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accepi tuas litteras cenans

  • 1 ceno

    I cēno, āvī, ātum, āre [ cena ]
    1) обедать, свершать трапезу
    cenatus C etc. — пообедав(ший), покушав(ший)
    2) есть за обедом (cenam Pl; olus omne H)
    II Ceno, ōnis f.
    Ценон, город в области вольсков L

    Латинско-русский словарь > ceno

  • 2 ceno

    cēno ( nicht caeno u. coeno), āvī, ātum, āre (cena), I) v. intr. die cena (w. vgl.) halten, ( zu Mittag) speisen, Tafel halten, cenavi modo, Plaut.: ambulare debet, tum ungi, deinde cenare, Cels.: manus lava et cena, Cic.: accepi tuas litteras cenans (bei Tisch), Cic. – c. bene, Catull. u. Cic. (vgl. cenasti in vita numquam bene, Lucil. fr.): opto te bene ce (nare), gesegnete Mahlzeit! Corp. inscr. Lat. 8, 9272: belle, Mart.: melius, Cic. u. Sen.: apparatius, Plin. ep.: c. libenter, frugaliter, recte, honeste, prave, nequiter, turpiter, Cic. – c. pleno convivio, Sen. rhet. – c. ligneo catillo, Val. Max. – c. sine carne, Spart. – cenavit sedens, Vell.: cubans cenavit, Iustin. – quis umquam cenarit atratus? Cic.: quis in funere familiari cenavit cum toga pulla? Cic. – ubi cenabant, cenaculum vocabant, Varr. LL.: ut vix triclinium ubi cenaturus ipse Caesar esset vacaret, Cic.: c. foris, Plaut.: Idibus foris, Pompon. com. fr.: c. in litore, Quint.: in propatulo, Val. Max.: apertis papilionibus, Lampr.: domi, Plaut.: in palatio peius quam domi, Lact.: est tempus istic cenandi, Gell.: utrubi cenaturi estis, hicine an in triclinio? Naev. com. fr.: c. Rhodi, Lucil. fr. – c. apud alqm, Cic.: apud alqm in eius nuptiis, Cic.: ad (at) alqm, Gell. 19, 7, 2. Corp. inscr. Lat. 4, 1880. – c. unā, Hor.: simul, Cic.: cum alqo, Cic.: cum alqo in cubiculo, Sen.: cum alqo ex eodem catino, Apul.: cum amica iucundius, Sen. rhet.: cum bulga cenat,

    dormit, lavit, Lucil. fr. – c. centiens HS, Plin.: numquam minus centum sestertiis, aliquando autem tribus milibus sestertium, Lampr. – unpers., cum cenatum forte apud Vitellios esset, Liv.: neque umquam apud eum sine aliqua lectione cenatum est, Nep. – u. Partiz. Perf. cenatus medial, gespeist habend, mit dem Essen fertig, nach dem Mittagessen, nach der Tafel (Ggstz. ieiunus), cenati discubuerunt ibidem, Cic.: cum iam cenatus esset (gespeist hatte) cum Petreio, Auct. b. Afr.: statim milites cenatos esse, die Soldaten sollten unverweilt mit dem Essen fertig sein (abgekocht haben), Sall. – II) v. tr. als Mahlzeit zu sich nehmen, speisen, verspeisen, cenam, Plaut.: ostrea, Lucil. fr.: eum odorem cotidie, Plaut.: aprum, Hor.: asperrimum fenum, Apul.: ad focum illas ipsas radices, quas etc., Sen.: remedia vera cotidie, Plin. – scherzh. cenabis hodie magnum malum, Plaut. asin. 936. – prägn., nova deorum adulteria, bei Tafel darstellen, Poët. b. Suet. Aug. 70, 1. – u. centum cenatae noctes, bei Tafel hingebrachte Nächte, nächtliche Gelage, Plaut. truc. 279. – / arch. cenassit = cenaverit, Plaut. Stich. 192.

    lateinisch-deutsches > ceno

  • 3 ceno

    cēno ( nicht caeno u. coeno), āvī, ātum, āre (cena), I) v. intr. die cena (w. vgl.) halten, ( zu Mittag) speisen, Tafel halten, cenavi modo, Plaut.: ambulare debet, tum ungi, deinde cenare, Cels.: manus lava et cena, Cic.: accepi tuas litteras cenans (bei Tisch), Cic. – c. bene, Catull. u. Cic. (vgl. cenasti in vita numquam bene, Lucil. fr.): opto te bene ce (nare), gesegnete Mahlzeit! Corp. inscr. Lat. 8, 9272: belle, Mart.: melius, Cic. u. Sen.: apparatius, Plin. ep.: c. libenter, frugaliter, recte, honeste, prave, nequiter, turpiter, Cic. – c. pleno convivio, Sen. rhet. – c. ligneo catillo, Val. Max. – c. sine carne, Spart. – cenavit sedens, Vell.: cubans cenavit, Iustin. – quis umquam cenarit atratus? Cic.: quis in funere familiari cenavit cum toga pulla? Cic. – ubi cenabant, cenaculum vocabant, Varr. LL.: ut vix triclinium ubi cenaturus ipse Caesar esset vacaret, Cic.: c. foris, Plaut.: Idibus foris, Pompon. com. fr.: c. in litore, Quint.: in propatulo, Val. Max.: apertis papilionibus, Lampr.: domi, Plaut.: in palatio peius quam domi, Lact.: est tempus istic cenandi, Gell.: utrubi cenaturi estis, hicine an in triclinio? Naev. com. fr.: c. Rhodi, Lucil. fr. – c. apud alqm, Cic.: apud alqm in eius nuptiis, Cic.: ad (at) alqm, Gell. 19, 7, 2. Corp. inscr. Lat. 4, 1880. – c. unā, Hor.: simul, Cic.: cum alqo, Cic.: cum alqo in cubiculo, Sen.: cum alqo ex eodem catino, Apul.: cum
    ————
    amica iucundius, Sen. rhet.: cum bulga cenat,
    dormit, lavit, Lucil. fr. – c. centiens HS, Plin.: numquam minus centum sestertiis, aliquando autem tribus milibus sestertium, Lampr. – unpers., cum cenatum forte apud Vitellios esset, Liv.: neque umquam apud eum sine aliqua lectione cenatum est, Nep. – u. Partiz. Perf. cenatus medial, gespeist habend, mit dem Essen fertig, nach dem Mittagessen, nach der Tafel (Ggstz. ieiunus), cenati discubuerunt ibidem, Cic.: cum iam cenatus esset (gespeist hatte) cum Petreio, Auct. b. Afr.: statim milites cenatos esse, die Soldaten sollten unverweilt mit dem Essen fertig sein (abgekocht haben), Sall. – II) v. tr. als Mahlzeit zu sich nehmen, speisen, verspeisen, cenam, Plaut.: ostrea, Lucil. fr.: eum odorem cotidie, Plaut.: aprum, Hor.: asperrimum fenum, Apul.: ad focum illas ipsas radices, quas etc., Sen.: remedia vera cotidie, Plin. – scherzh. cenabis hodie magnum malum, Plaut. asin. 936. – prägn., nova deorum adulteria, bei Tafel darstellen, Poët. b. Suet. Aug. 70, 1. – u. centum cenatae noctes, bei Tafel hingebrachte Nächte, nächtliche Gelage, Plaut. truc. 279. – arch. cenassit = cenaverit, Plaut. Stich. 192.

    Ausführliches Lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch > ceno

  • 4 accepte

    ac-cĭpĭo, cēpi, ceptum, 3, v. a. ( fut. perf. accepso = accepero, Pac. ap. Non. 74, 31, or Rib. Trag. Rel. 118) [capio], to accept.
    I.
    In gen., to take a person or thing to one's self: leno ad se accipiet hominem et aurum, will take the man and his money to himself (into his house), Plaut. Poen. 1, 1, 51.
    a.
    Of things received by the hand, to take, receive: cette manus vestras measque accipite, Enn. ap. Non. 85, 1 (Trag. v. 320 ed. Vahl.):

    ex tua accepi manu pateram,

    Plaut. Amph. 2, 2, 132; hence, trop. of the word given, the promise, with which a grasping of the hand was usually connected: accipe daque fidem, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 1 (Ann. v. 33 ed. Vahl.; so in the Gr. pista dounai kai labein); cf. Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 87; so Verg. A. 8, 150;

    in Ter. of a person to be protected: hanc (virginem) accepi, acceptam servabo,

    Ter. And. 1, 5, 62; cf. Cic. Fam. 7, 5, and Sall. C. 6, 5, —
    b.
    Of things received or taken by different parts of the body: accipite hoc onus in vestros collos, Cato ap. Non. 200, 23:

    gremio,

    Verg. A. 1, 685:

    oculis aut pectore noctem (i. e. somnum),

    id. ib. 4, 531.—
    c.
    In gen., very freq.,
    (α).
    as implying action, to take, to take possession of, to accept (Gr. dechesthai);
    (β).
    of something that falls to one's share, to get, to receive, to be the recipient of (Gr. lambanein).—
    (α).
    To take, accept:

    hanc epistulam accipe a me,

    take this letter from me, Plaut. Ps. 2, 2, 52; 4, 2, 26; cf. id. Ep. 3, 4, 26:

    persuasit aliis, ut pecuniam accipere mallent,

    Cic. Off. 2, 23, 82:

    condicionem pacis,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 15:

    armis obsidibusque acceptis Crassus profectus est,

    after he had taken into his possession the arms and hostages, id. ib. 3, 23:

    divitias,

    Nep. Epam. 4, 3:

    aliquid a patre,

    to inherit, id. Timoth. 1, 1; id. Att. 1:

    accipe et haec, manuum tibi quae monumenta mearum sint,

    Verg. A. 3, 486 al. —Hence to receive or entertain as guest:

    haec (tellus) fessos placidissima portu accipit,

    Verg. A. 3, 78:

    Laurentes nymphae, accipite Aenean,

    id. ib. 8, 71; 155; Ov. M. 8, 655 al.—Of admittance to political privileges:

    Nomentani et Pedani in civitatem accepti,

    Liv. 8, 14; cf. Cic. Off. 1, 11, 35:

    magnifice volo summos viros accipere,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 2, 34:

    in loco festivo sumus festive accepti,

    id. ib. 5, 19; so id. Cist. 1, 1, 12; id. Men. 5, 2, 44; id. Pers. 1, 1, 32, etc.; Ter. Eun. 5, 9, 52; Lucr. 3, 907; Cic. Att. 16, 6; Ov. F. 2, 725 al.—Hence also ironically, to entertain, to treat, deal with:

    ego te miseris jam accipiam modis,

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 4, 3:

    hominem accipiam quibus dictis maeret,

    id. Men. 5, 1, 7:

    indignis acceptus modis,

    Ter. Ad. 2, 1, 12. Perh. also Lucil. ap. Non. 521, 1: adeo male me accipiunt decimae, treat or use me ill, deal harshly with me; and ib. 240, 8: sic, inquam, veteratorem illum vetulum lupum Hannibalem acceptum (Non. explains the latter in a very unusual manner, by deceptum).—
    (β).
    To get, to receive, to be the recipient of, Pac. ap. Non. 74, 31; Lucr. 1, 819, 909; 2, 762, 885, 1009:

    ictus,

    id. 4, 1048 (cf. Verg. A. 3, 243: vulnera accipiunt tergo): aridior nubes accipit ignem, takes or catches fire, Lucr. 6, 150; Caes. B. G. 1, 48:

    humanitatem iis tribuere debemus, a quibus accepimus,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 9:

    pecuniam ob rem judicandam,

    id. Verr. 1, 38:

    luna lumen solis accipit,

    id. de Or. 3, 45; cf. Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 17:

    praeclarum accepimus a majoribus morem,

    Cic. Off. 3, 10, 44: praecepta, Caes. B. G. 2, 6: accepi tuas litteras (in another sense than above), I have received your letter, it has reached me (allatae sunt ad me), Cic. Fam. 1, 9, 14; 2, 1, 1; 10, 1 al.:

    acceptā injuriā ignoscere quam persequi malebant,

    Sall. C. 9, 3; Caes. B. G. 2, 33:

    calamitatem,

    ib. 1, 31:

    detrimenta,

    ib. 5, 22; cf. Cic. Mur. 21, 44 al. So often of dignities and offices:

    provinciam,

    id. Fam. 2, 10, 2:

    consulatum,

    Suet. Aug. 10:

    Galliam,

    id. Caes. 22 al.
    II.
    In partic.
    A.
    To take a thing by hearing, i. e.,
    1.
    To hear, to perceive, to observe, to learn (cf. opp. do = I give in words, i. e. I say): hoc simul accipe dictum, Enn. ap. Cic. Off. 1, 12, 38 (Ann. v. 204): quod ego inaudivi, accipite, Pac. ap. Non. 126, 22 (Rib. Trag. Rel. p. 81): hoc etiam accipe quod dico, Lucil. ap. Non. 240, 1:

    carmen auribus,

    Lucr. 4, 983 (so id. 6, 164); 1, 270; cf. Verg. A. 2, 65:

    voces,

    Lucr. 4, 613 (so 6, 171):

    si te aequo animo ferre accipiet,

    Ter. And. 2, 3, 23:

    quae gerantur, accipies ex Pollione,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 6; 1, 9, 4; Liv. 1, 7. —Hence very freq. in the histt., to get or receive intelligence of any thing, to learn:

    urbem Romam, sicuti ego accepi, condidere atque habuere initio Trojani,

    as I have learned, Sall. C. 6, 1, and so al.—
    2.
    To comprehend or understand any thing communicated:

    haud satis meo corde accepi querelas tuas,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 2, 18:

    et si quis est, qui haec putet arte accipi posse,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 25, 114:

    ut non solum celeriter acciperet, quae tradebantur, etc.,

    Nep. Att. 1, 3; so Quint. 1, 3, 3; 2, 9, 3 al.—
    3.
    With the accessory idea of judging, to take a thing thus or thus, to interpret or explain, usually constr. with ad or in c. acc.:

    quibus res sunt minus secundae... ad contumeliam omnia accipiunt magis,

    the more unfortunate one is, the more inclined is he to regard every thing as an insult, Ter. Ad. 4, 3, 15:

    in eam partem accipio,

    id. Eun. 5, 2, 37; cf. Cic. Fam. 10, 6; id. Att. 16, 6; Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 2:

    non recte accipis,

    you put a wrong construction upon this, id. And. 2, 2, 30:

    quae sibi quisque facilia factu putat, aequo animo accipit,

    Sall. C. 3, 2.— Hence: accipere aliquid omen, or in omen, to regard a thing as a ( favorable) omen, to accept the omen (cf. dechesthai ton oiônon), Cic. Div. 1, 46, 103; 2, 40, 83; Liv. 1, 7, 11; 21, 63 fin.; Tac. H. 1, 62; id. A. 1, 28; 2, 13; Flor. 4, 12, 14 al.—Hence poet.:

    accipio agnoscoque deos,

    Verg. A. 12, 260; cf. Ov. M. 7, 620.—
    B.
    To take a thing upon one's self, to undertake (syn. suscipio):

    accipito hanc ad te litem,

    Plaut. Most. 5, 2, 23: meā causā causam accipite, Ter. Hec. alt. prol. 47; cf. Cic. Fam. 7, 24; so id. Verr. 2, 3, 22; Quint. 20 al.—Hence also,
    C.
    To bear, endure, suffer any thing disagreeable or troublesome:

    hanccine ego ut contumeliam tam insignem ad me accipiam!

    Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 1:

    nil satis firmi video, quamobrem accipere hunc me expediat metum,

    id. Heaut. 2, 3, 96; 5, 1, 59; id. Eun. 4, 6, 24; id. Ad. 2, 1, 53; id. Ph. 5, 2, 4; Cic. Tusc. 5, 19, 56:

    calamitatem,

    id. Off. 3, 26:

    injuriam,

    id. ib. 1, 11 al.—
    D.
    To accept a thing, to be satisfied with, to approve: dos, Pamphile, est decem talenta; Pam.:

    Accipio,

    Ter. And. 5, 4, 48:

    accepit condicionem, dein quaestum accipit,

    id. ib. 1, 1, 52:

    visa ista... accipio iisque interdum etiam assentior, nec percipio tamen,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 20, 66:

    preces suas acceptas ab dis immortalibus ominati,

    Liv. 42, 30, 8 Drak. Cf. Herz, Caes. B. G. 5, 1: “equi te esse feri similem, dico.” Ridemus et ipse Messius: “accipio.” I allow it, Exactly so, Hor. S. 1, 5, 58.—
    E.
    In mercant. lang., t. t., to receive or collect a sum:

    pro quo (frumento) cum a Varinio praetore pecuniam accepisset,

    Cic. Fl. 45; hence subst.: acceptum, i, n., the receipt, and in account-books the credit side:

    in acceptum referre alicui,

    to carry over to the credit side, to place to one's credit, Cic. Verr. 1, 36, 57; id. Rosc. Com. 2; id. Phil. 2, 16; id. Caec. 6, 17; Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 234 (opp. datum or expensum).—Hence also trop., to owe or be indebted to one, in a good or a bad sense:

    ut esset nemo qui non mihi vitam suam, liberos, remp. referret acceptam,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 5:

    omnia mala, quae postea vidimus, uni accepta referemus Antonio,

    ascribe, id. ib. 22; Caes. B. G. 8, 58; id. B. C, 3, 57: Acceptum [p. 18] refero versibus, esse nocens, Ov. Trist. 2, 10. —
    F.
    In the gram m., to take a word or phrase thus or thus, to explain a word in any manner:

    adversus interdum promiscue accipitur,

    Charis. p. 207 P. al.—(Syn. nanciscor and adipiscor: he to whom something is given, accipit; he who gets by a fortunate occurrence, nanciscitur; he who obtains it by exertion, adipiscitur. Sumimus ipsi: accipimus ab alio,” Vel. Long. p. 2243 P.—“Inter tenere, sumere et accipere hoc interest, quod tenemus quae sunt in nostra potestate: sumimus posita: accipimus data,” Isid. Diff. 1).—Hence, acceptus, a, um, P. a., welcome, agreeable, acceptable (syn. gratus. Acceptus is related to gratus, as the effect to the cause; he who is gratus, i. e. dear, is on that account acceptus, welcome, acceptable;

    hence the usual position: gratus atque acceptus).—First, of persons: essetne apud te is servus acceptissimus?

    Plaut. Cap. 3, 5, 56:

    plebi acceptus erat,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 13;

    acceptus erat in oculis,

    Vulg. 1 Reg. 18, 5.—

    Of things: dis et hominibus est acceptum quod, etc.,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 16, 5:

    quod vero approbaris. id gratum acceptumque habendum,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 15, 45:

    munus eorum gratum acceptumque esse,

    Nep. Hann. 7, 3:

    quorum mihi dona accepta et grata habeo,

    Plaut. Truc. 2, 7, 56:

    rem populo Romano gratam acceptamque,

    Cic. Phil. 13, 50;

    tempore accepto exaudivi,

    Vulg. 2 Cor. 6, 2.— Comp., Plaut. Pers. 4, 4, 96; Cic. Rep. 6, 13; Tac. A. 6, 45 al.— Sup., see above.— Adv. accepte does not occur.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > accepte

  • 5 accipio

    ac-cĭpĭo, cēpi, ceptum, 3, v. a. ( fut. perf. accepso = accepero, Pac. ap. Non. 74, 31, or Rib. Trag. Rel. 118) [capio], to accept.
    I.
    In gen., to take a person or thing to one's self: leno ad se accipiet hominem et aurum, will take the man and his money to himself (into his house), Plaut. Poen. 1, 1, 51.
    a.
    Of things received by the hand, to take, receive: cette manus vestras measque accipite, Enn. ap. Non. 85, 1 (Trag. v. 320 ed. Vahl.):

    ex tua accepi manu pateram,

    Plaut. Amph. 2, 2, 132; hence, trop. of the word given, the promise, with which a grasping of the hand was usually connected: accipe daque fidem, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 1 (Ann. v. 33 ed. Vahl.; so in the Gr. pista dounai kai labein); cf. Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 87; so Verg. A. 8, 150;

    in Ter. of a person to be protected: hanc (virginem) accepi, acceptam servabo,

    Ter. And. 1, 5, 62; cf. Cic. Fam. 7, 5, and Sall. C. 6, 5, —
    b.
    Of things received or taken by different parts of the body: accipite hoc onus in vestros collos, Cato ap. Non. 200, 23:

    gremio,

    Verg. A. 1, 685:

    oculis aut pectore noctem (i. e. somnum),

    id. ib. 4, 531.—
    c.
    In gen., very freq.,
    (α).
    as implying action, to take, to take possession of, to accept (Gr. dechesthai);
    (β).
    of something that falls to one's share, to get, to receive, to be the recipient of (Gr. lambanein).—
    (α).
    To take, accept:

    hanc epistulam accipe a me,

    take this letter from me, Plaut. Ps. 2, 2, 52; 4, 2, 26; cf. id. Ep. 3, 4, 26:

    persuasit aliis, ut pecuniam accipere mallent,

    Cic. Off. 2, 23, 82:

    condicionem pacis,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 15:

    armis obsidibusque acceptis Crassus profectus est,

    after he had taken into his possession the arms and hostages, id. ib. 3, 23:

    divitias,

    Nep. Epam. 4, 3:

    aliquid a patre,

    to inherit, id. Timoth. 1, 1; id. Att. 1:

    accipe et haec, manuum tibi quae monumenta mearum sint,

    Verg. A. 3, 486 al. —Hence to receive or entertain as guest:

    haec (tellus) fessos placidissima portu accipit,

    Verg. A. 3, 78:

    Laurentes nymphae, accipite Aenean,

    id. ib. 8, 71; 155; Ov. M. 8, 655 al.—Of admittance to political privileges:

    Nomentani et Pedani in civitatem accepti,

    Liv. 8, 14; cf. Cic. Off. 1, 11, 35:

    magnifice volo summos viros accipere,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 2, 34:

    in loco festivo sumus festive accepti,

    id. ib. 5, 19; so id. Cist. 1, 1, 12; id. Men. 5, 2, 44; id. Pers. 1, 1, 32, etc.; Ter. Eun. 5, 9, 52; Lucr. 3, 907; Cic. Att. 16, 6; Ov. F. 2, 725 al.—Hence also ironically, to entertain, to treat, deal with:

    ego te miseris jam accipiam modis,

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 4, 3:

    hominem accipiam quibus dictis maeret,

    id. Men. 5, 1, 7:

    indignis acceptus modis,

    Ter. Ad. 2, 1, 12. Perh. also Lucil. ap. Non. 521, 1: adeo male me accipiunt decimae, treat or use me ill, deal harshly with me; and ib. 240, 8: sic, inquam, veteratorem illum vetulum lupum Hannibalem acceptum (Non. explains the latter in a very unusual manner, by deceptum).—
    (β).
    To get, to receive, to be the recipient of, Pac. ap. Non. 74, 31; Lucr. 1, 819, 909; 2, 762, 885, 1009:

    ictus,

    id. 4, 1048 (cf. Verg. A. 3, 243: vulnera accipiunt tergo): aridior nubes accipit ignem, takes or catches fire, Lucr. 6, 150; Caes. B. G. 1, 48:

    humanitatem iis tribuere debemus, a quibus accepimus,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 9:

    pecuniam ob rem judicandam,

    id. Verr. 1, 38:

    luna lumen solis accipit,

    id. de Or. 3, 45; cf. Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 17:

    praeclarum accepimus a majoribus morem,

    Cic. Off. 3, 10, 44: praecepta, Caes. B. G. 2, 6: accepi tuas litteras (in another sense than above), I have received your letter, it has reached me (allatae sunt ad me), Cic. Fam. 1, 9, 14; 2, 1, 1; 10, 1 al.:

    acceptā injuriā ignoscere quam persequi malebant,

    Sall. C. 9, 3; Caes. B. G. 2, 33:

    calamitatem,

    ib. 1, 31:

    detrimenta,

    ib. 5, 22; cf. Cic. Mur. 21, 44 al. So often of dignities and offices:

    provinciam,

    id. Fam. 2, 10, 2:

    consulatum,

    Suet. Aug. 10:

    Galliam,

    id. Caes. 22 al.
    II.
    In partic.
    A.
    To take a thing by hearing, i. e.,
    1.
    To hear, to perceive, to observe, to learn (cf. opp. do = I give in words, i. e. I say): hoc simul accipe dictum, Enn. ap. Cic. Off. 1, 12, 38 (Ann. v. 204): quod ego inaudivi, accipite, Pac. ap. Non. 126, 22 (Rib. Trag. Rel. p. 81): hoc etiam accipe quod dico, Lucil. ap. Non. 240, 1:

    carmen auribus,

    Lucr. 4, 983 (so id. 6, 164); 1, 270; cf. Verg. A. 2, 65:

    voces,

    Lucr. 4, 613 (so 6, 171):

    si te aequo animo ferre accipiet,

    Ter. And. 2, 3, 23:

    quae gerantur, accipies ex Pollione,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 6; 1, 9, 4; Liv. 1, 7. —Hence very freq. in the histt., to get or receive intelligence of any thing, to learn:

    urbem Romam, sicuti ego accepi, condidere atque habuere initio Trojani,

    as I have learned, Sall. C. 6, 1, and so al.—
    2.
    To comprehend or understand any thing communicated:

    haud satis meo corde accepi querelas tuas,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 2, 18:

    et si quis est, qui haec putet arte accipi posse,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 25, 114:

    ut non solum celeriter acciperet, quae tradebantur, etc.,

    Nep. Att. 1, 3; so Quint. 1, 3, 3; 2, 9, 3 al.—
    3.
    With the accessory idea of judging, to take a thing thus or thus, to interpret or explain, usually constr. with ad or in c. acc.:

    quibus res sunt minus secundae... ad contumeliam omnia accipiunt magis,

    the more unfortunate one is, the more inclined is he to regard every thing as an insult, Ter. Ad. 4, 3, 15:

    in eam partem accipio,

    id. Eun. 5, 2, 37; cf. Cic. Fam. 10, 6; id. Att. 16, 6; Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 2:

    non recte accipis,

    you put a wrong construction upon this, id. And. 2, 2, 30:

    quae sibi quisque facilia factu putat, aequo animo accipit,

    Sall. C. 3, 2.— Hence: accipere aliquid omen, or in omen, to regard a thing as a ( favorable) omen, to accept the omen (cf. dechesthai ton oiônon), Cic. Div. 1, 46, 103; 2, 40, 83; Liv. 1, 7, 11; 21, 63 fin.; Tac. H. 1, 62; id. A. 1, 28; 2, 13; Flor. 4, 12, 14 al.—Hence poet.:

    accipio agnoscoque deos,

    Verg. A. 12, 260; cf. Ov. M. 7, 620.—
    B.
    To take a thing upon one's self, to undertake (syn. suscipio):

    accipito hanc ad te litem,

    Plaut. Most. 5, 2, 23: meā causā causam accipite, Ter. Hec. alt. prol. 47; cf. Cic. Fam. 7, 24; so id. Verr. 2, 3, 22; Quint. 20 al.—Hence also,
    C.
    To bear, endure, suffer any thing disagreeable or troublesome:

    hanccine ego ut contumeliam tam insignem ad me accipiam!

    Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 1:

    nil satis firmi video, quamobrem accipere hunc me expediat metum,

    id. Heaut. 2, 3, 96; 5, 1, 59; id. Eun. 4, 6, 24; id. Ad. 2, 1, 53; id. Ph. 5, 2, 4; Cic. Tusc. 5, 19, 56:

    calamitatem,

    id. Off. 3, 26:

    injuriam,

    id. ib. 1, 11 al.—
    D.
    To accept a thing, to be satisfied with, to approve: dos, Pamphile, est decem talenta; Pam.:

    Accipio,

    Ter. And. 5, 4, 48:

    accepit condicionem, dein quaestum accipit,

    id. ib. 1, 1, 52:

    visa ista... accipio iisque interdum etiam assentior, nec percipio tamen,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 20, 66:

    preces suas acceptas ab dis immortalibus ominati,

    Liv. 42, 30, 8 Drak. Cf. Herz, Caes. B. G. 5, 1: “equi te esse feri similem, dico.” Ridemus et ipse Messius: “accipio.” I allow it, Exactly so, Hor. S. 1, 5, 58.—
    E.
    In mercant. lang., t. t., to receive or collect a sum:

    pro quo (frumento) cum a Varinio praetore pecuniam accepisset,

    Cic. Fl. 45; hence subst.: acceptum, i, n., the receipt, and in account-books the credit side:

    in acceptum referre alicui,

    to carry over to the credit side, to place to one's credit, Cic. Verr. 1, 36, 57; id. Rosc. Com. 2; id. Phil. 2, 16; id. Caec. 6, 17; Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 234 (opp. datum or expensum).—Hence also trop., to owe or be indebted to one, in a good or a bad sense:

    ut esset nemo qui non mihi vitam suam, liberos, remp. referret acceptam,

    Cic. Phil. 2, 5:

    omnia mala, quae postea vidimus, uni accepta referemus Antonio,

    ascribe, id. ib. 22; Caes. B. G. 8, 58; id. B. C, 3, 57: Acceptum [p. 18] refero versibus, esse nocens, Ov. Trist. 2, 10. —
    F.
    In the gram m., to take a word or phrase thus or thus, to explain a word in any manner:

    adversus interdum promiscue accipitur,

    Charis. p. 207 P. al.—(Syn. nanciscor and adipiscor: he to whom something is given, accipit; he who gets by a fortunate occurrence, nanciscitur; he who obtains it by exertion, adipiscitur. Sumimus ipsi: accipimus ab alio,” Vel. Long. p. 2243 P.—“Inter tenere, sumere et accipere hoc interest, quod tenemus quae sunt in nostra potestate: sumimus posita: accipimus data,” Isid. Diff. 1).—Hence, acceptus, a, um, P. a., welcome, agreeable, acceptable (syn. gratus. Acceptus is related to gratus, as the effect to the cause; he who is gratus, i. e. dear, is on that account acceptus, welcome, acceptable;

    hence the usual position: gratus atque acceptus).—First, of persons: essetne apud te is servus acceptissimus?

    Plaut. Cap. 3, 5, 56:

    plebi acceptus erat,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 13;

    acceptus erat in oculis,

    Vulg. 1 Reg. 18, 5.—

    Of things: dis et hominibus est acceptum quod, etc.,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 16, 5:

    quod vero approbaris. id gratum acceptumque habendum,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 15, 45:

    munus eorum gratum acceptumque esse,

    Nep. Hann. 7, 3:

    quorum mihi dona accepta et grata habeo,

    Plaut. Truc. 2, 7, 56:

    rem populo Romano gratam acceptamque,

    Cic. Phil. 13, 50;

    tempore accepto exaudivi,

    Vulg. 2 Cor. 6, 2.— Comp., Plaut. Pers. 4, 4, 96; Cic. Rep. 6, 13; Tac. A. 6, 45 al.— Sup., see above.— Adv. accepte does not occur.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > accipio

  • 6 alter

    alter, tĕra, tĕrum, adj. (the measure of the gen. sing. āltĕrĭŭs as paeon primus is supported in good Latin only by examples from dactylic verse (but see alterĭus in trochaic measure, Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 56), in which īpsĭŭs, īllĭŭs, īstĭŭs, ūnĭŭs, etc., are used as dactyls; on the contr., the regular measure āltĕrīŭs, as ditrochaeus, is sufficiently confirmed by the foll. verses of Enn., Ter., and Ter. Maur.: mox cum alterīus abligurias bona, Enn. ap. Donat. ad Ter. Phorm. 2, 2, 25 (Sat. 29 Vahl.):

    alterīus sua comparent commoda? ah!

    Ter. And. 4, 1, 4:

    nec alter[imacracute]us indigéns opís veni,

    Ter. Maur. p. 2432 P.;

    and sescupló vel una víncet alter[imacracute]us singulum,

    id. ib. p. 2412 ib.; Prisc. p. 695 ib.; alterius is also commonly used as the gen. of alius, as alīus is little used (v. h. v. fin.).— Dat. sing. f.:

    alterae,

    Plaut. Rud. 3, 4, 45; Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 30; Caes. B. G. 5, 27; Nep. Eum. 1, 6; Col. 5, 11, 10) [a comp. form of al-ius; cf. Sanscr. antara = alius; Goth. anthar; Lith. antras = secundus; Germ. ander; Gr. heteros; Engl. either, other; also Sanscr. itara = alius], the other of two, one of two, the other, ho heteros.
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.:

    nam huic alterae patria quae sit, profecto nescio,

    Plaut. Rud. 3, 4, 45:

    necesse est enim sit alterum de duobus,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 41, 97:

    altera ex duabus legionibus,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 20: mihi cum viris ambobus est amicitia;

    cum altero vero magnus usus,

    Cic. Clu. 42, 117:

    alter consulum,

    Liv. 40, 59:

    alter ex censoribus,

    id. 40, 52:

    in alterā parte fluminis legatum reliquit,

    on the other side, Caes. B. G. 2, 5; id. B. C. 3, 54:

    si quis te percusserit in dexteram maxillam tuam, praebe illi et alteram,

    Vulg. Matt. 5, 39; 28, 1.—Hence: alter ambove, one or both; commonly in the abbreviation:

    A. A. S. E. V. = alter ambove si eis videretur: utique C. Pansa, A. Hirtius consules alter ambove S. E. V. rationem agri habeant,

    Cic. Phil. 5 fin. Wernsd.; cf. id. ib. 8, 11; 9, 7 fin.; 14, 14 fin.; cf.

    Brison. Form. pp. 218 and 219: absente consulum altero ambobusve,

    Liv. 30, 23: ambo alterve, S. C. ap. Front. Aquaed. 100 fin.
    B.
    Esp.
    1.
    a.. In distributive clauses: alter... alter, the one... the other (cf. alius, II. A.): ho heteros... ho heteros:

    Si duobus praefurniis coques, lacunā nihil opus erit. Cum cinere eruto opus erit, altero praefurnio eruito, in altero ignis erit,

    Cato, R. R. 38, 9:

    alteram ille amat sororem, ego alteram,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 4, 68; id. Am. 1, 2, 19; 1, 2, 20; Ter. Ad. 1, 2, 50:

    quorum alter exercitum perdidit, alter vendidit,

    Cic. Planc. 35; so id. Rosc. Am. 6, 16: namque alterā ex parte Bellovaci instabant;

    alteram Camulogenus tenebat,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 59 Herz.:

    conjunxit alteram (cortinam) alteri,

    Vulg. Exod. 36, 10; 36, 22; ib. Joan. 13, 14; ib. Rom. 12, 5.—
    b.
    In same sense, unus... alter, one... the other, as in later Gr. heis men... heteros de: vitis insitio una est per ver, altera est cum uva floret;

    ea optima est,

    Cato, R. R. 41, 1: Phorm. Una injuria est tecum. Chrem. Lege agito ergo. Phorm. Altera est tecum, Ter. Phorm. 5, 8, 90: uni epistolae respondi;

    venio ad alteram,

    Cic. Fam. 2, 17, 6:

    nomen uni Ada, et nomen alteri Sella,

    Vulg. Gen. 4, 19; ib. Matt. 6, 24:

    Erant duae factiones, quarum una populi causam agebat, altera optimatium,

    Nep. Phoc. 3, 1; Liv. 31, 21:

    consules coepere duo creari, ut si unus malus esse voluisset, alter eum coërceret,

    Eutr. 1, 8:

    Duo homines ascenderunt in templum, unus pharisaeus et alter publicanus,

    Vulg. Luc. 18, 10 al. —
    c.
    Sometimes a subst., or hic, ille, etc., stands in the place of the second alter:

    Epaminondas... Leonidas: quorum alter, etc... Leonidas autem, etc.,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 30, 97; so Vell. 2, 71, 3:

    alter gladiator habetur, hic autem, etc.,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 6, 17:

    quorum alteri Capitoni cognomen est, iste, qui adest, magnus vocatur,

    id. ib.:

    alterum corporis aegritudo, illum, etc.,

    Flor. 4, 7.—Sometimes
    (α).
    one alter is entirely omitted (cf. alius, II. A.; heteros, L. and S. I. 2.):

    duae turmae haesere: altera metu dedita hosti, pertinacior (sc. altera), etc.,

    Liv. 29, 33:

    hujus lateris alter angulus ad orientem solem, inferior ad meridiem spectat,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 13; or
    (β).
    the form changed:

    dialecticam adjungunt et physicam, alteram quod habeat rationem.... Physicae quoque etc.,

    Cic. Fin. 3, 21, 72, and 3, 22, 73. —Sometimes a further distributive word is added:

    alter adulescens decessit, alter senex, aliquis praeter hos infans,

    Sen. Ep. 66, 39:

    alter in vincula ducitur, alter insperatae praeficitur potestati, alius etc.,

    Amm. 14, 11.—
    d.
    In plur.: nec ad vivos pertineat, nec ad mortuos;

    alteri nulli sunt, alteros non attinget,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 38, 91:

    alteri dimicant, alteri victorem timent,

    id. Fam. 6, 3: binas a te accepi litteras; quarum alteris mihi gratulabare... alteris dicebas etc., in one of which,... in the other, id. ib. 4, 14:

    quorum alteri adjuvabant, alteri etc.,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 17: duplices similitudines, unae rerum, alterae verborum, Auct. ad Her. 3, 20. —
    e.
    The second alter in a different case:

    alter alterius ova frangit,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 49:

    uterque numerus plenus, alter alterā de causā habetur,

    Macr. Somn. Scip. 2:

    qui noxii ambo, alter in alterum causam conferant,

    Liv. 5, 11:

    alteri alteros aliquantum attriverant,

    Sall. J. 79, 4; so id. ib. 42, 4;

    53, 7 al. —Also with alteruter: ne alteruter alterum praeoccuparet,

    Nep. Dion. 4, 1.—With unus:

    quom inter nos sorderemus unus alteri,

    Plaut. Truc. 2, 4, 30:

    dicunt unus ad alterum,

    Vulg. Ez. 33, 30:

    ne unus adversus alterum infletur pro alio,

    ib. 1 Cor. 4, 6.—With uterque:

    uterque suo studio delectatus contempsit alterum,

    Cic. Off. 1, 1, 4:

    utrique alteris freti finitimos sub imperium suum coëgere,

    Sall. J. 18, 12.—With nemo, nullus, neuter:

    ut nemo sit alteri similis,

    Quint. 2, 9, 2:

    cum tot saeculis nulla referta sit causa, quae esset tota alteri similis,

    id. 7, prooem. 4:

    neutrum eorum contra alterum juvare,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 1, 3:

    ut neutra alteri officiat,

    Quint. 1, 1, 3.—After two substt., the first alter generally refers to the first subst., and the second to the second:

    Philippum rebus gestis superatum a filio, facilitate video superiorem fuisse. Itaque alter semper magnus, alter saepe turpissimus,

    Cic. Off. 1, 26; cf. Plaut. Am. 1, 2, 21; Brem. ad Suet. Claud. 20.—Sometimes the order is reversed: contra nos (summa gratia et eloquentia) raciunt in hoc tempore;

    quarum alteram (i. e. eloquentiam) vereor, alteram (i. e. gratiam) metuo,

    Cic. Quinct. 1; so id. Off. 3, 18; 1, 12; cf. Spald. ad Quint. 9, 2, 6.—
    2.
    As a numeral = secundus, the second, the next, o heteros:

    primo die, alter dies, tertius dies, deinde reliquis diebus etc.,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 7:

    proximo, altero, tertio, reliquis consecutis diebus non intermittebas etc.,

    id. Phil. 1, 13 Wernsd.:

    quadriennio post alterum consulatum,

    id. Sen. 9:

    die altero,

    Vulg. Jos. 10, 32: alteris Te mensis adhibet deum, i. e. at the dessert (= mensā secundā), Hor. C. 4, 5, 31.—So, alterā die, the next day, têi allêi hêmerai, têi heterai:

    se alterā die ad conloquium venturum,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 19; Vulg. Gen. 19, 34; ib. Matt. 27, 62:

    die altero,

    ib. Num. 11, 32; ib. Jos. 5, 11 al.—So in comparative sense:

    alterā die quam a Brindisio solvit, in Macedoniam trajecit,

    Liv. 31, 14; Suet. Vit. 3:

    intermittere diem alterum quemque oportet,

    every other day, Cels. 3, 23; 3, 13; 4, 12:

    Olea non continuis annis, sed fere altero quoque fructum adfert,

    Col. R. R. 5, 8.—With prepp.:

    qui (Ptolemaeus) tum regnabat alter post Alexandream conditam,

    next after, Cic. Off. 2, 23, 82; so, fortunate puer, tu nunc eris alter ab illo, the second or next after him, Verg. E. 5, 49:

    alter ab undecimo jam tum me ceperat annus,

    id. ib. 8, 39.—Hence,
    b.
    Also with tens, hundreds, etc.:

    accepi tuas litteras, quas mihi Cornificius altero vicesimo die reddidit,

    on the twenty-second day, Cic. Fam. 12, 25 Manut.:

    anno trecentesimo altero quam condita Roma erat,

    in the three hundred and second year, Liv. 3, 33:

    vicesima et altera laedit,

    Manil. 4, 466.—
    c.
    So of a number collectively:

    remissarios pedum XII., alteros pedum X.,

    a second ten, Cato, R. R. 19, 2:

    ad Brutum hos libros alteros quinque mittemus,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 41, 121:

    basia mille, deinde centum, dein mille altera, dein secunda centum,

    Cat. 5, 7.—So with the numeral understood: aurea mala decem misi;

    cras altera (sc. decem) mittam,

    a second ten, Verg. E. 3, 71.—Hence,
    d.
    Unus et alter, unus atque alter, unus alterque, the one and the other.
    (α).
    For two (as in Gr. heis kai heteros):

    unus et alter dies intercesserat,

    Cic. Clu. 26:

    adductus sum tuis unis et alteris litteris,

    id. Att. 14, 18:

    et sub eā versus unus et alter erunt,

    Ov. H. 15, 182; so Suet. Tib. 63; id. Calig. 56; id. Claud. 12 (cf. id. Gram. 24: unum vel alterum, vel, cum plurimos, tres aut quattuor admittere).—
    (β).
    More freq. of an indef. number, one and another; and: unusalterve, one or two:

    Unus et item alter,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 50:

    mora si quem tibi item unum alterumve diem abstulerit,

    Cic. Fam. 3, 9; so id. Clu. 13, 38; 13, 26:

    versus paulo concinnior unus et alter,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 74; so id. S. 1, 6, 102; 2, 5, 24; id. A. P. 15:

    ex illis unus et alter ait,

    Ov. F. 2, 394; id. Am. 2, 5, 22; Petr. 108; Plin. Pan. 45 Schwarz; cf. id. ib. 52, 2; Suet. Caes. 20; id. Galb. 14 al.:

    paucis loricae, vix uni alterive cassis aut galea,

    Tac. G. 6.—
    e.
    Alterum tantum, as much more or again, twice as much (cf. Gr. heteron tosouton or hetera tosauta):

    etiamsi alterum tantum perdundum est, perdam potius quam sinam, etc.,

    Plaut. Ep. 3, 4, 81; so id. Bacch. 5, 2, 65:

    altero tanto aut sesqui major,

    Cic. Or. 56, 188:

    altero tanto longior,

    Nep. Eum. 8, 5; so Dig. 28, 2, 13:

    numero tantum alterum adjecit,

    Liv. 1, 36; so id. 10, 46; Auct. B. Hisp. 30; Dig. 49, 14, 3 al.—
    f.
    Alteri totidem, as many more:

    de alteris totidem scribere incipiamus,

    Varr. L. L. 8, 24 Müll. —
    g.
    To mark the similarity of one object to another in qualities, etc., a second, another (as in English, a second father, my second self, and the like). So,
    (α).
    With a proper name, used as an appellative (cf. alius, II. G.):

    Verres, alter Orcus,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 50:

    alterum se Verrem putabat,

    id. ib. 5, 33 fin.:

    Hamilcar, Mars alter,

    Liv. 21, 10.—
    (β).
    With a com. noun:

    me sicut alterum parentem observat,

    Cic. Fam. 5, 8:

    altera patria,

    Flor. 2, 6, 42 al. —
    (γ).
    Alter ego, a second self, of very intimate friends (in the class. per. perh. only in Cic. Ep.; cf. ho hetairos, heteros egô, Clem. Al. 450):

    vide quam mihi persuaserim te me esse alterum,

    Cic. Fam. 7, 5:

    me alterum se fore dixit,

    id. Att. 4, 1:

    quoniam alterum me reliquissem,

    id. Fam. 2, 15; Aus. praef. 2, 15.—
    (δ).
    Alter idem, a second self, like heteroi hautoi, Arist. Eth. M. 8, 12, 3 (on account of the singularity of the expression, introduced by tamquam):

    amicus est tamquam alter idem,

    Cic. Lael. 21, 82.—
    3.
    The one of two, either of two, without a more precise designation, for alteruter:

    non uterque sed alter,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 43, 132:

    fortasse utrumque, alterum certe,

    id. Att. 11, 18:

    melius peribimus quam sine alteris vestrūm vivemus,

    Liv. 1, 13:

    nec rogarem, ut mea de vobis altera amica foret,

    Ov. A. A. 3, 520:

    ex duobus, quorum alterum petis, etc.,

    Plin. Ep. 1, 7, 3:

    ex duobus (quorum necesse est alterum verum), etc.,

    Quint. 5, 10, 69:

    ac si necesse est in alteram errare partem, maluerim etc.,

    id. 10, 1, 26; 1, 4, 24; 9, 3, 6 al.—Once also with a negative, neither of two: hos, tamquam medios, [p. 98] nec in alterius favorem inclinatos, miserat rex, Liv. 40, 20, 4.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    Another of a class = alius (as opp. to one's self, to another); subst., another, a neighbor, a fellow-creature, ho pelas (so sometimes heteros, Xen. Cyr. 2, 3, 17); cf. Ochsn. Eclog. 90 and 458 (alter designates the similarity of two objects; alius a difference in the objects contrasted): SI. INIVRIAM. FAXIT. ALTERI., Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Gell. 20, 1:

    qui alterum incusat probri, eum ipsum se intueri oportet,

    Plaut. Truc. 1, 2, 58; id. Am. prol. 84: mox dum alterius abligurias bona, quid censes dominis esse animi? Enn. ap. Don. ad Ter. Phorm. 2, 2, 25:

    ut malis gaudeant atque ex incommodis Alterius sua ut comparent commoda,

    Ter. And. 4, 1, 3: qui alteris exitium paret, etc., Att. ap. Cic. Tusc. 2, 17, 39:

    qui nihil alterius causā facit et metitur suis commodis omnia,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 14:

    ut aeque quisque altero delectetur ac se ipso,

    id. Off. 1, 17, 56; 1, 2, 4:

    scientem in errorem alterum inducere,

    id. ib. 3, 13, 55 et saep.:

    cave ne portus occupet alter,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 32 Schmid.:

    nil obstet tibi, dum ne sit te ditior alter,

    id. S. 1, 1, 40; 1, 5, 33:

    canis parturiens cum rogāsset alteram, ut etc.,

    Phaedr. 1, 19:

    nec patientem sessoris alterius (equum) primus ascendit,

    Suet. Caes. 61; id. Tib. 58:

    in quo judicas alterum, te ipsum condemnas,

    Vulg. Rom. 2, 1:

    nemo quod suum est quaerat, sed quod alterius,

    ib. 1 Cor. 10, 24;

    14, 17: sic in semet ipso tantum gloriam habebit et non in altero,

    ib. Gal. 6, 4 al. —Hence, alter with a neg., or neg. question and comp., as an emphatic expression (mostly ante-class.; cf.

    alius, II. H.): scelestiorem nullum illuxere alterum,

    Plaut. Bacch. 2, 3, 22:

    scelestiorem in terrā nullam esse alteram,

    id. Cist. 4, 1, 8:

    qui me alter audacior est homo?

    id. Am. 1, 1, 1; id. Ep. 1, 1, 24.—
    B.
    The other, the opposite:

    alterius factionis principes,

    the leaders of the opposite party, Nep. Pelop. 1, 4 (cf. id. ib. 1, 2:

    adversariae factioni): studiosiorem partis alterius,

    Suet. Tib. 11. —
    C.
    In gen., different:

    quotiens te speculo videris alterum,

    Hor. C. 4, 10, 6: abeuntes post carnem alteram (Gr. heteros, q. v. L. and S. III.), Vulg. Jud. 7.—
    D.
    In the lang. of augury, euphem. for infaustus, unfavorable, unpropitious, Fest. p. 6 (v. L. and S. Gr. Lex. s. v. heteros, III. 2.).
    The gen.
    alterius commonly serves as gen. of alius instead of alīus, Cic. Fam. 15, 1, 1; id. Att. 1, 5, 1; 1, 20, 2; Caes. B. G. 1, 36, 1; Sall. C. 52, 8; Liv. 21, 13, 3; 22, 14, 4; 26, 8, 2; 28, 37, 6 al.; Col. 8, 17, 2; 11, 2, 87; 12, 22, 2; Sen. Ep. 72, 10; 102, 3; id. Ben. 4, 3, 1; id. Ot. Sap. 4, 1; id. Brev. Vit. 16, 2; id. Q. N. 2, 34, 1 al.; Quint. 7, 9, 8; 8, 3, 73 al.; Tac. A. 15, 25; id. H. 2, 90; Plin. Ep. 10, 114, 2; Suet. Caes. 61; id. Tib. 58 al.; Gell. 2, 28 al.—It also stands as correlative to alius:

    alius inter cenandum solutus est, alterius continuata mors somno est,

    Sen. Ep. 66, 39:

    cum inventum sit ex veris (gemmis) generis alterius in aliud falsas traducere,

    Plin. 37, 12, 75, § 197; Plin. Pan. 2, 6 (Neue, Formenl. II. p. 216).
    altĕras, adv.
    [alter], for alias, acc. to Paul. ex. Fest. p. 27 Müll.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > alter

  • 7 alteras

    alter, tĕra, tĕrum, adj. (the measure of the gen. sing. āltĕrĭŭs as paeon primus is supported in good Latin only by examples from dactylic verse (but see alterĭus in trochaic measure, Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 56), in which īpsĭŭs, īllĭŭs, īstĭŭs, ūnĭŭs, etc., are used as dactyls; on the contr., the regular measure āltĕrīŭs, as ditrochaeus, is sufficiently confirmed by the foll. verses of Enn., Ter., and Ter. Maur.: mox cum alterīus abligurias bona, Enn. ap. Donat. ad Ter. Phorm. 2, 2, 25 (Sat. 29 Vahl.):

    alterīus sua comparent commoda? ah!

    Ter. And. 4, 1, 4:

    nec alter[imacracute]us indigéns opís veni,

    Ter. Maur. p. 2432 P.;

    and sescupló vel una víncet alter[imacracute]us singulum,

    id. ib. p. 2412 ib.; Prisc. p. 695 ib.; alterius is also commonly used as the gen. of alius, as alīus is little used (v. h. v. fin.).— Dat. sing. f.:

    alterae,

    Plaut. Rud. 3, 4, 45; Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 30; Caes. B. G. 5, 27; Nep. Eum. 1, 6; Col. 5, 11, 10) [a comp. form of al-ius; cf. Sanscr. antara = alius; Goth. anthar; Lith. antras = secundus; Germ. ander; Gr. heteros; Engl. either, other; also Sanscr. itara = alius], the other of two, one of two, the other, ho heteros.
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.:

    nam huic alterae patria quae sit, profecto nescio,

    Plaut. Rud. 3, 4, 45:

    necesse est enim sit alterum de duobus,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 41, 97:

    altera ex duabus legionibus,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 20: mihi cum viris ambobus est amicitia;

    cum altero vero magnus usus,

    Cic. Clu. 42, 117:

    alter consulum,

    Liv. 40, 59:

    alter ex censoribus,

    id. 40, 52:

    in alterā parte fluminis legatum reliquit,

    on the other side, Caes. B. G. 2, 5; id. B. C. 3, 54:

    si quis te percusserit in dexteram maxillam tuam, praebe illi et alteram,

    Vulg. Matt. 5, 39; 28, 1.—Hence: alter ambove, one or both; commonly in the abbreviation:

    A. A. S. E. V. = alter ambove si eis videretur: utique C. Pansa, A. Hirtius consules alter ambove S. E. V. rationem agri habeant,

    Cic. Phil. 5 fin. Wernsd.; cf. id. ib. 8, 11; 9, 7 fin.; 14, 14 fin.; cf.

    Brison. Form. pp. 218 and 219: absente consulum altero ambobusve,

    Liv. 30, 23: ambo alterve, S. C. ap. Front. Aquaed. 100 fin.
    B.
    Esp.
    1.
    a.. In distributive clauses: alter... alter, the one... the other (cf. alius, II. A.): ho heteros... ho heteros:

    Si duobus praefurniis coques, lacunā nihil opus erit. Cum cinere eruto opus erit, altero praefurnio eruito, in altero ignis erit,

    Cato, R. R. 38, 9:

    alteram ille amat sororem, ego alteram,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 4, 68; id. Am. 1, 2, 19; 1, 2, 20; Ter. Ad. 1, 2, 50:

    quorum alter exercitum perdidit, alter vendidit,

    Cic. Planc. 35; so id. Rosc. Am. 6, 16: namque alterā ex parte Bellovaci instabant;

    alteram Camulogenus tenebat,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 59 Herz.:

    conjunxit alteram (cortinam) alteri,

    Vulg. Exod. 36, 10; 36, 22; ib. Joan. 13, 14; ib. Rom. 12, 5.—
    b.
    In same sense, unus... alter, one... the other, as in later Gr. heis men... heteros de: vitis insitio una est per ver, altera est cum uva floret;

    ea optima est,

    Cato, R. R. 41, 1: Phorm. Una injuria est tecum. Chrem. Lege agito ergo. Phorm. Altera est tecum, Ter. Phorm. 5, 8, 90: uni epistolae respondi;

    venio ad alteram,

    Cic. Fam. 2, 17, 6:

    nomen uni Ada, et nomen alteri Sella,

    Vulg. Gen. 4, 19; ib. Matt. 6, 24:

    Erant duae factiones, quarum una populi causam agebat, altera optimatium,

    Nep. Phoc. 3, 1; Liv. 31, 21:

    consules coepere duo creari, ut si unus malus esse voluisset, alter eum coërceret,

    Eutr. 1, 8:

    Duo homines ascenderunt in templum, unus pharisaeus et alter publicanus,

    Vulg. Luc. 18, 10 al. —
    c.
    Sometimes a subst., or hic, ille, etc., stands in the place of the second alter:

    Epaminondas... Leonidas: quorum alter, etc... Leonidas autem, etc.,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 30, 97; so Vell. 2, 71, 3:

    alter gladiator habetur, hic autem, etc.,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 6, 17:

    quorum alteri Capitoni cognomen est, iste, qui adest, magnus vocatur,

    id. ib.:

    alterum corporis aegritudo, illum, etc.,

    Flor. 4, 7.—Sometimes
    (α).
    one alter is entirely omitted (cf. alius, II. A.; heteros, L. and S. I. 2.):

    duae turmae haesere: altera metu dedita hosti, pertinacior (sc. altera), etc.,

    Liv. 29, 33:

    hujus lateris alter angulus ad orientem solem, inferior ad meridiem spectat,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 13; or
    (β).
    the form changed:

    dialecticam adjungunt et physicam, alteram quod habeat rationem.... Physicae quoque etc.,

    Cic. Fin. 3, 21, 72, and 3, 22, 73. —Sometimes a further distributive word is added:

    alter adulescens decessit, alter senex, aliquis praeter hos infans,

    Sen. Ep. 66, 39:

    alter in vincula ducitur, alter insperatae praeficitur potestati, alius etc.,

    Amm. 14, 11.—
    d.
    In plur.: nec ad vivos pertineat, nec ad mortuos;

    alteri nulli sunt, alteros non attinget,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 38, 91:

    alteri dimicant, alteri victorem timent,

    id. Fam. 6, 3: binas a te accepi litteras; quarum alteris mihi gratulabare... alteris dicebas etc., in one of which,... in the other, id. ib. 4, 14:

    quorum alteri adjuvabant, alteri etc.,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 17: duplices similitudines, unae rerum, alterae verborum, Auct. ad Her. 3, 20. —
    e.
    The second alter in a different case:

    alter alterius ova frangit,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 49:

    uterque numerus plenus, alter alterā de causā habetur,

    Macr. Somn. Scip. 2:

    qui noxii ambo, alter in alterum causam conferant,

    Liv. 5, 11:

    alteri alteros aliquantum attriverant,

    Sall. J. 79, 4; so id. ib. 42, 4;

    53, 7 al. —Also with alteruter: ne alteruter alterum praeoccuparet,

    Nep. Dion. 4, 1.—With unus:

    quom inter nos sorderemus unus alteri,

    Plaut. Truc. 2, 4, 30:

    dicunt unus ad alterum,

    Vulg. Ez. 33, 30:

    ne unus adversus alterum infletur pro alio,

    ib. 1 Cor. 4, 6.—With uterque:

    uterque suo studio delectatus contempsit alterum,

    Cic. Off. 1, 1, 4:

    utrique alteris freti finitimos sub imperium suum coëgere,

    Sall. J. 18, 12.—With nemo, nullus, neuter:

    ut nemo sit alteri similis,

    Quint. 2, 9, 2:

    cum tot saeculis nulla referta sit causa, quae esset tota alteri similis,

    id. 7, prooem. 4:

    neutrum eorum contra alterum juvare,

    Caes. B. C. 1, 1, 3:

    ut neutra alteri officiat,

    Quint. 1, 1, 3.—After two substt., the first alter generally refers to the first subst., and the second to the second:

    Philippum rebus gestis superatum a filio, facilitate video superiorem fuisse. Itaque alter semper magnus, alter saepe turpissimus,

    Cic. Off. 1, 26; cf. Plaut. Am. 1, 2, 21; Brem. ad Suet. Claud. 20.—Sometimes the order is reversed: contra nos (summa gratia et eloquentia) raciunt in hoc tempore;

    quarum alteram (i. e. eloquentiam) vereor, alteram (i. e. gratiam) metuo,

    Cic. Quinct. 1; so id. Off. 3, 18; 1, 12; cf. Spald. ad Quint. 9, 2, 6.—
    2.
    As a numeral = secundus, the second, the next, o heteros:

    primo die, alter dies, tertius dies, deinde reliquis diebus etc.,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 7:

    proximo, altero, tertio, reliquis consecutis diebus non intermittebas etc.,

    id. Phil. 1, 13 Wernsd.:

    quadriennio post alterum consulatum,

    id. Sen. 9:

    die altero,

    Vulg. Jos. 10, 32: alteris Te mensis adhibet deum, i. e. at the dessert (= mensā secundā), Hor. C. 4, 5, 31.—So, alterā die, the next day, têi allêi hêmerai, têi heterai:

    se alterā die ad conloquium venturum,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 19; Vulg. Gen. 19, 34; ib. Matt. 27, 62:

    die altero,

    ib. Num. 11, 32; ib. Jos. 5, 11 al.—So in comparative sense:

    alterā die quam a Brindisio solvit, in Macedoniam trajecit,

    Liv. 31, 14; Suet. Vit. 3:

    intermittere diem alterum quemque oportet,

    every other day, Cels. 3, 23; 3, 13; 4, 12:

    Olea non continuis annis, sed fere altero quoque fructum adfert,

    Col. R. R. 5, 8.—With prepp.:

    qui (Ptolemaeus) tum regnabat alter post Alexandream conditam,

    next after, Cic. Off. 2, 23, 82; so, fortunate puer, tu nunc eris alter ab illo, the second or next after him, Verg. E. 5, 49:

    alter ab undecimo jam tum me ceperat annus,

    id. ib. 8, 39.—Hence,
    b.
    Also with tens, hundreds, etc.:

    accepi tuas litteras, quas mihi Cornificius altero vicesimo die reddidit,

    on the twenty-second day, Cic. Fam. 12, 25 Manut.:

    anno trecentesimo altero quam condita Roma erat,

    in the three hundred and second year, Liv. 3, 33:

    vicesima et altera laedit,

    Manil. 4, 466.—
    c.
    So of a number collectively:

    remissarios pedum XII., alteros pedum X.,

    a second ten, Cato, R. R. 19, 2:

    ad Brutum hos libros alteros quinque mittemus,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 41, 121:

    basia mille, deinde centum, dein mille altera, dein secunda centum,

    Cat. 5, 7.—So with the numeral understood: aurea mala decem misi;

    cras altera (sc. decem) mittam,

    a second ten, Verg. E. 3, 71.—Hence,
    d.
    Unus et alter, unus atque alter, unus alterque, the one and the other.
    (α).
    For two (as in Gr. heis kai heteros):

    unus et alter dies intercesserat,

    Cic. Clu. 26:

    adductus sum tuis unis et alteris litteris,

    id. Att. 14, 18:

    et sub eā versus unus et alter erunt,

    Ov. H. 15, 182; so Suet. Tib. 63; id. Calig. 56; id. Claud. 12 (cf. id. Gram. 24: unum vel alterum, vel, cum plurimos, tres aut quattuor admittere).—
    (β).
    More freq. of an indef. number, one and another; and: unusalterve, one or two:

    Unus et item alter,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 50:

    mora si quem tibi item unum alterumve diem abstulerit,

    Cic. Fam. 3, 9; so id. Clu. 13, 38; 13, 26:

    versus paulo concinnior unus et alter,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 74; so id. S. 1, 6, 102; 2, 5, 24; id. A. P. 15:

    ex illis unus et alter ait,

    Ov. F. 2, 394; id. Am. 2, 5, 22; Petr. 108; Plin. Pan. 45 Schwarz; cf. id. ib. 52, 2; Suet. Caes. 20; id. Galb. 14 al.:

    paucis loricae, vix uni alterive cassis aut galea,

    Tac. G. 6.—
    e.
    Alterum tantum, as much more or again, twice as much (cf. Gr. heteron tosouton or hetera tosauta):

    etiamsi alterum tantum perdundum est, perdam potius quam sinam, etc.,

    Plaut. Ep. 3, 4, 81; so id. Bacch. 5, 2, 65:

    altero tanto aut sesqui major,

    Cic. Or. 56, 188:

    altero tanto longior,

    Nep. Eum. 8, 5; so Dig. 28, 2, 13:

    numero tantum alterum adjecit,

    Liv. 1, 36; so id. 10, 46; Auct. B. Hisp. 30; Dig. 49, 14, 3 al.—
    f.
    Alteri totidem, as many more:

    de alteris totidem scribere incipiamus,

    Varr. L. L. 8, 24 Müll. —
    g.
    To mark the similarity of one object to another in qualities, etc., a second, another (as in English, a second father, my second self, and the like). So,
    (α).
    With a proper name, used as an appellative (cf. alius, II. G.):

    Verres, alter Orcus,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 50:

    alterum se Verrem putabat,

    id. ib. 5, 33 fin.:

    Hamilcar, Mars alter,

    Liv. 21, 10.—
    (β).
    With a com. noun:

    me sicut alterum parentem observat,

    Cic. Fam. 5, 8:

    altera patria,

    Flor. 2, 6, 42 al. —
    (γ).
    Alter ego, a second self, of very intimate friends (in the class. per. perh. only in Cic. Ep.; cf. ho hetairos, heteros egô, Clem. Al. 450):

    vide quam mihi persuaserim te me esse alterum,

    Cic. Fam. 7, 5:

    me alterum se fore dixit,

    id. Att. 4, 1:

    quoniam alterum me reliquissem,

    id. Fam. 2, 15; Aus. praef. 2, 15.—
    (δ).
    Alter idem, a second self, like heteroi hautoi, Arist. Eth. M. 8, 12, 3 (on account of the singularity of the expression, introduced by tamquam):

    amicus est tamquam alter idem,

    Cic. Lael. 21, 82.—
    3.
    The one of two, either of two, without a more precise designation, for alteruter:

    non uterque sed alter,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 43, 132:

    fortasse utrumque, alterum certe,

    id. Att. 11, 18:

    melius peribimus quam sine alteris vestrūm vivemus,

    Liv. 1, 13:

    nec rogarem, ut mea de vobis altera amica foret,

    Ov. A. A. 3, 520:

    ex duobus, quorum alterum petis, etc.,

    Plin. Ep. 1, 7, 3:

    ex duobus (quorum necesse est alterum verum), etc.,

    Quint. 5, 10, 69:

    ac si necesse est in alteram errare partem, maluerim etc.,

    id. 10, 1, 26; 1, 4, 24; 9, 3, 6 al.—Once also with a negative, neither of two: hos, tamquam medios, [p. 98] nec in alterius favorem inclinatos, miserat rex, Liv. 40, 20, 4.—
    II.
    Transf.
    A.
    Another of a class = alius (as opp. to one's self, to another); subst., another, a neighbor, a fellow-creature, ho pelas (so sometimes heteros, Xen. Cyr. 2, 3, 17); cf. Ochsn. Eclog. 90 and 458 (alter designates the similarity of two objects; alius a difference in the objects contrasted): SI. INIVRIAM. FAXIT. ALTERI., Fragm. XII. Tab. ap. Gell. 20, 1:

    qui alterum incusat probri, eum ipsum se intueri oportet,

    Plaut. Truc. 1, 2, 58; id. Am. prol. 84: mox dum alterius abligurias bona, quid censes dominis esse animi? Enn. ap. Don. ad Ter. Phorm. 2, 2, 25:

    ut malis gaudeant atque ex incommodis Alterius sua ut comparent commoda,

    Ter. And. 4, 1, 3: qui alteris exitium paret, etc., Att. ap. Cic. Tusc. 2, 17, 39:

    qui nihil alterius causā facit et metitur suis commodis omnia,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 14:

    ut aeque quisque altero delectetur ac se ipso,

    id. Off. 1, 17, 56; 1, 2, 4:

    scientem in errorem alterum inducere,

    id. ib. 3, 13, 55 et saep.:

    cave ne portus occupet alter,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 6, 32 Schmid.:

    nil obstet tibi, dum ne sit te ditior alter,

    id. S. 1, 1, 40; 1, 5, 33:

    canis parturiens cum rogāsset alteram, ut etc.,

    Phaedr. 1, 19:

    nec patientem sessoris alterius (equum) primus ascendit,

    Suet. Caes. 61; id. Tib. 58:

    in quo judicas alterum, te ipsum condemnas,

    Vulg. Rom. 2, 1:

    nemo quod suum est quaerat, sed quod alterius,

    ib. 1 Cor. 10, 24;

    14, 17: sic in semet ipso tantum gloriam habebit et non in altero,

    ib. Gal. 6, 4 al. —Hence, alter with a neg., or neg. question and comp., as an emphatic expression (mostly ante-class.; cf.

    alius, II. H.): scelestiorem nullum illuxere alterum,

    Plaut. Bacch. 2, 3, 22:

    scelestiorem in terrā nullam esse alteram,

    id. Cist. 4, 1, 8:

    qui me alter audacior est homo?

    id. Am. 1, 1, 1; id. Ep. 1, 1, 24.—
    B.
    The other, the opposite:

    alterius factionis principes,

    the leaders of the opposite party, Nep. Pelop. 1, 4 (cf. id. ib. 1, 2:

    adversariae factioni): studiosiorem partis alterius,

    Suet. Tib. 11. —
    C.
    In gen., different:

    quotiens te speculo videris alterum,

    Hor. C. 4, 10, 6: abeuntes post carnem alteram (Gr. heteros, q. v. L. and S. III.), Vulg. Jud. 7.—
    D.
    In the lang. of augury, euphem. for infaustus, unfavorable, unpropitious, Fest. p. 6 (v. L. and S. Gr. Lex. s. v. heteros, III. 2.).
    The gen.
    alterius commonly serves as gen. of alius instead of alīus, Cic. Fam. 15, 1, 1; id. Att. 1, 5, 1; 1, 20, 2; Caes. B. G. 1, 36, 1; Sall. C. 52, 8; Liv. 21, 13, 3; 22, 14, 4; 26, 8, 2; 28, 37, 6 al.; Col. 8, 17, 2; 11, 2, 87; 12, 22, 2; Sen. Ep. 72, 10; 102, 3; id. Ben. 4, 3, 1; id. Ot. Sap. 4, 1; id. Brev. Vit. 16, 2; id. Q. N. 2, 34, 1 al.; Quint. 7, 9, 8; 8, 3, 73 al.; Tac. A. 15, 25; id. H. 2, 90; Plin. Ep. 10, 114, 2; Suet. Caes. 61; id. Tib. 58 al.; Gell. 2, 28 al.—It also stands as correlative to alius:

    alius inter cenandum solutus est, alterius continuata mors somno est,

    Sen. Ep. 66, 39:

    cum inventum sit ex veris (gemmis) generis alterius in aliud falsas traducere,

    Plin. 37, 12, 75, § 197; Plin. Pan. 2, 6 (Neue, Formenl. II. p. 216).
    altĕras, adv.
    [alter], for alias, acc. to Paul. ex. Fest. p. 27 Müll.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > alteras

  • 8 verenda

    vĕrĕor, ĭtus ( part. pres. verens; rare in histt.; not in Cæs., Liv., Sall., or Curt., veritus being used instead; but freq. in Cic., Nep., and Just.; cf. Krebs, Antibarb. p. 1192), 2, v. dep. a. and n. [Greek root or-, Wor; ouros, epiouros, guardian; horaô, to see; O. H. Germ. warten, to see; Engl. ward], to feel awe of, to reverence, revere, respect; to fear, be afraid of any thing (good or bad); to fear or be afraid to do a thing, etc. (not so strong as metuo, v. Cic. Quint. 1, 1 infra; cf. also timeo); constr. with acc., with an inf., the gen., a foll. ne, ut, a rel.-clause, or absol.
    (α).
    With acc.:

    vereri aliquem,

    Plaut. Am. prol. 23; so,

    vereri et metuere Junonem,

    id. ib. 2, 2, 202: contra nos ambae faciunt, summa gratia et eloquentia;

    quarum alteram vereor, alteram metuo,

    Cic. Quint. 1, 1:

    metuebant eum servi, verebantur liberi,

    id. Sen. 11, 37; cf.:

    quid? veteranos non veremur? nam timeri se ne ipsi quidem volunt,

    id. Phil. 12, 12, 29:

    veremur vos, Romani, et, si ita vultis, etiam timemus,

    Liv. 39, 37, 17:

    ut majorem fratrem vereri,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 3, 3:

    quem discipuli et amant et verentur,

    Quint. 2, 2, 8 Spald. N. cr.:

    non se hostem vereri, sed angustias itineris et magnitudinem silvarum,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 39:

    patris conspectum,

    Ter. Phorm. 2, 2, 1:

    reprehensionem doctorum atque prudentium,

    Cic. Or. 1, 1:

    Gallica bella,

    id. Att. 14, 4, 1:

    periculum,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 48; id. B. C. 3, 21; Hirt. B. G. 8, 39:

    desidiam in hoc,

    Quint. 1, 3, 7:

    opinionem jactantiae,

    id. 9, 2, 74:

    pauperiem,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 39:

    majus,

    id. S. 2, 8, 57:

    supplicium ab aliquo,

    Auct. Her. 2, 19, 28:

    hoc verens in hanc tarditatem incidi,

    Cic. Att. 10, 8, 5:

    quae verens Epicurus... commentus est, etc.,

    id. N. D. 2, 23, 59:

    invidiam verens,

    Nep. Eum. 7, 1.—
    (β).
    With inf.:

    vereri introire in alienam domum,

    Plaut. Mil. 4, 4, 32:

    vereor dicere,

    Ter. And. 2, 1, 23:

    vereor committere, ut, etc.,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 13, 37:

    quos interficere,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 6:

    insanos qui inter vereare insanus haberi,

    Hor. S. 2, 3, 40:

    verear magis, Me amoris causā hoc ornatu incedere,

    Plaut. Mil. 4, 7, 2:

    judex verebar non omnes causam vincere posse suam,

    Ov. H. 16, 75 sq. — Impers.:

    Cyrenaici, quos non est veritum in voluptate summum bonum ponere,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 13, 39.—
    (γ).
    With gen. (mostly ante-class.): uxor, quae non vereatur viri, Afran. ap. Non. 496, 29:

    tui progenitoris,

    Att. ib. 497, 2:

    feminae primariae,

    Ter. Phorm. 5, 7, 78:

    tui testimonii,

    Cic. Att. 8, 4, 1.— Impers.: nihilne te populi veretur, Pac. ap. Non. 497, 2.—
    (δ).
    With dat. (very rare):

    eo minus veritus navibus, quod, etc.,

    for the ships, Caes. B. G. 5, 9.—
    (ε).
    With ne, lest or that:

    sed vereor, ne videatur oratio mea, etc.,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 46, 70; 3, 5, 70; id. de Or. 1, 55, 234; id. Sull. 23, 66; Caes. B. G. 1, 19; 1, 42; 2, 1; Sall. J. 14, 20; Hor. S. 1, 2, 127; id. Ep. 1, 16, 19:

    veritus, ne licentia invidiam adcenderet,

    Sall. J. 15, 3:

    agebamus verentes ne quid accideret,

    Cic. Fam. 13, 19, 2:

    tum me inquit collegi, verens ne... noceret,

    id. Att. 15, 21, 1; id. Fam. 9, 16, 1; id. de Or 2, 3, 14; 3, 9, 33; Nep. Dion, 4, 1; 8, 5; id. Them. 5, 1.—To introduce an expression of opinion, like dubito an:

    si, ut Graeci dicunt, omnes aut Graios esse aut barbaros, vereor ne barbarorum rex fuerit (Romulus),

    then I am afraid that, I suspect that, Cic. Rep. 1, 37, 58:

    non vereor, ne assentatiunculā quādam aucupari tuam gratiam videar,

    id. Fam. 5, 12, 6; Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 58; id. Mil. 3, 3, 68; Cic. Fam. 2, 7, 1; Matius ap. Cic. Fam. 11, 28, 8.—
    (ζ).
    With ne... non:

    accepi tuas litteras, quibus intellexi te vereri ne superiores mihi redditae non essent,

    Cic. Fam. 14, 5, 1.—So usu. after non vereor, ne non is used instead of ut (cf. ê, infra):

    non vereor ne hoc officium meum P. Servilio non probem,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 38, § 82; 2, 2, 47, § 118:

    non vereor, ne non scribendo te expleam,

    id. Fam. 2, 1, 1; 2, 5, 2; 2, 6, 2; 11, 28, 8; Cels. 5, 28, 12.—

    So after questions implying a negative: quid est cur verear ne ad eam non possim accommodare Torquatos nostros?

    Cic. Fin. 1, 10, 34;

    and in ironical concessions or assumptions: si meis horis in accusando uti voluissem, vererer ne mihi crimina non suppeterent,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 11, § 31; id. ap. Quint. 9, 3, 19.—
    (η).
    With ut, that not:

    veritus ut hostium impetum sustinere posset,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 47:

    illa duo, Crasse, vereor, ut tibi possim concedere,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 9, 35; id. Fam. 14, 14, 1; id. Agr. 2, 22, 58; Auct. Her. 3, 6, 11:

    ut ferulā caedas meritum majora subire Verbera non vereor,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 121.—
    (θ).
    With a rel.-clause, to await with fear, to fear, dread:

    heri semper lenitas verebar quorsum evaderet,

    Ter. And. 1, 2, 5:

    Pomptinum quod scribis in urbem introisse, vereor, quid sit,

    Cic. Att. 7, 7, 3: hoc quomodo acciperent homines, vereor etiam nunc, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 10, 1:

    vereor, num hic aliud sit dicendum,

    Dig. 20, 4, 11.—
    (ι).
    With de and abl. (very rare):

    de quā (Carthagine) vereri non ante desinam quam illam excisam esse cognovero,

    Cic. Sen. 6, 18.—
    (κ).
    Absol.:

    hic vereri perdidit,

    i. e. he has lost all sense of shame, Plaut. Bacch. 1, 2, 50:

    ne vereamini, Quia bellum Aetolis esse dixi cum Aliis,

    id. Capt. prol. 58: ne vereare;

    meo periculo hujus ego experiar fidem,

    id. ib. 2, 2, 99.—Hence,
    A.
    vĕrenter, adv., with reverence, reverently, Sedul. 1, 8.—
    B.
    vĕrendus, a, um, P. a., that is to be feared or reverenced, awful, venerable; fearful, terrible ( poet. and in post-Aug. prose).
    1.
    Adj.:

    majestas,

    Ov. M. 4, 540:

    patres,

    id. P. 3, 1, 143; cf. id. Tr. 5, 6, 31:

    ossa (viri),

    id. H. 3, 104:

    Alexander Partho verendus,

    Luc. 10, 46:

    fluctus classibus,

    id. 5, 502.—
    2.
    Subst.: vĕrenda, ōrum, m., the private parts, Plin. 28, 15, 60, § 213; 32, 9, 34, § 107; 36, 21, 42, § 156; Plin. Ep. 3, 18, 14;

    called also partes verendae,

    Veg. Vet. 1, 7.
    In a pass.
    signif.: ubi malunt metui quam vereri se ab suis, Afran. ap. Gell. 15, 13, 3; cf. also the impersonal use above, b and g.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > verenda

  • 9 vereor

    vĕrĕor, ĭtus ( part. pres. verens; rare in histt.; not in Cæs., Liv., Sall., or Curt., veritus being used instead; but freq. in Cic., Nep., and Just.; cf. Krebs, Antibarb. p. 1192), 2, v. dep. a. and n. [Greek root or-, Wor; ouros, epiouros, guardian; horaô, to see; O. H. Germ. warten, to see; Engl. ward], to feel awe of, to reverence, revere, respect; to fear, be afraid of any thing (good or bad); to fear or be afraid to do a thing, etc. (not so strong as metuo, v. Cic. Quint. 1, 1 infra; cf. also timeo); constr. with acc., with an inf., the gen., a foll. ne, ut, a rel.-clause, or absol.
    (α).
    With acc.:

    vereri aliquem,

    Plaut. Am. prol. 23; so,

    vereri et metuere Junonem,

    id. ib. 2, 2, 202: contra nos ambae faciunt, summa gratia et eloquentia;

    quarum alteram vereor, alteram metuo,

    Cic. Quint. 1, 1:

    metuebant eum servi, verebantur liberi,

    id. Sen. 11, 37; cf.:

    quid? veteranos non veremur? nam timeri se ne ipsi quidem volunt,

    id. Phil. 12, 12, 29:

    veremur vos, Romani, et, si ita vultis, etiam timemus,

    Liv. 39, 37, 17:

    ut majorem fratrem vereri,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 3, 3:

    quem discipuli et amant et verentur,

    Quint. 2, 2, 8 Spald. N. cr.:

    non se hostem vereri, sed angustias itineris et magnitudinem silvarum,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 39:

    patris conspectum,

    Ter. Phorm. 2, 2, 1:

    reprehensionem doctorum atque prudentium,

    Cic. Or. 1, 1:

    Gallica bella,

    id. Att. 14, 4, 1:

    periculum,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 48; id. B. C. 3, 21; Hirt. B. G. 8, 39:

    desidiam in hoc,

    Quint. 1, 3, 7:

    opinionem jactantiae,

    id. 9, 2, 74:

    pauperiem,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 39:

    majus,

    id. S. 2, 8, 57:

    supplicium ab aliquo,

    Auct. Her. 2, 19, 28:

    hoc verens in hanc tarditatem incidi,

    Cic. Att. 10, 8, 5:

    quae verens Epicurus... commentus est, etc.,

    id. N. D. 2, 23, 59:

    invidiam verens,

    Nep. Eum. 7, 1.—
    (β).
    With inf.:

    vereri introire in alienam domum,

    Plaut. Mil. 4, 4, 32:

    vereor dicere,

    Ter. And. 2, 1, 23:

    vereor committere, ut, etc.,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 13, 37:

    quos interficere,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 6:

    insanos qui inter vereare insanus haberi,

    Hor. S. 2, 3, 40:

    verear magis, Me amoris causā hoc ornatu incedere,

    Plaut. Mil. 4, 7, 2:

    judex verebar non omnes causam vincere posse suam,

    Ov. H. 16, 75 sq. — Impers.:

    Cyrenaici, quos non est veritum in voluptate summum bonum ponere,

    Cic. Fin. 2, 13, 39.—
    (γ).
    With gen. (mostly ante-class.): uxor, quae non vereatur viri, Afran. ap. Non. 496, 29:

    tui progenitoris,

    Att. ib. 497, 2:

    feminae primariae,

    Ter. Phorm. 5, 7, 78:

    tui testimonii,

    Cic. Att. 8, 4, 1.— Impers.: nihilne te populi veretur, Pac. ap. Non. 497, 2.—
    (δ).
    With dat. (very rare):

    eo minus veritus navibus, quod, etc.,

    for the ships, Caes. B. G. 5, 9.—
    (ε).
    With ne, lest or that:

    sed vereor, ne videatur oratio mea, etc.,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 46, 70; 3, 5, 70; id. de Or. 1, 55, 234; id. Sull. 23, 66; Caes. B. G. 1, 19; 1, 42; 2, 1; Sall. J. 14, 20; Hor. S. 1, 2, 127; id. Ep. 1, 16, 19:

    veritus, ne licentia invidiam adcenderet,

    Sall. J. 15, 3:

    agebamus verentes ne quid accideret,

    Cic. Fam. 13, 19, 2:

    tum me inquit collegi, verens ne... noceret,

    id. Att. 15, 21, 1; id. Fam. 9, 16, 1; id. de Or 2, 3, 14; 3, 9, 33; Nep. Dion, 4, 1; 8, 5; id. Them. 5, 1.—To introduce an expression of opinion, like dubito an:

    si, ut Graeci dicunt, omnes aut Graios esse aut barbaros, vereor ne barbarorum rex fuerit (Romulus),

    then I am afraid that, I suspect that, Cic. Rep. 1, 37, 58:

    non vereor, ne assentatiunculā quādam aucupari tuam gratiam videar,

    id. Fam. 5, 12, 6; Plaut. Capt. 2, 2, 58; id. Mil. 3, 3, 68; Cic. Fam. 2, 7, 1; Matius ap. Cic. Fam. 11, 28, 8.—
    (ζ).
    With ne... non:

    accepi tuas litteras, quibus intellexi te vereri ne superiores mihi redditae non essent,

    Cic. Fam. 14, 5, 1.—So usu. after non vereor, ne non is used instead of ut (cf. ê, infra):

    non vereor ne hoc officium meum P. Servilio non probem,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 38, § 82; 2, 2, 47, § 118:

    non vereor, ne non scribendo te expleam,

    id. Fam. 2, 1, 1; 2, 5, 2; 2, 6, 2; 11, 28, 8; Cels. 5, 28, 12.—

    So after questions implying a negative: quid est cur verear ne ad eam non possim accommodare Torquatos nostros?

    Cic. Fin. 1, 10, 34;

    and in ironical concessions or assumptions: si meis horis in accusando uti voluissem, vererer ne mihi crimina non suppeterent,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 11, § 31; id. ap. Quint. 9, 3, 19.—
    (η).
    With ut, that not:

    veritus ut hostium impetum sustinere posset,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 47:

    illa duo, Crasse, vereor, ut tibi possim concedere,

    Cic. de Or. 1, 9, 35; id. Fam. 14, 14, 1; id. Agr. 2, 22, 58; Auct. Her. 3, 6, 11:

    ut ferulā caedas meritum majora subire Verbera non vereor,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 121.—
    (θ).
    With a rel.-clause, to await with fear, to fear, dread:

    heri semper lenitas verebar quorsum evaderet,

    Ter. And. 1, 2, 5:

    Pomptinum quod scribis in urbem introisse, vereor, quid sit,

    Cic. Att. 7, 7, 3: hoc quomodo acciperent homines, vereor etiam nunc, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 10, 1:

    vereor, num hic aliud sit dicendum,

    Dig. 20, 4, 11.—
    (ι).
    With de and abl. (very rare):

    de quā (Carthagine) vereri non ante desinam quam illam excisam esse cognovero,

    Cic. Sen. 6, 18.—
    (κ).
    Absol.:

    hic vereri perdidit,

    i. e. he has lost all sense of shame, Plaut. Bacch. 1, 2, 50:

    ne vereamini, Quia bellum Aetolis esse dixi cum Aliis,

    id. Capt. prol. 58: ne vereare;

    meo periculo hujus ego experiar fidem,

    id. ib. 2, 2, 99.—Hence,
    A.
    vĕrenter, adv., with reverence, reverently, Sedul. 1, 8.—
    B.
    vĕrendus, a, um, P. a., that is to be feared or reverenced, awful, venerable; fearful, terrible ( poet. and in post-Aug. prose).
    1.
    Adj.:

    majestas,

    Ov. M. 4, 540:

    patres,

    id. P. 3, 1, 143; cf. id. Tr. 5, 6, 31:

    ossa (viri),

    id. H. 3, 104:

    Alexander Partho verendus,

    Luc. 10, 46:

    fluctus classibus,

    id. 5, 502.—
    2.
    Subst.: vĕrenda, ōrum, m., the private parts, Plin. 28, 15, 60, § 213; 32, 9, 34, § 107; 36, 21, 42, § 156; Plin. Ep. 3, 18, 14;

    called also partes verendae,

    Veg. Vet. 1, 7.
    In a pass.
    signif.: ubi malunt metui quam vereri se ab suis, Afran. ap. Gell. 15, 13, 3; cf. also the impersonal use above, b and g.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > vereor

  • 10 epistula

    epistula (epistola), ae, f. (επιστολή), der Brief als Zuschrift, Sendschreiben (während litterae der Brief als Geschriebenes, als Schreiben), I) im allg.: ep. ab alqo, Cic.: ad alqm, Cic.: crebrae ab Othone ad Vitellium epistulae, Tac.: epistula minuscula, pusilla, Cic.: ep. longa, Plin. ep.: ep. Graecis litteris conscripta, Caes.: Graeca epistula Cicerei cuiusdam ad Satrium missa, Brut. in Cic. ep.: epistula ad alqm scripta, Quint.: epistula ad alqm missa ab alqo, Sen.: commercium epistularum, Vell. u. Sen.: epistulam scribere alci od. ad alqm, Fronto: epistulam alci dare (einhändigen, mitgeben), Cic.: epistulam mane dare, absenden (v. Briefschreiber), Cic. (u. so tres epistulae eodem abs te datae tempore, Cic.): epistulam inscribere alci, an einen richten, Cic.: vincula epistulae laxare, Nep.: dass. epistulam solvere, Nep.: epistulam reddere (abgeben, zustellen), Cic., alci, Vell.: venio ad tuas litteras, quas pluribus epistulis accepi, d.i. in mehreren Sendungen, Cic. ad Q. fr. 3, 1, 3. § 8: dah. ab epistulis, Sekretär, Suet. Claud. 28. Tac. ann. 15, 36. – Plur. epistulae ( wie litterae u. im Griech. επιστολαί), v. einem Schreiben, Tac., Plin. ep. u. Iustin.; vgl. Schäfer Plin. ep. 10, 5, 1. Benecke Iustin. 11, 8, 5. – II) insbes., der Erlaß, das Reskript des Kaisers, Plin. ep. u. Frontin.

    lateinisch-deutsches > epistula

  • 11 epistula

    epistula (epistola), ae, f. (επιστολή), der Brief als Zuschrift, Sendschreiben (während litterae der Brief als Geschriebenes, als Schreiben), I) im allg.: ep. ab alqo, Cic.: ad alqm, Cic.: crebrae ab Othone ad Vitellium epistulae, Tac.: epistula minuscula, pusilla, Cic.: ep. longa, Plin. ep.: ep. Graecis litteris conscripta, Caes.: Graeca epistula Cicerei cuiusdam ad Satrium missa, Brut. in Cic. ep.: epistula ad alqm scripta, Quint.: epistula ad alqm missa ab alqo, Sen.: commercium epistularum, Vell. u. Sen.: epistulam scribere alci od. ad alqm, Fronto: epistulam alci dare (einhändigen, mitgeben), Cic.: epistulam mane dare, absenden (v. Briefschreiber), Cic. (u. so tres epistulae eodem abs te datae tempore, Cic.): epistulam inscribere alci, an einen richten, Cic.: vincula epistulae laxare, Nep.: dass. epistulam solvere, Nep.: epistulam reddere (abgeben, zustellen), Cic., alci, Vell.: venio ad tuas litteras, quas pluribus epistulis accepi, d.i. in mehreren Sendungen, Cic. ad Q. fr. 3, 1, 3. § 8: dah. ab epistulis, Sekretär, Suet. Claud. 28. Tac. ann. 15, 36. – Plur. epistulae ( wie litterae u. im Griech. επιστολαί), v. einem Schreiben, Tac., Plin. ep. u. Iustin.; vgl. Schäfer Plin. ep. 10, 5, 1. Benecke Iustin. 11, 8, 5. – II) insbes., der Erlaß, das Reskript des Kaisers, Plin. ep. u. Frontin.

    Ausführliches Lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch > epistula

  • 12 epistula

    ĕpistŭla (also in Cic. and ante- and post-class., ĕpistŏla, Corss. Ausspr. 2, 141; but cf. Brambach, Hülfsb. p. 35 sq. Ritschl, Opusc. 2, 493 note), ae, f., = epistolê.
    I.
    In gen., a written communication, a letter, epistle (cf.:

    litterae, codicilli): venio nunc ad tuas litteras, quas pluribus epistolis accepi,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 3, § 8; Plaut. Bacch. 3, 6, 32; 4, 9, 83; id. Mil. 4, 6, 10 et saep.; Cic. Phil. 2, 31; id. Verr. 2, 3, 69 fin.; id. Fam. 2, 4 et saep.; Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 22; Ov. H. 15, 219; 17, 1; 18, 217 et saep.:

    epistolam obsignare,

    Cic. Att. 8, 6, 1:

    Narcissus ab epistolis,

    the secretary, Suet. Claud. 28; cf. ab.—In the plur.:

    epistulae (cf. litterae), of a single letter (post-class.),

    Just. 1, 6, 1; 11, 12, 9; Plin. Ep. 10, 5, 1 al.; Tac. A. 1, 30; cf.:

    unis aut binis epistolis,

    Mamert. Grat. Act. Jul. 9, 2.—
    II.
    In partic., an imperial letter or reply, stating the emperor's will as law (cf.:

    rescriptum, decretum, edictum),

    Just. Inst. 1, 2, 6; Front. Aq. 105 et saep.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > epistula

  • 13 Liberalis

    1.
    lībĕrālis, e, adj. [1. liber], of or belonging to freedom, relating to the freeborn condition of a man.
    I.
    Lit.: liberalis causa or liberale judicium, a suit concerning a person's freedom, v. Dig. 40, 12, 1 sqq.; Paul. Sent. 5, 1, 1 sqq.:

    si quisquam hanc liberali caussa manu adsereret,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 2, 4; cf.

    5, 2, 68: manu eas adserat liberali causa,

    id. Poen. 4, 2, 84:

    nam ego liberali illam assero causa manu,

    I formally assert that she is freeborn, Ter. Ad. 2, 1, 40:

    judicium,

    Quint. 6, 3, 32:

    liberale conjugium,

    a marriage between persons of free condition, Ter. And. 3, 3, 29.—Pleon.:

    ego te hoc triduom numquam sinam in domo esse, quin ego te liberalem liberem,

    Plaut. Curc. 1, 3, 53.—
    II.
    Transf., befitting a freeman, gentlemanly, noble, noble-minded, honorable, ingenuous, gracious, kind (syn.: generosus, ingenuus).
    A.
    In gen.:

    ingenium,

    Plaut. Capt. 2, 3, 59; id. Ep. 1, 1, 41:

    artes liberales,

    befitting a freeman, Cic. Inv. 1, 25, 35; cf.: liberalia studia accipimus, quae Graeci eleutheria mathêmata appellant;

    rhetores continebuntur, grammatici, geometrae,

    Dig. 50, 13, 1:

    hae artes, quibus liberales doctrinae atque ingenuae continerentur, geometria, musica, litterarum cognitio et poëtarum, etc.,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 32, 127; cf.:

    omnis liberalis et digna homine nobili doctrina,

    id. Ac. 2, 1, 1:

    de artificiis et quaestibus, qui liberales habendi, qui sordidi sint,

    id. Off. 1, 42, 150:

    liberalissima studia,

    id. Arch. 3, 4; id. Cael. 21 52; id. Rep. 1, 5, 9:

    spes liberalioris fortunae,

    of a higher, more respectable station, Liv. 22, 26:

    responsum,

    kind, gracious, Cic. Att. 3, 15, 4; so, liberalibus verbis permulceri, Sall. Fragm. ap. Prisc. p. 871 P.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    Bountiful, generous, munificent, liberal (syn. munificus):

    liberales (sunt), qui suis facultatibus aut captos a praedonibus redimunt, aut aes alienum suscipiunt amicorum, etc.,

    Cic. Off. 2, 16, 56:

    benefici liberalesque,

    id. Lael. 9, 31; cf.:

    liberalissimi et beneficentissimi,

    id. ib. 14, 51:

    liberalissimus munificentissimusque,

    id. Rosc. Com. 8, 22:

    virtus munifica et liberalis,

    id. Rep. 3, 8, 12:

    largus, beneficus, liberalis,

    id. Deiot. 9, 26.—
    * (β).
    With gen.:

    laudis avidi, pecuniae liberales erant,

    Sall. C. 7, 6.—
    (γ).
    With in and acc.:

    in omne genus hominum liberalissimus,

    Suet. Vesp. 7. —
    b.
    Of things, plentiful, copious, abundant:

    largum et liberale viaticum,

    Cic. Fl. 6, 14:

    potio,

    Cels. 3, 6:

    liberalius alimentum,

    id. 8, 10, 7.—
    2.
    Noble, engaging, beautiful (ante-class.):

    illarum altera pulcer est et liberalis,

    Plaut. Mil. 1, 1, 60:

    lepidā et liberali formast,

    id. ib. 4, 1, 20; id. Ep. 5, 1, 41; id. Pers. 1, 3, 50:

    species,

    id. ib. 4, 3, 76; cf.: liberales dicuntur non solum benigni, sed etiam ingenuae formae homines, Paul. ex Fest. p. 121 Müll.—Hence, adv.: lībĕrālĭter, in a manner befitting a freeman, nobly, ingenuously, kindly, courteously, graciously.
    1.
    In gen.:

    homo liberaliter educatus,

    Cic. Fin. 3, 17, 57:

    eruditi,

    id. Tusc. 2, 2, 6:

    vivere,

    id. Lael. 23, 86:

    servire,

    i. e. properly, Ter. And. 1, 1, 11:

    respondere,

    kindly, courteously, Caes. B. G. 4, 18:

    oratione aliquem prosequi,

    id. ib. 2, 5.—
    2.
    In partic., bountifully, profusely, generously, liberally:

    benigne ac liberaliter,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 85, § 196:

    large et liberaliter,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 88, §

    204: instructus,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 61.— Comp.:

    vivo paulo liberalius,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 6, 3:

    nec potui accipi liberalius,

    id. Att. 16, 6, 1:

    ille (sal) in cibis paulo liberalius aspersus,

    Quint. 6, 3, 19:

    ubi liberalius malos odimus,

    more abundantly, more heartily, Plin. Pan. 68, 7.— Sup.:

    dotem largiri liberalissime,

    App. M. 10, p. 250, 13:

    liberalissime polliceri,

    Cic. Att. 5, 13, 2.
    2.
    Lībĕrālis, e, adj., of or belonging to Liber or Bacchus: ludi, a festival in honor of Bacchus, = Liberalia (v. infra), Naev. ap. Paul. ex Fest. p. 116 Müll.—Hence, subst.: Lībĕrālĭa, ĭum, n., a festival in honor of Liber, celebrated on the 17 th of March, the day on which youths received the manly toga, Ov. F. 3, 713:

    Liberalium dies, a pontificibus agonium martiale appellatur,

    Macr. S. 1, 4, § 15:

    sacra,

    id. ib. 1, 18, § 22; Calend. Maff. ap. Inscr. Orell. II. p. 411:

    Liberalia tu accusas,

    Cic. Att. 14, 10, 1:

    Liberalibus litteras accepi tuas,

    id. Fam. 12, 25, 1.—Called also: ludi Liberales: Liberalia Liberi festa, quae apud Graecos dicuntur Dionusia. Libera lingua loquemur ludis Liberalibus, Naev. ap. Paul. ex Fest. p. 116 Müll.; Com. Rel. v. 113 Rib.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Liberalis

  • 14 liberalis

    1.
    lībĕrālis, e, adj. [1. liber], of or belonging to freedom, relating to the freeborn condition of a man.
    I.
    Lit.: liberalis causa or liberale judicium, a suit concerning a person's freedom, v. Dig. 40, 12, 1 sqq.; Paul. Sent. 5, 1, 1 sqq.:

    si quisquam hanc liberali caussa manu adsereret,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 2, 4; cf.

    5, 2, 68: manu eas adserat liberali causa,

    id. Poen. 4, 2, 84:

    nam ego liberali illam assero causa manu,

    I formally assert that she is freeborn, Ter. Ad. 2, 1, 40:

    judicium,

    Quint. 6, 3, 32:

    liberale conjugium,

    a marriage between persons of free condition, Ter. And. 3, 3, 29.—Pleon.:

    ego te hoc triduom numquam sinam in domo esse, quin ego te liberalem liberem,

    Plaut. Curc. 1, 3, 53.—
    II.
    Transf., befitting a freeman, gentlemanly, noble, noble-minded, honorable, ingenuous, gracious, kind (syn.: generosus, ingenuus).
    A.
    In gen.:

    ingenium,

    Plaut. Capt. 2, 3, 59; id. Ep. 1, 1, 41:

    artes liberales,

    befitting a freeman, Cic. Inv. 1, 25, 35; cf.: liberalia studia accipimus, quae Graeci eleutheria mathêmata appellant;

    rhetores continebuntur, grammatici, geometrae,

    Dig. 50, 13, 1:

    hae artes, quibus liberales doctrinae atque ingenuae continerentur, geometria, musica, litterarum cognitio et poëtarum, etc.,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 32, 127; cf.:

    omnis liberalis et digna homine nobili doctrina,

    id. Ac. 2, 1, 1:

    de artificiis et quaestibus, qui liberales habendi, qui sordidi sint,

    id. Off. 1, 42, 150:

    liberalissima studia,

    id. Arch. 3, 4; id. Cael. 21 52; id. Rep. 1, 5, 9:

    spes liberalioris fortunae,

    of a higher, more respectable station, Liv. 22, 26:

    responsum,

    kind, gracious, Cic. Att. 3, 15, 4; so, liberalibus verbis permulceri, Sall. Fragm. ap. Prisc. p. 871 P.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    Bountiful, generous, munificent, liberal (syn. munificus):

    liberales (sunt), qui suis facultatibus aut captos a praedonibus redimunt, aut aes alienum suscipiunt amicorum, etc.,

    Cic. Off. 2, 16, 56:

    benefici liberalesque,

    id. Lael. 9, 31; cf.:

    liberalissimi et beneficentissimi,

    id. ib. 14, 51:

    liberalissimus munificentissimusque,

    id. Rosc. Com. 8, 22:

    virtus munifica et liberalis,

    id. Rep. 3, 8, 12:

    largus, beneficus, liberalis,

    id. Deiot. 9, 26.—
    * (β).
    With gen.:

    laudis avidi, pecuniae liberales erant,

    Sall. C. 7, 6.—
    (γ).
    With in and acc.:

    in omne genus hominum liberalissimus,

    Suet. Vesp. 7. —
    b.
    Of things, plentiful, copious, abundant:

    largum et liberale viaticum,

    Cic. Fl. 6, 14:

    potio,

    Cels. 3, 6:

    liberalius alimentum,

    id. 8, 10, 7.—
    2.
    Noble, engaging, beautiful (ante-class.):

    illarum altera pulcer est et liberalis,

    Plaut. Mil. 1, 1, 60:

    lepidā et liberali formast,

    id. ib. 4, 1, 20; id. Ep. 5, 1, 41; id. Pers. 1, 3, 50:

    species,

    id. ib. 4, 3, 76; cf.: liberales dicuntur non solum benigni, sed etiam ingenuae formae homines, Paul. ex Fest. p. 121 Müll.—Hence, adv.: lībĕrālĭter, in a manner befitting a freeman, nobly, ingenuously, kindly, courteously, graciously.
    1.
    In gen.:

    homo liberaliter educatus,

    Cic. Fin. 3, 17, 57:

    eruditi,

    id. Tusc. 2, 2, 6:

    vivere,

    id. Lael. 23, 86:

    servire,

    i. e. properly, Ter. And. 1, 1, 11:

    respondere,

    kindly, courteously, Caes. B. G. 4, 18:

    oratione aliquem prosequi,

    id. ib. 2, 5.—
    2.
    In partic., bountifully, profusely, generously, liberally:

    benigne ac liberaliter,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 85, § 196:

    large et liberaliter,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 88, §

    204: instructus,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 61.— Comp.:

    vivo paulo liberalius,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 6, 3:

    nec potui accipi liberalius,

    id. Att. 16, 6, 1:

    ille (sal) in cibis paulo liberalius aspersus,

    Quint. 6, 3, 19:

    ubi liberalius malos odimus,

    more abundantly, more heartily, Plin. Pan. 68, 7.— Sup.:

    dotem largiri liberalissime,

    App. M. 10, p. 250, 13:

    liberalissime polliceri,

    Cic. Att. 5, 13, 2.
    2.
    Lībĕrālis, e, adj., of or belonging to Liber or Bacchus: ludi, a festival in honor of Bacchus, = Liberalia (v. infra), Naev. ap. Paul. ex Fest. p. 116 Müll.—Hence, subst.: Lībĕrālĭa, ĭum, n., a festival in honor of Liber, celebrated on the 17 th of March, the day on which youths received the manly toga, Ov. F. 3, 713:

    Liberalium dies, a pontificibus agonium martiale appellatur,

    Macr. S. 1, 4, § 15:

    sacra,

    id. ib. 1, 18, § 22; Calend. Maff. ap. Inscr. Orell. II. p. 411:

    Liberalia tu accusas,

    Cic. Att. 14, 10, 1:

    Liberalibus litteras accepi tuas,

    id. Fam. 12, 25, 1.—Called also: ludi Liberales: Liberalia Liberi festa, quae apud Graecos dicuntur Dionusia. Libera lingua loquemur ludis Liberalibus, Naev. ap. Paul. ex Fest. p. 116 Müll.; Com. Rel. v. 113 Rib.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > liberalis

  • 15 liberaliter

    1.
    lībĕrālis, e, adj. [1. liber], of or belonging to freedom, relating to the freeborn condition of a man.
    I.
    Lit.: liberalis causa or liberale judicium, a suit concerning a person's freedom, v. Dig. 40, 12, 1 sqq.; Paul. Sent. 5, 1, 1 sqq.:

    si quisquam hanc liberali caussa manu adsereret,

    Plaut. Curc. 4, 2, 4; cf.

    5, 2, 68: manu eas adserat liberali causa,

    id. Poen. 4, 2, 84:

    nam ego liberali illam assero causa manu,

    I formally assert that she is freeborn, Ter. Ad. 2, 1, 40:

    judicium,

    Quint. 6, 3, 32:

    liberale conjugium,

    a marriage between persons of free condition, Ter. And. 3, 3, 29.—Pleon.:

    ego te hoc triduom numquam sinam in domo esse, quin ego te liberalem liberem,

    Plaut. Curc. 1, 3, 53.—
    II.
    Transf., befitting a freeman, gentlemanly, noble, noble-minded, honorable, ingenuous, gracious, kind (syn.: generosus, ingenuus).
    A.
    In gen.:

    ingenium,

    Plaut. Capt. 2, 3, 59; id. Ep. 1, 1, 41:

    artes liberales,

    befitting a freeman, Cic. Inv. 1, 25, 35; cf.: liberalia studia accipimus, quae Graeci eleutheria mathêmata appellant;

    rhetores continebuntur, grammatici, geometrae,

    Dig. 50, 13, 1:

    hae artes, quibus liberales doctrinae atque ingenuae continerentur, geometria, musica, litterarum cognitio et poëtarum, etc.,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 32, 127; cf.:

    omnis liberalis et digna homine nobili doctrina,

    id. Ac. 2, 1, 1:

    de artificiis et quaestibus, qui liberales habendi, qui sordidi sint,

    id. Off. 1, 42, 150:

    liberalissima studia,

    id. Arch. 3, 4; id. Cael. 21 52; id. Rep. 1, 5, 9:

    spes liberalioris fortunae,

    of a higher, more respectable station, Liv. 22, 26:

    responsum,

    kind, gracious, Cic. Att. 3, 15, 4; so, liberalibus verbis permulceri, Sall. Fragm. ap. Prisc. p. 871 P.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    Bountiful, generous, munificent, liberal (syn. munificus):

    liberales (sunt), qui suis facultatibus aut captos a praedonibus redimunt, aut aes alienum suscipiunt amicorum, etc.,

    Cic. Off. 2, 16, 56:

    benefici liberalesque,

    id. Lael. 9, 31; cf.:

    liberalissimi et beneficentissimi,

    id. ib. 14, 51:

    liberalissimus munificentissimusque,

    id. Rosc. Com. 8, 22:

    virtus munifica et liberalis,

    id. Rep. 3, 8, 12:

    largus, beneficus, liberalis,

    id. Deiot. 9, 26.—
    * (β).
    With gen.:

    laudis avidi, pecuniae liberales erant,

    Sall. C. 7, 6.—
    (γ).
    With in and acc.:

    in omne genus hominum liberalissimus,

    Suet. Vesp. 7. —
    b.
    Of things, plentiful, copious, abundant:

    largum et liberale viaticum,

    Cic. Fl. 6, 14:

    potio,

    Cels. 3, 6:

    liberalius alimentum,

    id. 8, 10, 7.—
    2.
    Noble, engaging, beautiful (ante-class.):

    illarum altera pulcer est et liberalis,

    Plaut. Mil. 1, 1, 60:

    lepidā et liberali formast,

    id. ib. 4, 1, 20; id. Ep. 5, 1, 41; id. Pers. 1, 3, 50:

    species,

    id. ib. 4, 3, 76; cf.: liberales dicuntur non solum benigni, sed etiam ingenuae formae homines, Paul. ex Fest. p. 121 Müll.—Hence, adv.: lībĕrālĭter, in a manner befitting a freeman, nobly, ingenuously, kindly, courteously, graciously.
    1.
    In gen.:

    homo liberaliter educatus,

    Cic. Fin. 3, 17, 57:

    eruditi,

    id. Tusc. 2, 2, 6:

    vivere,

    id. Lael. 23, 86:

    servire,

    i. e. properly, Ter. And. 1, 1, 11:

    respondere,

    kindly, courteously, Caes. B. G. 4, 18:

    oratione aliquem prosequi,

    id. ib. 2, 5.—
    2.
    In partic., bountifully, profusely, generously, liberally:

    benigne ac liberaliter,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 85, § 196:

    large et liberaliter,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 88, §

    204: instructus,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 61.— Comp.:

    vivo paulo liberalius,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 6, 3:

    nec potui accipi liberalius,

    id. Att. 16, 6, 1:

    ille (sal) in cibis paulo liberalius aspersus,

    Quint. 6, 3, 19:

    ubi liberalius malos odimus,

    more abundantly, more heartily, Plin. Pan. 68, 7.— Sup.:

    dotem largiri liberalissime,

    App. M. 10, p. 250, 13:

    liberalissime polliceri,

    Cic. Att. 5, 13, 2.
    2.
    Lībĕrālis, e, adj., of or belonging to Liber or Bacchus: ludi, a festival in honor of Bacchus, = Liberalia (v. infra), Naev. ap. Paul. ex Fest. p. 116 Müll.—Hence, subst.: Lībĕrālĭa, ĭum, n., a festival in honor of Liber, celebrated on the 17 th of March, the day on which youths received the manly toga, Ov. F. 3, 713:

    Liberalium dies, a pontificibus agonium martiale appellatur,

    Macr. S. 1, 4, § 15:

    sacra,

    id. ib. 1, 18, § 22; Calend. Maff. ap. Inscr. Orell. II. p. 411:

    Liberalia tu accusas,

    Cic. Att. 14, 10, 1:

    Liberalibus litteras accepi tuas,

    id. Fam. 12, 25, 1.—Called also: ludi Liberales: Liberalia Liberi festa, quae apud Graecos dicuntur Dionusia. Libera lingua loquemur ludis Liberalibus, Naev. ap. Paul. ex Fest. p. 116 Müll.; Com. Rel. v. 113 Rib.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > liberaliter

  • 16 allevo

    I al-levo, āvī, ātum, āre [ levis ]
    1) делать легче, облегчать ( onus C)
    2) поднимать (supercilia Q; oculps QC); приподнимать (aliquem, aliquid manu QC, Su)
    3) поддерживать, помогать, ободрять (aliquem, aliquid summis eloquentiae viribus Q); облегчать, успокаивать, ослаблять, уменьшать (sollicitudines alicujus C; aliorum aerumnas Enn); утешать (animum a. maerore QC)
    allĕvor, quum tuas litteras lego C — мне становится легче, когда я читаю твои письма
    allevatum corpus C — улучшение здоровья, выздоровление
    II al-lēvo, āvī, ātum, āre [ levis ]
    сглаживать, выравнивать ( nodos et cicatrices Col)

    Латинско-русский словарь > allevo

  • 17 animula [1]

    1. animula, ae, f. (Demin. v. anima), I) das Seelchen, die liebe od. (im üblen Sinne) böse Seele, unius mulierculae, Serv. Sulp. in Cic. ep. 4, 5, 4: avipedis leporis, Seren. b. Mart. Cap. 5. § 518: an. vagula, blandula, Hadr. b. Spart. Hadr. 25, 9: innocua, Corp. inscr. Lat. 6, 10192: innocentissima, Corp. inscr. Lat. 5, 4712, 6: Plur., Augustin. de civ. dei 19, 12, 3 (v. den Seelen kleiner Wesen): elicere animulas noxias (die bösen Geister), Amm. 28, 1, 7. – II) etwas Leben, attulit tuas litteras; quae mihi quiddam quasi animulae instillarunt, der hat meine Lebensgeister wieder ein bißchen aufgefrischt, Cic. ad Att. 9, 7, 1.

    lateinisch-deutsches > animula [1]

  • 18 is

    is, ea, id (vom Demonstrativstamme i), I) er, sie, es; der, die, das, A) im allg.: a) subst.: mihi venit obviam puer tuus: is mihi litteras reddidit, Cic.: is est, an non est? ist er's, oder ist er's nicht, Ter. – von der ersten und zweiten Person, credidi homini docto mandare: is lapidi mando, d.i. und ich usw., Plaut.: qui magister equitum viderere, is per municipia cucurristi, Cic. – b) adi.: in eum locum convenire, Caes.: ob eam causam, Nep. – ea causa belli fuit, das war die usw., Liv.: is denique honos mihi videri solet, das scheint mir erst eine usw., Cic.

    B) insbes.: a) das Pronomen zuw. auf das folgende Substantivum bezogen und mit diesem in gleichem Genus, Numerus u. Kasus stehend, quae vectigalia locassent, ea (deren) rata locatio, Liv.: ea (darüber) libera coniectura est, Liv. – b) des Nachdrucks und der Deutlichkeit wegen scheinbar pleonastisch, α) vor qui, quae, quod, wie: quod ne id facere posses, Cic.: quorum eorum unus, Plaut.: so auch quid est, quo non eodem progrediatur, Cic. – bes. id quod zur Aufnahme des vorhergeh. Verbums oder ganzen Satzes (s. Dietsch Sall. Cat. 51, 20; Iug. 56, 1), si nos, id quod debet (und das muß der Fall sein), nostra patria delectat, Cic.: et, id quod difficilius putatur, multo sapientius tulit secundam quam adversam fortunam, Nep.: so auch id quo, Cic. de inv. 1, 39: id de quo, Liv. 21, 10, 9. – β) ?nach einem Nome urbem novam, conditam vi et armis, iure eam condere parat, Liv.: nescire, quid accĭderit, id est semper esse puerum, Cic. – c) id subst., wie: ad id loci, Sall., ad id locorum, oder bl. ad id, bis jetzt, Liv.: post id locorum, darauf, Plaut. u. Sall.: ad id diei, bis zu dem T., Gell.: id temporis, id aetatis, zu derselben Zeit, Cic.: id operis, id muneris, Lact., id operis ac muneris, Cic. (vgl. Bünem. Lact. 5, 2, 10): id consilii, id negotii u. dgl. Liv. (s. Drak. Liv. 7, 26, 12). – in id, dazu, deswegen, Liv.: u. so bl. id, wie id prodeo, Ter.: id gaudeo, Cic.: id quod, deswegen, weil, Ter. – idne estis auctores mihi? das (dazu) ratet ihr mir? Ter. – in eo, darin, Plaut. – in eo est od. res in eo est od. res in eo sunt, ut etc., es ist auf dem Punkte, daß usw., Nep. u. Liv. (s. Duker Liv. 2, 17, 5. Gronov Liv. 7, 35, 7), spätlat. auch in eo sum, ut etc., ich stehe auf dem Punkte, daß usw., ICt. u.a. (s. Frotscher Muret. Opp. vol. 1. p. 163). – nunc id est, cum etc., jetzt ist der Zeitpunkt da, wo usw., Plaut. rud. 664. – ex eo, daraus, daher, Cic. – d) id est = das ist, das heißt, bei Erklärungen, hodie, id est Kal. Oct., Cic. – insbes., wenn man etwas allgemein Ausgesprochenes näher bestimmen will, wo es zuw. = namentlich, s. Suet. Dom. 17, 1. – e) et is (ea, id), isque (eaque, idque), atque is (ea, id), und das, und zwar, und noch dazu, und nec is (ea, id), und zwar nicht, bei Erklärungen, causas, et eas tenues, Cic.: cum una legione, eaque vacillante, Cic.: litterae nec eae vulgares, Cic. – bezieht sich der Ausdruck auf das Verbum od. den ganzen Satz, so steht idque, zB. exspectabam tuas litteras, idque cum multis, Cic.: Appollonium doctum hominem cognovi et studiis optimis deditum, idque a puero, Cic. – f) statt des Pronom. recipr., se meruisse, ut ei (ihm) etc., Cic.: cum viderent, de eorum virtute (ihre Tugend) non dubitari, Nep. – g) zuw. auf ein Substantivum bezogen, das nicht vorhergegangen, sondern aus dem Zusammenhange zu ergänzen ist, quid sentiam,... ne ad eam (sc. sententiam) meditere, Cic.

    II) derjenige, diejenige, dasjenige, als Korrelat. von qui, quae, quod, wie: is, qui physicus appellatur, Cic.: auch mit der ersten und zweiten Person, haec is feci, qui sodalis eram, Lentul. in Cic. ep.

    III) prägn. = solcher (solche, solches), so beschaffen, von der Art, so geartet, so gesinnt (mit folg. qui od. ut mit Konj.), a) subst.: neque is es, qui, quid sis, nescias, Cic.: is in illum sum, qui etc., Cic.: qui potest temperantiam laudare is (der so gesinnt ist), qui etc., Cic. – id aetatis esse, in dem Alter sein (stehen), Cic.: metuo ne id consilii ceperimus, quod non facile explicare possimus, Cic. – b) adi.: cuius ea stultitia, ut etc., Cic.: iis vinculis simus astricti, ut etc., Cic. – eā aetate esse, in dem Alter sein (stehen), Ter. u. Cic. – / Archaist. Genet. Sing. eiius od. eiIus, Corp. inscr. Lat. 2, 1065. 1276. 1687. 1923. 1953: u. aeius, Corp. inscr. Lat. 5, 330; 8, 164, 6: Dat. Sing. eei, Corp. inscr. Lat. 10, 1453, 10, iei, Corp. inscr. Lat. 1, 205. col. 2. lin. 12 u. 30: Dat. Sing. Femin. eae st. ei, Plaut. mil. 348. Cato r. r. 46, 1 (vgl. Varro LL. 8, 51), u. aei, Corp. inscr. Lat. 5, 4410: archaist. Akk. im st. eum, Tabb. XII tab. 8. fr. 11. u. tab. 10. fr. 9 (vgl. Macr. sat. 1, 4, 19. R. Schoell prolegg. ad leg. XII tabb. p. 62). Cic. de legg. 2, 60: Akk. em st. eum, Tabb. XII tab. 1. fr. 1 (vgl. Paul. ex Fest. 76, 12). Cato oratt. 40. fr. 7 ( bei Fest. 234, 15): vulg. Akk. eum st. id, Dosith. praef. fab. Aesop. p. 24 Boecking. Greg. Tur. vit. patr. 19, 3. p. 1248 D u.a. (vgl. Haase Greg. Tur. de curs. stell. 15. p. 31): archaist. Nomin. Plur. Mask. i, Plaut. Bacch. 548 R.; Men. 221 Br.; mil. 753 R.; Pseud. 1089 (1107) Lor.; trin. prol. 17 R.; truc. 4, 2, 32 Sp. Q. Cic. de petit. cons. 46 Buech.; od. ei, Plaut. merc. 869; mil. 385 u.a. Varro LL. 8, 72 u. 10, 62. Cic. de or. 1, 87 u. 2, 68; Brut. 9 u. 199; de lege agr. 2, 1 u.a. Corp. inscr. Lat. 1, 200. lin. 11. 28. 45. 93; 1, 202. col. 1. lin. 40 u. col. 2. lin. 3. 9. 13 u. öfter in a. Inscr.; od. eei, Corp. inscr. Lat. 10, 1453, 8; od. iei, Varro LL. 9, 2 u. 35. Corp. inscr. Lat. 1, 185; 1, 202. col. 1. lin. 7; od. eis, Corp. inscr. Lat. 1, 197. lin. 16 u. 23; 1, 198. lin. 26. 27. 57. 67; 1, 199. lin. 29; od. eeis, ibid. 1, 196. lin. 4; od. ieis, ibid. 1, 577. col. 3. lin. 12; od. is, Pacuv. tr. 221 R.2Archaist. Genet. Plur. eûm (s. Paul. ex Fest. 77, 8), Corp. inscr. Lat. 1, 206. lin. 52. – Archaist. Dat. od. od. Abl. Plur. is, Enn. ann. 286. Pacuv. tr. 24 R.2 Plaut. mil. 732 u. 735. Corp. inscr. Lat. 2, 1964. col. 1. lin. 16. 22. 30. col. 2. lin. 47. 61. 63. col. 3. lin. 22. 34. col. 5. lin. 3 u. 62; ibid. 5, 4091. col. 1. lin. 10; od. ibus, Plaut. mil. 74 Br. (Fl. hibus); truc. 1, 2, 17 (14, dazu Spengel). Pompon. com. 104. Titin. com. 59. Lucr. 2, 88; vgl. Placid. gloss. V, 75, 9: Dat. eabus, Cass. Hemin. ann. 4. fr. 32 (bei Prisc. 7, 11). Cato r. r. 152. – pse od. pte angehängt, eapse = ea ipsa, Plaut. Curc. 534; rud. 411 u.a.: eumpse = eum ipse, Plaut. Pers. 603: eampse = eam ipsam, Plaut. aul. 814; cist. 170; Men. 638: eopse = eo ipso, Plaut. Curc. 538: eopte = eo ipso, Paul. ex Fest. 110, 2. Vgl. übh. Neue-Wagener Formenl.3 2, 375–389 u. Georges Lexik. d. lat. Wortf. S. 365 u. 366.

    lateinisch-deutsches > is

  • 19 iuvo

    iuvo, iūvi, iūtum, Partiz. Fut. iuvātūrus, iuvāre, I) unterstützen, fördern, nützen, helfen, zustatten (zu Hilfe) kommen, alqm in alqa re, Cic.: alqm auxilio, Ov.: alqm auxilio laboris, Cic.: hostes frumento, Caes.: alqm frumento, veste, viatico, Liv.: audentes Fortuna iuvat, Verg. – m. lebl. Objj., fomentis suis nostra vulnera, Ov.: ea omnia bene iuvetis, Liv.: iuv. disciplinam beatae vitae, befördern, Cic.: armis ac manu victoriam, zum Siege beitragen, Tac.: onera principis, erleichtern, Vell. – u. lebl. Subjj., quas opes sua virtus et di iuvent, Liv.: imbres arva iuvantes, Ov.: Titianum et Celsum nox iuvit, Tac.: usurum se eo (vino), quod sese magis iuvasset (zusagen würde), Gell. – m. ut u. Konj., is ut quam primum eveniat, di iuvent, M. Caes. b. Fronto ad M. Caes. 5, 49 (64). – unpers., iuvat m. folg. Infin., es nützt, frommt, iuvat Ismara Baccho conserere, Verg. georg. 2, 37. – absol., pertinacia iuvantis (des Helfers, helfenden Arztes), Cels.: i. vitā magis quam morte, Ov.: iuvante deo od. dis iuvantibus, Cic., od. deis bene iuvantibus, Liv., mit Gottes Hilfe: v. lebl. Subjj., cum commoditas iuvaret, Liv.: quid porro multus stilus et assidua lectio iuvat? Quint.: nox iuvit sideribus illustris, Tac.: iuvit hostium aviditas, Tac.: sed nil ista iuvant, Ov. – im Passiv, lex Cornelia proscriptum iuvari vetat, Cic.: temperie caeli corpusque animusque iuvantur, Ov.: viatico a me iuvabitur, Liv.: ipse precor, quaeras, quā sim tibi parte iuvandus, Ov.: at tua supplicibus domus est assueta iuvandis, Ov.: placuit sollertia, tempore etiam iuta, Tac. ann. 14, 4 in.: nec (lingua) sola per se loquendi munus implere potest, nisi iuta vel offensione dentium vel compressione labiorum, Lact. de opif. dei 10, 13. – II) jmd. ergötzen, vergnügen, jmdm. gefallen, Befriedigung gewähren, jmdm. erfreulich (erbaulich) sein, jmdm. wohltun, behagen, zusagen, ut iuvit te cena? wie hast du dich beim Schmause amüsiert? Hor.: nec me vita iuvaret invisa civibus et militibus meis, Liv.: si nec fabellae te iuvant nec fabulae, Phaedr.: quod sunt quos genus hoc minime iuvat, Hor.: nec, iuveni lusus qui placuere, iuvant, Ov.: im Passiv, refer ad aures: probabunt. Quaere, cur? ita se dicent iuvari, Cic. – oft unpers., iuvat me od. bl. iuvat m. folg. Infin. od. Acc. u. Inf., es erfreut, ergötzt, vergnügt (mich), es beliebt, gefällt (mir), me quoque iuvat ad finem belli Punici pervenisse, Liv.: quae scire magis iuvat quam prodest, Sen.: forsan et haec olim meminisse iuvabit, wird man sich mit Befriedigung erinnern, Verg.: iuvit me tibi tuas litteras profuisse, Cic. – iuvat me m. folg. quod (daß), iuvat me, quod vigent studia, Plin. ep. 1, 13, 1; u. so 5, 13 (14), 8; 8, 6, 17. – absol., id demum iuvat, si etc., Ter.: si quod adest gratum iuvat, Hor.: quod iuvat, Sall.: deinde ambulationis causā, quantum iuvat (solange es ihm gefällt), ambulare, Cels. – / Vulg. Perf. iuvaverunt, Th. Prisc. 2. chr. 17: iuvarit (= iuverit), Iul. Val. 3, 38 (22). p. 146, 13 K. Pallad. 13, 6, 1 cod. P (dagegen Perf. iuvavi od. iuvui verworfen von Serv. Verg. Aen. 1, 203). – Partic. Perf. pass. iutus, Tac. ann. 3, 35 u. 14, 4. Pallad. 4, 10, 36; vulg. iuvatus, Th. Prisc. 1, 10 u. 2. chr. 19. – Partic. Fut. act. iuvaturus, Sall. Iug. 47, 2. Plin. ep. 4, 15, 13. Tert. de fug. in pers. 14. Amm. 14, 6, 17 u. 20, 4, 8; iuturus, Colum. poët. 10, 121. Iuvenc. 1, 58. – iuerint = iuverint, Catull. 66, 18. Prop. 2, 23, 22. – Archaist. Imperat. iuve = iuva, Acc. tr. 489 R.2

    lateinisch-deutsches > iuvo

  • 20 pars

    pars, partis, Akk. partim u. partem, f. (vgl. portio, επορον), der Teil, das Stück, die Abteilung, die Portion, I) im allg. (Ggstz. totum, integritas, universitas): fluminis, Caes.: urbis, Cic.: alqd populi ad partes dare, es den Komitien des Volkes überlassen, das Volk daran teilnehmen lassen, Cic.: partes facere, Teile machen, abteilen, einteilen, Cic.: partem facere, teilnehmen, einen Teil bekommen, ICt.: alqd partem sui facere, etw. in Fleisch u. Blut übergehen lassen, sich ganz zu eigen machen, Sen. de ben. 7, 2, 1: partem habere in alqa re, teilhaben, Anteil nehmen, Cic.: dare partes (amicis), teilnehmen lassen od. Verrichtungen (zu ihrem Vorteile) dabei auftragen, Cic.: locare agrum partibus, so verpachten, daß der Pächter mit dem Verpachter zuteile geht, einen Teil od. die Hälfte bekommt, Plin. ep.: aequā parte, mit gleichem Risiko, Plaut.: magna pars, Cic.: pars hominum, einige, Hor.: maxima pars hominium, Cic.: in parte laboris esse, mit teil daran nehmen, Liv. – Besondere Verbindungen: a) pars partitiv, ein Teil = einige, pars... pars, Liv.: pars... alii... plerique, Sall.: alii... pars, Liv. – pauci... pars... pars fugiunt, Liv. – als Kollektiv mit dem Plur. des Verbums, pars explorent, Liv.: pars in crucem acti, Sall.: magna pars caesi sunt, Liv. – b) parte... parte, zum Teil... zum Teil, teilweise... teilweise, Ov. – pro parte od. pro sua, mea, tua etc. parte, für seinen, ihren usw. Teil, Cic. – c) ex aliqua parte, einesteils, Cic. – ex ulla parte, von irgend einer Seite, Cic. – nullā parte, ganz und gar nicht, Ov. u. Quint. – quā parte, in welcher Beziehung, Hinsicht, Sen – omni ex parte, Cic., od. omni a parte, Ov., od. bl. omni parte, Liv., in jeder Hinsicht, gänzlich, völlig, durchaus (s. Fabri Liv. 22, 15, 9). – magna ex parte, großenteils, Cic.: maiore ex parte od. maxima ex parte, größtenteils, Cic.: in parte, teilweise (Ggstz. totus), Lact. (s. Bünem. Lact. de ira 5, 8). – d) magnam partem, großenteils, Cic.: maximam partem, größtenteils, Caes. – e) Akk. partim, partitiv = zum Teil, teils, partim me amici deseruerint, partim prodiderint, Cic.: partim a se ornatis, Cic. – partim... alii, Sall.: so auch aliae... partim... aliae, Cic. – mit Plur. des Verbums usw., cum partim e nobis ita timidi sint, Cic.: eorum partim ea sunt, Liv.: quorum partim invitissimi castra sunt secuti, Nep.: partim illorum, Cato fr. – f) multis partibus = um vieles vielmal, weitaus, plures, weitaus die Mehrzahl, Cic.: numero m. p. erat inferior, Caes.: m. p. augere, Caes., superari, Cic. – omnibus partibus, durchgängig, in allen Stücken, unendlich, Caes. u. Cic.; s. C. F. W. Müller Cic. Lael. 47. p. 326. – decem partibus (zehnmal lieber) tuas litteras legere malim quam omnes Marsicos palmites, Fronto ad M. Caes. 4, 4. p. 67, 16 N. – g) in eam partem = auf der Seite, von der Seite, Ter. u. Cic.; od. = dergestalt, Cic.; od. = in der Absicht, deswegen, Cic. – in utramque partem = pro und contra, dafür und dagegen, disputare, Cic. (neque ullam in partem disputo, Cic.); od. = auf beide Fälle, Cic.: accipere in partem optimam, von der guten, besten Seite aufnehmen, -erklären, Cic.: in partem mitiorem interpretari, nach der gelindesten Seite, Cic.: nullam in partem, auf keinen Fall, ganz und gar nicht, Cic.: vehemens in utramque partem, zu gütig und zu zornig, Ter. – h) per partes, teilweise, stückweise, Plin. ep. u. Quint. – i) in omnes partes, in jeder Beziehung, völlig, valet, Cic.: hingegen nullam ad partem valet, gilt, taugt schlechterdings nichts, Cic.: in omnem partem, überallhin, auf alle od. allen Seiten, Verg.: in partes muneris sui, auf seinen Anteil usw., Liv. – k) in partem venire alcis rei, an etwas teilnehmen, Cic.: in partem vocare, Cic. u. Liv., od. revocare, Liv., teilnehmen lassen, teilhaftig machen, in partem praedae od. curarum vocare, an der B. usw. teilnehmen lassen, zur Teilnahme an der B. usw. auffordern, Liv. u. Tac.; vgl. Weißenb. Liv. 5, 21, 5. – l) in parte, zum Teil, Liv.: in partem, du für deinen Teil, Plaut. – m) pro parte, pro sua parte, für seinen Teil = nach seinen Kräften, Liv. (s. M. Müller Liv. praef. § 3): so auch pro virili parte, s. virīlis.

    II) insbes.: A) die Portion Essen, Petron. u. Suet. – B) der Anteil, a) an einer Erbschaft, ne expers partis esset de bonis nostris, Ter. heaut. 652. – b) an einem Aktienunternehmen, der Anteilschein, die Aktie, magnas partes habuit publicorum, Cic.: dare partes, Cic.: partes illo tempore carissimae, Cic.; vgl. Orelli u. Halm Cic. Vatin. 12, 29 (p. 94 sqq. ed. Halm). – C) ein Stück zum Vortragen (griech. ῥησις), iam quattuor partes dicit (sagt auf, trägt vor), Petron. 46, 3: u. so decem partes dicit, Petron. 75, 4: partes centum dico, Petron. 58, 7. – D) Geschlechtsteil, Glied, Ov. u. Auct. Priap.; vollst. pars genitalis, Porphyr.: von der Hode, Colum. – E) die Art (species) einer Gattung (genus), Cic.: so auch eā parte belli, Liv. – F) pars u. partes, die Partei, pars regis, Eutr.: pars Mariana, Eutr.: partes Sullanae, Nep.: partes Marianae, Eutr.: partes Bruti Cassiique, Eutr.: nullius partis esse, neutral sein, Asin. Poll. in Cic. ep.: erat illarum partium, Cic.: aut in diversis aut in neutris partibus esse, Sen. – vor Gericht, pars adversa, die Gegenpartei, Quint.: a parte heredum intraverant duo, Plin. ep.: utrique parti actionem dare, Sen. – G) partes, die Rolle eines Schauspielers, a) eig., Ter.: primas partes agere, die Hauptrolle, Cic.: ebenso secundae, tertiae, Cic. – b) übtr., die Rolle = die Verrichtung, Obliegenheit, das Amt, die Pflicht, puero me hic sermo inducitur, ut nullae esse possent partes meae, so daß ich darin (in den Büchern de oratore) keine Rolle haben kann, Cic.: priores partes, der Vorrang, Cic.: tuum est hoc munus, tuae partes, Cic.: Antonii audio esse partes, ut de tota eloquentia disserat, Cic.: partes implere, Ov. – H) die Gegend, Seite, nullā parte, nirgends, Ov. met. 14, 398: Alpes adhuc eā parte inviae, Eutr. 3, 8: gew. Plur., partes orientis, Cic.: Eoae, Hor.: omnes quae in istis partibus essent opes copiaeque tuas esse, Cic. Vgl. Ruhnken Ov. her. 18, 197. – / Acc. partim für partem, Cic. u.a. (s. Halm Cic. de imp. Pomp. 26. p. 144. Kühnast Liv. Synt. S. 27): Abl. parti, Plaut. Men. 478; Pers. 72. Cato r. r. 136. Varro r. r. 1, 13, 5. Lucr. 1, 1113 u.a.: u. partei, Corp. inscr. Lat. 1, 206. – Nom. Plur. parteis, Varro LL. 5, 21 u. 56. – Genet. Sing. partus, Corp. inscr. Lat. 1, 197. lin. 12. – Genet. Plur. partum, Caes. u. Nep. nach Charis. 141. 24. Vgl. Georges Lexik. der lat. Wortf. S. 495.

    lateinisch-deutsches > pars


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