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Pedro II

  • 1 Pedro

    Pedro

    Большой англо-русский и русско-английский словарь > Pedro

  • 2 Pedro

    • Pedro

    English-Czech dictionary > Pedro

  • 3 Pedro

    s.
    1 Pedro.
    2 Pedro, nombre propio.

    Nuevo Diccionario Inglés-Español > Pedro

  • 4 Pedro

    (First names) Pedro /ˈpɛdrəʊ, ˈpi:-/
    m.

    English-Italian dictionary > Pedro

  • 5 Pedro

    n ч. ім'я
    Педро, Пейдро

    English-Ukrainian dictionary > Pedro

  • 6 pedro

    (در بازي‌ ورق‌) پنج‌ ورق‌ آتو

    English to Farsi dictionary > pedro

  • 7 pedro

    English-Russian base dictionary > pedro

  • 8 Pedro IV, king

    (also Emperor Pedro I of Brazil)
    (1798-1834)
       The first emperor of Brazil and restorer of the liberal, constitutional monarchy, as well as of the throne of his daughter, Queen Maria II. Born in Queluz Palace, the second son of the regent João VI and Queen Carlota Joaquina, Pedro at age nine accompanied his parents and the remainder of the Braganza royal family to Brazil, fleeing the French invasion of Portugal in late 1807. Raised and educated in Brazil, following the return of his father to Portugal, Pedro declared the independence of Brazil from Portugal in the famous "cry of Ipiranga," on 7 September 1822. As Emperor Pedro I of Brazil, he ruled that fledgling nation-state-empire from 1822 to 1831, when he abdicated in favor of his son Pedro, and then went to Portugal and the Azores.
       Pedro's absolutist brother, Dom Miguel, following the death of their father João VI in 1826, had broken his word on defending Portugal's constitution and had carried out an absolutist counterrevolution, which was supported by his reactionary mother Carlota Joaquina. Pedro's daughter, Queen Maria II, who was too young to assume the duties of monarch of Portugal, had lost her throne to King Miguel, in effect, and Pedro spent the remainder of his life restoring the constitutional monarchy and his young daughter to the throne of Portugal. In the 1832-34 War of the Brothers, Pedro IV's armed forces triumphed over those of Dom Miguel and the latter fled to exile in Austria. Exhausted from the effort, Pedro died on 24 September 1834, and was buried in Lisbon. In 1972, his remains were moved to Ipiranga, Brazil.

    Historical dictionary of Portugal > Pedro IV, king

  • 9 Pedro of Avis, prince

    (1392-1449)
       One of the many talented sons of King João I and Philippa of Lancaster, regent and older brother of Prince Henry of Aviz (Prince Henry the Navigator). Pedro's life and work were important in consolidating an independent Portuguese monarchy and in promoting the maritime discoveries and explorations down the coast of Africa. Well-educated for a member of royalty in his day, Infante Dom Pedro was present as a warrior at the auspicious conquest of Ceuta in Morocco in 1415, and was named Duke of Coimbra that same year. From 1425 to 1428, he traveled and studied in Europe, including in England, Germany, Hungary, Italy, and Aragon and Castile. He returned from his travels with a copy of Marco Polo's famous book and introduced this to his country.
       Among royalty and nobility, Prince Pedro's views were cautious regarding further Portuguese expansion in Morocco, and during the troubled times of 1436-38, he opposed the planned but ill-fated attack on the Moroccan city of Tangier; he called for the surrender later of Ceuta, in order to ransom the life of Prince Fernando, a prisoner in Moroccan hands. Following the death of King Duarte in 1438 and the subsequent succession crisis, including a civil war among factions, Prince Pedro acted as regent until 1446, when Prince Afonso reached his majority and was acclaimed King Afonso V, called "The African" (r. 1446-81).
       After Prince Pedro's powers were given up finally in 1448, his formerly exiled enemies returned to Portugal and vowed vengeance against him. Warfare ensued and, with the defeat of his army at the battle of Alfarrobeira in 1449, Prince Pedro was killed. His many accomplishments and talents off the battlefields were forgotten over the generations. Beginning in the late 19th century, the memory of his distinction and greatness was increasingly obscured by the growing fame, legend, and myth of his younger brother, Prince Henry of Aviz (Prince Henry the Navigator). An effort to rehabilitate the memory and public knowledge of Prince Pedro began in the early 1960s among a handful of foreign scholars, and was carried on by Portuguese scholars in the 1990s, but it appeared to have little effect against the pervasive cult of Prince Henry the Navigator.

    Historical dictionary of Portugal > Pedro of Avis, prince

  • 10 Pedro I, king

    (1320-1367)
       The eighth king of Portugal and fourth son of King Afonso IV and Beatriz of Castile. His first marriage as prince and heir was to a daughter of a Castilian hidalgo (in Portuguese, fidalgo), Constança Manuel. In Constanca's retinue from Spain came the alluring lady-in-waiting, Dona Inês de Castro, a Gallician of Castilian stock. The notorious love affair between Inês and Pedro soon sparked a bitter conflict between Pedro and his father. Fearing the threat of Castilian intervention in Portuguese affairs using Ines's connection with Pedro, Afonso ordered the murder of Inês in 1355. Reacting to this tragedy, Pedro rebelled and went to war against his father, although a truce was called after a short period. Afonso died in 1357. Pedro became noted, during his brief reign of a decade, for avoiding war and for a record of even-handed justice. The legend that Pedro disint erred the corpse of Inês de Castro and proclaimed it queen grew up after Pedro's death in 1367 and became a popular theme in European literature centuries later.

    Historical dictionary of Portugal > Pedro I, king

  • 11 Pedro II, king

    (1648- 1706)
       The 23rd king of Portugal who ascended the throne in 1668. This followed the 1667 coup d'etat that deposed Pedro's handicapped brother, King Afonso VI, who was later held under house arrest in the Azores and then in the National Palace of Sintra for the remainder of his life. Pedro then married his sister-in-law. During his reign, Pedro signed the great peace treaty of 1668 with Spain, thus ending the War of Restoration. With increased revenues from mineral exploitation in Brazil, Portugal's national finances under Pedro were strengthened. With his chief minister, the count of Eriçeira, Pedro promoted the establishment of early basic industries.

    Historical dictionary of Portugal > Pedro II, king

  • 12 Pedro V, king

    (1837-1861)
       Of all Portuguese kings in the 18th and 19th centuries, Pedro V was the best educated and most intellectually talented. Pedro was the firstborn son of Queen Maria II and Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Exceptionally well-educated, Prince Pedro traveled extensively abroad, which was unusual for a Portuguese royal heir in that day, and was tutored under his mother's watchful eye. He was blessed with a brilliant memory, a fine imagination, shrewd political judgment, and a fund of learning. Pedro demonstrated a keen interest not only in the common political affairs such as fell within a constitutional monarch's concerns, but with a variety of subjects including science, emigration, diplomacy, and the African colonies. He carried on a lively correspondence with royal relatives abroad, including Queen Victoria of England to whom he was related through his father.
       When his mother Queen Maria II died tragically at age 34 in childbirth, 16-year-old Pedro became regent. He ascended the throne at age 18 and was a model monarch. He ruled formally from 1855 to 1861, when he died of typhus. His brief but significant appearance as an enlightened ruler was a sad case of unfulfilled promise.

    Historical dictionary of Portugal > Pedro V, king

  • 13 Pedro went to Manila

    Pumunta si Pedro sa Maynila

    English-Tagalog dictionary > Pedro went to Manila

  • 14 Pedro Ximenes

    исп.
    1) Педро Хименес (белый сорт винограда, выращиваемый в Испании (в основном в Андалусии) для изготовления сладких вин (напр., "Малага", "Херес"))

    Malaga Pedro Ximenez — "Малага Педро Хименес" (вино "Малага" из сорта Педро Хименес, сладкое вино темного цвета с розоватым отливом, может быть использовано в качестве апперетива или подано к десерту)

    See:
    2) исп. "Педро Хименес" (разновидность хереса "Олоросо", природно-сладкое вино — создается из подвяленного винограда одноименного сорта, имеет цвет темного красного дерева, букет с яркими фруктовыми тонами и отличается полнотельностью и исключительной сладостью)
    See:

    Англо-русский толковый словарь "Вино" > Pedro Ximenes

  • 15 Pedro Cesar

    s.
    Pedro César.

    Nuevo Diccionario Inglés-Español > Pedro Cesar

  • 16 Pedro Cortes

    s.
    Pedro Cortés.

    Nuevo Diccionario Inglés-Español > Pedro Cortes

  • 17 Pedro Galvez

    s.
    Pedro Gálvez.

    Nuevo Diccionario Inglés-Español > Pedro Galvez

  • 18 Pedro Guillen

    s.
    Pedro Guillén.

    Nuevo Diccionario Inglés-Español > Pedro Guillen

  • 19 Pedro Marquez

    s.
    Pedro Márquez.

    Nuevo Diccionario Inglés-Español > Pedro Marquez

  • 20 Pedro Rios

    s.
    Pedro Ríos.

    Nuevo Diccionario Inglés-Español > Pedro Rios

См. также в других словарях:

  • Pedro — or the archaic Pêro is the Spanish and Portuguese version of the name Peter , derived from the word Petros (Greek for rock, from πέτρα or Petra , a translation of the Aramaic Kephas or Cephas ), through the Latin Petrus .Pedro may refer to a… …   Wikipedia

  • Pedro — n. p. m. Nombre propio de hombre, muy corriente, usado como «nombre progenérico», como se ve en alguna de las expresiones que siguen, lo mismo que las formas «Pero, Perico» y «Pericón». ⇒ Petra. Pedro Botero. Pero Botero. P. Jiménez. Pedrojiménez …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pedro — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pedro San Pedro Apóstol Origen Latín Género Masculino Santoral 29 de junio 28 de abril …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pedro — ist ein männlicher Vorname ursprünglich griechischer Herkunft, die spanische und portugiesische[1] Form von Peter. Weiteres zu Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens siehe hier. Pedro kommt auch als Familienname vor. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bekannte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pedro II — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Hay varias personas llamadas Pedro II: Como monarcas ostentaron este nombre: Pedro II de Aragón, el Católico, rey de Aragón y conde de Barcelona (1196 1213) Pedro II de Barcelona, el Grande, III de Aragón (1240 1285) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pedro I — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pedro I puede referirse a las siguientes personas: Contenido 1 Religión 2 Reyes en España 3 Reyes de Brasil 4 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pedro I — ● Pedro I de Aragón ● Pedro I de Brasil ● Pedro I de Castilla y León ● Pedro I de Portugal ● Pedro I de Rusia ● Pedro I de Valencia ● Pedro I de Foix ● Pedro I de Melguelh * * * I (11 jul. 1844, Belgrado, Serbia–16 ago. 1921, Topcider, cerca de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pedro IV — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Con el nombre de Pedro IV se conoce a: Pedro IV de Aragón, II de Valencia y III de Barcelona. Conocido como el Ceremonioso. (1319 1387) Pedro IV de Portugal y I de Brasil. Conocido como el Rey Soldado. (1798 1834)… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pedro II — ● Pedro II de Aragón (Pedro el Católico) ● Pedro II de Brasil ● Pedro II de Portugal ● Pedro II de Rusia * * * I (6 sep. 1923, Belgrado, Reino de los serbios, croatas y eslovenos–3 nov. 1970, Los Ángeles, Cal., EE.UU.). Último rey de Yugoslavia.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • pedro — 1. m. 1. germ. Vestido afelpado que usaban los ladrones. 2. germ. Capote o tudesco. 3. germ. Cerrojo de puertas o ventanas. Pedro Jiménez. m. pedrojiménez. como Pedro por su casa. loc. adv. coloq. Con entera libertad o llaneza, sin miramiento… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Pedro J. — Pedro J. Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Con Pedro J. puede referirse tanto a: Pedro J. Ramírez, periodista español y director del diario El Mundo. Pedro J. Klaic , escritor ecuatoriano. Obtenido de Pedro J. Categoría: Wikipedia:Desambiguación …   Wikipedia Español

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