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  • 1 consisto

    con-sisto, stĭti, stĭtum, 3, v. n., to place one's self anywhere, to stand still, stand, halt, stop, make a stop (very freq. and class. in prose and poetry).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.:

    jam hunc non ausim praeterire, quin consistam et conloquar,

    Plaut. Aul. 3, 4, 14:

    otiose nunc jam ilico hic consiste,

    Ter. Ad. 2, 1, 2:

    ubi ad ipsum veni diverticulum, constiti,

    id. Eun. 4, 2, 7; cf. Hor. S. 1, 9, 62:

    uti et viatores consistere cogant,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 5:

    neque is (Demosthenes) consistens in loco, sed inambulans atque ascensu ingrediens arduo,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 61, 261:

    si ludius constitit aut tibicen repente conticuit,

    id. Har. Resp. 11, 23; cf. id. Arch. 8, 19:

    plura scribam ad te cum constitero: nunc eram plane in medio mari,

    id. Att. 5, 12, 3: constitit nusquam primo quam ad Vada venit, Brut. ap. Cic. Fam. 11, 13, 2:

    in quibus oppidis consistere praetores et conventum agere solebant,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 11, § 28:

    Romae post praeturam,

    id. ib. 2, 1, 39, §

    101: ire modo ocius, interdum consistere,

    Hor. S. 1, 9, 9:

    in muro consistendi potestas erat nulli,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 6:

    omnes ordines, tota in illā contione Italia constitit,

    Cic. Sest. 50, 107:

    ad mensam consistere et ministrare,

    id. Tusc. 5, 21, 61; so,

    ad aras,

    Ov. M. 10, 274:

    ad ramos,

    id. ib. 10, 510:

    ante domum,

    id. ib. 2, 766:

    ante torum,

    id. ib. 15, 653:

    in aede,

    id. ib. 15, 674:

    in medio,

    id. ib. 10, 601; and with a simple abl.:

    limine,

    id. ib. 4, 486; 9, 397; Stat. Th. 1, 123; Verg. A. 1, 541:

    post eum,

    Quint. 1, 10, 27:

    in pedes,

    Sen. Ep. 121, 9:

    calce aliquem super ipsum debere consistere,

    trample on, Cels. 8, 14, 19.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    To set, become hard or solid:

    frigore constitit Ister,

    has been frozen, Ov. Tr. 5, 10, 1; cf.

    unda,

    id. M. 9, 662: sanguis, Poët. ap. Cic. Tusc. 2, 17, 38:

    alvus,

    Cato, R. R. 126; 156, 4; cf.:

    cum jam perfecte mustum deferbuit et constitit,

    Col. 12, 21, 3:

    album ex ovo, quo facilius consistat,

    Cels. 4, 20, 15.—
    2.
    Cum aliquo, to station or place one's self with some one for conversation, to stand with:

    in hoc jam loco cum altero Constitit,

    Plaut. Cist. 4, 2, 31; id. Curc. 4, 2, 16 sq.:

    cum hoc consistit, hunc amplexatur,

    Cic. Verr. 1, 7, 19.—
    3.
    To take one's place, take position, assume a place or attitude for an action, etc.;

    of a musician: ut constitit,

    Suet. Ner. 21;

    of an actor: in scaenā vero postquam solus constitit,

    Phaedr. 5, 5, 13;

    of an orator: in communibus suggestis,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 20, 59:

    Aesopus mediā subito in turbā constitit,

    Phaedr. 4, 5, 29;

    for shooting: post acer Mnestheus adducto constitit arcu,

    Verg. A. 5, 507; cf.

    of athletes, etc.,

    id. ib. 5, 426; Plin. 7, 20, 19, § 83:

    inter duas acies,

    Liv. 7, 10, 9:

    cum aliquo,

    Petr. 19, 5.—Hence,
    4.
    Milit. t. t., to halt, make a halt, take a position, to make a stand (opp. to a march, flight, or disorder):

    locus, ubi constitissent,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 13:

    qui in superiore acie constiterant,

    id. ib. 1, 24; cf.:

    in sinistrā parte acies,

    id. ib. 2, 23:

    in fluctibus,

    id. ib. 4, 24:

    sub muro,

    id. ib. 7, 48:

    juxta,

    id. ib. 2, 26 al.:

    pro opere,

    Sall. J. 92, 8:

    equites Ariovisti pari intervallo constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 43:

    constitit utrumque agmen,

    Liv. 21, 46, 4:

    sic regii constiterant,

    id. 42, 58, 10 et saep.:

    ut reliquae (legiones) consistere non auderent,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 17:

    in locis superioribus consistere,

    id. ib. 3, 6:

    a fugā,

    Liv. 10, 36, 11:

    naves eorum nostris adversae constiterunt,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 14.—
    5.
    Jurid. t. t., to appear as accuser before a court of justice:

    cum debitoribus,

    Dig. 5, 3, 49:

    cum matre,

    Sen. Ira, 2, 7, 3:

    adversus dominos,

    Dig. 5, 1, 53.—
    6.
    Poet.:

    fert animus propius consistere,

    i. e. take a nearer view, Ov. A. A. 3, 467.—
    7.
    To have a stand as a dealer, occupy a place of business:

    ede ubi consistas,

    Juv. 3, 296:

    in tabernā,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 5 Müll.:

    IN SCHOLA,

    Inscr. Orell. 4085; cf.:

    locum consistendi Romanis in Galliā non fore,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 37; 7, 42.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    In gen., to rest, remain, stand, Lucr. 2, 332; cf. id. 2, 322:

    patiamini eo transire illius turpitudinis infamiam, ubi cetera maleficia consistunt,

    Cic. Clu. 30, 83; cf.:

    ut unde orta culpa esset, ibi poena consisteret,

    Liv. 28, 26, 3:

    ante oculos rectum pietasque pudorque constiterant,

    Ov. M. 7, 73. —
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    To pause, to dwell upon, delay, stop:

    in uno nomine,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 38, § 95:

    ipsa mihi veritas manum inicit et paulisper consistere et commorari cogit,

    id. Rosc. Com. 16, 48; cf. id. de Or. 3, 31, 124:

    in singulis,

    id. Part. Or. 35, 120.— Impers. pass.:

    ista quae spectantur, ad quae consistitur,

    Sen. Vit. Beat. 2, 4.—
    2.
    (Acc. to I. B. 2.) To be or remain firm, unshaken, immovable, steadfast, to be at rest, to stand one's ground, to continue, endure, subsist, be, exist:

    mente consistere,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 28, 68; so,

    neque mente nec linguā neque ore,

    id. Q. Fr. 2, 3, 2:

    praeclare in forensibus causis,

    id. Or. 9, 30:

    in dicendo,

    id. Clu. 39, 108:

    verbo quidem superabis me ipso judice, re autem ne consistes quidem ullo judice,

    id. Caecin. 21, 59; cf.

    of the cause itself: quia magistratus aliquis reperiebatur, apud quem Alfeni causa consisteret,

    id. Quint. 22, 71; cf.

    also: modo ut tibi constiterit fructus otii tui,

    id. Fam. 7, 1, 1:

    in quo (viro) non modo culpa nulla, sed ne suspitio quidem potuit consistere,

    id. Rosc. Am. 52, 152; cf. id. Clu. 29, 78:

    confiteor... me consistere in meo praesidio sic, ut non fugiendi hostis sed capiendi loci causā cessisse videar,

    id. de Or. 2, 72, 294:

    vitam consistere tutam,

    to remain, continue safe, Lucr. 6, 11 Lachm. N. cr.:

    constitit in nullā qui fuit ante color,

    Ov. A. A. 1, 120:

    sunt certi denique fines, Quos ultra citraque nequit consistere rectum,

    Hor. S. 1, 1, 107; Plin. 14, 6, 8, § 68:

    quales cum vertice celso Aëriae quercus constiterunt,

    Verg. A. 3, 679:

    nullo in loco, nullā in personā... consistunt (ista quae vires atque opes humanae vocantur),

    Val. Max. 6, 9, ext. 7: spes est hunc miserum aliquando tandem posse consistere, to take a firm stand (the figure derived from fleeing soldiers), Cic. Quint. 30, 94:

    si prohibent consistere vires,

    Ov. M. 7, 573.—
    * 3.
    Cum aliquo, to agree with: videsne igitur Zenonem tuum cum Aristone verbis consistere, re dissidere, cum Aristotele et illis re consentire, verbis discrepare, Cic. Fin. 4, 26, 72.—
    4.
    In gen., to be, exist:

    vix binos oratores laudabiles constitisse,

    Cic. Brut. 97, 333:

    sine agricultoribus nec consistere mortales nec ali posse manifestum est,

    Col. 1, praef. § 6; Varr. R. R. 3, 8 fin.:

    quadringentis centum Venerios non posse casu consistere,

    to occur, lake place, be thrown, Cic. Div. 2, 21, 48: summa studia officii inter nos certatim constiterunt, Lentul. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 34, 3: sed non in te quoque constitit idem Exitus, take or have place, Ov. M. 12, 297.—
    (β).
    With in, ex, or the simple abl. (in Quint. also with circa and inter; v. infra), to consist in or of, to depend upon:

    major pars victūs eorum in lacte, caseo, carne consistit,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 22:

    omnis per se natura duabus Constitit in rebus,

    Lucr. 1, 420:

    e quibus haec rerum summa consistat,

    id. 1, 236; so with ex, id. 1, 839; 1, 873 al.; with abl.:

    deveniunt in talis disposturas, Qualibus haec rerum consistit summa,

    id. 1, 1028; 5, 61; 5, 66:

    vita omnis in venationibus atque in studiis rei militaris consistit,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 21:

    in eo salus et vita optimi cujusque consistit,

    Cic. Phil. 3, 8, 19:

    in hoc summa judicii causaque tota consistit,

    id. Quint. 9, 32; cf. id. de Or. 1, 40, 182:

    causam belli in personā tuā,

    id. Phil. 2, 22, 53:

    in quibus vita beata,

    id. Tusc. 5, 14, 40:

    in unā honestate omne bonum,

    id. ib. 5, 14, 42:

    in nomine controversia,

    Quint. 7, 3, 7; 8, 3, 57:

    in actu rhetoricen,

    id. 2, 18, 2; 6, 3, 42:

    spes omnis consistebat Datami in se locique naturā,

    Nep. Dat. 8, 3.—With abl., Quint. 12, 10, 59:

    omnis quaestio circa res personasque consistere videtur,

    id. 3, 5, 7; 6, 3, 19:

    quaestio inter utile atque honestum consistet,

    id. 3, 8, 24. —
    5.
    As opp. to progressive motion, to come to a stand, stand still, stop, rest, take rest, cease:

    sola Ubi quiesco, omnis familiae causa consistit tibi,

    Plaut. As. 3, 1, 9:

    omnis administratio belli consistit,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 12:

    vel concidat omne caelum omnisque terra consistat necesse est,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 23, 54:

    forensium rerum labor et ambitionis occupatio constitisset,

    id. de Or. 1, 1, 1:

    usura,

    id. Att. 6, 1, 7: diarroia, id. Fam. 7, 26, 2; cf.:

    videndum, morbus an increscat, an consistat, an minuatur,

    remains unchanged, Cels. 3, 2; and:

    cursus pituitae,

    id. 6, 6:

    cum ad Trebiam terrestre constitisset bellum,

    Liv. 21, 49, 1:

    cum bellum Ligustinum ad Pisas constitisset,

    id. 35, 4, 1; 22, 32, 4:

    infractaque constitit ira,

    Ov. M. 6, 627:

    Gaius ejusque posteri in equestri ordine constitere usque ad Augusti patrem,

    Suet. Aug. 2; cf.:

    maledictum, quod intra verba constitit,

    stopped at, went no farther than, Quint. Decl. 279.
    Consisto as v.
    a. = constituo formerly stood Lucr. 6, 11; Sall. J. 49, 6; but these passages are corrected in recent editions. It is now found only Gell. 5, 10, 9, a doubtful passage, where Hertz reads: cum ad judices coniiciendae [consistendae] causae gratiā venissent.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > consisto

  • 2 decumbo

    dē-cumbo, cŭbŭi, 3, v. n.
    I.
    To lie down, sc. in bed or on a couch, to recline at table, to lie ill, be confined by sickness (good prose), Cato R. R. 156, 4:

    super lectum,

    Suet. Ner. 48:

    in aureo lecto,

    id. Caes. 49:

    hospes me ad cenam vocat. Venio, decumbo,

    Plaut. Merc. 1, 1, 98;

    so of reclining at table (cf. accumbo),

    id. Curc. 2, 3, 72; id. Stich. 5, 1, 6; Ter. Ph. 2, 2, 28; Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 25:

    familia decubuit,

    Sen. Ep. 96, 1; Gell. 18, 10, 2:

    febricitans,

    Vulg. Marc. 1, 30.—
    II.
    Of a vanquished gladiator, t. t., to fall, Cic. Tusc. 2, 17, 41; id. Phil. 3, 14, 35.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > decumbo

  • 3 dē-super

        dē-super adv.    —Of motion, from above, from overhead: (alqm) volnerare, Cs.: nemus imminet, V.—Of rest, above (poet.): imposuere togas, O.

    Latin-English dictionary > dē-super

  • 4 īn-super

        īn-super adv.,    above, on the top, overhead: insuper bipedalibus trabibus immissis, Cs.: montīs insuper altos Imposuit, V.: cumulatis in aquas sarcinis, insuper incumbebant, L.: circumvelari, O.—From above: iugum insuper imminens, L.: (specūs) insuper firmo onerant, Ta.— Over and above, moreover, besides: insuper scelus Vestem discidit, T.: si id parum est, insuper poenas expetite, L.: illa insuper quam quae pacta erant facinora, L.: haec insuper addidit, V.: Insuper his, quod, etc. (i. e. his addam insuper, etc.), V.

    Latin-English dictionary > īn-super

  • 5 super

        super adv.    [cf. ὑπέρ], above, on top, over, upwards: eo super tigna bipedalia iniciunt, Cs.: Inplenturque super puppes, i. e. by rain, V.: superque inmane barathrum Cernatur, from above, V.—In number or quantity, over, moreover, in addition, besides: satis superque esse sibi suarum cuique rerum, enough and to spare: satis superque vixisse: Quidque furor valeat, satisque Ac super ostendit, O.: poenas dedit usque superque Quam satis est, H.: et super, and moreover, V.: satis superque oneris sustinens, res a populo R. gestas scribere, L.: super quam quod dissenserant ab consilio, besides that, L.—Of a remnant, over, left, remaining: Atheniensibus praeter arma nihil erat super, N.: quid super sanguinis, qui dari pro re p. possit, rogitantes, L.: super tibi erunt, qui, etc., V.—In composition, of place, above, over, as in superfluo, superpono, supersedeo, supersto.— Over and above, besides, in addition, as in superaddo, supersum, superfio.
    * * *
    I
    above, on top, over; upwards; moreover, in addition, besides
    II
    over (space), above, upon, in addition to; during (time); concerning; beyond
    III
    upon/on; over, above, about; besides (space); during (time); beyond (degree)

    Latin-English dictionary > super

  • 6 super

        super praep. with acc. and abl.    [1 super].    I. With abl., of place, over, above, upon, on: lateres, qui super musculo struantur, Cs.: ensis cui super Cervice pendet, H.: super Pindo, H.: requiescere Fronde super viridi, V.—Of time, during, in, at: Nocte super mediā, V.: rixa super mero Debellata, H.—Of relation, upon, about, of, concerning, respecting: hac super re scribere: litteras super tantā re exspectare, L.: super tali causā missi, N.: super arvorum cultu, V.: Mitte civilīs super Urbe curas, H.: decreta super iugandis Feminis, H.: super tali scelere suspectus, S. — Over and above, besides, beyond: Hortus fons, Et paulum silvae super his, H.—    II. With acc., of place, over, above, on the top of, upon, on: super terrae tumulum noluit quid statui: super lateres coria inducuntur, Cs.: super vallum praecipitari, S.: aqua super montium iuga concreta, L.: aquila super carpentum volitans, L.: Collis erat, collemque super planissima Area, O.: vestis super genua est, Cu.—Of place, above, beyond: Nomentanus erat super ipsum, Porcius infra, above him (at table), H.: super Numidiam Gaetulos accepimus, beyond Numidia, S.: super Sunium navigans, L. —Of time, during, at: super vinum et epulas, Cu. —Of measure, over, above, beyond, in addition to: quod alii super alios legati venirent, i. e. in succession, L.: seniores super sexaginta annos, L.: super solitos honores, L.: super LX milia, more than, Ta.—Fig., of official position, over, in charge of: super armamentarium positus, Cu.—In the phrase, super omnia, above all, before all: aetas et forma et super omnia Romanum nomen, L.: super omnia voltūs Accessere boni, O.
    * * *
    I
    above, on top, over; upwards; moreover, in addition, besides
    II
    over (space), above, upon, in addition to; during (time); concerning; beyond
    III
    upon/on; over, above, about; besides (space); during (time); beyond (degree)

    Latin-English dictionary > super

  • 7 super-addō or super addō

        super-addō or super addō —, ditus, ere,    to add besides, superadd: tumulo carmen, V.: in exiguo laurus superaddita busto, Pr.

    Latin-English dictionary > super-addō or super addō

  • 8 super-ēmineō

        super-ēmineō —, —, ēre,    to overtop, surmount, rise above, tower over: victor viros supereminet omnīs, V.: fluctūs omnīs, O.

    Latin-English dictionary > super-ēmineō

  • 9 super-fīxus

        super-fīxus adj.,    attached above, fastened thereupon: superfixa capita hostium portantes, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > super-fīxus

  • 10 super-fluēns

        super-fluēns entis, adj.,    running over, superabundant: Nili receptacula, Ta.: superfluente multitudine, Ta.—Fig., abounding, overfull: iuvenili quādam dicendi impunitate: superbus et superfluens, Ct.

    Latin-English dictionary > super-fluēns

  • 11 super-fundō

        super-fundō fūdī, fūsus, ere,    to pour over, pour upon, scatter over: magnam vim telorum superfundere, Ta.: superfusis tinguamus corpora lymphis, O.: iacentem hostes superfusi oppresserunt, overwhelming him, L.—Fig.: superfundens se laetitia, extravagant, L.: (Macedonum fama) superfudit se in Asiam, extended, L.: sed nondum fortuna se animo eius superfuderat, i. e. had intoxicated, Cu.

    Latin-English dictionary > super-fundō

  • 12 super-iaciō

        super-iaciō iēcī, iectus, ere,    to cast over, throw upon: Membra superiectā veste fovet, O.: superiecto natare Aequore, i. e. overflowing, H.—To overtop, surmount: pontus scopulos superiacit undā, V.—Fig., to overwhelm, exceed, outdo: augendo fidem, by exaggeration, L.: tantum paternas laudes, ut, etc., L.

    Latin-English dictionary > super-iaciō

  • 13 super-immineō

        super-immineō —, —, ēre,    to hang over, overhang: Pastorem Ense nudo, V.

    Latin-English dictionary > super-immineō

  • 14 super-impendēns

        super-impendēns entis,    P., overhanging: silvae, Ct.

    Latin-English dictionary > super-impendēns

  • 15 super-impōnō (-inpōnō)

       super-impōnō (-inpōnō) —, positus, ere,    to put upon, place over, set above: saxum machinā superinpositum est, L.: statua superimposita, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > super-impōnō (-inpōnō)

  • 16 super-incidō

        super-incidō —, —, ere,    to fall from above, fall down thereupon.—Only P. praes.: superincidentibus telis, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > super-incidō

  • 17 super-incubō

        super-incubō —, —, āre,    to lie over, lie thereupon.—Only P. praes.: suberincubans Romanus, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > super-incubō

  • 18 super incumbō

        super incumbō cubuī, —, ere,    to lie down on, cast oneself upon, O.

    Latin-English dictionary > super incumbō

  • 19 super-iniciō or super iniciō

        super-iniciō or super iniciō iēcī, iectus, ere,    to throw on, cast over, scatter thereupon: raras frondīs, V.: superiniecta terra, O.

    Latin-English dictionary > super-iniciō or super iniciō

  • 20 super-īnsternō or super īnsternō

        super-īnsternō or super īnsternō strāvī, —, ere,    to spread over, lay thereupon: tabulas, L.: super fulvi insternor pelle leonis, V.

    Latin-English dictionary > super-īnsternō or super īnsternō

См. также в других словарях:

  • PROCRUSTES — latro insignis in Attica regione ad Cephisum fluv. habitans, qui cogebat hospites super lectum aliquem ascendere, quô si longiores tuissent, pars supereminens amputabatur: qui vero breviores, distendebantur; a qua re etiam nomen illi inditum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale


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