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с английского на латинский

To remove from a place

  • 1 commoveo

    com-mŏvĕo ( conm-), mōvi, mōtum, 2 (contr. forms:

    commōrunt,

    Lucr. 2, 766; commōrat, Turp. ap. Non. p. 278, 2; Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 51; commōrit, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 15, 1; Hor. S. 2, 1, 45;

    commossem,

    Cic. Planc. 37, 90;

    commosset,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 18, § 45;

    commosse,

    id. ib. 2, 5, 37, § 96; id. Fam. 7, 18, 3), v. a., to put something in violent motion, to move; both of removing from a place and backwards and forwards in a place; to shake, stir (freq. in every period and species of composition).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    To remove from a place, to carry away, displace, to start, set in motion, move:

    neque miser me commovere possum prae formidine,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 181; id. Truc. 4, 3, 44:

    facilius est currentem incitare quam commovere languentem,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 44, 186:

    columnas,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 55, § 145:

    castra ex eo loco,

    to move forward, decamp, id. ib. 2, 5, 37, § 96; cf.

    aciem,

    to set the line in motion, Liv. 2, 65, 5; 9, 27, 10:

    se ex eo loco,

    Cic. Fin. 5, 15, 42:

    se domo,

    id. Fam. 9, 5, 2:

    me Thessalonicā,

    id. Att. 3, 13, 1:

    te istinc,

    id. Fam. 6, 20, 3: agmen loco. to force back, cause to retreat, Sisenn. ap. Non. p. 58, 20; so,

    hostem,

    Liv. 9, 40, 9; 10, 29, 9:

    cervum,

    Verg. A. 7, 494:

    molem,

    Val. Fl. 2, 33:

    nummum,

    i. e. to use in business, Cic. Font. 5, 11 (1, 1); id. Fl. 19, 44:

    ais, si una littera commota sit, fore tota ut labet disciplina. Utrum igitur tibi litteram videor an totas paginas commovere?

    id. Fin. 4, 19, 53.—Sacra, t. t., to move or carry about the sacred utensils, images, etc., for religious use, Verg. A. 4, 301 Serv.; cf. Cato, R. R. 134, 4:

    ancilia,

    Serv. ad Verg. A. 8, 3:

    tripodes,

    Sen. Med. 786.—Hence, humorously: mea si commovi sacra, if I put my instruments (artifices, tricks, etc.) in motion, Plaut. Ps. 1, 1, 107. —Prov.:

    glaebam commosset in agro decumano Siciliae nemo,

    would have stirred a clod, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 18, § 45.—
    B. 1.
    Of things:

    magni commorunt aequora venti,

    Lucr. 2, 766:

    alas,

    Verg. A. 5, 217; cf.:

    penna commota volucris,

    Sil. 6, 59; Sen. Agam. 633. —
    2.
    Of persons, with se:

    quis sese commovere potest, cujus ille (sc. Roscius) vitia non videat?

    can stir, Cic. de Or. 2, 57, 233:

    num infitiari potes te... meā diligentiā circumclusum commovere te contra rem publicam non potuisse,

    id. Cat. 1, 3, 7; Nep. Ages. 6, 3; Liv. 2, 54, 6; cf.:

    Lanuvii hastam se commovisse,

    id. 21, 62, 4.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    (Acc. to I. A.) To move, drive back, distodge, refute, confute:

    nunc comminus agamus experiamurque, si possimus cornua commovere disputationis tuae,

    Cic. Div. 2, 10, 26:

    si convellere adoriamur ea, quae commoveri non possunt,

    id. de Or. 2, 51, 205.—
    B.
    (Acc. to I. B.) To throw into disorder, physical or mental; to unbalance, unsettle, shake, disturb (rare but class.):

    adflantur alii sidere, alii commoventur statis temporibus alvo, nervis, capite, mente,

    Plin. 2, 41, 41, § 108:

    perleviter commotus fuerat... (postea) eum vidi plane integrum,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 5, 2: Bacchi sacris commota, Poët. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 36, 80:

    commotus habebitur, i. e. mente captus,

    frantic, crazed, Hor. S. 2, 3, 209; cf.:

    commota mens,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 278; Plin. 36, 21, 40, § 152; and:

    commotus mente,

    id. 23, 1, 16, § 23.—
    2. (α).
    With abl.: commorat hominem lacrimis, Turp. ap. Non. p. 278, 2:

    aliquem nimiā longinquitate locorum ac desiderio suorum,

    Cic. Imp. Pomp. 9, 23:

    aut libidine aliquā aut metu,

    id. Off. 1, 29, 102; id. Font. 16, 36 (12, 26):

    ludis,

    id. Mur. 19, 40:

    quis enim, cum sibi fingit aliquid et cogitatione depingit, non simul ac se ipse commovit atque ad se revocavit, sentit, etc.,

    aroused, id. Ac. 2, 16, 51:

    et amore fraterno et existimatione vulgi,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 20:

    adfectibus,

    Quint. 9, 4, 4:

    doctā voce,

    id. 2, 16, 9:

    cujus atrocitate,

    id. 6, 1, 32:

    vix sum apud me, ita animus commotu'st metu, Spe, gaudio,

    Ter. And. 5, 4, 34; Quint. 1, 2, 30:

    commota vehementi metu mens,

    Lucr. 3, 153. —
    (β).
    Absol.:

    commorat omnes nos,

    Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 51:

    cum aliqua species utilitatis objecta est, commoveri necesse est,

    one must be affected by it, it must make an impression on one, Cic. Off. 3, 8, 35:

    nihil me clamor iste commovet,

    id. Rab. Perd. 6, 18:

    si quos adversum proelium et fuga Gallorum commoveret,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 40:

    in commovendis judiciis,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 45, 189; cf.:

    commotus ab oratore judex,

    Quint. 6, 2, 7:

    qui me commorit, flebit,

    provoke, rouse, Hor. S. 2, 1, 45:

    Neptunus graviter commotus,

    Verg. A. 1, 126:

    domo ejus omnia abstulit quae paulo magis animum cujuspiam aut oculos possent commovere,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 34, § 83; Quint. 12, 10, 50: dormiunt;

    pol ego istos commovebo,

    awake, arouse, Ter. Heaut. 4, 4, 8:

    porticus haec ipsa et palaestra Graecarum disputationum memoriam quodammodo commovent,

    stir up, awaken, revive, Cic. de Or. 2, 5, 20.—Of things:

    aes alienum,

    to demand, Tac. A. 6, 17:

    commotā principis domo,

    id. ib. 4, 52 init.:

    si umquam vitae cupiditas in me fuisset, ego... omnium parricidarum tela commossem?

    provoked, Cic. Planc. 37, 90. —
    (γ).
    With in and abl.:

    qui cum ingeniis conflictatur ejus modi, Neque commovetur animus in eā re tamen,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 67:

    vidi enim vos in hoc nomine, cum testis diceret, commoveri,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 56, § 125:

    in hac virgine commotus sum,

    i. e. in love, Ter. Eun. 3, 5, 19.—
    (δ).
    With ex and abl.:

    nam cum esset ex aere alieno commota civitas,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 33, 58; Auct. B. Afr. 57, 72.—
    (ε).
    With ad and acc.:

    nec sane satis commoveor animo ad ea. quae vis canenda,

    Cic. ad Q. Fr. 3, 5, 4:

    homines ad turpe compendium,

    Auct. Her. 4, 40, 52.—
    (ζ).
    With ut and subj.:

    adeone me ignavom putas, ut neque me consuetudo neque amor Commoveat neque commoneat, ut servem fidem?

    Ter. And. 1, 5, 45:

    tua nos voluntas commovit, ut conscriberemus, etc.,

    Auct. Her. 1, 1, 1.—
    b.
    Of the passions, etc., to rouse, stir up, excite, produce, generate: belli magnos commovit funditus aestus, moved the waves of strife from their foundations, Lucr. 5, 1434; cf.:

    commovere tumultum aut bellum,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 8, § 20:

    misericordiam, invidiam, iracundiam,

    id. de Or. 2, 47, 195; cf.:

    commovere miserationem,

    Quint. 6, 1, 46; 10, 1, 64:

    magnum et acerbum dolorem,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 21, § 47:

    invidiam aliquam in me,

    id. Phil. 3, 7, 18:

    summum odium in eum,

    id. Inv. 1, 54, 103:

    bilem,

    id. Att. 2, 7, 2:

    multorum scribendi studia,

    id. N. D. 1, 4, 8:

    adfectus,

    Quint. 4, prooem. § 6; 5, 8, 3; cf.:

    adfectus vehementer commotos (opp. lenes),

    id. 6, 2, 9.—
    C.
    In discourse:

    nova quaedam,

    to start new doctrines, adduce novelties, Cic. Ac. 2, 6, 18.— Hence, commōtus, a, um, P. a., moved, excited, aroused:

    genus (dicendi) in agendo,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 9, 32; cf.:

    Fimbria paulo fervidior atque commotior,

    id. Brut. 34, 129:

    incidere in rem commotam (i. e. amorem),

    Sen. Ep. 116, 5:

    animus commotior,

    Cic. Div. 1, 37, 80:

    commotius ad omnia turbanda consilium,

    Liv. 6, 14, 9 Weissenb. ad loc.:

    Drusus animo commotior,

    more violent, passionate, Tac. A. 4, 3; cf.:

    commotus ingenio,

    id. ib. 6, 45; and:

    Agrippina paulo commotior,

    id. ib. 1, 33:

    commoto similis,

    to one provoked, enraged, Suet. Aug. 51; cf. id. Tib. 51.— Sup. and adv. apparently not in use.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > commoveo

  • 2 concedo

    con-cēdo, cessi, cessum, 3, v. n. and a. (a strengthened cedo, and corresp. with it in most of its signiff.); lit., to go, walk; hence,
    I.
    Neutr., with reference to the terminus a quo, to go or walk away from a place, to depart, retire, withdraw, remove from (in lit. signif. rare but class.).
    A.
    In gen.:

    concedite atque abscedite omnes, de viā decedite,

    Plaut. Am. 3, 4, 1; so absol., Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 102; id. Hec. 4, 2, 21; cf.:

    ipsae concedite silvae,

    farewell, Verg. E. 10, 63.—With prep.:

    a foribus,

    Plaut. Most. 2, 1, 82:

    abs te,

    id. Pers. 1, 1, 51:

    ab oculis alicujus,

    Cic. Cat. 1, 7, 17:

    superis ab oris,

    Verg. A. 2, 91:

    ex aedibus,

    Ter. Hec. 4, 4, 57.—With abl. only:

    oculis,

    Plaut. Ep. 5, 2, 16:

    caelo,

    Verg. A. 10, 215:

    solio,

    Sil. 3, 628.—With adv.:

    hinc,

    Plaut. Ps. 1, 5, 158; Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 126; id. Heaut. 3, 3, 11.—
    B.
    Esp.
    1.
    Pregn. ( = cedo, II. A. 2.), to pass away, disappear, vanish, in Tac. (with and without vitā), to depart from life, die:

    tumor et irae Concessere deūm,

    Verg. A. 8, 41:

    vitā,

    to die, Tac. A. 1, 3; 3, 30; 6, 39; 12, 39; 14, 51; and absol.: quandoque concessero, id. ib. 4, 38; 13, 30;

    the same: concessit superis ab oris,

    Verg. A. 2, 91; cf.:

    vitā per auras concessit ad Manes,

    id. ib. 10, 820. —
    2.
    With dat. or absol., prop. qs. to go out of the way for one (on account of his wishes, or his superior power or excellence), i. e. to yield to, submit, give way to, adapt one's self to.
    a.
    To yield or submit to power or compulsion:

    ut magnitudini medicinae doloris magnitudo concederet,

    Cic. Tusc. 4, 29, 63:

    certum est, concedere homini nato nemini,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 4, 15:

    neque nox quoquam concedit die (i. e. diei),

    id. Am. 1, 1, 120 (cf. id. ib. 1, 3, 48): cedant arma togae, concedat laurea linguae, Cic. Poët. Off. 1, 22, 77 (cf. id. Pis. 30, 74, and Quint. 11, 1, 24):

    bellum ac tumultum paci atque otio concessurum,

    id. Pis. 30, 73:

    voluptatem concessuram dignitati,

    id. Fin. 3, 1, 1:

    injuriae,

    Sall. J. 14, 24:

    obsidioni,

    i. e. permit, Tac. A. 13, 40:

    operi meo concedite,

    Ov. M. 8, 393; id. F. 1, 222:

    naturae,

    i. e. to die, Sall. J. 14, 15; so,

    fato,

    Plin. Pan. 11, 3:

    fatis magnis,

    Val. Fl. 1, 554:

    apparebat aut hostibus aut civibus de victoriā concedendum esse,

    Liv. 4, 6, 6; cf. so impers.:

    postquam concessum propemodum de victoriā credebant,

    id. 3, 60, 4.—
    b.
    To give place to in excellence, dignity, rank, etc., to yield to, to give precedence:

    me amantissimum tui, nemini concedentem,

    Cic. Fam. 10, 3, 2; so id. ib. 4, 3, 1;

    4, 3, 4: etsi de cupiditate nemini concedam,

    id. Att. 12, 47, 2:

    sese unis Suebis concedere,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 7:

    majestati ejus viri concedere,

    Liv. 6, 6, 7:

    aetati,

    Sall. J. 11, 4; id. H. Fragm. 1, 17; cf. so impers.:

    Sulla, cujus facundiae, non aetati a Manlio concessum,

    id. J. 102, 4:

    vigenti Silio,

    Tac. A. 3, 43:

    seniori Sentio,

    id. ib. 2, 74:

    ut vix Apronio illi de familiaritate concedere videatur,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 44, § 108:

    Antario Varoque de gloriā,

    Tac. H. 3, 64:

    nemini in illa causā studio et cupiditate concedere,

    Cic. Deiot. 10, 28:

    nec amore in hanc patriam nobis concedunt,

    Tac. A. 11, 24:

    nec, si muneribus certes, concedat Iollas,

    Verg. E. 2, 57.—With acc. of quantity (cf. 3. infra):

    magistro tantulum de arte,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 40, 118:

    alicui quicquam in desperatione,

    id. Att. 14, 18, 3. —
    c.
    To yield, submit to one's will, comply with one's wishes:

    ut tibi concedam, neque tuae libidini advorsabor,

    Ter. Hec. 2, 2, 3:

    matri meae,

    id. ib. 3, 5, 28:

    concessit senatus postulationi tuae,

    Cic. Mur. 23, 47:

    jurisconsultis concedi,

    id. Caecin. 24, 67.— Impers.:

    Caesar... concedendum non putabat,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 7.—
    d.
    Like sunchôrein tini, to assent to, concede to:

    nunquamne hodie concedes mihi Neque intelleges, etc.,

    Ter. Phorm. 5, 3, 22 (credes, consenties, Ruhnk.):

    stultum me fateor, liceat concedere veris,

    Hor. S. 2, 3, 305 (cf. in Gr. sunchôrein têi alêtheiai).—
    e.
    To assent to, grant, pardon, allow, etc.:

    quos (judices) alienis peccatis concessuros putes, quo facilius ipsis peccare liceat,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 96, § 223:

    poëtae non ignoscit, nobis concedit,

    id. de Or. 3, 51, 198:

    dicto concedi,

    id. Rosc. Am. 1, 3:

    cui (vitio) si concedere nolis,

    Hor. S. 1, 4, 140; cf. id. ib. 1, 3, 85.—Hence (cf. cedo, II. A. 3. fin.),
    3.
    Act., with acc. (and dat.) aliquid alicui.
    a.
    To grant, concede, allow; to consign something over to, to resign, yield, vouchsafe, confirm to, etc. (very freq. in all perr. and species of composition):

    illum mihi aequius est quam me illi quae volo concedere,

    Plaut. Cas. 2, 3, 47:

    si nunc de tuo jure concessisses paululum,

    Ter. Ad. 2, 2, 9:

    partem octavam pretii,

    Plin. Ep. 8, 2, 3:

    date hoc et concedite pudori meo, ut, etc.,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 12, § 32; cf. Ter. Hec. 2, 2, 16:

    alicui primas in dicendo partis,

    Cic. Div. in Caecil. 15, 49:

    amicis quicquid velint,

    id. Lael. 11, 38:

    neque quicquam illius audaciae,

    id. Caecin. 35, 103:

    doctrinam alicui,

    Quint. 11, 1, 89; cf.:

    artes tibi,

    Cic. Quint. 30, 93:

    intellegentiam, prudentiam,

    Quint. 12, 1, 3:

    principatum imperii maritimi Atheniensibus,

    Nep. Timoth. 2, 2; cf. id. Dion, 6, 3; Suet. Aug. 66; id. Tib. 4; Prop. 2 (3), 15, 37; cf.:

    tempus quieti, aut luxuriae,

    Sall. J. 61, 3:

    tempestivum pueris ludum,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 142:

    libertatem his,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 15 fin.:

    vitam alicui,

    Suet. Caes. 68; id. Aug. 13; 16: crimen gratiae, i. e. to accuse or inform against for the sake of favor, Cic. Rosc. Com. 6, 19:

    peccata alicui,

    to pardon him, id. Verr. 2, 1, 49, § 128:

    delicta,

    Suet. Ner. 29.— Pass.: Siciliam nimis celeri desperatione rerum concessam, [p. 397] had been ceded, given up, Liv. 21, 1, 5:

    Scaevolae concessa est facundiae virtus,

    Quint. 12, 3, 9; 10, 1, 100 et saep.:

    acrius... Ulcisci, quam nunc concessum est legibus aequis,

    Lucr. 5, 1148; cf. Nep. Them. 10 fin.; Suet. Tib. 18.— Poet., with in and acc.:

    concessit in iras Ipse... genitor Calydona Dianae,

    gave over to be punished, Verg. A. 7, 305.—
    (β).
    With dat. and inf.:

    nec nostrā dicere linguā Concedit nobis patrii sermonis egestas,

    Lucr. 1, 831; so,

    ducere neptem,

    Cat. 64, 29:

    esse poëtis,

    Hor. A. P. 373; Suet. Aug. 44 et saep.— Impers. pass.:

    de re publicā nisi per concilium loqui non conceditur,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 20 fin.:

    quo mihi fortunam, si non conceditur uti,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 5, 12; Quint. 12, 1, 37; 12, 1, 42; 8, 6, 76; Suet. Ner. 12:

    servis quoque pueros hujus aetatis verberare concedimus,

    Curt. 8, 8, 3:

    concedunt plangere matri,

    Stat. Th. 6, 134:

    cum accusare etiam palam concessum sit,

    Quint. 6, 3, 28; 2, 17, 27; 11, 3, 150: 8, 3, 30; 12, 3, 8 al.— Poet.:

    fatis numquam concessa moveri Camarina,

    not allowed. forbidden to be removed, Verg. A. 3, 700; cf.

    also personally: haec ubi conceduntur esse facta, for conceditur haec esse facta,

    Cic. Caecin. 15, 44.—
    (γ).
    With acc. and inf.:

    non omnia corpora vocem Mittere concedis,

    you grant, Lucr. 2, 835:

    oculos falli,

    id. 4, 380; Quint. 2, 5, 25:

    culpam inesse concedam,

    Cic. Rosc. Am. 28, 76:

    poëtas legendos oratori futuro,

    Quint. 1, 10, 29.— Pass. impers.:

    concedatur profecto verum esse, ut, etc.,

    Cic. Lael. 14, 50. —
    (δ).
    With ut or ne:

    nec vero histrionibus oratoribusque concedendum est, ut iis haec apta sint, nobis dissoluta,

    Cic. Off. 1, 35, 129:

    verum concedo tibi ut ea praetereas, quae, etc.,

    id. Rosc. Am. 19, 54:

    concedant ut viri boni fuerint,

    id. Lael. 5, 18; id. de Or. 1, 13, 57; Lucr. 2, 658:

    non concedo, ut sola sint,

    Quint. 6, 2, 11 al.: cui concedi potest, ut? etc., Cic. Fragm. ap. Quint. 5, 13, 21:

    ut concedatur ne in conspectum veniat,

    Hirt. B. G. 8, 48.—
    (ε).
    With a simple subj.:

    concedo sit dives,

    Cat. 114, 5; Ov. A. A. 1, 523. —
    (ζ).
    Absol.:

    beatos esse deos sumpsisti: concedimus,

    Cic. N. D. 1, 31, 89; id. Verr. 2, 2, 32, § 78; cf. Quint. 1, 1, 2:

    consules neque concedebant neque valde repugnabant,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 2, 2; Caes. B. G. 1, 44.—
    b.
    = condono, to grant or yield something to one as a favor or from regard, to desist from, forbear, give up; forgive, pardon:

    inimicitias rei publicae,

    to give up for the sake of the State, Cic. Prov. Cons. 18, 44:

    petitionem alicui,

    from regard to, id. Phil. 2, 2, 4:

    peccata liberum parentum misericordiae,

    id. Clu. 69, 195:

    cum Marcellum senatui reique publicae concessisti,

    id. Marcell. 1, 3:

    ut concessisti illum (sc. Marcellum) senatui, sic da hunc (sc. Ligarium) populo,

    as you have pardoned him in deference to the Senate, id. Lig. 12, 37; cf. Nep. Att. 7 fin.; Tac. A. 2, 55; 4, 31:

    Montanus patri concessus est,

    id. ib. 16, 33 fin.
    II.
    Neutr., in respect to the terminus ad quem, to go, walk, betake one's self somewhere, to retire, withdraw to, etc.; with ad, in, or adv.:

    tantisper hic ego ad januam concessero,

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 5, 6 Wagn.; cf.:

    ad Manes,

    i. e. to die, Verg. A. 10, 820:

    ad victorem,

    Tac. H. 2, 51:

    ad dexteram,

    Ter. And. 4, 4, 12:

    caeli distributio docet unde fulmen venerit, quo concesserit,

    Cic. Div. 2, 20, 45; so Lucr. 1, 380:

    huc,

    Plaut. Capt. 2, 1, 19; id. Bacch. 4, 2, 28; id. Trin. 2, 4, 116; Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 122; Caecil. ap. Non. p. 270, 8:

    istuc,

    Plaut. As. 3, 3, 56; Ter. Eun. 4, 4, 39:

    vis animae in altum,

    Lucr. 4, 919:

    in delubrum,

    Liv. 30, 20, 6:

    in hiberna,

    id. 26, 20, 6; cf.:

    Carthaginem Novam in hiberna,

    id. 21, 15, 3:

    Argos habitatum,

    Nep. Them. 8, 1:

    Cythnum,

    Tac. A. 3, 69:

    Neapolin,

    id. ib. 14, 10:

    Patavium,

    id. H. 3, 11:

    in insulam,

    id. ib. 5, 19:

    in turbam,

    Hor. S. 1, 4, 143:

    trans Rhenum,

    Tac. H. 5, 23:

    concede huc a foribus,

    Plaut. Men. 1, 2, 48:

    hinc intro,

    id. Ps. 1, 5, 158; Ter. Eun. 1, 2, 126:

    hinc aliquo ab ore eorum,

    id. Heaut. 3, 3, 11; cf.:

    aliquo ab eorum oculis,

    Cic. Cat. 1, 7, 17:

    hinc rus,

    Ter. Hec. 4, 4, 7.—
    B.
    Trop.: in aliquid, of entering into an alliance, yielding to, etc., to agree or consent to, to assent, to submit, yield, or resign one's self, to acquiesce in, to go or pass over to any thing (freq. in the histt.):

    mulier, conjuncta viro, concessit in unum Conubium,

    Lucr. 5, 1010; cf.:

    in matrimonium,

    Just. 24, 2, 10: victi omnes in gentem nomenque imperantium concessere, were merged in, passed over into, Sall. J. 18, 12; so,

    in paucorum potentium jus atque dicionem,

    id. C. 20, 7; cf.:

    in dicionem,

    Liv. 38, 16, 9:

    in dominationem,

    Sall. H. Fragm. 3, 22 Gerl.:

    in deditionem,

    Liv. 28, 7, 9; 39, 2, 4; 42, 53, 7:

    in Tyrias leges,

    Sil. 15, 6:

    in condiciones,

    Liv. 2, 33, 1:

    in sententiam,

    id. 32, 23, 12; 32, 36, 8; Tac. A. 1, 79 fin.; cf.: in illos, assent to, yield to them, Cic. Fragm. ap. Aug. contr. Avid. 3, 7:

    in partes,

    Tac. H. 2, 1.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > concedo

  • 3 conmoveo

    com-mŏvĕo ( conm-), mōvi, mōtum, 2 (contr. forms:

    commōrunt,

    Lucr. 2, 766; commōrat, Turp. ap. Non. p. 278, 2; Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 51; commōrit, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 15, 1; Hor. S. 2, 1, 45;

    commossem,

    Cic. Planc. 37, 90;

    commosset,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 18, § 45;

    commosse,

    id. ib. 2, 5, 37, § 96; id. Fam. 7, 18, 3), v. a., to put something in violent motion, to move; both of removing from a place and backwards and forwards in a place; to shake, stir (freq. in every period and species of composition).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    To remove from a place, to carry away, displace, to start, set in motion, move:

    neque miser me commovere possum prae formidine,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 181; id. Truc. 4, 3, 44:

    facilius est currentem incitare quam commovere languentem,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 44, 186:

    columnas,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 55, § 145:

    castra ex eo loco,

    to move forward, decamp, id. ib. 2, 5, 37, § 96; cf.

    aciem,

    to set the line in motion, Liv. 2, 65, 5; 9, 27, 10:

    se ex eo loco,

    Cic. Fin. 5, 15, 42:

    se domo,

    id. Fam. 9, 5, 2:

    me Thessalonicā,

    id. Att. 3, 13, 1:

    te istinc,

    id. Fam. 6, 20, 3: agmen loco. to force back, cause to retreat, Sisenn. ap. Non. p. 58, 20; so,

    hostem,

    Liv. 9, 40, 9; 10, 29, 9:

    cervum,

    Verg. A. 7, 494:

    molem,

    Val. Fl. 2, 33:

    nummum,

    i. e. to use in business, Cic. Font. 5, 11 (1, 1); id. Fl. 19, 44:

    ais, si una littera commota sit, fore tota ut labet disciplina. Utrum igitur tibi litteram videor an totas paginas commovere?

    id. Fin. 4, 19, 53.—Sacra, t. t., to move or carry about the sacred utensils, images, etc., for religious use, Verg. A. 4, 301 Serv.; cf. Cato, R. R. 134, 4:

    ancilia,

    Serv. ad Verg. A. 8, 3:

    tripodes,

    Sen. Med. 786.—Hence, humorously: mea si commovi sacra, if I put my instruments (artifices, tricks, etc.) in motion, Plaut. Ps. 1, 1, 107. —Prov.:

    glaebam commosset in agro decumano Siciliae nemo,

    would have stirred a clod, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 18, § 45.—
    B. 1.
    Of things:

    magni commorunt aequora venti,

    Lucr. 2, 766:

    alas,

    Verg. A. 5, 217; cf.:

    penna commota volucris,

    Sil. 6, 59; Sen. Agam. 633. —
    2.
    Of persons, with se:

    quis sese commovere potest, cujus ille (sc. Roscius) vitia non videat?

    can stir, Cic. de Or. 2, 57, 233:

    num infitiari potes te... meā diligentiā circumclusum commovere te contra rem publicam non potuisse,

    id. Cat. 1, 3, 7; Nep. Ages. 6, 3; Liv. 2, 54, 6; cf.:

    Lanuvii hastam se commovisse,

    id. 21, 62, 4.—
    II.
    Trop.
    A.
    (Acc. to I. A.) To move, drive back, distodge, refute, confute:

    nunc comminus agamus experiamurque, si possimus cornua commovere disputationis tuae,

    Cic. Div. 2, 10, 26:

    si convellere adoriamur ea, quae commoveri non possunt,

    id. de Or. 2, 51, 205.—
    B.
    (Acc. to I. B.) To throw into disorder, physical or mental; to unbalance, unsettle, shake, disturb (rare but class.):

    adflantur alii sidere, alii commoventur statis temporibus alvo, nervis, capite, mente,

    Plin. 2, 41, 41, § 108:

    perleviter commotus fuerat... (postea) eum vidi plane integrum,

    Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 5, 2: Bacchi sacris commota, Poët. ap. Cic. Div. 1, 36, 80:

    commotus habebitur, i. e. mente captus,

    frantic, crazed, Hor. S. 2, 3, 209; cf.:

    commota mens,

    id. ib. 2, 3, 278; Plin. 36, 21, 40, § 152; and:

    commotus mente,

    id. 23, 1, 16, § 23.—
    2. (α).
    With abl.: commorat hominem lacrimis, Turp. ap. Non. p. 278, 2:

    aliquem nimiā longinquitate locorum ac desiderio suorum,

    Cic. Imp. Pomp. 9, 23:

    aut libidine aliquā aut metu,

    id. Off. 1, 29, 102; id. Font. 16, 36 (12, 26):

    ludis,

    id. Mur. 19, 40:

    quis enim, cum sibi fingit aliquid et cogitatione depingit, non simul ac se ipse commovit atque ad se revocavit, sentit, etc.,

    aroused, id. Ac. 2, 16, 51:

    et amore fraterno et existimatione vulgi,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 20:

    adfectibus,

    Quint. 9, 4, 4:

    doctā voce,

    id. 2, 16, 9:

    cujus atrocitate,

    id. 6, 1, 32:

    vix sum apud me, ita animus commotu'st metu, Spe, gaudio,

    Ter. And. 5, 4, 34; Quint. 1, 2, 30:

    commota vehementi metu mens,

    Lucr. 3, 153. —
    (β).
    Absol.:

    commorat omnes nos,

    Ter. Phorm. 1, 2, 51:

    cum aliqua species utilitatis objecta est, commoveri necesse est,

    one must be affected by it, it must make an impression on one, Cic. Off. 3, 8, 35:

    nihil me clamor iste commovet,

    id. Rab. Perd. 6, 18:

    si quos adversum proelium et fuga Gallorum commoveret,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 40:

    in commovendis judiciis,

    Cic. de Or. 2, 45, 189; cf.:

    commotus ab oratore judex,

    Quint. 6, 2, 7:

    qui me commorit, flebit,

    provoke, rouse, Hor. S. 2, 1, 45:

    Neptunus graviter commotus,

    Verg. A. 1, 126:

    domo ejus omnia abstulit quae paulo magis animum cujuspiam aut oculos possent commovere,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 34, § 83; Quint. 12, 10, 50: dormiunt;

    pol ego istos commovebo,

    awake, arouse, Ter. Heaut. 4, 4, 8:

    porticus haec ipsa et palaestra Graecarum disputationum memoriam quodammodo commovent,

    stir up, awaken, revive, Cic. de Or. 2, 5, 20.—Of things:

    aes alienum,

    to demand, Tac. A. 6, 17:

    commotā principis domo,

    id. ib. 4, 52 init.:

    si umquam vitae cupiditas in me fuisset, ego... omnium parricidarum tela commossem?

    provoked, Cic. Planc. 37, 90. —
    (γ).
    With in and abl.:

    qui cum ingeniis conflictatur ejus modi, Neque commovetur animus in eā re tamen,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 67:

    vidi enim vos in hoc nomine, cum testis diceret, commoveri,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 56, § 125:

    in hac virgine commotus sum,

    i. e. in love, Ter. Eun. 3, 5, 19.—
    (δ).
    With ex and abl.:

    nam cum esset ex aere alieno commota civitas,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 33, 58; Auct. B. Afr. 57, 72.—
    (ε).
    With ad and acc.:

    nec sane satis commoveor animo ad ea. quae vis canenda,

    Cic. ad Q. Fr. 3, 5, 4:

    homines ad turpe compendium,

    Auct. Her. 4, 40, 52.—
    (ζ).
    With ut and subj.:

    adeone me ignavom putas, ut neque me consuetudo neque amor Commoveat neque commoneat, ut servem fidem?

    Ter. And. 1, 5, 45:

    tua nos voluntas commovit, ut conscriberemus, etc.,

    Auct. Her. 1, 1, 1.—
    b.
    Of the passions, etc., to rouse, stir up, excite, produce, generate: belli magnos commovit funditus aestus, moved the waves of strife from their foundations, Lucr. 5, 1434; cf.:

    commovere tumultum aut bellum,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 8, § 20:

    misericordiam, invidiam, iracundiam,

    id. de Or. 2, 47, 195; cf.:

    commovere miserationem,

    Quint. 6, 1, 46; 10, 1, 64:

    magnum et acerbum dolorem,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 21, § 47:

    invidiam aliquam in me,

    id. Phil. 3, 7, 18:

    summum odium in eum,

    id. Inv. 1, 54, 103:

    bilem,

    id. Att. 2, 7, 2:

    multorum scribendi studia,

    id. N. D. 1, 4, 8:

    adfectus,

    Quint. 4, prooem. § 6; 5, 8, 3; cf.:

    adfectus vehementer commotos (opp. lenes),

    id. 6, 2, 9.—
    C.
    In discourse:

    nova quaedam,

    to start new doctrines, adduce novelties, Cic. Ac. 2, 6, 18.— Hence, commōtus, a, um, P. a., moved, excited, aroused:

    genus (dicendi) in agendo,

    Cic. de Or. 3, 9, 32; cf.:

    Fimbria paulo fervidior atque commotior,

    id. Brut. 34, 129:

    incidere in rem commotam (i. e. amorem),

    Sen. Ep. 116, 5:

    animus commotior,

    Cic. Div. 1, 37, 80:

    commotius ad omnia turbanda consilium,

    Liv. 6, 14, 9 Weissenb. ad loc.:

    Drusus animo commotior,

    more violent, passionate, Tac. A. 4, 3; cf.:

    commotus ingenio,

    id. ib. 6, 45; and:

    Agrippina paulo commotior,

    id. ib. 1, 33:

    commoto similis,

    to one provoked, enraged, Suet. Aug. 51; cf. id. Tib. 51.— Sup. and adv. apparently not in use.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > conmoveo

  • 4 demigro

    dē-mī̆gro, āvi, ātum, 1, v. n., to migrate from, to emigrate; to depart, remove from or to a place (class.).
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.:

    de oppidis,

    Caes. B. G. 4, 19:

    ex his aedificiis,

    id. ib. 4, 4:

    ex agris,

    Liv. 38, 18 fin.; cf.:

    ex agris in urbem,

    id. 2, 10:

    loco,

    Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 85; cf.

    Helicone (deae),

    Stat. S. 1, 2, 4:

    in illa loca,

    Cic. Agr. 2, 16, 42:

    in hortos,

    Suet. Tib. 35:

    Pydnam,

    Liv. 44, 6:

    ad virum optimum,

    Cic. Cat. 1, 8 et saep.— Absol.:

    demigrandi causa,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 43, 4; so Liv. 38, 23.— Transf., to have recourse to:

    ad deos et ad sidera,

    Treb. Pol. Claud. 12.—
    B.
    Pregn., to depart this life (perh. only in Cic.):

    vetat dominans ille in nobis deus, injussu hinc nos suo demigrare,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 30, 74; cf.: ex hominum vita ad deorum religionem, id. Rab. perd. 10, 30; and:

    ab improbis,

    id. Par. 2, 18.—
    II.
    Trop. (only in Cic.):

    multa mihi dant solatia, nec tamen ego de meo statu demigro,

    Cic. Att. 4, 16, 10:

    strumae ab ore improbo demigrarunt,

    id. Vatin. 16 fin.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > demigro

  • 5 divido

    dī-vĭdo, vīsi, vīsum, 3 ( perf. sync. divisse, Hor. S. 2, 3, 169), v. a. [root vidh-, to part, split; Sanscr. vidhyati, to penetrate, whence vidhava; Lat. vidua].
    I.
    To force asunder, part, separate, divide (very freq. and class.; cf.: distribuo, dispertio; findo, scindo, dirimo, divello, separo, sejungo, segrego, secerno).
    A.
    Lit.: Europam Libyamque rapax ubi dividit unda, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 1, 20; and id. N. D. 3, 10:

    discludere mundum membraque dividere,

    Lucr. 5, 440; cf.:

    si omne animal secari ac dividi potest, nullum est eorum individuum,

    Cic. N. D. 3, 12:

    crassum aërem,

    id. Tusc. 1, 19 fin. (with perrumpere); cf.

    nubila,

    Hor. C. 1, 34, 6:

    muros,

    to break through, Verg. A. 2, 234:

    marmor cuneis,

    to split, Plin. 36, 5, 4, § 14; cf.:

    hunc medium securi,

    Hor. S. 1, 1, 100:

    mediam frontem ferro,

    Verg. A. 9, 751; also simply, insulam, for to divide into two parts, Liv. 24, 6.— Poet.:

    vagam caelo volucrem,

    i. e. to cleave, to shoot, Sil. 2, 90:

    sol... in partes non aequas dividit orbem,

    Lucr. 5, 683;

    so Galliam in partes tres,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 1:

    vicum in duas partes flumine,

    id. ib. 3, 1, 6:

    civitatem Helvetiam in quatuor pagos,

    id. ib. 1, 12, 4:

    populum unum in duas partes,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 19; cf. Caes. B. G. 7, 32, 5; id. B. C. 1, 35, 3:

    divisi in factiones,

    Suet. Ner. 20 et saep.—
    2.
    Transf.
    a.
    For distribuere, to divide among several, to distribute, apportion:

    praedam,

    Plaut. Rud. 4, 3, 72:

    argentum,

    id. Aul. 2, 2, 3:

    pecudes et agros,

    Lucr. 5, 1109; cf.

    agros,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 18:

    agrum viritim,

    id. Brut. 14, 57; cf.:

    bona viritim,

    id. Tusc. 3, 20, 48:

    munera, vestem, aurum, etc.,

    Suet. Aug. 7 et saep.:

    nummos in viros,

    Plaut. Aul. 1, 2, 30:

    Thracia in Rhoemetalcen inque liberos Cotyis dividitur,

    Tac. A. 2, 67; cf. id. ib. 3, 38. So of distributing troops in any place:

    equitatum in omnes partes,

    Caes. B. G. 6, 43, 4:

    exercitum omnem passim in civitates,

    Liv. 28, 2; cf. id. 6, 3 fin.:

    Romanos in custodiam civitatium,

    id. 43, 19; cf. id. 37, 45 fin.; cf.

    also: conjuratos municipatim,

    Suet. Caes. 14:

    agros viritim civibus,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 14; so with dat. (most freq.):

    agrum sordidissimo cuique,

    Liv. 1, 47; cf. id. 34, 32; Suet. Caes. 20 et saep.:

    tabellas toti Italiae,

    Cic. Sull. 15:

    praedam militibus,

    Sall. J. 91, 6:

    loca praefectis,

    Liv. 25, 30:

    duo praedia natis duobus,

    Hor. S. 2, 3, 169:

    oscula nulli,

    id. C. 1, 36, 6 et saep.; cf.

    in double construction: divisit in singulos milites trecenos aeris, duplex centurionibus, triplex equiti,

    Liv. 40, 59:

    inter participes praedam,

    Plaut. Pers. 5, 1, 5; so,

    inter se,

    id. Poen. 3, 5, 30; Nep. Thras. 1 fin.:

    per populum fumantia (liba),

    Ov. F. 3, 672; so,

    agros per veteranos,

    Suet. Dom. 9:

    dimidiam partem cum aliquo,

    Plaut. Aul. 4, 10, 37; so id. Am. 5, 1, 73; id. Stich. 5, 4, 15:

    praemia mecum,

    Ov. F. 4, 887.— Absol.:

    non divides (with dispertire),

    Plaut. Aul. 2, 4, 4; so Liv. 44, 45; Ov. M. 13, 102 al.—
    b.
    In mercant. lang. like distrahere and divendere, to sell piecemeal, in parcels, to retail, Suet. Caes. 54; id. Ner. 26.—
    c.
    In mal. part., Plaut. Aul. 2, 4, 4 Wagner; 7; cf. Petr. 11 Büch.—
    B.
    Trop.
    1.
    In gen.:

    bona tripartito,

    Cic. Tusc. 5, 13 fin.:

    annum ex aequo,

    Ov. M. 5, 565:

    horas (bucina),

    Luc. 2, 689:

    tempora curarum remissionumque,

    Tac. Agr. 9:

    dignitatem ordinum,

    id. A. 13, 27:

    et explanare ambigua,

    Cic. Or. 32 fin.:

    idem genus universum in species certas partietur et dividet,

    id. ib. 33, 117; cf.

    of logical or rhet. division,

    id. Fin. 2, 9, 28; Quint. 3, 6, 37 et saep.: verba, to divide at the end of the line, Suet. Aug. 87:

    nos alio mentes, alio divisimus aures,

    Cat. 62, 15; cf.:

    animum nunc huc celerem, nunc dividit illuc,

    Verg. A. 4, 285.—
    2.
    In partic.
    a.
    Sententiam, polit. t. t., to divide the question, i. e. to take the vote separately upon the several parts of a motion or proposition:

    divisa sententia est postulante nescio quo,

    Cic. Mil. 6, 14; id. Fam. 1, 2; Plin. Ep. 8, 14, 15; Sen. Ep. 21; id. Vit. Beat. 3. The expression used in requiring this was DIVIDE, Ascon. Cic. Mil. 6, 14.—
    b.
    (Acc. to A. 2. a.) To distribute, apportion:

    sic belli rationem esse divisam, ut, etc.,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 17, 3:

    haec temporibus,

    Ter. And. 3, 1, 18;

    Just. Praef. § 3: ea (negotia) divisa hoc modo dicebantur, etc.,

    Sall. C. 43, 2.—
    c.
    Pregn., to break up, dissolve, destroy = dissolvere:

    nostrum concentum,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 14, 31:

    ira fuit capitalis ut ultima divideret mors,

    id. S. 1, 7, 13:

    dividitur ferro regnum,

    Luc. 1, 109; cf.:

    dividimus muros, et moenia pandimus urbis,

    Verg. A. 2, 234.—
    d.
    To accompany, i. e. to share upon an instrument a song sung by a voice:

    grata feminis Imbelli cithara carmina divides,

    Hor. C. 1, 15, 15.
    II.
    To divide, separate, part from; to remove from (class.).
    A.
    Lit.:

    flumen Rhenus agrum Helvetium a Germanis dividit... flumen Rhodanus provinciam nostram ab Helvetiis dividit,

    Caes. B. G. 1, 2, 3; 1, 8, 1; 5, 11, 9:

    Macedoniam a Thessalia,

    id. B. C. 3, 36, 3:

    Gallos ab Aquitanis,

    id. B. G. 1, 1, 2 al.:

    tota cervice desecta, divisa a corpore capita,

    Liv. 31, 34, 4:

    populum distribuit in quinque classes, senioresque a junioribus divisit,

    Cic. Rep. 2, 22:

    tam multa illa meo divisast milia lecto, Quantum, etc.,

    Prop. 1, 12, 3; cf.:

    dextras miseris complexibus,

    Stat. Th. 3, 166:

    tuis toto dividor orbe rogis,

    Ov. Pont. 1, 9, 48:

    dividor (sc.: ab uxore) haud aliter, quam si mea membra relinquam,

    Ov. Tr. 1, 3, 73; cf. Prop. 1, 12, 10:

    (Italiam) Longa procul longis via dividit invia terris,

    separates, keeps distant, Verg. A. 3, 383; cf. id. ib. 12, 45:

    discedite a contactu ac dividite turbidos,

    Tac. A. 1, 43 fin.
    B.
    Trop., to separate, distinguish:

    legem bonam a mala,

    Cic. Leg. 1, 16, 44:

    defensionem (opp. se comitem exitii promittebat),

    Tac. A. 3, 15. —
    2.
    Transf., for distinguere (II.), to distinguish, decorate, adorn (very rare):

    qualis gemma micat, fulvum quae dividit aurum,

    Verg. A. 10, 134:

    scutulis dividere,

    Plin. 8, 48, 74, § 196.—Hence, dīvīsus, a, um, P. a., divided, separated:

    divisior,

    Lucr. 4, 962.— Adv.
    (α).
    dīvīse, distinctly, separately, Gell. 1, 22, 16; 7, 2 fin.; Tert. Carn. Chr. 13.—
    (β).
    dīvīsim, separately, Hier. Ep. 100, 14.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > divido

  • 6 migro

    mī̆gro, āvi, ātum, 1 (migrassit for migraverit, Cic. Leg. 3, 4, 11), v. n. and a. [etym. dub.; cf. Sanscr. root mā, exchange; also meo].
    I.
    Neutr., to remove from one place to another, to depart, flit, migrate (class.).
    A.
    Lit.:

    migrare e fano foras,

    Plaut. Curc. 2, 1, 1:

    ex urbe tu rus habitatum migres?

    Ter. Hec. 4, 2, 13:

    ad integra omnia,

    Liv. 5, 53:

    ad generum,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 36, § 89:

    in tabernas,

    Hor. A. P. 229:

    Veios,

    Liv. 5, 53:

    Alexandriam vel Ilium,

    Suet. Caes. 79:

    finibus,

    Plin. 6, 17, 21, § 59: Verres domo ejus emigrat atque adeo exit: nam jam ante migrārat, he quits his house (leaves it himself without taking any thing with him); for he had already removed (had taken away his furniture), Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 36, § 89:

    consilium migrandi a Tarquiniis cepit,

    Liv. 1, 34, 5:

    itaque non solum inquilini, sed etiam mures migraverunt,

    Cic. Att. 14, 9, 1: cum tota Karthagine migra, be off! Juv. 6, 171.— Impers. pass.:

    in alium quendam locum ex his locis morte migretur,

    Cic. Tusc. 1, 41, 97:

    Romam inde frequenter migratum est a propinquis,

    Liv. 1, 11, 4.—
    B.
    Trop., to go away, depart, to pass over, change, turn:

    scio ipse quid agam, neque mens officio migrat,

    Plaut. Trin. 3, 2, 13:

    mea ut migrare dicta possint, quo volo,

    id. Ps. 1, 5, 54:

    ex hac vitā,

    Cic. Rep. 6, 9, 9; cf. id. ib. 6, 15, 15:

    de vitā,

    i. e. to die, id. Fin. 1, 19, 62:

    equitis migravit ab aure voluptas ad oculos,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 187:

    haec medicina migrabat in Graeciae linguas,

    Plin. 25, 2, 6, § 16:

    omnia migrant, Omnia commutat natura,

    change, Lucr. 5, 831:

    caerula quae sunt Numquam in marmoreum possunt migrare colorem,

    id. 2, 774:

    in varias migrare figuras,

    Ov. M. 15, 172:

    cornua in mucronem migrantia,

    running out into, ending in, Plin. 11, 37, 45, § 125:

    ad aliud matrimonium,

    Dig. 24, 2, 6.—
    II.
    Act.
    A.
    To carry away, transport, transfer (rare):

    cassita nidum migravit,

    Gell. 2, 29, 16:

    relicta quae migratu difficilia essent,

    Liv. 10, 34:

    num migrantur Rhoeteia regna In Libyam Superis?

    are transferred, Sil. 7, 431.—
    B.
    To transgress, break, violate, opp. to servare:

    jus civile migrare (opp. conservare),

    Cic. Fin. 3, 20, 67:

    ea migrare et non servare,

    id. Off. 1, 10, 31.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > migro

  • 7 transmigro

    trans-mī̆gro, āvi, 1, v. n., to remove from one place to another, to migrate, transmigrate (not ante - Aug., and very rare).
    I.
    Lit.:

    urbem quaesituri sumus, quo transmigremus,

    Liv. 5, 54, 1:

    Veios,

    id. 5, 53, 2:

    e Carinis Esquilias in hortos Maecenatianos transmigravit,

    Suet. Tib. 15.—
    B.
    Transf., of plants, to be removed, transplanted:

    arbor,

    Plin. 16, 32, 59, § 136. —
    II.
    (In late Lat.) Act. in pass., to be removed, colonized, Fulg. Myth. 3, 10:

    qui transmigrati habitaverunt in Samariā,

    Isid. 9, 2, 54.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > transmigro

  • 8 transmoveo

    trans-mŏvĕo, no perf., ōtum, 2, v. a., to remove from one place to another.
    * I.
    Lit.:

    Syriā transmotae legiones,

    Tac. A. 13, 35.—
    II.
    Trop., to transfer:

    gloriam Verbis in se,

    Ter. Eun. 3, 1, 10; Mart. Cap. 5, § 525.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > transmoveo

  • 9 circum-agō

        circum-agō ēgī, āctus, ere,    to drive in a circle, turn round.—In tmesis: (navem) fluctus Torquet agens circum, V.: quocumque deus circum caput egit, i. e. has made his way, V.—Fig., of time, with se, or pass, to roll on, pass away, be spent: circumegit se annus, L.: prius circumactus est annus, quam, etc., L.: annus, qui solstitiali circumagitur orbe, L. — To turn, turn about, wheel around: equos frenis, L.: aciem, L.: se ad dissonos clamores, L. — Fig.: quo te circumagas? whither will you turn? Iu.— Pass, to be dragged about, be led from place to place: nil opus est te Circumagi, i. e. stroll with me, H.—Fig.: nec alieni momentis animi circumagi, be swayed, L.: circumagi ad nutūs Hannibalis, be driven, L.

    Latin-English dictionary > circum-agō

  • 10 circumvectiō

        circumvectiō ōnis, f    [circumveho], a carrying around—Solis, the circuit, revolution.
    * * *
    circular course, revolution; transport/carrying round (from place to place)

    Latin-English dictionary > circumvectiō

  • 11 deinde

        deinde (in poetry two syll.), or dein (in poetry one syll.), adv.    [de + locat. suffix -im + demonstr. -de].—In space, then, next, thereafter, thence: via interest perangusta, deinde paulo latior patescit campus, L.: duo binis pedibus incisim, dein membratim, etc.: iuxta Hermanduros Narisci, ac deinde Marcomanni, Ta.—In time, thereafter, afterwards, then, next, immediately: complurīs occiderunt, deinde se in castra receperunt, Cs.: latae deinde leges, L.: alia deinde alia loca petere, roam from place to place, S.: unguibus et pugnis, dein fustibus, Pugnabant, H.: deinde faciundi licentia, of repeating the offence, S.: primum suo, deinde omnium ex conspectu remotis equis, Cs.:... deinde... deinde... post... tum vero: deinde postea: post deinde, T.: deinde postremo: deinde ad extremum. — Of future time, next, the next time, then: quas ad te deinde litteras mittemus: Quae nunc deinde mora est? any longer, V. —Adding a new fact or argument, afterwards, next in order, then, besides, also: deinde etiam vereor, ne, etc.: primum... deinde (three times): primum... deinde (eight times)... postremo, C.: excellente tum Crasso, deinde Philippo, post Iulio, in the second rank.—Then, therefore, naturally, of course: qualis nostra virtus fuerit, talem deinde fortunam urbis fore, L.
    * * *
    then/next/afterward; thereon/henceforth/from there/then; in next position/place

    Latin-English dictionary > deinde

  • 12 dē-moveō

        dē-moveō mōvī, mōtus, ēre,    to move away, put away, remove, expel, drive out: demoveri de loco: ex possessione rem p.: hostes gradu demoti, driven back, L.: vestri facti praeiudicio demotus, forced to yield, Cs.—Fig., to drive, repel, divert, turn away: a meis oculis tuos, T.: aliquem de verā sententiā: ab se sceleris suspicionem: te lucro, H.—To discharge, remove (from office): alqm praefecturā, Ta.: Centuriones, Ta.; see also dimoveo.

    Latin-English dictionary > dē-moveō

  • 13 circumtollo

    circumtollere, -, - V TRANS
    remove from every side; take/lift away all around

    Latin-English dictionary > circumtollo

  • 14 circumvecto

    circumvectare, -, circumvectatus V TRANS
    carry/transport round/from place to place; describe; sail/travel round

    Latin-English dictionary > circumvecto

  • 15 decollo

    I
    decollare, decollavi, decollatus V TRANS
    behead, cause to be beheaded; remove from the neck (according to Nonius); rob
    II
    decollare, decollavi, decollatus V
    trickle/drain away/from/through; drain (of); come to naught, fail (L+S)

    Latin-English dictionary > decollo

  • 16 abigo

    ăb-ĭgo, ēgi, actum, 3, v. a. [ago], to drive away.
    I.
    Lit.
    A.
    In gen.:

    abigam jam ego illum advenientem ab aedibus,

    I will drive him away as soon as he comes, Plaut. Am. prol. 150:

    jam hic me abegerit suo odio,

    he will soon drive me away, id. As. 2, 4, 40; so Ter. Ad. 3, 3, 47; Varr. R. R. 2, 1; Cic. de Or. 2, 60 al.:

    uxorem post divortium,

    to remove from the house, Suet. Tib. 7.—
    B.
    In partic.
    1.
    To drive away cattle:

    familias abripuerunt, pecus abegerunt,

    Cic. Pis. 34; so id. Verr. 2, 1, 10; 3, 23; Liv. 1, 7, 4; 4, 21; Curt. 5, 13 al.—
    2.
    Medic. t. t.
    a.
    To remove a disease:

    febres,

    Plin. 25, 9, 59, § 106; 30, 11, 30 fin.:

    venenatorum morsus,

    id. 20, 5, 19.—
    b.
    To force birth, procure abortion:

    partum medicamentis,

    Cic. Clu. 11; so Plin. 14, 18, 22; Tac. A. 14, 63; Suet. Dom. 22 al. —
    II.
    Trop., to drive away an evil, get rid of a nuisance: pestem a me, Enn. ap. Cic. Ac. 2, 28, 89 (Trag. v. 50 Vahl.):

    lassitudinem abs te,

    Plaut. Merc. 1, 2, 3:

    curas,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 15, 19:

    pauperiem epulis regum,

    id. S. 2, 2, 44 al. —Hence, ăbactus, a, um, P. a.
    A.
    Of magistrates, driven away, forced to resign their office, Paul. ex Fest. p. 23 Müll.—
    B.
    Abacta nox, i. q. finita, finished, passed, Verg. A. 8, 407.—
    C.
    Abacti oculi, poet., deep, sunken, Stat. Th. 1, 104.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > abigo

  • 17 alibi

    ălĭbī, adv. [contr. from aliubi; aliusibi], elsewhere.
    I.
    A.. Elsewhere, otherwhere, somewhere else, in or at another place, = alio loco, allothi (very freq. in the post-Aug. per., esp. in Pliny; in Cic. only twice, and then in connection with nusquam and nec usquam. Never in Hor. or Juv.; in the other poets rare): St. Hiccine nos habitare censes? Ch. Ubinam ego alibi censeam? Plaut. Trin. 4, 3, 72:

    scio equidem alibi jam animum tuum,

    id. Truc. 4, 4, 13:

    alibi gentium et civitatum,

    App. Flor. p. 356, 6; cf. id. ib. 360, 4.—Hence,
    B.
    Esp.
    1.
    Alibi... alibi (even several times), in one place... in another; here... there = hic... illic;

    hence also sometimes hic or illic... alibi: alibi pavorem, alibi gaudium ingens facit,

    Liv. 3, 18; 8, 32; Sen. Ep. 98 al.:

    exercitus, trifariam dissipatus, alibi primum, alibi postremum agmen, alibi impedimenta, inter vepres delituit,

    Liv. 38, 46; Plin. 2, 3, 3, § 8; so id. 5, 27, 27, § 99 al.:

    hic segetes, illic veniunt felicius uvae, Arborei fetus alibi,

    Verg. G. 1, 54; Plin. 10, 50, 71, § 146. Once alibi... deinde, Curt. 7, 4, 26.—
    2.
    Joined with words of the same origin (alius; v. alius, aliter, etc.): alibi alius or aliter, one here, another there; one in this, the other in that manner:

    esse alios alibi congressus materiaï, Qualis hic est,

    that matter has elsewhere other combinations, similar to that of the world, Lucr. 3, 1065:

    exprobrantes suam quisque alius alibi militiam,

    Liv. 2, 23:

    pecora diversos alium alibi pascere jubet,

    id. 9, 2; so id. 44, 33:

    alius alibi projectus,

    Vulg. Sap. 18, 18:

    medium spatium torrentis, alibi aliter cavati,

    Liv. 44, 35.—
    3.
    Alibi atque alibi, at one time here, at another there; now here, now there (cf. aliubi, B.):

    haec (aqua) alibi atque alibi utilior nobilitavit loca gloriā ferri,

    Plin. 34, 14, 41, § 144.—
    4.
    With negatives, nec, non, nusquam, nec usquam:

    nec tam praesentes alibi cognoscere divos,

    Verg. E. 1, 42:

    asperrima in hac parte dimicatio est, nec alibi dixeris magis mucrone pugnari,

    Quint. 6, 4, 4:

    nusquam alibi,

    Cic. Ac. 2, 32, 103:

    omnis armatorum copia dextrā sinistrā ad equum, nec usquam alibi,

    id. Att. 13, 52. And instead of a negative, an interrogation implying it:

    num alibi quam in Capitolio?

    Liv. 5, 52.—
    5.
    Alibi quam, indicating comparison, elsewhere than, commonly with a neg., non, nusquam, etc., nowhere else than:

    qui et alibi quam in Nilo nascitur,

    Plin. 32, 10, 43, § 125:

    posse principem alibi quam Romae fieri,

    Tac. H. 1, 4; id. A. 15, 20:

    faciliusque laudes vestras alibi gentium quam apud vos praedicārim,

    App. Flor. p. 360, 4:

    nusquam alibi quam in Macedoniā,

    Liv. 43, 9:

    ne alibi quam in armis animum haberent,

    id. 10, 20; Tac. A. 1, 77: nec alibi quam in Germaniā, * Suet. Aug. 23; so Col. R. R. 8, 11, 8.—
    II.
    Transf. from place to other objects.
    A.
    Otherwise, in something else, in other things, in other respects:

    si alibi plus perdiderim, minus aegre habeam,

    Plaut. Bacch. 5, 1, 16:

    neque istic neque alibi tibi erit usquam in me mora,

    Ter. And. 2, 5, 9; id. Heaut. 2, 3, 38:

    nec spem salutis alibi quam in pace,

    Liv. 30, 35, 11:

    alibi quam in innocentiā spem habere,

    id. 7, 41:

    alibi quam mos permiserit,

    otherwise, in other things, than custom allows, Quint. 11, 1, 47; 4, 1, 53.—
    B.
    Of persons, elsewhere, with some other one (very rare):

    priusquam hanc uxorem duxi, habebam alibi (sc. apud meretricem) animum amori deditum,

    Ter. Hec. 3, 1, 14: Quantum militum transportatum sit, apud auctores discrepat: alibi decem milia peditum, duo milia ducentos [p. 84] equites, alibi parte plus dimidiā rem auctam invenio, Liv. 29, 25:

    interdum alibi est hereditas, alibi tutela,

    Dig. 26, 4, 1; so, in designating another place in an author, Quint. 4, 2, 110; 8, 3, 21 al.—
    C.
    In post-Aug. prose sometimes, like alias (v. that word), for alioqui, otherwise:

    rhinocerotes quoque, rarum alibi animal, in iisdem montibus erant,

    an animal otherwise rare, Curt. 9, 1, 5:

    nemus opacum arboribus alibi inusitatis,

    with trees else rare, id. 9, 1, 13.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > alibi

  • 18 amoveo

    ā-mŏvĕo, mōvi, mōtum, 2, v. a., to remove from, to put or take away, to withdraw (esp. with effort or trouble; syn.: dimoveo, abduco, averto, arceo, repello): proprie amovetur saxum de loco, Don. ad Ter. Ad. 4, 2, 14; cf.:

    amoveamus lapidem de ore putei,

    Vulg. Gen. 29, 8; v. amolior.
    I.
    In gen. (class.): me exinde amovit loco. Plaut. Truc. 1, 1, 64:

    Ubi erit empta, ut aliquo ex urbe (eam) amoveas,

    id. Ep. 2, 2, 94:

    testem hanc quom abs te amoveris,

    Ter. Hec. 4, 4, 72:

    Age, tamen ego hunc amovebo,

    id. Ad. 4, 2, 14:

    illum ex istis locis amove,

    Cic. Att. 1, 12:

    juvenes amoverunt eum,

    Vulg. Act. 5, 6:

    lex Porcia virgas ab omnium civium corpore amovit,

    Cic. Rab. Perd. 4, 12:

    Ille est amotus,

    Plaut. Bacch. 4, 8, 64:

    amoto custode,

    Prop. 1, 11, 15:

    amotis longius ceteris,

    Curt. 7, 1:

    alia amovimus ab hostium oculis,

    Liv. 5, 51:

    imagines ex bibliothecis amovere,

    Suet. Calig. 34; id. Caes. 68; id. Ner. 47.—Hence: se amovere, to retire, withdraw:

    te hinc amove,

    off with you! Ter. Phorm. 3, 3, 33:

    e coetu se amovissent,

    Liv. 3, 38:

    qui memet finibus umquam amōrim Ausoniae,

    Sil. 17, 224:

    statuit repente recedere seque e medio quam longissime amovere,

    Suet. Tib. 10.— Trop. of abstract ideas, to put away, cast off, etc.:

    segnitiem amove,

    Plaut. As. 2, 1, 6:

    suspitionem ab aliquo,

    id. Trin. 3, 3, 54:

    socordiamque ex pectore,

    id. Ps. 1, 2, 11; so,

    crapulam,

    id. ib. 5, 1, 35:

    amoto metu,

    Ter. And. 1, 2, 10:

    qui istum amorem ex animo amoveas,

    id. ib. 2, 1, 7:

    opinionem,

    id. ib. 3, 2, 30:

    misericordiam,

    Vulg. 2 Macc. 6, 16:

    amove malitiam a carne,

    ib. Eccl. 11, 10:

    bellum,

    Liv. 5, 35:

    amoto quaeramus seria ludo,

    jesting aside, Hor. S. 1, 1, 27 al. — Poet., of time, to take with itself: quaecumque vetustate amovet aetas, * Lucr. 1, 225.—
    II.
    Esp.
    A.
    In and after the Aug. per., to take away by stealth, to steal (euphemist. for furari, furtum facere):

    boves Per dolum amotas,

    Hor. C. 1, 10, 10:

    si filia familiares res amoverit,

    Dig. 25, 2, 3:

    aliquid ex heredidate,

    ib. 29, 2, 70 al. —
    B.
    In post-Aug. prose (perh. only in Tac.), to banish:

    amotus Cercinam quattuordecim annis exilium toleravit,

    Tac. A. 1, 53:

    in insulam,

    id. ib. 4, 31:

    Cretam,

    id. ib. 4, 21:

    aemulationis suspectos per nomen obsidum amovere,

    id. ib. 13, 9; 14, 57.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > amoveo

  • 19 defecti

    dē-fĭcĭo, fēci, fectum, 3 ( perf. subj.: defexit, an old formula in Liv. 1, 24 fin., see below, no. III. fin. In the pass., besides the regular form deficior, ante- and postclass., once in Verg., Propert., and Livy, like fīo, eri: defit, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 19; Plaut. Mil. 4, 6, 46; Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 12; Lucr. 2, 1142; Verg. E. 2, 22; Prop. 1, 1, 34:

    deflunt,

    Gell. 20, 8, 5:

    defiat,

    Plaut. Men. 1, 4, 3; id. Rud. 4, 4, 63:

    defiet,

    Liv. 9, 11:

    defieri,

    Ter. Hec. 5, 2, 2; cf. conficio init.), v. a. and n. [facio], orig., to loosen, set free, remove from; but it passed over at a very early period into the middle sense, to loosen from one's self, to remove one's self, to break loose from; and then gradually assumed the character of a new verb. act., with the meaning to leave, desert, [p. 530] depart from something, or absol., to depart, cease, fail. (For syn. cf.: desum, absum, descisco, negligo.)
    I.
    Act. in the middle sense, to remove one's self, separate one's self, to withdraw (cf. the Greek aphistanai).—Hence, to forsake, desert, abandon, revolt.
    A.
    Lit.:

    ab amicitia P. R.,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 3, 3; 7, 39, 3:

    ab Aeduis,

    id. ib. 2, 14, 3:

    ab rege,

    Sall. J. 56, 3; cf. ib. 66:

    (consules) a senatu, a republica, a bonis omnibus defecerant,

    Cic. Planc. 35; cf.:

    a republica,

    id. Cat. 11, 28; id. Fam. 12, 10; id. Sull. 12, 35:

    ab imperio ac nomine nostro,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 31 et saep.:

    a patribus ad plebem,

    to go over, Liv. 6, 20:

    ad se,

    Sall. J. 61; cf.:

    ad Poenos,

    Liv. 22, 61.— Absol.:

    civitates quae defecerant,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 17, 2; 5, 25, 4; 7, 10 al.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    si a virtute defeceris,

    forsake, Cic. Lael. 11, 37:

    si utilitas ab amicitia defecerit,

    id. Fin. 2, 24, 79:

    ut a me ipse deficerem,

    id. Fam. 2, 16.—Hence,
    II.
    As a verb. act., to leave a person or thing, to desert, to fail, forsake, be wanting to (of things;

    very rarely of personal subjects): quem jam sanguis viresque deficiunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 50 fin.; so,

    vires,

    id. B. C. 3, 99 fin.; Cic. de Or. 1, 45, 199:

    me Leontina civitas,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 46, § 110; id. ib. 2, 5, 28 fin.; Hor. S. 2, 1, 13 et saep.:

    res eos jam pridem, fides deficere nuper coepit,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 5, 10:

    me dies, vox, latera deficiant, si, etc.,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 21 (imitated word for word, Plin. Ep. 3, 9, 9); cf.:

    ne te de republica disserentem deficiat oratio,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 23; and:

    tempus te citius quam oratio deficeret,

    id. Rosc. Am. 32:

    animus si te non deficit aequus,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 30:

    somnus sollicitas domus,

    Tib. 3, 4, 20: genitor Phaethontis orbem, i. e. is eclipsed (cf. III. B. infra), Ov. M. 2, 382.— Poet. with a subject-clause: nec me deficiet nautas rogitare citatos, i. e. I will not cease, etc. Prop. 1, 8, 23 Kuin.—
    b.
    Pass.:

    cum aquilifer jam viribus deficeretur,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 64, 3; cf.:

    mulier a menstruis defecta,

    Cels. 2, 8 fin.:

    mulier abundat audacia, consilio et ratione deficitur,

    Cic. Clu. 65, 184:

    aqua ciboque defecti,

    Quint. 3, 8, 23; Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 25:

    sanguine defecti artus,

    Ov. M. 5, 96 et saep.:

    si qui dotem promisit defectus sit facultatibus,

    i. e. unable to pay, Dig. 23, 3, 33; cf.:

    te defecta nomina,

    ib. 22, 1, 11 fin.
    III.
    Middle or neuter, to run out, be wanting, fail, cease, disappear.
    A.
    Middle (mostly ante-class. and poet.).
    (α).
    With dat.: mihi fortuna magis nunc defit, quam genus, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 19; Ter. Hec. 5, 2, 2:

    lac mihi non aestate novum, non frigore defit,

    Verg. E. 2, 22.—
    (β).
    Absol.:

    neque opsonium defiat neque supersit,

    Plaut. Men. 1, 4, 3;

    so opp. superesse,

    Ter. Ph. 1, 3, 10:

    ut defiat dies,

    Plaut. Rud. 4, 4, 63: id. Mil. 4, 6, 46:

    numquamne causa defiet, cur? etc.,

    Liv. 9, 11.— Trop.:

    defectis (sc. animo) defensoribus,

    disheartened, Caes. B. C. 3, 40, 3:

    sed non usque eo defectum Germanicum,

    weakened, Tac. A. 2, 70; cf. in the foll. no. B. b.—
    B.
    Neuter.
    (α).
    With dat. (so rarely; mostly poet.):

    cum non solum vires, sed etiam tela nostris deficerent,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 5, 1;

    so perh.: vires nostris,

    id. B. C. 2, 41, 7 (al. nostros); Sil. 8, 661 Oud. N. cr.; cf. id. 10, 10, 193; and Stat. Ach. 1, 445.—
    (β).
    Absol. (freq. in all periods and kinds of composition):

    non frumentum deficere poterat,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 37 fin.; cf.:

    fructus ex arboribus,

    id. ib. 3, 58 fin.:

    ejus generis copia,

    id. B. G. 6, 16 fin.:

    tempus anni ad bellum gerendum,

    id. ib. 4, 20, 2:

    vereor, ne mihi crimina non suppeterent, ne oratio deesset, ne vox viresque deficerent,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 11:

    nisi memoria forte defecerit,

    id. Fin. 2, 14, 44; id. Rep. 1, 3:

    non deficiente crumena,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 4, 11 et saep.; Juv. 11, 38:

    quod plena luna defecisset,

    was eclipsed, Cic. Rep. 1, 15; cf.:

    solem lunae oppositum solere deficere,

    id. ib. 1, 16 al.; also simply to set:

    qua venit exoriens, qua deficit,

    Prop. 4, 4, 27: lunā deficiente, waning (opp. crescente), Gell. 20, 8, 5; of fire and light, to go out, expire, become extinct:

    ignis,

    Verg. G. 352:

    lumen,

    Petr. 111, 4:

    progenies Caesarum in Nerone deficit,

    becomes extinct, dies out, Suet. Galb. 1; cf. Plin. Pan. 39, 6; Just. 7, 2, 4; Sen. Suas. 2, 22;

    but deficit ignis,

    does not extend, Verg. A. 2, 505:

    in hac voce defecit,

    he departed, expired, Suet. Aug. 99; Quint. 6 prooem. § 11: deficit omne quod nascitur, comes to an end, Quint. 5, 10, 79; cf.:

    mundum deficere,

    id. ib.:

    deficit vita,

    Plaut. Asin. 3, 3, 19;

    quod multi Gallicis tot bellis defecerant,

    had been lost, Caes. B. C. 3, 2 fin.:

    ultima jam passi comites bello Deficiunt,

    grow faint, Ov. M. 14, 483:

    deficit Matho,

    fails, becomes bankrupt, Juv. 7, 129:

    debitores,

    Dig. 49, 14, 3, § 8:

    munimenta defecerant,

    yielded, surrendered, Curt. 4, 4, 19.— Trop.:

    ne negotio desisteret neu animo deficeret,

    nor be disheartened, Caes. B. C. 3, 112 fin.; so,

    animo,

    id. B. G. 7, 30; id. B. C. 1, 19; 2, 43; Cic. Rosc. Am. 4, 10;

    for which, ne deficiant (apes) animum,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 16, 34; and in a like sense absol.:

    ne una plaga accepta patres conscripti conciderent, ne deficerent,

    Cic. Att. 1, 16, 9; so Caes. B. C. 2, 31 fin.; Sall. J. 51, 4:

    deficit ars,

    Ov. M. 11, 537: illis legibus populus Romanus prior non deficiet: si prior defexit publico consilio dolo malo, tu illo die, Juppiter, etc., to depart from, violate the conditions of a treaty, an old formula used in taking an oath, Liv. 1, 24 fin.:

    pugnando deficere,

    i. e. to be deficient, wanting, Caes. B. C. 2, 6, 3; cf. poet. with foll. inf.:

    suppeditare Materies,

    Lucr. 1, 1039; Sil. 3, 112; Tib. 4, 1, 191.— Hence, dēfectus, a, um, P. a. (acc. to no. III.), weak, weakened, worn out, enfeebled (not ante-Aug.):

    quod sibi defectis illa tulisset opem,

    Ov. F. 3, 674:

    defectus annis et desertus viribus,

    Phaedr. 1, 21, 3; cf.:

    defectissimus annis et viribus,

    Col. 1 prooem. §

    12: senio (arbor),

    id. 5, 6, 37:

    laboribus,

    Val. Fl. 2, 285:

    vadit incerto pede, jam viribus defecta,

    Sen. Hippol. 374:

    defectae senectutis homine,

    Dig. 7, 1, 12, § 3:

    in tumidis et globosis (speculis) omnia defectiora (corresp. with paria and auctiora),

    smaller, App. Mag. p. 283.— Plur. subst.: dēfecti, ōrum, m.:

    sidera obscura attributa defectis,

    the weak, Plin. 2, 8, 6, § 28.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > defecti

  • 20 deficio

    dē-fĭcĭo, fēci, fectum, 3 ( perf. subj.: defexit, an old formula in Liv. 1, 24 fin., see below, no. III. fin. In the pass., besides the regular form deficior, ante- and postclass., once in Verg., Propert., and Livy, like fīo, eri: defit, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 19; Plaut. Mil. 4, 6, 46; Ter. Eun. 2, 2, 12; Lucr. 2, 1142; Verg. E. 2, 22; Prop. 1, 1, 34:

    deflunt,

    Gell. 20, 8, 5:

    defiat,

    Plaut. Men. 1, 4, 3; id. Rud. 4, 4, 63:

    defiet,

    Liv. 9, 11:

    defieri,

    Ter. Hec. 5, 2, 2; cf. conficio init.), v. a. and n. [facio], orig., to loosen, set free, remove from; but it passed over at a very early period into the middle sense, to loosen from one's self, to remove one's self, to break loose from; and then gradually assumed the character of a new verb. act., with the meaning to leave, desert, [p. 530] depart from something, or absol., to depart, cease, fail. (For syn. cf.: desum, absum, descisco, negligo.)
    I.
    Act. in the middle sense, to remove one's self, separate one's self, to withdraw (cf. the Greek aphistanai).—Hence, to forsake, desert, abandon, revolt.
    A.
    Lit.:

    ab amicitia P. R.,

    Caes. B. G. 5, 3, 3; 7, 39, 3:

    ab Aeduis,

    id. ib. 2, 14, 3:

    ab rege,

    Sall. J. 56, 3; cf. ib. 66:

    (consules) a senatu, a republica, a bonis omnibus defecerant,

    Cic. Planc. 35; cf.:

    a republica,

    id. Cat. 11, 28; id. Fam. 12, 10; id. Sull. 12, 35:

    ab imperio ac nomine nostro,

    id. Verr. 2, 1, 31 et saep.:

    a patribus ad plebem,

    to go over, Liv. 6, 20:

    ad se,

    Sall. J. 61; cf.:

    ad Poenos,

    Liv. 22, 61.— Absol.:

    civitates quae defecerant,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 17, 2; 5, 25, 4; 7, 10 al.—
    B.
    Trop.:

    si a virtute defeceris,

    forsake, Cic. Lael. 11, 37:

    si utilitas ab amicitia defecerit,

    id. Fin. 2, 24, 79:

    ut a me ipse deficerem,

    id. Fam. 2, 16.—Hence,
    II.
    As a verb. act., to leave a person or thing, to desert, to fail, forsake, be wanting to (of things;

    very rarely of personal subjects): quem jam sanguis viresque deficiunt,

    Caes. B. G. 7, 50 fin.; so,

    vires,

    id. B. C. 3, 99 fin.; Cic. de Or. 1, 45, 199:

    me Leontina civitas,

    id. Verr. 2, 3, 46, § 110; id. ib. 2, 5, 28 fin.; Hor. S. 2, 1, 13 et saep.:

    res eos jam pridem, fides deficere nuper coepit,

    Cic. Cat. 2, 5, 10:

    me dies, vox, latera deficiant, si, etc.,

    id. Verr. 2, 2, 21 (imitated word for word, Plin. Ep. 3, 9, 9); cf.:

    ne te de republica disserentem deficiat oratio,

    Cic. Rep. 1, 23; and:

    tempus te citius quam oratio deficeret,

    id. Rosc. Am. 32:

    animus si te non deficit aequus,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 11, 30:

    somnus sollicitas domus,

    Tib. 3, 4, 20: genitor Phaethontis orbem, i. e. is eclipsed (cf. III. B. infra), Ov. M. 2, 382.— Poet. with a subject-clause: nec me deficiet nautas rogitare citatos, i. e. I will not cease, etc. Prop. 1, 8, 23 Kuin.—
    b.
    Pass.:

    cum aquilifer jam viribus deficeretur,

    Caes. B. C. 3, 64, 3; cf.:

    mulier a menstruis defecta,

    Cels. 2, 8 fin.:

    mulier abundat audacia, consilio et ratione deficitur,

    Cic. Clu. 65, 184:

    aqua ciboque defecti,

    Quint. 3, 8, 23; Plin. Ep. 2, 17, 25:

    sanguine defecti artus,

    Ov. M. 5, 96 et saep.:

    si qui dotem promisit defectus sit facultatibus,

    i. e. unable to pay, Dig. 23, 3, 33; cf.:

    te defecta nomina,

    ib. 22, 1, 11 fin.
    III.
    Middle or neuter, to run out, be wanting, fail, cease, disappear.
    A.
    Middle (mostly ante-class. and poet.).
    (α).
    With dat.: mihi fortuna magis nunc defit, quam genus, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 3, 19; Ter. Hec. 5, 2, 2:

    lac mihi non aestate novum, non frigore defit,

    Verg. E. 2, 22.—
    (β).
    Absol.:

    neque opsonium defiat neque supersit,

    Plaut. Men. 1, 4, 3;

    so opp. superesse,

    Ter. Ph. 1, 3, 10:

    ut defiat dies,

    Plaut. Rud. 4, 4, 63: id. Mil. 4, 6, 46:

    numquamne causa defiet, cur? etc.,

    Liv. 9, 11.— Trop.:

    defectis (sc. animo) defensoribus,

    disheartened, Caes. B. C. 3, 40, 3:

    sed non usque eo defectum Germanicum,

    weakened, Tac. A. 2, 70; cf. in the foll. no. B. b.—
    B.
    Neuter.
    (α).
    With dat. (so rarely; mostly poet.):

    cum non solum vires, sed etiam tela nostris deficerent,

    Caes. B. G. 3, 5, 1;

    so perh.: vires nostris,

    id. B. C. 2, 41, 7 (al. nostros); Sil. 8, 661 Oud. N. cr.; cf. id. 10, 10, 193; and Stat. Ach. 1, 445.—
    (β).
    Absol. (freq. in all periods and kinds of composition):

    non frumentum deficere poterat,

    Caes. B. C. 2, 37 fin.; cf.:

    fructus ex arboribus,

    id. ib. 3, 58 fin.:

    ejus generis copia,

    id. B. G. 6, 16 fin.:

    tempus anni ad bellum gerendum,

    id. ib. 4, 20, 2:

    vereor, ne mihi crimina non suppeterent, ne oratio deesset, ne vox viresque deficerent,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 11:

    nisi memoria forte defecerit,

    id. Fin. 2, 14, 44; id. Rep. 1, 3:

    non deficiente crumena,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 4, 11 et saep.; Juv. 11, 38:

    quod plena luna defecisset,

    was eclipsed, Cic. Rep. 1, 15; cf.:

    solem lunae oppositum solere deficere,

    id. ib. 1, 16 al.; also simply to set:

    qua venit exoriens, qua deficit,

    Prop. 4, 4, 27: lunā deficiente, waning (opp. crescente), Gell. 20, 8, 5; of fire and light, to go out, expire, become extinct:

    ignis,

    Verg. G. 352:

    lumen,

    Petr. 111, 4:

    progenies Caesarum in Nerone deficit,

    becomes extinct, dies out, Suet. Galb. 1; cf. Plin. Pan. 39, 6; Just. 7, 2, 4; Sen. Suas. 2, 22;

    but deficit ignis,

    does not extend, Verg. A. 2, 505:

    in hac voce defecit,

    he departed, expired, Suet. Aug. 99; Quint. 6 prooem. § 11: deficit omne quod nascitur, comes to an end, Quint. 5, 10, 79; cf.:

    mundum deficere,

    id. ib.:

    deficit vita,

    Plaut. Asin. 3, 3, 19;

    quod multi Gallicis tot bellis defecerant,

    had been lost, Caes. B. C. 3, 2 fin.:

    ultima jam passi comites bello Deficiunt,

    grow faint, Ov. M. 14, 483:

    deficit Matho,

    fails, becomes bankrupt, Juv. 7, 129:

    debitores,

    Dig. 49, 14, 3, § 8:

    munimenta defecerant,

    yielded, surrendered, Curt. 4, 4, 19.— Trop.:

    ne negotio desisteret neu animo deficeret,

    nor be disheartened, Caes. B. C. 3, 112 fin.; so,

    animo,

    id. B. G. 7, 30; id. B. C. 1, 19; 2, 43; Cic. Rosc. Am. 4, 10;

    for which, ne deficiant (apes) animum,

    Varr. R. R. 3, 16, 34; and in a like sense absol.:

    ne una plaga accepta patres conscripti conciderent, ne deficerent,

    Cic. Att. 1, 16, 9; so Caes. B. C. 2, 31 fin.; Sall. J. 51, 4:

    deficit ars,

    Ov. M. 11, 537: illis legibus populus Romanus prior non deficiet: si prior defexit publico consilio dolo malo, tu illo die, Juppiter, etc., to depart from, violate the conditions of a treaty, an old formula used in taking an oath, Liv. 1, 24 fin.:

    pugnando deficere,

    i. e. to be deficient, wanting, Caes. B. C. 2, 6, 3; cf. poet. with foll. inf.:

    suppeditare Materies,

    Lucr. 1, 1039; Sil. 3, 112; Tib. 4, 1, 191.— Hence, dēfectus, a, um, P. a. (acc. to no. III.), weak, weakened, worn out, enfeebled (not ante-Aug.):

    quod sibi defectis illa tulisset opem,

    Ov. F. 3, 674:

    defectus annis et desertus viribus,

    Phaedr. 1, 21, 3; cf.:

    defectissimus annis et viribus,

    Col. 1 prooem. §

    12: senio (arbor),

    id. 5, 6, 37:

    laboribus,

    Val. Fl. 2, 285:

    vadit incerto pede, jam viribus defecta,

    Sen. Hippol. 374:

    defectae senectutis homine,

    Dig. 7, 1, 12, § 3:

    in tumidis et globosis (speculis) omnia defectiora (corresp. with paria and auctiora),

    smaller, App. Mag. p. 283.— Plur. subst.: dēfecti, ōrum, m.:

    sidera obscura attributa defectis,

    the weak, Plin. 2, 8, 6, § 28.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > deficio

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