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Valéry

  • 1 Giscard d'Estaing, Valéry

       (adj. Giscardien)
       Born 1926
       President of France from 1974 to 1981. Valéry Giscard d'Estaing succeed Georges Pompidou as French president, thereby putting an end to 16 years of Gaullist presidency. Though a conservative, Giscard was from the UDF, the centre right party in the conservative coalition of the time.
       On becoming president, Giscard promised change after a decade and a half of Gaullist rule: more Atlanticist and pro-European than previous presidents, he nevertheless failed to embody the change that many people wanted, and was not reelected for a second term. He tried to give the French presidency more popular appeal than it previously enjoyed, and make it seem closer to ordinary Frenchmen, but his changes were more symbolic than real, and included walking down the Champs Elysées in a sweater rather than a suit, and inviting himself to dinner with ordinary French families from time to time.
       After his defeat at the 1981 Presidential election, Giscard returned to politics as an ordinary Député (MP), and also became strongly involved in local politics in his region, the Auvergne, becoming President of the Regional Council from 1986 to 2004.

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais. Agriculture Biologique > Giscard d'Estaing, Valéry

  • 2 à tout faire

    1.

    Il arrive que le même mot [comme liberté] s'emploie à des besognes d'expressions fort différentes. C'est un mot à tout faire. (P. Valéry, Regards sur le monde actuel.) — Бывает, что одно и то же слово, например "свобода", употребляется в самых разных ситуациях. Оно подходит на любой случай.

    2.
    готовый на все дела, на всякую работу

    Il n'existait, lui, que par le grand homme, à qui il devait sa candidature officielle, son élection, sa situation de domestique bon à tout faire, vivant des miettes de la faveur du maître. (É. Zola, L'Argent.) — Он существовал лишь благодаря великому человеку, которому он был обязан своим выдвижением на пост, своим избранием и своим положением мальчика на побегушках, подбирающего крохи с барского стола.

    Pour l'instant, j'attends le rapport d'un espion placé auprès de Mazarin. Mais un autre m'a mis sur la piste d'un domestique nommé Clément Tonnel, qui fut jadis homme à tout faire du prince Condé... (A. et S. Golon, Angélique, Marquise des Anges.) — В данный момент я жду с докладом шпиона, приставленного к Мазарини. Другой шпион навел меня на след слуги по имени Клеман Тоннель, который когда-то был слугой принца Конде и выполнял самые различные поручения.

    Dictionnaire français-russe des idiomes > à tout faire

  • 3 aller plus vite que le pas

    разг.
    (aller plus vite que le pas [или que les violons])
    1) жарить вовсю, нестись во весь опор; спешить, проявлять нетерпение; подгонять ход событий

    Mais... dit-elle, il me semble que tu t'es un peu... engagée avec Orloff, non? - Qu'est-ce que Gricha vient de faire là? Du reste, tu vas un peu plus vite que les violons, ma chère. (P. Nort, Chasse couplée au Caire.) — - Но, - сказала Изис, - мне кажется, не зашла ли ты... далековато с Орловым, я не права? - А какое отношение Гриша имеет ко всему этому? Впрочем, ты слишком спешишь, дорогая.

    2) (тж. aller plus vite que la musique) быть чрезмерно чувствительным

    Il y a des gens auxquels on n'est pas obligé de serrer bien fort la gorge. À peine l'on fait mine d'y mettre la main, ils se sentent étouffés. Ce sont des exagérants. Leur système va plus vite que les violons. (P. Valéry, Œuvres.) — Есть люди, которых вовсе не надо хватать за горло, достаточно протянуть руку к их шее, как они уже начинают задыхаться, они все преувеличивают. У них чересчур чувствительные нервы.

    Dictionnaire français-russe des idiomes > aller plus vite que le pas

  • 4 arrêter les frais

    2) прекратить трудиться впустую, оставить бесплодные усилия

    J'écris au milieu de hurlements sans nom, avec du piano au fond, et une auto monstrueuse dans la rue pète et grogne. Donc tout ceci ne compte pas. Et je vais arrêter les frais. (P. Valéry, Lettres à quelques-uns.) — Я пишу посреди невообразимого воя, под аккомпанемент пианино, а на улице визжит и рычит огромная машина. Так что ничего не получается, и я сейчас брошу свои попытки.

    Dictionnaire français-russe des idiomes > arrêter les frais

  • 5 de seconde main

    1) не оригинальный, из вторых рук

    un ouvrage de seconde main — труд, сделанный не на основе собственного исследования, не по первоисточникам

    Il ne lui a pas suffi pour alimenter Antoine de prestige, de feuilleter de gros recueils de seconde main, les épais dictionnaires du genre Bayle, Morery, Trévoux et consorts; il a exploré le plus de textes originaux qu'il a pu consulter. (P. Valéry, (GL).) — Когда Флобер работал над Искушением святого Антония, ему было недостаточно, чтобы насытить научностью свою повесть, перелистать толстые сборники, составленные разными компиляторами, основательные словари Бейля, Морери, Треву и других, он исследовал как можно больше оригинальных текстов, которые ему удалось раздобыть.

    2) бывший в употреблении, по случаю

    Georges. À t'entendre on nous croirait sortis de la cuisse de Jupiter! Je suis un inventeur de seconde main. (J. Cocteau, Les Parents terribles.) — Жорж. Послушать тебя, так можно подумать, что в наших жилах течет голубая кровь. А я просто второразрядный изобретатель.

    Dictionnaire français-russe des idiomes > de seconde main

  • 6 être appelé sous les drapeaux

    Quand le père et la mère vinrent s'établir à Saint-Valéry, de neuf enfants qu'ils avaient eus, il ne leur restait que le fils qui est mort hier et un aîné appelé sous les drapeaux. (A. France, Pierre Nozière.) — Когда отец и мать поселились в Сен-Валери, от девяти человек детей у них оставались только тот сын, который умер вчера, и один из старших сыновей, призванный в армию.

    Dictionnaire français-russe des idiomes > être appelé sous les drapeaux

  • 7 idée fixe

    навязчивая мысль, идея, идефикс

    Le même Valéry, d'ailleurs, critique l'expression dans le texte célèbre qui porte ce titre: "une idée ne peut être fixe. Peut être fixe... ce qui n'est pas idée". (P. Valéry, L'Idée fixe ou Deux Hommes à la mer.) — Впрочем, сам Валери критикует это понятие в широко известной работе под этим заглавием: "идея не может быть навязчивой. Если это навязло как нечто застывшее, то это уже не является идеей".

    Dictionnaire français-russe des idiomes > idée fixe

  • 8 le silence est d'or

    prov.
    ((la parole est d'argent et, mais) le silence est d'or)
    (слово - серебро, а) молчание - золото

    Nous avons tout le temps. L'air est pur, la mer est... large. Je jouis de la première bouffée, pendant que votre écorce travaille. La parole est d'argent et le silence est d'or. (P. Valery, Œuvres.) — Нам некуда спешить. Воздух так чист, море... безбрежно. Я с наслаждением делаю первую затяжку, тогда как вы молча раздумываете. Ведь слова - серебро, а молчание - золото.

    Liliane se rappela que le silence est d'or, ferma les yeux... et se laissa aller... à une douce rêverie. (P. Daix, Les Embarras de Paris.) — Лилиана вспомнила, что молчание - золото, закрыла глаза... и погрузилась... в сладостные мечтания.

    Dictionnaire français-russe des idiomes > le silence est d'or

  • 9 mettre qch à la discrétion de qn

    (mettre [или placer] qch à la discrétion de qn)

    Il se moquait âprement de ceux qui placent à la discrétion de l'opinion des pouvoirs constitués le destin de leur œuvre. (P. Valéry, (Lx).) — Он безжалостно смеялся над теми, кто ставит судьбу своих произведений в зависимость от мнения властей предержащих.

    Dictionnaire français-russe des idiomes > mettre qch à la discrétion de qn

  • 10 parler par figures

    говорить, выражаться цветисто, вычурно

    Il ne parlait jamais, d'ailleurs, de ses idées que par figures. L'enseignement explicite lui répugnait étrangement. (P. Valery, Variété.) — Раскрывая свои мысли, он всегда вставлял массу словесных завитушек. Он как-то не мог терпеть ясного изложения.

    Dictionnaire français-russe des idiomes > parler par figures

  • 11 personne morale

    (personne morale [или civile])

    L'Université allait avoir six cents ans. Les personnes physiques ne se consolent pas de vieillir, mais il n'en est pas de même quant aux personnes morales. (P. Valéry, (GL).) — Университету исполнялось шестьсот лет. Физические лица не могут примириться с тем, что стареют, но с юридическими лицами дело обстоит иначе.

    Dictionnaire français-russe des idiomes > personne morale

  • 12 tendre ses filets trop haut

    слишком много хотеть, заноситься

    Autre thème: celui des filets trop haut. L'orgueil les tend si haut que rien de réel jamais ne s'y vient prendre. (P. Valéry, Variété.) — Вот другая тема: слишком большие претензии. Гордость выставляет такие непомерные желания, что на деле из них ничего не получается.

    Dictionnaire français-russe des idiomes > tendre ses filets trop haut

  • 13 smaragdin

    прил.
    1) общ. изумрудный, смарагдовый
    2) образн. блестящий (C[up ie] qui fait leur splendeur smaragdine [des poèmes de Pierre Louÿs], leur perfection et leur attirance de gemmes, c'est qu'ils sont polis et brillants et pourtant sans fond (Valéry).), очень яркий

    Французско-русский универсальный словарь > smaragdin

  • 14 Barre, Raymond

       (1924-2007)
       Prime Minister of France under president Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, from 1976 to 1981. Barre, who began his career as a professor of economics in Paris, worked in the finance ministry and in the European Commission in Brussels, before being chosen as Prime Minister by Giscard. At the time, as an economist rather than a politician, he was relatively unknown to the French public. He is the only person in recent French history to have reached a top government position without first rising through the ranks of a political party.

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais. Agriculture Biologique > Barre, Raymond

  • 15 Chirac, Jacques

       born 1932.
       (adj. Chiraquien)
       Former conservative (Gaullist) President of France, from 1995 to 2007. Chirac's reelection in 2002 was an unexpected twist of fortune, caused by the elimination of the front-runner, socialist Lionel Jospin, pipped into third place in the first round of the election by a surge in the vote for the far right wing leader of the French National Front, Jean Marie Le Pen.Facing Le Pen in the second round, Chirac was reelected with a massive majority in what was in essence a contest between the the extreme right and everyone else. Had the second round of the election been a classic left-right contest, Chirac's re-election would not have been guaranteed.
       Jacques Chirac was a highly ambitious career politician, who worked his way rapidly up the ranks of the Gaullist movement; yet his first steps in politics were actually as a militant for the Communist party, and as a student he sold the communist newspaper l'Humanité on the streets of Paris. After graduating from "Sciences Po", he changed tack, married into Parisian high society, studied at the elite ENA (Ecole Nationale d'Administration), and then began a career in politics, working for the office of the prime minister, Georges Pompidou. In 1976, he was appointed junior minister for employment in the third Pompidou government, and from then after he remained one of the most omnipresent of conservative politicians in France. From Gaullist, he became a supporter of Valéry Giscard d'Estaing during Giscard's 1974 bid for the presidency - against the Gaullist Chaban-Delmas - and was appointed Prime Minister when Giscard won. Two years later, he resigned, complaining that Giscard was cramping his style.
       This was the start of his rise to the top. No longer prime minister, in 1977 he set about building his own power base, or rather his own two power bases, firstly as leader of a new political party, the RPR, created out of the old Gaullist UDR, and secondly by becoming elected Mayor of Paris. In 1981, he challenged Giscard for the presidency, but came third in the first round of the election, which was won by François Mitterrand. By 1986 he was clear leader of the conservative opposition. When the conservatives won the general election of that year, he was appointed prime minister, ushering in the first period of cohabitation (see below) between a president and a government of different political persuasions.
       In 1988, he was again a candidate in the presidential election, and again lost; but with his power base in Paris and in the RPR, he then had seven years in which to prepare his third, and first successful, challenge for the presidency.
       He served two terms as president, the first of seven years, the second of five - though as already stated, his reelection in 2002 was more due to the failure of the Socialist campaign and the surprise presence of Le Pen in the second round, than in his own popularity. It is still rather early to judge the Chirac presidency in a historic perspective, but early appraisals suggest that it will not be remembered as a great period in French history. It was a time during which France dramatically failed to adapt to the changes in the modern world - the end of the Cold War and the challenge of globalisation - and failed to push through the social and economic reforms that were allowing other developed nations such as France, Germany or Spain, to find their place in the new world order.

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais. Agriculture Biologique > Chirac, Jacques

  • 16 Hersant, Robert

       (1920-1996)
       Hersant was the greatest press baron, or newspaper magnate, in France in the second half of the twentieth century. During the Second World War, Hersant collaborated openly with the Nazis and with the Vichy Régime, a collaboration for which he was condemned post war to ten years' national indignity. However, following the 1952 amnesty, he launched into a career both as a press baron and as a politician. At the peak of its expansion, Hersant's press empire controlled 38% of France's national press, and 26% of the regional press; among the flagship titles owned by Hersant were the daily Le Figaro, and the daily evening newspaper France Soir, two of France's best-selling newspapers. Although he was first elected to the French parliament as a socialist, Hersant went on to sit as a centrist conservative in Valéry Giscard d'Estaing's centre rightUDF party.

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais. Agriculture Biologique > Hersant, Robert

  • 17 Pierre, l'Abbé

       (1912-2007)
       Born Henri Grouès, Abbé Pierre (Abbot Pierre) was a French cleric, and founder of the Communautés d'Emmaüs, associations for the reinsertion of long-term unemployed and social misfits. He also founded the Abbé-Pierre Foundation, to provide housing for the socially excluded. He was by all acounts the most famous and popular Catholic priest of his generation in France, and was respected by all for his unceasing battle for human rights and dignity, and against social exclusion, and homelessness. When he died in 2007, it was suggested that he should receive a state funeral; but his supporters and family requested just a "national hommage". His funeral was celebrated in Notre Dame cathedral, in the presence of President Chirac and former President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, and thousands lined the route of his funeral procession.

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais. Agriculture Biologique > Pierre, l'Abbé

  • 18 Pompidou, Georges

       (1911-1974)
       President of France from 1969 until his death in 1974, successor to General de Gaulle. Conservative (Gaullist) Prime minister 1962-1968. The Pompidou years were the final phase of the truly Gaullist Fifth Republic; Pompidou was succeeded (after the brief caretaker presidency of Alain Poher) by Valéry Giscard d'Estaing who, although a conservative, was an Independent Republican, not a member of the Gaullist party.

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais. Agriculture Biologique > Pompidou, Georges

  • 19 UDF

        Union pour la Démocratie Française, a centre-right political party founded in 1978 as a party of non-Gaullist conservative supporters of president Valéry Giscard d'Estaing. Built out of the previous Républicains Indépendants party, the UDF remained the second force on the right of French politics until 1995 when it foundered as members split their loyalties between two presidential hopefuls of the time, Jacques Chirac and Edouard Balladur. Since then, the party lost ground and support, before eventually being wound down by its leader François Bayrou, in order to set up a new centre party, the MoDem or Mouvement Démocratique, in 2007. SeePolitical Parties in France

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais. Agriculture Biologique > UDF

  • 20 Villiers, Philippe de

       Right-wing nationalist politician, leader of the sovereignist Mouvement pour la France (Movement for France) party. An aristocrat from the Vendée department of western France, de Villiers was for six years (1987-1993) a député (member of parliament) for Valéry Giscard d'Estaing's centre-right UDF party. He was briefly Secretary of State for communication under Jacques Chirac. Since 1997, he has sat as an independent ("non-inscrit") member of parliament for Vendée. De Villiers benefits from very strong popular support in his fief of Vendée, and is regularly returned with huge majorities - which is quite surprising for a politician of the far right. However it is as leader of the MPF and as for his action as a local politician that he has really made his mark.
       It was in the 1977 that he first created the "Cinéscénie" son et lumière historical reenactment spectacle at le Puy du Fou, a castle in Vendée; since then, he has transformed the site into one of the biggest tourist attractions in France, with the addition of a permanent historical theme park. In 1988 he was elected leader of the Vendée county council (Président du conséil général), a position that he has held ever since.
       Thanks to his aristocratic catholic family background, and his personal charisma, de Villiers has managed to achieve a status as the acceptable face of right-wing nationalism, quite different from that of the other right-wing leaders in France, such as Jean Marie Le Pen of the National Front. In spite of a number of brushes with the law following various pronouncements on Islam and immigration, de Villiers remains popular. His strident participation in the debate over the European Constitution was certainly a factor that contributed to French voters' rejection of the project in the 2005 referendum. However, when competing on a national stage, de Villiers' real position as a marginal figure in French politics is more apparent. As a candidate in the 2007 Presidential Election, he scored just 2.2% of the vote, and even in his Vendée heartland, only 11.3% of voters chose him in the first round.

    Dictionnaire Français-Anglais. Agriculture Biologique > Villiers, Philippe de

См. также в других словарях:

  • VALÉRY (P.) — Désireux de fonder l’exercice de la littérature sur la plus grande lucidité et la maîtrise des propriétés du langage, Valéry considère, en dépit de son admiration pour Mallarmé, qu’elle ne saurait être pourtant qu’une des applications du pouvoir… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Valéry — Valery steht für: ein Form des Vornamens Waleri Walaricus (um 560– um 620), Gestalt des frühen Mönchtums im Frankenreich Saint Valery, verschiedene nach Walaricus benannte Ortschaften und Kantone Valery ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Valery… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Valéry — Valery o Valéry puede referirse a: Nombre Correspondiente a Valerio en distintos idiomas (principalmente francés con tilde en la e y ruso transcrito con y o con i ) Valéry Giscard d Estaing (1926 ), político francés, Presidente de la República… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Valery — steht für: ein Form des Vornamens Waleri Walaricus (um 560– um 620), Gestalt des frühen Mönchtums im Frankenreich Saint Valery, verschiedene nach Walaricus benannte Ortschaften und Kantone Valery ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Valery Babanov …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Valery — Valéry Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Pour l’article homophone, voir Valleiry. Nom patronymique parfois issu du prénom Valery / Valéry, mais plus fréquemment il est dans le midi… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Valery — or Valéry is a given name or surname, and may refer to: *Valéry Giscard d Estaing, French politician *Paul Valéry, French author *Paul Valery, male porn star *Valery Ponomarev, jazz musician *Valeriy Sydorenko, Ukrainian boxer *Walric, abbot of… …   Wikipedia

  • Valéry —   [vale ri], Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules, französischer Schriftsteller, * Sète 30. 10. 1871, ✝ Paris 20. 7. 1945; war früh befreundet mit A. Gide und S. Mallarmé, der ihm geistiges und ästhetisches Vorbild wurde; gehörte auch zum Kreis um E.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Valéry — m French: often taken to be a variant of VALÈRE (SEE Valère), but in fact of Germanic rather than Latin origin. It is composed of the Germanic elements walh foreign, strange + rīc power. St Valéry or Walericus was the 7th century founder of the… …   First names dictionary

  • Valéry — Valéry, Valery C est en Corse que le nom est le plus répandu (variantes : Valeri, Valerj), on le rencontre aussi dans le Tarn et la Haute Vienne. Le nom corse est la forme plurielle de Valerio, en français Valère (latin Valerius), nom de personne …   Noms de famille

  • Valery — Valéry, Valery C est en Corse que le nom est le plus répandu (variantes : Valeri, Valerj), on le rencontre aussi dans le Tarn et la Haute Vienne. Le nom corse est la forme plurielle de Valerio, en français Valère (latin Valerius), nom de personne …   Noms de famille

  • Valéry — Valéry, Paul …   Enciclopedia Universal

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