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academic knowledge

  • 1 conocimiento

    m.
    1 knowledge.
    hablar/actuar con conocimiento de causa to know what one is talking about/doing
    poner algo en conocimiento de alguien to bring something to somebody's attention, to inform somebody of something
    tener conocimiento de algo to be aware of something
    ha llegado a mi conocimiento que estás insatisfecho it has come to my attention that you are not happy
    2 consciousness (sentido, conciencia).
    perder/recobrar el conocimiento to lose/regain consciousness
    estaba tumbado en el suelo, sin conocimiento he was lying unconscious on the floor
    3 awareness, consciousness, cognizance.
    * * *
    1 (In 1, also used in plural with the same meaning) (saber) knowledge
    2 (sensatez) good sense
    3 (conciencia) consciousness
    \
    con conocimiento de causa with full knowledge of the facts
    perder el conocimiento to lose consciousness
    poner algo en conocimiento de alguien to make something known to somebody, inform somebody of something
    recobrar el conocimiento to regain consciousness, come round
    tener conocimiento de algo to know about something
    * * *
    noun m.
    * * *
    SM
    1) (=saber) knowledge

    conocimientos(=nociones) knowledge sing

    mis pocos conocimientos de filosofía/cocina — my limited knowledge of philosophy/cookery

    2) (=información) knowledge

    dar conocimiento de algo, dimos conocimiento del robo a la policía — we informed the police about the robbery

    llegar a conocimiento de algn — to come to sb's attention o notice

    tener conocimiento de algo, aún no tenemos conocimiento de su detención — we still do not know that he has been arrested

    desea ponerlo en conocimiento público — he wants it brought to the public's attention, he wishes it to be made public

    conocimiento de causa, hacer algo con conocimiento de causa — to be fully aware of what one is doing

    3) (=consciencia) consciousness

    recobrar o recuperar el conocimiento — to regain consciousness

    4) (=sentido común) common sense
    5) (Jur) cognizance frm
    6) (Com)
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( saber) knowledge
    b) conocimientos masculino plural ( nociones) knowledge
    2) (frml) ( información)

    dar conocimiento de algo a alguiento inform o (frml) apprise somebody of something

    pongo en su conocimiento que... — (Corresp) I am writing to inform you that...

    con conocimiento de causa: obró con conocimiento de causa (frml) he took this step, fully aware of what the consequences would be; hablo con conocimiento de causa — I know what I'm talking about

    3) ( sentido) consciousness

    perder/recobrar el conocimiento — to lose/regain consciousness

    aún es pequeño, no tiene todavía conocimiento — he's not old enough to understand

    * * *
    = cognition, competency, enlightenment, expertise, familiarisation [familiarization, -USA], familiarity, insight, knowledge, learning, acquaintance, understanding, cognisance [cognizance, -USA], connoisseurship, consciousness.
    Ex. The information-processing model of cognition, and developments in artificial intelligence encourage such comparisons = El modelo de la cognición sobre el procesamiento de la información de y los avances de la inteligencia artificial fomentan este tipo de comparaciones.
    Ex. SLIS programmes intended to 'produce' librarians with competency in the use of IT have to be designed.
    Ex. Considered as necessary work in the interest of humanity and general enlightenment, bibliography gains ground as the years pass.
    Ex. Its primary function is to provide a centre for software and hardware expertise for its members.
    Ex. Step 1 Familiarisation: This first step involves the indexer in becoming conversant with the subject content of the document to be indexed.
    Ex. The most effective searchers are those who have both system experience and some familiarity with the subject area in which they are searching.
    Ex. The human indexer works mechanically and rapidly; he should require no insight into the document content.
    Ex. These factors form the basis of the problems in identifying a satisfactory subject approach, and start to explain the vast array of different tolls used in the subject approach to knowledge.
    Ex. It is the responsibility of educators to stretch their student's intellects, hone their skills of intuitive judgment and synthesis, and build a love of learning that will sustain them beyond the level of formal education.
    Ex. It is only with accumulating experience and many years of close study and acquaintance with bibliographic works that a really substantial body of knowledge of the potential of bibliographic sources is acquired.
    Ex. We librarians ought to have a clearer understanding of our stock-in-trade (books) and their function of social mechanism.
    Ex. The passive cognisance of growth causes considerable difficulties = El conocimiento pasivo del crecimiento causa dificultades importantes.
    Ex. This book explores the underlying institutional factors that help museum-based connoisseurship and aestheticism and university-based critical theory and revisionist scholarship exist.
    Ex. For example, the latter are unlikely to engage themselves in conservation issues as these now press upon the professional consciousness of librarians.
    ----
    * actualizar los conocimientos = upgrade + Posesivo + skills.
    * adquirir conocimiento = gain + knowledge, glean + knowledge, acquire + knowledge, build up + knowledge.
    * ampliar el conocimiento = expand + Posesivo + knowledge, expand + Posesivo + knowledge, widen + knowledge, broaden + knowledge, deepen + understanding.
    * ampliar las fronteras del conocimiento = push back + the frontiers of knowledge.
    * análisis de áreas del conocimiento = domain analysis.
    * análisis de dominios del conocimiento = domain analysis.
    * aprendizaje rico en conocimiento = knowledge-rich learning.
    * área de conocimiento = area of study.
    * área del conocimiento = area of knowledge, discipline, subject field, field of activity, knowledge domain, discipline of knowledge.
    * aumentar el conocimiento = expand + Posesivo + knowledge, deepen + awareness.
    * aumento del conocimiento = knowledge building.
    * bannco de conocimiento = knowledge bank.
    * basado en el conocimiento = knowledge-based.
    * basado en las disciplinas del conocimiento = discipline-based.
    * bibliotecario con conocimientos de medicina = informationist.
    * búsqueda del conocimiento = quest for/of knowledge.
    * campo del conocimiento = field of knowledge.
    * centrado en el conocimiento = knowledge-centric.
    * ciencia del conocimiento = cognitive science.
    * compartir el conocimiento = knowledge sharing, pool + knowledge.
    * con conocimiento = authoritatively.
    * con conocimiento básico en el manejo de la información = information literate [information-literate].
    * con conocimiento básico en el uso de la biblioteca = library literate [library-literate].
    * con conocimiento de = appreciative of, conversant with.
    * con conocimiento de causa = knowingly, knowingly.
    * con conocimiento de informática = computer literate [computer-literate].
    * con conocimiento en el uso de Internet = Internet-savvy.
    * con conocimientos en = versed in.
    * con conocimientos sobre el correo electrónico = e-mail literate.
    * con el conocimiento de que = on the understanding that.
    * conjunto de conocimientos = body of knowledge.
    * conocimiento académico = academic knowledge.
    * conocimiento acumulado sobre un tema = lore.
    * conocimiento básico = working familiarity, working knowledge.
    * conocimiento científico = scientific knowledge.
    * conocimiento compartido = knowledge sharing.
    * conocimiento de base = foundation study.
    * conocimiento de cómo sobrevivir en el bosque = woodcraft.
    * conocimiento de embarque = bill of lading.
    * conocimiento de la existencia = awareness.
    * conocimiento de lengua = language skill.
    * conocimiento del objeto = object knowledge.
    * conocimiento de los diferentes soportes = media competency.
    * conocimiento detallado = intimate knowledge.
    * conocimiento de un área temática = area knowledge.
    * conocimiento documentado = recorded knowledge.
    * conocimiento enciclopédico = factual knowledge.
    * conocimiento en tecnología = technological skill.
    * conocimiento específico = expert knowledge.
    * conocimiento experto = expert knowledge, expertise.
    * conocimiento explícito = explicit knowledge.
    * conocimiento factual = declarative knowledge.
    * conocimiento humano = human consciousness.
    * conocimiento humano, el = human record, the.
    * conocimiento indígena = indigenous knowledge.
    * conocimiento lingüístico = language skill.
    * conocimiento mutuo = mutual knowledge.
    * conocimiento pasivo = nodding acquaintance.
    * conocimiento pleno = awareness.
    * conocimiento práctico = working knowledge, procedural knowledge.
    * conocimiento previo = foreknowledge.
    * conocimientos = knowledge base [knowledge-base].
    * conocimientos básicos = literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos de búsqueda, recuperación y organización de informació = information literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos de documentación = information literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos de informática = computer literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos en tecnología = technical literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos sobre el uso de las bibliotecas = library skills.
    * conocimientos de tecnología = techno-savvy, tech-savvy.
    * conocimientos en el manejo de la información = info-savvy.
    * conocimiento sobre una materia = subject knowledge.
    * conocimientos requeridos = job specs.
    * conocimiento tácito = tacit knowledge, tacit knowledge, tacit knowledge.
    * conocimiento técnico = know-how, technical knowledge.
    * conocimiento teórico = declarative knowledge.
    * con poco conocimiento de las nuevas tecnologías = technologically challenged.
    * corpus de conocimiento = corpus of knowledge.
    * crear un fondo común de conocimientos = pool + knowledge.
    * cúmulo de conocimiento = repository of knowledge, knowledge repository.
    * decisión con conocimiento de causa = informed decision.
    * difundir el conocimiento = spread + knowledge.
    * director ejecutivo de la gestión del conocimiento = knowledge executive.
    * dominio del conocimiento = knowledge domain.
    * economía basada en el conocimiento = knowledge driven economy.
    * economía del conocimiento = knowledge economy.
    * Era del Conocimiento, la = Knowledge Age, the.
    * estructuración del conocimiento = knowledge structuring.
    * examinar los conocimientos = test + knowledge.
    * falta de conocimiento = unfamiliarity.
    * filtro del conocimiento = knowledge filter.
    * fomentar el conocimiento = advance + knowledge.
    * fondo común de conocimientos = pool of knowledge, pool of expertise.
    * frontera del conocimiento = frontier of knowledge.
    * fundamentos del conocimiento, los = foundations of knowledge, the.
    * gestión del conocimiento = knowledge management (KM).
    * gestor del conocimiento = knowledge worker, knowledge manager.
    * hacer avanzar el conocimiento = push back + the frontiers of knowledge.
    * hacer gala del conocimiento que uno tiene = air + knowledge.
    * hacer perder el conocimiento = knock + Nombre + out, knock + Nombre + unconscious.
    * hacer uso de un conocimiento = draw on/upon + knowledge.
    * impartir conocimiento = impart + knowledge.
    * inculcar conocimiento = instil + knowledge.
    * ingeniería del conocimiento = knowledge engineering.
    * ingeniero del conocimiento = knowledge engineer.
    * institucion del conocimiento = institution of learning.
    * intercambio de conocimientos = learning exchange, cross-fertilisation [cross-fertilization, -USA], cross-fertilisation of knowledge.
    * jefe de los servicios de gestión del conocimiento = chief knowledge officer (CKO).
    * metaconocimiento = meta-knowledge.
    * navegación por el conocimiento = knowledge navigation.
    * navegador del conocimiento = knowledge navigator.
    * obtener conocimiento = gain + an understanding.
    * ofrecer conocimiento = package + knowledge.
    * perder el conocimiento = lose + Posesivo + senses, pass out, lose + Posesivo + consciousness.
    * pérdida del conocimiento = unconsciousness, fainting, fainting fit, loss of consciousness.
    * personas sin conocimientos técnicos, las = non-technical, the.
    * presentar conocimiento = package + knowledge.
    * producto del conocimiento = knowledge record.
    * profundizar en el conocimiento = deepen + knowledge.
    * propagar el conocimiento = propagate + knowledge.
    * proporcionar conocimientos técnicos = supply + know-how.
    * quedarse sin conocimiento = lose + Posesivo + consciousness, pass out.
    * rama del conocimiento = branch of learning.
    * recobrar el conocimiento = regain + Posesivo + consciousness.
    * recuperar el conocimiento = regain + Posesivo + consciousness.
    * red de conocimiento = knowledge network.
    * servidor del conocimiento = knowledge server.
    * sin conocimiento = unconscious.
    * sin conocimiento de causa = unbeknown to, unbeknownst to.
    * sintetizar el conocimiento = synthesise + knowledge.
    * sistema basado en el conocimiento = knowledge-base system.
    * sistema de gestión del conocimiento = knowledge management system (KMS).
    * sociedad basada en el conocimiento = knowledge based society.
    * sociedad del conocimiento = knowledge society.
    * Sociedad para el Conocimiento Global = Global Knowledge Partnership.
    * suministrar conocimientos técnicos = supply + know-how.
    * tener conocimiento de = be privy to, be aware of.
    * toma de decisiones con conocimiento de causa = informed decision making.
    * tomar decisiones con conocimiento de causa = make + informed decisions.
    * transferencia de conocimiento = transfer of knowledge, knowledge transfer.
    * utilizar los conocimientos de Uno = put + Posesivo + knowledge to work.
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( saber) knowledge
    b) conocimientos masculino plural ( nociones) knowledge
    2) (frml) ( información)

    dar conocimiento de algo a alguiento inform o (frml) apprise somebody of something

    pongo en su conocimiento que... — (Corresp) I am writing to inform you that...

    con conocimiento de causa: obró con conocimiento de causa (frml) he took this step, fully aware of what the consequences would be; hablo con conocimiento de causa — I know what I'm talking about

    3) ( sentido) consciousness

    perder/recobrar el conocimiento — to lose/regain consciousness

    aún es pequeño, no tiene todavía conocimiento — he's not old enough to understand

    * * *
    = cognition, competency, enlightenment, expertise, familiarisation [familiarization, -USA], familiarity, insight, knowledge, learning, acquaintance, understanding, cognisance [cognizance, -USA], connoisseurship, consciousness.

    Ex: The information-processing model of cognition, and developments in artificial intelligence encourage such comparisons = El modelo de la cognición sobre el procesamiento de la información de y los avances de la inteligencia artificial fomentan este tipo de comparaciones.

    Ex: SLIS programmes intended to 'produce' librarians with competency in the use of IT have to be designed.
    Ex: Considered as necessary work in the interest of humanity and general enlightenment, bibliography gains ground as the years pass.
    Ex: Its primary function is to provide a centre for software and hardware expertise for its members.
    Ex: Step 1 Familiarisation: This first step involves the indexer in becoming conversant with the subject content of the document to be indexed.
    Ex: The most effective searchers are those who have both system experience and some familiarity with the subject area in which they are searching.
    Ex: The human indexer works mechanically and rapidly; he should require no insight into the document content.
    Ex: These factors form the basis of the problems in identifying a satisfactory subject approach, and start to explain the vast array of different tolls used in the subject approach to knowledge.
    Ex: It is the responsibility of educators to stretch their student's intellects, hone their skills of intuitive judgment and synthesis, and build a love of learning that will sustain them beyond the level of formal education.
    Ex: It is only with accumulating experience and many years of close study and acquaintance with bibliographic works that a really substantial body of knowledge of the potential of bibliographic sources is acquired.
    Ex: We librarians ought to have a clearer understanding of our stock-in-trade (books) and their function of social mechanism.
    Ex: The passive cognisance of growth causes considerable difficulties = El conocimiento pasivo del crecimiento causa dificultades importantes.
    Ex: This book explores the underlying institutional factors that help museum-based connoisseurship and aestheticism and university-based critical theory and revisionist scholarship exist.
    Ex: For example, the latter are unlikely to engage themselves in conservation issues as these now press upon the professional consciousness of librarians.
    * actualizar los conocimientos = upgrade + Posesivo + skills.
    * adquirir conocimiento = gain + knowledge, glean + knowledge, acquire + knowledge, build up + knowledge.
    * ampliar el conocimiento = expand + Posesivo + knowledge, expand + Posesivo + knowledge, widen + knowledge, broaden + knowledge, deepen + understanding.
    * ampliar las fronteras del conocimiento = push back + the frontiers of knowledge.
    * análisis de áreas del conocimiento = domain analysis.
    * análisis de dominios del conocimiento = domain analysis.
    * aprendizaje rico en conocimiento = knowledge-rich learning.
    * área de conocimiento = area of study.
    * área del conocimiento = area of knowledge, discipline, subject field, field of activity, knowledge domain, discipline of knowledge.
    * aumentar el conocimiento = expand + Posesivo + knowledge, deepen + awareness.
    * aumento del conocimiento = knowledge building.
    * bannco de conocimiento = knowledge bank.
    * basado en el conocimiento = knowledge-based.
    * basado en las disciplinas del conocimiento = discipline-based.
    * bibliotecario con conocimientos de medicina = informationist.
    * búsqueda del conocimiento = quest for/of knowledge.
    * campo del conocimiento = field of knowledge.
    * centrado en el conocimiento = knowledge-centric.
    * ciencia del conocimiento = cognitive science.
    * compartir el conocimiento = knowledge sharing, pool + knowledge.
    * con conocimiento = authoritatively.
    * con conocimiento básico en el manejo de la información = information literate [information-literate].
    * con conocimiento básico en el uso de la biblioteca = library literate [library-literate].
    * con conocimiento de = appreciative of, conversant with.
    * con conocimiento de causa = knowingly, knowingly.
    * con conocimiento de informática = computer literate [computer-literate].
    * con conocimiento en el uso de Internet = Internet-savvy.
    * con conocimientos en = versed in.
    * con conocimientos sobre el correo electrónico = e-mail literate.
    * con el conocimiento de que = on the understanding that.
    * conjunto de conocimientos = body of knowledge.
    * conocimiento académico = academic knowledge.
    * conocimiento acumulado sobre un tema = lore.
    * conocimiento básico = working familiarity, working knowledge.
    * conocimiento científico = scientific knowledge.
    * conocimiento compartido = knowledge sharing.
    * conocimiento de base = foundation study.
    * conocimiento de cómo sobrevivir en el bosque = woodcraft.
    * conocimiento de embarque = bill of lading.
    * conocimiento de la existencia = awareness.
    * conocimiento de lengua = language skill.
    * conocimiento del objeto = object knowledge.
    * conocimiento de los diferentes soportes = media competency.
    * conocimiento detallado = intimate knowledge.
    * conocimiento de un área temática = area knowledge.
    * conocimiento documentado = recorded knowledge.
    * conocimiento enciclopédico = factual knowledge.
    * conocimiento en tecnología = technological skill.
    * conocimiento específico = expert knowledge.
    * conocimiento experto = expert knowledge, expertise.
    * conocimiento explícito = explicit knowledge.
    * conocimiento factual = declarative knowledge.
    * conocimiento humano = human consciousness.
    * conocimiento humano, el = human record, the.
    * conocimiento indígena = indigenous knowledge.
    * conocimiento lingüístico = language skill.
    * conocimiento mutuo = mutual knowledge.
    * conocimiento pasivo = nodding acquaintance.
    * conocimiento pleno = awareness.
    * conocimiento práctico = working knowledge, procedural knowledge.
    * conocimiento previo = foreknowledge.
    * conocimientos = knowledge base [knowledge-base].
    * conocimientos básicos = literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos de búsqueda, recuperación y organización de informació = information literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos de documentación = information literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos de informática = computer literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos en tecnología = technical literacy.
    * conocimientos básicos sobre el uso de las bibliotecas = library skills.
    * conocimientos de tecnología = techno-savvy, tech-savvy.
    * conocimientos en el manejo de la información = info-savvy.
    * conocimiento sobre una materia = subject knowledge.
    * conocimientos requeridos = job specs.
    * conocimiento tácito = tacit knowledge, tacit knowledge, tacit knowledge.
    * conocimiento técnico = know-how, technical knowledge.
    * conocimiento teórico = declarative knowledge.
    * con poco conocimiento de las nuevas tecnologías = technologically challenged.
    * corpus de conocimiento = corpus of knowledge.
    * crear un fondo común de conocimientos = pool + knowledge.
    * cúmulo de conocimiento = repository of knowledge, knowledge repository.
    * decisión con conocimiento de causa = informed decision.
    * difundir el conocimiento = spread + knowledge.
    * director ejecutivo de la gestión del conocimiento = knowledge executive.
    * dominio del conocimiento = knowledge domain.
    * economía basada en el conocimiento = knowledge driven economy.
    * economía del conocimiento = knowledge economy.
    * Era del Conocimiento, la = Knowledge Age, the.
    * estructuración del conocimiento = knowledge structuring.
    * examinar los conocimientos = test + knowledge.
    * falta de conocimiento = unfamiliarity.
    * filtro del conocimiento = knowledge filter.
    * fomentar el conocimiento = advance + knowledge.
    * fondo común de conocimientos = pool of knowledge, pool of expertise.
    * frontera del conocimiento = frontier of knowledge.
    * fundamentos del conocimiento, los = foundations of knowledge, the.
    * gestión del conocimiento = knowledge management (KM).
    * gestor del conocimiento = knowledge worker, knowledge manager.
    * hacer avanzar el conocimiento = push back + the frontiers of knowledge.
    * hacer gala del conocimiento que uno tiene = air + knowledge.
    * hacer perder el conocimiento = knock + Nombre + out, knock + Nombre + unconscious.
    * hacer uso de un conocimiento = draw on/upon + knowledge.
    * impartir conocimiento = impart + knowledge.
    * inculcar conocimiento = instil + knowledge.
    * ingeniería del conocimiento = knowledge engineering.
    * ingeniero del conocimiento = knowledge engineer.
    * institucion del conocimiento = institution of learning.
    * intercambio de conocimientos = learning exchange, cross-fertilisation [cross-fertilization, -USA], cross-fertilisation of knowledge.
    * jefe de los servicios de gestión del conocimiento = chief knowledge officer (CKO).
    * metaconocimiento = meta-knowledge.
    * navegación por el conocimiento = knowledge navigation.
    * navegador del conocimiento = knowledge navigator.
    * obtener conocimiento = gain + an understanding.
    * ofrecer conocimiento = package + knowledge.
    * perder el conocimiento = lose + Posesivo + senses, pass out, lose + Posesivo + consciousness.
    * pérdida del conocimiento = unconsciousness, fainting, fainting fit, loss of consciousness.
    * personas sin conocimientos técnicos, las = non-technical, the.
    * presentar conocimiento = package + knowledge.
    * producto del conocimiento = knowledge record.
    * profundizar en el conocimiento = deepen + knowledge.
    * propagar el conocimiento = propagate + knowledge.
    * proporcionar conocimientos técnicos = supply + know-how.
    * quedarse sin conocimiento = lose + Posesivo + consciousness, pass out.
    * rama del conocimiento = branch of learning.
    * recobrar el conocimiento = regain + Posesivo + consciousness.
    * recuperar el conocimiento = regain + Posesivo + consciousness.
    * red de conocimiento = knowledge network.
    * servidor del conocimiento = knowledge server.
    * sin conocimiento = unconscious.
    * sin conocimiento de causa = unbeknown to, unbeknownst to.
    * sintetizar el conocimiento = synthesise + knowledge.
    * sistema basado en el conocimiento = knowledge-base system.
    * sistema de gestión del conocimiento = knowledge management system (KMS).
    * sociedad basada en el conocimiento = knowledge based society.
    * sociedad del conocimiento = knowledge society.
    * Sociedad para el Conocimiento Global = Global Knowledge Partnership.
    * suministrar conocimientos técnicos = supply + know-how.
    * tener conocimiento de = be privy to, be aware of.
    * toma de decisiones con conocimiento de causa = informed decision making.
    * tomar decisiones con conocimiento de causa = make + informed decisions.
    * transferencia de conocimiento = transfer of knowledge, knowledge transfer.
    * utilizar los conocimientos de Uno = put + Posesivo + knowledge to work.

    * * *
    A
    1 (saber) knowledge
    tiene algunos conocimientos de inglés he has some knowledge of English, he knows some English
    B ( frml)
    (información): dio conocimiento del suceso a las autoridades he informed o ( frml) apprised the authorities of the incident
    puso el hecho en conocimiento de la policía she informed the police of the incident, she reported the incident to the police
    pongo en su conocimiento que … ( Corresp) I am writing to inform you that …
    al tener conocimiento del suceso upon learning of the incident ( frml)
    a esas horas no se tenía todavía conocimiento de la noticia at that time we/they still had not heard the news
    ciertas personas tienen conocimiento de sus actividades certain people are aware of her activities
    llegar a conocimiento de algn to come to sb's attention o notice ( frml)
    con conocimiento de causa: obró con conocimiento de causa ( frml); he took this step, fully aware of what the consequences would be
    te lo digo con conocimiento de causa I know what I'm talking about
    Compuesto:
    bill of lading, waybill
    C (sentido) consciousness
    perder el conocimiento to lose consciousness
    cuando recobró el conocimiento when he regained consciousness, when he came to o round
    estar sin conocimiento to be unconscious
    D
    (entendimiento): aún es pequeño, no tiene todavía conocimiento he's not old enough to understand
    * * *

     

    conocimiento sustantivo masculino


    poner algo en conocimiento de algn to inform sb of sth;
    tener conocimiento de algo to be aware of sth

    perder/recobrar el conocimiento to lose/regain consciousness;

    estar sin conocimiento to be unconscious
    conocimiento sustantivo masculino
    1 knowledge
    2 (conciencia) consciousness
    3 conocimientos, knowledge
    ♦ Locuciones: perder/recobrar el conocimiento, to lose/regain consciousness
    con conocimiento de causa, with full knowledge of the facts
    ' conocimiento' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    braga
    - ciencia
    - conciencia
    - desfallecer
    - desvanecerse
    - dominio
    - error
    - orientación
    - parcela
    - revelar
    - sentida
    - sentido
    - experiencia
    - perder
    - pérdida
    - reanimar
    - recobrar
    - saber
    English:
    acquaintance
    - air
    - black out
    - blackout
    - cognizance
    - come to
    - comprehensive
    - consciousness
    - familiarity
    - grounding
    - improve
    - knock out
    - knowledge
    - notice
    - privy
    - recover
    - self-awareness
    - sketchy
    - superficial
    - thorough
    - unconsciousness
    - black
    - knock
    - know
    - pass
    * * *
    1. [saber] knowledge;
    hablar/actuar con conocimiento de causa to know what one is talking about/doing;
    puso el robo en conocimiento de la policía she informed the police of the burglary;
    ponemos en su conocimiento que se ha detectado un error en el programa this is to inform you that an error has been detected in the program;
    no teníamos conocimiento de su dimisión we were not aware that he had resigned;
    al tener conocimiento del accidente, acudió inmediatamente al hospital when she found out about the accident she immediately went to the hospital;
    ha llegado a mi conocimiento que estás insatisfecho it has come to my attention that you are not happy
    2.
    conocimientos [nociones] knowledge;
    tengo algunos conocimientos de informática I have some knowledge of computers, I know a bit about computers;
    nuestros conocimientos acerca de la enfermedad son muy limitados our knowledge of the disease is very limited, we know very little about the disease
    3. [sentido, conciencia] consciousness;
    perder el conocimiento to lose consciousness;
    recobrar el conocimiento to regain consciousness;
    estaba tumbado en el suelo, sin conocimiento he was lying unconscious on the floor
    4. [juicio] (common) sense;
    5. Com conocimiento de embarque bill of lading
    * * *
    m
    1 knowledge;
    con conocimiento de causa hacer algo fully aware of the consequences;
    para su conocimiento for your information;
    conocimientos pl ( nociones) knowledge sg
    2 MED consciousness;
    perder el conocimiento lose consciousness;
    sin conocimiento unconscious;
    recobrar el conocimiento regain consciousness
    * * *
    1) : knowledge
    2) sentido: consciousness
    * * *
    1. (en general) knowledge
    2. (sentido) consciousness

    Spanish-English dictionary > conocimiento

  • 2 conocimiento académico

    Ex. A contrast is made between academic knowledge (or theory) and street knowledge (or praxis).
    * * *

    Ex: A contrast is made between academic knowledge (or theory) and street knowledge (or praxis).

    Spanish-English dictionary > conocimiento académico

  • 3 picardía callejera

    Ex. A contrast is made between academic knowledge (or theory) and street knowledge (or praxis).
    * * *

    Ex: A contrast is made between academic knowledge (or theory) and street knowledge (or praxis).

    Spanish-English dictionary > picardía callejera

  • 4 praxis

    f. s.&pl.
    1 practice.
    2 praxis, practice.
    * * *
    1 praxis
    * * *
    = praxis [praxes, -pl.], praxes [praxis, -sing.].
    Ex. A contrast is made between academic knowledge (or theory) and street knowledge (or praxis).
    Ex. The process of hybridization consists, first of all, of borrowing and lending concepts, methods, theories, and praxes = El proceso de hibridación se compone, en principio, de los conceptos, métodos, teorías y praxis del préstamo.
    * * *
    = praxis [praxes, -pl.], praxes [praxis, -sing.].

    Ex: A contrast is made between academic knowledge (or theory) and street knowledge (or praxis).

    Ex: The process of hybridization consists, first of all, of borrowing and lending concepts, methods, theories, and praxes = El proceso de hibridación se compone, en principio, de los conceptos, métodos, teorías y praxis del préstamo.

    * * *
    praxis
    * * *
    praxis nf inv
    1. Formal [práctica] praxis, practice
    2. [en teoría marxista] praxis

    Spanish-English dictionary > praxis

  • 5 a

    prep.
    1 to.
    voy a Madrid I'm going to Madrid
    me voy al extranjero I'm going abroad
    llegó a Buenos Aires/a la fiesta he arrived in Buenos Aires/at the party
    2 at (moment).
    a las siete at seven o'clock
    a los once años at the age of eleven
    al caer la noche at nightfall
    al oír la noticia se desmayó on hearing the news, she fainted
    Llegué al amanecer I arrived at dawn.
    3 per, every (frecuency).
    40 horas a la semana 40 hours per o a week
    tres veces al día three times a day
    4 to.
    dáselo a Ricardo give it to Ricardo
    dile a Ricardo que venga tell Ricardo to come
    5 to.
    entró a pagar he came in to pay
    aprender a nadar to learn to swim
    6 by, about to, for.
    * * *
    A, a
    nombre femenino (pl as o aes)
    1 (la letra) A, a
    ————————
    A
    1 ( Alteza) Highness; (abreviatura) H
    ————————
    A
    1 ( autopista) motorway; (abreviatura) M
    ————————
    A
    1 ( amperio) ampere, amp; (símbolo) A
    * * *
    prep.
    1) to
    2) into
    3) in
    4) at
    5) on
    6) with
    * * *
    SF = a (=letra) A, a
    * * *
    a femenino (pl aes) ( read as [a]) the letter A, a
    * * *
    = for, per, to.
    Ex. The fine policy matrix corresponds to the loan policy matrix, cell for cell.
    Ex. Indexing can thus be achieved at a detailed level, with often many terms per document, with almost no indexing effort.
    Ex. Accessibility to the documents stored in files is an important factor, so the physical storage is important.
    ----
    * a + Adjetivo + escala = on a + Adjetivo + scale.
    * a alguna parte = someplace.
    * a alta presión = high-pressured, high-pressure.
    * a altas horas de la noche = late at night.
    * a ambas orillas del Atlántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de = on either side of.
    * a ambos lados del Altántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de + Lugar = on both sides of + Lugar.
    * a años luz de = light years away from.
    * a bajas temperaturas = at low temperature.
    * a bajo coste = low-cost.
    * a bajo costo = low-cost.
    * a bajo nivel = low-level.
    * a bajo precio = lower-cost, at a low price, on the cheap.
    * a base de = in the form of, on a diet of.
    * a base de carne = meaty [meatier -comp., meatiest -sup.].
    * a base de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a base de errores = the hard way.
    * a boca de jarro = at close range.
    * a bocajarro = point blank.
    * a bombo y platillo = fanfare, with a bang.
    * a bordo = aboard, on board ship.
    * a bordo de = aboard, onboard.
    * a bordo de un barco = shipboard, on board ship.
    * a buen recaudo = in a safe place, in safekeeping.
    * a caballo = on horseback, astride.
    * a caballo entre = astride... and..., midway between.
    * a caballo entre... y... = half way between... and....
    * a caballo regalado no se le mira el diente = never look a gift horse in the mouth.
    * a cada rato = every so often, every now and then, every now and again, every once in a while.
    * a cambio = in return.
    * a cambio de = in exchange for, in return for.
    * a cambio de nada = for nothing.
    * a cántaros = cats and dogs.
    * a cargo = in the saddle.
    * a cargo (de) = charged with, in charge (of), at the helm (of).
    * a cargo de Alguien = under supervision.
    * a cargo de las riendas = in the saddle.
    * a cargo del ayuntamiento = local authority-run.
    * a cargo del gobierno = government-operated, government-run.
    * a cargo de una sola persona = one-man band.
    * a cargo de voluntarios = volunteer-run.
    * a chorros = profusely.
    * a ciegas = blindfold, blindly, blindfolded, in the dark.
    * a ciencia cierta = for sure, for certain.
    * a cierta distancia = some distance away.
    * a cierta distancia de = off.
    * a cierta distancia de la costa = offshore.
    * a cierta distancia del litoral = offshore.
    * a cobro revertido = reverse charges.
    * a color = multi-colour [multi-color -USA].
    * a comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = early + Expresión Temporal, the.
    * a comienzos de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha, in the early part of + Fecha.
    * a comienzos de + Período de Tiempo = by the turn of + Período de Tiempo, at the turn of + Período de Tiempo.
    * a conciencia = deliberately, wilfully [willfully, -USA], by design, on purpose.
    * a condición de que + Subjuntivo = provided (that), providing (that), as long as.
    * a contenido enriquecido = content-enriched.
    * a continuación = next, then, in the following, herewith.
    * a continuación se enumeran = given below.
    * a contracorriente = against the grain.
    * a contraluz = against the light.
    * a contrapelo = against the grain, against the nap.
    * a coro = with one voice, in unison.
    * a corto plazo = before very long, short term [short-term], in the short run, short-range, at short notice, in the short term, short-run.
    * a costa de = at the cost of, at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense, at cost of.
    * a costa de mucho = at (a) great expense.
    * a costa de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a costa de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a criterio de = at the discretion of.
    * a cualquier hora = anytime, around the clock.
    * a cualquier hora del día o de la noche = at any hour of the day or night, at any time of the day or night.
    * a cualquier precio = at any cost, at all costs, at any price.
    * a cuatro aguas = hipped.
    * a cuatro patas = on all fours, on four legs.
    * a cuenta de = at the expense of.
    * a cuenta de la empresa = at company expense.
    * a cuenta de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a cuenta de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a cuenta propia = at + Posesivo + expense, at + Posesivo + own expense.
    * a cuerpo de rey = the lap of luxury.
    * a cuestas = in tow.
    * a decir de todos = by all accounts.
    * a decir verdad = to tell the truth, if the truth be known, if the truth be told, in all truth, in truth, fact is, the fact is (that), to be fair.
    * a decir verdad... = the fact of the matter is that....
    * a demanda = pro re nata.
    * a deshora(s) = at odd times, out of hours.
    * a día de hoy = as of today.
    * a diario = every day.
    * a diestro y siniestro = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a dieta = on a diet.
    * a diferencia de = apart from, as opposed to, in contradistinction to, as contrasted with, in contrast (to/with), quite apart from, in sharp contrast (with).
    * a diferencia de + Nombre = unlike + Nombre.
    * a diferentes niveles = multi-tiered [multitiered], multi-tier [multitier].
    * a discreción = at will, no holds barred.
    * a disgusto = unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a disposición de = at the disposal of.
    * a distancia = remote, remotely, distantly.
    * a doble espacio = double-spaced.
    * a domicilio = domiciliary.
    * ¿a dónde se dirige(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde va(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde vas? = quo vadis, whither thou goest.
    * a dos niveles = two-tier.
    * a dos velas = skint, penniless, broke.
    * a duras penas = with great difficulty.
    * a efectos de = in terms of, for the purpose of + Nombre.
    * a efectos prácticos = to all intents and purposes, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes, to all intents.
    * a él = him.
    * a ellos = them.
    * a escala = drawn-to-scale.
    * a escala industrial = on an industrial scale, industrial-scale.
    * a escala mundial = globally, on a global scale.
    * a escala natural = full-scale.
    * a escondidas = by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the quiet, on the sly.
    * a eso = thereto.
    * a espaldas de = out of sight of.
    * a estas alturas = by now.
    * a este fin = to this end.
    * a este paso = at this rate.
    * a este respecto = in this respect.
    * a este ritmo = at this rate.
    * a estrenar = brand new.
    * a examen = under the microscope.
    * a excepción de = barring, except for, excepting, other than, with the exception of, short of.
    * a excepción de que = except that.
    * a excepción de uno = with one exception.
    * a expensas de = at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense.
    * a expensas de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a expensas de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a + Expresión Temporal = as of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a falta de = for want of, in the absence of, in default of, for lack of, short of.
    * a favor = in favour.
    * a favor de = in favour of.
    * a favor de la decisión personal sobre el aborto = pro-choice.
    * a favor de la esclavitud = pro-slavery.
    * a favor de la raza negra = pro-black [problack].
    * a favor de la vida humana = pro-life.
    * a favor y en contra = pro and con.
    * a + Fecha = as per + Fecha.
    * a finales de = by the end of, at the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Expresión Temporal = as of late + Expresión Temporal, at the end of + Expresión Temporal, by the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Fecha = in the late + Fecha, in late + Fecha.
    * a finales de los + Década = late + Década, the.
    * a finales del + Siglo = late + Siglo, late period of + Siglo.
    * a fin de cuentas = at the end of the day, in the end, in the final count, in the grand scheme of things, when all is said and done, after all is said and done.
    * a fondo = fully, thoroughly, full-scale.
    * a fondo perdido = non-refundable.
    * ¡a freír espárragos! = on your bike!.
    * a fuerza de = by dint of.
    * a fuerza de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a fuerza de errores = the hard way.
    * a gas = gas-powered.
    * a gatas = on all fours.
    * a grandes rasgos = broadly, rough draft.
    * a granel = in bulk.
    * a gran escala = large scale [large-scale], massive, on a wide scale, high-volume, wide-scale, on a broad scale, in a big way, on a grand scale.
    * a gran velocidad = at great speed.
    * a grito limpio = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a grito pelado = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a gritos = vociferously.
    * a groso modo = crudely.
    * a grosso modo = roughly, rough draft.
    * a gusto = at ease, at leisure.
    * a gusto de = to the liking of, at the pleasure of.
    * a horcajadas = astride.
    * a hurtadillas = surreptitiously, by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the sly.
    * a imitación de lo clásico = classicising [classicizing, -USA], classicised [classicized, -USA].
    * a iniciativa de = at the initiative of.
    * a iniciativas del gobierno = government-led.
    * a instancia de = at the urging of.
    * a instancias de = at the instigation of, at the behest of, under the auspices of.
    * a intervalos = at intervals.
    * a intervalos + Adjetivo = at + Adjetivo + intervals.
    * a intervalos semanales = at weekly intervals.
    * a invitación de = at the invitation of.
    * a jabón = soapy [soapier -comp., soapiest -sup.].
    * a juicio = on trial.
    * a juicio público = in the public eye.
    * a juzgar por = to judge by, judging by, judging from.
    * a la acuarela = water-coloured [water-colored, -USA].
    * a la alcaldía = mayoral.
    * a la altura de = of the stature of, equal to.
    * a la altura de la cintura = waist high, waist deep.
    * a la altura de la rodilla = knee-high.
    * a la altura de los hombros = shoulder-high.
    * a la anchura de los hombros = shoulder-width.
    * a la anochecida = at nightfall.
    * a la antigua = old-style.
    * a la antigua usanza = old-style.
    * a la atención de = c/o (care of).
    * a la baja = on the wane.
    * a la brasa = grilled.
    * a la buena de Dios = out in the cold.
    * a la cabeza de = in the forefront of/in.
    * a la caída de la noche = at nightfall, at twilight.
    * a la caída de la tarde = at twilight.
    * a la carta = a la carte.
    * a la defensiva = on the defensive.
    * a la derecha = at the right.
    * a la derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a la deriva = rudderless.
    * a la discreción de = at the discretion of.
    * a la disposición de Alguien = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a la expectativa de = on the lookout for, on the alert for.
    * a la + Expresión Temporal = a + Expresión Temporal.
    * a la fuerza = forcefully, of necessity, forcibly, compulsorily.
    * a la fuga = on the run, on the lam.
    * a la hora de + Infinitivo = when it came to + Gerundio, when it comes to + Gerundio.
    * a la hora de la verdad = when push comes to shove, if it comes to the crunch, when it comes to the crunch, when the worst comes to the worst, if the worst comes to the worst, when the crunch comes to the crunch, if the crunch comes to the crunch.
    * a la hora del café = at coffee.
    * a la intemperie = in the open, exposed.
    * a la inversa = mirror-fashion, mirror image, in reverse.
    * a la izquierda = at the left.
    * a la larga = in the long term, over the long term, in the end, eventually, for the long pull, over a period of time, over the long haul, in the far term, ultimately, by and by.
    * a la ligera = lightly.
    * a la luz de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la luz de la luna = by moonlight, in the moonlight, moonlit.
    * a la luz de las estrellas = by starlight.
    * a la luz de las velas = by candlelight, candlelight, candlelit.
    * a la luz del día = in the light of day.
    * a la luz de una lámpara de gas = by gaslight.
    * a la misma altura que = in the same league as.
    * a la moda = trendy [trendier -comp., trendiest -sup.].
    * a la onda = in the know.
    * a la opinión pública = in the public eye.
    * a la par = in concert, in tandem, neck and neck, in a tandem fashion, in parallel.
    * a la par que = in tandem with, hand in hand (with), as the same time as.
    * a la parrilla = grilled, on the grill.
    * a la perfección = superbly.
    * a la plancha = griddled, on the griddle, on the hotplate.
    * a largo plazo = in the long term, over the long term, long-range, in the long run, long-term, over the long run, over the long haul, long-run, in the far term, far-term.
    * a la salida = on the way out.
    * a la sazón = at that time.
    * a las doce del mediodía = at high noon.
    * a la semana = a week, per week.
    * a las mil maravillas = marvellously [marvelously, -USA], famously, like a house on fire.
    * a la sombra de = in the shadow of.
    * a las puertas de = on the threshold of.
    * a la última = hip [hipper -comp., hippest -sup.], on the fast track, hipped.
    * a la vanguardia = on the cutting edge, on the leading edge, in the fast lane, on the fast track, at the leading edge, on the bleeding edge.
    * a la vanguardia de = in the vanguard of, at the forefront of, in the forefront of/in, at the vanguard of.
    * a la velocidad de la luz = at the speed of light.
    * a la velocidad del rayo = at the speed of lightning.
    * a la velocidad del sonido = at the speed of sound.
    * a la venta = on release.
    * a la vez = at once, at one time, at similar times, at the same time, concurrently, side-by-side, simultaneously, at the same instant, in parallel, in tandem, at the one time, in a tandem fashion, at a time, in unison.
    * a la vez que = hand in hand (with), cum, in conjunction with, in unison with.
    * a la vista = in sight, within sight.
    * a la vista de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la vuelta de = on the return leg of.
    * a la zaga = not far behind, in tow.
    * al azar = lucky draw, lucky dip.
    * al extremo norte = northernmost.
    * al extremo oeste = westernmost.
    * al hacer esto = in doing so.
    * al norte del estado = upstate.
    * a lo extremo = to the extreme.
    * a lo grande = in a big way, big time, grandly, on a grand scale.
    * a lo hecho, pecho = no use crying over spilt/spilled milk, you've made your bed, now you must lie in it!.
    * a lo largo de = along, down, throughout.
    * a lo largo de + Expresión Temporal = sometime + Expresión Temporal.
    * a lo largo de la historia = over time.
    * a lo largo de la ruta = along the way.
    * a lo largo del tiempo = longitudinal, longitudinally.
    * a lo largo de todo = the entire length of.
    * a lo largo y ancho del país = countrywide [country-wide].
    * a lo largo y ancho de + Lugar = up and down + Lugar.
    * a lo lejos = in the distance.
    * a lo loco = helter-skelter, like there's no tomorrow.
    * a lo máximo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * a lo mejor = perhaps.
    * a lo que salga = come what may.
    * a los ojos de = in the eyes of.
    * a lo sumo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * al otro lado del atlántico = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del charco = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del océano = across the pond.
    * a lo zombi = zombielike.
    * a mano = by hand, manually, nearby [near-by], handy, within reach, within easy reach.
    * a mano alzada = by a show of hands.
    * a mano derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a manojos = by the handful.
    * a manos de = at the hands of.
    * a marchas forzadas = in a rush, against the clock.
    * a mares = cats and dogs.
    * a más largo plazo = longer-term.
    * a más..., más... = the + Comparativo..., the + Comparativo....
    * a más tardar = at the latest.
    * a mata caballo = in a hurry, hurried, hurriedly, helter-skelter.
    * a media asta = at half-mast, at half staff.
    * a mediados de = in the middle decades of.
    * a mediados de + Fecha = in the mid + Fecha.
    * a mediados de semana = midweek.
    * a media jornada = half-time [half time].
    * a media mañana = mid-morning.
    * a medianoche = at midnight.
    * a medias = half-hearted [halfhearted], qualified.
    * a medias entre... y... = betwixt and between.
    * a medida = custom, bespoke.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que pasaba el tiempo = as time passed (by), as time went by.
    * a medida que pasa el tiempo = as time passes (by).
    * a medida que pasa + Expresión Temporal = as + Expresión Temporal + go by.
    * a medida que + pasar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + pasar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que se necesite = on demand, on request, as required.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medio abrir = half-opened.
    * a medio camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a medio comprender = half-understood.
    * a medio formar = half-formed.
    * a medio fuego = medium heat.
    * a medio hacer = halfway done, half done.
    * a medio plazo = medium-term, near-term, in the medium term, in the mid-term, mid-term [midterm].
    * a medio rimar = half-rhymed.
    * a medio vestir = half dressed.
    * a menor escala = at a reduced rate.
    * a menos que = unless, short of.
    * a menudo = oftentimes [often times], ofttimes [oft-times].
    * a merced de = at the mercy of.
    * a mí = me.
    * a mi entender = to my mind.
    * a mi modo de ver = in my books.
    * a mi parecer = to my mind, methinks, in my books.
    * a mitad de = half way through, halfway through.
    * a mitad de camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = midway between, half way between... and....
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = astride... and....
    * a mitad de precio = at half price.
    * a mí también me gustaría tener la misma oportunidad = turnabout is fair play.
    * a modo de = by way of, in the vein of, as a kind of.
    * a modo de aclaración = in parenthesis, on a sidenote.
    * a modo de advertencia = cautionary.
    * a modo de ejemplo = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de explicación = parenthetically.
    * a modo de ilustración = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de inciso = in passing, by the way of (a) digression.
    * a modo de paréntesis = parenthetical.
    * a modo de prólogo = prefatory.
    * a modo de resumen = wrap-up.
    * a mogollón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montones = in droves, by the sackful.
    * a muchos niveles = many-levelled [many-leveled, -USA].
    * a muerte = bitter, bitterly.
    * a nadie le importa nada = nobody + gives a damn.
    * a nivel de barrio = neighbourhood-based.
    * a nivel de calle = on the ground level.
    * a nivel de la calle = at ground level.
    * a nivel del suelo = at ground level.
    * a nivel estatal = statewide [state-wide].
    * a nivel federal = federally, federally.
    * a nivel individual = privately.
    * a nivel local = locally, domestically.
    * a nivel multicultural = multi-culturally [multiculturally].
    * a nivel mundial = worldwide [world-wide], globally.
    * a nivel nacional = nationally, domestically, countrywide [country-wide].
    * a nivel privado = privately.
    * a nivel regional = regionally.
    * a nombre de = payable to.
    * a no ser que = unless.
    * a nosotros = us.
    * a ojo = ocular.
    * a ojos vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a orillas del océano = oceanfront.
    * a orillas del río = riverfront.
    * a orillas de un lago = lakeside, lakefront, by the lakeside.
    * a otro sitio = somewhere else.
    * a pares = in pairs.
    * a partes iguales = share and share alike, in equal measure(s).
    * a partir de = on the basis of, based on, working from, from, on a diet of, in response to.
    * a partir de ahora = from now on, from this point on, henceforth, as of now.
    * a partir de ahora y durante + Cuantificador + años = for + Cuantificador + years to come.
    * a partir de aquí = hereupon.
    * a partir de ello = therefrom.
    * a partir de entonces = from this time on, hereafter, thereafter, whereafter, from then on, thenceforth, henceforth, from that moment on.
    * a partir de ese momento = from that moment on.
    * a partir de este momento = hereinafter.
    * a partir de esto = on this basis, on that basis.
    * a partir de + Fecha = from + Fecha, effective + Fecha.
    * a partir de hoy = as from today.
    * a partir de la medianoche = late night.
    * a partir de los títulos = title-based.
    * a paso de tortuga = at a snail's pace.
    * a paso ligero = on the double.
    * a pasos agigantados = at an exponential rate, at exponential rates, by leaps and bounds.
    * a pedir de boca = without a hitch.
    * a pequeña escala = in a small way, small scale [small-scale].
    * a perpetuidad = in perpetuity.
    * a pesar de (que) = albeit (that), despite, in spite of, notwithstanding, although, despite the fact that, in spite of the fact that.
    * a pesar de todo = all the same, in spite of everything, despite everything, despite it all, in spite of it all, all this said.
    * a pesar de todo + Posesivo + Nombre = for all + Posesivo + Nombre.
    * a petición de = at the request of, at the urging of, at the behest of.
    * a petición del usuario = on demand, on request.
    * a petición popular = by popular demand.
    * a pie = on foot, afoot, dismounted.
    * a pilas = battery-operated.
    * a pique = sinking.
    * a placer = at will.
    * a plena luz del día = in broad daylight.
    * a poca distancia = not far behind.
    * a poca distancia andando = within walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a poca distancia a pie = within an easy walk, within walking distance.
    * a pocos minutos andando = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a pocos minutos a pie = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a porrillo = by the handful.
    * a + Posesivo + aire = to + Posesivo + heart's content.
    * a + Posesivo + alcance = in the ballpark for + Pronombre, in + Posesivo + ballpark range.
    * a + Posesivo + costa = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + cuidado = in + Posesivo + safekeeping.
    * a + Posesivo + discreción = at will, at + Posesivo + discretion.
    * a + Posesivo + disposición = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a + Posesivo + entender = to the best of + Posesivo + belief.
    * a + Posesivo + espaldas = behind + Posesivo + back.
    * a + Posesivo + expensas = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + favor = in + Posesivo + favour, to + Posesivo + credit.
    * a + Posesivo + juicio = in + Posesivo + estimation.
    * a + Posesivo + manera = in + Posesivo + own way.
    * a + Posesivo + saber = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge.
    * a + Posesivo + saber y entender = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge and belief.
    * a + Posesivo + servicio = at + Posesivo + service.
    * a + Posesivo + sorprender = much to + Posesivo + surprise.
    * a + Posesivo + vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a posteriori = reactive, in retrospect, after-the-fact, hindsight, with hindsight, a posteriori, in hindsight.
    * a precio de coste = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de costo = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de ganga = at a steal.
    * a precio especial = at reduced cost, discounted, cut-rate, cut-price.
    * a precio razonable = at reasonable cost(s).
    * a precio reducido = at a discount.
    * a precios competitivos = competitively priced.
    * a precios especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a precios razonables = at affordable prices.
    * a presión = pressurised [pressurized, -USA].
    * a primera hora de la mañana = first thing in the morning.
    * a primera hora de + Período del Día = first thing + Período del Día.
    * a primeras horas de la tarde = late afternoon.
    * a primera vista = on first acquaintance, at first sight, on first inspection, on the face of it, at first blush, at first glance, on the surface, prima facie, first-blush.
    * a primeros de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de los + Década = early + Década, the.
    * a priori = proactive [pro-active], foresight, a priori, on the surface.
    * a prisa = quickly.
    * a propósito = deliberate, for the record, incidentally, intentionally, by the way, in passing, anecdotally, purposely, by design, on purpose, wilfully [willfully, -USA], on a sidenote, studiously, by the way of (a) digression, by the by(e), speaking of which, designedly.
    * a propósito de = apropos of.
    * a propósito de nada = for no specific reason, for no particular reason.
    * a prueba = on trial.
    * a prueba de bombas = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA], bomb-proof.
    * a prueba de conejos = rabbit-proof.
    * a prueba de fallos = fail-safe.
    * a prueba de incendios = fireproof [fire-proof].
    * a prueba de niños = childproof.
    * a prueba de robos = theft proof.
    * a prueba de tornados = tornado proof.
    * a prueba de un tratamiento duro = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA].
    * a prueba de viento = windproof.
    * a puerta cerrada = behind closed doors.
    * a punta de pistola = at gunpoint.
    * a punto de = on the verge of, a heartbeat away from.
    * a punto de + Infinitivo = about to + Infinitivo.
    * a punto de irse a pique = on the rocks.
    * a punto de morir = on + Posesivo + deathbed.
    * a puñados = by the sackful, by the handful.
    * a quemarropa = point blank.
    * a quien madruga, Dios le ayuda = the early bird catches the worm.
    * a quienquiera que = whomever.
    * a rachas = by fits and starts.
    * a ráfagas = in bursts.
    * a raíz de = in the wake of.
    * a rajatabla = to the letter.
    * a ras de = flush with.
    * a ras de la calle = ground-floor.
    * a ras del suelo = at ground level.
    * a rastras = in tow.
    * a ratos = intermittently.
    * a reacción = jet-assisted.
    * a rebosar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a regañadientes = grudgingly, grudging, begrudgingly, unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a régimen = on a diet.
    * a remolque = in tow.
    * a reventar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a saber = namely, viz, to wit.
    * a sabiendas = knowing, knowingly, wilfully [willfully, -USA].
    * a sabiendas de que = on the understanding that.
    * a sacudidas = jerkily.
    * a saltitos = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a salvo = in a safe place, in safekeeping, out of harm's way.
    * a sangre fría = cold-blooded.
    * a ser posible = if possible.
    * a simple vista = by the naked eye, superficially, on first thought.
    * a solas = all by + Reflexivo, by + Reflexivo.
    * a su debido tiempo = in due course, timely, in due time.
    * a sueldo = paid.
    * a su precio normal = at full price.
    * a su propio ritmo = at an individual pace.
    * a su tiempo = in a timely fashion, in due course, in a timely manner.
    * a su vez = Verbo + further, in turn, in its/their turn.
    * a tal efecto = to this effect.
    * a tales efectos = hereto.
    * a tarifa reducida = at reduced cost.
    * a tarifas especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a temperatura ambiente = at room temperature.
    * a tener en cuenta en el futuro = for future reference.
    * a tenor de = in light of, in the face of, in the light of, in view of.
    * a ti = you, thee.
    * a tiempo = in timely fashion, on time, promptly, timely, just in time, in time.
    * a tiempo completo = full-time.
    * a tiempo parcial = part-time.
    * a tientas = in the dark.
    * a tientas y a ciegas = blindly, in the dark.
    * a ti mismo = yourself, thyself.
    * a tiro = within gunshot, within range.
    * a tirones = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a título de = by way of, for the sake of.
    * a título gratuito = gratuitous.
    * a título personal = in a personal capacity, in a private capacity.
    * a toda costa = absolutely, at all costs, come what may, at any cost, at any price.
    * a toda máquina = in the fast lane, fast lane, full steam ahead, at full tilt, full-tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda marcha = at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda mecha = at a rate of knots, full steam ahead, at full blast, at full throttle, at top speed, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda pasta = at a rate of knots.
    * a toda pastilla = in the fast lane, on the fast track, fast lane, overdrive, full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at a rate of knots, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda prueba = unswerving.
    * a todas horas = at all hours, around the clock.
    * a todas luces = patently.
    * a todas partes = far and wide.
    * a toda velocidad = full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a todo alrededor = all round.
    * a todo color = full-colour, in full colour.
    * a todo gas = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo lo largo de = the length of.
    * a todo meter = full steam ahead, at full stretch, at full speed, at full blast, at top speed, at full throttle.
    * a todo ritmo = in full swing, in full force, in full gear.
    * a todos lados = far and wide.
    * a todos los efectos = to all intents and purposes, to all intents, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes.
    * a todos los niveles = at all levels.
    * a todos nosotros = us all.
    * a todos por igual = one size fits all.
    * a todo vapor = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo volumen = at full blast.
    * a tontas y a ciegas = headlong, runaway.
    * a tontas y locas = like there's no tomorrow, without rhyme or reason.
    * a tope = packed to capacity, in the fast lane, fast lane, choc-a-block, chock-full, in full swing, in full gear, packed to the rafters.
    * a trancas y barrancas = with great difficulty, by fits and starts.
    * a través de = by way of, in the form of, through, via, out of, through the agency of.
    * a través de Internet = Internet-based, Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de la historia = over time.
    * a través de la TI = IT-enabled.
    * a través de la web = Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de los años = over the years, down the years.
    * a través de los ojos de = through the eyes of.
    * a través de los siglos = over the centuries.
    * a través del teléfono = call-in.
    * a través del tiempo = over time.
    * a través de operador = operator-assisted.
    * a tres bandas = three pronged.
    * a tres niveles = three-tiered.
    * a troche y moche = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a trompicones = by fits and starts.
    * a tropezones = falteringly, hesitantly, haltingly, jerkily.
    * a trozos = piecewise.
    * ¡A tu salud! = Here's to you!.
    * a última hora = at the last minute, at the eleventh hour, last minute [last-minute], at the very last minute, at the very last moment, at the very last.
    * a últimas horas de la tarde = late evening.
    [b]* a últ
    * * *
    a femenino (pl aes) ( read as [a]) the letter A, a
    * * *
    = for, per, to.

    Ex: The fine policy matrix corresponds to the loan policy matrix, cell for cell.

    Ex: Indexing can thus be achieved at a detailed level, with often many terms per document, with almost no indexing effort.
    Ex: Accessibility to the documents stored in files is an important factor, so the physical storage is important.
    * a + Adjetivo + escala = on a + Adjetivo + scale.
    * a alguna parte = someplace.
    * a alta presión = high-pressured, high-pressure.
    * a altas horas de la noche = late at night.
    * a ambas orillas del Atlántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de = on either side of.
    * a ambos lados del Altántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de + Lugar = on both sides of + Lugar.
    * a años luz de = light years away from.
    * a bajas temperaturas = at low temperature.
    * a bajo coste = low-cost.
    * a bajo costo = low-cost.
    * a bajo nivel = low-level.
    * a bajo precio = lower-cost, at a low price, on the cheap.
    * a base de = in the form of, on a diet of.
    * a base de carne = meaty [meatier -comp., meatiest -sup.].
    * a base de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a base de errores = the hard way.
    * a boca de jarro = at close range.
    * a bocajarro = point blank.
    * a bombo y platillo = fanfare, with a bang.
    * a bordo = aboard, on board ship.
    * a bordo de = aboard, onboard.
    * a bordo de un barco = shipboard, on board ship.
    * a buen recaudo = in a safe place, in safekeeping.
    * a caballo = on horseback, astride.
    * a caballo entre = astride... and..., midway between.
    * a caballo entre... y... = half way between... and....
    * a caballo regalado no se le mira el diente = never look a gift horse in the mouth.
    * a cada rato = every so often, every now and then, every now and again, every once in a while.
    * a cambio = in return.
    * a cambio de = in exchange for, in return for.
    * a cambio de nada = for nothing.
    * a cántaros = cats and dogs.
    * a cargo = in the saddle.
    * a cargo (de) = charged with, in charge (of), at the helm (of).
    * a cargo de Alguien = under supervision.
    * a cargo de las riendas = in the saddle.
    * a cargo del ayuntamiento = local authority-run.
    * a cargo del gobierno = government-operated, government-run.
    * a cargo de una sola persona = one-man band.
    * a cargo de voluntarios = volunteer-run.
    * a chorros = profusely.
    * a ciegas = blindfold, blindly, blindfolded, in the dark.
    * a ciencia cierta = for sure, for certain.
    * a cierta distancia = some distance away.
    * a cierta distancia de = off.
    * a cierta distancia de la costa = offshore.
    * a cierta distancia del litoral = offshore.
    * a cobro revertido = reverse charges.
    * a color = multi-colour [multi-color -USA].
    * a comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = early + Expresión Temporal, the.
    * a comienzos de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha, in the early part of + Fecha.
    * a comienzos de + Período de Tiempo = by the turn of + Período de Tiempo, at the turn of + Período de Tiempo.
    * a conciencia = deliberately, wilfully [willfully, -USA], by design, on purpose.
    * a condición de que + Subjuntivo = provided (that), providing (that), as long as.
    * a contenido enriquecido = content-enriched.
    * a continuación = next, then, in the following, herewith.
    * a continuación se enumeran = given below.
    * a contracorriente = against the grain.
    * a contraluz = against the light.
    * a contrapelo = against the grain, against the nap.
    * a coro = with one voice, in unison.
    * a corto plazo = before very long, short term [short-term], in the short run, short-range, at short notice, in the short term, short-run.
    * a costa de = at the cost of, at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense, at cost of.
    * a costa de mucho = at (a) great expense.
    * a costa de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a costa de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a criterio de = at the discretion of.
    * a cualquier hora = anytime, around the clock.
    * a cualquier hora del día o de la noche = at any hour of the day or night, at any time of the day or night.
    * a cualquier precio = at any cost, at all costs, at any price.
    * a cuatro aguas = hipped.
    * a cuatro patas = on all fours, on four legs.
    * a cuenta de = at the expense of.
    * a cuenta de la empresa = at company expense.
    * a cuenta de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a cuenta de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a cuenta propia = at + Posesivo + expense, at + Posesivo + own expense.
    * a cuerpo de rey = the lap of luxury.
    * a cuestas = in tow.
    * a decir de todos = by all accounts.
    * a decir verdad = to tell the truth, if the truth be known, if the truth be told, in all truth, in truth, fact is, the fact is (that), to be fair.
    * a decir verdad... = the fact of the matter is that....
    * a demanda = pro re nata.
    * a deshora(s) = at odd times, out of hours.
    * a día de hoy = as of today.
    * a diario = every day.
    * a diestro y siniestro = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a dieta = on a diet.
    * a diferencia de = apart from, as opposed to, in contradistinction to, as contrasted with, in contrast (to/with), quite apart from, in sharp contrast (with).
    * a diferencia de + Nombre = unlike + Nombre.
    * a diferentes niveles = multi-tiered [multitiered], multi-tier [multitier].
    * a discreción = at will, no holds barred.
    * a disgusto = unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a disposición de = at the disposal of.
    * a distancia = remote, remotely, distantly.
    * a doble espacio = double-spaced.
    * a domicilio = domiciliary.
    * ¿a dónde se dirige(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde va(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde vas? = quo vadis, whither thou goest.
    * a dos niveles = two-tier.
    * a dos velas = skint, penniless, broke.
    * a duras penas = with great difficulty.
    * a efectos de = in terms of, for the purpose of + Nombre.
    * a efectos prácticos = to all intents and purposes, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes, to all intents.
    * a él = him.
    * a ellos = them.
    * a escala = drawn-to-scale.
    * a escala industrial = on an industrial scale, industrial-scale.
    * a escala mundial = globally, on a global scale.
    * a escala natural = full-scale.
    * a escondidas = by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the quiet, on the sly.
    * a eso = thereto.
    * a espaldas de = out of sight of.
    * a estas alturas = by now.
    * a este fin = to this end.
    * a este paso = at this rate.
    * a este respecto = in this respect.
    * a este ritmo = at this rate.
    * a estrenar = brand new.
    * a examen = under the microscope.
    * a excepción de = barring, except for, excepting, other than, with the exception of, short of.
    * a excepción de que = except that.
    * a excepción de uno = with one exception.
    * a expensas de = at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense.
    * a expensas de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a expensas de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a + Expresión Temporal = as of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a falta de = for want of, in the absence of, in default of, for lack of, short of.
    * a favor = in favour.
    * a favor de = in favour of.
    * a favor de la decisión personal sobre el aborto = pro-choice.
    * a favor de la esclavitud = pro-slavery.
    * a favor de la raza negra = pro-black [problack].
    * a favor de la vida humana = pro-life.
    * a favor y en contra = pro and con.
    * a + Fecha = as per + Fecha.
    * a finales de = by the end of, at the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Expresión Temporal = as of late + Expresión Temporal, at the end of + Expresión Temporal, by the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Fecha = in the late + Fecha, in late + Fecha.
    * a finales de los + Década = late + Década, the.
    * a finales del + Siglo = late + Siglo, late period of + Siglo.
    * a fin de cuentas = at the end of the day, in the end, in the final count, in the grand scheme of things, when all is said and done, after all is said and done.
    * a fondo = fully, thoroughly, full-scale.
    * a fondo perdido = non-refundable.
    * ¡a freír espárragos! = on your bike!.
    * a fuerza de = by dint of.
    * a fuerza de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a fuerza de errores = the hard way.
    * a gas = gas-powered.
    * a gatas = on all fours.
    * a grandes rasgos = broadly, rough draft.
    * a granel = in bulk.
    * a gran escala = large scale [large-scale], massive, on a wide scale, high-volume, wide-scale, on a broad scale, in a big way, on a grand scale.
    * a gran velocidad = at great speed.
    * a grito limpio = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a grito pelado = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a gritos = vociferously.
    * a groso modo = crudely.
    * a grosso modo = roughly, rough draft.
    * a gusto = at ease, at leisure.
    * a gusto de = to the liking of, at the pleasure of.
    * a horcajadas = astride.
    * a hurtadillas = surreptitiously, by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the sly.
    * a imitación de lo clásico = classicising [classicizing, -USA], classicised [classicized, -USA].
    * a iniciativa de = at the initiative of.
    * a iniciativas del gobierno = government-led.
    * a instancia de = at the urging of.
    * a instancias de = at the instigation of, at the behest of, under the auspices of.
    * a intervalos = at intervals.
    * a intervalos + Adjetivo = at + Adjetivo + intervals.
    * a intervalos semanales = at weekly intervals.
    * a invitación de = at the invitation of.
    * a jabón = soapy [soapier -comp., soapiest -sup.].
    * a juicio = on trial.
    * a juicio público = in the public eye.
    * a juzgar por = to judge by, judging by, judging from.
    * a la acuarela = water-coloured [water-colored, -USA].
    * a la alcaldía = mayoral.
    * a la altura de = of the stature of, equal to.
    * a la altura de la cintura = waist high, waist deep.
    * a la altura de la rodilla = knee-high.
    * a la altura de los hombros = shoulder-high.
    * a la anchura de los hombros = shoulder-width.
    * a la anochecida = at nightfall.
    * a la antigua = old-style.
    * a la antigua usanza = old-style.
    * a la atención de = c/o (care of).
    * a la baja = on the wane.
    * a la brasa = grilled.
    * a la buena de Dios = out in the cold.
    * a la cabeza de = in the forefront of/in.
    * a la caída de la noche = at nightfall, at twilight.
    * a la caída de la tarde = at twilight.
    * a la carta = a la carte.
    * a la defensiva = on the defensive.
    * a la derecha = at the right.
    * a la derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a la deriva = rudderless.
    * a la discreción de = at the discretion of.
    * a la disposición de Alguien = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a la expectativa de = on the lookout for, on the alert for.
    * a la + Expresión Temporal = a + Expresión Temporal.
    * a la fuerza = forcefully, of necessity, forcibly, compulsorily.
    * a la fuga = on the run, on the lam.
    * a la hora de + Infinitivo = when it came to + Gerundio, when it comes to + Gerundio.
    * a la hora de la verdad = when push comes to shove, if it comes to the crunch, when it comes to the crunch, when the worst comes to the worst, if the worst comes to the worst, when the crunch comes to the crunch, if the crunch comes to the crunch.
    * a la hora del café = at coffee.
    * a la intemperie = in the open, exposed.
    * a la inversa = mirror-fashion, mirror image, in reverse.
    * a la izquierda = at the left.
    * a la larga = in the long term, over the long term, in the end, eventually, for the long pull, over a period of time, over the long haul, in the far term, ultimately, by and by.
    * a la ligera = lightly.
    * a la luz de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la luz de la luna = by moonlight, in the moonlight, moonlit.
    * a la luz de las estrellas = by starlight.
    * a la luz de las velas = by candlelight, candlelight, candlelit.
    * a la luz del día = in the light of day.
    * a la luz de una lámpara de gas = by gaslight.
    * a la mano de = available at the fingertips of.
    * a la misma altura que = in the same league as.
    * a la moda = trendy [trendier -comp., trendiest -sup.].
    * a la onda = in the know.
    * a la opinión pública = in the public eye.
    * a la par = in concert, in tandem, neck and neck, in a tandem fashion, in parallel.
    * a la par que = in tandem with, hand in hand (with), as the same time as.
    * a la parrilla = grilled, on the grill.
    * a la perfección = superbly.
    * a la plancha = griddled, on the griddle, on the hotplate.
    * a largo plazo = in the long term, over the long term, long-range, in the long run, long-term, over the long run, over the long haul, long-run, in the far term, far-term.
    * a la salida = on the way out.
    * a la sazón = at that time.
    * a las doce del mediodía = at high noon.
    * a la semana = a week, per week.
    * a las mil maravillas = marvellously [marvelously, -USA], famously, like a house on fire.
    * a la sombra de = in the shadow of.
    * a las puertas de = on the threshold of.
    * a la última = hip [hipper -comp., hippest -sup.], on the fast track, hipped.
    * a la vanguardia = on the cutting edge, on the leading edge, in the fast lane, on the fast track, at the leading edge, on the bleeding edge.
    * a la vanguardia de = in the vanguard of, at the forefront of, in the forefront of/in, at the vanguard of.
    * a la velocidad de la luz = at the speed of light.
    * a la velocidad del rayo = at the speed of lightning.
    * a la velocidad del sonido = at the speed of sound.
    * a la venta = on release.
    * a la vez = at once, at one time, at similar times, at the same time, concurrently, side-by-side, simultaneously, at the same instant, in parallel, in tandem, at the one time, in a tandem fashion, at a time, in unison.
    * a la vez que = hand in hand (with), cum, in conjunction with, in unison with.
    * a la vista = in sight, within sight.
    * a la vista de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la vuelta de = on the return leg of.
    * a la zaga = not far behind, in tow.
    * al azar = lucky draw, lucky dip.
    * al extremo norte = northernmost.
    * al extremo oeste = westernmost.
    * al hacer esto = in doing so.
    * al norte del estado = upstate.
    * a lo extremo = to the extreme.
    * a lo grande = in a big way, big time, grandly, on a grand scale.
    * a lo hecho, pecho = no use crying over spilt/spilled milk, you've made your bed, now you must lie in it!.
    * a lo largo de = along, down, throughout.
    * a lo largo de + Expresión Temporal = sometime + Expresión Temporal.
    * a lo largo de la historia = over time.
    * a lo largo de la ruta = along the way.
    * a lo largo del tiempo = longitudinal, longitudinally.
    * a lo largo de todo = the entire length of.
    * a lo largo y ancho del país = countrywide [country-wide].
    * a lo largo y ancho de + Lugar = up and down + Lugar.
    * a lo lejos = in the distance.
    * a lo loco = helter-skelter, like there's no tomorrow.
    * a lo máximo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * a lo mejor = perhaps.
    * a lo que salga = come what may.
    * a los ojos de = in the eyes of.
    * a lo sumo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * al otro lado del atlántico = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del charco = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del océano = across the pond.
    * a lo zombi = zombielike.
    * a mano = by hand, manually, nearby [near-by], handy, within reach, within easy reach.
    * a mano alzada = by a show of hands.
    * a mano derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a manojos = by the handful.
    * a manos de = at the hands of.
    * a marchas forzadas = in a rush, against the clock.
    * a mares = cats and dogs.
    * a más largo plazo = longer-term.
    * a más..., más... = the + Comparativo..., the + Comparativo....
    * a más tardar = at the latest.
    * a mata caballo = in a hurry, hurried, hurriedly, helter-skelter.
    * a media asta = at half-mast, at half staff.
    * a mediados de = in the middle decades of.
    * a mediados de + Fecha = in the mid + Fecha.
    * a mediados de semana = midweek.
    * a media jornada = half-time [half time].
    * a media mañana = mid-morning.
    * a medianoche = at midnight.
    * a medias = half-hearted [halfhearted], qualified.
    * a medias entre... y... = betwixt and between.
    * a medida = custom, bespoke.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que pasaba el tiempo = as time passed (by), as time went by.
    * a medida que pasa el tiempo = as time passes (by).
    * a medida que pasa + Expresión Temporal = as + Expresión Temporal + go by.
    * a medida que + pasar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + pasar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que se necesite = on demand, on request, as required.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medio abrir = half-opened.
    * a medio camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a medio comprender = half-understood.
    * a medio formar = half-formed.
    * a medio fuego = medium heat.
    * a medio hacer = halfway done, half done.
    * a medio plazo = medium-term, near-term, in the medium term, in the mid-term, mid-term [midterm].
    * a medio rimar = half-rhymed.
    * a medio vestir = half dressed.
    * a menor escala = at a reduced rate.
    * a menos que = unless, short of.
    * a menudo = oftentimes [often times], ofttimes [oft-times].
    * a merced de = at the mercy of.
    * a mí = me.
    * a mi entender = to my mind.
    * a mi modo de ver = in my books.
    * a mi parecer = to my mind, methinks, in my books.
    * a mitad de = half way through, halfway through.
    * a mitad de camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = midway between, half way between... and....
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = astride... and....
    * a mitad de precio = at half price.
    * a mí también me gustaría tener la misma oportunidad = turnabout is fair play.
    * a modo de = by way of, in the vein of, as a kind of.
    * a modo de aclaración = in parenthesis, on a sidenote.
    * a modo de advertencia = cautionary.
    * a modo de ejemplo = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de explicación = parenthetically.
    * a modo de ilustración = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de inciso = in passing, by the way of (a) digression.
    * a modo de paréntesis = parenthetical.
    * a modo de prólogo = prefatory.
    * a modo de resumen = wrap-up.
    * a mogollón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montones = in droves, by the sackful.
    * a muchos niveles = many-levelled [many-leveled, -USA].
    * a muerte = bitter, bitterly.
    * a nadie le importa nada = nobody + gives a damn.
    * a nivel de barrio = neighbourhood-based.
    * a nivel de calle = on the ground level.
    * a nivel de la calle = at ground level.
    * a nivel del suelo = at ground level.
    * a nivel estatal = statewide [state-wide].
    * a nivel federal = federally, federally.
    * a nivel individual = privately.
    * a nivel local = locally, domestically.
    * a nivel multicultural = multi-culturally [multiculturally].
    * a nivel mundial = worldwide [world-wide], globally.
    * a nivel nacional = nationally, domestically, countrywide [country-wide].
    * a nivel privado = privately.
    * a nivel regional = regionally.
    * a nombre de = payable to.
    * a no ser que = unless.
    * a nosotros = us.
    * a ojo = ocular.
    * a ojos vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a orillas del océano = oceanfront.
    * a orillas del río = riverfront.
    * a orillas de un lago = lakeside, lakefront, by the lakeside.
    * a otro sitio = somewhere else.
    * a pares = in pairs.
    * a partes iguales = share and share alike, in equal measure(s).
    * a partir de = on the basis of, based on, working from, from, on a diet of, in response to.
    * a partir de ahora = from now on, from this point on, henceforth, as of now.
    * a partir de ahora y durante + Cuantificador + años = for + Cuantificador + years to come.
    * a partir de aquí = hereupon.
    * a partir de ello = therefrom.
    * a partir de entonces = from this time on, hereafter, thereafter, whereafter, from then on, thenceforth, henceforth, from that moment on.
    * a partir de ese momento = from that moment on.
    * a partir de este momento = hereinafter.
    * a partir de esto = on this basis, on that basis.
    * a partir de + Fecha = from + Fecha, effective + Fecha.
    * a partir de hoy = as from today.
    * a partir de la medianoche = late night.
    * a partir de los títulos = title-based.
    * a paso de tortuga = at a snail's pace.
    * a paso ligero = on the double.
    * a pasos agigantados = at an exponential rate, at exponential rates, by leaps and bounds.
    * a pedir de boca = without a hitch.
    * a pequeña escala = in a small way, small scale [small-scale].
    * a perpetuidad = in perpetuity.
    * a pesar de (que) = albeit (that), despite, in spite of, notwithstanding, although, despite the fact that, in spite of the fact that.
    * a pesar de todo = all the same, in spite of everything, despite everything, despite it all, in spite of it all, all this said.
    * a pesar de todo + Posesivo + Nombre = for all + Posesivo + Nombre.
    * a petición de = at the request of, at the urging of, at the behest of.
    * a petición del usuario = on demand, on request.
    * a petición popular = by popular demand.
    * a pie = on foot, afoot, dismounted.
    * a pilas = battery-operated.
    * a pique = sinking.
    * a placer = at will.
    * a plena luz del día = in broad daylight.
    * a poca distancia = not far behind.
    * a poca distancia andando = within walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a poca distancia a pie = within an easy walk, within walking distance.
    * a pocos minutos andando = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a pocos minutos a pie = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a porrillo = by the handful.
    * a + Posesivo + aire = to + Posesivo + heart's content.
    * a + Posesivo + alcance = in the ballpark for + Pronombre, in + Posesivo + ballpark range.
    * a + Posesivo + costa = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + cuidado = in + Posesivo + safekeeping.
    * a + Posesivo + discreción = at will, at + Posesivo + discretion.
    * a + Posesivo + disposición = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a + Posesivo + entender = to the best of + Posesivo + belief.
    * a + Posesivo + espaldas = behind + Posesivo + back.
    * a + Posesivo + expensas = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + favor = in + Posesivo + favour, to + Posesivo + credit.
    * a + Posesivo + juicio = in + Posesivo + estimation.
    * a + Posesivo + manera = in + Posesivo + own way.
    * a + Posesivo + saber = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge.
    * a + Posesivo + saber y entender = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge and belief.
    * a + Posesivo + servicio = at + Posesivo + service.
    * a + Posesivo + sorprender = much to + Posesivo + surprise.
    * a + Posesivo + vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a posteriori = reactive, in retrospect, after-the-fact, hindsight, with hindsight, a posteriori, in hindsight.
    * a precio de coste = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de costo = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de ganga = at a steal.
    * a precio especial = at reduced cost, discounted, cut-rate, cut-price.
    * a precio razonable = at reasonable cost(s).
    * a precio reducido = at a discount.
    * a precios competitivos = competitively priced.
    * a precios especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a precios razonables = at affordable prices.
    * a presión = pressurised [pressurized, -USA].
    * a primera hora de la mañana = first thing in the morning.
    * a primera hora de + Período del Día = first thing + Período del Día.
    * a primeras horas de la tarde = late afternoon.
    * a primera vista = on first acquaintance, at first sight, on first inspection, on the face of it, at first blush, at first glance, on the surface, prima facie, first-blush.
    * a primeros de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de los + Década = early + Década, the.
    * a priori = proactive [pro-active], foresight, a priori, on the surface.
    * a prisa = quickly.
    * a propósito = deliberate, for the record, incidentally, intentionally, by the way, in passing, anecdotally, purposely, by design, on purpose, wilfully [willfully, -USA], on a sidenote, studiously, by the way of (a) digression, by the by(e), speaking of which, designedly.
    * a propósito de = apropos of.
    * a propósito de nada = for no specific reason, for no particular reason.
    * a prueba = on trial.
    * a prueba de bombas = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA], bomb-proof.
    * a prueba de conejos = rabbit-proof.
    * a prueba de fallos = fail-safe.
    * a prueba de incendios = fireproof [fire-proof].
    * a prueba de niños = childproof.
    * a prueba de robos = theft proof.
    * a prueba de tornados = tornado proof.
    * a prueba de un tratamiento duro = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA].
    * a prueba de viento = windproof.
    * a puerta cerrada = behind closed doors.
    * a punta de pistola = at gunpoint.
    * a punto de = on the verge of, a heartbeat away from.
    * a punto de + Infinitivo = about to + Infinitivo.
    * a punto de irse a pique = on the rocks.
    * a punto de morir = on + Posesivo + deathbed.
    * a puñados = by the sackful, by the handful.
    * a quemarropa = point blank.
    * a quien madruga, Dios le ayuda = the early bird catches the worm.
    * a quienquiera que = whomever.
    * a rachas = by fits and starts.
    * a ráfagas = in bursts.
    * a raíz de = in the wake of.
    * a rajatabla = to the letter.
    * a ras de = flush with.
    * a ras de la calle = ground-floor.
    * a ras del suelo = at ground level.
    * a rastras = in tow.
    * a ratos = intermittently.
    * a reacción = jet-assisted.
    * a rebosar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a regañadientes = grudgingly, grudging, begrudgingly, unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a régimen = on a diet.
    * a remolque = in tow.
    * a reventar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a saber = namely, viz, to wit.
    * a sabiendas = knowing, knowingly, wilfully [willfully, -USA].
    * a sabiendas de que = on the understanding that.
    * a sacudidas = jerkily.
    * a saltitos = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a salvo = in a safe place, in safekeeping, out of harm's way.
    * a sangre fría = cold-blooded.
    * a ser posible = if possible.
    * a simple vista = by the naked eye, superficially, on first thought.
    * a solas = all by + Reflexivo, by + Reflexivo.
    * a su debido tiempo = in due course, timely, in due time.
    * a sueldo = paid.
    * a su precio normal = at full price.
    * a su propio ritmo = at an individual pace.
    * a su tiempo = in a timely fashion, in due course, in a timely manner.
    * a su vez = Verbo + further, in turn, in its/their turn.
    * a tal efecto = to this effect.
    * a tales efectos = hereto.
    * a tarifa reducida = at reduced cost.
    * a tarifas especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a temperatura ambiente = at room temperature.
    * a tener en cuenta en el futuro = for future reference.
    * a tenor de = in light of, in the face of, in the light of, in view of.
    * a ti = you, thee.
    * a tiempo = in timely fashion, on time, promptly, timely, just in time, in time.
    * a tiempo completo = full-time.
    * a tiempo parcial = part-time.
    * a tientas = in the dark.
    * a tientas y a ciegas = blindly, in the dark.
    * a ti mismo = yourself, thyself.
    * a tiro = within gunshot, within range.
    * a tirones = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a título de = by way of, for the sake of.
    * a título gratuito = gratuitous.
    * a título personal = in a personal capacity, in a private capacity.
    * a toda costa = absolutely, at all costs, come what may, at any cost, at any price.
    * a toda máquina = in the fast lane, fast lane, full steam ahead, at full tilt, full-tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda marcha = at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda mecha = at a rate of knots, full steam ahead, at full blast, at full throttle, at top speed, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda pasta = at a rate of knots.
    * a toda pastilla = in the fast lane, on the fast track, fast lane, overdrive, full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at a rate of knots, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda prueba = unswerving.
    * a todas horas = at all hours, around the clock.
    * a todas luces = patently.
    * a todas partes = far and wide.
    * a toda velocidad = full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a todo alrededor = all round.
    * a todo color = full-colour, in full colour.
    * a todo gas = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo lo largo de = the length of.
    * a todo meter = full steam ahead, at full stretch, at full speed, at full blast, at top speed, at full throttle.
    * a todo ritmo = in full swing, in full force, in full gear.
    * a todos lados = far and wide.
    * a todos los efectos = to all intents and purposes, to all intents, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes.
    * a todos los niveles = at all levels.
    * a todos nosotros = us all.
    * a todos por igual = one size fits all.
    * a todo vapor = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo volumen = at full blast.
    * a tontas y a ciegas = headlong, runaway.
    * a tontas y locas = like there's no tomorrow, without rhyme or reason.
    * a tope = packed to capacity, in the fast lane, fast lane, choc-a-block, chock-full, in full swing, in full gear, packed to the rafters.
    * a trancas y barrancas = with great difficulty, by fits and starts.
    * a través de = by way of, in the form of, through, via, out of, through the agency of.
    * a través de Internet = Internet-based, Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de la historia = over time.
    * a través de la TI = IT-enabled.
    * a través de la web = Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de los años = over the years, down the years.
    * a través de los ojos de = through the eyes of.
    * a través de los siglos = over the centuries.
    * a través del teléfono = call-in.
    * a través del tiempo = over time.
    * a través de operador = operator-assisted.
    * a tres bandas = three pronged.
    * a tres niveles = three-tiered.
    * a troche y moche = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a trompicones = by fits and starts.
    * a tropezones = falteringly, hesitantly, haltingly, jerkily.
    * a trozos = piecewise.
    * ¡A tu salud! = Here's to you!.
    * a última hora = at the last minute, at the eleventh hour, last minute [last-minute], at the very last minute, at the very last moment, at the very last.
    * a últimas horas de la tarde = late evening.
    * a últ

    * * *
    a
    La preposición a suele emplearse precedida de ciertos verbos como empezar, ir, oler, sonar etc, en cuyo caso ver bajo el respectivo verbo.
    No se traduce cuando introduce el complemento directo de persona (ser humano, pronombres personales que lo representan como quien, alguien, etc) o un nombre con un objeto o animal personalizado: amo a mi patria = I love my country, pasear al perro = to walk the dog.
    En los casos en que precede al artículo definido el para formar la contracción al, ver bajo la siguiente entrada, donde también se encontrarán otros ejemplos y usos de a.
    A (en relaciones de espacio, lugar)
    voy a México/a la fiesta I'm going to Mexico/to the party
    voy a casa I'm going home
    dobla a la derecha turn right
    se cayó al río she fell into the river
    estaban sentados a la mesa they were sitting at the table
    a orillas del Ebro on the banks of the Ebro
    se sentó al sol he sat in the sun
    se sentó a mi derecha he sat down to the right of me o on my right
    a la vuelta de la esquina around the corner
    queda al norte de Toledo it's (to the) north of Toledo
    3
    (indicando distancia): está a diez kilómetros de aquí it's ten kilometers from here, it's ten kilometers away
    está a unos 20 minutos de aquí it takes o it's about 20 minutes from here, it's a 20 minute drive ( o walk etc) from here
    1 (señalando hora, momento, fecha) at
    abren a las ocho they open at eight o'clock
    ¿a qué hora vengo? what time shall I come?
    a eso de las dos at around o about two o'clock
    a mediados de abril in mid-April
    hoy estamos a 20 it's the 20th today
    al día siguiente the next o following day
    empezó a hablar a los diez meses he started talking when he was ten months old o at ten months
    llegó a la mañana/noche ( RPl); he arrived in the morning/at night
    2 al + INF:
    se cayó al bajar del autobús she fell as she was getting off the bus
    al verlo me di cuenta de que ya no lo quería when I saw him o on seeing him, I realized that I no longer loved him
    al salir de la estación torcí a la izquierda I turned left out of the station
    3
    (indicando distancia en el tiempo): a escasos minutos de su llegada (después) just a few minutes after she arrived; (antes) just a few minutes before she arrived
    trabajan de lunes a viernes/de una a cinco they work (from) Monday to Friday/from one to five
    a los diez minutos del primer tiempo ten minutes into the first half o after ten minutes of the first half
    estaré en París de martes a jueves I'll be in Paris from Tuesday until Thursday, I'll be in Paris Tuesday through Thursday ( AmE)
    C
    (en relaciones de proporción, equivalencia): tres veces al día/a la semana three times a day/a week
    sale a 2.000 euros por cabeza it works out at 2,000 euros per person
    iban a 100 kilómetros por hora they were going (at) 100 kilometers per hour
    nos ganaron cinco a tres they beat us by five points to three, they beat us five three o ( AmE) five to three
    D
    (indicando modo, estilo): fuimos a pie/a caballo we walked/rode, we went on foot/on horseback
    pollo al horno/a la brasa roast/barbecued chicken
    un peinado a lo Rodolfo Valentino a Rudolph Valentino hairstyle
    a crédito on credit
    ilustraciones a todo color full-color illustrations
    una tela a rayas a piece of striped material
    1
    (introduciendo el complemento directo de persona): ¿viste a José? did you see José?
    la policía está buscando al asesino the police are looking for the murderer
    no he leído a Freud I haven't read (any) Freud
    busca una secretaria bilingüe he's looking for a bilingual secretary
    ]
    2
    (introduciendo el complemento indirecto): le escribió una carta a su padre he wrote a letter to his father, he wrote his father a letter
    dáselo/dáselos a ella give it/them to her
    les enseña inglés a mis hijos she teaches my children English
    suave al tacto soft to the touch
    agradable al oído pleasing to the ear
    3
    (indicando procedencia): se lo compré a una gitana I bought it from o ( colloq) off a gipsy
    F
    enséñale a nadar teach him to swim
    fue a preguntar he went to ask
    a que + SUBJ:
    los instó a que participaran he urged them to take part
    voy a ir a que me hagan un chequeo I'm going to go and have a checkup
    2 ( fam)
    (para): ¿a qué tanta ceremonia? what's all the fuss for?
    ¿a qué le fuiste a decir eso? what did you go and tell him that for?
    3
    a por ( Esp fam): bajo a por pan I'm going down to get some bread o for some bread ( colloq)
    ¿quién va a ir a por los niños? who's going to fetch o get the children?
    ¡a por ello! go for it!
    los puntos a tratar en la reunión de mañana the points to be discussed at tomorrow's meeting
    es una idea a tener en cuenta it's an idea to bear in mind o that should be borne in mind
    total a pagar total payable
    horario a convenir hours to be arranged
    H
    1
    (en órdenes): ¡a la cama, niños! off to bed, children!
    ¡a callar! shut up! ( colloq)
    vamos ¡a trabajar! come on, let's get some work done!
    a decir verdad to tell you the truth
    a juzgar por lo que tú dices judging from what you say
    3 ( fam)
    (en cuanto a): a tozudo no hay quien le gane when it comes to being stubborn there's nobody like him
    4
    (indicando causa): a petición del interesado ( frml); at the request of the interested party
    al + INF:
    al no saber idiomas está en desventaja as he doesn't speak any languages he is at a disadvantage, he's at a disadvantage not speaking any languages
    5
    (expresando desafío): ¿a que no sabes qué nota me puso? you'll never guess what mark she gave me!
    tú no te atreverías — ¿a que sí? you wouldn't dare — do you want to o a bet? ( colloq)
    ¡a que no puedes! bet you can't! ( colloq)
    * * *

    Multiple Entries:
    A    
    a
    A,
    a sustantivo femenino (pl aes) (read as /a/) the letter A, a

    a preposición Nota:
    La preposición a suele emplearse precedida de ciertos verbos como empezar, ir, oler, sonar etc, en cuyo caso ver bajo el respectivo verbo.No se traduce cuando introduce el complemento directo de persona (ser humano, pronombres personales que lo representan, como quien, alguien, algún etc) o un nombre con un objeto o animal personalizado: amo a mi patria = I love my country, paseo a mi perro = I walk my dog.En los casos en que precede al artículo definido el para formar la contracción al, ver bajo la siguiente entrada, donde también se encontrarán otros ejemplos y usos de a.
    1

    voy a México/la tienda I'm going to Mexico/to the shop;

    voy a casa I'm going home;
    se cayó al río she fell into the river


    a orillas del Ebro on the banks of the Ebro;
    se sentó al sol he sat in the sun;
    se sentó a mi derecha he sat down on my right


    2
    a) (señalando hora, momento) at;


    a la hora de comer at lunch time;
    ¿a qué hora vengo? what time shall I come?;
    a mediados de abril in mid-April;
    al día siguiente the next o following day

    hoy estamos a lunes/a 20 today is Monday/it's the 20th today

    c) al + inf:


    al enterarse de la noticia when he learnt o on learning the news



    ( antes) a few minutes before she arrived;

    3 (en relaciones de proporción, equivalencia):

    sale a 100 euros cada uno it works out at 100 euros each;
    a 100 kilómetros por hora (at) 100 kilometers per hour;
    nos ganaron cinco a tres they beat us five three o (AmE) five to three
    4 (indicando modo, medio, estilo):
    a pie/a caballo on foot/on horseback;

    a crédito on credit;
    funciona a pilas it runs on batteries;
    a mano by hand;
    a rayas striped;
    vestirse a lo punk to wear punk clothes
    5

    ¿viste a José? did you see José?;

    no he leído a Freud I haven't read (any) Freud


    dáselo a ella give it to her;
    les enseña inglés a mis hijos she teaches my children English;
    le echó (la) llave a la puerta she locked the door

    se lo compré a una gitana I bought it from o (colloq) off a gipsy

    A, a f (letra) A
    'A' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    a. C.
    - a.m.
    - abajeña
    - abajeño
    - abanderada
    - abanderado
    - abandonar
    - abandonada
    - abandonado
    - abanico
    - abarquillada
    - abarquillado
    - abarrotada
    - abarrotado
    - abasto
    - abatida
    - abatido
    - abatirse
    - abdicar
    - aberración
    - abertura
    - abierta
    - abierto
    - abigarrada
    - abigarrado
    - abigarrar
    - ablandar
    - ablusada
    - ablusado
    - abnegada
    - abnegado
    - abobada
    - abobado
    - abocada
    - abocado
    - abogacía
    - abogada
    - abogado
    - abombada
    - abombado
    - abonar
    - abonada
    - abonado
    - abonarse
    - abono
    - abordar
    - abordaje
    - aborregar
    - abortar
    - abortiva
    English:
    A
    - A-level
    - a.m.
    - abandon
    - abandoned
    - abide by
    - ability
    - abject
    - abnormal
    - aboard
    - aborigine
    - abortion
    - abortive
    - about
    - above
    - above-board
    - above-mentioned
    - abrasive
    - abreast
    - abridged
    - abrupt
    - absent
    - absent-minded
    - absolute
    - absolutely
    - absorbed
    - abstemious
    - abstract
    - absurd
    - abundant
    - abuse
    - abusive
    - abysmal
    - academic
    - academy
    - accede
    - accent
    - acceptable
    - access
    - accident-prone
    - accidental
    - accidentally
    - acclimatized
    - accommodate
    - accommodation
    - accomplish
    - accomplished
    - account
    - account for
    - accountable
    * * *
    A
    1. (abrev de autopista) Br M, US freeway
    2. (abrev de alfil) [en notación de ajedrez] B
    A, a [a] nf
    [letra] A, a;
    si por a o por be… if for any reason…
    * * *
    a
    prp
    al este de to the east of;
    a casa home;
    ir a la cama/al cine go to bed/to the movies;
    ¡a trabajar! get to work!;
    vamos a Buenos Aires we’re going to Buenos Aires;
    voy a casa de Marta I’m going to Marta’s (house)
    a la mesa at the table;
    al lado de next to;
    a la derecha on the right;
    al sol in the sun;
    a treinta kilómetros de Cuzco thirty kilometers from Cuzco;
    está a cinco kilómetros it’s five kilometers away
    :
    ¿a qué hora llegas? what time do you arrive?;
    a las tres at three o’clock;
    de once a doce from eleven (o’clock) to twelve;
    estamos a quince de febrero it’s February fifteenth;
    a los treinta años at the age of thirty;
    a la llegada del tren when the train arrives
    :
    a la española the Spanish way;
    a mano by hand;
    a pie on foot;
    a 50 kilómetros por hora at fifty kilometers an hour
    :
    ¿a cómo o
    cuánto está? how much is it?;
    están a dos pesos el kilo they are two pesos a kilo
    :
    dáselo a tu hermano give it to your brother
    :
    vi a mi padre I saw my father
    :
    empezar a begin to;
    jugar a las cartas play cards;
    decidirse a hacer algo decide to do sth;
    voy a comprarlo I’m going to buy it;
    a decir verdad to tell the truth
    :
    ¿a que no lo sabes? I bet you don’t know;
    a ver OK, right;
    a ver lo que pasa ahora let’s see what happens now
    abr (= alias) aka (= also known as)
    * * *
    a nf
    : first letter of the Spanish alphabet
    a prep
    1) : to
    nos vamos a México: we're going to Mexico
    ¿llamaste a tu papá?: did you call your dad?
    como a usted le guste: as you wish
    3) : in the manner of
    papas a la francesa: french fries
    4) : on, by means of
    a pie: on foot
    5) : per, each
    tres pastillas al día: three pills per day
    enséñales a leer: teach them to read
    problemas a resolver: problems to be solved
    * * *
    a prep
    3. (distancia) away
    está a un kilómetro de aquí it's one kilometre from here / it's one kilometre away
    4. (tiempo) at
    5. (distribución, cantidad, medida, precio) a / at
    tocamos a 1.000 cada uno it works out at 1,000 each
    fui a pie I walked / I went on foot
    hecho a mano handmade / made by hand
    ¿has visto a Iván? have you seen Iván?
    9. (para) for
    10. (de) from

    Spanish-English dictionary > a

  • 6 aplicable

    adj.
    applicable.
    * * *
    1 applicable
    * * *
    adj.
    * * *
    ADJ
    1) [crema, pomada] applicable

    "no es aplicable a los niños" — "not to be used on children"

    2) [interés, método] applicable

    un ejemplo aplicable en la mayoría de los casosan example applicable o that can be applied to the majority of cases

    aplicable a algn/algo — applicable to sb/sth

    el 3% de comisión aplicable a los empresarios — the 3% charge applicable to businessmen

    * * *
    adjetivo applicable
    * * *
    = applicable, generalisable [generalizable, -USA], deployable, enforceable.
    Ex. Although it covers all knowledge it has been designed to be specifically applicable to the collections in school libraries.
    Ex. A study to determine whether that model is generalisable to other types of libraries was conducted in academic, public, and school libraries.
    Ex. In addition, it should be deployable for new languages an order of magnitude more quickly than traditional technologies.
    Ex. By-laws are prohibitive -- ie they tell people what they are not allowed to do -- and they are enforceable at law.
    ----
    * legislación aplicable = governing law.
    * * *
    adjetivo applicable
    * * *
    = applicable, generalisable [generalizable, -USA], deployable, enforceable.

    Ex: Although it covers all knowledge it has been designed to be specifically applicable to the collections in school libraries.

    Ex: A study to determine whether that model is generalisable to other types of libraries was conducted in academic, public, and school libraries.
    Ex: In addition, it should be deployable for new languages an order of magnitude more quickly than traditional technologies.
    Ex: By-laws are prohibitive -- ie they tell people what they are not allowed to do -- and they are enforceable at law.
    * legislación aplicable = governing law.

    * * *
    applicable
    * * *

    aplicable adjetivo
    applicable
    ' aplicable' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    extensiva
    - extensivo
    English:
    applicable
    - inapplicable
    * * *
    applicable (a to)
    * * *
    adj applicable
    * * *
    : applicable

    Spanish-English dictionary > aplicable

  • 7 apoyar

    v.
    1 to lean, to rest.
    apoya la cabeza en mi hombro rest your head on my shoulder
    apoyó la bicicleta contra la pared she leant the bicycle against the wall
    Ricardo apoya su cabeza sobre la silla Richard leans his head on the chair.
    2 to support.
    lo apoyó mucho durante su depresión she gave him a lot of support when he was depressed
    3 to back up, to stand up for, to advocate, to endorse.
    Ella apoya los proyectos ecológicos She backs up ecological projects.
    4 to prop, to uphold, to backstop.
    Ella apoyó las vigas en la pared She propped the beams on the wall.
    * * *
    1 to lean, rest
    2 (fundar) to base, found
    3 figurado (defender algo) to support; (defender a alguien) to back, support
    1 (descansar) to lean (en, on), rest (en, on), stand (en, on)
    2 (dar el brazo) to hold on (en, to)
    3 figurado (basarse) to be based (en, on)
    ¿en qué te apoyas para decir eso? what do you base your arguments on?
    * * *
    verb
    1) to support, back
    2) rest, lean
    * * *
    1. VT
    1) (=reclinar) to rest, lean

    apoya la cabeza en mi hombrorest o lean your head on my shoulder

    no apoyes los codos en la mesadon't put o lean your elbows on the table

    2) (=ayudar) to support
    3) (=basar) to base
    4) (=secundar) [+ propuesta, idea] to support
    5) (Arquit, Téc) to support
    2.
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    1) ( hacer descansar) to rest

    apóyalo contra la paredlean o rest it against the wall

    2)
    a) ( respaldar) <propuesta/persona> to back, support

    nadie la apoyó en su iniciativano one backed o supported her initiative

    b) < teoría> to support, bear out
    2.
    apoyarse v pron
    1) (para sostenerse, descansar)
    2) (basarse, fundarse)

    ¿en qué se apoya para hacer tal acusación? — what are you basing your accusation on?

    * * *
    = back, boost, endorse, espouse, give + support, give + weight to, lend + weight to, offer + support, support, sustain, align + Reflexivo + with, prop, buttress, lend + support, undergird, bolster, add + weight to, add + Posesivo + weight to, buy into, shore up, back into, second, ditto, stand by, rally (a)round, rally behind, plump for, forward, back + Nombre + up.
    Ex. Co-operative, carefully planned and financed internationally backed efforts have been the keynote of more recent activity.
    Ex. If the title is selected by a book club this helps boost the print-run and overall sales.
    Ex. These rules follow a general trend in filing practices in endorsing the 'file-as-is' principle outlined below.
    Ex. Most respondents espoused the latter view as an appropriate response to IT developments to date.
    Ex. If support for quality cataloging is not going to be given, I think we should give it up entirely.
    Ex. The resulting compromise in the overall design principles followed is, therefore, likely to give greater weight to these conventional needs.
    Ex. They can bring into relief differing conditions in member countries and they often lend weight to arguments for or against various policy options.
    Ex. I have many people to acknowledge, beginning with my co-editor who offered untiring support and many useful suggestions in putting together the institutes.
    Ex. In order to support these three elements, and to ensure that schemes are updated it is important to have some organisation which takes responsibility for revision and publication.
    Ex. Publishers in the United Stated benefit from a larger home market which serves to sustain the production of an information tool.
    Ex. This article argues that fiction is an area of stock development which would readily achieve the goals of development with which public librarians have aligned themselves.
    Ex. The type cases were propped up for use on a timber frame at a convenient working height.
    Ex. Authors were often buttressed in their novel writing by other pieces of freelance writing.
    Ex. The librarian who lends support to those who criticize the organization which employs him is likely also to find his position difficult.
    Ex. Both libraries sought to undergird their partnership essential to a central role in collegiate education.
    Ex. Bibliometric studies used to bolster the subjective opinions of librarians are not always useful for specialized areas.
    Ex. Measurement of library activities can provide the evidence to erase misconceptions and add weight to those aspects of service that present a more powerful image = La medición de las actividades bibliotecarias puede proporcionar las pruebas necesarias para erradicar falsas ideas y apoyar aquellos aspectos del servicio que presentan una mejor imagen de la biblioteca.
    Ex. But the unions were able to add their weight to the authority of the parliamentary investigators in bringing the worst excesses of unregulated apprenticeship and of working conditions under control = No obstante, los sindicatos pudieron reforzar la autoridad de los investigadores parlamentarios para controlar los peores excesos que se cometían en el aprendizaje de un oficio y las condiciones laborales sin regularizar.
    Ex. The vendor, like the academic librarian it services, it must buy into the mission of the academic institution.
    Ex. This project seeks to return control of scholarly publications to the academy and to shore up the case for publication of genuine scholarly works.
    Ex. To the best of my knowledge, most of the big research libraries backed into the world of media = Según mi opinión, la mayoría de las bibliotecas académicas apostaron por adquirir todo tipo de soporte.
    Ex. Most of the proposals for establishing gender studies were seconded.
    Ex. I received mine yesterday and I'll ditto the fact that they look very professional.
    Ex. It's hard to believe she stands by a man who gets his kicks out of beating her black and blue everynight.
    Ex. I recalled how bereft we felt when we lost our son and how friends and neighbours rallied round and offered a shoulder to cry on.
    Ex. The second group, who rallied behind McCarthy, was composed of students and intellectuals who were vociferous against the war.
    Ex. There is some discussion as to what RSS stands for, but the majority plump for 'Really Simple Syndication'.
    Ex. In order to forward the mission of the University, specific programs will be targeted for growth, consolidation, and possible elimination.
    Ex. Often they use rather fancy words, such as 'theoretical models' or 'constructs' or 'paradigms' to describe what are, very frequently, no more than hypothetical ideas or categorisations which have little empirical evidence to back them up.
    ----
    * apoyar Algo completamente = put + Posesivo + muscle behind + Nombre.
    * apoyar de nuevo = reendorse.
    * apoyar en = lean against.
    * apoyar la idea = endorse + the idea.
    * apoyar la necesidad de = endorse + the need (for/to).
    * apoyar + Posesivo + argumento = support + Posesivo + case, buttress + Posesivo + case.
    * apoyarse en = lean on/upon, inform.
    * apoyarse sobre = rest on/upon.
    * apoyar una causa = forward + cause, support + cause.
    * apoyar una idea = favour + idea.
    * apoyar una opinión = support + contention.
    * apoyar un argumento = support + contention.
    * apoyar una tesis = give + weight to the claim that.
    * persona que apoya una moción o propuesta = seconder.
    * que apoya moralmente = supportive.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    1) ( hacer descansar) to rest

    apóyalo contra la paredlean o rest it against the wall

    2)
    a) ( respaldar) <propuesta/persona> to back, support

    nadie la apoyó en su iniciativano one backed o supported her initiative

    b) < teoría> to support, bear out
    2.
    apoyarse v pron
    1) (para sostenerse, descansar)
    2) (basarse, fundarse)

    ¿en qué se apoya para hacer tal acusación? — what are you basing your accusation on?

    * * *
    = back, boost, endorse, espouse, give + support, give + weight to, lend + weight to, offer + support, support, sustain, align + Reflexivo + with, prop, buttress, lend + support, undergird, bolster, add + weight to, add + Posesivo + weight to, buy into, shore up, back into, second, ditto, stand by, rally (a)round, rally behind, plump for, forward, back + Nombre + up.

    Ex: Co-operative, carefully planned and financed internationally backed efforts have been the keynote of more recent activity.

    Ex: If the title is selected by a book club this helps boost the print-run and overall sales.
    Ex: These rules follow a general trend in filing practices in endorsing the 'file-as-is' principle outlined below.
    Ex: Most respondents espoused the latter view as an appropriate response to IT developments to date.
    Ex: If support for quality cataloging is not going to be given, I think we should give it up entirely.
    Ex: The resulting compromise in the overall design principles followed is, therefore, likely to give greater weight to these conventional needs.
    Ex: They can bring into relief differing conditions in member countries and they often lend weight to arguments for or against various policy options.
    Ex: I have many people to acknowledge, beginning with my co-editor who offered untiring support and many useful suggestions in putting together the institutes.
    Ex: In order to support these three elements, and to ensure that schemes are updated it is important to have some organisation which takes responsibility for revision and publication.
    Ex: Publishers in the United Stated benefit from a larger home market which serves to sustain the production of an information tool.
    Ex: This article argues that fiction is an area of stock development which would readily achieve the goals of development with which public librarians have aligned themselves.
    Ex: The type cases were propped up for use on a timber frame at a convenient working height.
    Ex: Authors were often buttressed in their novel writing by other pieces of freelance writing.
    Ex: The librarian who lends support to those who criticize the organization which employs him is likely also to find his position difficult.
    Ex: Both libraries sought to undergird their partnership essential to a central role in collegiate education.
    Ex: Bibliometric studies used to bolster the subjective opinions of librarians are not always useful for specialized areas.
    Ex: Measurement of library activities can provide the evidence to erase misconceptions and add weight to those aspects of service that present a more powerful image = La medición de las actividades bibliotecarias puede proporcionar las pruebas necesarias para erradicar falsas ideas y apoyar aquellos aspectos del servicio que presentan una mejor imagen de la biblioteca.
    Ex: But the unions were able to add their weight to the authority of the parliamentary investigators in bringing the worst excesses of unregulated apprenticeship and of working conditions under control = No obstante, los sindicatos pudieron reforzar la autoridad de los investigadores parlamentarios para controlar los peores excesos que se cometían en el aprendizaje de un oficio y las condiciones laborales sin regularizar.
    Ex: The vendor, like the academic librarian it services, it must buy into the mission of the academic institution.
    Ex: This project seeks to return control of scholarly publications to the academy and to shore up the case for publication of genuine scholarly works.
    Ex: To the best of my knowledge, most of the big research libraries backed into the world of media = Según mi opinión, la mayoría de las bibliotecas académicas apostaron por adquirir todo tipo de soporte.
    Ex: Most of the proposals for establishing gender studies were seconded.
    Ex: I received mine yesterday and I'll ditto the fact that they look very professional.
    Ex: It's hard to believe she stands by a man who gets his kicks out of beating her black and blue everynight.
    Ex: I recalled how bereft we felt when we lost our son and how friends and neighbours rallied round and offered a shoulder to cry on.
    Ex: The second group, who rallied behind McCarthy, was composed of students and intellectuals who were vociferous against the war.
    Ex: There is some discussion as to what RSS stands for, but the majority plump for 'Really Simple Syndication'.
    Ex: In order to forward the mission of the University, specific programs will be targeted for growth, consolidation, and possible elimination.
    Ex: Often they use rather fancy words, such as 'theoretical models' or 'constructs' or 'paradigms' to describe what are, very frequently, no more than hypothetical ideas or categorisations which have little empirical evidence to back them up.
    * apoyar Algo completamente = put + Posesivo + muscle behind + Nombre.
    * apoyar de nuevo = reendorse.
    * apoyar en = lean against.
    * apoyar la idea = endorse + the idea.
    * apoyar la necesidad de = endorse + the need (for/to).
    * apoyar + Posesivo + argumento = support + Posesivo + case, buttress + Posesivo + case.
    * apoyarse en = lean on/upon, inform.
    * apoyarse sobre = rest on/upon.
    * apoyar una causa = forward + cause, support + cause.
    * apoyar una idea = favour + idea.
    * apoyar una opinión = support + contention.
    * apoyar un argumento = support + contention.
    * apoyar una tesis = give + weight to the claim that.
    * persona que apoya una moción o propuesta = seconder.
    * que apoya moralmente = supportive.

    * * *
    apoyar [A1 ]
    vt
    apoya la escalera contra la pared lean o rest the ladder against the wall
    con la cabeza apoyada en su hombro with her head resting on his shoulder
    no se debe apoyar los codos sobre la mesa you mustn't put o rest your elbows on the table
    hay que apoyar todo el peso del cuerpo sobre una pierna you have to put all your weight on one foot
    B
    1 (respaldar) ‹propuesta/persona› to back, support
    ¿me vas a apoyar si me quejo? are you going to back me (up) o support me if I complain?
    no apoyamos la huelga we do not support the strike
    nadie la apoyó en su iniciativa no one backed o supported her initiative
    apoyar técnica y financieramente su desarrollo to give technical and financial support o backing for its development
    2 ‹teoría› to support, bear out
    no hay pruebas que apoyen esta hipótesis there is no evidence to bear out o support this hypothesis
    A (para sostenerse, descansar) apoyarse EN algo to lean ON sth
    caminaba lentamente apoyándose en un bastón she walked slowly, leaning on a walking stick o using a walking stick for support
    se apoya demasiado en su familia he relies too much on his family (for support), he leans too heavily on his family
    B (basarse, fundarse) apoyarse EN algo to be based ON sth
    se apoyó en estas cifras para defender su teoría he used these figures to defend his theory
    ¿en qué se apoya para hacer semejante acusación? what are you basing your accusation on?, what is the basis of your accusation?
    * * *

     

    apoyar ( conjugate apoyar) verbo transitivo
    1 ( hacer descansar) apoyar (algo en algo) to rest (sth on sth);

    2
    a) ( respaldar) ‹propuesta/persona to back, support


    apoyarse verbo pronominal
    1 (para sostenerse, descansar) apoyarse en algo to lean on sth
    2 (basarse, fundarse) apoyarse en algo to be based on sth
    apoyar verbo transitivo
    1 to lean
    2 (causa) to support
    ' apoyar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    refrendar
    - agarrar
    - ir
    - recostar
    - respaldar
    - sostener
    English:
    advocate
    - back
    - back up
    - bolster
    - buttress
    - champion
    - endorse
    - lean
    - prop
    - prop up
    - reinforce
    - rest
    - root for
    - stand by
    - support
    - root
    - sponsor
    - stand
    * * *
    vt
    1. [inclinar] to lean, to rest;
    apoya la cabeza en mi hombro rest your head on my shoulder;
    apoyó la bicicleta contra la pared she leant the bicycle against the wall;
    apoyó los codos sobre la mesa he leant his elbows on the table
    2. [respaldar] to support;
    todos apoyaron su decisión everyone supported her decision;
    lo apoyó mucho durante su depresión she gave him a lot of support when he was depressed;
    los directivos los apoyaron en su protesta management supported their protest
    3. [basar] to base;
    apoya su teoría en datos concretos her theory is based on o supported by concrete statistics
    * * *
    v/t
    1 lean (en against), rest (en against)
    2 ( respaldar, confirmar) support
    * * *
    apoyar vt
    1) : to support, to back
    2) : to lean, to rest
    * * *
    apoyar vb
    1. (en general) to lean [pt. & pp. leant]
    2. (descansar) to rest
    3. (defender) to support

    Spanish-English dictionary > apoyar

  • 8 beneficiarse

    1 to benefit
    2 COMERCIO to profit
    * * *
    to profit, benefit
    * * *
    VPR
    1) (=obtener provecho) to benefit

    el campo es el que más se beneficia con la lluvia — it's the countryside that gets most benefit from the rain, it's the countryside that benefits most from the rain

    2)

    beneficiarse a algn Esp ** [sexualmente] to lay sb **; CAm (=matar) to shoot sb

    * * *
    = benefit, profit, be better off, be better served by
    Ex. There are a number of features of a catalogue or index which benefit from some standardisation.
    Ex. In what respects can a student profit from a knowledge of abstracts and by developing abstracting skills?.
    Ex. Everybody would be better off if academic libraries provided research services on a pay as you go basis.
    Ex. However, librarians are better served by presuming any given alternativa title is geared for adult audiences, until proven otherwise = No obstante, es aconsejable que los bibliotecarios asuman que cualquier título alternativo va dirigido a un público adulto, hasta que no se demuestre lo contrario.
    * * *
    = benefit, profit, be better off, be better served by

    Ex: There are a number of features of a catalogue or index which benefit from some standardisation.

    Ex: In what respects can a student profit from a knowledge of abstracts and by developing abstracting skills?.
    Ex: Everybody would be better off if academic libraries provided research services on a pay as you go basis.
    Ex: However, librarians are better served by presuming any given alternativa title is geared for adult audiences, until proven otherwise = No obstante, es aconsejable que los bibliotecarios asuman que cualquier título alternativo va dirigido a un público adulto, hasta que no se demuestre lo contrario.

    * * *

    ■beneficiarse verbo reflexivo to profit [de algo, from sthg] [ con algo, by sthg]
    ' beneficiarse' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    beneficiar
    English:
    benefit
    - gain
    * * *
    vpr
    to benefit;
    beneficiarse de o [m5] con algo to benefit from sth;
    20 presos políticos se beneficiaron de la amnistía 20 political prisoners benefited from the amnesty;
    el dólar se benefició de la debilidad del euro the dollar benefited o profited from the weakness of the euro;
    muchos ciudadanos se beneficiarán con el cambio many citizens will benefit o profit from the change;
    Esp muy Fam
    beneficiarse a alguien to have sb, Br to have it away with sb
    * * *
    v/r benefit (de, con from)
    * * *
    vr
    : to benefit, to profit
    * * *
    beneficiarse vb to benefit

    Spanish-English dictionary > beneficiarse

  • 9 campo2

    2 = area, arena, field, front, territory.
    Ex. The area in which standards for bibliographic description have had the most impact is in catalogues and catalogue record data bases.
    Ex. This shifts the responsibility for headings and their arrangement into the arena of cataloguers and indexers.
    Ex. An appreciation of alternative approaches is particularly important in this field where trends towards standardisation are the norm.
    Ex. Present auguries on the resource front are not good.
    Ex. The report suggests that structural changes within higher education and within the information industry affect the legitimacy, status, and territory of librarians' work.
    ----
    * campo afín = twin field.
    * campo científico = academic field, scientific field.
    * campo de acción = purview, scope.
    * campo de actividad = area of application.
    * campo de actuación = purview, scope, sphere of interest.
    * campo de aplicación = field of application, scope, scope of application, field of practice, area of application.
    * campo de especialización = area of competence, field of specialisation.
    * campo de estudio = field of study.
    * campo de interés = sphere of interest.
    * campo de investigación = research field.
    * campo de la computación = computing field.
    * campo del conocimiento = field of knowledge.
    * campo de trabajo = field of endeavour.
    * campo de visión = breadth of vision, viewing position, field of vision.
    * campo electromagnético = electromagnetic field.
    * campo magnético = magnetic field.
    * campo temático = subject field.
    * campo visual = field of vision.
    * en el campo de = in the realm of, in the field of.
    * generar un campo magnético = generate + magnetic field.
    * investigación de campo = intervention research, field research.
    * investigador de campo = fieldworker [field worker].
    * trabajo de campo = fieldwork [field work].

    Spanish-English dictionary > campo2

  • 10 competencia

    f.
    1 competition (entre personas, empresas).
    la competencia the competition
    hacer la competencia a alguien to compete with somebody
    2 field, province (incumbency).
    no es de mi competencia it's not my responsibility
    3 competence.
    4 competition. ( Latin American Spanish)
    5 area of responsibility, terms of reference.
    6 domain, scope.
    7 jurisdiction, venue.
    * * *
    1 (rivalidad) competition, rivalry
    2 (competidores) competitors plural, rival company
    3 (habilidad) competence, ability, proficiency
    4 (incumbencia) responsibility; (jurisdicción) jurisdiction
    este asunto no es de su competencia this matter is outside his jurisdiction, this matter is outside his area of responsibility
    \
    en competencia con in competition with
    hacer la competencia a to compete with, compete against
    * * *
    noun f.
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=rivalidad) competition

    existe una fuerte competencia entre las dos empresas por el control del mercado externo — the two companies are vying for control of the foreign market, there is fierce competition between the two companies for control of the foreign market

    competencia deslealunfair competition

    competencia despiadadaruthless competition

    en competencia con algn/algo — in competition with sb/sth

    hacer la competencia a algn/algo — to compete with sb/sth

    ¿me quieres hacer la competencia? — are you trying to compete with me?

    libre competencia — free competition

    2) (=rival) competition

    la competencia tiene mejores ofertas — our competitors have better offers, the competition has better offers

    3) (=capacidad) competence, ability

    competencia lingüística — linguistic competence, linguistic ability

    4) (=responsabilidad)

    esta decisión es competencia exclusiva del gobierno — this decision is the exclusive jurisdiction of the government, only the government is competent to deal with this decision

    las competencias legales del Consejo de Administraciónthe jurisdiction o areas of competence of the Administrative Council

    5) pl competencias (Pol) powers

    competencias transferidas a las comunidades autónomaspowers devolved o transferred to the autonomous regions

    6) LAm (Dep) competition
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( pugna) competition, rivalry

    hacerse la competenciato be rivals o in competition

    b) (persona, entidad) competition

    la competencia se nos adelantóour competitors o the competition got in first

    2) (de juez, tribunal) competence
    3)
    a) (habilidad, aptitud) competence, ability
    b) (Ling) competence
    4) (AmL) (Dep) ( certamen) competition
    * * *
    = competence, competency, competition, proficiency, province, purview, joust.
    Ex. In order that you should be able to perform these required skills with greater competence, selected elements of the theory of subject indexing will be included.
    Ex. SLIS programmes intended to 'produce' librarians with competency in the use of IT have to be designed.
    Ex. The published abstracting and indexing journal probably still retains its prominence, despite competition from its more fashionable rivals.
    Ex. Factors here may be: Characteristics of the abstracting staff, such as their proficiency as abstractors, subject knowledge, and other duties demanding their time and attention.
    Ex. The bibliographical control of such items is the province of in-house indexing.
    Ex. This article discusses the fact that no library is able to acquire all published material within its subject purview.
    Ex. The spirit, if not the content, of Marx can be the joust to rouse the sleepy theory of academic sociology.
    ----
    * adelantarse a la competencia = get in + ahead of the field.
    * bajo la competencia de = under the jurisdiction of.
    * caer dentro de la competencia de = be the province of, fall within + the province of.
    * competencia de precios = price competition.
    * competencia lingüística = language competence.
    * competencias de información = information literacy.
    * competencias en información = information literacy.
    * dentro de + Posesivo + competencia = within + Posesivo + jurisdiction.
    * entrar bajo la competencia de = fall under + the purview of.
    * entrar dentro de la competencia de = fall + under the purview of.
    * entrar dentro de la competencia de Alguien = fall within + Posesivo + purview.
    * estar dentro de la competencia de = be the province of.
    * fomentar la competencia = cultivate + competition.
    * fuera de + Posesivo + competencia = outside + Posesivo + jurisdiction.
    * información sobre la competencia = business intelligence, competitive intelligence, competitor intelligence.
    * mantenerse por delante de la competencia = keep + one step ahead of the game, keep + one step ahead of the competition.
    * política de competencias = competition policy.
    * por delante de la competencia = ahead of the game.
    * Tribunal de Defensa de la Competencia = Office of Fair Trade.
    * ventaja sobre la competencia = competitive edge, competitive advantage.
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( pugna) competition, rivalry

    hacerse la competenciato be rivals o in competition

    b) (persona, entidad) competition

    la competencia se nos adelantóour competitors o the competition got in first

    2) (de juez, tribunal) competence
    3)
    a) (habilidad, aptitud) competence, ability
    b) (Ling) competence
    4) (AmL) (Dep) ( certamen) competition
    * * *
    = competence, competency, competition, proficiency, province, purview, joust.

    Ex: In order that you should be able to perform these required skills with greater competence, selected elements of the theory of subject indexing will be included.

    Ex: SLIS programmes intended to 'produce' librarians with competency in the use of IT have to be designed.
    Ex: The published abstracting and indexing journal probably still retains its prominence, despite competition from its more fashionable rivals.
    Ex: Factors here may be: Characteristics of the abstracting staff, such as their proficiency as abstractors, subject knowledge, and other duties demanding their time and attention.
    Ex: The bibliographical control of such items is the province of in-house indexing.
    Ex: This article discusses the fact that no library is able to acquire all published material within its subject purview.
    Ex: The spirit, if not the content, of Marx can be the joust to rouse the sleepy theory of academic sociology.
    * adelantarse a la competencia = get in + ahead of the field.
    * bajo la competencia de = under the jurisdiction of.
    * caer dentro de la competencia de = be the province of, fall within + the province of.
    * competencia de precios = price competition.
    * competencia lingüística = language competence.
    * competencias de información = information literacy.
    * competencias en información = information literacy.
    * dentro de + Posesivo + competencia = within + Posesivo + jurisdiction.
    * entrar bajo la competencia de = fall under + the purview of.
    * entrar dentro de la competencia de = fall + under the purview of.
    * entrar dentro de la competencia de Alguien = fall within + Posesivo + purview.
    * estar dentro de la competencia de = be the province of.
    * fomentar la competencia = cultivate + competition.
    * fuera de + Posesivo + competencia = outside + Posesivo + jurisdiction.
    * información sobre la competencia = business intelligence, competitive intelligence, competitor intelligence.
    * mantenerse por delante de la competencia = keep + one step ahead of the game, keep + one step ahead of the competition.
    * política de competencias = competition policy.
    * por delante de la competencia = ahead of the game.
    * Tribunal de Defensa de la Competencia = Office of Fair Trade.
    * ventaja sobre la competencia = competitive edge, competitive advantage.

    * * *
    A
    1 (pugna) competition, rivalry
    siempre ha habido competencia entre ellos there's always been rivalry o a lot of competition between them
    las dos compañías se hacen la competencia the two companies are rivals o are in competition
    has sacado muy malas notas, ¿le estás haciendo la competencia a tu hermano? ( iró); you got very low grades, are you trying to compete with your brother? ( iro)
    competencia desleal unfair competition
    en ese campo la competencia es feroz competition is fierce in that field
    2
    (persona, entidad): la competencia se nos adelantó our competitors o the competition got in first
    se fue a trabajar para la competencia he went to work for the opposition o for one of our competitors o for a rival company
    Compuesto:
    unfair competition
    B
    (incumbencia, poder): no aceptó que el tribunal tuviera competencia para fallar he did not accept the court's competence to pass judgment o the court's authority o the court's jurisdiction
    es competencia directa del consejo the council has direct responsibility for it o is directly responsible for it
    este asunto no es de mi competencia I have no authority o say in this matter, this matter is outside my jurisdiction o my competence o my area of responsibility
    tienen competencias plenas en materia educativa they have complete authority on o absolute power regarding educational issues
    C
    1 (habilidad, aptitud) competence, ability
    no dudo de su competencia como profesional I have no doubts about his professional competence
    2 ( Ling) competence
    D ( AmL) ( Dep) (certamen) competition
    Compuestos:
    track and field meet ( AmE), athletics meeting ( BrE)
    competencia de atletismo en or de pista
    track meet ( AmE), track events competition ( BrE)
    * * *

     

    competencia sustantivo femenino
    1

    hacerse la competencia to be rivals o in competition;

    hacerle la competencia a algn to compete with sb
    b) (persona, entidad) competition;


    c) (AmL) ( certamen) competition

    2
    a) (de juez, tribunal) competence;

    este asunto no es de mi competencia I have no authority o say in this matter

    b) (habilidad, aptitud) competence, ability;


    competencia sustantivo femenino
    1 (entre competidores) competition
    2 (responsabilidad) field, province: no es asunto de tu competencia, it's not up to you
    3 (capacidad, aptitud) competence
    ' competencia' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    circunscribirse
    - poner
    - solvencia
    - altura
    - autoridad
    - capacidad
    - puntaje
    English:
    competence
    - competition
    - cutthroat
    - dog-eat-dog
    - keen
    - opposition
    - photo finish
    - proficiency
    - publicity
    - unfair competition
    - brief
    - contest
    - couple
    - dog
    - high
    - muscle
    - province
    - rivalry
    * * *
    1. [entre personas, empresas] competition;
    hay mucha competencia por conseguir ese contrato there's a lot of competition for that contract;
    hacer la competencia a alguien to compete with sb
    Com competencia desleal unfair competition
    2. [persona, empresa]
    la competencia the competition;
    trabaja para la competencia he works for the competition
    3. [incumbencia] field, province;
    no es de mi competencia it's not my responsibility;
    ese asunto es competencia de la policía that is a matter for the police;
    los casos de terrorismo no son competencia de ese tribunal that court is not responsible for dealing with terrorism cases
    4. [atribuciones]
    competencias powers;
    tienen competencias en materia de educación they have authority over educational matters
    5. [aptitud] competence, ability;
    un profesional de una gran competencia a very able o competent professional
    6. Ling competence
    competencia comunicativa communicative competence;
    competencia lingüística linguistic competence
    7. Am [deportiva] competition
    * * *
    f
    1 ( habilidad) competence
    2 entre rivales competition;
    hacer la competencia a alguien/algo compete with s.o./sth
    3 ( incumbencia) area of responsibility, competency;
    eso no es de mi competencia that’s not my department
    4 L.Am.
    DEP competition
    * * *
    1) : competition, rivalry
    2) : competence
    * * *
    1. (rivalidad) competition
    2. (competidores) competitors / rival company
    3. (capacidad) ability
    4. (responsabilidad) responsibility

    Spanish-English dictionary > competencia

  • 11 comunidad

    f.
    1 community (grupo).
    comunidad de propietarios o de vecinos residents' association
    la comunidad científica/internacional the scientific/international community
    comunidad Andina Andean Community
    comunidad autónoma (politics) autonomous region, = largest administrative division in Spain, with its own Parliament and a number of devolved powers
    2 communion (cualidad de común) (de ideas, bienes).
    * * *
    1 community
    \
    en comunidad together
    comunidad autónoma autonomous region
    comunidad de propietarios owners' association
    Comunidad Económica Europea European Economic Community
    * * *
    noun f.
    * * *
    SF
    1) [gen] community; (=sociedad) society, association; (Rel) community; And commune ( of free Indians)

    de o en comunidad — (Jur) jointly

    comunidad autónoma Esp autonomous region

    2) (=pago) [de piso] service charge, charge for communal services
    COMUNIDAD AUTÓNOMA In Spain the comunidades autónomas are any of the 19 administrative regions consisting of one or more provinces and having political powers devolved from Madrid, as stipulated by the 1978 Constitution. They have their own democratically elected parliaments, form their own cabinets and legislate and execute policies in certain areas such as housing, infrastructure, health and education, though Madrid still retains jurisdiction for all matters affecting the country as a whole, such as defence, foreign affairs and justice. The Comunidades Autónomas are: Andalucía, Aragón, Asturias, Islas Baleares, Canarias, Cantabria, Castilla y León, Castilla-La Mancha, Cataluña, Extremadura, Galicia, Madrid, Murcia, Navarra, País Vasco, La Rioja, Comunidad Valenciana, Ceuta and Melilla. The term Comunidades Históricas refers to Galicia, Catalonia and the Basque Country, which for reasons of history and language consider themselves to some extent separate from the rest of Spain. They were given a measure of independence by the Second Republic (1931-1936), only to have it revoked by Franco in 1939. With the transition to democracy, these groups were the most vociferous and successful in their demand for home rule, partly because they already had experience of federalism and had established a precedent with autonomous institutions like the Catalan Generalitat.
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( sociedad) community
    b) ( grupo delimitado) community
    c) (Relig) community
    d) ( asociación) association
    2) ( coincidencia) community

    comunidad de ideales/objetivos — community of ideals/objectives

    •• Cultural note:
    In 1978 power in Spain was decentralized and the country was divided into comunidades autónomas or autonomías (autonomous regions). The new communities have far greater autonomy from central government than the old regiones and were a response to nationalist aspirations, which had built up under Franco. Some regions have more autonomy than others. The Basque Country, Catalonia, and Galicia, for example, had political structures, a desire for independence and their own languages which underpinned their claims to distinctive identities. Andalusia gained almost complete autonomy without having had a nationalist tradition. Other regions, such as Madrid, are to some extent artificial, having been created largely to complete the process. The comunidades autónomas are: Andalusia, Aragon, Asturias, Balearic Islands, the Basque Country (Euskadi), Canary Islands, Cantabria, Castilla y León, Castilla-La Mancha, Catalonia, Extremadura, Galicia, Madrid, Murcia, Navarre, La Rioja, Valencia and the North African enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla
    * * *
    Ex. Language of documents and data bases will need to be tailored to each community.
    ----
    * asociación de la comunidad = community group.
    * biblioteca de la comunidad = community library.
    * bibliotecario encargado de los servicios dirigidos a la comunidad = community services librarian.
    * Comisión de las Comunidades Europeas (CEC) = Commission of the European Communities (CEC).
    * comunidad académica = academic community, learning community.
    * comunidad académica de investigadores = academic research community.
    * comunidad agrícola = farming community.
    * comunidad a la que se sirve = service area.
    * comunidad autónoma = autonomous region.
    * comunidad bancaria, la = banking community, the.
    * comunidad bibliotecaria, la = library community, the, librarianship community, the.
    * Comunidad Británica de Naciones, la = Commonwealth, the.
    * comunidad científica = knowledge community.
    * comunidad científica, la = scientific community, the, scholarly community, the, research community, the, scientific research community, the.
    * comunidad conectada electrónicamente = online community.
    * comunidad de bibliotecarios y documentalistas, la = library and information community, the.
    * comunidad de educadores, la = education community, the.
    * comunidad de lectores = reader community.
    * comunidad de naciones = comity of nations, commonwealth.
    * comunidad de pescadores = fishing community.
    * comunidad de prácticas comunes = community of practice, community of practice, community of practice.
    * comunidad de proveedores = vendor community.
    * comunidad de proveedores, la = vending community, the.
    * comunidad de usuarios = constituency, user community.
    * comunidad de vecinos = housing association.
    * comunidad dispersa = scattered community.
    * Comunidad Económica Europea (CEE) = European Economic Community (EEC).
    * comunidad editorial, la = publishing community, the.
    * comunidad electrónica = online community.
    * comunidad empresarial, la = business community, the.
    * Comunidad Europea (CE) = EC (European Community).
    * Comunidad Europea de la Energía Atómica (Euratom/EAEC) = European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom/EAEC).
    * Comunidad Europea del Carbón y el Acero (CECA) = European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC).
    * comunidad internacional, la = international community, the.
    * comunidad laboral = working community.
    * comunidad lingüística = language community, linguistic community.
    * comunidad local = local community.
    * comunidad marginada = deprived community.
    * comunidad marginal = disadvantaged community.
    * comunidad mundial, la = world community, the.
    * comunidad pluralista = pluralistic community.
    * comunidad religiosa = religious community.
    * comunidad rural = rural community.
    * comunidad urbana = urban community.
    * de la propia comunidad = community-owned.
    * Denominación de Productos para las Estadísticas del Comercio Externo de la = Nomenclature of Goods for the External Trade Statistics of the Community and Statistics of Trade between Member States (NIMEXE).
    * derecho de la comunidad = community right.
    * dirigido a la comunidad = community-based.
    * implicación de la comunidad = community involvement.
    * la comunidad en general = the community at large.
    * líder de la comunidad = community leader.
    * miembro de la Comunidad = community member, Community member.
    * no perteneciente a la Comunidad Europea = non-EC.
    * países de la Comunidad Europea = European Communities.
    * países miembro de la Comunidad = Community partner.
    * país miembro de la Comunidad = Community member state.
    * patrocinado por la comunidad = community-sponsored.
    * representante de la comunidad = community activist.
    * residente en la comunidad = community-dwelling.
    * toda la comunidad = the community at large.
    * vida de la comunidad = community life.
    * * *
    1)
    a) ( sociedad) community
    b) ( grupo delimitado) community
    c) (Relig) community
    d) ( asociación) association
    2) ( coincidencia) community

    comunidad de ideales/objetivos — community of ideals/objectives

    •• Cultural note:
    In 1978 power in Spain was decentralized and the country was divided into comunidades autónomas or autonomías (autonomous regions). The new communities have far greater autonomy from central government than the old regiones and were a response to nationalist aspirations, which had built up under Franco. Some regions have more autonomy than others. The Basque Country, Catalonia, and Galicia, for example, had political structures, a desire for independence and their own languages which underpinned their claims to distinctive identities. Andalusia gained almost complete autonomy without having had a nationalist tradition. Other regions, such as Madrid, are to some extent artificial, having been created largely to complete the process. The comunidades autónomas are: Andalusia, Aragon, Asturias, Balearic Islands, the Basque Country (Euskadi), Canary Islands, Cantabria, Castilla y León, Castilla-La Mancha, Catalonia, Extremadura, Galicia, Madrid, Murcia, Navarre, La Rioja, Valencia and the North African enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla
    * * *

    Ex: Language of documents and data bases will need to be tailored to each community.

    * asociación de la comunidad = community group.
    * biblioteca de la comunidad = community library.
    * bibliotecario encargado de los servicios dirigidos a la comunidad = community services librarian.
    * Comisión de las Comunidades Europeas (CEC) = Commission of the European Communities (CEC).
    * comunidad académica = academic community, learning community.
    * comunidad académica de investigadores = academic research community.
    * comunidad agrícola = farming community.
    * comunidad a la que se sirve = service area.
    * comunidad autónoma = autonomous region.
    * comunidad bancaria, la = banking community, the.
    * comunidad bibliotecaria, la = library community, the, librarianship community, the.
    * Comunidad Británica de Naciones, la = Commonwealth, the.
    * comunidad científica = knowledge community.
    * comunidad científica, la = scientific community, the, scholarly community, the, research community, the, scientific research community, the.
    * comunidad conectada electrónicamente = online community.
    * comunidad de bibliotecarios y documentalistas, la = library and information community, the.
    * comunidad de educadores, la = education community, the.
    * comunidad de lectores = reader community.
    * comunidad de naciones = comity of nations, commonwealth.
    * comunidad de pescadores = fishing community.
    * comunidad de prácticas comunes = community of practice, community of practice, community of practice.
    * comunidad de proveedores = vendor community.
    * comunidad de proveedores, la = vending community, the.
    * comunidad de usuarios = constituency, user community.
    * comunidad de vecinos = housing association.
    * comunidad dispersa = scattered community.
    * Comunidad Económica Europea (CEE) = European Economic Community (EEC).
    * comunidad editorial, la = publishing community, the.
    * comunidad electrónica = online community.
    * comunidad empresarial, la = business community, the.
    * Comunidad Europea (CE) = EC (European Community).
    * Comunidad Europea de la Energía Atómica (Euratom/EAEC) = European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom/EAEC).
    * Comunidad Europea del Carbón y el Acero (CECA) = European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC).
    * comunidad internacional, la = international community, the.
    * comunidad laboral = working community.
    * comunidad lingüística = language community, linguistic community.
    * comunidad local = local community.
    * comunidad marginada = deprived community.
    * comunidad marginal = disadvantaged community.
    * comunidad mundial, la = world community, the.
    * comunidad pluralista = pluralistic community.
    * comunidad religiosa = religious community.
    * comunidad rural = rural community.
    * comunidad urbana = urban community.
    * de la propia comunidad = community-owned.
    * Denominación de Productos para las Estadísticas del Comercio Externo de la = Nomenclature of Goods for the External Trade Statistics of the Community and Statistics of Trade between Member States (NIMEXE).
    * derecho de la comunidad = community right.
    * dirigido a la comunidad = community-based.
    * implicación de la comunidad = community involvement.
    * la comunidad en general = the community at large.
    * líder de la comunidad = community leader.
    * miembro de la Comunidad = community member, Community member.
    * no perteneciente a la Comunidad Europea = non-EC.
    * países de la Comunidad Europea = European Communities.
    * países miembro de la Comunidad = Community partner.
    * país miembro de la Comunidad = Community member state.
    * patrocinado por la comunidad = community-sponsored.
    * representante de la comunidad = community activist.
    * residente en la comunidad = community-dwelling.
    * toda la comunidad = the community at large.
    * vida de la comunidad = community life.

    * * *
    comunidad comunidad autónoma (↑ comunidad a1)
    A
    1 (sociedad) community
    para el bien de la comunidad for the good of the community
    2 (grupo delimitado) community
    la comunidad polaca the Polish community
    vivir en comunidad to live with other people
    3 ( Relig) community
    4 (asociación) association
    Compuestos:
    (British) Commonwealth
    ( Hist) European Economic Community
    ( Hist) European Community
    European Coal and Steel Community
    B (coincidencia) community
    no existe comunidad de ideales/objetivos entre ambos grupos there is no community of ideals/objectives between the two groups, the two groups do not share common ideals/objectives
    la sublevación de las Comunidades the Revolt of the Comuneros
    * * *

     

    comunidad sustantivo femenino
    community;

    comunidad sustantivo femenino community
    comunidad autónoma, autonomous region
    comunidad de bienes, co-ownership
    Comunidad Europea, European Community

    ' comunidad' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    bien
    - CE
    - CECA
    - CEE
    - consejería
    - depender
    - EURATOM
    - homologación
    - primar
    - pueblo
    - reintegrar
    - autonomía
    English:
    Commonwealth of Independent States
    - community
    - fraternity
    - homeowners assocation
    - integrate
    - scattered
    - service charge
    - European
    - general
    - pillar
    - service
    * * *
    1. [grupo] community;
    la comunidad científica/educativa/judía the scientific/education/Jewish community;
    vivir en comunidad to live in a community
    Comunidad Andina Andean Community, = organization for regional cooperation formed by Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela;
    comunidad autónoma autonomous region, = largest administrative division in Spain, with its own Parliament and a number of devolved powers;
    comunidad de base [religiosa] base community, = lay Catholic community independent of church hierarchy;
    Comunidad Británica de Naciones (British) Commonwealth;
    Antes Comunidad Económica Europea European Economic Community;
    la Comunidad Europea, las Comunidades Europeas the European Community;
    la comunidad internacional the international community;
    comunidad linguística speech community;
    comunidad de propietarios residents' association;
    comunidad de vecinos residents' association
    2. [de ideas, bienes] communion
    comunidad de bienes co-ownership [between spouses]
    3. Am [colectividad] commune;
    vive en una comunidad anarquista she lives in an anarchist commune
    COMUNIDAD ANDINA
    The Comunidad Andina de Naciones (CAN – Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela) has its origins in the 1969 “Acuerdo de Cartagena”. Over subsequent decades the various institutions which now form the CAN were set up: the Council of Foreign Ministers in 1979, the Court of Justice in 1983, the Presidential Council in 1990, and the General Secretariat in 1997. The ultimate aim has been to create a Latin American common market. A free trade area was established in 1993, and a common external customs tariff in 1994. While all members have adopted a common foreign policy, more ambitious attempts at integration have been less successful. However, with a combined population of 122 million, and a GDP in 2004 of 300 billion dollars, the community is a significant economic group. In 2004, the leaders of the countries of South America decided to create the “Comunidad Sudamericana de Naciones” (“South American Community of Nations”) or CSN by a gradual convergence between the CAN and Mercosur (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay), plus Chile, Guyana and Surinam. This will create, in time, a vast free-trade area encompassing all of South America.
    * * *
    f community;
    hereditaria heirs pl
    * * *
    : community
    * * *
    comunidad n community [pl. communities]

    Spanish-English dictionary > comunidad

  • 12 contracorriente

    f.
    countercurrent.
    ir a contracorriente to go against the current o tide
    * * *
    1 crosscurrent
    \
    ir contracorriente to go against the tide
    * * *

    ir a contracorriente — (lit) to go against the current, go upstream; (fig) to go against the tide

    * * *
    femenino crosscurrent

    ir a contracorriente barco to go against the current; nadador to swim against the current; diseñador/escritor to go o swim against the tide

    * * *
    = cross-current, upstream, undertow, countercurrent.
    Ex. This article examines cross-currents which pit the interests of special collections librarians against those of general, academic librarians.
    Ex. The author takes this case as a model to illustrate how academic libraries can go with the flow instead of being swept upstream.
    Ex. The article is entitled 'Surfing corporate intranets: search tools that control the undertow'.
    Ex. A countercurrent in the Western tradition rejects the Socratic position, however, and depicts the human pursuit of knowledge as a burden under which humans labor and from which they should strive to free themselves.
    ----
    * a contracorriente = against the grain.
    * ir contracorriente = go against + the flow.
    * * *
    femenino crosscurrent

    ir a contracorriente barco to go against the current; nadador to swim against the current; diseñador/escritor to go o swim against the tide

    * * *
    = cross-current, upstream, undertow, countercurrent.

    Ex: This article examines cross-currents which pit the interests of special collections librarians against those of general, academic librarians.

    Ex: The author takes this case as a model to illustrate how academic libraries can go with the flow instead of being swept upstream.
    Ex: The article is entitled 'Surfing corporate intranets: search tools that control the undertow'.
    Ex: A countercurrent in the Western tradition rejects the Socratic position, however, and depicts the human pursuit of knowledge as a burden under which humans labor and from which they should strive to free themselves.
    * a contracorriente = against the grain.
    * ir contracorriente = go against + the flow.

    * * *
    crosscurrent
    a contracorriente: un diseñador de moda que siempre va a contracorriente a fashion designer who is always swimming against the tide
    nunca una obra ha nacido más a contracorriente de la época never has there been a work which has been so out of step with the times
    * * *

    contracorriente sustantivo femenino
    crosscurrent;
    ir a contracorriente [ barco] to go against the current;


    [ nadador] to swim against the current;
    [diseñador/escritor] to go o swim against the tide
    ' contracorriente' also found in these entries:
    English:
    stream
    - undercurrent
    - under
    * * *
    countercurrent;
    ir a contracorriente to go against the current o tide
    * * *
    f crosscurrent;
    ir a contracorriente fig swim against the tide
    * * *
    1) : crosscurrent
    2)
    ir a contracorriente : to go against the tide

    Spanish-English dictionary > contracorriente

  • 13 cruzar la línea divisoria

    = cross + the boundary, cross + the great divide, cross + the dividing line, cross + the line
    Ex. Modern developments in all areas of knowledge tend to cross the boundaries between disciplines.
    Ex. The article is entitled ' Crossing the great divide: Academic libraries move into the 21st century'.
    Ex. Effective planning will be necessary to convince government of the bility of the library to use resources effectively, but there is a danger that this may cross the dividing line and become the direction of policy.
    Ex. The article is entitled ' Crossing the line: the development of archival standards'.
    * * *
    = cross + the boundary, cross + the great divide, cross + the dividing line, cross + the line

    Ex: Modern developments in all areas of knowledge tend to cross the boundaries between disciplines.

    Ex: The article is entitled ' Crossing the great divide: Academic libraries move into the 21st century'.
    Ex: Effective planning will be necessary to convince government of the bility of the library to use resources effectively, but there is a danger that this may cross the dividing line and become the direction of policy.
    Ex: The article is entitled ' Crossing the line: the development of archival standards'.

    Spanish-English dictionary > cruzar la línea divisoria

  • 14 cultura

    f.
    1 culture.
    cultura empresarial corporate culture
    2 learning, knowledge.
    cultura general general knowledge
    pres.indicat.
    3rd person singular (él/ella/ello) present indicative of spanish verb: culturar.
    imperat.
    2nd person singular (tú) Imperative of Spanish verb: culturar.
    * * *
    1 culture
    \
    de cultura educated
    * * *
    noun f.
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=civilización) culture
    2) (=saber)
    3) (=artes) culture
    * * *
    1) ( civilización) culture
    2)
    a) (conocimientos, ilustración)

    cultura general/musical — general/musical knowledge

    b) (en periódico, artes) arts (pl), culture
    * * *
    = culture, literacy.
    Ex. For instance, we find that children's literature, alternative culture, radical movements, and ethnic themes don't get adequate treatment.
    Ex. David Mearns, on the other hand, in his list of the attributes of the ideal reference librarian gives first place to literacy.
    ----
    * arraigado en la cultura = culturally-embedded.
    * choque de culturas = clash of cultures.
    * concurso de cultura general = quiz [quizzes, -pl.].
    * contracultura = counter-culture [counter culture].
    * con una amplia cultura = well-read.
    * con una gran cultura = well-read.
    * cultura académica = academic culture.
    * cultura africana = African culture.
    * cultura científica = scientific culture.
    * cultura consumista = consumerist culture, consumer culture.
    * cultura de consumo = consumer culture.
    * cultura de la clase alta = high culture.
    * cultura de la clase baja = low culture.
    * cultura de la clase media = middlebrow culture.
    * cultura del gamberrismo = yob culture.
    * cultura del mundo impreso = print culture.
    * cultura de masas = mass culture.
    * cultura empresarial = business culture.
    * cultura impresa = print culture.
    * cultura institucional = company's culture, organisational culture, institutional culture.
    * cultura juvenil = youth culture.
    * cultura material = material culture.
    * cultura occidental = Western culture.
    * cultura oriental = Eastern culture.
    * cultura popular = popular culture, pop culture, public culture.
    * cultura profesional = professional culture.
    * cultura pública = public culture.
    * cultura social = social culture.
    * cultura tecnológica = technology culture.
    * cultura tradicional = traditional culture.
    * cultura viva = living culture.
    * desde el punto de vista de la cultura = culturally.
    * devorador de cultura = culture vulture.
    * entre culturas = intercultural.
    * extensión de la cultura = cultural outreach.
    * integrado en la cultura = culturally-embedded.
    * preguntas de cultura general = quiz [quizzes, -pl.].
    * que afecta a todas las culturas = culture-wide.
    * que forma parte de la cultura = culturally-embedded.
    * que le presta gran importancia a la cultura = culture-conscious.
    * * *
    1) ( civilización) culture
    2)
    a) (conocimientos, ilustración)

    cultura general/musical — general/musical knowledge

    b) (en periódico, artes) arts (pl), culture
    * * *
    = culture, literacy.

    Ex: For instance, we find that children's literature, alternative culture, radical movements, and ethnic themes don't get adequate treatment.

    Ex: David Mearns, on the other hand, in his list of the attributes of the ideal reference librarian gives first place to literacy.
    * arraigado en la cultura = culturally-embedded.
    * choque de culturas = clash of cultures.
    * concurso de cultura general = quiz [quizzes, -pl.].
    * contracultura = counter-culture [counter culture].
    * con una amplia cultura = well-read.
    * con una gran cultura = well-read.
    * cultura académica = academic culture.
    * cultura africana = African culture.
    * cultura científica = scientific culture.
    * cultura consumista = consumerist culture, consumer culture.
    * cultura de consumo = consumer culture.
    * cultura de la clase alta = high culture.
    * cultura de la clase baja = low culture.
    * cultura de la clase media = middlebrow culture.
    * cultura del gamberrismo = yob culture.
    * cultura del mundo impreso = print culture.
    * cultura de masas = mass culture.
    * cultura empresarial = business culture.
    * cultura impresa = print culture.
    * cultura institucional = company's culture, organisational culture, institutional culture.
    * cultura juvenil = youth culture.
    * cultura material = material culture.
    * cultura occidental = Western culture.
    * cultura oriental = Eastern culture.
    * cultura popular = popular culture, pop culture, public culture.
    * cultura profesional = professional culture.
    * cultura pública = public culture.
    * cultura social = social culture.
    * cultura tecnológica = technology culture.
    * cultura tradicional = traditional culture.
    * cultura viva = living culture.
    * desde el punto de vista de la cultura = culturally.
    * devorador de cultura = culture vulture.
    * entre culturas = intercultural.
    * extensión de la cultura = cultural outreach.
    * integrado en la cultura = culturally-embedded.
    * preguntas de cultura general = quiz [quizzes, -pl.].
    * que afecta a todas las culturas = culture-wide.
    * que forma parte de la cultura = culturally-embedded.
    * que le presta gran importancia a la cultura = culture-conscious.

    * * *
    A (civilización) culture
    la cultura europea European culture
    cultura del ocio leisure culture
    B
    1
    (conocimientos, ilustración): es una persona de gran cultura she's a highly cultured o very educated person
    preguntas de cultura general general knowledge questions
    cultura musical musical knowledge
    la cultura popular popular culture
    2 (artes) arts (pl), culture
    * * *

    cultura sustantivo femenino

    b) (conocimientos, ilustración):

    una persona de gran cultura a very well-educated o cultured person;

    cultura general/musical general/musical knowledge;
    la cultura popular popular culture
    cultura sustantivo femenino culture
    ' cultura' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    concejalía
    - consejería
    - contaminar
    - costumbre
    - cultivada
    - cultivado
    - empaparse
    - masa
    - ministra
    - ministro
    - núcleo
    - parte
    - primitiva
    - primitivo
    - salvaje
    - tiniebla
    - asimilar
    - barniz
    - difundir
    - difusión
    - diseminarse
    - divulgar
    - dominante
    - enriquecer
    - impulsar
    - inculto
    - occidental
    - popular
    - potenciar
    English:
    Americana
    - breeding
    - culture
    - decay
    - education
    - flowering
    - general knowledge
    - mainstream
    - revival
    - revive
    - source
    - street cred
    - street credibility
    - uncivilized
    - art
    - general
    * * *
    1. [de sociedad] culture;
    es especialista en la cultura inca she is a specialist in Inca culture
    cultura empresarial corporate culture;
    cultura de masas mass culture;
    la cultura del ocio leisure culture
    2. [sabiduría]
    tiene mucha cultura she's very educated, she's very cultured;
    tiene mucha cultura teatral she knows a lot about the theatre
    cultura general general knowledge;
    la cultura popular popular culture
    * * *
    f culture
    * * *
    : culture
    * * *
    cultura n culture

    Spanish-English dictionary > cultura

  • 15 dedicarse a

    v.
    1 to dedicate oneself to, to devote oneself to, to apply oneself to, to give oneself to.
    Ella se dedica a aprender She dedicates herself to learn.
    Ella se dedica a pasear perros She dedicates herself to walk dogs.
    2 to concentrate on, to go in for, to work on, to pursue.
    Ella se dedica a los estudios She concentrates on her studies.
    * * *
    * * *
    (v.) = aim at, be concerned with, embark on/upon, engage in, indulge in, turn to, get + involved with/in, devote + Reflexivo + to, home in on, enter + a business, make + a life's work of, spend + Posesivo + days, go into
    Ex. This paper describes research carried out into the use of an on-line bulletin board service aimed at those in the academic community who are interested in applying computing to teaching in the Arts and Humanities.
    Ex. Now we are concerned in this work with the organisation of knowledge and information retrieval in a specific context.
    Ex. Before we embark upon more extensive consideration of the software packages and their use in information retrieval, it is worth reviewing the options for computer hardware.
    Ex. In the libraries which were engaged in large-scale cataloguing co-operation was central to developments, as outlined in chapter 18.
    Ex. Each library must make policy decisions concerning whether it will indulge in analytical cataloguing.
    Ex. We shall turn to this distinction very shortly.
    Ex. This article aims to cover tools that shed light on what the stakes might be in getting involved with CD-ROM technology = Este artículo intenta analizar las herramientas que nos aclaren cuáles podrían ser los riesgos de involucrarse con la tecnología del CD-ROM.
    Ex. Having devoted herself to medical librarianship in her elective course work, she hoped when she received her degree to put her knowledge to work at a university medical school.
    Ex. This article discusses the organisations that develop standards in information management and homes in on the US national bodies central to many of the international standards.
    Ex. Some of those pupils will undoubtedly enter one kind of business or another which has links with Europe.
    Ex. For librarianship students not intending to make a life's work of official publications the problem is to teach an awareness that they are not necessarily highly specialist materials of restricted interest.
    Ex. He now spends his days drawing, painting and counting himself lucky that he actually gets paid for doing what he loves.
    Ex. She views librarianship through traditional eyes and plans to go into public service.
    * * *
    (v.) = aim at, be concerned with, embark on/upon, engage in, indulge in, turn to, get + involved with/in, devote + Reflexivo + to, home in on, enter + a business, make + a life's work of, spend + Posesivo + days, go into

    Ex: This paper describes research carried out into the use of an on-line bulletin board service aimed at those in the academic community who are interested in applying computing to teaching in the Arts and Humanities.

    Ex: Now we are concerned in this work with the organisation of knowledge and information retrieval in a specific context.
    Ex: Before we embark upon more extensive consideration of the software packages and their use in information retrieval, it is worth reviewing the options for computer hardware.
    Ex: In the libraries which were engaged in large-scale cataloguing co-operation was central to developments, as outlined in chapter 18.
    Ex: Each library must make policy decisions concerning whether it will indulge in analytical cataloguing.
    Ex: We shall turn to this distinction very shortly.
    Ex: This article aims to cover tools that shed light on what the stakes might be in getting involved with CD-ROM technology = Este artículo intenta analizar las herramientas que nos aclaren cuáles podrían ser los riesgos de involucrarse con la tecnología del CD-ROM.
    Ex: Having devoted herself to medical librarianship in her elective course work, she hoped when she received her degree to put her knowledge to work at a university medical school.
    Ex: This article discusses the organisations that develop standards in information management and homes in on the US national bodies central to many of the international standards.
    Ex: Some of those pupils will undoubtedly enter one kind of business or another which has links with Europe.
    Ex: For librarianship students not intending to make a life's work of official publications the problem is to teach an awareness that they are not necessarily highly specialist materials of restricted interest.
    Ex: He now spends his days drawing, painting and counting himself lucky that he actually gets paid for doing what he loves.
    Ex: She views librarianship through traditional eyes and plans to go into public service.

    Spanish-English dictionary > dedicarse a

  • 16 desarrollo

    m.
    1 development (mejora).
    desarrollo del producto product development
    desarrollo sostenible sustainable development
    2 growth (crecimiento).
    pres.indicat.
    1st person singular (yo) present indicative of spanish verb: desarrollar.
    * * *
    1 (gen) development
    2 MATEMÁTICAS expansion
    3 DEPORTE run, course
    \
    país en vías de desarrollo developing country
    * * *
    noun m.
    * * *
    SM
    1) [de economía, industria, mercado] development
    2) [de teoría, tema, punto] development
    3) (=realización) [de proyecto, plan] carrying out; [de técnica, método] development
    4) [de capacidad, memoria, músculos] development
    5) (Mat) [de ecuación, función] expansion; [de problema] working
    6) [de persona, animal, planta] development

    está en la edad del desarrollo — she's reaching puberty, she's beginning to develop

    7) [de historia, acontecimiento] development

    el desarrollo de la tramathe unfolding o development of the plot

    8) [de bicicleta] gear ratio
    * * *
    1)
    a) (Econ) development
    b) (de facultad, capacidad) development
    c) (de niño, de planta) growth, development
    d) ( de adolescente) development
    2) (de teoría, tema, estrategia) development
    3) (de acto, acontecimiento)

    durante el desarrollo del actoduring o in the course of proceedings

    * * *
    = advance, amplification, building, development, evolution, blooming.
    Ex. I think that the most important advance that we can look forward to is a great increase in the amount of authority data in MARC form.
    Ex. Even with such a limitation and many later supplementations by various hands, by way of addition, correction and amplification, it falls far short of completeness.
    Ex. Building a search profile has much in common with building a document profile during indexing.
    Ex. Enumerative schemes can be difficult to revise to take account of new developments.
    Ex. A number of ancillary factors about the development of knowledge can be examined such as the extent of self-citation and the evolution of concepts.
    Ex. The article 'The blooming of readers' presents a body of research that supports the notion that children can acquire reading skills without being directly taught to read.
    ----
    * área en desarrollo = growth area.
    * autodesarrollo = self-actualisation [self-actualization, -USA].
    * ayuda al desarrollo = development aid.
    * biología del desarrollo = developmental biology.
    * de desarrollo = developmental.
    * de desarrollo rápido = fast-evolving.
    * desarrollo académico = academic development.
    * desarrollo atrofiado = arrested development.
    * desarrollo cronológico = chronology.
    * desarrollo de aplicaciones = software development, application development.
    * desarrollo de capacidades = capacity building.
    * desarrollo de la colección = collection building, collection development [collections development].
    * desarrollo de la identidad nacional = nation building.
    * desarrollo del plan de estudios = curriculum development.
    * desarrollo del potencial = capacity building.
    * desarrollo de material educativo = instructional development.
    * desarrollo de nuevos productos = product development.
    * desarrollo de programas = software development.
    * desarrollo de prototipos = prototyping.
    * desarrollo económico = economic development.
    * desarrollo empresarial = business development.
    * desarrollo estratégico = strategic development.
    * desarrollo industrial = industrial development.
    * desarrollo infantil = child development.
    * desarrollo mental = mental development.
    * desarrollo nacional = national development.
    * desarrollo personal = self-actualisation [self-actualization, -USA].
    * desarrollo prenatal = prenatal development.
    * desarrollo profesional = professional development, career development.
    * desarrollo profesional del personal = staff development.
    * desarrollo social = social development.
    * desarrollo sostenible = sustainable development.
    * desarrollo sostenido = sustainable development.
    * desarrollo tardío = late start.
    * desarrollo temporal = temporal development, timeline [time line].
    * desarrollo urbanístico = urban growth.
    * describir el desarrollo de = trace + the development of, trace + the evolution of.
    * economía en vías de desarrollo = transitional economy, developing economy.
    * empresa dedicada al desarrollo de productos = product developer.
    * en desarrollo = evolving, under development.
    * en período de desarrollo = in ascendancy.
    * en pleno desarrollo = in full swing, in full gear.
    * en vías de desarrollo = in course of development, emergent, developing.
    * especialista en el desarrollo = developmentalist.
    * estimular el desarrollo de = stimulate + the development of.
    * etapa de desarrollo = stage of development.
    * Fondo para el Desarrollo Europeo = European Development Fund.
    * Fondo para el Desarrollo Regional Europeo = European Regional Development Fund.
    * herramienta de desarrollo = development tool.
    * herramientas de desarrollo = toolkit.
    * instituto de desarrollo = development institute.
    * instituto para el desarrollo = development institute.
    * instituto para la investigación y el desarrollo = research and development institute.
    * investigación y desarrollo (I+D) = research and development (R&D).
    * nivel de desarrollo = stage of development, developmental level, development level, level of development.
    * Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo = Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
    * PADIS (Sistema de Información para el Desarrollo de Africa) = PADIS (Pan-African Development Information System).
    * país en vías de desarrollo = developing country, transitional nation, transitional economy, developing nation, emerging economy, developing economy, country with developing economy.
    * países en vías de desarrollo, los = developing world, the.
    * política de desarrollo de la colección = collection development policy.
    * posibilidad de desarrollo = potential for development.
    * retrasar el desarrollo de Algo = push back + development.
    * ritmo de desarrollo = pace of development.
    * sicología del desarrollo = developmental psychology.
    * teoría del desarrollo humano = developmental theory.
    * * *
    1)
    a) (Econ) development
    b) (de facultad, capacidad) development
    c) (de niño, de planta) growth, development
    d) ( de adolescente) development
    2) (de teoría, tema, estrategia) development
    3) (de acto, acontecimiento)

    durante el desarrollo del actoduring o in the course of proceedings

    * * *
    = advance, amplification, building, development, evolution, blooming.

    Ex: I think that the most important advance that we can look forward to is a great increase in the amount of authority data in MARC form.

    Ex: Even with such a limitation and many later supplementations by various hands, by way of addition, correction and amplification, it falls far short of completeness.
    Ex: Building a search profile has much in common with building a document profile during indexing.
    Ex: Enumerative schemes can be difficult to revise to take account of new developments.
    Ex: A number of ancillary factors about the development of knowledge can be examined such as the extent of self-citation and the evolution of concepts.
    Ex: The article 'The blooming of readers' presents a body of research that supports the notion that children can acquire reading skills without being directly taught to read.
    * área en desarrollo = growth area.
    * autodesarrollo = self-actualisation [self-actualization, -USA].
    * ayuda al desarrollo = development aid.
    * biología del desarrollo = developmental biology.
    * de desarrollo = developmental.
    * de desarrollo rápido = fast-evolving.
    * desarrollo académico = academic development.
    * desarrollo atrofiado = arrested development.
    * desarrollo cronológico = chronology.
    * desarrollo de aplicaciones = software development, application development.
    * desarrollo de capacidades = capacity building.
    * desarrollo de la colección = collection building, collection development [collections development].
    * desarrollo de la identidad nacional = nation building.
    * desarrollo del plan de estudios = curriculum development.
    * desarrollo del potencial = capacity building.
    * desarrollo de material educativo = instructional development.
    * desarrollo de nuevos productos = product development.
    * desarrollo de programas = software development.
    * desarrollo de prototipos = prototyping.
    * desarrollo económico = economic development.
    * desarrollo empresarial = business development.
    * desarrollo estratégico = strategic development.
    * desarrollo industrial = industrial development.
    * desarrollo infantil = child development.
    * desarrollo mental = mental development.
    * desarrollo nacional = national development.
    * desarrollo personal = self-actualisation [self-actualization, -USA].
    * desarrollo prenatal = prenatal development.
    * desarrollo profesional = professional development, career development.
    * desarrollo profesional del personal = staff development.
    * desarrollo social = social development.
    * desarrollo sostenible = sustainable development.
    * desarrollo sostenido = sustainable development.
    * desarrollo tardío = late start.
    * desarrollo temporal = temporal development, timeline [time line].
    * desarrollo urbanístico = urban growth.
    * describir el desarrollo de = trace + the development of, trace + the evolution of.
    * economía en vías de desarrollo = transitional economy, developing economy.
    * empresa dedicada al desarrollo de productos = product developer.
    * en desarrollo = evolving, under development.
    * en período de desarrollo = in ascendancy.
    * en pleno desarrollo = in full swing, in full gear.
    * en vías de desarrollo = in course of development, emergent, developing.
    * especialista en el desarrollo = developmentalist.
    * estimular el desarrollo de = stimulate + the development of.
    * etapa de desarrollo = stage of development.
    * Fondo para el Desarrollo Europeo = European Development Fund.
    * Fondo para el Desarrollo Regional Europeo = European Regional Development Fund.
    * herramienta de desarrollo = development tool.
    * herramientas de desarrollo = toolkit.
    * instituto de desarrollo = development institute.
    * instituto para el desarrollo = development institute.
    * instituto para la investigación y el desarrollo = research and development institute.
    * investigación y desarrollo (I+D) = research and development (R&D).
    * nivel de desarrollo = stage of development, developmental level, development level, level of development.
    * Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo = Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
    * PADIS (Sistema de Información para el Desarrollo de Africa) = PADIS (Pan-African Development Information System).
    * país en vías de desarrollo = developing country, transitional nation, transitional economy, developing nation, emerging economy, developing economy, country with developing economy.
    * países en vías de desarrollo, los = developing world, the.
    * política de desarrollo de la colección = collection development policy.
    * posibilidad de desarrollo = potential for development.
    * retrasar el desarrollo de Algo = push back + development.
    * ritmo de desarrollo = pace of development.
    * sicología del desarrollo = developmental psychology.
    * teoría del desarrollo humano = developmental theory.

    * * *
    A
    1 ( Econ) development
    países en vías de desarrollo developing countries
    2 (de una facultad, capacidad) development
    3 (de un niño, de una planta) growth, development
    4 (de un adolescente) development
    la edad del desarrollo puberty, the age of puberty
    Compuesto:
    desarrollo sostenible or perdurable
    ( Agr, Ecol) sustainable development
    B
    1 (de una teoría, un tema) development
    2 ( Mat) development
    3 (de una estrategia) development
    el desarrollo de nuevas técnicas en este campo the development o evolution of new techniques in this field
    C
    (de un acto, acontecimiento): contemplaron el desarrollo del desfile they watched the parade pass by
    intentaron impedir el normal desarrollo del acto they tried to disrupt the proceedings
    para ver el desarrollo de los acontecimientos to see how things develop o turn out
    D (en ciclismo) ≈ gear ratio
    E ( Chi) ( Fot) developing
    * * *

     

    Del verbo desarrollar: ( conjugate desarrollar)

    desarrollo es:

    1ª persona singular (yo) presente indicativo

    desarrolló es:

    3ª persona singular (él/ella/usted) pretérito indicativo

    Multiple Entries:
    desarrollar    
    desarrollo
    desarrollar ( conjugate desarrollar) verbo transitivo
    1 ( en general) to develop
    2
    a) ( exponer) ‹teoría/tema to explain

    b) ( llevar a cabo) ‹actividad/labor to carry out

    desarrollarse verbo pronominal
    1 ( en general) to develop
    2 [acto/entrevista/escena] to take place
    desarrollo sustantivo masculino
    development;

    según el desarrollo de los acontecimientos according to how things develop
    desarrollar verbo transitivo
    1 to develop: ha desarrollado su musculatura desde que hace deporte, he has become more muscular since he started doing sport
    (un proyecto, teoría) han desarrollado un nuevo modelo de ordenador portátil, they've developed a new type of portable computer
    2 (exponer con mayor detalle) to explain
    desarrollo sustantivo masculino
    1 (crecimiento, progreso) development
    el desarrollo industrial de la comarca, the industrial development of the area
    su bebé tiene un desarrollo satisfactorio, her baby is coming along fine
    2 (exposición detallada) development
    (solución por pasos de un problema) working out
    3 (transcurso) course: una persona se desmayó durante el desarrollo del acto, someone fainted during the ceremony

    ' desarrollo' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    desarrollarse
    - despegue
    - extensa
    - extenso
    - planteamiento
    - retrasada
    - retrasado
    - retraso
    - curso
    - emotivo
    - frenar
    - ir
    - marcha
    - potenciar
    - precoz
    - progreso
    - propulsar
    - rápido
    - retroceso
    - vía
    English:
    allocate
    - appropriate
    - arrest
    - boomtown
    - cramp
    - developing
    - development
    - evolution
    - growth
    - progress
    - research
    - disrupt
    - grown
    - swing
    * * *
    1. [mejora] development;
    el desarrollo económico economic development;
    países en vías de desarrollo developing countries;
    el pleno desarrollo de las capacidades intelectuales the full development of intellectual abilities
    desarrollo sostenible sustainable development
    2. [crecimiento] growth;
    el desarrollo del ser humano human development;
    la edad del desarrollo (the age of) puberty
    3. [exposición] [de tema, teoría, idea] explanation
    4. [transcurso] [de negociaciones, conferencia] course;
    no hubo incidentes en el desarrollo de la manifestación there were no incidents in the course of the demonstration
    5. [realización] [de actividad, trabajo, proyecto] carrying out
    6. [creación] [de prototipos, técnicas, estrategias] development;
    investigaciones encaminadas al desarrollo de una vacuna contra el sida research aimed at developing a vaccine against AIDS
    7. [en bicicleta] gear ratio;
    mover un gran desarrollo to turn a big gear
    8. Mat [de término] expansion;
    [de ecuación, problema] solving, working out
    * * *
    m development
    * * *
    : development
    * * *
    desarrollo n development

    Spanish-English dictionary > desarrollo

  • 17 desatar

    v.
    1 to untie (nudo, lazo).
    Elsa desató los zapatos del chico Elsa untied the boy's shoes.
    2 to unleash.
    Su mala actitud desató la furia His bad attitude unleashed the fury.
    * * *
    1 (soltar - gen) to untie, undo, unfasten; (- perro etc) to let loose
    2 figurado (desencadenar) to spark off, give rise to; (pasiones) to unleash
    1 (soltarse) to come untied, come undone, come unfastened
    2 figurado (desencadenarse) to break, explode
    \
    desatarse en to lash out with
    desatarse la lengua to loosen one's tongue
    * * *
    verb
    1) to untie, undo
    * * *
    1. VT
    1) [+ nudo, cuerda, cordones] to untie, undo

    desátate los zapatosuntie o undo your shoelaces

    desata el paquete y saca el regalountie o undo the parcel and take out the present

    2) (=desencadenar) [+ guerra, crisis] to trigger, spark (off); [+ sentimiento, pasión] to unleash
    3) (=disolver) to dissolve
    4)
    2.
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    1)
    a) <nudo/lazo> to untie, undo
    b) < persona> to untie; < perro> to let... loose, let... off the leash
    a) (liter) <cólera/pasiones> to unleash
    b) <crisis/revuelta> to spark off; < polémica> to provoke, give rise to
    2.
    desatarse v pron
    1)
    a) nudo/cordones to come undone o untied; perro/caballo to get loose
    b) (refl) persona to untie oneself; <cordones/zapatos> to untie, undo
    a) (liter) pasiones/ira/furia to be unleashed
    b) polémica/crisis to erupt, flare up; revuelta to break out
    c) tormenta/temporal to break
    * * *
    = undo, spark, unleash, unwind, set off, untie.
    Ex. The National Library of Estonia, established in 1918, is undergoing a revolutionary period of undoing the effects of the cultural policies of the communist regime.
    Ex. The nineteenth century was, quite rightly, fearful of any system of spreading knowledge which might spark the tinder box of unrest.
    Ex. The economic climate of the 1980s, unleashing competitive forces and threatening the survival of some institutions, has had a major impact on both hospitals and academic health centres.
    Ex. Short wedges, or quoins, were then put in between the long wedges and the inside of the chase, loosely at first so that the string with which the pages were tied up could be unwound and removed.
    Ex. The dollar has been losing value, weakening its status as the world's major currency and setting off jitters in the international financial system.
    Ex. Bridling a horse safely starts with untying the horse.
    ----
    * desatarse = come + undone, come + loose.
    * desatar una crisis = precipitate + crisis, precipitate + crisis.
    * desatar una guerra = precipitate + war.
    * desatar un nudo = untie + knot.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    1)
    a) <nudo/lazo> to untie, undo
    b) < persona> to untie; < perro> to let... loose, let... off the leash
    a) (liter) <cólera/pasiones> to unleash
    b) <crisis/revuelta> to spark off; < polémica> to provoke, give rise to
    2.
    desatarse v pron
    1)
    a) nudo/cordones to come undone o untied; perro/caballo to get loose
    b) (refl) persona to untie oneself; <cordones/zapatos> to untie, undo
    a) (liter) pasiones/ira/furia to be unleashed
    b) polémica/crisis to erupt, flare up; revuelta to break out
    c) tormenta/temporal to break
    * * *
    = undo, spark, unleash, unwind, set off, untie.

    Ex: The National Library of Estonia, established in 1918, is undergoing a revolutionary period of undoing the effects of the cultural policies of the communist regime.

    Ex: The nineteenth century was, quite rightly, fearful of any system of spreading knowledge which might spark the tinder box of unrest.
    Ex: The economic climate of the 1980s, unleashing competitive forces and threatening the survival of some institutions, has had a major impact on both hospitals and academic health centres.
    Ex: Short wedges, or quoins, were then put in between the long wedges and the inside of the chase, loosely at first so that the string with which the pages were tied up could be unwound and removed.
    Ex: The dollar has been losing value, weakening its status as the world's major currency and setting off jitters in the international financial system.
    Ex: Bridling a horse safely starts with untying the horse.
    * desatarse = come + undone, come + loose.
    * desatar una crisis = precipitate + crisis, precipitate + crisis.
    * desatar una guerra = precipitate + war.
    * desatar un nudo = untie + knot.

    * * *
    desatar [A1 ]
    vt
    A
    1 ‹nudo/lazo› to untie, undo
    2 ‹persona› to untie; ‹perro› to let … loose, let … off the leash
    1 ( liter); ‹cólera/pasiones› to unleash
    2 ‹crisis› to spark off, trigger, precipitate ( frml); ‹revuelta› to cause, spark off; ‹polémica› to provoke, give rise to
    han desatado una campaña de ataques contra ella they have launched a campaign of attacks against her
    A
    1 «nudo/lazo/cordones» to come undone o untied; «perro/caballo» to get loose
    2 ( refl) «persona» to untie oneself
    3 ( refl) «persona» ‹cordones/zapatos› to untie, undo
    1 ( liter); ‹pasiones/ira/furia› to be unleashed, be let loose
    los nervios se desataron tempers flared
    2
    «persona»: se desató en insultos contra nosotros he let fly at us with a string of insults
    3 «polémica/crisis» to erupt, flare up; «revuelta» to break out
    una ola de violencia se ha desatado en todo el país a wave of violence has broken out throughout the country
    4 «tormenta/temporal» to break
    * * *

    desatar ( conjugate desatar) verbo transitivo
    a)nudo/lazo to untie, undo

    b) persona to untie;

    perroto let … loose
    desatarse verbo pronominal
    a) [nudo/cordones] to come undone o untied;

    [perro/caballo] to get loose

    cordones/zapatos to untie, undo
    desatar verbo transitivo
    1 to untie, undo
    2 (provocar, desencadenar) to unleash: la medida desató la indignación de los trabajadores, the measure drove the workers to a state of indignation
    ' desatar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    soltar
    English:
    draw out
    - loosen
    - spark off
    - unfasten
    - unleash
    - untie
    - loose
    - undo
    * * *
    vt
    1. [nudo, lazo] to untie;
    [paquete] to undo
    2. [animal] to unleash;
    [persona] to untie
    3. [tormenta, ira, pasión] to unleash;
    [entusiasmo] to arouse; [motín, disturbios, protestas] to spark off, to trigger; [lengua] to loosen;
    la decisión desató una ola de manifestaciones the decision set off o triggered a wave of demonstrations;
    su dimisión desató la crisis de gobierno his resignation triggered o precipitated the governmental crisis
    * * *
    v/t untie; fig
    unleash
    * * *
    1) : to undo, to untie
    2) : to unleash
    3) : to trigger, to precipitate
    * * *
    1. (persona, cuerda, cordones) to untie
    2. (paquete, nudo, lazo) to undo [pt. undid; pp. undone]
    3. (perro) to let off the lead [pt. & pp. let]

    Spanish-English dictionary > desatar

  • 18 desencadenar

    v.
    1 to unchain (preso, perro).
    Ricardo desencadenó al perro Richard unchained the dog.
    2 to give rise to, to spark off.
    la medida desencadenó fuertes protestas the measure provoked furious protests
    3 to trigger, to detonate, to activate, to provoke.
    Su actitud desencadenó un pleito Her attitude triggered the fight.
    * * *
    1 (quitar la cadena) to unchain
    2 (pasiones) to unleash
    3 figurado (producir) to spark off, give rise to
    1 (desatarse) to break loose
    2 (guerra) to break out
    3 (acontecimientos) to start
    * * *
    verb
    * * *
    1. VT
    1) (=quitar las cadenas de) [+ prisionero] to unchain; [+ perro] to unleash
    2) (=desatar) [+ ira] to unleash; [+ crisis] to trigger, set off
    2.
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    a) <crisis/protesta/reacción> to trigger
    b) < perro> to unleash, let... off the leash; < preso> to unchain, unshackle
    2.
    desencadenarse v pron explosión/reacción to be triggered off; guerra to break out; tempestad to break
    * * *
    = spark off, trigger, spark, unleash, touch off, set off.
    Ex. Like the librarians and the bookshop staff, the club members are catalysts who spark off that fission which will spread from child to child an awareness of books and the habit of reading them.
    Ex. Nevertheless, the fact that these general lists cannot serve for every application has triggered a search for more consistent approaches.
    Ex. The nineteenth century was, quite rightly, fearful of any system of spreading knowledge which might spark the tinder box of unrest.
    Ex. The economic climate of the 1980s, unleashing competitive forces and threatening the survival of some institutions, has had a major impact on both hospitals and academic health centres.
    Ex. This decision touched off a battle of wills between the library and the government as well as a blitz of media publicity.
    Ex. The dollar has been losing value, weakening its status as the world's major currency and setting off jitters in the international financial system.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    a) <crisis/protesta/reacción> to trigger
    b) < perro> to unleash, let... off the leash; < preso> to unchain, unshackle
    2.
    desencadenarse v pron explosión/reacción to be triggered off; guerra to break out; tempestad to break
    * * *
    = spark off, trigger, spark, unleash, touch off, set off.

    Ex: Like the librarians and the bookshop staff, the club members are catalysts who spark off that fission which will spread from child to child an awareness of books and the habit of reading them.

    Ex: Nevertheless, the fact that these general lists cannot serve for every application has triggered a search for more consistent approaches.
    Ex: The nineteenth century was, quite rightly, fearful of any system of spreading knowledge which might spark the tinder box of unrest.
    Ex: The economic climate of the 1980s, unleashing competitive forces and threatening the survival of some institutions, has had a major impact on both hospitals and academic health centres.
    Ex: This decision touched off a battle of wills between the library and the government as well as a blitz of media publicity.
    Ex: The dollar has been losing value, weakening its status as the world's major currency and setting off jitters in the international financial system.

    * * *
    vt
    1 ‹crisis/protesta› to trigger
    la matanza desencadenó una ola de protestas the killings triggered o unleashed a wave of protest
    2 ‹explosión/reacción› to trigger
    3 ‹perro› to unleash, let … off the leash; ‹preso› to unchain, unshackle
    «explosión/reacción» to be triggered off; «guerra» to break out; «crisis» to break
    se desencadenó una ola de protestas a storm of protests erupted, it provoked a storm of protests
    * * *

    desencadenar ( conjugate desencadenar) verbo transitivo
    a)crisis/protesta/reacción to trigger

    b) perro to unleash;

    preso to unchain
    desencadenarse verbo pronominal [explosión/reacción] to be triggered off;
    [ guerra] to break out;
    [ tempestad] to break
    desencadenar verbo transitivo
    1 to unchain
    2 (producir, dar lugar) to unleash
    ' desencadenar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    desatar
    English:
    set off
    - start
    - touch off
    - trigger
    - unleash
    * * *
    vt
    1. [preso, perro] to unchain
    2. [viento, tormenta] to unleash
    3. [accidente, polémica] to give rise to;
    [pasión] to unleash; [conflicto] to trigger, to spark off;
    la medida desencadenó fuertes protestas the measure triggered furious protests
    * * *
    v/t fig
    set off, trigger
    * * *
    1) : to unchain
    2) : to trigger, to unleash

    Spanish-English dictionary > desencadenar

  • 19 despreocupado

    adj.
    unworried, care-free, carefree, free and easy.
    past part.
    past participle of spanish verb: despreocuparse.
    * * *
    1→ link=despreocuparse despreocuparse
    1 (tranquilo) unconcerned, unworried
    2 (negligente) negligent, careless, sloppy
    3 (indiferente) indifferent
    * * *
    (f. - despreocupada)
    adj.
    * * *
    ADJ
    1) (=sin preocupación) unworried, unconcerned
    2) [al hablar, jugar] nonchalant
    3) [en el vestir] casual; pey careless, sloppy
    4) (=imparcial) unbias(s)ed, impartial
    5) (Rel) (=indiferente) indifferent, apathetic; (=tolerante) broad-minded
    6) [mujer] loose
    * * *
    - da adjetivo
    a) ( sin preocupaciones) < vida> carefree
    b) ( descuidado) negligent
    c) ( indiferente) unworried
    * * *
    = freewheeling [free-wheeling], unconcerned, footloose, blithe, carefree, breezy [breezier -comp., breeziest -sup.], insouciant, nonplus, nonplussed [nonplused], nonchalant, airy [airier -comp., airiest -sup.].
    Ex. Yet it is argued that these fluctuations do not justify either precipitous journal cancellations or free-wheeling additions to the collection.
    Ex. Then, with an elfin smile she said: 'You see, I haven't been entirely unconcerned!'.
    Ex. Americans are among the most opulent and footloose people on earth.
    Ex. According to these librarians, prudent judgment and professional knowledge about the value of a title should never be replaced by a blithe trust in statistical data.
    Ex. Alcohol in moderation is effective in reducing stress and may increase overall affective expression, happiness, euphoria, conviviality, & carefree feelings.
    Ex. This knowing sequel to the breezy glamor of 'Ocean's Eleven' provides more thieves, more heists, more twists, more locations, and more playfulness than the original.
    Ex. Adopting an insouciant attitude toward empirical research -- shorn of such seemingly tough-minded concepts as objectivity and transparency -- makes her point more plausible.
    Ex. I remember reading an interview where Boll was nonplus about it, but then days later the site got shut down.
    Ex. Considering all that has happened to them, the cousins were nonplussed.
    Ex. Certainly the explanation was remarkably in accordance with the nonchalant character of the noble lord who gave it.
    Ex. Cases keep discussion grounded on certain persistent facts that must be faced, and keep a realistic rein on airy flights of academic speculation.
    ----
    * de manera despreocupada = casually.
    * usar de un modo despreocupado = bandy (about/around).
    * * *
    - da adjetivo
    a) ( sin preocupaciones) < vida> carefree
    b) ( descuidado) negligent
    c) ( indiferente) unworried
    * * *
    = freewheeling [free-wheeling], unconcerned, footloose, blithe, carefree, breezy [breezier -comp., breeziest -sup.], insouciant, nonplus, nonplussed [nonplused], nonchalant, airy [airier -comp., airiest -sup.].

    Ex: Yet it is argued that these fluctuations do not justify either precipitous journal cancellations or free-wheeling additions to the collection.

    Ex: Then, with an elfin smile she said: 'You see, I haven't been entirely unconcerned!'.
    Ex: Americans are among the most opulent and footloose people on earth.
    Ex: According to these librarians, prudent judgment and professional knowledge about the value of a title should never be replaced by a blithe trust in statistical data.
    Ex: Alcohol in moderation is effective in reducing stress and may increase overall affective expression, happiness, euphoria, conviviality, & carefree feelings.
    Ex: This knowing sequel to the breezy glamor of 'Ocean's Eleven' provides more thieves, more heists, more twists, more locations, and more playfulness than the original.
    Ex: Adopting an insouciant attitude toward empirical research -- shorn of such seemingly tough-minded concepts as objectivity and transparency -- makes her point more plausible.
    Ex: I remember reading an interview where Boll was nonplus about it, but then days later the site got shut down.
    Ex: Considering all that has happened to them, the cousins were nonplussed.
    Ex: Certainly the explanation was remarkably in accordance with the nonchalant character of the noble lord who gave it.
    Ex: Cases keep discussion grounded on certain persistent facts that must be faced, and keep a realistic rein on airy flights of academic speculation.
    * de manera despreocupada = casually.
    * usar de un modo despreocupado = bandy (about/around).

    * * *
    carefree
    llevaba una vida muy despreocupada she led a very carefree existence
    es muy despreocupado con sus hijos he's very easygoing with his children
    * * *

    Del verbo despreocuparse: ( conjugate despreocuparse)

    despreocupado es:

    el participio

    Multiple Entries:
    despreocupado    
    despreocuparse
    despreocupado
    ◊ -da adjetivo




    despreocuparse ( conjugate despreocuparse) verbo pronominal
    a) See Also




    despreocupado,-a adjetivo
    1 (tranquilo) unconcerned
    2 (negligente) careless
    (estilo) casual
    despreocuparse verbo reflexivo
    1 (liberarse de una preocupación) to stop worrying: es difícil despreocuparse del chequeo de mañana, it's hard to not to be worried about tomorrow's checkup
    2 (no prestar atención, cuidado, etc) to be unconcerned o indifferent [de, to]: se ha despreocupado completamente de preparar la boda, she has become totally indifferent to planning the wedding
    ' despreocupado' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    dejada
    - dejado
    - despreocuparse
    - despreocupada
    - tranquila
    - tranquilo
    English:
    airy
    - breezy
    - carefree
    - careless
    - casual
    - easy-going
    - happy-go-lucky
    - nonchalant
    - slovenly
    - care
    - happy
    * * *
    despreocupado, -a adj
    1. [libre de preocupaciones] carefree;
    vive despreocupado he's very happy-go-lucky o laid-back;
    es demasiado despreocupado he doesn't take things seriously enough, he's too laid-back
    2. [negligente] unconcerned
    * * *
    adj
    1 ( descuidado) careless
    2 ( sin preocupaciones) carefree
    * * *
    despreocupado, -da adj
    : carefree, easygoing, unconcerned
    * * *
    despreocupado adj casual

    Spanish-English dictionary > despreocupado

  • 20 destruir

    v.
    to destroy.
    El temblor destruyó la pared The quake destroyed the wall.
    Sus trucos destruyeron a María His tricks destroyed Mary.
    * * *
    Conjugation model [ HUIR], like link=huir huir
    1 to destroy
    2 figurado to destroy, ruin, wreck
    * * *
    verb
    * * *
    1. VT
    1) [+ objeto, edificio] to destroy
    2) (=estropear) [+ amistad, matrimonio, armonía] to wreck, destroy; [+ argumento, teoría] to demolish; [+ esperanza] to dash, shatter; [+ proyecto, plan] to wreck, ruin
    2.
    See:
    * * *
    verbo transitivo
    a) <documentos/pruebas> to destroy; < ciudad> to destroy; < medio ambiente> to damage
    b) ( echar por tierra) < reputación> to ruin; < plan> to wreck; < esperanzas> to dash, shatter

    le destruyó la vida — it/he wrecked o destroyed his/her life

    * * *
    = demolish, destroy, knock out, scupper, wipe out, trash, pull apart, sweep away, knock down, rack [wrack], wreak + destruction, destruct, shred, wreck, decimate, lay + waste to, wash out, run down, break down, blow up, rubbish, stomp + Nombre + out, smash.
    Ex. Having just demolished enumerative classification to some extent in the previous section, it is reasonable to ask how effective menu-based information retrieval systems might be.
    Ex. I am frequently taken to task as someone who would try to destroy the integrity of certain catalogs on the West Coast.
    Ex. Two years ago Hurricane Hugo nearly knocked out Charleston.
    Ex. This arrangement could definitely help solve the librarian's problems, unless unexpected events scupper it.
    Ex. Strong economic forces, inflation and an over-strong pound wiped out any noticeable benefits of EEC membership to industry.
    Ex. At the same time, the author takes issue with the view that the great libraries of America are being ' trashed' by the rush towards technology.
    Ex. If solutions are not found to meet this challenge, users' hunger for multimedia could pull the Internet apart.
    Ex. Librarians should ensure that the principles they stand for are not swept away on a tide of technological jingoism.
    Ex. Your note attempts to knock down an assertion not made.
    Ex. Both countries that have been wracked for the last ten years by violent civil wars.
    Ex. The author laments the demise of the paper card catalogue as a 'paroxysm of shortsightedness and antiintellectualism' on the part of over zealous librarians, wreaking destruction in a class with the burning of the library at Alexandria.
    Ex. That means that the abstractions of scientific knowledge reduce the reality and even destruct it.
    Ex. If they do muster up the courage to participate, they have learned what it is like to lose: they describe it as being 'slaughtered,' 'blown away,' or ' shredded'.
    Ex. They had made a secret deal with Otto Reich to wreck Cuba's economy.
    Ex. Insect pests decimate a significant proportion of the world's food supply and transmit a number of deadly human diseases.
    Ex. The mutilation of periodicals is laying waste to vital and expensive periodical collections in all kinds of library across the USA, and it seems to strike academic libraries with particular virulence.
    Ex. Some sections of road washed out by flood waters.
    Ex. It really is time we stopped kow-towing to every Tom, Dick and Harry who runs down our industry.
    Ex. It describes our experience in combatting mould which grew as a result of high humidity and temperatures when the air conditioning system broke down for several days after several days of rain.
    Ex. The article 'The library has blown up!' relates the short circuit in the main electrical circuit board of Porstmouth Public Library caused by electricians who were carrying out routine work.
    Ex. The theory of Scandinavian racial purity cherished by Hitler and the Nazis has been rubbished by new scientific research.
    Ex. Like I said, no wonder racism won't die, it takes BOTH sides to stomp it out, not just one!.
    Ex. The library was badly vandalised and the intruders overturned 10 large bookcases, tore paintings down, emptied catalogues, and smashed intercoms, chairs, tables and windows.
    ----
    * chocar destruyendo = smash into.
    * destruir completamente = blow + Nombre + to bits.
    * destruir la esperanza = shatter + Posesivo + hopes.
    * destruir un mito = explode + myth.
    * fuego + destruir = fire + destroy.
    * fuego + destruir por completo = fire + gut.
    * * *
    verbo transitivo
    a) <documentos/pruebas> to destroy; < ciudad> to destroy; < medio ambiente> to damage
    b) ( echar por tierra) < reputación> to ruin; < plan> to wreck; < esperanzas> to dash, shatter

    le destruyó la vida — it/he wrecked o destroyed his/her life

    * * *
    = demolish, destroy, knock out, scupper, wipe out, trash, pull apart, sweep away, knock down, rack [wrack], wreak + destruction, destruct, shred, wreck, decimate, lay + waste to, wash out, run down, break down, blow up, rubbish, stomp + Nombre + out, smash.

    Ex: Having just demolished enumerative classification to some extent in the previous section, it is reasonable to ask how effective menu-based information retrieval systems might be.

    Ex: I am frequently taken to task as someone who would try to destroy the integrity of certain catalogs on the West Coast.
    Ex: Two years ago Hurricane Hugo nearly knocked out Charleston.
    Ex: This arrangement could definitely help solve the librarian's problems, unless unexpected events scupper it.
    Ex: Strong economic forces, inflation and an over-strong pound wiped out any noticeable benefits of EEC membership to industry.
    Ex: At the same time, the author takes issue with the view that the great libraries of America are being ' trashed' by the rush towards technology.
    Ex: If solutions are not found to meet this challenge, users' hunger for multimedia could pull the Internet apart.
    Ex: Librarians should ensure that the principles they stand for are not swept away on a tide of technological jingoism.
    Ex: Your note attempts to knock down an assertion not made.
    Ex: Both countries that have been wracked for the last ten years by violent civil wars.
    Ex: The author laments the demise of the paper card catalogue as a 'paroxysm of shortsightedness and antiintellectualism' on the part of over zealous librarians, wreaking destruction in a class with the burning of the library at Alexandria.
    Ex: That means that the abstractions of scientific knowledge reduce the reality and even destruct it.
    Ex: If they do muster up the courage to participate, they have learned what it is like to lose: they describe it as being 'slaughtered,' 'blown away,' or ' shredded'.
    Ex: They had made a secret deal with Otto Reich to wreck Cuba's economy.
    Ex: Insect pests decimate a significant proportion of the world's food supply and transmit a number of deadly human diseases.
    Ex: The mutilation of periodicals is laying waste to vital and expensive periodical collections in all kinds of library across the USA, and it seems to strike academic libraries with particular virulence.
    Ex: Some sections of road washed out by flood waters.
    Ex: It really is time we stopped kow-towing to every Tom, Dick and Harry who runs down our industry.
    Ex: It describes our experience in combatting mould which grew as a result of high humidity and temperatures when the air conditioning system broke down for several days after several days of rain.
    Ex: The article 'The library has blown up!' relates the short circuit in the main electrical circuit board of Porstmouth Public Library caused by electricians who were carrying out routine work.
    Ex: The theory of Scandinavian racial purity cherished by Hitler and the Nazis has been rubbished by new scientific research.
    Ex: Like I said, no wonder racism won't die, it takes BOTH sides to stomp it out, not just one!.
    Ex: The library was badly vandalised and the intruders overturned 10 large bookcases, tore paintings down, emptied catalogues, and smashed intercoms, chairs, tables and windows.
    * chocar destruyendo = smash into.
    * destruir completamente = blow + Nombre + to bits.
    * destruir la esperanza = shatter + Posesivo + hopes.
    * destruir un mito = explode + myth.
    * fuego + destruir = fire + destroy.
    * fuego + destruir por completo = fire + gut.

    * * *
    vt
    1 ‹documentos/pruebas› to destroy; ‹ciudad› to destroy
    productos que destruyen el medio ambiente products that damage the environment
    2 (echar por tierra) ‹reputación› to ruin; ‹plan› to ruin, wreck; ‹esperanzas› to dash, shatter
    los problemas económicos destruyeron su matrimonio financial problems wrecked o ruined their marriage
    la droga está destruyendo muchas vidas drugs are wrecking o ruining o destroying the lives of many people
    * * *

     

    destruir ( conjugate destruir) verbo transitivo
    a)documentos/pruebas to destroy;

    ciudad to destroy;
    medio ambiente to damage

    plan to wreck;
    esperanzas to dash, shatter
    destruir verbo transitivo to destroy
    ' destruir' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    acabar
    - barrer
    - dinamitar
    - minar
    - socavar
    - anular
    - consumir
    - liquidar
    English:
    destroy
    - flatten
    - gut
    - nuke
    - obliterate
    - shatter
    - zap
    - explode
    - ruin
    - shred
    * * *
    vt
    1. [destrozar] to destroy
    2. [desbaratar] [argumento] to demolish;
    [proyecto] to ruin, to wreck; [ilusión, esperanzas] to dash; [reputación] to ruin; [matrimonio, relación] to wreck; [pareja] to break up
    3. [hacienda, fortuna] to squander
    * * *
    v/t
    1 destroy
    2 ( estropear) ruin, wreck
    * * *
    destruir {41} vt
    : to destroy
    * * *
    destruir vb to destroy

    Spanish-English dictionary > destruir

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