Перевод: с английского на все языки

ROEBLING, Washington Augustus

  • 1 Roebling, Washington Augustus

    SUBJECT AREA: Civil engineering
    [br]
    b. 26 May 1837 Saxonburg, Pennsylvania, USA
    d. 21 July 1926 Trenton, New Jersey, USA.
    [br]
    American civil engineer.
    [br]
    The son of John Augustus Roebling, he graduated in 1857 from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute as a civil engineer, and joined his father in his suspension bridge construction work. He served in the Civil War as a colonel of engineers in the Union Army, and in 1867, two years after the end of the war, he went to Europe to study new methods of sinking underwater foundations by means of compressed air. These new methods were employed in the construction of the Brooklyn Bridge, of which he took charge on his father's death in 1869. Timber pneumatic caissons were used, with a maximum pressure of 34 psi (2.4 kg/cm2) above atmospheric pressure. Two years after work on the piers had started in the caissons, Roebling, who had been working constantly with the men on the foundations of the piers, was carried unconscious out of the caisson, a victim of decompression sickness, then known as “caisson disease”. He was paralysed and lost the use of his voice. From then on he directed the rest of the work from the sickroom of his nearby house, his wife, Emily Warren Roebling, helping with his instructions and notes and carrying them out to the workforce; she even read a statement from him to the American Society of Civil Engineers. The erection of the cables, which were of steel, began in August 1876 and took twenty-six months to complete. In 1881 eleven trustees and Emily Warren Roebling walked across temporary planking, but the decking of the total span was not completed until 1885, fourteen years after construction of the bridge had started. The Brooklyn Bridge was Roebling's last major work, although following the death of his nephew in 1921 he was forced to head again the management of Roebling \& Company, though aged 84 and an invalid.
    [br]
    Further Reading
    D.B.Steinman and S.R.Watson, 1941, Bridges and their Builders, New York: Dover Books.
    D.McCullough, 1982, The Great Bridge: The Epic Story of the Building of the Brooklyn
    Bridge, New York: Simon \& Schuster.
    IMcN

    Biographical history of technology > Roebling, Washington Augustus

  • 2 Roebling, Washington Augustus

    (1837-1926) Роублинг, Вашингтон Огастес
    Инженер. Сын Дж. Роублинга [ Roebling, John Augustus], в 1869-83 принимал участие в строительстве Бруклинского моста [ Brooklyn Bridge], после смерти отца стал главным инженером стройки

    English-Russian dictionary of regional studies > Roebling, Washington Augustus

  • 3 Roebling, John Augustus

    SUBJECT AREA: Civil engineering
    [br]
    b. 12 July 1806 Muhlhausen, Prussia
    d. 22 July 1869 Brooklyn, New York, USA
    [br]
    German/American bridge engineer and builder.
    [br]
    The son of Polycarp Roebling, a tobacconist, he studied mathematics at Dr Unger's Pedagogium in Erfurt and went on to the Royal Polytechnic Institute in Berlin, from which he graduated in 1826 with honours in civil engineering. He spent the next three years working for the Prussian government on the construction of roads and bridges. With his brother and a group of friends, he emigrated to the United States, sailing from Bremen on 23 May 1831 and docking in Philadelphia eleven weeks later. They bought 7,000 acres (2,800 hectares) in Butler County, western Pennsylvania, and established a village, at first called Germania but later known as Saxonburg. Roebling gave up trying to establish himself as a farmer and found work for the state of Pennsylvania as Assistant Engineer on the Beaver River canal and others, then surveying a railroad route across the Allegheny Mountains. During his canal work, he noted the failings of the hemp ropes that were in use at that time, and recalled having read of wire ropes in a German journal; he built a rope-walk at his Saxonburg farm, bought a supply of iron wire and trained local labour in the method of wire twisting.
    At this time, many canals crossed rivers by means of aqueducts. In 1844, the Pennsylvania Canal aqueduct across the Allegheny River was due to be renewed, having become unsafe. Roebling made proposals which were accepted by the canal company: seven wooden spans of 162 ft (49 m) each were supported on either side by a 7 in. (18 cm) diameter cable, Roebling himself having to devise all the machinery required for the erection. He subsequently built four more suspension aqueducts, one of which was converted to a toll bridge and was still in use a century later.
    In 1849 he moved to Trenton, New Jersey, where he set up a new wire rope plant. In 1851 he started the construction (completed in 1855) of an 821 ft (250 m) long suspension railroad bridge across the Niagara River, 245 ft (75 m) above the rapids; each cable consisted of 3,640 wrought iron wires. A lower deck carried road traffic. He also constructed a bridge across the Ohio River between Cincinnati and Covington, a task which was much protracted due to the Civil War; this bridge was finally completed in 1866.
    Roebling's crowning achievement was to have been the design and construction of the bridge over the Hudson River between Brooklyn and Staten Island, New York, but he did not live to see its completion. It had a span of 1,595 ft (486 m), designed to bear a load of 18,700 tons (19,000 tonnes) with a headroom of 135 ft (41 m). The work of building had barely started when, at the Brooklyn wharf, a boat crushed Roebling's foot against the timbering and he died of tetanus three weeks later. His son, Washington Augustus Roebling, then took charge of this great work.
    [br]
    Further Reading
    D.B.Steinman and S.R.Watson, 1941, Bridges and their Builders, New York: Dover Books.
    D.McCullough, 1982, The Great Bridge: The Epic Story of the Building of the Brooklyn Bridge, New York: Simon \& Schuster.
    IMcN

    Biographical history of technology > Roebling, John Augustus

  • 4 Roebling, John Augustus

    Рёблинг, Джон Огастес (180669), инженер, мостостроитель. Руководил строительством Бруклинского моста в Нью-Йорке, сооружаемого по его проекту (186169). Строительство было завершено в 1883 под руководством его сына, полковника Вашингтона А. Рёблинга [Roebling, Washington Augustus, 1837—1920]

    США. Лингвострановедческий англо-русский словарь > Roebling, John Augustus

См. также в других словарях:

  • ROEBLING, Washington Augustus —    See ROEBLING, John Augustus …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Roebling, Washington Augustus — ▪ American engineer born May 26, 1837, Saxonburg, Pa., U.S. died July 21, 1926, Trenton, N.J.  U.S. civil engineer under whose direction the Brooklyn Bridge, New York City, was completed in 1883; the bridge was designed by Roebling with his… …   Universalium

  • Roebling, John Augustus — born , June 12, 1806, Mühlhausen, Prussia died July 22, 1869, Brooklyn Heights, N.Y., U.S. German U.S. civil engineer, a pioneer in the design of suspension bridges. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1831. His best known work is New York s Brooklyn… …   Universalium

  • Roebling,John Augustus — Roeb·ling (rōʹblĭng), John Augustus. 1806 1869. German born American engineer who designed and began the construction of the Brooklyn Bridge, a project completed (1883) by his son Washington Augustus Roebling (1837 1926). * * * …   Universalium

  • ROEBLING, John Augustus — (1806 1869) and Washington Augustus ROEBLING (1837 1926)    See STEEL …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Roebling, John Augustus — (12 jun. 1806, Mühlhausen, Prusia–22 jul. 1869, Brooklyn Heights, N.Y., EE.UU.). Ingeniero civil alemán estadounidense, un pionero en el diseño de puentes colgantes. Emigró a EE.UU. en 1831. Su obra más conocida es el puente de Brooklyn de Nueva… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Washington Augustus Roebling — (* 26. Mai 1837 in Saxonburg, Pennsylvania; † 21. Juli 1926 in Trenton, New Jersey) war ein US amerikanischer Ingenieur, bekannt für seine Arbeit an der Brooklyn Bridge, die durch seinen Vater John August Roebling begonnen wurde. Roebling erhielt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Washington August Roebling — Washington Augustus Roebling (* 26. Mai 1837 in Saxonburg, Pennsylvania; † 21. Juli 1926 in Trenton, New Jersey) war ein US amerikanischer Ingenieur, bekannt für seine Arbeit an der Brooklyn Bridg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Washington Roebling — Washington Augustus Roebling (* 26. Mai 1837 in Saxonburg, Pennsylvania; † 21. Juli 1926 in Trenton, New Jersey) war ein US amerikanischer Ingenieur, bekannt für seine Arbeit an der Brooklyn Bridge, die durch seinen Vater John August Roebling… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Washington Roebling — Washington Augustus Roebling (né le 26 mai 1837 à Saxonburg, Pennsylvanie, mort le 21 juillet 1926 à Trenton, New Jersey) était un ingénieur américain d origine allemande, connu pour son rôle majeur dans la construction du pont de Brooklyn,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Washington Roebling — Infobox Architect caption=Washington Augustus Roebling (1837 1926) name=Washington Augustus Roebling nationality=American (German heritage) birth date=May 26, 1837 birth place=Saxonburg, Pennsylvania, USA death date=July 21, 1926 death… …   Wikipedia