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  • 1 ā

       ā    (before consonants), ab (before vowels, h, and some consonants, esp. l, n, r, s), abs (usu. only before t and q, esp. freq. before the pron. te), old af, praep. with abl., denoting separation or departure (opp. ad).    I. Lit., in space, from, away from, out of.    A. With motion: ab urbe proficisci, Cs.: a supero mari Flaminia (est via), leads: Nunc quidem paululum, inquit, a sole, a little out of the sun: usque a mari supero Romam proficisci, all the way from; with names of cities and small islands, or with domo, home (for the simple abl; of motion, away from, not out of, a place); hence, of raising a siege, of the march of soldiers, the setting out of a fleet, etc.: oppidum ab Aeneā fugiente a Troiā conditum: ab Alesiā, Cs.: profectus ab Orico cum classe, Cs.; with names of persons or with pronouns: cum a vobis discessero: videat forte hic te a patre aliquis exiens, i. e. from his house, T.; (praegn.): a rege munera repudiare, from, sent by, N.—    B. Without motion.    1. Of separation or distance: abesse a domo paulisper maluit: tum Brutus ab Romā aberat, S.: hic locus aequo fere spatio ab castris Ariovisti et Caesaris aberat, Cs.: a foro longe abesse: procul a castris hostes in collibus constiterunt, Cs.: cum esset bellum tam prope a Siciliā; so with numerals to express distance: ex eo loco ab milibus passuum octo, eight miles distant, Cs.: ab milibus passuum minus duobus castra posuerunt, less than two miles off, Cs.; so rarely with substantives: quod tanta machinatio ab tanto spatio instrueretur, so far away, Cs.—    2. To denote a side or direction, etc., at, on, in: ab sinistrā parte nudatis castris, on the left, Cs.: ab eā parte, quā, etc., on that side, S.: Gallia Celtica attingit ab Sequanis flumen Rhenum, on the side of the Sequani, i. e. their country, Cs.: ab decumanā portā castra munita, at the main entrance, Cs.: crepuit hinc a Glycerio ostium, of the house of G., T.: (cornua) ab labris argento circumcludunt, on the edges, Cs.; hence, a fronte, in the van; a latere, on the flank; a tergo, in the rear, behind; a dextro cornu, on the right wing; a medio spatio, half way.—    II. Fig.    A. Of time.    1. Of a point of time, after: Caesar ab decimae legionis cohortatione ad dextrum cornu profectus, immediately after, Cs.: ab eo magistratu, after this office, S.: recens a volnere Dido, fresh from her wound, V.: in Italiam perventum est quinto mense a Carthagine, i. e. after leaving, L.: ab his, i. e. after these words, hereupon, O.: ab simili <*>ade domo profugus, i. e. after and in consequence of, L.—    2. Of a period of time, from, since, after: ab hora tertiā bibebatur, from the third hour: ab Sullā et Pompeio consulibus, since the consulship of: ab incenso Capitolio illum esse vigesumum annum, since, S.: augures omnes usque ab Romulo, since the time of: iam inde ab infelici pugnā ceciderant animi, from (and in consequence of), L.; hence, ab initio, a principio, a primo, at, in, or from the beginning, at first: ab integro, anew, afresh: ab... ad, from (a time)... to: cum ab horā septimā ad vesperum pugnatum sit, Cs.; with nouns or adjectives denoting a time of life: iam inde a pueritiā, T.: a pueritiā: a pueris: iam inde ab incunabulis, L.: a parvo, from a little child, or childhood, L.: ab parvulis, Cs.—    B. In other relations.    1. To denote separation, deterring, intermitting, distinction, difference, etc., from: quo discessum animi a corpore putent esse mortem: propius abesse ab ortu: alter ab illo, next after him, V.: Aiax, heros ab Achille secundus, next in rank to, H.: impotentia animi a temperantiā dissidens: alieno a te animo fuit, estranged; so with adjj. denoting free, strange, pure, etc.: res familiaris casta a cruore civili: purum ab humano cultu solum, L.: (opoidum) vacuum ab defensoribus, Cs.: alqm pudicum servare ab omni facto, etc., II.; with substt.: impunitas ab iudicio: ab armis quies dabatur, L.; or verbs: haec a custodiis loca vacabant, Cs.—    2. To denote the agent, by: qui (Mars) saepe spoliantem iam evertit et perculit ab abiecto, by the agency of: Laudari me abs te, a laudato viro: si quid ei a Caesare gravius accidisset, at Caesar's hands, Cs.: vetus umor ab igne percaluit solis, under, O.: a populo P. imperia perferre, Cs.: equo lassus ab indomito, H.: volgo occidebantur: per quos et a quibus? by whose hands and upon whose orders? factus ab arte decor, artificial, O.: destitutus ab spe, L.; (for the sake of the metre): correptus ab ignibus, O.; (poet. with abl. of means or instr.): intumuit venter ab undā, O.—Ab with abl. of agent for the dat., to avoid ambiguity, or for emphasis: quibus (civibus) est a vobis consulendum: te a me nostrae consuetudinis monendum esse puto.—    3. To denote source, origin, extraction, from, of: Turnus ab Ariciā, L.: si ego me a M. Tullio esse dicerem: oriundi ab Sabinis, L.: dulces a fontibus undae, V.—With verbs of expecting, fearing, hoping (cf. a parte), from, on the part of: a quo quidem genere, iudices, ego numquam timui: nec ab Romanis vobis ulla est spes, you can expect nothing from the Romans, L.; (ellipt.): haec a servorum bello pericula, threatened by: quem metus a praetore Romano stimulabat, fear of what the praetor might do, L.—With verbs of paying, etc., solvere, persolvere, dare (pecuniam) ab aliquo, to pay through, by a draft on, etc.: se praetor dedit, a quaestore numeravit, quaestor a mensā publicā, by an order on the quaestor: ei legat pecuniam a filio, to be paid by his son: scribe decem (milia) a Nerio, pay by a draft on Nerius, H.; cognoscere ab aliquā re, to know or learn by means of something (but ab aliquo, from some one): id se a Gallicis armis atque insignibus cognovisse, Cs.; in giving an etymology: id ab re... interregnum appellatum, L.—Rarely with verbs of beginning and repeating: coepere a fame mala, L.: a se suisque orsus, Ta.—    4. With verbs of freeing from, defending, protecting, from, against: ut a proeliis quietem habuerant, L.: provincia a calamitate est defendenda: sustinere se a lapsu, L.—    5. With verbs and adjectives, to define the respect in which, in relation to, with regard to, in respect to, on the part of: orba ab optimatibus contio: mons vastus ab naturā et humano cultu, S.: ne ab re sint omissiores, too neglectful of money or property, T.: posse a facundiā, in the matter of eloquence, T.; cf. with laborare, for the simple abl, in, for want of: laborare ab re frumentariā, Cs.—    6. In stating a motive, from, out of, on account of, in consequence of: patres ab honore appellati, L.: inops tum urbs ab longinquā obsidione, L.—    7. Indicating a part of the whole, of, out of: scuto ab novissimis uni militi detracto, Cs.: a quibus (captivis) ad Senatum missus (Regulus).—    8. Marking that to which anything belongs: qui sunt ab eā disciplinā: nostri illi a Platone et Aristotele aiunt.—    9. Of a side or party: vide ne hoc totum sit a me, makes for my view: vir ab innocentiā clementissimus, in favor of.—10. In late prose, of an office: ab epistulis, a secretary, Ta. Note. Ab is not repeated with a following pron interrog. or relat.: Arsinoën, Stratum, Naupactum... fateris ab hostibus esse captas. Quibus autem hostibus? Nempe iis, quos, etc. It is often separated from the word which it governs: a nullius umquam me tempore aut commodo: a minus bono, S.: a satis miti principio, L.—The poets join a and que, making āque; but in good prose que is annexed to the following abl. (a meque, abs teque, etc.): aque Chao, V.: aque mero, O.—In composition, ab- stands before vowels, and h, b, d, i consonant, l, n, r, s; abs- before c, q, t; b is dropped, leaving as- before p; ā- is found in āfuī, āfore ( inf fut. of absum); and au- in auferō, aufugiō.
    * * *
    I
    Ah!; (distress/regret/pity, appeal/entreaty, surprise/joy, objection/contempt)
    II
    by (agent), from (departure, cause, remote origin/time); after (reference)
    III
    ante, abb. a.

    in calendar expression a. d. = ante diem -- before the day

    Latin-English dictionary > ā

  • 2 ab-eō

        ab-eō iī, itūrus, īre    (abin' for abisne, T.), to go from, go away, go off, go forth, go, depart: ab urbe: ex eorum agris: ex conspectu, out of sight, Cs.: mater abit templo, O.: abire fugā, to flee, V.: in angulum aliquo, T.: unde abii, V.: exsulatum Tusculum abiit, L.: si periturus abis, to your death, V.: sublimis abiit, ascended, L.: telo extracto praeceps in volnus abiit, collapsed, L.: quo tantum mihi dexter abis? whither so far to the right? V.: nemo non donatus abibit, without a gift, V.: abeas parvis aequus alumnis, show yourself favorable as you go, H.: quae dederat abeuntibus, V.: sub iugum abire, L.: abi, nuntia Romanis, etc., L.; of things: cornus sub altum pectus abit, penetrates deeply, V.: sol... abeunte curru, as his chariot departs, H. — In partic., to pass away, disappear, vanish, cease, die: a vitā: illuc quo priores abierunt, Ph.; of time, to pass away, elapse, expire: abiit illud tempus: tota abit hora, H.; of other things: abeunt pallorque situsque, pass away, O.: inopia praeceps abierat, S.: in aera sucus corporis, O.— Of change, to pass over, be transferred: abeunt illuc omnia, unde orta sunt, return: in avi mores atque instituta, i. e. restore, L.; hence, to be changed, be transformed, be metamorphosed (poet.): in villos abeunt vestes, in crura lacerti, O.: comae in silvas abeunt, O. — Fig., to depart from, leave off, turn aside: ut ab iure non abeat: ne longius abeam, wander from the point: ad istas ineptias, have recourse to: illuc, unde abii, redeo, set out, H. —To retire from an office: cum magistratu abisset: abiens magistratu, L.—Of a consequence or result, to turn out, come off (of persons): ab iudicio turpissime victus: neutra acies laeta ex eo certamine abiit, L.: impune, Ph.: ne in ora hominum pro ludibrio abiret, i. e. lest he should be made ridiculous, L.: ne inrito incepto abiretur, L. —To turn out, end, terminate (of things): mirabar hoc si sic abiret, T.—To get off, escape: quem ad modum illinc abieris, vel potius paene non abieris, scimus, how you came off thence, or rather came near not getting off.—In auctions, not to be knocked down (to one): ne res abiret ab Apronio, i. e. that he may purchase.—To be postponed: in diem, T.— The imper. abi is often a simple exclamation or address, friendly or reproachful: abi, virum te iudico, go to, I pronounce you a man, T.: Non es avarus: abi; quid, etc., well, H.: abi, nescis inescare homines, begone, T.; in imprecations: abin hinc in malam rem? (i. e. abisne?), will you go and be hanged? T.: in malam pestem.

    Latin-English dictionary > ab-eō

  • 3 ab-hinc

        ab-hinc adv.    of time, ago, since, before now, usu. with acc. of duration: abhinc mensīs decem fere, T., C., H.; very rarely with abl: comitiis iam abhinc diebus triginta factis, i. e. before that time: quo tempore? abhinc annis quattuor.

    Latin-English dictionary > ab-hinc

  • 4 ab-luō

        ab-luō luī, lūtus, ere,    to wash away, remove by washing: Aeneae quaecumque obnoxia morti, all that is mortal, O.: ablutā caede, blood, V.—Fig.: perturbatio animi placatione abluatur, removed by propitiation: periuria, O.—To wash, cleanse by washing: pedes alicuius: manūs undā, O.: me flumine vivo, V.

    Latin-English dictionary > ab-luō

  • 5 abortīvus

        abortīvus adj.,    prematurely born: Sisyphus, H.—Neutr. plur. as subst, premature births, Iu. — Meton., that which causes abortion: abortivum, Iu.
    * * *
    I
    abortiva, abortivum ADJ
    abortive; abortificient; contraceptive; addled; prematurely born
    II
    one prematurely born; one addled

    Latin-English dictionary > abortīvus

  • 6 ab-sum

        ab-sum āfuī    (not abfuī), āfutūrus (āforem, āfore), abesse, in general, to be away from, be absent: dum abs te absum, T.: qui nullā lege abessem, i. e. since my exile was unlawful: Athenis, N.: hinc abesto, stand off, Ph.: omnia quae absunt, unseen things, Cs.: Unus abest, is missing, V.: nec Teucris addita Iuno Usquam aberit, will ever cease to follow them, V.: barba dum aberat, i. e. until the beard grew, O. —With distance in space or time: ab urbe abesse milia passuum ducenta: longe: procul, S.: cuius aetas a senatoriā gradu longe abesset, was far too young for: a quibus paucorum dierum iter, Cs.: profectus mensīs tris abest, three months ago, T.: nec longis inter se passibus absunt, V.: quod abest longissime, and that is far from the truth: tantum abest ab infamiā, ut, etc.: neque longius abesse quin proximā nocte... exercitum educat, i. e. nor was the time more remote, Cs.—In the phrase: tantum abest ut... ut, so far from... that, etc.: tantum abest ut gratiam quaesisse videar, ut simultates intellegam suscepisse, I am so far from being shown to have courted popularity, that, etc.: tantum abest ab eo, ut malum mors sit, ut verear, ne, etc. — Hence, to be away from, be free from: a culpā: ab eius modi crimine.—To be removed from, be disinclined to: ab istis studiis: tantum aberat a bello, ut, etc., he was so averse to war, that, etc.: ab hoc consilio afuisse, took no part in, Cs.: ceteri a periculis aberant, avoided, S.: paulum a fugā aberant, were almost ready to flee, S.—To be removed from, be different from, differ: qui longissime a te afuit, i. e. had the largest majority: abest virtute Messallae, is far inferior to, H. — To be unsuitable, be inappropriate: scimus musicen abesse ab principis personā, N.—To be wanting: quaeris id quod habes, quod abest non quaeris, T.: nusquam abero, V.: ratus pluribus curam, omnibus afuisse fortunam, that most had been negligent, all unsuccessful, Cu.: Donec virenti canities abest Morosa, H.: curtae nescio quid semper abest rei, H.—Hence with a negative or paulum (not parum), followed by quin, not much, little, nothing is wanting that, etc.: neque multum abesse ab eo, quin, etc., Cs.: paulumque afuit quin, Cs.: legatos haud procul afuit quin violarent, they came very near, L.—Abesse alicui or ab aliquo, to be wanting to, fail, not to help: longe alcui, O.: longe iis fraternum nomen populi R. afuturum, Cs.: quo plus intererat, eo plus aberat (tua virtus) a me, i. e. the more it would have helped me, the more it failed me: iussis mora abesto, O.: nec dextrae erranti deus afuit, V.: remo ut luctamen abesset, so that the rowing was without effort, V.

    Latin-English dictionary > ab-sum

  • 7 accessiō

        accessiō ōnis, f    [accedo], a coming to, approach; hence, is suo labore suisque accessionibus consequebatur, ut, etc., by his personal appeals, visits. — Praegn.; abstr., an increase, enlargement, addition: accessiones fortunae et dignitatis: paucorum annorum; concr., an addition, augment, contribution, reinforcement, appendix: quadraginta militum: nummorum: alqd accessionis dare, conferre, by way of addition: decumae, an addition to a tax: tibi etiam accessio fuit ad necem Platoris Pleuratus, i. e. you added the murder of Pleuratus to that of Plator.
    * * *
    approach; increase, bonus; accessory; attack, onset (fever, rage); fit

    Latin-English dictionary > accessiō

  • 8 accidō

        accidō cidī, —, ere    [ad + cado], to fall upon, fall to, reach by falling: ut tela missa a Gallis gravius acciderent, Cs.: tela ab omni parte accidebant, L.—Of persons, to arrive, come: de inproviso, had come unexpectedly, S.: alqd simulare, quo inprovisus gravior accideret, that his attack might be a surprise, and more formidable, S. — Esp., to fall before, fall at the feet: ad genua accidit Lacrumans, T.: ad pedes omnium.—Of the senses, to strike, reach, come: nihil quod ad oculos animumque acciderit: ad aurīs tuas: unde nec ad nos nomen famaque eius accidere posset, reach, L.: auribus, L.: animo, T.— Absol, to come to the ears, come, be heard, be raised: clamor deinde accidit novus, L.: concitatior accidens clamor ab increscente certamine, L.: ut vox etiam ad hostes accideret (with acc. and inf.), L.—To befit, become, suit (poet.): istuc verbum vere in te accidit, was true of you, T.—Fig., to come to pass, happen, occur, fall out, take place, befall: res eo gravius ferre, quo minus merito accidissent, Cs.: si quid mali accidisset, S.: cum tantum periculi accidisset, Cs.: quae victis acciderent enumeravere, the fate of the conquered, S.: si gravius quid acciderit, if any calamity occur, Cs.: casu accidit ut: sic accidit, uti, etc., thus it happened, that, Cs. — Pleonast. in narrations: accidit ut esset luna plena, Cs.: neque saepe accidit, ut, etc., Cs.—Of what is fortunate or welcome: quid optatius populo R. accidere potuit, quam, etc.? interea aliquid acciderit boni, T.— Esp., si quid cui accidat, or si quid humanitus accidat, if anything should happen to one (euphemist. for die): si quid mihi humanitus accidisset: si quid ei gravius a Caesare accidisset, i. e. if Cœsar should put him to death, Cs.: si quid accidat Romanis, if the Romans are destroyed, Cs.—To end, result, turn out: contra opinionem, disappoint us, Cs.: peius victoribus quam victis accidisse, Cs.
    * * *
    I
    accidere, accidi, - V
    fall upon/down/to/at or near, descend, alight; happen, occur; happen to (DAT)
    II
    accidere, accidi, accisus V TRANS
    cut, cut into/down/up, hack, hew, fell; overthrow, destroy; cut short; weaken

    Latin-English dictionary > accidō

  • 9 accipiō

        accipiō cēpī, ceptus, ere    [ad+capio], to take without effort, receive, get, accept. — Of voluntary taking, to take, accept, take into possession, receive: obsides, Cs.: divitias, N.: aliquid a patre, inherit, N.: suspitio acceptae pecuniae ob rem iudicandam (of a bribe): pecuniam per Volcatium, by the hands of: alqm gremio, V.: milites urbe tectisve, L.: sucos ore aut volnere, O. — Fig.: oculis aut pectore noctem, V.—To admit, let in: armatos in arcem, L.: alqm in amicitiam: (parentes) in civitatem, to citizenship, L.— To take under protection: (virginem) accepi, acceptam servabo, T.: taedā accepta iugali, i. e. wedded, O.—To receive as a guest, entertain, welcome: Laurentes nymphae, accipite Aenean, V.: quam Delos orantem accepit, O.: (eum) in vestram fidem, into your confidence.— Ironically, to entertain, deal with, treat: indignis modis, T.: quo te modo accepissem, nisi iratus essem: eum male acceptum... coegit, etc. (of a defeated enemy), N.—In busines, to collect (money): a praetore pecuniam. — acceptus, P., received, collected: accepta pecunia. — Esp. in the phrase, referre acceptum (alqd), to credit, give credit for: amplius sestertium ducentiens acceptum hereditatibus rettuli, entered to the credit of inheritance, i. e. owe to bequests: alcui vitam suam referre acceptam, acknowledge that he owes his life, etc.: salutem imperi uni omnes acceptam relaturos, Cs. — In law: sponsionem acceptam facere, to discharge the bond, acknowledge payment of the sponsio.—Of involuntary taking, to receive, get, be the recipient of, take, submit to, suffer, bear: volnera tergo, V.: graviore volnere accepto, Cs.: cum semel accepit solem (leo), has felt the power of, H.: hunc metum, i. e. take this risk, T.: contumeliam, T. — Esp. of places, to admit, take in, receive, open to: Strophadum me litora primum Accipiunt, V.: nullae eum urbes accipiunt, nulla moenia, L.: illum unda accipit sinu vasto, V. — Fig., of perception and thought: quae accepi auribus, T.: mandata auribus: quem ipse accepi oculis animoque sensum, hunc, etc., the impression I received.—In gen., to take, hear, attend to, perceive, understand, learn: Accipe nunc Danaum insidias, listen to, V.: sicut ego accepi, as I have heard, S.: ut accepi a senibus: accipite... veterem orationem Archytae: quae postea acciderant, Cs.: reliquos ne famā quidem acceperunt, have not heard of them, Cs.: si te aequo animo ferre accipiet, T.: hoc sic fieri solere accepimus: ex parente ita accepi, munditias mulieribus convenire, S.: ut celeriter acciperet quae tradebantur, understood, N.— Absol: non recte accipis, T.: volenti animo de ambobus acceperant, had eagerly welcomed news of both, S.—In partic., of a word or pledge, take: accipe daque fidem, i. e. exchange solemn assurances, V.—Praegn., to take, interpret, explain: ad contumeliam omnia, to regard as an insult, T.: his in maius acceptis, being exaggerated, L.: hoc in bonam partem, take kindly: alqd durius: facinus severe accipere, with displeasure: aliter tuom amorem atque est, T.: aequo animo, S. — Accipere aliquid in omen, to regard a thing as an omen, accept the omen: id a plerisque in omen magni terroris acceptum, L.; but accipere omen, to receive as a ( favorable) omen, L.—With ellips. of omen: Accipio, adgnoscoque deos, I accept ( the omen) and, etc., V.—To accept, be satisfied with, approve: dos, Pamphile, est decem talenta. Pam. Accipio, T.: ‘equi te esse feri similem, dico.’ Ridemus et ipse Messius, ‘accipio,’ I allow it, exactly so, H.: ab hoste armato condicionem, Cs.— To take upon one, undertake, assume, undergo: bellum, quod novus imperator noster accipiat, in which... succeeds to the command: causam: eos (magistratūs): iudicium (of the defendant), stand the trial: iudicium accipere pro Quinctio, i. e. agree for Q. to stand trial.
    * * *
    accipere, accepi, acceptus V TRANS
    take, grasp, receive, accept, undertake; admit, let in, hear, learn; obey

    Latin-English dictionary > accipiō

  • 10 accūsābilis (ad-c-)

        accūsābilis (ad-c-) e, adj.    [accuso], that may be prosecuted, criminal: turpitudo (once).

    Latin-English dictionary > accūsābilis (ad-c-)

  • 11 ad

       ad praep. with acc.    [cf. Eng. at].—Of approach (opp. to ab, as in to ex).    I. In space, to, toward: retorquet oculos ad urbem: una pars vergit ad septentriones, Cs.: tendens ad sidera palmas, V. —Fig.: ad alia vitia propensior, more inclined to. —Esp., ad dextram, sinistram, or laevam, to or on the right or left: ito ad dextram, T.: alqd ad dextram conspicere, Cs.: non rectā regione... sed ad laevam, L.—Designating the goal, to, toward: ad ripam convenire, Cs.: vocari ad cenam, H.: ad se adferre: reticulum ad narīs sibi admovebat (cf. accedit ad urbem, he approaches the city; and, accedit provinciae, it is added to the province).— Ad me, te, se, for domum meam, tuam, suam (in T. freq.): eamus ad me, T. — With gen., ellipt.: ad Dianae, to the temple of, T.: ad Castoris currere. — Used for dat: litteras dare ad aliquem, to write one a letter (cf. litteras dare alicui, to give a letter to one): domum ad te scribere: ad primam (epistulam) scribere, to answer.—Hence, librum ad aliquem mittere, scribere, to dedicate a book to one. —In titles, ad aliquem signifies to, addressed to.— With names of towns, ad answers to Whither? for the simple acc., i. e. to the vicinity of, to the neighborhood of: ad Aquinum accedere, approach: ut cum suis copiis iret ad Mutinam. — Of hostile movement or protection, against (cf. adversus): veniri ad se existimantes, Cs.: ipse ad hostem vehitur, N.: Romulus ad regem impetum facit (cf. in), L.: clipeos ad tela protecti obiciunt, V.: ad hos casūs provisa praesidia, Cs.—In war, of manner of fighting: ad pedes pugna venerat, was fought out on foot, L.: equitem ad pedes deducere, L.: pugna ad gladios venerat, L. — Emphatic of distance, to, even to, all the way to: a Salonis ad Oricum portūs... occupavit, Cs.: usque a Dianis ad Sinopum navigare. — Fig.: deverberasse usque ad necem, T.: virgis ad necem caedi.—Of nearness or proximity in gen. (cf. apud), near to, by, at, close by: ad forīs adsistere: Ianum ad infimum Argiletum fecit, L.: quod Romanis ad manum domi supplementum esset, at hand, L.: errantem ad flumina, V.; and ellipt.: pecunia utinam ad Opis maneret! — Of persons: qui primum pilum ad Caesarem duxerat, Cs.: ad me fuit, at my house: ad inferos poenas parricidi luent, among.—So, fig.: ad omnīs nationes sanctum, in the judgment of, Cs.: ut esset ad posteros monumentum, etc., L.: ad urbem esse (of a general outside of the walls): ad urbem cum imperio remanere, Cs.—With names of towns and verbs of rest: pons, qui erat ad Genavam, Cs.; and with an ordinal number and lapis: sepultus ad quintum lapidem, N.—    II. In time, about, toward: domum reductus ad vesperum, toward evening.—Till, until, to, even to, up to: usque ad hanc aetatem: ad multam noctem: amant ad quoddam tempus, until: quem ad finem? how long: ad quartam (sc. horam), H. — Hence, ad id (sc. tempus), till then: ad id dubios servare animos, L.— At, on, in, by: ad horam destinatam, at the appointed hour: frumentum ad diem dare. —    III. In number or amount, near, near to, almost, about, toward (cf. circiter): talenta ad quindecim coëgi, T.: annos ad quadraginta natus.—Adverb.: occisis ad hominum milibus quattuor, Cs.: ad duo milia et trecenti occisi, L.—Of a limit, to, unto, even to (rare): (viaticum) ad assem perdere, to the last farthing, H.: ad denarium solvere. —Esp., ad unum, to a single one, without exception: omnes ad unum idem sentiunt: exosus ad unum Troianos, V. —    IV. In other relations, with regard to, in respect of, in relation to, as to, to, in: ad honorem antecellere: nihil ad rem pertinet.—Ellipt.: rectene an secus, nihil ad nos: Quid ad praetorem? quid ad rem? i. e. what difference does it make? H.: quibus (auxiliaribus) ad pugnam confidebat, Cs.: ad speciem ornatus, ad sensum acerbus: mentis ad omnia caecitas: ad cetera paene gemelli, H.: facultas ad dicendum.—With words denoting measure, weight, manner, model, rule, etc., according to, agreeably to, after: taleis ad certum pondus examinatis, Cs.: ad cursūs lunae describit annum, L.: canere ad tibiam: carmen castigare ad unguem, to perfection (see unguis), H.: ad istorum normam sapientes: ad specus angustiae vallium (i. e. ad specuum similitudinem angustae valles), Cs. — With the cause or reason, according to, at, on, in consequence of, for, in order to: ad horum proces in Boeotiam duxit, on their entreaty, L.: dictis ad fallendum instructis, L.: causae ad discordiam, to produce dissension, T.: ad facinora incendere, S.: ad speciem tabernaculis relictis, for appearance, Cs.: ad id, for this use, as a means to that end, L.: ad id ipsum, for that my purpose, L.: delecto milite ad navīs, marines, L.: puer ad cyathum statuetur, H.: biiugi ad frena leones, yoked in pairs with bits, V.: res quae sunt ad incendia, Cs.: ad communem salutem utilius.—In comparison, to, compared with, in comparison with: terra ad universi caeli complexum: nihil ad tuum equitatum, Caesar.—    V. In adverbial phrases, ad omnia, withal, to crown all: ad omnia tantum advehi auri, etc., L.—Ad hoc and ad haec, moreover, besides, in addition: ad hoc, quos... postremo omnes, quos, etc., S. — Ad id quod, beside that (rare): ad id quod... indignitate etiam Romani accendebantur, L. — Ad tempus, at a definite, fixed time, C., L.; at a fit, appropriate time, L.; for some time, for a short time, L.; according to circumstances. — Ad praesens, for the moment, for a short time.—Ad locum, on the spot: ut ad locum miles esset paratus, L.—Ad verbum, word for word, literally. — Ad summam, on the whole, generally, in general; in a word, in short, C., H.—Ad extremum, ad ultimum, ad postremum, at the end, finally, at last; of place, at the extremity, at the top, at the end: ad extremum (teli) unde ferrum exstabat, L.; of time, at last, finally: ad extremum incipit philosophari; of order, finally, lastly; to the last degree, quite, L. — Quem ad finem? to what limit? how far? how long? Note.—a. Ad rarely follows its acc: quam ad, T.: quos ad, C.: ripam ad Araxis, Ta.—b. In composition, ad- stands before vowels, b, d, f, h, i consonant, m, n, q, v, and mostly before l, r, s; acbefore c; but very often ad- before cl-, cr-, and cu-; ag- or ad- before g; ap- or ad- before p; atbefore t; but a- or ad- before gn, sp, sc, st.
    * * *
    I II
    to, up to, towards; near, at; until, on, by; almost; according to; about w/NUM

    Latin-English dictionary > ad

  • 12 adapertilis

        adapertilis e, adj.    [adaperio], that may be opened: latus tauri, O.
    * * *
    adapertilis, adapertile ADJ
    that may/can be opened

    Latin-English dictionary > adapertilis

  • 13 ad-dūcō

        ad-dūcō dūxī, ductus, ere    (imper. adduce for adduc, T.—Perf. addūxtī for addūxistī, T.), to lead to, bring to, bring along (usu. of persons; cf. adfero, of things): quos Maecenas adduxerat umbras, brought along, H.: eos ad me domum adduxit <*> Iugurtham vinctum Romam, S.: in iudicium.— Poet.: dextris adducor litora remis, reach, O.— Rarely of things: aquam adduxi, brought into the city: carmen ad umbilicum, to finish, H.: sedulitas adducit febrīs, brings on, H.: Dicas adductum propius frondere Tarentum, the woods of Tarentum brought nearer (Rome), H. — Esp., to bring by drawing, draw, pull, stretch: tormenta quo sunt adducta vehementius: adducto arcu, V.: funes, Cs.: adductis lacertis, bent (in rowing), V.: colla parvis lacertis, to embrace, O.—Hence, fig.: habenas amicitiae, to tighten.—Of the skin, to draw up, wrinkle, contract: adducit cutem macies, wrinkles the skin, O.; cf. sitis miseros adduxerat artūs, V.—Fig., to bring to, bring into, bring under: ad suam auctoritatem: rem in extremum discrimen: me in necessitatem, L. — To bring, lead, prompt, move, induce, prevail upon, persuade, incite: te ad facinus: me in summam exspectationem: in spem, S.: ad suscipiendum bellum, Cs.: ad credendum, N.: adduci, ut capite operto sit: hoc nondum adducor ut faciam: quibus rebus adductus ad causam accesserim demonstravi: necessitate adductus, Cs.: adducti iudices sunt... potuisse, etc., were led to believe that, etc.

    Latin-English dictionary > ad-dūcō

  • 14 ad-eō

        ad-eō adv.    I. To designate a limit, to this, thus far, so far, as far.—Of space, fig.: postremo adeo res rediit, finally it comes to this, T.—Of time, so long (as), so long (till): nusquam destitit... orare usque adeo donec perpulit, T.: usque adeo in periculo fuisse, quoad, etc.—In comparison, in the same degree... in which; so very, so much... as (comic): adeon esse infelicem quemquam, ut ego sum? T.: gaudere adeo, quasi qui cupiunt nuptias, just like those who desire marriage, T.—    II. To give emphasis, so, so much, so very, to such a degree: neminem adeo infatuare, ut crederet, etc.: adeoque inopiā est coactus Hannibal, ut, etc., L.: usque adeo ille pertimuerat, ut, etc.: adeone est fundata leviter fides, ut, etc., L.: Non obtunsa adeo gestamus pectora Poeni, i. e. not so blunt but that we know, V. — Hence, adeo non ut... adeo nihil ut... so little that, so far from... that: adeo nihil moverunt quemquam, ut, etc., had so little effect, etc., L.: qui adeo non tenuit iram, ut, etc., was so far from curbing his anger that, etc., L. — Esp., atque adeo, and even, yet more, or rather, I may even say, still further: insector, posco atque adeo flagito crimen: ducem... intra moenia atque adeo in senatu videmus.— Enclitically after an emphatic word (cf. quidem), even, indeed, just, precisely: Haec adeo iam speranda fuerunt, even this, V.: nullā adeo ex re fit, etc., arises from no cause whatever, T.—Often to be translated by and, and just, etc.: idque adeo haud scio mirandumne sit, Cs.: id adeo, si placet, considerate, just that: id adeo malum ex provocatione natum, L.—After a pers. pron.: Teque adeo, te consule, in no consulate but yours, V.: Tuque adeo, thou chiefly, V.—With si or nisi, if indeed, if truly, even if: Si. Num illi molestae haec sunt nuptiae? Da. Nil Hercle: aut si adeo, etc., or even if they are so, T.—With adverbs: magis adeo id facilitate quam culpā meā contigit: nunc adeo, forthwith, V.: iam adeo, at this moment, V.: inde adeo, ever since, T.: hinc adeo, just at this point, V.: sic adeo, thus it is that, V.: Vix adeo adgnovit, scarcely even recognized, V.—With adjectives, indeed, even, very, fully (cf. vel): Trīs adeo incertos soles erramus, three whole days, V.: Quinque adeo urbes, no less than five, V.: Multa adeo gelidā se nocte dedere, V. —With the conjj. sive, aut, et si, or indeed, or rather, or even, etc.: tu virum me aut hominem deputas adeo esse? even a human being? T.: ratio, quā... sive adeo, quā, etc., or rather: et si adeo, and if even, V.—With the imperative, for emphasis, now, I pray: propera adeo puerum tollere hinc ab ianuā, T.—Rarely with other moods: ibo adeo, T. —Poet., indeed, truly, so very, so entirely: eius fratrem repperisse, adulescentem adeo nobilem, so very noble, T.: nec sum adeo informis, nor am I so very ugly, V.—Beginning a clause giving a reason, so, thus (prop. ellipt., to such a degree is it true that, so true was it that, etc.): adeo quanto rerum minus, tanto minus cupiditatis erat, indeed, the less there was of property, the less of greed, L.: adeo prope omnis senatus Hannibalis erat, such was the preponderance of Hannibal's party in the Senate, L.—So introducing a parenthesis: adeo civitates eae perpetuo in Romanos odio certavere, L.—With a negative after ne... quidem or quoque, still less, Ta.

    Latin-English dictionary > ad-eō

  • 15 adiūtrīx

        adiūtrīx īcis, f    [adiutor], she that helps, a female assistant: matres filiis adiutrices solent esse, T.: scelerum.

    Latin-English dictionary > adiūtrīx

  • 16 ad - misceō

        ad - misceō scuī, xtus    (mīstus), ēre, to add so as to form a mixture, mix with, admix: admixto calore: ille (aër) multo calore admixtus est: aquae calorem. — Fig., to mingle, mix in with: huic generi orationis illud alterum: versūs admisceri orationi. — To add, join, mingle, merge in, scatter through: antesignanos, among the cavalry, Cs.: stirpem admisceri Phrygiam, that a Phrygian stock is mixed (with ours), V.: his Antonianos milites, Cs.—To implicate, mix up: ne me admisceas, T.—With se or pass, to mix oneself up, interfere, meddle: ne te admisce, T.: ad id consilium admiscear?

    Latin-English dictionary > ad - misceō

  • 17 ad-moneō

        ad-moneō nuī, nitus, ēre,    to bring to mind, remind, suggest, put in mind of: te: (me) equorum, O.: alqm foederis, L.: admonitus re ipsā recordor quantum, etc.: deorum ira admonuit, aroused him, L.: de quo (proelio) vos: de moribus civitatis, S.: illud te esse admonitum volo, I want you reminded of that: necessitas... admonet esse hominem, reminds one that he is, etc.: quae pars absit, O.—Supin. acc.: admonitum venimus te.—Esp., to remind of a debt, dun: potestas admonendi. — With a view to action, to warn, admonish, advise, urge, suggest, order, bid: ad thesaurum reperiendum: me ut... deplorarem, etc.: admonendi... ut morem servaretis, L.: hunc admonet, iter caute faciat, Cs.: ut eum suae libidines facere admonebant: Matrem ratibus depellere taedas, V.: casu admoniti, omnia paraverunt, Cs.— To goad, urge on (poet.): telo biiugos, V.

    Latin-English dictionary > ad-moneō

  • 18 ad - sequor (ass-)

        ad - sequor (ass-) secūtus, ī, dep.,    to follow up, overtake, come up with: adsequere, retine, T.: me.—Fig., to gain, reach, attain: honoris gradūs: merita: alqd scelere.—To effect, accomplish: alqd verbo: nihil, nisi ut, etc.: non solum, ne, etc.—Of time, to overtake: istam diem, i. e. complete his work by that day.—To reach, comprehend, understand: alquid coniecturā: animo, Cn.

    Latin-English dictionary > ad - sequor (ass-)

  • 19 aequus

        aequus adj. with comp. and sup.    [2 IC-, AIC-], even, plain, level, flat: locus: aequiore loco constiterat, Cs.: campus, V. — Equal: ex provinciā aequam partem sumere: sequitur non passibus aequis, V.: Abietibus iuvenes aequi, as tall as, V. —Even with, on a level with: sive loquitur ex inferiore loco, sive ex aequo, i. e. on the floor of the Senate: pede congredi aequo, i. e. face to face, V. —Favorable, advantageous: locus ad dimicandum, Cs.: locus suis, N.: tempus.—Favorable, friendly, kind, humane: nobis: parvis alumnis, propitious, H.: templum non aequae Palladis, unpropitious, V.: aër non aequus, unwholesome, V.: non aequa fata, hard, O.: aequi iniquique, friends and foes, L.—Equal, proportionate, like: utinam esset mihi pars aequa amoris tecum, i. e. that I had a fair return, T.: aequā manu discedere, after a drawn battle, S.: aequo Marte pugnare, indecisive, L.: aequum volnus utrique dedit, O. — Of persons, fair, equitable, impartial: praetor: aequissimus iudex.—Of things, equitable, reasonable, fair, honorable: postulatio: id, quod aequissimum est, ut, etc.: quae liberum scire aequum est adulescentem, T.: sicut aequum est, dicamus, etc.: ex aequo et bono iure rem iudicari oportere, equitably and kindly: fit reus magis ex aequo et bono, quam ex iure gentium, S.: durus est praeter aequomque et bonum, excessively, T.: id non fieri ex aequo et bono, in a spirit of moderation, T.: qui neque ius neque bonum atque aequom sciunt, have no sense of right or reason, T.: istuc aequi bonique facio, T.: si tu aliquam partem aequi bonique dixeris, if you propose anything reasonable, T.: animus meus totum istuc aequi boni facit, i. e. is content wich: ‘melius aequius,’ i. e. quid melius et aequius sit iudicatur.—Equable, calm, composed, tranquil: sorti pater aequus utrique est, V.: oculis aspicere aequis, V.: animus: Aequam Servare mentem, H.: aequo animo, with equanimity, patiently, calmly, with indifference: alqd ferre aequo animo: emori: servitutem tolerare, S.: alqd animo aequiore ferre: animo aequissimo nummos adfert: aequissimis animis: audite mentibus aequis, impartially, V.
    * * *
    aequa -um, aequior -or -us, aequissimus -a -um ADJ
    level, even, equal, like; just, kind, impartial, fair; patient, contented

    Latin-English dictionary > aequus

  • 20 aestimō (older aestumō)

       aestimō (older aestumō) āvī, ātus, āre,    to determine the value of, estimate, value, rate, appraise: argentum: quanti haec signa aestimentur?: mancipia tanto pluris, L.: tritici modios singulos ternis denariis: haec aestimate pecuniā, estimate in money: aliquid tenuissime, at the lowest figure: sestertium ad triciens litem: Catoni sestertium octo milibus lis aestimata est, damages are assessed against: ea lis L. talentis aestimata est, N.: arbitri, qui litem aestument, Cs. — In criminal law: litem aestimare, to assess a penalty: in litibus aestimandis: de pecuniis repetundis litem; also, to commute a fine: ut lis haec capitis aestimaretur, that this capital charge be commuted: lites maiestatis. — Fig., to estimate, value, rate, weigh, hold, esteem: expendunt et aestimant voluptates, they weigh and rate their pleasures: sicut ego existimo, according to my estimate, S.: Volgus ex veritate pauca aestimant, value according to truth: aliquem ex artificio comico, according to his art as a comedian: amicitias non ex re, sed ex commodo, S.: virtutem annis, according to age, H.: aliquid per se, according to its own importance, L.: aliquos pro sociis, non pro hostibus, to regard as, Cu.: quanti est aestimanda virtus? valued: magni pecuniam, attach great value to: alqd parvi, L.: alqd minoris, N.: maximi alqd: sapientiam non magno: aestimare aliquid vitā, as dear as life, Cu.: illa multo gravius, Cs.: levius tempestates, Cs.: iuste aliquem, Cu.

    Latin-English dictionary > aestimō (older aestumō)

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