II sustantivo masculino awakening: tiene muy mal despertar, he's always angry when he wakes up
    ' despertar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    cerrarse
    - despertarse
    - escándalo
    - espabilar
    - grogui
    - ininteligible
    - umbral
    - despierta
    English:
    arouse
    - awake
    - awaken
    - awakening
    - fire
    - get up
    - rouse
    - roust
    - stir
    - stir up
    - wake
    - wake up
    - excite
    - get
    - kindle
    - provoke
    * * *
    vt
    1. [persona, animal] to wake (up);
    despiértame a las seis, por favor could you wake me (up) at six, please?
    2. [producir] [sentimientos] to arouse;
    [recuerdos] to bring back, to revive; [expectación] to create, to arouse; [debate, polémica] to give rise to;
    despertar odio/pasión to arouse hatred/passion;
    el ejercicio me despierta el apetito exercise gives me an appetite;
    esta canción despierta en mí buenos recuerdos this song brings back happy memories for me
    vi
    1. [dejar de dormir] to wake (up);
    ¡despierta, que ya hemos llegado! wake up! we've arrived!;
    despertó de repente de su sueño she suddenly woke from her dream
    2. [espabilar] to wake o wise up
    * * *
    I v/t
    1 wake, waken
    2 apetito whet; sospecha arouse; recuerdo reawaken, trigger
    II v/i wake up
    * * *
    despertar {55} vi
    : to awaken, to wake up
    1) : to arouse, to wake
    2) evocar: to elicit, to evoke
    * * *
    despertar vb (persona) to wake [pt. woke; pp. woken] / to wake up

    Spanish-English dictionary > despertar

  • 18 distribuidor

    adj.
    distributing, distributor.
    m.
    1 distributor, stockist, dealer, supplier.
    2 distributor.
    3 spreading nozzle, delivery nozzle.
    * * *
    1 distributing, distributive
    nombre masculino,nombre femenino
    1 distributor
    2 COMERCIO wholesaler
    1 AUTOMÓVIL distributor
    ————————
    1 AUTOMÓVIL distributor
    * * *
    distribuidor, -a
    1.
    ADJ
    (Com)

    casa distribuidora — distributor, distribution company

    2.
    SM / F (=persona) [de productos] distributor; (Correos) sorter; (Com) dealer, stockist
    3. SM
    1) (=máquina)
    2) (Aut) distributor
    3) LAm (Aut) motorway exit, highway exit (EEUU)
    * * *
    I
    - dora masculino, femenino (Com) distributor
    II
    1) (Auto, Mec) distributor
    2) (Ven) ( en una carretera) interchange, cloverleaf
    * * *
    = distributor, outlet, provider, spinner, supplier, vendor, deliverer, distributive, stockist, aggregator, upstream, jobber, dealership.
    Ex. A distributor is an agent or agency that has exclusive or shared marketing rights for an item.
    Ex. It would seem as if the country is almost awash with outlets for the sale of books.
    Ex. The information available on Prestel changes as the information providers come and go.
    Ex. Online system hosts, sometimes known as online system suppliers, online service vendors and online service spinners, are responsible for mounting data bases upon a computer.
    Ex. The receipt of materials and invoices and suppliers' reports are recorded in acquisitions records.
    Ex. Thus some current awareness services can be purchased from external vendors, whilst others may be offered by a library or information unit to its particular group of users.
    Ex. The service has as a goal the active participation of end users as deliverers as well as recipients of the service.
    Ex. As noted earlier, OCLC, in common with the other utilities, is moving towards a more distributive and local service = Como se ha indicado anteriormente, la OCLC, al igual que otros servicios, está avanzando hacia un servicio más local y más distribuido.
    Ex. The library is often the only stockist in Scandinavia of some journals = En Escandinavia, la biblioteca a menudo es la única proveedora de algunas revistas.
    Ex. Many publishers have decided to offer their electronic journals through an aggregator, an intermediate service, which aggregates the titles from many different publishers under one interface or search system.
    Ex. The exchange of trading information on a regular basis influences the balance company bargaining power between upstream and downstream companies in grocery marketing.
    Ex. Many library managers believe that the services provided by jobbers and other middlemen are well worth the additional cost.
    Ex. More and more new car buyers are refusing to walk out of a dealership without metallic paint despite the cost of metallic and standard paints being no different.
    ----
    * agencia distribuidora = releasing agent.
    * distribuidor de bases de datos = online system host, database host, host system, online service vendor.
    * distribuidor de bases de datos en línea = online vendor.
    * distribuidor de información = information provider.
    * distribuidor de información en línea = host, online host.
    * distribuidor de libros = book dealer.
    * distribuidor de recursos = resource allocator.
    * distribuidor de revistas = journal host.
    * distribuidor de revistas electrónicas = e-journal host.
    * distribuidor que concede licencias = licensor.
    * * *
    I
    - dora masculino, femenino (Com) distributor
    II
    1) (Auto, Mec) distributor
    2) (Ven) ( en una carretera) interchange, cloverleaf
    * * *
    = distributor, outlet, provider, spinner, supplier, vendor, deliverer, distributive, stockist, aggregator, upstream, jobber, dealership.

    Ex: A distributor is an agent or agency that has exclusive or shared marketing rights for an item.

    Ex: It would seem as if the country is almost awash with outlets for the sale of books.
    Ex: The information available on Prestel changes as the information providers come and go.
    Ex: Online system hosts, sometimes known as online system suppliers, online service vendors and online service spinners, are responsible for mounting data bases upon a computer.
    Ex: The receipt of materials and invoices and suppliers' reports are recorded in acquisitions records.
    Ex: Thus some current awareness services can be purchased from external vendors, whilst others may be offered by a library or information unit to its particular group of users.
    Ex: The service has as a goal the active participation of end users as deliverers as well as recipients of the service.
    Ex: As noted earlier, OCLC, in common with the other utilities, is moving towards a more distributive and local service = Como se ha indicado anteriormente, la OCLC, al igual que otros servicios, está avanzando hacia un servicio más local y más distribuido.
    Ex: The library is often the only stockist in Scandinavia of some journals = En Escandinavia, la biblioteca a menudo es la única proveedora de algunas revistas.
    Ex: Many publishers have decided to offer their electronic journals through an aggregator, an intermediate service, which aggregates the titles from many different publishers under one interface or search system.
    Ex: The exchange of trading information on a regular basis influences the balance company bargaining power between upstream and downstream companies in grocery marketing.
    Ex: Many library managers believe that the services provided by jobbers and other middlemen are well worth the additional cost.
    Ex: More and more new car buyers are refusing to walk out of a dealership without metallic paint despite the cost of metallic and standard paints being no different.
    * agencia distribuidora = releasing agent.
    * distribuidor de bases de datos = online system host, database host, host system, online service vendor.
    * distribuidor de bases de datos en línea = online vendor.
    * distribuidor de información = information provider.
    * distribuidor de información en línea = host, online host.
    * distribuidor de libros = book dealer.
    * distribuidor de recursos = resource allocator.
    * distribuidor de revistas = journal host.
    * distribuidor de revistas electrónicas = e-journal host.
    * distribuidor que concede licencias = licensor.

    * * *
    distribution ( before n)
    masculine, feminine
    ( Com) distributor
    A ( Auto, Mec) distributor
    distribuidor automático vending machine
    C ( Ven) (en una carretera) interchange, cloverleaf
    * * *

     

    distribuidor 1
    ◊ - dora sustantivo masculino, femenino (Com) distributor

    distribuidor 2 sustantivo masculino (Auto, Mec) distributor
    distribuidor,-ora
    I adjetivo distributing
    II sustantivo masculino y femenino
    1 distributor
    2 Com wholesaler

    ' distribuidor' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    distribuidora
    - autorizado
    - exclusivo
    English:
    distributor
    - stockist
    - slot
    * * *
    distribuidor, -ora
    adj
    [entidad] wholesale;
    una red distribuidora a distribution network
    nm,f
    1. [empresa] distributor, Br stockist;
    [de películas] distributor
    2. [repartidor] deliveryman, f deliverywoman
    nm
    1. [máquina de tabaco, bebidas] vending machine;
    [cajero automático] cash dispenser o machine
    2. [habitación] = lobby o small room leading to other rooms
    3. Aut distributor
    * * *
    m COM, EL, de película distributor
    * * *
    : distributor

    Spanish-English dictionary > distribuidor

  • 19 documento primario

    (n.) = primary document, primary publication, primary source
    Ex. A primary document is a document which presents information which is essentially original in character.
    Ex. Abstracts are an important component of many primary and secondary publications, current-awareness services and computerized databases.
    Ex. Secondary sources are books, digests, articles, trend reports based on primary sources, both by native and foreign authors.
    * * *
    (n.) = primary document, primary publication, primary source

    Ex: A primary document is a document which presents information which is essentially original in character.

    Ex: Abstracts are an important component of many primary and secondary publications, current-awareness services and computerized databases.
    Ex: Secondary sources are books, digests, articles, trend reports based on primary sources, both by native and foreign authors.

    Spanish-English dictionary > documento primario

  • 20 donación de libros

    (n.) = gift collection, book endowment, book donation, book gift
    Ex. The title 'Unsolicited marginal gift collections: saying no or coping with the unwanted' deals with the problem of how to cope with collections which should have been declined, but were not.
    Ex. The library began with a book endowment by Sebald Welser in 1581.
    Ex. If book donations to developing countries do not take into account existing needs and conditions, their only use may be to feed the goats.
    Ex. This article describes a book gift ceremony to promote awareness among developing countries of the Book Aid International (BAI) (formerly Ranfurly Library Service) programme to provide books which are relevant to their needs.
    * * *
    (n.) = gift collection, book endowment, book donation, book gift

    Ex: The title 'Unsolicited marginal gift collections: saying no or coping with the unwanted' deals with the problem of how to cope with collections which should have been declined, but were not.

    Ex: The library began with a book endowment by Sebald Welser in 1581.
    Ex: If book donations to developing countries do not take into account existing needs and conditions, their only use may be to feed the goats.
    Ex: This article describes a book gift ceremony to promote awareness among developing countries of the Book Aid International (BAI) (formerly Ranfurly Library Service) programme to provide books which are relevant to their needs.

    Spanish-English dictionary > donación de libros

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