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aliphatic compound

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  • Aliphatic compound — In organic chemistry, compounds composed of carbon and hydrogen are divided into two classes: aromatic compounds, which contain benzene rings or similar rings of atoms, and aliphatic compounds (G. aleiphar , fat, oil), which do not contain… …   Wikipedia

  • aliphatic compound — alifatinis junginys statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Organinis junginys, kurio molekulėje nėra ciklo. atitikmenys: angl. acyclic compound; aliphatic compound rus. алифатическое соединение; ациклическое соединение; соединение жирного ряда… …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • aliphatic compound — ▪ chemical compound       any chemical compound belonging to the organic class in which the atoms are not linked together to form a ring. One of the major structural groups of organic molecules, the aliphatic compounds include the alkanes,… …   Universalium

  • aliphatic compound — noun organic compound that is an alkane or alkene or alkyne or their derivative • Hypernyms: ↑organic compound • Hyponyms: ↑acetylene, ↑ethyne, ↑alkyne, ↑alicyclic compound, ↑alkene, ↑olefine, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • aliphatic compound — an open chain compound that does not contain multiple bonds; a saturated compound. See open chain, under chain …   Medical dictionary

  • compound — 1. In chemistry, a substance formed by the covalent or electrostatic union of two or more elements, generally differing entirely in physical characteristics from any of its components. 2. In pharmacy, denoting a preparation containing several… …   Medical dictionary

  • aliphatic — adjective Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, from Greek aleiphat , aleiphar oil, from aleiphein to smear; perhaps akin to Greek lipos fat more at leave Date: 1889 of, relating to, or being an organic compound (as an alkane) having an …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • aliphatic — Carbon compound in which the carbon chain is open (non cyclic) …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • aliphatic — 1. adjective /ælɪˈfætɪk/ Of a class of organic compounds in which the carbon atoms are arranged in an open chain. 2. noun /ælɪˈfætɪk/ a) A compound of this type. b) A petroleum …   Wiktionary

  • aliphatic — Denoting the acyclic carbon compounds, most of which belong to the fatty acid series. [G. aleiphar (aleiphat ), fat, oil] a. acids the acids of nonaromatic hydrocarbons ( e.g., acetic, propionic, butyric acid s); the so called fatty acid s of the …   Medical dictionary

  • azo compound — ▪ chemical compound       any organic chemical compound in which the azo group (−N=N−) is part of the molecular structure. The atomic groups attached to the nitrogen atoms may be of any organic class, but the commercially important azo compounds …   Universalium

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