Перевод: с латинского на английский

с английского на латинский

To throw into disorder

  • 1 dis-turbō

        dis-turbō āvī, ātus, āre,    to drive asunder, separate by violence, throw into disorder, disturb: vidistis contionem gladiis disturbari: sortīs.—To demolish, destroy: ad disturbandas nuptias, T.: ignis cuncta disturbat: opera, Cs.—Fig., to frustrate, thwart, ruin: vitae societatem: legem.

    Latin-English dictionary > dis-turbō

  • 2 per-turbō

        per-turbō āvī, ātus, āre,    to confuse, disturb, confound, throw into disorder: aciem, S.: omnia, T.: aetatum ordinem: nox perturbat omnia: reliquos (milites) incertis ordinibus, Cs.—Fig., to disturb, discompose, embarrass, confound: mentīs animosque, Cs.: de rei p. salute perturbari: magno animi motu perturbatus: perturbatis sensibus Derepit (sus), Ph.: qui perturbantur, copiasne ducere... an, etc., are utterly at a loss, Cs.

    Latin-English dictionary > per-turbō

  • 3 turbō

        turbō āvī, ātus (turbāssitur for turbātum erit, C.), āre    [turba], to make an uproar, move confusedly, be in disorder: instat, turbatque (Achilles), rages, O.: turbant trepida ostia Nili (i. e. trepidant), V.— To disturb, a<*>itate, confound, disorder, throw into confusion: mare ventorum vi turbari: hibernum mare, H.: eversae turbant convivia mensae, O.: turbatis capillis stare, O.: turbata capillos, O.—In war, to throw into disorder, break, disorganize: equitatus turbaverat ordines, L.: Hic rem Romanam, magno turbante tumultu, Sistet, V.—Of water, to trouble, make thick, turbid: lacūs, O.: limo aquam, H.—Fig., to make confusion, cause disorder: turbent porro, quam velint, T.: omnibus in rebus turbare, i. e. derange all his affairs: si una alterave civitas turbet, Ta.: si in Hispaniā turbatum esset: totis Usque adeo turbatur agris, i. e. there is confusion, V.— To confound, confuse, disturb, unsettle: non modo illa, quae erant aetatis, permiscuit, sed etiam turbavit: ne quid ille turbet vide: ne incertā prole auspicia turbarentur, L.
    * * *
    I
    turbare, turbavi, turbatus V
    disturb, agitate, throw into confusion
    II
    that which whirls; whirlwind, tornado; spinning top; spiral, round, circle
    III
    that which whirls; whirlwind, tornado; spinning top; spiral, round, circle

    Latin-English dictionary > turbō

  • 4 turbo

    I.
    to disturb, upset, throw into disorder, confuse, unsettle.
    II.
    , onis
    hurricane. tornado, that which spins

    Latin-English dictionary of medieval > turbo

  • 5 commoveo

    com-mŏvĕo ( conm-), mōvi, mōtum, 2 (contr. forms:

    commōrunt,

    Lucr. 2, 766; commōrat, Turp. ap. Non. p. 278, 2; Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 51; commōrit, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 15, 1; Hor. S. 2, 1, 45;

    commossem,

    Cic. Planc. 37, 90;

    commosset,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 18, § 45;

    commosse,

    id. ib. 2, 5, 37, § 96; id. Fam. 7, 18, 3), v. a., to put something in violent motion, to move; both of removing from a place and backwards and forwards in a place; to shake, stir (freq. in every period and species of composition).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    To remove from a place, to carry away, displace, to start, set in motion, move:

    neque miser me commovere possum prae formidine,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 181; id. Truc. 4, 3, 44:

    facilius est currentem incitare quam commovere languentem,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 44, 186:

    columnas,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 55, § 145:

    castra ex eo loco,

    to move forward, decamp, id. ib. 2, 5, 37, § 96; cf.

    aciem,

    to set the line in motion, Liv. 2, 65, 5; 9, 27, 10:

    se ex eo loco,

    Cic. Fin. 5, 15, 42:

    se domo,

    id. Fam. 9, 5, 2:

    me Thessalonicā,

    id. Att. 3, 13, 1:

    te istinc,

    id. Fam. 6, 20, 3: agmen loco. to force back, cause to retreat, Sisenn. ap. Non. p. 58, 20; so,

    hostem,

    Liv. 9, 40, 9; 10, 29, 9:

    cervum,

    Verg. A. 7, 494:

    molem,

    Val. Fl. 2, 33:

    nummum,

    i. e. to use in business, Cic. Font. 5, 11 (1, 1); id. Fl. 19, 44:

    ais, si una littera commota sit, fore tota ut labet disciplina. Utrum igitur tibi litteram videor an totas paginas commovere?

    id. Fin. 4, 19, 53.—Sacra, t. t., to move or carry about the sacred utensils, images, etc., for religious use, Verg. A. 4, 301 Serv.; cf. Cato, R. R. 134, 4:

    ancilia,

    Serv. ad Verg. A. 8, 3:

    tripodes,

    Sen. Med. 786.—Hence, humorously: mea si commovi sacra, if I put my instruments (artifices, tricks, etc.) in motion, Plaut. Ps. 1, 1, 107. —Prov.:

    glaebam commosset in agro decumano Siciliae nemo,

    would have stirred a clod, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 18, § 45.—
    B. 1.
    Of things:

    magni commorunt aequora venti,

    Lucr. 2, 766:

    alas,

    Verg. A. 5, 217; cf.:

    penna commota volucris,

    Sil. 6, 59; Sen. Agam. 633. —
    2.
    Of persons, with se:

    quis sese commovere potest, cujus ille (sc. Roscius) vitia non videat?

    can stir, Cic. de Or. 2, 57, 233:

    num infitiari potes te... meā diligentiā circumclusum commovere te contra rem publicam non potuisse,

    id. Cat. 1, 3, 7; Nep. Ages. 6, 3; Liv. 2, 54, 6; cf.:

    Lanuvii hastam se commovisse,

    id. 21, 62, 4.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    (Acc. to I. A.) To move, drive back, distodge, refute, confute:

    nunc comminus agamus experiamurque, si possimus cornua commovere disputationis tuae,

    Cic. Div. 2, 10, 26:

    si convellere adoriamur ea, quae commoveri non possunt,

    id. de Or. 2, 51, 205.—
    B.
    (Acc. to I. B.) To throw into disorder, physical or mental; to unbalance, unsettle, shake, disturb (rare but class.):

    adflantur alii sidere, alii commoventur statis temporibus alvo, nervis, capite, mente,

    Plin. 2, 41, 41, § 108:

    perleviter commotus fuerat... (postea) eum vidi plane integrum,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 5, 2: Bacchi sacris commota, Poët. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 36, 80:

    commotus habebitur, i. e. mente captus,

    frantic, crazed, Hor. S. 2, 3, 209; cf.:

    commota mens,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 278; Plin. 36, 21, 40, § 152; and:

    commotus mente,

    id. 23, 1, 16, § 23.—
    2. (α).
    With abl.: commorat hominem lacrimis, Turp. ap. Non. p. 278, 2:

    aliquem nimiā longinquitate locorum ac desiderio suorum,

    Cic. Imp. Pomp. 9, 23:

    aut libidine aliquā aut metu,

    id. Off. 1, 29, 102; id. Font. 16, 36 (12, 26):

    ludis,

    id. Mur. 19, 40:

    quis enim, cum sibi fingit aliquid et cogitatione depingit, non simul ac se ipse commovit atque ad se revocavit, sentit, etc.,

    aroused, id. Ac. 2, 16, 51:

    et amore fraterno et existimatione vulgi,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 20:

    adfectibus,

    Quint. 9, 4, 4:

    doctā voce,

    id. 2, 16, 9:

    cujus atrocitate,

    id. 6, 1, 32:

    vix sum apud me, ita animus commotu'st metu, Spe, gaudio,

    Ter. And. 5, 4, 34; Quint. 1, 2, 30:

    commota vehementi metu mens,

    Lucr. 3, 153. —
    (β).
    Absol.:

    commorat omnes nos,

    Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 51:

    cum aliqua species utilitatis objecta est, commoveri necesse est,

    one must be affected by it, it must make an impression on one, Cic. Off. 3, 8, 35:

    nihil me clamor iste commovet,

    id. Rab. Perd. 6, 18:

    si quos adversum proelium et fuga Gallorum commoveret,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 40:

    in commovendis judiciis,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 45, 189; cf.:

    commotus ab oratore judex,

    Quint. 6, 2, 7:

    qui me commorit, flebit,

    provoke, rouse, Hor. S. 2, 1, 45:

    Neptunus graviter commotus,

    Verg. A. 1, 126:

    domo ejus omnia abstulit quae paulo magis animum cujuspiam aut oculos possent commovere,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 34, § 83; Quint. 12, 10, 50: dormiunt;

    pol ego istos commovebo,

    awake, arouse, Ter. Heaut. 4, 4, 8:

    porticus haec ipsa et palaestra Graecarum disputationum memoriam quodammodo commovent,

    stir up, awaken, revive, Cic. de Or. 2, 5, 20.—Of things:

    aes alienum,

    to demand, Tac. A. 6, 17:

    commotā principis domo,

    id. ib. 4, 52 init.:

    si umquam vitae cupiditas in me fuisset, ego... omnium parricidarum tela commossem?

    provoked, Cic. Planc. 37, 90. —
    (γ).
    With in and abl.:

    qui cum ingeniis conflictatur ejus modi, Neque commovetur animus in eā re tamen,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 67:

    vidi enim vos in hoc nomine, cum testis diceret, commoveri,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 56, § 125:

    in hac virgine commotus sum,

    i. e. in love, Ter. Eun. 3, 5, 19.—
    (δ).
    With ex and abl.:

    nam cum esset ex aere alieno commota civitas,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 33, 58; Auct. B. Afr. 57, 72.—
    (ε).
    With ad and acc.:

    nec sane satis commoveor animo ad ea. quae vis canenda,

    Cic. ad Q. Fr. 3, 5, 4:

    homines ad turpe compendium,

    Auct. Her. 4, 40, 52.—
    (ζ).
    With ut and subj.:

    adeone me ignavom putas, ut neque me consuetudo neque amor Commoveat neque commoneat, ut servem fidem?

    Ter. And. 1, 5, 45:

    tua nos voluntas commovit, ut conscriberemus, etc.,

    Auct. Her. 1, 1, 1.—
    b.
    Of the passions, etc., to rouse, stir up, excite, produce, generate: belli magnos commovit funditus aestus, moved the waves of strife from their foundations, Lucr. 5, 1434; cf.:

    commovere tumultum aut bellum,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 8, § 20:

    misericordiam, invidiam, iracundiam,

    id. de Or. 2, 47, 195; cf.:

    commovere miserationem,

    Quint. 6, 1, 46; 10, 1, 64:

    magnum et acerbum dolorem,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 21, § 47:

    invidiam aliquam in me,

    id. Phil. 3, 7, 18:

    summum odium in eum,

    id. Inv. 1, 54, 103:

    bilem,

    id. Att. 2, 7, 2:

    multorum scribendi studia,

    id. N. D. 1, 4, 8:

    adfectus,

    Quint. 4, prooem. § 6; 5, 8, 3; cf.:

    adfectus vehementer commotos (opp. lenes),

    id. 6, 2, 9.—
    C.
    In discourse:

    nova quaedam,

    to start new doctrines, adduce novelties, Cic. Ac. 2, 6, 18.— Hence, commōtus, a, um, P. a., moved, excited, aroused:

    genus (dicendi) in agendo,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 9, 32; cf.:

    Fimbria paulo fervidior atque commotior,

    id. Brut. 34, 129:

    incidere in rem commotam (i. e. amorem),

    Sen. Ep. 116, 5:

    animus commotior,

    Cic. Div. 1, 37, 80:

    commotius ad omnia turbanda consilium,

    Liv. 6, 14, 9 Weissenb. ad loc.:

    Drusus animo commotior,

    more violent, passionate, Tac. A. 4, 3; cf.:

    commotus ingenio,

    id. ib. 6, 45; and:

    Agrippina paulo commotior,

    id. ib. 1, 33:

    commoto similis,

    to one provoked, enraged, Suet. Aug. 51; cf. id. Tib. 51.— Sup. and adv. apparently not in use.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > commoveo

  • 6 conmoveo

    com-mŏvĕo ( conm-), mōvi, mōtum, 2 (contr. forms:

    commōrunt,

    Lucr. 2, 766; commōrat, Turp. ap. Non. p. 278, 2; Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 51; commōrit, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 15, 1; Hor. S. 2, 1, 45;

    commossem,

    Cic. Planc. 37, 90;

    commosset,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 18, § 45;

    commosse,

    id. ib. 2, 5, 37, § 96; id. Fam. 7, 18, 3), v. a., to put something in violent motion, to move; both of removing from a place and backwards and forwards in a place; to shake, stir (freq. in every period and species of composition).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    To remove from a place, to carry away, displace, to start, set in motion, move:

    neque miser me commovere possum prae formidine,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 181; id. Truc. 4, 3, 44:

    facilius est currentem incitare quam commovere languentem,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 44, 186:

    columnas,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 55, § 145:

    castra ex eo loco,

    to move forward, decamp, id. ib. 2, 5, 37, § 96; cf.

    aciem,

    to set the line in motion, Liv. 2, 65, 5; 9, 27, 10:

    se ex eo loco,

    Cic. Fin. 5, 15, 42:

    se domo,

    id. Fam. 9, 5, 2:

    me Thessalonicā,

    id. Att. 3, 13, 1:

    te istinc,

    id. Fam. 6, 20, 3: agmen loco. to force back, cause to retreat, Sisenn. ap. Non. p. 58, 20; so,

    hostem,

    Liv. 9, 40, 9; 10, 29, 9:

    cervum,

    Verg. A. 7, 494:

    molem,

    Val. Fl. 2, 33:

    nummum,

    i. e. to use in business, Cic. Font. 5, 11 (1, 1); id. Fl. 19, 44:

    ais, si una littera commota sit, fore tota ut labet disciplina. Utrum igitur tibi litteram videor an totas paginas commovere?

    id. Fin. 4, 19, 53.—Sacra, t. t., to move or carry about the sacred utensils, images, etc., for religious use, Verg. A. 4, 301 Serv.; cf. Cato, R. R. 134, 4:

    ancilia,

    Serv. ad Verg. A. 8, 3:

    tripodes,

    Sen. Med. 786.—Hence, humorously: mea si commovi sacra, if I put my instruments (artifices, tricks, etc.) in motion, Plaut. Ps. 1, 1, 107. —Prov.:

    glaebam commosset in agro decumano Siciliae nemo,

    would have stirred a clod, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 18, § 45.—
    B. 1.
    Of things:

    magni commorunt aequora venti,

    Lucr. 2, 766:

    alas,

    Verg. A. 5, 217; cf.:

    penna commota volucris,

    Sil. 6, 59; Sen. Agam. 633. —
    2.
    Of persons, with se:

    quis sese commovere potest, cujus ille (sc. Roscius) vitia non videat?

    can stir, Cic. de Or. 2, 57, 233:

    num infitiari potes te... meā diligentiā circumclusum commovere te contra rem publicam non potuisse,

    id. Cat. 1, 3, 7; Nep. Ages. 6, 3; Liv. 2, 54, 6; cf.:

    Lanuvii hastam se commovisse,

    id. 21, 62, 4.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    (Acc. to I. A.) To move, drive back, distodge, refute, confute:

    nunc comminus agamus experiamurque, si possimus cornua commovere disputationis tuae,

    Cic. Div. 2, 10, 26:

    si convellere adoriamur ea, quae commoveri non possunt,

    id. de Or. 2, 51, 205.—
    B.
    (Acc. to I. B.) To throw into disorder, physical or mental; to unbalance, unsettle, shake, disturb (rare but class.):

    adflantur alii sidere, alii commoventur statis temporibus alvo, nervis, capite, mente,

    Plin. 2, 41, 41, § 108:

    perleviter commotus fuerat... (postea) eum vidi plane integrum,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 5, 2: Bacchi sacris commota, Poët. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 36, 80:

    commotus habebitur, i. e. mente captus,

    frantic, crazed, Hor. S. 2, 3, 209; cf.:

    commota mens,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 278; Plin. 36, 21, 40, § 152; and:

    commotus mente,

    id. 23, 1, 16, § 23.—
    2. (α).
    With abl.: commorat hominem lacrimis, Turp. ap. Non. p. 278, 2:

    aliquem nimiā longinquitate locorum ac desiderio suorum,

    Cic. Imp. Pomp. 9, 23:

    aut libidine aliquā aut metu,

    id. Off. 1, 29, 102; id. Font. 16, 36 (12, 26):

    ludis,

    id. Mur. 19, 40:

    quis enim, cum sibi fingit aliquid et cogitatione depingit, non simul ac se ipse commovit atque ad se revocavit, sentit, etc.,

    aroused, id. Ac. 2, 16, 51:

    et amore fraterno et existimatione vulgi,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 20:

    adfectibus,

    Quint. 9, 4, 4:

    doctā voce,

    id. 2, 16, 9:

    cujus atrocitate,

    id. 6, 1, 32:

    vix sum apud me, ita animus commotu'st metu, Spe, gaudio,

    Ter. And. 5, 4, 34; Quint. 1, 2, 30:

    commota vehementi metu mens,

    Lucr. 3, 153. —
    (β).
    Absol.:

    commorat omnes nos,

    Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 51:

    cum aliqua species utilitatis objecta est, commoveri necesse est,

    one must be affected by it, it must make an impression on one, Cic. Off. 3, 8, 35:

    nihil me clamor iste commovet,

    id. Rab. Perd. 6, 18:

    si quos adversum proelium et fuga Gallorum commoveret,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 40:

    in commovendis judiciis,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 45, 189; cf.:

    commotus ab oratore judex,

    Quint. 6, 2, 7:

    qui me commorit, flebit,

    provoke, rouse, Hor. S. 2, 1, 45:

    Neptunus graviter commotus,

    Verg. A. 1, 126:

    domo ejus omnia abstulit quae paulo magis animum cujuspiam aut oculos possent commovere,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 34, § 83; Quint. 12, 10, 50: dormiunt;

    pol ego istos commovebo,

    awake, arouse, Ter. Heaut. 4, 4, 8:

    porticus haec ipsa et palaestra Graecarum disputationum memoriam quodammodo commovent,

    stir up, awaken, revive, Cic. de Or. 2, 5, 20.—Of things:

    aes alienum,

    to demand, Tac. A. 6, 17:

    commotā principis domo,

    id. ib. 4, 52 init.:

    si umquam vitae cupiditas in me fuisset, ego... omnium parricidarum tela commossem?

    provoked, Cic. Planc. 37, 90. —
    (γ).
    With in and abl.:

    qui cum ingeniis conflictatur ejus modi, Neque commovetur animus in eā re tamen,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 67:

    vidi enim vos in hoc nomine, cum testis diceret, commoveri,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 56, § 125:

    in hac virgine commotus sum,

    i. e. in love, Ter. Eun. 3, 5, 19.—
    (δ).
    With ex and abl.:

    nam cum esset ex aere alieno commota civitas,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 33, 58; Auct. B. Afr. 57, 72.—
    (ε).
    With ad and acc.:

    nec sane satis commoveor animo ad ea. quae vis canenda,

    Cic. ad Q. Fr. 3, 5, 4:

    homines ad turpe compendium,

    Auct. Her. 4, 40, 52.—
    (ζ).
    With ut and subj.:

    adeone me ignavom putas, ut neque me consuetudo neque amor Commoveat neque commoneat, ut servem fidem?

    Ter. And. 1, 5, 45:

    tua nos voluntas commovit, ut conscriberemus, etc.,

    Auct. Her. 1, 1, 1.—
    b.
    Of the passions, etc., to rouse, stir up, excite, produce, generate: belli magnos commovit funditus aestus, moved the waves of strife from their foundations, Lucr. 5, 1434; cf.:

    commovere tumultum aut bellum,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 8, § 20:

    misericordiam, invidiam, iracundiam,

    id. de Or. 2, 47, 195; cf.:

    commovere miserationem,

    Quint. 6, 1, 46; 10, 1, 64:

    magnum et acerbum dolorem,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 21, § 47:

    invidiam aliquam in me,

    id. Phil. 3, 7, 18:

    summum odium in eum,

    id. Inv. 1, 54, 103:

    bilem,

    id. Att. 2, 7, 2:

    multorum scribendi studia,

    id. N. D. 1, 4, 8:

    adfectus,

    Quint. 4, prooem. § 6; 5, 8, 3; cf.:

    adfectus vehementer commotos (opp. lenes),

    id. 6, 2, 9.—
    C.
    In discourse:

    nova quaedam,

    to start new doctrines, adduce novelties, Cic. Ac. 2, 6, 18.— Hence, commōtus, a, um, P. a., moved, excited, aroused:

    genus (dicendi) in agendo,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 9, 32; cf.:

    Fimbria paulo fervidior atque commotior,

    id. Brut. 34, 129:

    incidere in rem commotam (i. e. amorem),

    Sen. Ep. 116, 5:

    animus commotior,

    Cic. Div. 1, 37, 80:

    commotius ad omnia turbanda consilium,

    Liv. 6, 14, 9 Weissenb. ad loc.:

    Drusus animo commotior,

    more violent, passionate, Tac. A. 4, 3; cf.:

    commotus ingenio,

    id. ib. 6, 45; and:

    Agrippina paulo commotior,

    id. ib. 1, 33:

    commoto similis,

    to one provoked, enraged, Suet. Aug. 51; cf. id. Tib. 51.— Sup. and adv. apparently not in use.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > conmoveo

  • 7 conturbo

    con-turbo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a., to throw into disorder or confusion, to confuse, derange, disorder, confound (rare, but class. in prose and poetry; most freq. in Lucr. and Cic.; not in Verg., Hor., or Quint.).
    I.
    In gen.
    A.
    Lit.:

    posituras principiorum corporis atque animi,

    Lucr. 4, 943; cf. id. 4, 958; 3, 483 al.:

    ordines Romanorum (militum),

    Sall. J. 50, 4; cf. id. ib. 98, 4:

    equites tormentis,

    Curt. 7, 2, 4:

    rempublicam,

    Sall. C. 37, 10; 48, 8; cf.

    rem,

    id. J. 79, 7: annus neglegentiā conturbatus atque confusus, * Suet. Aug. 31:

    vocem,

    Lucr. 4, 559:

    prima vulnera novis plagis,

    id. 4, 1070: basia, i. e. to exchange in confused multitudes, * Cat. 5, 11.—In mal. part.:

    pedes, i. e. implicare,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 8, 24.—
    B.
    Trop., to disturb, disquiet in mind or feeling:

    valetudo tua me valde conturbat,

    Cic. Att. 7, 2, 2:

    quid est? num conturbo te?

    id. Phil. 2, 13, 32:

    incidunt multae causae, quae conturbent animos utilitatis specie,

    id. Off. 3, 10, 40; cf.:

    vemens violentia vini Conturbare animum consuevit,

    Lucr. 3, 483.— Absol.:

    haec sunt, quae conturbent in deliberatione non numquam, etc.,

    Cic. Off. 3, 20, 81.—
    II.
    In partic., t. t. in the lang. of business: conturbare rationes or rationem, or absol. conturbare, to bring one's pecuniary affairs into disorder, to become bankrupt.
    A.
    Lit.:

    rationem sibi commissam,

    Dig. 11, 3, 1 fin.:

    nihil esse, quod posthac arcae nostrae fiducia conturbaret,

    bring into pecuniary embarrassment, Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 10 (12), 5:

    fac me multis debere, et in his Plancio: utrum igitur me conturbare oportet?

    id. Planc. 28, 68:

    homo Graecus, qui conturbat et idem putat sibi licere quod equitibus Romanis,

    id. Att. 4, 7, 1; Dig. 14, 3, 5, § 9; 15, 3, 16; cf. ib. 11, 3, 1, § 5; Juv. 7, 129 al.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    neque edepol quid nunc consili capiam scio De virgine istac: ita conturbasti mihi Rationes omnes,

    you have so disturbed all my plans, Ter. Eun. 5, 2, 29.—Hence, contur-bātus, a, um, P a. (acc. to I. B.), distracted, disturbed, confused, disquieted (very rare):

    oculus,

    diseased, disordered, Cic. Tusc. 3, 7, 15:

    homo tristis et conturbatus,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 14, § 32:

    eram in scribendo conturbatior,

    id. Att. 1, 12, 4:

    animus,

    id. Tusc. 3, 7, 15.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > conturbo

  • 8 disturbo

    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen. (rarely):

    vidistis contionem gladiis disturbari,

    Cic. Mil. 33 fin.:

    sortes,

    id. Div. 1, 34 fin.:

    freta (Auster),

    Sen. Hippol. 1012. —Far more freq. and class. (but not in the Aug. poets),
    B.
    Pregn., to demolish, destroy (esp. freq. of buildings):

    aedes,

    Lucr. 2, 1102; so,

    domos,

    id. 6, 241:

    domum meam,

    Cic. Phil. 5, 7, 19:

    urbes,

    Lucr. 6, 587:

    porticum Catuli,

    Cic. Att. 4, 3 et saep.:

    ignis cuncta disturbat ac dissipat,

    id. N. D. 2, 15, 41: opera, * Caes. B. C. 1, 26, 1:

    si qua in vineis fossor disturbavit,

    Col. 11, 2, 38.—
    II.
    Trop., to frustrate, thwart, ruin:

    at nunc disturba quas statuisti machinas,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 5, 137: vitae societatem, Cic. Rosc. Am. 38, 111; cf.

    concordiam,

    Sall. H. Fragm. 1, 19 ed. Gerl. (Orat. L. Philippi); so,

    disturbare atque pervertere legem,

    Cic. Agr. 2, 37, 101:

    judicium tollere ac disturbare,

    id. Sull. 5, 15; cf. ib. 25, 71:

    rem,

    to hinder, prevent, id. Fam. 11, 21 fin.; cf.

    nuptias,

    Ter. And. 1, 2, 11.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > disturbo

  • 9 obturbo

    ob-turbo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a., to stir up, make turbid.
    I.
    Lit.:

    obturbata proculcatione prius aqua,

    Plin. 8, 18, 26, § 68. —
    II.
    Trop., to throw into disorder or confusion; to disorder, confuse, trouble, disturb, distract:

    (eos) denso agmine obturbabat,

    Tac. H. 3, 25:

    ne obturba, ac tace,

    Plaut. Poen. 1, 2, 49:

    lectorem,

    Suet. Aug. 86; cf.:

    obturbatur militum vocibus,

    Tac. H. 3, 10:

    me scriptio et litterae non leniunt sed obturbant,

    distract, Cic. Att. 12, 16 fin.:

    solitudinem,

    to disturb, id. ib. 12, 18.— Absol.: obturbabant patres specie detestandi, to raise a disturbance or clamor, Tac. A. 6, 24 (30 Ritter).— Impers.:

    obturbatur, obstrepitur,

    Plin. Ep. 9, 13, 19.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > obturbo

  • 10 signum

    signum, i, n. [perh. Sanscr. sag-, to cling to, adhere; cf. sigilla].
    I.
    In gen., a mark, token, sign, indication (very frequent in all styles and periods; cf.

    insigne): meo patri torulus inerit aureus Sub petaso: id signum Amphitruoni non erit,

    Plaut. Am. prol. 145 sq.:

    ut eam (nutricem) adducam et signa ostendam haec, i. e. crepundia,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 38; 5, 3, 5:

    ut fures earum rerum, quas ceperunt, signa commutant, etc.,

    Cic. Fin. 5, 25, 74; so (with notae) id. de Or. 2, 41, 174; id. Lael. 17, 62; cf.:

    omne probabile aut signum est aut credibile... Signum est, quod sub sensum aliquem cadit et quiddam significat, quod ex ipso profectum videtur, etc.,

    id. Inv. 1, 30, 47 sq.:

    aut pecori signum aut numeros inpressit acervis,

    Verg. G. 1, 263; cf.:

    servitii signum cervice gerens,

    Ov. M. 3, 16:

    jaculo mihi vulnera fecit.—Signa vides: apparet adhuc vetus ecce cicatrix,

    Ov. M. 12, 444:

    metam Constituit signum nautis pater, unde reverti Scirent, etc.,

    Verg. A. 5, 130:

    scutum signi gratia positum,

    Quint. 6, 3, 38:

    signa pedum,

    tracks, prints, Ov. M. 4, 543;

    and simply signa,

    Verg. A. 8, 212 al.:

    oculis mihi signum dedit, Ne se appellarem,

    Plaut. Mil. 2, 1, 45:

    dare,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 11:

    dicere deos gallis signum dedisse cantandi,

    Cic. Div. 2, 26, 57 al.:

    signa esse ad salutem,

    Ter. And. 3, 2, 2:

    animi pudentis signum,

    id. Heaut. 1, 1, 68:

    color pudoris signum,

    id. And. 5, 3, 7:

    signa doloris ostendere,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 45, 190:

    mortis dare,

    Lucr. 6, 1182:

    timoris mittere,

    to exhibit, display, Caes. B. C. 1, 71 et saep.—With obj.-clause:

    magnum hoc quoque signum est, dominam esse extra noxiam,

    Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 57; Nep. Att. 17, 2.—In predic. gen. with neutr. pron.: hoc est signi;

    ubi primum poterit, se illinc subducet,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 1, 14:

    id erit signi me invitum facere, quod, etc.,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 30, 83; Auct. Her. 4, 5, 8; Cato, R. R. 38, 4; 88, 2:

    nil tamen est signi,

    Lucr. 5, 918; cf.:

    quid signi?

    Cic. Cael. 16, 38, 2.— Hence, a surname, epithet (rare):

    huic signum exercitus apposuit,

    Vop. Am. 6; cf. Capitol. Gord. 4.—
    II.
    In partic.
    A.
    In milit. lang.
    1.
    The distinctive sign of a division of an army.
    a.
    A military standard, ensign, banner (including the aquila):

    signifero interfecto, signo amisso,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 25:

    ut neque signiferi viam, nec signa milites cernerent,

    Liv. 33, 7:

    Hasdrubal ut procul signa legionum fulgentia vidit,

    id. 28, 14; 22, 21; Col. 9, 9, 4:

    inter signa militaria,

    Hor. Epod. 9, 15:

    cum unius signi militibus pergit ire,

    Liv. 33, 1:

    signa militaria ex proelio relata,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 99; so,

    militaria,

    id. B. G. 7, 2; Plin. 33, 33, 19, § 58.—

    Hence the expressions: signa sequi,

    to follow the standards, to march in military order, Sall. J. 80, 2; Liv. 24, 48, 11:

    signa subsequi,

    to keep in order of battle, Caes. B. G. 4, 26:

    signa observare,

    Sall. J. 51, 1:

    signa servare,

    Liv. 8, 34, 10; Veg. Mil. 1, 9:

    ab signis discedere,

    to desert the standards, leave the ranks, Caes. B. G. 5, 16; 5, 33 fin.; id. B. C. 1, 44; Liv. 25, 20 al.; cf.:

    ab ordinibus signisque discedere,

    Front. Strat. 1, 5, 3:

    signa relinquere,

    to desert, Sall. C. 9, 4; Liv. 5, 6 al.:

    signa deserere,

    Liv. 8, 34, 9: signa ferre, i. e. to break up the camp, Caes. B. G. 1, 39 fin.; 1, 40; Liv. 2, 49, 3; 10, 5 al.;

    for which: movere signa,

    id. 1, 14, 9; 27, 2, 12; Verg. G. 3, 236; and:

    tollere,

    Vell. 2, 61, 2; Auct. B. Alex. 57, 1;

    but: ferte signa in hostem,

    attack, Liv. 9, 23, 13:

    signa constituere,

    to halt, Caes. B. G. 7, 47; cf.:

    infestis contra hostes signis constiterunt,

    id. ib. 7, 51:

    signa proferre,

    to advance, Liv. 4, 32, 10: signa convertere, to wheel, turn, or face about, Caes. B. G. 1, 25 fin.; 2, 26: Liv. 8, 11; 2, 14; 4, 29; for which, [p. 1698] vertere signa, id. 9, 35:

    signa inferre (in aliquem),

    to advance to the attack, make an assault, Caes. B. G. 1, 25 fin.; 2, 26; 7, 67; id. B. C. 2, 42; Cic. Phil. 5, 8, 23; Sall. J. 56, 5; Liv. 2, 53; 9, 27; 44, 12 al; cf.:

    signa conferre cum aliquo,

    to engage with, engage in close fight, Cic. Att. 7, 5, 5; id. Pis. 21, 49;

    and cf.: collatis signis pugnare, superare aliquem, etc.,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 5, 44; Liv. 1, 33; 2, 50; Cic. Imp. Pomp. 23, 66; but conferre signa also means simply to bring the standards together (to one place), Caes. B. G. 7, 2; 2, 25; Liv. 37, 21:

    signa in laevum cornu confert,

    concentrates his troops, id. 7, 15, 4:

    signa transferre,

    to desert, Caes. B. C. 1, 24: signa convellere, to take up the standards, which had been fixed in the ground, Liv. 3, 7, 3; 3, 54, 10; 5, 37, 4; so,

    vellere signa,

    id. 3, 50, 11; Verg. G. 4, 108:

    revellere signa,

    Luc. 7, 77; cf.:

    signa figere,

    to encamp, Amm. 27, 10, 9:

    defigere signa,

    Sil. 8, 625:

    sub signis ducere legiones, ire, esse, etc.,

    together, in order, in rank and file, Plaut. Ps. 2, 4, 71 (with ordine); Cic. Att. 16, 8, 2; Liv. 3, 51; Tac. H. 2, 14:

    signa hostium turbare,

    to throw into disorder, Liv. 9, 73:

    ante signa,

    before the army, id. 5, 18; 6, 7; 7, 16:

    post signa,

    id. 2, 49.—
    (β).
    Transf., in gen.:

    infestis prope signis inferuntur Galli in Fonteium,

    Cic. Font. 20, 44 (16, 34).—
    b.
    Esp., the standard or ensign of single cohorts and maniples (opp. aquila, the standard of the entire legion):

    cum fasces, cum tubas, cum signa militaria, cum aquilam illam argenteam... scirem esse praemissam,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 6, 13; Galb. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 30, 5; Suet. Calig. 14 fin. Oud.; Tac. A. 1, 18; id. H. 2, 29 fin.; Plin. 13, 3, 4, § 23; Luc. 1, 6; 1, 224 al. (cf. aquila, 2.):

    manipulos exercitus minimas manus quae unum sequuntur signum,

    Varr. L. L. 5, § 88 Müll.—
    (β).
    Meton., a cohort, a maniple:

    octo cohortes in fronte constituit, reliquarum signa in subsidio artius collocat,

    Sall. C. 59, 2; Liv. 8, 9; 25, 23 fin.; 33, 1; 27, 14; 28, 14; Auct. B. Hisp. 18, 3.—
    2.
    A sign, signal; a watchword, password, given by a wind-instrument, by the tessera, or otherwise:

    signum tubā dare,

    Caes. B. G. 2, 20; 7, 81:

    proelii committendi dare,

    id. ib. 2, 21:

    recipiendi dare,

    id. ib. 7, 52:

    receptui dare,

    Liv. 4, 31; 26, 45; 3, 22; cf. Cic. Rep. 1, 2, 3:

    signum dare ut, etc.,

    Liv. 2, 20; 4, 39:

    proelii exposcere,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 19:

    concinere,

    id. B. C. 3, 92 fin.; Liv. 30, 5; cf. Tac. A. 1, 68:

    canere,

    Sall. C. 59, 1; id. J. 99, 1; Liv. 1, 1; 4, 31; 27, 47; Cic. Rep. 1, 3, 3 al. (v. cano).—For the chariot race:

    signum mittendis quadrigis dare,

    Liv. 8, 40, 3: signum mittere, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 48, 107: signo Felicitatis dato, the word, watchword, Felicitas, Auct. B. Afr. 83:

    signum petere,

    Suet. Calig. 56; id. Claud. 42; id. Ner. 9; cf.:

    it bello tessera signum,

    Verg. A. 7, 637.— Transf.:

    tu illam (virtutem) jubes signum petere,

    i. e. to be in subjection, Sen. Ben. 4, 2, 2.—
    B.
    A sign or token of any thing to come; a prognostic, symptom (cf.:

    portentum, indicium): ipse et equus ejus repente concidit: nec eam rem habuit religioni, objecto signo, ut peritis videbatur, ne committeret proelium,

    Cic. Div. 1, 35, 77:

    medici signa quaedam habent ex venis et ex spiritu aegroti,

    id. ib. 2, 70, 145; cf. Verg. G. 3, 440; 3, 503; 4, 253; Cels. 2, 3:

    prospera signa dare,

    Ov. H. 18 (19), 152.—
    C.
    An image, as a work of art; a figure, statue, picture, etc. (syn.: effigies, imago, simulacrum);

    inerant (classi) signa expressa, Titani quomodo, etc.,

    Naev. 2, 13: statuas deorum, exempla earum facierum, s gna domi pro supellectile statuere, Cato ap. Prisc. p. 782 P.:

    signum pictum in pariete,

    Plaut. Merc. 2, 2, 44:

    signum in fano,

    id. Rud. 2, 7, 2:

    aëna signa,

    Lucr. 1, 318:

    ante signum Jovis Statoris concidit,

    Cic. Div. 1, 35, 77:

    signum aeneum, marmoreum, eburneum,

    id. Verr. 2, 4, 1, § 1; cf. id. Off. 1, 41, 147; Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 248:

    cratera impressum signis,

    Verg. A. 5, 536; 5, 267; 9, 263:

    (vestis) auro signisque ingentibus apta,

    Lucr. 5, 1428:

    ex ornatis aedibus per aulaea et signa,

    Sall. H. 2, 23, 2 Dietsch:

    pallam signis auroque rigentem,

    Verg. A. 1, 648:

    e Pario formatum marmore signum,

    Ov. M. 3, 419; cf. id. ib. 5, 183;

    12, 398: statuas, signa, picturas commendet,

    Plin. Ep. 1, 20, 5.—
    D.
    An image or device on a seal-ring; a seal, signet: ostendi tabellas Lentulo, et quaesivi, cognosceretne signum. Annuit. Est vero, inquam, notum signum, imago avi tui, etc., Cic. Cat. 3, 5, 10:

    (patera) in cistulā obsignata signo est,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 265; cf. Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 45, § 117:

    tabulae maximae signis hominum nobilium consignantur,

    id. Quint. 6, 25:

    imprimat his signa tabellis,

    Hor. S. 2, 6, 38:

    litterae integris signis praetoribus traduntur,

    Cic. Cat. 3, 3, 6; Sall. C. 47, 3:

    signo laeso non insanire lagenae,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 134:

    volumen sub signo habere,

    to have under seal, Cic. Att. 9, 10, 4; cf.:

    sub signo claustrisque rei publicae positum vectigal,

    id. Agr. 1, 7, 21:

    nec pacta conventaque inpressis signis custodirentur,

    Sen. Ben. 3, 15, 1:

    cum sol duodena peregit signa,

    Ov. M. 13, 618.—
    E.
    A sign in the heavens, a constellation (cf. sidus):

    caeli subter labentia signa,

    Lucr. 1, 2:

    loca caelio Omnia, dispositis signis ornata,

    id. 5, 695:

    signorum ortus et obitus,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 34, 59:

    signis omnibus ad idem principium stellisque revocatis,

    id. Rep. 6, 22, 24:

    in signo leonis,

    id. Div. 1, 53, 121:

    signorum obitus speculari et ortus,

    Verg. G. 1, 257; id. A. 7, 138:

    signum pluviale Capellae,

    Ov. F. 5, 113:

    ponemusque suos ad vaga signa dies,

    id. ib. 1, 310:

    nox caelo diffundere signa parabat,

    Hor. S. 1, 5, 10; cf. id. C. 2, 8, 11.—
    F.
    Miraculous works (eccl. Lat.), Vulg. Dan. 3, 99; id. Matt. 24, 24; id. Joan. 2, 11 et saep.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > signum

  • 11 Turbo

    1.
    turbo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. ( fut. perf. turbassit, for turbaverit, Cic. Leg. 3, 4; al. turbassitur) [turba], to disturb, agitate, confuse, disorder; to throw into disorder or confusion (freq. and class.; syn.: confundo, misceo, agito).
    I.
    Lit.:

    ventorum vi agitari atque turbari mare,

    Cic. Clu. 49, 138:

    aequora ventis,

    Lucr. 2, 1:

    hibernum mare,

    Hor. Epod. 15, 8; Ov. M. 7, 154; 14, 545 al.:

    eversae turbant convivia mensae,

    id. ib. 12, 222; cf. in a poet. transf.:

    ancipiti quoniam bello turbatur utrimque,

    Lucr. 6, 377:

    ne comae turbarentur, quas componi vetuit,

    Quint. 11, 3, 148:

    ne turbet toga mota capillos,

    Ov. Am. 3, 2, 75:

    capillos,

    id. M. 8, 859; id. Am. 3, 14, 33; cf.

    in a Greek construction: turbata capillos,

    id. M. 4, 474:

    ceram,

    the seal, Quint. 12, 8, 13:

    uvae recentes alvum turbant,

    Plin. 23, 1, 6, § 10.— Absol.:

    instat, turbatque ruitque,

    Ov. M. 12, 134.—Reflex.:

    cum mare turbaret (sc. se),

    Varr. R. R. 3, 17, 7 Schneid. ad loc. (al. turbaretur).—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    Milit. t. t., to throw into disorder, break the line of battle, disorganize:

    equitatus turbaverat ordines,

    Liv. 3, 70, 9:

    aciem peditum,

    id. 30, 18, 10.— Absol.:

    equites eruptione factā in agmen modice primo impetu turbavere,

    Liv. 38, 13, 12:

    turbantibus invicem copiis,

    Flor. 4, 2, 49:

    hic rem Romanam, magno turbante tumultu, sistet,

    Verg. A. 6, 857.—
    2.
    Of water, to trouble, make thick or turbid:

    lacus,

    Ov. M. 6, 364:

    fons quem nulla volucris turbarat,

    id. ib. 3, 410:

    flumen imbre,

    id. ib. 13, 889:

    limo aquam,

    Hor. S. 1, 1, 60:

    aquas lacrimis,

    Ov. M. 3, 475; cf.:

    pulvis sputo turbatus,

    Petr. 131.—
    II.
    Trop.:

    non modo illa permiscuit, sed etiam delectum atque ordinem turbavit,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 50, § 123:

    qui omnia inflma summis paria fecit, turbavit, miscuit,

    id. Leg. 3, 9, 19:

    Aristoteles quoque multa turbat, a magistro Platone non dissentiens,

    id. N. D. 1, 13, 33:

    quantas res turbo!

    Plaut. Mil. 3, 2, 1:

    quas meus filius turbas turbet,

    id. Bacch. 4, 9, 1; cf.:

    quae meus filius turbavit,

    id. ib. 5, 1, 5; id. Cas. 5, 2, 6:

    ne quid ille turbet vide,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 7, § 24:

    haec, quae in re publicā turbantur,

    id. ib. 3, 9, 3:

    cum dies alicui nobilium dicta novis semper certaminibus contiones turbaret,

    Liv. 3, 66, 2: ne incertā prole auspicia turbarentur, id. 4, 6, 2:

    milites nihil in commune turbantes,

    Tac. H. 1, 85:

    turbantur (testes),

    Quint. 5, 7, 11; cf. id. 4, 5, 6; 5, 14, 29; 10, 7, 6:

    spem pacis,

    Liv. 2, 16, 5.— Absol.: Ph. Ea nos perturbat. Pa. Dum ne reducam, turbent porro, quam velint, Ter. Hec. 4, 4, 12 (cf. I. B. 1. supra):

    repente turbare Fortuna coepit,

    Tac. A. 4, 1:

    si una alterave civitas turbet,

    id. ib. 3, 47: M. Servilius postquam, ut coeperat, omnibus in rebus turbarat, i. e. had deranged all his affairs, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 8, 2.— Impers. pass.:

    nescio quid absente nobis turbatum'st domi,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 3, 7:

    totis Usque adeo turbatur agris,

    Verg. E. 1, 12:

    si in Hispaniā turbatum esset,

    Cic. Sull. 20, 57.—Hence, turbātus, a, um, P. a., troubled, disturbed, disordered, agitated, excited.
    A.
    Lit.:

    turbatius mare ingressus,

    more stormy, Suet. Calig. 23:

    turbatius caelum,

    id. Tib. 69.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    hostes inopinato malo turbati,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 12:

    oculis simul ac mente turbatus,

    Liv. 7, 26, 5:

    turbatus religione simul ac periculo,

    Suet. Ner. 19; cf.:

    turbatus animi,

    Sil. 14, 678:

    placare voluntates turbatas,

    Cic. Planc. 4, 11: seditionibus omnia turbata sunt, Sall. Or. Phil. contr. Lepid. 1:

    turbata cum Romanis pax,

    Just. 18, 2, 10:

    omnia soluta, turbata atque etiam in contrarium versa,

    Plin. Ep. 8, 14, 7; cf.:

    quae si confusa, turbata, permixta sunt, etc.,

    id. ib. 9, 5, 3.—Hence, adv.: turbātē, confusedly, disorderly:

    aguntur omnia raptim atque turbate,

    in confusion, Caes. B. C. 1, 5, 1.
    2.
    turbo, ĭnis, m. (collat. form tur-ben, ĭnis, n., Tib. 1, 5, 3; id. ap. Charis. p. 118 P.; gen. turbonis, Caes. ib.) [1. turbo], that which spins or twirls round (cf. vertex).
    I.
    A whirlwind, hurricane, tornado: ventus circumactus et eundem ambiens locum et se ipse vertigine concitans turbo est. Qui si pugnacior est ac diutius volutatur, inflammatur, et efficit, quem prêstêra Graeci vocant:

    hic est igneus turbo,

    Sen. Q. N. 5, 13, 3:

    falsum est faces et trabes turbine exprimi,

    id. ib. 7, 5, 1; 2, 22, 2; id. Ep. 109, 18:

    procellae, turbines,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 20, 51; cf.: saevi exsistunt turbines, Pac. ap. Cic. de Or. 3, 39, 157 (Trag. Rel. p. 111 Rib.); Enn. ap. Schol. Vat. ad Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 4 (Ann. v. 553 Vahl.):

    venti vis rapido percurrens turbine campos,

    Lucr. 1, 273; cf. id. 1, 279; 1, 294; 5, 217; Ov. M. 6, 310:

    senatus decrevit, ut Minerva, quam turbo dejecerat, restitueretur,

    Cic. Fam. 12, 25, 1:

    turbo aut subita tempestas,

    id. Cael. 32, 79:

    pulvis collectus turbine,

    Hor. S. 1, 4, 31:

    venti rotanti turbine portant,

    Lucr. 1, 294:

    ita turbine nigro Ferret hiemps,

    Verg. G. 1, 320:

    venti ruunt et terras turbine perflant,

    id. A. 1, 83:

    accendi turbine quodam aëris,

    Sen. Q. N. 7, 4, 1.—In apposition with ventus:

    exoritur ventus turbo,

    Plaut. Curc. 5, 2, 47:

    circumstabant navem turbines venti,

    id. Trin. 4, 1, 16.—
    B.
    Trop., whirlwind, storm, etc.:

    qui in maximis turbinibus ac fluctibus rei publicae navem gubernassem,

    Cic. Pis. 9, 20:

    tu, procella patriae, turbo ac tempestas pacis atque otii,

    id. Dom. 53, 137:

    ego te in medio versantem turbine leti Eripui,

    Cat. 64, 149:

    cum illi soli essent duo rei publicae turbines,

    Cic. Sest. 11, 25:

    miserae mentis,

    Ov. Am. 2, 9, 28:

    miserarum rerum,

    id. M. 7, 614:

    nescio quo miserae turbine mentis agor,

    id. Am. 2, 9, 28:

    Gradivi,

    i. e. tumult of war, Sil. 11, 101:

    virtutem turbine nullo Fortuna excutiet tibi,

    Luc. 2, 243:

    horum mala, turbo quīs rerum imminet,

    Sen. Agam. 196.—
    II.
    Lit., a spinning-top, whipping-top, Verg. A. 7, 378 sq.; Tib. 1, 5, 3.—
    B.
    Transf., of things that have the shape or whirling motion of a top, as a reel, whirl, spindle, etc., Cic. Fat. 18, 42; Varr. ap. Serv. Verg. A. 1, 449; Hor. Epod. 17, 7; Cat. 64, 315; Ov. M. 1, 336; Plin. 2, 10, 7, § 47; 9, 36, 61, § 130; 27, 4, 5, § 14; 36, 13, 19, § 90; 37, 4, 15, § 56.—
    III.
    A whirling motion, a whirl, twirl, twist, rotation, revolution, a round, circle (mostly poet.):

    cum caeli turbine ferri,

    Lucr. 5, 624:

    lunae,

    id. 5, 632:

    ignium,

    id. 6, 640; cf. Verg. A. 3, 573:

    teli (contorti),

    id. ib. 6, 594; cf. id. ib. 11, 284; Luc. 3, 465; Sil. 4, 542:

    saxi,

    whirling force, circular hurling, Verg. A. 12, 531:

    serpentis,

    i. e. the coiling, Sil. 3, 191:

    Aegaeus,

    whirlpool, vortex, Claud. Laud. Stil. 1, 287; so, rapax, Stat [p. 1918] Th. 4, 813:

    verterit hunc (servum in emancipatione) dominus, momento turbinis exit Marcus Dama,

    i. e. of whirling round, Pers. 5, 78: militiae turbine factus eques, i. e. through the round of military gradation or promotion, Ov. Am. 3, 15, 6:

    vulgi,

    i. e. a throng, crowd, Claud. II. Cons. Stil. 200.
    3.
    Turbo, ōnis, m., the name of a gladiator, Hor. S. 2, 3, 310.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Turbo

  • 12 turbo

    1.
    turbo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. ( fut. perf. turbassit, for turbaverit, Cic. Leg. 3, 4; al. turbassitur) [turba], to disturb, agitate, confuse, disorder; to throw into disorder or confusion (freq. and class.; syn.: confundo, misceo, agito).
    I.
    Lit.:

    ventorum vi agitari atque turbari mare,

    Cic. Clu. 49, 138:

    aequora ventis,

    Lucr. 2, 1:

    hibernum mare,

    Hor. Epod. 15, 8; Ov. M. 7, 154; 14, 545 al.:

    eversae turbant convivia mensae,

    id. ib. 12, 222; cf. in a poet. transf.:

    ancipiti quoniam bello turbatur utrimque,

    Lucr. 6, 377:

    ne comae turbarentur, quas componi vetuit,

    Quint. 11, 3, 148:

    ne turbet toga mota capillos,

    Ov. Am. 3, 2, 75:

    capillos,

    id. M. 8, 859; id. Am. 3, 14, 33; cf.

    in a Greek construction: turbata capillos,

    id. M. 4, 474:

    ceram,

    the seal, Quint. 12, 8, 13:

    uvae recentes alvum turbant,

    Plin. 23, 1, 6, § 10.— Absol.:

    instat, turbatque ruitque,

    Ov. M. 12, 134.—Reflex.:

    cum mare turbaret (sc. se),

    Varr. R. R. 3, 17, 7 Schneid. ad loc. (al. turbaretur).—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    Milit. t. t., to throw into disorder, break the line of battle, disorganize:

    equitatus turbaverat ordines,

    Liv. 3, 70, 9:

    aciem peditum,

    id. 30, 18, 10.— Absol.:

    equites eruptione factā in agmen modice primo impetu turbavere,

    Liv. 38, 13, 12:

    turbantibus invicem copiis,

    Flor. 4, 2, 49:

    hic rem Romanam, magno turbante tumultu, sistet,

    Verg. A. 6, 857.—
    2.
    Of water, to trouble, make thick or turbid:

    lacus,

    Ov. M. 6, 364:

    fons quem nulla volucris turbarat,

    id. ib. 3, 410:

    flumen imbre,

    id. ib. 13, 889:

    limo aquam,

    Hor. S. 1, 1, 60:

    aquas lacrimis,

    Ov. M. 3, 475; cf.:

    pulvis sputo turbatus,

    Petr. 131.—
    II.
    Trop.:

    non modo illa permiscuit, sed etiam delectum atque ordinem turbavit,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 50, § 123:

    qui omnia inflma summis paria fecit, turbavit, miscuit,

    id. Leg. 3, 9, 19:

    Aristoteles quoque multa turbat, a magistro Platone non dissentiens,

    id. N. D. 1, 13, 33:

    quantas res turbo!

    Plaut. Mil. 3, 2, 1:

    quas meus filius turbas turbet,

    id. Bacch. 4, 9, 1; cf.:

    quae meus filius turbavit,

    id. ib. 5, 1, 5; id. Cas. 5, 2, 6:

    ne quid ille turbet vide,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 7, § 24:

    haec, quae in re publicā turbantur,

    id. ib. 3, 9, 3:

    cum dies alicui nobilium dicta novis semper certaminibus contiones turbaret,

    Liv. 3, 66, 2: ne incertā prole auspicia turbarentur, id. 4, 6, 2:

    milites nihil in commune turbantes,

    Tac. H. 1, 85:

    turbantur (testes),

    Quint. 5, 7, 11; cf. id. 4, 5, 6; 5, 14, 29; 10, 7, 6:

    spem pacis,

    Liv. 2, 16, 5.— Absol.: Ph. Ea nos perturbat. Pa. Dum ne reducam, turbent porro, quam velint, Ter. Hec. 4, 4, 12 (cf. I. B. 1. supra):

    repente turbare Fortuna coepit,

    Tac. A. 4, 1:

    si una alterave civitas turbet,

    id. ib. 3, 47: M. Servilius postquam, ut coeperat, omnibus in rebus turbarat, i. e. had deranged all his affairs, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 8, 2.— Impers. pass.:

    nescio quid absente nobis turbatum'st domi,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 3, 7:

    totis Usque adeo turbatur agris,

    Verg. E. 1, 12:

    si in Hispaniā turbatum esset,

    Cic. Sull. 20, 57.—Hence, turbātus, a, um, P. a., troubled, disturbed, disordered, agitated, excited.
    A.
    Lit.:

    turbatius mare ingressus,

    more stormy, Suet. Calig. 23:

    turbatius caelum,

    id. Tib. 69.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    hostes inopinato malo turbati,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 12:

    oculis simul ac mente turbatus,

    Liv. 7, 26, 5:

    turbatus religione simul ac periculo,

    Suet. Ner. 19; cf.:

    turbatus animi,

    Sil. 14, 678:

    placare voluntates turbatas,

    Cic. Planc. 4, 11: seditionibus omnia turbata sunt, Sall. Or. Phil. contr. Lepid. 1:

    turbata cum Romanis pax,

    Just. 18, 2, 10:

    omnia soluta, turbata atque etiam in contrarium versa,

    Plin. Ep. 8, 14, 7; cf.:

    quae si confusa, turbata, permixta sunt, etc.,

    id. ib. 9, 5, 3.—Hence, adv.: turbātē, confusedly, disorderly:

    aguntur omnia raptim atque turbate,

    in confusion, Caes. B. C. 1, 5, 1.
    2.
    turbo, ĭnis, m. (collat. form tur-ben, ĭnis, n., Tib. 1, 5, 3; id. ap. Charis. p. 118 P.; gen. turbonis, Caes. ib.) [1. turbo], that which spins or twirls round (cf. vertex).
    I.
    A whirlwind, hurricane, tornado: ventus circumactus et eundem ambiens locum et se ipse vertigine concitans turbo est. Qui si pugnacior est ac diutius volutatur, inflammatur, et efficit, quem prêstêra Graeci vocant:

    hic est igneus turbo,

    Sen. Q. N. 5, 13, 3:

    falsum est faces et trabes turbine exprimi,

    id. ib. 7, 5, 1; 2, 22, 2; id. Ep. 109, 18:

    procellae, turbines,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 20, 51; cf.: saevi exsistunt turbines, Pac. ap. Cic. de Or. 3, 39, 157 (Trag. Rel. p. 111 Rib.); Enn. ap. Schol. Vat. ad Ter. Heaut. 2, 3, 4 (Ann. v. 553 Vahl.):

    venti vis rapido percurrens turbine campos,

    Lucr. 1, 273; cf. id. 1, 279; 1, 294; 5, 217; Ov. M. 6, 310:

    senatus decrevit, ut Minerva, quam turbo dejecerat, restitueretur,

    Cic. Fam. 12, 25, 1:

    turbo aut subita tempestas,

    id. Cael. 32, 79:

    pulvis collectus turbine,

    Hor. S. 1, 4, 31:

    venti rotanti turbine portant,

    Lucr. 1, 294:

    ita turbine nigro Ferret hiemps,

    Verg. G. 1, 320:

    venti ruunt et terras turbine perflant,

    id. A. 1, 83:

    accendi turbine quodam aëris,

    Sen. Q. N. 7, 4, 1.—In apposition with ventus:

    exoritur ventus turbo,

    Plaut. Curc. 5, 2, 47:

    circumstabant navem turbines venti,

    id. Trin. 4, 1, 16.—
    B.
    Trop., whirlwind, storm, etc.:

    qui in maximis turbinibus ac fluctibus rei publicae navem gubernassem,

    Cic. Pis. 9, 20:

    tu, procella patriae, turbo ac tempestas pacis atque otii,

    id. Dom. 53, 137:

    ego te in medio versantem turbine leti Eripui,

    Cat. 64, 149:

    cum illi soli essent duo rei publicae turbines,

    Cic. Sest. 11, 25:

    miserae mentis,

    Ov. Am. 2, 9, 28:

    miserarum rerum,

    id. M. 7, 614:

    nescio quo miserae turbine mentis agor,

    id. Am. 2, 9, 28:

    Gradivi,

    i. e. tumult of war, Sil. 11, 101:

    virtutem turbine nullo Fortuna excutiet tibi,

    Luc. 2, 243:

    horum mala, turbo quīs rerum imminet,

    Sen. Agam. 196.—
    II.
    Lit., a spinning-top, whipping-top, Verg. A. 7, 378 sq.; Tib. 1, 5, 3.—
    B.
    Transf., of things that have the shape or whirling motion of a top, as a reel, whirl, spindle, etc., Cic. Fat. 18, 42; Varr. ap. Serv. Verg. A. 1, 449; Hor. Epod. 17, 7; Cat. 64, 315; Ov. M. 1, 336; Plin. 2, 10, 7, § 47; 9, 36, 61, § 130; 27, 4, 5, § 14; 36, 13, 19, § 90; 37, 4, 15, § 56.—
    III.
    A whirling motion, a whirl, twirl, twist, rotation, revolution, a round, circle (mostly poet.):

    cum caeli turbine ferri,

    Lucr. 5, 624:

    lunae,

    id. 5, 632:

    ignium,

    id. 6, 640; cf. Verg. A. 3, 573:

    teli (contorti),

    id. ib. 6, 594; cf. id. ib. 11, 284; Luc. 3, 465; Sil. 4, 542:

    saxi,

    whirling force, circular hurling, Verg. A. 12, 531:

    serpentis,

    i. e. the coiling, Sil. 3, 191:

    Aegaeus,

    whirlpool, vortex, Claud. Laud. Stil. 1, 287; so, rapax, Stat [p. 1918] Th. 4, 813:

    verterit hunc (servum in emancipatione) dominus, momento turbinis exit Marcus Dama,

    i. e. of whirling round, Pers. 5, 78: militiae turbine factus eques, i. e. through the round of military gradation or promotion, Ov. Am. 3, 15, 6:

    vulgi,

    i. e. a throng, crowd, Claud. II. Cons. Stil. 200.
    3.
    Turbo, ōnis, m., the name of a gladiator, Hor. S. 2, 3, 310.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > turbo

  • 13 con-vertō (-vortō)

       con-vertō (-vortō) tī, sus, ere.—     Trans, to turn round, cause to turn, turn back, reverse, direct: in infimo orbe luna convertitur: vox Herculem convertit, L.: ter se, O.: vias, V.: caeli conversa per auras, wheeled, V.: conversae acies nituntur, face to face, V.: conversis in eam partem navibus, Cs.: haec (sica) conversa est in me: conversā cuspide montem Impulit, pointed the spear and struck, V.: se in Phrygiam, N.: ad hunc se, Cs.: colla ad freta, O.: legiones ab itinere ad suam potentiam, withdraw... to reinforce, Cs.: tigna contra vim fluminis, Cs.: aspectum quo vellent.—Of an army, to wheel, turn, change the direction of: conversa signa in hostes inferre, change front and charge, Cs.: signa ad hostem converti, to face the enemy, Cs.: sese, to retreat, Cs.: conversis signis redire, L.: itinere converso, by a flank movement, Cs.: acies in fugam conversa, routed, Cs.: convorso equo, S.— Intrans, to return, turn away: ad pedites, S.: in regnum suum, S.: ad uxorem Silviam, Ta. — Fig., trans, to turn, direct, throw back: risum in iudicem: haec ad suos quaestūs: animum ad curam, L.: se ad timorem: subitam convertor in iram, O.: animos: aculeum testimoni sui: omen in ipsum, V.: se ad eos, to their support, N.: omnium ora in me convorsa esse, S.— To attract, fix, rivet, draw: volgi ora, H.: animos, L.—To change, alter, transform, turn, convert, pervert: se ex homine in beluam: tellus Induit conversa figuras, O.: rem p., to bring into disorder: animum avaritiā, S.: civitatis lingua convorsa conubio Numidarum, S.: castra castris, to change continually, Cs.: conversa numina, alienated, V.: casūs conversi, which undergo a change of form: ad salutem convorti hoc malum, T.: ludi ad funus civitatis conversi: id ad salutem, N.: Deum in hominem, T.: in classem nymphas, V.: praemia in pestem, S.: amicitiae se in graves inimicitias. —To translate: aliqua de Graecis: librum in Latinum.— Intrans, to change, turn, be changed, go over, C.: imperium in superbiam, S.: ad aliquem, to the support of: ad sapientiora, Ta.

    Latin-English dictionary > con-vertō (-vortō)

  • 14 misceō

        misceō miscuī, mīxtus, ēre,    to mix, mingle, intermingle, blend: picem sulphure, S.: (sortes) pueri manu miscentur: mella Falerno, H.: nectare aquas, O.: Fulgores operi, V.: fletum cruori, O.: cum undis miscentur aquae, O.: mixtos in sanguine dentīs, scattered, V.—To unite, have intercourse: sanguinem ac genus, intermarry, L.: corpus cum aliquā: per conubia Gaetulos secum, S.: se tibi, O.—To mix, prepare: alteri mulsum: miscenda Cum Styge vina bibas, i. e. you shall die, O.: nullis aconita propinquis, Iu.—To mingle, unite, assemble, associate, join: (se) viris, V.: circa regem densae Miscentur (apes), gather thickly, V.: mixtis lustrabo Maenala nymphis (i. e. permixtus nymphis), V.: tres legiones in unam, Ta.: desertos sibi, i. e. fraternize with, Ta.: volnera, inflict on one another, V.: certamina, L.: proelia, V.: manūs, Pr.—To throw into confusion, disturb, confound, embroil: magno misceri murmure pontum, V.: miscent se maria, V.: mixto agmine, in disorder, V.: ignes murmura miscent, confound their thunders, V.: incendia, scatter, V.—To overturn, confound, make a disturbance in, move, upturn: caelum ac terras, L.: caelum terris et mare caelo, Iu.—Fig., to mix, mingle, unite, join, associate: cuius animum cum suo misceat: aliquid de nostris moribus, add, Iu.: haec ita mixta fuerunt, ut temperata nullo fuerint modo, mixed... by no means harmonized: utile dulci, H.: mixtus aliquo deus, transformed into, Pr.—To throw into confusion, embroil, disturb, confound: fortuna miscere omnia coepit, S.: rem p. malis contionibus: plura, to cause more disturbance: plurima, N.: sacra profanis, H.: fors et virtus miscentur in unum, contend together, V.—To stir up, excite, concoct: Ita tu istaec tua misceto, ne me admisceas, T.: nova quaedam misceri et concitari mala videbam.
    * * *
    miscere, miscui, mixtus V
    mix, mingle; embroil; confound; stir up

    Latin-English dictionary > misceō

  • 15 confundo

    con-fundo, fūdi, fūsum, 3, v. a.
    I.
    To pour, mingle, or mix together (class. in prose and poetry).
    A.
    Prop.:

    unā multa jura (cocos),

    Plaut. Most. 1, 3, 120; cf.:

    jus confusum sectis herbis,

    Hor. S. 2, 4, 67:

    (venenum) in poculo, cum ita confusum esset ut secerni nullo modo posset,

    Cic. Clu. 62, 173; Dig. 6, 1, 3, § 2:

    cum ignis oculorum cum eo igne, qui est ob os offusus, se confudit et contulit,

    Cic. Univ. 14:

    cumque tuis lacrimis lacrimas confundere nostras,

    Ov. H. 2, 95:

    confundere crebroque permiscere mel, acetum, oleum,

    Plin. 29, 3, 11, § 50:

    omnia arenti ramo (Medea),

    Ov. M. 7, 278:

    (Alpheus) Siculis confunditur undis,

    mingles, Verg. A. 3, 696:

    mixtum flumini subibat mare,

    Curt. 9, 9, 7:

    (cornua cervi contrita) pulvereae confusa farinae,

    Ov. Med. Fac. 61:

    aes auro,

    Plin. 34, 2, 3, § 5.—
    B.
    Meton.
    1.
    In gen., to mingle, unite, join, combine (rare):

    (decorum) totum illud quidem est cum virtute confusum, sed mente cogitatione distinguitur,

    Cic. Off. 1, 27, 95; so,

    vera cum falsis,

    id. Ac. 2, 19, 61:

    est id quidem in totam orationem confundendum,

    id. de Or. 2, 79, 322:

    vis quaedam sentiens quae est toto confusa mundo,

    id. Div. 1, 52, 118:

    sermones in unum,

    Liv. 7, 12, 14; cf. id. 40, 46, 13:

    duo populi in unum confusi,

    id. 1, 23, 2: diversum confusa genus panthera camelo ( = camelopardalis, the giraffe), Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 195:

    rusticus urbano confusus,

    id. A. P. 213; cf.:

    quinque continuos dactylos,

    Quint. 9, 4, 49:

    subjecta sibi vocalis in unum sonum coalescere et confundi nequiret,

    id. 1, 7, 26.—Of bringing together in speech:

    cuperem equidem utrumque (una dijudicare), sed est difficile confundere,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 11, 23; cf. id. Brut. 26, 100.— Poet.:

    proelia cum aliquo,

    Hor. C. 1, 17, 23 al. —More freq.,
    2.
    Esp., with the idea of confounding, disarranging, to confound, confuse, jumble together, bring into disorder:

    an tu haec ita confundis et perturbas, ut quicumque velit, quod velit, quo modo velit possit dedicare?

    Cic. Dom. 49, 127:

    omnis corporis atque animi sensus,

    Lucr. 2, 946; cf. id. 2, 439:

    aëra per multum confundi verba necesse'st Et conturbari vocem,

    id. 4, 558: confusa venit vox inque pedita, id. 4, 562 sq.:

    censeo omnis in oratione esse quasi permixtos et confusos pedes,

    Cic. Or. 57, 195:

    particulae primum confusae postea in ordinem adductae a mente divinā,

    id. Ac. 2, 37, 118:

    signa et ordines peditum atque equitum,

    Liv. 9, 27, 10:

    jura gentium,

    id. 4, 1, 2:

    priora,

    Quint. 10, 5, 23:

    ordinem disciplinae,

    Tac. H. 1, 60; cf.:

    ordinem militiae,

    id. ib. 2, 93:

    lusum,

    Suet. Claud. 33:

    annum (together with conturbare),

    id. Aug. 31 et saep.: foedus, to violate (suncheein, Hom. Il. 4, 269), Verg. A. 5, 496; 12, 290:

    summa imis,

    Curt. 8, 8, 8:

    imperium, promissa, preces confundit in unum,

    mingles together, Ov. M. 4, 472:

    jura et nomina,

    id. ib. 10, 346:

    fasque nefasque,

    id. ib. 6, 585:

    in chaos,

    id. ib. 2, 299:

    mare caelo,

    Juv. 6, 283 (cf.:

    caelum terris miscere,

    id. 2, 25):

    ora fractis in ossibus,

    i. e. to disfigure the features, make them undistinguishable, Ov. M. 5, 58; Sen. Troad. 1117; cf.:

    omnia corporis lineamenta,

    Petr. 105, 10; Just. 3, 5, 11;

    and vultus,

    Luc. 2, 191; 3, 758; Stat. Th. 2, 232:

    oris notas,

    Curt. 8, 3, 13:

    si irruptione fluminis fines agri confudit inundatio,

    Dig. 19, 2, 31:

    ossa Non agnoscendo confusa reliquit in ore,

    Ov. M. 12, 251:

    vultum Lunae,

    to cloud, obscure, id. ib. 14, 367.—Of disordered health:

    neque apparet, quod corpus confuderit,

    Cels. 3, 5, 3.—
    b.
    Trop., of intellectual confusion, to disturb, disconcert, confound, perplex (freq. after the Aug. per.;

    perh. not in Cic.): audientium animos, etc.,

    Liv. 45, 42, 1; 34, 50, 1:

    cum confusa memoria esset,

    id. 5, 50, 6:

    nos (fulmina),

    Quint. 8, 3, 5; Plin. Ep. 3, 10, 2:

    me gravi dolore (nuntius),

    id. ib. 5, 5, 1; Quint. 1, 12, 1:

    intellectum,

    Plin. 21, 18, 70, § 117:

    inmitem animum imagine tristi,

    Tac. H. 1, 44:

    Alexander pudore confusus,

    Curt. 7, 7, 23:

    illum ingens confundit honos inopinaque turbat gloria,

    Stat. Th. 8, 283; Juv. 7, 68:

    diligentiam monitoris confundit multitudo,

    Col. 1, 9, 7.—
    II.
    To diffuse, suffuse, spread over (rare).
    A.
    Prop.:

    cibus in eam venam, quae cava appellatur, confunditur,

    diffuses itself, Cic. N. D. 2, 55, 137:

    vinum in ea (vasa),

    Col. 12, 28 fin.:

    cruorem in fossam,

    Hor. S. 1, 8, 28.—
    2.
    Poet., to throw in great numbers:

    tela per foramina muri,

    Sil. 14, 333.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    aliquid in totam orationem,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 79, 322:

    vim quandam sentientem atque divinam, quae toto confusa mundo sit,

    id. Div. 2, 15, 35: rosa ingenuo confusa rubore, suffused with, etc., Col. poët. 10, 260.—Hence, confūsus, a, um, P. a. (acc. to I. B. 2.), brought into disorder, confused, perplexed, disorderly (class. in prose and poetry):

    ruina mundi,

    Lucr. 6, 607; cf.

    natura,

    id. 6, 600:

    vox,

    id. 4, 562; 4, 613; cf.:

    oratio confusa, perturbata,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 13, 50:

    stilus,

    Quint. 1, 1, 28:

    verba,

    Ov. M. 2, 666; 12, 55; 15, 606:

    suffragium,

    Liv. 26, 18, 9 Drak. ad loc. (cf.:

    confusio suffragiorum,

    Cic. Mur. 23, 47):

    confusissimus mos,

    Suet. Aug. 44:

    clamor,

    Liv. 30, 6, 2.—With abl.:

    ipse confusus animo,

    Liv. 6, 6, 7; cf. id. 35, 35, 18:

    maerore,

    id. 35, 15, 9:

    eodem metu,

    Quint. 1, 10, 48:

    somnio,

    Suet. Caes. 7:

    irā, pudore,

    Curt. 7, 7, 23; cf. Ov. H. 21, 111; id. Tr. 3, 1, 81:

    fletu,

    Petr. 134, 6:

    turbā querelarum,

    Just. 32, 2, 3 al.:

    ex recenti morsu animi,

    Liv. 6, 34, 8.— Absol.:

    Masinissa ex praetorio in tabernaculum suum confusus concessit,

    Liv. 30, 15, 2:

    nunc onusti cibo et vino perturbata et confusa cernimus,

    Cic. Div. 1, 29, 60; Petr. 74, 10; 91, 1 al.:

    confusus atque incertus animi,

    Liv. 1, 7, 6:

    rediit confuso voltu,

    id. 41, 15, 1; Ov. Tr. 3, 5, 11:

    ore confuso,

    Curt. 6, 7, 18; cf.:

    confusior facies,

    Tac. A. 4, 63:

    pavor confusior,

    Plin. 7, prooem. 1, § 5.— Hence, confūsē, adv., confusedly, without order, disorderly (several times in Cic.; elsewh. rare;

    not in Quint.): confuse et permiste dispergere aliquid,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 30, 49:

    loqui,

    id. Fin. 2, 9, 27; cf.:

    confuse varieque sententias dicere,

    Gell. 14, 2, 17:

    agere,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 8, 19:

    utraque res conjuncte et confuse comparata est, Auct. her. 4, 47, 60: universis mancipiis constitutum pretium,

    in the lump, Dig. 21, 1, 36.—
    * Comp.:

    confusius acta res est,

    Cic. Phil. 8, 1, 1.— Sup. not in use.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > confundo

  • 16 perturbata

    per-turbo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a., to throw into confusion or disorder, to confuse, disturb (cf.: confundo, misceo).
    I.
    Lit.:

    omnia,

    Ter. And. 3, 4, 22:

    provinciam,

    Cic. Sull. 20, 56:

    aetatum ordinem,

    id. Brut. 62, 223:

    condiciones pactionesque bellicas perjurio,

    id. Off. 3, 29, 108:

    dies intermissus aut nox interposita saepe perturbat omnia,

    id. Mur. 17, 35:

    reliquos (milites) incertis ordinibus perturbaverunt,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 32:

    aciem,

    Sall. J. 59, 3:

    domum,

    Sen. Thyest. 83.— Pass., Plin. Pan. 76, 8.—
    B.
    Transf., to mix or mingle together:

    omnia subtiliter cretā permisceas cum salibus torrefactis ac tritis et diu oleo injecto perturbes,

    Pall. 12, 18.—
    II.
    Trop., to disturb, discompose, embarrass, confound:

    mea consilia,

    Plaut. Most. 3, 1, 127:

    mentes animosque perturbat timor,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 39:

    clamore perturbari,

    Cic. Rab. Perd. 6, 18:

    animum, joined with concitare,

    id. Or. 37, 128:

    de rei publicae salute perturbari,

    id. Mil. 1, 1:

    haec te vox non perculit? non perturbavit?

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 57, § 132:

    magno animi motu perturbatus,

    id. Att. 8, 11, 1.—Hence, perturbātus, a, um, P. a.
    A.
    Troubled, disturbed, unquiet:

    mihi civitatem perturbatam vestris legibus et contionibus et deductionibus tradidistis,

    Cic. Agr. 1, 8, 23:

    perturbatissimum tempestatis genus,

    Sen. Q. N. 7, 10, 3:

    flamma quassatae rei publicae perturbatorumque temporum,

    Cic. Sest. 34, [p. 1360] 73.—
    B.
    Disturbed, embarrassed, discomposed:

    homo perturbatior metu,

    Cic. Att. 10, 14, 1:

    sane sum perturbatus cum ipsius familiaritate,

    id. ib. 1, 1, 4.— Subst.: per-turbāta, ōrum, n., confused visions, perverted truths:

    nunc onusti cibo et vino perturbata et confusa cernimus,

    Cic. Div. 1, 29, 60.— Adv.: perturbātē, confusedly, disorderly:

    ne quid perturbate, ne quid contorte dicatur,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 20, 29; id. Or. 35, 122:

    muta animalia perturbate moveri,

    Sen. Ep. 124, 19.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > perturbata

  • 17 perturbo

    per-turbo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a., to throw into confusion or disorder, to confuse, disturb (cf.: confundo, misceo).
    I.
    Lit.:

    omnia,

    Ter. And. 3, 4, 22:

    provinciam,

    Cic. Sull. 20, 56:

    aetatum ordinem,

    id. Brut. 62, 223:

    condiciones pactionesque bellicas perjurio,

    id. Off. 3, 29, 108:

    dies intermissus aut nox interposita saepe perturbat omnia,

    id. Mur. 17, 35:

    reliquos (milites) incertis ordinibus perturbaverunt,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 32:

    aciem,

    Sall. J. 59, 3:

    domum,

    Sen. Thyest. 83.— Pass., Plin. Pan. 76, 8.—
    B.
    Transf., to mix or mingle together:

    omnia subtiliter cretā permisceas cum salibus torrefactis ac tritis et diu oleo injecto perturbes,

    Pall. 12, 18.—
    II.
    Trop., to disturb, discompose, embarrass, confound:

    mea consilia,

    Plaut. Most. 3, 1, 127:

    mentes animosque perturbat timor,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 39:

    clamore perturbari,

    Cic. Rab. Perd. 6, 18:

    animum, joined with concitare,

    id. Or. 37, 128:

    de rei publicae salute perturbari,

    id. Mil. 1, 1:

    haec te vox non perculit? non perturbavit?

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 57, § 132:

    magno animi motu perturbatus,

    id. Att. 8, 11, 1.—Hence, perturbātus, a, um, P. a.
    A.
    Troubled, disturbed, unquiet:

    mihi civitatem perturbatam vestris legibus et contionibus et deductionibus tradidistis,

    Cic. Agr. 1, 8, 23:

    perturbatissimum tempestatis genus,

    Sen. Q. N. 7, 10, 3:

    flamma quassatae rei publicae perturbatorumque temporum,

    Cic. Sest. 34, [p. 1360] 73.—
    B.
    Disturbed, embarrassed, discomposed:

    homo perturbatior metu,

    Cic. Att. 10, 14, 1:

    sane sum perturbatus cum ipsius familiaritate,

    id. ib. 1, 1, 4.— Subst.: per-turbāta, ōrum, n., confused visions, perverted truths:

    nunc onusti cibo et vino perturbata et confusa cernimus,

    Cic. Div. 1, 29, 60.— Adv.: perturbātē, confusedly, disorderly:

    ne quid perturbate, ne quid contorte dicatur,

    Cic. Inv. 1, 20, 29; id. Or. 35, 122:

    muta animalia perturbate moveri,

    Sen. Ep. 124, 19.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > perturbo

  • 18 scopa

    1.
    scōpa, ae, and plur.: scōpae, ārum (cf. on plur., Varr. L. L. 8, § 7 Müll.; 10, § 24 ib.; Quint. 1, 5, 16; Charis. p. 20 P.; 72 ib.; Diom. p. 315 ib.; sing., v. infra, B.), f. [root skap-, to support; cf.: scipio, scamnum].
    I.
    Lit., thin branches, twigs, shoots (rare), Cato, R. R. 152; Pall. 3, 24, 8; 4, 9, 12; Auct. B. Afr. 47, 5; Plin. 20, 22, 89, § 241; 22, 18, 21, § 46 al.—
    B.
    In partic.: scō-pa rēgĭa, a plant, a species of the goosefoot: Chenopodium scoparia, Linn.; Plin. 21, 6, 15, § 28; 25, 5, 19, § 44.—
    II.
    Meton., a broom, besom made of twigs (class. in plur.):

    munditias volo fieri: efferte huc scopas, etc.,

    Plaut. Stich. 2, 2, 23; 2, 2, 27; 2, 2, 51; Petr. 34, 3; Hor. S. 2, 4, 81:

    scopis mundata,

    swept, Vulg. Luc. 11, 25:

    in scopā,

    id. Isa. 14, 23.—
    b.
    Prov.: scopas dissolvere, to untie a broom, i. e. to throw any thing into disorder or confusion, Cic. Or. 71, 235;

    hence, scopae solutae, of a man in utter perplexity,

    id. Att. 7, 13, b, 6.
    2.
    scŏpa, ae, f., = skopê, a speculation, theory, Mart. Cap. 8, § 812.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > scopa

  • 19 scopa regia

    1.
    scōpa, ae, and plur.: scōpae, ārum (cf. on plur., Varr. L. L. 8, § 7 Müll.; 10, § 24 ib.; Quint. 1, 5, 16; Charis. p. 20 P.; 72 ib.; Diom. p. 315 ib.; sing., v. infra, B.), f. [root skap-, to support; cf.: scipio, scamnum].
    I.
    Lit., thin branches, twigs, shoots (rare), Cato, R. R. 152; Pall. 3, 24, 8; 4, 9, 12; Auct. B. Afr. 47, 5; Plin. 20, 22, 89, § 241; 22, 18, 21, § 46 al.—
    B.
    In partic.: scō-pa rēgĭa, a plant, a species of the goosefoot: Chenopodium scoparia, Linn.; Plin. 21, 6, 15, § 28; 25, 5, 19, § 44.—
    II.
    Meton., a broom, besom made of twigs (class. in plur.):

    munditias volo fieri: efferte huc scopas, etc.,

    Plaut. Stich. 2, 2, 23; 2, 2, 27; 2, 2, 51; Petr. 34, 3; Hor. S. 2, 4, 81:

    scopis mundata,

    swept, Vulg. Luc. 11, 25:

    in scopā,

    id. Isa. 14, 23.—
    b.
    Prov.: scopas dissolvere, to untie a broom, i. e. to throw any thing into disorder or confusion, Cic. Or. 71, 235;

    hence, scopae solutae, of a man in utter perplexity,

    id. Att. 7, 13, b, 6.
    2.
    scŏpa, ae, f., = skopê, a speculation, theory, Mart. Cap. 8, § 812.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > scopa regia

  • 20 scopae

    1.
    scōpa, ae, and plur.: scōpae, ārum (cf. on plur., Varr. L. L. 8, § 7 Müll.; 10, § 24 ib.; Quint. 1, 5, 16; Charis. p. 20 P.; 72 ib.; Diom. p. 315 ib.; sing., v. infra, B.), f. [root skap-, to support; cf.: scipio, scamnum].
    I.
    Lit., thin branches, twigs, shoots (rare), Cato, R. R. 152; Pall. 3, 24, 8; 4, 9, 12; Auct. B. Afr. 47, 5; Plin. 20, 22, 89, § 241; 22, 18, 21, § 46 al.—
    B.
    In partic.: scō-pa rēgĭa, a plant, a species of the goosefoot: Chenopodium scoparia, Linn.; Plin. 21, 6, 15, § 28; 25, 5, 19, § 44.—
    II.
    Meton., a broom, besom made of twigs (class. in plur.):

    munditias volo fieri: efferte huc scopas, etc.,

    Plaut. Stich. 2, 2, 23; 2, 2, 27; 2, 2, 51; Petr. 34, 3; Hor. S. 2, 4, 81:

    scopis mundata,

    swept, Vulg. Luc. 11, 25:

    in scopā,

    id. Isa. 14, 23.—
    b.
    Prov.: scopas dissolvere, to untie a broom, i. e. to throw any thing into disorder or confusion, Cic. Or. 71, 235;

    hence, scopae solutae, of a man in utter perplexity,

    id. Att. 7, 13, b, 6.
    2.
    scŏpa, ae, f., = skopê, a speculation, theory, Mart. Cap. 8, § 812.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > scopae

См. также в других словарях:

  • throw into disorder — index confuse (create disorder), disorganize, disorient Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • throw into confusion — index agitate (perturb), confound, confuse (bewilder), confuse (create disorder), discompose …   Law dictionary

  • throw into — phr verb Throw into is used with these nouns as the object: ↑armchair, ↑bin, ↑confusion, ↑disarray, ↑disorder, ↑doubt, ↑frenzy, ↑jail, ↑panic, ↑prison, ↑recession, ↑ …   Collocations dictionary

  • throw into confusion — cause chaos, cause disorder …   English contemporary dictionary

  • disorder — (v.) late 15c., from dis not (see DIS (Cf. dis )) + the verb order (see ORDER (Cf. order)). Replaced earlier disordeine (mid 14c.), from O.Fr. desordainer, from M.L. disordinare throw into disorder, from L. ordinare to order, regulate (see …   Etymology dictionary

  • disorder — [dis ôr′dər] n. [prob. < Fr désordre] 1. a lack of order; confusion; jumble 2. a breach of public peace; riot 3. a disregard of system; irregularity 4. an upset of normal function; ailment vt. 1. to throw into disorder; disarrange …   English World dictionary

  • disorder — n 1. disorderliness, disarray, displacement, dislocation, disarrangement, disorganization; dishevelment, untidiness, clutter, mess, heap, huddle; hash, hodge podge, mishmash, jumble, scramble, tangle; mix up, snafu, Inf. foul up, Sl. ball up,… …   A Note on the Style of the synonym finder

  • disorder — n. lack of order 1) to throw into disorder 2) in disorder (to retreat in disorder) riot 3) violent disorders 4) disorders broke out ailment 5) a brain; circulatory; digestive, intestinal; mental; minor; neurotic; personality; respiratory disorder …   Combinatory dictionary

  • disorder — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) Lack of order Nouns 1. disorder, derangement; irregularity; misrule, anarchy, anarchism; untidiness, disunion; disquiet, discord; confusion, confusedness; disarray, jumble, huddle, litter, mess, mishmash …   English dictionary for students

  • Disorder — Dis*or der, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Disordered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Disordering}.] 1. To disturb the order of; to derange or disarrange; to throw into confusion; to confuse. [1913 Webster] Disordering the whole frame or jurisprudence. Burke. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • disorder — noun 1 untidy state; lack of order ADJECTIVE ▪ complete VERB + DISORDER ▪ throw sth into ▪ The country was thrown into disorder by the strikes. PREPOSITION ▪ …   Collocations dictionary


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»

Мы используем куки для наилучшего представления нашего сайта. Продолжая использовать данный сайт, вы соглашаетесь с этим.